Tulips - this is the very first garden culture, which will delight with its beauty in the spring. But if you want to grow a magnificent flower garden every year, do not forget to provide them with proper care.
Tulip Transplant - an important component for this.
How to transplant tulips? This question can be answered by anyone with similar experience.
In this process it is necessary to adhere to a number of certain rules and patterns, and the planting will be successful and the bulbs and, consequently, rare varieties will also be preserved.
Transplanting is necessary for all tulips, because the size of the flower depends on it, the germination process. It contributes to:
- fertilizer soil,
- removal of infected or diseased tubers to preserve the whole plant,
- changing the habitat of the flower,
- separation of babies for normal growth,
- sizing bulbs.
Tulip care after flowering - contributes to the formation of strong bulbs for a successful transplant
After the plant has faded it is necessary to water it for 2 weeks every day. Adjust the amount of moisture so that the ground is soaked by 35-40 cm, because the root system is not adapted to absorb moisture from the deep layers of the soil.
It is necessary to feed the flower with mineral fertilizers with potassium and phosphorus. This is necessary for the formation of babies, flakes replacing the bulb. Pour water into the selected container and add about 30 g of fertilizer, mix thoroughly. We water according to the scheme of 10 l / m ².
It is necessary to remove the seed boxes and the withered flower, as they take nutrients and do not allow the bulb to form normally.
Transplant tulips after flowering
After flowering tulips come a period of peace. It starts in different ways, depending on the type of plant. But the average varies from late May to mid-July. At this time, gardeners and gardeners stop watering flowers until the stems and leaves have dried.
Transplant consists of some stages:
- digging out tulips
- calibration and culling,
- basic drying,
- preparation for planting,
- cooking place
- planting tulip bulbs.
You can start digging up tulips when the leaves have turned yellow, the stems have softened and they have faded. We dig in with a pitchfork and try to make it far away in order to protect the flower from damage. Then gently pull the plant from the ground and make sure not to leave some part of it.
Dried tulip bulbs
Extracted bulbs fold in the selected container. We put the bulbs and babies to dry in a dry and warm place and always under the roof so as not to get sunburn.
After 3 days they have dried up enough and you can remove the leaves, pruning long roots. shake off the ground.
After cleaning, you can proceed to calibration. First of all, we choose the largest bulbs, of which the strongest and largest tulips will appear next year. Then choose the average. Children are planted separately and will not bloom in a year.
Inspect and throw away all the sick lukichiki. Usually they have longitudinal strips. Once laid out and distributed into separate boxes, you can put to dry until autumn.
How and when to replant tulips in the soil
The main criterion is the onset of cold weather. If the soil has become cool, the tulips take root and will not grow to frost.
Before transplanting it is necessary to prepare the soil.
For this it is important:
- not flooded area under the influence of snow melting in the spring, if there is no suitable place, then it is advisable to slightly raise the bed by pouring earth,
- the site should be located in a sunny place and protected from the wind,
- apply fertilizer to the ground: humus, crushed grass and ash (if acidic soil).
The children are transplanted first, as they need more time to do it. And after 10 days, you can safely plant medium and large bulbs. We plant them on different beds and the appropriate depth. After planting, the bulbs are covered with grass or leaves to protect against frost.
Many people ask themselves: when can you repot tulips and is it possible during flowering? They can be transplanted, but the flower you can not save. To do this, follow these rules or you will not get a good result:
- plant to dig with a lump of soil and without damaging the roots,
- cut the flower and leave the stem with 2 leaves,
Planting tulips in the fall
Bulbs before planting need to soak in a solution of potassium permanganate for half an hour. Carefully inspect for mold. If you find it, you must thoroughly wash it and assess the degree of damage.
For children in beds we create furrows of about 1 meter, at a distance of 15 centimeters and a depth of 7 meters. We put the bulbs after 5 centimeters each and throw them on the ground. A large and medium tulips planted in a flower bed. We make it about 50 * 50, in order to include 15 colors.
We dig a hole, pour sand and earth into it, and then install the bulbs.
If you grow these wonderful flowers, do not forget to replant them. As a result, in a year you will get gorgeous flowers with a heady aroma.
Tulips can be transplanted in the spring when they didn’t have time or failed to do it in the fall. To do this, you need to store the bulbs at a temperature of +5 degrees and arrange in packets to protect from moisture. We plant in the heated earth up to +8 degrees to a depth of 10 cm. With this you can not hesitate, since they should bloom in spring. Rooting bulbs take about a month, so try to correctly calculate the time.
Flower care after planting
With the onset of the spring thaw, the first shoots appear. This happens around the end of March and the beginning of April. In order for them to grow well, it is necessary to properly care for them:
- we remove all the material with which the plant was covered for faster warming up of the earth,
- show special care to diseased plants. It becomes noticeable on underdeveloped sprouts,
- around the flower you need every day to loosen the ground for a better supply of nutrients to the roots,
- Moderate watering is needed before flowering, as diseases can develop. But as soon as the buds appeared, you need to boldly increase the amount of moisture,
- must necessarily feed up bore to improve their growth and qualities.
Application in landscape design
Thanks to these flowers you can create bright and colorful compositions. Most commonly used are: kinds:
- Darwin hybrids,
- Green Flowers,
- Fringed and others.
Usually they are planted in groups in flowering time: early, medium and late. Pick up in size and height. To get a wonderful composition they are usually planted in small beds or a path on a green lawn. They are the most sought-after flowers that are planted in all significant places.
When can I repot tulips
It is difficult to name the exact dates of transplanting tulips. Often these subtleties depend more on the characteristics of the plant variety itself. But nevertheless, there is an optimal time period when the plant will be applied in the earth in the best way - this is autumn (from the first decade of September to the first decade of October).
A plant planted during this period of time will have time to firmly root in the ground, prepare properly for wintering and enter the flowering phase in time.
But, unfortunately, an autumn transplant is not always possible. Many are interested in the question: is it possible to repot tulips in the spring? Gardeners give a rather twofold answer to this question. I guess, yes. But it is necessary to act with the utmost care, with extremely careful handling of bulbs.
Attention! With the spring transplant of tulips should not wait for flowering plants in time. In addition, with greater probability we can say that the plant may grow not so beautiful and lush flowering. But with the right approach, the result will be positive.
It is worth noting that the spring planting is best carried by those tulips that “experienced” winter in special containers. Thus, it is possible to carry out transplantation as efficiently as possible, practically eliminating the possibility of damage to flower bulbs.
When is the transplant possible?
In order to understand the expediency of transplanting tulips, it is necessary to begin to find out in what cases it is generally necessary to carry out a similar procedure, because this plant can quite easily “live” in one place for up to 4 years.
So, the first and quite natural reason for a tulip transplant can be a long period of stay in one place (longer than 4 years). The second reason for transplantation (and, urgent) may be the absence or insufficient flowering of the plant or the deformation of its flower petals. Such "symptoms" indicate the defeat of a plant by pests, or that the soil did not quite fit the tulip.
Transplantation in the spring, of course, is not the most desirable, but when there is no way out or the circumstances, it is important to know how to do it correctly. So, first you need to select the most beautiful and healthy bulbs and plant them in a container with prepared soil. Select the capacity very carefully: its depth should not exceed 15 cm. The transplant process is best done by the end of April.
When planting bulbs, try to keep a minimum distance of 3 cm between them. After planting, be sure to sprinkle them with a layer of earth a few centimeters and pour them gently. When the first shoots appear, you can plant the plant in the open ground.
As for the autumn planting, then, as already mentioned, this is the most benign option for tulips. So, begin transplanting approximately by mid-July. By this time, the scales on the bulbs will turn brownish. Try not to be late, otherwise the plant will begin to take root, and then the transplant process will become much more difficult. Leave the dug bulbs dry either in fresh air or in a well-ventilated area.
At the beginning of autumn, dry bulbs must be thoroughly cleaned from husks and dry stems, held in weak potassium permanganate to protect against pests and diseases, dried and planted in the ground.
Remember, the transplanting area should be practically windless and sufficiently lit. The soil must be fertilized on the eve of planting.
That, in principle, is all you need to know about the intricacies of transplanting tulips to a new place. Good luck!
Features of the spring transplant
Gardeners are advised not to engage in transplanting in the spring: the bulb will have little time to settle down. The answer to the question of whether it is possible to repot tulips in the spring before the onset of constant heat and hope for their flowering is simple. There are some tricks to do this:
- The onion is not removed from the ground, so as not to damage the overgrown roots, but is dug out with a clod of earth and transferred to a new place,
- in the second variant, the bulbs are dug out and prepared for transplanting in summer, and in winter they are planted in a large plastic or metal container (at least 15 cm deep), in the spring, when sprouts appear directly in the container, they are planted in a selected place.
If there is an opportunity, then it is better to transplant in the fall, it will be much less stressful for the plant and the probability of success will increase significantly.
Autumn is the time when tulips can be transplanted from one place to another with the least risk of damage to plants.
It is optimal to carry out a transplant 3-4 weeks before the first frost, then the bulb will not have time to germinate, but will have time to take root well and will be ready for the winter.
For the middle band this time corresponds to the period from the second decade of September to the first decade of October, for the southern regions - until the end of October. In the northern latitudes, it is better not to risk and make a transfer in early September.
The best soil and place for tulips
Tulips prefer neutral or slightly alkaline, well-permeable soil.. They withstand a small drought well, but do not tolerate excessive moisture (the likelihood of bulbs rotting and fungal diseases increases).
With a lack of light, the stems are bent and stretched. Therefore, the best tulip will feel in a well-lit, quiet, closed from drafts place. If it is not possible to remove excess moisture from the site, it is worth making a high flower bed.
When preparing the site it is necessary to fertilize the soil. For this purpose, well cured manure, wood ash, compost, mineral fertilizers (saltpeter, carbamide, nitro or ammophoska) will be suitable.
The composition and amount of fertilizer applied depends on the initial fertility and acidity of the soil.
Preparation for transplantation begins with harvesting the bulbs. They are dug up after flowering is completely over, and the tulip leaves start to turn yellow. Extracted bulbs are sorted - discarded old, sick and defective.
Then they are thoroughly washed and dried in a warm, well-ventilated place without sunlight (ultraviolet light has a detrimental effect on the bulbs).
The temperature should be no more than 30 ° С (optimally from 20 ° С to 24 ° С), and the humidity should not exceed 70%. Drying takes about 1 month. From dried onions, scales and root residues are carefully removed. If it is too early for planting, then they can be stored in a dry cool place for several months.
Further care of the flower bed is periodic watering in the absence of rain and covering it with mulch (pine needles, sawdust, hay) to protect against winter frost. Tulips are undemanding and unpretentious, rarely get sick and are attacked by pests. A small amount of attention that they need is a transplant every 1-2 years. The joy of the first "real" spring flowers is worth the small hassle.
When is a transplant necessary?
Tulips must be transplanted in the following cases:
- it grows too long in one place
- despite the care, the tulip does not bloom,
- the flower has bloomed, but its petals are uneven and deformed.
If a flower grows in one place for a long time, even if it is fertilized and fertilized, the earth will still be exhausted. And if your flower grows 4-5 years in one place, and you have never transplanted it, it's time to do it.
If the flower does not bloom, although leaves from the ground appear, this is also a signal that it is time to repot the tulip. The fact is that the layer of the earth over time becomes more dense, and air reaches the roots of the plant poorly. The land is deteriorating due to irrigation with hard water, due to mineral fertilizers, and also because the roots of plants emit carbon dioxide. As a result of all these components, the tulip lacks nutrients, and it responds to this by lack of flowering.
The need for an urgent transplant is indicated by the deformation of the petals on the flower. If the petals have irregular edges, if the flowers of the tulip become smaller and smaller, or the bud that appears does not bloom, but turns yellow, this is a signal that the bulb should be transplanted to a new fertile place.
When is it better to replant tulips
It is preferable to transplant tulips in the fall, because the bulb must have time to adapt to the transplant, get stronger for the coming wintering, and not have time to germinate, otherwise frost will ruin the shoots.
It is rather difficult to specify the specific date and month of the autumn transplant of tulips, not only because our country consists of several climatic zones. In each of them, the real autumn comes at a different time. For example, in Siberia, frosts can begin as early as the end of August, and in the south of the Primorsky Territory, especially at the seaside, the positive temperature persists until the end of October.
However, the time of transplantation depends on the tulip variety, on its preferences and characteristics of the plant. It is believed that the autumn transplant is preferable to carry out from about September 10 to October 10-15. If the bulbs are planted in this time period, they will have time to root normally, and in the spring they will bloom luxuriously.
Is it possible to repot tulips in spring before flowering
The question of whether it is possible to repot tulips in the spring, before flowering, has always been controversial. However, sometimes for some reason it is simply impossible to transplant the flower in the fall, and you have to postpone the transplant in the spring.
This, in principle, is quite permissible under certain conditions. However, we immediately note that the tulips, planted in the spring, will bloom much later than those transplanted in the autumn. And the flowering will be less decorative.
Of course, it is preferable to transplant tulips in the spring before they begin to bloom. It is advised to do this before the beginning of April. However, you must consider the spring frosts, which can be quite strong.
In order for a flower to endure a transplant normally, you should follow some rules:
- only strong, healthy bulbs should be replanted, on which there should be no stains, rot or other damage,
- in April, the selected bulbs should be planted in plastic containers, containers or pots 12-15 cm deep,
- the bulbs should be planted at a distance of 4-5 cm from each other, sprinkled with earth and water,
- после того, как появятся ростки (недели через две), их можно пересаживать в открытый грунт.
In this case, the plant will not need to adapt, quickly begin to grow and bloom. You can plant the bulbs in open ground, and you can dig a container or pots directly into the ground. In this case, the tulips will be much easier to transplant to another place if necessary.
In any case, the transplant must be completed before the end of June. Otherwise, the flower will not have time to properly take root and prepare for winter, having accumulated the necessary nutrients.
If you intend to immediately transplant your tulips in the open ground, then watch the weather. The ground at a depth of 10 cm should warm up to 10 degrees - at about this time the bulbs should be transplanted.
In addition, tulips are divided into early and late varieties. Planting time also depends on this - early varieties can be planted earlier, but later ones like more warmed up soil.
However, spring transplantation of tulips into the open ground should be done only if the plant has not bloomed. Then you should dig up the flowers together with a big lump of earth, and transplant them to a permanent place. This procedure is best done in June.
How to transplant tulips during flowering
Transplanting tulips during flowering is highly undesirable, the bulb is inhibited as a result of development, and you simply break the life cycles of the flower. Even if he does not die, such a transplantation will definitely have an effect on the growth and further flowering of the tulip. It is desirable to do without it.
If, nevertheless, for some reason it is necessary to repot your tulips during the flowering, then try to dig them up with the lump of soil possible, and water it abundantly after planting.
How to prepare the bulb for transplanting
Planting material - this is the most important conditions for good growth, development and flowering of tulips. Therefore, the bulb dug for transplant should be taken very carefully.
Immediately, we note that digging up the bulbs for the subsequent autumn transplant follows when the tulips have completely bloomed and have lost all the petals. As a rule, this is the end of June - the beginning of July. The bulbs should already be slightly yellow. Dig the bulbs in a warm dry day.
After the bulbs are removed from the ground, they should first be rinsed with running water, then put in a shade for several hours to dry. When the bulbs are completely dry, they should be carefully examined in time to discard planting material with stains, rot, or damaged by insects. Such bulbs should be destroyed.
You should not leave only the largest bulbs - medium tulip bulbs grow large planting material, while the largest bulbs, on the contrary, increase smaller bulbs. This leads to degeneration of the variety.
Also, you shouldn’t plant very small onions, whose diameter does not reach 2 cm. They don’t grow children, or children are very small. The optimal size of planting material is 2.5 - 3 cm in diameter. It is from them that the largest flowers are formed.
After the bulbs have dried out and you have examined them, selecting the best ones, they should be held for about an hour to disinfect in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. After that, the onions should also be dried in the shade, avoiding direct sunlight.
Then the bulbs should be placed in a dry and relatively cool place, where sunlight does not fall. There they will “ripen” and wait for the fall when they are landed in a permanent place. The room should be ventilated, but drafts should be avoided. Also, the humidity in the room should not be very high - no more than 70%.
Planting conditions, preparation for transplantation
Towards the middle of autumn (it must be remembered that in each region, the time of planting your bulbs) should dig up the soil at the place of planting of the bulbs, and remove weeds from there. Tulip bulbs prefer a light, loose and nourishing soil. Ready-made complex fertilizers should be added to the soil - they will provide the bulbs with everything necessary.
For planting ripe bulbs should choose a dry warm windless day.
Transplant process (step by step instruction)
Tulip transplants are as follows:
- immediately before planting the bulb, it is advisable to treat it once more with a solution of potassium permanganate,
- closer to the time of planting, you need to dig the soil and apply fertilizer there. From the moment of digging the garden where the tulips will be planted, several days should pass until the planting,
- the soil should be dug about 10 cm deep. For large bulbs, pits can be made deeper; for shallow ones, on the contrary, a little smaller. Between the holes there should be a distance of not less than 10 and not more than 15 cm. Your colors should not be cramped,
- the wells before planting the bulbs should be well shed with water and wait until it is completely absorbed into the ground,
- the bulbs should be carefully put in the tail with their tails up and sprinkled with earth,
- from above the earth buried bulbs should be watered again with warm water,
- gently rake the surface of the soil.
Reasons for a transplant
Tulips are able to grow normally in the designated area for 3-4 years. But sometimes a situation arises when tulips are required to replant ahead of time. The reason may be a weak flowering of the culture or its absence. Also, flowering can begin in a timely manner, but the inflorescences, buds and petals are not able to change for the better. This is usually associated with a violation of the chemical composition of the soil, high acidity, the presence of pests or diseases.
Another transplant of summer tulips may be required due to the appearance of a thick flower garden or the growth of flowers when you need to propagate your favorite plants. In addition, it is an excellent measure for the prevention of the appearance of diseases and insect pests, which makes it possible to transplant already diseased cultures away from those that are still healthy.
When to transplant
Summer residents are always concerned with the question of how often to replant tulips, so as not to harm their health. This procedure can not be carried out during the flowering period and before it starts. Tulip transplantation to another place, carried out in late autumn, when frosts are already observed, is still harmful.
It is advisable to plan an event 3 weeks (or even 1 month) before the expected snowfall, have time to hold it until mid-October (relevant for the middle zone), complete all work before the end of September (if growing is carried out in the northern region). It is better to transplant at the moment when the culture has faded and began to turn yellow, and the temperature of the earth at a depth of 10 cm is at least +8 ° C.
If you decide to replant flowers in spring or autumn, you need to know about the pros and cons of each period.
Spring works are undesirable, but if there is no choice, they should be held at the end of April. The most gentle option for the tulip is to move to another place in the autumn. At this time, the bulb scales are already acquiring a brown color. It is also important to have time to transplant tulips on the site in the fall before they begin to take root.
Digging should be done in the middle of summer. Being late with deadlines is fraught with the appearance of roots in tubers. Carried out during rooting digging can harm the health of the whole plant. In order for the bulb and its children not to get hurt, it is better to work with a pitchfork, not a shovel. Dug plants need to be cleaned from soil fragments.
Drying and sorting
Planting material should dry out. For drying, it is placed in a dry and ventilated room (without drafts) and at the same time warm (+ 20–24 ° C). Humidity should not exceed 70%. Usually the process takes 3-4 weeks.
Next, the bulbs are cleaned of scales and old roots. It is necessary to sort them by decomposing small and large ones separately, as well as removing damaged and weak copies.
The choice of location and soil
At the dacha selects a place that will not be flooded after the snow melts. Sometimes you have to pour soil in order to raise the garden bed. To prepare the soil, ground grass, high-quality humus and ash (if the acidity is above the norm) are introduced into it.
Before planting, all the selected material must be processed, for which a solution of potassium permanganate or garlic is used. Such an event is aimed at protecting the bulbs from a possible attack of pests. You can also use special antifungal drugs (for example, "Maxim"). If you use a solution of garlic or potassium permanganate, soak in it bulbs need half an hour - an hour.
Sand is poured into the hole before planting, and then the onion is placed vertically. The temperature of the earth during this period should be about +10 ° C. The depth of the landing pit is normally three times as high as the height of each specimen and not less than 10 cm. Then the ground is placed into the hole, into which the wood ash is added. Between the holes you need to keep a distance of 10 cm.
So that large plants do not shade small ones, they should be planted in the center, and others along the edge. Children who do not bloom this year, and will increase the size, usually put on a separate garden bed. Then the ground is tamped, the landings are mulched with sawdust or pine needles, and also covered for the winter in those regions where it is needed.
If it rains rarely, it will be necessary to carry out periodic watering of flowers, which cease with the onset of frosts. To sprout faster, if in the autumn period mulching was carried out, then in the spring the material should be removed. Then the ground after the snow melt can warm up in the shortest possible time.
When sprouts appear, you need to remove those that could not germinate, or have signs of disease.
Be sure to spend loosening, allowing you to saturate the roots of plants with oxygen. This is done after each rain or watering. For tulips harmful drying or overwetting the earth.
With the advent of the first fragile shoots required to feed the flowers with nitrogen. Further fertilizing is optional, but if you wish, you can feed your favorite tulips with a ready-made mineral complex. When the first buds appear, it is recommended to re-introduce nitrogen- and phosphorus-containing supplements into the soil. After flowering, flowers should be fertilized with preparations that contain enough potassium and phosphorus.
Care after transplant
After planting, the bulbs require care. From that. how well you will care for the bulbs depends on their flowering for the next season, as well as how easily they will endure the winter frosts.
Care after planting should be as follows:
- the surface of the area where the bulbs are planted should be slightly tamped,
- before the onset of frost bulbs need to be watered periodically. After frost watering should stop immediately
- the ground should be covered with dry foliage for the winter. sawdust or pine needles. This will allow the bulbs to winter without danger of freezing.
Tulip care after germination
After that. as in the spring you will see the first shoots, it is necessary to loosen the soil near them in order to provide oxygen to the roots. This should be done after each watering.
Moisturize young plants should be moderate, not allowing neither overflow nor overdrying of the soil. Water for irrigation should not be cold.
After the emergence of seedlings, they should be fed with nitrogenous fertilizers necessary for the plant to form foliage and flowers. The same fertilizer should be applied to the soil after the appearance of buds. And the last time to feed the tulips should be after flowering of potassium-phosphorus fertilizer.
If you do it right, beautiful flowering and strong bulbs will not keep you waiting.