Many gardeners in the garden grow various fruit trees. The most popular are apple trees, pears and, of course, cherries.
There are many varieties of cherries the most common of them is considered Vladimirovskaya.
History of the variety
Where and by whom the variety of Vladimir's cherry was bred is unknown. In central Russia, it appeared in the early 12th century., it was brought along by wandering monks. They began to grow these trees on the slopes, near the monasteries.
The first seedlings took root well, but not everyone could survive the winter. Having noticed this, the monks from Greece became wrap trees and sprinkle them with snow.
After successful acclimatization, they began to grow cherries not only in monasteries, but also in estates and estates. Moreover, on the slopes of the trees developed and fruited much better than on flat terrain.
Interesting that in the 19th century, the city of Vladimir ranked first in the cultivation of this fruit tree., and still retains this title. Cherry is a symbol of this region, which is confirmed by the monument to this berry.
In the city of Vladimir, a monument to the cherry variety Vladimirskaya
Over the years Vladimirskaya cherries were propagated in several ways:
That is why in our days the fruit of this variety has many forms. Distinctive features are:
- dark cherry fleshy flesh,
- small and medium fruits, weighing up to 3.5 g,
- the berries are flat-round, slightly compressed on the sides,
- round top with a small funnel,
- black and red skin with gray spots
- the stone easily moves away from the pulp,
- peduncle length up to 45 mm.
The taste itself sweet and sour berry, but sourness prevails more.
Vladimirskaya cherry has many forms, the taste is sweet and sour, black and red
One hundred grams of cherry pulp in this variety contains following components:
- 16.5% dry matter
- 11% sugar
- 0.63% free acid,
- 4.5 m / g ascorbic acid.
The tree itself grows in the form of a bush with its own well-developed root system; in the graft form, a stem tree with a round crown shape is formed. In height can reach up to 5 meters.
The central trunk and branches have a gray-brown bark color with longitudinal shallow cracks.
The young shtamb forms a round crown, which, over the years, becomes more spreading and weeping. Inside the leaves is very small, but the young branches of yellow-brown color are pleasing to the eye with abundant greenery.
Skeletal branches depart from the main trunk at an angle of 50-60 degrees. Vegetative buds have a conical shape, small size and dark brown color, oval shape will be at the generative buds.
The leaves of Vladimir cherry are of medium size, painted in dark green matte color. Form ─ oval, oblong-ovoid with notches around the edge. Petiole length does not exceed 1.2 cm of average thickness and has a specific color.
The leaf plate is folded in a boat along the main vein and has a pointed ending ─ it is on this basis that this variety is recognized.
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At the base of the leaf, on the stem, there are 1-3 glands of dark red color. The inflorescence is collected from 5-7 flowers of saucer-shaped forms of average size. The split double top allows the petals to touch each other.
The stigma and the anthers are located on the same level, supported by their bowl in the form of a glass of anthonian color, 25 cm long pedicle.
Cherry varieties Vladimirskaya is a self-productive variety, requires careful selection of pollinators
This variety is characterized by typical fruiting bush cherries, which explains the fact that about 85% of the ovary is on annual branches.
Vladimir's cherry is a self-fruitful variety, high yields can be achieved if there are other trees growing nearby.
To pick up pollinators need very carefully, good options would be Griot Moscow, Amorel Rose, Fertile Michurin, Lyubskaya, Lotovaya, Turgenevka, Vasilyevskaya, Consumer black.
In different regions, Vladimir cherry fruits differently. Its wintering here has a great influence, this variety at low temperatures is subject to frosting of generative buds, which should give the main crop.
Variety refers to mid-season, from flowering to picking berries passes 60-65 days. Crop usually harvested no later than mid-July. If to tighten this process, then the berries will begin to sprinkle themselves, because of a weak stalk.
A young tree begins to delight its fruits after a couple of years after planting. The average yield with a favorable climate of adult cherry is 25-30 kg of berries.
In the northern region, this figure is much lower ─ only 5 kg.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages of this class include:
- high-quality fruits that are quite versatile in use,
- relatively high yield
- It does not require special care,
- the tree looks beautiful in the overall picture of the garden
- good winter hardiness
- tolerates transportation even over long distances.
But Vladimir's cherry has drawbacks:
- poor resistance to fungal diseases,
- low frost resistance of generative kidneys,
- need for other varieties for pollination.
But, wonderful taste of the fruit smooths out all the negative moments.
Choosing a place
This sort of cherry feels great on hills or slopes. Hillocks of 8-15 degrees of curvature, well lit and protected from the wind, are ideal.
Also, it is necessary to take into account the location of the slope itself. The most favorable are considered northwest, west and southwest. The soil here warms up evenly and does not have excessive moisture.
Northern slopes of the hill Do not give the cherry a proper portion of sunlight. Such a landing site will entail a significantly later ripening of fruits and a change in their taste.
Vladimirskaya cherry can be planted on lowland areasBut you should immediately prepare for the fact that development will be much slower. And the tree itself will often suffer from frosting in the winter.
This grade badly transfers lowlands and hollows. In such places there is a large accumulation of dampness and the airing is very bad. These factors negatively affect the development and fruiting of this sort of cherry.
Loam or black soil will be perfect. at the choice of soil for landing.
Planting Vladimirskaya cherries is best on the hills, the soil is loam or black soil
Planting a tree will take very little time:
- We dig a hole under a sapling up to 50 cm in depth, and with a diameter of no more than 80 cm.
- We put a peg in the center.
- We lower the seedling next to the peg.
- Sprinkle the hole with soil mixed with humus.
- A little we tamp the ground to fill the voids between the roots.
The tree must be strictly vertically relative to the ground.. The seedling must be tied to a peg, the length of which should be slightly below the very first branch.
Around the hole it is necessary to form a small shaft and watering the tree abundantly.
Before landing, be sure to check the seed rhizome. If it is very dry, which indicates long-term transportation, you should soak the roots in a container with water for at least 5 hours.
Caring for the Vladimir cherry variety is regular pruning of the crown, the introduction of nutrients and preparing it for the winter.
In the spring Gardeners form the crown and remove all diseased branches. Summer pruning is done after harvest. Branches are harvested that do not bear fruit, but only thicken the crown.
Nutrients, such as manure, sawdust, compost contribute in the autumn. This is done to ensure that the tree has a good wintering season and is pleased with a good harvest.
Vladimirskaya cherry prepare for winter in the following way:
- cover the roots with straw or sawdust,
- bleach the trunk, in order to avoid the negative impact of sunlight and various pests.
For cherries recommended four times watering 4-6 buckets at a time:
- as soon as the tree began to blossom,
- when the ovary begins to develop,
- when harvested
- in the third decade of October, before the frost.
It is not advisable to do this, as there is the likelihood of rot in the roots.
Features cherry varieties Vladimirskaya
This variety is universal, fruits are used for compotes, jam, freezing, canning, drying.
Vladimir cherry is very susceptible to fungal diseases and various pests.
The peculiarity of the Vladimirskaya cherry variety: the universality of the berry, as well as high susceptibility to fungal diseases and pests
First of all, when pruning, remove all infected brancheswhich should then be burned.
After the first frost wood and trunk treated with 5% urea solutionthat will kill all the pests.
Leonid, Kursk: “I have been growing this variety on my plot for more than ten years. No complaints.
Irina, Vladimir: “Vladimir cherry is a favorite variety of our family. Over the entire period of cultivation froze a couple of times, but quickly recovered. "
Nikolay, Vyazniki: “The wonderful taste of the berries won our grandmother. In the country more than ten cherries of this variety. "
Cherry variety Vladimirsky:
Excellent yield, good taste of fruits, unpretentiousness in the care allows to be Vladimir's cherry one of the most popular among the gardeners of the middle lane.
Description of the variety and its characteristics
Vladimirskaya Cherry is a very old and popular variety, one of the first to exist, which was brought to the city of Vladimir as early as the 11th century by wandering monks.
This type of cherry has been improved, thanks to centuries-old reproduction, and many hybrids have been obtained from it, successfully growing throughout our country. Joined in Gossrerstr in our country only in 1947.
Trees, more precisely not even trees, but bushes, are of medium size. Their growth, as a rule, reaches no more than 5 meters. The crown is round, the branches are down. Leaves - not very much.
Medium-sized oval leaves have a dark green color. The edges of the leaves are carved. Flowers - white or pinkish, form inflorescences of 5-7 pieces. Bushes bloom very abundantly. Flowering occurs in May, lasts about 2 weeks.
Virtually the entire crop is formed on the shoots of the first year of life. Trees begin to bear fruit already at 3 years of life. The Vladimirskaya cherry trees are partially self-bearing. In order for the variety to bear fruit well, it is necessary to have other varieties of cherries on the site, such as Student, Griot and others.
Berry varieties are attractive in appearance:
- size - small and medium, up to 3.5 g mass of each fruit,
- shape - round, slightly elongated,
- color - dark cherry,
- bone - small egg-shaped,
- the flesh is very juicy, dense, but tender with a specific cherry aroma, sweet-sour in taste.
100 g of pulp contains:
- sugar - 10.9%,
- acids - 1.7%,
- vitamin C - 27 mg,
- dry matter - 16.5%.
Sugar content varies, depending on the region of growth. The warmer the climate, the greater the sugar content in the berries.
On a five-point scale, the taste of berries is estimated at 4.4 points.
Climate and growing regions
Vladimirskaya Cherry is cultivated almost all over the territory of our country due to its high frost resistance, good drought tolerance and unpretentiousness to soils and climatic conditions, however, it will best grow and bear fruit in the southern regions, the Central and Black Soil regions and in the Middle Strip.
Diseases and pests
In general, the variety is sufficiently resistant to morbidity, however, there is a possibility of trees and fruits being damaged by fungal diseases and pests:
Symptoms of coccomycosis are reddish spots on the leaves, eventually turning into large spots. Then there is a drying of the leaves and their fall. Berries are also affected by this ailment.
They dry up and fall off. Prophylactic treatment of the bushes before bud break with a 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture (100 g of lime and copper sulfate - 10 liters of water) will help to escape from coccomycosis.
Monilioz is also far from safe for cherry trees. It manifests itself in the form of a burn on the branches and leaves, which eventually turns into grayish growths, leading to death and leaves and shoots and fruits.
The double processing of cherries in spring and autumn with copper sulphate or Bordeaux mixture will also help to cope with it.
Spraying trees with Iskra or Komandor insecticide will protect against aphids, as well as folk remedies - with soapy water (half of a piece taken from a grated household soap) or wood ash infused with water (10 liters of water - 0.5 kg of ash ).
In order for the tree to bear fruit well and grow, it is necessary to follow simple rules for planting:
- choose a well-lit dry area where groundwater does not come closer than 2.5 meters to the ground,
- the place must be well protected from cold winds,
- Before planting seedlings, the soil must be prepared - dig, select all weeds and roots, apply fertilizer, mineral and organic,
- For the Vladimirskaya cherry variety it is very important that the soil is fertile, loose and breathable,
- Cherry does not like the neighborhood of other fruit trees, therefore, there should not be other plantings around. There is also a lot of space for trees.
- in the southern regions, as a rule, planting is done in the fall, in the more northern regions, in the spring, after the soil has warmed well,
- seedlings should be up to 2 years old,
- 15 days before the proposed planting, the holes are made in the size 80 x 80. If more than one tree is planted, the distance between them should be at least 4 m,
- drainage is placed at the bottom of the well, then a mixture of fertile soil layer with superphosphate (100 g), wood ash - at least 1 liter and humus (3 buckets),
- they form a hillock on the surface, put a seedling on it, spread the roots well, and fill it with earth,
- then the soil is tamped and watered abundantly. In order that around a tree weeds did not grow and moisture quickly did not evaporate, bring a mulch - the rotted manure, humus or peat.
Care culture is:
- watering, which is carried out as the drying of the soil. Re-wetting should not be allowed, otherwise the plants will die,
- dressings conducted in spring and autumn. In the spring, trees are fed with urea and saltpeter, and in the fall - with rotted cow manure. During the first four years of life, cherries must be fed with nitrogenous fertilizers,
- weeding and loosening. It is necessary to clean the soil around trees from weeds and organic debris, which may contain spores of fungi, pathogenic bacteria and larvae of insect pests. Loosening is necessary so that the roots of trees have free access to oxygen,
- pruning, through which form the crown of the tree. Also carry out sanitary pruning every autumn - remove weak, diseased and damaged shoots.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages of the variety include:
- decent yield,
- great taste and appearance of berries,
- universality of their use,
- the possibility of transportation over long distances and long periods of storage,
- extended fruiting period
- good winter hardiness and drought resistance.
- insufficient resistance to morbidity,
- the need for pollinator varieties.
Vladimirskaya cherry variety has long been incredibly popular among amateur gardeners and farms. This vintage variety is loved by everyone. There is no garden wherever it grows. Even in the northern regions, where there are harsh winters, the variety has worked well.
Alexander, 48 years old
“I am a gardener with many years of experience. I grow different varieties of cherries on my plot, but I like Vladimirskaya most of all because it tolerates cold winters, is stored for a long time and is well transported, and its taste is better than that of other varieties of culture. I would never give up this variety. "
Elena, 55 years old
“I really like the Vladimirskaya cherry variety for the excellent taste of the fruit, from which excellent jam is made. And the yields are always high, however, now it is very difficult to buy its seedlings. Other varieties are shoved behind Vladimirskaya, which are not even close to her.
Therefore, it is necessary to carefully choose seedlings. It is best not to take them on the market, but to buy them in specialized stores. ”
If you decide to engage in the cultivation of cherries, then the Vladimir variety is what you need. Try it - do not lose!
Breeding history and breeding region
There is an opinion that Vladimir cherry is the very first cultivated variety this berry. The exact time the appearance of cherries in the Russian lands is not known for certain.
Presumably, the seedlings of this plant were brought to Ancient Russia by Greek monks as early as the 11th century. from Asia Minor.
This cherry got its name. in honor of the city of Vladimir, in which, by order of the son of Yuri Dolgoruky, cherry orchards were first planted.
However, reliable documentary information about the Vladimir gardens appeared only in the 17th century. A very long time Vladimirskaya cherry variety was considered one of the best cherry varieties.
But over time, many others appeared, surpassing it in yield, stability, and in taste, too.
You can grow this variety everywhere, but the best yields are in temperate and warm climates. In the northern regions, the yield is much lower.
Among the high-yielding varieties should pay attention to the memory Enikeeva, Podbelskaya, Chernokorku and generous.
It was zoned in 1947 and quickly gained popularity. This cherry is suitable for growing, both on own sites, and in industrial gardening.
Recommended for growing in Central, Volga-Vyatka, North-West, Middle-Volga and Central Black Earth regions of the Russian Federation.
Often Vladimirskaya cherry can be found in the gardens Belarus, Ukraine and other CIS countries.
Appearance cherry Vladimirskaya
Consider separately the appearance of the tree and fruit.
Vladimir cherry is not very tall, bush plant, reaching a height of about 3 m, with a sprawling spherical crown.
Grafted saplings take the form of a single-stem tree, and grow on their own roots in the form of a bush.
The bark is a light gray color, scaly. The crown is rather sprawling, with drooping slightly leafy branches.
Annual shoots are yellowish brown in color and slightly down.
Leaves rich dark color, elongated, with a sharp tip and small notches on the edges.
The scape is thick, about 12 mm long.
Flowers of small size, bright white, saucer-shaped, with petals slightly forked at the ends, growing in small inflorescences.
The berries are not large, they are often small, weighing about 2-3 grams. Form rounded, slightly flattened at the side seam. The color of the fruit is maroon, with small gray specks.
The flesh is fleshy, sweet and sour, with a thick juice, bright red. When growing in the southern regions, the sugar content in the berries is much higherthan fruits growing to the north. The bone of this cherry is small and easy to separate.
A characteristic feature of the variety is that the greatest number of fruits grows on annual young branches.
Characteristics of the variety
Vladimir cherry refers for varieties with an average maturity. Harvesting can begin at the end of July and continue as the berries ripen. Leaving them for a long time on the branches is not worth it, because they are prone to rapid shedding.
This grade considered to be winter-hardy enough but when t decreases to –30С, partial freezing of the bark and fruit buds is observed, which leads to a decrease in yield.
A good winter hardiness is demonstrated by Tsarevna, Ashinskaya, Zhivitsa and Black Large.
When growing in the cold northern climate, the entire harvest from one tree can be as little as 5-6 kg. Whereas in the middle and southern latitudes from the same tree collect 25-30 kg of berries.
Vladimir variety is self-infertile.
Vladimirskaya Cherry - a variety that requires additional pollinator, or rather, pollinators of at least 2-3 varieties.
The best for her will be: Bottle pink, Lyubskaya, Moscow Griot, Turgenevka, Shubinka, Lotova, Vasilyevskaya, Pink Amorel, Rastunya, Fertile Michurin, Consumer goods black.
Cherry Vladimirskaya perfectly is suitable for preparation of jam, jam, jam, it is applied to fast freezing and drying, and also can be used fresh.
Next, you will learn how to properly fit and care, which requires Vladimirskaya cherry.
Description cherry varieties Vladimirskaya
The tree is medium thick (on average up to three meters in height), bush. In grafted form, the plant can grow in one trunk. The crown is dense, the leaves are dark green with a pronounced central vein and teeth on the edges. Fruits are dark red, sometimes almost black, with gray subcutaneous spots. The flesh of the fruit is sweet and sour, dense, slightly tart. In the ripe fruit, the bone is easily separated from the pulp. The berries are small, flat - round, weighing 2.5–3.0 g. The variety is recommended for cultivation in six regions:
- Central Black Earth,
- North Caucasus,
- Middle Volga
Fruiting of cherries begins in the third fourth year, and 6–10 years after planting, the crop reaches its maximum.
The variety has two important features:
- Insufficiently high winter hardiness of generative (flower) buds. Therefore, in severe frosts, the wood most likely will not suffer, and the harvest may not be.
- Self-infertility, that is, for pollination, another sort of ordinary cherry is needed, whose flowering period coincides with Vladimirskaya.
Common cherry comes from the crossing of two types: steppe cherries and sweet cherries. Parental species are well known in the wild state, while ordinary cherry is known only in culture.
Irina Kudrenko, Cand. biol. sciences.
Gardener and gardener number 4c in 2011.
Features of cherry planting
Cherries do not start to bear fruit immediately, so to get a good harvest, you must take five simple steps:
- Choose a place to land.
- Prepare the ground.
- Buy a good seedling.
- Correctly make the landing itself.
- In time to water, care and make annual feeding.
Now about everything in more detail.
Place for planting should be chosen so that the plant is well lit and, if possible, was protected from cold winds. Although cherries are considered to be a shade-tolerant crop, there is no great harvest without good lighting. Cherry does not tolerate nearby groundwater. Well plant it on the southern and south-western slopes.
For planting cherries Vladimirskaya should not choose lowlands
For a good fruiting cherry needs fertile soil, preferably a light loam. For the landing, a planting pit is prepared with a size of 80x80 cm and a depth of at least half a meter. 15 kg of well-rotted manure or compost and 150 grams of superphosphate are introduced into the pit. The distance between plants is 5–6 meters.
Selection of seedlings
It is better to buy seedlings in the autumn: more choice, less likely to get a dead or dried copy. When choosing a cherry for planting should pay attention to three main points:
- Decide what kind of seedling you need - grafted or rooted own. Here, everyone chooses for himself: the vaccinated are considered more effective, but it is necessary to carefully examine the place of vaccination. With own-rooted fewer troubles, and later, in the event of the death of the main trunk, it can always be “revived” from the overgrowth. In addition, as already mentioned, grafted Vladimir cherry - single-stem, and own-rooted - shrub.
- The seedling should not be older than two years and above 1 meter in height.
- Requires a developed root system.
It is possible to plant seedlings both in spring and in autumn - everything depends on the specific conditions. If it is a middle zone with a temperate climate, it is better in the fall (the seedling will have time to take root, perezimuet well and in the spring quickly begins to grow.) If it is the northern regions with harsh winters, it is better in spring. And if all the same in the fall, then with additional weatherization of both the seedling and the roots.
Now about the timing. In the spring, the main indicator is the ground temperature. As soon as the soil at a depth of 20–30 centimeters warmed to a temperature of +10 o C, it is possible to engage in planting. And it is not worthwhile to delay this, so that the sapling has time to adapt and start developing in time. In the middle lane is approximately April - May, it is impossible to determine the exact date, since everything depends on the weather. When planting in the fall in the middle lane, it is important that the seedling has taken root before the soil freezes. Approximately it is the end of September - the beginning of October.
When planting a sapling Vladimirskaya cherries should focus on weather conditions
So, the process of planting occurs according to the following technology:
- In the center of the landing pit we make a recess with a diameter of 30–50 cm and the same depth.
- In the center of the dimple we make a hillock, so that its top is centimeters 10 below the level of the soil.
- Next to the mound we stick a peg.
- We prune the sapling too long and broken roots.
- We put a sapling on a mound and gently straighten the roots around.
- Sprinkle the roots with the ground taken out while preparing the recess.
- Fall asleep deepening flush with the level of the soil
- We make an earthen roller around the seedling with a diameter of 30–40 cm.
- We tie a tree to a peg.
- Liberally pour (1–2 buckets of water).
- When water is absorbed, sprinkle with dry earth or mulch with grass.
If the seedling was purchased in the fall, and the planting is planned in the spring, it is instilled for the winter.
There are two opposite opinions among gardeners:
- Cherry must be cut, otherwise the crown will thicken and the yield will decrease.
- Do not carry out pruning in any case, because the plant suffers from this, but there is no sense: the unnecessary branches will die off.
And all because most cherry lovers simply do not know anything about the correct pruning.
Let's figure it out. First of all, pruning can be formative and sanitary. With sanitary everything is simpler: it can be done at any time, removing dried and diseased branches. Special knowledge and skills are not required here and the main task is also clear - the improvement of the bush and the depression of the crown for better lighting and ripening of the fruits.
Forming pruning is more difficult. Without a doubt, you should remove the branches going inside the crown and interfering with each other (rubbing against each other).
The main feature of pruning bushy varieties, which include Vladimirskaya cherry, is not to shorten the annual shoots, which produce a crop. This should not be done either in the formation of the crown or in the further pruning. In this case, long, bare branches with a small increase at the top should be removed entirely.
In order to permanently rejuvenate the crown of a bush cherry, Polish scientists have developed a formation scheme - a slender spindle. This system is characterized by the fact that only 1–2-year old shoots are present in the tree crown. This is achieved as follows:
- The next year after planting on the branches left to form, leave 4–5 buds.
- In the fall of them will grow 3-5 shoots.
- Next spring, leave the two most developed shoots.
- One of them, too, cut into 4 buds, and leave the second for fruiting.
- Remove the escaped escape.
- In the future, do the same with all the new shoots.
Cherry - a plant drought-resistant and does not require frequent watering. Nevertheless, during the season there should be at least four of them:
- Immediately after flowering.
- During the formation of ovaries.
- During the filling of the fruit (especially in the dry year).
- Pre-winter (for better wintering).
Of course, it all depends on the specific climate. Keep in mind that with too abundant watering cherries are more prone to diseases and the taste of the fruit is much worse. Adequate water - 10–15 liters per tree. For more efficient and uniform watering, it is better to make a furrow around the tree. Land after watering mulch grass. This will save the soil from cracking and crust formation, prevent water from evaporating, and the grass will later become additional organic fertilizer.
The soil of the tree should be loosened as necessary, but do it carefully so as not to damage the roots of the tree.
Excessive watering of the cherry worsens the quality of the berries
For normal development, cherries need to be fed, adding 12 grams of potassium chloride and 300 grams of superphosphate per square meter per year. And once every 2-3 years to add organic fertilizer (rotted manure or compost) of 3-4 kg per square meter. Fertilizers are ground up by 10–15 cm or superficially.
Organic and phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are applied in the fall after harvest. Wood ash is good to use as a source of potassium and calcium. It is also brought in the fall of 0.5–1 buckets on an adult tree.
Wood ash is an organic fertilizer that loosens the soil and changes its acidity.
In spring you can restrict foliar dressing:
- A tablespoon of urea in 12 liters of water - a week and a month after flowering.
- Complex fertilizers with microelements (according to the instructions) - 2-3 times after leafing with an interval of two weeks.
Potassium and phosphorus are of great importance in the nutrition of cherries: they increase the winter resistance of plants and affect the yield. So without them - nowhere! Calcium is absolutely necessary for cherry: its deficiency leads to a cure.
Maria Vyshinskaya, Cand. agricultural sciences.
Gardener and gardener number 4c in 2011.
Preparing for the winter
The Vladimirskaya cherry is a winter-hardy plant, however, in severe frosts it is possible that the buds are freezing. Therefore, when grown in central Russia, this variety does not need shelter for the winter. If you want Vladimir cherry fruit in more severe regions, additional efforts will be required. To preserve the future harvest, it is necessary to either warm the young shoots (for example, covering material), or to form a crown so that it is possible to bend the branches to the ground and cover with snow. Otherwise, the harvest will be far from annual, although the tree itself (or bush) will continue to grow and develop.
A cherry shelter for the winter in a harsh climate will help preserve the tree
In addition to frost, cherry lurks another danger - the mouse. And if the perennial trunks of mice are almost not interested, then one-two-year shoots will be gnawed with pleasure. To avoid this, wrap the branches with a thick cloth (ideal is fiberglass) or place a fence of fine mesh or roofing felt around the bush. The height of the barrier must be made above the level of snow cover, in most cases one meter is enough, and the lower part is buried in the soil.
Whitewashing the trunk
Whitewashing cherry - another procedure designed to extend the life of the tree. The trunks are whitened usually both in autumn (in October) and in spring (as soon as the snow melts). Whitewash has two main destinations:
- Prevent sunburn.
- Protection against sudden changes in temperature between day and night.
In addition to lime (2.5 kg per 10 liters of water), copper sulfate is added to the whitewash - 0.3 kg and 20 g of heated wood glue (or PVA glue). Glue will help lime to stay on bark better, and vitriol will save the plant from diseases.
Whitewash protects wood from heat and temperature extremes.
The history of the appearance of the Vladimir cherry variety
According to the surviving chronicles and carefully collected local legends, the first cherry trees on Vladimir's land appeared thanks to the monks who made the pilgrimage to Saint Athos and brought from Greece thin seedlings that had never been seen before in Russia.
According to various sources, cherry orchards in Yaropolk or modern Vyazniki were laid from the 7th to the 12th century. Anyway, the plants were surprisingly easy to acclimatize and began to grow rapidly on urban shafts.
Gradually, the cultivation of cherries became a profitable business in which not only the residents of the villages closest to Vladimir but also the neighboring provinces were engaged. Crimson sweet and sour berries were carefully collected, sent under a press, and the resulting juice in barrels sent Moscow for the production of fruit liqueurs and sweets. In the seventeenth century, the region became the all-Russian center of fruit growing, and the cherry became a symbol of the ancient land.
Today, a small monument has been erected to the fruit crop as a sign of respect and national love in the historic part of the city.
It is not known when the Vladimir Vladimirskaya cherry variety was isolated in the gardens near Vladimir, but some ancient descriptions of varieties grown in the province in the 19th century have come down to this day:
- Vasilievskaya cherry is tasty, oblong, but not fruitful.
- Parent cherries are round and sweet. Berries are born on low trees, which are literally showered with almost black fruits.
- Kulagiha and Kisliha produce small scarlet berries with high yields, but rather sour.
It is obvious that national selection was already actively going on at that time, and gardeners tried to get offspring from plentifully bearing fruits, with tasty berries of unpretentious trees. Cherry varieties Vladimirskaya popular and now, and thanks to the wide distribution in many regions grow their species and forms, and the plant is known under the names of synonyms: Gorbatovskaya, Vyaznikovskaya in honor of the small homeland of culture, Izbyletskaya, Roditeleva, Dobroselskaya.
Since 1947, the Vladimirskaya cherry depicted in the photo, according to the description of the variety, has been zoned and entered into the State Register. Compact, non-capricious and consistently fruit-bearing plants are now well known to gardeners from the north-west of the country to the Central Black Soil Region and the Middle Volga.
Vladimirskaya cherry: landing care
Like many other varieties of cherries, the oldest variety from under Vladimir belongs to the self-fruitless. Therefore, to obtain a good, stable harvest, one cannot do without planting nearby plants of other varieties.
The best neighbors for Vladimir cherry and pollinators for it will be the trees of the following varieties:
- Amorel pink,
- Morel black
- Griot Michurin, Ostheim, Moscow,
- Consumer black,
- Fertile Michurin,
With the right approach to planting and caring for Vladimir cherry, the culture responds with good yields. In conditions of central Russia with an adult tree, you can get up to 25 kg of fruit. Прекрасный вкус ягод, хорошая приспособленность к условиям произрастания и зимостойкость обеспечили этому зимостойкому сорту многовековую популярность и славу.Until now, Vladimirskaya cherry is used not only on the sites of amateurs, but also in industrial gardening.
However, to the north of the Moscow region, gardeners will have to take care of the cherry trees in order to achieve good yields and durability of plantings. With a good winter hardiness of trees of this variety, buds often suffer, which negatively affects the growth of trees, flowering and the formation of the ovary.
In addition, cherries are not protected from such culture-dangerous diseases as minilioz and coccomycosis. Therefore, in the care of planting Vladimir cherry necessarily include preventive treatment Bordeaux liquid or fungicides, do not forget about the sanitary pruning of fruit-bearing trees, as well as the cleaning of fallen leaves and unwrapped fruit from the branches.
Planting and care
Before planting, the first thing you need to prepare the ground. For this, the selected area is digged and organic and mineral fertilizers are applied.
Planting is carried out in the spring, and it is advisable to prepare the soil in the fall. Cherry variety Vladimirskaya does not like sour soil, so it must be lime.
For this you can use as dry lime and wood ash.
It is best to plant Vladimirskaya cherries at once with several varieties of pollinators and place them on the leeward side in order to ensure better pollination.
The place should be well warmed and lit and located on a small hill. It is also necessary to comply distance between seedlings is not lesse 3 m
Pits for planting should be about 100 cm wide and 60-70 cm deep, and they prepare in advance. In the center have a planting peg and fall asleep cooked a mixture of humus, superphosphate, wood ash and topsoil.
Seedlings desirable to choose annual and, if possible, vaccinatedwith well-defined roots. The top of such seedlings is necessary trim, leaving about 70 cm tall.
Before planting, a bucket of water is poured into the prepared hole and the seedling is placed.
It is carefully sprinkled with earth and loosely tied to a peg with a soft cloth or rope. Soil around planting mulch humus.
After planting the plant requires careful care, which is forming pruning, watering and fertilizer.
In hot weather, watering can spend 2-3 times a month, after which the soil must be loosened and mulched.
One plant accounts for about 2 buckets of water. It is recommended to feed young saplings in the second year after disembarkation, in the spring. Nitrogen and potash fertilizers are best suited for this.
Crop cherry is also carried out in the spring. The formation of the bush continues until the crown is formed 6-7 large main branches.
Annually remove weak, damaged by frost or disease branches. For the winter period, the lower branches and part of the trunk must be carefully wrap with thick thick material, forprotection from frost and hares.
Among the shortcomings of this variety can be noted susceptibility to damage by coccomycosis and moniliasis.