Related articles When cutting flowers, it is necessary to keep as many leaves on the stem as possible, because if more than a third of the leaves are removed, flowering may deteriorate or disappear next year.
After pruning the stems, if the widely overgrown bulbs do not decay themselves, they should be divided with care.
Choosing the bulbs, you need to look so that they do not have damage to the bottom, and after the purchase they should be treated with 10% karbofos from sucking pests. Before wintering, add a handful of peat to each lily and cover it. To do this, you can use:
Small bulbs of high varieties - 10-12 cm.
Clean, unaffected bulbs with roots enough to pickle half an hour in a 0.1% solution of potassium permanganate. After rinsing and dressing are finished, dry the bulbs in a shady spot, prune the roots by 5 cm and plant in the prepared soil. On the eve of the landing, in dry weather, pour the earth to the desired depth. If the soil is already wet enough, water it right when planting directly into the groove.
During the formation of buds, it is desirable to add ammonium nitrate into the soil again, and also to treat all the vegetative parts of the flower with suitable pest formulations, which will make the lilies even healthier. The next stage of summer feeding comes in mid-July. You need to add a substrate of double superphosphate to the soil and
For spring and summer, the bulbs of these beautiful flowers need to increase the green mass, “bring” the above-ground part of the lily to flowering, finish this process and prepare for a new one. Without good nutrition, lily is unlikely to cope with such huge loads. Spring feeding will enhance not only the growth of the plant, but also its flowering. That is why the first feeding should be carried out after planting lilies, as soon as the roots of the plant can absorb nutrients.
Lilies are planted in pits with a diameter of up to 40 cm, if the bulbs are large, to a depth of at least 15 cm. Prepare good drainage in advance at the bottom of the fossa, this can be a layer of gravel or sand up to 5 cm. see
Moisture-lilies need watering, especially at the end of summer, when lush flowering and ripening of the bulbs begins. Water the plants strictly under the root (without touching the leaves), in the morning or afternoon.
Lily - one of the most common and popular flowers in the garden plots. A huge variety of varieties, a wide range of colors and ease of cultivation allow you to create spectacular floral arrangements on the site.
Lilies: planting and care in the open field
Coniferous litter or sawdust, as well as nitrogen fertilizer can be applied to the root zone. It is introduced into the soil in spring before the first shoots appear. Flowers can also be fed with organic or mineral fertilizers, for example, with a solution of fermented mullein (1:10, never fresh), nitroammophos, or ammonium nitrate.
How to choose good lily bulbs
Then they are carefully examined, the scales are removed with brown or rusty spots, the bulbs themselves are washed under a tap (or in two waters), after which they are put into a solution of karbofos for 20 minutes. For its preparation need 1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water.
When choosing a planting place, you must take into account the height of the variety, size, shape and color of the flower. High planted in the background in a flower garden or in separate groups. And short people will look good on an alpine hill.
Lily - from lat. Lilium is a genus of plants that belongs to the lily family (Liliaceae Juss). This is a perennial herb, breeding bulbs.
Lily planting rules
Depth is indicated to the bottom of the bulb. The distance between the lilies also depends on the height. For example, large lilies will need 20-25 cm, medium - 10-15 cm. Make grooves or holes for the bulbs 10 cm deeper than they should be if they have roots. Pour a hillock of river sand on the bottom of the hole, place the onion and straighten the roots, then fill the hole with earth.
The soil for all types of lilies should be nutritious, loose, with good permeability. These include sandy soils, light loams, and garden lands that are well manured. Wet, heavy soils cause rotting and death of the bulbs due to the fact that moisture is collected between the scales. To fix this, apply sand, perlite, or other baking powder to this soil.
For this, it is necessary that the soil warms up to at least +6 ° C. Most often, this temperature occurs in mid-May (in the northern areas, warm weather may set a little later). To accurately determine the time of fertilization, pay attention to the seedlings of lilies, which should reach a minimum of 10 cm, the leaves of the plant at the same time should begin to move away from the stem. But fertilizer is not recommended before - the roots will not be ready.
Lily care: fertilizer
Lily bulbs plant one in each such landing pit and, compacting the ground around the plant, cover them so that the ground completely covers the top of the bulb. Do not forget that the optimum depth of planting an onion is 15 cm. Then mark the landing site of the lily, forming a circle around the planting hole with your hands on the ground and pour a handful of granulated fertilizers.
During budding, the lily is fed in the same way as in spring. In addition, it is necessary to carefully mulch the soil with a layer of sawdust or mowed grass. Intensive evaporation of moisture leads to drying out of the soil, which is highly undesirable for lilies during the growing season. Water entering the leaves can cause illness. In addition, watering is not necessary often, but plentifully. Only then does the water reach the roots of the lily, and does not linger in the upper soil layer. Soil overheating is also very harmful, it affects the life processes in the bulb.
Secrets of the successful care of lilies
Like all cultivated plants, lilies need fertile land and periodic fertilization. Top dressing lilies, regular watering, loosening - these are the basic rules of care.
Well lilies react to wood ash, it can be made several times a season. It helps flowers to become larger, their color more intense, and the plant itself - more resistant to disease.
If the bulbs are clean, with roots, they must be etched for half an hour in a solution of potassium permanganate - 0.1%. Then they are dried in the shade, the roots are cut to 5-10 cm and planted again.
Lilies feel good in the sun, but prefer partial shade. In the strong sun they must be watered abundantly so that they do not become too stunted and do not fade fast. Solar lighting is very necessary for lilies at least in the morning. But they are dangerous for large morning drops of moisture, which can contribute to leaf burns. If the weather is wet, then such a burn can turn into botrytis - gray rot.
A stem grows from a bulb, usually simple, sometimes at the top it can branch a little. The leaves are arranged in spirals, less circles. A kidney appears in the corner of the last bottom leaf, which gradually grows and turns into a new bulb. This bulb will bloom next year.
Why is it important to devote time to spring feeding?
Lilies are very fond of mineral fertilizers, in the spring - with nitrogen content, in the fall - without it. Purchase such fertilizers in granular form, specially created for bulbous flowers. It is necessary to fertilize a plot with lilies in spring, with the appearance of the first shoots, and in October, before the plant, having completed the flowering period, falls into a dormant period.
The size of the bulbs, the type of lily, as well as the composition of the soil directly affect the depth of planting. The most common option - the depth of the hole should be 3 times the diameter of the bulb itself.
. This dressing will help to strengthen the aboveground part of the plant and make the flowers more vivid. This will be especially noticeable when you plant lilies with pink or bright red flowers.
Top dressing can also harm the plant. A high concentration of mineral additives in the soil may adversely affect the flower: the plant will begin to grow more slowly, the roots and the aerial parts will be sluggish, prone to disease.
The growth of bulbous species of floral plants, including lilies, is favorably affected by fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. Many gardeners interested in the cultivation of lilies, recommend the use of granular fertilizers for bulb flowers, which are specifically designed for this group of plants.
How to work in the spring?
The composition of the soil also plays an important role. If lilies grow weak or start changing colors over time, this means that they need to be transplanted to a new place. Soil is needed not too sour, without admixture of clay, well-fertilized with sheet compost or rotted humus. Loose, fertile soil cleared of weeds, good drainage and timely moistening promote active growth and lush flowering of lilies during the summer season.
When to make the first fertilizer for lilies?
Fresh manure is not needed, as it can reduce the formation of healthy bulbs, which will decrease winter resistance and reduce flowering.The soil for planting should be prepared in advance, if the weather is dry - it should be shed to the required depth. If not too dry, then you can pour into the landing groove. The land should be loose and nutritious, permeable - for example, light loam, sandy fertilized soil, cultivated vegetable garden. If the soil is heavy and damp, the bulbs may rot. This land should be supplemented with sand, perlite or other baking powder.
Top dressing of lilies in the summer - recommendations for beginners
Lilies are propagated by bulbs that form in the ground near the stem, as well as by aerial bulbs that grow on the stems. When they fall off easily, it means that they are ripe and can be planted immediately.
If the lily is sown from seeds, then during the first year a small onion appears, which can grow to seven years, and only then bring a flowering stem. Then she will let the stems with flowers annually.Organic fertilizers are strictly not suitable for lilies, because they cause fungal diseases.In light sandy soil, planting is made deeper than in heavy soil.
When working during the flowering of lilies, it is desirable to use fertilizers in liquid form. Granular formulations will be ineffective - too little time for complete dissolution in the soil and absorption by the plant. It is also more effective to feed after abundant watering.
Garden lilies - planting and care, photos and videos (east, white, tubular)
If we are talking about organic fertilizers, for example, compost, it is worth remembering that weed seeds are often found in such additives. They grow much faster than lilies, as a result of such feeding, it may turn out that the grown weed grass will drown out the seedlings of flowers, will take away the light and nutrients from them. As a result, careful and frequent weeding and weed removal are indispensable.
Fertilize lilies should be twice a year. In the fall of October, fertilizing is carried out with nitrogen-free fertilizers, and in the spring, as soon as the young leaves appear on the soil surface, they will contain nitrogen fertilizers. You should not use organic fertilizers, excess organic matter in the soil contributes to the infection of lilies with fungal diseases, but the introduction of wood ash into the soil will have the opposite effect. For the prevention of diseases and the spread of pests, it is recommended to carry out spraying of lilies with a 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture up to three times a year.
If you decide to plant lilies on your site, then your acquaintance will begin on the store counter. The best solution would be to buy lily bulbs in a specialty store or at flower shows from amateur collectors, who are often true professionals in growing healthy plants.
The first top dressing of a lily is made in the early spring, right after a snow cover descent. Any nitrogen fertilizer should be applied to the soil. An excellent option - ammonium nitrate at the rate of 1 tbsp. l on 1 square. meter
A few more secrets of growing
When sprouts appear, bordeaux liquid or “Lazurin” is spilled into the soil (9 liters of 1 tablespoon of drinking soda, liquid ammonia and copper sulphate, which was dissolved in 1 l of warm water). When the buds appear, ammonium nitrate is fertilized again. The vegetative part is treated for diseases and pests to ensure full bloom next year. And the third time, not later than July, under the plants you need to make a double superphosphate, also 1 tbsp. spoon for 10 liters of water, and calimagnese - 1.5 tbsp. spoons per 10 liters.
Unlike tulip bulbs, lily bulbs need to be planted immediately, without drying out, since they do not have a protective sheath and the roots are preserved. If they need to be stored for some time, then you can briefly fold them into boxes or bags and shift them with wet peat, pine sawdust or moss.
Lilies also multiply scales, stem or leaf petioles, but such methods are not particularly common. Most species form a lot of seeds, which are best sown in greenhouses in February, in the spring the boxes with seedlings to carry out into the air, and plant seedlings in the beds at the beginning of summer.
There are many kinds of lilies: there are about 85 species themselves, and hundreds of garden forms. The distribution area of the plant is North America and Eurasia. They came to Russia under Peter I. They differ in structure, size, color, aroma and timing of flowering, which makes it possible to have flowering lilies in the garden starting in early spring and ending in late autumn.
In no case do not make manure or compost! But woody ash deposited in the soil will help protect the flowers from pests. To prevent the development of disease, three times a year spray plants with a solution of Bordeaux mixture.Depth to which lilies should be planted:
Tubular lilies are very sensitive to frost in May. They will need nutritious loose soil with good drainage in a sunny, wind-protected area.
- If the soil in your area is not tired of perennial plantings, there is a lot of humus in it, then you do not need to feed the plants for the first few years after planting the lily bulbs. But if the earth is not happy with useful microelements, it has a poor composition, it is impossible to do without dressings, or the plants will be weak.
- In the care of lilies for the most part unpretentious, but still there are a few secrets that you need to know when starting to grow this beautiful plant.
- In any case, wherever you try to buy lilies, special attention should be paid to the choice of full-fledged plant bulbs. Lily bulbs should be selected as large as possible, not overdried, with fleshy scales. Signs of disease and mechanical damage on any part of the bulb are unacceptable, therefore, very carefully inspect its scales, roots and bottom.
- Those who prefer organic fertilizers can use fermented mullein for irrigation (fresh mullein is not suitable for these purposes due to aggressive pathogenic microflora) in the ratio of 1:10.
- Top dressing is carried out even in the presence of gray rot, so that the onions gain nutrients. You can sprinkle the beds with ashes two or three times over the summer, as it is both fertilizer and the prevention of disease-causing fungi.
- The type and size of lilies depends on the depth of planting, as well as the mechanical composition of the soil. On average, this is a depth that is three times the diameter, with the exception of some species. If the soil is light sandy, then it should be planted deeper. The distance between the bulbs also depends on what is expected height and power. Large - after about 20-25 cm, undersized - 10-15 cm.
Until spring planting, the bulbs can be stored in the lower compartment of the refrigerator so that the temperature is slightly above zero. They should be in a plastic bag with holes, which is filled with sphagnum or high dry peat. Can be planted in a film greenhouse, pots or plastic bottles. And already in the open ground should be planted, leaving a lump of earth, after the spring frosts pass.
Care and fertilizer
Varieties of these flowers, as a rule, differ in terms of flowering. So, saffron lily blooms quite early - in early June, and Candidum, or snow-white - in mid-June. The royal lily, along with the lily Slim, bloom at the same time and do not need shelter for the winter. Lily Wilmot blooms in July, and the Magnificent Lily - late, in late September - early October.
The optimal arrangement of the lily - the top with flowers in the sun, and the leg - in the shade. So you avoid overheating the bulb. In order for lilies to grow well, low-growing plants should be planted next to them, for example, the host, flax or bell. You can also alternate between the types of lilies of different heights. Таким образом, нижняя часть стебля будет затенена, а луковица защищена от перегрева.крупные луковицы низкорослых сортов – 10-12 см,
Азиатские сорта лилий – самые неприхотливые
Чтобы цветы хорошо развивались и росли весь летний сезон, весной им нужно обильное внесение азота в почву. One of the options for fertilizer in this period is the use of ammonium nitrate, which is made at the rate of one spoon per square meter of soil. Ammonium nitrate can be replaced by nitroammofoskoy.
Place of planting lilies is better to choose on the site so that the lower part of the stem of the plant was in the shade. This will prevent overheating and drying out of the ground around the bulbs. To this end, you can plant lilies in compositions with stunted or medium-grown flower crops. Lilies are especially well combined in such plantings with daylilies, hosts, nivyanik and bells.Buying lily bulbs is better to attend to in early spring or autumn, before they land in the ground. The deadlines for planting bulbs in the ground in the fall - the end of October, in the spring - the beginning of May.
Ash water (a glass of ash in a bucket of water) is also suitable as a fertilizer. It should be noted that the introduction of ash has a beneficial effect on the development of lilies. You can bring it directly into the ground or periodically pour water with ash throughout the spring and summer. Top dressing of lilies in the spring is necessary if bulbs land on a new place in April-May.
Most lilies require winter insulation. After the autumn transplantation has passed, but before the heavy rains, for the winter, the bulbs need to be covered with leaves, spruce leaves, peat, and on top - with plastic wrap. It must be whole. This procedure is mandatory for Eastern girbids.
Varieties of lilies
Small bulbs of stunted varieties - 7-8 cm,
Among the eastern hybrids there are varieties that are not distinguished by good tolerance of winter. Plant their bulbs to a depth of 15-20 cm to prevent them from freezing. These flowers have the most magnificent aroma, but also require good care.
From organic fertilizers, use fermented mullein solution, diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10. It is undesirable to use fresh mullein due to its “aggressive” microflora, as a result of which the lily bulbs can become sick and die. In the spring you can feed lilies and ash solution: dissolve 200 grams of sifted wood ash in 10 liters of water. You can either add it along with watering or add a little to the soil throughout the spring once a week.
Caring for lilies during flowering is to ensure a little watering. If the flowering period coincided with drought, then it is necessary to pour plenty of water over the area with flowers several times to avoid water depletion of the bulbs. After the lilies bloom, you can completely stop watering.
If the lilies are purchased in advance, then the bulbs can be stored in a package with perforations, in a dark cool place, at temperatures not lower than 4 ° C, for example, in the lower section of the refrigerator. Storage space should be dry, with sufficient air intake. In such conditions, the lily bulb can start growing. In this case, you need to open the package and make sure that the young stem is not deformed.
In this case, well-rotted compost earth is introduced into the soil (it is better to use ready-made decontaminated compost) or leaf humus. You can not make fresh manure, even when mixed with the ground, as there is a high risk of bulb rotting along with it.
Adding an article to a new collection
If the roses are the queens of the garden, then the lilies are the duchess. But to get plenty of flowering, do not do without dressings. Which ones?
One nondescript lily bush consumes from the soil a lot of chemical elements for the formation of large flowers. But is it equally necessary to feed lilies of different species? Yes, all lilies can be fertilized according to the same standard scheme, which is shown below. However, some species (Lily Henry, David, Royal, Caucasian, Kinky, Tubular, and Orleans and Dutch hybrids) need liming the soil before planting, the rest is contraindicated.
Top dressing of lilies when landing
If the soil in which to plant the bulbs, rested, fertile, humus, then pre-plant fertilizer can not be applied. In other cases, the soil will have to be fertilized. What kind of fertilizer to choose depends on the preferences of the owner of the garden.
Lilies love organic (Exception - fresh manure, which can not be made in any case). Organic fertilizer application rate is standard: 7-8 kg of humus or ripened compost per 1 sq. M. At the same time, you can add double superphosphate (100 g per 1 square meter). If there is wood ash, this is a great success, because the lilies adore it, responding to the addition of ash to the ground with large and bright flowers, increasing winter hardiness and resistance to diseases. Wood ash is made at the rate of 100 g per 1 sq.m.
If there are no organics, then make any mineral fertilizers, including nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (at spring planting) and phosphorus and potassium (if planting is autumn). There are many types of mineral fertilizers. Depending on which of them were at hand, they can be added in the dosage indicated on the package.
Top dressing lilies can be combined with watering
Top dressing of lilies in the spring
At this time, lilies, like all plants, desperately need nitrogen, without which they will not be able to gain enough vegetative mass for high-quality flowering. The first spring dressing can be carried out even on melting snow. To do this, ammonium nitrate or urea is scattered over the soil surface - 2 tbsp. on 1 sq.m.
If the site has a slope, and the meltwaters for the most part run away from it, it is useless to conduct such dressing. In this case, the flowers begin to feed later, when the ground dries out a little. Fermented mullein or the same urea (ammonium nitrate) is suitable, but in the form of a solution - 1 tbsp. on a bucket of water (1 square meter).
Top dressing of lilies in the fall
The plants have already bloomed, it seems not autumn yet, but summer is already ending. At this time, intensive processes are going on in the bulb under the ground, nutrients are stored for the next year. Phosphate-potassium supplementation will significantly increase the winter resistance of lily bulbs. For this purpose, superphosphate and calimagnese are used. On a bucket of water take 1 tbsp. double superphosphate (or 2 simple) and 1.5 tbsp. Kalimagnezii. Superphosphate dissolves poorly, so the water will first have to be slightly warmed. The resulting solution is shed landing - 1 bucket per 1 sq.m.
The last operation of the season is also in some way fertilizing, it is done already in the late fall. Place the bulbs in the already freezing soil until spring, you need to compost it with a layer of 10 cm. This will simultaneously serve as a dressing for the next year and as a weatherization for the winter.
Take care of the lilies correctly. Only in this case, you can enjoy their magnificent flowering and unique aroma.
What is needed
As you know, in the period of budding, all plants need large amounts of nitrogen, which directly affects the formation of vegetative mass, which is so necessary not only for flowering, but also for preparing the bulb for winter (Figure 1).
Figure 1. Spring Color Fertilizer
All these processes require a lot of nutrients, so the spring procedure is extremely important for the full development of the plant, the formation of green mass and strong buds.
Spring procedure has its own characteristics. So, it is possible to bring any substances only into the heated earth, so that the root system of the plant can absorb useful substances dissolved in water, otherwise they will simply go away with the melt waters.
Note: In conditions of central Russia, this time comes in the first days of May. An additional signal is the length of the shoots - it should be at least 10 cm, while the leaves begin to deviate to the side of the stem.
You should know that in some cases, the introduction of nutrients are harmful, because an overabundance of mineral substances inhibits the growth of aboveground parts and roots. Remember that any make-up should be carried out as needed.
For example, if the soil in the flower garden is quite fertile, not depleted by perennial plants, then in the first years after planting the bulbs, additional application of substances in the spring is not required. And, on the contrary, in the weakened, poor soil the plants will feel uncomfortable, and there will be less and less flowers every year. In addition, together with organic matter, weed seeds fall into the ground, which develop much faster and eventually can just choke the young shoots of the ornamental plant, and constant weeding is very laborious and time consuming.
These cultures are quite demanding on the nutrient medium of the soil throughout the vegetative period.
Therefore, it is important to know the following rules for feeding in the spring (Figure 2):
- In the first year after the planting of the bulbs, organic matter is applied (manure, humus). You should know that humus is introduced into the soil before planting, and manure is used to prepare slurry (half a liter of manure per bucket of water), which is watered with seedlings.
- In the second and third year after disembarkation plants are fed with complex mineral preparations consisting of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus in the ratio of 1: 2: 2.
- In the second year of life In addition to mineral fertilizers, it is recommended to also add ammonium nitrate at the rate of 30 g per 1 sq. m. This substance is applied three times over the entire growing season (after the emergence of seedlings, during the budding period, at the flowering stage).
Also in the 3rd year of growth, fertilizer is applied consisting of superphosphate (20 g per 1 square meter), ammonium nitrate (50 g per 1 square meter) and potassium salt (25 g per 1 square meter). This procedure must be carried out three times in accordance with the stages of growth of culture.
How to fertilize the lily in the spring
Top dressing in spring for flowering in the future differs from the rest by increased amount of applied nitrogen. The sources of this substance can be both organic and mineral compounds.
Among organic, you can use fermented (not fresh) solution of mullein, diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10. Good effect on the growth of wood ash, diluted in water (a glass of ash in a bucket of water). It is made once when watering, or regularly added in small portions throughout the spring.
It is also recommended to make rotted humus on the flower bed, both dung and compost. Ammonium nitrate (1 tbsp per 1 square meter) and nitroammofoska are used in the spring among mineral products.
What kind of lily flowers?
These are perennial bulbous flowers. In the world there is a huge range of species and varieties. The most popular are hybrids of tubular lily, Asiatic, forest and others.
The bulbs are not recommended to replant no more than once every four years, otherwise the growth of plants slows down. And, besides, it is desirable to plant one sort of 3-4 bulbs together.
Usually, the bulbs are planted in the fall when the root system is growing. You can plant lilies in early spring, only then you should not wait for flowering in summer.
A place for the bulbs, you must choose the sun, shade and penumbra are not suitable for these perennials. The soil should be with good drainage, fertile, containing a minimum of organic matter. Sour soils are not suitable for lilies; therefore, before they are planted, the soil is chilled by chalk or dolomite flour, and during the growth of lilies the bed is periodically pollinated with wood ash.
The bulbs are planted to a depth of 8-10 cm, and in the fall they are planted deeper than in spring. Large corms plant deeper. Excessive deepening of the bulbs leads to the fact that the plant does not bloom and such a bulb in 2-3 years will have to be transplanted to a new place. Since over time, the bulb deeper into the ground, and it can be reborn. Interestingly, the onion planted onion multiplies much faster.
If there are rodents on the plot, the bulbs are planted in special baskets or in a metal grid.
If wood ash or foundationol is added to the soil before planting, this will save the plants from diseases.
How to care for lilies in spring
- If there was a shelter of lilies for the winter, then you need to remove it and loosen the bed to provide air access to the roots. Loosening should be done carefully and carefully so as not to damage the sprouts.
- After overwintering the bulbs need to be supplemented with nutrition. Therefore, it is necessary to apply nitrogen fertilizers (ammonium nitrate 1 tablespoon per square meter), or shed a bed with complex fertilizer such as nitroammophoska (40-50 g / 10 l of water) or a mullein solution in a ratio of 1:10.
- With the emergence of seedlings, the bed should be weeded away from the weeds, loosened.
- Repeatedly since spring, a bed with lilies has been pollinated with wood ash to about a glass per square meter.
- For the prevention of planting flowers from possible pests and diseases, treat the bed with a solution of lazurin or Bordeaux liquid. You can prepare a homemade solution for the treatment of plants and soil. To do this, pour 9 liters of water, bring in a tablespoon of ammonia, baking soda and copper sulfate, already diluted in a liter of water, and it is added last, pouring gently thin stream, constantly stirring.
Caring for lilies during the season
Further care of plants for a flower bed is not difficult: it is enough to weed, we need to loosen, water and feed.
In the dry period, you need to water regularly, not allowing the soil to dry out. Watering should be done carefully and carefully, so as not to pour water on the leaves and the stem, so you can cause a burn. Although excessive watering can lead to rotting of tubers and their death.
When the buds appear, it is necessary to feed the lilies with fertilizer containing phosphorus, potassium. To do this, you can use superphosphate, wood ash, potassium nitrate or complex fertilizer for flowers.
Does not interfere with the treatment of plants from pests and diseases.
The plant loves the sun, but overheating of the bulbs is not desirable, so it is easier to mulch the garden bed with hay, straw, spruce branches, sawdust.
how to care for lilies in spring
Preparing lilies for wintering
After the lily flourishes, the buds are cut, and the leaf must be removed after they turn yellow.
For a bouquet of lilies break out, but the more the stem stays on the plant, the better the bulb matures, getting food from the foliage, the stem, and winters more easily. Dried stems should not be cut in the fall, but rather removed in the spring. Autumn pruning of stems under the root will weaken the bulbs, which may not bloom next summer. In the fall, you can trim the stalks, leaving 15 cm high hemp.
After flowering, it is necessary to add phosphorus-potassium fertilizers to the flower bed with lilies in order to ripen the bulbs.
For the prevention of disease is landing process Bordeaux liquid.
As you see spring care for lilies is uncomplicated. And these perennial bulbous flowers are so gentle and graceful that they always find a place at any dacha. With proper care, this beautiful flower will please the owners for many years.
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Where to plant
For Asian hybrids, LA hybrids and OT hybrids, winter protection against moisture is not necessary, but it is quite good. It should be noted that in the case when torrential rains began in September, it is possible to cover plantings with a film and place leaves under it only after the ground freezes from above, otherwise mice can reach the bulbs.
In our lane, it is optimal to plant lilies in September-October, and some hybrids later.
For the most part, lilies are planted in early autumn. If 4-5-year-old lilies are already in the garden, then in early August you can start digging, dividing and transplanting. This is due to the fact that their flowering is weakened due to the fact that the soil is depleted, and they no longer have enough space for reproduction. Sometimes they can be transplanted more often, once every two or three years. In the case of pests - thrips or severe lesions with gray mold - the site is also better to change.
Low grades can be planted along the tracks, and high - along the walls and fences. Well combined with other perennial flowers.
Planting and transplanting
Caring for lilies mainly consists in thorough weeding and good watering, especially during the flowering period. Abundant watering is required only in drought, and after flowering it can be completely stopped.
Large bulbs of medium growth varieties - 12-15 cm,
Asiatic lilies differ in winter hardiness and endurance, therefore the site for them can be chosen both on the sunny side and in the shade. The soil is slightly acidic or neutral, well-fertilized. Such flowers do not exude fragrance at all, but this is offset by the simplicity of caring for them.
You can also add to the soil where lily bulbs are planted, manure humus or rotted compost. And the best is to use crumbly biohumus, which was formed as a result of vital activity of earthworms.
When cutting a lily in a bouquet, be sure to leave a part of the stem with leaves above the ground. This will allow the bulb to continue full development. The cut must be made obliquely so that rainwater does not fall inside the stem and does not cause its rotting. In the autumn, prune all the shoots of lilies, leaving stems up to 20 cm high.
A pleasant feature of growing lilies is their ability to grow and fully develop in one place up to five years. The main thing - to choose a suitable place for a flower in the garden. Lilies - lovers of moderately moist places in the penumbra with well-drained soil.
Подкормка лилии во время цветения
По весне допускается оставить торф, а вот листья с лапником следует снять с посадок пораньше, чтобы ростки не повредились.
The roots of lilies can reach two meters in depth, but during the dry period they should be watered under the root, but it is undesirable to wet the leaves. They should also be mulched for longer water retention. In this case, the soil can not loosen.
It is possible to replant lilies until the end of August - the beginning of September. This, above all, depends on the state of the bulbs, which, after flowering, are very depleted. Therefore, after the lily has blossomed, and before it can be transplanted, it should take at least a month, or even a half. During this time, the bulb is gaining momentum.
When purchasing bulbs, you need to find out which group the given variety belongs in so that it is easier to navigate with growing and grooming, since different varieties require different attitudes. For example, varieties of LA hybrids and Eastern hybrids harbor for the winter. In the latter, moreover, the flowering period is significantly extended, and the bulbs may not have time to stock up on food for the winter in our latitudes.
Small bulbs of medium grown varieties –8-10 cm,
Lily Care and Feeding
Dig out the bulbs very carefully so as not to damage them. Garden pitchforks are best for this. Shake the ground and carefully inspect, remove the scales with brown or rusty spots from the bulbs. Rinse in running water and place in a solution of karbofos (per 10 liters of water - 1 tablespoon) for 20 minutes.
But in any case, do not use fresh manure - onion flowers immediately rot.
In order for lilies not to suffer from frost in winter, they must be covered. You can use for shelter sawdust, film, agrofibre, spruce branches and other materials. The main thing is to check that the soil and the material are completely dry. In the spring after the disappearance of the threat of frost disappears, the shelter must be removed to ensure the development of normal undeformed shoots of lilies.
The most favorable period for planting lilies is at the end of September, when the plant is still at rest. Pre-planting activities include the removal of damaged scales, shortening of sprouting roots and treatment of the bulbs with a systemic fungicide. Lilies are very responsive to the use of growth stimulants, so that they can also be safely used. For example, first we process the bulbs with a 0.2% solution of the foundation compound for 20 minutes, dry them and keep them in an epine hour.
During the spring treatment of garden plants, you can spray the shoots of lilies with Bordeaux mixture. You do not harm this, but save plants from pests parasitizing lilies - there are several dozen of them. Proper care and timely introduction of the necessary nutrients will allow you to grow beautiful lilies (photos of some varieties are presented below).
Garden and garden: lilies (video)
During the whole season lilies should be provided with moderate humidity, and in early summer and after flowering they experience the greatest need for water.
Before transplanting, the stem of the lily must be cut close to the ground so that a small penechka remains. Dead stalks should be carefully unscrewed from the dug out bulbs.
Tubular Hybrids are very effective, grow well in alkaline soil and when sheltered from sudden spring frosts. And the White Lily has a specific development cycle, it needs to be planted in August and not buried. In the winter, it is well sheltered, and can be transplanted when next spring it fades away and a period of rest comes.
Cut lilies need to diagonally, leaving most of the stem with leaves, about 8-18 cm, so that the bulb continued to grow. If the cut is straight, rainwater will fall into the core of the stem and cause rot.
Large bulbs of high varieties - 15-20 cm,
Pay close attention to the condition of the bulbs.
In the summer, it is also very important to fertilize rationally. Experienced gardeners recommend using wood ash for this purpose, which is introduced about 5 times during the summer season. This fertilizer will positively affect the growth of the plant, so you can get larger flowers: if you work according to all the rules, the flowers will be lush, bright and large. In addition, summer dressing will help lilies to be more resistant to various diseases.
Fertilization at planting
Of course, that first time feeding lilies occurs in spring when planting bulbs in a permanent place. In the landing pit mixed fertile soil with humus and wood ash. Humus will help the onion to settle down faster in a new place, and ash is rich in nitrogen, which will have a great effect on the growth of shoots and luxurious flowering. Plus, the use of wood ash as a fertilizer for garden lilies improves the frost resistance of the plant. The optimal amount is 100 grams of ash per 1 square meter. or a large handful of ash (council of experienced gardeners). It is spread on the soil around the plant and mixed with the ground.
It is useful to use when planting and superphosphate, it is also paid at the rate of 100 grams per square meter.
Leaving and carrying out such simple activities during the planting of flower bulbs ensures a reduction in the incidence of lilies, the emergence of new shoots, the formation of a large number of buds and magnificent flowering in the coming months.
Schedule dressings in the spring and summer
In the spring, after the snow melted and with the onset of heat, garden plants enter the active phase of growth. For proper development of the plant is required to enrich the soil. useful and necessary for the flower micronutrients. The first top dressing of lilies in the spring is made when the shoots reach about 10 cm in height. This will allow:
- to gain the power of plants
- accumulate the necessary substances for the formation of flower stalks
- and form a green mass.
Beginner amateur growers often wonder: “How to feed lilies in spring to improve growth, flowering and increase resistance to disease?” Spring feeding is reduced to making the following mineral fertilizers:
- Nitrogen fertilizers. These include all known ammonium nitrate and urea. Nitrogen is the first important element for the rapid growth of shoots and rich green leaf color. In order not to harm the plant, to make these substances must be strictly metered, according to the instructions. Excess fertilizer leads to burns in the plant, which can trigger the complete death of the flower. For feeding lilies, it is recommended to use 30 grams of nitrate or urea per 1 square meter. Nitrogen fertilizers can be applied in two ways:
- Dissolve in water, following the instructions on the package, and then water the plant.
- Sprinkle the pellets around the bush and put them in the soil.
- Phosphoric fertilizers. Experienced gardeners use superphosphate to care for their lilies. It is a fairly fast-acting means for increasing the stress and frost resistance of plants, for their better growth and flowering. It works perfectly as in the composition with other fertilizers, and independently. Granules are rather difficult to dissolve in water, therefore it is better to deposit them in a dry form, distributing around the plant.
- Potassium salts. Potash fertilizers contribute to increasing plant resistance to various pests and diseases, improving varietal qualities. The most common is potassium sulfate, or as it is also called, potassium sulphate. Bring it in the spring and only in open ground. Another potash fertilizer popular with gardeners is potassium magnesia. Perfectly acts on the root system, allowing the flowers to transfer the stress due to the transplant in a short time.
- It is possible to use only one mineral fertilizer, containing in its composition all the necessary elements for lilies at once. This is nitroammofoska. - universal complex fertilizer. It is a white-pink granules, which are easily dissolved in water. For floral, ornamental crops choose fertilizer with a high nitrogen content. The use of nitroammofoski allows several times to reduce the risk of plant morbidity.
From organic fertilizers welcome mullein infusion. Moreover, the use of fresh manure and chicken manure is absolutely unacceptable. Neglect of such advice will lead to the death of the plant - it simply “burns down”, the bulbs will quickly rot. Preparing the infusion as follows: 1 part of manure is taken 5 parts of water. Such a “vitamin mixture” is infused for 2 weeks, after which a liter of infused mullein is diluted in a bucket of water to prepare the working solution. Feed mullein infusion can be every two weeks, no more.
The second spring feeding of lilies held during the formation of buds. Wood ash is brought in again, for the entire spring and summer period it is used about 4–5 times. This fertilizer is considered one of the most beloved daylilies. Ashes are made at the rate of 100 grams per 1 square meter. This dressing stimulates the growth of new shoots, the formation of buds, is responsible for the green color of the stems and leaves.
When planting, use dry ash, adding it to the soil. Subsequently, they prepare ash water - 1 cup of ash in a bucket of water and water the flowers with such a solution. In August, they stop feeding the lilies with the help of wood ash, due to which the plant begins to prepare for a rest period. Such care will save the plant for many years.
After flowering is over it is necessary to feed fertilizer once again with mineral fertilizers. This is done so that useful substances accumulate in the bulbs, allowing the plant to survive the winter cold until next spring. Here it will be appropriate to use phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. Double dressing will significantly increase the winter resistance of flower bulbs. Superphosphate and potassium magnesium take 2 tbsp. spoon and diluted in ten liters of water. It is desirable that the water was warm, since phosphate fertilizers are difficult to dissolve, and high temperatures make it possible to speed up the process of preparing top dressing.
With a little effort, caring for the lilies in the summer, making the right feeding, according to the season, gardeners get the opportunity to enjoy the wonderful aroma and magnificent view of the blooming garden throughout the summer.
Preparation of planting material
In the spring, it is better to give preference to onions with small sprouts. They should not be rot, mildew, stains and other signs of disease. To protect the seedlings from damage by various fungi and bacteria, they carry out a disinfecting treatment. To do this, first all the planting material is gently washed with plain water, and then immersed in a weak solution of fungicide or potassium permanganate. This is a fundamental basis and one of the useful tips on how to care for lilies in the country.
Then the plant is freed from damaged scales and thoroughly washed in several clean waters. After this treatment, the bulbs can be planted in the ground using cut plastic bottles. This is an excellent mini-greenhouse for still fragile and young shoots.
Processing and soil preparation
Lily as a whole is an unpretentious plant, but to the ground it is quite demanding. It does not tolerate heavy soils, from which growth success is greatly affected. It is better to give preference to loose, well-drained and fertile soil. At the very beginning of spring or even at the end of winter, some preparatory activities can be held. In the future, this will greatly facilitate the process of how to care for lilies in the country and grow them.
You should choose a site that is never flooded and is always on the sunny side. Shade and penumbra categorically not suitable for this plant. The upper layers of the site are dug up about half a meter deep. Next, arrange drainage using river pebbles or gravel for the outflow of moisture. If necessary, fresh soil is brought to the suburban area.
New or old land is enriched with potassium phosphate fertilizer or humus. Manure and other organics can not be used. If the soil has a high acidity, then it should be reduced. To do this, make dolomite flour, wood ash or chalk. The addition of foundationol to the soil will additionally save lilies from diseases. It is also important to keep the ground moist before planting.
The first feeding is one of the most important stages of how to care for lilies in the country in the spring. As a rule, wood ash, ammonium nitrate or nitroammofoska are used as fertilizers in the soil. One thing is to pay attention to the frequency and dosage during fertilizing. Since an oversupply of nutrients, like their deficiency, is detrimental to plants. The most harmless additive can be called wood ash. This season can be made up to six times. It not only creates a favorable environment for good growth, but also protects flowers from pests and mold.
Repeated feeding lilies
That, abundant and long flowering flowers will please you or not, will mainly depend on how to care for lilies at the cottage in the spring. Feeding in this case occupy not the last role. They contribute to the accumulation of forces necessary for the successful formation of buds. During this period, the plant most needs a large amount of nitrogen. Some flower growers bring a nitrophosphate solution into the ground, and after flowering, superphosphate.
Simultaneously with lily fertilizer, it is recommended to carry out the prevention of various diseases. To this end, the soil is impregnated with a one-percent Bordeaux mixture in May. The procedure is repeated several times already in the middle of summer, treating not only the soil, but also the plant itself. If there are clear signs of disease, then continue feeding, so that the bulbs are additionally fed with useful substances.
When and what to feed lilies?
Consider the secrets of growing and how to care for lilies in the country with fertilizers.
In the first year, the planted bulbs are fed with organic ingredients. Before planting, humus is introduced into the soil, and then slurry is prepared, which is subsequently sprinkled with water. On a bucket of water usually take half a liter of fertilizer.
In the second and third year after planting lilies, top dressing is produced by complex mineral compounds. In them, the ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium should be 1: 2: 2. Also, after two years of plant life, in addition to mineral fertilizers, ammonium nitrate is recommended. It takes about thirty grams per square meter of land. With this substance, fertilizing is carried out three times during the growing season of the lily (after the emergence of sprouts, buds and directly at the flowering stage).
In the third year also make a complex fertilizer. It should consist (per square meter) of twenty grams of superphosphate, twenty-five grams of potassium salt and fifty grams of ammonium nitrate. This procedure is repeated three times in accordance with the growth of the lily.
Do I need to feed after flowering?
Many wonder how to care for lilies in the country after flowering. In the first place, attention should be paid to fertilizing. At the end of the summer, the bulbs are already beginning to move to the stage of the supply of nutrients that will be needed next year for full flowering. To help lilies recuperate and easily endure the harsh winter cold, it is recommended to do top dressing. Usually, an ornamental plant is fertilized with phosphorus-potassium compounds at the end of summer or at the beginning of autumn. Also during this period, potash magnesia or superphosphate-based supplements are excellent.
Useful tips flower growers: how to care for lilies in the country
Spring-summer care for lilies is a number of activities that help the plant maintain vitality and beauty.
First of all, they remove the shelters under which the seedlings were kept in winter. After you need to gently loosen the soil around the bushes. Also, be sure to do regular watering and timely make organic and nitrogenous fertilizers. With the advent of buds, the earth is enriched with potassium-phosphorus top dressings in the form of potassium nitrate, superphosphate or wood ash. When watering it is important not to touch the leaves, so that the droplets of moisture do not provoke a burn. It is also necessary to do weeding and remove faded buds. Experienced growers, in addition to all, recommend doing soil mulching around the plant roots with such organic materials as straw, sawdust, leaves, or mowed grass.
When and how pruned peduncles?
In how to care for the lilies in the country and in the garden, pruning is not the last place. This procedure must be carried out in several cases. If the leaves are rotten, dried, or undergone disease, if the flower stalks have bloomed when it is time to do the cleaning before winter storage. Peduncles must be cut to maintain decorativeness and stop seed ripening. Otherwise, they will take away the strength necessary for growth.
It is recommended to remove parts of the plant at such a level that the leaves sufficiently cover the fresh cut. Such a small trick will help protect it when watering, and the lily will not be susceptible to various diseases.
And how to care for lilies in the country in the fall and at the end of summer? Все очень просто – нужно дождаться, когда все листья станут вялыми и приобретут бледный окрас, тогда их можно обрезать на расстоянии нескольких сантиметров от почвы. Так луковицы легче адаптируются к зиме и весной быстрее дадут молодые ростки.
Решение некоторых проблем
Иногда на лилиях не появляются цветы, и этому есть несколько объяснений. The plant has underdeveloped bulbs or a very young age, there was no dormant period in winter or there was insufficient rest. In these cases, a change of substrate and the introduction of nutrients into the soil can help. Some gardeners plant lilies in too large pots. Therefore, the plant begins to grow only the root, bulbous and leaf parts. The optimal solution will be a smaller pot.
Yellowed or dried leaves are another common problem. This problem arises due to thickened plantings, lack of moisture and nutrients. Therefore, you need to plant the bulbs, feed and do regular watering.
Now you know how to care for lilies in the country in the spring and summer. If everything is done correctly, then this luxurious ornamental plant will delight its owners for many years.