The host is an unpretentious plant, so it can grow well in a shaded place. The only condition - the plant must be protected from the effects of strong winds and drafts. Leaf color affects the landing site of the host. So a plant with green monochromatic or blue leaves will feel good in the shade, whereas a host with colorful leaves should land in brightly lit places, but without direct sun rays.
Hosta is also unpretentious and to the composition of the soil. But if you need to grow a strong, lush and beautiful plant, then the land should be fertile and well-moisture and breathable. The host will not be able to grow in swampy lands. Seedlings hosts can be planted in open ground in the fall in early September and in spring in April and early May.
The bed under the host should be well dug up. The wells must be made shallow, they must be apart from each other at a distance of about 40-50 cm. If the variety has large leaves, then this distance should be increased. Each well should contain a good drainage layer. For him fit a broken pine bark or small stones. Next, the drainage layer is sprinkled with a universal fertilizer for decorative leafy plants, and the host is planted from above, gently straightening its roots. Next, the planted plant must be carefully watered and filled with sawdust in the hole so that the water does not evaporate too quickly from the surface.
Fertilizers and fertilizers
You need to feed the host only if it grows on barren soil. Then you need to make fertilizer at least three times during the season of its growth and flowering. The first time is in the middle of April, the second - at the end of May, the third - at the end of July. Suitable for feeding as a fertilizer for decorative leafy plants, as well as natural organic fertilizers, diluted with a small amount of potassium sulfate, superphosphate and ammonium nitrate.
Loosening the soil should be done very carefully, as the roots of the plant are too close to the ground. Many gardeners refuse to tillage at all, so as not to damage the host’s root system, but replace it with mulching. Mulch soil retains moisture well.
Before the onset of cold weather, the flower stalks are cut off, and the leaves do not touch.
Transplant hosts in the fall
Every autumn the adult plant is subject to transplantation and division of the bush. Flower stalks are removed, the plant is removed from the ground and divided into parts, each of which should contain 2 sockets and an independent root system. You need to have time to seat the host until mid-September. Before the onset of cold weather, transplanted plants should have time to settle down and prepare for the winter cold.
The soil for transplanting should be loose and fertile. Immediately after planting, the well with the plant is well moistened and mulched with sawdust or sand. They are planted at a distance of about 30 cm from each other, so that the next year’s bushes can grow and develop freely. The host can not be transplanted every year. At the same place a bush can successfully grow for about 20 years.
A host can be propagated by one of the three methods listed below.
Reproduction by dividing the bush spend in early spring in April or in autumn in September after flowering. Before removing the plant is abundantly watered. The adult bush is divided into parts. Each part must contain at least two outlets. The processes are planted at a distance of about 40 cm from each other.
Reproduction by cuttings. To do this, take any process that has its own root system, separated from the adult plant and planted in the shade, covered with a plastic bottle. After a few days, the cutting can be transplanted to a permanent place.
Propagation hosts by seeds is the most difficult way. This plant is characterized by very low germination. Before planting, seeds should be soaked in a growth stimulator solution. The soil for their planting must be sterile.
It is necessary to sow the seeds in the pot in April, they are sprinkled with earth on top and left at a temperature of about 25 degrees for germination. Capacity with seeds should be covered with glass or film, periodically ventilate and moisturize. Seeds germinate in about 2-3 weeks.
Sprouts should be kept in bright ambient light, periodically moistened. After there are two full leaves, sprouts can be dive. But it is important to remember that with this method of reproduction the host will grow very slowly.
Khosta in landscape design
The host can be successfully used in the design of the garden plot. Its beautiful leaves of unusual shapes and colors complement the landscape design and dilute the blooming tumult of other plants. A host with a small height can be used to decorate the first plan of flower beds and alpine slides. It looks good host, along with a decorative stony base.
The host can be decorated with a fountain, a pond or an artificially created reservoir. Hoss can be issued borders garden paths. With its help carry out the breakdown of the beds in the sector, so that in the future on the free sites could plant annual plants. The host does not have to be combined with other plants. It will look very nice and look like a carpet whole. Many gardeners place their hosts under fruit trees.
Khosta will be well combined with practical gardening of any kind, be it lily, balsamine, fern, geranium or muscari. It also favorably set aside conifer plantations.
Diseases and pests
The host is a fairly resistant plant to diseases and pests, but still it can be affected by slugs or nematode.
Fighting slugs is hard enough. To do this, it is best to use bait products purchased in a specialty store. Slugs can also be caught using traps made at home. For this, beer tanks are buried next to the plant. At night, these bait traps will collect almost all pests. To slugs could not get to the hosts, the soil around them need to fall asleep eggshell or broken shell rock.
When a plant is damaged by nematodes, brown stripes are formed on the leaves. In this case, all the affected parts of the plant are removed and transplanted to a new place, having previously treated the roots with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
If the roots of the hosts will constantly stagnate water, then the plant can become sick with gray (brown) rot or phyllosclerosis. The hosta infected with rot will start dropping sick leaves. The root system will also suffer. You can fight the disease by treating the plant in a solution of potassium permanganate and transfer to a new place.
Phyllostekosis manifests itself on the leaves of the plant in the form of red-brown spots. You can save the host by treating it with Vectra.
Types and varieties of hosts
All varieties and types of hosts are divided in two ways: depending on the size of the plant and on the color of the leaves.
By coloring: the host is green, the host is yellow, the host is blue, the host is variegata, and the media input is.
To size: dwarf (up to 10 cm), miniature (10-15 cm), small (16-25 cm), medium (26-50 cm), large (51-70 cm), gigantic (from 70 cm).
Among gardeners, the most favorite varieties are considered to be:
Hosta curly - a miniature view with heart-shaped leaves, the edges are sharp, slightly wavy, and the tips are rounded. On the edge of the sheet is a white rim. The length of each leaflet is no more than 16 cm. The flowering time of curly hosts is from July to August. It blooms with inconspicuous flowers of purple hue, gathered in a panicle on a high peduncle.
Zibold hosta - for this variety is characterized by large dense to the touch leaves, reaching about 35 cm in length and about 25 cm in width. The leaves have a dark green color, and their surface is covered with a whitish wax layer. It blooms in the form of an inflorescence on a high peduncle with bells of a pale purple color. The flowering period is July.
Khosta Forchuna - in appearance in many ways it is similar to Siebold's host, but has a much smaller leaf size. The color of the leaves is dark green, there is also a wax coating on them. The length of each leaf is about 13 cm. The peduncle reaches significant sizes. Flowering is observed in August with funnel-shaped flowers of purple hue.
Hosta wavy - got its name thanks to an unusually beautiful wavy leaves, reaching a length of about 20 cm. The flower stem is quite high - about 80 cm. The flowers resemble bells of light lilac color.
Hosta Plantain - has a height of 70 cm, bright green leaves, glossy and shiny, rounded and thin to the touch. It blooms in August, releasing a high inflorescence. Flowers unsightly, white shade.
Hosta high - leaves are dense to the touch, dark green, attached to the plant with long petioles. Blossoms in the form of a low peduncle with a dense inflorescence. Flowers tubular, purple hue. It blooms in the second half of August.
Hosta swollen - has round leaves of dark green color, the length of each leaf is about 25 cm, and width is about 20 cm. The height of the host can reach about 80 cm. Flowering occurs at the end of July in the form of an inflorescence located on a long peduncle. The flowers are small, purple hue.
Types of host photo
Look at a photohow beautiful it looks Blue and white host. There are about 3 thousand varieties of hosts, among which you can choose the most suitable.
Emaciated Stepanenko: I weighed 108, and now 65. At night she drank warm. Read more here.
The most recognizable is considered a host. plantain. It often grows 70 cm tall, blooms with white bell-shaped flowers, prefers shaded places. If the roots grow strongly, they begin to protrude from the soil, which leads to freezing in winter. It is easy to avoid freezing, the main thing is to seat the hosts too densely in time.
Grade Green Fontaine has smaller sizes. Height can reach half a meter. Looks great, richly blooms with lavender flowers.
White skinned margarita looks attractive, has a small size, reaching a height of 30 cm. The foliage is colored with green tones, there is a white border. It looks decorative. Especially during flowering in July and August. The flowers are white, purple, purple. This host will not interfere with a bit of morning and evening sunlight, although the lighting mode should be gentle.
Selection of healthy seedlings for planting
Selection of planting material requires careful attention. The roots must have at least one growth bud. It is better if there are two or three. Kidneys should not be overgrown. It makes sense to select instances that have an advanced root system. Roots should be about 12 cm long, elastic, fairly wet.
Tip! The presence of mold on the roots is unacceptable. Do not take a seedling with signs of rot and other diseases.
Store planting material can be in a dark place at a temperature of +10 degrees. For this suitable basement, refrigerator, insulated loggia.
With the complete unpretentiousness of the hosts a place to plant is to choose, given that the plant needs a sufficient amount of moisture and protection from direct sunlight.
Varieties with green leaves prefer shade. Diverse varieties of hosts tolerate the sun well, although they require shading when the sun is at its zenith.
Important! The thicker the shade, the slower the host grows, but at the same time its leaves will be larger and the bush will grow higher.
Stages landing hosts
- Since the roots of the hosts grow horizontally, a wide pit will be required for planting. Since it is assumed that the plant will dwell in one place for several years, the depth of the pit should be at least 30 cm.
- When planting in a pit you need to add compost, rotted manure, sand, peat. If the earth is too acidic, wood ash is required. To start the plant grow faster in the pit, you can add 10 g of ammonium nitrate and 10 g of superphosphate,
- All components are thoroughly mixed, laid at 2/3 the depth of the pit, pour water,
- The roots of the seedling laid out on the surface of the soil. Growth buds should be at soil level. Then it remains to sprinkle the roots on the ground and water carefully,
- The space near the trunk is mulched a layer 2 cm thick.
Creating conditions for development is easy. To host on the site was beautiful, it is required to take care of all the rules. Although this plant is not demanding to care, you should know that in the first year after planting the plant grows very slowly, the color of the leaves does not match the characteristics of the variety. They are not afraid. In subsequent years, the host will manifest itself in all its glory.
Important! To make the host look nice and neat, some plant varieties need to remove flower arrows. The exception is the host with fragrant white flowers.
Usually the plant lives on the shores of water. So the soil and air should be wet.
Feed the host will have three times per season:
- In early spring, when growth begins,
- When flowering,
- Immediately after completion of flowering.
The host needs fertilizer, it helps it grow and develop faster. If you do not carry fertilizing the plant will be stunted, and the leaves - small.
Feed bushes can be organic, for example, infusion of mullein in the ratio of 1:10. You can also use mineral fertilizers, which consist of potassium sulfate, nitrate and superphosphate.
Tip! Host, growing in the sun, you need to feed more often, as abundant watering accelerates the leaching of nutrients.
Pests and protection from them
Diseases rarely hit the host. One of the most common host diseases is phyllostiktosis. Yellow-brown spots appear on the leaves. The affected plants must be stung and burned, and the ground must be disinfected. If gray rot or sclerotinia appears on the leaves, the bushes should be treated with fungicides.
But the plant can suffer from pests. Rather, from one - slug. These sluggish creatures, which seem completely defenseless, are too voracious and eat castings without getting tired. After them there are ugly holes. Scare away slugs can be successful mulching. It is more rational to use something piercing for mulch - wood chips, rubble, shell rock, pine needles.
Beer baits also help. Beer containers should be placed around the bushes, and after a day to get slugs out of them. But insecticides help fight insects (caterpillars, grasshoppers).
General description of the plant
Khosta belongs to the Asparagus family and is a perennial ornamental plant. Its main decoration is leaves.
Depending on the variety, they differ:
Due to its rapid growth, the host is often used as a ground cover ornamental plant. In a short time it can occupy an area of 1 m², therefore it is used for garden design.
The flower reaches a height of 50 cm to 80 cm. However, new giant varieties have already been bred - up to 2 meters. As well as dwarf species - 5 cm high.
The charming bell-shaped or funnel-shaped flowers of the hosts are majestically rising above the plant.
They are located on stable peduncles in the center of a leaf outlet. Inflorescences are collected in one-sided brush that bloom in mid-summer. Some of them are terry, others - simple. By color are found:
After flowering on the shoots appear fruit. They are a triangular chest, which stores many seeds. The similarity is maintained up to 1 year.
Ornamental plant - the host is considered unpretentious, as well tolerates cold and drought. In addition, it survives well in the shade. It can remain on one site up to 20 years without losing its pristine beauty.
In landscape design, the host is often used as the main background for garden flowers or low shrubs.
A small plant that grows up to 30 cm, is distinguished by oblong ovoid leaves. Their length reaches 20 cm, width - 13. The edges are wavy. In the center of the sheet plate is painted white or mixed with green.
Inflorescences of light purple grow to 80 cm above the leaf rosette. They resemble a lily, which gives it elegance. In nature, the host grows in forests, where there is fertile soil.
This type of flower grows over half a meter. Her original leaves resemble a heart. Along the edges they cast gold, and in the center - green. Under certain lighting, a blue tint appears.
Flowering hosts occurs in August. Peduncle rises above the foliage to a height of 50 cm.
Sometimes this variety is called narrow-leaved beauty. Perennial grows up to 40 cm. Leaves usually lanceolate. The edges are pointed. Glitter in the sun. The color is dark green.
Purple buds rise above the bush half a meter. Begins to bloom in August, the last inflorescence throws in the middle of autumn.
Low bushes with a height of 30 cm, often pleasing to the eye in the suburban areas. Оригинальность вида в том, что листья у него плотные и сморщенные. Их окрас бледно-зелёный, но сверху пластина покрыта восковым налётом.
Цветоносы возносятся над кустиком на высоту 50 см. Бутоны бледно-фиолетовые. Цветут с июня по сентябрь.
Карликовое растение, которое вырастает лишь до 30 см. The sheet plate is wide but thin. Form - lanceolate. Color - dark green with a white frame.
The inflorescences rise above the plant to a height of 30 cm. The buds are purple, white or lilac. Begins to bloom in July. Last flowers at the end of August.
This type of hosts reaches up to 50 cm in height. Differs large rounded leaves of bright green.
Huge buds are almost always white. They exude a pleasant persistent fragrance. Begins to bloom in July, pumps in late summer. Thermophilic variety.
The plant grows up to 70 cm in height. Leaves have wavy edges. Color two-tone. Green center, and the edges are painted with a white broad line.
Blooms in mid-summer. Inflorescences rise above the bush up to 50 cm. The color of the buds is light shades of purple.
Low bushes up to 45 cm look original on the garden plot. The diameter of the plant is 55 cm. The leaves have a sharp tip, about 15 cm long, and a width of 8. The color is saturated green, painted on the edge with a white border.
On high peduncles (about half a meter) buds of lavender color bloom. It blooms mostly in summer.
This garden giant has large heart-shaped leaves. Their length reaches 25 cm, and the width is 20. The tips of the plate are pointed. Color - saturated green.
From the center of the leaf rosette rises up to 1 m slender peduncle. On its top adorn gentle purple buds.
All varieties of hosts are classified according to the color of the leaves and the size of the bushes. They are in color: green, blue, yellow and two-tone. In size: miniature, dwarf, small, medium, large and giants.
To grow the "Queen of Shadows" in the summer cottage will have to make a lot of effort. One way of planting a host is sowing seeds. Since the plant seed similarity is only 80%, the matter should be taken seriously. Despite this, almost all varieties of hosts really grow from seed. It is important to stock up on time landing material.
Seeds are harvested in late August or early fall. During this period, the boxes become brown in color and open. If you miss the moment, the seeds will vanish and you can be left with nothing.
Even before sowing the seeds must be thoroughly dried, so that they completely lost moisture. Until planting, seeds are stored at a temperature not lower than 2 degrees in a dry room.
To landing hosts and care for it were not in vain, it is important to adhere to the basic rules.
First of all, soil and planting tanks are sterilized. This makes it possible to destroy various harmful microorganisms and fungi. The prepared soil is watered with potassium permanganate diluted in water. Then, the mass is kept in a water bath for 30 minutes. After the procedure, cool the soil.
Steam bath can be built, if you take a large pot. Pour the liquid in it to half, and attach the top sieve with the soil. Bring the water to active boiling and keep this temperature for 30 minutes. It is desirable to cover the sieve.
Planting tanks, as well as the necessary tools to work, just wipe with alcohol.
In order to get a good harvest of hosts from seeds, planting raw materials should be processed with growth stimulants. Then proceed to landing:
- We condense the prepared soil using a wooden wide bar.
- We sow planting material, shallowly embedding it in the soil. Approximately to a depth of 7 mm.
- Sprinkle the surface with agroperlite (crushed volcanic rock) and again compacted with wooden plank.
- Containers we take out to the room where temperature is not lower than 20 degrees.
The first shoots appear after 14 days. When the leaves are already visible, it is important to know how to put the hosts in separate containers.
First you need to prepare a more nutritious composition of the soil, which is covered with sand on top. Then in each pot stick one seedling, covering it with a film or glass. For the supply of moisture applied lower watering. Tanks put in a deep saucer with liquid to wet the soil to the very top.
It depends on how to take care of the host during this period whether the plant will take root in the open field or not. Therefore, it is important to gradually harden the plant.
When the seedlings grow a little, the film or glass should be removed for 2 - 3 hours a day. After 10 days, it is removed completely, and the plant is taken out into the street.
With a gradual hardening of the hosts, the initial temperature should not be below 18 degrees.
When growing the green queen of a garden from seeds, it should be remembered that the plant grows and develops slowly. She also loses the main attributes of the variety. In this case, will help patience and the right attitude to the young plant.
Landing hosts at their summer cottage and care
In order for the host in the garden to become a real decoration, it is necessary to create ideal conditions for it. The best option is a semi-shaded windless place. Some varieties like a lot of light, so this fact should be taken into account. For example, if the leaves have a lot of white or yellow color, the plant loves light. Colorful options prefer the sun only in the mornings and evenings.
Given these moments, you should wisely choose a permanent place for the shade-loving beauty. The flowers of the host pictured in the photo, the landing and care of which is carried out correctly, is a beautiful business card of the garden plot.
A wise gardener understands that the plant wants a break from the summer heat in the shade. Therefore, near planting tall trees or shrubs. Of course, one should not go to extremes. If there is very little light, the host will fall ill and lose its appeal.
When the place is chosen and the soil is ready, the wells are made of medium depth.
In order for the plant to stick well on the open ground, 2 or 3 hours before planting, seedlings are poured with water.
At a distance of 30-60 cm from each other, bushes of low-growing hosts are laid out. For giants - distance up to 1 m.
Putting seedlings in the fossa, you must carefully straighten the roots, so as not to damage them. At the same time it is important to keep on them a little substrate from the pot.
Then the plant is covered with earth. It is important to remember: the host must be in the fossa 2 cm below the ground level. Planted plant after watering mulch crushed bark.
It is advisable to carry out the work in mid-July so that the hosts take root and successfully endure cold times.
The plant of a host shown in a photo and care of it does not demand special efforts. To grow the "queen of the shadows" can afford people who do not particularly like to engage in land work. And for those who do not have time for this at all - the host is a real find. When the plant grows, it requires minimal care. And with young seedlings will have to work a little.
Freshly planted bushes should be watered twice a day - in the morning and in the late evening. To direct a stream of water to the root, because the leaves of moisture can turn black. Water pressure should not be strong, so that the soil under the plant is not compacted. If the tips of the leaf plate are darkened, then the plant lacks moisture. This feature is an indicator of the frequency of watering.
To protect the root system of young saplings and moisture near them, a little peat is poured around the plant. Periodically, the flower can be fertilized. It is better to do this in early spring or after the last flowering.
When a flower grows on mineral-rich soil, it can be fed once every 3 years. For this it is better to use humus. Fertilizer is applied in late autumn as an element of mulching. Mineral dressing sprinkle after a good rain or careful watering.
Fertilizers in liquid form are used only until the middle of the summer period. If you make them longer, the flower will actively grow fresh leaves. As a result, do not have time to switch to preparing for the cold period.
To perennial shrubs looked attractive, experienced gardeners remove young flower stalks and missing leaves. In this form, the flower looks well-groomed and decorates the dacha. The matured plant densely closes the soil around itself, therefore it does not need regular weeding from weeds.
Adding an article to a new collection
Khosta (aka funky) is a popular perennial that even a beginner can grow. But for this you need to know some rules of care for this plant.
The main advantage of the host is its large elegant leaves, which amaze with a variety of colors and textures. And not less attractive racemes of small funnel-shaped flowers. However, these plants look spectacular only when grown in certain conditions.
In some varieties of host flowers are not very attractive, so the emerging peduncles immediately pruned so that they do not overshadow the beauty of the leaves.
Hosts love moisture and shade, but at the same time easily tolerate drought. In the wild, they grow mainly near the banks of rivers and streams, on the slopes of mountains and forest edges. This should be taken into account when planting a host at the dacha.
In Japan, the host is considered a sacred plant. The stalks of its leaves are used as food as a delicacy.
Choosing a landing site
Hosts are grown in containers, but still more often they are planted in the garden in the open ground. After all, these plants are not afraid of frost and do not require special care.
The host can grow without a transplant for about 20 years, so the choice of place for this plant should be taken responsibly. Khosta feels best on a partial shade and protected from the wind (especially from drafts) plot - the northern side of the house or lowland near the pond will do. But consider: the more colorful and brighter the color of the leaves of the plant, the more sun it needs. Otherwise the foliage will be dull.
So, motley hosts best of all grow in a place where there is a shadow at noon, and in the morning and in the evening the sun shines. And the hosts of the blue varieties are planted only in the shade: they need 2 hours of light per day.
Hosta Blue Jay prefers shady patches
The thicker the shadow, the slower the host grows, but at the same time its leaves are larger and the bush itself is higher.
Soil for the hosts
Khosta loves moist, humus-rich, neutral or slightly acidified soil with good drainage. But the sand and heavy loam she did not like.
The most suitable time for planting hosts is spring, when the threat of frost has passed (usually at the end of April - the first half of May). At the same time, the soil is prepared in autumn: any organic fertilizer is poured on the site (about 10 cm thick) and the earth is dug up to the depth of the spade bayonet.
You can also put the host from late August to mid-September. With a later planting, the plant may not have time to take root before the onset of frost. At this time, the soil is not prepared in advance, but only plentifully watered a few hours before planting.
Planting hosts in open ground
Hosts (seedlings or delenki) are planted in the wells 2-3 cm deeper than they grew before, spreading the roots, sprinkled with soil and watered abundantly. After that, the landing site mulch bark or sawdust.
Before planting, do not forget to inspect the rhizome of the plant and remove all damaged, dry and rotten areas.
If the hosts are planted in groups, the plants are placed at a distance of 30-80 cm (depending on the variety). And between the most sprawling bushes maintain a distance of about 100 cm.
Caring for a host in the country
It is very important to water the hosts on time, as the soil around them should be slightly damp all the time. Consider: plants are watered with a small stream and solely at the root, since when water gets on the leaves, they deteriorate and become attractive for pests such as snails and slugs.
It is best to water the hosts in the morning before 11 o'clock. In exceptional cases - in the afternoon, but only in cloudy weather. Otherwise, when the water drops on the leaves, the bright sun can cause them to burn.
When watering the soil should be soaked to a depth of 15-20 cm
Until the host grows, weeds are regularly removed around it and loosened the ground. And when the bush becomes quite sprawling (after 3-4 years), this will no longer be necessary. However, adult plants eventually begin to lose their attractiveness, so their bushes are divided and planted.
If you planted the plant in fertile soil, then in the first 3-4 years you can not worry about feeding. And from the 5th year in the late spring and autumn they use organic fertilizer in the form of mulch. To do this, use compost, decomposed manure, mowed grass, straw or peat.
If adult plants become worse to bloom or fade, under the bushes of the host in the loosened soil scatter granules of complex mineral fertilizers, in which nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus are contained in equal amounts. After which the plants are watered abundantly under the root. Such feeding is carried out 2-4 times per season, with the last feeding should be in the first half of August.
Currently, there are special liquid water-soluble fertilizers with macro- and microelements for decorative leafy plants. They are great for the host, because not only help the plants to grow properly, but also improve the expressive texture and contrast of the variegated leaves.
To the hosts did not lose their beauty, they feed them during abundant watering or after rain
After flowering, flower stalks are removed in a timely manner so that the bush does not become loose. In September, begin preparing the host for the winter. At this time, bushes can be planted. It is necessary to do this before mid-September, so that the delenki have time to grow roots before the onset of autumn frosts.
For the winter, the entire ground part of the host is cut (almost at ground level) as soon as its leaves turn yellow. It helps to remove the pests hidden in them. Additional shelter to protect against frost is not required, but to preserve the nutrients of the plant in the ground, it can be mulched with leaf earth.
As you can see, it is quite simple to care for hosts. However, they are easily propagated not only by dividing the bushes, but also by seeds. Read about the last simple way here.
The plant of this flower has many faces. Therefore, it can fit into any garden design. This ornamental shrub can quickly grow into real plantations. The main decorative property of the host is its large leaves, which exist in various variants, taking into account the type and variety of plants. The hosta is drought-resistant and frost-resistant, unpretentious and versatile, sprouts beautifully in the shade and is an excellent background for other colors. The maximum beauty of the host reaches in five years of its growth.
Despite the variety of varieties and hybrids, all these plants are herbaceous, stemless, thickened small and short-branched roots have many cord-shaped processes that allow hosts to firmly secure themselves in the ground.
White, blue, purple and pink terry flowers of the plant are combined in brushes, beautifully towering on large peduncles. Unlike the rest of the shade-loving bushes, the flowers of the host are really beautiful: funnel-shaped, in racemes with single-sided inflorescences. Fruit of flowers presents a leathery box with a lot of seeds that remain viable for up to one year.
The leaves of the host, heart-shaped, lanceolate and basal, pointed, long-petiolate, having visible veins and striking with a variety of colors, are still considered their main advantage.
The colors of the leaves can vary according to the variety of the plant: from green in any shade, from all shades of blue to white and red. At the same time, there are also a huge variety of color combinations on one bush: strokes, blotches, lines, etc. The texture of the leaves is also striking diversity: wrinkled, compressed, wax, with a steel shade, matte or plain glossy. The height of the bush is about 60-70 cm, but there are also miniature species that are no more than 17 cm, and giants are more than 130 cm.
How to grow a host?
Growing a host and its reproduction, possibly in the following ways:
- by grafting,
- separation of the bush.
Those who prefer cultivation of seeds in the open ground, you need to know that reproduction in this way will depend on the preplant preparation of raw materials by growth promoters, since germination of seeds of this plant is low - 65-70%. Many growers recommend using stratification method.
The next important success factor is the sterility of the earth mixture, where there should be no fungi and other harmful organisms, otherwise the seedlings can grow sick, therefore it is desirable to purchase land in stores. As part of the land must be:
In the middle of spring, a drainage layer is laid in a pretreated container with alcohol or potassium permanganate, covered with soil and thoroughly moistened. After the top scatter the seeds, they fall asleep 4-6 mm soil layer, slightly compacted and to preserve moisture, cover the container with polyethylene. In the process of germination, the temperature of the earth should be 19-24C, in this case, seedlings emerge from seeds in a month. Protect seeds from direct sunlight, arrange moderate watering, and remove condensate in a timely manner. Seeds do not require bright light, so keep them in the penumbra before germination, but then place in a lighted place.
Пикировать рассаду в отдельные емкости необходимо после образования нескольких листьев: саженцы переносятся в землю, на 1/4 покрытую слоем песка. Для увлажнения саженцев нужно использовать нижний полив: хоста в стаканчике размещается в глубокую емкость с водой и находится в ней, пока не увлажнится верхний слой землю. Затем сеянцы необходимо закаливать: убирайте на пару часов полиэтилен. Через 7 дней снимите полностью покрытие, а хосту на короткое время ставьте на улицу с условием, что температура не менее +17C. Do not forget that seedlings from seeds develop quite slowly, and by and large, any host that is grown from seeds often loses its varietal characteristics.
Before planting the host, it is necessary to choose a site where the plant will be comfortable. Do not forget that the host will be able to grow on the site up to 20 years without a transplant, and each year will only get better. The ideal place is a penumbra without drafts, but keep in mind: the more colorful the leaf of a plant, the more different patterns, the more light-loving the host.
Bright hosts are best to grow in the area where the shadow is in the afternoon, and the sutra and the sun in the evening. Blue species it is necessary to plant only in the shade, they have several hours of sun per day. The greater the shade, the longer the plant grows, but the more leaves and host.
The soil of the plants requires rich in minerals, moist, with excellent drainage, slightly acid or neutral. Does not like the bush only loam and sand. It is advisable to prepare the ground for planting in the spring, since the autumn: spread organic matter in a selected area of 12 cm and dig up the ground to the depth of the "bayonet." By spring, the earth will be prepared for disembarkation. The landing of the host in the ground is made when the threat of frost passes.
How to land a host?
Holes for seedlings are made with a distance of 40-50 cm, taking into account the variety of plants. For large bushes distance choose 70-90 cm. If you plant seedlings from pots in the ground, then pour them a couple of hours before planting. If you combine the landing with the division of the bushes, then remove the dried, rotten or deformed roots from the delocum. In the pits place the seedlings from a pot with an earthy lump a few centimeters below the ground level, the hosts rind the roots, sprinkle with earth, tamp and carefully water. The area near the root system is mulched with ground bark.
Hosts are unpretentious, but gardeners say that the more species of this bush you have in your collection, the greater the chance of getting an infected shrub. Often weak or heavily cooled spring frost plants infect such diseases:
- Phylosticcosis is a fungal infection that manifests itself in the form of yellowish merging inclusions on the leaves.
- Sclerotinia is a fungus that negatively affects the root system.
- Gray rot - infects the leaves.
These diseases removed by fungicides and dichloran.
The main pest hosts - slug. A sign that the plant has attracted these pests - huge holes in the foliage. It is very easy to fight slugs: install beer containers near the host, and the next day, go around and collect the pests that crawled to the bait.
In addition to slugs, nematodes are not indifferent to this plant. Signs of their life can be identified by visible yellow spots spreading between the streaks of the leaves. Identify nematodes a simple test can help: put chopped leaves of a host into a plastic cup, add water and leave for 30 minutes, and then examine the contents under the light. If nematodes are present, you will see worms floating in the water. Bring nematodes will not work, because no drugs will destroy the eggs of the worm, and they will again give new offspring. Bushes will need to be destroyed within a radius of several meters from the infected hosts.
The caterpillars have the danger, having appeared unexpectedly, they will be able to completely destroy the bush during the night, as well as various bugs, after which the leaves look like Dutch cheese. Only insecticides can remove insects.
Hosts after flowering
Then, when the flowers wilt, flower stalks need to clean. At the beginning of autumn the plants are prepared for rest. At the same time you need to plant bushes. Initially, 30 minutes before planting, you must carefully water the area where you need to work. Then the bushes are dug and separated so that all parts have at least one leafy rosette. They are planted with a distance of 20-30 cm between themselves, digging into the same depth at which the plant was originally.
The root system of the host grows horizontally, because the pits before planting should be made wide. After planting, the plants must first be watered abundantly. To complete the separation and planting the host is necessary before the beginning of October, so that new plants have time to take root before the arrival of autumn frosts. On rooting, new hosts will be one month needed. With the onset of spring, these “razdelenki” will grow quite quickly: a few years later they will be adult and full-fledged bushes.
In the autumn, perform work on the weatherization area. For what a place with hosts mulch leaves humus. Moreover, it is necessary for plants that are under the trees: due to the mulch, there will be no shortage of nutrients in the cousins that absorb the roots of the tree. In addition, the mulch raises the level of the flower bed, which improves the drainage system.
Khosta is a long-standing, colorful and undemanding plant for “lazy” gardeners. There are no difficulties in reproduction and cultivation of seed hosts. Cultivating hosts in this way is the opportunity to organize the original decor of the garden with your own hands.
Khost has other names. In the old days it was called funky. And in the English-speaking countries for the similarity with all of us known plantain hosts are popularly called "lily-plantain."
Ever since the XVIII century, this plant is known. Hosts constantly improved breeders, so that today there are many species and hybrids. Host can grow up to 50 cm tall. Depending on the species, the color of its leaves is of various shades of green and light green. Many varieties are characterized by a combination of different colors on one sheet. They differ in shape and size. Different varieties have leaves from 5 to 40 cm. They are smooth and textured, shiny, matte.
Flowers hosts are not so appreciated, but they are quite beautiful. Peduncles are often knocked out high - up to 120 cm. The flowers are bell-shaped and funnel-shaped. As a rule, they have purple, lilac, lilac shades.
The main advantage of the plant is its simplicity. Indeed, for more than ten years the host has been able to grow in one place, even in the shade. At the same time, it perfectly tolerates frost, and is resistant to hot weather. Very rarely a host suffers from pests, most often it is attacked only by slugs, which like shade and moisture under its spreading and wide leaves.
Albarmargin is a variety bred from the form of a wavy host. This plant reaches 50-60 cm. It tolerates hot sunny weather. The leaves grow to 45 cm, and the flower stalks are very high - up to 90 cm. The shade of the leaves is dark green, and a light cream border is placed on the edge. This species of host blooms in the middle of summer with delicate purple small flowers.
White feathers are a unique variety. Seeing it once, forget this beauty will not work. It is planted, as a rule, in shady areas, where it will stand out clearly against the background of greenery. Young leaves have a light almost white color and the size is about 15 cm. Over time, green tracks appear on them, filling the entire leaf. The optimum height of the bushes of this variety is 40-55 cm. From mid-summer to autumn, the host blooms with delicate lavender flowers.
Blue host includes many varieties of plants. Combines their leaf color - green with a bluish, blue tint. Their shape is heart-shaped, and the size is quite large. These varieties bloom with pale flowers, collected in inflorescences.
Antioch is a sort of white haired host. Bushes have a dense structure, grow to 50 cm tall. The width can reach 120 cm. The leaves are oval, medium width. They have a pointed tip and wavy edges. The rich green color of the leaves is set off by a light strip of cream, and later white.
Gold Standard is a host whose leaves have a golden hue. On the edge of them is framed by a dark green path. The host grows to 70 cm, the width can reach more than a meter. The leaves are heart-shaped, have a pointed tip.
For the host Elegance is characterized by tall bushes, up to 90 cm. They have a delicate green color with a bluish tinge. The leaves reach a size of 30x25 cm. Flowers on medium peduncles, have a delicate white color.
Buying hosts - how to choose (how to save the host before landing)
You can buy hosts in a specialty store or on the market. In any case, you need to choose good plants. For this it is important to pay attention to the roots of the host. They must be strong, healthy. Leaf bud should be noticeable, well developed. If the leaves have already turned, then the plants should not be bought. His rhizomes are weaker, so the host after planting will develop poorly. Even plants that sell in pots are not worth buying. Yes, they can clearly see the host coloring, but it is much more difficult for them to settle down.
After purchasing such a sleeping seedling, you must save it before planting. To do this, the plant must be placed in a dark and cool place. The simplest option that suits most people is to put the plant in the fridge, namely, in the fruit department. Also suitable glazed loggia, cellar. The basement is also suitable, if not too warm. You can even bury in the snow on the site. For this plant is placed deep in a snowdrift, near the ground itself. They are powdered with sawdust, can be peat or sand. From above poured a large snowdrift. But it is only suitable for plants whose buds are still asleep.
Before saving, the roots must be inspected for rot. It is eliminated, the places of the edges need to be processed with green paint. You can land the hosts in a pot and put in the house. But in this case, the plant will turn out too pampered when the time comes to plant it in the garden. It can be hardened before disembarking. For this, in the morning the plant is put in the sun, and in the evening - in the shade.
Immediately before disembarking, rhizomes are processed by potassium permanganate.
When to plant - in spring or autumn
Many gardeners, after meeting with hosts, want to plant them, but they don’t know when to do it correctly. Both autumn and spring are suitable for planting this crop. In the first case, it is necessary to plant in early autumn. It is very important that the plant has time to take root, settle down before the time when the cold comes. The end of August or the beginning of September is most suitable.
As for the springtime, the host is also more suitable for planting the early period. It is necessary to wait, when frost passes. But the plant at planting should not yet be unraveled.
Landing host takes place in soil with humus. Its structure does not play a big role. The main thing is to avoid sands and heavy loams. Before planting, the soil is dug deep enough with organic fertilizers.
The landing time in the Urals and in the Moscow region depends on the air temperature. The main rule - frost by this time should not appear. And all the other landing conditions are no different for all regions.
It is important to know that different host varieties react differently to sunlight. So host with thin leaves more like a shadow. A variety with leaves more tightly prefer a little more light. Golden hosts like to grow in places where the sun shines a little in the mornings and evenings, and the shadow is preserved during the day.
If the host grows in a place that does not suit it, then the leaves lose their decorative features - they become paler, their coloring is less pronounced.
For the landing, the host is digging a wide hole so that the roots can grow horizontally. In the hole you can add a little sand, as well as peat and manure or compost earth. All of this is mixed and poured on 2/3, then the landing site is watered. When planting the roots need to straighten well. The kidney must be no lower than the level of the plot; After planting, the soil is watered and mulched about 1-2 cm of peat.
Choosing a place for a host, it is worth considering that it can grow on it for many years. It does not need to carry or dig. Over time, the bushes become more beautiful, more. Shaded wet areas are perfect for this plant.
Caring for hosts
Caring for hosts is a pleasure. And all because the bushes practically do not require attention. To understand what this plant loves, you need to know where it grows in the wild. At home, these plants love to settle on the banks of rivers. They like moisture, both soil and air. That is what you need to try to provide the hosts.
Watering should be timely. But you need to know when to stop. If you overdo it, the roots may rot. Best of all - moderate evening watering.
Three times throughout the season you can feed the hosts.
- The first time in the spring, when the growth begins.
- The second - during flowering
- The third is when it ends.
Feed need to take turns mineral fertilizers and organic. The dosage is suitable as indicated on the packaging. As for loosening the soil, it is necessary to carry out this procedure very carefully. The roots of the host are located close to the surface, they are very easy to damage. Loosening can be replaced by mulching. It, by the way, helps and it is better to keep moisture. And weeds usually do not interfere with this plant, the host does not leave them room to grow.
Growing from seed
Not all varieties of the host grow well from seed. Weather also affects shoots. This method is bad because with it young plants do not retain all the specific features of the variety. This is good except for breeders who benefit from the diversity of seed progeny. You can sow the host in the spring after cold stratification or before winter. Seedlings develop very long. They will be able to achieve a decorative look only after 4-5 years of life.
Vegetative reproduction is the most effective way in the case of a host. Most often it is used on a large industrial scale. Grown hosts in test tubes. This technique is presented in several ways. When first placed in an artificial environment, the kidney grows at a certain temperature, humidity and light. Plants are growing up and after a couple of weeks they can already serve as uterine plants for the separation of new buds.
Preparing for the winter
Some gardeners believe that the host does not need preparation for the winter period. But to leave it to the mercy of fate can be possible only in the southern regions. But in the middle lane is already worth to worry about this plant. Sometimes in spring frosts, roots often die when the last snow has come down. Also often slugs are eaten only by penetrated buds.
To avoid such troubles, you need to pay a little attention to the bushes at the end of the season. First, the stem is trimmed immediately after flowering. So the host does not spend strength on seed ripening. It is important to mulch the soil under the hosts using grass, peat or sawdust. In the spring the mulch will act as an organic fertilizer. And if it is also poured with phytosporin or add tobacco dust, the slugs will not bother the plant.
It is not necessary to delete dying leaves. Host better winters, covered with their leaves. From above, the bushes can still be covered with branches from old firs, pines. So the host will not disappear if the winter turns out to be snowless. Roofing material and polyethylene can not be covered by hosts, they will not be able to breathe. In addition, under such shelters like to live pests.