Pedilanthus is an extraordinary creature of wildlife that can conquer even the most experienced grower. Its solemn motley leaves and juicy bracts will enliven the interior and preserve freshness throughout the growing season. Luxurious, openwork and touching pedilanthus. Care at home for this undemanding ascetic will delight you with ease and convenience. He will gratefully accept any of your concerns and will not disturb trifles.
What you should know before buying pedilanthus
Pedilanthus is a luxurious shrub with randomly scattered shoots and miniature leathery sheets. Their color changes and in each subspecies it has its own, and can be both fresh olive, bright-green, and gradually turn into gray tones. This exotic originates from the tropical forests of South, North and Central America. It belongs to the family of succulents, well adapted to the environment and undemanding to the conditions of care.
Even with rare watering, he will survive at the expense of his own natural thrift. Its dense shoots retain the desired amount of moisture, creating an excellent basis for food in the dry season. Under unfavorable care conditions, the plant completely disposes of the “green cap”. Their function takes over the fat, fleshy, "dancing" stem. The presence of white thick juice in it made it possible to rank the flower as a family of euphorbia.
Duration of growth and budding pedilanthus
Houseplant pedilanthus has a lush crown, which is easy to form. Branch stems grow rapidly, and it is advisable to trim them as needed. Exot will retain its former decoration, even if you leave the shoots a little more than 10 cm long. In nature, you can find patterns 2-3 meters high, at home most of the varieties are only 60–90 cm high.
This perennial develops rapidly, adding to the growth of 20 cm (during the year). As it becomes obsolete, its lower part becomes bare, and the decorative effect "looses its positions." Therefore, every 3-5 years it is recommended to rejuvenate it, thereby prolonging life and preserving power and beauty. The variegated handsome blooms in the "cold" months of the year with small, reddish buds.
Types and varieties of pedilanthus: the best of the best flowers
The beautiful open green of this bushy perennial even without a single flower can create unusually luxurious compositions. A quick adaptation to the changing conditions of care will make him the most "comfortable" guest in the house. Science knows 15 types of pedilanthus, but for breeding in everyday life, the following varieties are often found:
- Pedimantus titimaloid - one of the most picky subspecies. Bright, unpredictable exotic, with non-standard buds in the form of shoes. Depending on the conditions of care, it instantly changes the color of the leaves, acquiring a pinkish or olive tint.
Note! This tropical subspecies unique contains poison, the squeeze of which is used to manufacture antimicrobial agents and strong psychotropic substances. Be careful! Use gloves when transplanting.
- Pedilanthus Finca is a compact, bushy exot with relief leaves, successfully growing on loose substrates.
- Pedilanthus large-fruited - an unusual plant, completely devoid of leaves. It has a large water stalk of the most bizarre forms, tolerates heat without any problems.
- Pedilanthus Coalcomane - sophisticated woody handsome with flashy and juicy buds.
What you need to know about the care of pedilanthus
This decorative leafy perennial - a real find for those who welcome to watch the growth and development of "their pet", without making special efforts to the process. However, some rules should be written in your book. Competent pedilanthus care at home will allow him to fully reveal the decorative properties and demonstrate the beauty.
The warm period is a good time for flower growth. Normal indicators of air humidity, temperature of + 23 ... + 25 ° С - all this, taken together, will create the most comfortable conditions for his well-being. In the autumn, during the period of “dry hibernation”, these figures decrease to + 14 ... + 18 ° C. At the same time in any season exclude drafts.
Any manifestation of discomfort will affect the appearance of the plant. Even with a slight drying of the soil, the turgor of the leaves drops noticeably, and they wither. During the growing season, pedilanthus is unusually sensitive to a lack of moisture. You can create the proper amount in this way: lower the flowerpot into the water for 10–15 minutes. After the earth is saturated with moisture, let it drain.
Direct sun is detrimental to the growing tropic. Therefore, in the summer, transfer the pot to a balcony or terrace, mainly from the west. In winter, when there is a lack of light, use the fitolamp or place it by the south window.
Pedilanthus is afraid of acidification of the soil, so when leaving pay attention to the drainage layer. Lay the bottom of the pot with a layer of stones. If desired, disinfect the soil: treat the substrate over the steam for 10-15 minutes. For sod, choose (1: 1) a mixture of leaf and sod land. To maintain the "airiness of the soil" add the second part of the sand.
Reduced and rare watering in accordance with temperature conditions is a distinctive feature of pedilanthus care. In the cold season, the soil is moistened 1 time per month, in the summer it is done 3 times more often.
Mineral substances are applied to the soil strictly during the warm period (1 time in 20–30 days). At the same time, the percentage of nitrogen is strictly controlled (even a slight increase in these indicators leads to discoloration of greenery and rotting of the roots).
A new plant can be planted with seeds and cuttings (the second method gives the best results). To do this, wash out the juice from the appendix, dry it, and coat it with phytohormone mixture. Then they are instilled into the soil and covered with a perforated film. Within 3 weeks there is a complete rooting.
How to avoid problems in the care of pedilanthus
The plant under unsuitable conditions of care falls ill:
- Suddenly opal foliage - disturbed watering mode or light mode.
- The edges of the leaves twisted and dried up - from excessively dry air.
- Large variegated plates replaced small whole-green shoots - a little light flower.
- Underdeveloped cuttings with juicy greens indicate an excess of nitrogen in the soil.
- The plant does not bloom - the heat and light conditions are disturbed.
Even with strong hypothermia pedilanthus quickly acquires new shoots and restores growth. If the perennial is affected by spider mites, aphids or whitefly, then carry out emergency measures and radically change the conditions of care. The larvae are washed off with water and the damaged areas are treated with insecticidal agents.
These are all secrets that will help to adjust the regime and achieve competent conditions for the care of a magnificent bushy handsome.
Types and varieties of indoor Pedilanthus
Pedilanthus is a shrub that has tall shoots, abundantly branched, or small trees, about three meters high. The leaves of this plant are medium-sized, oval-shaped with a pointed tip. Different types of pedilanthus have a large number of species of leaflets. They can be about ten centimeters long, some glossy, and others slightly pubescent.
If the plant is at rest, it can shed its leaves. As a rule, this shrub has small inflorescences, which are collected in small umbrellas. Flowers can be of different shades from pale pink to bright red. Pedimantus titimaloid, care at home requires special attention and should be performed systematically.
In order to grow indoor flowers successfully, it is necessary right pick the types of plants that interest you.
Types of Pedylanthus:
- Pedilanthus Fink.
A representative of these plant varieties are successfully grown in indoor pots. It is necessary to arrange the right care for them and then they can become a decoration for any interior.
Pedilanthus Titloidal - This plant, which initially grew in the territories of Central America. This kind of quite unpretentious in the care and does not require any special attention.
The peculiarity of this plant is that the inflorescences resemble the shoe. The leaves can change their color, which depends mainly on the living conditions in which Pedilanthus is contained. They can be pink or dark green with light streaks in the center and along the edges.
This type of Pedylanthus is often used for medical purposes, its poisonous juice is a good basis for the manufacture of antimicrobials. In some countries it is allowed to use this plant as a psychotropic drug.
Pedilanthus large-fruited - His home is the desert places of Mexico. It looks like a bush, but differs in that it does not have any leaves. In thick shoots, water is actively stored in case of a possible drought period.
Many stems, when grown, begin to change color from light green to bright green and form. At first it is round, but gradually begins to show more flat outlines.
Pedilanthus Finca - This plant is found in places where the soil is highly moist. Best of all, it can grow on loose land and has the appearance of a large shrub. It has very beautiful bright green leaves, rather large in size, on which at the edges are pinkish stripes. Because of its unusual color, the plant has received the name Pedilanthus variegated.
Home care for the plant
Some types of pedilanthus do not require any special care. Special attention should be paid to Titloidal view of the bush. It can be grown in small indoor pots, which should be installed in shaded areas of the room.
Pedilanthus bushes do not like bright sunlight and do not violate this rule. It is best if the pots are located on the eastern or western sides of the apartment.
To provide right care, in the room where there is a pot with pedilanthus, you need to organize a temperature regime in the range of about twenty-five degrees. In the summer, you can put the plant on the balconies, as it likes to be in the fresh air.
AT winter periodwhen the temperature drops outside, it should be lowered in the room where the pedilanthus grows. The optimal number of degrees is about fifteen. It is necessary to organize in the necessary time in order to give the plant the opportunity to prepare for the next flowering period.
It is important to avoid finding the plant in rooms where the air is dry, as it can be detrimental to the leaves and shoots, as well as delay the flowering period in some cases for a long period. To eliminate the problem, you can use air humidifiers or arrange periodic spraying of pedilantus stems with water from a spray bottle.
It is important to take care of such an important point of care, as fertilizer and fertilizing the soil. In pots where pedilanthus grows, it is important to produce a systematic feeding, once a month, not more often.
You can use for this fertilizer designed for cacti, as it contains nutrients in the required proportion. It is important that growers avoid the use of fertilizers that contain nitrogenous substances, as they can damage the roots of the plant.
For planting pedilanthus in indoor pots, it is necessary to prepare the soil. It is necessary that it was loose and light. When these conditions are met, a sufficient amount will be supplied to the roots. beneficial substances along with moisture and air. The soil can be purchased in special shops for gardeners or to prepare it yourself. Have to take:
All of these components are mixed in equal proportions and richly moistened. Along with moisture, extra components are settled, and the remaining amount of fertilizer elements is optimal for planting pedilanthus.
Pedimantus titimaloid: pruning and breeding
In order for the plant to form beautiful crownwhich does not hurt its roots and so on, it is necessary to help him in this. Proper pruning is the key to successful bush growth. When a cut is made, in this place it is necessary to carry out the treatment with sulfur and not moisten the soil for some time.
Flower growers need to trim trunks about ten centimeters from the roots. It is important to cut off the excess shoots with special scissors or shears.
It is also important to perform breeding rules. The main method is grafting. You can cut small cuttings from the upper parts of the pedilanthus stem at any time of the year. After the cutting is cut, you need to rinse it in water and dry it for a day. Planted cuttings must be in dry sand or perlite. At the same time it is necessary to organize a constant air temperature of about twenty-five degrees. It is best not to cover the cuttings with anything, as this will complicate the ventilation process and the plant will begin to rot.
New cuttings take root for about three weeks, and after that is necessary transplant the plant in a permanent pot, you can grow pedilanthus normally.
The plant has a small root, this may mean that you can choose a small capacity for planting. Replant pedilanthus is necessary in the spring, it will avoid many complications. Before the bush releases the petals, it practically finds it in a sleeping state, since no important processes occur.
Replant the plant should be based on its needs. By its appearance it will become noticeable that the roots have already occupied the entire pot and it is necessary to choose a larger container.
After Pedilanthus is transplanted, you need to put the pot in a dark room to start important processes. During this period, the bush adapts, new shoots are formed on its stems, from which leaves will later grow.
It is important to remember that this plant highlights poisonous juicetherefore, it is necessary to carry out all work in gloves and after their completion it is necessary to wash hands with soap and water.
Problems with growing plants
This flower very attractive looks throughout the year, both during flowering and after it. He has a motley color of leaves that will appeal to any person. Also attractive are tubular stems that vaguely resemble bamboo canes.
If improper plant care is organized, situations such as can occur:
- dropping off or drying the leaves,
- the flower does not pick up color
- stems can darken.
It is very important to monitor the condition of the flower in order to be able to take timely measures to eliminate unfavorable factors. In order to notice any changes, it is important to pay attention to some details.
Lack of flowering - it speaks of long flower activity. If during the winter period the pedilanthus does not rest as it is necessary, then it will not have enough energy for a new flowering period. This may be due to the fact that the right temperature is not organized.
Fall leaves at the wrong time of year. As a rule, this should occur in the winter or late fall. It is worth paying attention to how watering is done, perhaps in the cold season there is too much moisture for the roots. In this case important stop moistening for some period. Dumping leaves - this happens if the required temperature is violated. When it becomes very cold indoors, the roots receive a signal that it is necessary to prepare for the rest period and drop the petals.
The color of the leaves begins to lighten and the stems lengthen - this is main indicator that the pruning was performed incorrectly or the lighting is inappropriate in the room.
Changing the color of the leaves - this suggests that in the soil there is an excess amount of nitrogen fertilizer.
To avoid such phenomena, it is important to organize systematic care for pedilanthus and perform all necessary actions.
Diseases and pests
If the flower is contained in adverse conditions, various unpleasant diseases can occur. Often the pedilanthus is attacked by many pests. It can be:
- Aphids are a very common infection that usually occurs outdoors. Insects that bother the plant can be seen on the leaves. These are small bugs, perhaps twisted leaves, and more. You can remove aphids from the leaves simply by washing them with warm water. This will partially remove the infection and allow the plant to gain the necessary strength to organize the struggle in the future.
- Spider mite - it can appear if the air is too dry. In this case, it develops rapidly on the leaves and stems of the plant. Damage is manifested by the appearance of a spider web on the back of the leaves.
- Mealybug - this disease is manifested by the appearance of fluff and powdery spraying on the leaves. As a result of the development of this disease, the plant suffers a lot and loses its attractive appearance.
- Белокрылка – если растение поражено этим заболеванием, это становится заметно очень быстро. На листьях скоро появляется желтоватый налёт и если прикоснуться к кроне, может подняться небольшое облако пыли. Before you sanitize a flower, you must take personal safety measures and be sure to wear gloves,
- Rot is a very common pest that bothers many plants. Pedilanthus is especially susceptible, the reproduction of which weakens its many protective reactions. To fight rot, it is important to use special disinfectant solutions.
I love unusual indoor plants and always try to have a couple of these. I like the pedilanthus flower, which is quite simple to take care of at home.
When I read about this plant, I found a description of a large number of signs and superstitions that are associated with it. In ancient times, many legends and stories were associated with it, and this could not but interest me. There are even very interesting signs by which you can determine the weather outside and so on.
Location and lighting
When purchasing this plant for home cultivation, it is important to remember some features of its care. Lighting should be bright. The plant prefers daylight, but without direct sunlight. In the summer, the pedilanthus will be great in the open air - a balcony, loggia or garden. An important condition is that it should be protected from the scorching summer sun and from precipitation.
In winter, the pedilanthus also requires a large amount of light, so on a short daylight day you need to resort to the use of additional lighting.
An important positive feature of this houseplant is its simplicity to air humidity. Pedilanthus feels great indoors with dry air.
But watering pedilanthus should pay more attention. In summer, the soil in the pot should be regularly moistened, but not be too moist, so that the plant does not start to root the root system. In winter, the soil should also be moderately moist and not overdried, otherwise the plant will begin to shed its foliage.
When growing purchased plants, special attention is paid to the composition of the substrate. For pedilanthus, loose, light, water- and breathable soil is needed. The ideal is the ratio of the two parts of the sheet mixture. One part turf and two parts sand.
Fertilizers and fertilizers
When feeding pedilanthus, it is important to observe the following rules:
- Fertilizer is applied from spring to autumn inclusive.
- The frequency of feeding is once a month.
- Suitable fertilizer for low nitrogen succulents.
- An excess of nitrogen leads to decay of the root system of the plant.
- With the end of autumn, feeding is stopped before the onset of spring.
The plant needs to be transplanted as the pot is filled with the root system. This happens infrequently, since the pedilanthus roots grow rather slowly and are compact. The pot for transplantation should have a diameter approximately equal to its height. At the bottom of the pot must be poured a generous layer of expanded clay or other drainage material. Its absence will lead to decay of the root system and the death of the plant, which is very sensitive to stagnation of water in the pot.
Pedilanthus - species description and habitat
Pedilanthus is a succulent family of the euphorbia, different species of which can be found in tropical regions of North, Central and South America. Translated from the Greek sounds like a shoe-flower - the name is associated with a kind of inflorescence, resembling a woman's shoe in shape. The height of the bushes often reaches two meters. Stems are fleshy, zigzag, with vershinkami in places of attachment of leaves. For the unusual shape of the shoots, the pedilanthus was named "Jacob's Ladder" and "Devil's Ridge". Small, oblong, slightly shriveled leaves, depending on the type, green or colorful coloring look like artificial. Umbrella-shaped flowers with bright pink or red bracts.
Bright inflorescences pedimantus titimaloid in form resemble a slipper
Pedilanthus is unpretentious and feels great when growing indoors. Receiving sufficient illumination and necessary care, it quickly turns into a powerful bush and at the same time it multiplies easily and blooms regularly.
In natural growth conditions pedilanthus has many species. The form of these plants depends on the climatic conditions of the area. In tropical rain forests, densely leafy shrub forms of pedilanthus are common, in semi-dry tropics these are small deciduous trees, in arid areas there are succulents with characteristic fleshy stems capable of accumulating moisture.
Pedilanthus grown indoors, can decorate the interior not only as an original single plant. It also looks great in group plantings, with flowering, decorative leafy and succulent plants also being neighbors.
Pedilanthus in a company with other decorative leafy plants can decorate any interior.
Despite the abundance of species in their natural habitat, only a few pedilanthus varieties are used for indoor cultivation.
Pedilanthus Tityloid due to its decorative and unpretentiousness is the most popular type among amateur growers. A small plant with good care and timely pruning quickly turns into a pretty shrub with wax-colored leaves. The leaf plate is green with a white border slightly wrinkled. Before flowering, the edges of the leaves turn pink, which gives the whole plant an exotic look. In late autumn, tiny inflorescences with bright red or pink bracts appear on the tops of the stems.
Pedimantus titimaloid - the most popular type in indoor growing
Pedilanthus large-fruited - a typical succulent with thick, fleshy stems. The leaves have the appearance of barely noticeable small scales. Closer to winter, inflorescences with bright red shiny bracts appear on the tops of the shoots. Thanks to the ability to accumulate and retain moisture for a long time, it is absolutely not whimsical when pot growing - it easily withstands dry air in the room, but the lighting prefers bright.
Pedilanthus large-fruited - a true leafless succulent with thick stems
Coilcomane pedilanthus may have the appearance of a small tree or a spreading shrub with variegated leaves. In nature, it is found in areas with periods of rain and drought. Adapting to this rhythm, the plant sheds foliage in the dry season. Floriculture pedalanthus Coalkomanenic attracts large flowers of soft pink or peach color.
Coilcomane pedilanthus has the appearance of a wide shrub or tree with a spreading crown
Pedilanthus Finca is similar in appearance to titimaloid - the same fleshy stepped stems, but its leaves are bright green in color, without border, smooth and shiny. When potted growing with pruning, you can give it the shape of a bush or tree. The bulk of the foliage is in the upper part of the plant, the lower leaves, as a rule, fall, baring the stem. Therefore, the plant itself takes the form of a tree.
Due to the bright green of the leaves and the corresponding pruning, Pedilanthus Finca can become a real tree in the apartment
Pedilanthus Nana - a representative of humid subtropics, is grown most often in greenhouses. Beautiful dark green opposite leaflets and original shoots create the impression of an artificial plant. Prefers friable moisture-intensive soils and high air humidity.
Pedilanthus Nana is original due to bright green leaves and interesting shoots
Pedilanthus macrocarpus is a typical succulent that has adapted to hot climates. Leafless plant peculiar form, light green with a bluish bloom of color. It accumulates moisture in all parts of its body and, while economically using it, can do without water for a long time.
Pedilanthus macrocarpus is a true succulent both in form and content
The main requirement is good pollution. It is important to protect the pedilanthus from direct sunlight, otherwise there should be as much light as possible all year round. In the summer, pots of plants can be taken out on the veranda, loggia or garden, where you can put in the open shadow of trees or shrubs.
Pedilanthus does not impose special requirements on air humidity, although leafy species need to be sprayed periodically, especially in winter, when the air in the apartments is overdried by operating heating appliances. Do not spray plants after formative pruning or grafting. Water ingress to fresh slices can lead to rotting of the shoots, therefore any water procedures can be carried out only after the wounds have completely dried up.
Features watering and fertilizing
Pedilanthus watering should be taken very seriously, because lack of watering will affect flowering, or rather, its absence, and overflow can lead to rotting of the roots and dropping foliage. During the growth period, it is necessary to water regularly, but without bays, avoiding overdrying of the soil and avoiding waterlogging. During the rest period, along with a decrease in air temperature, it is necessary to slightly limit the amount of water, that is, let the upper layer of the soil dry out a little.
For normal growth and flowering pedilanthus requires fertilizing. When applying fertilizers use the rules for succulent plants:
- feed only during growth - in spring, summer, autumn,
- apply liquid fertilizer after watering the plant,
- avoid strong concentration - pedilanthus will better tolerate a lack of trace elements than excess,
- Do not use high nitrogen fertilizer.
Necessary conditions for normal growth and flowering of the flower
To give the pedilanthus a compact form, pruning is used. After planting a young plant, it is advisable to pinch the top - this will cause branching of the seedling. Further, as the shoots grow back, in spring, when the plant starts to grow, it is necessary to shorten the top of several centimeters. The juice that appeared in the cut-off areas can be collected with a soft paper napkin.
With a creative approach to pruning, pedilanthus can turn not only into a bush or tree, but also into a charming palm
When pruning pedilanthus, care must be taken to ensure that the released milky sap does not get on the skin, since the plant is poisonous. Best of all manipulations on cutting and grafting are carried out in rubber gloves.
Having fulfilled all the requirements for illumination, temperature conditions and ensuring winter rest to the plant, you can count on pedilanthus bloom. When indoor growing this tropical guest blooms in November - December, delighting the owners with their bright inflorescences-shoes. As the inflorescences wither, you need to cut them with sharp scissors. When the last flower is removed, the plant can be sent for winter rest.
Despite the lack of requirements of the succulent to the conditions of detention, sometimes shortcomings in care can affect the development and flowering of the plant. Often amateur growers, observing how the white border of the pedilanthus leaves begins to turn pink, they believe that something wrong happens with the plant. Not really. In the summer, when there is a lot of light and heat, or in the fall before pedilanthus blooms, the leaf plates change their color - this is a peculiar highlight of the plant, indicating more likely that everything is in order and there is nothing to worry about.
Nuances of planting and transplanting
Pedilanthus, like all succulents, prefers a light, loose, moisture- and breathable earth. For planting or transplanting plants, you can use ready-made shop soil mixture for succulent plants or prepare them yourself. To do this, mix one part of sod land, one part of leaf and one part of large river sand. You can add a little vermiculite or a wet coconut substrate to the mixture - these additives allow the soil to retain moisture and at the same time prevent soil from acidification.
Pots for planting pedilanthus can be used both plastic and clay or ceramic. It is important that the size of the pot matches the size of the plant.
When choosing a pot, it is necessary to take into account that the pedilanthus root system is small and if the pot is too large, the soil can sour
Pedilanthus, like all succulent plants, has a poorly developed root system, so it is better to take a small pot for planting. Young plants should be planted in very small pots, such as for cacti.
Considering the intolerance of soil souring with pedilanthus, it is necessary to lay a drainage on the bottom of the pot with a layer of at least 1/4 of the capacity. Ceramsite, crushed brick or pieces of charcoal are well suited for this purpose.
It is necessary to transplant an adult plant as it grows, increasing the diameter of the pot by 1–1.5 cm with each transplant. Pedilanthus does not need annual transplantation, because the root system develops slowly, and it does not need increased soil fertility, like other succulents. . One or two days before transplanting the plant must be watered.
Step-by-Step Pedilantus Transplant Process
- Carefully pull the earthen ball out of the pot, dust off the ground,
- inspect the roots - remove the rotted,
- put in a prepared pot with a drainage layer,
- fill the roots with soil mixture, slightly compress and water,
- put the planted plant in the shade, after 10 days you can put on the windowsill.
If pedilanthus transplantation is associated with the disease, then after examining and removing the damaged parts, the root system is washed in running water and placed in a bright solution of potassium permanganate for 15–20 minutes. Then put in the usual way.
Step-by-step process of pedilanthus grafting
- In the spring we cut cuttings about 10 cm long.
- Lower leaves are removed, leaving 5-6 leaves on top.
- We place the cuttings briefly in a container with clean warm water to stop the secretion of juice
- Spread soaked cuttings on paper towels to dry for 1-2 days.
- We fill the flat container with moist vermiculite, sand or coconut flakes.
- We lower the cuttings into the mixture, deepening them by 4–5 cm., Lightly water them.
- We put the bowl in a warm shade.
Flower growers reviews about growing plants
Pedilanthus, as compared with other indoor plants, grows quickly, therefore it stretches in length better than it grows in width. To have a beautiful and fluffy bush, you need to pinch the tops of the plant. You can cut off the upper part of the pedilanthus, divide it into cuttings, put into the water, let them sprout and plant in the same pot so that there are several plants.
The full name is Pedilanthus titimoid (Pedilanthus tithymaloides) Family: Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae). I will not write details on care - the Internet will help you. Scions gave me my godfather. She had this flower on the floor and was about 170 cm tall. The bush is quite thick and well branched after pinching.
Pedilanthus has two species - variegated and green. The plant is unpretentious, but if it is too hot in the room where it is located or too cold and this is combined with irregular and insufficient watering, it can shed some of the foliage. Roots simply, stem cuttings that can be cut at any time of the year (but preferably in spring). I rooted them in the tank with the settled water. Soil mixture I used the universal purchase, although it is much more economical to take the mountain or from the land and mix it with the purchase. Illumination, of course, the brighter, the better, but the diffused, most importantly, not too weak also fits. In the summer endured to the north, but very bright balcony. Infrequently and not always, but blooms, flowering is not the most elegant and depletes the plant. It grows very large and if the lighting is weak, then it is necessary to tie it up. So it's better to cut it sometimes.
Pedilanthus for many amateur growers turned out to be a real boon. Decorative leaves, the original form of the bush with pretty flowers, rapid growth and the lack of increased content requirements ensured its popularity among the masters of floriculture and beginners.
Such a plant needs bright light, but the light must be scattered. It should be protected from direct sunlight. In summer, the flower is recommended to move to the street. A suitable place for it should be protected from rain, as well as from the direct rays of the sun.
In winter, the lighting should also be very bright. To achieve the desired level, experts advise to provide additional illumination with special fitolamps.
In spring and summer, the temperature should be about 25 degrees. At the same time the plant needs very frequent airing of the room where it is located. With the onset of autumn pedilanthus should be placed in a cooler place with a temperature of 14 to 18 degrees. With this content, foliar discharge will not be too strong.
There is no need to maintain a special humidity regime in the room.
How to water
In the summertime, the substrate in the tank should always be slightly moist (not wet). На пересушку земляного кома растение реагирует сбросом листвы. В зимний период поливать нужно умеренно. При этом стоит учесть, что такому суккуленту одинаково вредны как пересушка почвы, так и застой в ней жидкости.
Для того чтобы обеспечить максимально подходящий режим полива, следует ориентироваться на состояние листочков. So, it is necessary to water pedilanthus only after the leaves begin to lose their turgor (lower a little). If watering is too scarce, then all the leaves can fly around.
Top dressing is carried out in the spring and autumn period 1 time in 4 weeks. To do this, use fertilizers for succulents with reduced nitrogen content. If there is too much nitrogen in the soil, this can cause the development of rot. In the autumn and winter period, it is impossible to feed the plant.
Transplantation is carried out in the springtime and only if necessary, for example, the root system became crowded in the tank. It should be noted that the root system of such a flower is relatively small. The new tank should have a diameter approximately equal to its height. Do not forget during the transplant to make a good drainage layer of expanded clay at the bottom of the pot. This will help avoid stagnation of water, as well as acidification of the soil.
As a rule, apical cuttings are used for propagation, but sometimes seeds are also used for this purpose.
Cutting should be carried out in spring or summer. To do this, cut off the upper parts of the stems (length from 8 to 10 centimeters), then put them in tepid water, in order to flow out the juice. After they are pulled out of the water and left in the open air for drying. Depending on the size of such a cutting, its drying can last from 1 to 2 days, and maybe longer. For rooting, use almost dry perlite or sand, and the required temperature should be from 20 to 25 degrees. The cutting stalk planted for rooting should not be laid on top, as this may contribute to the rapid development of rot. During rooting, it is recommended to remove the leaflets from the bottom of the cutting in order to avoid their rotting. Full rooting will occur after 2-3 weeks.
Caution! In this flower there is a very caustic juice. In this regard, when working with him, do not forget to be careful and use rubber gloves.
Pests and diseases
- Fungal disease - darkening of the end of the cutting and its rotting. Need to get rid of infected cuttings.
- Aphid - on young leaves and on the upper part of the shoots, very small green-colored pests can be considered, the leaf plates stop growing and curl. Arrange a shower plant or treat with an appropriate insecticide. The affected leaves must be removed.
- Spider mite - foliage becomes sluggish and changes its color to yellow, spider webs appear on the wrong side. Perform acaricide treatment and try to keep the air humidity always high.
- Mealybug - on shoots and in leaf sinuses there are whitish vatoobrazny educations. The growth of the flower stops. Remove insects with cotton swabs moistened with alcohol.
- White fly - leaves become yellow and sticky. If you touch the flower, you can see how small whitish midges fly from it. Arrange a plant shower. In case of severe infection, treat with an insecticide.
- Fly around the leaves - improper watering, little or a lot of light.
- The stems are drawn in winter - the room is not cool enough, poor lighting.
- Leaf stem extension - this is the norm.
- Yellowing and drying of the tips of the leaf plates - low air humidity, intensive lighting.
- Small green leaves grow instead of large, variegated, and they soon fly around. - poor lighting.
- The leaves turn green, the development of their petioles stops - high nitrogen content in the soil.
- Plant drops all foliage - a sharp decrease in air temperature in the process of airing in winter. In the event that the shoots are not frozen and the green color remains, the flower will not die. Otherwise, cut off the dead parts of the flower and wait for the new shoots to grow.
Pedilanthus titimaloid (Pedilanthus tithymaloides)
This bushy succulent has a spectacular and not quite ordinary flower shape. So, they are similar to a fancy bird or shoe. And also this kind has variegated foliage very bright and unusual. So, it can be colored from dark green with whitish patches in the center to the white edge.
Variety "Variegatus" has variegated, wavy leaves with short petioles. At the same time, there is a porcelain-white border on the sheet plate, which turns into a bright red or pinkish color. The fleshy green shoot has a zigzag shape, because when it grows a new leaf it changes its direction. It blooms in the second half of the autumn period. The flowers are in the upper part of the shoots, while the inflorescences formed by them have glossy covering leaves of red color.
Difficulty in leaving
- Due to improper care, pedilanthus leaves may turn yellow and crumble - in this case it is worth adjusting the watering.
- If the plant is too drawn out in length - this indicates a lack of lighting.
- It is necessary to protect the pedilanthus from cold drafts, especially in the winter season - the plant will not die, but it can shed all the leaves.
Popular types of pedilanstus
The genus of pedilanthus shrub has a huge number of species. This is easily explained by the fact that the plant can take root in a variety of climatic conditions. Adjusting to one or another temperature mode, the level of illumination, the pedilanthus changes its appearance.
So for tropical forests of South America, pedymantus tityloid is characteristic. It is characterized by compact size and densely covered with leaves. If the rainforests become a little more arid, then you can find a spore pedilus in them, but not in the form of a shrub, but a small tree. In the most arid and hot regions of America, pedilanthus is large-fruited. In appearance, it is more and more like a succulent, almost leafless, but with a well-developed system of water-saving tissues. In the humid tropics can be found pedalanthus Fink.
Pedilanthus large-fruited (macrocarpus benth.).
Perennial leafless bush bush succulent. The leaves are reduced in the form of flakes. Motherland - Sonora. It has rounded, gray-green stalks that store water in dry times.
Part of the stems can change to a flattened view. Umbellate flowers, red or orange tinged.
Pedylanthus titimaloid (tithymaloides (L.) Poit.).
In the people it is often called the "devil's ridge" for an unusual feature of the stem, changing its direction when new leaves appear. It grows to 60-80 cm.
It is a branched, thickened shrub. with a smooth erect, fleshy, curved stem and lacent leaves that differ in color: green with white, with creamy edges, pink hue.
Color depends on the conditions of possession. Red inflorescences. Subspecies ssp. smalii. Differs more curved, zigzag stalk.
Pedilanthus Fink (finkii Boiss.).
Endowed bright, green, large leaves. Stems zigzag, glossy erect. In habitat, common in tropical rain forests in the United States. Prefers a light, breathable soil.
Pedicanthus spratzovy (calcaratus Schltdl.).
Common tree view. Very high evergreen shrub up to three meters in height. Stems green, dark, branching. The leaves are ovate-rounded, pointed, with wavy edges, up to 5-6 cm long.
In cool weather conditions, can discard some leaves. The same happens with unfavorable home maintenance.
Pedilanthus demanding care, attention and care.
At the same time, taking care of him at home is not at all difficult and even a beginner will be able to cope with this task.
Many flower growers don't pay enough attention care after purchase, after which face different problems.
At the beginning, the pedilanthus must be transplanted into another container.
The pedilanthus flower shop is kept in temporary pots, which are used for overexposure.
They are not suitable for permanent maintenance.
The earth should be loose, nutritious, to ensure adequate air flow and moisture to the root system. Water should not stagnate so as not to provoke the development of root rot.
The best option is to buy ready-made mixture for succulents and cacti.
It is possible to prepare a soil mixture independently from grain and leafy earth in equal proportions, brick chips, sand.
Capacity is adjusted to the size of the root system. or a little more than her. The flower has small roots. It is better to choose clay pots. This material is more environmentally friendly.
Transplanting should be done in a warm spring. after the appearance of young leaves. Exception - transplant immediately after purchase. Does not need frequent transplantation. It is carried out when the roots begin to fill the full volume of the pot.
In summer and spring, the flower is fertilized 1 time in 30 days. It is better to use a special dressing for succulents and cacti. During the rest can not be fed.
Preferably grown in well-lit rooms with open, bright windows.
The plant will be most comfortable on the window sills of windows facing the south-east, south-west, and east sides.
If the pot is on the south side, take care of creating ambient lighting. Direct sunlight is dangerous for the flower and can cause burns.
Late autumn and winter due to lack of sunlight additional artificial lighting recommended.
The room should be moderate temperature: in the summer of about 20-24 degrees, and in the winter no higher than 14-16.
Air more often in the summer, take the pot to the open air, so that it breathes and warms up in the sun.
Protect from drafts in winter and rare temperatures.
Pedilanthus does not like high room temperature and too dry air.. It can get sick, the foliage begins to fall off, and the stem to stretch forward.
In the spring and summer pedilanthus need abundantbut not frequent watering.
The soil should be completely dry before the next moisture. In winter, the plant is watered rarely (about once every 1-1.5 weeks).
For irrigation, only distilled raw water at room temperature is suitable.
In hot weather, watering should be increased.
Pedilanthus is a perennial indoor plant.
With proper care, it will grow and develop every year.. In an adult plant, over the years, the lower part of the shoots may lose their decorative effect due to exposure.
Pedilanthus care at home:
The benefits and harm of pedilanthus:
- Pedylanthus titimatidny often used in medicine for the manufacture of antimicrobial agents. Residents of South America use it as a psychotropic drug.
- All parts of the plant are poisonous.. When handling it you need to be careful, use gloves.
Juice is toxic and causes inflammation when it comes into contact with the skin of the hands or eyes.. Keep the flower away from children and pets.
Features of this plant
You can't tell from the photo, but this is a succulent, and yes even a relative of milkweed (accordingly, thick whitish juice flows in the “veins” of the pedilanthus).
Translated from the Greek, the intricate name of the plant sounds like "flower-shoe". The fact is that the scientist, who first discovered pedilanthus, thought that his inflorescence resembled women's shoes. Although, of course, it is difficult to imagine what fashion was at that time:
These flowers appear in the second half of autumn.
Other names for the flower are "Jacob's ladder" and "devil's ridge." They can also be explained: the pedilanthus stem is not straight or oblique, but zigzagging.
Brought to us this plant from afar - from America, subtropical and tropical regions.
Are there many types of pedilanthus on our window sills
In general (in nature) there are only 15 species. Basically, as I said, these are shrubs, as well as three-meter trees. True, there are flowerpots.
- Pedylanthus titimaloid. The most popular type, I tell about it in this article (although tips on caring for it are no different from caring for the rest of the room pedilanthus). It is a room bush with large (up to 10 cm) leaves, or bright green, or with light (white, yellow, light green) specks. It blooms in red or orange flowers. This species is popular because unpretentious.
- Variegate. It is almost the same as the previous species, but completely with spotted leaves. They may have a white edging, and if the plant has a lot of light, then a pinkish color.
- Large-fruited. This is exactly a succulent! The plant consists of thick stalks without leaves. It blooms with pink-red flowers, similar not so much to a shoe as to a pumpkin.
- Pedilanthus Fink. It is rather a shrub consisting of a “bundle” of zigzag shoots (here it is, “Jacob’s ladder”!). In the house it can grow up to 1.5 meters. Above the tree stands a crown of leaves, vaguely resembling cherry leaves (bright green, without spots), and a bare stem below.
What signs and superstitions is this plant associated with?
- This flower was presented to you: great, soon wealth and happiness will come to your house.
- You have someone stole this flower. Of course, the potted plant is unlikely to be stolen (to modern thieves only give money), but the sign also concerns the secretly broken stalk. This is also good, but it promises changes in working life - you can change both the place of work and the direction of your activity in general.
- In the house is a daughter for marriage. As in the case of other flowers (ficus, stephanotis), pedilanthus is considered a muzhegon. That is, some people believe that if you keep this plant in the house, the girl will not be able to get married. Therefore, it ... No, they don’t throw it away, but they donate it - look at number 1!
The benefits and harm of the flower
- It is believed that the leaves of this flower is well cleaned the air. Therefore, it is often bought by smokers or people who have survived repairs and are still breathing the smell of new wallpaper. Scientists even say that the plant fills the room with useful essential oils.
- Do not forget that this is a relative of euphorbia, so you cannot cut the flower with your bare hands, because it has caustic juice, which can cause irritation on the skin (if you swallow a leaf, you can be seriously poisoned). Also, do not allow birds or pets to touch the flower ... However, a natural “detector” is probably programmed in cats and dogs, since none of my friends had animals that were not interested in pedilanthus. The grass grown especially for them was well eaten, and the "devil's ridge" proudly avoided it.
How to care for pedilanthus at home
- Shine. Diffused but bright. A good solution: southeast or southwest windowsill.
- Temperature. From spring to summer, this green "creature" is satisfied with the usual flat air temperature (20-25 degrees), while in winter (from January to March) it needs Spartan conditions - about 15 degrees.
- Watering. In spring and autumn, follow the upper ball of the soil: as soon as it dries, carry a watering can. It is necessary to water a flower about 3 times a week. In winter (if it is cold), the pedilanthus consumes less water, so you need to remember about it once a week.
- Spraying. They can be carried out in the heat (take warm water). But still the plant is more like just standing next to the aquarium or on a stand with wet expanded clay.
- Feeding. The plant is suitable formulations for cacti and other succulents. It is desirable that the fertilizer was less nitrogen. You can give such compositions every 20-30 days, from January to September.
- Transplant The plant does not like them very much. Carrying it into a new pot is worth transshipment. This is done in the spring, when the old pot is already quite small. Important: you need to have time before the flower wakes up (until it began to grow young leaves).
- Pot. Buy a maximum of 3 cm more than the old. Lay drainage on the bottom.
- Priming. Sod + hardwood + sand. The same substrate can be used if you do not want to transplant the plant (it is not crowded), but the pot has not changed for more than a year. Remove the top of the old soil in the pot, put a layer of fresh - and all the business!
- Special care. In the spring, when winter peace comes to an end, the plant should be cut to form a crown.