Unpretentious flowers of an original form with the long term of blossoming the most welcome guests on a garden site and street flowerbeds. These qualities, as well as an amazing variety of colors, made the snapdragon one of the most popular plants used for planting various areas. In this article we will talk about planting, reproduction, caring for this plant.
About the flower snapdragon (antirrinum) has been known since ancient times. Mention of him can be found in the myths of ancient Greece - in a cycle narrating the exploits of Hercules. The myth tells how he defeated a terrible Nemean lion who lived near the city of Nemea, kidnapped children and animals. Having admired the feat of Hercules and in memory of this event, the goddess Flora created a flower resembling the lion's mouth, called the snapdragon. Goddess Flora gave this flower to Hercules. Ever since then in Greece it has been accepted by the heroes of the soldiers to give this particular flower.
In the wild, this plant can be found in Europe, the North American continent. It grows a lot in the Mediterranean. Currently, more than 50 types of wild anti-rinum are known. In our country on the territory of Siberia and in the middle lane you can often see a wild flaxweed, a kind of snapdragon. For the first time in the gardens, he appeared in the XVI century, in 1587 in the books there is mention of large anti-rinume as the only cultivated plant.
German gardeners became interested in the very first plant, and they started breeding. Later their colleagues from other European countries joined them. To date, there are more than one thousand varieties of antirrinum.
Antirrinum should be attributed to perennial herbaceous plants belonging to the family Podorozhnikovye. But in countries with frosty winters, it is grown as an annual. Strong branching plant has a pyramidal shape, can be found in the form of a single bush. The leaves are usually lanceolate green in various shades (from light to dark). Flowers have very long buds, which can range from 5 to 60 centimeters. In a number of varieties, they have the shape of a pyramid. At the beginning of flowering, the lowest pair of flowers blooms, gradually it moves upwards. Each subsequent couple blooms a week after the previous one. Each pair of flowering lasts for two weeks, and the flowering period of the entire plant is 3-4 months. The fruit of the plant is a multi-seeded capsule, from 500 to 800 seeds.
The flowers of the lion's throat can be double and simple, with an open or closed corolla, they resemble the open mouth of a lion. Flowering time is very long, lasts from the beginning of summer to late autumn. The color of antirrhinum is diverse. There are almost all colors and shades, except black and blue. Petals are bicolor and tricolor.
Low and medium
The lion's mouth of these species is most often grown for the decoration of flower beds, to create flower arrangements with other flowers. The growth of a low-growing plant is 40, and the average - 40-60 centimeters.
Tall and gigantic
A tall plant grows at least 60 centimeters. Giant view of antirrhinum has a height of at least 80 centimeters. The peculiarity of these species is that they practically do not branch, they need to make support.
Antirrinum of ampelous variety will look very impressive in the garden, which has buildings with columns. He will be able to decorate them with extraordinarily beautiful, falling down flower garlands.
Like all flowers, antirrinum has different ripening terms:
- early flowering dates - from June,
- average - in the beginning of July,
- late - to the beginning of August.
Snapdragon: growing from seed when planted
Antirrinum propagated by seeds and cuttings. Seeds can be sown in open ground (in warm climates) and through seedlings. In the latter case, the sowing of seeds produced in March.
The plant does not like to grow on peat and clay soils. For growing seedlings it is preferable to use a mixture of fertile soil (compost can be) and river sand in the calculation of one to one.
Snapdragon landing and care
For sowing it is very convenient to use plastic containers with a lid. You can take a disposable plastic cups and sow them in several seeds (no more than 2-3). When seedlings appear, seedlings do not thin out, but leave to grow a bush.
Before planting, the tank is filled with suitable soil, well moistened. Seeds of antirrhinum are very small, so when sowing, you can use the following techniques:
- Snow is poured onto the surface of the substrate with a thin layer and sown on it.
- Combine the seeds with fine sand, which also simplifies the process.
After sowing, the seeds are sprinkled on top of a thin layer of earth (a sieve can be used) and moistened with a spray bottle. Top cover or cover the film. Seeds with germination require high humidity and a temperature of 23-25 ° C. The soil must be kept moist, avoiding drying out.
With proper care, the seedlings of the lion's pharynx, when grown from seed, appear 10-15 days after sowing. As soon as sprouts appear, the container should be moved to a more lighted place, otherwise the seedlings may stretch. The film should be removed a few days after the shoots appear.
At first, plants grow rather slowly, but do not worry. Watering at this time should be very moderate. If a black leg is found in a plant, it must be removed immediately, and it is recommended to sprinkle the soil with crushed activated charcoal or wood ash. For any kind of rot, you should use the drug "Fitosporin" in the amount of 10 drops per liter of water.
When the seedlings of lion's pharynx (in the photo) have the second pair of true leaves, it is time to begin diving. This procedure should be carried out with special care not to damage the delicate roots. For plants, choose containers with a diameter of not more than 10 cm, focusing on the variety, it is impractical to use spacious pots. Before planting (per day), the soil is not moistened, it is necessary for easier extraction of seedlings with a good earthy clod. Seedling first spread on a flat surface, make a recess in the pot and put the seedling in it.
Experts advise to conduct two picks of snapdragon. The first is in the phase of the second pair of true leaves, and the second after 30 days. When the plants reach 10 centimeters, experienced growers recommend pinching the top. This contributes to the emergence of new lateral shoots, which in the end will give a larger number of stems and the flower will be more lush.
In that case, if you get ready seedlings, you need to pay attention to its following qualities: the leaves should be a juicy green, not too thin stem. But it is especially important that the plant has a developed root system.
Consider the features of planting and care of snapdragons (with photos) in the ground. You need to know that when breeding different varieties and their close to each other planting, cross-pollination is possible, in which new plants for the next year (when collecting and planting these seeds) will differ significantly from their parents. In the ground should plant a snapdragon, when the threat of spring frost has passed. Depending on the region, the planting takes place from the first days of May to the middle of June.
The most suitable soil for antirrinum is considered loam and sandy soil with good water and air permeability. If you want to get a more magnificent and long flowering, then in the ground should be added:
- complex fertilizer for flowers (Art. spoon), or nitrophoska,
- peat (1 kg per square meter),
- humus (3-4 kg),
- wood ash (1 tbsp per square meter).
The soil is well digged and loosened. In the garden for planting flower snapdragons, the place is chosen the most light, the dark does not fit at all - the plants will not bloom. In the penumbra there is less fluffy, poor flowering.
It is best to carry out transplantation in the evening or overcast weather. For different varieties when planting there are different intervals between plants:
- dwarf varieties - 15x15 cm,
- low grades - 20x20 cm,
- medium - 30x30 cm
- high - from 40 centimeters.
In a pot prepared beforehand, the plants from the pot are released along with the earthy clod. It is necessary to deepen a flower up to cotyledon leaves. The earth around the plants with the help of the palms is slightly compacted and poured over with water.
Flower care in the summer
To preserve moisture in the soil and better flowering, antirrinum bushes must be mulched. As a covering material it is best to use straw, sand, sawdust. The flower does not like drought, but with excess moisture begins to hurt. Therefore, watering should be regular, but moderately. Watering the plant is better at the root in the morning: it will help to avoid diseases associated with improper watering.
After 25-30 days after the flower of the snapdragon was planted in the ground, it must be fed with complex fertilizer for annual garden flowers. Top dressing must be done regularly throughout the summer. The interval between them should be 2-3 weeks.
When planting in heavy soil, in order to achieve good plant growth, it is necessary to carry out not only timely feeding, but also loosening, tying up high species. Loosening protects the root system from disease and leaching. Tying can prevent the death of tall bushes in windy weather.
If you pinch the main and side shoots of the second order, significantly increase the pomp of the bush. If the antirrinum does not bloom, it is necessary to cut the longest shoots and its flowering will resume. To make it longer, buds that have already faded should be removed.
The snapdragon is able to withstand small sub-zero temperatures (up to -4), then acquiring its original appearance. Therefore, you can admire the luxurious flowering until frost.
To use cut flowers, you need to shoot them before they bloom. In this case, a bouquet of snapdragons at home can be stored for a long time.
Antirrinum is a very ornamental plant, but its flowers are also successfully used in traditional medicine. Infusion of its flowers is used for intestinal swelling, some liver diseases. During the recovery period after hepatitis, it is good to use a mixture of immortelle flowers, snapdragon and corn stigmas. Infusion of antirrhinum is used for dyspnea, dropsy and severe headaches. Outwardly used infusion of this flower for hemorrhoids, boils, open ulcers on the skin.
Popular varieties of antirrinum
Breeders deduced a huge number of varieties of snapdragon. Photos of flowers and a description of the most famous of them present below:
- Madame Butterfly. Srednerosly grade, inflorescences large, terry, unusually bright, of all existing shades, are collected in high dense brushes.
- Rainbow. It grows up to 40 centimeters. It has a large abundance of colors of various shades.
- Scarlett. Bush height up to 60 centimeters. Inflorescences of red juicy color, gathered in high pyramidal brushes. The grade is frost-resistant, is perfectly combined with perennials in flower compositions.
- Tom Tamb. Refers to dwarf species. Original variety with colors of inflorescences of pastel colors and shades.
- Russian size. The grade intends for cutting, reaches 160 centimeters. Flowers of large sizes, usually two or three shades, with dense inflorescences.
- Lampion F1. Completely unique variety of ampelnoe species. Used for hanging pots, grown on balconies and loggias. The leaves are dark with a silvery shade.
- Black Leaf. Small neat bushes. Inflorescences have a variety of colors of flowers, the leaves are dark, almost black.
Popular mixes are different (set of seeds with different colors). Most varieties of snapdragon (photo) have several color options. You can buy them as mixes or separately.
The collection of seeds of lion pharynx should be carried out while they are not fully ripe. To collect you need to prepare a long paper bag. Choose the desired instance, cut off his top, where the fruits have just begun ripening. A paper bag is put on the remaining stem, which is tied down below the fruit, and then the stem is cut. The paper bag is inverted and stored in a dry, ventilated area until the seeds mature. As soon as the seeds are ripe, they are poured from the seed box into a bag. After that, they are laid out in boxes or bags and stored for storage in a cool room with an air temperature of 5-10 ° C.
Diseases and pests
Antirrinum is subject to the following diseases: gray rot, rust, septoria, black leg. The treatment of a plant for these diseases is complex and time consuming. Flowering during this period stops completely and the flower does not have time to fully bloom again. Therefore, diseased plants should be pulled out of the soil and burned. The contaminated soil is treated with a fungicide.
For flowers such insects are dangerous, which can lay eggs in flowers or leaf axils. These can be various flies, scale insects, caterpillars and butterflies. In order to prevent this, one should observe a number of rules:
- do not plant seedlings at close range,
- immediately remove damaged plants,
- prevent overmoistening,
- produce watering at the root, not allowing water to fall on the leaves.
After flowering is over, all plants are harvested and burned to remove possible pests, they dig up the plot.
Snapdragon is different in that it provides many species. The work of breeding new varieties of this crop is the goal of many breeders. In view of such heightened interest in the lion's mouth, today a large number of its species and hybrids, distinguished by their color, have been bred.
Just look at the seed packages to see how diverse these colorful flowers can be. And in each case we will talk about the lion's throat. Unfortunately, the varieties available to date could not cover full color palettein which there are no blue and blue shades.
Snapdragon, which is also known as “doggie,” is one of the well-known herbaceous plants that, in the process of development, form a multitude of straight, branched stems. The varieties of this plant are different stem height. Leaves at the lion's mouth usually have an elongated shape, green color, and also necessarily decorated with a thin fleecy cover. If you refer to the name of the plant, it is associated with the form of flowers, which are very similar to the open mouth of a lion.
How breeding and options for planting snapdragon
Planting and care - the main activities on which it depends on how the flowers will turn out. One of the available methods of reproduction plants - sowing seeds. And to get new seedlings in two ways:
- using seedlings
- by planting in open ground.
In very rare cases, summer residents resort to the latter method. The reason for this is due to the fact that at the beginning of spring, when it is time to sow the seeds in open ground, the earth does not have time to warm up, as a result it becomes very difficult to grow the lion's mouth in this way. Therefore, many growers most often use the method of reproduction of seedlings: subject to the implementation of all the recommendations for growing at home, you can get quite strong seedlings of flowers.
However, you can save yourself from laborious work and buy ready-made seedlings of snapdragon. But in this case it is necessary to carefully inspect the purchased planting material. It must be of very high quality. Then you will have confidence that beautiful and healthy flowers will grow out of it.
The first step is to pay attention to the leaves and the root system. At the roots should not be signs of disease, and they themselves should be well developed. Assessing the state of the stems, you need to consider that they should not be thin and weak. The leaves that decorate them should have rich colors. Much can be learned from the condition of the soil - if it is dry, then, most likely, the seedlings were poorly cared for.
If you are eager to get strong and healthy seedlings of snapdragon, then you need to consider the following recommendations, which will help to avoid many mistakes. So you will know what conditions are favorable for growing flowers and after sowing you can get the seedlings you are looking for.
How is sowing done?
To get strong seedlings of snapdragon at home, you need not only correctly identify suitable sowing dates, но и провести определенные подготовительные мероприятия в отношении посадочного материала.
Тот факт, что это растение обладает таким качеством, как неприхотливость, избавляет цветовода от многих проблем. Therefore, he will not have to prepare a highly fertile soil mixture, as well as create optimal conditions for development. However, this does not mean that you can not give them any attention. Be sure to take into account the features of plants and in accordance with them create the necessary microclimate. In this case, you will be satisfied with the result.
You can plan the sowing of seeds for seedlings in early April or May. But first you have to prepare everything you need:
- planting material (selected seed of lion's throat),
- containers for landing,
- ground and spatula,
Sowing seed of seedlings of lion's pharynx can be done in wooden boxes, as well as individual flower pots. Having decided on the capacity for seedlings, you need to pour the soil in them and level the surface. As a mixture, you can use a light, loose substrate, which is offered in any flower shop.
When sowing seeds should be placed thick enough. However, you need to be very careful and take care that the seedlings are not too tight. Then the seeds need to be gently pressed into the soil, and pour a layer of earth on top. The easiest way for you to do this is with a sieve. Then the seed-covering layer of earth will turn out light, and this will help speed up the process of seed germination. When all actions are completed, planting should be watered with a small amount of water using a spray bottle. In conclusion, over the containers with the plantings, they stretch the plastic film or put a piece of glass.
For the quick germination of saplings of antirrinum it is recommended to install the boxes in a warm place.
The most favorable for sprouting sprouts is temperature is from + 20 to + 23 degrees. They also need to create soft, diffused lighting. Usually in just 14 days you will notice the first sprouts: from this moment you can begin to carry out the ventilation of the boxes with seeds. Gradually, the duration of such hardening can be increased, then soon you can remove the film altogether.
While the seedlings are still small, they need to ensure regular watering. The main thing is not to allow big breaks between soil moistening, since the snapdragon is very responsive to moisture. Usually in a month the first two true leaves are formed. When this happens, know that it is time to pick the seedlings on the individual tanks. Replant young seedlings need to be very careful, ensuring that the roots are not damaged.
In addition to picking, you can spend pinching the top of sprouts. However, this can be done at the stage when they grow to 10 cm. Such an operation will speed up the process of forming lateral shoots, and this will help you get lush flowers.
When and how to plant antirrinum in the garden?
The most favorable for transplanting seedlings of lion's pharynx to a permanent place is the moment when the last wave of frosts has passed and warm weather has set. At this stage of development, the seedlings will reach a state in which it will appear as small bushes. For planting seedlings of a lion's mouth in a permanent place, it is recommended to choose sunny places. At the same time, the plant will grow well in areas where there is partial shading.
During transplanting seedlings need adhere to the following scheme:
- for stunted plants - 15 x 15 cm,
- for tall varieties - at least 40 cm.
How to care for young plantings and flowers?
After transplanting seedlings to a permanent place, the owner will be required to carry out regular watering, fertilizing and from time to time to loosen the soil. The first time you need to make fertilizer in 2-2.5 weeks after transplanting seedlings to open ground. Starting to feed the plants is best organic fertilizer. This may be, for example, nitrophoska. Subsequently, additional feeding is made no more than once every two weeks until autumn.
Most gardeners are familiar with plants such as snapdragons. Therefore, among the plants that they plant in flower beds, it is the antirrinum that becomes one of the first. It attracts many because it does not create problems both during planting and in care. Therefore, many gardeners are engaged in growing this plant.
Despite the fact that it is possible to grow snapdragons both through seedlings and by sowing in open ground, the first method is often chosen, since it is not always in the spring that favorable conditions are created for sowing in cold ground. However, growing snapdragons through seedlings is not very difficult, since care will be limited only to regular watering. In the future, care for him in a flower bed will require regular fertilizing and loosening.
Growing seedlings of antirrinum from seeds
In more southerly areas, snapdragon can be planted directly into the ground with the onset of sustained warming. In less than three weeks, the seeds will sprout. The plant will quietly survive a slight cooling. But in places where returnable frosts are common, it is better to use a rassadny method, which is a usual thing for flower growers.
Antirrinum landing and care photos
How does the antirrinum develop at home? Grow a snapdragon rassadnym way simply. You need a flat tank for seedlings, sand, compost earth, glass and a spray bottle.
I almost forgot, even the seeds of antirrinum
It is better to do this from March 1 to 20. We pour sand into a container with drainage holes, then compost the earth mixed with the same sand, level it, press it, wet it with a spray bottle. Since the seeds are very small, mix them with sand, distribute over the surface, sprinkle with a mixture of sand and compost with a thin layer, moisturize again.
There is a way of sowing seeds in the snow brought from the street. The snow will melt and retract the seeds to a small, optimal depth for them. Covered with glass and in a warm place (+ 23˚). Every day we remove condensate from the glass and, if necessary, moisten the ground. After two weeks, the first shoots will appear, now you need to move to partial shade so that the shoots do not stretch. 3-4 days and take the glass.
Antirrinum Tvinny terry growing from seed photo
Initially, the growth will be slow, you need to maintain a balance so that the antirrinum growing from seeds is transferred normally:
- so that the soil was wet, but not flooded, otherwise there is a danger of the appearance of a “black leg”. If the seedling has fallen, remove it gently with tweezers and, if possible, sprinkle the place with crushed coal (disinfect so to speak). You can play it safe: spray the seedlings with a weak solution of phytosporine (10 drops to 1 liter of water). After the appearance of a pair of true leaves - it's time to dive.
- For transplantation, you can use individual pots or a common container for seedlings (decide for yourself, you can arrange it on the window sills, well, if you have a greenhouse, then we walk ...). We use a light mixture of sour peat and sod land (1: 2). A week later, we pour complex fertilizer according to the instructions.
Video how to dive antirrinum:
Gradually accustom seedlings to natural conditions. : open the window, take out to the balcony, just avoid long drafts. In principle, strong seedlings are no longer susceptible to any disease.
We make sure that the plant does not stretch out. To do this, we pinch the central shoot after 4-5 leaves (make sure that the remaining kidney looks out, then the branches will go out, and not inside the bush), if the side shoots develop too actively, then we pinch them too.
Planting antirrynuma in open ground
Strengthened and grown seedlings are planted in open ground in late spring. A slight cooling will not bring them any harm, the seedlings even suffer short-term frosts down to -3˚. The soil is desirable light, ideally a mixture of sand, compost and peat, PH 6-8. The place can be chosen both sunny and not so, the main thing is not downwind.
High varieties are seated at a distance of 40 - 50 cm from each other, lower ones - at a distance of 30 cm, undersized - 20 cm from each other, and dwarf - at a distance of 15 cm in a very moist soil. We take into account that, as soon as he “recovers” after transplantation, the snapdragon will actively grow in height and width, turning into a luxurious bush.
What antirrinum loves care?
Antirrinum terry twinny peach f1 Antirrhinum nanum Twinny Peach F1 Hybrid
Snapdragon quite unpretentious plant. Just water, weep and remove the weeds in time. The flower of antirrinum cultivation transfers in almost any soil, but of course light soils with an adequate supply of organic fertilizers and microelements are preferable.
Although it is necessary to water only in dry time, they do not water at night, and in the morning, the next day after watering, it is necessary to loosen the soil. In a dry summer, the plant will rather lose foliage than flowers, so the drought on the flowering is almost not reflected. Tie tall plants to a support, it is better to pick faded flowers, so the plant will not expend forces on them and you will give a more neat look to your flower bed.
To achieve long flowering ...
do not let the seeds begin to set, remove the flower stalks immediately after flowering, cut them off under the lower flower, then the snapdragon will release new arrows and continue flowering.
Fertilize snapdragon preferably several times.: the first - immediately after rooting nitrophoska and organic. We feed the second time with a solution of urea, potassium sulfate and superphosphate before budding. One tablespoon of each means for a bucket of water is enough.
It should be borne in mind that on clayey or too peaty soils the snapdragon doesn’t take root, therefore tall varieties should not be planted there.
Pests: scale insects, caterpillars, fly larvae, butterflies that the larvae lay
There are a lot of species of shield insects, they are ubiquitous, affecting both fruit and ornamental plants. They feed on the sap of the plant, which leads to the defeat and death of the leaf. Insects secrete sticky mucus, on which a black fungus develops, which leads to an even greater slowdown in the development of the plant. Shchitovki are covered with a dense shell, therefore, using traditional methods to deal with them is rather troublesome: it is necessary to treat the insects with a brush with an alcohol, soap or kerosene-soap solution. If the infection is severe, then we apply chemicals of different types with an interval of a week - Admiral, CE, Aktara, Aktelik ...
It is not difficult to fight the caterpillars, usually there are not many of them here (they find that they are more tasty in the garden and in the garden), so collect them manually. If there are too many of them, then you can spray with karbofos, for example, or another insecticide.
In order for the snapdragon to stay healthy, it is necessary to observe preventive measures:
- don't plant plants too close
- water under the root, not on the leaves,
- remove weeds
- time to remove infected individuals.
What to do after flowering?
The first thing you want to note, you can carefully pick the plants you can dig and transplant in a pot. If you take care and keep it at a temperature not higher than 15˚, the snapdragon will bloom all winter.
If you plan to grow perennial antirrinum, then cut the plant, leaving 5-8 cm above the ground, cover the remains with mulch to make the plant easier to winter.
If the snapdragon is one-year-old, then self-seeding should be avoided by cutting off the bloomed arrows, then removing the plant remains, burning them to destroy pathogens and pests, and dig up the site.
Snapdragon can multiply and self-sowing. It is clear that you need to save several flower stalks, the seeds will ripen automatically and will be sown from the boxes, and will spring in the spring. Just mark the place where the snapdragon was, so that in the spring you do not accidentally weed out the shoots.
When there is a need for the seeds of the varieties you like, then do so. Leave the arrows after flowering and collect them in the phase of incomplete ripening. You need a long paper bag, you can take it in the bread department - for a baguette. Boxes ripen non-uniformly - from the bottom up. We cut the very green top, put a paper bag on the arrow and tie it below the last seed box, cut it off and hang it up the hole. In the package, the seeds ripen and pour into the package. Seeds remain viable for up to three years, stored at a temperature of 3-5 ° C in a dry place.
Plant Description Snapdragon or Antirrinum
The flower of antirrinum snapdragon is a herbaceous plant, sometimes a semi-shrub pyramidal shape. Depending on the variety, the height varies from 15 cm to 1.3 m. The branches are thick, finely furrowed, ascending. Sheet acquires color from light to dark green with red veins. By the color of the leaves, you can even determine what color the flowers will be. The leaves are just green inherent in yellow colors, if there are orange streaks - orange, for dark leaves with red streaks are characterized by red shades of colors. Leaf shape oblong or lanceolate.
Flowers of irregular shape, double-lipped, compared to a plant - large, simple and terry. The color range is white, yellow, pink, all shades of red, there are two-color and even three-color flowers. Already bred with lilac blue flowers ("F1 Rocket Orhid"). Seeds ripen in two-nest boxes, very small - 5000-8000 pieces in one gram. Flowering snapdragon begins in June and continues until frost.
Antirrinum is a perennial plant, but in our country it is more often cultivated as an annual, although if you try and nature, it will come up next year, will bloom more than ever.
The snapdragon is distinguished by a variety of varieties, so it can be used as a border plant (low-growing varieties), on the contrary, more tall varieties - like bright islands on other ground-covering plants. Interestingly, it can be used as an ampel flower for growing in hanging vases to decorate arbors, terraces, balconies.
Types, varieties of antirrinum
Antirrinum ampelous cultivation from seeds
Consider the plant height classification:
Tall - height 9-130 cm, the central shoot is much higher than the shoots of the second tier, and the third is absent.
Varieties and hybrids:
- Arthur - cherry,
- F1 "Goshenka" - orange,
- F2 is pink.
High - suitable for cutting, creating cascading beds and borders, height 60-90 cm. Cut the snapdragon can stand in a vase from one to two weeks, the most popular fragrant yellow varieties.
- Anna Herman - light pink,
- Canary - lemon yellow,
- Madame Butterfly - terry.
Medium tall - universal varieties with a height of 40-60 cm. All shoots are approximately the same height, used for flower beds and for cutting. Grades:
- Golden Monarch - classic yellow,
- Ruby - deep pink,
- Lipstick Silver - white with pink tint.
Low - Border from 25 to 40 cm, grows in the form of a bush, many shoots of the second and third order.
Planting and care for the lion's pharynx (in brief)
- Landing: in warm climates, sowing seeds in soil in April or before winter. Seedlings are sown in seedlings in mid-March; seedlings are planted in the open ground closer to mid-May or early April.
- Bloom: from mid-summer to late autumn.
- Lighting: bright sunlight or partial shade.
- The soil: well fertilized, breathable, light loamy soils with a pH of 6.0-7.0, cultivated at a depth of 30-40 cm.
- Watering: only in the morning in the dry season, plentiful.
- Top dressing: 2-3 times before flowering full fertilizer.
- Reproduction: seeds and cuttings.
- Pests: aphid, gall nematodes, spider mites, scoops, thrips, slugs.
- Diseases: late blight, fusarium, verticillis, blackleg, septoriosis, sclerotinia and peronosporosis.
Flower snapdragon - description
The snapdragon plant is a semi-shrub or herbaceous plant with straight, branched green thin-stemmed stems from 15 cm to one meter in height, forming pyramidal shrubs. The upper leaves of the lion's pharynx are alternate, the lower ones are opposite, in shape they are oblong-oval or lanceolate, the color varies from light green to dark green with red veins. The flowers are fragrant, rather large, irregular, double-lipped, depending on the variety, simple or double, collected in spike-shaped inflorescences, are painted in white, yellow, pink, pale-yellow, all shades of red, but there are also two-colored and even three-colored varieties. The fruit is a two-capsule multi-seeded box, in one gram from 5000 to 8000 seeds. The blooming of the lion's throat usually begins in June and ends with frost.
Most often, perennial snapdragon in nature is grown as an annual plant in horticulture, but with good care and favorable conditions, the cold-resistant snapdragon can successfully overwinter in the garden and bloom for the next year more beautiful. In garden design, the antirrinum is grown as a border plant, although snapdragon looks good on a flowerbed and planted in groups against a green lawn. Often the snapdragon is used to decorate balconies and terraces. Of particular interest among florists today are the amulet forms of snapdragons, which can be grown in suspended structures to decorate terraces and galleries.
The lion's pharynx reproduces in generative and vegetative ways. The seeds of the lion's throat retain the ability to germinate for several years. Если вы живете в теплом климате, то можете выращивать львиный зев из семян, сея их прямо в грунт, и они через две с половиной или три недели взойдут, без проблем пережив даже незначительное ночное похолодание, обычное для весны, но в районах, где тепло наступает постепенно, лучше воспользоваться рассадным способом выращивания львиного зева. How to grow snapdragon seed seedling method? This process is neither complex or laborious.
So, sowing the snapdragon: in early March Coarse-grained sand is poured into bowls with a diameter of at least 10 cm with drainage holes, and compost soil mixed with sand is poured on top of the sand, compacted, leveled, sprayed with water from the sprayer and spread along the surface as well mixed with sand, which are then covered on top With a thin layer of the same substrate, we moisten it with a fine atomizer and cover the dish with sowing glass. Every day we remove condensate from the glass, let the crops breathe and, as necessary, moisten the soil from the sprayer. At a temperature of 23 ºC and moderate substrate moisture sprouts appear in a couple of weeks. As soon as this happens, move the pot to a bright, non-solar place so that they do not stretch out, and as soon as the emergence of the seedlings becomes widespread (3-4 days), remove the glass.
Seedlings of snapdragon.
Grow seedlings at first will be slow, and your task during this period is to monitor the proper soil moisture, watering the soil in the morning so that moisture is abundant, but not abundant, as this can lead to black leg seedlings. “Fallen” sprouts should be removed with tweezers, and the place on which they grew should be powdered with pounded coal or sprinkled with a small amount of calcined and cooled river sand. After the appearance of a pair of real - non-cotyledonous - leaves, the seedlings dive into a container or box, positioning them so that they grow freely. You can plant seedlings in personalized pots or, for example, dive three shoots into larger pots. Place the planted seedlings in a bright place, protecting them from direct sunlight, and begin gradually to accustom them to the environment and temperature in which they will find themselves after transplanting into open ground: open the window for some time during the day, but make sure that the seedlings do not turned into a draft. The central shoot of each seedling after the development of 4-5 leaves must be pinned to enhance tillering, but if the side shoots are also too vigorous, pinch them too.
When planting snapdragon.
In late May - early June, grown, strong and hardened seedlings are planted in open ground. And do not be afraid of the last night cold snaps: your young "cubs" will relive them calmly. The area for growing snapdragon can be both sunny and slightly shaded, but always well drained and protected from strong winds. The soil requires light and nutritious. The best soil for snapdragon - a mixture of sand, compost and peat in approximately equal proportions. The optimum pH of the soil for the snapdragon pH 6-8.
How to plant a snapdragon.
Planting flowers snapdragon performed according to this scheme: tall varieties are planted at a distance of 40-50 cm from each other, sredneroslye - at a distance of 30 cm, undersized - after 20 cm, dwarf - after 15 cm. As soon as the lion's pharynx takes root, it starts very grow quickly and turn into a lush flowering shrub. You should know that the landing of the lion's throat is carried out in a well-moistened soil.
How to grow snapdragon.
This plant is unpretentious and needs only what any garden flower needs: watering, loosening the soil, removing weeds and feeding. You will have to water the plants only during dry periods when there is no rain, but not at night. The next day after watering or on the same day in the evening it is advisable to loosen the ground and weed out. Tall varieties of snapdragon is desirable to tie up to the support. It is better to pick off faded flowers so that the plant does not expend forces on them. If you want to achieve long flowering from the lion's pharynx, do not let it tie the seeds, remove the flower arrow as soon as the last flowers have wilted. To cut off the peduncle you need under the bottommost flower, then new arrows and new flowers will appear. As soon as the plant is planted in the ground after planting, it needs to be fed with nitrophosphate and organic matter, the second dressing is carried out when the lion's mouth begins to form buds, and in this case use a solution of urea, potassium sulfate and superphosphate at the rate of one tablespoon of each ingredient per 10 liters water.
Pests and diseases of snapdragon.
Sometimes red rust spots appear on the plant, it can strike the snapdragon septoria, black leg, gray or root rot. Patients should be immediately removed and burned, and the soil in the place where they grew should be treated with an antifungal drug (fungicide). Insect pests are dangerous scale insects, fly larvae, caterpillars and butterflies laying eggs. It is always easier to take preventive measures than to cure an illness that has already appeared or to drive out insects that have settled in insect flowers, therefore follow the guidelines for plant care, remove diseased or pest specimens in time, do not allow plants to grow too close to each other, observe moderation in wetting the area, watering the flowers at the root, and not on the leaves, and neither the disease nor the insects will be afraid of the snapdragon.
Snapdragon after flowering.
The snapdragon may bloom before the autumn frosts, but when a steady autumn comes, cut the snapdragon, if you grow it as a perennial plant, so short that the rest of the stem rises to the ground 5-8 cm tall, and cover it with a peat with sawdust or dry foliage - mulch will help plants survive the winter. If you grow a one-year old snapdragon, then in order to avoid self-sowing during the entire flowering period, pick off faded flowers in a timely manner, and when all the flowers on the arrow have faded, cut the peduncle as low as possible. This should be done in order to prevent the seeds from ripening and waking up on the ground. When it is deep autumn, dig up the area and burn the remains of the plants to destroy the pests that have settled in them.
How and when to collect seeds of snapdragon
The seeds of most garden plants are harvested when they are fully mature. But the seeds of the lion's pharynx must be harvested in the phase of incomplete maturity, in order to dose them in a dry room with good ventilation. The collection is carried out in a long paper bag, as for a baguette. They start collecting seeds when the fruit ripens on the lower part of the peduncle: the upper part of the peduncle, on which the fruits are still green, is cut and thrown away, and the paper bag is put on the rest of the floral arrow, tied with thread below the fruit and cut off the shoot below the dressing. The inverted bag is suspended in a warm, dry room and waiting for ripe seeds to pour out of the boxes into the bag. Then they are placed in cardboard boxes and stored at a temperature of + 3-5 ºC, protected from possible ingress of moisture.
Types and varieties of snapdragon
Today in professional floriculture there are several classifications of snapdragon, and the most common of them - by plant height. On this basis, varieties are divided into five groups:
- gigantic - height from 90 to 130 cm. The central shoot in plants of this group is significantly higher than shoots of the second order; there are no shoots of the third order. Grades: Arthur - cherry color, 90-95 cm high, F1 red XL and F1 pink XL 110 cm high, respectively, red and pink,
- high - from 60 to 90 cm, grown on cut-off or as a vertical emphasis in mixborders or groups. Side shoots are much lower than the central one. The snapdragon tall in cutting costs up to a week or longer, the most fragrant are the varieties of yellow shades. Popular varieties: Anna Herman - soft pink snapdragon, Canary - bright yellow variety, a mixture of varieties of Madame Butterfly - double-headed snapdragon of various shades and others,
- half high, or medium tall - 40-60 cm in height, universal varieties grown both as a decoration for flowerbeds and for cutting. Differ in strong branching. A characteristic feature of the varieties of this group is also the fact that the central shoot is slightly higher than the lateral shoots. Grades: Golden Monarch - yellow, Ruby - hot pink, Lipstick Silver - pinkish-white,
- low - from 25 to 40 cm in height, grown as bed or curb flowers. These varieties have many flowering shoots of the second and third order, but the main shoot is on the same level or slightly lower than the first order shoots. Grades: The Hobbit, Tip-top, ampelous hybrid Lampion,
- dwarf - 15-20 cm in height, flowers for borders, carpet flower beds, rock gardens and rabatok. They are also grown as pot plants. These varieties differ in strong branching up to third and fourth order shoots; the main shoot is usually lower or at the second order level. Varieties: Sakura's color is a pinkish-white variety with a stain, Candy Shawers is an ampel pharynx.
In addition to this classification, there is a no less demanded classification of Sanderson and Martin for shear varieties of the year-round cycle, but it is interesting only to those for whom growing snapdragon is not a pleasure and not an aesthetic need, but a means of enrichment.
Snapdragon - landing and care
Sowing seeds for seedlings allows you to speed up the growing process and get an earlier flowering. Planting will require seeds of selected varieties, a growing container, a small and large sieve, and a spatula.
A seedling box, a container or a long pot with a tray about 10 centimeters high is taken for seedlings. Capacity for seedlings should have holes for removing excess water.
A drainage layer of expanded clay, perlite, vermiculite, pebbles and coarse sand is poured on the bottom. Then you can take up the preparation of the land.
A loose, lightweight substrate is suitable for planting, which can be purchased at the store or made independently. To do this, take: 1 part turf, part sand, part peat, part rotted humus and wood ash. The soil is mixed and sifted on a large and small sieve.
Large screenings are piled on top of the drainage, on top there is a small screening. The soil is watered with a solution of potassium permanganate and left to stand indoors for 2 days.
Land should be wet, but not wet.
Seeds can be bought in the store, while the variety, height and color of plants are easily selected. When choosing, you need to consider the storage conditions and shelf life of seeds.
Self-harvested seeds after harvesting and drying are placed in a plastic bag and then refrigerated until spring. In the refrigerator, the seeds undergo stratification and this improves their germination. Before sowing, seeds are disinfected in a pink solution of potassium permanganate. Removed and dried on a napkin. Then you can start sowing.
Sowing on seedlings
Seeds for even distribution, you need to mix with dry sand. Seeds are sown in smooth paths with an interval of 2-3 centimeters. For convenient distribution, you can use a paper envelope in which a corner is cut off.
Sand with seeds in such a case, pour a neat track. Sand tracks for a more snug fit of the seeds should be slightly pressed with the palms. From above, a thin layer of soil mixture is poured with a sieve.
Then spraying of the soil from a spray is made.
The seating capacity is covered with glass, a transparent film and placed in a room with a temperature above 18 degrees Celsius. Film shelter is removed every day (for airing). When drying, the soil is sprayed with a spray gun.
After 10 days, shoots appear.
Capacity with seedlings exposed to a bright place (window without direct sunlight). One week after seed germination, a film (glass) is removed from the box. Removing the glass immediately is not recommended. This should be done gradually, starting from 20 minutes onwards.
After 3-4 weeks, the first true leaflets will form on the plants. With the appearance of 2-3 sheets of seedlings need to pick out.
For picking used cassettes, peat pots or cups with a diameter of 8-10 centimeters. When planting in large capacity, the gap between plants of 5 to 5 centimeters is observed. The first 2-3 days seedlings cover themselves from the sun.
When planted in a box, after the plants grow, one more seating is done in more spacious pots with a gap between plants of 10 by 10 centimeters.
Seedlings are grown at 23 degrees Celsius. Plants are provided with good lighting, regular watering. An excess of moisture can lead to disease sprouts and watering should be done only after the drying of the soil surface.
With the appearance of any kind of rot, seedlings are treated with Fitosporin (10 drops of the drug are taken per 1 liter of water), crushed charcoal is scattered on the soil.
Planting seedlings in the ground
In the ground snapdragon planted after the end of frost. Depending on the region, this is done from the beginning of May to mid-June.
The best soil for planting is loam, sandy soil with good air and water permeability. To the soil flowers are not demanding.
But for a more lush and long flowering in the ground you need to add
- wood ash (1 cup per square meter),
- nitrophoska or complex fertilizer for flowers (tablespoon per meter)
- a small amount of humus (3-4 kilograms of humus)
- peat (1 kilogram per meter).
The earth is digging and loosening. The place should be bright, dark land for planting is not suitable. Plants in the shade practically do not bloom, in the penumbra the flowering is less lush.
Transplantation should be carried out in cloudy weather or in the evening. Landing gap:
- dwarf varieties should be 15 by 15 centimeters,
- low grades 20 to 20 centimeters,
- between average - 30 to 30 centimeters,
- between high from 40 centimeters.
In prepared holes, seedlings from the pot are lowered together with the earthy clod. The plant is deepened to cotyledon leaves. The soil around the plants is pressed against the palms and watered.
At close planting of different varieties, cross-pollination may occur and new plants for the next year may differ from the parent varieties.
Flower care in summer
For better flowering and preservation of moisture in the ground, the bushes need to be mulched with sand, sawdust, straw.
A month after transplantation, when the snapdragon takes root, the first additional fertilizing is made with complex fertilizer for garden annual flowers or nitrophoska. The following feeding is carried out every 2-3 weeks throughout the summer.
In case of heavy soil, for good growth of bushes, it is necessary to carry out regular feeding, loosening, tying up high varieties. Loosening protects the root system from leaching and disease. Without tying, tall plants can break off and die in windy weather.
Pinching the main and lateral shoots to the 2nd order increases the pomp of the bush.
For long flowering, the buds that have already faded are removed. Flowering lasts 3-3.5 months.
How to collect your seeds
The boll holds about 8 thousand seeds. Ripe seeds are shiny, black, similar to poppy seeds. For the seeds are selected the most beautiful plants with large flowers. Inflorescences need to be shortened by one third.
After that, in place of flowers, large seed boxes are formed. It is not necessary to wait for yellowing of the lower seed pods, for ripening, the inflorescences need to be cut and dried indoors.
Seeds from the opened boxes need to shake out in a paper bag. Then dry on a saucer and put in a plastic bag until spring.
Snapdragon is a perennial plant and, if desired, even in the mid-lane conditions, flowers can be saved and left to winter in open ground. In the fall, all shoots are cut, and the roots are covered with peat, grass, dry leaves.
In spring, the plant grows and it can be spread out with shoots or left in place in the form of a lush bush. The flowering next year is more lush.
Snapdragon. How to sow better, how to properly care: video
The snapdragon, many gardeners are afraid to grow because of many factors, such as poor germination, the need for preventive and protective work against diseases, pests and other problems. But with the right approach, all these problems are solved fairly quickly and the flowers delight with their beauty and unusual.
Features of snapdragon
This flower is represented by shrubs, as well as herbaceous plants, which have straight, finely waxy shoots, they are branched and painted green. Their height can vary from 15 to 100 centimeters. Bushes have a pyramidal shape. On top of the sheet plates are alternately located, and below - opposite. Their shape can be lanceolate or ovate-elongated, and the color varies from dark to pale green, with the veins colored red. Fragrant flowers have a relatively large size, they are double-lipped and have an irregular shape. There are both double flowers and simple ones (depending on the variety), they are included in the composition of inflorescences having the shape of an ear. Окрас у них может быть желтым, нежно-палевым, белым, розовым, красным (все оттенки), а еще встречаются сорта с двух- и трехцветными цветочками. Плод представляет собой двугнездную многосемянную коробочку. В 1 г содержится 5–8 тыс. семян. Цвести данное растение начинает в июле, а заканчивает после первых осенних заморозков.
Зачастую львиный зев, который в диких условиях растет как многолетник, садоводы растят в качестве однолетника. However, if the plant is well maintained, and if conditions are favorable, the frost-resistant snapdragon can endure wintering in the open field. At the same time next year, its flowering will be more spectacular. In garden design, such a flower grows like a border, but it can decorate a flowerbed and a green lawn (if you plant the lion's pharynx in groups). Another such plant is decorated with terraces and balconies. Today, the ampella varieties of such a flower are becoming increasingly popular with flower growers. Suspended structures can be used to grow them, and they will also be a wonderful decoration of galleries and terraces.
Growing snapdragon seed
The reproduction of this plant can be produced by seeds, as well as vegetatively. Seeds have good germination for several years. In that case, if you live in an area with a relatively mild climate, then the seed of such a flower can be sown directly in open soil. The first shoots can be seen after 2.5–3 weeks, while the seedlings are not afraid of cold snaps that occur at night. In the same places where the spring is relatively cold, this plant is recommended to grow through seedlings. Growing snapdragons from seeds is very simple.
Seeding is done in the first days of March. To do this, you need a bowl, the diameter of which will not be less than 10 centimeters, and at the bottom it must have holes for drainage. Coarse sand should be poured at the bottom, and compost soil mixed with sand should be put on top of it. Lightly tamp and level the surface, then slightly moisten it with a spray bottle and distribute the seeds of the lion pharynx mixed with sand, put a thin layer of the same substrate over it. Water the crops with a fine atomizer, and then cover the container with clear glass. Every day, the condensate must be removed from the glass surface, while airing the seedlings and, if necessary, moistening the surface of the substrate from the sprayer. If in that place where there is a capacity, there will be moderate humidity and heat (23 degrees), then the first seedlings can be seen after half a month. After the first seedlings appear, the container should be transferred to a well-lit, but protected from the direct rays of the sun place (so that the seedlings are not stretched out). After the snapdragon begins to ascend in large quantities (after 3-4 days), the shelter must be removed for good.
At first, the seedlings will grow long enough, and during this period it is especially important to properly moisten the soil. Watering should be done in the morning so that the plants have enough moisture, but it would not be too much. The fact is that waterlogging can cause the development of a “black leg”. If the seedling has fallen, then it should be carefully removed using a pair of tweezers, with this place where it grew, you need to sprinkle with crushed charcoal or use for this calcined cold river sand. After 2 true leaves are formed, it is necessary to pick the seedlings in a box or container, and they should be placed so that they are not pressed together. Also, for picking up plants you can use individual pots or you can plant 3 seedlings at once in one larger pot. Then the plants should be placed in a well-lit, but protected from the direct rays of the sun place. After that, you can begin to harden seedlings. To do this, in the daytime you need to open the window for some time, but you should avoid drafts. When the plant has 4–5 true leaves, it will have to be pinched to increase bushiness, and if the side shoots grow pretty quickly, they should also be pinched.
What time should be landed
Planting of lion's pharynx seedlings should be done in the last days of May and the first - in June. At the same time, it is not worthwhile to be afraid of cold snaps at night, since these plants tolerate them quite calmly. These flowers can be planted both in the sunny area and in the shading, however, it is worth considering that it should be protected from gusts of wind, and also be well drained. Suitable soil should be light and rich in nutrients. It is best to grow such a flower mixture consisting of compost, sand, and peat, which are taken in equal shares. Soil acidity should be pH 6–8.
Diseases and pests
It happens that the bushes are affected by rust, with specks of red color appearing on their surface. Also, this plant is susceptible to infection with blackleg, root and gray rot, Septoria. Diseased plants should be destroyed as soon as possible, then the soil should be processed where they grew as a fungicidal (antifungal) agent. For the lion's throat are dangerous pests such as: larvae of flies, scale insects, caterpillars, as well as butterflies, which are able to lay eggs. It should be remembered that getting rid of diseases or insect pests is much more difficult than preventing infection of the plant. In order to prevent, it is necessary to follow all the recommendations for the care of the lion's throat, so it is necessary to timely destroy sick and infected insects specimens, do not plant flowers very close to each other, should be watered properly, avoiding over-wetting the soil, should be watered under the root, at the same time ensure that the water does not fall on the surface of the sheet plates.
The flowering of such a plant may continue until the first frost occurs in autumn. After the autumn is established, it is necessary that the bushes of snapdragon, which are cultivated as perennial plants, should be cut very shortly, so that the height of the shoots is about 5–8 centimeters. Then you need to mulch the area, sprinkled it with a layer of dried foliage or sawdust mixed with peat. In the case when you have a snapdragon of one-year-old, then after the flowers begin to fade, you should remove them, thus you will avoid self-seeding. After all the flowers on the arrow wilt, it should be cut as short as possible. Thus, you will not let the seeds ripen and crumble on the soil surface. After the onset of deep autumn, it is necessary to dig up the soil where the flowers grew, and burn the remains of barnyard, since harmful insects can settle on them.
The stem of the throat is well branched, creating a compact dense bush, reaching a height of 20 to 150 centimeters. The flower is large and in form resembles the open mouth of an animal, for which in conversation they are called doggies. Bright with a pronounced aroma, they are collected in the spike or racemose inflorescences. Coloring is so diverse and depends on the type of antirrinum. The most popular white, lilac, yellow, red flowers.
Currently, growers are growing about 900 different varieties, which, in turn, are divided into a half dozen groups:
- tall 150-160 cm in height
- high up to 100 cm
- medium to 60–70 cm
- undersized up to 40-50 cm
- dwarf to 20-25 cm.
In tall varieties there is one main distinctive detail - the central stem of the flower rises above the lateral stems, creating a peduncle with large, strong inflorescences.
All sredneroslye varieties branch well and radically different in flowering time. So, among them you can find early and late species of this annual.
Low-growing varieties of "dogs" have the shape of a ball with a lot of stalks, form miniature bushes, the size of flowers is smaller than that of tall relatives.
All varieties are divided into several classes.
- Shears are tall varieties, well suited for bouquets, with large flowers, do not lose their picturesque qualities for a long time.
- Casing plants - they include low-growing and dwarf plants, also called curb plants, which have a long flowering period and form a dense miniature shrub.
- Universal - these are medium-grown varieties that are distinguished by brighter colors and a variety of colors, combined into a small bush with a large spike - peduncle and large flowers. Such "dogs" look good in a bouquet and remain attractive in a flowerbed for a long time. The pharynx will be pleased with its beauty and fragrance for about three to four months.
And also by flowering time are divided traditionally.as with all other garden flowers:
- early start of flowering, the first flowers are revealed in May,
- medium terms, bloom no earlier than July,
- late flowering, flowers appear closer to August.
Growing from seed
Antirrinum is grown as an annual plant by sowing seed to seedlings or directly into the ground. Each of these methods has a number of advantages.
Planting seeds in the soil.
This method is suitable for gardeners living near the greenhouse, in their home or in the country. So it will be easier to observe the sowing and germination. Sometimes it seemsthat planting right in the soil is much easier, but whether your young will survive or not depends entirely on caring for them. Antirrinum seeds are sown in the soil in late autumn or in early spring in early April. He is not afraid of cold weather and the spring night frosts also tolerate well.
Seeds are applied to the soil immediately in a flower bed and do not cover them with earth. The seeds of Antirrinal are too small, so for a uniform distribution over the surface it is better to mix them with sand. The bed where the flowerbed will be located will need care, you need to clean it well from grass and weeds, because they will choke young bore holes. When the first seedlings appear, the flower needs care, weeding and regular, neat watering.
The grown flowers thin out at a rate so that the distance between them remains from 15 to 25 cm. “Dogs” grown in soil start blooming much later around July and end early because of the threat of cold weather.
Planting seeds Antirriuma seedlings
This concern begins from the first decade of February and until the beginning - mid-April. Seedlings of seedlings bloom much earlier and in early May will delight you with their diversity. Seedling growing process Antirrinal has its own distinctive features, which it is desirable to know and apply to each florist:
- Seeds are sown in loose, moist soil without sprinkling. For quick germination they need light and heat. The best temperature for a seed is from 20 to 26 degrees.
- If the planting in the greenhouse was made in February, the days are short and you need to organize additional illumination of the seedlings. If the planting was in March or April, the plants do not need excessive lighting. It all depends on the length of daylight, which gradually begins to increase from March. Additional lighting may be needed on cloudy rainy days.
- when the first sprouts appear, it is necessary to open the greenhouse for ventilation and monitor the soil moisture. Waterlogging and drought will damage the seedlings or even destroy the young. When the first pair of sheets appeared, it is time to dive the seedlings into separate containers, this will allow them to develop and form a strong root system. In order to begin to form a bush, you need to pinch the sprout over 3-4 pair of leaves. Before you start planting seedlings on a flower bed it is necessary to temper it for several days, bringing it to the garden all day. Landings in the ground begin only with the onset of constant warm weather, usually in May. The seeds of the pharynx are too small, so you can sow in peat tablets, then just thin out the seedlings.
Already partially flowered seedlings are planted in the front garden. To ensure lush flowering choose the most open and sunny place. Soil before planting seedlings, it is desirable to spit it with peat and add a little sand for looseness. Between seedlings leave 20-25 cm for free growth. But depending on the type of plant, the distance can be increased.
Care of a lion's pharynx
This flower is a rather unpretentious and non-picky plant, all you need is weeding, protection from pests and regular watering. Be sure to followso that the flower is not flooded, the roots can get sick from this and your flowerbed will die. You can control the humidity if you grind the soil with peat, sawdust or old grass.
Top dressing of an annual flower
Even on poor soils, you can grow a beautiful and healthy plant, if you carry out feeding in time. It is desirable to hold the first top dressing in 15–20 days after the seedlings moved to a flower bed. All subsequent fertilization should be carried out with the same interval of two weeks, throughout the flowering time. For this purpose, weak solutions of bird droppings or mullein and weed infusions are suitable.
For further cultivation and preservation of favorite varieties of pharynx in a flower bed, it is necessary to learn how to propagate correctly. You can do this in several ways:
For proper collection seeds for further reproduction choose healthy and large individuals. The grain of the lion's pharynx is very small, and so that they simply do not dissipate themselves, the seed part of the flower is tied with a cloth and waiting for the seeds to ripen. Save the seeds for the future is better in a cool place and not more than three years.
Cutting the snapdragon is necessary in the spring, cutting young shoots from the uterine bush, which you have spent the winter indoors, on the veranda or in the winter garden. Rooted seedlings relocate to the front garden by the end of May. Planting material thus mined begins its flowering much earlier than its brothers, and has a long flowering period.
Antirrium in landscape design
In the design of flower beds and alpine slides use all kinds of snapdragons. A huge variety of varieties and bright colors made it the leading among all the annual handsome.
Dwarf and undersized flower species are well suited and look on flowerbeds, they are planted along the borders or as colored circles and squares on the lawn. There are types of annual throat, which can be grown on the balcony in a box or in pots. Tall types of antirrhinum suitable mainly for bouquets and will remain in a vase to crescent and will delight with their decorative qualities. The flower of the snapdragon fits perfectly into many flower arrangements.
Main species and varieties
To date, experts have several classifications of this plant for various reasons. The most popular classification for the height of the bush. According to the size of the bush, the variety of lion's pharynx is divided into 5 groups:
- Gigantic - height of a bush is 90–130 centimeters. In this plant, the stem, located in the center, is much higher than the stems of the second order, and there are no third stems. Popular varieties: “Arthur” - bush height from 90 to 95 centimeters, cherry flowers, “F1 red XL” and “F1 pink XL” - the bush reaches 1.1 meters, flowers of red and pink color (respectively).
- High - height of a bush is 60–90 centimeters. They are cultivated for cutting, and also as a vertical emphasis in groups or in mixborders. The central stem is much higher than the lateral. In cutting the flowers of this plant can stand for about 7 days or even longer. The most fragrant varieties are those whose flowers are painted in different shades of yellow. Popular varieties: "Anna Herman" - flowers are painted in light pink color, "Canary" - flowers of rich yellow color, a mixture of varieties of "Madame Butterfly" - double flowers can be painted in a variety of colors.
- Medium thick (half high) - Bush height from 40 to 60 centimeters. Varieties are universal, they are cultivated both for cutting and as an ornament of flowerbeds. They are distinguished by strong branching. The central stem in height slightly exceeds the lateral ones. Popular varieties: "Golden Monarch" - has a yellow color, "Ruby" - flowers of rich pink color, "Lipstick Silver" - painted in whitish-pink color.
- Low - height of a bush is 25–40 centimeters. They are cultivated as curb or flower bed plants. These varieties have a large number of flowering stems of the second and third order, while the central stem has the same height with the stems of the first order or slightly below them. Popular varieties: “Tip-top”, “The Hobbit”, ampelous hybrid plant “Lampion”.
- Dwarf - The height of the bush varies from 15 to 20 centimeters. Varieties are designed for carpet flower beds, rabatok, borders, rock gardens. Grow them as a potted flower. There is a strong branching up to third and fourth order stems, with the central stem below or having the same height with second order stems. Popular varieties: “Sakura Color” - a whitish-pink flower has a speck, “Candy Shawers” is an ampel variety.
There is also a very popular classification of Sanderson and Martin's lion's pharynx for shear varieties of the year-round cycle. However, this classification is of interest only to those flower growers who grow snapdragons for sale.