Garden flowers, plants and shrubs

Yellow acacia or Caragana tree

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Yellow acacia is an artisanal plant that is dotted with small yellow flowers that resemble moths in their shape. She used to be very popular in our country. It was used not only for landscaping parks and refining of territories, but also many gardeners grew at home. Gradually, however, Caragana tree has faded into the background, since the originators have brought out many new varieties of plants, which are more liked by amateur gardeners. Today, the popularity of shrubs is growing again. This is due to the fact that the acacia during the flowering period looks very attractive and well adorns the garden, and it is also very easy to care for it.

general information

This is an ornamental plant of small height, in which the fruits have a pod-like shape. Inside them are pea seeds. The ripening period begins in mid-July, when they open, spreading seeds around the shrub. It is worth noting that they are suitable for consumption. Seeds are a good source of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, and in terms of their energy value and taste, they can be compared with legumes. Nutritionists point out that they are good for health. Since ancient times, yellow acacia seeds have been boiled and used to prepare various dishes.

The height of the culture under consideration is on average 5-6 meters, but in our country, due to the climate, it grows to just 3 meters. Despite the fact that the acacia belongs to the trees, most often it is presented in the form of a shrub with a lush green-gray crown.

Caragana treelike is a thermophilic plant that badly tolerates Russian frosts, so if you want to start breeding this shrub, then be sure to consider this nuance. Especially if you live in the countryside.

To date, about 70 species of acacia have been bred, some of which have healing properties. Most of the species of this shrub grows in the Far East and Central Asia.

Types of shrubs

There are many of them. Breeders are constantly working on breeding new types of culture that will have higher unique qualities, as well as be able to better tolerate the harsh Russian climate. What can be a tree stalker?

Types to date derived the following:

  • yellow
  • maned,
  • prickly
  • Ussurian
  • shrub
  • dwarf.

Each type of plant has certain characteristics. But all of them are united by the fact that they are endowed with high healing properties, therefore, for many centuries, yellow acacia has been widely used in traditional medicine all over the world. It should be noted that nowadays some drugs are produced from the seeds of this tree on an industrial scale.

What are the healing properties?

Caragana treelike (description of the plant indicates its high healing properties) was used by our ancestors in traditional medicine to combat many diseases. From the bark and roots of the shrub prepare a variety of decoctions and infusions that are effective in the treatment of acute respiratory viral infections, influenza, rheumatism, allergies and many other ailments.

Folk remedies made from acacia leaves help to get rid of headaches, heartburn, scrofula, and are also effective in inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, some liver ailments and chronic diseases of the circulatory system. In addition, the decoctions from the bark of Caragana tree act as excellent antiseptics that can be used to disinfect open wounds, treatment of burns.

Infusions prepared from blooming flowers, have antipyretic, expectorant and anti-inflammatory effects, as well as relieve pain in the stomach and help with colds.

Features of planting shrubs

Caragana treelike, planting which does not require much effort, loves warmth, so it is best to choose an open piece of land for it. As for the soil, sandy or super-sandy soil would be an ideal option, however, the tree adapts well to any other types. The focus should be exactly the landing site. To acacia fully revealed in all its glory and pleased you with its attractive appearance, it needs a lot of sunlight.

The best time for planting is the beginning of spring or the end of autumn. If you want to place several trees in your garden, then they should be planted at a distance of about half a meter from each other. The depth of the hole should be at least 50 centimeters. But it all depends on the type of soil. If it is too hard, then it is recommended to make the planting hole deeper, so that a drainage system can be laid on its bottom.

It is necessary to fill up the hole with a substrate prepared from peat and universal mineral fertilizers. The soil is thoroughly tamped down and sprinkled with a layer of mulch, and the plant is watered abundantly. Acacia yellow during the first year after planting needs regular watering, the number of which then gradually decreases.

Care for the yellow beauty

So, what you need to know about it? Caragana treelike (tree care is very simple and does not require much effort) belongs to the family Legumes, and these plants are able to capture nitrogen from the atmosphere. Therefore, it does not need frequent feeding. Periodically, the shrub can be fertilized with peat or humus. It does not need to be watered too often, as it tolerates drought perfectly. If during the summer there was a small amount of precipitation, then only 2-3 times a month will be enough. It is not recommended to pour the acacia too much. Excess moisture can quickly lead to decay of the root system.

If you live in a region characterized by not-too-frosty winters, you can not cover the plant. The rejuvenation of the shrub is performed by necessity, and spring is considered the best time for this. With proper care, yellow acacia retains its decorative properties for several decades.

Breeding process

One of the most popular garden and park plants is Caragana treelike.

Tree reproduction can be done in the following ways:

  • by division,
  • sowing seeds
  • grafting,
  • grafting.

Seed propagation is one of the most common, because the planting material sprouts well, and the first shoots appear as early as the next month after sowing. However, it is not even necessary to pre-stratify the seeds.

For cuttings suitable for both young and stiff shoots. However, it is important to understand that if you use green shoots, then for their normal engraftment you will need special growth promoters. A simpler alternative to grafting is rhizome division, which is best done in early spring or mid-autumn.

Possible problems with breeding

Caragana treelike has a high resistance to pests and various diseases, but some problems in the process of caring for shrubs may still arise.

Most often, the plant suffers from such pests as:

To protect acacia from pests, use insecticides. Between each spraying should take about two and a half weeks. When choosing a drug is better to give preference to means with a systemic effect. They are well absorbed by the plant, and are not washed away by rain. In this case, insecticides penetrate into the vascular system of the tree, thereby providing comprehensive protection.

For the prevention and control of various diseases, experienced gardeners use a solution of blue vitriol. They are sprayed with a shrub every spring, as well as the first signs of disease.

Shrub Honey

Caragana treelike, which bloom begins in early May and lasts until the end of the month, is an excellent honey plant, giving a large amount of nectar. Its large amount is released in cloudy weather, however, the sugar content is higher in that nectar, which was collected in warm sunny weather.

Honey is obtained transparent, light amber color. It has a unique aroma and excellent taste. At the same time, the product does not crystallize over a long period of time. It can be stored for several years, and it will remain liquid. It is for these properties that yellow acacia honey is valued by many beekeepers. In addition, it is an excellent source of fructose and glucose, thanks to which honey favorably affects the work of almost all internal organs, helps to increase the protective functions of the body, and also normalizes the sugar content in the blood. It can be used even by people who suffer from diabetes and can not eat any sweets.

Use in landscaping

This is an ornamental plant that is widely used in many countries for landscaping parks and cities. Recently, the shrub is becoming increasingly popular in landscape design. At the same time the acacia will look great both by itself and in a group with other plants, as well as as part of a hedge. The fence of the bushes around the perimeter of the land looks just amazing, but the rejuvenation of the plants will have to perform every year so that they maintain an aesthetic appearance.

The acacia root system develops very quickly, so the shrub grows well in a new place and quickly begins to grow. Caragana is tree-like, whose crown diameter can reach two and a half meters, it is excellent for fixing gullies and creating a protective strip around fields and along highways. Since the plant in question produces a large amount of nectar, honey from which has many useful properties, some beekeepers plant it at home.

Collection and storage of raw materials

Caragana tree, which can be grown in both rural and urban areas, has a wide range of applications. As mentioned earlier, the bark, roots, leaves and flowers of this shrub have medicinal properties, and they can be used to prepare various decoctions and infusions. However, to use the raw material in medicine, it must be properly collected and stored.

It is possible to engage in its preparation throughout the year, without reference to seasonality. Flowers are stocked in mid-May, when the shrub is beginning to bloom, and the leaves can be picked all summer. Nevertheless, experienced folk healers claim that the raw materials that were collected in the spring are best suited for the preparation of healing tools, since it contains the greatest amount of useful substances.

Flowers and leaves are evenly distributed on the newspaper in the open air. If the weather is cloudy, then you need to place the raw material under a canopy so that it does not get wet in case of rain. Seeds and roots are dried in the sun or at a low temperature in the oven.

Tinctures from tree Caragana

Many folk healers use flowers and acacia bark for the preparation of alcohol tinctures, which are very effective in rheumatism and damage to the walls of blood vessels of any etiology. Make a healing cocktail is simple. For the preparation of such funds will require 200 grams of dried and crushed leaves and roots and half a liter of vodka. It is necessary to insist for at least two weeks in a dark place, periodically shaking the container.

When the solution is ready, they rub the sore joints, then wrap them with a scarf. With very difficult stages of rheumatism, accompanied by unbearable pains, grated fresh horseradish is added to the tincture in a 1: 1 ratio. .

Contraindications for use in medicine

If you are an adherent of traditional medicine, then when using yellow acacia to prepare decoctions and infusions, it is necessary to take into account the fact that this plant has some contraindications. They can lead to negative consequences, so be careful. If the drugs were prepared incorrectly or they are taken without compliance with the dosage, then you can cause great harm to your own health. In the leaves, flowers and bark of the Caragana tree there are poisonous substances, the number of which during the flowering period is greatly increased. Therefore, it is not recommended to use the fruit for medicinal purposes without prior consultation with the doctor.

In addition, decoctions should not be taken when:

  • intoxication,
  • individual intolerance,
  • pregnancy
  • breastfeeding,
  • children up to 5 years.

In all other cases, it is allowed to take decoctions and infusions prepared on the basis of raw materials of yellow acacia, but with due regard for strict compliance with the dosage.

As it turned out, it is quite simple to care for the culture in question. This is a beautiful shrub, which is not only a great decoration of the yard, but also good for health.

General description of the plant

Caragana treelike - shrub, the fruits of which look like pods, in the middle of which there are seeds. The seeds of this plant are very similar to peas in appearance. The ripening period of such pods falls in July. They gradually dry out and begin to open, thereby scattering peas around the tree.

Please note that the fruits of such acacia can be eaten. In their composition, they contain a lot of proteins, carbohydrates and fats, so they can compete with peas in value. They also taste like peas.

Yellow acacia can grow up to 6–7 meters in height, but in Russia the maximum height of such a tree is no more than 3 meters. Often this plant It is presented not in the form of a tree, but in the form of a low multi-layered shrub that has a greenish-gray bark.

When planting this plant, keep in mind that it does not tolerate frosts, but the drought is very good. Acacia quickly adapts to the conditions of the city, so it is often planted along fresh urban water bodies.

Most of the plantings Karagana can be found in the Far East, as well as in Central Asia. The very name of the shrub gave KyrgyzIf to translate literally, the translation will sound like a “black ear”.

To date, there are about 70 species of this shrub, 6 of them can be used for medicinal purposes.

Features planting plants

It is best to plant acacia in a sunny area dominated by sandy or super-sandy soil. If the soil in your area is different, then it is not scary. This shrub has a high level of plasticity., therefore, can grow in other conditions. In order to maximize the decorative properties of acacia, the bush must receive the necessary amount of light.

Planting should be carried out in early spring, before buds bloom, or at the end of autumn, when foliage begins to fall. Pay attention that the bushes should be planted at intervals of 50–70 cm from each other, and the landing pit should have a depth of no less than half a meter. If the soil is heavy, then the pit must be deeper, this is necessary in order to be able to lay down the drainage layer.

To fall asleep, the planted plant follows the substrate, which consists of peat and complex mineral fertilizer. After planting, the ground should be well tamped., it is necessary so that the soil is as close as possible to the roots. At the end of planting should be well planted shrubs and mulch. In the first summer, after planting the plant should be watered regularly.

Care for yellow acacia

Feeding the shrub with mineral fertilizers can be avoided, since Karagan belongs to the family of legumes that can independently capture atmospheric nitrogen. It will not be superfluous to periodically feed with humus or peat.

Adult plant does not need in regular watering, as this shrub tolerates drought well. If the summer is dry, then watering should be carried out a maximum of 2-3 times a month. Pay attention to the fact that a large amount of moisture affects the root system of the bush. Therefore, to grow shrubs in the lowlands, where water can stagnate is not recommended.

For the winter, yellow acacia can not be covered. Occasionally pruning should be done, it is best done in the spring. Crop can be as neededif this plant is used to create a hedge, then it will be necessary to cut more often.

Свои декоративные свойства жёлтая карагана сохраняет на протяжении 40 лет, после она начинает омолаживаться.

Способы размножения жёлтой акации

Размножение можно проводить следующими методами:

  • деление кустарника,
  • посев семян,
  • черенкование,
  • прививка.

The seeds of the Caragana tree are good, the first shoots can be seen already a month after planting. Please note that the stratification of the seeds can not be carried out. Good germination of seeds of this plant sometimes leads to a large self-seeding, it can also be used for reproduction. Plant sprouted seedlings of shrubs.

For grafting can be used as green, and those that are already numb. In order to root a green stalk, it is necessary to use stimulating preparations.

The easiest way of reproduction is to divide the rhizome of a shrub into several small ones. It is best to carry out such manipulations in the spring or in the middle of autumn.

What problems may arise with the cultivation of yellow acacia?

This shrub has good immunity.However, very rarely can it be attacked by the following pests:

  • acacia aphid
  • barbel,
  • glass containers
  • false shchitovki.

To fight insects, experienced gardeners recommend several treatments with insecticides. The interval between treatments should be 2-3 weeks.

When choosing a drug for treating a plant, give preference to remedies that have a systemic effect. They are quickly absorbed and remain on the shrub even after the rains. The active ingredients of the drug move along the vascular system of the shrub, so they can get to those areas that could not be sprayed. To prevent this disease or cure the affected bush, you can use Bordeaux liquid. Using this tool, should be sprayed. Treat the bush should be at the first symptoms of the disease. Prevention should be carried out in the spring.

Use of the tree caragan

Often this shrub is used in landscape design. It is possible to land a tree caragany both singly and in groups, forming a hedge.

This plant is notable for its simplicity of cultivation and also for its original appearance. This bush tolerates adverse conditions, even polluted air, so it can often be seen in public gardens and city parks.

Karagan tree can grow on sandy and poor soils, as it has a strong and fast-growing root system. This plant is great to fix the slopes and ravines, to create protective stripes along the roads.

These shrubs are very useful for beekeepers, as bees make delicate and fragrant honey from the nectar of the acacia flowers, which cannot be conserved or well stored.

Birds feed on seeds of tree hooves, and in the branches of a bush one can often find nests of various birds.

People can eat fruit too. This plant is in food, since they are very similar to beans or peas, both in taste and in nutrient content. An interesting fact is that from the very beginning yellow acacia was grown as a food plant, it was called the “pea tree”. For cooking used boiled fruit.

In folk medicine, infusions of yellow shrub flowers are widely used. Such infusions help with heartburn and headache, as well as strengthen blood vessels and help restore the liver. The fruits of this plant themselves rich in minerals and various vitamins, so they have a tonic effect on the human body. Please note that before using such a decoction or infusion, you should consult with your doctor and check whether you have any individual intolerance.

As a result, it should be noted that yellow acacia has a wide range of applications. This is an excellent plant for creating hedges or single planting in a park or park. These shrubs do not require special care, however, their decorative properties depend on the correctness of the selected soil, as well as climate. Often the fruits of this plant used in traditional medicine or even food.

Description of plants of the species of Caragan tree

Deciduous tree, often a shrub reaching a height of 3 to 6.5 meters, with alternate complex leaves on the petioles and trunks up to 15 cm in diameter, has a taproot, from which a number of auxiliary roots depart.

Root system yellow acacia, thanks to symbiosis with specialized bacteria, can absorb atmospheric nitrogen, translating it into a form available to plants and, thereby, enriching the soil.

In May and June, bright yellow flowers of the moth form, characteristic of all legumes, form and unfold in the leaf axils.

Small elongated fruits ripen in long narrow cylindrical pods.

    The following forms of these unpretentious useful plants are found in landscape gardening plantings:

Tree pendula (yellow acacia weeping).

Winter-hardy, deciduous, fast-growing tree up to two meters high with hanging long shoots. Responds well to formative pruning.

Ussuriyskaya

Spiny low (up to one and a half meters) shrub with dark green shiny foliage and large yellow, later reddening, winter-hardy flowers and very decorative.

Karagana Kustarnikovaya

It grows to a height of two meters, has varieties of “grandiflora” with large flowers, “latifolia” with wide leaves and “globoza” with a rounded crown.

Prickly

It has been cultivated since 1775 as an exceptionally winter-hardy and hardy shrub up to one and a half meters high, forming green hedges, additionally “strengthened” by six-centimeter spikes on the stems.

Dwarf

In height from 30 cm to 1.5 m, with bright yellow flowers and leaves, grouped in bunches, grows well in dry rocky places, blooms all summer.

Separately, we should mention the "Red Book" Caragana maned or "camel tail", since ancient times used in Tibetan medicine. It is a squat alpine shrub, shoots, the leaves and fruits of which are protected by densely arranged long, up to 7 cm, spikes. Pink and orange, much less white single flowers are revealed in June. The fruits ripen in September.

Soil and its moisture

To the composition of the soil super-tolerant yellow acacia is undemanding, it any soil will dowith the exception of very acidic soils with a pH of 3 to 4.

Besides, the soil should not be swamped. Not suitable for planting places with high groundwater or constant rain flow.

Optimal timing landing: Spring (before the leaves turned) and autumn (after leaf fall). In the summer (not during flowering), leafed acacia bushes are planted only with an earthy clod.

In the landing pit, stocked rubble drainage layer, make a complete mineral complex, as well as compost.

The plant is adapted to long periods of drought and undemanding to the frequency of watering.

In order to further stimulate growth and accelerate the development of tree caragana, one can carry out spring mineral dressing full range as well before flowering water it organic solution.

At the same time, the Caragan plant provides itself with self-feeding, assimilating, like all members of the legume family, air nitrogen due to symbiosis with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.

Growth and pruning


In culture, these shrub trees live up to 45 years, grow quite quickly and respond well to anti-aging and formative pruning.

It is carried out in the spring, before bud break.

In summer, the plant heals, cutting out damaged or dead shoots.

Flowering season covers summer period and can last, depending on the variety or variety, from one to three months.

Yellow acacia - beautiful honey plant, giving 300-350 kg of honey per hectare. Acacia honey is so high in fructose that it does not sugary during storage.

Reproduction by layering


In the spring they bend one of the lower, not old branches to the ground, fix the middle part of the branch, drop it down and sprinkle it moderately. By the beginning of the next spring, the layers are well rooted and can be separated from the parent plant.

Diseases and pests

Yellow acacia is resistant to diseases and pests.

In densely planted hedges with regular moisture plant can infect fungal diseases, most often - leaf rust. In this case, spraying with Bordeaux mixture is used to cure, and as a prophylaxis, a fairly dry content of plantings.

Specialized pests - acacia aphid, acacia leaflet and lozhnoashchikov - represent a danger to the plant. The most effective means of combating these insects are insecticides of systemic action.

Medicinal properties

Alkaloids, flavonoids and others biologically active substances contained in the bark, roots, leaves and flowers of Caraganycondition it therapeutic effect, which has long been used by folk healers.

So, the bark and leaves of yellow acacia are used to make remedies for inflammatory diseases of the skin and upper respiratory tract, as well as liver diseases and headaches.

The bark has anti-inflammatory and disinfectant properties, branches and flowers have anti-rheumatic effect, and the infusion of leaves is used to treat atherosclerosis.

Experienced herbalists apply decoctions and infusions of plant materials of Caragana and its varieties - dwarf, prickly, tree, shrub, Ussuri - with a whole spectrum of diseases.

However overdose of these drugs is dangeroustherefore, they are used carefully and consciously.

The same applies to the Karagana grivastoy - one of the leading plants of the Tibetan medical tradition, in which decoctions and infusions of both the underground and aboveground parts are used as antitumor, anti-inflammatory, sedative and anesthetic agents.

Acacia honey also has healing properties. It restores strength and overall tone, is an effective means of beriberi, cough and nervous tension. High content of fructose makes acacia honey most suitable for diabetic nutrition. Hypoallergenic and high content of carotene (provitamin A) allow us to recommend it to children. Acacia, collected in May-June, honey is considered to be one of the best.

This medicinal honey plant, enriching the earth with nitrogen, strengthening the slopes, forming hedges, is the optimal plant for target plantings in well-lit dry areas in the middle lane and more northern regions.

Next, you can see photos of planting and care for yellow acacia - tree caraganas:

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Types and varieties Karagana

All types of Karagana are similar in their decorative features. The most popular in gardening are two types: Caragana shrub and Caragana tree.

In beekeeping, they distinguish the excellent melliferous qualities of yellow karagana. In the period of active flowering from this shrub collect fragrant, healing honey.

Shrub caragana

The places of germination are the meadows and foothills of the Caucasus, Western Siberia, Altai, Central and South Asia, the European part of Russia.

It has other names - steppe chiliga, dereza. Grows no more than 2 meters. The branches that form the crown grow thickly. The leaves have a light green shade, the leaf shape is complex, obovate, pinnate, quarter, resembles a leaf of four leaf clover.

Caragana shrub blooms in May. Flowers are up to 3 cm in length, bright golden-yellow, grow alone or in bundles of 2 - 3 each. Seeds - beans, bare, smooth, cylindrical. The buds are covered with a long spike, which, in essence, is part of the base of the leaf cutting.

Young root shoots quickly grow, which is why in the places where bushes grow, dense thickets grow. This quality is used when planting bushes on loose plots of land.

The variety is fast-growing, frost-resistant, moderately demanding for irrigation, photophilous, takes root on any soil. Easily adapts to urban conditions. Fruiting shrubs with 5 years.

Propagated by self-sowing (seeds), cuttings, layering, dividing the bush.

In gardening is used for planting in parks, creating hedges. Good honey plant.

Karagana dwarf

The height of the bush is not higher than 1.5 meters, the crown is very dense. A characteristic feature is slow growth. Most often found in the steppes, on the mountainous rocky slopes and in the valleys of the mountain rivers of the Altai Territory.

The bark is brownish yellow. It blooms throughout the summer with bright yellow flowers. Caragana dwarf fruits well. Winter-hardy, unpretentious to the ground, can germinate even in sandy soils.

Karagan Ussurian

Mostly Karasu Ussuri is found in forests, steppes and the city limits of the Khabarovsk and Primorye Territories, in Northeast China.

The height is not more than 1.5 meters, the branches are smooth, gray-brown, with spikes. Young shoots are thin, straight, ribbed. Leaf of complex shape, composed of two paired reverse-leaf-shaped leaves up to 2.5-3 mm long. The leaves are fleshy, shiny, dense, dark green above and lighter below, there is a thorn in the place of germination.

The color of the flower at the beginning of flowering is light yellow, at the end is orange-red. Flowers solitary, large, up to 2 - 2.5 cm in length. The flowering period lasts about 15 - 20 days. Fruits are pointed, long, flat, pods up to 3 - 3.5 cm long.

Reproduction occurs by self-sowing (seeds), cuttings, separation of the bush.

Winter-hardy variety, often used to create hedges. Easy transfers hairstyle and adjustment of the height of the bush.

Caragana treelike Walker

Caragana treelike Walker

A species of hybrid origin from the varieties Caragana Lorberg and Pendula.

Description Caragany tree Walker: low bush, prostrate on the ground shape, with a graceful, openwork, umbrella crown with falling branches. The height of the plant depends on the height of the boosted graft. The diameter of the crown can reach 2 - 2.5 m.

Flowers up to 2 cm in length, single or in a bunch of 2 to 5 pieces. Caragana tree Walker begins to bloom after the full disclosure of leaves - in early June. The leaves are complex, narrow, up to 10 cm in length, consist of 4-7 pairs of leaves of gently - green color.

Does not tolerate excessive watering and marshiness of the soil. Caragana Walker is a light-loving plant, unpretentious to the quality and composition of the soil. In gardening is used as a single planting.

Caragana grivasty

You can often be seen along the banks of rivers, on rocky mountain slopes, in the forests of Siberia, Kamchatka, the Kuril Islands.

Low-growing shrub, whose height varies from 1 to 3 meters. The branches are thick, long, curved, saber-like, covered with thorns, in fact, cuttings of dead leaves.

Leaves of the difficult form, have 4 - 6 pairs of leaves. The leaf color is green and dark green. On the bottom side leaves terry. Flowers solitary, up to 4 - 5 cm in length, color varies from pink to white. A distinctive feature - the calyx of the flower has thick thin hairs. Flowering continues in June - July. At the beginning of the autumn of Caragana, the mane gives seeds in the form of spherical beans with a thorn, with which it multiplies.

Unpretentious to the ground, able to germinate even in the highlands.

In gardening, it is used to create hedges for park urban landscaping.

Caragana tree Pendula

Caragana tree Pendula

View of Pendula’s tree-like Caragana, or weeping prodigious Caragana. Leaves of usual form. Flowering time is May, the flowers are yellow, sprout in bunches. The bush is unpretentious to the ground, tolerates a tight fit, light-requiring, but in shady places gives a good growth. Drought-resistant, the requirement for watering is average, in wetlands there is a withering of the shrub.

Pendula's Caragana view is obtained by grafting a natural species of Caragana tree in a stem 2.5 - 3 m onto seedlings.

Yellow acacia honey

Beekeeping products - honey collected from yellow acacia has an amber color, a light yellow color, a delicate aroma, and a delicate - sweet taste. A distinctive feature of yellow acacia honey is to maintain a liquid state for a long time (about two years). It begins to crystallize later than all other types of honey.

Because of the early collection of such honey is called "may". It is indicated for diseases such as:

  • diabetes,
  • avitaminosis,
  • cataract, glaucoma, conjunctivitis,
  • neuralgia, neuropsychological disorders, headache, insomnia,
  • diseases of the gastrointestinal tract,
  • diseases of the gallbladder and kidneys,
  • exhaustion, fatigue.

Yellow acacia honey is able to exert the following properties on the body:

  • antiseptic,
  • antimicrobial,
  • anti-inflammatory,
  • regulates blood sugar,
  • soothing
  • tonic.

Contraindications use of drugs based on Karagana

Any drug, in addition to useful qualities has a number of side effects and contraindications.

When applying infusions, decoctions based on Karagana, it is necessary to strictly observe precautions, do not exceed the permissible dose, time of admission, because during the flowering period, all parts of the plant accumulate the poisonous substance alkaloid.

При злоупотреблении мерами безопасности, употреблении большого количества семян, отвара или настоя, способно привести к отравлению или даже к летальному исходу.

Помимо лечебных свойств Карагана противопоказана детям, беременным, в период грудного вскармливания, при индивидуальной непереносимости, при гипервитаминозе.

Care of Karagan

Shrub does not require special conditions of care. Caragana Pendula and other species grow in similar conditions:

  • moderate watering
  • systematic haircut.

For a beautiful branchy bush, you need to cut the branches. Without proper care, the shrub can grow, strongly baring the lower part of the trunk. To avoid this, gardeners are advised to systematically trim the trunk, thereby growing shrubs in width. The hairstyle of branches helps to get a bush the necessary decorative form.

Reproduction of shrubs produced by seed. For best results, the collected seeds are soaked in water for 6 hours. The best time for planting is early spring, in the summer period the sowing is done with freshly harvested seeds. Chance to get shoots when sowing in the fall are small. Propagation by vaccinations is possible only on the main species of Karagana treelike. Shrub tolerant enough for a tight fit.

Use in garden design

Unpretentious temper, dense foliage, short stature, and at the same time a fast-growing shrub, is very valuable in garden design. The main application is in creating a hedge.

The use of compositions from several representatives of this genus - Caragany tree, Pendula, Ussuri and others, allows you to create amazing living green edges, fortifications for slopes, dense protective stripes. The plant is used to preserve crumbling slopes.

An amazing and beautiful shrub Caragana can not only delight with its appearance and variety of forms, but also allows you to get medicines for the treatment of various ailments. Beautiful fragrant flowers, unusual leaves, intricate branches - all this can be seen in the nearest forest belt, city park or arboretum.

American yellow acacia ornamental trees and shrubs: description of the plant

The species of Karagan tree or Caragana arborescens (in Latin) includes about 70 species. To say that the birthplace of yellow acacia is not a definite place. The habitat of this group of plants is extensive - from the European plain to the Far East. In nature, this shrub creates dense thickets and prefers forest-steppe zones.

In Russia, the culture since ancient times was known under the names pea plow, pea plow, pea acacia or American yellow acacia. All these are ornamental trees and shrubs from 2 to 7 meters high, similar in appearance.

If we talk about botanical characteristics, the yellow acacia belongs to the legume family. Its trunk and branches are smooth and smooth, covered with grayish-green bark. The diameter of the crown to 5 meters. The stem is flexible and resilient. The root system is pivotal, with a large number of taped roots forming on soil shoots.

Peculiarities of acacia yellow - the original form of long leaves and unusual leaf location. They are collected in bundles of 3 - 5 pieces or successive. The leaves themselves are bisexual, smooth, with 5 - 7 rounded, pair-leaved leaves. The length of each of them is about 5 cm, the veining is net. The color of green mass changes during the vegetative period. In spring, it is bright green, with the onset of autumn the shade changes to a more saturated one, yellow colors appear.

Flowers of acacia yellow - sunny golden color, moth, bisexual, can grow singly or be collected in bundles of 3-5 pieces. Botanical flower formula: K (4) C 4 A G1, where K is a calyx, C is a whisk, A is stamens, G is a pistil. It blooms from mid-May, abundant bloom lasts no more than two weeks. Being a good honey plant, the culture is distinguished by the fact that its flowers emit a strong aroma.

When the period of active flowering is completed, the formation of fruits. These are beans, narrow boxes of a grayish-brown shade with 6-8 peas. Pods fall in autumn.

Acacia wood has a yellowish tint, with a brown core, very strong, hard and flexible. Used for the manufacture of handicrafts, and from young long shoots weave baskets.

Varieties of tree caragans

In our country, in natural conditions, 17 species of yellow acacia are found. In addition, this shrub has interesting garden forms. All ornamental varieties require shearing and crown formation. In the parks and in the backyards you can see Caragana:

  • pyramidal tree (Pyramidalis), small trees up to 3 meters high with a crown in the form of a pyramid,
  • with a very compact because of the shortened shoots crown (Cuculata), densely covered with small size leaves,
  • with a spherical crown (Globosa), shrubs up to 2 meters high with light green pinnate leaves and brown-green smooth trunks and branches,
  • dwarf (Nana), bush-like form, growing not more than 1.5 meters in height, with sprawled branches and yellowish bark,
  • large-flowered (Grandiflora), whose flowers reach a size of 3 cm, the height of the bush does not exceed a meter,
  • with an unusual golden leaf color (Albescens), which has a stem form.

Yellow acacia: breeding

The easiest method of reproduction of the Caragana tree is seeds. Reproduction in the second place in popularity is by vegetative means: layering, dividing a bush, dividing a bush. Cutting is considered not very effective, as the survival rate is 30%. It is rarely used.

Yellow acacia is a valuable early summer honey-bearing and pollen-bearing plant. In the area of ​​natural growth, the honey productivity of the undergrowth reaches 300-350 kg / ha.

The seeds of yellow acacia are sown in early spring, in March or April. Before planting, they are soaked in cold water for 24 hours to speed up the germination process. If seeds that have not been stratified are sown in open ground in April or May, the emergence of seedlings is usually observed after 20 to 30 days. When stratification is carried out at a temperature of +1 to +5 ° C, seeds can germinate already at an air temperature of 10 ° C, 15–40 days after sowing. Germination is usually high, sprouts - viable. As they develop, they are transplanted to permanent places.

Sometimes gardeners practice summer crops, using freshly harvested seeds. In the climatic conditions of the middle zone, the ripening of the fruits of acacia yellow occurs in early August. Seeds can germinate if the air temperature stays at 25 ° C. At the same time planting material must be mature. Germination and germination rate of immature seeds is much lower.

Yellow acacia honey has a light amber color, is transparent, has a delicate taste and exquisite aroma. It remains for a long time liquid, does not crystallize until two years, which distinguishes it from other varieties.

During the reproduction of the Caragany tree method cuttings are taken material harvested in spring or summer when pruning. Lower sections are treated with a 0.005% solution of indolylbutyric acid for 16 hours. It improves rooting. Cuttings are planted in a moist soil. They take root for 30 days.

For ornamental forms of acacia yellow, experienced gardeners often choose reproduction by grafting on the base species, and sometimes cuttings are made. To do this, at the beginning of the vegetative period, the lower non-aging branch is bent to the soil, added dropwise, and watering is provided. Rooting occurs next spring. At this time, the layers are separated from the main plant.

The division of the bush is carried out in the presence of a large number of rhizome shoots. The best period of their separation is spring months. For the planting material, individual holes are made that are 70 cm or more behind the mother bush.

Planting and care

Yellow acacia is an unpretentious plant in cultivation. She is equally comfortable in brightly lit areas and in the shade, copes with severe frosts and can survive a period of drought. Planting and caring for Karagana is not complicated, by any gardener. In the winter months, it can withstand a decrease in air temperature to -45 ° C, and in the summer - a scorching heat. For planting it can take a well-lit places in the garden, unsuitable for planting other plants that may suffer from sunburn. Acacia are not terrible.

With full compliance with agrotechnology, the yellow action is well received, gives an annual increase and is highly decorative. Experts believe that planting yellow acacia is most effective in spring or autumn.

Yellow tree acacia is undemanding and to the ground. It makes a variety of soil, with the exception of marshy and characterized by a high degree of acidity. Prefers areas with good drainage and lack of groundwater located near the surface. And the ideal option for American yellow acacia is sandy earth.

To regularity and abundance of irrigation yellow acacia undemanding. It can tolerate long dry periods. And the stagnation of moisture for it is destructive. Therefore, it is necessary to water the bushes no more than 3 times a week, about 12 liters of water for each bush. Determining the rate and amount of irrigation, it is necessary to focus on weather conditions, the rate of evaporation of moisture from the soil surface.

Saplings of young yellow acacia need regular feeding. They can be made from March to August, 2 times a week. Feed the plant can be solutions of mullein and chicken manure in a ratio of 1:50. Sometimes, in order to stimulate growth and development, Caragans in the spring months plan to introduce complex mineral fertilizers.

Starting from the second year of life, the pea gardener needs a compulsory formation. Pruning acacia yellow perform in the spring, before the appearance of the kidneys. In the summer, they carry out revitalizing pruning, saving the shrub from damaged and old shoots. For the winter, the bushes of young bushes are covered with sackcloth for protection from the cold.

Adult acacia needs only pruning and timely watering. It rarely suffers from pests or diseases, so it should not be treated for prevention by special preparations.

Tree acacia in landscape design

Acacia is a common inhabitant of household plots, as well as urban parks. With its help, they create forest shelter belts, strengthen the coastlines, protect the soil from weeds, and sands from afforestation.

Gardeners and landscape designers value chilizhnik because it enriches poor soils, as it is able to accumulate nitrogenous substances. In addition, their neighbors in the area of ​​Caragan tree never suppresses.

In living single-row hedges, where acacia is most often used, the distance between the bushes should be at least fifty centimeters. In double-row hedges, this distance should be increased to seventy centimeters.

Designers often include yellow acacia in effective compositions, for example, in landscaping parks and alleys. And also a beautifully blooming hedge easily forms from it. Moreover, even a novice in gardening is able to cope with the task of creating it. To do this, in the fall the bushes must be planted so that they are located at a distance of 30 cm from each other, in a checkerboard pattern. In the spring, it remains only to make a shaping pruning.

The intoxicating floral scent of blooming yellow acacia spins its head every spring. But the merits of culture are not limited to this. The most useful acacia honey, infusions for treating diseases, decorating the most desolate parts of the garden, beautiful hedges are all available to gardeners who do not spare space on their land for yellow acacia.

Plant description

The basis is taken from the old Kyrgyz name Karashan bush, formed from the words "Kara" - "black" and "Ghana" - "ear", after the names of the black-eared foxes living in the thickets of this plant.

  • Life form: Deciduous shrub
  • Crown: Spreading, medium.
  • Growth rate: Fast. The annual increase is 50 cm in height and 30 cm in width.
  • Height is 6 m., Diameter of krone is 5 m.
  • Durability: 60 years
  • Flowers: Yellow, 0.5-1 cm, collected in bunches of 2-5 pieces.
  • Leaves: Oval, composed of 9-11 leaves, spring and summer green, autumn yellow, up to 15 cm. Length.
  • Decorative: Karagana treelike especially decorative during flowering.

Yellow acacia - shrub (sometimes - small tree) with moth yellow flowers. Fruits (they are also called beans) are pods up to 5 cm long. Yellow acacia, the seeds of which are in the pods, reproduces with their help. They look like small peas.

Plant characteristics

In July, the pods ripen, dry on the tree. The leaves of the fruit crack, and the seeds are scattered on the ground. These beans are edible; they are not inferior to peas in terms of the content of fats, proteins and carbohydrates, and they resemble it in taste.

  1. Yellow acacia (Caragana) in height can grow up to seven meters, but on the territory of our country rarely exceeds three. This is a low multi-trunk shrub covered with greenish-gray bark.
  2. Yellow acacia is a frost-resistant and drought-resistant plant that perfectly adapts to life in the city. But the most comfortable it feels on the shores of fresh water. Widely distributed in Central Asia, the Far East, in Siberia.

The name of the Karagan was received from the Kyrgyz, and scientists left it as an official. In translation, it means "black ear". This is due to the fact that in the thickets of one of the varieties of Caragana, chenoucha foxes inhabit. In the world there are about seventy species of this plant, 6 of them are used for medicinal purposes.

Homeland plants

  • In its natural form, Karagan occupies a vast area in the forest zone of Western Siberia and the Far East, which captures Altai and Sayan.
  • There is a growing Karagan in the Southern Urals and the Caucasus, in many regions of Kazakhstan and Mongolia.
  • Its usual habitat is the edge of forests, the undergrowth of coniferous or deciduous forests, the slopes of hills and mountains.

In total, more than 70 species of the genus Caragan are known. Some of them have a healing value, most are distinguished by high decorative qualities, all are good honey plants. The most famous of them are Caragana arborescens or yellow acacia. About her and will be discussed.

Appearance

In botanical literature, yellow acacia is also called “tree caragana”, and in the description it is described as a low, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub belonging to the genus of legumes. The average culture height is about 2–4 m, and its width is up to 2.5 m.

  • The trunk is covered with smooth gray-green bark, thin shoots, branched.
  • Leaves up to 58 cm long, paired-pinnate, constitute, as a rule, 4-7 pairs of small leaves 10 mm long and 4 mm wide. Each of them resembles an oblong glossy, slightly pubescent oval of bright green color.
  • Stipules are prickly. Often they crumble, rarely lumber.

In May and early June, numerous fragrant yellow flowers with a length of up to 20 mm appear. They are collected in several pieces in inflorescences. Individually, each axillary flower is tubular-bell-shaped with tiny teeth and five petals. After flowering in their place grow fruits, which are small linear-cylindrical beans up to 7 mm in length. In each of 5 - 8 seeds that ripen in July.

  1. Siberia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, and North China are native to perennials.
  2. They also know about the plant in the United States of America; Eurasian emigrants brought it there as a source of food during their trip. In some states, Caragana is mistakenly considered an invasive species, that is, prone to disrupt the nitrogen cycle in the soil.

In fact, the acacia has such properties, and the yellow type is completely safe for ecosystems.

In the conditions of the Ukrainian climate, yellow acacia is very enduring and practically unpretentious in care and cultivation.

Culture does not suffer from the attacks of harmful insects and diseases. It easily tolerates frosts and droughts, as well as unfavorable areas with poor soil and drafts. Many gardeners liked her unpretentiousness and healing.

If you abuse the Caragana's endurance to droughts, the tree, even in the middle of summer, will throw off the foliage, which will reduce the evaporation of moisture and help it to overcome the heat.

Growing yellow acacia at the dacha

The small foliage and yellow flowers of this plant are not at all impressive. However, gardeners, like a magnet, attracts its intoxicating aroma and practicality. In the garden it will take root on any site, cover even the most inconspicuous places and protect the territory.

But the main advantage of a small shrub is its healing properties and early honey plant. Want to get such a culture? Then to you here: we will tell all about yellow acacia, its cultivation and we will open secrets how to get benefit for the organism from an unpretentious tree.

Scientists have recognized yellow acacia as one of the strongest anti-inflammatory drugs.

With her tincture you can

  1. overcome acute and chronic diseases of internal organs,
  2. normalize metabolism
  3. to numb and heal wounds
  4. reduce fever
  5. improve the condition of the blood and skin
  6. resume cellular balance
  7. strengthen the capillary system
  8. cure cardiovascular diseases, allergies, bronchitis, lose weight.

For medicinal purposes, use the bark, rhizomes, foliage and rarely flowers.

Dates and choice of place for landing

Акация, или, как ее еще называют, карагана выносит разнообразные почвы, но предпочитает хороший дренаж и отсутствие близлежащих подземных вод.

Идеальным для нее будет насыщенный солнцем участок со свежей супесчаной землей.

For agricultural purposes, shrubs are often used to combat soil erosion, neutralize them, enrich with nitrogen, and also as a dense low barrier in multi-row plantings.

  • Culture easily tolerates strong winds and even windbreaks, it suffers salt marshes, extreme cold.
  • However, it will develop poorly in heavy wet soils. Given these properties when planting yellow acacia, determine a favorable place for you.
  • It may make sense to close other cultures that love penumbra with shrubs from the sun, or create a hedge from it.

The plant propagates by seeds and cuttings when dividing the root.

The best period for the seed method is spring, when sprouted seedlings are transplanted into separate pots, and after a month and a half they are determined to a permanent place in the open ground.

More effective method of grafting. It can be implemented in the spring. Seedlings will have time to form a strong root system and branches, which will allow you to safely winter. They begin planting in late April - early May, when the soil is already cold and warm enough for acacia.

Hassle delivers the constant need for abundant watering of the seedling to save its roots from drying out. In addition, before planting in the spring, the roots also need moisture. They need to be left for a day in a container with water, and during landing they should be watered until the earth ceases to absorb moisture.

Seedlings in different seasons

Autumn plantings enable the young sapling of acacia yellow to adapt before winter, grow well into the soil, develop and strengthen the roots.

With the arrival of spring, such a tree immediately grows and develops rapidly. In addition, Caragana is considered a fast-growing culture.

  • Most often, the process begins in early October, so that the roots have time to get accustomed to frost.
  • It is important to take into account the climatic features of the region.
  • Disembarkation should occur a maximum of two weeks before the first frost.
  • Autumn increases the risk of root rot.
  • Young Karagana can die in cold soil.

Planting seedlings

Most owners of household plots understand how difficult it is to grow acacia from seeds, therefore, they prefer planting seedlings.

In the spring or autumn, the root cuttings are cut off with a sharp shovel from the mother bush and immediately start planting. If there are several plants, a distance of half a meter is observed between them.

To begin with, digging holes at the level of 50 cm. About 2 kg of gravel, expanded clay or brick chips are laid on the bottom of the pit, sprinkled with soil on top. Young trees need to be fed with complex mineral fertilizer or compost, which is not necessary for old specimens.

  1. Planting material is lowered into the pit so that when instilled the root neck (the place of transition of the trunk to the root) a few centimeters deepened.
  2. Then straighten the rhizome and water the tree, sprinkle it on top with earth and tamp it.
  3. A sapling during planting should be thoroughly shaken to fill the voids formed between the roots.
  4. The soil is trampled well, otherwise the roots will dry out and the bush will not take root. AT
  5. the end of planting, the soil in the stem wells mulch 5-cm layer of hay, pine needles, sawdust or bark.

The collection of medicinal raw materials is carried out from the middle of spring to the end of summer. Flowers are harvested in May, foliage - in June, seeds - in July. Thin roots must be dried completely, and thick flogged into pieces.

What care does yellow acacia need?

Despite the adaptability of acacia yellow to adverse conditions, resistance to disease, young plants still need basic care.

In the first year of life, bushes need a humid and warm climate. Caring gardeners will not test the plant for strength, exhausting by extreme conditions.

Landing in the ground

I plant saplings of yellow acacia in the soil in early spring (before foliage development), or in late autumn. Seedlings in peat containers (which are planted with a pot), or with a large clod of earth, can be planted in the ground in summer, but not during flowering.

  1. Before planting, fertilize the soil with complex fertilizers (containing nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus).
  2. Compost can be added to wells.
  3. After spring or summer planting, the saplings are mulched.
  4. How mulch fit: needles, shavings, bark, peat, hay.

Pruning Acacia

Perhaps this is the only serious demand grateful shrubs. And to implement it in your best interest, since the Caragana tree is growing very strongly.

It is better to cut branches in spring, after the flowering of acacia.

In order not to stiffen the crown, it is generally removed at the second-year bush, leaving three buds on the trunk. This procedure contributes to the development of the root system. In the future, the plant takes the form of a bush.

  • Although, if desired, it can be cultivated as a small tree.
  • Culture very well lends itself to the skillful hands of gardeners and soon, under the pruning blades, it is transformed into various shapes.
  • In subsequent years, when it is time to trim the yellow acacia, the main focus is on removing dry and damaged branches.
  • To accelerate the adaptation of young shrubs after a strong pruning, they need to be watered and fed more often with nitrogen-containing fertilizers.

Caragana breeding

To get a new plant "yellow acacia" should be sowing seed or propagate it

  1. using layering
  2. dividing the bush
  3. root scions.

Due to the fact that the cuttings take root very poorly (the percentage is only 30% of units), this method is used much less frequently.

  • Seeds should be sown in the substrate immediately after harvest or already in the spring months.
  • Before planting it is recommended to soak them for 24 hours.
  • If a preliminary stratification is carried out within 10–40 days at 1–5 degrees (on the lower shelf of the refrigerator, for example), they begin to germinate already at a heat of 10 degrees.
  • Seeds are buried to a depth of 4–5 cm.
  • Then the planted material is mulched with peat or sawdust.

At the end of the month shoots will be visible. In the early years, such seedlings are added very slowly in height, then the process will go faster. As soon as five years pass, you can expect flowering. However, this may lose the parental qualities of the Caragans.

If the seeds are ripe, they begin to germinate when the heat is not lower than 25 degrees. Otherwise, they germinate much slower and their germination decreases. If disembarkation occurs in late autumn, success will be ensured only in the case of a light substrate.

Cuttings

If grafting is carried out, up to 100% of summer branches can root, if they are treated with a 0.005% solution of indolylbutyric acid (IMC), for 16 hours. Then the cuttings are planted in a light substrate (peat-sand) and covered with polyethylene or cut plastic bottle. It is recommended to air every day cuttings and wetting when the substrate dries.

When new leaves begin to form on the twigs, this will mean that the rooting process was successful and it is possible to plant the young Karagana in a permanent place in the spring.
Some garden forms have the ability to propagate with the help of grafting on the main form.

Caragana prickly

Shrub Caragana spiny grows to a mark of 1 - 1.5 m, forming a set of unbranched spiny shoots with small leaves, the central core of which ends in a thorn. Light yellow flowers of Caragana barbed reach a length of 2 cm.

In folk medicine, Caragana prickly is used as an anti-inflammatory agent to help cure (or ease the course) acute and chronic diseases of internal organs and systems. In addition, decoctions and infusions of this type of Caragany promote the normalization of metabolism.

It is proved that the alcoholic extract of shoots from Caragana prickly has anti-inflammatory, bacteriostatic, analgesic, antipyretic and wound healing properties.

Caragana treelike (or yellow acacia)

It is Caragana treelike, which is often called yellow acacia, is the most common and used in traditional medicine type of Caragany.

Yellow acacia is a tall shrub or tree with yellow-green smooth branches and feathery leaves. In height, this plant can reach 3 - 7 m. Yellow flowers of the plant are collected in neat bunches. Yellow acacia blooms, the fruits of which are bare linear beans in May-June, while the fruits ripen in July and August.

Tree Karagan can be found in the forest, as well as forest-steppe zones of Siberia and Central Asia, in North China and Mongolia, as well as in the Baltic States. This plant prefers steppe, rocky and sandy slopes, as well as the banks of rivers and lakes.

Traditional medicine uses mainly the bark and roots of plants, decoctions and extracts of which are widely used in the treatment of acute respiratory infections, allergies, influenza, rheumatism and many other diseases.

It is about the benefits and application of yellow acacia in medicine and will be discussed further.

Collection and storage of yellow acacia

The collection of raw materials is carried out throughout the year: for example, flowers are collected in May (during the flowering period), while the leaves are collected throughout the summer. But still it is recommended to collect raw materials intended for the preparation of medicines, precisely in the spring (it was during this period that the plant fully contained all the useful substances and elements).

The aboveground part of the plant is laid out in a thin layer and dried in fresh air (always in the shade or under a canopy). Unripe seeds are best dried in a non-hot oven, spreading the buds with a thin layer, not forgetting to turn them over.

Drying of thin roots is done entirely, whereas thicker roots should be cut into pieces and only then dried under a shed or in an oven.

The composition and properties of yellow acacia

Fixed oils
Act:

  • promote the absorption of essential oils
  • protect the body from the negative effects of carcinogenic substances,
  • significantly improve the overall condition of the skin.

Vitamin C
Act:
  • reduces serum uric acid,
  • regulates the oxidative and reducing processes of the so-called cellular respiration,
  • strengthens the capillaries, increasing their permeability,
  • promotes the growth and development of bone tissue
  • strengthens the immune system
  • stimulates the production of adrenal hormones.

Glycosides
Act:
  • promote urine excretion
  • dilate blood vessels
  • fighting microbes
  • contribute to the removal of sputum.

Starch
This easily digestible carbohydrate, transforming into glucose, nourishes the body with the energy necessary for the normal functioning of all human systems and organs.

Cellulose
Act:

  • promotes soft and harmless weight loss
  • normalizes blood sugar,
  • reduces the risk of urolithiasis, various gastroenterological and cardiovascular diseases,
  • removes harmful substances from the body,
  • increases physical endurance and activity
  • minimizes the risk of malignant tumors,
  • provides the body with essential dietary fiber,
  • normalizes the functioning of the digestive system.

Tannins
Act:
  • relieve inflammation
  • reduce the secretory function of the digestive tract,
  • remove toxins and heavy metals from the body.

Tannins, precipitating tissue cell proteins, have a pronounced astringent or irritant effect directly on the mucous membranes (it all depends on their content in a particular preparation).

Protein
Act:

  • strengthening immunity
  • ensuring muscle building,
  • participation in the synthesis of hormones and vital enzymes.

Cellulose
Act:
  • normalizes intestinal microflora,
  • removes excess cholesterol,
  • stimulates natural weight loss,
  • improves blood flow in the pelvic vessels,
  • normalizes the urogenital system.

Carotene
Provides the accumulation of oxygen, which in the case of oxygen starvation is "given" to both cells and tissues of the body.

Alkaloid cytisine
This alkaloid stimulates the central nervous system, especially the respiratory, vasomotor and vomiting centers of the medulla oblongata. Official medicine uses cytisine as a stimulant of respiration and blood circulation during a reflex stop breathing during operations, with injuries and respiratory depression due to intoxication, as well as with asphyxia in newborns.

Rutin
Act:

  • reduces capillary fragility and permeability,
  • accelerates the process of dissolution of atherosclerotic deposits, which prevents and minimizes the risk of developing heart diseases such as stroke and heart attack,
  • promotes blood clotting,
  • reduces arterial and intraocular pressure,
  • slows heart rate
  • enhances the process of bile formation,
  • regulates the daily rate of urine,
  • stimulates the function of the adrenal cortex,
  • removes puffiness,
  • relieves allergies.

Flavonoids
Act:
  • reduce the fragility of the capillaries,
  • normalize the work of the central nervous system,
  • stabilize blood pressure
  • regulate heart rate
  • stimulate the adrenal cortex.

Organic acids
Properties:
  • participate in the biosynthesis of alkaloids, glycosides, amino acids,
  • significantly slow down the course of putrefactive and fermenting processes, thereby facilitating regular bowel emptying,
  • remove toxins and slags,
  • improve the overall condition of the blood vessels,
  • stimulate the formation of red blood cells
  • soothe the nervous system.

Resins
Act:
  • disinfect wounds
  • struggling with pathogens and bacteria
  • increase the body's immune strength.

Application of Caragana treelike

Alcohol tincture is prepared from twigs and flowers of yellow acacia, and is used to treat arthritis of various etiologies and rheumatism.

To prepare the tincture, 200 g of dry raw material are poured into a container of dark glass and 500 ml of vodka are poured, after which the product is infused for two weeks in a cool and dark place. In this case, the tincture should be periodically shaken.

Such tincture pounded sore joints, which, after grinding, must be tied up with a warm woolen scarf or scarf. In case of intense pains, it is recommended to add freshly grated horseradish in the ratio of 1: 1 with Karagana to the described drug.

The same tincture with domestic consumption will help strengthen the immune system. In addition, having diluted the tincture with water in the ratio of 1:10 or 1: 5, it can be used as a mouthwash to relieve inflammation.

Infusions of flowers and leaves of the plant are used to treat diseases of the digestive tract, atherosclerosis, headache, heartburn and diathesis. Also, as an anti-inflammatory agent, an infusion of yellow acacia is indicated for diseases of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity and throat.

2 tbsp. crushed dry leaves of yellow stock pour a glass of boiling water and insist means for two hours in a hermetically sealed container. The infusion is filtered through a double layer of gauze and is drunk three times in knocks, two tablespoons.

Yellow acacia - honey plant

Yellow acacia is considered to be an excellent honey plant. It blooms in the second half of May for 13–15 days, while the flowering of one flower lasts about six days (if the weather in May does not indulge with heat, the flowering time can be reduced to 8–9 days). The highest content in the plant nectar falls on the 5-6 day of flowering. Thus, under favorable weather conditions (namely, the amount of nectar excreted by a plant depends on the weather), a single family of bees can yield about 5 kg of nectar.

Nectar stands out best in cloudy weather, and especially after rains, but at the same time the concentration of sugar in nectar significantly decreases (up to 40%). Abundant secretion of nectar is observed at a temperature of 15 degrees, however, the sugar content in it increases to 60 - 65 percent. But in dry and sunny nectar excretion is significantly reduced.

Contraindications to the use of tree caragana

Yellow acacia, although it is a medicinal plant, but requires extremely careful handling and reception, as it can lead to serious health problems, and even death. And all for the reason that this plant contains poisonous alkaloids, which accumulate in it to the maximum extent during flowering. Thus, the use of a large amount of acacia fruits - legume pods can lead to poisoning.

Symptoms of poisoning (appear 1 to 1.5 hours after eating the fruit):

  • weakness,
  • nausea,
  • abdominal pain,
  • persistent (or frequent) vomiting,
  • diarrhea,
  • cold sweat,
  • convulsions
  • sleep disturbance,
  • rave,
  • fever,
  • hallucinations,
  • collapse (acute vascular insufficiency).

Death may occur within one or two hours after the fresh fruits of yellow acacia are taken from respiratory paralysis, so it is extremely important to provide first aid correctly even before the arrival of the medical team.

First aid for poisoning:
1. Immediate gastric emptying by provoking vomiting and repeated gastric lavage with a warm two percent solution of sodium chloride (after gastric lavage, give the patient a drink of water suspension from activated carbon, and after half an hour wash the stomach again).
2. Проведение очистительных клизм, что поможет не только очистить кишечник, а и сбить температуру.
3. Прикладывание грелки к животу.
4. Искусственное дыхание в случае расстройства дыхания.
5. Applying a cold compress to the forehead.
6. Wrapping the patient in a warm blanket.

In addition, in violation of cardiovascular activity (for example, with a decrease in pressure), caffeine, camphor or cordiamine should be given to a patient.

Contraindications to the use of drugs of yellow acacia:

  • individual intolerance,
  • hypervitaminosis,
  • childhood,
  • pregnancy,
  • lactation period.

Use in landscape design and hedge

Karagan can be seen not only in private gardens: the plant is cultivated throughout the country in parks, protective forest belts, to protect the soil from weeds and the settlement of sand, to strengthen embankments of slopes. Vine shrubs folk artisans use for weaving baskets and shields.

The perennial, although famous for its strong branching, does not suppress the growing number of ornamental crops. The plant accumulates nitrogen, enriching the poor lands. Professional gardeners with the help of Caragana create whole compositions.

The flowering acacia hedge looks impressive. Even a beginner will be able to form it on his site. It is enough to plant bushes in a staggered manner at a distance of 25 cm in autumn and make the first pruning in time. In park design, the plant is used for decorative gardening alleys.

Types of Caragany

  1. This type of caragana is a rather peculiar alpine shrub, whose height varies from 1 to 5 m.
  2. The shrub is distinguished by the presence of thick branches, which are densely covered with dead needle-like petioles from the leaves of previous years, while the young petioles, stipules, and the edges of the leaves have a shaggy white edge.
  3. The flowers of the Caragana are large-crested (about 35 mm long) and pink (rarely white).
  4. The plant blooms in the months of June - July, while it bears fruit from August to September.

The plant grows in the Eastern Sayan Mountains, in the upper reaches of such rivers as the Belaya, Kitoy, Oka, Uda, as well as in the territory of Khamar-Daban, Kultuk and throughout the Barguzinsky ridge. It prefers kagan as dry stony, clayey slopes, and sandy, stony shores of lakes and rivers.

You can also find this plant among shrubs, on sunny alpine meadows or in coniferous forests located no higher than 3700 m above sea level.

The use of Caragana mane

  1. cold,
  2. gastrointestinal tract diseases
  3. inflammatory processes
  4. hemorrhoids,
  5. stomach ulcer,
  6. rheumatism,
  7. wounds (especially purulent),
  8. duodenal ulcer,
  9. boils,
  10. fistulae
  11. eczema,
  12. acne

In addition, it is used in the treatment of:

  • pyoderma,
  • neurodermatitis,
  • cervical erosion,
  • metrorrhagia (uterine bleeding that is not associated with the menstrual cycle),
  • menorrhagia (heavy menstruation)
  • whites
  • menstrual disorders,
  • flu,
  • stomatitis,
  • laryngitis,
  • insomnia,
  • radiculitis,
  • hypertonic disease,
  • sepsis.

Often, in the treatment of a disease, local, internal, and external methods of using Caragana drugs are combined.

For medicinal purposes, the roots, branches, as well as wood plants containing tannins, essential oils, saponins, flavonoids and alkaloids are used.

Recipe with Caragana Mane

10 g of carefully crushed plant roots (branches can be used) pour 200 ml of water, then put to simmer for 5 minutes. Removed from the fire means insist hour, filtered and drunk on 3 dessert spoons three times a day.

This recipe will help to cope with acute respiratory infections, influenza, insomnia, hypertension and inflammatory processes. In addition, a warm decoction can gargle with angina for two to three days, every half hour - an hour.

Ussuriyskaya

This is a low (usually not exceeding one meter in height) plant with straight ribbed shoots, dense leaves with prominent veins. The pedicels of the Ussuri caragana are crowned with a bright yellow halo, which turns red by the end of flowering (that is, by the end of July - early August).

In Russia, this type of Karagana is common on the territory of the Far East, namely in Primorye and on Sakhalin. The plant grows on rocks, spacious forest lawns and along roads.

For therapeutic purposes, the bark of the roots of the plant is used as a tonic and anti-inflammatory agent for delaying menstruation and belyah.

  • To prepare a decoction, one tablespoon of crushed dry raw materials should be filled with 350 ml of water and the medium should be boiled for 10 minutes (always on a slow fire).
  • Broth insist two hours, filter and drink one-third of a glass.

Shrub

  1. This type of caragana is a shrub in height from 0.5 to 2 m.
  2. Caragana shrub has yellowish or greenish-gray bark, speckled with narrow longitudinal whitish stripes.
  3. The petioles of finely pubescent and not thick young shoots of the plant quickly harden and remain in the form of thick spines.
  4. The plant blooms from May to June, and bears fruit in July.
  5. Shrub Caragana is widespread in the European region of Russia, on the territory of Western and Eastern Siberia, in the Crimea, Moldova, Ciscaucasia and Central Asia.

The branches of this plant are used in folk medicine in the treatment of exudative diathesis. Infusion of the branches of the plant exhibits antibacterial activity. For its preparation 1 tbsp. The dry branches of the bush shrub are poured with a glass of boiling water, infused for five hours, filtered and used in a tablespoon three times a day.

Dwarf

Karagana dwarf is a shrub up to one meter in height with golden and smooth shiny bark, as well as thin rod-shaped shoots. The bright leaves of the plant are bluish-green on both sides.

This species of Caragana blooms round summer, pleasing the eye with its yellow flowers. The homeland of this plant is the Altai and Krasnodar Territory, Khakassia, Irkutsk and Chita regions.

In folk medicine

  1. the roots
  2. branches,
  3. flowers and seeds of plants containing alkaloids, coumarins, flavonoids.

Karagana dwarf is used as an anti-inflammatory, antifebrile and antiferrotic agents. Thus, the decoction of the roots and branches is used internally for fractures and diathesis, while the infusion of plant flowers is used for ascites, and the decoction of seeds is used in the treatment of atherosclerosis and scrofula.

  • With diathesis and fractures, this decoction will help: pour 12 g of dried and crushed plant roots with one and a half cups of water, boil for no longer than 7 minutes, then insist on the decoction for another three hours, strain and drink a quarter cup three times a day.
  • With ascites, 12 grams of flowers are filled with dwarf caragana with a glass of boiling water, infused for about an hour, filtered and drunk a tablespoon three times a day.
  • With scrofula and atherosclerosis 1 tsp. The seeds of the plant are poured with a glass of water, boiled for five minutes, infused for 2.5 - 3 hours, filtered and consumed according to the scheme described in the previous recipe.

Shrub Caragana spiny grows to a mark of 1 - 1.5 m, forming a set of unbranched spiny shoots with small leaves, the central core of which ends in a thorn. Light yellow flowers of Caragana barbed reach a length of 2 cm.

In folk medicine, Caragana prickly is used as an anti-inflammatory agent to help cure (or ease the course) acute and chronic diseases of internal organs and systems. In addition, decoctions and infusions of this type of Caragana contribute to the normalization of metabolism.

It is proved that the alcoholic extract of shoots from Caragana barbed has

  1. anti-inflammatory,
  2. bacteriostatic,
  3. painkillers
  4. antipyretic
  5. wound healing properties.

Tree

It is Caragana treelike, which is often called yellow acacia, is the most common and used in traditional medicine type of Caragany.

Yellow acacia is a tall shrub or tree with yellow-green smooth branches and feathery leaves. In height, this plant can reach 3 - 7 m. Yellow flowers of the plant are collected in neat bunches. Yellow acacia blooms, the fruits of which are bare linear beans in May-June, while the fruits ripen in July and August.

Tree Karagan can be found in the forest, as well as forest-steppe zones of Siberia and Central Asia, in North China and Mongolia, as well as in the Baltic States. This plant prefers steppe, rocky and sandy slopes, as well as the banks of rivers and lakes.

Traditional medicine uses mainly the bark and roots of plants, decoctions and extracts of which are widely used in the treatment of acute respiratory infections, allergies, influenza, rheumatism and many other diseases.

It is about the benefits and application of yellow acacia in medicine and will be discussed further.

Composition and properties of the tree

Fixed oils

promote the absorption of essential oils

  1. protect the body from the negative effects of carcinogenic substances,
  2. significantly improve the overall condition of the skin.

  • reduces serum uric acid,
  • regulates the oxidative and reducing processes of the so-called cellular respiration,
  • strengthens the capillaries, increasing their permeability,
  • promotes the growth and development of bone tissue
  • strengthens the immune system
  • stimulates the production of adrenal hormones.

  1. promote urine excretion
  2. dilate blood vessels
  3. fighting microbes
  4. contribute to the removal of sputum.

This easily digestible carbohydrate, transforming into glucose, nourishes the body with the energy necessary for the normal functioning of all human systems and organs.

  • promotes soft and harmless weight loss
  • normalizes blood sugar,
  • reduces the risk of urolithiasis, various gastroenterological and cardiovascular diseases,
  • removes harmful substances from the body,
  • increases physical endurance and activity
  • minimizes the risk of malignant tumors,
  • provides the body with essential dietary fiber,
  • normalizes the functioning of the digestive system.

Tannins

  • relieve inflammation
  • reduce the secretory function of the digestive tract,
  • remove toxins and heavy metals from the body.

Tannins, precipitating tissue cell proteins, have a pronounced astringent or irritant effect directly on the mucous membranes (it all depends on their content in a particular preparation).

Strengthens the immune system, provides the building of muscle mass, is involved in the synthesis of hormones and vital enzymes.

  1. normalizes intestinal microflora,
  2. removes excess cholesterol,
  3. stimulates natural weight loss,
  4. improves blood flow in the pelvic vessels,
  5. normalizes the urogenital system.

Provides the accumulation of oxygen, which in the case of oxygen starvation "is given" to both cells and tissues of the body.

Alkaloid cytisine

This alkaloid stimulates the central nervous system, especially the respiratory, vasomotor and vomiting centers of the medulla oblongata.

Official medicine uses cytisine as a stimulant of respiration and blood circulation during a reflex stop breathing during operations, with injuries and respiratory depression due to intoxication, as well as with asphyxia in newborns.

  • reduces capillary fragility and permeability,
  • accelerates the process of dissolution of atherosclerotic deposits, which prevents and minimizes the risk of developing heart diseases such as stroke and heart attack,
  • promotes blood clotting,
  • reduces arterial and intraocular pressure,
  • slows heart rate
  • enhances the process of bile formation,
  • regulates the daily rate of urine excretion,
  • stimulates the function of the adrenal cortex,
  • removes puffiness,
  • relieves allergies.

Organic acids

  1. participate in the biosynthesis of alkaloids, glycosides, amino acids,
  2. significantly slow down the course of putrefactive and fermenting processes, thereby facilitating regular bowel emptying,
  3. remove toxins and slags,
  4. improve the overall condition of the blood vessels,
  5. stimulate the formation of red blood cells
  6. soothe the nervous system.

  1. disinfect wounds
  2. struggling with pathogens and bacteria
  3. increase the body's immune strength.

The healing properties of yellow acacia: Anti-inflammatory, antifungal, bacteriostatic, analgesic, antipyretic, wound-healing, tonic, expectorant.

Indications for use

The healing properties of acacia yellow are effective in the treatment of: headache, scrofula, arthritis, heartburn, joint pain, catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, pulmonary tuberculosis, stomatitis, neuralgia, myositis, gingivitis, atherosclerosis, diseases of the oral mucosa, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

In addition, this plant is used in the treatment of

  • scrofula,
  • diathesis,
  • flu, acute respiratory viral infection, acute respiratory infections,
  • throat diseases
  • hypoavitaminosis,
  • wounds, eczema,
  • jaundice
  • allergies
  • lower back pain.

Forms of application

1. Alcoholic tincture of twig flowers: 200 g of dried raw materials should be infused with 500 ml of vodka for two weeks in a dark cool place.

  • Dishes for tincture should be of dark glass.
  • Periodically tincture should be shaken.

It is used to grind diseased joints, after which the joints must be tied up with a warm scarf. With severe pains, this tincture is made with the addition of freshly grated horseradish in a 1: 1 ratio with yellow acacia. If you dilute the tincture with water 1: 5 or 1:10, you get an excellent means for rinsing the mouth during inflammatory processes.

2. Infusion of leaves and flowers:

  • Poured a glass of boiling water 2 tbsp. spoons of crushed leaves insist two hours in a sealed container.
  • Strain and consume 3 times a day for two tablespoons.
  • This is a good anti-inflammatory agent used in diseases of the throat and oral mucosa.
  • Infusion is used in the treatment of headache, diathesis, heartburn, gastrointestinal diseases.

3. Bark decoction: chopped dry acacia yellow bark (1 tbsp) pour 500 ml. boiling water and boil for 8-10 minutes, then insist 2 hours, strain. Drink it should be half a glass three times a day.

Take for colds, gastrointestinal diseases, inflammation of the female organs. It is also used for washing wounds and rinsing in case of sore throat, inflammation of the throat and gums.

4. Infusion of leaves and bark. Helps to get rid of headaches, heartburn, infusion is effective in atherosclerosis, liver disease.

Infusion for colds

Vitamin-rich leaves help the body recuperate to effectively fight a viral disease. To prepare the infusion can also be used roots.

  • Crush the dried leaves, take two tablespoons.
  • Fill with boiling water of 200 ml.
  • Insist for an hour.
  • Use a tablespoon up to four times a day.

The roots have expectorant action, soften the course of a cold.

  1. Crush dried root, use one tablespoon of raw materials.
  2. Fill with boiling water of 200 ml.
  3. Protome on low heat for ten minutes.
  4. Insist two hours.
  5. Strain, wring out the raw material.
  6. Use warm thirds of a cup three times a day.

Infusion of leaves is effective in the treatment of stomatitis, gingivitis, and other inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity. It has an antiseptic effect, anti-inflammatory effect. Rinse your affected area thrice a day.

Leaf Infusion with Headache

To relieve a headache, it is recommended decoction of dried leaves. It serves as an additional source of vitamins A and C, which improves the condition of the body during the illness.

  1. Chop the leaves, use two tablespoons of raw materials.
  2. Fill with boiling water of 200 ml.
  3. Leave to infuse for two hours, strain.

Apply two tablespoons three times a day.

Infusion of flowers for heartburn

For violations of the gastrointestinal tract will help infusion of the flowers of yellow acacia. It reduces the acidity of gastric juice, thereby eliminating heartburn. Also recommended as an adjunct in the treatment of hepatitis.

  1. Pour a tablespoon of flowers with boiling water of 200 ml.
  2. Leave it for one hour.
  3. Strain.

Drink therapeutic drink should be three times a day for a quarter cup.

Acacia karagana is also known as a folk remedy for allergies. Its use in allergic reactions is recommended in the form of a decoction of the leaves. The medicinal plant has no contraindications. It should be used with caution in case of individual negative reactions.

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