Author: Listieva Lily September 13, 2016 Category: Garden Plants
Plant Campsis (Latin Campsis), or Bignonia - tree deciduous liana family Bignonievyh, large thermophilic plant with bright flowers. The scientific name of the flower Kampsis received from the Greek word meaning to twist, bend, bend. Some amateur gardeners believe that kampsis and tekma, or tekomariya - the same thing, but it is not: these plants really belong to the same family, but represent different genera. The Kampsis family includes only two species, one of which has been cultivated in European parks since the 17th century.
Planting and care for Kampsis (in brief)
- Landing: in the middle or in the second half of May.
- Bloom: from June to September.
- Lighting: bright sunlight or partial shade.
- The soil: water and breathable, loose, fertile, neutral reaction.
- Watering: balanced.
- Top dressing: if necessary, in the spring in the near-stem circle bring nitrogen-phosphorus fertilizer.
- Trimming: annually in early spring, before the awakening of the kidneys.
- Reproduction: layering, root shoots, green and lignified cuttings, at least - seeds.
- Pests: aphid.
- Diseases: root rot.
Liana Kampsis description
Liana Campsis is most often used for vertical gardening - it is attached to the support with air roots. The beautiful, complex, odd-pinnate leaves of the Campsis, consisting of 7-11 leaflets with serrate edges, are very effective, and its large tubular flowers, odorless and collected in short panicles at the ends of the shoots, reach a length of 9 and 5 cm in diameter. Depending on varieties of flower color can be red-orange, crimson, red-golden or pink. The bloom begins in June and lasts until September. Climbing plant Kampsis is a honey plant attracting not only bees, but also wasps, ants and even flies. The fruit of the campsis is a leathery, elongated pod 8-10 cm long from two wings, in which webbed seeds with wings mature in large numbers. When ripe, the pod cracks and the winged seeds of the kampsis fly around. However, not all Kampsis fruit - apparently, for planting seeds need to grow next to a plant of another clone.
When to plant kampsis in the middle lane.
Despite the fact that the winter hardiness of the Kampsis allows it to withstand short frosts up to -20 ºC, the Kampsis in the middle lane can be planted in open ground only in the second half of May. They plant a campsis in the Moscow region on the southeast or south side of the site, in a place protected from gusts and drafts, but away from the windows of houses, because insects are actively flying on the campsys. The plant is indifferent to the soil composition - Campsis grows even in limestone soil, but the soil must be saturated with trace elements and minerals. Landing of the Kampsis is carried out in a pit prepared from autumn, measuring 40x50x50 cm.
How to put Kampsis in the ground.
If you want the kampsis to start blooming already in the second or third year, you need to plant a rooted cutting taken from an adult plant, which is distinguished by the abundance of flowering.
The top layer of soil removed from the pit is thoroughly mixed with 5 kg of compost and 500 g of complete mineral fertilizer, after which a layer of this soil mixture is placed on the bottom of the pit, then the roots of the seedling are lowered into the hole, straightened, and gradually the rest of fertile soil mixture is added to the pit. The stalk should be in the ground at the same depth at which it grew until then. After planting, the surface of the trunk circle is crushed and watered, and after the water is absorbed and the ground dries out slightly, the surface is mulched with compost or peat. Since Kampsis is a liana, you need to establish a support for the sapling and tie it to it, and so that this aggressive plant does not take more territory than you allocated to it, dig around the basal area metal sheets or slate to a depth of about 80 cm.
How to grow Kampsis? Despite the exoticism of the plant, growing the Kampsis and caring for it can be done even by a beginning florist. Caring for liana campsis consists in watering, loosening the soil and removing weeds around the plant, feeding, protection from diseases and pests, and obligatory pruning of the campsis. In irrigation mode, it is important to maintain balance, because the plant does not like both drought and stagnant moisture in the roots. On wet ground it is easier to do the weeding and loosening of the wheel circle Shrub Kampsis culture is drought-resistant and is unlikely to die if you forget to water it, but to maintain a well-groomed and healthy plant species, timely watering is of great importance. In order to preserve moisture in the pristvolny circle of the Kampsis, plant several bushes of low-growing plants with similar requirements to the conditions of keeping in it.
Campsis can grow without supplements, but it will respond to the application of nitrogen-phosphate fertilizer with abundant flowering throughout the season.
Caring for Kampsis requires regular pruning. It is necessary to start the formation of the kampsis immediately after planting - all shoots are cut at a height of 15 cm from the ground. When they start to grow, leave four or five of the most developed shoots, and remove the rest. The remaining shoots as they grow direct along the support, if necessary, tying them to her. It will be possible to talk about the formed plant when the skeletal branches reach 4 m in height. It usually takes 2-3 years. As for lateral shoots, they are shortened annually to 2-3 buds, and weak, dry, diseased and unsuccessfully growing ones are removed completely. In the case of severe damage to one of the skeletal branches, remove it and send in its place the strongest of the resulting replacement shoots. To rejuvenate the old plant, all branches of the campsis are pruned at a height of 30 cm. Pruning is best done in early spring, before the buds wake up.
During the growing season, remove the withered flowers and cut off the withered shoots by 3-4 eyes - this will ensure a high level of decorativeness of the plant and the duration of its flowering.
Why does not bloom Kampsis.
Readers sometimes ask us this question. Most often this occurs with plants grown from seeds — such a campis blooms only in the fourth or sixth year after germination, while the rooted stem begins to bloom in the third year. The reason that the Kampsis does not bloom may be sudden late spring frosts or strong drafts, as well as damage to the disease or pests. Do not bloom kampsis and in areas with cold climates.
Pests and diseases of the kampsis.
Campsis is very resistant to diseases and pests, but its roots can rot from excessive watering, and in dry and hot weather the plant attacks the plant louse. Observe the balance of soil moisture and treat the aphids from aphids with a solution of 10 g of tar soap in 10 liters of water.
In all other respects, landing the kampsis and caring for it is not only not laborious, but also a very pleasant process.
Kampsis from seeds.
The seed method has the disadvantage that seedlings almost never inherit the varietal qualities of the parents, and these plants bloom much later than those grown by vegetative methods. But on the other hand, it is the easiest way to get Campsis: the seed does not need preliminary stratification and any other processing and is normally stored at room temperature. In the spring, seeds of Kampsis are sown in a loose permeable substrate with a neutral reaction to a depth of about 5 mm and germinated at a temperature of 25 ºC. Shoots appear in a month. As soon as the seedlings develop 3 pairs of true leaves, they are transplanted to a permanent place.
Reproduction of Kampsis by cuttings.
Green cuttings of the Kampsis are cut in June or July from the middle part of the shoots. 2-3 upper leaves are left on them, shortened by two thirds, then planted on a bed in partial shade with an inclination of 45 º into fertile, loose earth, after which the bed is watered and mulched. Rooting of green cuttings is about 90%.
Reproduction of the kampsis and lignified cuttings is possible. They are cut in early spring from one-year-old stiffened shoots and planted at an angle directly into the ground, since almost all cuttings take root.
Kampsis from cuttings.
In the spring, the escape of the Kampsis, growing close to the soil, bends down and fastens in this position. Throughout the season, the soil around the cuttings is kept loose and wet, and then next spring the cuttings can be separated from the mother plant and planted in a permanent place. Kampsis from cuttings develops very quickly.
Campsis after flowering
The winter hardiness of the Kampsis allows it to tolerate short-term frosts up to -20 ºC without damage, but in areas with prolonged cold the plant should be sheltered for the winter. Therefore, the support for Kampsis is better to use removable, so that on the eve of the winter they can be easily removed, and quickly installed in the spring again. The procedure of preparing the Kampsis for winter is similar to the warming of the grapes: the climbing Kampsis is removed from the support, laid on the ground, covered with leaves, fir fir branches or sawdust, covered with a film, on which the spray branches are laid again.
Campsis radicans (Campsis radicans),
or bignonia taking root (bignonia radicans) - a large vine, rising to a height of 15 m with the help of numerous aerial roots. Its leaves are pinnate, up to 20 cm long, consisting of 9-11 leaflets, naked and bright green on top, light below because of pubescence, which can cover the entire leaf plate, and can be located only along the veins. The flowers are tubular-funnel-shaped, up to 9 in length and up to 5 cm in diameter, with a bright orange halo and fiery-red limb; 10-15 pieces are collected in apical brushes. Duration of flowering is achieved due to the fact that the flowers open sequentially, starting from mid-summer. Fruits of the Kampsis rooting are flat pods from 5 to 12 cm long. In culture, the species has been seen since 1640. Campsys rooting is represented by such decorative forms:
- – gorgeous - weakly curly vine, usually growing in the form of a shrub with long and thin shoots, complex leaves, consisting of small oval leaves, and red-orange flowers,
- – golden - with yellow flowers,
- – early - this Kampsis blooms a month earlier than the base species with large-sized scarlet flowers,
- – dark purple - Liana with large flowers of dark scarlet color with a purple tinge.
Campsis grandiflora (Campsis grandiflora),
or Kampsis Chinese, or Chinese Bignonia (Bignonia grandiflora), unlike the Kampsis rooting, it has no air roots, therefore it is attached to the support with the ends of shoots. Obviously, for this reason, it reaches a lesser height, and sometimes grows altogether in the form of a low bush. The leaves of plants of this species are odd-pinnate, consisting of 7–9 leaflets up to 6 cm long, not pubescent on the underside of the plate. The tubular funnel-shaped flowers of a red-orange shade, larger than the flowers of the rooting plant, up to 8 cm in diameter, bloom 3 years after the emergence of shoots. The fruit of the Chinese campsis is a pod-shaped box 15–20 cm long. This species is not as cold-resistant as the campsis is rooting, but it is brighter and more spectacular. In the decorative form of this species, Kampsis Thunberg, flowers are orange, with short lobes and short tube. In the culture of Kampsis grandiflora since 1800.
Campsis hybrid (Campsis x hybrida)
more often grows in the form of a shrub with a spreading crown, less often as a climbing plant. It has complex leaves, consisting of 7-11 leaves, and flowers, similar in size and color to those of the flowers of the large-flowered Kampsis. But the hybrid kampsis inherited its cold resistance from rooting kampsis. In culture kampsis hybrid since 1883.
Varieties and types
Campsis rooting This vine can reach heights of up to 15 meters. It has a long non-pairly feathery foliage, each leaf consists of a dozen smaller light leaves covered with fuzz. Flowers of fiery red color reach 9 cm, form large inflorescences, which can combine up to 15 flowers. This species is quite frost resistant.
It has several forms:
- Golden - form with yellow flowers.
- Early - bloom of this type begins earlier than the rest for about a month.
- Dark purple - Coloring colors of this form corresponds to the name.
Campsis big-flowered or Chinese second type of kampsis. It does not have aerial roots, unlike its relative, and therefore the attachment to the support takes place with the help of the actual shoots.
The Chinese Kampsis is not as high as the rooting, the number of leaves on the plate is less, but the flowers with orange color are larger. He does not stand such cold as a relative, but he looks more bright.
Of the two basic types of bignonia, a third was derived - hybrid kampsis. It is a shrub with complex foliage and flowers resembling the flowers of Bignonia grandiflora. Received from Kampsis rooting frost resistance.
Campsys landing and departure in the middle lane
Although this plant can withstand fairly high cold and can survive frost up to -20 ° C, but only if it lasts a short time, otherwise the plant will die.
They are planted on a site sheltered from strong winds and drafts, so that there are no windows near (the flower attracts bees, ants, flies and they will constantly get into the house). You can not worry about the composition of the soil, because it is not crucial for this plant, the main thing is that there are enough trace elements in the soil.
Vines should be planted in the autumn in advance dug holes 50 cm in depth, width and length. In order for the plant to bloom faster, you need to take a stalk from the vine, which blooms more than others.
Although this flower is rather exotic, it is not difficult to care for it when planting and caring in the open field. Basic requirements are loosening the soil and removing weeds from the plot, as well as pruning and fertilizer.
The flower does not like dryness, although it can withstand it, but it does not tolerate a large amount of moisture, so it needs to be watered evenly.
When the ground around the plants is wet, it needs to be loosened and weed free.
Fertilizer for kampsis
The top ball of the soil from the hole should be mixed with five kilograms of compost and half a kilo of mineral dressing. Then this mixture is placed on the bottom of the pit and the seedling is lowered, gradually filling the hole with earth.
Then the area with the plants is well watered and after drying, cover with compost mulch. Also, the seedling will need support, because it is a vine.
You can grow bignonia without fertilizers, but if you feed it with nitrogen-phosphorus fertilizer, then it will only benefit.
Also, the flower must be cut. To form a beautiful liana, this procedure should be started shortly after planting - all branches at a height of 15 cm should be cut off, and when the shoots start to grow, leave only 4 or 5 pieces.
Large plants need to be cut each year, cutting off branches to the second peephole, as well as removing weak shoots. To rejuvenate a flower, you need to cut off all its branches at a level of 30 cm, but this must be done before waking up the bud, that is, in spring.
Reproduction of kampsis by seeds
Using seeds for reproduction, remember that plants grown in this way often do not lose the varietal characteristics of the parent individuals, and the flowering of young plants obtained from seeds begins later.
Seeds just need to be deepened by half a centimeter in loose soil with neutral acidity. When young leaves form 6 leaves, they can be planted in open ground.
Campsis breeding cuttings
To propagate the plant cuttings, they need to cut from the middle of the shoots. This is done so that a pair of leaves remain, which are shortened by 2/3. After that, the material is planted on a bed in a shade at an angle of 45 °. After planting, the site is watered and covered with mulch.
Cuttings root quite well, survival rate is almost 100%.
Reproduction of the kampsis by dividing the bush
If the growing conditions are suitable, then the plant will have good root growth, which can also be used for propagation. It only needs to be separated with a part of the root and transplanted to a new place.
Perform the procedure to be in early spring or late fall, when the flower goes into a state of rest.
Diseases and pests
Campsis is very rarely sick and is usually not touched by pests, but if it suffers from excess moisture, root rot will begin. If it is hot and dry in the street, then there is a chance that the liana is attacked by aphid.
A problem that sometimes occurs with gardeners is lack of flowering plants. This usually happens if the flower is grown from seed. Such plants usually bloom around 5 years after planting.
Also, flowering may not occur if the plant is planted in the area with drafts, if in the spring it has suffered from frost or is infected with pests. Ещё одной из причин по которым лиана отказывается цвести, это если в вашем регионе слишком холодный для нее климат.
Разновидности и сорта
Род растений немногочисленный, он насчитывает всего несколько разновидностей лиан.
- К. гибридный – многолетник, гибрид кампсиса укореняющегося и крупноцветкового. It grows mainly as a shrub, a little less as a climbing vine. The leaves of the plant are complex, have large flowers. Frost resistant Cultivated since the end of the XIX century.
Use in landscape design
TEKOMA is an excellent designer of the dacha. It will decorate any wall, whether it be a fence or a residential structure. Campsis can decorate the terrace or gazebo. Beautiful lush flowers will delight with their beauty for a very long time, and the foliage will fall only in late autumn.
Bignonia can also be combined with other plants. For example, clematis. Lavender, sage and geranium can be used as grass.
Campsis is a perennial plant that came to us from the tropics. Decoration of landscape design. Often found on the backyards of the Moscow region. Its cultivation and care will not be difficult. Requires shelter for the winter. It is a sun-loving plant, therefore this condition must be taken into account when choosing a place for planting.
Winter hardiness of kampsis
The plant is thermophilic, but is able to winter in open ground (with shelter) and even tolerate short-term frosts down to -20 ° C.
Liana has air roots, with which it is attached to the supports. Most often used in vertical landings. Leaves are pinnate, located on 7-11 pcs., Have serrate edges. Flowering lasts from June to September. The flowers are large (length 9 cm, diameter 5 cm), tubular, collected in short paniculate inflorescences at the ends of the shoots. The color of the corolla can be crimson, red-orange, red-golden. Flowers lack aroma, but due to the bright color they attract not only bees, but also wasps, ants, even flies.
After flowering, the fruit is knotted in the form of a pod 8-10 cm long. It is filled with many webbed seeds with wings. The ripe pod cracks and the seeds are scattered around. However, fruiting is not always the case. The guarantee of the fruit ovary is the location of the next clone of the plant (the progeny of one vegetative propagation).
Planting in open ground
How to plant Kampsis photo
Under the conditions of the middle lane, landing in open ground is carried out with the establishment of heat - from the second half of May. Pick up the southern or southeast section with protection from drafts and strong gusts of wind.
Campsis is able to grow even on calcareous soils, but for high decorativeness select a fertile, loose, neutral reaction soil rich in minerals and trace elements.
Dig a planting pit 40 cm deep, 50 to 50 cm long and 50 cm wide. Mix the soil out of the pit with 5 kg of compost and 0.5 kg of complex mineral fertilizers. Part of the mixture lay on the bottom of the landing fossa. Straighten the roots of the seedling, place it in the hole so that it stays above the soil at the same level as it had grown before.
Dump the ground, gently press, pour. When the earth dries out a little, grumble the soil around the vine with peat or compost. It is necessary to establish a support. The growth of an actively developing liana is necessary to limit - slate, sheets of metal to a depth of 80 cm around the basal area.
Pruning is necessary regular, but only in areas with mild winters and warm summers. In regions with prolonged cold pruning will lead to a lack of flowering.
Begin the formation of the bush should be immediately after planting: cut off the shoots at a height of 15 cm from the ground surface. When they grow back a little, you should leave 4-5 of the strongest, and remove the rest. With the growth of the remaining shoots should be directed along the support, if necessary, tie. Fully liana formed in 2-3 years (skeletal branches reach a length of about 4 m).
Side shoots need to be shortened every spring to 2-3 buds. Dry, weak, poorly growing shoots, remove completely. If one of the skeletal branches is severely damaged, it is necessary to remove it, and send the strongest escape to the place of its growth. To rejuvenate the vine, it is necessary to radically cut off, leaving a length of 30 cm above the soil surface. The procedure is carried out before the awakening of the kidneys (in early spring).
For a longer flowering period, it is necessary to remove faded buds throughout the season and trim off withered shoots by 3-4 eyes.
Preparing Kampsis for Winter
In areas with prolonged cold, frost below 20 ° C, shelter for the winter should be made for Kampsis.
- In the first year it is recommended to grow the vine in a container, and in the winter to transfer to the cellar.
- Further, it is better to use removable supports, which can be easily removed at the end of the season, and in the spring to fix again.
- Wintering is similar to grapes: remove shoots from the support, lay on the soil, lapnik, top with film, and throw leaves and other organic residues over the film.
- In winter, it is useful to additionally heat up the snow. Then even the young twigs will not suffer in the most severe frost (good shelter allows you to save the vine in the conditions of the Urals).
Why Kampsis does not bloom
A cold climate, strong drafts, late frosts in the spring, disease-causing pests are possible causes of the absence of flowering of bignonia. It should be noted that the flowering of Campsises grown from seeds should be expected on the 4-6th year after the emergence of shoots. Rooted cuttings give flowering in the 3rd year.
If bignonia is grown in cold regions, it should not be pruned: the vine will tolerate it easily, but it does not have time to form flower buds. Therefore, if your city has a rather cold climate, it is absolutely impossible to cut off the campsis.
Cultivation of seed kampsis
Capsis seeds photo
Perhaps seed and vegetative (cuttings, layering, root shoots) reproduction.
The lack of seed reproduction - the loss of varietal traits (if the seeds are collected from hybrid forms), flowering of a new plant occurs after 4-6 years of life. But the planting material is enough. Store seeds at room temperature until spring, no pretreatment is required before sowing.
Campsis seed photo
- Take a box with a loose, air-permeable neutral soil, the depth of seeding is about 5 mm, the distance between the seeds is 2-3 cm.
- Cover the crop with film. Maintain an air temperature of 25º C, regularly air the greenhouse and water it through a drip tray. Expect the emergence of seedlings in a month, then remove the shelter.
- With the advent of three true leaves, transplant young plants in separate containers.
- Planted plants planted in open ground in the second half of May.
Description of kampsis
In many parts of the world Kampsis has different names. For example, some nations call this flower "Tekko" or "trubkottsvet". Such names came from the appearance of the plant, which is a tree-like liana. It can rise to a height of 10-15 meters.
The shoots of Kampsis are wrapped around a large number of buds that open under the rays of the sun during the daytime. Coloring buds can be varied, but most often there is a red-orange color. The green mass abundantly covers all the shoots, and the leaves acquire a light green shade at an early age. The flowering period lasts from early June to September.
To date The most popular varieties are:
- Kampsis rooted,
- kampsys krupnotsvetkovy.
Caring for liana
All Kampsis Care Rules can be divided into several groups.
- Watering vines, is the main procedure for the favorable growth and flowering plants. It is worth noting that Kampsis is in principle resistant to dry conditions, but still loves water. Therefore, watering should be carried out as soon as the soil begins to dry out, and it is impossible to overflow the soil and over-wet the roots, which may simply start to rot.
- Feed for the flower is not needed in the event that the level of soil fertility is high. If the soil does not have enough minerals, then it is better to add phosphorus or nitrogen fertilizers at the beginning of the spring period. This is enough for the rest of the season.
- Pruning for vines is probably one of the most important tasks that can help avoid many unpleasant consequences. For example, Kampsis grows quickly, so pruning at least allows you to control the height, shape, amount of green mass of the plant. In addition, high-quality pruning directly affects the number of buds. The smaller the old branches and new stems, the greater the flowering will be in the summer.
Vines are pruned in autumn or spring once a year. In winter, branches can not be removed, due to weakening of the plant due to frost, and in summer pruning may adversely affect flowering. In summer, pruning can be done only partially, in order to trim the shape or reduce the amount of green mass.
During the trimming procedure It is important to follow some guidelines..
- On young plants, you can cut off almost all the shoots, but at the same time leave the 2-3 strongest branches, which then form and become full-fledged and strong trunks.
- During the growing season and after pruning, all the shoots and branches that are left need to be tied up by giving them direction during growth.
- Such actions of trimming and tying at the young age of the kampsis are repeated 3-4 times a year. The amount of pruning decreases when the tree trunk gains the necessary strength.
In order for the whole plant to look well-groomed and beautiful, you need to do pruning, forming the right direction of the main skeleton of the campsis. That is why it is recommended that all young shoots at the beginning of the formation of vines trim, leaving only 2–3 buds, but at the same time follow the direction of the main already stiffened branches. Once the vine has finished forming the main skeleton, it will be possible to leave the required number of shoots to reduce or increase green mass and the number of buds.
There are cases especially after the winter period when one of the main trunks is damaged or dies. In such a situation, they are simply replaced by the strongest of the remaining branches.
Pruning can be used not only to increase the number of buds, but also simply to rejuvenate the plant. This procedure is usually carried out every 5 years. The bottom line is to trim all the shoots and main trunks, leaving only 30 cm from the entire height. Naturally, after such pruning of the campsis, the first year will be ugly and poor in flowering, but then it will be possible to see how this technique allows even the old plant to rejuvenate and gain strength.
Campsis is an excellent choice to decorate most of the garden plot without any problems. In addition, this plant is suitable for people who do not have time to constantly produce watering and pruning, but you should not forget about the basic rules of care. It is important to pay attention at the very beginning of the growth of the tech, to the formation of the main skeleton and to follow the direction of the branches.
If you follow all the recommendations, by the summer period you can get a liana with abundant flowering and a huge amount of green mass, which will become a real decoration on the territory of the house.
Adding an article to a new collection
Campsis (or tech, tekomarii and Bignonia) is a perennial deciduous vine that takes root well in the middle lane. But to get a lush flowering, you need to know some features of the cultivation of this culture. We will tell about them.
Bending stalks and unusual flowers in the form of bells or small gramophones of yellow-orange, red or pink color, which attract bees and wasps to the garden, make the plant particularly decorative. The genus Campsis is small. Known species include:
- Kampsis grandiflora (Campsis grandiflora) is a liana with odd-pinnate leaves and large bright flowers. This plant is rarely cultivated in the middle lane, as it dies when frost is below –18 ° C,
- Kampsis rooting (Campsis radicans) - a more frost-resistant liana with aerial roots, large, pinnate leaves and bright flowers, gradually opening up during the summer,
- hybrid kampsis (Campsis hybrida, Campsis tagliabuana) is a hybrid of the two previous species, which is a frost-resistant shrub (sometimes a liana) with complex leaves and large flowers.
For creepers or shrubs, it is best to choose a place on the south or southeast side of the garden. For this plant are well suited areas designated for climbing roses and grapes, and little wetlands.
At the end of May, a well is dug into the fertile soil so that the rhizome freely fits in it. At the bottom they put humus mixed with 1 cup of complex mineral fertilizer for flowers. A sapling is dipped there, emptiness is filled up with pre-prepared compost, the soil is compacted, and then poured abundantly.
Kampsis is easy to care for, since in the middle lane it is almost not susceptible to diseases and pests. However, completely forget about this plant will not succeed.
In the first half of summer, the campsis is recommended to be fed under the root alternately with organic and complex mineral fertilizers for flowering plants (according to the instructions). To get a lush flowering, you need to pay attention and foliar feeding with Kemira solution: in the evening 1-2 times a week, spray leaves with a sprayer. Stop fertilizing at the end of the summer.
And the plant is regularly watered, especially in the heat, but it does so that the roots do not rot. Therefore, it is better to moisturize the soil often, but little by little, so that only the top layer gets wet. Consider: Kampsis is able to endure a short-term drought, but this adversely affects flowering.
Campsis is a relatively frost-resistant perennial. But it can freeze in the middle lane, especially in the lowlands. Therefore, it is better to be safe.
Lianoobrazuyu tekmy late autumn is removed from the support and laid on the ground. Then covered with spruce leaves, and on top of it lay a plastic film or spunbond. Then the plant will safely winter and next year will delight you again with its bright gramophone players.
Do not forget that Kampsis is still an exotic plant for which the unstable climate of the middle zone is unusual. If spring and summer are not warm enough, the tecom may not bloom. Then you need to be patient and wait until next year.
Can be used for breeding and lignified cuttings. They are cut from one-year-old shoots in early spring and planted at an angle directly into open ground. You can root in the fall in the cut plastic bottles: by spring you’ll have planting material ready for planting.
Lignified cuttings of Kampsis sprouted photos
Rooting of green cuttings is carried out in June-July. Leave 2-3 sheets on them, shortening them to half the length. Plant on a garden bed with fertile, loose soil, position the cutting at an angle of 45º, water, mulch, keep the soil constantly moist. Similarly, green cuttings can be rooted in any container in room conditions. The main condition is a loose water and air-permeable soil, good lighting and constant moisture of the substrate without stagnant water (be sure to make drainage holes if they are not there).
Reproduction of the campsis by basal processes and layering
Reproduction of kampsis by root offspring photo
In the fall (after the leaves fall) or in spring, root processes can be planted. Dig it together with a part of the root and plant it at a place of constant growth.
Reproduction layings spend spring. The shoot growing close to the soil surface should be bent down, covered with earth. Maintain soil moisture in the place prikopki, periodically loosen the surface. Separate the branches from the parent plant next spring. Plant in a permanent place of growth, water well.
Campsis rooting Campsis radicans or Bignonia rooting Bignonia radicans
Campsis radicat Campsis radicans variety Minnesota Red photo
Originally from North America. The length of the creeper is about 15 cm. The leaves are pinnate and reach a length of 20 cm, consist of 9-11 leaf plates, are colored bright green, the surface of leaf plates is smooth, and pubescence passes from the back side along the veins. 9 cm long tubular flowers are up to 5 cm in diameter, 10-15 pieces are collected. on the tops of the shoots. The corolla has a bright orange color, limb - fiery red. Flowering starts in mid-summer, the buds open sequentially. The fruit is a pod 5-12 cm long.
Subspecies of the campsis rooting:
- Bignonia is gorgeous - the vine climbs weakly, more like a bush with thin long shoots. Leaf plate consists of small leaves oval. Flowers have a red-orange color.
- Bignonia golden - flowers of bright yellow color.
- Early Bignonia - flowering occurs a month before the species plant. Flowers are large, fiery red.
- Bignonia is dark purple - large flowers are colored dark red with a purple tinge.
Campsis rooting flamenco Flamenco photo
Winter hardiness of the rooting Kampsis Flamenco allows growing this variety in the middle lane and the Moscow region, growing this bignonia in the Leningrad region. Liana withstands short-term frosts of up to -20 ° C, and provided there is a good shelter for the winter, it suffers stronger cooling. Цветет кораллово-красными цветами весь теплый сезон с июля по сентябрь, цветки размером до 5 см. Высаживать лучше у южных стен, защищенных от ветра, и открытых солнцу.
Кампсис флава желтый Campsis radicans ‘Flava’ фото
Кампсис Флава имеет красивые песочно-желтые крупные цветки. Лиана растет до 15 метров в длину. Зимостойкость также средняя, до -20°С, поэтому обязательно бигнонию нужно укрывать на зиму.
Campsis Judy Yellow Campsis radicans ‘Judy’ photo
The fascinating beauty of Judy flowers will not leave indifferent lovers of spectacular gardening. Sandy yellow petals are collected in tubes, painted inside in an orange-red shade. Liana reaches 10 m in length, beautifully winters under cover.
Campsis grandiflora Campsis grandiflora, it’s the Chinese campsis, or Chinese Bignonia grandiflora
Campsis grandiflora Campsis grandiflora, it’s also Chinese campsis, or Chinese Bignonia grandiflora photo
Originally from China, Japan. Liana does not have aerial roots, is attached to the support by the ends of the shoots. Often takes the form of a low bush. Single-pinnate leaves consist of 7-9 leaves with a length of 6 cm. Flowers of red-orange color reach a diameter of 8 cm. Poor tolerance to extreme frosts.
Campsis Thunberg - flowers painted orange.
Campsis hybrid Campsis x hybrida
Campsis hybrid Campsis x hybrida photo
Obtained as a result of crossing the Kampsis rooting and Krupsis grandiflora. Leaf plates consist of 7-11 leaflets. The flowers are bright orange. Frost resistance is average.
Liana Kampsis: landing and care
It is unpretentious and just enough to care. For its cultivation does not require the creation of additional conditions.
- Lighting and location. The flower requires good lighting, but the plant is able to be under direct sunlight for only a short time. Liana from other plants is distinguished by good shade tolerance. He will feel good on the shady side of the garden plot. The plant should not be planted near the windows, because the scent of flowers attracts a large number of insects.
- Watering plants and moisture. Liana poorly tolerates highly moist soil, so the plant should be watered moderately. Watering should not be abundant as the topsoil dries. Do not allow the earthen clod to dry out and monitor the constant humidity. With the beginning of autumn, the amount of watering is reduced, a stronger drying of the soil is allowed. After watering, it is recommended to mulch the soil to prevent evaporation of moisture and weed growth.
Cropping and crown formation
To maintain the attractive appearance of the flower should periodically pruning regrown shoots. Pruning helps regulate plant growth in width, as well as rejuvenate the plant. It is carried out annually in mid-autumn, after the growth of vines stops or in early spring before the onset of the growing season.
During pruning leave some strong good formed woody shoots, the rest are removed with a pruner or sharp knife. When pruning also remove damaged and dried branches. In summer, pruning will help give the plant an attractive appearance.