One of the main causes of poor harvest is the lack of nutrients in the soil. Well, this problem is not as difficult to handle as it seems. In this article you will find many useful recipes for feeding cucumbers during flowering and fruiting. All are low cost and easy to cook.
Cucumber dressing and care.
For most of us, it is no secret that fertilizer needs to be applied to crops during seedling formation and planting. But not everyone knows that plants need feeding during flowering, as well as at the time of the formation of fruits. Especially it is necessary if fertilizers were not previously applied or they were not enough.
Feeding cucumbers can be preparations with mineral components. But you can save money and make fertilizer yourself. Moreover, the effect of them will be no worse.
Yeast top dressing for cucumbers.
Yeast is a product that is especially loved by many plants. The thing is that they contain proteins and a lot of useful substances. Yes, and most cultures and potted flowers especially love this dressing.
Make it easiest. All types of yeast are suitable for solution: dry, briquettes. Fertilizing can and should be done both during the growth of seedlings and during the formation of fruits. Just enough 2-3 dressings.
very good results give infusions of yeast and cut grass. It is also good to use chicken dung. Not everyone will be able to find the latter, but potato tops, dried plants after weeding are available at each garden plot.
For feeding you can use the following infusion:
- A bucket of water.
- A package of dry yeast 10 grams.
- Mowed grass.
All these ingredients are mixed in a bucket of water and let stand for several hours. Then you can start watering.
What gives the plant a yeast-based feed.
- They become more resilient due to the vitamin composition of top dressing.
- Accelerates the growth of seedlings and the formation of fruits.
- Helps plants to have a powerful root system.
- Bacteria that are found in yeast are a natural, natural ingredient. They help strengthen the immune system of plants.
But, if you do not have yeast, then use the following method.
In more detail: How to fertilize cucumbers with yeast?
Top dressing of cucumbers bread.
if there is no yeast in the house, then ordinary bread will do. He has all. Why? Yes, very simple. After all, all bakery products are prepared using yeast.
Moreover, such feeding is environmentally friendly. This is good for those who are not in favor of different chemistry on the site.
Bread dressing for cucumbers is made very simple:
- One third of the bucket must be filled with dry bread. It is possible and more.
- Next, pour water and let stand for several days. Top dressing should ferment well. After which it is filtered. Bread will go to compost, and the rest of the composition should be added to 2 liters per bucket of plain water for watering cucumbers.
Additionally, for the infusion, you can use grass, tops, cleaning.
Top dressing cucumber ash.
All fertilizers that have ash in their composition are very useful for plants. Ashes have been used since ancient times. Its big plus is that it is not only easy to find, but also can be applied as a fertilizer until the very end of fruiting.
To make an ash-based dressing you need:
Mix the two components and sprinkle a solution of cucumbers. Such dressings can be carried out four or more times.
Foliar top dressing of cucumbers.
This type of dressing means that fertilizers are not applied to the soil at the root, but from above by spraying. It is used as a complex with the root channel and separately from it.
Foliar nutrition is needed for plants with a weak root system. In this case, fertilization at the root is not recommended, so they can not move it.
For spraying suitable various drugs with a complex of useful substances. Always held in the evening in dry weather during flowering and seedling formation.
Top dressing of cucumbers with iodine.
Another budget method that will help not only feed cucumbers, but also protect them from diseases - this is a solution of water and iodine.
To cook it you need to take:
- A bucket of water.
- 30 drops of iodine.
- Liter of milk.
- Additionally, you can use soap.
This solution should be sprayed beds every 10-14 days.
Top dressing cucumber urea.
Urea is a strong fertilizer for all types of plants. But you need to be very careful with it, because the concentration of active substances in it is very large.
If you pour cucumbers with a solution of urea, you can lose the harvest. To avoid this, use the following recipe:
- A bucket of water that has settled.
- 50 grams of urea.
This solution should be shed cucumbers during the growth of the fruit. But this should be done only in the evening and before the rain. If it is not, then after making such a fertilizer, the plants must be actively shed.
Top dressing cucumber serum.
The old method, which helped to cope with the defeat of the leaves with powdery mildew, is spraying with whey. It is taken during the preparation of cottage cheese.
Serum needs to be poured into a spray bottle and spray cucumbers on it. This is not only a good remedy for the disease, but also a natural fertilizer for fruits. In addition, it is absolutely harmless.
Folk remedies feeding cucumbers.
The most common folk methods for feeding cucumbers are cow dung or chicken manure. The latter is needed in small quantities, as it has a very strong concentration of substances. All the above recipes are also used by the people.
Another old method is onion peel. It is necessary to take a glass, pour eight liters of water. Then you need to bring to a boil and insist 3-4 hours. This is not only a good fertilizer, but also a means to combat diseases.
What does a cucumber need
It is necessary to select means for top dressing of cucumbers in process of their growth and development. After all, at each stage will require certain trace elements. For growth of seedlings, for example, an increased amount of nitrogen is initially necessary. In the spring, it allows for the rapid growth of green mass - leaves, side shoots. But when tying greens, the plant no longer requires further growth and “fattening” of the cucumber bush. At this moment it needs more phosphorus and potassium.
An excess of nitrogen can lead to the spread of fungal infections, delay the formation of fruits and contribute to the accumulation of harmful nitrates in them.
Experienced gardeners are closely watching the plantings, and by the look of the plant itself, its leaves and ovaries can tell which particular elements it lacks in the soil. Here are the main indicators that need attention:
- The pale tint of the leaves or young cucumbers indicates nitrogen starvation. At the same time, the growth of lashes is slow, the lower leaves are hanging and yellowed. Zelentsov formed a little, they are small. Cucumbers grow with a pointed or twisted tail in the floral part.
- Absence of phosphorus is indicated by abscission of flowers and young ovaries, leaves become small and gray-gray, growth is weak.
- Round leaves with a bend to the bottom and the death of the growing points indicate calcium deficiency.
- If the leaves acquire an intense dark green color, but at the same time they become shallow and become a dome, then potash fertilizers are necessary for top dressing for cucumbers. This is also evidenced by the light strip on the edge of the sheet, which later turns brown and dies. Fruits grow in the form of light bulbs, they are round and tapering at the stem.
- The light color of the vein, yellowness and spots on the leaf leaves show a lack of magnesium.
- The apical buds of the cucumbers die, the leaves fall, and the flowering is inhibited in the absence of supplements with boric acid.
Types and methods of dressings
Cucumbers, in addition to filling the soil before planting on a permanent place, regularly require liquid nutrient dressing. Plants early in the fruiting season, and for a good harvest, they must have powerful stems and leaves. Liquid fertilizers are better absorbed, but at the same time cucumbers do not tolerate high dosages of useful elements, so they have to be fed up little by little, but often.
New high-yielding hybrids are especially in need of enhanced nutrition.
Types of dressings are grouped by fertilizer, which is planned to apply. They are divided into:
Mineral fertilizers for cucumbers can be either mono-compound (nitrogen, phosphate, potash), or complex, which include the elements necessary for plant nutrition. Excellent results will be if you use environmentally friendly organic products during care. Cucumber reacts to it especially positively.
Often, gardeners prefer to alternate between organic and complex mineral fertilizer, considering it the most appropriate.
Fertilizer mixtures can be yourself, and you can use ready-made. The industry produces many kinds of similar products. Many people successfully use Zdravnie - this is a special fertilizer for cucumbers, it has all the elements necessary for their development. Good results when spraying and watering at any stage of cultivation gives "Baikal EM1". There are biopreparations-growth stimulants used in planting cucumber seedlings (Athlete, Etamon, Radifarm, etc.), as well as complex organic mixtures for feeding adult plants.
Any product must be thoroughly dissolved in water! Before use, carefully read the instructions for use.
Such original folk methods are often used, such as feeding cucumbers with yeast, malt extract for good growth, on rye flour, from black bread, etc.
By way of making the feeding are:
The introduction of liquid fertilizer mixture with root dressing is made under the root of cucumbers. Foliar application involves spraying the aerial parts of plants, which is able to absorb useful solutions and use them in the process of life. If such processing of cucumbers has to be done for the first time, you can watch a video on this topic.
Liquid root dressing
As a rule, the first nutrient irrigation is carried out 11-15 days after transplanting seedlings, and then repeated at intervals of 7-14 days, depending on the condition of the plants and the soil. For example, on fertile soils, 2-3 treatments are sufficient. You can follow the alternation scheme of mineral and organic dressings, or make mixed solutions. Rules and recommendations:
- Top dressing of cucumbers in the open ground is made on cloudy days, towards evening, so as not to cause burns.
- All feeding is carried out only after watering the soil or after precipitation. The nutrient fluid is poured into the grooves, made close to the roots. Usually make a bucket of solution per square meter. Carefully ensure that it does not fall on the leaves and lash. If necessary, wash it off with clean water.
- Plants do not tolerate high concentrations of nutrients, the total dose of fertilizers in the dry matter should be no higher than 65-70 g per bucket of water.
- Cucumber reacts poorly to chlorine, so potash fertilizers with its content should be avoided, replacing them with sulphate and nitrate.
- Fertilizers from mineral fertilizers can not be combined with ash.
- Organic cucumbers respond well to water infusions of cow or horse manure (it is pre-soaked, diluted 10 times and fermented 2-4 days). Flooded bird droppings (25 parts of water to 1 part of the litter) insist 3-5 days. In the absence of manure, humus can be used.
- When flowers appear in liquid manure, add microelement tablets, ashes (1 cup per bucket). Organic and mineral fertilizers are often combined: 10 g of urea and a bucket of water are taken for 1 l of mullein. You can also add ready-made complex garden mixtures, nitroammofosku (30 g per 10 l) to the solutions of mullein.
- Herbal nutritional infusions can be used for watering. They are made from any weeds (dandelions, burdocks, nettle) by filling them with containers, preferably plastic. Experienced practitioners specially sow green manure for these purposes, useful for cucumbers (lupine, mustard, legumes). Fill with water (1 to 1) and insist a week. To neutralize the unpleasant smell in the barrel add a few drops of Valerian infusion. Before irrigation, the fermented solution is again diluted with water to 1 to 10.
- During the fruiting prepare an infusion of ash at the rate of 0.5 st. 5 liters of water (stand for several days), water cucumbers and weak potassium permanganate.
Recipes of mineral dressings:
- During the growing period, the need for nitrogen increases, so you can fertilize cucumbers in open ground and greenhouses with carbamide or ammonium nitrate (1 g per liter of water). But when there is a risk of powdery mildew, such nitrogen-based mono-foods are not recommended, they can lead to the spread of infection. It is necessary to combine it with phosphorus and potassium.
- Calcium nitrate as a source of nitrogen is recommended to be applied before flowering - 2 g of the substance is taken for 1 l of water. Such feeding of cucumbers in the greenhouse prevents the development of root rot, helps to reduce the fragility of the leaves and the fragility of the stems, which is important for greenhouse conditions.
- For complex fertilizer solutions, one can take as a basis this recipe: for 10 liters of water - 25-37 g of urea, 35-38 g of superphosphate and 18-23 g of potassium sulfate.
If the weather is cool, then the roots of the cucumber begin to absorb food worse. During this period, foliar dressing is advisable, which will speed up the fruiting and increase the yield.
After treatment, salt leaves should not remain on the cucumber leaves; they must be washed off with water using a watering can.
Foliar nutrition of cucumbers in the greenhouse is undesirable. Watering is best done under the root, so as not to create excessive moisture and not cause outbreaks of disease.
Rules and recommendations for foliar feeding:
- Spraying cucumbers produced weaker solutions, not more than 20 g of fertilizer on the floor of a bucket of water. Treatment is done in cool or cloudy weather, consumption - 0.5 liters per 1 sq. M.
- In the absence of a ready-made complex fertilizer, they make up a mixture of simple ones according to this recipe: for 10 liters of water - 7 g of ammonium nitrate, 12 g of superphosphate, 8 g of potassium nitrate.
- Good effect will be given by solutions with microelements - sulphates of iron, manganese, magnesium, boric acid. For processing cucumbers take 0.5 g of each substance on the floor of a bucket of water, adding 3-4 g of potassium sulfate 5 g of superphosphate. Spraying is carried out once a month.
Often when growing, quite effective folk methods are used, which gardeners willingly share with each other. Consider some of them.
Top dressing of cucumbers by yeast. It is noticed that such treatments are especially useful for strengthening and endurance of seedlings, for soil and indoor cucumbers. They stimulate the growth of roots and green mass, useful for increasing yields. Yeast top dressing of cucumbers is carried out 1-3 times a season, half a liter of infusion is poured at the root. The compositions are prepared according to the following recipes:
- 100-150 g of fresh yeast diluted in warm water (the amount given per bucket) and insist one day.
- 1-1.5 tbsp dry yeast is mixed with 1.5 tbsp. sugar and 3 g of vitamin C, pour warm water (5-7 l) and insist day. Before watering, dilute the solution with water (1 to 10) - a bucket of water is required for 1 l of the resulting brew.
Bread dressing. An interesting option is to use stale rye bread as a cucumber feed.
- Bread loaf pour warm water (7-8 l) at night and soak, you can add a couple of tablespoons of malt. In the morning, mix everything thoroughly, add iodine (up to 7-10 drops). For spraying infusion diluted 10 times.
- For the root treatments of cucumbers, the leaven leaves, which remain when they are cooked, are perfect, diluted with 1 to 8 before watering.
Please note that fermented yeast absorbs potassium from the soil, so it is desirable to add ashes to the solutions (1 tbsp per 10 l) or sprinkle the soil with it before watering.
Watering and spraying cucumbers with baking soda. The leaves and stems will not turn yellow if they are poured over with a solution of ordinary soda (0.5 tbsp dissolved in 5 liters of water). For spraying take 1 tsp. per liter of fluid - it is also an excellent prevention of powdery mildew.
Recipes with 3% hydrogen peroxide. The solution is prepared at the rate of a bottle (40 ml) of peroxide in 2 liters of water. If they water or spray plants (especially seedlings), this will give the roots and leaves additional oxygen, disinfect the soil, increase disease resistance and survival.
Home Vegetables Cucumbers
Feeding cucumbers in the greenhouse. What fertilizers and when to use?
Even for experienced vegetable growers, there are many questions about how to feed cucumbers in the greenhouse, what fertilizers, and when to use them so as to get the maximum effect with optimal expenditure of effort and money.
Biological features of cucumber
Considering a cucumber as a culture, you must constantly remember that it is characterized by a very large removal of nutrients from the ground. This suggests that only timely application can provide high yields.
Если вы начнёте рассматривать корневую систему взрослого растения, то поймёте, что она очень слабо развита, а уровень залегания её не превышает 10 — 15 см.
Эта биологическая особенность ставит применение удобрений во главу урожайности. It is impossible to get a crop, filling the soil with nutrients and making a deep plowing or digging. In this case, the nutrients go into deep balls and remain unclaimed.
Main soil refueling
When planting cucumbers in a greenhouse, care must be taken to pre-sowing soil refueling. If this is not done, then it will be impossible to catch up with the subcortex.
The basic preparation consists of applying organic fertilizer for cucumbers - humus; in the absence, you can use benign compost, or decomposed peat. When preparing the soil mixture, it is obligatory to apply complete mineral fertilizer, which consists of a nitrophoska of 90 g / m or a nitroammofoski of 50 g / m. You can use and a mixture of simple fertilizers, which will include:
- Urea - 20 g / m2,
- Double superphosphate 20 g / m2 or ammophos,
- Potassium sulfate 20 g / m2 or potassium magnesia 30 g / m2
- Lime 300 g / m2 ideally under its predecessor.
To speed up early harvest, it is advisable to deposit granular superphosphate in crop rows, at a rate of 5 g / m2.
Phase feeds for cucumber
Applying fertilizer for cucumbers in the greenhouse, the entire period of growth, according to the demand for nutrients, can be divided into the following periods:
- The initial period (before flowering). At this time, the plant needs nitrogen. For the growth and development of the leaf apparatus are needed, easily digestible nitrogen fertilizers,
- The main period (flowering and growth of fruits). The main elements for this period are phosphorus and potassium.
Top dressing at the start
The first feeding of cucumbers after planting in the greenhouse must begin after 15 - 20 days. Top dressing, as a rule, is not carried out independently. It must be combined with watering. In this case, the plant will be able to receive nutrients in a planned, regular and timely manner.
Having dissolved 10 g of urea in a bucket of water, you will fully satisfy the need of a growing cucumber plant. The mullein is also an excellent feeding. You can prepare it at the rate of 1:10. If 1 l of this stock solution is taken to a bucket of water, then the worker will meet the required rate.
Period of flowering and fruiting
During this period, cucumbers begin to consume more nutrients. As soon as the collection of green leaves begins, top dressing should be strengthened.
Feeding cucumbers during flowering and fruiting should be carried out with a full range of fertilizers. If you are cooking on your own, then add 10 g of superphosphate to 10 l of mullein solution, 10 g of potassium sulfate or 20 g of potassium magnesia. Consumption of such top dressing should be carried out within 200 ml per plant.
At the very beginning of flowering, 0.5 g of crystalline boric acid, 0.4 g of manganese sulphate and 0.1 g of zinc sulphate are added to 10 liters of water.
Excellent results are obtained in the case when there is an opportunity to purchase complex specialized supplements for cucumbers with microelements.
However, it makes no sense to despair if there is access to organic fertilizers. Solutions of cow and horse manure, pork excrement and chicken manure are excellent complete, can be called complex fertilizers. They contain not only nitrogen, but also other nutrients that are in an easily accessible form. Rapid absorption produces a quick effect and the plant quickly grows.
The use of complex fertilizers
Complex fertilizer for cucumbers can be used as follows:
- Nitroammofosk. Contains in its composition 17% nitrogen, 17% potassium and 17% phosphorus. This fertilizer is not hygroscopic, does not slyozhivatsya, perfectly dissolved and absorbed by plants
- "Stimulus -1". The composition includes nitrogen - 11%, phosphorus - 11%, potassium - 22%, magnesium - 4%, as well as boron, molybdenum, copper, manganese and zinc. The solution is prepared at the rate of 30 g per 10 l of water. Apply 1 - 2 times a month for the root and 1 time a month for foliar feeding.
Also useless chlorine fertilizers with the formula 20 - 16 - 10, 10 - 5 - 20 - 3. The calculation is carried out for 10 l of a solution of mullein, 10 g of each fertilizer. 4 to 5 plants are watered with one liter of this solution.
If, however, it is not possible to prepare mullein, then the rate of mineral fertilizers is increased 1.5 times.
Features dressings on light soils
Sandy soils and sandy loaves are not balanced by the level of magnesium and it is necessary to correct this by making appropriate dressings.
In this case, it is necessary to select a complex fertilizer with the formula 10 - 5 - 20 - 3 and apply it in a dose of 20 g / m2.
If the complex fertilizer is not available, then you can prepare a simple mixture according to the recipe: urea - 10 g / m2, potassium sulfate - 10 g / m2, potassium magnesia - 20 g / m2.
If complex dressings are carried out timely and regularly, then there is no need for foliar dressings.
However, weather conditions can make their own adjustments. If the rainy season is delayed, and cloudy days replace each other, the plant must be adapted.
It is during this period that foliar feeding with urea is applied. Dissolving 20 g per 10 l of water, the plants are sprayed from a fine spray bottle until the leaves are completely wetted once every 5-7 days.
Top dressing with ashes
Amateur vegetable growers often discuss the need for the implementation of certain additional feedings. Their number includes also top dressing of cucumbers yeast and ashes.
Thinking about feeding with ash, it should be noted that ash is a beautiful fertilizer rich in phosphorus, potassium and many other elements. However, they are all in undissolved form and difficult to access for the plant form.
The cucumber plant, which grows quickly and needs immediate absorption of nutrients, cannot wait for the moment when the ash passes the form of accessibility, and this will happen only next year, when the microorganisms make the elements digestible.
Consequently, the treatment of areas with furnace ash should be carried out a year before planting a particular crop, and there is no sense in relying on the immediate effect.
Experienced gardeners carry out the processing area systematically, clearly defining the boundaries of treatments from year to year, so as not to repeat. Thus, rationally using the ash can significantly enrich the soil with mineral elements.
Agrotechnical cultivation of cucumber culture as a closed ground, and in the open does not provide fertilizing breeding of various substances. There is no scientific evidence that yeast feeding of cucumbers affects the yield, taste, color, resistance to diseases.
The experiments once again confirm the inexpediency of fertilizing with such solutions.
Read more: how is yeast feed for plants
Folk remedies for yield
Fertilizing cucumbers with folk remedies is very beloved and relevant to amateur vegetable growers. Unfortunately, not every one of them can explain what exactly he wants to bring to the ground when he waters a plant with tincture of dandelion or wormwood.
However, among folk remedies, there is a remedy that favorably affects the plant body and this is a herbal infusion.
It is prepared from all that is at hand. In a huge vat weeds, grass, hay, kitchen debris (except proteins and fats) are soaked in water and left in the sun for fermentation. Next, one liter of this infusion is poured into a bucket of water and the plant is watered at the root.
In the process of fermentation, an odor is not quite pleasant, but it has nothing in common to smelly. But if the infusion is rotting, pathogenic, putrefactive microorganisms “work” in it, it starts to smell unpleasantly and becomes black. Such a tool is no longer useful and must be disposed of.
There is a scientific explanation for fertilizing with hay infusion. Throwing herbs in water, we are preparing a nutrient medium for microorganisms. The microorganisms themselves get there along with the herbs and under the influence of temperature they begin to multiply actively, as evidenced by the smell and gas bubbles, as the release of waste products. Next, we collect the concentrate and make it into the ground.
To speed up the multiplication of microorganisms, you can add sugar or beet molasses to the solution, as well as cover the container at night to maintain a constant temperature.
In essence, we are engaged in the production of bio-fertilizers of the “Baikal” type, which is quite popular and quite productive.
By applying top dressings and fertilizers correctly and rationally, timely and scientifically, we can well achieve good flowering, fruiting and crop yield of cucumbers in greenhouses.
Fertilizing cucumbers in a polycarbonate greenhouse
Every year more and more vegetable growers install a greenhouse on their garden plots. The greenhouse allows you to get higher yields due to the creation in it of favorable conditions for growing plants. Cucumbers grow and develop very well in greenhouse conditions. They are less susceptible to disease, bear fruit early.
The market is now a very large number of polycarbonate greenhouses. They have proven themselves very well among gardeners and gardeners, primarily because of their quality, unpretentiousness and ease of installation. Polycarbonate greenhouses are the most popular.
In the greenhouse creates a warm humid microclimate, which is so necessary for cucumbers for good growth.
In the greenhouse, you must follow some rules of cultivation. In particular, there are some features feedings. Just about feedings of cucumbers in the greenhouse we will describe in this article. Let us tell you what basic fertilizers exist, whether we can tell only folk remedies can be managed without using “chemistry”. We specify the exact schedule of dressing cucumbers in the greenhouse.
What substances need cucumbers in the greenhouse?
Cucumbers, like any other plant, need three basic chemical elements:
Also, as necessary, make dressing with the following substances:
One cucumber plant during its growth period consumes on average:
- 23-25 grams of nitrogen.
- 58-60 grams of potassium.
- 12-14 grams of phosphorus.
Fertile soil contains a lot of nutrients that are able to meet the needs of plants, but over time, when watering, they are washed into deeper layers, or even form insoluble compounds. Therefore, if you want to get a decent crop, it is almost impossible to do without dressings.
Signs of nutrient deficiency or excess.
Growing cucumbers in the greenhouse, it is necessary to pay attention to these signs in time to take prompt action. The signs of a lack of nutrients in cucumbers are quite specific.
It should be remembered that the harvest is negatively affected not only by the shortage, but also by the excess of nutrients.
Let's start with signs of nitrogen deficiency. With a shortage of nitrogen in cucumbers, the leaves turn yellow, become sluggish and fall off. The tips of the fruit are narrowed, and the stalks become thick. Scourge thinning.
Lack of potassium is characterized by yellowing of the leaves on the sides in the form of kaochochki. Fruits become in the form of “hooks” or “light bulbs”. In such a case, it is necessary to feed cucumbers with potash fertilizer, for example, ash.
The thin stem of cucumbers is the main sign of phosphorus deficiency. Especially, if the given sign goes in a complex with acquisition by leaves of a violet shade. With a lack of phosphorus, new ovaries are very poorly tied. There is no excess of phosphorus in cucumbers.
The dying off of the lower tips of the leaves is a sign of a lack of calcium.
If you correctly determine the cause of the wrong development of the plant - it can be very easily corrected by feeding the necessary fertilizer.
Cucumber feed - what does the plant like?
Before turning to dressing, you need to know what conditions you want to create cucumbers for normal life and good fruiting.
- soil rich in humus, with a weak acid or neutral reaction,
- warm (not below 15 ° C) and wet soil,
- fertilizer infusion of fresh manure,
- warm air, the temperature of which is equal to 20-30 ° C,
- high humidity.
Cucumbers react negatively to:
- sour, poor, dense ground,
- watering water whose temperature is less than 20 ° C
- large amplitude temperature drops,
- soil loosening
- temperature greater than 32 ° C or less than 16 ° C.
If the ambient temperature is less than 20 ° C, then the plant will slow down its development, and at 15-16 ° C it will completely stop it. High temperatures also will not benefit cucumbers - at 32 ° C growth is observed, and at 36-38 ° C pollination will cease to occur. Even short-term frosts can cause the death of the plant.
Like most pumpkin crops, cucumber has a very weak root system and poor regeneration. When loosening the soil, transplanting plants and removing weeds, sucking hairs of the root system break off and are no longer restored. It will take quite a lot of time before a new one grows in place of a torn root, on which sucking hairs form over time. It is recommended to mulch the soil in order to avoid loosening, and the appeared weeds should not be pulled out, but cut at the level of the soil.
Top dressing for cucumbers - necessary substances
Feeding cucumbers in a greenhouse or open field should be regular. The crop during the growing season, which is 90-105 days (depending on the variety), is capable of producing a sufficiently large crop under favorable conditions. In addition, the plant must feed large leaves and long shoots, and its roots are in the arable horizon, so the cucumber is not able to get nutrients from the lower layers of the soil.
Top dressing cucumbers basic nutritional substances need to be implemented as they develop. The first feeding of cucumbers should contain a large amount of nitrogen, as the lateral lashes develop and form, the plant needs a large amount of potassium and phosphorus, and during active fruiting the cucumber again requires a fraction of nitrogenous fertilizers as it begins to grow vegetative mass.
In the feeding of cucumbers especially should contain potash fertilizers, which are responsible for the fruiting and flowering plants. If this element will be missedthen you will not get a good harvest from cucumbers.
Fertilizing with trace elements is another important component of a healthy diet that affects the taste of Zelentsov. Magnesium is needed for large quantities of cucumbers, while tomatoes need copper.
Foliar nutrition of cucumbers (folk remedies)
To feed cucumbers with mineral fertilizers is not as preferable as organic, since the culture has a low salt tolerance, and salt is contained in large quantities in commercial preparations for mineral supplementation. In addition, we must strive to grow organic organic food in our greenhouse, otherwise you can purchase imported imported quality vegetables as well.
There is a huge number of folk remedies with which you can feed cucumbers without using chemicals. Our article will contain several popular recipes from which you can choose the most suitable fertilizer for your green pets.
It is very important to follow the principle - it is much worse to overfeed than underfed.
Ash as a fertilizer
Ash is a universal fertilizer that contains large sources of phosphorus, potassium and trace elements, but contains almost no nitrogen. If you do not feed your cucumbers with potash fertilizers, you can completely lose the crop. With a lack of phosphorus in the soil, the root system of cucumbers, which is already very weak, will not be able to deliver to the fruits and leaves neither nutrients nor water.
Even during planting seeds or seedlings, it is recommended to put 100-200 grams of ash into the well, mix it well with the soil, then pour it. Then cucumbers can be fed with ashes in two ways:
- fertilize directly under the root before watering the plants at the rate of 2 tbsp. spoons of ash under each bush,
- we dissolve a glass of powder in a liter of water, using about 2 liters per plant for feeding.
In such ways, cucumbers can be fed every 10-14 days.
After watering, lightly dust the soil with ashes - this will serve not only as a top dressing, but also as a good remedy for some pests and many diseases.
Green fertilizer, bird droppings, manure
Cucumber, like all pumpkin crops, loves fertilizer with fresh manure, but it is not recommended to make such dressing only in a liquid form. All plants respond very well to green fertilizers from the infusion of weeds. With a large amount of nitrogen, we risk increasing the amount of nitrates in fruits and vegetables. This poses the greatest danger for cucumbers, which require an increased dose of this substance. Remarkably green fertilizer by the fact that even with an involuntary excess of the norm, the risk of formation of nitrates in fruits is minimal.
Mullein contains most of the nutrients that are needed to feed a greenhouse culture, but most of all it contains nitrogen. The main difference of bird droppings isthat it contains a large amount of nitrogen и в нем нет семян различных сорных растений.
Для удобрения огурцов необходимо приготовить настой следующим образом: на ведро помета или навоза берем 3-4 ведра воды и настаиваем удобрение несколько дней, периодически его помешивая. Подкормка в это время бродит, из нее полностью улетучивается мочевая кислота, которая способна сжигать корни огурцов и других растений. When insisting weeds, it is necessary to lay them in barrels and fill with water.
After the mixture is fermented, the mullein is diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10, the green manure is 1: 5, and the droppings are 1:20. Fertilize plants should be at the rate of 2 liters at the root, every two weeks.
If you filter the infusion and treat them with cucumber leaves, you get a wonderful foliar feeding. It is also an excellent prevention of powdery mildew or even its treatment.
Cucumbers can be fertilized with yeast 2-3 times per season. There are many ways cooking this feeding, here is the most attractive:
- 3 liters of water
- 1 pack of yeast,
- 2/3 cup of sugar.
The jar of solution must be put in a warm place and insisted this way for three days. Do not forget to periodically stir the fertilizer. We mix the glass of the mixture in a bucket of water and feed cucumbers half a liter to the root, or strain it well and fertilize the leaves - an excellent foliar top dressing for cucumber that grows in the greenhouse.
This infusion can be fed including tomatoes.
Infusion of onion peel is not only a good fertilizer, but also an excellent stimulator of the plant's immune system and protection from diseases and pests. This infusion contains nutrients that tone up cucumbers, as well as quercetin and vitamins related to flavonoids, which have a beneficial effect on all living organisms.
For such purposes, decoctions and infusions are prepared with which the plants are fertilized at the root or sprayed on the leaf. It is best to make a decoction as follows:
- take a handful of onion peel and pour 1.5 l of boiling water over it,
- cook for about 5-7 minutes
- leave in a cool place to cool,
- dilute the broth with another five liters of water and spray the plant.
All cucumber foliar dressing is best done at sunset or early in the morning.
Features of fertilizers for greenhouse cucumbers
Cucumbers in polycarbonate greenhouses should be fed exactly the same way as in open ground. However, it is recommended to conduct additional feeding for greenhouse crops more often and in no case should they be missed. The greenhouse will allow you to get 15 times more vegetables per square meter than open ground. Accordingly, the amount of fertilizer should be much more.
Signs of nutritional deficiencies
It often happens that cucumbers lack some kind of nutrient. In this case, it is necessary to make it out of schedule feeding in an increased dose. However, before proceeding to double feeding, it is necessary to determine exactly what the vegetable lacks by external signs.
The fastest way would be to provide the cucumber with the missing element using foliar feeding. Process the cucumbers on the sheet and at the same time apply fertilizer under the root.
With a lack of nitrogen cucumber will signal small bright leaves. In this case, the culture should be fed as soon as possible with green manure, manure infusion or bird droppings. Light, curved beak, the narrow tip of greengrass in the same way indicates a lack of nitrogen fertilizers. The method of feeding is similar to the previous case.
A sign of a lack of potassium in cucumbers is a brown border on the leaves, which is popularly called simply "marginal burn." The swollen spherical edges of Zelentsovo also speak of deficiencies in the soil of potash fertilizers. To solve this problem, it is necessary to make an extraordinary feeding with ash under the bush.
Lack of trace elements
Cucumbers often lack magnesium. The leaves of the plant are stained in marble color.. We dilute a glass of dolomite flour in a bucket of water and fertilize the soil with the resulting "milk".
When dyeing cucumber leaves in yellow-green color, we can conclude that the culture lacks trace elements. It should be remembered that plants are poorly assimilated by them directly from the ground, so perhaps you just neglected foliar dressing. In this case, the plant must be urgently processed on the sheet with an extract of ash - pour five liters of boiling water with a glass of powder, leave it for the night, and in the morning we process it.
What fertilizers and when to use
Growing cucumbers in the greenhouse can achieve high yields by creating favorable artificial conditions. The main secrets of the yield of cucumbers in the greenhouse are fertile soil and plant nutrition.
Initially, to prevent plant disease, you must:
- Disinfect the soil and greenhouse structures with a bleach solution.
- The production of these works should be done in the fall.
- In the spring, additional soil is disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate.
Before planting cucumbers in the greenhouse organic matter is introduced into the soil. This contributes to the active and abundant formation of inflorescences. To prevent burns and death of the plant, care should be taken that organic matter does not fall on the plants themselves and their root system.
It is better to feed cucumbers after sunset or early in the morning, this will help prevent various fungal diseases.
For abundant growth and fruiting cucumbers, the following chemical elements are necessary:
To replenish in the soil of the vitamin-mineral composition used fertilizing:
By the method of making the feeding are divided into:
Feeding cucumbers for the season can be divided into four stages:
- At the stage of preparation of seedlings.
- When landing.
- During flowering plants.
- During fruiting.
For our climatic conditions, many varieties of cucumbers are too heat-loving, it is almost impossible to grow a rich crop in the open field, especially in the northern regions of the country. In this article, you can learn how to build a greenhouse and what tricks you can apply.
Seedling preparation stage
The best way of planting cucumbers in a greenhouse is considered to be seedlings:
- A month before transplanting in a greenhouse, seeds are sown in a separate designated area of soil, in plastic pots or boxes.
- Before sowing in the soil add compost or cow dung and a little ash.
- Seeds do not lay very deep, otherwise cucumbers will sprout for a long time. After the emergence of shoots, it is possible to feed the plant with special ready-made fertilizers.
- Plants are planted on the beds in the greenhouse, after the formation of several pairs of leaves and the growth of shoots of about 30 cm.
In the soil make only old rotted manure. Fresh cow dung and bird droppings can burn off the root system of a plant due to its high concentration of urea and nitrogen.
The first dressing may be made immediately after planting. But it is necessary to withstand several days (from 3 to 7) so that the plant can tolerate transplant well and take root. After planting cucumbers in a greenhouse, you can fertilize them with top dressing, which consists of superphosphate, chicken manure or cow manure, ammonium nitrate.
Ammonium nitrate increases the amount of nitrates in cucumbers, when using it, you must strictly follow the instructions and concentration.
The best fertilizers for cucumber seedlings during transplantation in the greenhouse are special fertilizers that are designed for this type of plant and contain virtually no nitrate nitrogen.
During fruiting, cucumbers take away all the useful substances from the soil and special attention should be paid to top dressing. After the ovary of the first cucumbers, it is necessary to increase the amount of magnesium and potassium in the top-dressing, and reduce nitrogen. Potassium nitrate and nitrophoska are considered the best fertilizers in this period. Many gardeners recommend alternating mineral complexes with organic matter.
Store dressing for cucumbers in the greenhouse
How to feed cucumbers in the greenhouse? The most popular ready store feeds are:
- "Good power",
- "FERTIKA Crystal cucumber".
Agricola is a water-soluble mineral fertilizer for feeding cucumbers.
"Spring" - a specialized mineral fertilizer for feeding cucumbers.
"Vegetable" - a mineral fertilizer for feeding cucumbers, zucchini, pumpkins, squash.
"Good power" is a mineral preparation for fertilizing cucumbers, zucchini and squash.
"FERTIKA Crystal cucumber" - a mineral fertilizer for growing pumpkin crops.
Manure and bird droppings
Cucumber loves fertilizer based on manure and bird droppings. They are rich in all the nutritional components necessary for the full growth and development of the plant:
- To prepare the fertilizer take 10 kg of manure or bird droppings and 30-40 liters of water and insist 5-7 days.
- During fermentation, the decomposition of uric acid occurs, which can burn the root system of the plant.
- The resulting fermented infusion is diluted with water in proportion: mullein 1:10, litter 1:20. Fertilizing is done once every two weeks, pouring up to 2 liters of fertilizer under each bush.
Top dressing from onion peel can be used for watering under the root, and for spraying the plant. Spraying additionally protects cucumbers from diseases. To prepare take 20 g of husk and 5 liters of warm water and insist 4 days. Filter before use.
For making bread infusion, the bucket is half-filled with bread or breadcrumbs and filled with water. Infused 12-14 hours. After the time the bread warms up, 10 ml of iodine is added to the infusion. Cucumbers are sprayed with prepared solution diluting it in a ratio of 1:10.
To obtain the root feeding bread insist week. Water the pre-moistened wells, diluting the infusion 1 to 3. Pour 1-1.5 liters of solution under each bush. The interval is not more than once every 14 days.
You can also watch a video where an experienced gardener will tell you about the recipe for effective feeding for cucumbers grown in a greenhouse.
Growing cucumbers in the greenhouse do not forget about dressing. Each gardener chooses what kind of fertilizer it will be: mineral or organic. Having correctly picked up the number, type and alternation of dressings, favorable conditions are created for the growth of the plant, which will allow to collect a large crop of cucumbers.
Urea for cucumbers in the greenhouse.
Urea (carbamide) is the most famous representative of nitrogen fertilizers. Sold in any store for summer residents, is a fertilizer in the form of white granules. Very well dissolved in water.
Urea is a fairly concentrated fertilizer. The nitrogen content can reach 50%. Carbamide is very inexpensive, everyone can afford it.
Fermentation of cucumber with urea is recommended in the early stages of growth. Abundant foliage development requires large amounts of nitrogen. Feed urea can satisfy these needs. There are various ways to use urea. It can be used in granules, watered at the root of the solution or produce foliar dressing.
Methods of use of urea for cucumbers in the greenhouse.
There are several ways to use urea. The first method is making during spring digging. With this action, you saturate the soil with nitrogen even before planting cucumbers in the greenhouse. To bring into the ground should be based on the calculation - 5-10 grams per 1 square meter. Urea granules should be deepened by 5-10 centimeters.
Also, urea is used to prepare a solution for feeding cucumbers under the root. Mix 25 grams of urea in 10 liters of water and pour plenty of cucumbers. After such feeding, be sure to water the plants with ordinary water. Cucumbers in the greenhouse are fed with urea during the growing season 2-3 times. The first feeding is needed cucumbers immediately after the formation of 2-3 true leaves. The second feeding - during flowering, before fruiting. A third dressing is recommended at the end of growth in order to slightly prolong the fruiting.
The foliar fertilization of urea shows itself very effectively. To prepare such a feed mix 25-30 grams of urea in 10 liters of water. Spray cucumber leaves with this solution. The most important advantage of foliar nutrition is that nutrients are absorbed very quickly by cucumber plants.
Leaves and stems absorb nutrients faster than roots. Therefore, if you notice a sign of a lack of nitrogen, then immediately produce foliar feeding with urea. Foliar nutrition allows gardeners to take operational measures if necessary.
Urea is also used in conjunction with other mineral fertilizers. For example, with ammophos, nitrophoska, etc.
How does urea affect soil composition?
Urea has this property - to increase the acidity of the soil. Therefore, if you have a sour earth, then urea should be used with caution. After feeding with urea, follow the feeding with wood ash or lime.
With all the advantages of urea, there are disadvantages. In particular, if urea is introduced above normal, then nitrogen can be converted to nitrate compounds, which will be absorbed by cucumber plants, and this is very harmful.
Ammonium nitrate for feeding cucumbers in the greenhouse.
Returning to the question of what fertilizers to use in the greenhouse, it is impossible not to mention such a fertilizer as ammonium nitrate. Ammonium nitrate is the “closest relative” of urea and also refers to nitrogen fertilizers.
Ammonium nitrate is a yellowish-white granules, the size of 2.5-3.5 millimeters. Granules dissolve quite well in water. Ammonium nitrate contains 25-35% nitrogen. Also in the composition may include such a substance as sulfur - from 3 to 14%.
Urea and ammonium nitrate are very similar fertilizer. However, to clearly say what is better and what is worse is impossible. Each fertilizer has its advantages and disadvantages.
Feed ammonium nitrate in the greenhouse should be at the first stage of plant growth.
How to feed ammonium nitrate?
Ammonium nitrate is suitable for feeding by root, after making a solution. No root dressing with this fertilizer is produced, since ammonium nitrate is quite toxic to the leaves.
To prepare a solution of ammonium nitrate for irrigation, it is necessary to mix 10-25 grams of fertilizer in 10 liters of water. The resulting solution is poured abundantly under the root. After feeding, pour ordinary water well. So nutrients are absorbed faster.
In addition, you can make ammonium nitrate under the spring digging at the rate of 15-20 grams per 1 square meter. Be sure to deepen the granules by 5-7 centimeters.
The side effects of ammonium nitrate are almost the same as those of urea. If you apply more fertilizer than stated in the instructions, the nitrogen can be converted to nitrate compounds. And as we all know, nitrates tend to accumulate in the fruit.
Potassium salt consists of 2 components - potassium chloride and sylvinite. The concentration of the beneficial substance is about 40%.
Even in the potassium salt contains a fairly significant amount of chlorine.
It is best to apply potash salt on sandy, sandy and peaty soils. It is in these soils that potassium is lacking.
Potassium salt is recommended to fertilize in the fall. From 1 to 40 grams of fertilizer is applied to 1 square meter.
Superphosphate is a simple mineral fertilizer, the main component of which is phosphorus. Phosphorus is responsible for the development of the plant root system. It is most expedient to use it for cucumbers in the greenhouse during the period of spring plowing.
During spring plowing, superphosphate is applied at the rate of 40-50 grams per 1 square meter.
Boron is very important for the life of the plant cell. He is responsible for many physiological processes. He is responsible for the following:
- phytohormone synthesis,
- cell wall construction,
- cell division and the formation of growth points,
- calcium absorption
- the formation of buds, ovaries, the formation of fruits,
- distribution of carbohydrates and their accumulation in fruits.
Thus, we can safely say that fertilizing with boric acid will ensure a good growth of green mass of cucumbers, more ovaries and, accordingly, fruits will be formed.
Feeding cucumbers with boric acid is produced only by foliar way. It is recommended to feed twice during the growing period:
- In the beginning phase of budding.
- In the phase of formation of the ovaries.
Nitrophoska is a classic mineral fertilizer. It refers to the complex, as it contains the main elements for the growth of cucumbers - potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus.
Nitrofoska very well recommended for feeding cucumbers in the greenhouse. This fertilizer is advisable to make when pre-sowing soil loosening. Nitrofoska immediately begin to act at the expense of nitrogen. In the future, phosphorus will start the normal development of the root system, and potassium will affect the fruiting of cucumbers.
Make nitrophoska should be in the amount of 30 grams per 1 square meter just before planting.
Folk remedies for feeding cucumbers in the greenhouse.
In addition to mineral fertilizers that can be bought without problems in the store, there is a huge amount of folk remedies for feeding cucumbers in the greenhouse. Just about them we will talk below.
There are vegetable growers who do not want to use purchased chemical fertilizers on their own plots. Абсолютно все покупные удобрения можно заменить на старые, проверенные удобрения, которые ничем не уступают покупным, а самое главное – являются натуральными.
Древесная зола для огурцов в теплице.
Древесная зола считается одним из самых старых видов удобрений, которые используют люди. Ещё древние славяне поняли пользу золы. Они сжигали леса, а на их месте сажали зерновые культуры.
Для огурцов зола – это незаменимое удобрение. First of all, ash is a source of potassium. It is potassium that is responsible for the formation of fruits. With its lack of cucumbers are twisted, small, underdeveloped.
Ash contains potassium in an easily digestible form, cucumbers easily absorb it through the root system.
In the garden you can use only the ash that was obtained by burning wood or peat. In no case can you use the ash, which was obtained by burning polymers, rubber, items that were coated with paint and varnish coatings.
Ash has a very significant effect on the acid-base balance of the soil. It lowers acidity. Therefore, the use of ash is most appropriate in acidic soils. That is why you should clarify in advance what type of soil you have. If the soil is acidic, then 400-500 grams of fertilizer per 1 square meter can be applied. After that for several years you will enjoy an unprecedented harvest. It is impossible to do this with neutral and alkaline soil, the dosage should be significantly reduced.
Potassium is the main component of ash. Most of all it is contained in the ash, which was obtained after burning the tops of potatoes or grapevine (up to 40%). Ash also contains a lot of phosphorus - 4-10%.
Cucumbers in the greenhouse are fed with ashes during fruiting. To do this, make the ash solution - 1-2 liters of ash stirred in 10 liters of water and cucumber plants plentifully watered. The same solution can also be sprayed on the leaves, producing foliar fertilizing. During the growing season, produce 1-2 feeding ash solution.
Mullean for cucumbers in the greenhouse.
Korovyak (cow dung) is an excellent complex natural fertilizer for cucumbers. It contains all the necessary nutrients for the growth of cucumbers.
This fertilizer is best suited for feeding in the early stages of growth (when 4-6 true leaves appeared on the cucumbers).
How to use mullein in a greenhouse for cucumbers?
It is best to make liquid fertilizer from cow dung. To do this, collect animal excrement into the tank and fill it with water so that there is 1.5-2 times more water than litter. Cover with a lid. Let it brew for 3-5 days. Now you can prepare a solution for feeding cucumbers. To do this, mix 0.5-1 liters of the mixture with 10 liters of water and pour plenty of cucumbers under the root. The action of such feeding will not take long!
You can also make cow dung in the ground - at the rate of 3-5 kilograms per square meter of bed. However, it should be noted that in no case should fresh manure be introduced, as you can simply “burn” the soil. In fresh cow droppings are a lot of harmful compounds that are detrimental to the earth.
Chicken droppings for cucumbers in the greenhouse.
Chicken dung is also considered a balanced universal fertilizer. It is used in gardens very many. Many contain chickens or other birds in the plots. Therefore, have almost unlimited supply of fertilizer.
There are two ways of feeding chicken droppings - making a plowing and watering the solution at the root.
To make chicken manure for plowing he needs to lie down for 1-3 years to get rid of uric acid and other harmful compounds. It is brought in the fall at the rate of 5 kilograms per 1 square meter.
In order to prepare a liquid solution of fertilizer from chicken litter, it is necessary to fill in the chicken litter with water and leave to infuse for 10 days. The proportion should be as follows: 1 part of chicken manure is filled with 3-4 parts of water. It is convenient to harvest this fertilizer in barrels. Just do not forget to cover the container with a tight lid during infusion.
Top-dressing with liquid chicken manure is best done after abundant watering.
Feeding cucumber yeast in the greenhouse.
Previously, the method of feeding cucumbers yeast was not well known, but recently it has become increasingly popular. Yeast is very widely used for top dressing of vegetable crops. Especially well respond to such a fertilizer cucumbers. Yeast can be used for feeding cucumbers in the open field, and when grown in a greenhouse.
The use of yeast-based fertilizer works very well on the soil. It stimulates the development of beneficial soil bacteria that help plants to properly absorb nitrogen.
As a result, the bushes grow healthy and strong. The root system is developing correctly, the yield increases significantly.
Cooking yeast dressing for cucumbers. Take about 50-75 grams of yeast and dissolve them in a bucket of water. Put the bucket in a warm place and let it brew for 30-40 hours. During this time, the yeast will ferment. Then take about 5 liters of this solution and interfere with 10 liters of water. Then watering the beds with cucumbers. The result will not be long in coming!
Schedule dressing cucumbers in the greenhouse: What fertilizers and when to use them?
To successfully grow cucumbers in your greenhouse, you need to know what kind of fertilizer and when to use and create your own schedule of fertilizing. Below we provide you with a schedule of fertilizing cucumbers in the greenhouse and give some recommendations.
The first feeding cucumbers in the greenhouse. The first feeding of cucumbers in the greenhouse is made after the appearance of 2-3 true leaves. During this period, cucumbers need nitrogen. Urea or ammonium nitrate is best suited as the first feed.
Take 1 tablespoon of urea and stir in 10 liters of water. Pour cucumber plants well with this solution. After that, pour cucumbers with ordinary water.
To prepare a solution of ammonium nitrate, take 10 grams of fertilizer and also stir in 10 liters of water. Water the plants strictly under the root!
The second feeding cucumbers in the greenhouse. The second feeding of cucumbers in the greenhouse is made during the flowering of plants. During this period, cucumbers most need a substance such as potassium. Ash is best suited as a second feed. Take 1-2 liters of wood ash and stir in 10 liters of water. The resulting solution pour cucumbers under the root.
Also very often in cucumbers during this period there is a shortage of boron. It's time to feed boric acid. To prepare boric acid fertilizer, take 1 teaspoonful of the substance and stir in a small amount of heated water (45-50 degrees). Cool the resulting solution and add 2 liters of water to it. It remains only to spray the leaves and stems of plants.
The third feeding of cucumbers in the greenhouse. 1-2 weeks after the second feeding you need to make a third. As the third feeding, liquid chicken manure or mullein is best. For her, liquid chicken droppings are best. To prepare such dressing, fill the dry litter with water, cover with a lid and let it brew for 2-5 days. Then, 0.5 fertilizer stir in 10 liters of water and pour cucumbers.
The fourth feeding of cucumbers in the greenhouse. At will it is possible to make the fourth top dressing of cucumbers. To do this, also use mullein or liquid chicken litter.
Top dressing cucumbers in the greenhouse only folk remedies: the schedule of dressings.
On your site you can do without problems only folk remedies. Using folk remedies you can do 3-4 feedings.
Even before planting cucumbers in open ground, it is necessary to fertilize the garden well. 4-5 kilograms of compost and 1 cup (200 grams) of wood ash should be poured into 1 square meter.
The first feeding of cucumbers in the greenhouse folk remedies. It is produced when the plants will have 3-4 true leaves. As a first feed, mullein or liquid chicken litter is best.
The second feeding of cucumbers in the greenhouse folk remedies. The second feeding is carried out during the flowering and fruit formation. At this time, you need to feed a solution of wood ash. Take 1-2 liters of wood ash and mix in 10 liters of water. The resulting solution pour cucumbers.
The third feeding of cucumbers in the greenhouse folk remedies. The third feeding is also carried out using liquid chicken droppings.
Between the main dressings it is possible to produce intermediate foliar dressings with ashes.