In the vertical gardening arbors, decorating the walls of the house and other buildings of the suburban area, clematis of the “Nelly Moser” variety is ideal. From the Greek language the word "clematis" is translated as "vine" or "liana". If this plant grabbed the support - it will grow in an upward direction, elegantly braiding it.
As a result, the wall, braided by this plant, turns into a delightful descending waterfall of flowers. A feature of clematis is that it should be placed in the penumbra, since delicate flowers under the scorching sun can burn out. In this article we describe in detail this variety, planting this flower and the subsequent care of the plant.
General description of the variety
Breeders brought this variety in the 19th century in France. Clematis is a deciduous hardy vine that can reach 3.5 meters in height. One shrub can place 12-17 shoots on itself, since the variety is characterized by high shoot-over.
The distance between the nodes on the shoots is 12-18 cm. Up to 9-15 knots, the leaves are complex, trifoliate. Next come the simple leaves. Triple leaves have a length of 16-21 centimeters, leaf length - 9-11 centimeters. End leaflets have scapes 3-5 centimeters long. Petioles lateral leaflets reach a length of 2-3 centimeters.
The root system is fibrous. Leaves with an elongated tip have an ovoid shape. The formation of buds occurs both on last year's shoots, and on the shoots of the current year (5-7 upper nodes). The shape of the buds is pointed ovoid. Peduncles reach 16 centimeters in length.
This variety is distinguished by rather large flowers - on average they reach a size of 14–18 centimeters, sometimes more than 20. The opened flowers resemble a star shaped like 6-8 sepals of an elliptical type, pointed at the end. The width of the petals - 3-4 centimeters, length - 7-10 centimeters.
The petals are painted in a pale purple color with a red-purple stripe in the middle. From the outside of the petal, the color of the edges is somewhat paler. The color of the anthers is also purple-red. The stamens are light, in length reach 2 centimeters.
The opening of flowers on last year's shoots takes place in June, and on young shoots in July. Therefore, if you do not want to lose a considerable part of the flowers, then in the spring it is recommended to carry out minimal pruning. Individual flowers may appear even before the start of frost.
One shoot can place on itself at once 7-10 buds. A multipole fruit contains a large number of 6-7 millimeter nuts. Nelly Moser is resistant to fungal diseases and frost. If the plant is grown near the wall in the open ground, in central Russia, it is practically not exposed to frost.
Nellie Moser is used both in group and in single landings. landscape designers often combine this clematis with climbing roses, resulting in a green covering with incredible decorative qualities. Well grown in containers. On the basis of this variety breeders brought a lot of new interesting flowers.
Selection of seedlings
When choosing seedlings, consider the following characteristics:
- The root system of the seedling must be sufficiently developed. It is worth paying attention to this parameter most of all, since survival rate depends on it. Roots must be longer than 30 centimeters and less than 5.
- On the roots should not be thickening. The thickening suggests that the plant is affected by a nematode.
- Vegetative buds of clematis are developed quite well. On saplings obtained in the fall, there should be at least two. At the same spring seedlings should be at least one initial shoot.
- It is recommended to purchase seedlings that are in containers or pots, since in this case you can transport them along with the ground, which greatly increases the chances of preserving the root system.
If the seedlings that you are considering do not meet these criteria, it is not recommended to purchase them and plant them in open ground. Weak plants are usually grown in beds-shkolkah, hotbeds, greenhouses or pots. In the fall, they will be ready for a permanent transplant.
This variety has one peculiarity - under the scorching sun flowers can fade, so it is recommended to plant them in shady places. The northern side of the house is ideal, especially if the wall is light. If you plant a plant near the wall of the house - the distance to it should be at least half a meter, and if near the tree - about one meter.
Before planting a plant, it is necessary to think in advance where the mounts for the future vines will be located.
Autumn is the optimal period for planting clematis. At this time, the root system shows the greatest activity, which contributes to the rapid rooting. In the case of the middle zone of Russia, September is an ideal month; in more southern regions, you can wait until October.
If you decide to plant in the spring - it should be done in the earliest terms, before the buds began to grow, that is, from late April to early May. If by this time the active growth of the shoots has already begun, it is worth waiting for their lignification.
If clematis was grown in a container - it can be planted in the summer. However, as is the case with the spring planting, in the summer it is required to carry out pinching, that is, pinch the growth point on the shoots.
Clematis is not demanding to soil, but light and fertile soil is ideal soil. It is best to choose loam or sandy sand. Weak acidic soil is best suited. Clematis requires regular watering, but excessive soil moistening will also damage it, as it grows in nature in wet undergrowth conditions.
To shade the roots, it is recommended to plant low-growing herbaceous plants near clematis. Clematis tolerates competition with other plants quite well. If the soil in which you are going to plant clematis is poor, you should feed it with manure, rotted compost, humus, peat, and mineral fertilizers. The main thing - to increase the capacity of the soil.
If the gardener wants to improve the clay soil - it is recommended to carry out digging or deep loosening of the earth, add humus and coarse sand, gravel.
Before planting this plant in open ground, you need to cut it at the level of 1-2 buds from the roots. It is necessary to dig a hole in the proportions of 60x60x60 cm. If not sandy and not loamy soil is used, but heavier soil, the size of the pit is recommended to be increased, and a 10-cm layer of gravel or crushed stone should be poured to the bottom, making the soil more drained.
In the pit should be 2-3 buckets of a mixture of garden land, compost and manure. Or 5 buckets of soil mixed with 200 grams of mineral fertilizer. The root system must be carefully distributed across the bottom of the pit. Sapling should be deepened to 2-3 centimeters deeper than the level at which it grew in a pot or container.
After planting, the ground should be watered and compacted, and after that, it should be mulched with a 3-5 cm layer of humus, peat or sawdust.
Virtually the entire care is in dressing and regular watering. You need to water the plant once a week. If the weather is hot, 2-3 times. For the root system of this plant, it is important to prevent the soil from drying out. 1-2 days after watering the soil must be loosened. Top dressing is made 3-5 times during a season:
- when buds form,
- after the first and second flowering,
- After each trim.
Chicken droppings, a solution of liquid algae (1Q10), fermenting infusion of green grass (2 liters per 10 liters of water), as well as universal complex mineral fertilizers are well suited for feeding.
Clematis actively grows in fertile sandy loam or loamy soil saturated with humus. Soil should be loose reaction weakly alkaline or slightly acidic. In the middle zone, where poor soils usually prevail, special pits are prepared. The minimum size of the pit is 60x60x60 cm, a drainage layer of 10-15 cm is laid at the bottom of it, it consists of the following substances:
- broken brick
- small amount of large river sand.
On top of the drainage pre-prepared fertile layer is laid:
- two buckets of peat,
- 2-3 buckets of compost or manure,
- 100g of superphosphate,
- sand bucket
- 0,5l wood ash,
- 200g of complex fertilizer.
Pits are prepared a month before planting, so that the soil has time to settle.
It is important to observe the depth of planting: the root neck should be 10-12 cm deep into the soil. Due to this, a strong bush will form with abundant flowering for many years, and will contribute to frost resistance and protect the roots from excess moisture.
- In the middle of the pit, the ground is pushed off, the depth of the bush is being tried on.
- In the pit form a mound of earth, where the roots stretch.
- The soil around the root is well watered.
- Shrub sprinkled with sand, add the rest of the soil to the edge of the pit, tamped near the rhizomes.
If you plant a bush flush with the ground, without digging, the roots will suffer due to an excess of moisture, the flower will not bush and will give only a few stems.
A strong support is installed in the center of the pit.which can serve as strained ropes that will protect shoots from wind gusts. Those of them that reach up, tied to a support and sent in the right direction, creating a floral carpet. After planting, the bush is abundantly watered, and it is lit from the sun. The plant is recommended to be mulched with peat.
Nelly Moser requires regular abundant watering, loosening the soil, periodic feeding.
Watering. It is necessary to make watering weekly. Do not forget that excess moisture can damage the root system. It is better to water the plant in the morning, so that the water has time to dry and soak into the soil before night.
Top dressing. Clematis needs regular feeding. The first - organic - is produced during the growing season and rapid growth.
Here is suitable infusion of bird droppings or mullein (1 l / 10l of water for an adult bush). The second dressing is carried out during budding. Tutu already need mineral fertilizers with a small amount of nitrogen (60-80g) or need potassium fertilizer without chlorine and phosphorus (50:50). This mineral dressing will help to form numerous flowers and provide abundant flowering. The third dressing is done after flowering, the composition of the fertilizer should be the same as in the second dressing. During the flowering period, feeding is stopped.
Pruning. Nelly Moser is in the second group of pruning (spring bloom on old overwintered shoots, summer - on young).
It is carried out as follows:
- The first pruning of last year's shoots is carried out in June, when they fade. It can be cut off and that part of the escape that has faded, and to the ground, to thin out the bush.
- The second pruning is carried out in the fall - young shoots are shortened by 30-50cm. Broken and dry branches are removed.
Some growers recommend not to prune the young shoots, but roll them up in a ring, and then cover them for the winter.
Shelter for the winter . Preparing for winter begins when the soil is frozen by 3-5cm. In winter, the vine is covered from frost. Bushes are sprinkled with peat or dry sand, the remaining shoots are rolled up in loops and covered with spruce fur branches or a special non-woven material, fixed with hairpins. Proper shelter will provide comfortable wintering conditions.
Pests and diseases
Clematis suffers from fungal and viral diseases. The most dangerous is the disease that causes the fungus - it is wilt (wilt). It occurs suddenly in the period of budding and wild growth. Shoots soon wither and dry. The infected flower is excavated and burned. Next spring, the soil for prophylaxis is treated with a solution of iron or copper sulphate, in the summer - with a suspension of copper oxychloride.
In addition to wilts, powdery mildew, rust and gray mold can strike the plant.
About gray rot signal brown spots on the leaves and shoots of the plant. Infection proceeds quickly, and with the treatment of the bush you need to hurry. Infected shrub sprayed and watered with a solution of foundationol.
Signs of rust are the presence on the leaves and shoots of red bulges, where there are fungal spores. Because of the rust, the foliage gradually fades. At the first signs of the disease, infected shoots and leaves are removed, and the bush is sprayed with 2 percent Bordeaux mixture.
Ascochitis or leaf spot appears brown spots in the center and at the edges of the leaves. Because of this, the leaves become dry and fragile, and holes appear on them. Due to the disease, photosynthesis slows down, the plant does not develop and slows flowering. Infected leaves are removed, the bush is treated with a solution of copper sulfate.
Mealy dew - white bloom on flowers and leaves. The plant stops growing and blooming. For prevention, the bush is sprayed with a solution of this composition:
- soap - 300g,
- copper sulphate - 30 g,
- 10l water or soda ash solution.
Clematis pests: aphid, spider mite, which are fought with insecticides. Snails and slugs that eat young shoots are also harmful. For the destruction of pests, use cabbage leaves - bait, the places of their movement sprinkled with ashes.
- bush dividing
- pinching spring shoots
- reproduction by autumn layers.
Dividing bush. The method is acceptable for adult plants not older than 6-7 years. Older shrubs have a well-developed root system, which can break when divided. To divide the bush, it is dug up, freed from the ground, cut with a sharp or pruner, so that each plant on the horse neck has buds.
Pinning last year's shoots. In pots with loose fertile soil. The shoot is pinned at the site of the knot. Pots in advance buried in the ground.
With the growth of young shoots, the soil sprinkled tubercle. By the fall of shoots, pinned in the spring, grow strong seedlings.
Reproduction by autumn layers. It takes place around October. From the shoots, all the flowers and leaves are cut to a well-developed bud that will take root. Long shoots can be rolled up and laid into grooves prepared in the soil. The groove is covered with a layer of peat, which retains moisture and allows air to pass through. Well cover the leaves with dry leaves or hay. In the spring, well water the landing site. In the fall, young shoots can be planted in a new place.
With the climate Nell Moser at the site, you will receive many large beautiful flowers with a long bloom twice a year. Flexible plant will decorate every corner of the garden. Clematis looks on the background of coniferous trees, blooming lilac and viburnum.
Clematis was grown in Western Europe as a garden flower more than 400 years ago. Especially loved this plant in England. Already in the 19th century, new types of clematis were imported - plants with large buds were added to small-flowered plants. In 1836, C. patens was brought to Europe from Japan. To date, you can purchase for yourself almost any kind of clematis.
The variety Nelly Moser (Nelly Moser) is the result of the work of breeders from France, obtained back in 1897. He is ranked in the Patens group. Clematis varieties Nelly Moser is an unpretentious deciduous vine, growing up to 3.5 meters. It has a rather decorative appearance, thanks to large flowers.
Clematis Nelly Moser presented on photo:
Nelly Moser was used to breed Lincoln Star varieties that resemble lotus flowers, Titania with almost white flowers, Nikolay Rubtsov with a beautiful lilac color and others.
Clematis Description Nelly Moser
Liana varieties Nelly Moser has an average length of about 3 meters, forms up to 15 shoots on a bush. The nodes on the branches are located at a distance of 12-16 cm. The leaves are up to 15 knots, trifoliate of complex shape, an average length of 20 cm, followed by simple up to 10 cm in size. Clematis root system is fibrous.
Nellie Moser forms buds on the shoots of the current and previous year. Peduncles reach 16 cm in length. The flower itself in this variety is star-shaped, large up to 20 cm in diameter. The average size is about 16 cm. Petals are large - 10 cm in length and 4 cm in width.
The color of the flower is uneven - inside is pale-violet, in the middle there is a purple band, and outside the edges are bright. Stamens 2 cm in size, anthers of a reddish shade.
Last year's shoots bloom in June, and the young in July. In connection with this spring clematis is not cut. Single flowers can be observed until frost. One shoot forms up to 10 buds. The fruit contains seed nuts, the size of which is about 7 mm.
Frost resistance, drought resistance
The variety Clematis grandiflora Nelly Moser is resistant to cold and has a strong immunity to common fungal diseases. It can be grown in open ground in a climate of central Russia. Allowed to plant it next to the walls.
According to the description of the clematis variety Nelly Moser, it can withstand temperatures as low as -34 ° C. If the winter is colder, the plant is covered. Сорт засухоустойчив, не нуждается в частых поливах.
Способы размножения клематиса
Имеющееся развитое растение сорта Нелли Мозер размножается такими методами:
- The division of the bush. Для этого надо взять растение в возрасте примерно 6 лет.Dig it up with a disinfected knife blade and divide the bush so that each part has buds in the area of the root collar.
- Lignified shoots. In the spring, in the place where the knot is formed, they take the last year's sprout and attach it to a container with nutrient soil. The pot must first be buried in the ground. When the shoot takes root and begins to grow, periodically pour earth to it. In autumn, clematis seedling is ready for transplanting to a permanent place.
- Autumn layering. In the middle of autumn you need to take a lash creeper, and remove the leaves to a strong bud. The shoot is folded and laid at full length in a groove filled with peat. Then sprinkle with hay or foliage. In the spring, the branches are well watered, and in the fall, it will result in a strong clematis sapling.
It is best to apply the methods with shoots and layering for propagation of a flower, because if the division is unsuccessful, the whole bush may die.
The timing of planting clematis varieties Nelly Moser depend on the region where it grows. For the northern regions and the climate of the middle zone is the end of April or the first days of May. Autumn planting is also possible. In this case, the procedure is carried out in September. In the southern regions, the flower of this variety is better to plant in early October.
Choosing the right place
An ideal place for clematis would be the area where it is sunny in the morning and there is no heat at noon. For warm areas for planting choose the east side. If there are several plants, then a distance of 1 m is maintained between them.
Clematis root system is almost completely at the top, so the flower must be hidden from direct sunlight. Otherwise, there may be overheating of the plant. It is also worth ensuring that clematis is not exposed to strong winds that can break fragile shoots. In the lowland the vine will start to rot from an oversupply of moisture.
Selection and preparation of planting material
Since clematis varieties Nelly Moser perennial, the choice of planting material should be taken seriously. A good seedling has the following characteristics:
- the root is a structure of five processes not less than 30 cm in length,
- all roots of the same thickness, there are no growths and other structures,
- the stem has at least 2 well developed buds.
If for some reason a weak clematis sapling is purchased, then it is better not to plant it directly in open ground, but to place it in a greenhouse. There he will get stronger and next year he will be ready to move to a permanent place.
Clematis varieties Nelly Moser, like everyone else, loves the soil rich in nutrients and humus. For successful development of the root system, the ground must be sufficiently loose. Loamy and sandy soils are well suited, in other cases it is necessary to add sand during planting.
The pit is dug in width and depth of 60 cm. Drainage must be placed on the bottom, in the form of a small stone with a layer of 15 cm. Then a mixture of humus, peat ash and mineral fertilizers for flowers is placed in the pit. This preparation should be done a month before the intended landing of clematis.
When placing the seedling in the pit, it is necessary to ensure that the root neck is located in the soil at a depth of no more than 12 cm. Thus, the flower is protected from frost and excessive moisture.
Planting Algorithm Varieties:
- a piece of land must be removed from the pit to accommodate the clematis root system there,
- in the center form a small slide,
- if a seedling with a lump of earth, then it is simply lowered into a hole, and if the roots are bare, they are spread out on a hill,
- it is necessary to pour water into the pit
- the roots are covered with a layer of sand and then with fertile soil.
After the plant must be watered, and mulch next to the soil. For this it is recommended to use peat.
Mulching and soil loosening
After clematis is poured, loosening of the soil is necessary. The depth should be small, otherwise there is a risk of damaging the roots. Mulching is necessary to protect from the sun and preserve moisture. Peat or sawdust will do.
Hybrid Clematis Nelly Moser belongs to the second group of pruning. This means that before winter, branches are removed to half the height. Trimming is carried out in two stages:
- when the first wave of flowering is over, part of the shoots of the previous year, which have faded, are removed,
- after the second wave, the already faded branches are removed.
Further, pruning clematis varieties can be done in different ways:
- removing the growing point, which gives the bush to bloom earlier next summer,
- pruning shoots before the beginning of the growth of leaves, which ensures uniform flowering,
- removal of the entire shoot to thinning the bush.
After pruning in the first stage, new branches grow after a month and a half. They carry flower buds.
Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention
Clematis cultivars Nelly Moser are not highly susceptible. But if there are signs of defeat, you must take appropriate measures:
- Wilt fungus - causes wilting of the bush, a sick plant can not be saved, it must be removed and the soil should be disinfected with copper sulphate,
- gray rot - the flower can be cured with a solution of Fundazole,
- rust - they fight bordeaux fluid with this disease,
- powdery mildew - a plant is saved with a solution of soda or laundry soap.
From harmful insects, modern insecticidal preparations serve as a good remedy.
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Features of clematis landing
Clematis can be planted in any part of the site, you just need to correctly select the appropriate plant variety. It is better if this place is protected from wind, drafts and generously illuminated by the sun for six hours. To eliminate the stagnation of moisture, the place chosen on a hill or arrange it artificially.
- Soils for planting is better to choose a neutral, slightly acid or alkaline reaction. Ideal - fertile, loose soils.
- The average size of the landing pit is 60x60x60 cm, for heavy soils the proportions increase by 10 cm, for light ones they are reduced by the same.
- The soil layer for filling up consists of 1-2 buckets of humus, 50-100g of superphosphate or nitrophoska, 2 glasses of ash.
- Root straightened, arranging at the bottom, on an earthen mound and carefully fall asleep, gently tamping.
- The neck of the seedling is buried 5 cm below the surface.
- The surface is mulched with peat or sawdust.
- Carefully watered.
- Around the sapling arrange well for watering.
- Shoots after planting pruned to 2-4 buds.
- Install the support (from 1.5 to 3 m).
Tip: at the foot of clematis plant Chernobrivtsy(marigold)or calendula, these flowers will protect the root system from overheating, scare off pests, exuding specific substances and give even more decorative to your plantings.
The first two years of clematis require particularly careful care, which includes:
- Regular abundant watering 1-2 times a week.
- Pruning (strong pruning during this period contributes to the good development of the root system of the plant).
- Garter (shoots in a period of strong growth tie every 2-3days).
- Top dressing (once a week).
Interesting articles about ornamental plants for the garden:
Clematis are extremely grateful to respond to fertilization, as evidenced by the generous or, on the contrary, poor flowering. For dressing use the following compositions:
- 15 grams of a mineral fertilizer complex per 5 liters of water per 1 sq.m.
- A solution of mullein with water 1:10.
- Wood ash 1 cup per plant.
Clematis Shelter for the Winter
Clematis is a southern plant that needs careful shelter for the winter. However, in our gardens and personal plots a lot of adapted hybrids and frost-resistant varieties are bred, which are fully capable of surviving frosts without extraordinary warming.
In most cases, clematis are cut by one-third or simply rolled up by a ring, laid on the ground covering with spruce leaves, boxes or a 20-30 cm layer of sawdust, foliage and even just earth.
After the snow falls, the shelter is additionally covered with a snowdrift. Siberian clematis is left without shelter at all, since it can withstand cold temperatures up to -30 C.
Planting clematis in containers
Clematis are great for vertical gardening of verandas, terraces, balconies and loggias. In our catalog you can choose such popular varieties as “Multi Blue”, “President” for container planting.
For growing in containers:
- Choose wooden boxes with a height of 65 cm and a size of 45x30 cm.
- By means of the support legs, the container is lifted above the surface by 3-5 cm and placed in a pallet.
- Substrate: 4 parts of the earth, 2 parts of rotted manure or compost, 1 part of peat and sand, half a cup of superphosphate and lime.
- Be sure to install support for the shoots.
- Watering and feeding plants in containers is more abundant than garden ones.
- Provide sufficient insolation and airing.
- Transfer to a new container every 2-3 years.
Features of growing clematis in the northern regions
The abundant and beautiful flowering of clematis is quite possible to obtain in areas in the cold regions of Belarus. To do this, choose the right plant varieties. Frost-resistant varieties are suitable, for example, Ernest Markham, Violetta Pink, Jacquesman, Cristal Fountain.
Clematis is best planted in the spring, and otherwise, taking care of the plant during the short Siberian summer is no different from the traditional one.
As you can see, the cultivation of clematis is quite feasible and pays off a huge flowery abundance. Pink, blue, purple and lilac stars of inflorescences of the most different sizes are capable of their generous and variegated vertical round dance replace whole flower beds and flower gardens, saving space for growing other crops. Choose the best clematis varieties at Becker!
Description of creeper
Clematis rather winter-hardy plants, so more and more conquer the love of gardeners. But the popularity of the plant of the group Lanuginoz depends not only on the ability to resist the cold: 3-meter long vines are dotted with beautiful flowers, reaching 20 cm in diameter.
In the Nelly Moser variety, they are colored in purple or pink, and the distinctive feature is a rich purple stripe in the center of each petal. The number of components on a star-shaped flower ranges from 4-8.
This representative of clematis begins to bloom from the first days of June and pleases with its beauty until frost. At the same time, last year's shoots bloom first, and a little later new vines.
Usually planted vines at high poles, so that they trailed along the gratings, pergolas, fences, arbors. The antennae growing directly on green leaves that have an oval-ternary shape help the vines to attach themselves to a new height.
As far as the variety is frost-resistant, he does not like heat. Therefore, you should choose shaded sites for clematis (at least in the shade there should be a root neck). From the intense heat and direct sunlight on the plant, flowers can not only turn pale, but also decrease in size.
Do not forget about the moisture-loving culture, but the planting site is better to choose with deep groundwater - the plant will hurt from stagnant moisture. In the hot season, 1 irrigation for 10 days is enough (with mandatory fertilization).
With regard to soil, the Nelli Moser variety is not demanding, but it is better to provide comfort by planting the plant in loose fertile soil with slightly alkaline or neutral composition. If there is a slightly different soil on the site, then suitable conditions must be created in the landing pit (its size is 0.6 x 0.6 m).
Before planting clematis in the ground, a layer of expanded clay is poured at the bottom of the pit, and then a soil mixture consisting of peat, compost, sand and wood ash is poured. Also adding fertilizers (lime - 200 g and superphosphate - 10 g), the soil is well mixed. Before you lower the plant into the pit, its roots are soaked in cool water for about 2 hours. They are buried in the ground by about 10 cm, while the neck is slightly below the level of the soil.
In order for the bush to always be lush, in 1 year of clematis disembarkation, it is better to abandon flowering, allowing the roots to harden well. Decorative liana attached with periodic pruning:
- 1 The first time this is done at the time the plant is planted in open ground.
- 2 Throughout the summer, pinch shoots from the lower buds.
- 3 In subsequent years, in order to ensure lush flowering, in spring some shoots should be removed.
Pruning is also needed when preparing clematis for the winter. Do it before the onset of frost. After removing grass around the bush, fallen leaves, it is covered with boards. You can use another material that will not allow condensation to form.
This method is practically not used for reproduction of large-flowered clematis, as they lose their varietal characteristics. But if for someone it is not significant, then you can either buy planting material, or collect it yourself. Nellie Moser seeds will appear in about 2-3 months after flowering.
With this method of reproduction, you can use 2 options:
- 1 In the seedling method, the seeds are pre-stratified in river sand. Then they are sown in seedling boxes with soil, which are stored either in a greenhouse or in a room on a windowsill. The procedure is carried out in April, but the landing in open ground is carried out only the next year in the spring, after the risk of frost has disappeared.
- 2 You can sow in open ground after the weather is warm. Before this, the seeds are soaked in water (not cold) for 3 days - this will provide the best germination. You can further process the seeds with one of the growth accelerators. Shoots should be expected in 1.5-2 months.
As mentioned above, this type of reproduction will affect the grade, so as a result of clematis flowers may slightly change color. Perhaps this will affect their size.
Flowers - Clematis Nelly Moser: Characteristics of a Plant and Growing Techniques
Clematis Nelly Moser: Characteristics of plants and methods of growing - Flowers
Clematis is a perennial liana, which is increasingly popular with gardeners. This plant is whimsical in care, so in order to achieve lush flowering, you should know the features of planting and caring for clematis.
Clematis is a shrub vine with a height of more than 2 meters. On the leaves are antennae, thanks to which the plant grows on a support. The leaves are opposite, trifoliate, oval green.
In the Nelli Moser variety, the flowers are star-shaped, about 18 cm in diameter and have a violet and light pink shade. There are 4 to 8 petals per flower. The petals have bright purple stripes. Flowers first appear on last year's shoots, and then on new ones.
Flowering begins in early summer and lasts until the first frost. Re-bloom may occur. Clematis grows in sunny and dark areas. The root system of the plant is quite sensitive to high temperatures. For this reason, when landing it is important that the neck is located in the shade. Clematis grow well in fences, trellises, arbors or other support.
Clematis cultivation: soil preparation and planting
Clematis prefers loose, loamy and fertile soils. The soil should be neutral. On windy areas, shoots break and are tangled and flowers are often damaged. It is not recommended to plant a plant in the lowlands, in wet and marshy places. The plant will not grow on wet, clay and acidic soils.
Planting clematis with open roots produced in spring or autumn. Immediately before planting, dig a hole 60x60 cm in size. Next, lay a layer of expanded clay at 10 cm in the bottom, and then cover it with fertile soil. Compost, peat, sand and wood ash are used as substrates.
It is also necessary to add 10 g of superphosphate and about 200 g of lime to the soil. Mix everything thoroughly. First, lower the roots of the plant into cool water for 1.5-2 hours, and then gently straighten them and deepen into the soil by 10 cm. After that, pour with water.
Clematis should be planted near the support. Its height should be about 3 meters. It is undesirable to land close to a wall, fence, or other support. The distance from the support to the plants should be about 10-15 cm. When planting clematis next to other plants, it is necessary to observe a distance of 1 meter.
Clematis can be propagated in several ways:
- Dividing bush
Когда начнут завязываться бутоны, можно проводить размножение черенками. Для этого побеги обрезать и поделить на части, при этом нижний срез должен быть косым. Отрезки должны иметь по одному узлу. Листья обрезают наполовину. Подготовленные черенки высаживают в субстрат и ставят в теплое место.
Их нужно регулярно поливать. После того как черенки приживутся, их высаживают в теплицу вместе с горшком. Processes on a permanent site are planted in a year. Reproduction by layering is carried out as follows: the spud bush is folded in such a way that 2-3 ovaries are buried under the ground. After a couple of years, a root system will begin to form in place of the leaves.
After this, the shoots with the newly formed roots are pruned. There is also another way of breeding by layering: near a bush of a creeper, dig up a small groove and lay a couple of shoots. Next, sprinkle with peat and earth, and top with dry foliage.
The seed propagation method of a plant is used only for small-flowered varieties; other species can be bred using the methods listed above. Seeds can be harvested on their own: small seed varieties produce seeds in 1-2 months, and large seeds in 2-3 months.
Sowing seeds performed in open ground with the onset of warm, stable weather. Shoots will appear in 1.5-2 months. Before seeds need to soak in warm water for 3 days. To improve germination can be treated with special tools. The division of the bush can be carried out in young plants.
You need to dig up the bush, shake the roots off the ground and cut the shears into several parts. It should be divided in such a way that there are enough roots and shoots with buds on one delinka. Before planting, the roots of the plant are recommended to be treated with potassium permanganate. When choosing the method of reproduction of clematis, one should take into account the plant variety, as well as its age and condition.
Video on how flowers of Clematis "Nelly Moser" look like: