Such an incredibly beautiful plant, as Miltonia Orchid is very popular with gardeners who grow it with pleasure at home. They named this amazing plant in honor of the very famous orchid collector Englishman Milton.
Such a herbaceous plant is a perennial and is directly related to a rather extensive family of orchids. In nature, it can most often be found in the forests of Colombia and Brazil.
Some time ago this genus united all species growing in the valleys and mountainous regions of Central America, as well as Brazil. However, at the moment such mountain plants are separated into a separate genus, miltoniopsis. The plant miltonia, on the other hand, prefers to grow in lowlands, in places with a rainy climate.
Such a plant has a sympodial growth pattern, and it is epiphytic. So, this orchid has aerial roots and stems, with pseudobulbs located at the base. Its rather long leaves have a very interesting color that looks like yellow or gray. Flowers can be painted in a variety of colors. At the same time on the surface of the petals are placed very unusual patterns similar to the wings of a butterfly.
This plant has false bulbs, from which it grows several stems that look like a panicle. They may vary in color. So, they are pink, white, red or yellow.
Seeing such a plant for the first time the last thing that can come to mind is that it is exotic. And all because it has, though very attractive, but quite simple view. Often flower growers call it pansies, because their flowers are very similar in color and shape.
This genus includes about 20 species of different plants, and there are also hybrids, with the most popular one being miltassia.
It needs warmth and good lighting, but the light must be diffused. Miltonia can also grow quite calmly in partial shade. With sufficient lighting, leaf blades have a pinkish tinge. The direct rays of the sun should not fall on the leaves, as they can leave burns on their surface.
In spring and summer, the plant is recommended to grow indoors with a temperature not higher than 20 degrees, and in winter - not more than 18 degrees. An abrupt change in temperature can adversely affect the condition of the plant. The maximum temperature difference at which the orchid will feel quite comfortable is 3 or 4 degrees. Frequent airing is recommended, but at the same time flower experts advise to protect from drafts.
The fact that the temperature regime does not fit this plant can be understood by the state of its leaf plates, which are beginning to shrink into an "accordion". At the same time the number of shoots is reduced, they grow smaller and grow extremely slowly.
Miltonia will feel great when the air humidity is about 70 percent. It should be remembered that the humidity should not be less than 60 percent, since this has an extremely negative effect on the orchid. So, her growth slows down, and flower stalks begin to dry out. It should be remembered that the warmer the room, the higher should be the humidity indicators. To increase it, you can place an open vessel filled with water in the immediate vicinity of the flower, as well as pour moist pebbles into the tray. Also, do not forget about regular and fairly frequent airing.
How to water
In the spring-summer period, an intensive growth is observed, in connection with this, it is necessary to water the plant abundantly at this time. Make sure that the earth mixture does not dry completely, and also make sure to drain the liquid accumulated in the pan. Otherwise, it can lead to the death of miltonia.
Watering is recommended by the “hot shower” method. To do this, use water with a temperature of 45 degrees. Such a shower resembles a plant to rain in the places where it comes from. After irrigation, wait until all the liquid has drained, and then wipe the sheet plates dry.
In winter, reduce the amount of watering.
Fertilizer should be applied to the substrate 1 time in 2 weeks, following the instructions. It is allowed to use foliar fertilizing - this is when the leaves are sprayed with water, with nutrients dissolved in it. If the plant blooms profusely, it means that you feed correctly.
As a rule, the rest period begins after the pseudobulbs ripen. Young and old shoots should be the same size. At this time the orchid needs coolness (up to 15 degrees), and watering should be reduced.
Flower experts advise for this period to rearrange in a cool and fairly dry place. The duration of this period is about 8 weeks. In summer you can hang a container with a plant in the shade of trees in the garden. In winter, miltonia also has a dormant period, during which growth slows down and flowering almost stops. It is necessary to begin to care for the plant normally after young flower stalks appear.
Transplanted 1 or 2 times a year. It is recommended to do immediately after the beginning of flowering, while the size of young shoots should reach 5 centimeters. More frequent transplants are not recommended.
The root system removed from the old pot must be cleaned of the substrate. In this case, such a procedure should be as carefully as possible. If necessary, take a larger container.
Drainage is laid out at the bottom, as well as in the center of the tank (it is better to take from plastic). The soil should be loose with pine chips, impurities and crushed charcoal. The first watering after transplantation is recommended to be carried out in 2-4 days, and before that it is necessary to moisten the foliage as often as possible.
Strongly young shoots should not be dug into the soil.
Description, interesting features
Perennial Orchid family. In the wild, it grows predominantly in southern and central Brazil. Named in honor of Viscount Edlajden Milton, who gathered a large collection of orchids.
Sympodial orchid, epiphyte. In nature, it settles on large trees in the recesses of the bark. It has well developed roots. Aerial, surface roots provide the plant with moisture and nutrients.
Miltonia orchid forms a pear-shaped or oval pseudobulb. Pseudobulb contains a supply of moisture and nutrition. Leaves are belt-like, rigid up to 40 cm. Growth is predominantly vertical, sometimes bend back. Leaf length - up to 40 cm.
Peduncle erect, appears from the leaf axils. On each peduncle 6-8 large flowers. Blooming time - from July to October. Flowers are round, star-shaped up to 10 cm in diameter. The colors are usually violet, white, terracotta. The lip is enlarged, painted in a contrasting color. The flowers on the plant live up to 6 weeks. In cutting do not stand - wilt immediately.
- Miltonia white. Peduncles erect up to 40 cm. Brushes loose, include up to 5 flowers with a diameter of up to 9 cm. The lip is of pure white color, the petals are lanceolate, covered with red-brown spots and specks. The shape of the flower vaguely resembles a star.
- Miltonia Ragnielli. Peduncle erect, stretching upwards. Flowers with white sepals and petals. Lip light pink with stripes of purple hue and white border. The leaves are thin, glossy.
- Miltonia Honolulu. Rare variety, not yet widespread. The flowers are medium in size, very fragrant. The peculiarity of the variety is the yellowish color of the bulb.
- Miltonia yellowish. The flowers are large, bright, very fragrant. They are assembled into brushes in several pieces. Petals with a point. The middle part of the flower is white with stripes, the edges are wavy.
- Miltonia Sunset Hybrid variety from two miltonias. Flowers are large, bright yellow, characterized by unusual, pronounced color transitions. Pleasant aroma - fruity with pine notes.
Features of flowering and dormancy
Compliance with the rules of care achieve flowering twice a year. An adult plant during flowering produces 2-3 flower stalks on several flowers each. The colors of flowers are different. There are very interesting hybrids with blue, red and yellow flowers. Each hybrid differs in individual, unique coloring.
Favorable microclimate and rules of care
It is recommended even before buying a flower to figure out how to care for miltonia at home. Like all orchids, miltonia requires increased attention.
- Lighting. A slightly shaded or well-lit area with protection from direct sun will do. A sign of a properly selected light intensity and length of daylight is a pinkish shade of leaves.
- Temperature. The optimum temperature range in the summer is 20-22 ° C. A further increase in temperature leads to a slowdown in growth, contraction, and a decrease in leaf size. In hot weather, it is recommended to air the room more often, but to avoid drafts. In winter, in the rest phase, 15 ° C is enough.
- Watering. In the phases of active growth and flowering, there is abundant watering. Shrinking bulb speaks of a lack of moisture. The recommended method of watering - immersion of a flower pot in a container of water. Surplus water is allowed to drain and only then return the flower to its original place. Pseudobulb, rhizome, water ingress into the leaf sinuses is avoided. Occasionally, you can bathe an orchid under a warm shower, followed by wiping the leaves dry.
- Humidity. Not less than 70%. Dry air leads to yellowing and drying of the tips of the leaves. To increase the humidity, a pallet with expanded clay is used, the cups are placed next to water, and the plant and the air around it are occasionally sprayed. Leaves are periodically recommended to clean the dust with a damp cloth.
- Fertilizers. Feed up from April until the end of flowering. Combine root and foliar feeding. Use only special tools for orchids. Periodicity - once in 2 weeks.
- The soil. The ideal soil for miltonia is a ready-mixed soil for orchids. The composition includes the crushed bark of coniferous trees, coal and peat.
- Transfer. At intervals of 1-2 years to replace the substrate. Transplanted immediately after flowering, simultaneously with the onset of the dormant period. The neck of the plant is not buried. Use small pots with drainage holes and a layer of expanded clay at least 2-3 cm. Operate carefully, try not to damage the root system.
The only acceptable breeding method is dividing a bush. You can not divide the plant, formed less than 6 pseudobulb! The bush is neatly divided into parts. At least 10 bulbs are left in each delink, better - 5 bulbs. Planted in separate pots. Until full recovery of the plant vigorously care.
Miltonia tolerates division - it recovers for a long time, becomes susceptible to diseases and pests. It is undesirable to divide a bush (especially young) without extreme necessity.
If the leaves are folded "accordion"
One of the most common problems. It is believed that the harmonica on orchid leaves is an indicator of low soil moisture. In fact, the reasons are hidden in the plant itself or the conditions of detention.
- The plant is hot.
- Air humidity below 40%.
- Irregular watering (sometimes less often).
- Weak, damaged root system - rot, disease.
It is recommended to find and eliminate the cause - to reanimate the root system, increase the humidity of the air, rearrange the flower in a cool place, replace the substrate, normalize the irrigation schedule. The leaves will gradually finish.
Miltonia in the wild
In nature, miltonia prefers shady, wet forests of Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina. It lives on trees, grows horizontally, forming thickening at the base of shoots, called pseudobulbs, which accumulate nutrients and moisture.
Oval bulbs produce leaves, flower stalks, aerial roots, with the help of which Miltonia parasitizes trees. Leaves, 35-40 cm long, special grayish-yellowish tone. On the peduncles velvety flowers with a diameter of 10-12 cm open. The color is the most diverse - white, red, yellow, pink, purple.
Miltonia orchid growing conditions
Miltonia orchid reproduction and care
Miltonia needs conditions similar to natural ones: a strong diffused light, as in subtropical and tropical forests, is exactly what is needed for the prosperous development and flowering in the home environment. Oriental or western windows fit perfectly. Miltonia, growing on the southern window, you need to additionally pritenyat.
Air temperature and airing
A native of the tropics does not particularly favor the heat and cool. She is comfortable at twenty degrees of heat. It reacts badly to a sharp change in temperature, so 18-22 ºC during the day and about 16ºC at night is the optimum temperature for this species.
Important: you need to protect the plant from drafts, sudden changes in temperature, although frequent ventilation away from the vents will benefit.
Interestingly: with properly selected lighting, the leaves of Miltonia acquire a pinkish tint.
How to care for miltonia at home
The main care of an orchid is reduced to the organization of a comfortable environment, proper timely watering, feeding, transplanting as needed
How to water miltonia
Water plentifully, once in 4-5 days, especially in the summer when new sprouts are formed. In winter, it is enough to water once in 3-4 weeks. Stagnation of water in a pot or tray must not be allowed. It is better to allow the soil a slight drying out than waterlogging, which can contribute to root rot and pseudobulb.
Watering Miltonia Orchids has its own characteristics. Water gently poured a thin stream along the inner wall of the pot. Or use the method of immersion, controlling, so as not to get wet rhizome, pseudobulb, leaf axils of the plant. The lower the temperature in the room with miltonia, the less should be watered. In winter, at rest, you can not water at all.
Important: watering the orchid miltonia is best in the morning.
Interestingly: imitating tropical rain, it is best to water Miltonia with the help of a hot shower, 30-45 ° C. Be sure to dry it with a soft rag of the sinus leaves to avoid rotting.
Under normal residential conditions, with an indicator of 40-50% of the humidity of the environment, the leaves from the heat will coagulate and arch. Therefore, the air humidity must be set to within 60-70%.
To create comfortable conditions for miltonia, use one of the following methods:
- put a humidifier
- place the dishes with water, wet clay or pebbles placed near the orchid near
- spray the air around the plant several times a day from the pulveler so as not to fall on the leaves.
Important: you must always ventilate the room, otherwise the stagnation of moist air will lead to fungal infections.
It is interesting: at low humidity, Miltonia will slow down the growth, the flower stalks dry out.
Care for miltonia at seasons
In spring and summer, keep the air temperature at 20 ° C, in winter - no more than 18 ° C. Comfortable maximum difference between day and night temperatures - 3-4 ° C. Otherwise, the number of shoots is reduced, they grow shallow and grow extremely slowly. Frequent airing of the room is recommended in order to saturate the air with oxygen.
- An abrupt change in temperature can adversely affect the condition of the plant.
- About improper temperature regime will let know the leaf plates of the plant, which will begin to shrink in the "harmonica".
In winter, during dormancy, watering should be reduced as much as possible so that the plant is prepared for active flowering in the warm season.
Miltonia orchid transplant at home
Milton transplant at home photo
Capricious beauty does not like being disturbed often. But it is necessary to transplant the plant, because after 3-4 years the substrate loses its beneficial properties, and the pot becomes small.
Miltonia must be transplanted in one of the following cases:
- saline, crushed, packed, bad-smelling soil,
- the presence of a large number of aerial roots peeping out of the pot,
- the presence of many dry roots,
- slowing the growth and development of miltonia.
How to properly transplant miltonia tips:
- It is better to choose a pot that is plastic and small, since the root system is small, the roots are small, susceptible to over-wetting,
- to prepare the soil: the purchase substrate for orchids, with the addition of vermiculite or agroperlite, which tend to accumulate moisture or soil mixture of bark of coniferous trees with peat, small pieces of charcoal,
- lay on the bottom of the drainage layer: foam, pine bark, wine corks and a few pebbles for the stability of the pot,
- moisten, soil, gently remove the plant,
- remove from the roots of the old soil, put in a new pot. Ingrown bark pieces are removed by soaking the root system for a while in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate,
- держа на весу, подсыпать новый субстрат, осторожно уплотнить деревянной палочкой. На грунт не давить, обстукивать емкость,
- новые ростки сильно не углублять, чтобы не спровоцировать их загнивание,
- чрезмерно длинные корни, не помещающиеся в горшок, оставить над поверхностью субстрата.
For the first three days after transplantation, the sultry beauty is not watered, constantly sprayed. It is not recommended to feed the plant within two weeks after transplantation.
Important: Miltonia orchid transplantation should be carried out after flowering or until the time when fresh sprouts reach five centimeters and begin to grow their own roots.
Remember: after transplantation, some of the damaged roots will die, failing to adapt to the new substrate. At the time of rooting miltonia, it is better to create greenhouse conditions with high humidity, covering it with a transparent cover (a cut-off plastic bottle or transparent kitchen container will do. Watering should be very scarce. The root system can recover for more than six months. Next, we need to gradually accustom the orchid to the dry air in the room, removing protection for a while, and then completely removed.
How to feed an orchid Miltonia
From April to September, for abundant orchid flowering, they are fed with special fertilizers for orchids. With the appearance of buds, fertilizing is carried out once a week, after the onset of flowering they do not stop, but they are introduced less frequently: once every 2-3 weeks. Root top dressing alternate with foliar, sprinkling the plant with half-diluted fertilizer. In winter, if the flower has entered a period of rest, it is possible to feed.
For feeding miltonia use special fertilizer for orchids or rhododendrons, purchased in specialized stores at a concentration of half less than specified in the instructions.
How to make the orchid miltonia bloom at home?
Believe me, there are no special secrets here: you just need to ensure the correct care of the flower with the change of “seasons”.
Adhering to the described rules of care, you can easily achieve flowering plants twice a year. Every year the orchid needs a period of rest. Then the first peduncle is formed, the maintenance with watering and dressing needs to be renewed. With a lack of moisture, the flowers may not open entirely.
During the last stage of bud ripening and flower opening, the plant should be carefully shaded: during the day, move deep into the room. The appeared new flower arrow will let know that the flower is again ready to grow, develop and blossom. Usually bloom lasts five or six weeks. Flowers are extremely pampered, do not tolerate open sun and insufficient watering. There is the likelihood of dark spots on the edge of the petals.
Stable conditions of maintenance and irrigation with rainwater will make flowering longer. If it is possible, to determine the wintering Brazilian beauty in the greenhouse, where the temperature is constant, and the lighting is stable, then it will bloom almost year-round.
Miltonia Orchid after flowering
Resting whimsical beauty 2-3 months. Full and long flowering of Miltonia depends on proper rest, therefore, it is necessary to introduce the plant correctly during the rest period:
- the orchid is brought into a room with normal humidity and daytime temperatures of 16-18 ºC, nighttime - 14-16 ºC,
- completely stop feeding,
- reduce watering to once a month.
If you are unable to maintain such conditions, simply move the flower to the coolest room away from heat sources.
The reproduction of the orchid Miltonia at home
How to propagate miltonia by dividing the bush photo
Reproduction of miltonia at home is a rather difficult task. You can try to propagate by dividing the bush and pseudobulb. It is best to propagate the flower by dividing the bush once every three years in the spring when transplanting.
How to split miltonia bush when transplanting
Use a plant that has at least six pseudobulbs:
- taken out of the pot,
- the root system is freed from adhering particles of the substrate,
- they divide so that in each lobe there are at least three pseudobulbs and developed roots,
- cuts are processed with crushed coal,
- plant parts are seated.
You can try to propagate the capricious beauty pseudobulbs, provided that each has its own root system. It is necessary to carefully separate the "baby" from the plant and plant it in the prepared soil.
Important: do not have too deep roots. This can adversely affect the growth of a young plant.
Trimming and forming miltonia
How to cut miltonia photo
After flowering, the peduncle is pruned, there will never be flowers again. As for leaves, trim the orchid Miltonia is necessary only if it is affected by harmful insects or bacterial diseases. The flower does not need to form a crown.
Miltonia diseases and pests
The Miltonia Orchid is subject to attacks by pests: thrips, spider mites, scale insects, mealybug and whitefly.
Thrips. For them, the best living conditions are a dry climate, high temperatures, low environmental humidity. Initially, the surface of the foliage will be covered with white dots, then it will fall.
Shchitovki. Appear well-marked brown plaques. Causes loss of color and drying sheets.
Whitefly. Whitish and yellowish spots on the lower part of the leaves are shown. With an intensive degree of damage, all foliage becomes discolored, begins to die off.
Miltonium roots are affected by mealybugs photo
Important: if the house beauty is affected by insects, it is necessary to take appropriate measures immediately. A soap solution (to mechanically wash the pests off the leaves) and insecticides (Fitoverma, Actellica, approximately 1-2 ml per liter of water) are suitable for controlling.
Miltonia Orchid turns yellow
Miltonia orchid turns yellow photo
If the miltonia orchid turns yellow, it is necessary to inspect its roots and make sure that there are no rot or pests (mealybug). Roots must be white. If the roots are brown, this is an alarming sign. Remove the roots from the old substrate, rinse, cut off all the rotten parts, the roots and leaves of the orchid spray with a solution of phytosporine and allow to dry before planting in a clean substrate. When pests are detected, they are also treated with an insecticide. After transplantation, do not water for 7-10 days until the roots have healed. It is advisable to isolate the flower, for example, by closing the glass in the aquarium or create similar conditions in any other way.
Miltonia yellows not only from diseases and pests, but also improper care.
There are frequent cases of painful yellowing of the leaves, drying of the tips. This usually indicates a poor quality of water; the problem is corrected by replacing water for irrigation with rain or demineralized water.
There are a number of other reasons for the yellowing of the leaves of miltonia:
- high soil salinity,
- too much sun
- the water was in the axils of the leaves,
- low air humidity
- compacted substrate or over-concentrated feed damaged the root system.
Miltonia Orchid Resuscitation
If you set a goal, really save the orchid, even completely lost its roots from improper care. The process can take time from one month to one year.
How to revive an orchid miltonia:
- soak the plant daily for 3-4 hours in water at 21 ºC,
- once every two weeks to dilute the liquid growth factor, stop processing with the advent of the first roots,
- the duration of soaking increase to two hours,
- a flower with five centimeter roots can be planted in the substrate.
Miltonia Varshevich Miltonia wascewiezii
Miltonia Varshevicha Miltonia wascewiezii photo
Orchid with large paniculate inflorescences, consisting of dark red flowers with a wavy edge, white or yellow top, wide purple-pink lip with a red-brown speck in the middle, white border around the edges.
Also popular are the types of miltonia: Parusovidnaya, Delightful, Phalaenopsis, Ruzla, Odontia, Degarmoara.
Miltonia Orchid: Signs and Superstitions
Red and purple orchids will help fight laziness, help get rid of the old way of life. Yellow - bring good luck in financial matters. Orange flower will help you find a source of strength and inspiration. White and pink orchids cope with depression. Flowers of beige shades will help you to understand yourself, to find a bright path. Pink - a helping hand to women who have lost their femininity and charm, and young girls will help develop these qualities in themselves.
Miltonia brilliant (Miltonia spectabilis)
This plant is versatile, as it can grow calmly in warm and in cold. Slightly elongated pseudobulbs are flattened laterally. Yellowish leaves have a belt-like shape. Quite large flowers are most often painted white-yellow. And also there are pink flowers with streaks of purple color. It blooms in late summer and autumn.
Homeland of such orchids Argentina. It possesses double pseudobulbs and peduncles, which can carry no more than 14 snow-white patterned flowers. Pointed leaves have straw color. Such miltonia is blooming from March to August.
Miltonia white (Miltonia сandida)
From one bulb grows 1 or 2 peduncles, which carry no more than 5 fragrant and fairly large flowers. The cups are wavy and colored yellow. On the surface of the petals are brownish or reddish spots of small size.
This hybrid was created by crossing a brass with a miltonia. Petals of pretty flowers have not the usual rounded shape, but a little elongated. They are collected in a paniculate inflorescence and are externally similar to many spider legs.
Also popular are such species as Parusovidnaya, Delightful, Phalaenopsis, Ruzla, and hybrids - Odontonium, Degarmoara.
Description and features
Miltonia refers to sympodial epiphytic orchids. This means that in nature it lives in trees, has pronounced aerial roots, forms lateral shoots with pseudobulbs for self-reproduction.
The leaves at miltonia are long, belt-shaped. Color is not typical for orchids - grayish or yellowish. Flowers of the most different colors, sometimes combine several contrasting colors. On the petals are often emblazoned pattern, resembling the wings of butterflies.
The adult miltonia can throw out at once several flower stalks, covered with blossoming flowers and buds. Florists are often called miltonia pansies for the similarity of shape and color.
There are about 20 varieties of miltonia. Distribution received not all. Most often in the apartments there are the following types.
- Brilliant. Pseudobulbs slightly elongated, flattened. Leaves are puliform, yellowish in color. Pretty unpretentious variety - easily withstands heat and cold. Blooms large white with a yellowish tinge of flowers. Less common pinkish with purple streaks. Flowering occurs at the end of summer.
- Yellowish. Variety miltonia originally from Argentina. Pseudobulb double. On one peduncle blooms up to 14-15 large flowers. The color is yellowish-white, often with a contrasting pattern. Flowering is long - from the beginning of spring until almost autumn.
- Snow white Pseudobulba throws one or two peduncles. Up to five flowers bloom on each peduncle. It has a pleasant aroma.
- Ragnielli. Feature - thin glossy leaves. The flowers are large, white, fragrant. Each peduncle bears on itself up to six flowers. The pink lip with stripes of purple tint is distinctly distinguished.
Features care for miltonia
How to care for miltonia? Like all orchids, miltonia requires special, attentive care. When growing it is necessary to follow a number of rules.
- Lighting. Compared with other types of orchids less sensitive to the level of lighting. It grows well in bright diffused light on window sills. It is easily reconciled with small penumbra - miltonia can be placed slightly away from the window on the tables and cabinets. They don’t put them in the open sun - the leaves get burned, the flowers become discolored. In a strong shadow growth slows down, flowering stops. The pinkish tint of the leaves of the miltonia shows that the lighting is selected correctly.
- Temperature. The optimum temperature for growing miltonia is 15-18 ° C in winter and 18-20 ° C in summer. These are recommended but not required parameters. The orchid gradually adapts to the microclimate of the apartment, normally reacts to a higher temperature. Miltonia does not like sudden temperature changes. The room is systematically ventilated, avoiding the formation of drafts.
- Humidity. Dry air, its stagnation is detrimental to miltonia - the leaves dry, the flowers fall. It is recommended to maintain humidity at 65–80%. A special humidifier is installed next to the plant; in winter, the batteries are covered with a wet cloth. A good effect is given by spraying miltonia and the air around it.
- Top dressing. Fertilizers are applied mainly at the stage of budding and during flowering. Take a special tool for orchids, the concentration is reduced by half. Bring in every two weeks. Feed miltonia in two ways - watering under the root or spraying the leaves. A good effect is the alternation of these two methods.
- The soil. Miltonia need a special ground. It is made up of chopped bark of coniferous trees, fern root and peat. For looseness, 5–10% foam is added. You can use special grounds for orchids.
- Transfer. Miltonia does not like unnecessary interventions - without the need to try to not disturb the flower. You can transplant miltonia, if the roots are punched through the drainage holes or the ground is crushed, turned into dust. When transplanting, the root system is carefully inspected, freed from the remnants of the old soil mixture. Pruned too long roots, remove the sick and dried. All sections are treated with coal powder.
- Capacity for landing. A big pot is not needed - miltonia prefers light crampedness. Unlike phalaenopsis, it is not necessary to use a transparent pot.
Miltonia is plentifully watered only in the warm season, when it grows intensively and blooms. Excessive watering is avoided. Miltonia should be watered so that the substrate always remains wet. Drying and stagnant moisture are equally destructive. Applies two methods of watering.
- Immersion The most common method of watering. Put the pot in a bowl with lukewarm water. The liquid should not fall on the substrate - the water in the basin is poured just below the level of the edge of the pot. Keep in water until complete saturation of the substrate with moisture. 15-20 minutes is usually enough. Pull out the pot, put on the grate for draining excess liquid and return the plant in place.
- Top watering. Miltonia is poured from a warm shower, imitating tropical rain. The optimum water temperature is 30-40 ° C. After a shower, the flower is dried, the remnants of moisture are removed from the leaf axils.
The period of flowering and rest
With good care, miltonia blooms twice a year. At the same time, the plant produces up to three flower stalks with fragrant large flowers. Each hybrid miltonia has its own particular hue and pattern.
Flowering lasts up to two months. Proper care of miltonia during flowering allows you to see new flower stalks on the plant after a couple of months of rest. During flowering miltonia try not to disturb without the need, regularly fertilize. They protect from direct sun, try to maintain constant microclimate parameters.
Cut off flower stalks immediately after withering. Cut almost to the root, without hurting the pseudobulb. For two months, the orchid will rest. Miltonia transferred to the cool, reduce watering. After the appearance of new peduncles, they return to standard care.
Children in miltonia are extremely rare, pseudobulbs root poorly, so they multiply it only by dividing the bush. Divide the bush simultaneously with the transplant. The flower at the time of division must be adult, healthy and have at least six pseudobulb. The division is carried out in four stages.
- Miltonia is removed from the pot, the rest of the soil is removed from the roots.
- Cut the bush with a sharp sterile knife. On each delenka leave three pseudobulbs and a formed root system. Sections are treated with coal powder.
- Delenki leave to dry for five hours, then they can be seated in separate pots. Too much roots are not buried - this is fraught with the development of rot.
- In the first three weeks, adhere to moderate watering. The moderate growth of miltonia in the first weeks after division is normal.
Fertilizers for miltonia
Complex mineral fertilizers contain a specific set of micro and macro elements in different concentrations. Each of these substances is responsible for certain processes. The lack or excess of this is reflected in the appearance of the plant, the intensity of flowering and growth. In the table you can familiarize yourself with all substances vital for miltonia, their role in the life of a flower, signs of lack or excess.
Flower "Orchid-miltonia" has a developed root system. Due to its power, the roots quickly absorb moisture. The miltonia orchid is distinguished by long leaves, they have a gray-yellow color.
The flowers of the plant are velvety, large. There is a white, red, yellow miltonia. Этот цветок идеален для выращивания в домашних условиях.
Некоторые сорта схожи с цветком "Анютины глазки" Орхидея мильтония неприхотлива в уходе, но чтобы она хорошо росла, нужно создать оптимальные условия. Она является южным растением, ей необходим климат, как в субтропиках. Если желаете выращивать цветок в домашних условиях, создайте благоприятное освещение. Of course, the plant loves sunlight, but you need to protect it from direct contact with the sun, otherwise, the development will slow down.
The flower is better placed in the west. Aggressive sunlight affects flowering. When kept at home, it is necessary to observe the optimum temperature. Miltonia feels good if the air temperature does not exceed +26 degrees. For hardening it is necessary to lower the temperature by 2-3 degrees. This culture should be protected from drafts, otherwise it will start to hurt.
How to care for a flower at home? Caring is just the main thing to comply simple rules:
- timely watering
- create favorable lighting
- keep away from aggressive sunshine
- periodically fertilize,
- Replace if necessary.
The plant tolerates tropical rainstorms normally. In the summer, it begins to form new shoots, at this time it is necessary to water more abundantly. The frequency of watering at home depends on what level of humidity in the room. If it is high, you need to water 1 time in 4 days. To the roots do not rot and the plant received oxygen, it is necessary to drain the water from the pan. Drainage can be laid on the bottom of the pot, the layer thickness is 2.5 cm.
Miltonia is a sought-after flower, home care should be timely. Watering in the winter is carried out once every 2 weeks. In winter, the soil does not dry, so the flower receives moisture and oxygen. In winter, you can not allow waterlogging! Some gardeners believe that at this time it is better not to water the miltonia of orchids. This culture feels normal in conditions of low temperature, however, it is important to protect from frost. Miltonia orchid is sensitive to the cold wind; care at home should be of high quality. Follow the rules of watering. Do not injure leaves and flowers when adding water. Water needs to be poured in a thin stream, it is desirable to warm to 40 degrees.
If at home the humidity is 50%, the flower grows poorly. How to improve the climate? It is necessary to moisten the air. The miltonia orchid develops favorably if the air humidity is 70%. The lack of moisture leads to the fact that the leaves have miltonium curl. To increase the humidity, you need to spray a flower with a spray. You can not overdo it with moisture. So that the flower does not dry out, it is worth placing a vessel with water next to it. Any plant needs moisture.
How is the transplant?
Miltonia Orchid is replanted every three years. After it grows up, you will need to move more into the container. However, it is necessary to transplant under certain conditions. Miltonia is moved to another pot if growth slows down or the soil mix begins to smell bad. If the plant ceases to grow, it is necessary to replant it. Before making a decision about the transplant, you should pay attention to the appearance of the flower. If dry roots are visible in the pot, it is worth moving the culture to another pot.
The optimal time for a transplant is the beginning of spring. Miltonia is planted in spacious pots, it is advisable to choose plastic, they hold water better. For this flower is suitable substrate with the addition of vermiculite.
This component maintains optimum moisture levels. At the bottom of the pot should be laid drainage - a mixture of large and small bark. Ground drainage can be used as drainage. Miltonia orchid grows well at home, if planted in soil with normal acidity. Before you sit in the pot, you need to moisten the soil. When transplanting the plant is pulled out carefully, it is important not to injure the roots! If the earth is stuck on them, you should soak in a weak solution of potassium permanganate and wait until the earth recedes. The flower moves neatly into the new pot. The substrate is poured gradually, after - compacted.
Home care requires compliance important rules. Miltonia needs dressing. Fertilizers should be applied from early spring to early September. It is not recommended to exceed dosages. Miltonia requires a minimum amount of the mixture, it is better to use 2 times less than indicated on the package.
Top dressing is made 1 time in 14 daysy. Periodically need to spray the plant. In winter, it should rest from dressing.
How to care for miltonia during flowering? At this time, moderate watering is necessary, enough 1 time in 3 days. Moisten the air around is not prohibited. If the plant blooms well, it gives a delicate aroma, the leaves do not curl, no specks or cracks form on the surface of the petals. Under optimal conditions, flowering lasts a year.
During the winter, the plant will rest, in the beginning of spring it will form a flower spike, at this time it is necessary to resume care. It will be necessary to fertilize the soil and water more often. Miltonia blooms 2 months. Flowering depends on the conditions in which the flower is. If you feel that the plant is developing adversely, move to a room with optimal humidity. In the future, watering is carried out 1 time in 15 days.
Reproduction of miltonia, its diseases and pests
To get the child flowers, it is necessary to divide the adult plant. You can propagate when you transplant miltonia. If available 5 pseudobulbso it can be divided. It is required to take it out and carefully clean the roots, after - divide them into 2 parts. Note! Suitable for dividing flowers with a developed root system.
Like any home plant, miltonia can be affected by pests. Improper care leads to the fact that the flower starts to hurt. If you put the seedling in a very salty soil, the tips will begin to dry, the flower will become sluggish, unattractive. Rainwater is used to restore the salt balance. Care at home requires timely and moderate moisture. If the substrate is too wet, the roots will rot. If you find such a problem, you need to remove the plant and cut off the rotten roots. Then transplant under suitable conditionsI.
If the leaves turn yellow, and the petals fall, it is necessary to protect the plant from aggressive sunlight. Watering should be careful. If it is wrong to water the plant, the root system will suffer. The flower may be exposed to pests. With improper care, the spider mite, whitefly overtakes the miltonia. Parasitic insects feed on juices. To expel them, you must use Bankol or Biotlin. However, chemicals must not be allowed to enter the soil.
Varieties and varieties
This plant - demanded flower, it is often grown at home. In nature, there are 11 varieties, but gardeners grow only a few of them. Breeders are constantly experimenting and displaying new varieties.
- Popular miltonia white. This is a sophisticated flower with small leaves, their approximate diameter is 10 mm. Buds open in the fall.
- Miltonia Klaus also grown at home, it is also called tiger orchid. The flower has brown stripes, at the base they are purple. Inflorescence includes 9 flowers.
- Miltonia miltassiI am a hybrid. Its flowers are shaped like stars.
- Miltonia Varshevich It differs in brilliant colors, in shape they resemble panicles. Gardeners breed dark-red varieties of the Miltonia of Varshevich.
Orchid Miltonia requires attention, care at home is simple, the main thing is not to forget about this wonderful flower!
- 1. Listen to the article (soon)
- 2. Features of cultivation
- 3. Care
- 3.1. How to care
- 3.2. Watering
- 3.3. Transfer
- 3.4. Fertilizer
- 4. Flowering
- 4.1. Care during flowering
- 4.2. Miltonia after flowering
- 5. Reproduction
- 6. Diseases and pests
- 6.1. Diseases
- 6.2. Why does it turn yellow?
- 6.3. Miltonia resuscitation
- 6.4. Pests
- 7. Types and varieties
Planting and care for miltonia (in brief)
- Bloom: spring, summer, with good care - all year round.
- Lighting: bright diffused light (east or west window sills).
- Temperature: The daytime temperature in the period of active growth and flowering is 18–22 ˚C, in the period of rest, 16–18 C. Night temperature should always be 4-6 degrees lower than daytime.
- Watering: regular and abundant, on average once every 4-5 days. Water is poured in a thin stream along the inside wall of the pot. You can use the immersion method. After watering, drain excess water from the pan.
- Air humidity: high - 60-70%. It is recommended to place a container with water around the plant or spray the air in the room (but not the flower itself) several times a day with water.
- Top dressing: fertilizer for epiphytes and orchids in half dosage once every 2-3 weeks from April to September. Root feeding alternate with foliar: spraying the plant with a weak solution of fertilizer on the leaves (not flowers). In the dormant period, fertilizing is not needed.
- Rest period: obligatory, within 2-3 months after completion of flowering: you need to reduce watering to 1 time per month, stop feeding and lower the room temperature to 16-18 C during the day and 14-16 ˚C at night.
- Transfer: once every 3-4 years at the end of the rest period.
- Breeding: by dividing a bush, more rarely by pseudobulbs.
- Pests: thrips, scale insects, aphids, spider mites and whitefly.
- Diseases: root rot.
How to care for miltonia orchid.
Miltonia orchid at home will grow well and bloom if it creates an environment close to that in which it grows in natural conditions. Since miltonia in nature grows in the shade of subtropical and tropical forests, at home it should be placed under strong diffused light, reliably protected from direct sunlight. Eastern or western window sills are most suitable for the plant, but if all your windows face south, drape them with gauze, a thin curtain or translucent paper.
During the growing season, miltonia at home feels good in the daytime at 18-22 ºC, and at night the temperature should be lowered by 4-6 ºC. During the rest period, a comfortable temperature will be 16-18 ºC during the day and 14-16 ºC at night.
Protect the plant from drafts and sudden changes in temperature.
Miltonia, accustomed to tropical rainfall, needs regular and abundant watering, especially in summer, when it forms new shoots. How to care for miltonia? How frequent and abundant should the watering of this orchid be at different times of the year, and how much humidity should the air be in?
Miltonia should be watered once every 4-5 days, but do not forget to pour out excess water from the pan in time to minimize the risk of rotting of the roots and pseudobulbs of the plant. For the same reason, a drainage layer should be laid in a pot of orchids under the substrate. In winter, it is necessary to switch to moderate watering - once every 3-4 weeks, because during this period it is more excusable to allow a slight drying of the substrate than its waterlogging. Miltonia, which is in a dormant state in winter, may not be watered at all.
If the substrate in a pot with miltonia dries longer than 36 hours, it means that it is too dense, and there are few voids in it. Or that the room temperature is too low.
When irrigating, they do not moisten the substrate or the orchid, but gently pour water in a thin stream along the inner wall of the pot. You can moisturize miltonia by immersion, controlling that the rhizomes and pseudobulbs of the plant are not soaked, and the leaf axils are not flooded. For irrigation, use rainwater or separated water temperature 40-42 ºC.
Regarding the humidity of the air, the typical 40-50% orchid for an apartment is not enough, and you will have to raise the level to 60-70%, because the thirsty plants have leaves twisting and bending.
How can I increase the humidity in the apartment? For example:
- - place a vessel with water or wet expanded clay near the orchid,
- - Spray the air around the miltonia several times a day, trying to prevent water from falling on the plant itself, as this may cause stains on it.
However, high humidity requires good ventilation and a constant flow of fresh air.
This orchid does not like anxiety, therefore, miltonia transplantation at home is carried out no more often than once every 3-4 years. Determine that it is time to move the orchid in a large container, you can on the following grounds:
- - salted, crushed, flattened or foul-smelling substrate,
- - miltonia's air roots sticking out of the pot in a large amount, among which there are many dry,
- - The plant has slowed growth and development.
Replant the plant is best in the spring, before the start of active growth. A miltonia pot is better to choose a plastic one, since it keeps moisture longer than the ceramic one. As a substrate, you can use the purchased soil for orchids by adding vermiculite or agroperlite, which tend to accumulate moisture. At the bottom of the pot as a drainage layer put a large fraction of the bark, and then the small. And you can make the substrate yourself from foam, pine bark, wine cork, acadama and a few pieces of birch coal. The acidity of the soil should be in the range of 5.5-6.5 pH. At the bottom of the pot for stability, you can put a couple of pebbles.
Before transplanting, it is necessary to moisten the substrate well, press in the plastic pot and carefully remove the plant from it. Old substrate must be removed from the roots. If pieces of bark are ingrown into the roots, soak the orchid root system for a short time in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate, and if the stuck or ingrown pieces of the substrate do not move away, carefully separate them, lower the miltonia roots into the new pot and, keeping the plant suspended, gradually sprinkle it around the substrate, slightly sealing it. The first few days after transplantation, the miltonia is not watered, but the humidity of the air creates an increased one.
Caring for miltonia orchid involves regular plant fertilization with special fertilizers for epiphytes and orchids from April to September, and the dose should be half as much as recommended in the instructions. Regular application of feedings - once every 2-3 weeks. Root top dressing can alternate with foliar, sprinkling the plant with highly diluted fertilizer. In winter, if the plant has entered a period of rest, feeding is stopped.
Care for miltonia during flowering.
Miltonia is a whimsical sissy that requires care, but when her amazing flowers open up, she can forgive all the whims.
In order for miltonia to bloom, you need to create the conditions we described for it, observe the regime of watering, fertilizing and allow it to rest annually. During the period of active growth and flowering, keep the pot in a place so that from midday the sun's rays do not fall on the plant. To do this, it is better to put miltonia on the east or west window sill, but in no case on the north - it is better then to keep the plant on the south window, covering the glass to the middle with gauze or paper. When the plant is content with its content, the leaves acquire a slightly pinkish tint, the flowers become saturated in color, and the aroma is more intense.
Under ideal conditions and with proper care, miltonia can bloom almost the whole year, but for this you need to try. Firstly, it needs a period of rest every year, and secondly, as soon as after the rest of the miltonia the first peduncle begins to form, care for it is resumed, gradually restoring the usual regime of watering and fertilizing. The flowering on one arrow lasts five or six weeks, but if you ensure that the miltonia remain unchanged and you water it with rainwater, the flowering may be longer.
Miltonia after flowering.
Since the full and prolonged flowering of miltonia directly depends on how well she rested, it is very important to introduce the plant correctly into the rest period, even if there are no external signs of its fatigue. The orchid is transferred to a room with normal air humidity and a temperature of 16-18 ºC in the daytime and 14-16 ºC at night, stop feeding and gradually reduce watering to 1 time in 4 weeks. Miltonia rests 2-3 months. The fact that it is ready to grow again, grow and bloom, you will be prompted by the emerging flower arrow.
Sometimes the salinity of the substrate leads to the fact that the tips of the miltonia begin to dry on the leaves, and it loses its decorative effect. To restore the salt balance of the soil, it is enough to switch to watering the orchid with soft rainwater.
Excessive moistening can lead to rotting of the miltonia roots, and as soon as you find signs of rot, cut off all the affected roots, cut the sections with crushed coal, transplant the plant into a fresh sterile substrate and reduce watering.
Miltonia turns yellow.
The reasons for this phenomenon may be several:
- - too much sun
- - water got into the leaf bosoms,
- - low air humidity in the room,
- - in miltonia, due to improper irrigation, compaction of the substrate or too concentrated dressings, the root system is damaged.
If you got miltonia without roots, or the root system of a plant died from improper care, it is necessary to reanimate the orchid, which can last from one month to one year. The process begins with daily soaking of miltonia for 3-4 hours in water at a temperature of 21 ºC. Once every two weeks you can add growth stimulant to the water.
Как только станут отрастать первые корешки, прекратите добавки стимулятора роста, а продолжительность сеанса увеличьте на 2 часа. Как только корни отрастут на 5 см, орхидею можно высаживать в субстрат.
Thrips, scale insects, aphids, spider mites and whiteflies are considered the main pests of miltonia. All of them are sucking insects feeding on cell sap. Destroy them with solutions of insectoacaricides - Aktellik, Bankol, Biotlin or Mospilan - prepared in accordance with the instructions. Ensure that chemicals do not enter the substrate during processing.
Types and varieties of miltonia
There are 11 species and 6 natural hybrids in the Miltonia genus, many of which not only earned popularity among amateur growers, but also are used by breeders for breeding new varieties and hybrids. It is also known about 40 intergeneric artificial hybrids from crossing miltonia with brassia, oncidium, Kochleida, aspasia, odontoglossum, komparettiya and other orchids. Among the most popular species in the culture of miltonia are the following:
Miltonia Varshevicha (Miltonia wascewiezii)
- Orchid with large paniculate inflorescences, consisting of dark red flowers with a strongly wavy edge, white or yellow top and a wide purple-pink lip with a red-brown spot in the middle and a white border along the edges.
The culture of Renegli miltonia, yellowish, brilliant or magnificent and hybrid miltonia are also in demand in culture.
Miltonia care at home
So that miltonia could develop normally at home, a room is selected for it without the direct rays of the sun. A great option is the part of the apartment where the lighting is only for half a day, more specifically, the window sill of the west or east window. In the case of the southern window, you will need a shadowing, the role of which is suitable for blinds and tracing.
This genus of orchids feels well in moderately warm conditions with moderately humid air. In winter, the temperature in the room should be kept at least 12-15, in the summer - no more than 25 ℃, and also to prevent the occurrence of drafts and sudden changes in temperature, which the orchid does not tolerate.
One of the most important moments of growing miltonia is the correct selection of the pot.
Use should be well retaining plastic pots, not too large, because in such miltonia blooms worse. A layer of large pieces of wood bark, lined with the bottom of the pot, can improve drainage.
Transplanting is necessary only in cases where the root system of the miltonia begins to bulge out of the pot, since this plant tolerates transplanting heavily. This situation occurs 3-4 years after purchase and later on through the same period of time.
Miltonia will feel comfortable if the new pot is a little larger than the previous one. For transplantation, you can use the store special orchid soil, as well as prepare the soil yourself.
In the second case, dried foliage, pine bark (small pieces), charcoal, peat and earth mixture in an equal ratio will be needed. Old and shriveled roots are removed during transplantation, and living animals are treated carefully, minimizing the likelihood of damage to the plant.
Observing the rules described above for the care of miltonia, it is possible to ensure that the plant will bloom twice a year, and at any time.
The flowering period lasts from 4 to 8 weeks, and, when using certain care tactics, it can come again after 2 months. This will allow you to observe gorgeous flowers for most of the year.
It is known that at the end of flowering and in the winter at the miltonia a period of rest begins, when it is recommended to carefully cut off dried flower stalks almost to the root, trying not to harm the pseudobulb. For these 2 months of rest, it is better to move the pot to a cooler place (15-18), and to reduce watering a little. As soon as new flower stalks begin to grow, they switch to the usual mode of plant care.
If possible, wintering is recommended to transfer miltonia to the greenhouse, where the temperature is constant and the lighting is stable. So you can achieve almost year-round flowering, due to the lack of need for hibernation.
It is most expedient to propagate miltonia by combining this procedure with a transplant during the formation of several bulbs, pseudolubs, at a bush, with developed roots. This is desirable to engage in the spring.
Pseudobulbs resemble bulbs in their appearance; they are located in the lower zone of orchid shoots and function as a water-saving organ. Depending on age, pseudobulbs can have leaves or grow without them - they are absent in old ones. Pseudobulbs should be carefully separated and rooted.
Miltonia reproduction by bush division
Also, success in breeding miltonia can be achieved by dividing the bush. To do this, each planting unit have 3-5 stems.
Planting is carried out in a fairly deep (no more than that) pot with orchid soil and drainage. The root system of the plant should not be greatly deepened, thereby preventing the possibility of decay.