When growing and caring at home, Hortensia is a semi-shrubby, sprawling plant, reaching a meter in height, with large oval sheets (10-15 cm long) with notches at the edges. Large inflorescences (about 35 cm in length) are umbrella-shaped and consist of barren small flowers at the edges and fruits in the central part.
The color palette can be adjusted with the help of the soil: a more acidic soil colors the flowers in a blue tint, a neutral soil imparts a white or beige color, and an alkaline one - lilac or pink. The hydrangea fruit is a box with a large number of seeds.
Types and varieties of hydrangea room
White and cream hydrangeas
- Hortensia Mme E. Mouillere - diameter of inflorescences up to 20 cm, flowers from 1-5 cm, leaves are narrow.
- Hortensia Soeur Therese - flowers of regular shape, inflorescence diameter up to 20 cm, bush height - 35-40 cm. Early blooms.
- Hortensia Goliath - bush, up to 70 cm high, inflorescences rather large (30 cm) of dark pink color, edges of sepals deeply cut. Begins to bloom late.
- Hortensia Hamburg - has small flowers (up to 5 cm) of pink color, collected in inflorescence with a diameter of 16-18 cm. Bush height reaches 40 cm.
- Hortensia Europe - the bush reaches a height of 50 cm, blooms with large flowers (up to 6 cm) in inflorescences with a diameter of about 25 cm. It has abundant flowering.
- Hydrangea Red Sensation - maroon-red inflorescences. It is possible to get a purple-burgundy color if you add iron or aluminum sulfate salts to the soil.
- Hortensia Prima - diameter of inflorescences up to 18 cm, while the flowers themselves are small - no more than 3.5 cm, the height of the stem is 20-25 cm.
- Hortense Airlie Blue - tall shrub with bright blue buds.
- Hortensia Ramars Mars - this variety is distinguished by its compactness. Inflorescences with a diameter of 20 cm, have a feature: over time, the tips of the petals turn green.
In summertime, frequent and abundant watering is required, in spring and summer - it decreases, and in winter it is practically excluded (only slightly moisten the soil, preventing it from drying out).
Water for irrigation should be settled or frozen (thawed), room temperature. In addition, one should not forget about regular air humidification. Spray from spray.
Hortensia changes color
Hortensia room has another unusual feature, and the actual ability to make a colored bush.
This is done using a different composition of the substrate, for example, adding a solution of ammonium potassium alum (4-5 / l) or iron salt, dyeing the inflorescence blue, lime gives a pink or purple color, and white or cream flowers usually grow in neutral soil . Thus, you can make a multi-colored shrub by adding different fertilizers to different parts of the pot.
A room beauty transplant is performed every year, increasing the size of the pot by a couple of centimeters. Replace with caution.
At the bottom of the new pot, place a drain, sprinkle some new soil, then carefully remove the flower from the old pot, along with all the soil, and place it in a new location.
Nether fill with fresh substrate and pour. After that, a layer of peat is laid on top, for mulching (slows down the rate of evaporation of moisture).
Is it necessary to trim the hydrangea for the winter
Pruning hydrangea required. It is held twice a year.
- The first, after the end of flowering, before hibernation, when weak, faded shoots are cut to the ground, and strong ones - by half.
- The second time, in the spring, when new shoots are stretched heavily in length, they are shortened so as not to weigh down the plant.
Hortensia winter preparations
The period of hibernation, the hydrangea begins after flowering. At this time, it should be removed in a darker and cooler place.
Having fulfilled this condition, the flower will have time to rest and gain strength after abundant flowering and from February buds will wake up (the plant can be returned to its usual place). Otherwise, the next bloom will come no earlier than in a year.
Reproduction of hydrangea cuttings in the fall at home
Cutting - the most reliable method of reproduction. If this procedure is carried out in January-February, then by next autumn there will be a real bush of 3-4 shoots, and if later, the plant will start up only one stem. Cuttings with at least three internodes are cut off from the root shoots. The lower leaves break off, and the upper ones are cut to half (for large leaves) or one third (for small ones).
The shoot is about 8 cm long, placed in a prepared substrate of peat and sand, watered and covered with a glass jar or cut plastic bottle to ensure moisture. Every day to air and do not allow the soil to dry out. About a month later the rooting of the plant and it can be transplanted into a separate pot, for a start, 8-9 cm in diameter will suffice.
Hydrangea bush division
The easiest way to divide the hydrangea bush. Conduct this procedure during the annual transplant.
To do this, the bush is carefully removed from the pot and divided into parts (the number of parts depends on the thickness of the rhizome), so that each has a sufficient number of roots and shoots. On each divided plot, roots and shoots are shortened and placed in new pots with prepared soil.
Hydrangea from seeds at home
Hydrangea seeds are sown at the end of winter, on the previously prepared and poured into the boxes for seedlings substrate: a mixture of leaf, sod land, humus, sand and peat (1: 1: 1: 0.5: 0.5). Do not sprinkle earth on top.
Moisten and cover with glass or film. Every day, air and moisturize as needed. With the advent of shoots, the glass (film) is removed, the seedlings are thinned. As soon as the leaves (2-3) appear on the young shoots, they are transplanted into separate pots (7-8 cm in diameter) with the same soil.
Diseases and pests
- Gray rot - affects the plant at too high humidity. Treatment: treatment Bordeaux fluid.
- Spider mite and aphid - affects the bush with insufficient moisture. Treatment: wipe the leaves and shoots with soap and a sponge, if it does not help, then in a week to treat with an actellic.
- Yellow leaves - insufficient watering, lack of nitrogen in the soil or the soil is too alkaline, which causes chlorosis. To return them strength and color, iron sulfate (10 g / l) or iron sulphate (2 g / l) is added to the water for irrigation.
- Hydrangea room begins to dry(tips dry) - due to lack of moisture and watering, as well as a lack of fertilizer. Correct the defects, otherwise the next consequence will be the abscission of leaves and buds. So do not forget to water, spray and fertilize as needed. Follow the plant, it will tell.
- Roomy hydrangea does not bloom - this is a consequence of the fact that in winter the plant did not rest, but continued to grow and bloom, having spent a lot of energy. In late autumn, the bush must be cut and placed in a cool dark place for wintering. And in the spring to get back and continue to care, then the hydrangea will surely bloom again.
- Brown spots on leaves appear - lack of watering.
- Light spots on the leaves - an overabundance of light. Rearrange the flower in the shade. Hortensia is afraid of direct sunlight.
- Slow flower growth - insufficient amount of fertilizer. It is worth feeding.
Description, appearance, features
Beautiful flowering perennial shrub type. Hortensia home - compact bushes with a lot of trunks. The leaves are large, intense colors. Flowers of different sizes, depending on the variety, are collected in spherical inflorescences. Coloring - lilac, cream, pink, white. Color varies depending on the acidity of the soil. In alkaline soil, the flowers will be lilac and pink, in acidic - blue, in neutral - white.
With good care, individual varieties of hydrangeas reach a meter height. Each bush adorns up to seven inflorescences. Flowers bloom at the very top of the shoots. The size of the inflorescence depends on their number on one bush. The smaller, the larger the flowers. As a houseplant, hydrangea is more vivid in color than garden varieties.
About 80 varieties belong to the family of hydrangeas. Indoor hydrangeas - compact, undersized. Most of them are derived artificially, especially for the conditions of the apartment.
- Hydrangea paniculata. A low variety of not more than half a meter. Buds are formed in July, mass flowering begins only in late August. Flowers are white, often with the transition to purple and crimson color. Differs in the increased cold resistance.
- Large hydrangea. Tall shrubs up to two meters. Differs very large leaves ovoid shape. The color of the flowers depends on the composition of the soil. Bloom at the end of summer. More often used for growing outside. As a pot culture choose stunted varieties.
- Hydrangea is oak-leaved. The average height is about one meter. The leaves are shaped like oak. The leaf color is green in summer, becoming reddish by autumn. Flowers also change color as flowering.
- Hydrangea. In temperate latitudes, it is often grown in gardens and parks. Height - from one to three meters. The leaves are large, spherical or flattened inflorescences, white.
Temperature and lighting
Determining the location for it, it is important to choose one where the direct rays of the sun will not fall, but the light will be in abundance. Ideal for hydrangea is a distance of 2-3 meters from the window. In this case, the development will be normal, and the leaves will not appear bright spots.
As for the temperature, the main thing is to avoid its sharp fluctuations and to protect the hydrangea from drafts. 19-22 ° heat - this is the indicator at which the flowers will feel as comfortable as possible. It is best to clean the hydrangea for wintering in a dark cool room (up to 9 °), for example, in the cellar, and closer to February, return it back to the room. Without such a decrease in temperature, the plant will bloom only next year.
Hydrangea room care at home photo: watering and feeding
The second name of the flower, hydrangea (lit. "tub with water"), says a great love for water. Hydrangea at home in the summer needs regular and generous watering, and in the offseason - in more moderate. In winter, you must especially carefully control the amount of moisture in the pot, to avoid rotting of the root system and the death of the plant.
Thawed, rain or settled water is great for hydrangeas. Occasionally you can add lemon juice (5-7 drops per liter). This will help prevent yellowing of the leaves. From their drying, salvation will be systematic spraying and, of course, the remoteness of the pots of flowers from heating devices.
Organic and mineral supplements should be applied to the soil in summer in order to accelerate the development and timing of hydrangea blooming. Spraying gibberellin is also suitable for such purposes (0.1 g per 1 liter of liquid). With the appearance of the first flowers, a weak solution of manganese can be added to the irrigation water, and in the winter it can be completely abandoned.
Hydrangea room care and transplanting
A suitable soil will be a mixture of turf and leaf soil, peat and ordinary sand in proportions of 2: 1: 0.5: 1. It is also important not to forget about good drainage.
To achieve a certain shade of hydrangea flowers can change the acidity of the soil in which it will be grown. For blue, you need to take a more acidic soil, white and beige petals bloom in neutral, and pink is ideal alkaline. Also
Hydrangea room: feeding to change color
This phenomenon is explained by the ability of plants to accumulate aluminum. You can oxidize the earth with the help of pine needles, peat or sawdust, and for its alkalization you can add a little ash, chalk or lime. In addition, there are special dressing company Color Me with the content of the necessary elements in order to give the hydrangea desired color.
Hydrangea roots tend to grow in width. Pots should choose a low and fairly wide. Each new pot should be 1.5 times larger than the previous one.
Home hydrangea care and pruning
After flowering, the bush must be cut, leaving only healthy stalks. From weak shoots, as well as from the top of the flower should get rid of that in the future could form a beautiful and lush bush.
Hydrangea room - planting cutting
How to multiply the hydrangea at home
House hydrangea reproduces in two ways: by dividing or grafting. During transplantation, an adult flower can be neatly divided into two or more bushes. For cuttings, as a rule, small young shoots are selected (up to 6 cm long), smeared with cuts with a special preparation of Kornevin and placed under a cap into damp earth. They take root remarkably.
How to multiply the hydrangea at home: pruning and grafting
Growing hydrangeas at home: diseases and pests
Hydrangea care at home for which is quite simple - especially tasty treat for spider mites, aphids and stem nematodes. Invasion of the first two pests will not be a sentence for your plant, since you can easily get rid of them with ordinary spraying with water, rubbing the leaves with soap and water and using Aktellik or other insecticides. If the nematode attacks the bushes, then, unfortunately, the plant cannot be saved.
Potted Hydrangea: How to Grow a Healthy Plant
Starting care for hydrangea at home, you need to know that most often it can affect diseases such as gray rot, chlorosis and powdery mildew. A mixture of copper sulfate (15 g) and green soap (150 g), dissolved in a liter of water, does an excellent job with the latter disease.
Bordeaux liquid - a great remedy for gray rot. And adding chlorine to the water for irrigation (10 g / liter) will save you from chlorosis.
Hortensia room planting and care which does not take much effort and a lot of time, will be a real boon for beginning flower growers. Follow the advice of experts and recommendations of the leading gardeners on agricultural technology, then beautiful plants will decorate your home with their flowering and will delight you with fragrance.
What are the types of room hydrangea
The most common plant colors are:
Individual varieties that were bred by breeders can be painted in several different shades. Despite the varied color of home bushes, inflorescences of different colors can reach up to 30 cm in diameter. Often the hydrangea has from 1 to 7 flowering bundles, but sometimes there are more than 10 inflorescences.
Among florists and lovers of home flowers, blue, red, pink and cream varieties of plants are highly popular. With proper conditions, flowers in the inflorescences will have a bright color and a diameter of 4-7 cm.
As with any plant, hydrangeas need care, which will provide it with comfortable conditions for growth and flowering. Depending on the season of the year, the flower needs additional feeding, a certain mode of watering and lighting.
Depending on the shade that is preferred, a certain acidity of the soil should be adhered to.
White and cream flowers like neutral soil, red and pink colors can only grow on alkaline soils. But the blue and blue shades of hydrangea will retain their color exclusively on the ground with high acidity. To make the soil yourself, you will need to take two parts of sod land, 1 part of sheet soil, half of peat and one part of sand.
Hydrangea in a pot can grow up to 4 years, but at the same time it needs to be replanted annually to achieve lush and abundant flowering. The root system of the flower is located horizontally because of which one should prefer low and wide pots.
Hydrangea is transplanted by the method of transshipment, so that the roots are subjected to the least trauma, and the plant is experiencing less stress. Usually, the planting and transplanting of the indoor flower is done in the autumn, after the bush has shed the leaves.
Since the color of the plant depends on the properties of the soil, there are several types of dressings that provide the brightness of the inflorescences. Earth is oxidized with sawdust, peat or pine needles. The alkaline environment is created by mixing lime, ash or chalk into the soil. Also in special stores you can buy industrial fertilizers that regulate the power of color.
Temperature, light and humidity
During periods of growth and flowering, the plant should be kept in rooms with good lighting and a temperature of 18-22 degrees. The flower likes moist soil and therefore requires watering 2-3 times a week during the active periods of the year. Hortensia is best grown near large windows that look either west or east. Direct sunlight can leave serious burns on the flower.
Во время периода покоя комнатный кустик нужно поливать один раз в 2-3 недели. В домашних условиях цветок зимой можно отнести на балкон для достижения условий искусственной зимы. When the first buds swell, the plant must be returned to a warm, lighted room and the frequency of watering should be increased.
Throughout the year, you need to maintain high humidity in the room where the flower grows. The first sign of low humidity in the interior is the drying of the tips of the leaves of the plant.
The simplest option for a local increase in humidity in the room is a container with water, which stands next to the pot composition. Also, the leaves will have a healthier appearance with regular spraying.
Pruning plays an important role in the formation of flowering bush and the distribution of substances by the plant. Long weak shoots have an unpresentable shape, which greatly spoils the appearance of the flower. Typically, pruning or debris is carried out twice a year - in the fall and spring.
In the fall, the base of the bush is formed, which acts as a framework for new shoots. Weak shoots are completely removed, and the strong ones are cut in half, after which the plant is transplanted to a new place of growth. In the spring the house breaks down or pruning weak shoots that interfere with the normal formation of the bush.
How indoor hydrangea multiplies
When growing plants, it is important to observe periods of growth and produce reproduction according to this time. The flower has three types of reproduction:
The simplest and most common method is grafting. In February, when the bush begins active growth, young shoots are cut and put in a nutrient solution. The cuttings usually have a size of 7-8 cm and 3 internodes. Rooting of seedlings occurs within a week, so that in the summer the first inflorescences can be thrown out.
The second most popular is the way in which the bush is divided into several parts. In the photo, this process looks quite simple, but in fact requires extreme caution and care. When splitting a bush, it is important to leave a growth point and a strong root on each delenka.
Growing a flower from seed is quite a laborious process. In February, the seeds are laid out on the soil mixture, watered and covered with glass. Every day, the soil should be moistened with a spray gun until germination. After the appearance of the first seedlings, the glass is removed, and the seedlings are daily moistened and watered. When the first pair of true leaves appear on sprouts, the seedlings swoop. After picking, seedlings are grown as well as adult plants.
Pests and diseases
Although the hydrangea is the indoor version of the flower, it can hurt as well as the street subspecies. The main diseases of the plant are:
- Gray rot. The disease affects the hydrangea with regular overflow and high humidity. The simplest treatment option is to treat the plant with Bordeaux liquid and reduce the amount of moisture in the air.
- Downy mildew. The disease also develops with an excess of moisture. The disease is treated with drugs containing copper and fungicides.
- Aphid and spider mite. At low humidity insects occupy the flower and spoil its appearance. Aphids can be easily expelled using karbofos, aktellik or a soap-based solution. The tick is also afraid of the soap solution and is eliminated by frequent spraying it.
- Nematode. The disease is not treatable, and the affected areas should be removed.
- Yellowing leaves. The plant most often changes color with rare irrigation, lack of nitrogen, chlorosis, caused by an excess of alkali in the soil. When eliminating the causes, hydrangea very quickly restores its bright green color.
For regular and abundant flowering, it is important to give the flower a timely rest. Weakened by continuous growth, the plant is less resistant to disease and may not bloom for the second year in a row.
If you have not yet encountered room hydrangea, you probably have seen her older sister in the gardens and flower beds. In the people, this perennial shrub with huge clusters of white flowers is called “Fate” or “Bride”. It looks almost the same, only the stems are much smaller.
It is a perennial shrub covered with oval leaves framed in cloves. Spherical inflorescences can reach about 20 cm in diameter. The flowers are corymbose, racemose or in the shape of an umbrella. Large inflorescences located along the edges of the flower are infertile, and fertile usually small in size and located in the center.
Room hydrangea will serve as an excellent decoration for any home.
The peculiarity of hydrangea from other plants is that the color of its flowers does not depend on the variety or any selection rules, but on the properties of the soil in which the bush grows:
- neutral soil - cream or white color,
- the soil is sour - blue color,
- alkaline soil - pink shade or lilac.
At the same time, the petals themselves remain colorless, and flower sepals are responsible for the shades and decorative qualities of the inflorescences: they acquire a bright color.
At home and with all the rules, hydrangea can easily reach a height of 1 meter.
Room Hydrangea Care
So that she grows strong, healthy and as often as possible pleases you with her flowering, provide her with suitable conditions. It is believed that this flower is unpretentious. But if some of the conditions are not fulfilled correctly, the hydrangea will begin to wither and die with time. Therefore, carefully read our tips and follow them constantly.
The life of a hydrangea as a indoor flower is about 4 years, after which it will be necessary to plant it again. In addition, the plant requires an annual transplant, which contributes to lush flowering. Since the root system of a plant has a horizontal type (it does not grow downwards, but to the sides), it is necessary to select wide spacious pots. Each next should be greater than the previous one at least one and a half times.
Replace the hydrangea in a larger pot for good root growth.
For planting hydrangeas prepare the substrate in this ratio:
- 0.5 parts of sand
- 1 part peat,
- 1 piece of leafy ground
- 2 pieces of sod land.
In such a mixture does not need to add humus: it is harmful to the roots of hydrangea.
Like any cultural plant, it perceives transplantation as stress, which negatively affects future development. To minimize danger, repot the flower by transfer. At the bottom of the pot, pre-place a good layer of drainage. When the plant is moved to a new pot, pour in a fresh substrate. He must fill all the voids, leaving the root neck of the flower flush with the surface of the earth.
After you transplant the hydrangea and moisten the soil, pour a layer of peat mulch into the pot: it will retain the necessary amount of moisture in the substrate.
Flower arrangement, light and temperature conditions
Hortensia feels great in a well-lit space, but there should be no direct sunlight. It is not recommended to keep it directly on the window sill: leaves will eventually become covered with light spots - burns. But even in the shade a flower cannot develop. Place the flower in the room facing the south, 2–3 meters from the window sill.
The best temperature for hydrangea is room temperature, within +18 - +22 degrees. The flower does not tolerate sudden drops, as well as drafts.
Place the hydrangea in such a way that direct sunlight does not fall on it.
During the rest period, this plant needs coolness and shade. You can drop it at this time in the basement and water if necessary. Comfortable temperature +7 - +10 degrees. In February, the flower will begin to produce buds - it's time to return it to the premises. If you do not provide the hydrangea with the right wintering conditions, it will bloom only in a year, next winter.
Watering the flower and the necessary moisture
Hortensia is a very moisture-loving plant. No wonder she was given another name - hydrangea, or "a barrel of water." However, overdoing in irrigation is also not recommended.
Note! The optimal irrigation formula is this: in the summer - regularly and a lot, in the fall and spring - moderately. In winter, in the dormant period, watering is carried out only as needed, in order to prevent stagnant moisture in the pot.
Water for irrigation needs to be taken at room temperature. Excellent rain or melt water (only if you live in an ecologically clean region). From time to time, add lemon juice at the rate of 5 drops per 1 liter of water. With low acidity in hydrangea leaves begin to turn yellow.
If the edges of the hydrangea leaves dry up, then the humidity in the room is too low. Do not place the flower near the battery, use humidifiers. Spray the plant as often as possible with water from a spray bottle.
Do you want to speed up flowering and increase the decorativeness of flowers? This is easy to do: add a gibberellin substance in water for sprinkling and spraying at the rate of 0.1 g per 1 liter of water.
Fertilizers and feeding
During the period of active growth, hydrangea needs feeding, which should be applied 1 time in 2 weeks. For this, any fertilizer is suitable for flowering plants, such as heather, rhododendrons, azaleas. You can easily buy them at any hardware or flower shop.
Feeding begins in February, when the hydrangea, after a period of rest, begins to form new shoots. It is not recommended to feed the plant in winter.
Beginner gardeners may decide that indoor hydrangea does not need pruning. This is not true. On the contrary, it is for room hydrangea pruning is a very important condition of care. Thanks to her, the bush will take shape, and the plant as a whole will correctly distribute the beneficial substances obtained from the soil.
Timely trim the hydrangea to form the crown of the bush
Pruning should be done twice a year:
- In the autumn, when the hydrangea blooms, remove the weak shoots under the root. Strong shorten by half the length.
- In the spring, remove too long, weak shoots.
You can also trim the top of the plant. So you give the opportunity to grow additional shoots and form a lush bush.
This is the easiest way. Held in January-February. Cut the cuttings from the basal shoots so that the branch length of 8 cm was not more than 3 internodes. Remove the leaves from the bottom of the cuttings. Shorten the upper half. The lower cut process root stimulator. Plant the cuttings into the sand and peat substrate, keep it in the light at a humidity of about 80 /% and temperatures up to 20 degrees. It is recommended to cover the cuttings with glass jars, daily removing them for airing. Moisten the soil constantly. After 3-4 weeks, the cuttings can be planted in pots.
Hydrangea stalk with roots
Growing from seed
Held at the end of winter. Prepare the soil from equal parts of humus, leaf and sod land. Add half of the peat and sand. Put a little substrate in a pot and sprinkle hydrangea seeds on the surface, without putting them in the ground. Cover the glass plate. Every day, air and moisten crops with a spray bottle so that the soil is constantly wet, but not wet. Glass can be removed after germination. When 2 leaflets appear on the seedlings, dive them into containers with the same ground.
Reproduction of hydrangea seeds - a painstaking task
Strictly observe the breeding time, so that the hydrangea grows and forms properly.
The unique property of hydrangea
This wonderful flower is interesting for its unusual ability to change the color of the petals. You can use this to create a shade with your own hands, in harmony with the interior of the room. Hydrangea accumulates aluminum, so that its flowers get the desired color.
For example, the petals will turn pink if you add lime to the soil. Adding aluminum sulphate will provide a blue color. Sour primer will give colors and brightness, neutral - noble pallor. For oxidation, use peat, coniferous soil or sawdust. For alkalinity, it is better to use ash, lime and chalk.
You can change the color of the hydrangea yourself using small tricks.
To get blue flowers, add potassium alum to the water for irrigation, about 8 grams per 1 liter of water. You can also spray the bush with a solution of 50 g of aluminum citrate to 1 liter of water.
Some flower growers claim that the hydrangea with white petals does not change its color due to the properties of the soil or the addition of any substances. Allegedly, only varieties with blue and pink flowers are subject to such changes. Well, a good reason to experiment at home. Especially because in this way you will not harm the flower itself.
Video: features care and breeding room hydrangea
We hope you are interested in this extraordinarily beautiful flower, and our advice will help you grow a hydrangea strong, healthy and blooming. Share your experience with us in the comments and ask your questions. Good luck and comfort to your home!
Growing hydrangeas: planting, care, watering, interesting facts
The first plant was discovered at the end of the XIX century on the island of Mauritius.
During the business of the French expedition, in which the young king Carl Nassau Singen from Germany extolled the beauty of his sister Hortense. It was her name that the plant was named.
True, later the botanists of Europe renamed it. In their opinion, the more appropriate name is hydrangea. If you translate this word from ancient Greek, you get "a vessel with water", this is because hydrangea, like all plants of the tropics, is very fond of moisture.
Hortensia blooms from March to autumn.therefore, it is adored by gardeners and is widely used for growing at home or on the site of the house. In our latitudes, large-leaved hydrangea is grown, as well as low-growing varieties in pots.
Typically, homemade hydrangea throws a lot of highly branched straight shoots, which end in large caps of pink, red, blue and white flowers. The flowers are quite small, the diameter of the inflorescences barely reaches 10 cm. The inflorescences form beautiful petals of a regular, diamond shape. Plants depending on the composition of the soil color of the petals.
Change the color of the petals
This interesting flower is unique its ability to change the color of the petals. You can use this phenomenon to create your own shade, which will be perfectly combined with the interior of the room. Room Hydrangea is able to collect "in reserve" aluminum and because of this, her flowers become the necessary color. For example, if you add lime to the soil, the petals will be pale pink.
Adding aluminum, we get blue, bright colours. Blue color will give sour soil, and neutral - noble pallor. In order to oxidize the soil, you can use sawdust. To reduce the acidity, it is better to take dolomite flour, ash, chalk or lime.
You can change the color of the plant using small tricks. To get the flowers of blue color, in which water you water a flower, add potassium alum (about 9 g per liter of water). You can also use a sprayer which will contain a citric acid solution (55 g aluminum citrate per 1 liter of water).
Many growers believe that homemade hydrangea with white petals can not change color. Therefore, it is considered unnecessary to add any substances to the soil. It is believed that only a variety in which there are pink or blue flowers can change color and this is a good reason to experiment. In this case, the damage to the flower is impossible.
Hydrangea. Home care
The room temperature is suitable which occurs in room conditions. The most comfortable temperature is considered 20−22 degrees. But not lower than 18 degrees, since for a flower it is a destructive temperature drop. Drafts are also destructive for the plant.
In summer, the flower can be put in fresh air in the shade. Excellent balcony, which faces north. The plant is better protected from direct sunlight. Hortensia is a deciduous plant, so when winter comes, the leaves may fall off and you should not think that the plants have died. Inexperienced gardeners can get rid of the plant.
In winter, the hydrangea enters a state of rest, so it can be removed in a dark, cool room in which the air temperature will be 7-10 degrees. A storage room, basement or a glazed veranda is suitable. In the period of hibernation care does not require special attention. It is only necessary to observe that the soil does not dry out and sometimes to water.
There are some activities that should help the plant, restore power, which the flower spent on wintering. If this is not done, then hydrangea can bloom only in a year. At about the end of February or early March, the pot can be brought into the house.
If the apartment is very hot hydrangea will again lose leaves. During this period, hydrangeas need a good source of light, fitolamp perfectly suited. Direct sunlight, after wintering, has a bad effect on the plant and can lead to burns. Therefore, if you put the pot on the windowsill, the leaves of the hydrangea can lose their color. It is best to place it in 5 m. From the window where the sun's rays will not fall. In late February, when the hydrangea wakes up after hibernation, the first buds begin to appear in it, you can put it in the most sunny place.
В жаркие летние месяцы цветок нуждается в хорошем поливе, а весной и осенью полив может быть умеренным. Carefully need to water the flower in winter, if it is too wet, then the root can get sick, which would lead to the death of the plant. Chlorinated and harsh tap water does not fit the flower. In order for irrigation to be correct and give results, hydrangea should be watered with separated water or well filtered. You can freeze the water, and when it thaws and becomes room temperature, use for irrigation.
If the soil in which the hydrangea grows is low acid, then the leaves may turn yellow. To avoid this, you can sometimes water the flower with acidified water; for this, 5–10 drops of lemon juice can be dissolved in one liter of water. If it is possible to collect rainwater and water the plants, this will be the most favorable option. It is important to remember that frequent spraying will also bring tangible benefits. The native habitat of the flower is quite wet and if the leaves start to turn yellow it may indicate dry air in the room.
Do not place the pot close to the battery. From mid-February, after new shoots appear in the hydrangea, it is important to feed the plant in time with mineral and organic fertilizers approximately 2 times a month. You can buy fertilizer containing a complex of various substances that are designed specifically for hydrangea flowers. Once a month can be watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
With a lack of nutrients, the hydrangea may stop growing and not release buds. In winter, fertilizing can improve the growth of plants in the ground can be added:
As well as pouring a solution of potassium alum into the pot, a nail can be buried in the ground to replenish the amount of iron salts in the soil. To fix the color of the plant, you can take 55–60 grams of lemon aluminum per 1 liter of water and spray the flower. To replenish calcium reserves, you can add lime, ash or some chalk to the soil.
An important step in the care of hydrangea in a pot is annual transplant. This can be done on time when the flowering has ended, namely in the fall. To do this, take a wide pot, because the hydrangea roots usually grow horizontally. It is believed that along the circumference, the root is equal to the above-ground part of the flower, therefore the volume of the new pot should be 2 times larger than the previous one. When a flower is transplanted, the root collar should not be completely covered with earth, it should be flush with the bud.
At the bottom it is necessary to lay a rather thick layer of drainage. Room hydrangea is transplanted into the new pot along with the old soil, and free space can be filled with new soil.
You can mix the soil yourself at home, for this you need to take in equal parts three or more of the ingredients proposed below.
- Calcined river sand.
- Garden land.
Florist must know how to care for hydrangea growing at home, because with good care, the color will delight you and your friends with its beauty.
Pests and some hydrangea diseases
You need to really try to completely get rid of or avoid disease, as well as the harm caused by insects. Spider mite is the most frequent pest that affects domestic plants. To get rid of the tick, you can treat the bush with water or soapy water, as well as use insecticides. There are cases of defeat flower aphids.
There are many diseases that suffer from indoor hydrangea.
- The most dangerous disease is gray rot. Wet spots appear on the leaves, they can also appear on the stems or in other parts of the shrub. At the first symptoms, you must immediately begin to act, so that the disease does not spread throughout the flower. The easiest way to treat the hydrangea is Bordeaux or fungicides. Damaged sheets should be removed.
- Stem Nematode - signs of which will be a sharp loss of decoration. Unfortunately, the only method of struggle is very radical - the destruction of the plant that has undergone this disease.
- Mealy dew - This is a different spotting, often white color. It can turn into a darker color. Such a plant should be fed fertilizer, which will be phosphorus and potassium.
Hydrangea turns yellow - The problem occurs very often. The reason for which the leaves change their color may be improper care for the flower, namely, insufficient watering of the plant, lack of nitrogen or chlorosis. Chlorosis - a disease that occurs due to the fact that the soil in the pot has an alkaline basis. If the situation is corrected, the plant will improve.
If hydrangea dries - usually it happens because the florist did not spray on time or did not water the flower. Sometimes there may be a shortage of various nutrients in the soil or when transplanting the roots of the plant were injured. In any case, it is the wrong care for the flower that causes the plant to dry. If you correct the mistakes in a timely manner and strictly abide by all the rules, hydrangea will once again delight you with its appearance.
If hydrangea falls. The next stage after drying leaves is the fall. Here the plant requires a difficult irrigation, it will require more attention from the systematic humidification of the air, before changing the chemical composition of the soil. Therefore, you need to spray the leaves of hydrangea and regularly water the soil.
The plant does not bloom. This can happen when the hydrangea is not at all “resting” in the winter. In other words, it spent all its strength for the winter, but it didn’t have enough power to bloom. Therefore, she needs a good rest for 75–85 days in a cool, darkened room. Even if it does not look like a weak plant in appearance, you still need to find a suitable room for it.
In this case, remove all the leaves and shorten the strong shoots by half, and cut off the weak ones at the root. After that, take the pot to the room and put it on its side. It is better to do this at the beginning of December, so that at the end of February, hydrangea will be brought back to life. If every year this ritual is observed, then there is no doubt that the allotted time of the hydrangea will bloom profusely.
Hydrangea or hydrangea is a flowering ornamental perennial. Belongs to the family of hydrangea, care for which is not difficult. Today there are various garden and indoor varieties, found in the form of trees and shrubs.
Hydrangea grown in the rooms, much smaller than its relatives and blooms smaller flowers, unlike the specimens growing in the garden.
In natural and natural conditions, the flower is found in Japan, China, throughout the territory of Southeast Asia, as well as on the North American continent.
The plant is unique in its ability to change the color of the petals, depending on the composition of the soil: blue tones become acidic in the acidic soil, lilac or pink in alkaline, the neutral soil can create a white or cream shade.
At present, varieties have been bred - the color of which is two-tone and differs by a neat transition from blue or pink to white.
Hydrangea room: varieties
At home, large-leaved hydrangea is grown in pots, now there are over a hundred varieties. The varieties differ in colors (blue, red, pink, cream and white) and names ("Ramars Mars", "Goliath", "M - me E. Mouillere", etc.)
Hydrangea room: landing and care
Transplanting hydrangea should be no less than 4 years. This is the term of her life as a houseplant. After that, it must be re-planted. With an annual transplant, the plant will provide a lush bloom for the owners. The roots grow in breadth, so the pot should be larger than the previous one.
For roomy hydrangea roots harmful humus.
To minimize stress for the flower, consider how to properly plant hydrangea by transshipment. A layer of drainage pebbles is placed at the bottom, then the plant is moved, carefully moving the roots, covered with fresh substrate, leaving the neck of the hydrangea not covered with soil. Then watered and sprinkled with peat to retain moisture.
Reproduction by cuttings
Cuttings hydrangea home breeds easily. At the beginning of February, shoots are cut with a length of about 8 cm in such a way that there are three knots each. At the bottom of the leaves are removed, cut at the top by ½. After processing the root stimulator, the cuttings are planted in the soil, watered, covered with cans, kept in partial shade in a humid room at room temperature, daily airing and moisturizing the ground and the air. A month later, the cuttings can be planted in pots. If it is necessary for the plants to bloom at the same time, it is necessary to graft approximately the same lengths and plant them in the same containers, place them in the same room, and ensure the same access of moisture and light.
The potted large-leaved hydrangea reproduces and this: cut off from the bush near shoots - cuttings. Cut off the shoot is very difficult, it is desirable to cut shears. Try to get a runaway with the roots.
At the bottom of the pots it is necessary to pour a layer of drainage from expanded clay or pebbles, broken bricks, then transplant into a pot half filled with soil for hydrangea consisting of soil for indoor plants and a layer of pine with fallen needles (1: 1). When the bush grows roots, after four weeks, the ground is filled with the same composition, well sprinkling the roots, without compacting the ground.
Water the plant well, so that water flows out of the drainage holes, because it loves hydrangea. Pour over soft water and boiled water at room temperature.
Put the transplanted plant in a shaded place. Leaves are recommended to be cut off half, but it is possible to leave them. Having planted a sprout, cover with a package or a glass dome, having built similarity of a hothouse. By removing the crown from the plant, a more lush, branchy plant is obtained, from the lateral buds of which new shoots pass. In this case, the plant will bloom only in a year, as the large-leaved hydrangea blooms on the shoots of the previous year. And if you leave the crown, then hydrangea will bloom earlier.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
The division of the bush is the simplest way of breeding hydrangeas. For a simple way you need accuracy. The bush is divided so that there are live shoots with buds and roots in sufficient quantity, which are necessarily shortened. Plant in pots according to the rules above. Then pour and mulch. Naturally, the best time to transplant, divide, to graft is spring, since rooting occurs better in spring.
Hydrangea seeds are small. Reproduction of hydrangea seeds is a difficult problem for real researchers. Prepare the substrate and sow in February.
Put the substrate in small containers. It is necessary to sow the seeds, leaving the surface without embedding it inside. Seed the seeds covered with glass, daily sprinkling from the spray. It is also necessary to air regularly to avoid rotting. Glass can be cleaned when shoots appear. After the appearance of a pair of leaves, the plants dive. Not all sowing is able to sprout.
Hydrangeas are not always pruned, but this is very important, because as a result a bush is formed correctly.
Consider how to trim the hydrangea.
- In the autumn period, frail shoots are removed under the root, healthy ones are cut by half.
- In the spring - remove stretching shoots and remove the tip.
Change the color of the gtornija
Huge inflorescences room hydrangea can change color. Consider how to change the color of hydrangea. To do this, it is not necessary to look for a certain variety, but to change the composition of the soil. Adding peat, coniferous soil, sawdust - this is how to acidify the soil for hydrangea before planting. Hydrangea, as a litmus test, reacts to the chemical composition of the earth. In neutral soils, it acquires white or cream shades, in acidic - blue, in alkaline - pink and lilac shades.
These are the basic rules, what should be the planting and care of room hydrangea.
As with any cultivated plant, hydrangea diseases are numerous.
- Gray rot or downy mildew are caused by excessive moisture. Treatment with Bordeaux liquid is prescribed - with the first, fungicides and copper-containing preparations - with the second disease.
- Aphids are destroyed with a solution of soap, karbofos or aktellik, and the mite is destroyed with a solution of soap and constant spraying. Both of these pests appear when the air is dry.
- Yellowing is observed with insufficient watering, insufficient nitrogen or an excess of alkali in the soil.
- Hydrangea dries due to a lack of nutrients and then you need to make additional feeding.
- The reasons why the tips of leaves dry in hydrangea may be several: insufficient watering and spraying, as well as drafts, which cannot be allowed in the care of room hydrangea.
- The reason why the hydrangea does not bloom is because she did not have a good rest. She needs 2.5 months wintering in a cool, dark place: basement, cellar, from December to February. Cut branches, even for a bush that does not dry out and does not fall down for the winter looking healthy, should rest until spring, it is wrong to leave the plant awake.
- The leaves on the hydrangea turn yellow also because it is a deciduous plant, in the fall the leaves should fall off - this is the norm.
- Among the incurable diseases of room hydrangea can be called a nematode. The plant will have to be destroyed.
This is the nature of a hydrangea room and care for it should be appropriate at home.
Top dressing hydrangeas
When there is a period of vegetation, rapid development, in the care of hydrangea comes the need to feed, which must be carried out twice a month, starting in February, using fertilizers for indoor plants.
Puzzling, than to feed the hydrangea room at home, you can contact the store of household goods. Suitable fertilizer for other flowering plants.
Why are fertilizers needed for hydrangea?
A luxurious flower needs caring care so that it gives all its magnificence:
- only with fertilizers the hydrangea will be healthy and strong, the buds will appear often, the inflorescences will be large, the flowers will be bright,
- good disease and pest resistance is ensured
- a variety of shades, thanks to the applied dressings!