Pakhira is a bottled tree (it stores moisture in the lower part of the stem), belonging to the Bombacce family. Homeland - South America.
Under natural conditions, it is capable of reaching a height of about 20 m, but when grown in a room it is limited to 2-3 m, and the crown is about 1.5 in diameter. The tree is single-stem, starts branching with a height of 2 m. Finger-complex leaves are attached on long petioles, their color is bright green. Pachira is able to accumulate moisture in the base of the trunk, so it is considered a succulent and bottle tree.
How pakhira blooms photo bloom
Blooming at home is rare, but it is unusually beautiful. Long (10-15 cm), narrow, numerous flowers gather in a panicle. They are whitish at the base, then beet color. Bracts in the form of cut, long, curled leaves.
Pachira after purchase
The plant after purchase must go through a period of adaptation in the room conditions of your apartment within two weeks. It is advisable to keep the tree in quarantine: away from other plants. And only by making sure that there are no pests on it, it will be possible to transfer it to a permanent place.
When the quarantine period is over, it is better to transplant the flower right away: the transporting soil is not the best medium for keeping the pachyr. Water the plant, let the soil dry and free the plant from the pot. Pick up a high, steady pot a little wider than the existing one and transplant the tree, trying to replace the old soil with a new one (suitable substrate for palm trees). After transplanting, moderately water the plant with a root solution to restore damaged roots.
Home care for pachyra
The plant is light-loving. To pachira developed and grew well, you need bright lighting. The best place to be the windows of the east and west. Contact with direct sunlight in the morning and evening hours. On the north window it is better not to grow, otherwise the plant will be strongly stretched, losing decorativeness. On the south side, shading is required so that sunburns do not appear on the leaves.
How to water a pahira
It is necessary to water regularly and moderately, with water at room temperature. Waterlogging is unacceptable: the plant will begin to hurt, the root will rot and the trunk will soften. Water through the drip pan or trickle along the edge of the pot so that no water falls on the barrel.
Between irrigation in spring and summer, the top layer of the soil should dry out slightly, in the autumn-winter period watering is additionally reduced. It is necessary to constantly maintain a balance: overdrying of the earthy coma leads to the fall of the leaves, and overmoistening is fraught with rotting of the root system.
Air humidity is undemanding. Dry air tolerates well. In the hot season, spray only the crown of the plant, avoiding moisture on the trunk.
In the spring and summer, apply complex mineral fertilizers in low concentration. Feed need every 3-4 weeks.
Transplant in spring. Young plants need it every year, adults - every 3 years. When transplanting, the diameter of the pot is increased by 5 cm. A quarter of the capacity is filled with a drainage from broken brick and charcoal.
Suitable soil for palm trees and dratsen. Or another slightly acidic, not too nutritious soil. You can prepare a mixture of: turf, leaf soil and sand in equal proportions. Pachirs have a superficial root system, so that the trunk should not be deeply buried in the ground during planting in order to prevent rotting in the future.
Pachyra pruning and stem-pigtail formation
Pachyra bonsai photo
For the formation of a beautiful lush crown, it is necessary to trim the crown. They do this in the spring, when the branches grow enough and mature enough. On the ground cut new shoots will appear, giving the opportunity to create the desired shape.
It is necessary to remove them when root offsprings appear in order to preserve the formed shape of the stem and prevent the plants from loosening in the future, when grown up lateral shoots will be problematic.
How to braid pachiru
Several plants, intertwined with trunks between themselves, look very impressive. To obtain such beauty, it is necessary to plant 3-4 cuttings of the same height in one container. Twist them with a pigtail or wrap in a spiral, pull the top off with a twine so that the shoots do not diverge. It is important not to drag: if the trunk is damaged, the sap flow is broken and the plants will die.
Over time, the stems will take a given shape and continue to grow. In the course of growth, cut the leaves and continue to curl the stems, but do before the stems become aged. If you remove the bark on the ground of contact of the trunks, they will grow together and will look even more harmonious.
Growing problems, pachyr pests
The trunk has softened due to overflow
Due to care errors, the appearance of the plant becomes painful.
- Check the hardness and elasticity of the trunk. The softened trunk indicates the beginning of rotting of the root system, caused by over-wetting of the earthy clod. The plant must be dug, cut off the affected areas, process the cut with coal wood chips. After that, land the pachira in the new soil and do not water it for a week.
- The edges or tips of the leaves turn brown due to insufficient watering, dry air or drafts.
- The leaves become soft, curl, their tips turn brown due to temperature drops. Check if the daytime temperature is suitable, and at night it falls below normal.
- From lack of lighting, the stem is pulled out, losing its thickening.
- Under the influence of direct sunlight, sunburn can occur - dry spots will appear on the leaves. Immediately pritenite the plant.
- Falling foliage can be triggered by an excessively large volume (the pot is too big and deep).
- Yellowing of the foliage is due to the lack of minerals in the soil - it is necessary to make them in liquid form.
Pachyras fall and the leaves turn yellow What to do?
- If you did not transplant the plant after purchase, the leaves will soon begin to turn yellow and fall off due to the lack of nutrients in the soil and acidification of the soil. Need urgent transplant with the replacement of the soil. To the plant quickly rooted, you can pour it with a solution of root.
- The fall of the lower old leaves is normal, especially when the plant enters a dormant period in the fall.
- Very dry air can also cause yellowing and drying of the leaves, you need to put a humidifier next to it or keep a plant on a pallet with wet clay.
- Overdrying of roots also results in leaf fall. Exit - the establishment of the correct mode of irrigation. All yellowed leaves should be cut off to give the plant the opportunity to recover, it is desirable to conduct dressing to maintain the flower in a stressful situation.
- In the cold period, the money tree may suffer from drafts: if the window is open, do not open the door. Draft and hypothermia can also cause leaves to fall.
- Add epine to the spray water to help the plant recover when the leaves turn yellow, remembering to identify and correct the cause.
The pests of the plant are spider mites, scab. When they appear with a cotton pad, wipe the foliage with soapy water; if it does not help, treat with insecticides.
Small white worms may also appear on the surface of the soil - it is necessary to treat the soil with a solution of potassium permanganate of low concentration. You can “powder” the top layer of soil with tobacco powder or burning pepper.
Growing pachyr from seed
Pachira seed photo shoots
Pachira is propagated by the seed method and cuttings.
Seeds quickly lose their germination, so sow them fresh. Take a container with peat-sand mixture, moisten the soil, spread the seeds on the surface and sprinkle with a little earth. Crops cover with glass or transparent film. Maintain an air temperature of 25-30 ° C. Ventilate the crops daily, periodically spray the soil. Expect germination after 20 days. The grown young plants without picking are transplanted into separate pots with soil for adult specimens.
Pachyra reproduction by cuttings
How to cut a stalk pakhira photo
- For reproduction, choose a terminal woody ligneus with a leaf and a bud of growth.
- Perform grafting in August.
- Root in peat-sandy soil at a temperature of 25-30 ° C.
- Cuttings must be covered with a cap, film or glass.
- Maintain soil moisture by spraying or bottom irrigation through the pan.
- Do not forget to air the greenhouse daily.
Pachyra cuttings in water photo
Rooting in water is also possible: it is desirable to keep the cuttings in the root solution for the first day. With the advent of roots plant new plants in separate pots.
Pachyra cuttings photo
Cutting is a simple and affordable way to get new plants, without spending much effort.
Pachira water Pachira aquatica
Pachira water Pachira aquatica photo
The most common type of cultivated indoor growing. It is a tree up to 3 m high. The trunk in the lower part is thickened, and at the top there are leaves similar in shape to chestnut - this species is sometimes called Guiana chestnut. Color of foliage is dark green. It blooms at home is extremely rare. After flowering, fruits appear with edible seeds.
Pakhira water can grow to a height of 20 meters. Between the bark and the wood, this tree stores water. The barrel has the shape of a bottle and expands closer to the root. The trunk is covered with smooth leaves growing on long cuttings. On cuttings you can see a smooth green bark. The flowering period of the aquatic pachyra begins in June and ends in November, but with proper care this period can last year round. During the flowering of the pachira, the water does not shed its leaves, as some of its relatives do.
Flowers are located on a long panicle, up to 35 cm in size. The size of flowers can be up to 10 cm in diameter. The colors may be completely different: from white to pink or pale green. The aroma of flowers resembles the smell of vanilla. On flowers there are many stamens.
After the fruit ripens, they are split in the center and you can see the seeds. In each fruit, from 10 to 20 cm long, from 10 to 25 seeds can be counted. They are also called nuts, because they are covered with durable brown skin. Nuts are absolutely edible. Of these, you can grind flour and bake bread. In addition, they can be eaten in any form: boiled, fried or raw. Moreover, leaves and flowers can also be eaten, and drinks made from nuts are reminiscent of chocolate.
Pachira in East Asia
In this part of the world, pahira is more called the money tree. In Japan, this tree received the status of decorative, for a long time. For the first time, several trees were cultivated in 1986 by a Taiwanese driver, after which it became quite popular in Japan. Subsequently, this status of the money tree spread throughout East Asia. This tree is grown on various enterprises, farms, as well as private property, because it symbolizes the accumulation of capital. This tree can be found with the presence of various elements on it, including red ribbons. The Taiwanese economy exports $ 7 million pakhirs annually.
The tree can be grown from cuttings as well as sowing seeds. Pakhira can grow alone. To grow stronger and bush this plant begins when it begins to reach the ceiling. On sale you can find several trees pakhira, woven into one. Unfortunately, these are expensive specimens, since it takes time to create such masterpieces. Pachira is widely used to create a tree in miniature (bonsai).
Pahira Feng Shui
Masters of feng shui pahira are associated with good luck, material well-being and health, which brings this tree to the house. Each finger of the pachira leaf, and five of them, symbolizes the natural elements - metal, water, fire, earth, and wood. It is believed that with the formation of the next leaf of the pachira increases the wealth of the family. The presence of this tree in the house contributes to the formation of a special aura, which enhances the effect of positive and weakens the effect of negative energies, formed on the principles of Feng Shui.
Location and lighting
Pahira, as a representative of the tropics, needs good lighting. It is able to withstand the effects of direct sunlight for a short time, but it “responds” more to diffused bright light. With a lack of light, the plant loses its decorative properties. Feels good on the west or east side of the house. It can also grow on the south side, but when there is a high intensity of sunlight, it requires shading.
In summer, the pakhira can be brought out to the open air. To do this, you need to find a suitable place: without drafts, sunlight or rain. Since spring, the plant is gradually accustomed to increasing amounts of light, otherwise the tree can get sunburn.
In spring and summer, the optimum temperature for growing pachyras in the range of 20-25 degrees. With the onset of winter, the temperature of the content can be reduced to 14-16 degrees. In winter, pakhira should not be placed near batteries and heating devices. So that the tree does not get sick, it should not be placed in such places where there can be drafts.
Fertilizers and fertilizers
During the period of active growth, the pachir needs to be fed with mineral fertilizers no more than once a month.
Annually, without fail, transplantation of young trees. To do this, take the pots with a diameter greater than the previous 4-5 cm. Mature trees are transplanted as needed. Transplantation is carried out in March-April, when the plant is still at rest. Since the roots are not large, the pots are not deep.
Cropping and crown formation
The ratio of the diameter of the trunk of the pachira and its height depends on watering and visiting the tree. The more abundant the watering and the less light, the stronger the pachyra is drawn out and becomes similar to a regular thin-stem tree. In order for the plant not to stretch upwards, pruning should be started from spring. At the site of the cut, the pachira branches out and becomes more lush. As a rule, the crown pakhirs try to shape a ball or an oval.
It is very often possible to meet a pachira with several intertwined trunks. The formation of such a tree from several seedlings usually takes more than one year. On sale, these trees cost a lot of money.
Difficulties in growing
- Pakhira water does not tolerate drafts or wind, so it must be placed in well-protected places.
- If the plant lacks moisture, it can shed its leaves.
- With improper watering during the cold season, rotting of the roots or the trunk is possible.
- If the tips of the leaves turn brown, it means that the tree is little watered, especially with very dry air.
- It is possible to twist the leaves with a large temperature drop of day and night.
- When placing a tree in the shade, the loss of its decorativeness is possible: the stem is pulled out and the lower thickening disappears.
- With the appearance of dry light spots on the leaves, which indicates a sunburn, pachira need to pritenit.
- If the air is too dry, a spider mite or a scythe can attack.
If you follow all the rules for the care of pachyra aquatic, then this decorative tree will delight you for a long time with its beauty.
Pachira - a description of the plant
The genus Pachira (Pachira) belongs to the Bombak (Bombacoideae) Malvaceae family (Malvaceae) and consists of 45 species. The greatest use among flower growers received a view with decorative leaves, trunk and roots - aquatic pachira (Pachira aguatica). She comes from South America. Pachira is a tropical plant.
The leaves of this species are palmate-complex, on long petioles, bright green in color. Pachira aquatic blooms with a leafy crown. Flowers narrow, 10-15 cm long, white, with long multiple stamens, collected in inflorescences - a panicle. The fruits are woody, elongated and round, olive-colored, 15-25 cm long, containing round seeds, which are used in food raw or roasted.
When planting from a temporary container in which the plant was purchased, use the method of transshipment. If there is no time to transplant the pachira immediately, take care of it until the disembarkation, following the recommendations below. Before planting, water the plant liberally so that the water will soak the entire earthy pool.
Prepare a container or landing site. The pot (pots) should be 2-4 cm larger than the diameter of the temporary container to give space for the growth of the roots and the nutrient medium. Аккуратно помните стенки контейнера для отставания корней и выньте растение, не травмируя корневую систему.
Если Вы высаживаете черенок пахиры, укорененный в воде, сажайте ее сразу в небольшой контейнер (10-12 см) с дренажом и питательным субстратом. Этого будет достаточно на первое время – время укоренения. В дальнейшем для активного роста потребуется пересадка.
Обязательно необходим дренаж. Подойдет керамзит, измельченный пенопласт или осколки керамического вазона.
Optimum landing time
It is possible to plant a pakhira in a permanent place of growth (in a container or in a mini-bed of a winter garden) year-round. However, the best time for easy survival is spring and early summer - the time of the most active growth.
It is worth buying in the warm season, so that when transporting tender leaves are not traumatized by frost.
Soil for the plant
Pachira is not very demanding on the soil. It should have a loose structure and be moderately nutritious. With self-preparation, sod and leaf earth is taken, also sand, brick chips (respectively 1: 1: 1: 0.5 parts). If you purchase a ready substrate, you can take a mixture for palm trees or ornamental plants.
Compliance with a moderate temperature regime will help to avoid problems with an excess or lack of moisture in the air. Pachira tolerates heat in summer and winters at +10, + 15 degrees Celsius.
In the summer, abundant watering is required, leaves may wilt from a lack of moisture. In winter, watering is necessary to limit, with an excess of moisture (more often it happens in winter), the trunk may rot. Water should be soft water at room temperature. Watering in the pan is not recommended.
Ways to transplant
Transplants should be made as they grow. In the first years of active growth - more often (1-2 times a year), then pay more attention to nutrition and water regime, and transplants make once every 2-3 years.
Since the pachira has a superficial root system (often the roots come to the surface of the soil, creating a bonsai effect), the pot for it should be taken not deep, but wide enough.
The most common practice is vegetative dilution with cuttings cut with the heel in August. The necessary conditions for rooting are warm (23-27 degrees) and high humidity.
Seeds (preferably freshly harvested) are sown on the surface of the soil, compacted, covered with glass and kept at a temperature of 25 degrees in a moist substrate. Shoots can be expected in 15-25 days. Seedlings need to be ventilated every day for several minutes a day and very watered moderately. To avoid overflow, you can moisten the surface of the substrate with a sprayer.
Pachira has very beautiful white and pink or white and yellow flowers, gathered in paniculate inflorescences. To achieve flowering at home is quite difficult due to the dry air and lack of light. It is sometimes possible to see with your own eyes the flowering of the pachyra in the greenhouses of the botanical gardens or private collections.
Problems, diseases and pests in the flower
Pakhira is quite resistant to diseases and pests. Occasionally it may be affected by spider mites. The cause of infection is too dry air. For the same reason, the edges of the leaf blade can dry out and curl. Infection from other plants is also possible.
The lack of insolation also negatively affects the decorativeness of the plant. An elongated stem becomes thinner, and the distance in the internodes increases. In addition, the decorative thickening almost disappears.
In the autumn-winter period - a period of relative dormancy of the plant, which is manifested by slower metabolic processes, there is a risk of the stems decaying from the excess soil moisture. When a rot appears in the pachira, the leaves turn black, and the stem becomes soft. As soon as the disturbing symptoms are noticed, it is necessary to remove the plant from the container, gently shake off the overwetted soil, inspect and remove the rotten parts of the plant. You also need to process the cut-off site with a sorbent (crushed coal) and plant it in a fresh substrate. At first, you need to significantly limit watering, giving the soil substrate a chance to dry well. The amount of water during irrigation should be such that the moisture is completely soaked with a lump, and a small amount of water passes to the tray.
In addition to the above described aquatic pachyras, it is extremely rare to find two more species in culture.
- Pachira silver (Pachira argyreia) can be recognized by the silver stripes on the leaves of the plant.
- Pachira round-leaved (Pachira rotundifolia) - ampelous plant with creeping shoots and rounded leaves.
Examples of use in landscaping
- Do not be afraid to overdry pachira in the autumn-winter period. Water consumption at this time is reduced by about 3-4 times. In addition, the plant is adapted in dry periods to consume moisture, which accumulates in the cavity between the bark and wood.
- Home flower pachira refers to the "bottle trees". They store water in the thickened part of the stem. Make sure that the trunk of the pachira is elastic.
- Pakhira, like the bastard, is often called the wealth tree. It is recommended to place it in a part of the house, which according to Feng Shui symbolizes the attraction of money.
- It is important to remember that during transplantation it is impossible to bury the plant below the level at which it grew before transplantation. Compliance with this rule will protect the roots from rotting and will delight the owners with another decorative quality - beautifully stilted roots protruding above the ground, which eventually thicken. Due to this property and flexibility of young shoots, pakhira are sometimes formed into bonsai. But more often, young trunks are braided into spirals and braids. Over time, this technique gives the plant a very spectacular look.
In nature, pachira is a long-lived, slow-growing tree. Sometimes the owners of the pachira even complain that the pachira is not growing. More often it can be observed in the winter.
Since it is used in culture not so long ago, it is difficult to judge about life expectancy in terms of indoor content. Now on the forums you can find a discussion of 5-year copies, but this is far from a record.
Is it possible to keep this plant at home?
Can and should be! In addition to the decorative habitus, the pachira will serve as an additional source of oxygen. Information that at night pachira begins to breathe and compete with man for oxygen is a myth. The amount of oxygen released compared to consumed for metabolic processes many times more.
Why do the leaves turn yellow (dry)?
Most likely, the reason for the fall of the leaves lies in the lack of nutrition. The plant tries to “save” nutrients and has fallen into a dormant period, although it is considered evergreen. Replace the soil, after 2-3 weeks start feeding.
Spider mite damage is also possible. The presence of small cobwebs and small black dots - ticks will be proof of that. Removal of affected leaves and systemic insecticide treatment are recommended. In the future, monitor the humidity of the air, do not let too low humidity.
The leaves of the pachira blacken and curl, and the shoots withered. How can I reanimate?
First of all, remove the pot with your plant from the draft. Remove heavily damaged leaves with stem. Perhaps there was a fact of frostbite from the open window. Limit watering and observe for several days. If the stem of the trunks does not recover, you will have to cut off the unearthly part and wait for new shoots to grow.
The plant needs a bright, but scattered light. In this regard, the best place for its location will be a window of eastern or western orientation. This plant will feel quite well near the south window, but in this case it will need shading from the direct rays of the sun in the hours from 10 o'clock to 17 o'clock. When placed near the window of the northern orientation, the pakhira will lack light, because of this it will stretch out and lose its spectacular appearance. In the warm season it can be transferred to fresh air, but for placement you should choose a place that will be well protected from precipitation, direct rays of the sun and draft. But only to accustom the plant to the new location is necessary gradually.
Young copies need annual transplantation. It is carried out in the middle of March. For transplanting choose a low pot, which will be only slightly wider than the previous one. It should be noted that it is impossible to use a deep pot for planting, since the pachyra in it will grow poorly and constantly hurt.
At the bottom, make a good drainage layer. A land mix suitable for transplant consists of sod and leaf earth, as well as sand, which should be taken in equal shares. It is also recommended to pour into the earth mixture a little brick chips or charcoal. This plant can be planted in the purchase of a dredger, which is intended for dracaenum.
- Plant rot - With abundant watering or if water often falls on the trunk.
- The leaves curl and turn brownish around the edges. - low air temperature or sudden drops of night and day temperatures.
- Specks on foliage - may appear due to the direct rays of the sun.
- The leaves turn brownish around the edges. - poor watering, dry air or drafts.
- Shoots pulled out - due to lack of light.
Pachira aquatic or Pachira aquatic (Pachira aquatica)
In nature, found in tropical areas of South America. If the plant is provided with proper care, then its height in room conditions will reach 3 meters, with the crown diameter being equal to one and a half meters. For a long time, the pachyra can do without irrigation, during this period it uses liquid that accumulates in the barrel similar to the bottle. If the watering is too abundant, then the plant is affected very negatively, it may even die.
His leaves are similar to the foliage of chestnut, because pahira is also called "Guinean chestnut." Palmate-complex leathery leaves painted in dark green. At home, almost no blooms. Flowers of this plant may be yellowish or white, the color depends on the variety. Flowers are collected in inflorescences in the form of a panicle. The fruit is presented in the form of oval-shaped berries, which in length can reach 10-25 centimeters. The seeds inside the fruit are edible.
The pachira plant in modern times belongs to the Bombac family, also known as baobab. But in the taxonomy of England this genus belongs to the family of malvaceae.
The plant has a slow growth, but can reach up to 3 meters in height, if it is provided with favorable conditions. The shape is a typical bottle tree, which is stored in the cavity between the wood and the crown.
It is possible to grow an indoor pachira as a single plant, but it should be borne in mind that the formation of lateral shoots and tillering occurs only a few years later, when the plant reaches the ceiling.
On the shelves in flower shops quite often found pachira with several trunks that are intertwined. Often the cultivation of these plants is a very laborious process, and not just one plant, but several at once, for this reason they are quite expensive for sale.
Judge for yourself, young plants of prosperous seedlings, gradually begin to intertwine and shape the presentation, but all this does not happen in one year. Also this plant is well used in bonsai culture.
Pachira care at home
The plant must provide good lighting, otherwise the stem is pulled out and the pachira loses its decorativeness. It prefers bright diffused lighting, although it can tolerate short-term exposure to direct sunlight. He feels great on the windows of western and eastern orientation.
If the plant is located on the window of the southern orientation, then it is necessary to provide shading in the hot afternoon hours. In summer, the plant can be taken out into the garden by placing it in a place where it will not be able to be affected by wind, rain and direct sunlight.
If there were few bright days in autumn and winter, in spring the plant can get burned with increasing sunlight, so that a pachira should not be gradually accustomed to good lighting, it can be especially dangerous for individuals not accustomed to direct sunlight.
In spring and summer, the palm tree prefers a moderate temperature regime from 20 to 25 degrees. And in the winter the optimal temperature of the content will be the limit from 14 to 16 degrees, with this care the plant does not stretch. It is not recommended to place the tree in close proximity with the central heating battery. It is also necessary to monitor the draft, especially during the winter period, pakhira can get sick from them.
Pachira watering and humidity
Watering pachira plants should be carried out on the diameter of the pot, preventing water from entering the base of the trunks. In the spring and summer periods they observe moderate watering, they wait for the topsoil to dry before the next watering.
In the period from October to February they carry out rare watering, preventing long drying of the earthy coma. For irrigation use only warm and soft water. In case of insufficient watering, the leaves of the pachira hang and lose their turgor, and with an excess of moisture it can rot the stem.
To humidity is not particularly demanding. He feels quite well with dry air in the room, but gratefully responds to frequent spraying at intervals of 1-2 times a day, defended with soft water, it is necessary to ensure that too much moisture does not fall on the stem. Frequent waterlogging of trunks, can provoke their rotting.
Soil for pachyry transplanting and fertilizer
Young plants need an annual transplant in the spring, but already formed pakhirs need to be transplanted every two to three years. The container is necessary not deep, but wider from the previous one by 4-5 centimeters in diameter. Plants planted in deep dishes, most often get sick and grow poorly, this is due to the not deep location of the roots of the pachira.
The composition of the soil for the cultivation of palm trees must be composed of sheet and turf soil, as well as sand in equal quantities, adding charcoal and brick chips to it. You can also use the universal soil for palm trees and dratsen. Good drainage is required.
From April to August, the plant needs feeding, once every 3-4 weeks, you need to make a complex mineral fertilizer in the recommended dose of the manufacturer. Autumn and winter do without supplements.
Pachira breeding cuttings and seeds
The plant is easy enough to propagate by seed, providing soil heating with a temperature of 25-27 degrees. Seed germination during prolonged storage is reduced, for this reason it is necessary to take only fresh seeds.
They are sown in a wide bowl, practically sprinkled with soil, and sprayed with warm water. Then cover with a plastic bag or glass, occasionally airing and wiping from the formed water droplets. Shoots appear within three weeks.
Pachira can also be propagated by cuttings that must be cut at the end of the summer period and always with a heel. Rooted cuttings at high humidity in the heat.
- Root and trunk decay occurs when improper or excessive watering, especially at low temperatures.
- The edges of the leaves or tips brownThis may be due to insufficient watering, cold drafts or too dry air.
- The leaves are soft, twisted brown around the edges, the cause may be a temperature regime that is below normal. It is possible that it is warm in the daytime, and at night the temperature drops below normal.
- Light dry spots are formed on the leaves.may be caused by intense lighting or sunburn. It is necessary to provide the plant with shading from direct sunlight at the height of daylight, summer.
- In low light, if you place the plant away from the window, the stem is pulled out, and the thickening almost disappears.
- Pachira can be damaged by a scapula and spider mite.
The origin and appearance of the plant
In the trunk of the plant between the bark and wood there is a cavity in which water accumulates. The leaves are bright green, complex, with long petioles. They look like chestnuts, so pakhira is also called Guiana or Malabar chestnut. Under natural conditions, the tree grows to 20 m. Indoor specimens, of course, are more modest - up to 3 m in height and 1.5 m in diameter of the crown.
The Pachira land is the equatorial tropics of Central America and Asia.
Pachira flowers are large and unusual. The inflorescence consists of many narrow and long fragrant flowers. However, you can see them only in nature or greenhouses - at home pakhira does not bloom.
The fruits are also large, they are a slightly elongated lignified berry with seeds that are edible - they can be eaten raw and fried.
The most popular type of pachyra grown at home is called pachira aquatic (aquatic). The leaves are shiny and smooth, leathery, dark green. Can tolerate drought for quite some time. Pachira round-leaved (it is characterized by long creeping shoots) and silver pachyra (with silver stripes on the leaves) are also found.
Subsequently, the pachira is transplanted once a year to accelerate growth. Better to do it in March. For adult plants it is enough to change the pot and the ground 1 time in 3 years.
- Для пахиры требуется нейтральная или слабокислая, лёгкая почва. Листовая и дерновая земли плюс песок в равном соотношении. Также подойдут готовые смеси для драцен или пальм. 1/4 горшка обязательно должен занимать дренаж — кирпичная крошка и мелкий древесный уголь.
Летом пахиру поливают обильно, но между процедурами верхний слой земли должен просохнуть. Воду следует лить по периметру горшка и не допускать попадания её на ствол растения.
Water for irrigation should be separated, the temperature - slightly higher than room temperature. In the winter season, watering is reduced.
You need to feed the plant from mid-spring until the end of summer 1 time in 3 weeks. To do this, suitable complex fertilizers for indoor plants.
Crown trimming and trunk formation
Very often the trunks of the pachyrs are intertwined with each other - this is not a natural phenomenon, but an artificially created. Thus, sellers and flower growers strive to increase the decorativeness of the plant. This is done as follows: several seedlings are grown in the same pot and flexible trunks are intertwined. This process is long (at least 3 years).
Interlaced trunks are dangerous to the plant, as in twisted shoots may be stagnant juices.
In the spring, shoots of pachyras should be cut off - this will limit the height of the plant and stimulate the appearance of new leaves that will make the crown more dense and lush. So you can give foliage shape, for example, the ball.
How to cope with pests - table
- Prevention: spraying the leaves, as the tick breeds only in a dry environment.
- Processing leaves with a cloth moistened with soapy water.
- With a strong defeat - drugs Fitoverm, Aktellik, Agravertin and others (according to instructions).
- Manual removal of insects and the most affected leaves.
- Placing next to the pachyra is a pot with a strong-smelling plant that will scare away aphids (for example, geranium).
- Processing leaves with a cloth moistened with soapy water.
- Manually remove insects with a cotton swab or soft brush.
- For severe lesions, treatment with Fitoverm, Aktellik, Agravertin (according to the instructions).
My pachyr is three years old. During this time, only once I had a problem when my mother-in-law poured the plant while I was on vacation. I had to start treatment and take urgent measures to rescue my pet, do an emergency transplant, pruning damaged roots. Then I almost lost it, good, there is a good experience of caring for plants and the Internet, of course ... I place pachira on the east window. The leaves of this flower are very poorly tolerated by direct sunlight. Do not leave pakhira in the south window or in the sun. Burnt leaves will wither, brownish burn marks will appear on them and the leaves may even fall off. But in any case the lighting should be sufficient. If the plant does not receive enough light, the trunk develops poorly and does not acquire that very colorful form. Such a pachira looks stunted and very sad.
I can say that the pachira is a rather unpretentious plant, if you “tune in to its wave” and observe the regime. One has to watch her as if she is sick — where she likes to stand (she does not like the direct sun, only scattered and half a day) - the crooked leaves and the loss of chlorophyll are the scorching sun. The temperature is also an average of 25, both in winter and in summer, I can't stand it on the balcony. I rarely spray - when there are a lot of plants around, it means that it is not too dry. Yellowed old leaves - this is normal, I still have old leaves with stains hanging, I do not touch them. I do not spray any fungicides, I do not water it. I fertilize every week or two with a universal fertilizer with a smaller dose. Growing, one after another gives a new sheet. There is an air conditioner nearby. So it is not hot. From the heat can rot and insects to lure.
I'll tell you about the features that I watch with my flower: 1. Pachira loves solitude. Next to the ficus, her leaves are beginning to turn yellow and fall off - and this is a sure sign that the pachyre is uncomfortable! But next to a lemon tree, pachira feels very good, not capricious! 2. Pachira - one of those water-priming plants that you can forget to water. Do not forget that pachira is a tree, albeit small, it, like all trees, likes rain, that is, spraying. But can live without them. I do not indulge my pakhira, I water it sometimes, and thank God! 3. If you put the pachira in a dark place, it begins to grow faster in height. But not the trunk, but it turns out such a thin-stemmed ugly tree. I cut these trunks somewhere by the meter, no less. Let my pachira be better beautiful fluffy crown.