Violet tricolor very pretty. She is dressed in a festive multi-colored dress, therefore it is noticeably distinguished from other, not so bright colors. It belongs to the annual herbaceous plants, belongs to a large family of violets. It grows more often with weed in vegetable gardens and on steam fields. You can find a plant on the forest edges lit by the sun, and flood meadows, near the numerous shrubs.
These different violets ...
Sometimes there is confusion with different types of violets. And their differences are as follows:
- Violet tricolor has a tricolor beater. It grows up to 45 cm. The flowers are large, usually with a deep blue tint or dark purple. The beginning of flowering falls on April, ends - in September.
- Field violet is endowed with a halo of two flowers, with white and yellow. The height is from 15 to 30 cm, the flowers reach a size of up to 1.5 cm. It contains more violin alkaloid (it causes a gag reflex), but saponins are much smaller. It blooms from mid-May to September. For sale in the pharmacy network during packaging, both types are used.
- Violet dubious. It is also called changeable. It is cultivated thanks to fragrant purple flowers. It is considered poisonous, although in folk medicine it is widely used not only as a decoction, but also externally when wounds, swelling and inflammation of the skin are treated.
There are violet tricolor own fruits. They are a single-nest box of green color, in which small seeds of brown shade are hidden. Maturation begins in June.
Harvesting during the flowering period
Violet tricolor helps to cure many diseases, because it is harvested every year. Use mainly herbal part, at least - the root. The best time to collect is the flowering period.
The above-ground part should be cut so that the root remains in the ground. The grass must be dried and laid out under a canopy, occasionally turning over. The place should not be very sunny, but with a constant influx of fresh air. The procedure is considered complete when the stem becomes brittle, and does not bend when pressed. If an oven is used during drying, its temperature should not exceed 40 degrees. The smell of the tricolor violet after drying remains weak, and the taste is sweetish, with a sensation of mucus.
It is best kept raw materials in glass jars, tightly closed. The violet does not lose its valuable qualities for 1.5 - 2 years.
What is the composition contained in the violet
The plant has healing power due to its rich composition. Here is:
- Saponins. They have antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties.
- Flavonoids. They have a very huge spectrum of activity, above all, anti-cancer. In the tricolor violet, these substances are a plant antibiotic that can excrete heavy metal salts. Effective as a prophylactic agent of cardiovascular diseases.
- Glycosides. They play a large role in the respiratory process, possess cardiotonic activity.
- Salicylates Contribute to fever, relieve inflammation and fight pathogenic microflora.
- Essential oil violets have a calming effect on the nervous system, as well as such actions as antiseptic, expectorant, antiseptic.
- Carotenoids. Possess antioxidant capabilities, support the immune system, help fight inflammatory processes.
- Vitamins C, E, R. These vitamins help a person stay healthy. Vitamin E has a protective function, fighting free radicals, preserving fatty acids. For example, the appearance of age spots in elderly people is an accumulation of fat-like substances that have been oxidized by free radicals. If the body does not have enough vitamin E, they will not be able to appear. Vitamin C is also a strong antioxidant that strengthens the immune system. Helps the adrenal glands and restores tissue, is needed for the production of collagen, accelerating the process of wound healing. Vitamin P improves the walls of capillaries, supports the ability of the heart to use oxygen.
- Mucus. Have enveloping properties and a high expectorant effect.
All the beneficial substances of the tricolor violet people have long used, because the plant has the following properties:
- blood purifying
Tricolor violet is used when it is necessary to normalize the metabolism, for those suffering from bronchitis, whooping cough, respiratory tract catarrh, polyarthritis, gout, and also for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and urinary system. Women after childbirth violet will help reduce the uterus, and children - to get rid of rickets or diathesis. With eczema and scrofula, you can bathe children in broth.
Many skin diseases stop compresses, decoctions, infusions of tricolor violets. As a rule, it is dermatitis, psoriasis, acne, boils and trophic ulcers, long non-healing wounds. Juice herbs rub problem areas if pathologies such as aphthous ulcer, herpes, impetigo appear. Lishai are removed using ground grass. The composition of many diuretic and expectorant drugs included this plant.
In folk medicine, the beneficial properties of the violet tricolor are used against diseases such as tuberculosis of the lymph nodes or lungs, cystitis, atherosclerosis, cystitis, kidney stones, heartbeat, increased sexual excitability, painful erection (especially with hops, bleeding, skin lesions).
Diuretic infusion can be done at home. There are several ways to cook it:
- 60 gr. herbs insist in 600 ml of water,
- 20 gr. root pour 600 ml of water, put on low heat. Broth should be boiled down on the third part.
You need to take no more than 5 times a day. Single dose - 15 gr. If you want to use as a laxative, increase the dose to 45 grams, and as an emetic - you can bring up to 50 - 60 grams.
Most often, violet as a medicine is used with other herbs:
- from cystitis, pyelonephritis and kidney disease, they additionally take hop cones and lingonberry leaves,
- from dermatitis, psoriasis - centaury, wild rosemary, hoofed animal,
- from the diathesis collect sequence and nightshade sweet-bitter.
Who often suffers furunculosis, you need to try this tool. Would need:
- violet herbs - 4 parts,
- marigold flowers - 2 parts,
- burdock root - 2 parts.
Grind all components. On a tablespoon pour 300 ml of cold water, let stand 5 hours. After setting to boil, the drug boils for 60 seconds. Drink 150 gr. 1 - 2 times a day.
If cystitis worries, there is a way to get rid of it. To do this, you need to take a bath with a decoction of medicinal plants. It is necessary to cook:
- Violet flowers and oregano herb - 4 parts,
- birch leaves currant, better than black - 6 parts,
- thyme - 3 parts,
- Eucalyptus leaves - 1 part.
Three spoons of the mixture will require a liter of water. After bringing to a boil, it is necessary to insist. Water during the procedure should be warm.
Cystitis, as well as other inflammations associated with the urinary system, are also treated with the following recipe:
- grass violets and hop cones of ordinary - 1 part,
- cowberry leaves - 3 parts.
On a tablespoon of the collection will need 400 grams. boiling water. Infuse medication should 3 hours. Then you need to strain. Drink 150 grams. twice a day. As a rule, therapy takes a month. If required, the course is repeated after 14 days.
Popular "Averin tea", which is prepared from allergies, diathesis and scrofula, is done like this:
- grass tricolor violets, a series - 5 parts,
- Nightshade bitter, grassy part with leaves - 1 part.
- You can give to children under Art. spoon 4 times a day.
After measuring a tablespoon of mixed plants, pour it with a glass of boiling water. Insist until the medicine has cooled. Give as children 1 tbsp. spoon 4 times a day as a remedy for diathesis and scrofula.
Medicinal properties and contraindications
Useful healing properties of the herb violets are common and wide its application spectrum:
- the fight against germs
- elimination of inflammations
- relieving painful spasms
- relaxing sedative effect
- disinfection treatment
- strong diaphoretic action
- quick wound healing
- safe blood purification
- active contraction of the uterus in women after childbirth.
Most of the contraindications for use in treatment are related to the sensitivity of the individual organism to certain components of the phyto-composition or overdose. It is also undesirable to take herbs for hepatitis and other serious liver diseases.
- Specialists from the field of phytotherapy and botany include tricolor violet to the category of poisonous plants.
- The cause of the allergy and its serious consequences can be the individual intolerance of some components of the herbal composition.
- Abusing folk remedies based on a medicinal plant, one can easily provoke irritation of certain intestinal sections.
- Taking the plant for medicinal purposes for more than a month is prohibited, therefore it is necessary to take breaks and pauses.
Before choosing a remedy, it is recommended to consult a doctor for advice, since for each person it is necessary to develop an individual course of treatment.
Use in traditional medicine
The medical grass was widely adopted and applied in the field of following diseases:
- various types of cough, which are characterized by complicated expectoration,
- inflammation of the bladder and intestines,
- skin diseases with rashes in the form of acne.
Fresh juice, for example, is useful for treating genital and oral ulcers.
To prepare the broth, you need to pour one tablespoon with a glass of boiling water and insist on the product for about two hours. More concentrated decoction is used for external use.
Of great value is the essential oil from violet, which is estimated by some perfumers more expensive than gold. However, it is not without health and healing properties:
- reduces dizziness and headaches,
- perfectly fights against purulent skin diseases,
- strengthens and soothes heart activity.
Decoction actively used in the treatment of cough in children. The recipe for this tool is quite simple: 10 g of grass insist in a glass of boiling water. It is applied on 1/4 parts of a glass after careful straining. Be careful and follow the precautions, do not forget to consult with a specialist. For example, the herb has some contraindications for use for young children as a therapeutic agent. Therefore, it is necessary to limit the use of this broth to 1 cup per day.
Infusion widely known as a remedy for vomiting. Due to its anti-toxic healing properties, it is actively used as an antidote for some poisonings (not very complicated). You should not try to treat this case of severe cases of homeopathy, and in especially urgent cases it is best to seek medical advice. Here is a classic recipe for this infusion, which is worth your attention: pour one tablespoon of raw material with boiling water and keep the infusion in a warm place for about two hours.
During pregnancy. It should be noted: the use of the plant outside way has no contraindications and does not cause harm to lactating or pregnant women. However, funds for external use can provoke uterine muscle contractions, which will lead to sad consequences: premature onset of labor or miscarriage.
Bronchitis syrup. Syrup is able to cope even with prolonged bronchitis, which has become chronic. It is customary to prepare it from fresh flowers of the plant, after washing it with running water. As an ingredient for the syrup, 4 tbsp. spoons of such plant materials. Fill the flowers with boiling water (1 liter will be enough) and leave to infuse overnight. In the morning, the composition is drained through cheesecloth, and boiled with added sugar until thick.
At 1 liter of this infusion will need 1.3 kg of sugar. Two minutes before the end of cooking, you must add to the mixture the juice of two small or one large lemon.
Syrup is used in 1 teaspoon from 3 to 6 times a day. The dosage has the same amount for both children and adults. This remedy relieves the inflammatory process in the throat and removes sputum from the lungs, thereby helping to stop coughing and cleaning the bronchi.
Violet of Violet. Pansies, which were infused in vinegar, will help to cope with the most unpleasant type of pain - migraine. At the time of the attack, you must use the composition for wiping the forehead. This miraculous infusion must be prepared as follows: pour 3 tbsp. spoons of dried flowers 50 milliliters of vinegar, preferably nine percent, and leave to infuse the tool in a dark room for 10 days. The bottle with the mixture will need to be shaken periodically. After the necessary time has passed, the drug must be drained.
Decoction for skin diseases. This tool is intended for external use, is used for wiping and as lotions, compresses and baths. For cooking you will need: 20 g of dry violets and 1 cup of hot water. Fill the raw material with hot, but by no means boiling water, wait a couple of minutes for the violet to sink to the bottom of the tank, after which we put the whole thing on a slow fire and boil for about 15 minutes. Cookware for cooking broth should be closed tight lid. After that, the medicine will be almost ready - it remains only to strain the decoction. Use it for external use as a medicine for the above skin diseases.
Tea for cleansing blood. As a rule, this useful tea is used as an additional therapy for sexually transmitted diseases and blood diseases. For cooking, you will need to pour one teaspoon of dried violet grass into a 200 ml teapot. Tea will infuse properly in about a quarter of an hour. Strain it in any convenient way for you and use tea leaves 3-4 times a day. Honey can be added to the drink if desired. This can be done to improve the taste, and in order to bring additional benefits for your health.
Planting and growing
Very often pansies are used as decorative flowers for flower beds and window sills. The plant differs in unpretentiousness in leaving, prefers a moderate shadow, the friable soil and average humidity. For flowering must be planted in advance seeds. Winter flower is able to tolerate cold well and almost never gets sick.
Harvesting and storage
To obtain high-quality products from the tricolor violet, it should be properly prepared and stored in suitable conditions. Any minor disruption of the process can lead to a decrease or complete loss of the medicinal properties of the plant.
Pansies recommended to collect in the flowering period. It lasts from the beginning of June to mid-September. For harvesting, you can use the stems, leaves and flowers of violets. Its roots are of no interest.
The collected material is dried in the room, spreading the raw materials on paper sheets with a layer of no more than 6 cm. In the process of drying, the raw materials are constantly mixed to avoid rotting.
Store dry three-colored violet in a dry place in a tightly closed container for no more than one and a half years.
Regardless of whether the raw materials were purchased in a pharmacy or collected independently, it will be of great benefit if used correctly.
What are the beneficial substances are part of
Pansies include the following active ingredients:
- Salicylic acid has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antipyretic, analgesic, irritant effect.
- Rutin and quartzetin (P-vitamins) have a positive effect on the cardiovascular system, strengthen the walls of blood vessels, reduce the fragility of capillaries, inhibit blood clotting, prevent the development of thrombophlebitis.
- Solonin has an irritant effect, in small doses it has a positive effect on the secretion of all glands. This has a beneficial effect on the bronchi, contributes to a better liquefaction, the removal of sputum.
- Tannin is used in traditional and traditional medicine as a hemostatic, antidiarrheal agent with astringent properties.
- Polysaccharides stimulate the growth and development of beneficial microflora in the intestines, have bifidogenic properties, and have anti-inflammatory effects.
The tricolor violet is rich in minerals. It consists of iron, magnesium, calcium, potassium, chromium, selenium, boron.
Important! Useful properties of violets are used for the prevention and treatment of diseases.
Violet tricolor tea
Folk healers as a blood-purifying, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, use tricolor violet tea. Готовится он следующим образом: в заварник засыпать 5 г высушенной травы анютиных глазок, залить 200 мл кипятка, закрыть и дать чаю настояться в течение 15–20 минут. Употреблять целебный настой следует по 100 мл 3 раза в день.
Такое средство прекрасно справляется с сильным сухим кашлем, особенно у детей. However, for the reception of children under 14 years old should limit the daily intake of tea from the violet tricolor. Children are prescribed 50 ml of infusion 4 times a day.
With pertussis in children
With pertussis in children, an infusion of violet fragrant grass effectively helps, prepared as follows: 10 g of grass is poured into a thermos, 500 ml of boiling water is poured, and infused for no more than 10–15 minutes. The resulting infusion is taken in several sips every 3 hours. The course of treatment is 3-4 days. After a few days, the child will feel relieved.
Helpful advice! In the infusion, you can add honey to improve taste.
With a strong dry cough, a collection of herbs is used, which is prepared from tricolor violet grass, plantain leaves, fennel fruits and sundew herb. All ingredients, taken in equal proportions, are thoroughly mixed. To prepare the infusion should be 1 tbsp. pour a spoonful of collection into a glass, pour boiling water over the top and let stand for half an hour. The infusion is taken in a quarter cup up to 4 times a day.
We treat diathesis in children
For the treatment of diathesis in children used bath with infusion of violet tricolor. Such procedures can be carried out, if necessary, from the first months of a child’s life. For the preparation of infusion for children's baths need 200 g of grass and 10 liters of water. The components are mixed, boiled over low heat for 12–15 minutes and infused for an hour. The resulting infusion is filtered and poured into a bath with warm water. The duration of the procedure is from 10 to 20 minutes.
Attention! For adults, an increase in the amount of dry raw materials to 500 g will be required.
In exudative diathesis, a decoction is prescribed from a mixture of medicinal herbs: violet grass, buckthorn bark and licorice root. The first ingredient is taken in an amount of 40 g, the rest - 30 g each. To prepare a decoction, 10 g of the collection is poured with a glass of boiled water, boiled over low heat for half an hour and infused for 10–15 minutes. Cooled broth should be drained and taken by adults 2 cups a day.
Attention! For children, the dose is reduced, is prescribed only by a pediatrician.
With rheumatism and gout
With rheumatism, gout and arthritis tea is used from violet tricolor, prepared according to the following recipe: 2 tsp of raw materials are poured 200 ml of boiling water. Tea is brewed for 10 minutes and taken in 200 ml in the morning and evening.
When mastitis, the green mass of the violet tricolor is crushed and applied to the chest in the form of a compress. After 2 days, the compress is removed.
Copes with scrofula symptoms
The pansy ointment effectively deals with the symptoms of scrofula.
- For the preparation of healing tools you will need 10 g of violet grass, 5 g of dry verbena and budr grass.
- All ingredients are mixed, poured 100 ml of sunflower oil and boiled over very low heat for 5 minutes.
The cooled mixture is filtered and poured into a small jar. Places affected by scrofula are regularly lubricated with the ointment obtained.
When taking folk remedies with tricolor violet, it is necessary to strictly monitor the dosage. Repeated treatment if necessary is possible only after a month's break.
Description of tricolor violet
Violet tricolor - herbal plant of the Violet family, has many other names. The people are often referred to as pansies, scrofula, sparrow seed, tricolor violet. A small delicate flower that can be found in the forest zone in the territory of a number of countries of the former CIS: Russia, Belarus, Ukraine. Also, the tricolor violet lives in grasses of steppes, fields, and even on the territory of a common garden plot.
Wild-growing annual or biennial plant of medicinal subspecies. Where did this name come from - tricolor violet? For the color of the flower is characterized by three colors:
- purple or blue-violet - the upper petals,
- milk-lilac or light blue - side petals,
- yellow with several vertical stripes of dark color - the lower petals.
In the common people an interesting name stuck to violets - Pansies. This name is also due to the appearance of tricolor violets.
It has a thin vertical (tap) root, from which both several small shoots and one main can escape. The leaves are placed alternately, are oblong or elongated ovoid shape. Completed with stipules of large size.
The period of active flowering begins in May and lasts all summer. In the middle of June, the fruits of forest and field violets are formed - tricuspid boxes with small brown seeds, the number of which is about 3 thousand.
Medicinal properties of the plant
Tricolor violet is considered to be a broad-spectrum herb, the beneficial properties of which have become indispensable in traditional, homeopathic and traditional medicine. So, what is the use of seemingly ordinary wild grass? What are the healing properties of a flower called Pansies?
The plant is rich in various minerals and active ingredients. On the basis of the herb violets are made ointments, syrups, infusions, decoctions. Part of some drugs. Wild plant has found application in various fields of medicine:
- in gynecology - to reduce the uterus after childbirth,
- in cosmetology - an effective product against loss and breakage of thin, weak hair,
- in neurology - for insomnia, frequent mood swings, overexcitement, to neutralize stressful conditions, for dizziness and headaches of a different nature,
- for the treatment and prevention of diseases of the respiratory system,
- as an antiphlogistic, antibacterial and disinfectant,
- for diseases of the digestive tract,
- with problems with the skin (eczema, dermatitis, rashes, etc.).
Around the world among gardeners, the tricolor violet is of great interest, information about the healing properties and contraindications of which we have already studied. This raises a lot of questions (especially novice gardeners) on the subject of what conditions are necessary for growing in the home conditions of forest violets.
Violet tricolor unpretentious care. Loves loose soil enriched with various nutrients, moderate humidity and slightly darkened terrain. Ideal is the area of the garden or vegetable garden, where there is a warm morning sun and an afternoon cool tenechka. Not afraid of frost and windy winter weather. The medicinal plant is propagated by seedlings, the seeds for which are sown at the very beginning of summer in greenhouses with a cool microclimate.
Tricolor violet medicinal properties and contraindications
Medical useful properties of a plant consist in a wide and versatile range of application:
- elimination of inflammations
- the fight against germs
- removal of painful spasm,
- disinfection treatment
- soothing relaxing effect
- diaphoretic strong action
- safe blood cleaning
- quick wound healing
- active contraction of the uterus after labor.
Contraindications for medical use are associated with overdose and the sensitivity of a particular organism to the components of the phyto composition of a flower. In severe liver diseases, especially with hepatitis, it is also undesirable to take herbs.
The use of violets in traditional medicine
The healing herb of the violet tricolor has found its distribution and application in the treatment of the following diseases:
- symptoms of ARD,
- types of cough, which is difficult expectoration,
- inflammatory bowel and bladder,
- skin diseases with rashes, acne.
Squeezed fresh juice, for example, is useful in the treatment of ulcers in the mouth and genitals.
For the preparation of decoction traditional medicine recipes are usually recommended to pour and insist 2 hours 1 tbsp. spoon of grass in a glass of boiling water. For external use is made more concentrated (3 tablespoons).
Essential oil of violet is also of great value. It is valued by the weight of gold in perfumers, but not without therapeutic healing properties:
- reduces headaches and dizziness,
- fights pustular skin diseases
- soothes and strengthens heart activity.
A decoction of violet tricolor cough for children is known in medicine. His recipe is simple: insist 10 g of grass in a glass of boiling water. Drink after filtering ¼ cup. Be alert and take caution. For example, for small children, the grass has contraindications for use as a drug. Therefore, it is necessary to limit 1 glass of decoction per day.
Known and infusion violets tricolor vomiting. Due to its therapeutic anti-toxic properties, it is successfully used as an antidote for not very complicated poisonings. Severe cases should not be treated with homeopathy, in urgent cases you should always consult a doctor.
We offer you a classic recipe for this infusion: 1 tbsp of raw material is poured with a glass of boiling water and aged in a warm place for 2 hours.
It is worth paying attention to: external use of the plant does not cause harm and has no contraindications for pregnant and lactating mothers. But as a means for internal use it can provoke a contraction of the muscles of the uterus, which will lead to a sad outcome: the risk of miscarriage or premature onset of labor.
It is impossible to overestimate the value of violets in nature and in human life. Recipes of ointments and decoctions, syrups and infusions gained fame in traditional medicine and cosmetology recipes. Homeopathic properties are known from long-standing medical sources and are popular until today. That is why their cultivation at home is so popular.
Composition and healing properties of violets
Thanks to a wide spectrum of action and a small number of contraindications, violet is included in the list of medicinal plants that are used in official medicine. It is also an effective tool in recipes recommended by traditional healers.
The therapeutic effect of violet is due to the presence in it of a huge number of substances valuable to the human body. Almost the fourth part in the chemical composition of the plant is the mucous polysaccharides, which have an enveloping and emollient effect. They stimulate the formation of beneficial microflora in the gastrointestinal tract and have anti-inflammatory effect. In addition to polysaccharides, other useful ingredients are included in violets.
Medicinal properties of a small flower
Folk healers have learned to use a rich set of violet ingredients to heal people. The plant is used to:
- treatment of diseases of the stomach and intestines,
- removal of inflammatory processes in the upper respiratory tract, bronchi, lungs,
- elimination of circulatory disorders, diseases of the heart and blood vessels, nervous tic, increased excitability,
- improve metabolism and general condition in arthritis, arthrosis, rheumatism, atherosclerosis,
- rapid wound healing and treatment of skin diseases,
- active contraction of the uterus after childbirth,
- treatment of colds and acute viral infections,
- treatment of diseases of the urinary system and biliary tract.
Violet preparations have an antispasmodic and sedative effect and are used in the fight against headaches, neurosis, sleep disorders, nervous and epileptic seizures. Due to the antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects of the herb used in dentistry for toothache, periodontal disease, inflammation in the mouth. Broths and infusions are useful for gargling with sore throat, tincture of violet root fragrant taken in conjunction with other medicines for cancer tumors in the throat, intestines, uterus.
The plant is successfully used in cosmetology. Tinctures and ointments help eliminate problems with oily and too moist skin. Herbal masks eliminate acne and remove acne marks (acne), improve skin tone, make fine wrinkles around the eyes and mouth invisible. Violet decoctions are used to wash your hair and get rid of dandruff, as well as to make your hair healthier and more attractive.
In ancient times, violets were attributed to the magical property of bewitching loved ones. To do this, it was necessary to spray the eyelids and the face of the sleeping lover with the juice of the flower and wait until it wakes up. It was believed that such a person would love until the end of life. And in England, a young man who was embarrassed to explain his feelings to the beloved, sent her a dried flower with his name.
This is the most popular plant of the Violet family. The flower also has other names: pansies, brothers, sparrow seed, tricolor. The plant is used in folk and official medicine. The range of application of pansies for medicinal purposes is very large. Wild flowers are especially appreciated.
Infusions, decoctions and tinctures from the aerial parts of plants have been used in the treatment of colds and infectious and inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract, pathologies of the urinary and nervous systems. Tea made from tricolor violet flowers has a tonic effect.
In one of the ancient Greek legends it is said that the violet is a nymph, turned by Zeus into a flower after she turned to him for protection from the persecution of Apollo. According to another legend, Zeus turned curious men into beautiful flowers, who secretly watched Aphrodite’s goddess of love bathing in a grotto, but were noticed and sentenced to death. That is why violets are so similar to curious eyes.
Folk healers use this small herb from the time of Hippocrates. The medicinal properties of fragrant violets are explained by the presence of the violin alkaloid, which has an expectorant effect, as well as salicylic acid, saponin and other beneficial components, due to which the plant belongs to strong diaphoretic, diuretic, choleretic and anti-inflammatory drugs. Fragrant violet is used to treat rheumatism, gout, tuberculosis, bronchitis, urolithiasis.
Under natural conditions, the violet field grows in open areas: in fields and gardens, along roads, in forest glades and among bushes. In folk recipes it is used together with a tricolor violet, it has a similar effect on the body, but in its chemical composition it contains less saponins and a greater amount of the violin alkaloid. Along with pansies, field violet is a part of pharmacy fees. The grass is recommended to use in metabolic disorders and inflammation of the respiratory tract, as a blood-purifying, diuretic and diaphoretic. Preparations from the field violet improve heart function, have a positive effect in the treatment of eczema, psoriasis. In the decoction of herbs recommended to bathe children with allergic rashes on the skin and diathesis.
In folk medicine, field violet is used to treat colds and children's diathesis.
This perennial plant with bright yellow flowers and a height of not more than 10 cm refers to rare and little-known species. In Russia, Eastern Violet can be found in the southern areas of the Primorsky and Khabarovsk Territories. It grows on well-lit dry slopes of rocks. Valuable saponins and flavonoids were found in the grass and roots of the flower. Due to the complex biochemical composition, decoctions and infusions from Eastern Violet are used in recipes of local, Tibetan and Chinese traditional healers for the treatment of flatulence, indigestion, and a number of gynecological diseases.
Oriental violet is only yellow and is used in recipes of Tibetan and Chinese traditional healers to treat the digestive organs.
Indoor violet is a popular flower that can be seen on the windowsill in many homes. It has a large variety of varieties and colors. It is believed that home violets improve the energy of the room, so they are often placed in rooms with children. Like wild species, they contain a large amount of flavonoids, beneficial essential oils, alkaloids. Preparations from room violets are used for insomnia, nervous exhaustion, as antimicrobial, diaphoretic and choleretic agents.
Tender violet flowers come in various colors and are used to make tea for bronchitis and nervous exhaustion.
The difference between violets and Saintpaulia
In contrast to the real violets belonging to the Fialkov family, Saintpaulia is a member of the Gesneriev family. These violets - unpretentious flowers that do not require special care. They grow equally well in home and in natural conditions. Saintpaulia (barbed violet) is very demanding to care and can only grow indoors. According to external signs, plants can be distinguished by the structure of the flower.
У фиалки они состоят из пяти отдельных и разных по размеру лепестков (нижний лепесток — самый крупный), при этом пять тычинок плотно прижимаются к пестику, розетка не превышает 15–20 см. Цветок сенполии тоже состоит из пяти лепестков, но они спаяны между собой и имеют одинаковый размер. Тычинок у растения не пять, а четыре, а розетки намного крупнее. У некоторых сортов они достигают до 40 см в диаметре.
Разные виды сенполий из семейства Геснериевых выращивают в комнатных условиях на подоконнике
Многие целители приписывают узамбарской фиалке магические свойства и считают, что её полезно держать в доме для создания благоприятной атмосферы. В лечебных целях сенполию иногда применяют для терапии бронхитов и простудных заболеваний, воспаления мочевыводящих путей. A decoction of the leaves is used for bathing children with scrofula and rickets. Infusion Saintpaulia take with neurosis and metabolic disorders.
Despite the great diversity of plant species from the Violet family, violets are considered the most valuable: tricolor, fragrant and field. Prepare healing compositions can be at home. To do this, use the aerial parts of plants (leaves, stems and flowers), as well as the roots of violets. To achieve a positive result, decoctions and teas should be prepared before use, and tinctures, ointments and oil should be stored in the refrigerator.
In folk recipes, violet flower oil is used to treat diathesis, eczema, psoriasis and other skin diseases.
Table: most popular dosage forms
- Crushed the aerial part of the plant to a pasty state.
- Strain through several layers of gauze.
- 10 g of dried flowers and leaves fall asleep in a thermos, pour one glass of boiling water.
- Insist half an hour.
- Before use, filter through a sieve.
- One tablespoon of dry grass is poured with 250 ml of boiling water, tightly covered with a lid, then covered with a towel.
- Insist two hours, then filter.
- Use 1 tablespoon 4-5 times a day with a strong cough, skin diseases, acne, pimples, rheumatism, arthritis.
- One tablespoon of chopped roots is poured into a bowl with 300 ml of water and cooked on a quiet fire until the amount of liquid decreases by one third.
- After cooling the broth is filtered.
- Drink 15 drops up to 6 times a day as a laxative.
- When increasing the dosage to 45 drops, it is used as an emetic.
- When used externally, the concentration is increased three times.
- Violet leaves are crushed to a state of gruel.
- Squeeze the juice and mixed with vodka in a 1: 1 ratio.
- Use 25-30 drops three times a day as an expectorant and anti-allergic agent.
- 3 tbsp. spoons of flowers crushed in a mortar are poured with half a glass of boiling oil and heated for a quarter of an hour on a quiet fire.
- Composition insist 3 days, then filter.
- Store in a cold place in a bottle of dark glass, used to treat skin diseases. To do this, impose wipes soaked in oil on the affected places.
Areas of use
Harvesting herbs for the preparation of healing compositions should be carried out during the flowering period, when the chemical composition contains the greatest number of useful ingredients. For therapeutic purposes, violet is used in herbal collections or independently. To obtain the effect of the preparations of the plant is used in combination with medical treatment prescribed by a doctor.
Table: use of dosage forms of violets for various diseases
- catarrhal and viral diseases,
- stomach pain,
- allergic and pustular rash,
- sore throat.
- ulcers in the mouth and genitals,
- the initial stages of hypertension,
- heart disease and vascular system.
- blood diseases
- venereal diseases.
- sleep disturbance,
- nervous disorders.
How to use violet during pregnancy and lactation
When used internally, violet medications cause a reduction in the muscles of the uterus and can lead to miscarriage or premature labor. Therefore, doctors forbid pregnant women to use drugs, which include the root of the plant. In small doses, you can drink tea with violet petals for colds and viral infections. When applied topically to the body does not have a harmful effect, therefore, in this embodiment, the herb has no contraindications for use during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
In the period of childbirth, many women develop pigment spots and acne on the face, the skin becomes problematic, peels off, and stretch marks are often formed on the stomach. Since pregnant women cannot use hormonal drugs, violet drugs come to the rescue. Herbal oil relieves irritation, softens the skin and improves the condition of the hair, prevents dandruff and helps to eliminate stretch marks.
With the appearance of age spots during pregnancy, it is useful to wipe your face with an infusion of violets.
To get rid of age spots, prepare an infusion for washing from the herbal collection. This procedure will preserve the good condition of the skin without causing harm to health. To receive funds:
- Dry grass of violet, immortelle, calendula and dandelion are mixed in the same proportion.
- 1 tablespoon of the resulting collection pour 250 ml of boiling water.
- Insist in a thermos for a quarter of an hour and filter.
- To remove stains, rub face 2 times a day.
In gynecology, herbal tea extract with violet is used to cleanse the uterus from postpartum secretions. For its preparation should:
- The leaves of the blooming homemade violet, strawberry and walnut combine in equal quantities and mix.
- Pour 1 tablespoon of herbal tea into a saucepan, pour 250 ml of water, bring to a boil and leave for one hour.
- Strain the resulting composition through several layers of gauze, drink 3-4 cups per day at regular intervals, each time you should prepare a fresh broth.
Violet is used in the treatment of mastitis. To do this, ground above-ground parts of fresh grass are crushed to a pasty state, put a mass on a soft napkin and make compresses on a sore chest. After drying, the procedure is repeated.
Choosing the option of using violets for medicinal purposes during pregnancy, a woman should take care of his safety for the child, and consult with a doctor before use.
Features of the treatment of children
In the roots of violets contain toxic substances, therefore, in the treatment of children use dosage forms made from the aerial parts of the plant. It should be borne in mind that a child under 12 years old can be given products made on the basis of violet, after consulting with a doctor, while reducing the dose of the drug by half.
For the treatment of colds, whooping cough, bronchitis, children prepare an infusion of tricolor violet. To do this, use:
- 1 teaspoon of dry herbs with flowers,
- 500 ml of boiling water,
- 1 teaspoon honey.
From grass and water, an infusion of low concentration is prepared, then the mixture is filtered, 1 teaspoon of honey is added and the drink is given to drink for a third of a glass 3 times a day. The treatment lasts 3-4 days. It should be remembered that young children should not take more than 250 ml of the drug per day, the remaining infusion is stored in the refrigerator.
For external use, there are no special contraindications, so babies bathe children with pustular and allergic rashes, food diathesis, rickets, scrofula in broth of violets. It is cooked in a ten-liter saucepan. Water is poured into the container, herb is poured out (200 g) and boil on a quiet fire for 15 minutes. Then the pan is removed from the stove and infused for 30 minutes. Filter the finished solution, pour it into a bath and dilute with 2-3 times warm water. Bathe the child no more than 10-15 minutes.
When diathesis, pustular or allergic rashes appear, the baby is bathed in a bath with a decoction of violets.
To get rid of scrofur make medicinal oil. For this you will need:
- 1 teaspoon of violet herb
- 0.5 teaspoon of dry vervain and ivy-like budra,
- 0.5 cups of vegetable oil (olive or sunflower).
All herbs should be mixed, pour oil and simmer for 5 minutes. After cooling the mixture is filtered, poured into a small jar and kept in a cool place. The affected areas are oiled 3-4 times a day.
Video: Useful properties of a three-color violet
Violet is very useful for our skin, has anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory properties. It is spring, flowering time. I am allergic to pollen. And it also normalizes the work of sebaceous glands. Very good for those who have oily skin, just my case. I recommend using violet for washing the face of those with oily, allergy-prone skin.
I want to introduce you to the tricolor violet. I remembered about her when I had a cold and could not cough up for a long time. Saw as tea 2 times a day for about a week, and continue to drink from time to time. The taste is absolutely neutral, the decoction is clear, yellow-brown. It helped very quickly. I continue to drink, because it cleans the skin well. Pimples have disappeared almost completely and it is unclear for what reasons. I heard once a long time that a violet perfectly cleans the blood, the disappearance of pustules may be the very result of blood purification. In reasonable quantities does not hurt anyone, but remember that this is not a panacea, and not to overdo it.
Usually from a tricolor violet I make an infusion. I buy in a pharmacy dried flowers with leaves. In a cup in 200 ml I put a tablespoon of herbs and pour boiling water over it. Close and insist 30 minutes. I drink 3 times a day. The course is 7–10 days. Cough and sore throat passes. Violet has expectorant, diaphoretic, laxative, anti-inflammatory properties. Often used in the treatment of many skin diseases - eczema, boils, wounds, dermatitis.
As part of a violet tricolor many glycosides, so tea becomes a little sweet. I love tea from violet flowers and cherries. Tasty, beautiful and useful: the composition of the flowers contains insulin, which is useful for diabetes. Part of the flowers dry and brew in the winter. As part of the violet tricolor there are saponins that do an excellent job with a dry cough. Children enjoy drinking such a beautiful tea.
I heard that violets relieve nervous tension, relieve headaches, have a calming effect. So this is an excellent tool to combat fatigue and stress.
Most often, violet is used for coughing and as an expectorant. Usually take violet tricolor. But I don’t know whether it is possible to use varieties grown at home on the windowsill.
Violet is used in landscape design, grown to decorate window sills, used for medicinal purposes. Recipes of infusions, ointments, syrups are known in homeopathy, traditional medicine and cosmetology since ancient times. They are popular today. There are new ways to use drugs from violets, which, with the right dosage and in combination with drug therapy, are beneficial, and the ability to grow a medicinal plant on a windowsill makes the flower more beautiful.
How does it look
The tricolor violet is a single or biennial herb. The stem is erect or branched, 5 to 45 cm tall. The leaves are simple, the upper ones are elliptical, the lower ones are ovate.
The flowers are beautiful, the upper petals are mostly purple or blue, the lower ones are yellow and white. Flowering time is in April, the fruit ripens in June.
In June, an elongated three-headed top of the plant ripens, storing seeds in itself that contribute to the further propagation of the flower. The tricolor violet is much smaller than the usual garden counterpart and is always painted in three different colors.
The plant is common in Eastern Europe, Siberia, the Far East, Scandinavia, Asia Minor. In the Atlas of Habitats and Resources of Medicinal Plants of the USSR, the tricolor violet is described as a European species, found in Siberia only as an alien plant.
The northern border of the distribution area passes to the cities of Kirovsk, Murmansk, Kandalaksha, the White Sea, Ponoy (Kola Peninsula), Mezen, Ukhta, Pechora, Vorkuta. Further, the border goes along the 60th meridian to Ekaterinburg, wedging in to the east at Tobolsk. Some localities are known in the vicinity of Tomsk, in the Kemerovo Region, Krasnoyarsk and Altai Territories, where the tricolor violet is found as a weed plant.
The southern border of the area passes through Chelyabinsk to Izhevsk, then through Samara, Saratov, Volgograd, slightly south of the Tsimlyansk reservoir, heads towards Rostov-on-Don, then follows through Donetsk to Zaporozhye and the Carpathians.
In the west, the border of the area goes beyond the borders of the former USSR state border. In the north-west comes to the Baltic Sea coast, on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland reaches St. Petersburg, then goes north along the border with Finland to Murmansk.
In Crimea, only one locality of violets is known - in the valley of the Kachi River.
Occurs on fertile soils in meadows, among shrubs, along forest edges, on pastures and old fallow lands. Wild plants can be found in old parks, gardens, former estates, near roads.
Violet tricolor grass, rarely flowers of the plant are mainly used as a therapeutic raw material.. Due to its unique composition, the plant can be used to treat a wide range of diseases.
The scope of application of violets is determined depending on the specific part of the plant. The leaves are used as various poultices, and flowers - for tinctures. In traditional medicine, violet is used as an expectorant, and in folk medicine, the plant is used in the fight against venereal, nervous diseases, cystitis, arthritis, stuttering, problems of the gastrointestinal tract and angina.
Violet tricolor is used for dental purposes, prevents inflammation and has an antiseptic effect. In pharmacies, violet is sold in the form of various syrups, extracts, gelatin capsules and powders.
Tricolor violet extract has proven itself as an effective treatment for broncho-pulmonary diseases. Saponins have antitussive effect, contribute to the removal of sputum.
The chemical composition of violets:
- polysaccharides, mucus,
- essential oils,
- ascorbic and salicylic acid,
Violet has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system, strengthens the walls of blood vessels, reduces capillary fragility, inhibits blood clotting, prevents the development of thrombophlebitis.
Solanine, which is part of the plant, has an irritant effect, in small doses it has a positive effect on the secretion of all glands.
Tannin is used in traditional and traditional medicine as a hemostatic, antidiarrheal, astringent. Polysaccharides stimulate the development of beneficial microflora in the intestines, have bifidogenic properties.
Due to the content in the plant of essential oils, violet is used as an antiseptic for the treatment of various diseases.
How to collect
Collect grass during the flowering period from late April to autumn. Cut only the above-ground part without roots.
Dry the grass in a well-ventilated place, for example, on a street under a canopy. For even drying, spread the grass in a thin layer on a flat surface. Dry until the plant stems become brittle. To evenly dry the grass, periodically mix the raw materials.
Properly dried grass has a characteristic pleasant and sweet aroma. Store the violet in a dry place in tight cardboard boxes. If storage conditions are observed, violet does not lose its useful properties for 18 months.
How to apply
Violet can be bought at the pharmacy Apply violet in the form of infusions, decoctions or compresses. Finished materials can be collected independently or purchased in the form of tea bags in a pharmacy. Choose the medicinal form of the plant, based on the recommendations of the expert and your own preferences. The easiest way to do this is to prepare a violet decoction at home, as well as to purchase ready-made, packaged raw materials.
Cough violet is an effective remedy, but before taking it you need to establish the nature of the symptom. Inflammatory processes localized in the upper and lower respiratory tract cannot be treated with a single agent.
If a cough has arisen due to a bacterial infection, an antibiotic is needed, if the virus has provoked it, then conditions must be created for recovery. But in both cases, medicinal plants will help alleviate the condition and speed up recovery.
- Crushed violet grass - 1 tbsp.
- Water - 1 cup.
How to cook: Fill the plant with water, cook for 15 minutes. Insist 1 hour, strain before use.
How to use: Take 1 cup of broth 1-2 times a day.
Result: Violet when coughing has an expectorant effect, removes phlegm. If the cough is dry and there is an unpleasant feeling in the throat, then due to the softening effect, the plant will ease the condition.
Infusion for flu
Violet is effective in the treatment of SARS, flu, acute respiratory infections and other colds.
- Grass violets - 2 gr.
- Water - 1 cup.
How to cook: Fill the plant with water, leave for 15 minutes.
How to use: Take ½ cup orally once a day. The resulting infusion rinse throat for flu, sore throat and inflammatory diseases.
Result: Due to the fact that ascorbic and salicylic acids are present in the composition of the plant, violet reduces inflammation, eliminates pain and sore joints, improves the general condition.
Целебный чай при диатезе
Фиалка для детей очень полезна при лечении диатеза. Начинайте лечение с минимальных доз, чтобы посмотреть как отреагирует организм ребенка на растения.
Перед применением как у взрослых, так и детей проконсультируйтесь со специалистом. Фиалка относится к ядовитым растениям и при неправильно подобранной дозировке может навредить.
- Фиалка трехцветная — 1 ч.л.
- Вероника лекарственная — 1 ч.л.
- Череда — 1 ч.л.
- Boiling water - 1 cup.
How to cook: Mix all plants in the indicated proportions, cover with water. Insist a few minutes.
How to use: Children, give 1 tsp. 3 times a day.
Result: Relieves inflammation, itching, redness.
Infusion for rheumatism and gout
You can use the infusion both internally and externally.
- Crushed raw materials - 2 tsp.
- Boiled water - 250 ml.
How to cook: Fill the plant with hot boiled water. Insist 10 minutes.
How to use: Take 3 cups each day or lubricate the skin on the affected areas of the body.
Result: Removes excess salt from the body, has a diuretic effect, reduces inflammation, improves metabolic processes, normalizes the general condition.
There are five subspecies of violet tricolor:
- Viola tricolor subsp. curtisii - Curtis subspecies.
- Viola tricolor subsp. macedonica is a Macedonian subspecies.
- Viola tricolor subsp. matutina is a morning subspecies.
- Viola tricolor subsp. subalpina - subalpine subspecies.
- Viola tricolor subsp. tricolor is a tricolor subspecies.
What to remember
- Violet tricolor cough out phlegm, relieves cough, soothes the throat.
- The plant can be used to treat diathesis in children, add a decoction to the baths or take orally.
- Nursing women should take the plant only in consultation with the doctor, it is contraindicated during pregnancy.
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