This variety was obtained by the selectionists of the Russian Federation by crossing the hybrid variety 114 with Hybrid 534/1, then individual selection was made. This variety is short, it ripens quickly and belongs to the determinant type. The growth period of Siberian tomato from the appearance of the first shoots to full maturity is only 110 days. The height of the bush can reach from 30 to 90 centimeters.
The bushes themselves are compact, with an abundance of medium-sized leaves growing on them. The positive impression is that the seedlings of the variety quickly take root, and its fruits are fleshy, well-fed and sweet to the taste. Some gardeners noticed that the cost of care during the cultivation of the plant is minimal. Gardeners from Siberia, the Urals, the Moscow region call it reliable and proven over the years.
The fruits of tomato are red in color, round-planed low-ribbed forms of different sizes. Their weight ranges from 60 to 100 g. In one fruit there are up to twelve chambers, dry matter in it is only 7%. Fruits very well withstand transportation. Vitamins A and C, amino acids, carotene, and other trace elements, allow to fill their deficit in humans, formed during the winter. The high competitiveness of the duration of cultivation of Siberian tomatoes, in contrast to its “young” in time to the appearance of fellows, is due to such characteristics as:
- good harvest, tomato is practically not subject to cracking during ripening and transportation. Up to 1.5 kg of tomato can be collected from a bush, and a tomato on an area of 1 square meter can be up to 10 kg. On a bush planted in the open field, one tomato reaches a weight of up to 600 g, and from planted bushes you can collect from 6 to 7 kg of large vegetable per 1 square meter,
- harvested unripe tomatoes can ripen indoors in a bright place and during transport. This is the most attractive of the characteristics of this class,
- duration of fruiting tomato Siberian, time-tested,
- resistance to cold and various vagaries of weather. Here the Siberian immunity of a tomato,
- possibility of fresh use, as well as in the preparation of salads and freshly squeezed. Also, tomatoes are suitable for salting, cooking sauces, pastes, mashed potatoes,
- thanks to the friendly early ripening tomato, they can be collected at once and processed in a short time,
- Tomato is immune to many diseases characteristic of this variety. Resists tobacco mosaic and brown spot.
Where there are pros, there are also disadvantages. Description of the minus varieties:
- Tomato sizes are uneven, especially in unstable weather conditions,
- the variety becomes obsolete in comparison with new species, in particular, in relation to agricultural techniques, general indicators of the size of a tomato, fruiting, and so on,
- the variety is not able to compete with new domestic and foreign hybrids in some of its characteristics.
Description of the features of growing and care
Siberian early ripening tomato is grown in almost all regions of Russia. With the exception of the Central Chernozem region, the Volga region, the North Caucasus. In order to unlock the full potential of this variety, it is necessary to choose a clean soil. It will suit a little sour, light and slightly wet soil. It is recommended to choose a place where legumes, cabbage, onions, and cucumbers grew earlier.
By tradition, before landing in open ground or in a greenhouse, seedlings are first grown. Sowing seeds for seedlings produced from late February to mid-March. The composition of the soil mixture should include peat and humus, the height should be more than 20 cm. Seeds sown to a depth of at least 1 cm. Seedlings should be watered and fed regularly with fertilizers. Before the onset of heat, the shoots must be covered from above with a special material.
When two leaflets grow on shoots, a dive is made. Each seedling is planted in a large well, after adding to it up to 10 g of superphosphate. For a good harvest, seedlings are planted in 4 rows with the tip tilted to the north. The distance between seedlings is not less than 20 cm, and between rows 25-30 cm. It is best to plant grown seedlings in the ground from late May to mid-July. In this case, you can count on a high yield.
During the growth of the bush it is necessary to engage in its formation in 3 stalks. When growing tomato early ripening should be avoided, the leaves contact with each other and the tomato with the ground. To do this, the bushes are tied up with vertical supports. An important condition for growing a variety is to prevent the flowers from shedding. Yield depends on their preservation.. If the lower flowers fall tomatoes stepson over next brush.
When growing seedlings, it is also allowed to plant seeds on a permanent place. If the weather is favorable, this can be done at the end of March. Note the fact that tomatoes, which grew in the open field in the open air through seedlings or seeds, grow larger and tastier.
It is necessary to maintain moderate atmospheric humidity. To do this, you need to water the bushes with warm water after sunset. Also during the growth of tomato and fruit ripening it is necessary to remove weeds and loosen the soil. There are some tomato diseases you may encounter. This is late blight, which can be cured with the help of fungicides or ten percent salt solution.
Another disease is gray rot, you can get rid of it with triazole agents and fungicides. Pests that can harm a tomato: wireworm, bear, aphid, whitefly, nematode. They are destroyed with the help of insecticides.
Many gardeners appreciated the cultivation of Siberian tomato early ripening. According to reviews, the majority speaks of it as an old, time-tested variety, suitable for fresh use and for salting. The variety is marked by resistance to cold, tasty tomatoes and friendly yield of the crop. Tomato Siberian will delight your taste and the early maturation of the harvest, not only experienced gardeners, but also their families.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Siberian early ripening is a determinant variety with a restriction on growth in height of about 95 cm. A plant with medium-sized green and dark green leaves. The tomatoes themselves are medium in size, 50-100 g each, in a rounded flat shape with a slightly pronounced ribbing, bright red color. Tastes and flavor of the traditional type. The variety gives a good harvest in greenhouse cultivation - 8-10 kg / m2, in the open ground - 5-8 kg / m2. About 0.9-1.5 kg of tomatoes ripen on a single bush of Siberian early ripening. Among the advantages distinguish:
- good yield
- ability to withstand cooling
- fruits rarely crack,
- universality of use of tomatoes (fresh, canned in various ways, juices, mashed potatoes, sauces) are good,
- easy care
- prolonged fruiting
- vegetables tolerate transportation.
Council It is possible to extend the storage and preserve the quality of tomatoes when transported, if they are neatly and sufficiently tightly put the boxes up with the stalks. It is very important that the fruits are dry. The box is covered with a little pressure. The shelf life in this case is about two months.
If we talk about the shortcomings of tomato, some complain about the moral obsolescence of the variety, as well as its inability to withstand the characteristics of modern derived hybrids.
For planting tomatoes pre-grown seedlings. Prepared seeds are placed in pots or special containers with soil. Planting material can be left from last year or bought, paying attention to product quality and shelf life. Preparation of tomato seeds includes the following work:
- Sorting. Only large healthy sunflower seeds that contain more nutrients are suitable, strong plants grow from them.
- Warming up is necessary if storage was at low temperatures. It is performed 1-1.5 months before landing during the week. The seeds folded in fabric bags are placed on the battery for several days.
- Disinfection. It is believed that many bacteria can even be on the surface of the kernels, so they are subjected to pickling. For the procedure suitable 1% solution of potassium permanganate.
- Soaking in the nutrient solution, biostimulant (for example, Epine, Immunocytophite) according to the instructions, after which the planting material is dried.
- Namachivanie - seeds in a bag are immersed in warm water at room temperature for a maximum of 10-12 hours. Periodically, the liquid is changed, the seeds are taken out every 4 hours so as not to suffocate.
- Pre-germination contributes to the earlier emergence of sprouts, improves entrainment, promises early receipt of fruits. The saucer is covered with wet gauze, laid out the seeds, make sure that the fabric does not dry out, excessive moisture is also not allowed.
- Hardening contributes to increased resistance of tomatoes to adverse weather conditions. The sunflower seeds in a damp cloth are placed on the bottom of the refrigerator for 10-12 hours, kept at 16-20 ° C during the day. Repeat this procedure for several days.
Germinating seeds are planted to a depth of about 1 cm in several pieces in containers for seedlings under room conditions or bred in a greenhouse. As the sprouts and full leaves appear, weak small units are removed. To properly grow, develop and ripen fruits, tomatoes need a well-lit area.
Planting and care
Strong healthy seedlings are planted in open ground when the threat of late frosts disappears, usually at the end of May and beginning of June. When planting in the well, the addition of superphosphate is desirable. For the formation of healthy bushes is important to observe
- indent between plants - 50 cm,
- distance between rows 30-40 cm
Leaving is reduced to regular watering in the late afternoon, after the heat of the day, top dressing and timely loosening of the soil with the cleaning of weeds.
Diseases and pests
Siberian early maturity is slightly susceptible to disease, but you may encounter:
- late blight (help get rid of special drugs, a solution of ordinary salt 10%),
- gray rot (eliminated by fungicides, triazole agents),
- Alternaria, Fusarium (fungicidal preparations are necessary),
- pests: medvedka, aphids, wireworm, whitefly (insecticides help).
The variety of tomatoes Siberian early ripened appeared quite a long time ago, but it proved itself well among gardeners due to unpretentiousness, yield, rich taste, resistance to diseases and cooling. Even without much experience growing vegetables, you can pick a lot of tomatoes and make a big family happy.
Description of tomato varieties Siberian early
Tomato called "Siberian early" is determinant in the type of growth and developmenttherefore, its description of the variety suggests stopping the growth and development of the above-ground part at a certain moment, as well as maintaining the height of the bush at a level of 0.4–0.8 m, which makes it possible to grow this vegetable in low greenhouses. The plant is quite powerful and has well leafy stems.
This early, or precocious, variety is able to form the first full harvest of ripe fruit in about four months after the first shoots. It was derived by experts of the experimental vegetable-potato breeding station as a result of the cross-crossing of hybrid forms No. 114 and No. 534/1, with subsequent thorough selection. The variety with a long history, time-tested and receives fairly good ratings and reviews of vegetable growers.
Ripe fruits are given a positive characteristic not only by specialists, but also by domestic gardeners, growing this variety in both open and protected ground:
- ripe tomatoes are large in size, the average weight can vary in the range of 60-110 g,
- the shape of the fruit is round and flat, with weak ribbing,
- the surface at the stage of full aging is markedly red,
- the average number of nests varies from 5 to 12,
- the flesh is very pleasant, with a pronounced tomato flavor,
- high yield does not depend on weather factors in the cultivation region,
- characterized by high solids content.
The value of the variety is represented by simultaneous yield, early ripeness and versatility of fruit use. Tomatoes of this variety are used not only fresh and for the preparation of vitamin salads, but also in the manufacture of juices, tomato sauce and pasta.
Features of pasynkovaniya and care
Pysynki are parts of the main stem and do not have significant differences in growth and development. On the stepsons not only leaves are formed, but fruit brushes are also laid. Such agrotechnical technique as pasynkovanie, plays a very important role in the formation of the aerial parts of the tomato bush and has a positive effect on fruit formation, and in the end, and on indicators of the overall yield of the garden crop:
- additional shoots, or stepchildren, are the result of increased mineral nutrition of the garden crop,
- pasynkovanie tomatoes is a mandatory event, allowing you to adjust the growth of green mass and balance the nutrition of tomato,
- Late stinging is very often the main cause of fruit overloading a tomato bush, which can trigger fruit shredding and a decrease in overall yield indicators,
- inspections of plants for the appearance of stepsons and pasynkovanie recommended at least once a week.
Experienced gardeners do not recommend spending much time on removing stepchildren on a tomato of the variety “Siberian early”. This recommendation is due to the growth of the determinant shrub, where the main shoot is completed with a fruit brush, and removing the stepson can limit the process of fruit formation and cause a decrease in overall yield. Thus, the procedure of pinching is not the main one when growing Siberian Early Ripe, and cultivation of this variety requires attention to be paid to timely watering and feeding, as well as regular weeding and loosening of the soil.
Description and characteristics of the plant
“Siberian early” is a typical determinant low-growing variety of early ripening. The height of bushes in the open field does not exceed 40-45 cm. In greenhouses and temporary film shelters, plants can grow from 60 to 90 cm. Tomatoes begin to ripen at 98-108 days from the appearance of full shoots. Indicators of fruit stitchiness are good, the yield of the harvest is friendly. The fruits are round or flat-rounded in shape with a slight ribbing, the skin color is bright red.
Shrubs usually stepchild, leaving 3 stalks, each of which grows no more than 4 floral brushes, forming 3-5 ovaries. The mass of ripe fruits ranges from 60 to 115 g. Thus, the tomatoes of this variety, with the proper agricultural technology, allow to collect up to 9.5 kg of fruits per square meter of greenhouse. In the open ground, the crops are more modest, but in the first two weeks of fruiting on the bushes up to 45% of the fruits ripen, and the tomatoes are larger and more tasty.
Tomatoes of this variety can be grown in almost all regions of the country. In the middle zone of the bushes planted in a permanent place at the age of not more than 65 days. Within 10-15 days, the seedlings take root, and further care consists of timely feeding, pasynkovanii, preventive treatment of diseases, regular watering and loosening the soil. The optimal scheme of planting in the beds involves placing the bushes at a distance of half a meter from each other, while maintaining intervals of 30-35 cm between the rows. When cultivating in protected soil, plants can stretch and require a garter to supports.
Advantages and disadvantages
The variety is valued by gardeners and farmers for the following qualities:
- early and harmonious ripening of the fruit, allowing you to collect a significant part of the crop before the onset of the weather, contributing to the development of late blight,
- resistance to a number of diseases (including tobacco mosaic and brown spot),
- consistently high yield
- good taste and convenient shape of the fruit,
- unpretentiousness and lack of difficulties in the cultivation.
Despite the fact that the variety is registered as lettuce, the density, taste and aroma of the pulp of the fruit make it possible to use them for processing into juices, pasta and sauces. Tomatoes have a shape and size that is convenient for home canning, as well as a strong skin that does not crack when heated, making the fruits look good in pickles and pickles.
Of the real drawbacks can be noted only the solid age of the variety. Some gardeners believe that "Siberian early" is obsolete and does not have a number of qualities inherent in the varieties and hybrids of tomatoes, bred in recent years. Estimates of this kind are very subjective. Due to its reliability and trouble-free, the variety continues to make a successful competition to the most fashionable varieties and can be recommended both to sophisticated and novice gardeners.
Отзывы овощеводов о сорте
Олег, 39 лет, г. Кинешма
Один из наиболее удачных сортов для тех, кто только начинает заниматься помидорами. Проблем с тем, как сажать и как ухаживать за растениями, вообще не возникает. Perhaps the taste of the fruit and inferior to the newest varieties, but with a short and cool summer variety stably pleases crops without whims.
It is also important that the price of seeds is low, and they are produced by several reliable companies. And from my seeds, for three years now I have quite a decent seedling.
Anna, 51, Moscow region
Every year I plant Early and in open ground, and in the greenhouse. The variety is completely trouble-free, there are many fruits and our family is happy with the taste. Fruiting begins very early: we eat the first greenhouse tomatoes in June. Ground ripens two weeks later, but it turns out more delicious. Nearly half of the fruit blush on the bushes. The rest I try to take off early to get away from the phytophtora. For several years, my tomatoes never hurt anything.
Natalia, 33 years old, Saratov region
“Siberian early” is familiar with tomatoes for a long time: even my mother grew them in the garden. We have our own seeds of this variety, very good ones. Of course, I try new varieties every year, but I don’t turn out to be this either: it is one of the earliest, and reliability is at its best.
Last summer, for the first time I tried to sow some of the seeds right on the garden bed, under the covering material. She did not hope for great success, but most of the seeds sprouted, and by the time the seedlings were planted, the seedlings did not differ much from her in growth. Ovaries were as many as usual. The plants, taught in a reckless way, developed a little slower, and began to bear fruit later, but the taste of their fruits were, as it seemed to me, even tastier. It turns out that in warm regions the variety can be grown without fussing with seedlings.
Evgenia, 49 years old, Chelyabinsk region
I grow a Siberian early maturing for several years. Of course, in our climate, it has to be planted in a greenhouse and tied up, as the bushes are quite strongly drawn out. There are no other problems with it. The taste of fresh fruits is pleasant, and without a crop has not remained even once. Seizures are also pleasing: it is convenient to put tomatoes in banks, skins crack rarely.
Anna, 55 years old, Kazan
I grow this variety under the film shelters (on arcs). Bushes are low, it is convenient to look after. The variety is very early, therefore it easily leaves phytophthora. Tomatoes taste sourish, but very juicy - perfect for sauces and juices. With high yields this is exactly what you need. She made marinades out of them, also turned out well.
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She graduated from MGRI them. Ordzhonikidze. The main specialty is a mining engineer-geophysicist, which means a person with an analytical mindset and diverse interests. I have my own house in the village (respectively, the experience of gardening, horticulture, mushroom growing, as well as fussing with pets and poultry). Freelancer, in terms of their responsibilities perfectionist and "bore". Amateur hand made, the creator of exclusive jewelry made of stones and beads. A passionate admirer of the printed word and a reverent observer of everything that lives and breathes.
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Compost - rotted organic residues of the most diverse origin. How to do? In a heap, pit or large box they put everything in a row: kitchen remains, tops of garden crops, weeds cut before flowering, thin twigs. All this is mated with phosphate flour, sometimes straw, ground or peat. (Some summer residents add special accelerators of composting.) Cover with foil. In the process of overheating, the heap is periodically agitated or pierced for fresh air. Usually compost “ripens” for 2 years, but with modern additives it can be ready even in one summer season.
Both humus and compost are rightfully the basis of organic farming. Their presence in the soil significantly increases the yield and improves the taste of vegetables and fruits. In terms of properties and appearance, they are very similar, but they should not be confused. Humus - rotted manure or bird droppings. Compost - rotted organic debris of the most diverse origin (food spoiled from the kitchen, tops, weeds, thin twigs). Humus is considered a better fertilizer, compost is more accessible.
It is necessary to collect medicinal flowers and inflorescences at the very beginning of the flowering period, when the content of nutrients in them is as high as possible. The flowers are supposed to be torn by hands, tearing off the rough stalks. Dried collected flowers and herbs, scattering in a thin layer, in a cool room at natural temperature without access to direct sunlight.
Humus - rotted manure or bird droppings. It is prepared this way: manure is piled up in a pile or a pile, interbedded with sawdust, peat and garden soil. Burt covered with a film to stabilize the temperature and humidity (this is necessary to increase the activity of microorganisms). Fertilizer "ripens" within 2-5 years - depending on external conditions and the composition of the feedstock. The output is a loose homogeneous mass with a pleasant smell of fresh earth.
In Australia, scientists have begun experiments on cloning several varieties of grapes grown in cold regions. Climate warming, which is predicted for the next 50 years, will lead to their extinction. Australian varieties have excellent characteristics for winemaking and are not susceptible to diseases common in Europe and America.
There is no natural protection for tomatoes from late blight. If the phytophtora attacks, any tomatoes (and potatoes too) perish, no matter what is said in the description of the varieties (“varieties resistant to late blight” are just a marketing ploy).
Convenient Android apps have been developed to help gardeners and gardeners. First of all, these are sowing campaigns (moon, flower, etc.) calendars, subject journals, collections of useful tips. With their help, you can choose a day that is favorable for planting each type of plant, determine the timing of their ripening and harvest in time.
New American developers - robot Tertill, performing weeding in the garden. The device is invented under the direction of John Downes (the creator of the robot vacuum cleaner) and works autonomously under any weather conditions, moving on uneven surfaces on wheels. At the same time, he cuts off all plants below 3 cm with the built-in trimmer.
From varietal tomatoes, you can get "your" seeds for sowing the next year (if you really liked the variety). And with hybrid it is useless to do it: the seeds will be obtained, but they will carry the hereditary material of the wrong plant from which it was taken, but of its many “ancestors”.
Origin of the variety
Siberian early - very old variety, it appeared in the middle of the last century. The application for registration in the State Register of Breeding Achievements was submitted by the VNIISSOK specialists in 1955. Today this organization is called the Federal Research Center for Vegetable Growing.
Tomato Siberian early ripening was tested and in 1959 was included in a single list of plants with an accurate description of varietal characteristics. It is recommended for cultivation in all Russian regions, except for the North Caucasus, the Central Black Soil Region and the Volga region, and also grows well in the climate of Lithuania and Northern Kazakhstan.
Description varieties Siberian precocious
The tomato is called early; 98–108 days pass from the appearance of seedlings to the collection of the first ripe tomatoes. Although many gardeners, he begins to bear fruit is not the first, there are other varieties and hybrids, ripening earlier. The bush of the Siberian early ripening determinant, grows low - 50–60 cm, in a greenhouse and on fertile land - up to a meter. The stem is weak and medium-leaved, but it gives many stepchildren. The leaves are medium in size. The first inflorescence appears above the 6–8 leaf, the next - every 1–2 leaves.
The Siberian early ripening bush has many stepsons, on which not only leaves are formed, but also fruit brushes are laid
Because of the short stature, only 3-4 brushes are laid on the main stem, so the variety is not stepson or the stepchildren are partially removed so that the crop can also be harvested from side shoots. According to information from the State Register of Breeding Achievements, the yield of Siberian early ripening in greenhouses is 6.3–9.5 kg / m² with a planting density of 5–6 plants per square meter. Some gardeners manage to collect about 2 kg from a bush in open ground.
Characteristics of the fetus
The variety is interesting because quite small fruits grow from a low bush - from 62 to 114 g. They have a classic shape - round or slightly flattened. Resistant to cracking. The surface is slightly ribbed. On immature fruits there is a characteristic dark green spot on the stem. Ripe tomatoes are red, the skin is thin, the pulp is juicy, on the cut one can count more than four seed chambers.
The fruits of the Siberian early ripening on the background of a compact bush seem large
Siberian early ripening is suitable for personal seed production. This is not a hybrid. Every year you will be able to collect seeds from the most productive bushes and achieve the best results from this variety. Opinions are divided regarding the taste of tomatoes; fruits are often called bland, sour and, conversely, with a good tomato flavor, “better than the store”. Professional tasters do not rate "excellent" and even "good", they call the taste qualities of the Siberian early ripening "satisfactory." Purpose grade - use fresh, in the preparation of salads.
Growing tomato seedlings Siberian early
In the regions for which the Siberian early-ripening variety is zoned, its seeds are sown in mid-March. Seedlings for shelter planted in mid-May, and in the open ground - in early June. As a result, the seedling period lasts 60–70 days. During this time, tomatoes need to feed 3-4 times, that is, every 2 weeks. The easiest option feeding - ready-made complex mixtures for seedlings.
Siberian early seedling grows compact, requires ordinary care
For my tomatoes I make different dressings and alternate them. Last year, she watered only a solution of Fertica Lux (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water). Then she discovered horse manure extract. It is sold in liquid form and absolutely does not smell. I spread a small glass on a bucket of water. It also gave seedlings a nitrogenous fertilizer - carbamide or urea. She spread a teaspoon in a 7-liter bucket, added a glass of humus there, mixed everything and poured this organomineral cocktail. If I give only nitrogenous fertilizer, then in 3-5 days I powder the ground in cups with wood ash, loosen the top layer and water it.
Horse manure extract is odorless, suitable for feeding houseplants and seedlings
The seedling of the Siberian early ripening does not have a great growth force, therefore, 1-2 picks are enough:
- the first is from a common box in separate pots in the phase of the first true leaf,
- the second - in a larger container or in a greenhouse. It is needed if the seedlings have outgrown the pots, the above-ground part is much more lumpy earth with roots.
Before planting in the open ground, plants need to gradually get used to the open air and the sun's rays. Take them out to the balcony, to the garden, or open the window for 1-2 hours first, increasing this time daily to a full day.
Landing on a permanent place
On the site, make a bed for tomatoes in a sunny place, they can be planted after cabbage, beans, onions, cucumbers. In the greenhouse, it is not necessary to change the top layer of soil; you can ensure crop rotation with the help of siderats:
Sow them in early spring or autumn, before winter, mow before the flowering phase and stack as mulch.
Video: Siberian precocious in the greenhouse
The layout of tomatoes Siberian early - 50x35 cm. Fertilizers can be applied both across the bed (a humus bucket and 0.5 liters of wood ash per 1 m²), and into a hole (a handful of humus and 1 tbsp of ash). The second option is more economical and optimal, since the roots of tomatoes are compact, do not extend beyond the bounds of the bush, the main mass is located at a depth of 30–40 cm. By putting fertilizer in the hole, you provide nutrition only to tomatoes, not weeds that will grow around.
Tomatoes transplant in fertilized and spilled water wells
Classic landing stages:
- Make the holes to the size of the roots.
The distance between the holes should be at least 70 centimeters.
Manure cow or horse should be made only after composting, so as not to burn the root system of plants
Wood ash - an excellent antiseptic for seedlings
Sprouting wells must be well spilled with water so that it does not reach the edge of the surface by 2–3 cm.
Overgrown seedlings can be deepened, for example, by laying the sprouting stem horizontally
The substrate must be well compacted, sprinkling the root of the plant somewhere in the 5 cm
I bought a local grower fertilizer for tomatoes called BioHumus. It is gelatinous. According to the instructions, can be used for root and foliar fertilizing, as well as during planting. Diluted 1 UF. l in a bucket of water and spilled holes, then planted. Very convenient and fast: watering is combined with fertilizer.
Care for tomatoes Siberian early
In dry weather, water 2 times a week, spending 2 liters of water per bush. Drizzle rain from this event is not exempt.
Even if it was a heavy, but short rainfall, check whether the earth was wet over the entire depth of the roots. If not, then you need to water, possibly reducing the rate.
Rain can dampen only the above-ground part and the top layer of soil, and at the depth leave the ground dry
As in the seedling period, every 2 weeks do feeding. Consider that only nitrogen fertilizers are not suitable for flowering and fruiting plants. Buy complex mixes for tomatoes or universal - for vegetables (Fertika, Agricola, Pure leaf, etc.). They should contain:
Follow the instructions and do not overdose. Many fertilizers in elevated concentrations can lead to the death of plants: the roots will burn, the leaves will dry, and then the whole bush will dry.
Well-proven complex fertilizer clean sheet
Keep the soil in the garden clean and weedy and loose. You can use mulch. Many gardeners spud tomatoes, but this is not necessary. By the way, hilling is one of the reasons why fruits grow and ripen later than the stated period. The bush directs all the sap to the formation of new roots, and the development of the aerial part is suspended.
Hilling of tomatoes has a double effect: on the one hand, the nourishment of the shrub improves, on the other hand, the ripening period increases
Particular attention should be paid to the formation of the bush. How to do it - it depends on you and how the Siberian bushes look early. Each site and in different regions has its own individual conditions (soil type, temperature, humidity, care). In some gardeners, the variety forms a lot of stepchildren, even 2 each from one sinus, the bush grows with a thick whisk, strewn with flowers. Of course, they all do not have time to turn into fruit and ripen. This plant needs to be thinned: remove all stepchildren below the first flower brush, and leave 3-4 above. In other vegetable growers, the bushes branch out moderately, and if you remove all the side shoots, you can go without a crop.
Video: Determinant Tomato Formation
Based on personal experience, I can assume that the strong growth of stepsons and abundant flowering without fruiting are signs of over-feeding plants with organic matter. It is possible that fresh manure was introduced into the ground before planting, and the bushes were fed with bird droppings, mullein and other fertilizers containing mostly nitrogen. This element in the absence of the rest leads to rapid growth of greenery, the plant does not bear fruit.
The Siberian early ripening, with the observance of the rules of agrotechnology, can be grown without a straw, but then the fruits will be smaller. The best option is a partial pinning for thinning a bush, there will be less tomatoes, but they will grow larger and will have time to mature in the bud.
Siberian tomato early: description of the variety
By type of growth of the bush, this species belongs to the determinant varieties of tomatoes. The height of its bushes can be from thirty to ninety four centimeters. The stem is characterized by strong foliage. The leaves are medium in size and green or dark green in color. Stamb does not form.
Siberian early ripening is usually attributed to the early ripening varieties, since it takes from one hundred and fifteen to one hundred and thirty days from the appearance of the first seedlings to the ripening of fruits. It is resistant to brown spot and tobacco mosaic virus, and to other diseases, it shows moderate resistance. Tomatoes of this variety can be grown both in the greenhouse and in the open field.
The main advantages of tomato varieties Siberian early can be called:
- Good yields
- Cold resistance
- Universality of fruits used,
- Long period of fruiting,
- Resistance to certain diseases.
The disadvantages of "Siberian precocious" growers call:
- Moral obsolescence.
- Inability to compete with modern hybrid varieties in many ways.
As you can see, these shortcomings are very subjective.
On our site you will find reliable information about such misfortunes as Alternaria, Fusarium, Verticillis, Phytophlorosis and ways to protect against Phytophthora.
- The weight of tomatoes in this variety of tomatoes ranges from sixty to one hundred and ten grams.
- Они имеют плоскоокруглую или круглую слаборебристую форму и ярко-красную окраску.
- Количество камер в одном помидоре может варьироваться от пяти до двенадцати
- Содержание сухих веществ в нем находится на уровне 7%.
- Плоды характеризуются традиционным томатным вкусом и приятным ароматом.
- Они хорошо переносят транспортировку.
Сравнить показатели веса разных сортов можно в таблице ниже:
Хранить собранные помидоры можно в ящиках, уложив их плотными рядами таким образом, чтобы их плодоножки располагались сверху. Tomatoes selected for storage should not be wet! The box must be closed with a light pressure cover. In such conditions, fruits can be stored for up to two months.
By the way of use this type of tomato is considered universal.. It is used in its raw form, and also used to make juices, mashed potatoes, pastes and sauces. These tomatoes are suitable for salting. When grown in greenhouse conditions, each bush of this variety is usually harvested from one to one and a half kilograms of fruits, and the average yield is nine to ten kilograms of fruits from one square meter of planting.
When grown in the open ground, from five to five hundred grams of fruits are harvested from one bush, and from six to seven kilograms of fruits from one square meter of planting.
Compare crop yield can be in the table below:
Next, you will see photos of a variety of tomato "Siberian early":
Care and cultivation
Tomato Siberian early ripening is suitable for cultivation in all regions of Russia, except for the Volga region, the Central Black Soil Region and the North Caucasus District. The main feature of this time-tested variety of tomatoes is the simultaneous ripening of fruits.
Tomatoes of this variety almost never crack. When grown in greenhouses, pre-hardened and treated seeds should be planted in late March or early April. The depth of planting seeds should be at least one centimeter. All further care is regular watering and feeding. When at least two leaves appear on the shoots, they dive.
In a greenhouse, bushes usually grow up to sixty to ninety centimeters in height, so they need a garter to a vertical support. In the open ground seedlings are planted in late May or early June. Best of all, the plants will feel in light, slightly acidic soil, which will be slightly moist.
The distance between the bushes should be at least fifty centimeters, and the distance between the rows can vary from twenty-five to thirty-five centimeters. Plants need to form in three stalks. Caring for tomatoes is to maintain the low humidity of the atmosphere, watering with warm water after sunset, regular fertilization and loosening the soil.
Harvesting, crop dosing, application
In order to increase the yields of the Siberian early ripeness, harvest the fruits in the blanse ripeness. Then the bush will have more strength to grow and fill remaining. Dispense tomatoes at room temperature in boxes or baskets, adding them in 1-2 layers. Ripe tomatoes of this variety are poorly stored due to thin skin. If you want to stretch the period of consumption of fresh tomatoes, then measure them in a cool room (+10 - +15 ⁰C). In the basement or cellar, where the humidity is even colder and higher, they will rot rather than mature.
You will increase the yield of the Siberian early ripening, if you collect the fruits of the blanket ripeness
Siberian early tomatoes are created for fresh consumption, ideal for salads, as they easily give the juice. This feature has contributed to the fact that the variety began to be used to make tomato juice. In addition, slices of tomatoes are added to side dishes, soups, sauces, pizza, they are frozen for the winter.
Two years ago I planted Siberian early, hoping for an early harvest. The variety was not very early, but not too late - mid-season. Some varieties, the same Sanka, ripened much earlier. I did not like the taste - fresh fruit, slightly sour.
Sowing with some skepticism is an old variety, and the stated dates for the onset of fruiting in the area of 95–105 days somehow do not correlate very well with the “early maturity” in the name, especially now when there are ultra early varieties with the stated dates until the first red tomatoes are only 80 –90 days ... However, in spite of a certain bias at the beginning, he noted that even in the seedling period, I had firstly bloomed tomatoes of two varieties, and one of them was just the Siberian Ripening. In general, one of the advantages is really early (did many manage to remove red tomatoes from new varieties 80 days after sprouting? In fact, many people still have the same 95–100 days). Another plus is beautiful fruits, large enough for such an early and short tomato. A good tomato flavor, at least for me, is definitely tastier than any store ...: niam: The only serious minus is giving a lot of stepsons, and often with one sinus immediately climbs 2, in general, the eye and the eye for this companion is needed ... 😮 Paraphrasing the leader of all times and peoples - stepchild, stepchild and stepstick again ... 😀 But, for the sake of justice, he does not forget to blossom and tie fruit too
Sasha from Uralmash
I bought into the name, I thought that if it was early for Siberia, it’s all the more precocious for us - I’ll collect it in June. Yeah, well. Sowing in early March, to the ground - April 15–20, bloomed in late June, the first collection - after July 15. Wildly blossomed - even cut the bouquets, the ovaries - not recalculated, and then she began to fall off, the peduncle dried, the leaves dried, brown spots on the stems (I don’t know what the infection is, the forum didn’t answer). the rest is in the garbage, and the seeds are there too.
Yamal and Siberian early ripening, I am not a stepchild, in general, undersized are not worth a relative, then you can stay without a crop. Last year, she wrote about her husband’s experiments, he planted his seedlings at the end of April, they planted it on the ground on June 10, made only dolomite, our soil is acidic. Then he sprayed the baikal three times, did not give either the stepson or the extra leaves to clean. The harvest was the earliest, the bushes were covered with fruits. (This is in og)
Siberian early - an old and proven variety of tomatoes. Great for regions of extreme farming, fruits well with standard care. You will have to think only at the stage of forming a bush: do not seedling and get a lot of small fruits that do not have time to ripen, or seedling partially to produce larger tomatoes ripening on the bush.