Let's talk today how to plant roses. And how to cover and cut them I wrote, now let's plant.
This can be done in spring and autumn.
Experienced gardeners who have long and successfully grown roses say that it is better to plant them in the fall, but you need to guess the time and weather.
They do it at the end of September - October, so that the roses have time to take root before the frost, but do not continue to grow.
For beginners it is better to plant roses in the spring, then they definitely will not die immediately in the winter. Start landing early - in April and early May.
We dig up the soil, add well-rotted manure, lime (for acidic soils) and a glass of ash in the hole for planting.
Roses do not tolerate fresh manure!
I will repeat this in every article about roses. It causes rotting of the roots.
Preparation of rose seedlings
- Before planting, we cut off the rose bush, leaving 4-6 buds.
- And in hybrid tea, polyanthus and floribunda, only 2-3 eyes are left.
If you leave a lot of buds, the plant can weaken greatly over the summer and will not be ready for winter.
- Park roses cut one third of shoots before planting, and roots so that they are approximately equal to the top of the bush.
If you buy a seedling in a store, then keep it for a day in the water. It is not known when it was dug out for sale.
Rose: description, photo
Rose - a real garden decoration! For it to bloom and please the eye, you need to ensure proper care. Landing should be correct and, importantly, timely. Spray species are common. Plant such a plant will not make you work. Spray flowers are not as whimsical in care as home ones. Planting roses requires compliance with important rules. In gardening are popular:
- hybrid tea,
- miniature varieties.
The flower has a huge number of varieties. The choice of one or another depends on your preferences. Shrubs of a given culture differ in shape, it happens narrow pyramidal and sprawling. The size of the bush depends on the species.
The height of some plants is not exceeded 30 cm, others reach 3 m. Planting roses is a responsible process. It is necessary to choose a variety that will take root well in a particular region. The branches of the shrub differ in length, depending on the variety, they may be sharp spines.
The leaves of the plant are ovate, elliptical. Peduncles are different in length, the lowest - 12 cm, the highest - 75. The flowers also differ. The size of a miniature bud is 2 cm, some varieties have flowers measuring 16 cm. One flower has from 5 to 100 petals. A large number of petals contain peony and spherical species. Hybrid varieties have unusual shades, but more often they grow roses of natural color.
Growing in the garden
How to plant a rose? First of all, you need to know her whims. Shrub roses are resistant to cold, but for the winter they need to cover. It is recommended to build a shelter corresponding to the size of the bush. It should be cut off the rose with a frequency of 1 time per year. The plant produces a beautiful hedge.
Many gardeners are interested: when to plant a rose? There are 2 options. Sapling can be placed in the ground in the autumn (in early September or October).
It is recommended to buy seedlings at the same time. If the planting of roses is planned in the fall, and seedlings to buy in the spring, you will need to create storage conditions. Before buying you need to inspect the planting material. It is worth taking seedlings with a developed root system. Next, select the site where the bush will be located. The rose is a light-loving culture, but it is better to plant it in a semi-shaded place.
This flower is stable in the winds, and if in a particular area there are deposits of groundwater, it is worth creating additional conditions. The plant is not planted immediately, otherwise it will bloom badly. The bush feels good in the soil with moderate acidity, it is desirable that it be light. If the soil is chosen correctly, the bush blooms profusely.
Important landing rules
How to plant a rose?
- It is necessary to shorten the roots, remove the roots that are dried.
- The stems are cut a few centimeters, the roots fall into the water, kept for several hours. In parallel, it is required to make a trench with a depth of 45 cm. The plant should be planted in a spacious trench.
- It is recommended to loosen the bottom, so the seedling will take root better.
- You will need to take the soil and mix with organic matter, compost is best. Take 1 part of the compost and mix it with 3 parts of the earth. 100 g of wood ash and a heteroauxin tablet are added to the fertilizer.
- How to make the flower better caught on? It is necessary to take a sapling, lower it into a hole, cover it with soil, and gently compact it.
- Then at a distance of 25 cm from the seedling it is necessary to make a roller in the form of a circle. Thus, a platform for irrigation will be formed; it will retain water near the bush. Plant need spud.
- Shading is required for 10 days after planting.
- Water is introduced upon completion of planting, then - after 2 days. After the first watering near the sapling soil is filled with organic matter. If you create a hedge, the distance between the seedlings should be 1.5 m.
Planting seedlings in the fall
Required preliminary training. If there are deposits of groundwater in the area, a flower bed should be made that will be elevated above the ground. If you ignore this rule, the bush will grow badly. Planted roses should be so that they were comfortable.
Before planting a rose, you need to dig the ground. In the soil is brought humus, wood ash, superphosphate 35 g per 1 square meter.
Organic matter is recommended to use manure or compost. The bush does not grow well if there is a lot of clay in the soil. To improve the quality of the soil, you need to add 7 kg of sand per 1 sq. M, then - to dig up the ground.
How to plant a bush in the spring?
Planting roses in the spring requires compliance important the rules. It is recommended to plant in May if the winters are too cold. At this time, the air warms up to 13 degrees. Seedlings should be shortened. Be sure to remove dried roots. It is recommended to shorten the shoots, the length of one should be 15 cm. There should be three buds on the shoots. Roots are placed in water, aged a day.
After a mixture of manure and clay is made, the ratio is 1: 1. Planting roses in the spring is not difficult. After the seedling is lowered into the ground, you will need to water and hilling. Gradually, the plant will form sprouts, then you will need to mulch the soil. For these purposes peat with humus is used, the components are combined in equal proportions.
Growing from seed
This method is not as popular as the others. Seeds multiply wild varieties. It is worth noting that not every flower produces fertile seeds. Gather them in early August.
Before planting in the ground it is necessary to put the seeds in wet sand, stored at a low temperature of + 2 to + 5 degrees. You should wait about 9 months, land next spring. It is also recommended to buy a solution that will increase germination.
Seeds are placed at a depth of 3 cm, then mulching is carried out, peat and humus are used. Over time, shoots appear. Initially, 2 sheets are formed, then more. It is better not to plant the seeds closely, the optimal distance between the holes is 12 cm, between the rows - 30 cm. In order for the seedling to grow better, it is necessary to deposit nitrogen phosphate fertilizers. 30 g of nitrogen, 50 g of phosphorus composition and 7 g of potassium per 1 sq. M are taken. In the future, you need to take care of the seedlings, periodically feed them.
Bush propagated grafting: this method is more reliable. It is necessary to take 2 stalked, rooted. It is important that the cuttings are brownish and woody, green ones will not work. When flowering begins, shoots become covered with a tree crust, at this time it is necessary to harvest cuttings.
The optimal length of 1 piece is 9 cm. At the bottom there are thorns and leaves, you need to remove them, leave a couple of sheets above. Bottom cutting is processed by phytohormones.
How is the plant rooted? The cuttings are planted at an optimal distance, about 25 cm apart. For them, you can build a greenhouse, it will save the plant in the winter. care should be taken for cuttings: soil - loosen, weeds - remove. Important to warm the plant, therefore, it is better to endure the cold.
It is recommended to cover with a double layer of insulation, on top - place polyethylene. Polyethylene is removed next spring.
When warm weather is established, it is recommended to slightly open the film. For cuttings, it is better to select a separate bed, seedlings will be formed in the third year.
Division of the bush and reproduction by layering
Roses Propagate dividing the bush. In this case, use plants without vaccinations. Before the buds bloom, you must dig up the plant and divide it into pieces. Each must have a full-fledged strong roots. Cuts are processed with crushed coal, the plant is planted according to the standard scheme. Polyanthus and floribunda are propagated by dividing the bush. These varieties bloom profusely.
For reproduction by layering suitable own-rooted and grafted roses. To propagate the plant in this way, it is necessary to use the shoots located at the root of the neck. In the spring should make cuts, lay the layers in a small trench. Then - cover the ground. The top should be on the surface. Leaves can be placed on a vertical peg. In summer, the soil should be moist. With the onset of autumn, the layers will begin to take root, next spring it is separated from the main plant.
How to care for a rose?
That she pleased with abundant flowering, you need pinch shoots. The procedure is required in the first few months after planting. Pinching improves tillering. In the second year of life, buds will be formed. Spray rose grows quickly, if properly care for it, it will be strong and hardy.
- In order for the plant to enjoy its flowers, it is necessary to regularly loosen the soil, weed.
- Do not forget to remove the weeds!
- In the case of a rose, do not overdo it with watering.
The plant feels bad if the root system overmoistened. Water is applied if the soil dries. In the spring you need to moderately water the plant, in the summer it needs more water. For 1 bush requires 9 liters of water. For irrigation suitable water of moderate temperature. Fertilizers can be applied next year. Organic and mineral compounds strengthen the root system, promote good flowering.
The first time fertilizer is applied in the spring, at this time the period begins growing season. The second feeding is needed when the plant forms buds. For the third time, top dressing is applied after trimming the bushes, 20 g of ammonium nitrate per 1 sq. M are used. After 15 days, nitrogen composition will be required.
During the setting of the buds, 25 g of ammonium nitrate, the same amount of superphosphate and 7 g of potassium salt per 1 sq. M. Are made. At the end of flowering, it is necessary to fertilize with complex compositions with trace elements. In the middle of summer nitrogen fertilizers are applied. In September - 7 g of potassium salt and 30 g of superphosphate per 1 sq. M. It is recommended to alternate organic with mineral compounds. As organic fertilizers use dung, wood ash.
This procedure needed. The rose grows abundantly and loses its decorativeness. Transplantation takes place in early October or in spring. Before you put the bush on a new place, you need to cut by 15 cm. Weakened shoots and dry leaves must be removed.
It is necessary to replant carefully, it is important not to injure the root system.
If you damage the peripheral roots, they will quickly recover. After digging up, place the root on a cloth and transfer it in this way. It is necessary to dig a trench of optimal size, to introduce water. Replace need on the principle of landing. Now we know how to plant roses. Once again, we note that this plant requires special care.
Choosing the best place for planting roses
Roses at their summer cottage (photo)
When choosing a place for planting roses, do not forget that these plants love fertile, humus-rich, light garden soil. They grow well on chernozem, light loam and sandy loam with good structure and high organic matter content. The soil is desirable slightly acidic (pH 5.5-6.5).
Roses need at least 5-6 hours of sun per day and an open location where a breeze blows them from all sides. In the bright sun at the southern wall the roses will be bad, leaf burns are possible here, and the flower color quickly fade.
Some varieties put up with penumbra. In thickened and poorly blown places, roses are often ill.
Do not plant roses close to buildings, they do not tolerate it. Climbing roses are best planted not at the very wall of the house, but retreating from it at least 20-25 cm. The soil at the wall is usually dry and there is a lot of lime in it.
Not the best place for planting roses - next to the paved paths, there is also too much heat. If the roses in the container are on the balcony, loggia or paved area in the country, more often (in the morning and in the evening) spray them with water.
Do not plant roses under a pitched roof or under trees that often drip, they do not tolerate water dripping from above.
For proper planting of roses in the selected area, it is necessary to introduce organic fertilizers before winter, re-dig and leave so that the clods of earth are frozen and crumbled in the spring. On the steep slopes of roses can be grown on the terraces. In the shadows they reach for the light and bloom badly.
Most roses are grafted on wild rose, whose roots go relatively deep into the ground. This circumstance must be considered when choosing a place for planting bushes. A high level of groundwater causes yellowing of the leaves and contributes to the development of fungal diseases. Roses like to be poured with water from time to time, especially during the dry season, but they do not tolerate high levels of groundwater. The permissible depth for them of such waters is 100 cm.
Before you properly plant roses, consider what plants grew before them. A number of garden crops are not suitable as predecessors of the rose. First of all, this refers to the representatives of the whole family of Rosaceae and almost all fruit trees, which take the same nutrients from the soil as the roses. Therefore, before planting roses, the soil must be thoroughly fertilized.
Roses should not be planted too close to trees, especially those whose roots take a lot of nutrients and moisture from the soil. This applies to birches, maples, elms, ash. It is not suitable for roses place under the canopy of trees. It is not recommended to plant roses in the garden in close proximity to berries, garden beds with vegetables and green crops, as well as fruit bushes. It's not just aesthetics. With such a neighborhood it is impossible to carry out protective spraying of roses from powdery mildew, aphids, thrips and a host of other pests and diseases - the crop of neighboring crops will become inedible.
To the detriment of the roses and the constant drying draft, which usually occurs near the corners of buildings, in the aisles between them. Neither do they like closed spaces in courtyards built up on all sides or gardens surrounded by high, deaf fences. The movement of air is an important condition for the healthy growth of roses. It should not be limited, framing roses thick plantings of other shrubs.
With proper planting and care in the open field, roses will delight you for many years.
How to plant a rose in the ground (with video)
Before you plant the roses, you need to dig holes about 40x40x30 cm so that the roots fit into them. Under the large bush and climbing roses pits are preparing a larger size. If the roots in the small pit are bent when planted, the plants will develop poorly, bloom weakly and are more likely to fall ill. After digging a hole, place a rose in it and determine if the hole is deep enough.
If mineral fertilizers are applied to the bottom of the landing pit, mix them with the ground, take care that the roots do not get burned from them until they start to grow.
As shown in the photo, for planting roses organic fertilizer (humus, compost) is better to add to the soil, which will fill the planting pit:
If the soil in the garden is poor, it is possible to completely fill the hole around the plant with well-decomposed organic matter. As you fill the soil gently compacted, but so as not to damage the roots and twigs of the plant. Having filled up the pit by 2/3, water it plentifully when the water is absorbed, the soil is poured to the top, and the hole is left for vegetative irrigation (when planted in spring). And when planting in the fall immediately spud the rose by 15-20 cm.
When planted roses are planted in the ground, the graft site is buried 5-7 cm below ground level. This protects the bushes from the oppression of their hips, and greatly facilitates the care of roses.
The best planting time is early autumn, but planting is possible in early spring, before bud break.
When caring for standard roses after planting, bushes are immediately tied to a peg for stability. It is set in the hole when planting the plant, so as not to damage the roots. The peg must reach the beginning of the crown. The garter is looped like a figure eight, so that the stem does not touch the peg, but is kept at a distance close to it.
As seen in the photo, when planting and caring for roses, trunks should be tied up especially firmly in the upper part:
Штамбовые розы очень чувствительны к пересадке и требуют большого внимания и самого тщательного ухода при укоренении (приживаемости).
Watch the video “Planting roses and caring for them”, where all the main agricultural methods are shown:
How to plant roses: the distance between the bushes during planting
An important factor in the cultivation of roses is planting density. It is determined based on the size of an adult bush. For tall species and varieties of roses, the distance when planting is kept at 60-100 cm, and for short-growing ones - 30-40 cm apart.
Too small a distance between roses during planting is one of the reasons for the strong damage of plants by fungal and bacterial diseases. In thickened plantings, roses stretch upward, and shoots lose leaves at the bottom of the bush. But too rare planting is undesirable: the land between individual plants is quickly overgrown with weeds, we have to regularly weed, the soil under the bushes overheats in the sun and loses lag.
Standard roses are best planted at a distance of at least 1 m from each other. After all, they still need a place to bend them to the ground for the winter under cover.
The distance between the bushes of climbing roses during planting depends on several factors, including the size of the adult plant of a particular variety and the role it plays in the garden. The minimum distance for this group of roses should be 120-130 cm, if you tie the lash horizontally, then increase the gap between the bushes to 2.5-3 m. The same distance is also required for ground-cover roses scattering their lashes several meters around.
The video "How to plant roses" shows how much distance you need to maintain between the bushes:
How to care for roses (with photos and videos)
In order to properly care for roses, as practice shows, it is very important for the successful survival of any species to create conditions that ensure the viability of the shoots. If the bark on the shoots to darken and pucker, it usually leads to the death of the plant. And such phenomena are often observed, since the cultivated (varietal) roses, being plants of southern origin, end up growing late and remain with insufficiently ripe shoots that are sensitive during transplantation to the action of the desiccant wind and direct sunlight. To avoid this, it is necessary immediately after the spring planting of rose bushes priteni agrylo, agroteksom or other material, and when planting in the fall - highly spud earth, so that already cut off shoots were completely closed.
In the spring, after removing the winter shelter from roses, as soon as the soil thaws and dries out a little, the bushes are loosened and shallow loosening with simultaneous incorporation of nitrogen fertilizers (20-25 g per 1 m2).
As shown in the photo, when opening roses in the garden, the root collar should not be exposed, as this retards the growth and weakens the plant:
The reason for the weakening is that in case of properly planted (with a depth of 5 cm), the budged roses are observed above the graft site, the development of adventitious roots, which play a significant role in the diet. They are located in the upper soil layer, and when exposed, adventitious roots dry out and die, this retards the development of shoots from the lower buds.
Loosen the soil should be as it compaction and the appearance of the crust after rain or watering. When loosening, in order not to damage the roots, it is necessary to retreat from the base of the bush by 12-15 cm. Loosening to a depth of no more than 5 cm.
Mulching has a very good influence on the development of roses. Adding nutrient soil with a layer of 2-3 cm (humus, compost, leaf ground, peat or sawdust) 1-2 times during the growing season causes the development of adventitious roots and prevents them from drying out. In addition, adding soil to the root of the neck contributes to the development of dormant buds located at the base of the bush, giving strong shoots. In climbing and remontant roses, they are replacement shoots, giving the main flowering next year. In polyanthus and hybrid tea roses, these shoots produce intensive flowering in the year they appear.
The video "How to care for roses" shows how to mulch plantings:
Particularly important is the feeding of nutrient soil for own-rooted roses, in them the bulk of the finely branched root system is located at a depth of 18 to 30 cm. When weeding, part of the soil is carried away on the roots of weeds; to reduce the layer of earth above the root system. As a result, the soil dries quickly and the plant begins to suffer. Hilling the root collar of roses at the expense of the ground from the row spacing without adding it can also lead to the drying of the top layer of soil in the zone of finely lying roots. Therefore, mulching is considered as an obligatory agrotechnical technique in the care of roses, contributing to the improvement of their development and abundant flowering.
Sometimes you have to transplant roses in summer, during the growing season. In this case, they should be carefully dug out with a clod of earth, if possible without breaking it. Then gently plant in a well prepared in advance, water well, priocuit a little, pritenit. In transplanted plants, shorten the shoots, spray them several times a day with water, and mulch the soil around the bush.
These photos show how to care for roses on the plot:
Terms and benefits of spring planting
Most retail chains begin selling seedlings at the end of February, from which time gardeners are preparing to replenish their collection. But even in the south, this is not the right time to disembark. Acquired plants are stored for warm days in a cool place, waiting for suitable conditions:
the soil is completely free of snow, thawed out, the air temperature does not fall below + 10 ° C for several days in a row, the weather forecast does not foresee the return of frosts.
Additional Information! Rose seedlings are planted when dandelions bloom.
The advantages of spring planting are that during the summer the saplings will form a strong root system that can withstand frosty winters without any problems, plus the young shoots will have time to fully mature, the wood will not suffer from the cold.
Gardeners who choose spring, give another argument - easier care, do not have to puzzle over the feasibility of watering.
Terms and benefits of autumn planting
The advantage of planting roses in the fall is more predictable weather, well-warmed soil, cool nights, contributing to the rapid survival of seedlings. The following year, the bushes will fully bloom.
Preparing for landing
The generally accepted rule - the last bush is planted no later than three weeks before the onset of the final cold weather. Another important point is that the night temperature should not be lower than + 10 °, the maximum daily temperature should be + 15 ° С. Also take into account the timing of flowering varieties planted - the earlier the buds open, the earlier you need to plant a rose. They consider the dates from the second decade of September to mid-October to be optimal, in the southern regions the dates are shifted, landing there can be carried out until the first day of November.
Note! Floribunda roses better planted in the spring. Hybrid tea varieties suitable late planting - mid-May.
Selection of planting material
The most accurate assessment of the quality of the seedling is the state of the root system. Fresh, elastic roots, uniform color, without rot, weeping areas - the main criteria. The presence of at least three main shoots, smooth green color with gloss indicates a good condition of the seedling with an open root system (ACS).
The closed root system (ZKS) means that the seedling is sold in a container. In this case, pay attention to how tight the soil is to the vessel walls. Moderately moist substrate, lack of clearance, unpleasant odor, leafy elastic shoots characterize high-quality goods.
Choosing a place on the site
Roses are picked up by well-lit places, protected from the winds, especially from the north. The south side of the rose garden should not be overlapped by buildings or high hedges, trees, shrubs.
It is desirable that the place was elevated for the rapid outflow of thawed and rainwater and the separation of the roots from the aquifer of the soil.
Requirements for soil: fertility, good aeration, weak acidity. Therefore, the place is selected taking into account the kind of soil the roses love to reduce the amount of additives added to it.
Technologically, planting bushes with an open and closed root system has differences, as will be discussed below.
Fertile soil must be used.
Preparation of beds
Under the spring planting beds prepare in the early winter days, when the soil is still warm enough. In the autumn - about a month before the start of planting, in August.
Advice! They begin with a digging of 50-60 cm. At the same time ennobling it, mark the holes, select the necessary amount of land for the preparation of nutritious soil for roses.
Nutritional Substrate Preparation
The basis of the nutrient soil mixture is taken from the soil wells. To it are added components that improve its mechanical composition and increase fertility. Then the soil mixture is covered with a film for better preservation before planting.
- for loams - 3 parts of sand, one part of compost and sod,
- for clay - 6 parts of coarse sand, sheet or sod land - 1 part, compost, humus - one by one,
- for sandstones - two parts of sod land and loam, compost (humus) - 1 part.
If necessary, alkaline or acidifying additives are added to the soil mixture to bring the pH to 5.5-6.5.
It is possible to fill in the planting pits using purchased specialized soil for roses.
Preparation of planting material
The process is carried out before the landing. Begin with the revision of the shoots and their trimming - remove all dried, damaged, making a cut over the first kidney. Next, shorten healthy shoots depending on planting time, condition of seedlings, varietal affiliation.
During autumn planting, the strongest bushes are left with 5 buds on the shoot, 3 buds are average in strength and quality, the weak ones are shortened to 3-5 mm from the base.
Spring planting of roses requires rationing of the number of buds:
- floribunda roses leave 3-4 buds,
- tea-hybrid group and polyantha undersized - 2-3 pieces,
- the length of the shoots of climbing roses group Rambler leave 35cm,
- tall varieties shorten by 10-15 cm,
- Park and miniature pruning is required.
For the seedlings of ACS, they re-examine the roots, cut the crumpled ones, pick healthy ones, immerse them in a root stimulator for 3-4 hours. Immediately before being placed in the hole, they are dipped into a warthog and clay talker (1: 3).
Important! If sections of the purchased seedlings are embedded in paraffin, they are removed before planting. Paraffin "cap" makes breathing difficult, which increases the time rooting.
How to plant roses in open ground
Description of the process, how to plant roses, includes the following steps:
- The landing pit is prepared for two weeks, so that the soil has time to shrink. Dimensions depend on the type: park - 90 × 90 cm, depth 70 cm, the rest is enough 50 × 50 × 70 cm, provided that the roots are free.
- At the bottom spread 5 cm of drainage material - pebbles, broken bricks
- Before placing the seedling in the hole at the bottom make a mound, which will be directed roots.
- The seedling is immersed in the hole, straighten the roots, gradually pour the prepared soil mixture with the addition of superphosphate (two handfuls of dry fertilizer will be needed for each well).
- After planting a bush plentifully shed water. If the soil is heavily subsided, pour the required amount of land.
- Pristvolny circle mulch dry peat, compost or hay. The organic layer will protect the root system from sharp fluctuations in temperature and retain moisture.
Note! This method is suitable for areas with high humidity. If the climate is dry, a bucket of water is pre-poured into the pit. After planting, irrigation is not required.
The optimal scheme for group planting of shrub roses: between the polyanthus gap not less than 40 cm, the tea-hybrid varieties make a step from 60 cm, park ones are planted at a distance of at least one meter from each other.
How to deepen the place of vaccination
An important point when planting grafted roses - the depth of the grafting site. Experienced gardeners recommend deepening:
- in hybrid tea - by 3-5 cm,
- park - 5 cm
- floribunda - by 3-8 cm,
- climbing - by 8-10 cm.
The root collar of own-rooted roses is deepened by 3-5 cm.
Additional Information! Trading networks and most nurseries implement seedlings, where varietal cuttings are grafted onto a specially selected stock.
Features of planting roses with a closed root system
Three types of root packaging are most common:
- Cylinders from transparent plastic without bottom. Healthy roses are planted without destroying the earthy ball. If the roots are in doubt, the substrate shake off, remove the dry, entangled straighten.
- Pots with peat substrate. Be sure to remove the entire transport soil. At first glance, this is contrary to scientific canons, from the practical side - the roots tightly twist the substrate, forming a "felt pad". For further cultivation, the seedling is removed from the pot, dipped in water with a clod. When the peat is completely saturated with water, the outer part of the substrate is cut with a sharp knife. Then the roots are washed, straightened.
- Packaging-mesh. In most cases, the manufacturer recommends planting without releasing the roots from the net. However, gardeners, faced with the slow development of such roses, recommend cutting the net and only then plant it.
Roses with a closed root system
Place for planting roses in containers or packaging and planting pits are prepared according to the general rules, filled with prepared soil mixture, rammed, and a well is prepared that is commensurate with the earth coma. The depth is made such that from above fill up another 3-5 cm of soil.
Planting a pot rose in the ground
Fans of roses often root the cuttings of donated roses at home using various methods - potatoes, sand, sphagnum-based light substrates, etc. How to plant a rose grown in this way - rooted cuttings are planted in open ground using the transshipment method. Since rooting took place in conditions close to ideal, any period is suitable for disembarkation. The seat is prepared according to the general technology.
Important! Saplings in the first two weeks pritenyat from the hot sun.
Sometimes to replenish the collection using rose seeds. Seedlings are grown in pots up to 2 years, then planted.
Features of planting roses in different regions
The climatic conditions of the area affect the timing of planting and the selection of suitable varieties. Rarely make changes to the standard technology of planting seedlings.
In the central zone and the Moscow region, the Moscow region, preference is given to spring planting due to unstable autumn weather. Practice two ways:
Cold start - bushes with an open root system are planted in a cold, just thawed ground. It is important that the seedlings are still in a dormant state.
Saplings with closed root system are planted, waiting for steady heat. Young plants successfully take root throughout the season, the deadline for planting is mid-September.
The special climate of the Urals forces summer residents to be guided by temperature. In the spring, roses are planted when the soil warms up to 8 °, in the fall they wait for the daytime air temperature at 4-7 °.
In Siberia, all planting, regardless of the variety of roses, is carried out from May 15 to June 15. An important factor is that the air should warm up to + 10 ° C.
For the successful development and flowering of roses it is very important to plant them correctly. If everything is done on time, with full observance of agrotechnical recommendations, luxurious flowers will decorate the garden in a short time.