Carnation is a graceful plant that is famous for the scent of its flowers. Known since the days of ancient Greece. Theophrastus gave it a name: "the flower of Zeus." It is also called the divine flower. Carnation Chinese cultivation from seeds is possible immediately by sowing in open ground or on seedlings. The flower is successfully grown at home, it is used for the design of rocky hills, rock gardens, framed them flower beds. The plant looks good in flower pots, hanging pots, on the terrace or on the balcony.
Chinese Dianthus chinensis, oh writing
The flower can be found in the garden at each grower. Chinese carnation is considered a perennial plant, but in cold climates it is grown from seeds annually, as an annual. Distinguished by long flowering. When blooming, white, red, pink flowers towering above the thin green stalks in a beautiful cloud. Flowers can be one-or two-color, with specks, "eyes", stripes of a contrasting color.
The size of the plant varies in the range of 10-50 cm. Some varieties of stalks have nodules. On thin shoots are pointed, elongated leaves. In some varieties they twist to the bottom. On the site, you can create a single ensemble of colored terry, simple and semi-double varieties.
In a simple flower, you can count 5 petals, in the terry - more than 20. Each petal is crowned with serrations or fringe. There are varieties with small flowers not exceeding 1 cm in diameter, there are lush plants, with a 4 cm flower.
Growing cloves from seeds
The value of a plant is that it usually produces self-seeding. During the winter, the seeds stratify and germinate when warm weather sets in. It remains only to seedlings appeared seedlings.
Specialty stores sell different varieties of cloves. They can be sown immediately on the street or grow in the house. Moreover, the second method is the most appropriate, since indoors you can create all the necessary conditions for the normal development of the plant.
Sowing seeds in open ground
As soon as the snow melts and the earth warms up, it is necessary to start sowing seeds. Sow in open ground should be in early May. The difficulty in growing is to maintain the temperature at night. Seeds are adversely affected by low temperatures, so planting will have to be covered with foil.
Before sowing, soak the seed in amber acid for 20 minutes. The solution must be made in accordance with the instructions. After the time, the seeds should be taken out, put on a napkin so that it draws in water, but you can not overdry. The bed before sowing needs to be burst, remove weeds and make shallow grooves.
Attention! When sowing seeds can not be placed close to each other!
To avoid thickening of planting in the future, you should mix seed with dry sand and sow in the grooves. On top of the crops sprinkled with a thin layer of soil. After that, the beds should be moistened. Seeds germinate successfully at a soil temperature of +15 ºC and air +20 ºC. It is clear that it is impossible to provide the same temperature during the day and at night, so the crops are covered with film every evening. You can build a mini greenhouse, so it will be more convenient to cover and hide it.
After 3 weeks you can see the first shoots. If it is planted thickly, weak seedlings should be removed, and more robust plants should be planted at an optimal distance from each other.
Chinese carnation of seeds at home
At home, sowing seeds in the soil is carried out in April. For planting take containers, fill with fertile soil. The soil is prepared independently: garden soil is mixed with sand, and to improve air exchange, perlite is added - small white granules.
Note! The presence of perlite in the ground provides not only the access of air to the root system. It acts like a sponge - absorbs excess moisture.
At the bottom of the pot must be laid drainage layer. Shallow grooves should be made in the soil and seeds should be sown. From above, only lightly sprinkle them with soil, but the soil does not need to be compacted with a palm. After sowing, the soil is moistened, the container is covered with glass and the mini-teplichka is sent to the light window-sill. A suitable temperature for germinating seeds is +20 ºC. It remains only to regularly air planting, water as needed and observe the appearance of the first shoots. After a few days, thin threads of new plants will appear. At this time, you need to remove the glass so that the landings do not burn out.
Daytime temperature should be within +20 ºC, nighttime should not fall below +17 ºC. If the eye is constantly rainy weather, always overcast, seedlings will suffer from a lack of natural light. It is recommended to install fluorescent lamps over the plants. Constantly including them does not make sense, the plants grow so well, but in cloudy weather it is just necessary.
When the plant develops three true leaves, seedlings are seated in separate pots. Carry out the procedure carefully, trying not to damage the roots. After picking, you need to water the young carnation. How to dive seedlings, you can learn from the video.
Care is to maintain the temperature, moderate watering. When the time of transplantation to open ground approaches, about 3 weeks before landing for permanent residence, the seedlings should be gradually accustomed to fresh air. You can take out containers or pots of flowers on the balcony, loggia or on the street to the garden. During this period, it is recommended to keep seedlings at a temperature of +12 ºC at night.
Note! For the gardener it is important to get a lush bush of carnations, therefore, when the seedlings noticeably move in growth, you should pinch the top. Pinching is carried out on the third real sheet.
During the cultivation of seedlings at home, the root system grows well and the plant can become closely in the allotted pot. This can be seen in the amount of water consumed. If the soil after watering quickly dries out, it means that the plant needs transshipment into a large container.
Transplanting plants is beneficial for both: for cloves and for the host. The plant will be able to grow faster, and the gardener does not need to water the plantings often and see that they do not wilt, especially in hot weather. When growing seedlings on the southern window-sill, plants should be shaved at noon. The sun's rays can have a detrimental effect on the development of flowers. When to plant a plant in a flower bed?
Planting seedlings in open ground
Transplant seedlings in a flower bed preferably in early June. By this time, you can eliminate the possibility of return frosts, so the seedlings will not be threatened. For growing choose a sunny plot with fertile soil. It is advisable to plant in the place where the plants will not be directly exposed to sunlight at noon.
Note! Sometimes, by the time of transplantation into the open ground, the first flowers appear on the seedlings. This factor does not harm the plant, it quickly adapts to new conditions.
When planting you need to respect the distance between the plants. It must be at least 25 cm.
Chinese carnation care
Watering. Chinese carnation tolerates drought easily, but reacts poorly to waterlogging. It is recommended to loosen the soil after each watering. Thus, providing oxygen access to the root system.
Be careful! It is better to skip watering once than to plant a swamp on a plot with plants.
Lighting. Carnation prefers bright open space, but does not tolerate exposure to direct sunlight. Therefore, when choosing a site for planting is required to pay attention to it.
Top dressing. Chinese carnation does not tolerate organic fertilizers, so fertilizer planting manure is contraindicated. Fertilizer should be applied with caution. Feed plants should be 3 times during the growing season. For these purposes, suitable complex fertilizers containing potassium and minerals. If in a warm climate the carnation is grown as a biennial plant, in the 2nd year of life it is required to feed with calcium fertilizers.
Pest and disease control
Of the diseases, viral diseases are prevalent, which damage not only the leaves and stems, but also the root system.
Common Chinese Clove Diseases:
- Fusarium wilt. Methods of dealing with this disease does not exist today. At a plant at first foliage becomes discolored, stalks become dirty-yellow color, fabrics of a plant dry out and it perishes. The stems become like straw, if you knead in your hand, you get one dust. In order to prevent the disease, treatment with Baktofit is recommended.
- Viral diseases. Leaves fading foliage, growth slows down, the plant looks depressed. The central veins on the leaf plates turn yellow. Often there is variegation. Sick plants should be removed. To prevent virus entry, cut flowers with a disinfected instrument only.
- White rot. The chemical preparation “Rovral” is used to fight the disease. Plants fade completely. The first signs of the disease are manifested in the appearance on the stems of brown spots, inside of which is located the mycelium of the fungus with sclerotia - vegetative bodies.
- Brown rot. Manifested in the form of stains rot on the stems. The appearance of the disease contributes to increased humidity in case of poor ventilation. To combat the use of drugs: "Fitosporin-M", "Rovral".
- Rust. Yellow pads are formed on the stems, which eventually turn brown. The plant eventually dies. Spray recommended Bordeaux mixture.
Attention! For planting can not choose a place located near coniferous plants. Be sure to rust.
- Spider mite Dry air, high temperature - ideal conditions for the appearance of a pest. On the back of the sheet, he winds his cobweb and peacefully wields, gradually reducing the immunity of the plant. For spraying it is recommended to use "Fitoverm", "Aktellik", "Iskra".
- Thrips. The point of growth is bent, which leads to the deformation of the stem. The leaves turn brown, the flowers grow dull. It is recommended to hang traps near the plants and process them with tanrek, fitoterm and spark. Insects appear in conditions of high humidity, so if plants are grown in the house, it is recommended to air the room frequently.
Pests and diseases cause enormous damage to plantings, they can even destroy the entire collection. Therefore, it is important to notice changes in time and take measures to eliminate insects and treat diseases.
Types and varieties of cloves Chinese
In the process of selection work, many varieties and hybrids of Chinese carnation were obtained. Seeds are sold in specialized stores. Before you buy planting material, you should familiarize yourself with the recommendations for growing, which are indicated on the package.
There are varieties with simple flowers, semi-double. Very popular clove terry mix. That is, from the seeds of a single bag, you can get a variety of plants in color of the flowers and create with their help a beautiful composition on the site. It’s a pity that you can’t guess which flower will bloom on the plant.
- "Diamond". Tall compact bush with double flowers of red color.
- "Tenderness". The name itself speaks for itself. Srednerosly bush covered with snow-white terry flowers.
- "Black and white". Low-growing plant, suitable for curb design or framing flower beds in the foreground. The color of the flowers is original: the inner petals are colored dark burgundy and the outer ones are white.
- "Vesuvius." Low-growing variety with flowers of great beauty. In July, orange flowers bloom on the plant.
What good is the series? In developing these varieties, the breeders took into account all the necessary conditions for growing carnations and managed to adapt the flowers to changing weather conditions:
- "Parfait" F1. Land plant, which grows no more than 15 cm in height. But, despite its low growth, the series is famous for its huge flowers. There are varieties with simple pink flowers with a bright spot in the center, with a dark eye and pink petals.
- "Charm" F1. Abundant flowering, a variety of shades, low plants - this is the advantage of the series. Carnations of this selection are suitable for growing in containers and hanging pots.
Growing Chinese carnation from seeds is not difficult at all, and even fascinating. Especially breathtaking when you wait for flowering and think: “What flowers bloom on the plant: terry or simple, red or orange, white or pink, monochromatic or two-colored?”.
And here it is - blooming carnations! Well, when the result exceeds your expectations. Chinese carnation, in response to good care, will bestow unique colors of lush flowers.
Dianthus barbatus is a type of clove family and loves a temperate climate. In contrast to the Chinese carnation (Dianthus chinensis), the Turkish - a frequent inhabitant of flower gardens, front gardens of garden plots.
She, like her Chinese cousin, in the first year of life forms only bushes with rosettes of leaves. From the second, it starts simultaneously throwing out flower stalks and additional rosettes of leaves. This allows her to bloom in all its glory up to 4 years. However, flower growers, gardeners, inhabitants of private houses often grow these cultivated garden varieties as biennials.
The small flowers form umbrellas with lush, fragrant, bright inflorescences with a diameter of up to 15 cm. They are located on each stalk. In the flowers there are 4 bracts with a beardy shaggy border around the edges. They gave her the name "bearded".
Turkish carnation has a huge variety of colors of simple and double flowers. They can be red, crimson, maroon, pink, white or variegated with different shades, patterns in the form of rims, spots, strokes. Inflorescences with a very delicate aroma resemble large caps on the stems with leaves, which can also be painted in different colors. Probably, this bright color scheme of the petals is also associated with the ornament on Turkish carpets ...
Types and varieties with photos
Worldwide, there are about 400 different types of carnations with buds of different complexity. Only garden forms can be called about a hundred. The conditional criterion for determining the variety is the height of the stem, namely:
- Low-growing - up to 20 cm. Most often used as a ground-covering, balcony plants. Look great in rock gardens, bouquets.
- Tall - up to 80 cm. Thanks to its sturdy stems, they are often used for growing on beds and storage in cutting.
In the category of stunted varieties, the most common are the following:
- White carnation consists of small inflorescences in a large outlet, resembling a "bride" in a wedding dress. For many, this variety is associated with a miniature snow-white bunch. Even the small dark green leaves in its buds are completely invisible.
- Little willy with plentiful inflorescences of red, white, maroon, pink tones. They seem to be trimmed with "skirts", painted with strokes, dots, edges.
- Diabund F1 is a hybrid of Turkish and Chinese carnations with early abundant long flowering in six colors.
- Diadem has flowers of dark saturated tones with a dazzling white core.
- F1 dynasty has very branched stems with terry spherical inflorescences. Along with white. pink, scarlet colors stand out unusual purple and burgundy flowers. One of the few varieties that bloom in the first year.
- Nova F1 has original spherical unusually bright inflorescences with a diameter of up to 10 cm.
- Egyptian different bright maroon fragrant inflorescences with white rims. Leaves as if echoing the tones of flowers.
Among tall Turkish carnations, such varieties are very popular:
- Bearded has dense flattened colors monophonic and different colors. Differs pritchelkovye ciliated leaves, like beards.
- Black impresses with its maroon-black color of flowers and leaves. And yet, unlike his "relatives", he blooms in the first year after sowing.
- MacarenaF1 - This is a mixture of terry petals with contrasting rims and pith. Flowers have white, pink, burgundy, magenta colors.
- Heimatland with very beautiful flowers, rich in deep red.
Thanks to the efforts of breeders, new varieties also appear, variegated hybrids and monophonic varieties. Among them, it is worth noting the Scarlet Queen, Bayerr, the White Queen, Vice-Reisen, the Red Monarch, Kupferrot, the Summer Beauty, the Mirage, Newport Pink, the Color Pattern, etc.
Growing Turkish carnation from seeds
Разведение этих цветов не представляет большого труда, особенно, по сравнению с радостью созерцания на своих грядках или в доме. Она выращивается, чаще всего, с помощью рассады. Здесь главное правильно выбрать почвенную смесь и место для высаживания рассады. We suggest first to get acquainted with the main points of preparing the soil for growing seedlings and providing care for them before disembarking for a permanent place of residence.
Preparation of soil mixture for seedlings
It consists in mixing 3 components: peat, river sand, sod land (proportions 2x1x2). After that, for the purpose of disinfection, it should be steamed and frozen. This is done quite simply. Initially, the soil is wrapped in a bag of thick natural fabric and placed for 5 days in a cold place with a temperature not lower than -15 ° C. Then this preform is transferred to heat for 5-7 days. This contrast allows weeds, parasite eggs to wake up. To destroy them, the soil mixture again returns to cold conditions for 5-6 days.
For repeated, more radical steaming, the grid with the frozen and still wrapped soil is hung over a bucket of water set on fire. This procedure lasts at least one and a half hours. After complete cooling of the contents of the bag, you can begin to use it.
Plant seeds for seedlings
This simple process is almost like sowing seeds of many crops. For planting in advance, a container is prepared with holes at the bottom, where a layer of drainage from fine gravel or river sand is placed. After that, the soil is placed in a container, slightly moistened, seeds are sown in rows. They are deepened into the ground by no more than 1 cm. The distance between them between the rows should be 15-20 cm.
The entire planting is lightly sprinkled with sand, sprayed with water at room temperature and placed under the film or any non-woven material. The optimal period for this is March-April in the evening.
Description of Turkish Carnation
The Turkish carnation (Dianthus barbatus) is a perennial plant, but is used as a biennial due to the fact that many specimens disappear in the third year of growth. Another name for this carnation is bearded - each flower has floral leaves. The British call her Sweet William, they eat flowers. Growing along the foothills of the south of Europe and Asia, the Turkish carnation was cultivated by man many centuries ago and spread in many countries as a garden flower. Herbaceous plant consists of knotted stem, hay-green linear leaves and a variety of flowers, collected with corymbose inflorescences.
In the first year of life, a rosette of leaves is formed, on the second plant it blooms and forms seeds. The flower consists of 5 petals and a long marigold. The petals have a horizontal plate of white, pink or lavender hue. On one plant, several inflorescences with 30 flowers each can bloom at the same time - the flower itself looks like a fluffy bouquet. The fruit of the carnation is an oblong box with one nest with black seeds.
Cultural and garden forms are superior to their wild relatives in decorative and diversity. A variety of colors and different shape of flowers - terry and simple - is amazing. There are single-colored flowers, variegated, two-colored, with a border, with strokes, causing association with Turkish ornaments. Coloring varies from white to raspberry and dark cherry, every year new varieties appear with new colors.
There are tall varieties up to 90 cm and undersized - below 35 cm.
Growing conditions garden perennial cloves
- Turkish carnation is planted in slightly fertilized soil or in the soil, consisting of a mixture of humus, rotten leaves and fine sand, taken equally.
- The best results can be obtained by placing the plants in an open, sunny place, watering regularly, without overdoing it.
- Carnation tolerates a short-term lack of moisture.
- In the period from April to June, once a week add liquid complex fertilizer to the water for irrigation - the Turkish carnation is very responsive to top dressing.
Faded flower stalks are cut to cause a second wave of flowering.
Planting Turkish carnation seeds in open ground
Seeds of carnations Turkish photo
When to plant Turkish carnation seeds? These are completely unpretentious flowers, not afraid of low temperatures. Therefore, we can safely sow the beauty directly into the ground at the first opportunity to exit "into the field": when the earth is ripe, already from the end of April.
- Prepare shallow grooves, because the seeds are very small and should not be too deep. Enough and 1 cm.
- The distance between adjacent rows, leave enough, do not spare the place: you need at least 15-20 cm, so that the bushes do not clog each other.
- In the row also leave 15 cm between the plants, simply breaking through the extra shoots. You can leave 5-7 cm between seedlings and when they reach a growth of 8-10 cm just transplant the extra specimens to another place.
Seeds germinate for a long time, so do not worry: friendly shoots will appear necessarily, and then do not forget to break through them so that there is no strong thickening. The Turkish carnation is easily diluted with seeds even with the onset of summer, the bushes have enough time to take shape, so that they can well overwinter and make happy next year with bright blooms.
When sowing in early June seeds are spread out as rarely as possible on a seed bed, laid out on the grooves spilled with water, lightly sprinkled with earth. After the emergence of seedlings care is timely watering and weeding from the weeds. At the end of the summer, well-developed rosettes are formed.
They can be transplanted to another place with a distance of 15-25 cm from each other. If you plan to leave the seedlings where they grew, you should break up to the required interval by transplanting the excess to another place.
If young plants have released flower stalks, they should be removed.so that the bushes are well rooted and do not go weak before winter. Next year, already with the onset of summer, the Turkish carnation will delight you with lush and abundant flowering.
There is another option for sowing Turkish carnation - dry seeds before winter. Seeds are sown before the onset of stable cold directly on the garden bed without watering. Shoots will appear with the onset of spring - such plants will bloom a little later.
Sowing in protected ground in greenhouse
Turkish carnation seedling photo Planting Turkish carnation on seedlings
- Choose a well-lit place for seed germination, maintaining there a temperature not lower than 13 degrees.
- To accelerate growth, cover the bed with glass or film.
- Sprouts appear amicably, approximately 2-3 weeks after sowing.
- When the seedlings grow, do not forget to thin them or plant them in another garden bed.
- Before you transfer the seedlings to the garden bed, feed them with nitrogen fertilizer - it is used as an anti-stress medication.
- Carnation can be planted on a flower bed at a distance of 25 cm from each other, when the weather is warm.
If you grow seedlings and thus extend the growing season, the flowers can not be cut, and enjoy the flowering this year.
Carnation Turkish seed from home Sowing on seedlings
Turkish carnation growing from seed when planting a photo
Bearded carnation sown on seedlings with the onset of February in a special primer.
- The seeds are small, but it is quite possible to spend a little more time and plant seed by seed in a separate cup. So you save yourself from the procedure of picks.
- Not deepened by 0.5-1 cm.
- Watering is needed moderate, necessarily drainage hole in the container to prevent stagnant water.
- Seedlings are placed on a sunny windowsill, where caring for them comes to watering every two to three days.
- Shortly before planting, the seedlings are hardened, placing it on the street in a place without strong drafts — first an hour or two, gradually increasing the time to full days.
- Planted seedlings can be from the end of April, but only when the threat of night frost has passed.
Reproduction by layering
Liked variety can be propagated by layering:
- To do this, take the stalk, press it to the ground, pinned with a v-shaped wire at the crown.
- Peduncle should be removed.
- Stalk sprinkled with moist soil.
- After a month rooting will occur, the layers can be deposited on a permanent place.
- Such breeding fully replicates the maternal variety.
Reproduction by cuttings
They are cut from the stem, taken from the plant of the second year of life, planted in loose moist soil, creating a light shade. After about 3 weeks, the seedlings will begin to grow - this can be determined by the appearance of new leaves. In August, they are transplanted. They bloom next year. If you carry out this operation in a greenhouse or greenhouse, the cuttings will root much faster. This method is used if you want to save your favorite variety.
Turkish carnation is able to multiply by self-sowing. Of course, the plants will be much smaller, but they will still delight you with magnificent flowering.
Diseases and pests
Carnation garden Turkish planting and care photos
These flowers like sunny places, they should be watered periodically, it is good to loosen the soil after each watering, which will prevent the appearance of root rot.
Against thrips and green aphids, causing the appearance of white dots on the petals, use the appropriate insecticide.
When watering and dressing, try to keep the liquid from falling on the flowers.
The variety of varieties and extraordinary unpretentiousness of Turkish carnation can satisfy the wishes of any grower. Low-growing varieties look great in rock gardens or rockeries, will decorate an inconspicuous part of the garden as a groundcover, planted in pots or containers will fill the balcony or veranda with aroma and colors.
Tall forms planted on lawns, among shrubs, fit perfectly in gardens of natural style. Fragrant picturesque flowers attract butterflies, bees, birds. Cut flowers stand in vases for about two weeks. This unusual flower will decorate any area.
We get the seeds themselves
Seeds of Turkish carnation can be collected only from biennial or older plants. Flowering plants lasts about 30 days, and around the end of August on the inflorescences are formed fruit-boxes. Inside them are flat seeds. In this case, the ripening period may differ, and depends on the variety and region.
Seeds of Turkish Carnation
The seed retains its properties for three years after harvest, provided it is provided with the right conditions for savings. The collected and dried seeds are placed in foiled, vacuum or just paper bags and left in a dark place. The optimum temperature for their storage is 10–12 ° C with a humidity of about 85–90%. Too dry air is harmful because it reduces seed germination, and excessive moisture in the air provokes fungal infections and premature germination.
Attention! You can save all the properties of the source code using other methods of reproduction - for example, dividing a bush. Harvesting seeds from flowers does not guarantee that the plants will be the same as the mother plant.
A more reliable way to get a carnation by sowing with good varietal data is to purchase seeds or seed mixtures from professional breeders. Such products are produced by many Russian companies.
A wide assortment of clove seeds of different varieties is on sale
Preparing the soil for sowing seedlings
For sowing seeds prepare the substrate of the following components:
- peat and sod land - 2 parts,
- sand - 1 part.
Sand improves gas exchange in the soil, and peat provides seedlings with beneficial substances. This contributes to a higher germination of the Turkish carnation.
Before making seed soil subjected to freezing. Such a measure eliminates weeds, pests and parasites. To this end, the substrate is placed in a freezer and kept for 5 days at -15 ° C. If weather conditions allow, then a bag of soil mixture just put on the street. After deep freezing, the mixture is transferred to heat for a week, and then this cycle is repeated.
Land can be steamed in a water bath
The second method of disinfection - steaming. A large pot or bucket is placed on the stove, water is poured and brought to a boil. A grate is placed on top of the container, on which the soil mixture is placed, placed in several layers of gauze. Substrate is treated with a high temperature for 90 minutes. Immediately before sowing seeds, the earth is watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Before sowing, the ground is moistened with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
For seedlings carnation sown in February. Beforehand, the container is doused with boiling water or a solution of potassium permanganate to reduce the likelihood of developing fungal infections. A drainage layer is laid out on the bottom, for which use gravel, expanded clay, fragments of broken ceramic dishes. In extreme cases, crushed foam is used.
In stores for gardeners sell special drainage materials. In addition to maintaining a certain level of humidity, they also perform another task - to protect the soil from toxic substances and salts of heavy metals.
Care should be taken to drainage
Seeds are placed in prepared soil to a depth of 1 cm, maintaining a distance of 2-3 cm between them. At the first stage, the container is placed in a room with a temperature of about 17 ° C. The container is covered with paper or film, occasionally aerating and spraying water onto the surface. When shoots appear, seedlings are moved to a room with a temperature of about 15 ° C, but with good lighting. Higher temperatures will provoke a rapid growth, which will affect the decorativeness of the bush.
Reference. Planting density for all plants is determined as follows: 2-3 weekly sprouts of seedlings should not completely shade the foliage of the ground.
Turkish Carnation Seedlings
When 3 leaves come out of the ground, the bushes are planted in separate pots filled with soil mixture, similar to the mixture for sowing for seedlings. Before planting in open ground, young plants are first taken out to fresh air for 2–3 hours. Dishes with sprouts are left in shading, hiding from direct sunlight. Exposure time every day increase. At night, the pots are left at the window with an open window leaf. This allows the culture to get used to the new conditions.
Seedlings are planted in open ground on the third or fourth week of May, when frosts are unlikely, and the soil is warm enough.
Attention! Turkish carnation does not tolerate the transplant procedure very well. Therefore, when diving, seedlings are best placed in pots, with which they are then transferred to open ground.
Sowing in open ground
Growing seedlings is an optional growing process. Seeds are often immediately sown in open ground "before the winter" - in October. The soil should be dry. In the garden, they make indentations of 1 cm, in which the seeds are placed. A distance of about 15 cm is left between the rows. From above, the area is mulched with sawdust or peat. In the spring, the insulation layer is removed. However, when sowing on the bed in the first season, only leaves appear on the shoots, and only in the second year the plant blooms. To get young plants from existing varieties, it is not necessary to collect ripe boxes until they have opened. Seeds will scatter and form self-seeding.
Planting seedlings on a bed plan for the end of May
Reference. Seeds can be sown in spring, in the second half of April. After sowing, the beds are plentifully watered.
Turkish carnation needs fertile soil. Suitable loam, sandy loam, provided sufficient feeding. For the flower pick up areas open to the sun or partial shade. Shortly before sowing or planting, the ground is dug up to a depth of 30 cm. The bed is leveled and moistened with increased dryness of the soil. Then the next flowerbed is covered with agrofibre for 14 days.
Turkish clove prefers soils with a neutral acidity level (pH 7). You can check this figure with the help of a litmus strip. If the soil is acidic, then wood ash is applied at the rate of 700 grams per 1 square meter. m. You can also use lime - 50 kg per 1 hundred. The preparation is brought in the fall, distributed evenly over the surface of the soil, after which the area is dug up.
Attention! Uneven coverage of soil with lime causes chemical burns of plants.
Carnation loves the sun or partial shade
This flower culture does not tolerate waterlogging and stagnation of water, which provokes the decay of the root system. The optimal frequency of watering - twice a week, with dry weather, watering can be increased. On a bed the size of 1x1 poured over a bucket of water, in dry weather - a little more, depending on the condition of the soil. The liquid is poured at the root. If the drops fall on the greens, a burn is formed in the form of ugly brown spots that worsen the external data of the plant.
In hot weather, water the cloves need more
It is especially important to fertilize in the first year of the plant's life. First dressing produce when the shoots of carnations have reached a height of 12 cm. To do this, dilute 20 grams in a bucket of water. nitrofoski and drug Agricola Forward. The mixture gently make the beds with a plant.
Second feeding held during budding. To do this, prepare a solution of 10 liters of water, potassium sulfate and superphosphate (20 grams each).
Third time fertilizer applied during flowering. Use the drug Agricola for flowering crops. According to the instructions, 20 grams of the substance is dissolved in 10 liters of water. This portion is enough for 2-3 square meters. m flower beds.
Top dressing of a Turkish carnation will provide juicy greens and plentiful flowering
Long flowering champion
Растение имеет стоячий стебель, узкие ланцетовидные листочки глухого зеленого цвета. Ценно в садоводстве и ландшафтном дизайне тем, что может продолжать цветение четыре месяца – с июля до поздней осени.
Цветочки одиночные или расположены букетиками по 2-4 штуки. Color unusual. In general, Dianthus was not originally distinguished by the richness of color. Red "proletarian", pure white, deep pink. But after the breeders took up this flower, everything changed.
Chinese terry pink flowers
Today you can find in the gardens in the beds of Chinese carnation of all kinds of colors:
- white and red
- white and pink
- pearl white,
- pink and crimson.
Flowers - very beautiful shape. The edges of the petals are finely toothed or deeply dissected. In selection, imaginary beauty of semi-double and terry forms, feathery, two-colored.
By the way! In hybrid terry and velvet varieties flowering longer, up to five months. But it begins later than that of ordinary non-terry varieties, somewhere in the middle of July.
The hybrid terry and velvet varieties bloom longer
Secret of popularity
This plant has such a multipurpose use that only Tagetesis and Bulbs can compare with it. But the bulbous has a significant drawback - it blooms early and quickly fade. The carnation enters the flowering phase in the middle of summer, and the two seasons delight with their flowers. Therefore, Chinese carnation is used for various purposes.
Chinese carnation is a frequent guest in country beds, in front gardens and multi-season flower beds.
Chinese carnation in landscape design
She willingly draws out the city parks, planted in the form of borders, used for decorative floriculture.
Also, this flower is grown in containers on the balcony or in outdoor pots for outdoor decoration of the local area.
There may be a Chinese carnation on the alpine hill with comfort.
The plant, thanks to bright colors, looks great on the lawn, so it is used for island and bouquet planting.
Color variety of Chinese carnation
You can use this flower as a monocleum (monochrome), and for flower beds multicolor or multicolor. Combines cloves with stunted and tall plants.
How to grow a Chinese carnation seed
Chinese Carnation Seeds
Conditions for the development of Chinese carnation selects the most modest. It will suit a well-lit area, but if not, it will grow in partial shade.
The soil suits her best with a good drainage component, loose and not at all heavy. But if there is no such, it will grow and even bloom on almost any soil.
Important! Stagnant water this plant can not stand. Planting on a plot where the water does not go away for a long time during rain or after watering is possible only with an artificially made drainage layer.
Carnation is not very good for sour soils. Possible stretching shoots and weak flowering. Before planting flowerbed well zapkazovat. Dolomite flour is suitable for softening acidity and improving soil.
Dolomite flour for soil deoxidation before planting Chinese carnation
Plot for choose cloves Chinese better warm. She does not like winds and drafts. In the calm flower buds will be larger.
Before sowing Chinese carnation or planted seedlings into the ground, you need to make fertilizer. Suitable humus. With the growth and formation of peduncles, you can continue feeding with mineral fertilizers.
Growing Chinese cloves comes from seeds. Under the condition of long-term cultivation (while maintaining the maternal bush), the plant can be divided and grafted. But the seed method of reproduction is recognized as the most effective, and therefore is the most popular.
How to care for Chinese carnation
In the care, the plant is so unpretentious that even a debut grower can easily implement it.
It is rarely necessary to water a Chinese carnation. She does not like excess water - it is worth remembering and never flood plants. During the drought period - twice a week. In the regular season - once a week, not more.
Feed the Chinese clove necessarily. If initially the soil when planting was fertile and organic was applied, you can begin feeding in a month after sowing or two weeks after planting the seedlings with regularity once every 20 days. If the soil is not very fertile, one week after planting follows the first feeding, and then - 2-3 times a month.
Feed clove Chinese necessarily
Chinese carnation need to feed, like other flowering plants, alternating organic matter with mineral components. For successful flowering necessarily increased potassium content. Suitable nitrophoska. If you buy complex complexes, make sure that the fertilizer for Chinese carnation does not contain chlorine.
Tip! Always apply top dressing after watering. The procedure, if the soil under the plants is not mulched, should be accompanied by loosening.
Be sure to remove all stems with withered buds.
Be sure to remove all the stems with withered buds - they can rot and cause illness of the entire bush.
Chinese carnation can suffer from rust, root rot, spotting, Fusarium and Septoria. Also, young buds and leaves are damaged by aphids and spider mites. Damage is removed, the plant is treated with an insecticide. It is possible to use Bordeaux liquid for prophylaxis.
Perennial Chinese carnation winters normally in our climate. In late autumn, all the stems should be cut, leaving about 10 cm above the ground. Then pile up the bushes, zamulchirovat sawdust, foliage or peat, cover the spanbond. In the spring, you can open a carnation in April.
Growing from seed
Turkish carnation is mainly cultivated as a biennial plant, although it refers to a perennial.
What you need to know about growing Turkish carnation from seeds?
Sow clove seeds begin in late May or early June in open ground. You can sow in October, then she perezimuet. Flowering begins next season, and in the year of planting the carnation takes root and increases the vegetative mass. If the preference is given to the cultivation of seedlings, then you can sow in March, after planting the rooted seedlings in the last days of May. Already in mid-August, you can fully enjoy the blooming of the Turkish carnation.
How to sow seeds in the ground
Choose a landing site you need a sunny, but not open hot scorching rays, and shaded by trees or shrubs. Land for planting need to dig and form a loose bed of fertile soil a small bed. Then perform the following steps:
- on the surface of the bed, leveled with a rake, apply grooves, the depth of which is not more than 1 cm,
- then pour water over the grooves with abundant water,
- laying the seeds in the grooves, sprinkle them on top of them with a thin layer of soil,
- the top of the garden is raked again,
- then water from a watering can,
- for faster germination, the soil can be covered with any material
When sprouts appear after a week and a half, the material is removed, the soil is shallowly loosened and watered. The first month you need to water frequently and periodically loosen the ground. After about a month, the crops need to be thinned every 7-10 cm. The plant periodically, approximately once every 2 weeks, needs to be fed. To do this, you can use complex fertilizer.
When planting the autumn flower, you need to ensure that the landing is made in a dry ground. In order for the plant to overwinter, the bed should be covered with dry leaves or a layer of peat mixture up to 12 cm thick. After winter, the leaves must be removed.
For home sprouting seeds indoors, you need to maintain a temperature of at least 18 and no more than 22 degrees, water regularly and ensure normal illumination. After 1.5 months the flower needs to be planted. When planted in the ground, a lump of earth on the roots is preserved, the bush is watered abundantly and at first it is protected from direct sunlight.
Turkish carnation is unpretentious, care for it is quite traditional: protection from weeds, weeding, loosening the soil, regular watering, fertilizing with humus, and during flowering with mineral fertilizer. Care must be taken that the roots of the flower do not rot due to accumulated moisture. Periodically remove wilted flowers, tie long, thin stems to supports.
At the end of the summer it is recommended to remove nitrogen-containing additives, and to strengthen the immunity in September, seedlings are watered with a solution of mineral fertilizers (dissolve 1 tbsp of potassium sulfate and superphosphate in 1 bucket of water).
Some rules of care:
- While the growth of carnations is observed it is recommended to water it regularly moderately. When the growth is complete, watering is reduced, with the exception of very hot and dry weather.
- For the fastest growth and flowering, the plant is fed with universal fertilizers. It should be introduced into the soil during the growing season once every 2 weeks, dosing in accordance with the instructions.
- Young bushes should be regularly treated with fungicides with a spray gun to avoid diseases and pests.
- After the end of flowering of the Turkish beauty, pods with seeds appear on its branches, which can later be used for planting. They are usually stored in a dry place in a hermetically sealed glass jar.
- After collecting the seeds, remove the dry stems, damaged leaves. Prepare the plant for the winter, so that it will delight in further blooming.
Turkish carnation - landscape design decoration
Oriental beauty is a real find for those who want to decorate the dacha, the territory of private properties or a flower bed in the city park. Effective plant blooms beautifully and grows quickly.
Carnation goes well with other plants and shrubs: with roses and wildflowers, with petunias, nasturtiums and hydrangeas. It is not recommended to plant tulips, dahlias and gladioli in the vicinity of the Turkish carnation.