In the spring and early summer, I want to crunch only a cucumber plucked from the garden. Many gardeners have no doubt what kind of crop to plant in the greenhouse or on the ridge, to obtain early greenmen. Because they have long made their choice - this is Herman cucumbers.
Description and characteristic of a grade of cucumbers Herman
Seeds of cucumbers of the Dutch selection have long occupied their niche from our summer residents. Herman from among them, he received in Holland (firm Monsanto). Year of inclusion in the state registry - 2001. The variety can be grown both in open ground and in protected (greenhouse, greenhouse, temporary shelter).
Herman F1 is an unshelled hybrid (partocopic); it belongs to the group of early ripe cucumbers, the ripening speed is from 36 days to 40 days.
Herman is a non-pollinated plant, which means that only female flowers are formed that do not need pollination. The place of the formation of beam inflorescences - the sinuses of the leaves. In one inflorescence can form ovaries from 4 to 6 pcs.
Fruits according to the description - kornishonny type green cabbage, long up to 10 cm. The color can be either light green or dark green, depending on the light. If the bush is formed correctly (1 stalk), the cucumbers are colored bright green. On a thickened plant the color of the fruit is more pale.
Grade Herman - Cornish type
The main external characteristics of the fruit:
- Length - 10 cm.
- Diameter from 2.5 to 3 cm.
- Weight up to 100 g
- The shape is cylindrical, smooth.
- Thorns are light.
Crispy, aromatic pulp is different sweet taste, no signs of bitterness. Cucumbers Hermann, plucked in time, ideal for making light summer salads.
Beautiful greenhouses look great in banks. They are good in salting and marinade. Choosing a variety, you need to evaluate its yield. Cucumber Hermann with 95% yield gives 1 m2 up to 25 kg of fruits.
The first requirement for the soil before planting - temperature.
The second requirement is fertility. It can be easily increased by adding humus, peat, sand. The combination of these components and proportions depend on the quality of the soil.
In the average version, you need to make 1 m2 of the ridge:
- 1 humus bucket,
- ½ bucket of peat,
- ½ buckets of sand
- superphosphate 1 tbsp. lt
- potassium nitrate 1 tbsp. lt
- ammonium nitrate 1 tbsp. l
Cucumber sowing rules
Cucumber Herman is a powerful plant for growth and development. must have enough space. When line landing rows need to be placed at intervals 60 cm. Distance from bush to bush withstand not less than 30 cm.
The distance between the bushes of cucumber Herman must be at least 30cm
Experienced gardeners note that the yield of beam cucumbers is higher with a rare planting (40 cm).
As mentioned above, Herman F1 transplants poorly transplant, so the seeds sown on seedlings in separate containers not less than 0.5 l. To speed up germination, place cups in plastic bags. The seedling is ready for transplant at the age of 20 days, when 3 true leaves have been formed.
When sowing seeds comply with the planting scheme described above. Seeds should not be buried more than 1.5 cm. With the humidifier, to preserve moisture, rumble with humus or compost. The soil temperature at planting is not less than 15 ° C.
Important meeting landing dates. They are different for open ground and greenhouses. In the ground seeds can be planted from May 26, seedlings - after June 1. In the greenhouse - in early May.
Departure after landing
All plants and cucumbers, including, require attention after planting:
- watering at least 1 time in 3 days,
- top dressing root and foliar for the whole season at least 3 times,
- weed removal
- loosening between rows after watering,
- garter to the trellis,
- timely collection of greenberries.
- remove all flowers and shoots from the leaf axils (1 to 4),
- leave 1 ovary in the sinuses 5-6 sheets,
- leave 2 ovaries in the axils of 7-10 leaves,
- regrown stem to throw over the trellis,
- pinch the top at 1 m from the ground.
The main mistake novice gardeners - cold water. Cucumber problems with this care: bitter fruit, developmental delay, weakened immunity.
Another mistake - abundant watering at low soil temperature (12 degrees and below). Cucumber roots absorb nutrients poorly, so you need to limit watering and do not feed at this time.
How to get a second wave of harvest
In August, the productivity of cucumbers decreases. If you do not be lazy, you can lengthen the fruiting period - to get a second wave harvest. Ways are different. The most effective are foliar top dressing.
The first recipe: 1 liter of milk (whey), 35 drops of iodine. The second recipe: take a packet (10 g) of boric acid in 1 liter of almost boiling water, bring the resulting solution to 10 l and use as a top dressing.
In addition, the bushes to pile up. Additional roots will form that will provide additional nutrition. Remove yellowed leaves - Another way to resuscitate the cucumber bush.
Diseases and their prevention
Information for those who plan to land Herman F1. Cucumber variety susceptible to fungal infection causing disease - rust.
- yellow spots on the leaf surface at the initial stage,
- brown spots in the acute phase,
- dry leaves and shoots - the result of the disease.
Preventive measures will help to avoid the disease: the first is the formation of a bush in 1 stalk, removal of damaged leaves and stems. The second measure - June processing bordeaux mixture (1%).
The development of the disease can be stopped at the initial stage (yellow spots). At this time, you can do without chemistry. Boil with boiling water 300 g of ash, let it brew.
Grate 50g household soap 72%. All mix and add water to the bucket. The resulting solution to spray sick plants in the evenings. Observe the interval between two treatments for about 7 days.
Ash not only fights infections and pests (aphids, whitefly), but also acts as a fertilizer.
Harvesting and storage rules
Proper collection of Zelentsov 1 time in 2 days This is a guarantee of long fruiting cucumbers Herman. Cucumbers 5-7 cm in length are suitable for marinating, 10 cm for salting and salads.
During this time they do not turn yellow and do not lose their presentation. Cleaning is recommended in the early morning or in the evening. Beam type cucumbers do not break off, but cut with scissors.
Hybrid Herman F1 is a good choice for summer resident and farmer. This variety guarantees a steady harvest. It is less susceptible to diseases than other types of cucumbers.
Description of a grade Herman F1
Efficient, comfortable and sooooo fast. When you need to lose 3-4 pounds per week. Read more here.
This kind of cucumber refers to F1 hybrids. These cucumbers are grown in both closed and open field, as well as under temporary shelter. Since he parthenocarpic, pollination is not required for it.
These cucumbers are distinguished by early ripeness and high yield. After the emergence of seedlings on day 36, the first cucumbers appear. On day 42 begins the mass ripening of the fruits of this hybrid.
Emaciated Stepanenko: I weighed 108, and now 65. At night she drank warm. Read more here.
The ovary is formed in the form of bundles. Up to 9 cucumbers are formed in the bundle. From one meter you can remove 12 - 15 kilograms of cucumbers. With good care, these figures may increase dramatically.
More than 95% of the crop has a beautiful presentation. Cucumbers are small, cornish type, have the same size. The color of the fruit is dark green, the tubercles are white. Length reaches 12 centimeters, diameter about 3 centimeters.
The mass of cucumber Herman reaches 80 grams. There is no bitterness even with untimely watering in the fruits of this variety, the taste qualities are very good and leave a sweet aftertaste. The pulp has an average density, always light green with whitish seeds.
The variety is highly fertile
This hybrid when grown on a trellis can reach 4 - 5 meters in height. The leaves have a standard shape and medium size.
I was able to get rid of ARTHROSIS AND OSTEOCHONDROSIS PER MONTH! Operations are not needed. Read more here.
Seeds of this hybrid are subject to thiram panning, that is, they are covered with a protective nourishing shell. This allows you to increase germination up to 95%. Seeds are planted on one seed, they quickly germinate and do not require thinning. Productivity after this procedure also increases.
How to grow in a garden cucumber Herman F1
If the acquired seeds have a natural uncolored appearance, then this is counterfeit and germination, and the qualities of this hybrid themselves do not inspire confidence.
- Cucumbers Herman have a high resistance to mosaic, clade and powdery mildew.
- This hybrid is unpretentious and grows well on different types of soil (with the addition of fertilizers).
- In the open ground, it is grown in the southern regions, and regions with a cool climate.
These cucumbers are grown not only in private farms, but also for industrial production in greenhouses and open ground for sale. Variety Herman always gives a high yield with excellent commercial quality. They can be grown not only in spring, summer and autumn, but also in winter in heated greenhouses. Transportability at a grade good.
The disadvantages of the hybrid form
As for the minuses, they can be considered relative:
- At the stage of growing seedlings the plant is very weak. At the very first stages of the plant survives poorly. Seedlings are usually grown on window sills, and then planted in the ground. It is at this stage that engraftment is important.
- Poor temperature drops and freezes. Cucumbers should not be planted in poorly heated soil, this will lead to death.
- Fungal disease - rust - poorly tolerated. If there are cold days with rains, then only one first crop can be harvested. In the future, the plant is fully infected and die.
- The average hardness of the link. For those who love hard flesh, this sort of cucumber is not suitable.
If you look for other negative qualities, they are not.
Features of growing
Cucumbers are grown in two ways; seedlings are used for this and by sowing seeds into the ground.
How to sow seeds for seedlings
This hybrid germinates very well, so you should not have problems with planting. With the right approach, this plant will only please the fruits. Cucumbers "Herman" can germinate, even if the seeds just throw on the ground, so they can be planted and beginners who still do not know how to plant this vegetable.
For growing seedlings need to use pots or cups for planting each seed separately. You can use special peat cups.
Transplantation of seedlings takes place after 25 days; there must be at least 4 main leaves on the plants. Transplanting plants, earthy one should try to leave whole.
Cultivation in open ground
After warming up the soil at night to 8 degrees, it is possible to sow seeds into the ground, and at least 15 degrees during the daytime. The air temperature should be at least 17 degrees.
In the south, seeds are sown outdoors in early May. In other regions, after stabilization of temperature indicators.
How to grow cucumbers in the open field
Land before planting or sowing must undergo the procedure of aeration, that is, digging and breaking lumps with the help of a rake. Last year’s leaves and sawdust are added to the ground for better aeration.
Seeds are sown as grooves and wells. Between saplings or seedlings the distance should be 30 cm, 75 cm between rows.
Wide aisles make harvesting easier.
Cucumbers "Herman" after planting require special care. But do not be afraid - you will not spend a lot of time on caring for plants.
When the cucumbers sprout, they need to be watered regularly. Watering should be done every three days, preferably in the evening. For 1 square meter of soil should be about a bucket of water (10 liters). After such irrigation, the soil is taken by a crust and water and minerals do not reach the root of the plant, so the soil needs to be loosened.
Loosening can be done with a rake, hoes or cultivators. The best time for this procedure is morning or evening the next day after watering. Loosening is carried out until the earth is leveled and all the lumps and lumps are removed. This process should be carried out carefully to avoid damage to the root of the plant. It is not recommended to deepen hoe or rake to a depth of more than 10 cm.
Hilling should be done very carefully, as there is always a risk of damaging the root. Some agronomists with experience do not recommend spud cucumber bushes. However, if you have such a desire, then it can be done. Hilking advantages: additional roots grow, the bush does not flood with water and a crust does not form, mineral substances get better.
For such cultivation is made the formation of the bush.
- From the sinuses 1 - 4 leaves removed ovary. In this case, the root system receives additional time to strengthen, and the plant to the correct formation of the bush.
- In the next two leaf axils, one ovary remains, the shoots are removed. In 7 - 10 bosoms, 2 ovaries are left, the shoots are also removed.
- When the stem grows up to one and a half meters in height, the top is pinned.
- I can run can be distributed both on the trellis and on the ground.
After this procedure, cucumbers require regular watering, feeding and timely harvesting. Watering is needed every 3 days in the evening. On one meter leaves a bucket of water. Top dressing needs to be made 6 times in a season. To do this, use a solution of urea, urea or manure with water in the ratio of one to ten.
The video in this article will tell the reader how to get an excellent harvest.
The best thing feed cucumbers 4 times per season. The first time fertilizer should be applied on the 15th day after planting, the second time - during the flowering period, the third - during the fruiting period. The fourth time you need to fertilize at the end of fruiting, so that new flowers and fruits appear.
If fed with organic fertilizers, then they need to be made at the root. Almost all organic mineral substances are introduced into the soil as root fertilizers. Organic fertilizers consist of substances of animal and vegetable origin, which, decomposing, form mineral substances, while carbon dioxide necessary for plant photosynthesis is released into the surface layer.
Collection and storage
Harvesting cucumbers begins 38–41 days after planting, and continues until the first frost. If you fertilize the bushes with nitrogenous minerals, then the yield will be much higher, and you will have to harvest more often. In general, cucumbers need to be collected every 1-2 days in the morning or in the evening. Fruits 9–11 cm long can be preserved, all others are suitable for salting. But the most important thing is not to let cucumbers outgrowso that they do not become "yellow ones".
Herman - the best grade with proper care.
Natalia, 33 years old: “I have been growing Herman f1 cucumbers for about 5 years. Next season will grow them too. When I buy seeds, I already know that Russian companies buy seeds in Holland and then pack them in their sachets. I usually buy seeds from a company from Novosibirsk. In one package 8 seeds. But this amount is enough to get a good harvest. For our family, consisting of 4 people, this is quite enough. I still have a few cucumbers for preservation. I am very pleased with the taste of cucumbers. They have no bitterness at all, and the seeds are very small. They taste even slightly sweet. I grow cucumbers in the greenhouse, so I get the fruit almost until late autumn. But you need to observe the light day, so I turn on the lamp. In general, I am very pleased with this variety. "
The history of the hybrid
More than six thousand years, people grow cucumbers. In the wild, this plant is found in India and China, where it began to cultivate and where it came from over time in our gardens. In our area, this herbaceous vine of the pumpkin family is known for five or six centuries. And although any gardener will say that a cucumber is a vegetable, botanists consider the fruit of this plant a berry. Cucumber is grown everywhere and occupies a significant part of the acreage in large farms and in suburban areas.
Cucumber varieties Herman - one of the relatively young hybrids. It was bred at the end of the last century by the breeders of the Dutch company MONSANTO HOLLAND B. V., which, as an originator in 2000, filed an application for admission to variety testing in the State Budget Committee of the Russian Federation. In 2001, the German variety was included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation and recommended for cultivation in all regions of the country.
"Portrait" of Herman: description of the variety
Herman variety cucumbers are grown by owners of gardening and household plots, small farms. This high-yielding vegetable of early ripening is planted in open beds, as well as under film in greenhouses and greenhouses.
Cucumbers varieties Herman early ripening planted in open and closed ground
Implementers of planting material indicate that about one and a half months from the time of sowing seeds or planting seedlings having an age of 25–35 days elapse before the first crop is harvested.
Сорт Герман запатентован в России и в Соединённых Штатах, имеет золотую медаль ярмарки «Российский фермер», абсолютно экологически и биологически безопасен.
Герман — растение партенокарпическое, то есть имеющее только женские цветы, которые не нуждаются в опылении, а следовательно, плоды образуются без семян.
The height of the bush is average, as the hybrid is determinant, that is, the growth of the shoot stops when a certain number of ovaries form on it. Interestingly, the flowers of Herman can be formed in bunches, and accordingly, cucumbers will grow in groups of 4–8 pieces.
The fruits of Herman from green to dark green, with short stripes and light spotting, cylindrical in shape. The surface of the fruit is medium-tuberculate and ribbed. By weight, almost equal in magnitude, Zelentsi reach 70–90 g. Their linear dimensions: length from 8 to 10 cm, diameter about 3 cm.
Cucumbers of parthenocarpic hybrid Hermann can grow in groups of 4-8 pieces
Hermann cucumbers are never bitter, have a good and excellent taste both fresh, and in canning or salting, they can be stored for a long time without turning yellow. As indicated in the description of the variety in the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation, marketable yield is 8.5–9 kg per square meter of soil area.
Seed distributors recommend planting 3-4 plants per square meter, if cucumbers are grown without supports, spreading over the soil surface. With the vertical cultivation of Hermann, 2-3 plants are planted in the same area.
The great advantage of Herman variety is its resistance to such typical cucumber diseases as cladosporia, viral cucumber mosaic, powdery mildew.
We should not think that Herman cucumbers are perfect, they have no flaws and there will be no problems during cultivation. There are negative moments, although they are few:
- Hybrid seedlings are weak and sensitive to any damage to the root system. Seedlings with great difficulty endure transplant and do not like picks. It is advisable to sow the seeds of this variety initially in large containers, so that when moving them to a permanent place to protect the roots from damage, otherwise cucumbers will adapt to new conditions for a long time, get sick, and may even die at all,
- with no less difficulty, young seedlings of Herman endure a sharp drop in temperature, and especially frost. Therefore, they should get to the bed when stable positive air temperatures are established (not below +12 ºС),
- Despite the high resistance of the Herman hybrid to many diseases, it is easily damaged by rust, a fungal disease that is manifested by the appearance of stains on the leaves, the color resembling rusted iron.
Rust - a fungal disease that is manifested by the appearance on the leaves of cucumber spots, the color resembling rusted iron
At the slightest sign of the appearance of the disease, it is necessary to start treatment, otherwise the entire landing will die. A disease can occur:
- with a big difference between day and night temperatures,
- with a sharp change in the temperature of irrigation water,
- with insufficient airing of the greenhouse where cucumbers grow.
Good results in the fight against rust give:
- Fundazol, used in accordance with its instructions for the prevention of disease before the appearance of ovaries, if the weather was rainy in spring or early summer,
- 1% Bordeaux liquid four times throughout May and June
- a solution of whey (expired kefir or sour milk) in an equal amount of water,
- Ash infusion: A glass of wood ash is poured with two liters of boiling water, infused for two days and mixed with 10 g of grated and dissolved soap. Plants are sprayed with this solution twice at weekly intervals.
Herman's harvest to be generous
There are several nuances of growing a hybrid of Herman cucumbers, allowing you to get the most out of the plant:
- The soil for growing cucumbers is prepared fertile, but not dense: air must easily penetrate to the roots of the plant. On heavy soils, sawdust, sand or rotted leaves are added to the soil to the fifth part of the volume,
- Sowing seeds in open ground or planting seedlings is performed not earlier than the soil warms up to + 14–15 ºС. As a rule, in the middle lane it happens in late May or early June,
- seeds are buried 1.5-2 cm in the soil,
- water the plants with warm water at least once every 2-3 days,
- fertilizing is performed with complex fertilizer for cucumbers according to the instructions or at the beginning of the growing season - with urea (5–10 g per 1 m 2), at the time of flowering and the appearance of the ovaries - with potassium sulfate (15–20 g per 1 m 2),
- watering and liquid dressings are performed in the evening at the root of the plant so that water or solution does not fall on the leaves and stems.
Compliance with these simple rules will help grow a great crop of cucumbers Herman.
Reviews gardeners about cucumbers varieties Herman
I want to write your opinion about the cucumbers varieties Herman F1. Of the minuses: after all, this variety is sensitive to cold, it should not be planted too early, and the price is quite high, this year even met more than 50 rubles.
The agricultural firm Royal Slice, founded by the Slyuis brothers, who supplied seeds to the imperial court about 150 years ago, was recently joined the Seminis association. This hybrid was created there. And they positioned it as a superrany for 30 days, I got it then in the first year in 34 days.
Early maturing Herman is considered one of the best hybrids for pickling. Ripens in 40–45 days after planting. He is self-pollinated. Its surface is dotted with large tubercles and dark spines, the color of the fruit is dark. Size - 10 cm. Hermann is a hybrid that tolerates temperature differences, is resistant to diseases, gives a good harvest. But the seeds do not tolerate frost, so they should be planted in early June, when the soil warms up. You can grow them in greenhouses and in the open field.
https://www.agroxxi.ru/forum/topic/6242-%d0%bf%d0%be%d1%81%d0%be%d0%b2%d0%b5%d1%82%d1%83%d0 % b9% d1% 82% d0% b5-% d0% bd% d0% b0-% d1% 84% d0% be% d1% 80% d1% 83% d0% bc% d0% b5-% d1% 81% d0% b5% d0% bc% d0% b5% d0% bd% d0% b0-% d0% be% d0% b3% d1% 83% d1% 80% d1% 86% d0% be% d0% b2 /
Super reliable hybrid. I have been growing it for 6 years and have never failed, even in 2017 I would not undertake to count cucumbers from it, only with buckets. In 2012, out of 6 seeded cucumber seeds, 2 Hermann remained - a bucket in a day or two was guaranteed. We grew on a pile of organic matter (hay, turf, etc.). He loves freedom — I plant about 50 × 100, usually no more than 4–6 plants (I also fill a couple of places in the garden with some other hybrid). I do not form in any way - he does everything himself. About cold pickling - I agree, it makes perfect salt.
Hermann F1 has grown cucumbers from the Dutch company Seminis for 4–5 years. I bought a bag of seeds for the upcoming season. Today, many Russian companies buy bulk seeds from a Dutch company and pack it in their packages. I usually try to buy seeds, packaged by the Novosibirsk agrofirma Agros. These seeds are time tested, have almost 100 percent germination. In one bag only 8 seeds. However, Herman F1 cucumbers are so high-yielding: from eight seeds you can grow so many delicious greens that will be enough for a family of 4 people, and even for salting will remain.
The early productive hybrid Herman F1 will allow to enrich your diet with tasty and healthy vitamin products at any time of the year, is easy to maintain, resistant to many diseases, gives a rich harvest.
Description and characteristics of the variety Herman F1
Hybrid bred by Dutch breeders. Early ripe, ripens in 40-45 days. Self-pollinating (parthenocarpic), female flowers are much larger than male ones. Up to 7 fruits can ripen on a node. Cucumbers Herman F1 have a developed system of lashes. The leaves are dark green, almost in tune with the fruits, medium in size.
Up to 7 fruits can ripen on a node
Fruits have a mass of 70-100 grams, 10-12 cm long and up to 3 cm in diameter. The skin of cucumbers on top is covered with large tubercles, dark green. Often on it you can see ribbing and white stripes, this is not considered a departure from the norm.
Taste is pleasant, gentle, juicy fresh. After salting the cucumber crunches, the taste is not lost, but rather enriched in brine, which closes.
What are the Herman F1 cucumbers pros and cons?
Cucumbers varieties Herman F1 advantageously stand out among other varieties and hybrids with their positive qualities.
- High yields are noted by gardeners from different regions of the world. Depending on agricultural technology and place of cultivation, it varies between 8-20 kg / m. sq.
Photo cucumber varieties Herman F1
In terms of deficiencies, only a couple of points are noted.
- Cucumber seedling Herman F1 is rather weak, you need to handle it properly.
- Care of a plant is necessary competent. Young, inexperienced gardeners can get a weak crop precisely because of poor cultivation.
How to grow cucumbers?
Any garden plant is grown in accordance with certain standards. In the case of German F1 cucumbers, it is important to follow certain rules in order to collect the maximum, but not a meager harvest from the site.
- Cultivate a variety in open ground, hotbeds, greenhouses. In the latter two cases, a higher yield can be harvested, so if there is an opportunity it is worthwhile to give preference to planting in closed ground.
- Planting seedlings in open ground or greenhouse is possible only after 25-30 days after planting on seedlings.
- Seeds of cucumber Herman F1 before planting should be processed not only in a solution of potassium permanganate, but also in any nutrient. This may be an infusion of ash or a specialized tool.
- The seedling of this hybrid is very weak, frail, any improper handling will lead to wilting of the sprout. That is why it is worth planting seeds immediately in peat cups. Thanks to this method, it is possible not only to improve the growth of a plant, but also to secure it, to simplify its transplantation to a permanent place.
- Seeds of Hermann F1 variety are always planted only in heated soil, just like seedlings. Between the beds is to lay a layer of mulch.
- Seeds and seedlings are planted in dug pits to a depth of 1.5-2 cm and with a distance of 30-60 cm from each other.
Only growth control "directs" the power of cucumbers to the development of fruits.
Of course, for active growth and reduction of morbidity, it is necessary to water cucumbers in time, weed, destroy all weeds.
The variety was developed by Dutch breeders and included in the list of approved in the Russian Federation (State Register) in 2001. The grade is recommended for cultivation in an open ground, under film shelters or in greenhouses on gardening and personal plots, small farms. The “marketability” of production is ensured by a high yield of 8.5–9 kg / m 2 (some sources indicate 12–15 kg / m 2!) And the yield of quality products is 95%.
To make sure of these characteristics, we invite you to watch a video from an experienced gardener:
About the variety of cucumbers "Herman F1" reviews are mostly positive. Zelentsy (the unripe fruits used in food) - equal, average density, having excellent tastes. The lack of bitterness makes them versatile to use. Zelentsy small, gherkin type, have almost the same size and beautiful presentation. The length reaches 10-11 cm, and in diameter - about 3 cm, rarely outgrow. The mass of each cucumber on average is 70-90 g. Therefore, Herman is recommended for both fresh consumption (lettuce) and for preservation.
The variety belongs to early ripening - the first cucumbers appear at 36-38 days after germination, and after 42 days the fruits begin to ripen en masse. The type of flowering - female, while the ovary laid bunches (2-8 flowers in the node). Pollination, they do not require the development of Zelentsa occurs without fertilization, that is, parthenocarpic. At the same time, seeds practically do not form in the fruit, they remain whitish and do not harden. The advantages of parthenocarpic varieties (or, as many call them affectionately: “parthenocarpic”) are that a good harvest can be obtained in a greenhouse or even at home, where it is not possible to provide a sufficient number of insect pollinators.
When pollinating parthenocarpic varieties with insects, greens may lose their even trade dress and grow curved or hooked.
Another undoubted advantage of the hybrid "German F1" can be called the fact that the plant is a medium-sized, determinant. The growth of the central shoot stops naturally when a flower brush forms at the top. That is, you can do without the construction of two-meter tapestries or other supporting structures. The main fruiting occurs on the side shoots - stepsons, which are actively developed after the cessation of the growth of the central stem. In the presence of supports and garters, the length of the shoots can reach 4-5 m, maintaining the weight of numerous fruits.
It is important to note that “Herman F1” is resistant to various “cucumber” diseases: olive spot (cladosporia), mosaic virus (PTO), powdery mildew (MR).
This variety of cucumbers can rightly be called one of the most popular in Russia. It is well adapted to different climatic conditions and unpretentious to soil types. Large harvest and presentation not only delight owners of personal plots, but also those who grow cucumbers for sale. In heated greenhouses, this hybrid can bear plenty of fruit all year round.
If we summarize and summarize all the above characteristics, the variety “Herman F1” cucumber provides:
- early ripeness
- high yield,
- commodity uniformity of fruits, the possibility of their long-term storage without yellowing of color,
- excellent taste of cucumbers in fresh and canned form,
- disease resistance.
Relative cons Some varieties include a weak survival rate of seedlings after planting in the ground. To avoid this, it is advisable to keep a large basal lump of earth when transplanting. Also, for a healthy growth of seedlings and full germination of seeds, it is important to wait for the soil to warm up sufficiently. The optimum temperatures are:
Some recommend before transferring the seedlings to the soil to fill the prepared holes or furrows with boiling water.
Danger for the plant are some types of fungal diseases (rust) and pests (aphid, spider mite, gall nematode).
Many gardeners consider the high prices for seed material of this variety to be a disadvantage. In addition, Hermann, like all hybrids of the first generation, has the best parental characteristics only for one season, that is, there is no point in collecting ripe seeds and planting them the following year.
Most of the purchased seeds of hybrid variety “Herman F1” cucumbers are coated, that is, they undergo draining (which additionally affects their already high cost). Producers assure that such pre-sowing seed preparation provides them with additional nutrition and germination up to 95%, protection of plants against diseases and pests when added to the shell of authorized pesticides (thiram) or fungicides.
In fact, germination primarily depends on the quality and calibration of the seeds themselves, compliance with the rules for their collection and storage. And disease resistance is transmitted more like an inherited trait from parent varieties. In fact, the only advantage of the coated seeds can be called the fact that they do not need to be soaked or pickled before planting.
Variety of cucumbers Herman f1: Description and characteristics
Before you start growing this variety in the open field or in the greenhouse, you need to know the features of this hybrid. He was bred by the breeders in Holland.
This is a gherkin over-productive parthenocarpic hybrid, which, during proper preparation of the selected material for sowing, shows a stable yield.
Cucumber bushes start to form fruits very early, this explains the harvest of a large crop. His brawn is about 9–12 cm long. The weight of a cucumber is approximately 80–120 g. Have a cylindrical shape.
For this variety are described such specifications:
- about 7-9 fruits grow on one ovary,
- Cucumber bush is characterized by a significant growth. It produces green powerful leaves,
- per square meter yield is about 25 kg,
- the taste of the fruit is a bit bitter.
It is possible to grow cucumbers of this variety as a seedling method, and seeds. This garden culture is characterized by many advantages, which we consider below.
As can be seen, the variety Herman f1 has a description that both beginners and professional gardeners will certainly like. This is due to its high popularity, since it is very easy to grow this variety.
Before answering the question "how to grow cucumbers", you need to consider the stage of preparation of the material for planting. The quality of the grown seedlings and its resistance to various pathogens will depend on the correct implementation of this stage.
The success of this event will depend on how well the preplant seed preparation was carried out. It must consist of such moments:
- First, the material is sorted for seeding. For planting it is necessary to choose the fullest seeds,
- then we put them in saline,
- reject the surfaced seeds. Only seeds that are at the bottom of the container can germinate.
- these seeds need to be dried,
- then warm them up. Для чего семена нужно несколько часов подвергнуть действию повышенной температуры (+50 градусов),
- после выполняем обеззараживание. Влажную дезинфекцию нужно производить с помощь помещения семя в 15%-ный раствор марганца. Можно также воспользоваться специальными препаратами, такими как «НИУИФ-2» или «ТМТД».
Please note that if the seed bundle contains information that they have already been treated with a fungicide, then in this case they do not process the planting stock.
After that, the seeds for planting are ready. Now it is very important to choose the right ground. The soil for growing this variety must be loose with the addition of organic bait. A good harvest can be obtained by adding wood ash at this stage.
Sow seeds can be in open ground or in special pots for the emergence of seedlings (seedling method of cultivation). Outdoors, planting should be done in May. At this time, the earth is already warm enough, and the temperature is fixed at a positive level. She is obliged to be in the daytime + 16-22C, and at night - + 10C.
In the open ground to plant the seeds is best an ordinary method. The distance between the rows should be about 70 cm. The distance between two adjacent holes should be about 12-20 cm. Also, during planting you can follow the scheme 100x40 cm. Moreover, the depth of the seeds should be 2-2.5 cm.
Planting seeds in open ground is as follows:
- according to the scheme on the beds dug holes. Their depth must be 2-2.5 cm,
- fertilizer should be put on the bottom. In this case, it is advised to use mineral bait, peat and sand,
- fertilizer mixture must be poured abundantly,
- then in the wells you need to sow the seeds,
- after seeds fall asleep ground.
After the seed planting is over, the ground in the beds needs to be mulched. What is advised to apply humus or rotted manure. When the mulching procedure is over, the beds above need cover with plastic wrap. Subsequently, when the first sprout appears on the beds, it is necessary to take proper care for the plantings.
In order to obtain seedlings, the seeds must be planted not into the open land, but in separate pots. They need to be filled with a special soil, which has all the required nutrients, macro-and micronutrients. It is necessary to use the land which is intended for cultivation of cucumbers.
Sowing seeds for seedlings is the same as on open ground.
In separate pots sprouts you need to keep the moment of appearance of 2-3 true leaves. As a rule, for the growth of good seedlings need about 20 days. After about three weeks, it can be transplanted into the soil. If the seedling is 4-6 of these leaves, then it is transplanted into a glass or film greenhouse.
So grown seedlings in the ground at a permanent place should be planted only when the night frosts passed. The best time for planting seedlings is mid-June. Landing in this case, produce an ordinary way. Seedlings in the ground need to be planted up to cotyledon leaves. Subsequently, after planting, special care is required in order to harvest a good crop throughout the entire growing season.
Growing in a greenhouse
As a rule, growing a variety in a greenhouse consists in properly organizing such points of care:
- mulching. This procedure is required after each watering,
- watering. Cucumbers must be watered with exceptionally warm water. Watering is done several times a week.
- garter bushes. The bush in the greenhouse must be tied up in order to get a good harvest even on a small plot of land,
- hilling. After the formation of this third leaflet you need to start planting spud
- lure. In the role of bait, it is necessary to apply slurry, bird droppings or foliar fertilizers. Bait add after watering. Do not forget that in this case it is prohibited to use potassium chlorine salts.
In addition, in the greenhouse it is necessary to maintain a special microclimate, which primarily relates to humidity, light and temperature. The greenhouse must be regularly ventilated in order to prevent the occurrence of pests or diseases. Even despite the increased resistance to many diseases, a hybrid that is grown in a greenhouse, while non-compliance with the rules of care exposed to pathogenic microflora.
For the prevention of diseases, the bushes need to be treated with Bordeaux mixture, which is necessary to spray the plants 1-2 times. Copper-based solutions can also be used. What is advised to use slaked lime or chalk. In order to make this solution, you must follow the instructions that are described on the pack of dry product purchased. Processing of these compounds must be made in the second half of July.
It is also necessary to remember about the need to form cucumber bushes. What are their need to pinch in time.
Adding bait, when the seedlings went to growth, produce every 14 days. In this case, you need to use mullein (10 grams of ammonium nitrate, and stir 1 liter mullein in a 10 liter bucket). About 2-3 liters of bait should be added to one square meter.
A gardener who grows this hybrid in the garden is obliged to follow the same rules for cucumber care as in the greenhouse. But in this case, the formation of cucumber bushes can not deal with, although this will reduce the amount of harvest. Since in this case maintain the required growth conditions of the bushes (humidity, light and temperature conditions) is quite difficult, it is necessary to irrigate more often. The earth should not dry out, since it has a very negative effect on the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of cucumbers.
A distinctive feature of the hybrid is its ability to make a good weaving. Therefore, experts advise to use the trellis method of cultivation, when the bushes are formed using trellis. This method can also be used for growing in a greenhouse. Tapestries here should be installed near walls where there are no drafts. They are made of stakes, their height should be about a meter. Above these stakes you need to fasten the rail. You can also tie a simple wire instead.
Cucumbers are grown in a trellis way in two lanes. Therefore, if the rake is half a meter high, then lash over it. However, if its height allows, it is advised to use ordinary twine. And do not forget that pinching in this case is necessary, since this variety is precocious.
In the soil of the plant is also more susceptible to various diseases and insect pests. In order to prevent this, the beds must be mulched and treated with compounds that can prevent the appearance of parasites and the development of infections.
Due to illiterate care this hybrid is not rare suffers from peronosporoza. This disease is manifested by the appearance of yellow spots on the shoots, as well as the top of the leaves. In appearance, they look like rust.
As can be seen, cultivation of Herman cucumber in the greenhouse is more preferable. This is due to the fact that in the greenhouse it is much easier to organize the required conditions for the ripening of abundant, tasty and high-quality crops.
Advantages and disadvantages
All cucumber varieties have their own advantages and limitations. Herman f1 also has certain pros and cons. First, we will deal with its merits, due to which the variety has gained popularity.
The advantages of this hybrid include the following points:
- the presence of resistance to many diseases
- bushes can be grown in any greenhouses and hotbeds, and on open ground,
- Cucumber bushes are unpretentious,
- ease of growing,
- The bushes give a good harvest, appearing rather early. This provides a bountiful harvest, but with the condition of competent care. The first greenhouses appear 35–45 days after the emergence of shoots,
- cucumbers have great taste
- stable crop appearance
- care does not have complex manipulations and can be made even a beginner in this business,
- the crop does not turn yellow and is well kept,
- This is a self-polled hybrid. Therefore for the formation of fruit will not require insects
- cucumbers have good product performance.
It must be said that a great harvest is obtained even in the case when the care of the bushes had minor errors. Although the implementation of all agrotechnical measures will significantly increase the yield. In addition, growing this variety does not have to worry about the fact that the fruits perespeyut. This type of cucumber is well suited for growing in temperate and southern regions of our country.
Fruits can be used fresh for cooking. They are also well suited for conservation.
The disadvantages here are the weakness of the plant at the stage of obtaining seedlings. This has a negative impact on the stage of survival of seedlings at a permanent place of growth. In addition, the plant tolerates temperature fluctuations and frosts rather poorly. If you plant seedlings in poorly heated land, there is a chance of death.
Today this variety is one of the most optimal for cultivation both in open ground and in greenhouses. And its large number of advantages and a minimum of shortcomings made this hybrid the most popular variety recently.