Garden carnation has gained considerable popularity among gardeners due to the huge variety of species and varieties, as well as simplicity in the care and maintenance. This is a beautiful flowering, bright plant that will be a wonderful decoration of any garden plot.
This is a perennial plant, it is usually grown as biennial. It is a compact bush, whose height does not exceed 60 cm.
There are also stunted types of culture. The flowers are quite large and bright, a variety of colors. They are collected in inflorescences. In the inflorescence can be from 2 to 5 flowers.
There are many varieties of garden carnations.
The species is grown in gardens. Differs bright colors of flowers: red, pink, white, purple.
Plant has a height of order 50 cm. Flowering continues from the beginning of the summer until the onset of frost. The species is also called Dutch carnation.
There are varieties with double flowers. Flowers have a pleasant, pronounced aroma.
The homeland of the species is considered the Alps. They fit well with the design of rock gardens and rockeries. The peculiarity of the plumose is heavily incised leaves.
Flowers can be both simple and terry. The diameter of the flower can reach 3 cm. The height of the culture reaches 30 cm. The flowering is long - from June to September.
This name was given carnation for bright red flowers. This color is found in many species, especially in Turkish and Dutch carnation.
Bush or branchy may have height up to 60 cm. There are undersized varieties of this species. Large, double flowers have a variety of colors: white, red, pink.
There are two-colored varieties of plants. Flowering is long - from the beginning of summer until the most frost.
Pink very common in floriculture. Flowers can be both simple and terry. Height varies with grades.
There are both small dwarf varieties and high enough - up to 60 cm. There are various color shades - from pale pink to bright crimson. Flowering lasts throughout the summer.
Planting and care
Garden carnation different simple content. Not even the most experienced grower will be able to independently grow this vibrant culture in his garden plot.
For planting should choose a sunny area, as shady places for it are not suitable. There the carnation develops poorly and blooms less abundantly.
Soil should be slightly acidic or neutral. If the soil is characterized by excessive acidity, then lime or dolomite flour can be added to it.
When planting the distance between seedlings at least 20cm
The soil should be light and loose. Therefore, if the soil is clay and heavy, then the addition of peat and sand is recommended.
Planting seedlings carried out when the threat of frost is over. In the process of planting it is desirable to add complex mineral dressings to the soil.
Between seedlings, it is desirable to maintain a distance of at least 20 cm.
Caring for a plant is not difficult. All that the flower requires is regular watering, application of top dressings, weeding and pruning at the end of flowering.
As for irrigation, the clove is much tolerates drought better than an excess of moisture in the soil. However, prolonged drought also leads to negative consequences.
Thus, it is recommended to water the plant regularly, but moderately. On one bush should be no more than 500 ml of water. Water the flower preferably at the root. It is best to water in the evening hours.
Clove is responsive to fertilizing. It is necessary to make additional feeding three times:
- In the spring,
- During budding (bud formation),
- At the stage of flowering.
Urea is recommended to be added in early spring. Urea is applied in a dry form and is applied directly to the soil.
During the period of bud formation, it is better to use top dressings that are intended specifically for flowering plants. And at the stage of flowering the carnation needs complex mineral fertilizers.
Mineral fertilizer for cloves
Carnation tolerates drought under normal irrigation, short rains and cooling will not lead to negative consequences. It speaks about the undemanding of the plant to the temperature regime.
Garden carnation propagates in the following ways:
For breeding seeds would need:
- Seeds are sown in a pre-prepared grant mixture, which should include sod land, peat and sand,
- It is enough to sprinkle the seeds with a layer of soil no more than 3 mm,
- Soil after sowing slightly spray with water and cover the containers with glass either plastic wrap,
- The temperature of the crops should be about 16 degrees,
- When shoots appear, the film needs to be removed, and shoots bring to a place well lit by the sun,
- Watering the soil is not recommended, just spraying,
- When two leaves appear, seedlings swoop,
- Planted seedlings in May, when the threat of night frost is over.
For breeding cuttings you will need to cut the cuttings about 10 cm long. They must be strong and healthy.
Cuttings are planted in the ground, which consists mainly of sand. Capacity with cuttings must be covered with a film. Rooting period is about 20 days.
Then the cuttings can be planted in the ground. It is desirable to harvest cuttings from May to July, and plant them no later than August.
In order to propagate the plant layering, you need to choose a healthy shoot, press it to the ground and sprinkle it with a small layer of soil. Requires regular soil moistening in this place. When the layers take root, it must be separated and landed in a new place.
Dividing bush not all varieties of garden carnations breed. The division should be made in spring or at the end of flowering. For this, the plant is dug out and the rhizome is divided into parts. Each delenka land in the ground.
The procedure for dividing the bush carnations
Diseases and pests
The most common pests are:
To combat aphids and spider mites use of soap solution or insecticides will be required.
If the plant is infected nematodeit is recommended to dig them out, remove the affected areas.
If the carnation is severely affected, then it is better to destroy it. And the soil is required to be treated with special preparations, for example, “Phosphomide”.
The most common disease of cloves is fungus. The reason is an overabundance of moisture in the soil.
As a prophylaxis and for the fight should use fungicides.
Karbofos for pest control
Carnation is a genus of plants that belongs to the family of carnations. The genus includes about 25 species. Garden carnation is grown in the country and garden plots.
Plant blends well with many cultures:
Carnation is successfully used in landscape design. It can decorate not only a flower garden or flower beds, but also alpine slides, rockeries and rocky gardens. In addition, the carnation has found its application in floristics, as it is long cut and fragrant.
Thus, garden carnation is a bright and unpretentious culture that is easily grown and maintained under a wide variety of conditions. Observing all the rules for the care of a plant, you can get a long and colorful flowering.
Recommendations for growing garden shrub carnation
The carnation spray prefers a lighted location, but it does not feel well in a semi-shaded room. These cultivation guidelines should be considered when planning the landscape design of the site.
Since the stems of the plants are fragile, it should be protected from sharp winds and drafts, otherwise the stems will break.
The soil for the flower may be lime content, but it should not be much. It is advisable to ensure that the soil is light and sufficiently fertilized.
During watering plants need to monitor the level of moisture. The flower is very sensitive to both excess moisture and its lack.
If a bush carnation is in a pot on a windowsill, then it will be comfortable at normal room temperature during the growing season and at 15 degrees of heat in the winter.
A flower feels good when it is fertilized, but fresh organic matter, in particular manure, is not tolerable for it. Fertilizing the flower is advised once every two to three weeks during the period of its active growth and flowering.
The plant is propagated by seeds at the beginning of the spring period. To plant a garden bush carnation should be in the soil to a depth of two to three millimeters. The first shoots can be seen after 10-14 days. After two pairs of leaflets have appeared, the seedlings swoop, and after the appearance of five or six pairs of leaves, it is advisable to pinch the upper part of the flower so that the result is a thick bush.
Perennial plants can be propagated by grafting or dividing the bush.
Spray perennial garden carnation in length grows to 80 centimeters. The leaves of the plant are long, narrow, grayish-green color. Flowers in diameter up to 5 centimeters.
Begins to bloom in June and blooms almost until the end of the autumn period.
Below are photos of garden garden carnations in various angles and compositions:
The color of flowers of garden carnations is more diverse than that of wild species: in addition to white and pink, cream, yellow, maroon, purple and even multicolor are also found.
Varieties and breeding methods
This species belongs to the perennial plants of the clove family. In the world there are more than three hundred varieties of bush carnations. These flowers are not only distributed in Eurasia, they can be found in the cold regions of the Americas, and in hot Africa.
Carnation, planting and care that require certain skills, is propagated in several ways:
- With the help of seeds. They are sown in pots and only after germination planted in open ground. If you sowed in May, then from mid-August the bushes are required to thin or plant.
- Cuttings. It is used in case reproduction of the same type of plants is required. If grafting is carried out regularly, the flower blooms especially magnificently.
- Reproduction by layering. This method is suitable for almost all types of plants. In the places of the internodes, an incision is made of the cutting, which must be placed in a mixture of soil and sand. The landing site itself must be constantly moistened, this will accelerate the growth of the root system.
The primacy in the cultivation of bush carnations domestic growers divided between the four main varieties:
- Garden carnation perennial.
- The carnation is bush feathery.
To understand why they became the main ones in cultivation in our country, it is necessary to dwell on each of them in more detail.
Garden carnation perennial
The variety is bred by artificially crossed most beautiful and healthy plants. The shrub carnation was brought to our country from the Mediterranean countries. Its main difference is continuous flowering, which begins in mid-June and ends only at the first frost.
At the beginning of autumn, the flowers are to be transplanted into garden pots, and the soil should be fertilized with a special balanced composition of trace elements. During the period of growth, care is needed for the plant in the form of tearing off new sheets, forming a bush.
Shrub and Feathery Cloves
The homeland of this type of carnation is the slopes of the European mountains, from where it has spread. The plant is planted in the bush way. The flowering period begins in the second year of growth. The inflorescences have two varieties: simple and terry, while the flower itself has an unusual aroma that spreads throughout the garden.
A variety of colors in feathery carnations is the richest: white, pink, red, purple and burgundy. The shrubs in the flowerbed are well combined with other plants.
Chinese shrub carnation
Homeland of this variety are the northern parts of Asian countries: China, Japan, Korea. This plant has been cultivated since ancient times - in the eighteenth century, a Chinese shrub carnation appeared in our area. The flower has a variety of shades and is perfect for growing on the territory of the Russian Federation. By the way, although this plant is perennial, Russian gardeners grow it as annual flowers. The carnation forms into separate bushes with a length of shoots from 10 to 20 cm.
On the stems, in the places of knot formation, leaves are placed. Buds can be both monophonic, and with a multi-colored color. Chinese carnations are planted exclusively in places where there is a lot of sunlight - in open areas. Areas with loamy soil are considered the best for planting.
Flowers are propagated by seeds, which are sown in the soil supplemented with trace elements. Transplantation of seedlings from greenhouses is carried out in the warm period of the year, the best for this procedure is suitable in the middle of May. About a month after the plant sprouts, the carnation must be dived. Soil is fertilized twice for the entire period: after transplantation and during the setting of the buds. The flowering period is at the end of summer.
Description of the plant: varieties and varieties
Perennial garden carnation, planting and caring for which is incredibly simple - this is the favorite guest of the backyard. Culture has many varieties (more than three hundred), pleasing us with unusual shades and their combinations. The composition of cut flowers will stand for a long time in a vase on the windowsill, exuding a stunning aroma and inspiring for unexpected feats.
Having decided to plant a perennial carnation on the plot, it is important to determine the type of plant, because it is much more pleasant to care for your favorite flower than to see a random plant on a daily basis. Among the variety of varieties of garden carnations, you will undoubtedly be able to choose the very plant that will become a real decoration of your front garden.
- Perennial feathery carnation stirs the imagination with its playful appearance. Its distinctive feature is the thick bushes of emerald-sky color, covered with double flowers, the diameter of which is almost 3 cm. Throughout the whole summer your garden will be filled with full blooms of bright and sunny palette: white and pinkish, red and purple flowers beautifully decorate the alpine hill and flower bed, will create a divine fragrance in the air.
The perennial garden carnation prefers sunny patches of soil, but by choosing a shade or marshy soil, you cannot get a strong culture and rich flowering. The soil should have a neutral acidity. Optimally, if it turns out to be peaty, sandy and sandy loamy. It is possible to lower the acidity of the soil with the help of dolomite flour, and to make it easier by sand and regular peat.
Seeds are planted back in March, when the air temperature reaches a stable level of + 15ºС. Then they are lightly sprinkled with earth, moistened and a film laid over the top. At a temperature of + 18ºС the first shoots appear. Now you can slightly lower the temperature and put the boxes with shoots to light. A carnation spikes with the appearance of the second leaf. This is done very carefully, without deepening the root neck. In open ground, seedlings are planted at a distance of at least 30 cm.
Planting a garden carnation
For planting, we choose sunny areas — a bush carnation does not like shade. The peat soil is suitable for the plant, but if it is absent, you can add sand and regular peat to the soil. It is also necessary to lower the acidity. soil using dolomite flour. Planted seeds begin in early spring when the air temperature reaches +15 ºС. Lightly moisturize, sprinkle with earth and cover with film.
The first shoots appear after seven days and then you can remove the film, but not earlier than when the temperature rises to +18 ºС. When the second leaf appears, the plant spikes. This should be done carefully so as not to damage the root neck. Planted seedlings at a distance of 30-40 centimeters from each other.
In addition, the cultivation of seeds, there are several ways to plant a bush carnation — cuttings, layering and dividing the bush.
For reproduction by cuttings at the end of June, blooming stems with leaves, 5-10 centimeters long, are selected. Oblique cut is done right under the knot and cut the stem from below. Then we put the soil mixed with river sand into the container, moisten and plant the cutting. Cover with foil or jar. After 10-20 days, the cuttings will have roots and can be planted in open ground.
When breeding by layering choose the longest vegetative shoots. Between the nodes in the basal part we make an incision of the stem from the bottom up. We attach the shoot to the ground and sprinkle it with hot sand, water it regularly and wait for the roots to appear. After rooting, we separate it from the bush and plant it in the ground.
The division of the bush is suitable for plants with lush root system. Делать это нужно ранней весной. Выкапываем куст, разделяем на две части, отрезаем все цветоносы, испорченные листья и корни. Затем оба куста высаживаем в грунт и поливаем.
Уход и удобрение
Perennial clove plant, in principle, not whimsical, but this does not mean that care is not needed. Timely watering, feeding supplements, removing weeds, cutting the heads after flowering is all that is required of you.
It is necessary to water a garden carnation infrequently and moderately, and also periodically to loosen the soil. It is worth being very careful during the seasons of melting snow and heavy rains, as over-wetting can cause root rot.
After the plant has faded, you need to cut off the heads and shorten the stems a little. In winter, a perennial shrub is best covered with a film or frame with a stretched material. You can also dig a flower, plant it in a pot and put it in a cool room with a temperature of at least +10 o C.
It is necessary to feed a carnation three times - during planting, during the appearance of buds and at the time of flowering. Cannot be used as a fertilizer fresh manure and potassium.. You need to feed carefully, do not overdo it. Excessive supplementation can cause fungal diseases in the plant. Best of all are perennial clove mineral supplements. It is recommended, once every few years, to change the place where the garden perennial carnation is grown.
Useful properties of cloves
Clove is widely used in medicine and helps with many diseases. The composition of this plant includes many vitamins and minerals: copper and zinc, potassium and essential oils, sodium and magnesium, ascorbic acid and manganese, phosphorus and iron, beta-carotene and vitamin B, vitamin E and tannins, fiber and fats, proteins and carbohydrates.
Drugs that contain cloves have a sedative, diaphoretic, antiseptic, bactericidal, wound-healing, anesthetic and hemostatic effect. It is recommended to use these drugs inside for headaches, uterine bleeding, diseases of the genitourinary system. Infusion and clove decoctions are good for dermatitis, intestinal diseases, catarrhal diseases, inflammations, respiratory diseases.
A carnation kernel removes unpleasant breath, alleviates toothache, and is used for periodontal disease. Strengthens the nervous system, restores after mental and physical fatigue, soothes, relieves stress. Clove inhibits the growth of cancer cells. Improves the work of the digestive tract, treats diarrhea, colitis, intestinal colic.
However, it is necessary to refrain from consuming cloves for pregnant women suffering from gastritis, ulcers, hypertension, and nursing mothers.
The most popular among gardeners varieties of carnations— Geddevig, Grenadine, Shabo, Turkish.
- Geddevig - Chinese perennial carnation up to 50 cm high. Spreading, with many thin and long stems, with lanceolate long leaves. Flowers are large, about 9 centimeters in diameter, double, odorless, two-colored, fringed. Border white or red, located on the edge of the petals. This variety is photophilous, cold-resistant, blooms until mid-October. The life of the bush 4-8 years.
- Grenadine is a Dutch plant up to 70 centimeters high. Spectacular beautiful flower with a diameter of about 6 centimeters, terry with a strong pleasant aroma. Stems long, thin, leaves narrow, silvery shade. The color range is very diverse, from white to burgundy. Plant monochrome. This carnation loves the sun's sublime surface, can winter in the open field. Blossoms from the beginning of June to the end of August. The life of the bush 3 years.
- Shabo is a variety originally from France. It was bred pharmacist Shabo at the end of the XIX century. These are compact bushes, about 60 centimeters high, with cranked shoots and greenish-gray gray leaves. Flowers are bright, terry, fragrant, large, 7 centimeters in diameter. The plant prefers sunny terrain, cold-resistant, blooms until mid-September. The life of the bush 2-3 years.
- Turkish is a dense bush, up to 60 centimeters high, with long leaves and large, about 12 centimeters in diameter and flowers. Turkish carnation is very bright and fragrant. The plant contains up to three shades at the same time. On the petals there are rims and drawings. Clove prefers light areas and peat soil. Blossoms in the second year of life. Turkish carnation is a three-year plant.
Varieties and varieties
All beloved garden carnation has many varieties.
In a culture grown more than 300 varieties and hybrids. Cut flowers stand for a very long time in a vase, and on the flowerbed they exude a pleasant clove fragrance.
Having decided to plant this plant in your flower garden, first of all you need to decide on the varieties that you will grow and which will suit the characteristics of your backyard.
As a result of the long work of breeders and the crossing of various varieties of carnations, a variety was bred that pleases with its very long and almost continuous flowering. Dutch carnation begins to bloom in early June and continues to bloom until frost. In the southern regions, this variety can bloom all year round, with the exception of rainy periods.
If we compare Shabo with the other varieties, it is distinguished by very large flowers, which can have very different shades. Viewed with yellow, double flowers, with scarlet, burgundy, pinkish ... Shabo has a very lasting, pleasant aroma. Terry species of this variety are characterized by a variety of forms of petals of flowers - they can be corrugated, luxuriously laid in a bud, curved.
This variety pleases flower growers with its extreme unpretentiousness and beauty of flowering. The flowers of Turkish carnation exude a very pleasant aroma. The diameter of one inflorescence can reach 12 cm, and the flowers themselves can have three shades at once. Pictures and a border on flowers look very beautiful, which distinguishes Turkish carnation from other varieties.
This is a very tiny plant with fringed, very beautiful flowers. Numerous flowers of this variety can be the main decoration of mixborder, they can look great in the form of a border. Sandy carnation is very often planted on stony hills and supporting walls. It prefers sunny areas with calcareous soil. The variety is extremely unpretentious and excellent transplant transplant. The height of this plant is only about 20-30 cm.
This variety is also very short - the bushes are only about 20–25 cm in height. The flowers of this variety can have very different colors. Travyanka blooms from June to the end of summer. The variety is unpretentious and loved by many growers. Many hybrids are derived from it.
If we talk about preferences for the soil, then all varieties of this plant love a fertile, rich soil. The plant will feel fine on loam, sandy loam soil or peat. If on the plot chosen for planting there is soil with an acid reaction, then when digging up the beds, a little dolomite flour should be introduced into the ground in order to replenish the magnesium deficiency. The whole carnation does not tolerate heavy soils at all. Dilute heavy soils should be made in a bed of peat or river sand. Although it is advisable not to plant this ornamental plant on heavy ground.
As with many other flowering ornamental plants, fertilized soil is of great importance for cloves. Before planting, the soil must be saturated with organic and mineral fertilizers. It is advisable to plant potash before planting. When choosing fertilizers, preference should be given to those feedings that do not contain chlorine.
In the landing pits with poor soil it is necessary to make a soil mixture composed of part of the turf soil, part of peat and part of river sand. Fertilizers such as nitroammophoska should be added to the planting pit along with the soil mixture. If you are cooking a bed in the fall, you should add shattered manure to the ground when digging. Fresh organic matter under the bushes can not be applied in any case, since this plant does not tolerate fresh organic fertilizer.
Carnation must be sown in March in boxes, as soon as the air temperature rises a little. Seeds are simply sown on the ground, lightly sprinkled with soil, moistened and over-tensioned film. As soon as the air temperature reaches +18 degrees, shoots will appear together. After the emergence of shoots boxes are transferred to the light.
Dive sprouts when the first pair of these leaves. When picking, the root collar cannot be buried. In an open ground in the garden, young plants are planted very carefully, leaving a distance of at least 30 cm between them. Bushes bloom only for the second year of life.
You can sow the seeds and immediately in open ground. The seeds are medium in size and very convenient to sow in beds. When the threat of frost has passed, around mid-May, the seeds can be sown in a flowerbed.
The beds under the carnation must be dug up to a depth of about 20 cm, shed abundantly, and then covered with a film for two weeks. After that, you can start sowing. Between rows you should leave about 20 cm, and between seeds you should leave at least 2 cm. Seeds are sown to a depth of about 1.5 cm, covered with earth, pressed and covered with a protective layer. Within 8-10 days shoots will appear together. After 20 days, you can already remove the protective cover. But the easiest way to grow young bushes, dividing the mother bush in spring or autumn. Also propagated carnations and cuttings that root very well in the spring.
Perennial carnation is extremely unpretentious, and care for the bushes will not take much of your time and effort. All you need to do is water the flowerbed, weed and weed up and occasionally feed it with flowering plants. After flowering, it is also necessary to cut the faded buds.
The main thing that should be taken into account when caring for cloves is that the plant does not tolerate overwetting. Although it is necessary to water the bushes often, watering should be moderate. After watering, the soil should be loosened shallowly around the roots to give them access to oxygen. Excessive moisture of the earth can lead to root rot.
When the bushes ottsvetut, flower heads must be cut and at the same time slightly shortened the stems, and then the plant may bloom again in the fall.
In winter, bushes are best covered from frost, especially if there is little snow in your region. Many gardeners transplant a carnation before winter in pots and enter it in a warm room where it overwinters.
Like any other flowering garden plant, the carnation needs feeding during the whole season. Feed must begin in the spring. Then fertilizers are applied under the carnation during the budding period, with the appearance of flowers and closer to autumn.
Carnation in garden design
All varieties of this perennial, beautifully flowering ornamental plants can be grown together with other plants in the same flowerbed.
- Looks great any carnation variety in the group planting.
- Perfectly look bushes and in single landings.
- When choosing varieties, please note that bright flowers of carnations will look more attractively surrounded by plants of neutral shades.
- Excellent partners for cloves of kokhiya, yarrow, gypsophila, ground pad.
- Carnations look amazing against the background of bearded irises, next to tulips and crocuses.
- Carnation is the recognized mistress of alpine slides and rockeries. Having planted carnations and roses with one group you can beautifully decorate the veranda or terrace.
- Stunted bushes look great in large, wide flowerpots in the middle of lawns, along garden paths and in the form of borders.
Plants for cutting and decorating the landscape
Perennial carnations despite the individual characteristics of the varieties have similar features. The stem of the carnation is grassy or semi-woody. The root is taped or fibrous. Leaves - lanceolate, linear or awl-shaped. Plant height from 15 (dwarf varieties) to 75 cm. On the stem is usually 1 flower with 5 petals. Their edges are jagged or fringed. In some species, flowers are collected in umbrella and paniculate inflorescences. The fruit is a box with small black seeds.
Advantages of planting perennials:
- long flowering (at least a month),
- simplicity of reproduction: vegetatively and seed,
- many varieties remain decorative appearance after flowering, the leaves and stems of a beautiful gray-green color look great in the curb,
- resistance to drought and frost
- wide color palette - from white to dark red.
Interesting fact. Popular spice of carnation has nothing to do with flowers, it is a dry bud of a clove tree.
Variety of species
Popular species of perennial carnation are bred by breeders considering the cold climate of temperate latitudes. They differ in flowering time and shape, size and color of the buds. The most common hybrid varieties and species are:
Homeland plants is coastal Spain and France. Culture has two types of stems - colorless and colorless. The first are densely covered with leaves, the second long, branched with forked buds. The color of the petals is red, pink, carmine. Leaves narrow, linear. Flowering is long - from June to October. Actively propagated by self-seeding.
Stunted perennial culture comes from the Eastern Alps. Height is 15-25 cm. The flowers are pink and crimson, the edges of the petals are jagged. Optimal for growing on poor rocky areas. Flowering occurs in June-July, in favorable conditions, blooms again in August.
Perennial carnation is a fairly unpretentious plant, the care for which does not require much time, effort and labor from you. All that is needed is to water and remove weeds in a timely manner, regularly feed them with special additives for flowers and cut off the heads immediately after the plant has faded.
Attention! Try to protect the carnation from waterlogging. To do this, water it often, but in moderation, from time to time, loosen the soil. Especially be careful during the period of melting snow: excessive moisture can provoke root rot.
After the garden plant has faded, the heads are cut off and the stems are slightly shortened. The garden carnation will surely reward you with a repeated flowering closer to autumn for the warmth and care given. In winter, the plant is better to cover, especially if it is to be not snowy winter. Often gardeners to preserve the culture transplanted it in pots and entered into the room where she successfully overwinter.
A popular ornamental plant that attracts with an unusual combination of several shades in one flower. Fragrant flowers form large corymbose inflorescences with a diameter of up to 12 cm. Knotty stems grow to a height of 75 cm. Lanceolate leaves of green, sometimes blue-green color. The flower is excellent in cutting to two weeks. Common varieties: PinkBeauty, ScarletBeauty, WhiteQueen. Flowering continues for two months, begins in June.
Interesting fact. The second name of the Turkish carnation - “bearded” appeared due to the structure of the bracts. They are covered with fluffy hairs.
The only kind of perennial with yellow color of flowers - DianthusKnappi. Homeland plants - Hungary and Romania. In gardening the grade "Yellow Harmony" is widespread. Weakly bushy shrub 35-45 cm high. Leaves narrow, green. Flowers with toothed petals, diameter 2 cm. Dissolves in the middle of summer, differs by long flowering (40-45 days). The plant grown from seeds, blooms in the second year. Resistant to drought and frost, does not tolerate high humidity. It is used for disembarking on beds and borders.
Carnation Shabo - perennial plant with double flowers. Hybrid decorative culture is widespread in floriculture. The reverse pyramidal shrub with a main stele 30-60 cm high. Popular varieties with double large flowers: “Aurora”, “La France”, “Pink Queen”. The bluish-green leaves have a length of 6-12 cm. The flowering bushes are remontant - from July until the first frost. The plant is grown for landscaping balconies and verandas, design mixborders and rabatok.
Interesting fact. The varieties “Maria Shabo” and “Zhanna Dionis”, popular with modern flower growers, were created in 1897 by the pharmacist Shabo.
Particularly popular with the breakdown of flower beds are the varieties of the hybrid group F-1. They are stunted, compact, abundantly covered with double flowers. During long flowering plants need fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. Aurora Zhanna Dionis
Perennial of medium height with gray-green leaves and stems. Curtain grows 3-5 years, significantly increasing in size. It prefers loose calcareous soils. Petals finely dissected. The flowers are simple or terry. Depending on the variety, they are solitary or gathered in inflorescences. Height up to 30 cm. Flowering time from May to September. Famous varieties "Desdemona", "Alba", "Sonata". Light-loving and frost-resistant plant, needs good watering, but without stagnant moisture. Propagated by cuttings and seeds. Before planting is arranged drainage.
Garden carnation or Dianthuscaryophyllus is from the Mediterranean. Cultivated as a biennial. Высота кустов рекордная для декоративных гвоздки – 80 см. Цветы крупные, махровые. Культура растет на влажных плодородных почвах. Голландский вид стал основой для селекции многих элитных сортов, в том числе Шабо и Гренадин. Период цветения с июня до начала осени.
Многолетник в виде куста высотой до 50 см. Листья зеленые, парные, длинные. Some varieties are twisted. In nature, culture grows in China, Korea and Mongolia. Ornamental types of carnations are popular all over the world. The first breeding work began in 1702, over the centuries of work many hybrids were bred. The photo shows Chinese carnation flowers from the Diana MixF1 series. It includes copies of:
- White with a purple or red eye,
- Pink streaked,
The flowers of the new varieties are single-color, with a contrasting border or eye, two-color. Dwarf shrubs up to 15 cm high, which are suitable for breeding in flowerpots, have been developed. The edges of the petals are jagged or fringed. Flowering continuous, long, wavy. The flowers have a faint, delicate aroma.
Agricultural Engineering Tips
Garden carnation is an undemanding and resistant plant, but in order to achieve abundant and long-term flowering year after year, you need to know its features. Among the main recommendations for planting and care:
- When choosing a landing site, give preference to sunny areas. In the partial shade curtains will not become lush.
- Avoid lowlands where water stagnates. Plants do not tolerate excess moisture.
- It is necessary to establish regular watering.
- Seasonal care includes: loosening the soil, destroying weeds and removing faded buds.
- Tall varieties are tied to a support in order to avoid breakage of the stems with a strong wind.
As fertilizer used fertilizers twice per season. The first introduction of drugs comes in the spring. They must contain nitrogen, stimulating the growth of green mass. The second fertilizing with potassium phosphate fertilizers is necessary when setting the buds. It will provide abundant flowering.
Council Despite the frost resistance of plants, experienced gardeners harbor perennial carnation in the winter. The procedure is especially important in snowy weather.
Chinese carnation in a flowerpot
Growing from seed
In regions with a warm climate, seeds can be sown immediately in open ground. At a temperature of 15 ° they are placed in prepared, humus-fertilized soil. Top plot covered with film. With the advent of shoots, the coating is removed. Threaded seedlings with the appearance of the second leaf. The rest of the territory is better to plant seedlings. In February, containers and fertile soil are prepared for it:
The substrate is moistened and disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate. Seeds are spread on the surface with an interval of 1 cm. Sprinkled with sand on top. The box is covered with glass or film, placed in a warm, lighted place. Shoots appear on the 5-6 day. After the growth of two leaves, the seedlings dive, placing them in 6-cm-sized pots. In the process of growing, the seedlings regularly moisten the room where they are located and air them.
With the advent of the fifth pair of leaves, pinch the growing point. The procedure ensures the formation of lateral processes. Depending on the climatic conditions, the seedlings are planted in open ground in May and June. In the first year the perennial forms a rosette of leaves. Flowering will begin in a year.
Information. Clove clumps quickly age and lose their decorative appeal. Most in the third year, some bloom profusely up to 5 years.
Vegetative reproduction allows you to save the plant species. Cuttings are cut from the mother bush in late May. Material is taken from a healthy plant. The process length is at least 10 cm. The cutting is cut with a sharp tool, making an oblique cut 10 cm below the nearest node. Special preparations will help speed up rooting: “Kornevin” and “Epin”. These are biological growth stimulants. The cutting is lowered into the product for a few minutes, then placed in the prepared substrate.
The soil for rooting cuttings is vermiculite. It holds moisture well. The seedling is buried by 1.5-2 cm. The container with the plant is placed under the glass beam or covered with plastic wrap. It turns out a mini greenhouse with a constant high level of humidity. Periodically, the film is opened for ventilation, vermiculite moisturize. The roots grow back 2 weeks later. The seedling can be transplanted into the open ground.
Adult bushes with grubby roots can be divided without harm to their health. Among perennials, this breeding method is suitable for Turkish carnation. The procedure is performed in the spring. Plus method - the plant blooms in the same year.
Perennial varieties of carnations are successfully used in garden design. They are appropriate at registration of paths, beds and flowerpots. Drought-resistant species are planted between alpine rocks. Bright flowers harmoniously look alongside conifers. See how organically terry plunging cloves among the stones.
A variety of species and varieties allows you to choose the best option for any climate and implement a design idea for the design of the landscape.
What is useful to know
If you like the described flowers (bush carnation), then you should learn some of the nuances of caring for them:
- It is impossible to plant a carnation on a bed near tulips. The plants have similar diseases, which will negatively affect the development and formation of the flower.
- With the defeat of the plant by parasites should be processed by chemical means. There are these flowers and quite dangerous diseases for them - these are fungi.
- Excessive watering can adversely affect cloves.
- It is important not to leave the bushes without tillage and do not forget to feed the soil on time.
Properly courting, you can grow a beautiful flower that will decorate any garden.
Fertilizer and dressing
The perennial carnation, as well as any ornamental plant, needs additional feeding during the whole vegetative period. Feed must be first in the spring, then at the time of the appearance of the buds and, of course, with the appearance of color.
Garden carnation responds well to mineral supplements.
Garden carnation in combination with other plants
All varieties of perennial carnations can be grown in various flower beds. They look great in a group planting, and single. When creating vegetable flowerbeds, it is important to take into account that variegated carnations of rich colors will look good in a neutral and more restrained environment. Ideal partners for her will be:
- venichnaya kohiya
- graceful gypsophila,
- two-color groundsel.
Carnations with feathery flowers of sky shade are perfectly combined with bright blue bearded irises. But the neighborhood with tulips is still to be avoided. The fact is that the latter can infect a decorative carnation with diseases, and those means that are commonly used for the treatment of carnations are not suitable for delicate tulips.
Garden carnation in landscape design
Perennial ornamental plant is not the last line in landscape design. Garden carnation - is the full mistress of flower beds, all kinds of alpine hills and rockeries. Group planting with roses allows you to effectively decorate the lawn and an open terrace. Bright and lush bushes carnations beautifully fit the Japanese-style rocky garden, at the expense of such flowering islands, the garden will retain its decorative effect for a long time.
Perennial clove: photo
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In my yard grows perennial Turkish carnation, a few bushes - white and red. It is unpretentious, does not require hiding for the winter. I do not transplant it, it grows for several years in one place, it grows. I noticed that in the sunny area the bushes are higher and the flowers are larger, and on the shaded place (under the tree) - the bushes below, the flowers are smaller. Flowers and eyes are pleasing, and the aroma is pleasant.
Natalya, hello. In the spring, she planted a perennial carnation and transplanted in the fall in three places, now it is mid-April and I do not germinate any shoots, I am afraid I did not freeze it.
Bought clove seeds Chabot. The annual is written on the package. In agricultural technology it is written that perennial (grown as an annual). How to understand all this?