Oriental and Asian, crispy and tubular lilies on numerous varieties and species easily compete with gladioli and tulips. But the gardener is not enough to choose your favorite lily bulb, planting and care in the open field - this is the groundwork for future flowering.
Thanks to the magnificent forms of the lily called the royal flower. Such a plant will decorate any garden, but many newcomers treat lilies with trepidation and apprehension, fearing that they will not cope with the care of a regal plant. In fact, taking care of most types of garden lilies is not at all time consuming, and planting flowers is a challenge for beginning gardeners.
Terms of planting lilies in open ground
The vegetation period of the lily begins in early spring, when a powerful sprout is shown above the ground. Then it turns into a leafy upright stalk, topped with one or several large flowers of different shapes and colors. In the autumn, the aerial part fades, and under the ground remains loose, consisting of modified leaves.
In most regions, popular varieties of lilies rather well overwinter; therefore, lilies can be planted in open ground in spring and autumn. If there is no danger of deep freezing of the soil, the bulbs are planted in early autumn.
After flowering in plants, there is a period of rest, during which the growing season does not stop, but stops. This moment is perfect for planting or transplanting. Before the onset of cold weather, the bulbs acclimatize and root, so that with the onset of spring they immediately grow.
No less popular planting lilies in April and May. It is practiced in regions with severe winters, as well as for varieties with low frost resistance. In the spring flowerbed, correctly overwintered bulbs will not be subjected to soaking and rot. Getting into the thawed and heated loose soil, they do not lag behind the lilies planted in the fall. Planting in April is preferred for eastern hybrids. But this method has its drawbacks. The most delicate plants may not form daughter bulbs and bloom less luxuriously than we would like.
When lilies are planted in the open ground in the spring? In the middle lane, the optimal moment occurs in April or early May. By this time, the ground is warm enough, and the threat of frost to the appearance of the first shoots is over.
Terms of planting bulbs in different regions may vary significantly. For example, at the end of summer or in early September, planting lilies in the open ground in the Urals will give better results than in spring.
The bulb will have time to ripen and summer flowers will delight. In the spring in the southern areas of the lily planted earlier. In the autumn - the opposite. To delay with landing in that, and in another case it is not necessary. For example, in March it is better to take out the bulbs of tiger and Tibetan lilies to the garden, immediately after thawing, many Asian and Eastern hybrids, as well as the most beautiful tubular lilies, endure the landing.
Terry varieties are planted when the air and the ground warms up to +10 degrees. But the Canadian, crispy lily and a number of other varieties are better to replant only in the fall.
In order not to be mistaken with the time of planting in open ground and caring for lilies, at the time of the purchase of bulbs it is important to know what kind they are.
Planting lilies in the open ground
Suitable for planting healthy bulbs with dense scales with no signs of rust, damage or mold.
Before planting material gets to the flowerbed:
- bulbs sorted by grades and sizes,
- reject weak, diseased and soil pests specimens,
- cleans suitable for planting bulbs from dried roots and scales,
- washed, kept in a solution of potassium permanganate and are treated with a fungicide, for example, phytosporin or a foundation.
The place for planting lilies in open ground is chosen according to the preferences of the plants themselves. Best of all, most lilies feel in the sun or in partial shade. Large flower stalks can be affected by the wind, therefore, they pre-select a site with natural protection in the form of shrubs, trees, tall grassy crops.
For all lilies, a loose, light substrate is needed, in which the bulbs will easily take root, will not suffer from stagnant moisture, rot and soil pests. The basis for the nutrient soil will be a mixture of equal parts of turf land, peat, coarse sand and well-rotted humus.
Fresh manure or other organic matter under the lily can not be made because of the risk of burning delicate scales, damage by insects and aggressive microflora.
Most cultivated varieties of lilies prefer neutral soil, but if American hybrids are to be planted, more acidic peat or fallen needles are added to the soil to increase the acidity. But under the tubular lilies, the substrate is not only deoxidized, but additionally added is crushed chalk, dolomite flour or other components with an alkaline reaction.
Landing pits do in advance, providing at the bottom of the drainage layer and a sandy shirt. The depth is determined based on the size of the plants and their bulbs:
- large onions are buried 12–20 cm,
- small-sized specimens - by 7–10 cm.
The higher the stem, the deeper the planting of the lily in open ground. The distance between individual plants can vary from 15 to 30 cm, depending on the diameter of the overgrown bush.
The bulbs are planted on a drainage layer of gravel or expanded clay, densely sprinkled with fertile soil, flavored with a full nitrogen, potassium-phosphorus and mineral composition. Around each bulb make a sandy shirt, and then again sprinkled with soil. Landing sites compacted, watered and mulched.
The same method is used if it is necessary to plant lilies in the fall. Digging is carried out a month after completion of flowering. All bulbs must be treated with a pink solution of potassium permanganate.
Lily care in the spring in the open field
After planting in open ground lilies need attention and competent care. If the bulbs hit the soil in the fall, they only mulch. The main vegetation begins with the melting of snow, then the time comes for the comprehensive care of lilies in the open ground in spring. Plant care includes:
- fertilizing, stimulating the growth, flowering and ripening of the bulbs,
- loosening and weeding,
- preventive treatment of pests, rot and other diseases.
Large plants need support and a garter. This measure, as well as regular loosening and weeding, will help support the strength and growth of lilies.
Lilies love moderately moist soil, and drying threatens to reduce the number and size of flowers, and excess water is dangerous rotting bulbs. Watering combined with the introduction of fertilizing and tillage of harmful fungi. At the beginning of growth, lilies are more in need of nitrogen fertilizers, but already the second dressing is carried out with superphosphate. Very good plants respond to watering a solution of wood ash. It can also be mixed into mulch material.
In May, care for planting lilies in the open field includes watering with a solution of Bordeaux liquid. After 2 months, the same agent plants are sprayed. During the summer, carefully monitor the occurrence of insect pests that affect both the stems, leaves, and lily bulbs.
Planting and transplanting lilies in the spring - what you need to know?
The first thing you need to remember is that you don't plant flowers for a year, because lilies are perennial plants, which means you should thoroughly prepare for planting. Lily bulbs must be in one place for five years at a minimum, gaining energy.. And if you constantly dig a plant, it will weaken the lilies, they will become more susceptible to disease.
This will answer the question of whether it is possible to repot lilies in the spring - this is undesirable if you do not want to receive as a result frail flowers that are acutely responsive to the slightest infection. You can not miss the time of disembarkation, because the bulbs of plants dry out quickly enough. And therefore, if you see that they lose their elasticity, be sure to start work.
In this case, you need to take care in advance of the place on the site where the planting will take place, and if any other plants were growing there, dig the bed, apply fertilizer - only then you can get down to business. By the way, it is best to plant the plants in mid-March or early April, however, autumn works are also welcome, if you properly prepare your flower garden for winter.
Important: lilies prefer sandy or loamy soil, in addition, the ground should be “airy” and freely permeable to moisture, for which it needs to be loosened qualitatively.
Planted "flower queen" to a depth of about 20-25 cm, if the bulbs are large. In case they are smaller, the hole must also be made smaller. Thus, the diameter and depth of the trench depend on the size of the plant bulbs. If you want to make a beautiful flower bed, it’s best to plant flowers in a small group (4-5 pieces), leaving a gap of 10 cm between them. If the bulb already has roots, it is necessary to straighten them when planting so that there are no damages. After all, this in severe cases leads to the death of the whole flower.
Lilies: planting in the spring and care - subtleties and secrets
Planting lilies in the spring, as well as caring for plants, has several secrets. If you know them, then grow truly beautiful and healthy flowers that make up a beautiful and fragrant flower bed. For example, plant low varieties closer to the paths, but high flowers are best placed in the center of the plot. The landing site itself should be sunny, but a slight shade during daytime will allow the flowering time to extend.
By the way, lilies especially "like" if at the bottom of their stems are protected from the sun. And because you can plant on a bed of stunted flowers (violets or daisies), which will simultaneously protect from the sun and will be an additional decoration of the site. Despite the fact that lilies are strong and healthy enough, they can face various problems. For example, in the morning large dew drops, which work as “lenses”, are especially dangerous. Because of this, lilies can get burns, in the future leading to the emergence of a disease like botrytis (“gray rot”).
Main aspects for the care of beautiful flowers
Caring for spring lilies also means proper watering. Due to the fact that the roots of flowers can reach two meters in length, be sure to water the plants with high quality, trying to keep water from falling on the buds and leaves. By the way, moderate humidity is useful to lilies throughout the season, and therefore make sure that the ground around the trunk is not very dry. The plant experiences a particular need for moisture after flowering, when the process of bulb bulking and nutrient preservation for the winter occurs..
Naturally, it is necessary to assess the importance of fertilizing, otherwise the flower simply does not pick up the substances it needs for development and, importantly, a normal wintering. As all varieties of flowers except Tubular lily, are the "ancestors" of wild types growing in coniferous forests, you need to use for dressing litter and sawdust, which are introduced into the zone of the root system - lilies will grow beautifully. And so that they do not take away the much-needed nitrogen from the plant, we make appropriate nitrogen-containing fertilizers.
How to dig and transplant lily bulbs?
If you have already decided to transplant lilies, approach this issue carefully. Carefully cutting the stem and leaves with garden shears, go to the hidden "part" of the flower - its bulb. They need to dig with garden forks, while you need to be as accurate as possible. After all, if you damage the roots, you can safely throw the whole onion.
After digging it out of the ground, examine the bulb, removing from it all the brown petals. Be sure to wash it under water, and then for 15-25 minutes soak in carbofos. If the bulbs are clean, they just need to leave for 20 minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate. After that, put the bulbs in the shade, where they should dry out. After that, prune the roots of a flower by 8-10 cm, plant it in the prepared soil.
We recommend to read
By the way, if you want lilies to quickly grow, do not “bend the stick” with the application of organic fertilizers. After all, this will lead to an imbalance between the vegetative and the root part of the lilies. Now you know whether it is possible to plant lilies in the spring, when exactly to do it, and how to ensure their normal development so that your flower garden is even more attractive!
Lily: Species Species
Lily (Lilium) - is a perennial flowering culture, which belongs to the family Lilein. The plant stems are straight and tall (some varieties reach 1, 5 m in height), with small glossy leaves. Flowers can be of different shapes: cupped, funnel-shaped, stellate or bell-shaped. However, they always consist of 6 elongated petals and the same number of stamens.
Scheme: types of lilies according to the structure of the stems
Although the word "lily" literally means "completely white", flowers of modern varieties may have a different shade: yellow, orange, red, lilac, purple, pink. Very popular with summer residents are varieties with a combined color.
The underground part of the plant is a single-tier (less often two-tier) root system and an onion. It is the bulb that is the source of nutrients for the culture, as well as the breeding organ of the species.
Wild Lily - the forerunner of hybrid varieties
When to plant a lily
As you know, lilies can be planted in spring and in the middle of autumn - it all depends on the wish of the grower.
Autumn planting is considered the most favorable. A low temperature and a sufficient amount of moisture will allow the plant to normally adapt and take root - thus reducing the stress level of the culture. That is why it is better to plant lilies in the southern regions of Russia in October.
Preparing for planting lilies in open ground
However, it should be noted that most varieties of lilies require spring planting - study the characteristics of the variety you have chosen.
Choosing a place for planting lilies
Before planting the crop in open ground, carefully select a place for its growing. The plant grows well in sunny places that are protected from the wind (if you want to plant a lily near the house, watch from which side of the sun is most of the day).
For planting lilies fit any sunny place in your backyard
When the site is selected, dig up the soil and remove the remnants of the roots of other plants (especially weeds). Lilies can be planted on the same flowerbed with other flowering plants - the culture will not feel bad from this. The main thing that the "neighbors" were not too high and did not create a shadow of lilies. For this reason, it should not be planted under trees or shrubs.
Lily does not tolerate drought, so the soil in which it is planted, should be good to pass moisture. Most varieties of lilies love fertile soils with high permeability of moisture. Although breeders bred and varieties that safely tolerate dry and even swampy areas. However, heavy loamy soils and salt marshes should be avoided when cultivating a crop.
The optimal soil for planting lilies should consist of layers of gravel, sand and fertile soil.
Whatever the type of soil, it should be remembered that it is still necessary to fertilize a lily. Peat fertilizers, humus or rotten compost (1 bucket per 1 m2) are suitable for feeding. If sand impurities predominate in the soil, then a good option for improving the quality of the soil will be phosphorus-potassium fertilizer, which is introduced before planting (100 g per 1 m2).
Important! Well fertilized the soil when planting, you will provide them with comfortable conditions for growth and development for the next 2 - 3 years.
According to the type of medium, the soil for lilies should be alkaline or slightly acidic. The plant is not suitable for too acidic environments, so it is neutralized with wood ash (also ensures proper drainage of the soil), limestone or chalk (200-300 g per 1 m2).
Planting lilies in open ground
If you decide to plant lilies in the spring, you should do this when the frosts have already receded, but the dry period has not yet begun. For each region of the country, the optimal time for planting lily bulbs in the ground will be different.
Prepare the lily bulbs for planting as follows:
- sort through the bulbs, removing the spoiled planting material,
- remove the most viable samples from flowering scales,
- rinse the bulbs in a solution of potassium permanganate or foundationol (this will get rid of harmful bacteria).
The depth of planting the bulb is determined depending on the type of soil:
- in heavy soil, small bulbs should be planted to a depth of 5-6 cm, large planting material - 13-16 cm.
- if the soil is loose - should be planted 2-4 cm deeper than in the previous example.
Important! Only quality bulbs with an intact root system are allowed.
После того как посадка завершена, растения следует подкормить органическими и минеральными удобрениями. Если вы высадили лилии осенью, то прикройте клумбу сухими листьями и дополнительным слоем почвы. Это позволит посадочному материалу избежать промерзания.
Maintaining optimum soil moisture is the first thing you need to keep an eye on. Watering is carried out as the soil dries out (respectively, it is watered more often in dry periods, and in rainy ones, watering can be excluded altogether). Use the technique of watering "under the root" (the so-called watering in strips): surface irrigation can harm lilies. If necessary, top dressing can be applied along with irrigation.
In the first year of life, plants are rather weak. Therefore, to improve their development, remove all the buds: the lily will spend too much energy on flowering and, having weakened, will not be able to transfer the winter frosts. But on the second and third year after planting the plant will bloom profusely. Usually in the fourth year, the intensity of flowering decreases - this means that the culture needs feeding. Closer to the fifth year, the division of flowers and their transplantation.
Tip! Do not forget to create a support for lilies: under the weight of their own stems, these cultures often break.
Reproduction and transplanting lilies
Lilies are propagated by bulb separation. The procedure is done on the 4-5 year growth of lilies: the concentration of bulbous nests by this time is fraught with the cessation of flowering. The bulb of a lily is divided and carried out separate landing of each its part. Caring for transplanted bulbs requires the same as for plants in the first year of life. Under favorable conditions, divided bulbs will give flowering in a year.
Some varieties of lilies produce bulbs-kids. They are mounted just above the base of the main bulb. Such onions should be carefully separated and planted for growing. These plants will only bloom after 2-3 years after planting.
There is also a more complicated method of breeding lilies - with the help of scales. Small loose growths are carefully separated from the base of the mother bulb and planted in a special sand litter. If the scales were planted in the spring, then by the fall of them onions are formed.
Popular groups of lilies
Choosing lilies for planting in the country or in the yard of a private house, you should pay attention to the following groups of hybrid plants:
- Asiatic hybrid lilies. Unpretentious winter-hardy varieties, with cupped flowers of white, pink, orange, yellow, as well as multi-colored color.
- Candidum. These varieties are capricious to growing conditions. Flowers have a funnel-shaped or tubular shape, the color is snow-white or yellow. Unlike the previous group, the flowers of these varieties have a strong aroma.
- American hybrid lilies. The variety is well suited for breeding in central Russia. Differ in moderate demands on growing conditions. Flowers are stalky with pink or purple color and bright red speckles.
- Eastern hybrid lilies. Varieties are fairly resistant to external factors, but they are highly susceptible to viral and fungal diseases. Flowers of various shapes and colors. Suitable for breeding in the middle lane and southern regions of Russia.
Each of the four groups of lilies includes many varieties with similar characteristics. The group should be selected from the conditions of planting and climate in your area. Variety is determined solely at the discretion of the gardener.