Many gardeners grow red currants on their plots. This berry has a pleasant taste and many useful properties.. Most often, bright fruits are processed, but there are also large-fruited varieties that are perfectly suitable for fresh consumption, for example, Ilyinka or Alpha. The best varieties for the central region are Rosetta, Ronde, Natalie and Dutch Red, while the Ural beauty is the most winter-hardy variety.
Varieties of red currant for central and central Russia
The main indicator that the variety of red currant is suitable for the middle band is its resistance to frost and drought. The changeable climate of the central region allows you to grow only strong plants. As for the taste, size and other characteristics of the berries, each gardener chooses for himself individually. The best representatives of varieties of this category are:
The variety is the result of the work of Belarusian breeders. Medium shrub with a rounded, not dense crown. Berries of light red color, small size, weight up to 0.5 grams . Also, the variety has a high yield and self-fertility, tolerates frosts, fruits tolerate transportation. Minus is the susceptibility to fungal diseases.
Variety of Dutch breeding, medium-sized shrub with thick shoots, tolerates frosts and brings 6-7 kilograms of crop. The berries are scarlet, weighing from 0.7 to 1.5 grams. Suitable for processing, and in overripe form is used for fresh consumption. The taste is sour. Rolan is not exposed to fungal diseases, but there is a threat of attack of the currant bud tick.
This type of currant was bred in the United States. Shrub of medium height with a broad, spreading crown. The berries are small, their weight is 0.5 grams . The color of the pulp is red, but the skin is translucent. The variety is distinguished by self-fertility and winter hardiness, and is immune to many diseases.
Yonker van tets
One of the oldest varieties, was bred in Holland in 1941 and to this day attracts the attention of many gardeners. The bush is tall with a lot of branches. The berries of this plant are medium in size, up to 0.7 grams, with a delicate, sweet-sour taste.. The fruits ripen in the early stages. Also, the variety has a good and stable yield and relative self-fertility. Best shrub adapts to the conditions of the central region. This currant is not afraid of the winter cold and has good immunity to powdery mildew and anthracnose.
This variety is very often used for commercial purposes. Latvia is considered the birthplace of elimination, therefore in Russia it is customary to grow it in the European part. Small shrubs annually bring a bountiful harvest of medium-sized berries (0.8 grams) . The color of currant is bright red, it also has good transportability and long shelf life. Resistant to frost, drought and anthracnose.
In Russia, this variety is grown since 1947. The shrub is tall, the crown is compact and neat, it has good self-fertility and does not need pollinators. On average, one berry weighs 0.7 grams, the taste is pleasant, but it is best suited for various types of processing. Resistance to frost, diseases and insects is average. But at the same time, the variety is well tolerated by the absence of precipitation and dry weather.
The most large-fruited varieties
Usually, red currant is used for making compotes, juices, jams and other processed products. But large-fruited varieties are suitable for fresh consumption, because they have excellent taste qualities:
The shrub is medium in size, gives a bountiful and annual harvest. The fruits ripen in mid-summer and have a very large mass, which can reach 1.6 grams . The skin of the berries is dark red, almost burgundy in color, taste is top notch. In addition, the variety perfectly tolerates winter frosts, is not exposed to most diseases and pests.
Red currant Hazor variety
Medium shrub with strong, spreading branches. A variety of late ripening, fruits rich maroon color weighing up to 1 gram . Hazor is not afraid of moderate colds, is not subject to various diseases and attacks of pests.
This variety appeared on the garden market relatively recently, but has already managed to gain the attention of many summer residents. Medium-sized bush brings a stable and high yield. Berries of a light red shade and with a sweet taste can reach up to 1.5 grams in weight. . Also, the variety is self-fertile, not afraid of extreme cold and not prone to powdery mildew.
The variety of medium ripening is a low, compact shrub, which brings a good harvest every year. The berries are saturated red in color, on average, weigh 1.5 grams . The variety has high frost resistance and is not exposed to drought. The only disadvantage is susceptibility to anthracnose.
One of the most frost-resistant varieties, a low shrub with a powerful, branched crown gives annual and abundant crops. Large-sized berries (1.7 grams) have a pleasant sweet taste and aroma.. Ural beauty does not need additional pollination, is not subject to the appearance of diseases and pests.
Lights of the Urals
This variety was bred relatively recently, in 2000. A tall shrub with powerful, dense branches tolerates frosts and is partially self-fertile. The berries are medium in size (0.5 - 0.7 grams), the skin is bright red, the flesh is sweet, with a slight sourness. In addition to all the other advantages of this shrub is immune to many fungal diseases.
Medium shrub has a rectangular, flat crown. The fruits ripen in medium terms, and are red berries weighing up to 1 gram. . The taste of pulp is sweet and sour, such currants are well suited for processing and for fresh consumption. The variety is fruitful, self-fertile, not affected by many diseases and is highly winter-resistant.
The best grades of red currant for the Moscow region
For Moscow region may be the same varieties as for the central region.. Red currant Ronde and Natalie are the most popular, these varieties have the largest and most delicious berries.
The variety was bred by Dutch breeders. Shrub high, branched with powerful shoots, ripening occurs in late terms. Productivity is not very high, but stable. The berries are different from other varieties high in vitamin C, they also do not crumble after full maturity. Currant dark red color weighing up to 0.9 grams suitable for fresh use and for processing. Ronde is perfect for growing in the central region of the country.
The variety is suitable for cultivation in the southern and central regions of Russia. Represents low, neat shrub, bringing large (up to 1 gram) fruits of burgundy color and medium ripening. The taste of flesh is sweet and sour. The variety has a relatively high winter hardiness and good resistance to diseases and pests.
One of the oldest varieties grown in Europe. Shrub high, with a rectangular crown. The fruits ripen in early August, have medium size and a pleasant sour taste.. Such berries are most often used for various types of processing. Dutch red, like pink, tolerates drought well, but the amount of the crop increases with abundant watering. It is resistant to disease.
Tall shrubs with powerful, straight growing branches, characterized by rapid and active growth. The berries ripen in late July, have a large size and a pleasant sour taste. Fruits of universal purpose, ripen on long racemes, up to 12 centimeters long. The variety is characterized by strong growth, light-loving and poor tolerance of excessive moisture.
Red currant can be found on almost any garden plot, and this berry is not in vain is so popular. There is a huge number of varieties, so everyone can choose the most suitable instance for themselves.
Description of useful properties
Since the berries contain vitamin C in large doses, they are used for the manufacture of medicines. The drugs are used as anti-inflammatory and antipyretic drugs, as well as in the treatment of acute viral respiratory diseases. Berry juice helps to eliminate toxins, toxins and various harmful substances from the body. Currant is widely used in the manufacture of various cosmetics, as its composition is rich in vitamins and trace elements.
Currant juice is used:
- for whitening skin on the face,
- to combat pigment spots,
- for removing freckles.
The berries have a high content of antioxidants, which help the body to successfully combat the formation of cancer cells. Iron, which is rich in currant berries, has a beneficial effect on the functioning and condition of blood vessels, and potassium, present in currants, is beneficial for the heart muscle. Potassium helps to remove excess fluid from the body during edema.
The use of currant is not limited to these beneficial properties.
To them you can add the following advantages:
- Currants are rich in coumarin and furocoumarin substances that help prevent stroke and heart attack.
- Pectins, in large quantities in the currant, reduce cholesterol in the body and prevent atherosclerosis.
- The pulp is widely represented by apple and succinic acids, which are natural energetics. Due to these qualities, it is recommended to include currants in the diet with frequent and severe overworking of the body.
- Not only berries, but also leaves are used in alternative medicine. With their help, make infusions that are used for hypovitaminosis and as a bactericidal agent.
- Food is not only fresh currant, it is also used to make juices, fruit drinks, jam and jams. They are used in the manufacture of pastries, confectionery, fruit mixes and cocktails.
Jonker Van Tets and Early Sweet
Yonker van tets. It is one of the oldest varieties. He was bred in Holland in the fifties of the twentieth century. Shrub grows tall, with a very large number of shoots. Fruits weigh up to 0.7 g and have a pleasant sweet taste that has a spicy sourness. The bush fructifies early and gives a rich, stable crop. This species is very well suited for landing in the central part of Russia. It tolerates very cold weather and has strong immunity, which copes with anthracnose and powdery mildew.
Early sweet. Currant varieties Early Sweet - this is the case when the name of the variety is fully justified, is its exact characteristic. Currant bushes do not reach great heights, have a rare, sparse crown. The fruits ripen early and have a large size, one berry reaches a weight of about a gram. The berries have a dark red skin, fleshy flesh and a pleasant sour taste. The variety is highly appreciated by gardeners for its high rare resistance to cold and drought, high yield and large fruits.
As noted above, currant berries are used to make juices, jams, fruit drinks and other products. Large berries, prefer to use fresh, due to their excellent taste characteristics. Consider some of them.
Ilyinka. Shrubs bushes variety Ilyinka grow to medium size. In mid-July, it brings a bountiful harvest of very large berries, the mass of which reaches one and a half grams. The berries are dark red with a burgundy shade, have excellent taste. Currant Ilyinka quietly tolerates a very strong frost and is not susceptible to most diseases from which other varieties suffer.
Asora. Currant Hazor was bred by the Russian Scientific Research Institute for Breeding Fruit Crops; it belongs to late-ripening varieties. The shrubs are medium sized, with powerful, spreading shoots, bring a good harvest of dark burgundy berries that weigh about one gram. Hazor has a moderate resistance to frost, but at the same time it has a high resistance to a wide range of diseases and insects.
Alpha. Currant varieties Alpha is relatively new, but has already attracted a large number of gardeners who give it their preference. This shrub is medium in size, gives a great harvest of berries that reach a weight of one and a half grams. Alpha is a self-fertile variety, and it does not need a pollinator. It tolerates severe frosts, and powdery mildew is not terrible for him.
Baraba. Variety Baraba was bred in Novosibirsk in the early twentieth century, refers to the mid-season varieties. Shrub grows low, with the thickness of the shoots of medium size. Every year, it pleases with its good harvest of berries, which have a rich bright red color. On average, berries reach weight up to 1.5 grams. Very cold-resistant variety, which also tolerates drought. The weak side of the Baraba variety is its anthracosis vulnerability.
Description of winter hardy species
Currants have varieties that not only survive in the regions of Russia with a very harsh climate, but also give a very good harvest of large, tasty berries.
Ural beauty. Currant Ural beauty is almost the most frost-resistant variety that tolerates severe cold. The low-growing shrub has a very powerful branched crown, on which every year there is a rich harvest. Currant berries are large, on average about 1.7 grams, have a pleasant aroma and sweet taste. A distinctive feature of this variety is that it is practically not susceptible to diseases and attacks of pests.
Lights of the Urals. Grade Fires of the Urals bred in 2000. The bush grows very tall and has powerful, thick shoots. Perfectly tolerates very low temperature and belongs to partially self-bearing varieties. The berries grow small - from 0.5 to 0.7 grams, but the small size is compensated by the wonderful sweet taste with a slight sourness. The variety Ogni Ural not only tolerates severe frosts, but is also not susceptible to fungal diseases.
Dutch red. This is an old variety that was grown in Western Europe in the 17th century. A tall shrub with a medium sprawling crown and thick branches is late ripening. Growing up, the berries reach in weight from 0.6 to 1 gram, have a sweet and sour taste. Currants of the Dutch Red and Dutch Pink species tolerate dry time very well, but like abundant watering, which contributes to increased yields.
Ronde. Variety Ronde was bred in Holland. Currant bush grows high, with powerful branchy shoots and also belongs to the late-ripening varieties. Differs in low productivity, but at the same time berries contain more vitamin C, than other grades. Fruits have a dark, almost brown shade, and their weight does not exceed one gram. Basically, this variety is used in the manufacture of medicines.
What you need to know about the dangers of currants
It is necessary to pay special attention to the fact that currants can bring not only benefit, but also some cases and harm:
- It is contraindicated in people suffering from acute hepatitis.
- Do not eat currant berries for cholecystitis and pancreatitis.
- In case of peptic ulcer and gallstone disease, it is also not worthwhile to include berries in your diet.
- Red currant is especially contraindicated for people suffering from poor blood clotting.
Amateur gardeners who do not have the above contraindications, the variety of currant varieties will easily allow you to choose a plant that will give a harvest of tasty and healthy berries for both fresh consumption and canning.
History of breeding, description and characteristics of currants Early sweet
Currant varieties Early Sweet, obtained on the basis of Chulkovskaya and Laturnays, known since 1963. It was then that its creators, N. K. Smolyaninova and A. P. Nitochkina, and the staff of the All-Union Institute of Horticulture (now FSBI WSTIP) applied for the registration of a variety in the State Register of Breeding Achievements. However, for some reason, it was registered only in 1974, after ten years of trials. Currant is recommended for a number of regions: Central, Volga-Vyatka, Central Black Earth and East Siberian.
The term of ripening of fruits is laid in the name of this currant. Its berries grow on sredneroslye bushes that take up a lot of space because of its strong spreading, it is especially evident at an early age. In the bush many shoots are formed, because of which systematic pruning is one of the obligatory techniques for growing. Окраска побегов — от зеленоватой в молодом возрасте до серо-коричневой при полном вызревании. Листья обычной величины, морщинистые.
Кусты смородины сорта Ранняя сладкая довольно компактны, но верхушки побегов при этом раскинуты в стороны
Кисти большие, длиной до 11 см, ягодами заполнены не очень плотно. Сами ягоды некрупные, массой не более 0,9 г, круглые не всегда одинакового размера: от основания кисти к её макушке размер ягод уменьшается. The color is dark red, the peel is medium dense, the taste is considered to be very good, sweet and sour (average rating of tasters is 4.0). Early sweet refers to the varieties of currants universal purpose: its fruits are good as in the case of use immediately after harvest, and for various blanks. Not bad retains its properties when frozen.
The ripening of the berries within each brush is almost simultaneous, an urgent collection is not required: the fruits stay on the branches for a long time and firmly. When detached from the brush, the berries remain dry. The total yield per bush reaches 3.5-4 kg. There are reports of records of 8 kg, but this is only possible under ideal weather conditions and meticulous care. In industrial cultivation, the yield is estimated at 120 kg / ha. Transportability is high.
Currant berries Early sweet in appearance are classics: beautiful berries that cause appetite
Pollinators of this currant are not required. The variety is characterized by a very high winter hardiness (it easily tolerates frosts of -30 o C), resistance to most known diseases and pests. Sometimes bushes get fungal infections: anthracnose and powdery mildew.
Features agrotechnika currant Early sweet
Cultivation of currant Early sweet is almost the same as in the case of other varieties of red or white currant and does not represent a special difficulty.
It is customary to plant this currant at the very end of summer or early autumn: spring planting is much more difficult, since it must be done in a very short time. Redcurrant variety Early Sweet is not very fastidious, but it grows best in well-lit areas, even at small elevations.
Soil for the full fruiting of red currant Early sweet - breathable, weakly acidic soil: suitable as light loam and sandy loam, rich in nutrients. Groundwater should not come close to the roots, the lowlands are not a place for Early Sweet: if necessary, it is better to even build an artificial hill. The main doses of fertilizers are laid in the pits, but the surrounding area should also be moderately fertilized: the bushes will quickly grow.
Pits are prepared with a size of 40 cm in width and length, and a little more - in depth. In the case of planting on the site of several bushes in a row between them leave a distance of 1.5 m. No longer necessary: this variety has fairly compact bushes, although the tops of the shoots are deflected to the sides.
The landing pit for red currants is quite compact.
Fertilizers when planting red currants Early Sweet - 1.5 buckets of humus or good compost, 200 g of superphosphate, as well as a liter jar of wood ash. If no ashes are stored, it is replaced with 30–40 g of potash fertilizer: sulphate or nitrate, but not chloride: when buying any mineral fertilizers, you need to carefully watch that they do not contain chlorine compounds.
2–3-year-old currant seedlings Early Sweet grow best and grow. But if they were obtained by rooting cuttings on their own plot, it is okay if the cuttings were planted last fall: such bushes can already be carefully dug out with a clod of earth and planted in a prepared permanent place.
The main thing in a sapling is a developed root system.
When buying a seedling, it is necessary to inspect the root system especially well: it must be elastic, intact and well developed. Transport purchased seedlings to the landing site must be in plastic bags. The landing itself is not difficult:
- Arriving at the site, a little (3-4 cm) trim the tips of the roots and soak the seedlings in the water for 2-3 hours. After this, the roots are dipped into a clay talker (a creamy mixture of clay, soil and water, possibly with the addition of mullein).
Dipping roots in a clay chatterbox significantly speeds up planting of seedlings.
You can tear off the leaves immediately after the purchase of a sapling, before packaging
Plant red currant at an angle, deepening the root neck
Earth is added to the pit gradually so that there are no air voids.
After landing, the earth is drenched to the full depth of the pit.
If the planting was carried out not later than the first week of September, you should not worry about wintering: The early sweet will have time to take root and survive the winter easily, only in very cold regions in the first year it is necessary to warm it almost to the top, using nonwovens or coniferous lapnik.
Video: planting red currant varieties Early Sweet
All the main operations for the care of currant bushes Early Sweet are well known even to an inexperienced gardener. This type of currant is quite drought-resistant, but the heat and too long a lack of moisture can lead to a decrease in yield this year, and a weakening of the bush in the future. Therefore, in those regions where rains are rare, the bushes are watered up to three times per season, spending 2–3 buckets of water on a relatively young bush and up to 4–5 buckets per adult.
The soil during watering should be reliably wetted by 40–50 cm.
The first watering is carried out after the end of flowering. The second time the bushes are watered immediately after the final harvest. The third watering is October, during the preparation of the currant for wintering. After each watering, the ground around the bush is loosened shallowly.
The first top dressing currant varieties Early Sweet is carried out in early spring. Around the bush scatter 50 g of urea (in dry form) and shallowly buried it in the soil. The same procedure is repeated immediately after flowering.
Using dry fertilizers, they are scattered around the bush evenly
In the summer the bushes are fed organic. For this purpose, you can use both mullein (infusion with water, taken in a volume ratio of 1: 4), and chicken litter (1:10). On the currant bush enough no more than a liter of this infusion, which, for convenience, diluted immediately before the procedure several more times.
Autumn feeding can be carried out not every year, but in a year. 1.5–2 buckets of compost or well-rotted manure, and 100–150 g of superphosphate are spread evenly around the bush, and the ground is shallowly dredged with a fork, then a small layer of mulch is added from above.
Pruning currant Early sweet begins when planting (shoots are shortened), but then 2-3 years you can not touch the bush, if there are no obviously damaged branches and very weak young shoots (these can be cut without sparing any time). Pruning is best done in the early spring or, conversely, in the fall, in September-October.
In the 3rd year after planting, there may already be about 10 strong, zero-order shoots (growing from the ground) in the bush, and in an adult bush there should be no more than 15–20 pieces. Regulate their number, cutting out the weakest, and then the oldest. When selecting candidates for destruction, it should be remembered that the largest number of berries are harvested from the branches located on 3-5 summer shoots. After 6–7 years, the yield on the branches becomes very low.
If there are not enough zero shoots, which is rarely with this variety, then in 7–8 years you can work on the oldest ones. They are shortened to powerful ramifications, which causes the appearance of new branches on them, capable of producing crops.
The purpose of pruning - lightening bush by removing unproductive and weak shoots
Early sweet - frost-resistant variety, so the bushes cover for the winter only in the coldest regions. But it is necessary to prepare them for the winter. To do this, after leaf fall, rake leaves (it is better to burn them, and if you put them in a compost pile, then under a thick layer of peat or earth). They dig up the ground near the bush (next to it is not only 5 cm, then you can go deeper) and pour a layer of mulch (peat, chopped straw, etc.).
If the winters are snowy in the region, nothing more needs to be done, but in order for the snow not to break the branches, it is better to loosely tie the shoots together in a “cocoon”. In cold regions, they are tried to bend down to the ground and covered with fir or pine spruce branches or spanbond, holding the covering material with boards, bricks, etc.
In most regions, the Early Sweet for the winter can not be covered, but it is desirable to tie the branches so that it does not break with snow.
Currant Variety Early Sweet is resistant to most diseases and pests and is affected, as a rule, only in case of improper care. Therefore, few people are engaged in preventive spraying on personal plots. If pests have appeared (leaf gall aphid, spider mite or currant glass bowl), insecticides are used. Karbofos can be considered universal, but it should be applied strictly according to the instructions: its declared relative environmental safety is clearly exaggerated. Occurring sometimes fungal diseases are well treated with 1% Bordeaux liquid.
Crop is collected necessarily in dry weather, trying to tear off the berries with brushes. If there is no need, the crop of currants of this variety can be harvested at a time: the berries on the bushes ripen more or less at the same time, and those that are ready earlier, normally keep on the branches, almost without singing. But even overripe is very tasty, both fresh and in various blanks. When stored in the refrigerator, Early Sweet berries do not spoil for about a month.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety in comparison with similar ones
The fact that Red Currant Early Sweet has been grown in our gardens for half a century indicates that it is a good variety. It has almost no flaws: only berry runaway is recognized (unequal size within the brush), excessive spine formation and an increased need for nutrients, without which the berries become smaller. The advantages of the variety are:
- very good appearance and taste of ripe berries,
- high and annual total yield,
- excellent crop transportability,
- increased frost resistance
- high resistance to pests and major diseases,
- no shedding ripened berries,
- early ripening berries.
At present, there are about fifty varieties of red currant in the State Register of the Russian Federation, and only 6 of them belong to the varieties whose berries are distinguished by early ripening. This fact alone distinguishes Early Sweet from many others: early production is often not very tasty, and berries of this currant are recognized as very tasty..
For example, the well-known currant variety is Generous, which is grown even longer. But the berries are generous smaller, located on short brushes, only 5-6 pieces. The younger variety, the Ural souvenir, is comparable to Early Sweet, by most indicators, but it is zoned only in the West Siberian region. The situation is similar with the brand Ogni Ural, the berries of which are somewhat smaller, and there are only two tolerance regions.
An excellent appraisal of tasters was awarded a new variety of red currant Ilyinka, registered in 2017, but it was allowed to grow only in the west of Siberia.
Thus, Redcurrant Early Sweet can still be considered one of the best early varieties, although it has been grown for half a century.
Now there are so many sladkoplodny varieties of red and pink currants, for example, Early Sweet. Eat and eat from the bush and still want, even the dog eats from the bush.
http://sib-sad.info/forum/index.php/topic/2435-%D1%86%D0%B2%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%8F-% D1% 81% D0% BC% D0% BE% D1% 80% D0% BE% D0% B4% D0% B8% D0% BD% D0% B0 /
Early sweet is famous for its yield: you will collect at least 4 kg from a bush and shatter resistance.
https://www.agroxxi.ru/forum/topic/7410-%D1%81%D0%BE%D1%80%D1%82%D0%B0-%D0%BA%D1%80%D0%B0% D1% 81% D0% BD% D0% BE% D0% B9-% D1% 81% D0% BC% D0% BE% D1% 80% D0% BE% D0% B4% D0% B8% D0% BD% D1 % 8B /
Varieties Early sweet and Sugar (late) - not sour. Early Sweet has a crazy yield, the berry is large, sweet.
Red currant Early Sweet has a large list of advantages, allowing it to be grown in many regions and get good yields of tasty berries. It is demanding on the nutritional value of the soil, but thanks to its relatively uncomplicated care, gardeners are thankful for their early vitamin products, which are well transported and can be used in various forms.
Red currant classification
Red currant differs not only in appearance, but also in taste indicators. It is also worth remembering that not every variety can successfully germinate in any conditions. Climatic conditions affect yield. Below will be considered the main varieties that can be successfully grown in the suburban suburban areas.
These fruit bushes are classified according to several criteria:
- Sweetness. The taste of the berries depends on the presence of sugars and organic acids. It is worth noting that sweet varieties contain from 4-10% sugars. Naturally, the sourness still remains, but it does not feel that way. The presence of such acids varies from 1.5 to 4%. In the sweetest varieties, the acid does not exceed 2%. The most sweet varieties include Pink Pearl, Vixne, Vika, Dutch Pink, Sugar, Early Sweet,
- Resistance to weather. Despite the fact that red currant is a frost-resistant plant, there are varieties that are not intended for planting in too cold areas. Among the most winter-resistant varieties stand out Natalie, Jonker van Tets, Beloved, Red Andreichenko, Dutch Red,
- There are also varieties of currant by the size of the berries. The best varieties of red currant for the Moscow region are large-fruited - these are Ilyinka, the Ural beauty, Roland, Cascade, Alpha,
- Culture qualify by ripening period. For areas where autumn is fast, it is better to choose early species. Among the most productive early varieties should be allocated Pervenets, Nadezhda, Serpentine, Ural souvenir.
The main criteria for selection
Choosing a culture such as red currant for the Moscow region, in the first place, attention is drawn to the time of maturation. If the variety is late ripening, then in the northern regions it is possible not to get a crop at all. Therefore, taking into account the climate, choose the form:
- Early varieties produce from mid-June to mid-July,
- The berries of mid-season varieties begin to ripen from 2-3 decades of July, but currants are larger and sweeter,
- Late varieties ripen only in August. The berries of these varieties are the sweetest.
When choosing a red currant for their farm, the majority of gardeners are focused on yield indicators. And this is true, because anyone wants to get the maximum amount of tasty and healthy berries, so that they have enough to eat in the summer and stock up on storage for the winter.
On a note. The most productive varieties include the Dutch Red, Ronde, Jam, Uterborg, Sugar.
Today, you can easily get lost in a large assortment of currants; new species appear every year. To make it much easier to make a choice, below will be considered for the Moscow region the best varieties of red currant that can withstand such a climate and at the same time give the promised harvest. These descriptions are important to consider when buying cuttings.
Large-fruited species with an average maturity. The culture is characterized by low growth, shoots are located directly and are distinguished by dense foliage. Brush inflorescences are small with large berries closely spaced to each other (weight 0.6-1.6 g). Fruit color in ripe form has a bright red color, Ilinka berries are ready for harvest in the second half of July. They are distinguished by relatively high rates of yield - each bush, with proper care, gives up to 5 kg of berries. Ilyinka is characterized by good resistance to frost, tolerates drought, has an average level of resistance to certain diseases, for example, powdery mildew and anthracnose. But at the same time the variety is highly susceptible to damage by sawflies.
An excellent type of red currant, characterized by a large size of berries (weight - about 1.7 g). The bushes of the Ural beauty are of medium height, have abundant foliage and compact appearance. The berries are characterized by a sweetish taste, tightly arranged. Refers to the self-fertile varieties, the harvest is ready for harvest only at the end of July. The main advantages should be attributed to excellent indicators of resistance to the defeat of fungal diseases, frost. This species produces a large yield (up to 15 kg from a bush). The main disadvantage is the sensitivity to drought. With a lack of moisture, the ovary is showered, and the fruits become smaller.
Late-ripening species, which is characterized by good yields. Bush varieties Hazor has a spreading arrangement of branches and short stature. Currants are round-shaped, light-red in color, densely located on the inflorescences and have a weight of about 0.7-0.9 g. The berries also have a pleasant sweet-sour taste and thin skin.
Also distinguished by good characteristics of frost and lesions of many diseases and insects.
The medium-early variety Alpha with large fruits has an average height with moderate leaf density. Berries with well-pronounced acidity, weighing from 0.9 to 1.5 g. Excellently withstand cold and frost, characterized by good self-pollination properties. Harvest can begin in early July. Resistance to diseases and invasions of pests is considered a big plus of a varietal shrub. Most resistant to powdery mildew. Yields are above average (up to 3-4 kg).
Variety Baraba refers to mid-season varieties. Low bush with smooth branches and dark green foliage. Кисти, на которых появляются крупные одинаковые ягоды (до 1,5 г.), плотные и имеют длину приблизительно 7 см. Красные смородинки кисло-сладкого вкуса. Характеризуются хорошими характеристиками зимоустойчивости и средней урожайностью (до 2,7 кг). Как недостаток этой разновидности следует отменить высокую вероятность поражения антракнозом и септориозом.
Одна из лучших разновидностей сладкой красной смородины. Доля сахара составляет 7,6%, но при этом сохраняется слегка кислый привкус, делая вкус ягод неповторимым. Fruit branches have a length of about 10 cm. The bushes are very powerful, tall. The plant tolerates drought and frost well (up to -32). It is very easy to learn the Vixne variety by the color of the berries. They have almost a cherry color. Refers to medium-early varieties with good yields (with proper care from one bush can collect up to 5 kg). The average weight of each berry is from 0.8 to 1.1 g. The disadvantages of this variety include early flowering, the inflorescences can suffer from spring frosts, and the bush will not bring the harvest. Also currants of this variety are prone to gall aphids.
This variety is characterized by an average maturity. The height is not too big (1-1.5 m). Straight shoots have long brushes, where large currants are densely placed (diameter - up to 1 cm with a mass of 0.7-0.9 g). Gentle folded flavor with a slight pleasant sourness, the view has a universal purpose. Versailles red currant has average winter hardiness, with frost winters requires additional warming. About 3-4 kg can be collected from one bush.
Pests and diseases of red currant
The main diseases that can affect the planting of red currants are:
- Reversion or terry is characteristic of all kinds of currants. Viral disease that spreads and is present in the juice of the plant, which allows you to very quickly hit the whole taste. It is very easy to learn by threadlike petals of flowers and visually terry inflorescences. With a small manifestation of the disease, you can simply remove the affected inflorescences, but if there is a massive infection, then a large shrub is removed,
- Septoria is a fungal disease that manifests itself by the appearance of various compositions of brown specks on sheets. The affected branches are removed, and the bush itself is sprayed with preparations based on copper,
- Anthracnose also applies to fungal diseases. It is very easy to recognize it: the leaves become dry, as if burned. To combat the disease, the bushes are sprayed with fungicides; the most simple examples of antifungal agents are Bordeaux mixture and copper sulfate,
- Glass rust - Another fungal disease, which is characterized by the formation of rust-colored bulges on the leaves. Affected leaves must be collected and burned, and the bush itself must be treated with copper-based preparations,
- Sphereoteka - This is a common disease for red currant, also called powdery mildew. With the defeat of the leaves and shoots are covered with a whitish bloom. For the treatment of affected bushes, a special solution is used (40 g of crushed household soap and 50 g of soda ash are diluted with 50 liters of water).
Also insects can be harmed by the red currant harvest:
- Aphid. This is the main pest of red currants. Insect large families accumulates on the bushes (leaves, shoots) and sucks the juice. The first sign will be the appearance on the back of the leaves of red bubbles. Then they twist, and the shoots just dry out. It is worth starting the fight against such an insect in early spring by treating the bushes with nitrofen solution (to obtain a 3% solution for 10 liters of water, take 300 g of the product)
- Caterpillars currant glass dish can also cause great harm. They make holes in the sprouts, leading to the death of the plant. Affected branches must be removed,
- Gooseberry firing. Its larvae form a white web that appears near the inflorescences, which leads to a decrease in yield.
As you can see, today there are a huge number of different varieties of red currant. A little studying the characteristics of them, you can choose a variety of bushes, which is ideal for the suburban area. But if you do not organize fruit crops proper care and do not take care of the prevention of diseases and pests, the promised harvest will be very difficult.
Mid-season fruit grade. The bush is not very tall, slightly spreading and has dense foliage. Fruit brushes usually do not exceed 10 cm in length. The berries have a rounded shape, their weight varies between 0.5-0.9 grams, the taste is delicate sour-sweet. The variety tolerates wintering well and is immune to most currant diseases. From one plant usually collect about 5-7 kg of berries.
Yield with medium fruit ripening periods. The bush is compact, low, well tolerates wintering. The berries have a rounded shape, are covered with light-red skin, their size is quite large, the weight of one berry varies between 0.9-1.5 grams. The fruits have a sweet and sour dessert taste. This type of red currant is considered the best for growing in the Urals. Immune to such diseases as powdery mildew. The maximum yield per bush is 4.5 kg.
Currant variety with an early date of achievement of the biological ripeness of the fruit. The bush is quite tall, medium-sprouting. The length of the fruit brushes can reach 10-15 cm, the berries roundish weigh 0.7-1 grams, each covered with dark-cherry skin. The variety is valued for moderate resistance to anthracnose and arid weather, winter-hardy, the average yield per bush is 5 kg.
Jonker van tets
Medium early high-yielding variety, bred by Dutch breeders. Bush compact, tall, with dense foliage. Fruit brushes are about 10 cm long, they form up to 10 large (0.7–1 grams) berries, rounded less often with a weakly prickly form with dense bright red skin. The variety is not affected by powdery mildew and anthracnose, it is practically not susceptible to infection with kidney mites. The yield of one bush is 6-6.5 kg.
Yield with an average ripening period. Bush srednerosly, sredneraskidisty, with dense foliage. Fruit brushes have a length of up to 8 cm, the berries are large, they can weigh from 0.9 to 1.5 grams, their shape is rounded, covered with dark red skin, the taste is sweet and sour-sweet. The variety tolerates wintering, has resistance to such a common disease, like powdery mildew, practically does not become infected with anthracnose, usually up to 5 kg of crop is usually harvested from one plant.
The representative of the late ripening large-fruited varieties of red currants. The bush is quite tall, sprawling with rare foliage. Fruits of medium size (9-11 cm) form about 11 large berries, which can weigh 0.6-0.9 grams each. The shape of the fruit is oval-rounded, the peel is dense, orange-red, the berries can be on the branches of the bush for a long time and at the same time do not lose taste. The variety belongs to winter hardiness, it is immune to diseases, the crop is harvested about 6-8 kg from a bush.
One of the best and popular varieties of red currants with an average period of fruit ripening, bred by Moscow breeders. The shrub is low, slightly sprawling, with dense foliage. Fruit brushes are stretched up to 9 cm in length, berries of a large size (0.7-1 grams), their shape is elongated, and the dense skin has a rich red color. Berries can be transported over long distances, the variety is frost-resistant and immune to disease, the amount of harvest from each bush is about 4 kg.
Mid-season high-yielding variety bred by Western European breeders. Spreading bush with dense foliage, plant height is average. Fruit brushes have a length of about 10 cm and can contain up to 10-20 round-shaped berries, the diameter of which usually exceeds 1 cm. Fruits can be on the branches of a bush for a long period without losing their taste. With a separate bush, you can get no more than 8 kg of crop.