This fragrant plant is probably known to many. Unpretentious in the care and fast-growing mint has beautiful spreading branches with foliage saturated green color. Gardeners and summer residents of this plant is well known, and sometimes it creates problems for them, because it grows very quickly in the area.
But not everyone knows that this plant can be grown at home. The hero of our article will be plechranthus (mint room). Care for him at home should be correct and timely. Only in this case, the plant will delight you with beauty and aroma.
Mint: plant description
Plektrantus is a decorative leafy plant. Quite often it is grown in hanging pots. Thin shoots densely covered with leaves. Plektranthus has many varieties, which in most cases are shrubs, not ampelous plants. In height, they reach 40 centimeters. On their little leaves various patterns and streaks are clearly visible. In contrast to the beautiful leaves, the mint flowers are rather inconspicuous.
Types of Plectrantus
In room floriculture, certain types of plectrantus are particularly popular.
Differs erect shoots, large leaves, reaching six centimeters in length. Named this species for its similarity with the popular indoor plant - Coleus.
It differs from the previous species by the absence of spots on the leaves. It got its name due to its rather impressive size. If you do not produce timely pruning, the bush can grow up to 60 cm. In addition, this mint has a special property - when it touches the shoots, it produces essential oils.
The upper part of the leaves of this mint is painted in a saturated green color, and their reverse side has a pinkish tint. The plant emits a faint aroma of camphor. Thanks to the beautiful leaf shape, this species is by far the most popular for indoor breeding. Potted mint Ertendal requires regular pinching shoots.
And this very small bush (no more than 30 cm) has thick and carved leaves. But he is only like this in an apartment. Under natural conditions, it is much larger.
Mint: useful properties
The main benefit of this plant is that it is an excellent sedative. In a stressful situation, a cup of mint tea will help calm down. Preparing it is easy: take your favorite tea (green or black). It is desirable that it be without impurities and any flavorings. To him add a sprig or leaves of mint. Fill them with boiling water and leave to infuse for ten minutes.
In ancient times, healers noticed that the juice of mint and pomegranate, mixed in equal proportions, relieves nausea. Modern scientists have come to the conclusion that this is due to the large number of binders and tannins in the mint. Japanese, Chinese and Arab healers used mint no less actively. She was prescribed for gynecological diseases, for diseases of the liver and bronchi.
If your house is decorated with natural wool carpets, and natural fur coats are stored in the closet, then room mint, the photo of which you see in the article, will become your indispensable helper in the fight against moths. In addition, the essential oils secreted by this plant purify the air and have a beneficial effect on the human nervous system.
Mint leaves will help to relieve itching and irritation after mosquito bites. But before applying a leaf to an irritated place, it is necessary to rinse and knead a little.
Mint room, the properties of which are already well studied, must be in the house where there is a child suffering from wet diathesis. The condition of the baby will facilitate mint leaves. Before they must be lubricated with sterilized vegetable oil.
Does room mint have any features compared to a garden bush? Caring for this plant is not difficult, but certain rules of the content must be observed.
As soon as you bring the plectrantus into the house, immediately transfer it to a larger pot. Most often in this case, use the method of transshipment, trying not to damage the earth lump. Repot the plant every year in spring. For plants older than five years it is allowed to transplant once every two years.
Mint is quite demanding on the composition of the soil. The following soil mix is ideal for it:
- turf - 2 parts
- humus - one part,
- leaf ground - 1 part,
- peat - 1/2 parts,
- sand - 1/2 parts.
It is desirable that the mixture you cooked was of medium density.
In the summer and in the spring, during active development, room mint needs top dressing. Fertilizers suitable for indoor plants are suitable for it. They are alternated every month - organic and mineral.
In order for the plant to quickly grow thick green mass, it needs abundant watering during the period of activity. Do not forget about the periodic spraying. Mint easily tolerates short-term drying of the soil, but this does not mean that you can regularly bring the soil to such a state.
From mid-autumn, watering is reduced to moderate, because at this time the pleckranthus is resting and gaining strength: a large amount of moisture is not required.
To mint has not lost its decorative, take care of good lighting. This plant needs a bright but diffused light. Southwest windows are best suited. Protect mint from direct sunlight. Leaves may burn.
In the summer, for the growth of plectrantus the optimum temperature is from +20 to +22 ° C, in winter it should be lowered to +15 ° C. At lower rates, mint can lose foliage.
This procedure is needed mint. It is held in the spring. Carefully inspect the shoots. Cut bare and weak branches in half. In addition, regular pinching of the branches is necessary, which will help to form a beautiful lush crown.
Even a newcomer to floriculture can do this job. Cut the stem cuttings and put them in a container with water, sand or wet soil. After two weeks, the roots will appear, and the seedlings can be transplanted into separate containers. Florists with experience recommend planting several cuttings in one pot. This will create a lush and beautiful bush.
Aromatherapy in a flower pot - plektrantus
Many faced with mint in their beds, it often begins to turn green on the site, like a weed. This botanist plant is called medicinal mint, because decoctions from its leaves and inflorescences are really useful in many diseases. The healing properties of Plectrantus are not so pronounced, it is more often grown for beauty and as a fresh additive to tea instead of peppermint.
The plant has a fresh mint flavor due to the presence of special glands in the leaves, which emit essential oils. You can grow at home several varieties plectrantus.
- The most common subtype is the so-called “molar tree”, whose height is about one meter. An evergreen tree will delight you with fresh shoots all year round.
- The second subtype is southern, known as Swedish or Scandinavian ivy. Creeping shoots of meter length give a similarity with ivy.
- Pleckrantus Ertendal. The latter is a green shrub whose shoots hang beautifully from a flowerpot.
The conditions of mint at home are not very burdensome. Make sure that the soil has enough organic and mineral fertilizers, and the soil itself is quite loose. Peppermint loves the light, but the light must be diffused. The leaves at room mint are pubescent, because she does not like spraying. If the water gets on the leaves or stems, then wait for the formation of stains. In this case, watering in the summer should be sufficiently abundant, and only in winter should reduce the amount of water.
Mint Plectrantus - Useful Properties
And although homemade mint can not boast of a therapeutic effect, the beneficial properties in the house from it in any case will be. In enclosed spaces, the bushes of an aromatic plant expel moths, mosquitoes, and flies. No wonder that in Russia room mint is also called flyworm.
By the way, the fragrance, which insects do not like so much, has a very beneficial effect on the human nervous system, which can also be called a therapeutic influence. With the help of fresh leaves in children, enuresis is treated, making fragrant bathrooms. For this you need a glass of fresh mint leaves for half a liter of boiling water. Bay leaves with boiling water should insist fragrant liquid for 45 minutes and then strain.
For the treatment of enuresis, children bathe in the bath with mint infusion diluted with water. In the bath with infusion, it is desirable to bathe your baby for half an hour in the evening before bedtime. It is important that the temperature was not higher than 29 degrees, and the infusion was prepared new each time. Mint is also used on the territory of Russia as a spice for hot or meat dishes. Just do not bend over the stick - with too large portions, an aromatic plant can give too strong a smell.
Mint Care - Features and Requirements
Mint feels great, being in a temperate climate, so the house has the best temperature for it - plus 20-24 degrees. But house mint does not like strong heat either, as well as cold - a plant can easily die from hypothermia. So, 10 degrees of heat is the minimum allowable temperature for it. But the plant is not afraid of humidity, but will not be able to live near the battery or in rooms with dry hot air.
It turns out that the best option for the growth of such a plant is a bright and warm room, moderate fertilization of the soil every two weeks and watering without spraying.
Also, the plant should be transplanted at least once every three years. As the soil you need to use a mixture of sod land and garden compost. Do not forget to regularly carry out such a procedure as pinching. This is done during the period of active growth and allows you to create a more fluffy bush. Old shoots are cut off - it is better to do this to rejuvenate the plant in February or early March. With proper pinching and pruning mint new shoots appear.
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But keep in mind, if the mint is not enough light, the shoots can wilt, and the leaves turn yellow. You may also encounter blackening or drying of the edges of the leaves - this is the result of inadequate feeding or improper watering. Failure to observe the temperature and supercooling can damage the roots, buds and leaves. But you should not be very afraid of pests, although the defeat of the whitefly, aphids or shields is possible. With proper care, the plant lives in pots for about 5 years, and multiplies successfully by grafting throughout the year. At the same time cuttings are easy to root in the water or in the wet sand.
Useful properties of room mint
Home mint, as well as garden has a healing effect. In addition, indoors, an aromatic plant expels moths, flies and mosquitoes (therefore, mint is also called a flyworm in Russia).
The aroma that this plant produces has a beneficial effect on the human nervous system. Fresh leaves are used in traditional medicine for the treatment of enuresis in children, making fragrant bathrooms. Take a glass of fresh leaves of the plant and pour them with boiling water (half a liter). Therapeutic fluid infused and filtered. The infusion is added to the bath for bathing the baby. It is important that the temperature does not exceed 29 degrees. Every time an infusion is required to cook fresh.
Mint is also used as seasoning. to meat dishes and roasts, the main thing is to keep the norm, so that the smell is not too strong. It is added to tea, as an excellent means to calm down in a stressful situation. It is desirable that the tea be without any flavorings or impurities.
Mixed in equal doses, the juice of mint and pomegranate relieves nausea. This is due to the presence of tannins and binders in the composition of mint.
Chinese, Japanese and Arabic healers actively use mint, prescribing it for diseases of the bronchi, liver and gynecological diseases.
The leaves of this plant help relieve irritation and itching after mosquito bites. Before you attach the leaf to the bite, it must be washed and kneaded.
Cool drinks with mint, giving a feeling of freshness on hot summer days, are an excellent tonic. You can’t imagine mint-free cough candies, as well as Mojito cocktail, eastern dolma, sauerkraut and printed gingerbread. Curly, long-leaved, apple mint gives spice and unique taste to dishes.
Planting home mint
The fate of the plectrantus depends on the correct fit. To mint easily adapted to new conditions, it is necessary to prepare a special soil for its growth.
The best option would be fertile soil with low acidity. The following mixture is ideal:
- 1 part of humus,
- 2 pieces of turf,
- one piece of leafy ground
- 1/2 parts - sand,
- 1/2 parts peat
Before filling the pot with earth, it is necessary to lay out the bottom of it with a drainage layer of three centimeters. As the drainage perfectly suitable expanded clay, small pebbles, small bricks. In order not to disturb the growth of the roots, the soil is not strongly tamped. Planting a plant, it must be watered.
Mint - fast-growing plantTherefore, choosing a pot, it is important to pay attention to its size. For the primary planting need an average pot. It will be enough for several years. The root system of the space will be enough to harden and grow.
When transplanting plants will need a pot two to three times the previous one. Such conditions must be observed every year. The pot should not be overly large, high and made of quality material.
Conditions of detention
Mint is very demanding on humidity. It is well tolerated by the neighborhood with a heater or with a battery in the presence of high humidity in the room.
To regulate the humidity, a plate with water is placed next to the flower or wet pebbles, moss or expanded clay are placed in the pan. It should be ensured that the pot does not touch its bottom with water in the pan.
Plentrantus should be watered often. In the summer, spray his leaves or pour them with water from a watering can. The land should not be washed out of the pot.
In winter, the plant is resting, so watering should be reduced to a minimum.
To grow and multiply to any plant, including house mint. requires a certain indoor temperatureIn summer and spring the optimum temperature is 22-26 degrees. If this norm is not observed, leaves from the lower part of the plant will begin to fall off intensively.
In the cold period, the temperature of the content should be reduced to 12 degrees.
At home, the best option would be the location of mint on the western or eastern windows. The southern side is strongly discouraged, since the direct rays of the sun can cause negative consequences, including burn of the leaves.
Mint loves diffused glare. With the onset of the warm season, it is advisable to take the plant to the balcony. It is important to protect the plant from drafts. Do not place plectrantus near air conditioners, air vents or balcony doors.
In winter, the plant needs additional lighting, so you may need a fluorescent lamp.
Plectrantus is fed with organic and mineral fertilizers, using them alternately. Liquid type of fertilizer for rapid absorption should be diluted with a small amount of water.
Mint spring pruning neededin which weak, bare branches are removed. For the formation of a beautiful crown of the plant twigs should be regularly pinned.
Flowering and reproduction
House mint begins to bloom in the summer. On the plant appear small spike inflorescences. Plectrantus blooms takes a lot of energy and strength from him, so it is recommended to cut flowers in time.
Young mint can grow from cuttings either from seed. But keep in mind that a plant from seeds may differ from the parent.
Plektrantus is a cross-pollinated plant, so it can interbreed with allied species. For confidence, it is best to propagate the plant vegetatively.
Cuttings must first be rooted in sand or water. When regrown roots get stronger, you need to take a small container or pot, put drainage on the bottom, fill in the soil and plant the plant.
Mint soil should be taken fatty, fertile and acidified, containing peat..
To destroy pathogens, before applying it is necessary to pour the soil with potassium permanganate, then with water and calcine. In this soil mixture the plant will grow quickly, as there are a lot of oils and other useful substances in it.
You can plant a plant in another way. In the autumn, dig a bush out of the open soil along with a lump. If it is large, divide it into pieces so that each of them has shoots with roots.
Before planting in a pot, should cut off the old shoots, оставив от корешка 5 см. Так растение быстрее приживется на новом месте. Новые почки появятся на кустах уже через две недели. В этот период мяту полезно подкормить раствором мочевины (на литр воды 1-2 грамма).
Вредители и болезни
Плектрантус довольно устойчивое к заболеваниям растение, однако, when it is grown there may be some complications:
- the root begins to rot, the leaves change color and fall off. To prevent this problem, you must follow the rules of irrigation and temperature,
- powdery mildew. This disease is characterized by the appearance of black and gray spots on the leaves. It helps to get rid of the disease spraying a solution of water with serum,
- pale leaves may be the result of direct sunlight,
- aphid, spider mite, whitefly shchitovka. Eliminate pests will help the soap solution or insecticides.
How to collect mint
Pinch off a mint bush harvest should be according to the rulesso as not to harm the plant. Leaves are taken from different places on the left and right, while leaving half a centimeter of the leaf sinus near the stem.
In place of the torn-off leaflets, young, new ones will appear very soon. Carefully collecting the crop, form a neat pretty bush and stimulate further growth of the plant.
Choosing a grade of homemade mint
The choice of mint varieties depends on the specific purpose.. What exactly it will be grown for: for use in cooking, for treatment or for homemade soap.
Varieties Plectrantus differ in the chemical composition of essential oils, in intensity of smell and in its shades:
- Curly mint - used in cooking,
- Apple - delicate, fragrant variety, without a bitter taste. Add to jams, compotes, jelly,
- field mint - ideal for tonic drinks
- long-leaf mint - useful for soap making and cosmetic connections.
The toxicity and beneficial properties of the plant
Mint - non-poisonous plant. This flower, by contrast, has many unusual beneficial properties.
Very often, plectrantus is used in cosmetology or for medical purposes. Its excellent qualities positively affect the nervous system, normalize sleep and mood.
It is recommended to drink tea with mint for colds. Allergic reaction may be contraindication.
Plektrantus has magical properties and attracts good luck and well-being to the house.
General culture information
The genus Mint includes about 250 representatives of evergreen herbaceous plants. The second name of the culture is Plectranthus, which is translated from Greek as “flower spur”, which is located at the base of the corolla. This genus belongs to the family Gubotsvetnye. The plant’s homeland is the tropics and subtropics of Africa, Asia, and Australia. Plektrantus belongs to ornamental plants, it can be a shrub 40 cm tall or half shrub. Mint is grown in the garden or in pots, from which the plants are hung. Even an inexperienced florist can handle breeding.
The mint has voluminous foliage, thin shoots, on which are oval matte and smooth leaves with a length of 5 to 10 cm with a clearly traced structure. Along the edges there are small notches. Potted mint has miniature flowers with 5 petals of pale color, their location is whorled with 8-10 pieces. Inflorescence in the form of an umbrella or a brush. Some gardeners clean the flowers so as not to disturb the decorative plants. Decorative mint blooms in the summer. Inside the fruit ripen 4 nuts.
Many signs of money are connected with plectrantus or room mint, therefore many are eager to acquire a plant in order to get rich.
The Use of Room Mint
Mint with good reason can be attributed to medicinal plants - it has many beneficial properties that makes her Melissa - lemon mint. The leaves of almost all varieties produce a characteristic strong odor, due to the production of essential oils by the plant glands, the evaporation of which has a beneficial effect on the body.
All types of pot mint are endowed with a number of useful properties:
- improve digestion,
- soothe the nerves
- promote free breathing
- get rid of child enuresis, if you take a bath with mint leaves,
- eliminate problems in the gynecological field,
- mitigate the itching of insect bites,
- decoction is used for colds,
- Peppermint juice in combination with pomegranate helps to get rid of nausea.
When treating ailments, the binding properties of the plant are used. Home mint provides invaluable benefits in disinfecting air, destroying harmful insects, including moths. One of the species was even called the molar tree.
From the leaves of mint boiled broth, which they drink in the cold season. In the heat, the mint mojito perfectly refreshes, and everyone knows the mint candies. Leaves can be added to a mug with black or green tea, used as a seasoning for meat and fish dishes.
Mint tea - a delicious and very healthy drink
Many in the apartments grow a bush Plectrant, the second name of which is the molar tree. Planted it to combat moths, which do not like the strong smell of essential oil. It is useful for headaches, sleep disorders, stands out at the slightest touch to the shoots. In nature it grows in Africa. The height of a houseplant can reach 1 m. Sawed oval leaves of a shrub plectrantus up to 5 cm long are slightly pubescent. Blue flowers grow ring-shaped throughout the spring. The plant needs timely pruning.
A molar tree needs regular and timely pruning.
This variety is intended to be excluded for interior decoration due to underdeveloped stems. Some growers compare this mint with ivy, although there is no external similarity. The peculiarity of this species is the absence of any smell from the plant. Shoots can grow up to 1 m. Round leaves shine brightly especially in sunlight.
Ampel Plectrantus was also called silver because of the characteristic coloring of toothed leaves. This shrub emits a strong fragrance that repels harmful insects. In order for the flowers to look attractive, you have to work hard. Indoor plant unpretentious, easy to survive a temporary lack of care.
It is also a fairly common variety of homemade mint, which differs from the rest with large leaves, the average length of which is not less than 6 cm. There is a border along their edge, giving them a decorative orientation, white spots may be present. The coleus-like shrub grows to a height of 1 m, and the shoots are tetrahedral. The fragrance emanating from the leaves is very strong.
Oak tree fragrant
This variety has a double name: thick leaves are very similar to the leaves of oak. They emit a strong menthol odor. A fragrant Plektranthus can have colorful leaves with amazing patterns. On large inflorescences are blue flowers.
It has caudex diameter up to 10 cm. On the white shoots are located the middle leaves, resembling a heart in shape. On the one hand, they are green, on the other - purple. The plant blooms in summer. During the rest of the leaves fall. This is one of the most unpretentious varieties of mint.
Khadienzis or Plectranthus felt
The shrub of a small size has rather large fleshy leaves about 10 cm long. You can often see villus on them - hence the name. Some subspecies have multi-colored leaves. Homeland plants - India, where it is widely used in food. At home, Plectrantus felt need good lighting.
Mona Lavender is considered to be the most beautiful variety of room mint because of the lavender color of flowers, which are interspersed with other colors.
The flowering period occurs in the winter. Homeland plants - South Africa. On the stems are leaves rich green with cloves. To bloom was abundant, you need to constantly pinch the plant.
Mona Lavender - the most beautiful variety of room mint
Mint growing at home
Mint is a relatively simple plant to grow and maintain. For breeding method is used breeding cuttings. There is another method of reproduction by dividing the bush, but it is not so popular. For successful breeding cuttings in the spring need to cut off the shoots to half and put them in the water. After the appearance of the roots in a couple of weeks, they should be seated in separate containers. The land is necessarily fertile. Sometimes several seedlings are placed in one bitter place. They should ensure regular watering so that the reproduction of the Plectranthus cuttings is successful.
Care mint room
Care for homemade mint is necessary as well as for its counterpart in nature. She needs a lot of sun. But it is best to put the pot not on the south side, but on the east or west side, so that there is a slight darkening. Excessive light can cause the plant to wilt. In winter, you will need artificial lighting. Fresh air should always reach mint, in the summer you can safely put the pot on the balcony.
One of the important components of home care for plectranthus is watering. A lot of water is needed during flowering. The need for it is felt by the dryness of the soil. The moisture on the surface of the flower evaporates quickly, so additional spraying will not interfere. Drafts should be avoided. You need to know that mint grows quickly, because of this you need to change pots often, transplanting is not more often than 1 time in 3 years. Ideal soil composition:
Mint does not need constant fertilizer. From time to time it is possible to add organic matter and inorganic fertilizers in turn. When caring for plectrantus at home, you need to know that the roots of the plant can rot, leaves change color. Powdery mildew is also likely. Prophylactic treatment with insecticides does not hurt.
Botanical description of the plant
The homeland of house mint is the shores of the African Limpopo, known since childhood about the works of Korney Chukovsky. It was there that the Pleckranthous plant was first found and quickly spread first in India and on the islands of the Pacific Ocean as far as Japan, and then conquered the rest of the continents. In the countries of northern Europe, it even received the name of Swedish ivy, and in Russia, many people know it as a molar tree.
All plants are evergreens, but depending on the species they are grass, dwarf shrubs or shrubs. The tetrahedral stem, like the surface of the leaves, can be smooth or covered with a multitude of small delicate fibers.
The fastening of the leaves to the branches is cruciform. The identical feature of different types of home mint is the jagged edges of the leaves, but the shape is oval, heart-shaped or round (it once reminded contemporaries of a spur, therefore the plant is also called sporeflower). Coloring - from different tones of green to two colors with the participation of white or beige.
Plektranthus blooms with small flowers of white, lilac or pink hues. Cups in the form of bells are combined into wreath or umbrella inflorescences.
All types of plectrantus when touched emit a mint smell of different saturation. The most common of them - coleus, bush, Ertendal and Hadienzis.
Where should I plant in the house?
Plektrantus - a plant that does not tolerate direct sunlight on their leaves, the consequences after that are different, for example, the burn of leaves. Therefore, when choosing a location for plant location, it is better not to consider the southern side of the house; a good option would be to place a flower in the east, west or south-west side of the dwelling.
Room humidity and watering plants (seasonal features)
Room mint is very demanding of air humidity, if the room has high humidity, the mint tolerates the neighborhood with the battery, heater and other heating appliances.
A glass of water next to the plectrant water to create a comfortable level of humidity
Also to regulate the humidification of the air, next to the flower you can put a plate with water, or you can place wet pebbles, expanded clay or moss in the plant tray. In such a case, make sure that the pot doesn’t touch the water in the pan.
Plecrantus is a hydrophilic plant, despite this, it should be watered only when the top layer of the soil dries out.
Plektrantus, with the advent of heat, you need to water more often. In the summer, it is advisable to carry out various kinds of water treatments for the flower, namely, to spray the leaves or pour water from the watering can (the main thing is to ensure that the soil is not washed out of the pot).
In winter, the pleckranth is resting, therefore need to reduce watering to a minimum.
Soil and fertilizer
For plectrantus it is important so that the soil was fertile, high-quality and with minimal acidity. If desire arises, you can prepare the soil for the flower yourself. To do this you need (in the appropriate ratio of 2: 1: 1: 0.5: 0.5): turf, humus, leaf soil, sand and peat.
The main thing is to prepare the soil of medium density.
For mint fertilizer, you should choose a special feed for indoor plants, and use it alternately with feedings, which include mineral and organic substances.
Choosing a Mint Pot
Peppermint treat fast-growing plants. Therefore, when choosing a pot, it is very important to pay attention to its size. After purchase, it must be transplanted into a new pot, which will be of medium size. This size pot, to strengthen and develop the root system of the plant, should be enough for a couple of years.
When it will be 2 years after the first transplant, it is necessary to transplant a flower into a new pot every year, the main thing is that it should be 2-3 times larger than its predecessor.
Diseases and pests
Despite the fact that the plant is disease-resistant, it can cause some complications when growing it:
- root starts to rot, leaves can change color and fall off. To prevent such a problem, follow the instructions for watering and temperature conditions,
- spots of gray or black on leaves (powdery mildew). Solving the problem will help spraying the plant with a solution of serum in water (3: 1 ratio),
- pale leaves. Preventing the problem - avoid direct sunlight,
- spider mite, whitefly, scythe and aphid. Insecticides or soap solution will help to eliminate (wash each leaf).
Is it possible, how and when to trim
Since the Plektrankus develops rapidly, its shoots need to necessarily and timely trim. It is recommended to carry out this procedure almost under the base. This is necessary so that it has more strength for further development.
Better pruning in the spring. At the same time, it is necessary to take into account the condition of the shoot, long, weak and bare, can be cut only by half.
How to transplant a flower, walkthrough
From time to time indoor plants it is necessary to replace. This is due to various reasons.
Mint transplantation is best done in the spring (March), before the plant begins to grow.
Walkthrough for proper transplant:
- choose new pot (several times larger than the previous one)
- set the stage for transplanting (evenly moisten),
- well wet the ground, to take out an earthy ball and not damage the roots,
- to the bottom of the new pot put drainageand sprinkle with earth
- insert the plant into the pot and cover it with earth (so that there are no cavities left with air and 2 cm up to the top of the pot),
- Little press the ground around,
- plenty of water.
How does a room breed?
Mint propagates by cutting method:
- It is necessary to pinch a few stalks from the plant and put them in water (Shoots must be cut in such a way that several internodes are present).
- As soon as our stem takes root, it can be planted in a pot.
- All components must be mixed in a ratio of 1: 2: 1: 1.
- After this capacity is necessary cover with glass.
- The first roots can be seen after about 1 week. As soon as the roots are up to 3 centimeters in length, the stalk can be transplanted into the ground.
Pleckrantus does not belong to the group of poisonous. On the contrary, biologically active substances formed by it, purify the air in the room from microorganisms, help to tidy up the nervous system, get rid of migraines, improve sleep.
What are the beneficial properties of mint?
Useful properties of room mint:
- soothing effect
- remedy against moths
- cleans the air, calms the nerves,
- leaves relieve itching and irritation after insect bites,
- helps to cope with diseases (cough, throat, runny nose, infectious diseases, bronchial asthma, flatulence).
What types are common for home breeding
At room dilution, several varieties of plelectrant are used:
- Coleuriform. Straight shoots, large spotted leaves. Looks like a houseplant - coleus.
- Shrub. Named for impressive size (60 cm). The leaf releases essential oils from just one touch.
- Pleckrantus Ertendal. The most popular type for indoor breeding. Feature - in the color of the leaves (green top, bottom pink) and the smell of camphor.
Signs and superstitions
Plektrantus lures happiness, well-being and financial stability into the house, so it can be called a “money bush” Also, some species of this plant protect their owners from insomnia and eliminate unnecessary thoughts. Such popular superstitions make plectranthus a good psychologist, free and accessible to everyone.
Благодаря информации полученной после прочтения этой статьи, вы узнали, как ухаживать и выращивать комнатную мяту в домашних условиях, удостоверились в ее полезных свойствах, и узнали некоторые приметы связанные с ней.
Необходимые условия для выращивания
Despite the fact that the plant’s birthplace is subtropic, and therefore the best conditions for its development are a lot of heat, light and high humidity, it survives well in countries with a cold climate. In summer, a temperature of 16–25 ° C is sufficient for it, and in winter - not less than 14–16 ° C. As noted above, plectranthus is especially popular in Scandinavia, where it is grown in most homes. Fragrant bushes unpretentious, care for them does not require a lot of time and effort. For the creation of optimal conditions, the plant will thank for its rapid growth, but it will endure patiently and not the best of times.
Location and lighting
The best location for a molar tree is the window sill on the southwest side of the house. Here, the amount of diffused light will be sufficient for him, and the flower does not like direct sunlight, it reacts with yellowing and leaf fall.
In winter, the ideal option is to extend the daylight with a conventional or special plant lamp.
Mint loves warm and humid air. In summer, when the growth of an ampelous flower is most intense, it needs to replenish moisture reserves not only from irrigations: if the temperature in a room with mint is 22 ° C and higher, spraying with standing water without chlorine should be carried out once a day.
Well, if you can place the plant next to the aquarium or other water tank.
The land consisting of humus, turfy and leafy soil, taken in one part, with the addition of river sand, and peat in half of each part, is best suited for growing plectranthus.
Peppermint grows well on loose soils, in which air easily gets to the roots. Perlite additive will help to adjust the soil moisture and make it more airy.
The need for watering
The principle of watering - respect for the sense of proportion: the earth should be moist, but not flooded. In the summer it is watered daily, in the winter - every few days. With prolonged desiccation of the soil, plectrantus buds fall off, with frequent overflows - there is a risk of roots rotting.
Any purchased fertilizers for flowering indoor or hardwood plants in the spring and summer are made monthly.
You can simply alternate the addition of any organic matter with complex mineral feed.
Trimming and Pinching
To grow a beautiful and lush pleckranthus of any type, every spring you need to carry out a careful pruning, carefully inspecting the shoots and removing the weak and bare of them half the length. After they grow back, they pinch the tops a bit - the mint will be bushy and healthy.
House mint reproduces easily and simply:
- rooting stem cuttings, which are cut to a length of about 10 cm and placed in water or any wet substrate. The roots grow quickly, after a couple of weeks, the seedlings can be transplanted to a permanent place of growth. During spring pruning, a lot of breeding material is usually formed by apical grafting,
- when transplanting by dividing the bush. In the first 3-5 years, young Plectrantus transplanted once a year, adult bushes - as needed. The root system of home mint is powerful enough, so the capacity for seating should be taken roomy.
Homemade mint can be grown from seed. This method is more time consuming and requires compliance with the temperature regime. Seeds for seedlings are purchased in specialized stores.
In April-May, they are laid out on a wetted substrate, pressing in slightly, but not sprinkling the soil on top. For germination need a temperature of 20-24 ° C. After a week, they begin to conduct moderate but constant watering, and after a month they plant sprouts in separate pots.
Possible difficulties in growing
Compliance with the rules of growing plectranthus almost guarantees its healthy and lush growth. If the mint is for a long time in adverse conditions, it suffers:
- in direct sunlight, the leaves fade and fade,
- a long stay in the cold (at temperatures below 12-16 ° C) with excessive moisture leads to yellowing and fall of foliage,
- the pest attack also causes a sluggish and painful look of bushes,
- in the cold season, when water stagnates, there is a risk of rotting of the roots,
- in summer in the heat, even with regular watering when wilting the leaf cover, daily spraying of green mass is necessary,
- the lack of light at an insufficiently high temperature can also cause loss of foliage, and flowering simply will not occur.
Not every plant can boast of decorativeness, health benefits, application in everyday life and at the same time - unpretentiousness in care. This is exactly the mint pleckranthus, which will thank for its attention to itself with a stormy “waterfall” of beautiful greenery.