Thanks to Russian breeders, the list of grape varieties adapted for cultivation in the middle lane has been replenished with one more variety with unique properties. We are talking about the grapes under consideration today Muscat delight. So that you know more, let us give a description of the Muscovy Delight grapes, photos and reviews of its cultivation on this page "Popularly about health." What is remarkable about this culture? Why do gardeners value her so much? What are its main advantages and are there any disadvantages?
Description of “Delight of Muscat”
This culture was obtained by crossing varieties - Frumoas Albe and Vostorg. Russia became the homeland of this grape. He absorbed the most valuable qualities of parental cultures.
It is superearly, it is a table hybrid of white grapes with excellent taste. Thanks to early ripening (about 105 days), it can be grown where there is a cold early, that is, in central Russia, fully matured vines are ready for harvest in mid-August.
The yield of the crop is quite high, so when growing it is necessary to control the load on the bushes, which should be about 25 eyes, if we are talking about grapes, which has its own root system. If Delight is a muscovite graft to another grape bush, then the load should be equal to 40 eyes, nothing more. Best of all, the bush bears fruit at the base, so it needs a short pruning (3-4 eyes). The vine usually matures to its full length. Another plus of this culture is that the shoots of the bush are 80 percent fruitful. Each of them has about two clusters.
How cold is this variety? How will he behave in a midland where the winters are quite severe? The culture is able to withstand temperatures down to minus 26 degrees. This quality is very much appreciated by the winegrowers, because in most climatic zones the culture does not need shelter. It can be grown as a high-shtab culture near arches, arbors and other structures, without worrying about freezing of shoots.
How strong is immunity the Muscovite Delight grape variety? It is moderately resistant to some fungal diseases, for example, mildew and gray rot (3.5 points). However, the culture may be affected by oidium or phylloxera. The variety requires prophylactic spraying twice per season.
Berries for a long time retain their excellent taste and marketability after harvest. They are also well preserved after ripening on the vines. You can not rush to collect appetizing clusters immediately after ripening, as they are able to remain on the bushes for another month without losing the quality of the fruit.
Transportability muscat grapes Delight is good, the fruits are quite dense, and the skin is strong, so they do not rumple during transportation. Now is the time to take stock and briefly review the merits and demerits of the variety.
Advantages and disadvantages
Delight Muscat grapes - a variety that has the following advantages:
1. Frost resistance.
2. High yield.
3. Excellent taste of the fruit.
4. Resistance to mildew and gray mold.
7. Early ripeness.
The disadvantages include:
1. The tendency to overload.
2. Affected by some fungal infections.
Photo grapes Delight muscat
Please take a look at the photo of Muscat Delight, its large clusters are conical. Rare formless brushes. The density of the berries is medium, loose. The approximate weight of one bunch is 500-750 grams, sometimes the weight exceeds 900 grams. Such clusters are good for sale, there is market demand for this variety.
Berries at full maturity look very appetizing. They acquire an amber color and reach a mass of about 6-7 grams. Their shape is predominantly oval, with a small amount of seeds inside. The fruits are sweet, since the amount of fructose in them is quite large - about 20-25 percent, while the acid in the berry pulp contains only about 6 grams per liter.
Bushes srednerosly, capable of reaching a two-meter mark in length. If we are talking about stock, they differ even more strong growth.
Impressions from grapes Delight muscat, reviews
Mikhail shares his experience in cultivating Muscate Delight: “The main secret of a good harvest is a short, literally 3 peepholes, pruning. Already for 2-3 years you can collect up to 10 kg from each bush, and in subsequent years - twice as much. Delight, and only, the name corresponds to the characteristics of the variety. "
Zinaida Alekseevna is also pleased with the result of growing the culture. She says: “Three years after vaccination, I received a good harvest. The berries are beautiful, one to one, juicy, sweet, with a slightly nutmeg aftertaste. In the care culture is not complicated, and a beginner can handle it. ”
After considering the advantages and disadvantages, reviews of grapes Delightly nutmeg, it becomes obvious - it is worthy of attention. Ease of care, unpretentiousness, minimal preventive measures against diseases - that's all you need to know about this grape. The reward for the work of the grower will be a bountiful harvest of honey clusters.
Bunches on the bushes are found in different shapes and sizes. The shape of the clusters can be beautiful conical or, conversely, shapeless. Clusters are also of different weights, both large and very large, from one and a half to two kilograms. The clusters are dense in structure, the berries are not deformed by pressure on each other.
An important significance in the formation of a positive impression of grapes is the delight of the characteristic features of its berries. They also come across large and very large sizes, however, their average size is about 2.7 x 2.4 cm. The average weight of one berry is 6–7 grams. They have the usual round shape, they differ in the white color of the skin with a rosy tan on the sunny side.
The taste of these berries is very harmonious and sweet, an important factor is the crispy flesh with a huge sugar content. If denoted by numbers, the cumulative sugar capacity is 19–26%, for grapes it is a very ideal indicator. As for the rind of berries, it is necessary to focus on its moderate density, which does not affect the taste, but has a positive effect on the suitability of the berries for transportation.
The issue of yield is very important when choosing a grape variety, but with “Delight” you don’t have to worry about it. After all, this variety is not only abundant, but also regularly brings harvest. The average per hectare of grape plantations is 120 percent. The possible fertility of one bush is 65–85%, which is equal to the number of fertile shoots.
On one shoot, 1.4–1.7 bunches of grapes are able to form on average. Muscat grape bushes are sometimes found of medium height and very high growth, for this reason the load on one bush should be from 35 to 45 holes. In addition, the effective method of increasing the number and quality of the crop is to rationalize the load of the bush during pruning. Thus, leaving twenty - thirty eyes on the bush can achieve the formation of very large clusters of one and a half to two kilograms.
This grape delight belongs to the early varieties. The growing season of the bush lasts only 110-120 days, thereby allowing to harvest in about mid-August. Due to the fact that the harvest is able to maintain a great fresh look for a long time, you can come to the country even at the end of September, it will remain the same as in mid-August.
Dignity variety "Delight muscat"
- Belongs to varieties with rich fruiting and large clusters.
- Possesses excellent tastes of berries with a fragrant smell of muscat.
- The harvest is able to be stored on the bush for about one and a half months, without losing the quality of appearance and taste.
- The harvest is well suited for transportation over long distances, this also contributes to their long-term storage.
- The variety is easily propagated by cuttings.
- Thanks to irrigation and organic and mineral fertilizers as feed, the quality and quantity can increase.
- This variety is highly resistant to low temperatures up to minus 25 degrees. Due to this quality, it is possible not to cover it for the winter, as the bush withstands frosts. Also, the variety is drought tolerant without losing the crop.
- Strong immunity to fungal diseases, such as mildew and gray mold (however, if you do not spray a bush for the purpose of prevention, it can quickly get sick).
Disadvantages of the variety "Muscat Delight"
This is not to say that the variety has many disadvantages. The title of superstable varieties he won by right. However, one drawback is still there, you need to know about it before you start to grow this variety. "Delight" is often attacked by phylloxera. It is possible to save a bush from this pest by grafting a cutting of delight on stable, healthy rootstocks. The best ones are “Berlandieri”, “Riparia Kober 5BB”. If the phylloxera has already infected a bush, then it is impossible to overcome this pest, you will have to uproot the whole plant.
How to plant grapes on your site?
At the "Delight" grape variety is Muscat excellent adaptability, therefore, observing the rules of planting a plant on a manor or summer cottage, it will not be difficult to grow it. Grapes are propagated by grafting cuttings on the stock with a large supply of wood. The reasons why this breeding method is considered effective and simple are the following:
- Due to the fact that the stock with a large amount of wood already has a well-developed root system, the young cutting does not take time to accumulate these resources. The cutting just takes root on the stock and begins to grow quickly and create a bush.
- Grafting can be done for a whole year. After all, there are many ways of this breeding, for example, "black to black" (sleeping asleep to sleeping stock), "black to green" and "green to green." Effective can be any of these options, and any landing time.
- It is noted that a young bush grown with a vaccine starts to bear fruit faster, unlike a seedling that grew on its own roots.
Simple planting grapes seedlings no less effective. After planting it, grows the sort that you wanted to grow. In case of grafting a cutting on the stock of another variety, a new bush inherits its properties. For example, a bush of medium height can be made very tall if grafted to an appropriate stock.
Another way to reproduce grapes is to grow cuttings from an adult and fertile shrub. Healthy and long shoots are chosen for growing and they are instilled near the trunk of the main shrub. After a while, the shoot will give roots and will develop as an independent bush. You can simply cut the connection with the main bush and transplant as a separate plant.
At what time and in what place are the grapes best planted "Delight"
This variety can be planted both in spring and autumn. By planting a young bush in the spring, you give it a chance to adapt to a new place and survive the winter with its possibly evil frosts. But when planting in the spring it is often necessary to look after the bush and water it, so the soil is not as saturated with moisture as it is in the fall. If you planted and planted grapes in the fall, you just need to carefully cover it and you can forget about it until spring. In a well-covered form, a graft graft or a sapling on its roots will perfectly survive and with the onset of heat it will quickly grow.
Grapes love the sun and heat, so plant it better in an open area, not shaded by buildings or other trees and plants. If the bush is very thick, it is recommended to tear off part of its foliage, so that the berries receive a lot of sunlight for ripening. It is important that the bush is well protected from winds through, so you can not plant it where the cold air flows.
Ideal landing sites:
- On the young or south-west side of your house, which will protect the bush from the winds and will not obscure it.
- The hills, the hills in which air does not accumulate. It will not work - holes, valleys, pits.
The soil also has an important role in planting, namely its fertility and humidity. If in the first case it is quite simple to correct the situation - for several years to feed the soil with organic matter and mineral fertilizers, then it will become much more difficult with moisture. With its lack of a bush you need to water almost every week, spending a lot of effort and water resources.
And with an excess of moisture the root system of the bush will start to rot, it can be attacked by phylloxera, the fruits may begin to crack and also rot. That is why grapes are not planted in swampy soil. Ideal if it is chernozem or loam. The depth of standing of groundwater for planting a variety should not exceed 2.5 meters.
It is also important to observe the distance between the bushes so that the vine does not intertwine with each other, and that the bushes do not overshadow each other. For grapes of medium height, it is desirable to indent four meters, for grapes of high growth about six meters. Due to this distance, the bushes have enough space for weaving.
"Muscate delight" has high yields. It is necessary to regularly rationalize the harvest, as the grapes are prone to overload. The ripening of shoots is excellent, about 90-95% become fruitful. The coefficient of fruitfulness is about 1.5-2. It is also necessary to ensure that there is no excess nitrogen fertilizer. Cuttings root well. 2-3 years after they were put on a permanent place, they are able to bear fruit.
The flowers are grape bisexual. The sugar content of the fruit is 17-20%, and the acidity reaches 6-7 hl. Fruits can be stored on clusters for about one month, without losing taste and presentation.
It is recommended pruning on 6-9 eyes on the middle vine, if the vine is short, it is better to leave up to 5 eyes. On the very bush enough 25-28 eyes.
"Muscate delight" can be cultivated also in gazebos, on fences and arches. It will decorate your backyard.
Mineral and organic fertilizers for grapes will not be superfluous. This variety is able to withstand temperatures down to -26 ° C.
Grapes are moderately resistant to mildew and gray rot, which is estimated from 3 to 3.5 points on a 5-point scale. But, unfortunately, does not have resistance to oidium and phylloxera. For protection requires regular preventive procedures. No less effective method is to inoculate the rootstocks "Riparia Glore" or "Kober-5BB." For fungal diseases it is necessary to spray the plant 1-2 times per season. One of the most common methods of pest control is the destruction or burning of parts of plants that have been affected by pests.
Interesting about grapes
Grapes can rightly be called a long-liver among berry bushes. Cultivars live 50-60 years, and the age of wild can reach 400 years. There are more than 20 thousand varieties and hybrid forms of grapes around the world, and this number is constantly increasing.
The energy value of grapes is very high. It is known that 1 kg of its berries is equivalent to 230 g of bread, 380 g of meat, 1 kg of potatoes and 1 liter of milk. Research has shown that a person can eat grapes for 90 days.
Both experienced gardeners and beginning gardeners often wonder which grape is best to cultivate. There is no unequivocal answer to this question. The choice of variety depends on the climatic conditions of the area and the preferences of the grower. However, there are varieties with quite high viability and a huge number of hybrid forms that feel great both on the slopes of the Crimean vineyards and in the harsh climate of Siberia.
Such delightful qualities are possessed by the “Vostorg” grapes, bred by J. Potapenko, I. Kostrykin and A. Skripnikova as a result of the selection of the varieties “Dawn of the North” and “Dolores”, and at the next stage - with “Russian Early”. "Delight" self-pollinated. Annual shoot growth is 2.5 meters. The branches are medium to strong. The leaves are heart-shaped with jagged edges, they are not very large, but not small. Rhizome deepens into the ground by 2 m.
Advantages and disadvantages
The indisputable advantages of "Delight" can be called a few points.
- High frost resistance. Initially, it was bred for cultivation in the territory of the steppe Ukraine, but gradually its subspecies spread in various localities, from Siberia to the Crimea.
- Good, stable fruiting and coarse. From 1 hectare you can collect 12,000 kg of crop. In this case, one berry weighs from 5 to 10 g, and the whole bunch - from 500 g to 1.5 kg.
- Early ripeness. Vegetation period "Delight" lasts 115 days. Массивные конусообразные, неопределенной формы грозди вызревают с середины и до окончания лета (с июля по август, иногда с июля по сентябрь).
- Прекрасные вкусовые характеристики. Мякоть ягод сочная и сладкая (до 26% сахаристости).
- Сохранение свежести и упругости ягод длительное время. Плоды без повреждений могут сохраняться несобранными 2-2,5 месяца, а в виноградохранилищах — до января.
- Невосприимчивость к Botrytis cinerea и минимальный риск растрескивания ягод.
However, this variety also has vulnerabilities:
- it is affected by phylloxera,
- he needs constant spraying to withstand oidium,
- the frost resistance of all types of Delight is limited to -25 ° C or -27 ° C (at lower temperatures, 20-30% of central buds freeze over).
“Delight” is rich in the genome of the variety, which made it possible to create on its basis a whole family of hybrid forms. Seri them: FVO-7-5, "Tuzlovsky giant", "Nina", FVB-8-3, AIA-2, "Ataman", "Reliable", "Super-Bezh", "First-Called", "Rosalia 08sp- 30 "," Rizamat stable LMsp-72 ", etc. Five of these are the most common:
- “Oval Delight” (Baklanovsky),
- "Perfect Delight" (Perfect),
- “Red Delight” (AIA-l, AIA),
- “Muscate delight” (Super wound Delight),
- “Black Delight” (216-29-10-1).
"Oval Delight" (Baklanovsky)
This variety has strong-growing bushes with carved leaves. Inflorescences are formed on the bottom of the shoots. Plants are recommended to grow on trellis supports. "Delight oval" thermophilic. It is good for cultivation in southern areas, planting in the northern areas is contraindicated. The berries have an elongated egg shape with a whitish tinge.
Culture requires mandatory double pruning in the fall and spring. In the fall, shoots are shortened by 8-10 buds, leaving only 40 buds, but without affecting the ovary at the very bottom of the trunk. It breaks out during the spring processing of the vineyard so that the clusters do not touch the ground, and the space between the vines is well blown.
“Perfect Delight” (Perfect)
This species has large white oval-shaped berries with a light tan, the weight of which is 5-6.5 g. The weight of one bunch of “Ideal” reaches 1200 g. The sugar content is from 19 to 26%, the acidity is 5-9 g / l The growing season lasts just over 120 days. Culture tolerates a drop in temperature to -26 ° C, resistance to powdery mildew is 2.5-3.5 points.
For this type of "Delight", a high-shtamping shaping is recommended. Cultivation on arches and arbors is also welcomed. In order to avoid problems with fruiting, for 4-5 years (during the formation of the bush) the correct pruning and distribution of the shoots is necessary.
A grape-arbor will please the eye if you follow a specific sequence of actions. First you need to form 3 sleeves (vines) - two horizontal and one vertical. If the bushes were planted in the spring, then the form is laid in the autumn. The length of two horizontal shoots is determined as follows: they look to see if the vine reaches the first wire row and 4 more ovaries are left.
In this case, the vertical vine must be shortened to the level of matured wood. With the onset of spring, all the vines are fixed on the wires of the arbor, and the kidneys from the bottom are removed. On the shoot, located vertically, 3-4 eyes are left on top. These shoots without buds will eventually build up wood, turning into a strong base (bush sleeves).
In the fall, pruning is repeated again, according to the algorithm of the previous year. Over time, when the vine reaches the top of the arbor, it is necessary to separate the two sleeves to the side. In the 6th year of bush growth and further, traditional pruning is applied to the horn, leaving so many branches that the total number of ovaries on them reaches 35-45 pieces.
If you leave less, the next crop will be too bulky and heavy.
"Red Delight" (AIA-l, AIA)
This species has a pink-red ovoid-oval fruits, rather large (from 6 to 8.5 g). Accordingly, clusters are heavy (from 550 g to 800 g). Sugar content - from 18% to 23%, acidity is 6-8 g / l. According to the maturation period, the variety is early average. It withstands cold temperatures up to -24 ° C, resistance to mildew - 2.5-3 points.
Bushes AIA-1 sredneroslye. The recommended landing area for each bush is 6 m2. When autumn processing fruit buds lay only ½ of the shoots, 8-14 eyes. In the total mass leave no more than 40-55 buds. For the cultivation of this variety on the arches and gazebos in the fall perform traditional pruning on the horn. The volume of the mass of leaves and fruits is normalized in the summer.
“Muscate delight” (Super wound Delight)
The following features are inherent in “Muscate delight”: the fruits are large, oval, light, with an amber gleam and nutmeg aroma. Clusters in ripe form are large, weighing from 400 to 700 g. Sugar content of berries is high - from 19% to 26%, the level of acidity is from 5 g / l to 9 g / l. Enthusiasm muscate frost resistant, does not freeze out even at -27 ° C. The term of ripening is very early - 115-110 days. Resistance to powdery mildew - 3-3.5 points.
Bushes "Delight muskatnogo" vigorous. Their yield is quite high: 80-95% of the vines bear fruit. Therefore, it is necessary to constantly monitor the fruit load of the bushes. In the autumn, only 20-25 buds are left on each plant; in the summer, the volume of green mass and grapes is rationed.
This variety of "Delight" is comfortable in sandy soil. It can also be grown on arches and gazebos.
“Black Delight” (216-29-10-1).
This species is also known as the "Brother of Delight" and "The Black Baron". This is a table grape variety. The dark blue large berries of Delight Black form heavy clusters, the weight of which ranges from 450 to 750 g. They have not very high sugar content - from 16% to 18% and acidity from 5 g / l to 9 g / l. The grapes ripen in 115-125 days, its mildew resistance is 3-3.5 points. The variety is frost resistant, withstands temperatures down to -25 ° C. By Botrytis cinerea it is unstable.
In the Delight of the Black, as well as in the Red, the flowers are only of the female type. You can pollinate them if you plant grapes with flowers of both sexes in the immediate vicinity.
The structure of the berries of this grape variety is elastic. The flesh is sweet, juicy, slightly knitting. Since “Black Delight” is distinguished by high fruitfulness (75-85% of shoots are fruit-bearing), large gaps between the knots are left during spring processing. Compliance with these rules allows you to get about 240-250 centners of crop per hectare.
If it is supposed to cultivate the grapes in a cold climate, then it is necessary to provide additional shelter for the winter period. This variety can be grown in Belarus, Ukraine, the Urals, Moldova, Siberia.
All varieties of grapes "Delight" have some general principles of planting and care. Grapes - sun-culture, so plant it better in the southern areas and on small elevations with good air flow. Loamy soils, black soil, sandy loam are best suited for “Delight”.
All varieties of this variety are propagated by seedlings, layering, rarely seeds (as a rule, only in the selection process, because in this embodiment the seedlings do not have the properties of the parent bush). Each low-growth or medium-growth bush requires an area from 3 to 4 m2, a high-growth one - up to 6 m2. The plant develops well in gazebos and in the wall space.
When planting several bushes, the distance between the pits should reach 4-6 m, and it is necessary to retreat 2 m from buildings and various structures. It is recommended to dig out the pit for planting in advance and cover the bottom with earth mixed with compost. The size of the recesses should not exceed 60-70 cm in length and 90 cm in depth.
Planting seedlings in prepared pits is made in a month. The seedling is set in the center, watered and sprinkled with earth. The soil near the plant is covered with a mixture of sawdust wood, peat and straw.
“Delight” is considered to be a rather unpretentious crop, but in order for the bush to grow and grow, and the vines to bear fruit, it is still necessary to provide constant care: adjust the green volume of the vineyard in time, irrigate, feed and treat pests and diseases.
The regulation of the green volume of the bush includes the following operations:
- a piece of excess shoots
- pinching the tops of the branches,
- eliminating stepsons,
- the removal of the leaves under the clusters
- removal of excess and too small berries in clusters,
- elimination of shoots.
This variety loves plentiful watering. Good soil moisture allows you to increase the weight of the fruit and the overall yield of the crop by 30-40%. For more abundant fruiting grapes also need to feed organic and mineral fertilizers. Organic supplements are rarely applied (once every 2-3 years), mineral more often (once a month), usually with water when watering. The main elements for the life of the bushes are three components.
- Nitrogen. Thanks to nitrogen, all parts of plants grow and develop. With its lack of growth slows down, the leaves die off, clusters are not formed. Nitrogen-containing supplements: calcium nitrate, ammonium nitrate, urea, ammonium sulphate.
- Phosphorus is a constituent element of grape pollen. It speeds up the process of the appearance of colors. Red-purple formations on the surface of the leaves - a sign of lack of phosphorus. The most commonly used superphosphate and double superphosphate.
- Potassium promotes the development of plant immunity to frost and dry periods of the year, diseases. If there is not enough potassium, the leaves of the grapes become faded, pale, their edges die off. Top dressings containing potassium: ash, potassium salt, potassium sulfate.
Despite the fact that "Delight" is a frost-resistant culture, young seedlings require careful care and shelter during the cold season, especially if they are planted in the fall. Also, grapes require constant spraying to minimize the risk of powdery mildew. As a rule, spray bushes three times:
- The first time occurs when the shoots reach 20-25 cm (in the middle of May),
- the second anticipates flowering and is held in early June,
- the third is carried out when the berries reach the size of a pea.
In the spring and autumn, the bushes are processed to protect against oidium.
Judging by the reviews on the Internet, “Vostorg” grapes have proven themselves well among both beginners and experienced growers. However, practice confirms that before planting this variety, it is necessary to carefully study the guidelines for planting and care, so as not to be disappointed in the culture in the future.
Review grapes "Delight", see the following video.
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History of the variety
Grapes Delight - the fruit of breeding scientists working in the All-Russian Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking them. Ya. I. Potapenko. When breeding this variety, the following varieties were crossed:
From their "parents" Delight grapes took only the best features - yield, disease resistance, large size of berries.
The variety is zoned for cultivation in the southern, central regions of our country, in Belarus and the Baltic republics.
Grapes varieties Delight
Characteristics and characteristics of the variety Delight
Note! Grape Delight has many varieties that differ in the color of the fruit and some other characteristics, but have common properties of this variety.
Delight is a white grape, its description should begin with a story about ripening. This varietal grape belongs to the early maturity of brushes - from the moment the foliage appears until harvest takes about 4 months. Gather ripe brushes from the second decade of August to the last decade of September. The productivity of vines is high - from 1 m² you can collect up to 8-11 kg of delicious sweet grape brushes. The number of fruiting shoots on the bush can be up to 80-85%. Shoots - upright, powerful, each can mature up to 1.5-1.6 brushes. The optimal load on one grape bush is 42-44 peepholes. The clusters are large, conical in shape, of average density, the mass of one ripe brush can be 0.6-1.9 kg. The shape of the berries is oval, slightly oblong, the skin is light, dense, not prone to cracking. The average mass of ripe fruit is up to 7 g. In ripe berries, the high sugar content is up to 23-25%, which is a very high indicator, and the acid content is low - up to 8.5 g / l.
The berries in the bunch are pressed against each other loosely, so they are not subject to deformation. The taste of ripe grapes - high, crispy berries, few seeds.
Due to the dense skin, ripe bunches can hang on the shoots for a long time, the harvested crop tolerates transportation over long distances, and can be stored for a long time in appropriate conditions.
Important! Experienced winegrowers argue that an increase in fruiting occurs when cuttings of grapes Delight inoculate to the rootstock on old vines.
In general, it is possible to increase the yield from this vineyard, if we normalize the load on the vines, leaving no more than 30 small holes on each vine. In this case, clusters weighing more than 1.6-1.8 kg will form on the shoots.
Grades of the Delight grade black
The black variety of this sort carries the name Brother of Delight or the Black Baron. The peculiarity of the variety is the appearance of only female-type flowers on the shoots, the pollination of which will be better if grape vines with both types of flowering grow nearby. The Black Baron is also high yielding, fruiting is stable, annual. The first clusters appear on young bushes after a couple of seasons after planting. Brushes - wide, conical, dense. The weight of one bunch is 0.9-2.4 kg. The color of ripe berries is dark blue, almost black. The taste of the berries is pleasant, sweet, slightly sour, slightly tart. Fruits - round, slightly elongated. Black Delight is highly resistant to most diseases affecting the bushes of grapes, with the exception of gray rot, which is less than average for this variety.
On a note. The red variety of Delight also belongs to the early ripe high-yielding varieties ripening 4 months after the swelling of the buds.
For good pollination, grapes with bisexual flowers are planted next to the bushes of red Delight, since only female flowers appear in the red grapes. Brushes - low density, have a conical shape, their weight can reach 1.0-1.4 kg. On one shoot up to 60-65% of fruits can appear. Fruits are oval, slightly elongated, pink in color. Characteristic berries: weight - up to 8 g, the skin is quite thin, almost invisible in food. The taste of the pulp is gentle, juicy, the amount of sugars is 21-22%, the amount of acid in the berries is up to 7.5 g / l. This varietal grape is resistant to most diseases affecting vineyard bushes. Another characteristic plus is that ripe clusters are practically not affected by flying insects and birds.
Muscat Delight is an early hybrid that can produce high yields annually. Seedlings begin to bear fruit after a couple of seasons after planting. The harvest from the nutmeg variety Delight is harvested after 3.5 months - in the first decade of August. Clusters are conical, of average density, the weight of one ripe brush can reach 0.9-1.0 kg. Shrubs - medium height, shoots - upright, up to 2 meters. When grown on rootstocks, the height of the shoots may increase. Shoots can bear fruit by 90%, each of them matures up to 2 clusters. Fruits are round, large, weighing about 6.5 g. In ripe berries, the peel is dense, of amber color. The taste is pleasant, sour-sweet with nutmeg flavor. The amount of sugars - 24%, acidity - 6.5 g / l. High hybrid resistance to fungal diseases.
Grades of the Variety muscat
It is better to plant white delight by cuttings on the stock of old bushes - it grows faster, bears fruit better. The black variety of this grape is best grown by cuttings, which quickly form strong and branched roots. It requires a lot of free space and good illumination for better development. Delight red can be propagated by cuttings, layering, saplings. Muscat delight perfectly reproduces by cuttings, which quickly take root after transplantation. It can be planted on the stock.
Graft cuttings can begin to bear fruit even next season.
Important! Before planting the vine seedlings Delight, you must first prepare a place for planting. The soil should be loose, fertile, without stagnant moisture. Groundwater should not come close to the ground, otherwise grapes can begin to rot.
The best soils for planting this variety will be sandy, loamy and chernozem. Landing pits should be dug at a distance of at least 4.5 m from each other; at least 1.8-1.9 m should be retreated from a fence or buildings.
Pits need to dig in advance - 25-28 days before planting cuttings. The diameter of the pit is 0.65-0.7 m, and the depth is up to 0.9 m. A nutritious mixture of rotted compost and garden soil with a thickness of at least 10-12 cm is laid out on the bottom. fertile layer of earth watered. After a few days, the near-stem circle of seedlings is covered with a layer of mulch from high-moor peat or straw.
Further care of the saplings of grapes consists of annual pruning, regular watering, application of fertilizing, preventive sprays from diseases and “harmful” bugs.
Since the bushes of this grape grow rapidly, they need regular formative pruning, in which no more than 40-45 holes are left on the plant, so that no more than two brushes grow on the shoots. In this case, the harvest from such a vineyard will be large, and the berries - large and sweet. Правильная обрезка позволяет не перегружать лозы и формировать будущий урожай.
Формирование виноградного куста
Note! Поливают виноградник несколько раз за сезон — ранней весной, в период активного цветения, во время созревания кистей, в октябре для насыщения корневой системы влагой.
Feed the vineyard bushes complex mineral fertilizers containing potassium and phosphorus.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The winegrowers who grow varieties of the Delight grape variety note its following positive qualities:
- early ripeness of all kinds
- high yield,
- large size and weight brushes
- good taste, aroma of ripe berries,
- ripe clusters can hang on the shoots up to 1-1.5 months, without losing taste,
- berries are not damaged by insects and birds
- the harvest tolerates transportation, can be stored for a long time at home,
- cuttings rooted at 96-98%
- with good care, the vegetative mass is actively increasing, the yield is improving,
- resistance to drought and frost is above average,
- during prophylactic treatments, disease resistance increases significantly.
There are practically no drawbacks to this grape variety, but it should be noted that it is sometimes attacked by phylloxera, and in the rainy weather the grapes of Delight can crack.
Knowing and observing the agrotechnical cultivation of this grape variety, by the end of the season, undoubtedly, it will be possible to harvest a good harvest.
Grapes Muscat Delight: variety description
The berry is large, the average weight is 6-7 grams, slightly oval. White berries of this variety at full maturity acquire a rich amber shade and have a harmonious taste with a slight aftertaste of nutmeg.
Pulp berries juicy, dense, with high sugar accumulation - up to 25% with an acidity of 6-7 g / l.
Alex, Aladdin and Athos are also notable for their high sugar content.
The berries are collected in large dense clusters, the average weight - 600-800 g, but in some cases can reach 1 kg. The clusters are distinguished by a conical shape, but sometimes they are also formless.
The ripening of the vines of this variety is very high, almost the entire length, while the fruitful shoots - more than 80%. On one shoot accounted for up to 1.8 clusters. Bush characterizes the average power of growth in its own culture and reaches up to 2 meters in length. When grown on rootstocks, the plant is vigorous.
Photo grapes "Muscat Delight":
Pests and diseases
The variety has a good resistance to fungal diseases (gray mold, oidium and mildew) at the level of about 3.5 points. Other common grape diseases - anthracnose, chlorosis, bacteriosis, rubella and Muscate Delight are about 2 points resistant.
This species is susceptible to powdery mildew (oidium), therefore it requires treatment against diseases with sulfur-containing agents.
As a preventive measure, it is necessary to carry out several sprays during the growing season with biologics against fungal diseases. The frequency depends on the region of cultivation.
Grapes are not resistant to such pest as phylloxera (grape aphid). As the most effective method of preventing the appearance of the pest, vaccination is applied to the stocks of Ripariya Gluar or Kober 5BB.
Their roots are highly resistant and do not die if they are affected by phylloxera.
It is recommended to plant on sandy soils, and since If the pest spreads along with the planting material, then the purchase of seedlings must be treated with special care.
The most common methods of controlling grape pests are the removal and destruction of affected parts of the plant, as well as insecticide spraying.
This is a rather unpretentious variety that feels good in the climatic conditions of the middle zone. With a careful approach to this variety and minimal preventive measures, it brings a regular and large crop.
What is this grade?
The result of the complex breeding work of Russian scientists is the variety of grapes Delight. His “parents” are the Dawn of the North, the Russian Early and Dolores. The variety is listed in the State Register in 1992. Grapes Delight belongs to the table varieties. Its fruits are good fresh, and are used to make high quality raisins, dry cereals and muesli.
The description of the variety provides an indication of the pros and cons of the crop, its varieties, recommendations for proper planting and care, as well as information about diseases and pests.
What are the varieties?
Popular types of grapes Delight include:
- Muscat This variety is a superearly table hybrid, which is obtained by crossing the varieties of Delight and Frumoas Albe.
- Peri. It is appreciated for fruits of a round form which are decorated with a white peel, acquiring, at full technical ripeness of a berry, beautiful amber color. The flesh is characterized by density, juicy, harmonious taste.
- White. This variety is characterized by an increased yield index and an early period of fruit ripening. Large berries have a dense peel, painted in white or light green and decorated with a waxy bloom and golden tan.
- Red. Breeders, crossing Delight and Original, received the Red variety, the characteristic features of which are considered to be large-sized fruits, having an elongated shape, red with hints of pink and sweet, with a slight sour taste.
- The black. This hybrid is bred by crossing Cardinal of Moldova, Timurovts, White Delight. Volumetric clusters with large fruits, berries that are juicy, sweet, tart flesh, covered with skin, painted in dark blue, almost black, attract attention.
Terms of ripening
Grapes Delight - early ripe variety. Fruit culture in the third year since the landing, and with good care - on the second. Vegetation period ranges from 110 to 120 days. The middle of August is the harvest time.
Planting and care
The optimal time for disembarkation is spring, autumn. When choosing a place, it is necessary to take into account the aesthetic appearance of the site, and the needs of the culture for good development and formation of the crop. It is better to plant seedlings on the south side of the garden. To do this, dig holes, at the bottom of which to organize drainage. Top fill with minerals or organic substances and sprinkle with fertile substrate. After installing the support, driving a peg, and plant the seedlings so that their root neck is located above the ground surface. Good tamp and pour.
Care will allow you to achieve stable yields. This requires:
- provide full watering
- loosen the soil in pristvolnyh circles, eliminating weed plants,
- to form bushes in spring and autumn, giving the desired and comfortable shape,
- to make the food so that the grapes grow and fruit better,
- to carry out "green operations": debris, pinching of growth points, staving,
- constantly inspect plants for diseases and pests and, if an infection is detected, take appropriate measures,
- to protect young shrubs from freezing in winter, by covering them with materials that allow moisture and air to pass through, thereby ensuring an optimal microclimate.
Proper care will positively affect crop growth and the development of the vineyard as a whole.
To save your favorite grape variety, you need to learn how to multiply it. For a novice grower, this event will seem a difficult process. But in reality there are no difficulties, since the culture has excellent growth characteristics.
Culture can be propagated:
- shoots from the adult fertile bush,
- grafting cuttings to the stock of old bushes,
Each of these methods is reliable, and gives excellent results, and therefore recommended by experienced growers.
Diseases and pests
Variety of grapes Delight demonstrates excellent resistance to diseases and attacks of pests, but this figure does not exclude the risk of infection. According to the description, the variety is poorly opposed to phylloxera, therefore, for preventive purposes, it is necessary, before flowering, to spray the plants with special preparations, since the infected shrub does not respond to treatment.
Gardeners successfully cultivate Delight grapes, because it fully justifies its name. The main reasons are in a friendly harvest and the ability to tolerate cold winters well. By preferring this variety, it is possible not only to harvest a quality crop, but also to decorate the garden arbor, the arch or the fence in an original way with lianas.