Amateur breeders from Siberia brought a new variety of tomatoes, which was given the name "Konigsberg." This species has several subspecies: Königsberg red, Königsberg gold and Königsberg new. All subspecies combines two features, large, fleshy fruits and high yields.
Description and characteristics of the variety
All the positive qualities of tomato hybrids are collected in one sort of Königsberg tomatoes. Tomato Königsberg is gaining popularity among gardeners, it is from this variety that experienced gardeners advise to study the science of the proper cultivation of tomatoes.
Tomato Königsberg, characteristic and description of the variety. Tomato shrub Königsberg growth type attributed to the indeterminant type end point of growth this species is absent. Under favorable growth conditions, the plant can reach a height of about 2 meters. Stems powerful, at least two pieces, branched, with several brushes. Each brush gives about 5-6 tomatoes. Shtamba has not.
The plant has a dense powerful rhizome, extending deep into the ground. Leaves vaguely resemble potato tops, large, dark green, slightly pubescent. The inflorescence of this species is usual; the first inflorescence is formed after 12–13 leaves. The stem has a joint.
The grade tomato Konigsberg possesses good resistance to various diseases. Refers to mid-season varieties. Fully matures on day 113–115 after planting.
Planting is provided in open ground, in the greenhouse do not get sick. The yield is quite high, about 10–20 kg of tomatoes from one bush.
Description of the fruit and the value of the variety
On the form of fruits - heart-shaped, elongated, with a pointed tip. In ripe condition, the tomato is red. Koenigsberg tomato weighs quite a lot, about 500 g, the fruits are juicy and fleshy. The skin of the fetus is elastic, smooth, in the sun does not crack. The content of dry substances in tomatoes is average, there are 3-4 chambers with seeds. Fruits are dense, which can significantly increase the shelf life and avoid damage during transportation.
Experienced gardeners, according to the characteristics and reviews, note the many advantages of the Königsberg variety:
- high yield,
- pronounced "tomato" taste,
- resistance to temperature extremes
- immunity to many diseases,
- unpretentiousness in the care and cultivation.
Tomatoes of this variety contain a large amount of natural antioxidant lycopene. This substance fights some diseases. It inhibits the formation of cancer cells in humans, strengthens the cardiovascular system. Doctors say that the most beneficial components enters the human body when eating fresh fruits, watered with vegetable oil.
In addition to the natural antioxidant, tomatoes include:
- salts of mineral origin,
Tomatoes are rich in vitamins. In their composition there are vitamins of group A, B2, B6, E, PP, K.
During heat treatment, the fruits do not become limp, retain their shape, therefore they are excellent for preservation.
To date two subspecies of the Königsberg variety, according to the characteristics and description of gardeners, are very popular. These include:
- Tomato golden Konigsberg,
- Tomato Konigsberg heart-shaped.
The golden subspecies of the variety, according to the characteristics and description, the shape of the fruit resembles eggplant, only a golden-orange color. The weight of ripe fruit of golden tomato pretty big, varies from 200 gr to 500 gr. Tomatoes of this golden variety are dense, with a smooth skin, fleshy and juicy. The taste and smell of this, "tomato". The yield of gold Königsberg is quite high, 10–12 kg from one bush.
The variety needs a garter. The fruits are heavy, the stem can not withstand the load and break off.
Heart-shaped Königsberg, according to the characteristics and description - a bush with giant fruits, about 1 kg in weight. Productivity is high, not less than 14-18 kg from one bush. Pink fruits, with a dense skin, well tolerate transportation and storage. In canning used for squeezing juice and cooking salads.
The variety according to the description is usually referred to as indeterminant, it forms 2–3 stems.
Planting and care
The variety is grown seedlings. The seedling is grown from seeds, they are planted in late March - early April in the greenhouse. After the appearance of the first leaves, seedlings need to be transplanted from the general pallet into separate containers. Experienced gardeners recommend To plant seedlings in peaty-humus pots, it is in them that the sprouts will “live” before transplanting into open ground.
The plant bears fruit equally well both in the greenhouse and on the garden bed in the garden. The quality of the crop does not depend on the place of growth.
In books on gardening, which describes the characteristics, care and maintenance, it is advised to plant seedlings at a time when the weather is fully established. As rules sprouts planted for 65–70 days after the first appearance of leaflets. Careful care and the creation of certain conditions of the plant does not require.
Watering should be regular, carry it out at first better with warm water. Loosen and drain the soil as needed to ensure the flow of oxygen to the roots. The weeds in the first stage of care and cultivation must be regularly, so that they do not strangle the seedlings.
The plant needs mineral dressing, it is carried out with the help of organic fertilizers. For this ahead of time prepare liquid fertilizer on the basis of manure, with the addition of potassium and phosphorus. The garter of this variety is obligatory, the fruits are quite large, the stems can not withstand the load.
Threat to harvest
The greatest threat to the crop is top rot. It can parasitize on fruits even before they fully mature. Manifests itself in the form of dark soft spotsover time, they increase in size and affect the entire fetus.
There is a disease due to two factors:
- lack of moisture (the soil is dry, the air is too hot),
- lack of calcium (the roots of the plant have nowhere to take nutrients, the soil is rather scarce).
Tomato Königsberg: description and characteristics of the variety
Description characterizes as a powerful plant that looks impressive in the garden. The height of individual bushes can be more than two meters, so the bushes need a garter to support.
Several varieties of tomatoes of this variety have been developed, but they are combined high taste, good yield and ease of care.
The bush of a plant usually grows up to two meters and is formed into two stems, one of which is made out of a stepson. The plant is covered with many fruit brushes. In one brush can be up to six fruits.
The plant has a strong branched root system, which grows deep into the soil. The leaves are large, the type of "potato", painted in dark green and have a slight pubescence.
Königsberg variety, as described and described, refers to mid-season varietiesThe harvest begins 110 days a day after the seeds are planted.
Tomatoes are resistant to pests and most diseases. The culture can be grown both in the open field and in the greenhouse. Tomatoes are resistant to adverse weather conditions. They tolerate heat, lack of moisture and coolness very well.
Sort characterized by high yield. From one bush of tomatoes, experienced gardeners harvest up to 30 kilograms of fruit.
The Königsberg variety does not impose special requirements on the soil, but with good care and timely watering and fertilizing, the harvest will always be high.
The fruits deserve special attention. Tomato weight characteristic and description can reach one kilogram, often the mass of fruits is up to 400 grams. Tomatoes differ excellent taste, juicy fleshy pulp, light aroma and dense skin. The color of the fruit from golden yellow to bright red.
Fruits have good transportability, they can be stored for a long time at a low temperature. Tomatoes are suitable for fresh consumption or homemade preparations, preparation of sauces and salads.
The variety of tomato Golden Kenigsberg is a related variety, which has another sonorous name - “Siberian apricot”. The main difference between tomatoes Golden Königberg, according to the description and characteristics, are the fruits of golden color, caused by the high content of carotene.
Tomatoes Golden Koenigsberg can be grown both in the greenhouse and in the open field. His yield is slightly lower than other varieties. However, the fruit, despite its smaller size, has a stunning taste.
According to the description, the fruits of the Golden Konigsberg variety have a slightly elongated shape that looks like eggplant, and are covered with a smooth, dense skin of golden color. The flesh is juicy, contains little seeds, fragrant and sweet.
Tomatoes Königsberg heart-shaped - another great variety of the variety Königsberg, which distinguished by very large fruits. The weight of one tomato can reach a kilogram. Because of the size of the fruit, tomatoes are more often consumed fresh, because they are not suitable for home canning.
Advantages and disadvantages of the Königsberg variety
Most of the owners of garden plots to the main advantages of tomatoes include:
- high yield,
- good taste,
- resistance to disease and pest damage
- unpretentious care.
With proper care, the variety has no flaws.
Its saturated bright red color is due to the high content of lycopene, which removes toxic substances from the body and prevents the development of malignant tumors. Regular consumption tomatoes of this variety helps to prevent the occurrence of diseases of the heart and blood vessels. The most effective eating fruits in combination with vegetable oil.
Also, tomatoes are rich in vitamins A, B6, PP, K. They contain mineral salts, iodine, manganese, glucose and fructose.
Peculiarities of care
Growing seedlings requires a warm room. Before planting, seeds are disinfected and treated with compositions that stimulate plant growth. After that, they are sown in total capacity.
Seeds are treated in a solution of potassium permanganate to prevent the appearance of disease. It is also possible to use solutions to stimulate plant growth - soaked in it overnight. Planted in a common container at a depth of 1 cm in the beginning - mid-March.
The depth of seeding should not exceed one centimeter. After the seeds are filled with soil. Capacity should be covered with plastic wrap to create a greenhouse effect.
The optimum temperature for growing seedlings is 25C. Lowering the temperature is acceptable after the appearance of sprouts. After that, the film is removed. It is necessary to provide sufficient lighting and timely watering with a small amount of water.
When two true leaves appear, pickling and transplanting of seedlings into separate hills are carried out. After 55-60 days, it can be planted in a greenhouse or open ground. It is recommended to water before planting, it will help to avoid damage to the root system and stems.
Soil for planting tomatoes are prepared in advance, special attention should be paid to fertilizers. Tomatoes variety Konigsberg grow better in greenhouses or protected structures in the form of metal arches with stretched plastic film.
Plant care includes timely watering and fertilizing.
As they grow on the plant, affiliated shoots appear - stepchildren, which must be removed in order to provide the plant with good nutrition. You should ensure that the plant was formed from two shoots.
Since the plant has a large bush size, special attention should be paid to the garter. For her, you can use high support, which will not allow the stem to break. For garters use a thin nylon cord that does not damage the stems. For support, you can use the trellis or wooden posts with a height of at least three meters, to which the rail is fastened and the wire is tied in several rows so that the mesh is obtained. Plants as they grow grow on the grid with a cord.
In the formation of the first 8-9 brushes with fruits, the plant should be pinched and limited to its further growth. Also remove the lower leaves, this will allow the soil to be well ventilated.
Watering is carried out as the soil dries out approximately once a week, depending on weather conditions.
The plant needs mineral and organic fertilization. For the first time, tomatoes are fed during growth and plant formation. To do this, use a complex of nitrogen fertilizers, then make fertilizers containing potassium and phosphorus. During the period of plant growth, organic fertilizers containing mullein or bird droppings are introduced.
Diseases and pests
The variety Königsberg is resistant to diseases and pests. The peculiarity of the variety is the tendency to the disease of the apical rot, which develops during the ripening of fruits and manifests itself in the form of black spots near the stem. With the further development of the disease, the fetus partially dries out and is drawn inward.
The disease can develop as a result of a lack of moisture in the soil or a lack of plant calcium.
Tomato "Koenigsberg like amazing taste, high yield and resistance to disease. Before planting, I process the seeds with potassium permanganate, this gives additional protection. Tomatoes produce a stable crop, regardless of climatic conditions. Culture characteristics are good.
I liked the variety very much, I did not see the minuses. The harvest gives an average, unpretentious, has a good growth. The fruits are beautiful, red, distinguished by good taste. I use them for salads and preparations for the winter.
Tomatoes were grown in a greenhouse. The bush was formed from two stems. At the bottom were located large-sized fruits, on top - smaller and oblong. We use tomatoes for preservation, cooking tomato juice and pasta. This is not the best variety, but you can grow.
History of creation
Tomato Königsberg was bred by Russian breeders in 2005. Several varieties were bred. This variety was created in Siberia, its main properties are frost resistance and high yield. The variety is suitable for planting in different climatic regions, both in harsh and hot climates. Fruits differ fleshy pulp and a high content of nutrients (vitamins, minerals, antioxidants).
Königsberg - high standard tomato
Thanks to agricultural technologies, it has become possible to grow, therefore, to consume tomatoes year-round, but the varieties of open ground still retain an advantage in taste. The Königsberg variety absorbs the heat of the summer sun and the freshness of the wind, then to give them through the fragrant bright red fruits.
History of tomato cultivation Konigsberg
The name of Vladimir Nikolaevich Dederko is known not only to professionals, but also to vegetable growers. Thanks to him and a small circle of like-minded people, tomatoes of Siberian breeding appeared, more than eight dozen of which are included in the State Register. Tomato Königsberg was among the first varieties presented by the Siberian scientist, it appeared at the beginning of this century. In 2005, it was entered into the State Register with a recommendation to grow it in open ground in the dacha plots, in personal subsidiary and small farms.
Plants are tall, shoots can reach up to two meters. The leaves are large, painted in light green color. The flowers are yellow, collected in simple inflorescences of 5-7 pieces. Stem with articulation. The first fruit brush is laid over the twelfth leaf, and in the subsequent brush are placed on the shoot every three leaves.
The fruit stem holds the cylindrical fruits of the Königsberg tomato.
Fruits are oblong, cylindrical, elongated at the top. Unripe tomatoes are light green in color, and ripe, rich red. The surface of the fruit is smooth. The flesh is fleshy, juicy, sweetish, very tasty. In the fruits of no more than three or four seed nests. The average weight of the fruit ranges from 155–230 g. Individual copies reach 300 g. Tomatoes of this variety are used fresh, in the preparation of salads and gravies, as well as in blanks. Differ in good transportability and lezhkost.
Because of the fleshy juicy pulp, Königsberg tomatoes are pleasant both in fresh form and in blanks.
For lecho and tomato puree, Königsberg fruits are very convenient. They do not boil heavily when canning because of the dense pulp, while maintaining excellent taste. Fleshy sweet tomatoes cause an exceptional taste of pickles or pickles. It is only necessary to pick up tomatoes of approximately the same size and ripeness in each jar. If the Königsberg tomato is also grown golden, its fruits beautifully “play” next to red, adding new flavors.
The Königsberg variety has many varieties. By color distinguish: red, gold, pink, striped. Heart-shaped forms are derived. In the State Register, only Königsberg with red fruits appears as a variety.
Mid-season variety with indeterminate growth type. Needs a mandatory garter and the formation of bushes. Non-painful, heat-resistant. Хорошо растёт даже при недостаточном поливе. В зависимости от климатических особенностей региона, условий выращивания и ухода урожайность томатов может быть 4,6–20,0 кг/м 2 .
Высокие кусты томата сорта Кёнигсберг можно подвязывать к деревянным опорам
Growing varieties of tomatoes Konigsberg
These tomatoes are intended for cultivation in the open field, but many gardeners successfully grow them in greenhouses. It is all about the indeterminate type of growth, which allows you to harvest crops from plants longer. Therefore, the formation of tomato bushes of the Königsberg variety for open and protected ground is slightly different.
The duration of fruiting tomatoes in a protected ground is longer, so growth is limited only after the seventh fruit cluster.
Since the greenhouse life of tomatoes in the greenhouse is long, then leave seven fruit brushes on each shoot. In the open ground, due to the short summer, the plant cannot be conveyed to more than five brushes, therefore, it retains less inflorescences on the bush.
Growing this variety is not difficult. Use the seedling method, sowing tomato seeds in March.
Seedlings receive as follows:
- Peat cups or seedling cassettes filled with nutrient primer are shed with Fitosporin solution.
You can buy the soil in the store or cook it yourself: ignite the ground in the oven from the garden and add 100 g of ash, 600 g of peat and 1 kg of coarse sand to a bucket of soil
1–2 seeds are planted in each cassette.
After planting seeds cover capacity with a film to create a greenhouse effect.
Seedlings are transplanted into the open ground, when 3-5 real leaves appear on the plants.
Approximately 60–70 days after sowing, seedlings can be planted in the ground. Two weeks before this, the plants begin to harden, gradually accustoming them to lower temperatures. First, they keep it under the open window, constantly increasing the duration of exposure to fresh air, then they take it out to the balcony or to the courtyard.
About two weeks before planting, tomato seedlings begin to harden, bringing the pots to the open air or balcony
Planting seedlings in open ground and care for her
The variety requires enough space for growth and development, so the wells are placed at a distance of 45–50 cm, leaving between the rows up to 80–90 cm for ease of processing and good aeration. Bushes in open ground are located from north to south, ensuring their uniform illumination throughout the day. The support is fixed in the wells immediately, so as not to injure the roots.
While the seedlings are small, the soil is loosened, weeds are destroyed. Mulch the soil with freshly cut grass that does not allow moisture to evaporate quickly, maintains the surface of the soil in a loose state.
Watering plentiful. It is most convenient to give water along the grooves, preferably at least once every 7–8 days. The variety is, of course, heat-resistant, but irregular uneven watering leads to cracking of fruits.
Drop irrigation will provide uninterrupted moistening of beds and will allow to use water economically
After the first fruit cluster has been laid, all the leaves and stepchildren under it are removed, so the forces of the plant are directed to the formation of the harvest. With the advent of each new floral brush, the lower leaves are removed.
Ladders cut with scissors or gently pinch off with a fingernail
It is recommended to graze tomatoes in the morning, from about 9 to 11, after which the soil is slightly moistened.
The first tomatoes are harvested on the 110–115th day. The return of the fruit is friendly, which is important for housewives at the time of procurement.
Unified yield return - valuable quality at the time of procurement
Processing and feeding plants
Some gardeners pay attention to the fact that in greenhouses the fruits are affected by top rot. As a rule, this is the result of a lack of potassium in the soil. To avoid such problems, it is recommended to fill each well when planting with ashes, depositing about a liter jar under a bush.
Dark gray or brown spots on the top of the fetus - a sign of defeat by vertex rot
Now many gardeners adhere to the principles of "green" farming. If you do not want to give mineral fertilizers, you can feed the plants infusion of slurry. To do this, a mullein in a barrel is diluted with water at a ratio of 1:10, left for 2–3 days and applied 200–300 ml per root. A well-balanced composition of fertilizers and trace elements is provided to plants. As in any business, you need not to overdo it, so that tomatoes do not become “fatten”. One or two of these dressings when grown in open ground is enough.
To prevent diseases, experienced gardeners practice alternately spraying iodine, potassium permanganate and soda.
Preparation of solutions is not very difficult:
- First, 6–10 drops of potassium iodide solution are added to 10 liters of water and all tomato plantings are shed.
- The following treatment with a weak solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate). First, a teaspoon of crystals of potassium permanganate is dissolved in a small volume of water, and then added to a large container with water, bringing the solution to a pink color. Potassium permanganate is a source of reactive oxygen species and a supplier of potassium and manganese for plants. The solution should be used immediately for maximum efficiency.
- Soda solution is obtained by diluting 2 tablespoons of baking soda in 10 liters of water.
Spray the plants need in the evening to avoid sunburn
Begin processing two weeks after transplanting. First, the bushes are sprayed with a solution of iodine, a week later with potassium permanganate, then after 7–8 days soda. After three consecutive treatments, everything is repeated. Shrubs with such care healthy, strong, and the harvest quality.
How to collect seeds
In order not to depend on the vagaries of the market and the predilections of suppliers, they often get their own seeds from the varieties they like. However, some gardeners complain that when they sow their planting material from tomatoes, Koenigsberg fails to reproduce the crop of the first year, when seeds from the producer were used. Do not forget that when you receive your own seeds you need:
- Do not process bushes with seed donor fruits with any growth promoters.
- Pre-select the most healthy strong bush.
- Choose an average tomato from the second brush for greenhouse growing or from the lower brush in open ground. The size and shape of the fruit must comply with the standard of the variety.
Even with all these conditions, it is not always certain that external circumstances (pollinating insects, neighboring varieties, wind) did not turn your favorite variety into a spontaneous hybrid. Seeds get this way:
- Collect fruits brown and bring in heat.
- Tomatoes are washed, cut across and squeezed the seeds and juice into a separate container, covered with clean gauze and left in a dark warm place for fermentation. This is done in order to get rid of inhibitors that suppress germination of seeds.
At 25 ° C fermentation will begin in a day, at lower temperatures - later
Excellent taste provides a variety of tomato Königsberg constant fans among farmers and gardeners
The varieties of tomatoes "Konigsberg" (red) and "Golden Konigsberg" I planted in my garden for several years in a row. I had no problems with growing seedlings and later with adult plants. Care for these tomatoes is exactly the same as for all other varieties.
... there are varieties with higher yields. But personally, I had enough of what has grown in abundance. But the taste of the fruit - excellent. It was also pleased that the fruits are of the same size and ripen quite amicably, which is important for conservation. In the bank "Golden Konigsberg" with his red fellow looks very elegant. When salting tomatoes do not crawl, they can be cut with a knife. Now I always plant this variety in the garden.
Planting kenigs for 5 years is for sure. Seedlings in appearance inferior to other varieties, and very thin, but the tomatoes are large, beautiful. This year has added more gold - the BEST! I know a lot about tomatoes. We always grow in the exhaust gas, and do not process anything.
http://www.tomat-pomidor.com/2011/01/%d0%ba%d0%b5%d0%bd%d0%b8%d0%b3%d1%81%d0%b1%d0%b5%d1 % 80% d0% b3 /
This year Koenigsberg disappointed me. On the bush the first brushes started badly. On them for two - three tomatoes. I threw out the second brushes quite high - and even there three of them are tied up. But I, perhaps, the reason is that this year their seeds collected. When planted with seeds from Biotechnology - there was a fairy tale for tomatoes! They ripened among the latter, fleshy, sweet, a lot on the bush! I really fell in love with this variety. And this year, I want to tear them all away; tomatoes are few and unintelligible in taste and size.
an orange Cottage in Chekhov district M.O.
Of the 20 bushes, only 5 show last year's result. on the rest a lot of fruits, but small. He planted equally, 10 red and 10 yellow, only two yellow as a result. Seeds of their own. ps There were no such powerful plants last year. The thickness of the stems is like that of sunflowers. Probably overfed?
kaluk. St. Petersburg.
I bought tomatoes on the market. A couple of years ago they were identified here as Königsberg red. I plant seven years with my seeds. I don't have the best sort of red yet.
galli Cottage in the suburbs
Yes, about the same variety, I really liked the taste. I had both red and yellow Königsberg. Yellow Konigsberg tastes better, as for me. It is not as sweet as Persimmon, for example, it is difficult to describe the taste. You see, everyone has different weather conditions and conditions in general. And we all have different tastes. Sow this year, in the sense of spring.
High shoots of tomato varieties Konigsberg endowed with a harvest of strong, sturdy, fleshy tomatoes. This sort is of the same age as the century and is not going to take a position
Thanks to a powerful root system, the variety copes with both frosts and drought, suitable for cultivation in open ground and in warm rooms (hotbeds, greenhouses).
Note! The variety is suitable for regions where there is a very short summer period.
Tomato Koenigsberg Seeds
The second feature of the variety is its high yield. With one square meter yield reaches up to 20 kilograms. The variety refers to mid-ripening - about 110-115 days pass from planting to harvest.
Variety refers to self-pollinating. To improve self-pollination, shrubs during flowering shake.
The plant reaches a height of 2 meters. Fruits are quite large, smooth (weight from 300 to 1000 grams). Leaves large in size. The leaf shape is similar to that of a potato, dark in color and slightly pubescent. The variety is indeterminate, that is, it has no final point of growth. The bush must be shaped. The best option is two stalks.
Tomato königsberg sprouts
The variety is resistant to all sorts of diseases and pests. But preventive spraying should still be done. Improper care of plants can cause some diseases. This disease is apical rot. These are the spots that appear on the green fruit from below and dry the fruit. Rot appears mainly for two reasons: lack of moisture in dry weather and little calcium in the soil. When the disease has already manifested itself, the affected fruits should be removed and the soil watered in the evening. Moisture should not fall on the leaves and fruits. The second reason can be prevented if during transplantation of the seedlings into the wells to put finely ground egg shells or to spray the plants with a 10% solution of potassium nitrate.
Tomato Königsberg has several varieties, one of which is also called the tomato new Königsberg. All varieties have similar properties, but differ in the color and shape of the fruit.
Tomato Kenigsberg red: description
The name comes from the characteristic dark color of the fruit. The form is elongated, resembles eggplant. The pulp is fleshy, there is little seed. In this species, the content of lycopene is high, which is an antioxidant and contributes to the improvement of the cardiovascular system. Weight - from 300 to 750 grams.
Tomato golden Koenigsberg
Tomato golden Konigsberg: characteristics and description of the variety
The form of this variety corresponds to the previous one, but the difference is the color - bright yellow or orange (golden). The yield of the golden Koenigsberg tomato is slightly lower than other subspecies, they have not so large fruits. Fruits are high in carotene. Also, Koenigsberg gold is sometimes called “Siberian apricot”, which is associated with a characteristic color. The weight of tomatoes reaches 300 grams.
Tomato Koenigsberg sertsevidny
The soil on the plot for planting should be prepared in autumn. Tomato soil is not demanding, but to obtain a good crop fertilizer soil will be a plus. Humus is used as a fertilizer (half a bucket per square meter). Soil should be treated with anti-fungal agents.
Soil for seedlings better suited alkaline. Two months before the planned planting planted seedlings, mainly in early spring (March-April). Seeds are sown to a depth of 1-3 cm. In order for the seeds to germinate, they need a temperature of at least 23-26 degrees.
Tomato königsberg ripens
Diving (transplanting seedlings into separate containers) is necessary if the seedlings are in boxes. A dive is conducted after the appearance of at least two leaves. Before transplanting two hours should be watered with seedlings. Wet soil makes it easier to remove plants. New packaging for transplanting should also be prepared in advance. The soil should also be slightly alkaline. For the prevention of diseases, it is recommended to pour the soil with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Remove shrubs should be carefully to avoid damage to the roots.
Important! You can not pull the bushes out of the soil - you can damage the root. Sluggish and weak bushes immediately removed.
At the main root of the selected bushes it is necessary to pinch off the lower end. You need to plant in a hole 6 cm deep, but the root should not bend. After transplantation should be well watered plants with warm water. Seedlings need a lot of light and plenty of watering. Before landing it is necessary to harden. To do this, two weeks before landing in the ground seedlings are transferred to a room with a temperature of about 15 degrees.
Seedlings ten days before disembarking should not be watered. Planted into the ground at the rate of one square meter with a maximum of three bushes. Watering should be plentiful under the very root. Bushes grow tall, up to 2 meters, so the plants need support and garter. Garter recommended for 2-4 weeks after transplanting. In open ground, pegs or trellis can be used as a support. In confined spaces, tie up with a rope or wire stretched at a height.
Removal of stepsons is carried out once every two weeks. When the first fruits appear, pinching should stop.
Important! Removing stepsons is necessary, but only if they do not exceed three centimeters, since the removal of large stepsons can harm the bush.
Be sure to loosen the soil and get rid of weeds. If desired, mulching can be performed (regulation of the water and air regimes of the soil around the plant with the help of mulching materials). During the fruiting period, fertilizing is carried out with mineral fertilizers. The variety is well resistant to diseases and pests, but, nevertheless, preventive measures should be carried out. For this purpose, suitable for any protection measures applicable to other garden crops (spraying biological products).
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
As noted earlier, the variety has several advantages. These include:
- - high yields and independence from climatic conditions,
- - good resistance to diseases and various pests,
- - landing is possible both in open and closed ground.
There are also some disadvantages:
- - too big fruit,
- - tall bushes that need a garter.
The article describes the characteristics of tomato Koenigsberg. Thus, this type of tomato is a remarkable invention of Russian breeders. The variety has many advantages and is easy to plant. Compliance with simple rules and proper care will help get a rich harvest. Tomatoes Königsberg have interesting flowers and decorate your garden.
Characteristics and description of the variety
Important! Konigsberg, unlike many Siberian tomatoes, is a pure variety, not a hybrid.
- Tomato Koenigsberg is an indeterminate form, that is, its growth is not limited. On average, in the greenhouse bushes grow up to 2 m in height and form it more often into 2 thin and branched stems, which form a set of brushes. On each hand develops up to 6 fruits.
- Mid-season: after seedlings emerge, the first fruits appear after 110-115 days.
- Grow well in open ground and in the greenhouse.
Important! The variety is resistant to weather conditions, so it can be grown in open ground, but it will not bear fruit as long as in a greenhouse.
- It has a powerful rhizome and dark green leaves that resemble potato in appearance. They are slightly pubescent.
- The inflorescence is simple, the first brush appears over the 12th leaf, the subsequent ones are formed over every 3rd leaf.
- Resistant to most diseases and pests.
- Productivity is high, but depends on soil fertility, weather, and proper care. From 1m. square can be collected from 5 to 20 kg. Vegetable growers say this: 3 buckets with 1 bush.
- Each subspecies (red, gold, heart-shaped) differs in color and shape.
Все разновидности Кенигсберга имеют множество общих характеристик, но у них есть и отличия, в основном по внешним признакам.
Emaciated Stepanenko: I weighed 108, and now 65. At night she drank warm. Read more here.
Плоды плотные, одинакового размера, вкусные, могут долго храниться.
- elongated shape, like eggplant,
- fruit weight up to 300g, can reach 800g,
- rich color (depending on the subspecies),
- thick and smooth skin that does not crack,
- the fruit has 3-4 chambers and many seeds,
- the dry matter content is average.
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You can see the fruits of the tomato variety Konigsberg in the photo:
Breeding variety has become so popular that scientists derived several of its subspecies. Today, the following varieties are known:
Red. This subspecies is grown in greenhouses and open ground. Bushes stretch to 2 m in height. Productivity is always very high. Red tomatoes of elongated shape ripen in mid-July-August. Their skin is shiny. Tomatoes taste great and can be stored for a long time. Red Königsberg is considered the most resistant to changes in weather conditions and tolerates cooling to 0 well.
Tomato Golden Koenigsberg. The sweetest of all subspecies, as in the composition of yellow tomatoes more sugars.
It is also called "Siberian apricot", because it contains a lot of carotene. Otherwise, all the characteristics of yellow tomatoes coincide with the above subspecies.
Cordate. This is a large-fruited subspecies, the mass of one tomato can reach 1 kg.
Of course, it is impossible to preserve such large tomatoes as a whole, but they are great for fresh consumption, cooking salads and sauces.
Tomatoes varieties Konigsberg have a lot of useful substances that are stored during storage and a little heat treatment. Whole tomatoes are not canned and not pickled, as they are large. But of them you can cook delicious sauces, pastes, juices and use them fresh.
Koenigsberg Red is saturated with lycopene, this can be judged by the rich red color of the fruit. Lycopene is a natural antioxidant that slows down the aging process, fights against the formation of cancer cells, and is a preventive measure for cardiovascular diseases.
How to learn tomatoes varieties Konigsberg
Tomato Kenisberg is not a hybrid. This is an independent variety that combines the best qualities of crossed plants.
- The variety is indeterminate, that is, it has no growth restrictions. Bush stretches to a height of more than 2 m. It is customary to form a plant in two stems, on which a plurality of brushes with 5-6 ovaries are formed. The leaves are large, saturated green, slightly pubescent, resemble potato tops. Inflorescences, the first of which is located after the twelfth leaf, are formed every three leaves.
- From planting seeds to harvesting takes at least 115 days, the variety is middle-ripening. Königsberg was cultivated as a greenhouse variety, however, with proper care, the plants also feel well on open beds.
- Tomatoes are large, slightly elongated, red, yellow or pink depending on the variety. The weight of one fruit can reach 850 g, but on average it does not exceed 300 g. The flesh is dense, fleshy, sweet, the skin is quite hard, glossy, does not crack. This facilitates the storage and transportation of tomatoes.
- The Königsberg variety is great for pickling in barrels, canning, preparing salads, juices, tomato paste or ketchup. Tasty vegetables with a pronounced tomato flavor, rich in healthy substances, are pleasant when consumed fresh.
- High yield is a distinguishing feature of the Königsberg variety. Vegetable growers who have been growing tomatoes on their plots for more than one year claim that up to three buckets of vegetables are collected from one bush. The yield declared by the manufacturer in the description of the variety ranges from 7 to 20 kg per 1 m 2.
Due to unpretentiousness and resistance to adverse climatic conditions, high yields and amazing taste, the variety has become deservedly popular among summer residents. This prompted breeders to bring two more types: gold and heart-shaped.
- Golden tomato Konigsberg to taste the sweetest of the three varieties, it contains the largest amount of sugars. Thanks to the sweetness and bright yellow color of the fruit, the variety received the second name - “Siberian apricot”.
- Heart-shaped Königsberg is distinguished by large pink fruits in the shape of a heart. In the lower part of the bush, tomatoes of this variety grow to 1 kg. The closer to the top of the bush, the fruits become smaller, but not less than 150 g.
Tomatoes varieties Konigsberg, like many other plants with a long period of ripening, it is better to grow seedlings. Planting tomatoes in this way, in the middle of summer, you can get the first fruits. The rules of growing and caring for these unpretentious plants will not cause difficulties even for inexperienced gardeners, therefore, Kenisberg is often advised to beginners.
Seed preparation and planting
Seeds can be bought in the store or collected from their own harvest. When choosing seed material, it is better to give preference to products of well-known companies that have proven themselves in the market, for example, Gavrish, Sedek, Aelita. Seeds hand-packed in paper bags are cheaper, but no one guarantees their quality.
Many gardeners trust only independently collected seeds. Kenisberg is not a hybrid, so it is quite possible to select the seeds from the tomatoes you like.
Preparation for landing begin in mid-March. Seeds are disinfected by placing for 2-3 hours in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. To speed up germination, soak overnight in a growth promoter.
In a box or peat pots pour earth mix, spill water and spread the seeds at a distance of 1 cm from each other. Top layer of earth is filled with a thickness of 1 cm and again watered. Boxes closed with plastic wrap or glass and put in a warm place. Light at this stage of cultivation is not needed.
As soon as the first shoots appear, the boxes should be opened and placed on a window sill or another bright place. Forming two true leaves means that it’s time to pick a pick.
Seedlings Kenisberg distinguishes some lethargy, lifelessness. Do not be upset beforehand, this is a normal process characteristic of this variety.
One of the main characteristics of plants of this variety - unpretentious. Tomatoes Konigsberg do not require special care, they are grown according to the general scheme.
Watering tomatoes rarely, but plentifully - so that in the hole for some time kept the water. Pour at the root, trying not to fall on the stems and leaves, as the putrid processes develop faster on wet foliage.
To ensure a normal supply of roots with oxygen, the soil after irrigation is loosened and covered with mulch. This will prevent the top layer of soil from drying out.
Tall bushes are one of the distinguishing features of indeterminant varieties. To prevent the plants from breaking under the weight of the fruits, they must be tied up. This can be done using special tools or ordinary stakes.
So that the shrub does not grow in width and does not form too much foliage and shoots, but instead spent the strength solely on the fruit, it must be properly formed. This work is carried out throughout the entire period of growing tomatoes - from planting to harvest.
Usually the plant is formed into one or two stems. Choose the two most powerful shoots, and the rest regularly pinch. Sprouts to be removed are called stepsons. It is important to pass the time while the stepchildren have not grown more than 3 cm, otherwise it will be difficult for the plant to withstand such cardinal pinching.
High powerful bushes require a lot of nutrients, so the soil around the plantings should be regularly fertilized. During the season feeding make at least three times. To do this, use a diluted mullein, compost, wood ash. You can use the purchase of complex fertilizer intended for feeding tomatoes.
Tomatoes of Königsberg variety are very fond of vegetable growers for excellent taste, high yield, resistance to diseases and weather changes. Experts advise this unpretentious variety to beginners.