Amur lilac - one of the many varieties of this plant. It is used not only for decorative decoration of gardens, but also as a soil-strengthening plant. This lilac has another name - lilac "treskun". She got it because of cod, which emit raw burning branches of the plant.
Amur lilac: description
Amur lilac is a deciduous multi-trunk shrub that can reach a height of up to 10 meters. It has a beautiful sprawling crown. It becomes especially attractive if it is shaped. After landing in the first year, the lilac “treskun” (Amur) develops rather slowly and almost does not form young shoots. All the strength of the seedling is aimed at creating a root system. At first it is not deep. In the second or third year, the roots go deep into the soil. Gradually, the growth becomes more active, and by the age of 10 a small bush turns into a very beautiful bush tree.
Adult lilac trunks are solid and durable. They reach 30 cm in diameter. They are covered in dark gray bark. The wood is white and very hard. Young shoots have a red-brown color and a bit like cherry branches. They are often used as fuel. When burning, they strongly crackle, sparks fly a few meters.
Amur lilac, the photo of which you see in our article, has leaves that are no different in color and shape from those of other representatives of the genus Lilac. They are also painted in dark green color, distinguished by a regular ellipsoid shape. Leaves are large, up to 11 cm long.
As you know, ordinary lilac in autumn does not change the color of foliage. In contrast, Amur lilac, the photo and description of which can now be found in all publications for gardeners, is painted in different colors in autumn. At this time, it is unusually beautiful, the leaves may have a purple or golden-orange shade. In addition, this type of lilac differs from the garden garden we are used to in terms of flowering time. "Treskun" begins to bloom in late June and pleases with its buds for three weeks.
Amur lilac flowers are small - no more than six millimeters in diameter. They consist of four petals and distinctly distinguished stamens. Flowers are collected in rather large inflorescences-panicles. They appear at the ends of young shoots in large numbers and literally envelop the entire shrub. They are painted cream or more often white, have a pleasant delicate aroma - this attracts pollinators and is an excellent honey plant for them.
Amur lilac has no fruit. Inside the buds that have already bloomed, there are seeds that can be planted and receive new seedlings. To make the flowering more abundant next season, dry panicles must be removed. They can be used as a therapeutic agent for the manufacture of water decoctions and alcohol tinctures, which are very effective in treating certain skin diseases.
Amur lilac "Sudrushka"
This variety is very popular with gardeners. It is a multi-stemmed shrub with a spreading thick crown. In height reaches ten meters. They can be from 5 to 11 cm long. When the leaves just bloom, they have a purple-greenish color, in summer they change their color to dark green, while the underside remains lighter.
The flowers are small, cream or pure white, have a strong aroma of honey. Located on short pedicels in the form of wide, large, paniculate inflorescences. "Sudrushka" blooms profusely for twenty days.
Today, Amur lilac grows in many garden plots. Planting and caring for this plant is simple. This species of lilac prefers open sunny areas, well protected from the winds. The site should be well drained and not flooded in the spring, when the active melting of the snow begins, and in the autumn with prolonged rainfall. Stagnant water, even for a short time, can provoke the dying off of young roots.
Lilac is unpretentious, but it will bloom profusely only on fertile, slightly acidic or neutral, friable soils, which contain a lot of humus. Acid soils are recommended to lime. Clayey heavy soils can be improved by adding sand and humus to them. If groundwater is very close, drainage is necessary.
Before planting the lilac in the landing pits, they must be compost or humus and superphosphate. It is better to plant bushes in August, since in spring the buds swell early in lilac, and in this state the plant does not tolerate transplants. If your planting material is in containers, they can be planted at any time.
This unpretentious plant - Amur lilac. Reviews gardeners convince us of this. However, this does not mean that the plant does not need care. We have already said that fertile, loosened soil is important for this plant. Therefore, from time to time it is necessary to dig up weeds and loosen the soil around the trunk. Weeds are especially dangerous for a young bush when its roots are still close to the surface. The most dangerous is considered to be wheat grass, sleep, dandelion. Loosening the soil will allow more moisture and oxygen to flow to the roots of the plant.
In early summer, the plant needs plenty of watering - about 30 liters per 1 square meter. If at this time the amount of precipitation is moderate, then watering can be slightly reduced. By the end of the summer and autumn, the bushes do not require watering, only if there is a drought.
It is equally important not to overmoisten the soil. Excessive watering can cause early development of buds in the spring or freezing of young shoots in the winter. In the first year after planting, Amur lilac is watered no farther than the landing pit, and then the irrigation area is increased.
If there is a constant strong wind in your area, then watering can be increased. Moisture should saturate the soil by at least 40 cm. If lilac grows close to the highway, in spring and summer its leaves should be washed from dirt and dust with a stream of water.
Amur lilacs need proper nutrition. Already in the second year, nitrogen fertilizers can be applied. This is usually done in the form of three supplements (50 grams per season). Ammonium nitrate can also be used (70 grams).
The first top dressing is carried out a month after the soil has thawed out, the second and subsequent - in 3 weeks. Quite often, ash obtained from dried or cut branches is used as a complex fertilizer.
Since in natural conditions the plant is quite massive, great attention should be paid to the formation of a bush. The first pruning is carried out in the third year of lilac life. The main trunks leave those branches that lengthen the bush. Shoots that go deep into the crown, cut completely.
Amur lilac is propagated in several ways:
In late autumn, in wet weather, you can collect seeds. Then the boxes are dried at room temperature for several days. To stratify the seeds, they are mixed with wet fine sand in the ratio of 1: 3 and left in any container that has openings for water flow. It should be in a cool room (no more than +5 degrees). Experienced gardeners for this purpose use the lower shelf of the refrigerator.
Most of the owners of the dacha plots, on which Amur lilac grows, are pleased with the fact that they have planted this fragrant shrub on their land - the care for it is not complicated, and the flowering is long and abundant. The only disadvantage of the plant, which is noted by the owners, is a long wait for flowering shrubs.
Amur lilac planting dates
Planting material should have a healthy, well-branched lobe. The diameter of the root system and its length when digging - 25-30 cm.
The total height of varietal lilacs in bush form 0.5–0.7 m and higher, depending on the commercial grade. The number of skeletal branches in the first grade 4-5, the second - 3-4. The age of the scion is two years.
The best time to plant lilacs in the central zone of the European part of Russia is the second half of August - the beginning of September. Lilac bushes, transplanted in late autumn or spring, with growing buds, more difficult to take root and in the first year after planting almost no increase. At the same time, the rapid onset of dormancy in lilac allows it to be successfully planted not only in the autumn, but also in the summer, approximately from mid-July. L. A. Kolesnikov transplanted lilac even earlier - soon after flowering in the phase of full browning of the shoots.
Excellent results are obtained by transplanting leafy saplings at the end of July - August, especially if they are dug out with a clod of earth. However, this should be reduced to a minimum gap in time between digging and planting, and at the end of the work it is necessary to water the plants plentifully. In lilac transplanted at this time, the leaves do not fade, the roots quickly begin to grow, and in spring the condition of the bushes is almost the same as that of the non-transplanted.
Lilac is planted in cool, cloudy weather or in the evening. Do not plant in waterlogged soil, dry need to be watered. The size of the coma on the roots of a seedling must be at least 25x 25 cm.
Before planting, the crown is moderately trimmed, the long roots are shortened slightly, and the damaged and diseased are removed. In seedlings used for landscaping, the root system when digging should be kept long, 25-30 cm in diameter, depending on the varietal and species characteristics. Annual shoots are shortened by two to three pairs of buds. This is necessary to balance the above-ground part with the root system that was cut when digging. Plants set in the center of the pit on a mound of fertile soil, the roots evenly distribute and gradually fall asleep with soil of the same composition. Soil compacted.
The depth of planting depends on the type of plant and the method of growing seedlings. Saplings of all types of lilac are planted so that the root neck after planting is at ground level. Saplings grafted on a common lilac stock, planted 3-4 cm higher to reduce the number of shoots.
Saplings of varietal lilacs grafted on Hungarian and Lilacs, for later transfer to their own roots, are 5-8 cm deep. When they are planted, their own saplings of varietal lilacs are also slightly deeper.
After planting, the soil of the trunk circle is watered abundantly, and when the water is absorbed, they mulch with a half-ripened leaf, peat, or humus 5–7 cm in thickness. The number of sawn slightly below the first branch of the crown.
Watering and moisture
First of all, the culture needs fertile and constantly loosened soil. Therefore, loosening and weeding of weed plants around the bush is very important. Weeds are generally dangerous for young specimens, since Amur lilac has a shallow root system.
In the summer season, it is required to water the shrub abundantly, pouring about 20 liters of water per square meter. If it rains frequently, watering is reduced. From the beginning of autumn it is recommended to stop watering, and to water only in case of severe drought.
Overflows are dangerous for lilacs. They can cause premature budding on the shoots, and in the winter time, the root system may freeze.
If the culture grows near the slopes or in the city, then the leaves must be cleaned of dust and dirt by spraying with water.
Treskun needs a lot of fertilizers and nutrients, including potassium, nitrogen, phosphorus, calcium and other elements.
Fertilizers with a nitrogen content are allowed to be made a year after planting the crop.
Also as a feed dressing, an extract of mullein, chicken manure and manure are effectively used.
Trim the tree begin when the lilac is three years old. At the same time pruned shoots that go deep into the crown. It also removes branches that spread along the ground or grow downwards.
Carry out the pruning pruning in the spring, and at the end of flowering pruned inflorescences pruned. Spring pruning is desirable until the buds appear.
Pruning will give the shrub a beautiful and attractive look, and it is also an excellent incentive for the development of new young shoots with buds.
Amur lilac is a bright representative of deciduous multi-trunk shrubs, which often grow to 10 meters in height. Due to the beautiful lush crown, the plant is very popular among homeowners and often adorns the gardens in central Russia.
After landing in the first stages, the lilac does not show active growth, since all its forces are directed at the formation of the root system. Initially, the root is not deep, but every year its processes go deeper and deeper into the earth. Over time, the bush begins to grow actively and after 10 years turns into a real tree.
- The trunk of an adult plant reaches a diameter of 30 centimeters, it is durable and fairly solid. The bark has a dark gray color, but the wood itself is light and heavy.
- The leaves of Amur lilac are exactly the same as those of its relatives, a dark green shade. In length they grow up to 10 - 11 centimeters, the shape is ellipsoid.
- Flowering plant begins in late June, lasts 2 weeks.
- Flowers at a lilac not big, as a rule, reach in the size of 6 mm. All the flowers are collected in large inflorescences that envelop the entire plant. Their color is snow white or milky. The buds are endowed with a delicate aroma, due to which they attract many honey plants.
Amur lilac does not produce fruit. In buds, seeds are formed, which are sometimes used to propagate the plant.
Common varieties and species
Today on sale you can find only seed of the variety "Sudarushka". It is produced by the Russian company Gavrish. The bush has a lush, dense crown, there are cases when the lilac grew to 10 meters in height. The plant is able to live for hundreds of years, shows resistance to the urban environment and can withstand frost.
Lilac-survivor: everything you need to know to grow a luxurious Amur lilac
Amur lilac is a beautiful ornamental tree. In nature, Amur lilac is common in the Far East, in the Primorsky Territory, in the Amur Region, as well as in eastern China and Korea.
The tree is used not only as a decorative, but also a soil-strengthening. In its natural environment, lilac grows on the mountain slopes and in wooded areas.
Selection of this culture began in the 19th century. During this time, brought many varieties of wood. Amur lilac is called a long-lived tree, since it can grow in one place for 100 years.
Interesting! Also the type of lilac is called codfish. Perhaps this is due to the fact that when burning old branches, branches emit a strong crash, which can be heard even at a distance of more than 10 meters. Another suggestion is that such a name is associated with the cracking of seed pods.
In nature, culture can grow up to 20 meters. In culture, on the average, a tree grows to 10 meters. The tree has a wide spreading crown, which looks great not only in the period of abundant flowering, but also in the autumn thanks to numerous green foliage.
In the first years after planting, the tree develops extremely slowly. Lilac gets its luxurious look only 10 years of his life. The trunk has a diameter of about 30 cm. The bark of the trunk visually resembles the bark of a cherry tree. It has a dark red color in youth, and then a dark gray color.
The leaves of Amur lilac are no different from the leaves of other varieties of culture. In length, they can reach 11 cm in shape - heart-shaped, color - dark green. With the arrival of autumn leaves change their color. This is a distinctive feature of the Amur long-lived. They take on purple and golden hues.
Also, the difference of this variety is that it blooms somewhat later than ordinary lilac. Flowering begins in mid-June and lasts for three weeks.
White flowers from 4 petals with elongated stamens have small sizes - only 5 mm in diameter. They are collected in large paniculate inflorescences. The inflorescences are about 25 cm in diameter and in length. The flowers have a very pleasant aroma that attracts not only humans, but also insects.
Amur lilac does not form fruit. However, in the faded buds seeds are collected, which can later be used to grow new bushes.
Only seeds of Sudarushka variety can be found on sale. The producer is the agrotechnical company Gavrish (Russia). When buying Amur codling seedlings it is very difficult to identify a varietal variety. At the moment it is not such a common type of lilac, as, for example, Common lilac.
Sudarushka is the most common variety of Amur lilac. The shrub has a thick and sprawling crown. Its height can reach 10 meters. Листья имеют длину около 10 см. При распускании листочки имеют светло-зеленую окраску, в летний период становятся темно-зелеными, а осенью обретают пурпурные и золотистые тона.
Мелкие цветки имеют белую или слегка кремовую окраску. Обладают невероятно приятным медовым ароматом. Цветки собраны в крупные (до 25 см) соцветия в форме метелок. Цветение начинается ближе к июлю и длится в течение трех недель. Fruiting and flowering begins no earlier than 9 years after planting a bush with the help of seeds.
The variety is resistant to urban conditions and frost. Treskun can live up to 100 years. Sudarushka looks spectacular in group and single landings, while creating hedges and various landscape compositions.
Landing Amur lilac is desirable to carry out at the end of the summer or early fall season. If you plant a plant at this time, then there is a chance that before the onset of cold weather, the seedling will have time to take root. If the leaves on the seedlings have already crumbled, then it is too late to plant them in the ground.
For planting shrubs required to dig a hole, the size of which should be 50 to 50 centimeters. It is recommended to add organic fertilizers and wood ash to the soil. It is recommended to plant a seedling in the late afternoon when it is cool outside.
When planting you need to pay attention to the fact that the root neck of the seedling is on the same level with the ground.
Important! In order for the plant to settle down better, it is recommended to purchase seedlings in which the root system is closed. This will facilitate not only the process of planting, but also in the future care of the sapling.
Despite the fact that treskun is considered an unpretentious culture, caring for him requires certain skills and adherence to a number of features.
Application in landscape design
The culture is resistant to urban conditions. In connection with this, it is often used for landscaping parks, squares and city alleys.
Culture is great for decorating the main entrances to buildings.
Perfectly cracksome looks near reservoirs, both natural and artificial. Nearby with ponds lilac blooms more abundant, and inflorescences acquire larger sizes.
Single planting Amur lilac along the fence.
Since the plant is a long-lived, and also has a dense and wide crown, it is often used to create hedges.
Amur treskun perfectly combines with other types of lilac, with low-growing shrubs, annuals and perennial flowers.
Treskun looks great on the background low shrubs.
Good partners can be:
- Brilliant cotoneaster,
- Drummond Maple,
Amur lilac, Amur species how to plant and what care is needed
In spring, when nature enters the warm season and everything revives and blooms around, one of the most attractive and fragrant shrubs blooms. It's about lilacs.
Mostly flowering occurs in May, and to be more precise - in the middle of this spring month. Lilac is famous for its attractive appearance and healing characteristics.
Flowering occurs about 20 days. However, there are exceptions.. For example, the varieties of Jose, boomerang can bloom several times over 12 months.
Often this tree is used for the attractiveness of summer cottages. But a special place in his medicine.
Experts have already studied the benefits of this type. and with great pleasure use this plant for treatment.
- make tinctures
- herbal teas
- make compresses
For these purposes, collect the kidneys, which have not yet dissolved. Also, lilac can lower blood sugar.
Imagine, that flowers can save a person from disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, malaria and even rheumatism. A herbal infusion is used for diabetes and stomach ulcers.
Cooked broth will help improve immunity, defeat ARVI. Also, lilac helps for healing and will save from nervous disorders.
Not only the flowers of this plant, but also the bark has medicinal properties. For example, a decoction made from it will help with dermatitis. Doctors recommend such a tincture to wipe problem areas of the skin. It also helps with joint pain and osteochondrosis.
Where is growing
This shrub has almost 30 different types and about 1.5 thousand hybrids in its genus. They are all bright and terry, however, differ in size and sometimes the year when flowers bloom.
The Amur type is a beautiful and at the same time ornamental tree. It grows mainly in such places:
- Far East
- Primorsky Krai
- Amur region
The tree is not only decorative, but also soil strengthening.
Often the lilac prefers to grow on the slopes of the mountains and where the forests. To conduct experiments, engage in breeding with this plant began in the 19th century. From this point on, many varieties of this tree began to grow.
Another Amur variety is called a plant long-liver. In one area it can grow over a hundred years.
Amur lilac: characteristic and description
Amur type refers to deciduous multi-trunk shrubs. It can grow up to 10 meters. It has a luxurious crown, especially after shaping.
The Amur variety still has a subspecies - treskun.
In the first year, when the tree was planted, the shrub grows at a slow pace. Young shoots are almost not formed.
During this period, all efforts of the seedling are aimed at the formation of the root system of the tree. At first, it is shallow, however, after two or three years, the roots become more profound.
After some time, the growth becomes more intense. When the bush reaches the age of 10 years a small bush becomes a beautiful tree. Grown trunks are strong, has a diameter of more than 30 centimeters.
- bark saturated gray color
- the wood is light and heavy enough
- younger shoots have a reddish color, and look like cherry branches
They are very often used for fuel. When they burn, they emit a crash, and the sparks fly in different directions to a distance of a meter and more.
But the leaves of the Amur variety are exactly the same as the other species of this plant. They have a rich green color, they have the correct elliptical shape. Leaf size is large. In length grow up to 11 centimeters.
In the autumn period lilac does not change the color of the foliage, but Amur, on the contrary, changes color and color.
Characteristics and description of this type of tree are found in almost all publications and specialized literature for gardeners.
In the fall, this tree blooms and turns into a beautiful and flowering shrub. Leaves turn purple and golden orange.
This species has a number of differences from the classic variety of lilac flowering period.
"Treskun" blooms in late June, about 3 weeks
Amur view "Treskun" has small flowers. They reach about 6 millimeters in diameter.
- flowers consist of 4 petals
- have clear stamens
- flowers are collected in large inflorescences so-called panicles
They grow on the tips of young shoots in considerable quantities. This beautiful shrub is almost completely covered.
The flowers may be light delicate tones: white or cream. They emit a pleasant delicate smell.
They lure them pollinators and are the best honey plant.
Amur lilac does not bear fruit. In the buds that have bloomed, seeds grow. With their help, you can plant and soon receive new seedlings.
So that in the next period, the shrub blossoms on a larger scale and more densely, the panicles that are withered need to be cut off.
In the future, they can be used for medicinal purposes. For example, to make a water decoction, alcohol tincture.
Landing Amur species of lilac
Amur-type lilac is not a curiosity in garden plots. It is quite common. Planting and caring for this plant is quite simple.
This species just loves the sun. Therefore, it is better to choose a place where the sun's rays fall. The only thing, lilac should be protected from strong gusts of wind and drafts.
Gardeners should ensure that the area where Amur lilac is planted has good drainage. Also in the spring, there should be no flooding when snow and ice begin to melt, as well as in the autumn period at the time of heavy rains.
In no case should there be no stagnation of liquid, even for a short period of time. After all, this can lead to the fact that the roots will deteriorate and die out.
Amur-type lilac in planting and care is an unpretentious plant, however, there are some features that should be considered.
- the tree will flourish best if the soil is fertile
- slightly acidic
- with a lot of humus
If the soil is acidicshould be hounded. In the case when the earth has a clay and heavy structure, you can add sand.
In case there are ground waters near, a drainage system is necessary.
Before planting the Amur variety in planting pits, it is necessary to place compost, humus or superphosphate in them.
It is recommended to plant bushes at the end of summer - in August. In the spring, Amur-type lilacs begin to swell the kidneys, so it is impossible to perform a transplant in this state.
If planting material in containers, you can plant in any period.
However, this does not mean that the Amur type does not need care. On the contrary. Periodically it is necessary to pull the weeds and loosen the soil near the trunk.
For this plant weeds are dangerous. Especially for a young tree. After all, the roots are still close to the surface of the earth.
Adversely can affect the growth of this tree such weeds: wheat grass, dandelion and slyt. Loosen the soil is necessary, to get more oxygen and moisture to the root system of Amur lilac.
In the first summer months Amur lilac should be watered abundantly. On 1 square meter about 30 liters. If precipitation occurs during this period, the amount of watering can be reduced.
Amur lilac: description, planting, growing and care
The lush ornamental shrub Amur lilac is widely used in Primorye, the Far Eastern region and in the Amur region. It is also easy to meet in China and the Republic of Korea. The plant does not require specific knowledge in the care and is considered a long-liver.
You only need to adhere to certain rules:
- In order for the flowering of the shrub to continue from year to year, it must be planted in well-lit areas, but at the same time there should not be any winds or drafts.
Do not plant a bush in the lowlands or in flooded areas. Amur lilac is planted at the end of summer - beginning of autumn, after the bush has completely finished blooming. This will allow the plant to take root until the onset of cold weather.
Note that the seedling needs to be planted with leaves. If the foliage crumbled, then the period for planting has passed. We'll have to wait for next year.
Before planting a seedling, prepare a hole the size of 50 - 60 centimeters. The walls of the pit should be vertical. If the soil is not fertile, then the size of the hole must be slightly increased in order to fill it with a fertile mixture. The seedling is planted in the evening when the temperature drops a little. Fill up the root system so that the radical neck remains at ground level.
When growing Amur lilac, you need to follow some rules for caring for it:
- If you do not use mulch, you will need to regularly loosen the soil and remove weeds. During the growing season it is necessary to do loosening 3-4 times. The first time the soil loosens in the spring time after it warms up. All subsequent loosening is performed as needed.
- To achieve good growth and see beautiful flowers, the plant should be watered regularly. Sometimes you can allow a slight waterlogging. Watering is necessary during the growing season and flowering.
- Top dressing is brought on 2 - 3 year of a life of a plant. The first time fertilizers are applied during the bud break. Organic fertilizers are best suited for this purpose. Further feeding is carried out with an interval of 3 - 4 weeks.
- In order to form a beautiful crown, the plant must be pruned. The bush needs thinning, shortening of shoots, removal of shoots.
Like many other plants, Amur lilac can be propagated in several ways:
Seeds need to be collected in late autumn, it is desirable that this day was quite high humidity. Then the boxes need to be dried at room temperature and get the seeds.
For stratification, they are combined with river sand in a 1: 3 ratio and sent to a room with a temperature regime of not more than +5 degrees. For this purpose, you can use the main chamber of the refrigerator. After 2 months, the seeds can be planted in a box with steamed earth.
In order to propagate the plant with branches, it is enough to tilt the branch of the bush to the ground and fix it with a peg. Sometimes a branch is pulled over with a copper wire to stimulate the formation of the root system.
Amur lilac can be subject to the following diseases:
- Ring spots. It is characterized by spots on the leaves of yellow or light green color.
- Mosaic. The entire surface of the sheet is covered with spots of various shapes, which leads to drying of the damaged foliage.
- Late blight. The buds do not develop or open, and brown spots appear on the bark.
- Necrosis. The tops of young shoots die.
Use in landscape design
Shrub is known to many, which is why it has found wide application in gardening gardens, parks, villas or personal plots.
Amur lilac looks great in and of itself, and in group plantings.
The plant is perfectly combined with ornamental trees and bushes, which helps to create magnificent landscape compositions.
Very often, lilacs are combined with such plants as mite, felt cherry, tamarisk, and so on. There are a lot of options for using lilac in decorating a green area; you just need to show your imagination a little.
Lilac - planting and care in the suburbs in the open field
I have a lot of lilacs in my garden. In the spring a long-lived plant pleases with lush blooms. For lilac light, fertile, well-drained soil is preferred. Shrubs are propagated by seedlings, other methods are not very popular. I will tell you how to plant a lilac. We also consider the features of care for ornamental shrubs.
How to plant shrubs
I advise you to plant a lilac from mid-July until the end of August. It should be remembered that she prefers open lighted areas. Lilacs take root in a soil rich in humus, with regard to pH, it should be within 7. Before you buy a seedling, you need to carefully examine the roots.
For planting are suitable specimens with a full-fledged branched root system. I advise you to adjust the roots up to 30 cm. If you find dry or diseased, be sure to remove them. Trim long branches. The distance between the specimens depends on the selected grade, the average - 2.5 m.
Consider the features of landing. Under the plants form pits measuring 50 x 50 cm. If there is sandy ground in the garden, make trenches 2 times larger. Before you plant the plants, fill them with nutrient mixture. It is easy to prepare: you need to take 17 kg of compost, 25 g of superphosphate and 250 g of wood ash. If the soil is acidic, add more ash.
Drainage should be laid at the bottom of the trench. I used broken rubble. Pour nutrient soil over the drain. A lilac sapling is planted on a hill located in the center of the trench, the roots gently spread. The root neck should rise above the ground surface.
After planting shrubs need to make water and mulch using humus or peat. Mulch retains moisture in the soil and also protects the roots from freezing.
Watering, fertilization, care features
Friends ask me how to care for lilacs. It's simple: you need to water the plant and very rarely fertilize. Lilac grows by itself. I advise you to water it as the soil dries out, for 1 bush to spend 15-20 liters of water.
For a full-fledged photosynthesis of a plant, loosen the soil by 5 cm, in parallel remove weeds. I water lilac 1 time in 20 days. If the weather is dry, I introduce water more often: 1 time in 5-7 days.
Caring for a shrub just does not take you much time! Once in 2 years you can make nitrogen compounds. Plants that have reached two years of age, positively perceive urea. I fertilize the lilac with organic matter: I add 12 liters of slurry under an adult bush. To prepare such a tool, you need to take 20% of cow manure and 80% of water.
Fertilizer should be applied to the stem. Lilac requires potassium and phosphorus. Preparations with these components are applied once every 2.5 years. Adult plant requires 30 g of potassium and phosphorus.
I use a granular agent, dredging it a few centimeters. Lilac well perceives the solution of ash. To prepare, take 200 g of the product and dissolve in 9 liters of water.
Do I need to replant the lilac
Lilac to transplant after a year and a half after landing on the garden bed. The shrub has powerful roots, it depletes the soil, scooping a large number of trace elements. The three-year bush also needs a pick. I advise you to carry out the procedure in early August.
Young lilac is better to replant in May, after flowering is over. Before planting a shrub in a new place, you should examine its roots.
If they are dry or damaged, remove them immediately. Проводите пикировку аккуратно, старайтесь не травмировать ваш кустарник. Я пересаживала сирень вместе с земляным комом.
Следует учитывать, что траншея на новом месте должна быть в 2 раза больше. It should fit the plant with the root system and the required amount of soil mixture. Young lilacs need to be cut as it builds up many skeletal branches.
A plant that has reached the age of three years must be adjusted. It is better to carry out the procedure before the start of sap flow and kidney swelling. As a result, there should be 7-8 branches located at the same distance.
At the beginning of spring, I advise you to remove the root shoots, after a year - to cut the branches again. Corrective haircut increases the decorativeness of the shrub, and sanitary protects it from diseases. I advise you to remove frozen and broken branches.
Diseases, harmful insects
Lilac is valued for being disease resistant. Sometimes the plant becomes infected with powdery mildew, bacterial rot. As for pests, culture can attack:
The best pest prevention is weeding the site. Insects live in plant debris and predominantly infect weak plants.
In order to avoid pests, lilac should be watered in time, organic chemicals and minerals should be added.
In the fight against pests should be used insecticides: Malathion, Fozalon or Bordeaux liquid 1%. Sometimes lilac is sick.
- Some specimens overtake bacterial rot. With such a disease the leaves become covered with weeping spots. Bacterial rot leads to shrinkage and deformation of the leaf plate. To restore the plant, it is necessary to treat it with chlorhexidine. The drug is applied 4 times, observing the interval of 10 days.
- Lilacs can become powdery mildew. This is a fungal disease that affects young and adult shrubs. If the lilac has become infected with powdery mildew, the leaves are covered with bloom and eventually turn brown. The disease develops in conditions of drought. Having found signs of powdery mildew, the affected parts of the plant should be removed and burned, then the fungicide applied. In early March, I advise you to dig the earth using bleach: 100 g per 1 square. m
- Verticillous wilting of lilac is manifested by twisting leaves. With such a disease, dark spots appear on them. To cure a plant, you need to spray it with a solution of soap and soda. Take 100 g of each product and dilute it in 14 liters of water.
The lack of planting material is that it takes a long time to take root. For reproduction of lilac by cutting, you need to prepare branches before flowering begins. You should choose not too thick, each should have 3 nodes. Before planting the cuttings, it is necessary to remove the leaves located at the bottom, the upper ones should only be shortened.
I advise you to make an oblique cut. To accelerate rooting, it is necessary to lower the cuttings in a special stimulant and withstand 15 hours. Plants take root in greenhouse conditions.
Make a sand and peat substrate for them. Perform substrate disinfection using ordinary boiling water. Before planting, process the cuts with warm water.
Plant cuttings in a common container, but keep a distance of several centimeters. Sprinkle each copy with water, cover with plastic wrap. Cuttings develop favorably in the penumbra. Moisten the planting material with a spray bottle, making sure that the sand does not dry out.
Cuttings take root in about 50 days. Before planting in open ground, I recommend hardening them - to bring to light. Planting material can be planted in spring or autumn. It should be remembered that the lilac, propagated by cuttings, blooms for 5 - 6 year!
As we see, planting and caring for shrubs are simple. Lilac is beautiful on its own, but for more lush flowering, fertilize once a year or 2. Weed periodically, water your plant. Remember that it needs a timely picking.
Amur lilac: planting and care, pruning, watering
Of all the variety of species Amur lilac, perhaps the most unpretentious, however, planting and caring for it require some preliminary familiarization. Let's see where it is better to plant it, how to take care and with what is better to combine in the design of the garden.
Amur lilac: planting and care, watering, feeding and pruning
This decorative flowering culture was discovered in 1855, and was described in 1857 by Russian botanists. Under natural conditions, Amur lilac is mainly found in the form of a tree, which reaches a height of almost 20 meters.
In parks, in garden and backyard areas, this species grows as a shrub in height from 5 to 8, and sometimes up to 10 meters.
It grows well in the European part of our country, in the Far East, and even endures winter in the Polar Botanical Garden, as well as in the region of Tomsk and Sverdlovsk.
The people call this lilac “treskun”, because raw firewood cracks when burning, throwing sparks and coals a few meters.
Landing, site selection and soil preparation
The site for growing lilac Amur is chosen on a well-lit place, protected from strong air currents and, of course, winds. Since this culture does not tolerate stagnant moisture, groundwater should be located at a depth of at least 1.5-2 meters.
Best of all, this species is possible on water permeable, nutritious, with a large amount of organic soil with slightly acidic or neutral reaction (pH 6.0-7.0). Also, lilac grows well and develops in moderately moist lands of a weakly alkaline reaction (pH 7.0-7.5).
When choosing a site for permanent cultivation, it is worth remembering that even a slight shading of this culture leads to a deterioration of development and a reduction in flowering.
Also, places located in lowlands and temporarily flooded territories are not suitable for Amur lilacs.
Pits for disembarking must be with vertical walls with a depth of 50 to 60 centimeters. Their width and length should also be 50-60 cm.
If the soil at the site of planting is not suitable for the composition or nutritional value, then the size is increased to one meter, and the soil is replaced with a nutrient earth mixture consisting of humus or good garden soil, as well as rotten cow manure or sheet compost.
The best time for planting this crop in the middle lane is considered the end of August or the beginning of September. Plants planted in the spring or late fall take root longer and more difficult, and in addition in the first year of the growing season they do not have any growth.
Knowledge of some of the biological features of this culture allows for planting and transplanting in the summer (from the second half of July). At this time, there is a period of rest, and the plants can easily tolerate them.
But it is worth considering that when transplanting the time between digging and planting should be kept to a minimum.
And immediately after its completion, the bushes are watered with plenty of water, and the area around them is covered with wood chips, husks or leaf earth (they mulch with a rather high layer of organic matter).
When planting, annual branches are shortened by two or three pairs of buds. The shrub is placed in the center of the planting pit on a slight elevation of good ground, and the roots are distributed throughout the whole volume, carefully covered with a fertile mixture, and then slightly compacted.
Lilac care after planting
Those who do not use mulch, the soil around the bushes (near-stem circle) will definitely have to loosen and remove all weeds with roots. Usually, during the growing season, loosening is carried out from 3 to 4 times to a depth of 4 to 7 cm. For the first time, soil is loosened in the spring, as soon as it warms up well.
And following the loosening and removal of weeds are carried out as needed.
To avoid frequent weeding and loosening, it is advisable to sprinkle the soil around the bush with a mulching material, as this helps retain moisture in the soil, reduces the amount of weeds and makes it easier to take care of the plant.
Amur lilac grows well and blooms only with a sufficient amount of moisture in the ground. It is worth knowing that this species can sometimes withstand slight waterlogging, but flooding the cultivation area for one or two days will lead to the death of the plants.
But the lack of moisture leads to a weakening of the development, flowering and wilting of the leaves, especially on soils with a lot of sand.
Good and regular watering is carried out from the beginning of the growing season until the end of flowering. Starting from the second half of the summer, lilac water only when the weather is dry and hot.
Excessive watering during this period can cause premature awakening and growth of the kidneys.
To feed this type of lilac start from the second or third year of cultivation. Usually spend 3 feeding. The first time the bushes are fed with fertilizers in early spring, when the buds have just awakened.
To do this, choose organic fertilizer. The rest of the feeding is carried out with a gap of 3-3.5 weeks. The best solution for this is a solution of cow dung or bird droppings (but not later than August).
On one plant depending on age it is required from one to three feeding buckets.
To make Amur lilac every year well blossomed and have a beautiful bush shape, regular pruning is done. During their conduct, the bush is thinned and shortened by shoots, the shoots are removed, and the broken, deformed and diseased branches are removed.
Lilac in landscaping and landscape design
This beloved and famous shrub is planted both in park areas, squares, and in gardens, cottages and house territories. Amur lilac looks good in groups of 3-7 pieces and as a single plant (tapeworm), as well as in ordinary plantings, which can cover the fence or fence.
It can also be planted in landscape compositions with ornamental trees and shrubs. Lilac looks spectacular next to the Van Gutta spiraea, tamarisk, forsythia, chubushnik, padubolithic mahonia, felt cherries, weigella and other ornamental cultures.
As you can see, there are many applications of codfish in gardening of the garden plot, and the growing geography of this ornamental plant is very wide. We recommend everyone to grow Amur lilac, since planting and caring for it does not require special skills in gardening.