All owners of country plots seek to decorate their territories. For this they use not only flower beds and flower beds. Vertical gardening is often used. Pergolas, roofs, fences and porches, decorated in this way, look very attractive. For this purpose, curly, flowering liana-like plants are used, which enliven and decorate the allotted space.
For these purposes, clematis burning is ideal, the photo of which you can see in the article. It is placed on special supports (tapestries), on pergolas or arches. Thus, you can create a great place to relax. It should be noted that the varieties of these colors set. But one of the most popular and beloved gardeners is a small-flowered clematis, which belongs to the group of so-called landscape varieties. The natural appearance of the vines contributes to the fact that people have the impression that nature itself has created beautiful plants, and the skill of breeders has nothing to do with it.
Today we will briefly present you the most popular varieties of this plant. Vineyard clematis is found in the Caucasus and the Crimea, Asia Minor, in Central and Southern Europe. This is a shrub vine up to six meters. The flowers are collected in inflorescences, having a faint pleasant aroma. Many anthers are colored yellow. Flowering begins in early June and continues until the end of August. Differs very fast growth, so you need to strongly prune shoots. Used for vertical gardening.
A native of the Himalayas, Central China. Shrub liana growing to five meters in length. Foliage is arranged in bunches. The flowers are medium in size, with a delicate aroma, white or pale pink. Lush flowering begins in May. When preparing for winter, this species does not need to be cut off.
Great for middle band conditions. Small shrub. Its height does not exceed 0.5 meters. Leaves complex, pinnate. The flowers of this species are wide-bell-shaped, drooping. Under favorable conditions, it blooms again in autumn. Retains a decorative look until the end of October.
Under natural conditions, it grows in the Far East and North China, having chosen the thicket of willow and bird cherry. In landscaping, clematis short-tailed is used quite rarely. Liana of this species reaches seven meters in height. Numerous flowers, white, collected in a beautiful brush. In the middle zone winters without pruning.
Clematis stinging small-flowered white
This species is found in the Mediterranean, in Asia, where it is known for more than three hundred years, in the north of Africa. In our country, clematis burning grows from Rostov to Tver. Under natural conditions, this tall vine grows to five meters. Cord-shaped powerful roots secrete substances that irritate the mucous eyes and nose. Hence the name of the plant.
Clematis stinging - deciduous perennial liana up to three meters. Distributed in Western Europe and the Caucasus. It differs from other varieties by frost resistance, luxuriant flowering and decorative effect. Cross-shaped flowers emit a delicate exquisite fragrance. They gather in many-flowered inflorescences. Blooms profusely in July. Spring plants should be pruned. Prefers sunny places or light penumbra. During flowering and fruiting is very elegant and decorative. In Europe, has found wide application in plantings.
Clematis burning is desirable to plant next to the supports, on which it easily climbs, gradually increasing the dense green mass with a huge number of flower buds. Begins to bloom in early summer and pleases with its appearance until the end of August.
Clematis burning: planting and care
This beautiful liana loves loamy fertile or sandy soil. It should be loose and rich in humus. Clematis white stinging grows in one place for more than 25 years, therefore it is necessary to approach preparation of the soil responsibly.
First you need to dig a planting hole of at least 60 x 60 cm in size. To the ground dug out from it add 2 buckets of humus or compost, sand and peat (along the bucket), lime (150 g), mineral fertilizers (150 g), superphosphate (100 g), wood ash (10 g). The earth mixture is thoroughly mixed and poured into the pit, compacting it.
When planting in the fall, the plant should have vegetative buds, in the spring - at least one shoot. Saplings should have three roots at least ten centimeters long.
Clematis burning, care for which is not difficult, - a light-loving plant. If he lacks light, the owner may not see the luxurious flowering. Therefore, in the middle lane, it is desirable to plant this vine in a sunny area or in a slightly shaded place. Only in the south, where these vines suffer from overheating of the soil, should they be planted in partial shade. The wind is a terrible enemy of clematis: it damages flowers, breaks shoots.
Watering and feeding
Clematis burning during the period of growth needs good watering. In dry weather, water is not often, but abundant. Clematis requires a four-time (per season) fertilizer fertilizer, which is produced after watering. To protect the root system from overheating, it is desirable to plant bushes with annuals.
Clematis burning begins to bloom profusely in the sixth year. Up to this point there are only a few flowers that should be cut off. From the age of three shoots grow at the bush.
To clematis burning normally developed, long and abundantly bloomed, it needs support. It is desirable that it was not only practical and convenient for the bush, but also beautiful. Sometimes for clematis weigel, forsythia or chene-willow bushes are used as a support. The shoots cling to them, stretch upwards, hang freely, and by the middle of summer the bushes are completely hidden under the magnificent flowers. An arch or a screen can be an excellent support for clematis.
In many ways, the beauty of clematis bushes depends on the correct pruning. The first time the shoots are shortened during planting, it is very important for the aboveground part. From the bottom of the buds, which were left during planting, new shoots grow, which should be pinned in the summer. To prolong flowering, some shoots in the spring is recommended to cut. At the beginning of the summer season, the vines must again be shortened to vegetative buds.
Typically, clematis small-flowered propagated by seeds. Vegetatively bred their large-flowered "relatives". Experienced flower growers believe that it is more convenient to do this by dividing the bush. Reproduction can be carried out both in the fall and in the spring, but until such time as they have not moved into the growth of the kidney.
Clematis can be propagated by layering, spuding bush with peat or humus. Next year, the lower shoots will have their own roots. In addition, the plant can be propagated by green cutting.
Like all other plants of the species, clematis stinging belongs to the ranunculus family. In the wild, it grows on the coast of the Black and Mediterranean Seas. Choosing at the same time forest plantations or overgrown shrubs.
Clematis stinging white is a small-flowered shrub vine of wild origin. In the expanded form, its height is 5 meters, and its width is 3-4 meters..
The leaves of such a climbing plant are very small. They are colored dark green and have a slightly pointed shape.
Initially, on the thick green thickets appear buds, which at the beginning of summer turn into small flowers, resembling a star in their form. On average, their diameter is 2-3 centimeters. The sepal from such a plant is quite unusual, on the very edge, it has slight pubescence.
On one shoot can be from 200 to 400 flowers that are collected in panicle-shaped inflorescences. Sometimes there are so many of them that they cover up the entire green part of the shrub.
In late August - early September, fruits appear on the crop.like fancy spiders. On every pubescent or bare brown seed there is a pubescent proboscis of the same shade. Many similar lonely seeds gather together and form an unusual ball, around which are located the protective jungle. During the period of fruit ripening, the appearance of the plant changes completely; instead of withered leaves, seeds collected in an interesting shape proudly flaunt the vine.
Fruits Clematis Burning
Clematis boasts not only its appearance, but also unpretentious care and durability. The average age of this shrub vine - 25-30 years.
Advantages and disadvantages
- The undoubted advantage of clematis burning is his bright appearance, thanks to which he was so much loved by both gardeners and landscape designer,
- During flowering plant exudes a delicate scent,
- Bloom last throughout the warm season
- Such a liana unpretentious care,
- This view has excellent frost resistance and can withstand the harshest winters without shelter,
- The life of the plant exceeds 25 years.
- The main disadvantage of this type will be insufficient resistance to diseases and pests,
- Also, at violation of the mode of watering the plant begins to wither, and flowering becomes shallow.
If you multiply clematis burning with seeds, the varietal characteristics of the mother plant will remain unchanged, because this species belongs to small-flowered.
- At the end of October harvest fully ripe seeds and clean them from pubescence and spouts,
- Then them stratified, i.e. placed in wet sand and clean in the fridge for 2-3 months,
- With the onset of spring (April-May) seeds are sown in the greenhouse. As a substrate, a mixture of sand and peat, prepared in a ratio of 1k1,
- In the process of landing seeds are laid on the surface of the soilsprinkled with sand on top
- Seedlings care consists in timely watering,
- With the advent of 2-3 true sheets small bushes can dive. On a permanent place planted next spring.
An adult plant is dug out of the ground (or undermined on all sides) and neatly divided into several separate parts, each of which must have a bunch of roots and shoots with vegetative buds.
In early spring, next to the shrub up trench, depth 6-7 centimetersat. In the future, it puts a healthy, strong escape and fix it with metal straps.
Further care for the allotted escape is carried out in conjunction with the parent plant. One year after the work The shoot is carefully dug and cut, after which all individual seedlings can be moved to a permanent place.
Reproduction of clematis stinging stalks is rather complicated, but at the same time an interesting and efficient process. For such purposes can use both green and lignified shoots.
Reproduction Clematis stinging cuttings
- Healthy shoots 8-10 centimeters long cut in such a way that the upper, straight cut was above the knot, and the lower, oblique, under it,
- The lower leaves break off, after which the cuttings are treated with growth stimulants, for example, root roots or heteroauxin,
- Cuttings planted in a greenhouse or greenhouse, the soil should be light and loose,
- The escape planted at an angle in such a way that the upper part of the cut is recessed by 1 centimeter, and the lower part by 3 centimeters,
- Care for cuttings will be in regular watering.
After 1.5-2 months, seedlings can be planted in the ridge to grow, and with the onset of spring (using lignified shoots) or autumn (using green shoots) young bushes can be planted in a permanent place.
Planting and care
Planting works are usually carried out in early spring or autumn.The specific choice of time will depend on the climate in the growing region, that is, in warm areas the plant is planted in the fall and in cold in the spring.
The place chosen for clematis should be sunny, but at the same time protected from sunlight. Also welcome the lack of drafts and deep location of groundwater.
The soil should be light, loose, slightly alkaline or acidic. Before landing under digging it contribute:
- 2 humus buckets,
- 1 bucket of peat,
- 150 grams of superphosphate,
- 300 grams of ash.
Before planting, the seedling must be prepared, namely cut the entire above-ground part to 1 bud. Further work on planting will look like this.:
- To start dig a hole, the depth and width of which will be equal to 60 centimeters,
- At once at the bottom set support, and then pour a layer of drainage, in which you can use crushed stone or gravel,
- On the drainage stack hill of soil, and a sapling is placed on it and the roots are gently spread, and then they are buried.
Immediately after planting, the near-stem circle of the plant is abundantly watered and mulched.
Clematis is a burning, very moisture-loving plant, therefore it should be watered at least once a week, and on hot days it should be increased to 2-3 times. Watering the plant is necessary to ensure that moisture does not fall on the green part, because in this case, the plant may wilt.
Watering is desirable under the root, affecting the above-ground part of Clematis as little as possible.
Several times a month, together with irrigation, the soil is loosened, cleaned of weeds and mulched with peat, sawdust or leaves. Regular carrying out of such works will slow down the evaporation of moisture from the soil, and the upper layer of the soil will always be in a moist state.
In order for the growth of the shrub to be abundant, and the vines look healthy and bloom well, they must be regularly fed. For this, during the active period, mineral and organic fertilizers are alternately applied every 3 weeks. Experienced gardeners recommend feeding with watering.
Clematis is not fertilized during flowering., because in this case, it will begin to gain green mass to the detriment of flowering.
In the fall, after the vine has faded, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are introduced into the root zone.
Clematis burning - is a vine that needs support. For such purposes, you can use arches, arbors, house wall, fence, etc.
Pruning a plant consists of several stages.:
- To extend the flowering period spring cut off separate lateral shoots,
- Summeryoung shoots need to pinch
- Before the onset of winter the aerial part of the clematis is completely cut off because it dies off.
Clematis care is an uncomplicated process that every gardener can perform, the main thing is to follow these rules.
Preparing for the winter
With the onset of cold weather, the winter part of the plant dies off, and one rhizome remains to winter. This variety has a high frost resistance, it can easily endure harsh and light snowy winters without shelter.. The only stage in the preparation of clematis for the cold will be the autumn pruning of all vines.
Fight against diseases and pests
Clematis burning has an average resistance to various diseases. Most often it can meet the following ills:
- powdery mildew,
- gray rot
The treatment of these diseases is based on one algorithm.:
- All damaged plant parts completely removed,
- Clematis is poured under the root baseol or azocel solution,
- During the growing season foliage sprayed with polycarbocin (at occurrence of spotting polycarbocin is replaced with copper or iron vitriol).
Measures to prevent the appearance of diseases will be the proper care, compliance with the regime of watering and fertilizing plants.
Insects rarely settle on clematis burning, but in order to scare them away, annual plants with a specific odor, such as calendula or marigold, are planted next to the liana.
If the pests are still wound up, then you can get rid of them with insecticide treatments. In time to notice insects clematis regularly inspect and immediately remove the leaves, on which there are visible signs of damage.
Choosing a landing site
Like other varieties of clematis, clematis stinging prefers light, nutritious soil. Good drainage from broken bricks, pebbles, expanded clay or river sand is required. The plant does not tolerate stagnant moisture in the soil - with an overabundance of water, the roots and bases of the stems begin to rot, and the entire vine can die. You should not place clematis in lowlands or in marshy soils. It is better to plant them on a small, well-lit hill. For drainage of groundwater, small drainage ditches can be dug.
Ideal soil should have a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction. It is recommended to treat lime land and then mix it with sand, peat and old humus. For the prevention of diseases of the soil before planting plants need to pour an aqueous solution of potassium permanganate. Эта несложная процедура защитит нежные побеги от насекомых-вредителей и различных болезней.
It is best to plant a vine in front of a wall at home, near a strong fence with an arched support, next to a gazebo or summer kitchen. Like other varieties of clematis, white small-flowered do not tolerate sharp gusts of wind, which can break the fragile young shoots and damage inflorescences. The site should be well lit, possible partial penumbra in the afternoon. Protect the plant from the sun need only in the arid southern regions. It is not necessary to plant a clematis under the canopy of old trees, where the sun's rays penetrate poorly. But the liana with pleasure will braid the dried-up trunk or a high stump, creating the original blossoming composition.
Subtleties of care
Clematis burning is quite simple to clean. He prefers moderate watering with separated, not too cold water. Sprinkling is not required, it is better to moisten the soil through special grooves dug around each stem. The frequency of humidification depends on climatic conditions. In hot weather, it is recommended to water the vine twice a week, in the cloudy and cool amount of water should be reduced.
The plant needs regular feeding. It is carried out 1 time per month, alternating organic and mineral fertilizers. Prevent diseases and strengthen immunity vines capable of monthly watering with aqueous solutions of boric acid and potassium permanganate. Protect planting from weeds and maintain a normal level of moisture in the soil will help mulching with humus or peat. During the season a layer of mulch is updated several times.
The fast-growing liana is fragile. Large inflorescences break off easily, branches require strong support. So that clematis has not lost its decorativeness, it is constantly tied up. It is more convenient to use strips of soft cloth or special plastic clips that do not traumatize tender shoots.
Particular attention should be paid to pruning the plant. Throughout the season, damaged or dried branches are cut from the vines. They are removed with a sharp garden pruner, trying not to damage the main stem. In late summer, the plant will have a more radical pruning. Next year, the inflorescences will be formed on new shoots, so you should not feel sorry for the old branches. They are shortened almost to the base, leaving only a few nodes for later growth. After pruning, the plant spuds dry earth or mulch, and then covered with a wooden box, a thick layer of sawdust, leaves, peat. On top of the design is fixed with a dense plastic film with pre-made ventilation holes. In this form, the perennial vine will calmly endure even the most severe winter.
Use in landscape design
Small-flowered clematis are ideal for creating small garden compositions. They can be used to decorate a pergola, a wicker or metal arch, a lattice fence. It is not necessary to plant vines in a solid wall, because this option is more suitable for a variety with large buds.
Clematis white looks beautiful on a background of red brick, dark wood, metal. Even after the end of flowering lush greenery will decorate the site. With timely pruning, the plant maintains decorativeness until frost. A lush white-green liana can be a backdrop for more compact flowers: roses, lilies, hydrangeas. Next to the white variety, you can plant blue clematis with buds that resemble small bells. The neighborhood with shrubs also looks beautiful: jasmine, lilac or white lilac, dog rose. Large white brushes contrast beautifully with yellow-golden acacia buds. An interesting backdrop will be decorative greens: hops or girlish grapes.
Small-flowered clematis species deserve a place of honor in any garden. A burning clematis decorate arches and pergolas, decorate arbors and mask not very attractive walls of outbuildings. With proper care, the plant will develop well for many years without requiring a transplant or renewal.
Description of the appearance of burning clematis
White clematis refers to small-flowered plants. It can be called simultaneously and bush and liana. It is an overgrown bush, wrapped around any objects around. Therefore, burning clematis is ideal for people who want to embellish their possessions. Many naively believe that burning and white clematis are two different species. In fact, they are one and the same plant, and the differences in names are formed for historical reasons.
The bush of burning clematis can grow up to 5 meters in height and width. White flowers reach 2-3 cm in diametere. In shape they resemble white stars.while the dark green leaves have pointed edges. It is noteworthy that the leaves are almost the same size or less flowers.
The uniqueness of small-flowered clematis is given by its flowers in quantitative equivalent. During the flowering period, their number can reach up to 400 copies per escape! Such a spectacle is unlikely to leave anyone indifferent. The flowers cover almost the entire space of the plant, so the leaves can not even be seen. In part, this effect is obtained because of the large density of inflorescences, gathering in a heap. This means that a whole bush has over a thousand buds!
Scientific description and properties of clematis
Not all flowers thin beautiful fragrance.. But the burning clematis is not one of them. Its fragrance resembles a sweet honey smell, which, moreover, spreads several meters around the bush. Popularity gives the flower its ability to tolerate cold and high life expectancy, reaching up to 25 years. In this regard, it is necessary to pre-select a good place for the further development of the plant.
White clematis blooms in August-September. After flowering, it is time for the second stage of plant beauty due to fluffy tufted seeds. They give a truly exotic and magical look to the plant.. The tufts are like small spiders, only those that you shouldn’t be afraid of, because these are parts of a flower that light up the whole glade. And if there are several such bushes, the epic landscape will be off the scale.
The seed ripening period is accompanied by another beautiful spectacle: the leaves, which have long withered, cover the seeds with a fluffy tuft on a large scale. Clematis is not a winter plant, so the stems die at this time, leaving only the roots in the ground behind. With the onset of spring, the small-flowered clematis wakes up and with a new force awakens all its vines. New growth occurs rather quickly due to good rest during the winter.
A bit of plant history and geography
Clematis stinging is a member of the buttercup family, and the genus Clematis is also referred to as the genus Clematis. In the botanical community, both names have a place to be, but the plant is often called clematis. This is due to the fact that in Greek clematis means “vine” or “winding”.
The word "clematis" is more associated with folk jargon. This name the plant deserved due to the fact that the townsfolk often broke their nose when stumbling over the vines of the plant. According to other data etymology the word "clematis" is associated with a sharp smell of the rhizome of a plant that can lead to suffocation and cause severe irritation of the nasal mucosa.
In general, in nature there are over 300 types of clematis. All of them are quite unique and sometimes quite unlike each other, except that the structure. But all the flowers are almost all shades of the rainbow. White clematis can be found on the vast coast of the Black and Mediterranean Seas, as well as North America and southern Europe. Due to such a wide range of growth there is an opportunity to grow strong and beautiful types of clematis.
Due to the variety of clematisIn the botanical community there are 3 main groups divided by the type of blooming:
- on the shoots of last year,
- on the shoots of the past and the current year
- on the shoots of the current year.
White Clematis belongs to the third group. This means that the plant will need to be periodically updated and cleaned of old vines, if there is an additional reason.
Planting small-flowered clematis
If we talk about a few copies of the shrub, then when planting take into account the distance between them, at least 1 meter. The landing site should not be in the shade or too open lit place. Also it is necessary to take care of the presence of groundwater, or rather, their absence. After all, if the land is damp enough, the rhizome just rot. Strong gusts of wind can provoke the death of shoots, so the landing site must be calm.
Before planting, a drainage layer should be prepared, as is done for most plants. Its task is to protect the rhizome from excess moisture. The layer usually contains natural solid materials in a fragmented form - a brick, for example. The pit should correspond to the roots of the plant (usually up to 70 cm deep and in diameter). The roots should be laid out and not rest against the wall.
The soil layer should contain all the necessary nutrients for the plant. The finished substance can be purchased at the store. But before planting it will need to be loosened. At the last stages, about 10 cm is left for additional powder of dry materials - hay, sheets, and so on. This procedure is called mulching. and aims to protect the nutrient layer of the soil from the negative effects - weathering, freezing and the like. For the first time, you can attach and support for vines.
Care for burning clematis
Burning clematis needs good lighting, but, like many of its species, does not tolerate a long stay in direct sunlight. The choice of planting place depending on the lighting is based on the geographical location. In the south, the best option is partial shade, closer to the north - more lighted placesThe temperate climate is suitable for sunny areas. The degree of light depends on the bloom of clematis, so do not be afraid of well-lit places, even if you are in the southern region. In addition, young individuals need more light.
The soil for clematis should be moderately wet, so as not to begin to rot the roots. It should be loosened and sprinkled with mulch in the form of sawdust, for example. Do not allow the drying of the upper soil of the plant. Many problems can be avoided by planting plants with a fibrous type of root structure around a shrub. Weeds and other heresy should also be on time remove from the place of landing clematis.
Moderation watering depends on the place where he was planted. If it is the walls of the house, gazebos, for example, then the plant risks getting an excess of moisture due to the constant drains of water from above. However, clematis loves moisture, so not everything is so sad. You only need to monitor the condition of the plant, and pre-installed "traps" for moisture will help to avoid problems. In the reverse situation - the absence of moisture, should be carried out frequent watering and do it closer to the root, so as not to wet the outer part of the plant.
Burning Clematis needs feeding no more than other plants. This should be done every couple of years, when the previous layer is exhausted. The plant will survive without it, but with dressing it will look much more presentable and impressive. As for the younger age, the feeding should be carried out 1 time per season after watering, alternating mineral and organic fertilizers.
Since clematis is a few vines, you should think in advance about how and in which direction it will grow. This may require additional support that will be able to withstand the weight of the future of the shrub and stand for two decades. When choosing mesh wooden structures, be guided by how the climber will cling. For comfortable twisting requires supports with cells no more than 2 cm.
If the plant does not look as intended, you can always do pruning. It is better to do this immediately in the process of growing a perennial plant. Pruning is also needed to prolong the blooming of clematis.. The first pruning (shoots)As a rule, carried out when planting plants. Spring pruned lateral shoots, and in the fall - absolutely everything, since they will still die off in the winter. What is remarkable is the ability of clematis to endure cold, meaning that it is not necessary to cover or protect the plant from cold in winter, even if it snows.
Diseases and pests of white clematis
One of the most common misfortunes of this species is fungal infections and diseases. These include the usual rust, powdery mildew, spotty infections and all kinds of rot.
In the case of such an incident damaged areas should be removed immediately so that it does not spread to the rhizome and does not completely kill the plant. Then under the root do watering with a solution of basezol, azocell or sprayed with polycarbocin (at the time of the growing season). Copper sulfate solution is suitable for spraying shrubs in the case of infection with spots.
Insects, too, are not asleep and eager to try clematis. But you can scare them in advance, planting a number of relevant plants - calendula, marigold and others. For prophylactic purposes, simple cutting of the excess lower leaves of the plant will help, as well as quality care in general. If insect infestation has already occurred, the damaged areas are removed, and the rest is treated with special preparations.
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Clematis burning is very popular, both among novice gardeners and professionals in their field. Such liana has a very powerful deciduous mass, and during flowering small, white flowers appear on it, thanks to which the plant becomes like an air cloud.
Problems that can be encountered when growing clematis
Clematis burning is a very beautiful plant, with which you can decorate any garden area. He will give tenderness and lightness of any composition. A pleasant bonus for any gardener will be unpretentious care and good frost resistance.
Hello! Clematis cultivation from seed, planting and care in the open field, photo and video tips in our material. Clematis (lat. Clematis), or clematis, or small leaf represents the genus of perennials of the buttercup family. This is a gentle and charming handsome, luxurious seducer of gardeners' hearts.
Clematis can safely compete on beauty with exotic overseas wonders: large flowers of various colors fall into a garden from a two-meter height.
Like any handsome man, clematis will make the owners take care of themselves, without it you can’t wait for its magnificent flowering. But, as a noble gentleman, he will thank for his work, giving the opportunity to admire luxurious flowers for several weeks.
ARTICLE IN TOPIC: Clematis in the Urals - growing and care.
Different types of clematis are a little similar to each other. Among them are subshrubs, shrubs, herbaceous perennials, but most species belong to the group of vines. Clematis bisexual flowers are solitary or collected in inflorescences of different forms (semi-umbel, shield, whisk).
The color range of clematis is very wide: from pale pink to dark red, from light blue to velvet blue and, of course, there are clematis of white and yellow shades. Each flower lives two or three weeks, many varieties of clematis exude a fragrance resembling a primrose, jasmine or almond.
Adding an article to a new collection
If you are just starting to grow clematis, caring for them can be a dead end. How much water does the plants need in the summer, do they need to be cut, than to feed them in order to achieve abundant flowering, how to prepare for winter? All this is in our article!
Summer residents appreciate clematis for their luxurious flowers and widespread use in landscape design. This light-loving vine will easily braid a fence, an arbor, an arch, and even a tree trunk, creating a unique atmosphere on the site. In addition, clematis can be grown in containers, forming beautiful garden compositions.
There are many varieties of clematis with large and smaller flowers of different colors. But for the plants to show themselves in all their glory, you need to give them a little attention. Despite some myths, growing clematis is quite easy and interesting. Those techniques, which we describe, will allow the vines to feel comfortable and long to please you with flowering. You will also learn how to strengthen the immunity of these plants before wintering.
У клематисов есть немало интересных названий: ломонос, княжик, лозинка, бородавник, бабушкины (и дедушкины!) кудри. В Англии популярны прозвища: девичьи волосы и радость пастуха.
Итак, давайте разберемся, о чем не стоит забывать летом, чтобы клематисы отблагодарили вас водопадом роскошных цветков!
Кажется, об этой процедуре не забывает ни один цветовод, но часто возникает вопрос, как поливать клематисы летом правильно. Помните главное – эти растения очень влаголюбивы, поэтому увлажнять почву нужно не реже 1 раза в неделю (в жару – 2-3 раза в неделю).
Количество воды зависит от возраста лианы и погодных условий. Young clematis will be enough 10 liters under one bush, the old - at least 20 liters. In dry time, the rate is increased by 1.5-2 times. In general, the soil should be saturated with water at 30-40 cm in depth.
Water clematis under the root, avoiding a jet in the center of the bush. For watering use warm water.
1-2 days after watering, if the soil under the bushes is not mulched, slightly loosen it to improve air circulation.
During the summer clematis fertilize about 4 times, alternating the introduction of organic matter with mineral supplements. As fertilizers you can use:
- mullein infusion diluted with water 1:10, or bird droppings infusion diluted in a ratio of 1:15 or 1:20,
- any complex mineral fertilizer (20-40 g per 10 l of water).
If clematis slowed in growth, their leaves turned yellow, and the flowers became smaller (with the exception of varietal characteristics), spray the plants with urea (0.5-1 tbsp per 10 liters of water). In July-August, it is worth feeding the liana with potassium sulfate (25-30 g per 10 l of water).
To make the liana survive the winter easier, in late August-early September, add 0.5 tbsp of each bush. superphosphate and potassium sulfate.
How to feed clematis for lush flowering?
To liana covered with flowers, feed it with boric acid. To prepare, dissolve 2 g of boric acid in 1 cup of hot water, then add potassium permanganate at the tip of the knife, mix thoroughly. Dilute the resulting solution with 10 liters of water and pour clematis. One plant will need 5-6 liters of fertilizer. Use this dressing no more than once a month and soon you will notice that clematis has changed!
Before any dressings, pre-spill the soil with clean water so as not to burn the roots of the plants.
Clematis can not hold on to its thick support, because in nature attached to trees and shrubs. Therefore, be sure to tie the lash and direct them in the right direction as you grow. Remember that the support for creepers should be reliable and, preferably, wooden. Too weak support may collapse, because during rain the bush gets wet and becomes quite heavy.
The lower part of clematis is especially vulnerable and can break when the gusty wind, so carefully fix it with a string at a distance of about 20 cm from the ground.
If you want to plant clematis near the house and let it lash along the wall, make sure that the place is at least half a meter from the drainpipe. Otherwise, the soil will be too watertight, and the vine does not like it.
Take care of clematis roots
The most dangerous for creepers - overheating and drying of the roots, as well as strong drafts. To protect the plants, break the flower beds around the clematis that will create the desired shade. Lavender, hosts, awl-shaped phloxes, peonies, stonecrop, and delphiniums are perfect as neighbors. Near-year plants with shallow root system will also look beautiful: marigolds, calendula, petunias, salvia, etc.
Such beds will require additional watering and feeding, so consider this when choosing plants.
How to care for clematis, we figured out, but there are still a few questions that may arise during the summer care of flowers.
Should clematis be cut in summer?
Clematis pruned in spring or autumn. Depending on the trimming group to which clematis belongs, the content of the procedure differs. In summer, the vine is not cut, but if it has grown too much and interferes, you can trim it carefully. Do it better after flowering. Do not touch the main stems, but only remove secondary ones. Clematis of the first group of pruning can be subjected to such a procedure in June. Creepers of the second and third groups of pruning will bloom in the fall, so light pruning can stimulate their flowering.
What to do if clematis has little or no blooms?
Most often, clematis does not bloom due to improper pruning or bare root collar. In this case, the planting depth of the plant must be adjusted by spilling the ground. Then give the vine to rest until the next season, backed up with complex mineral fertilizer (20-40 g per 10 liters of water).
Also, the acidity of the soil affects the flowering of the vine: the more acidic it is, the less likelihood of abundant flowering. In this case, the soil can be shed lime milk. To do this, dissolve 100 g of dolomite flour in a bucket of water.
Do not like clematis and metal support, which, heating up in the sun, can cause great damage to the plant. So it is better to transplant the vine in a more suitable place with a wooden support.
Why flowers clematis covered with white bloom?
Most likely, the plant is affected by powdery mildew, infection of which is often observed in the middle of summer. First, clematis is covered with white bloom, and then, if not to take action in time, it becomes brown and dries out. For treatment, use the drugs Fitosporin-M, Topaz, Chistotsvet according to the instructions or spray the plants with soda ash (30-40 g per 10 liters of water).
For the prevention of powdery mildew and other diseases observe the following rules:
- do not overmoisten the soil
- remove weeds regularly,
- protect the plant roots from adverse effects,
- Do not overdo it with fertilizers
- watch the acidity of the soil,
- Rumble the soil near the vine with rotted manure or peat.
Now you know how to care for clematis in the summer, and you will be able to enjoy the flowering vine for a long time. If you like this plant, read how to propagate it properly and cover it for the winter.
Clematis seed growing
In a huge variety of types and varieties of clematis for gardeners lies the temptation to do the selection itself. For those who are interested in growing clematis from seeds, it is worth knowing the necessary information about this process.
The size of the seed and the duration of their germination clematis are divided into three groups:
- ❶ Clematis with large seeds that germinate very long and unevenly - from one and a half to eight months, and even longer (Clematis Duran, Jacman, purple, woolly, etc.).
- ❷ Clematis, the seeds of which are of medium size and germinating within one and a half to six months (clematis whole-leaf, manchurian, six-petal, Douglas, Chinese, etc.).
- ❸ Clematis with small seeds, germinating both quickly and together - from two weeks to four months maximum (clematis Tangut, vine-growing, etc.).
Clematis seeds collected in the current year germinate best, but if you store the seed in paper bags at a temperature of 18-23 ºC, it will be suitable for germination for four years. By the time of sowing, the dates are as follows: small seeds are sown in March-April, medium ones after the New Year holidays, and large seeds immediately after harvest, in autumn or early winter.
To accelerate germination, seeds need to be soaked for ten days in water, changing water 4-5 times a day. Then place the substrate consisting of equal parts of earth, sand and peat in a container, moisten it, spread the seeds in one layer, sprinkle with a layer of sand 2-3 times the diameter of the seed and lightly thicken it, cover it with a fine mesh or glass.
The optimum temperature for clematis germination is 25-30 ºC. From time to time, the substrate is carefully poured into the pan in order not to wash the seeds, and weeds that appear are removed.
When shoots appear, provide them with sufficient lighting, but protect them from the direct rays of the sun. When the first seedlings appear in the seedlings, they swoop into separate pots or bowls and grow under room conditions until the last frosts are past.
Then the seedlings are transplanted to a shady area in a light soil, keeping between 15–20 cm between them. From time to time, pinch the plants so that they build up the root mass and branch more strongly.
In the autumn, cover your seedlings, and in the spring, transplant them back into a trench 5-7 cm deep, keeping a distance of half a meter between the seedlings.
Shorten the shoots, leaving a few knots on them. After 2-3 years, when the seedlings appear at least three elastic roots 10-15 cm long, they will be ready for transplanting to a permanent place.
How to plant clematis
To grow clematis gave the expected result, first find out where and when to plant it. The landing site should be protected from drafts and well lit, but preferably shading at noon. The soil is preferred slightly alkaline, loamy, fertile, well-fertilized and drained.
The best place for clematis is a mound or a specially made mound that will not allow the root of an adult plant reaching one meter in length to rot from the proximity of the groundwater. Do not use either fresh manure or sour peat as fertilizer - plants do not like it.
Do not plant clematis close to the wall of the house (the water flowing down from the roof should not fall on clematis) or the fence; keep a distance of at least 30 cm.
As for time, the landing of clematis is carried out both in spring and autumn. If the purchased clematis seedling is in a container, it can be planted at any time of the year, except for winter.
But if you did not have time to plant purchased clematis in the fall, store them in a cool (not warmer than +5 ºC) room, sprinkling the roots with moist, loose soil (sawdust with sand), pinching the sprouts from time to time to keep them from growing until spring.
If you find that the clematis roots have dried, soak them before planting for several hours in cold water for swelling.
Clematis planting in spring
In places with a cool climate, it is customary to plant clematis in the spring, in late April or early May. A spring seedling should have at least one shoot. Dig a hole 60x60x60, pour 10-15 cm of gravel, broken brick or perlite for drainage to the bottom.
If the land is infertile, change it to fertile by adding 2-3 buckets of compost, one bucket of sand and peat, 400 g of dolomite flour and 150 g of superphosphate (mix everything thoroughly, preferably a year before planting).
Install removable or dug stationary supports for shoots up to 2.5 m in height, they will support the vines in strong winds.
Pour a mound of prepared soil onto the drainage layer, place a seedling on it, spread the roots gently over it and cover it with prepared soil so that not only the clematis neck is 5-10 cm under the ground, but the trunk before the first internode also was in the ground .
Fill the hole with soil not to the level of the surface, but so that it remains 8-10 cm. Water the plant with a bucket of water and grind the hollow around the clematis with peat. During the spring-summer season, the excavation is gradually filled with earth.
The distance between clematis bushes must be at least a meter!
Clematis planting in autumn
In the southern, warmer areas, it is common to plant clematis in the fall, in September-October, provided that the clematis is planted, the vegetative buds are developed. The autumn planting is carried out on the same principle as the spring one, only the landing pit is completely covered with earth.
From above, the landing site is mulched with a layer of dry leaves and covered with lutrasil or something else. In spring, the soil around these seedlings is selected to the same depth (8-10 cm), but during the summer this excavation is gradually filled with soil until the levels coincide.
This is done to make the shoots easier to break through to the surface.
Clematis outdoor care
Clematis can take care of any florist, even a beginner. Clematis loves moisture, so it needs good watering at least once a week, and in the hot summer - 2-3 times. Young plants drink 10-20 liters at a time, more mature ones drink 20-40 liters each.
Dig a few pots around the clematis bushes with a hole in the bottom, and the water that filled them during irrigation will slowly penetrate deep into the soil and moisten the layer that contains the roots of adult clematis that thirst for in hot summer.
If you did not muddy the soil in spring, then you will have to loosen it from time to time a day after watering at the same time as weeding. Mulch helps to preserve moisture in the soil and prevents the emergence of weeds, so do not neglect the advice, mulch the soil with peat, moss or humus.
As for the use of fertilizers, in the first year it is not necessary to abuse feedings, so that a weak plant does not rot along with the fertilizers. Clematis are fed in the period of active growth with nitrogen fertilizers, in the period of budding with potash, after flowering - with phosphate fertilizers, and after summer pruning with full mineral fertilizer per 20 g per bucket of water and copper solution.
Every spring, clematis is poured with lime milk (chalk and dolomite flour). Do not feed clematis during flowering, otherwise it will lose activity. In rainy summer, powder the bottom of the trunk with wood ash to prevent rotting of the roots.
To keep the vines on sale there are such types of supports as arches, fan structures and pyramids. Choose what you like best, but remember that the thickness of the part for which the vine will cling directly should be no more than 1-1.2 cm in diameter.
Consider the fact that, growing, clematis gain a large mass and become heavy, especially after rain, so the strength of the material from which the supports are made is of great importance.
A good idea is a cylinder made of rare metal mesh, dug into the ground - such an openwork “pipe with legs”, inside which clematis will grow, later closing the metal mesh with its leaves and flowers.
We already wrote about how to grow clematis from seeds. In addition to the seed method of reproduction in culture, reproduction of clematis is used in autumn and summer layers, pinning young shoots and dividing the bush.
The division of the bush is carried out in plants no older than 6 years old; it is very difficult to fight the powerful root system of a more mature plant. The shrub is carefully removed, the root is cleared from the ground and divided by shears so that each delenka has on the root neck of the bud.
To make cuttings, in the fall in October, cut the leaves from the shoots, separate the whitened part to the first developed bud, weave them into a bundle and put clematis cuttings into the grooves with a layer of peat, fix them, sprinkle the shoots on top with peat, then throw it with earth and compact it.
Cover the plant for the winter with spruce branches or dry foliage.
When spring comes, water the landing site often and abundantly and, as soon as shoots appear, grumble the surface around them with peat or humus. By the fall, many of the young plants will be ready for transplanting to a permanent place.
Digging shoots need forks, in order not to damage the roots. It is possible to lay layers in the summer, but then it will be difficult to keep the shoots in the winter.
In the spring, it is better to do pinching of the shoots: the shoots of last year at the site of the knot are pinned into pots with loose earth and peat, dug into the ground below the surface level, so that no water will spread during irrigation.
As the seedling grows in the pot, the soil is filled up with a tubercle, and by the fall, excellent clematis seedlings grow from the shoots.
Clematis pruning is done during the growth of the plant, as needed, to prolong the flowering period, and for the winter. If you remember, there are three groups of clematis:
- ❶ The first group of clematis (group A). This group of flowers formed on last year's shoots, so only weak shoots are pruned. Do it after flowering in June. Before winter clematis high spud.
- ❷ The second group of clematis (group B) blooms both on last year's shoots and on the shoots of the current year. Pruning done at the level of 0.5-1 m, leaving 2-5 pairs of buds, and weak shoots are cut to the ground. Liana removed from the support, folded and carefully laid at the roots.
- ❸ The third group of clematis (group C) forms inflorescences only on young shoots of the current year; clematis of this group is cut several times during the vegetation period. In the fall, all shoots are cut to the ground level or slightly higher.
Clematis care after flowering
When it is deep autumn, you need to think about how your clematis will live in the winter. In dry weather, under the base of any clematis, in the center of the bush on the eve of winter, pour out a bucket of humus, after removing all the leaves and treating the neck of the plant with a two-percent solution of copper vitriol.
Then you need to pile up clematis to a height of 10-15 cm with sand and ash (250 g of ash on a bucket of sand).
Clematis, which need it, are covered in a dry way:
- shoots bend or twist and lay on the base,
- cover with dry leaves (spruce branches, even crushed foam is used),
- then covered with a wooden box so that there is air around the plant,
- tol, roofing felt or other waterproof material placed on the box, which is pressed in the corners with stones or bricks so as not to be blown away by the wind,
- and from above they all fall asleep with an earthen or peat layer of 20-25 cm.
In the spring, they first remove the earth and the film, and the spice branches or leaves are removed only when the threat of frost has passed. The shoots gently lift, straighten and distribute on supports.
Clematis diseases and pests
Clematis most commonly suffers from a fungal disease like wilting. Plants lose tissue elasticity, wither and dry. Возбудителей заболеваний с такими симптомами несколько, но обитают они все в почве и поражают в первую очередь корневую систему.
Поэтому очень важно соблюдать агротехнические требования, тем более, что заметить проявление болезни можно уже ранней весной. В мае удалите пораженные места и пролейте клематис под корень двухпроцентными растворами: Фундазол или Азоцен.
Сильно пораженные экземпляры нужно удалять вместе с комом земли, а место, где они росли, дезинфицируют теми же препаратами. Теми же средствами (Фундазолом и Азоценом) борются с такими заболеваниями, как серая гниль и мучнистая роса.
Поражает клематисы ржавчина, тоже грибковая болезнь, проявляющаяся оранжевыми подушечками на листьях и побегах весной. As a result of the development of the disease, leaves are made brown, dry, and shoots are deformed.
Spraying is used against rust with a 1-2% Bordeaux mixture, as well as oxychrome or chlorine dioxide. At the end of summer, dark gray necrosis may appear on the leaves and shoots, making them velvety and changing their color.
In the middle of summer, clematis can become ill with ascautociasis, causing necrotic spots of irregular shape on the leaves, or cylindrosporosis, which “decorates” the leaves with bright yellow spots. For all these diseases, drugs containing copper are effective — a 1% solution of copper sulfate, for example.
Clematis is resistant to viral diseases, but sucking pests can infect a plant with a yellow mosaic of leaves against which there are no preparations yet, therefore it is necessary to destroy diseased plants. In the future, do not plant clematis next to plants that are easily affected by mosaics - the host, sweet peas, delphinium, aquilegia, phlox and peony.
Sometimes clematis suffers from gallic or leaf nematodes. When removing rotten specimens, look at the condition of the roots of the plants, and if you find nodules on the roots, do not plant clematis on this site for several years.
Types and varieties of clematis you will find out by reference.
Where to buy clematis seeds
The Scientific and Production Association “Gardens of Russia” has been engaged for 30 years in introducing the latest achievements of vegetable, fruit, berry and ornamental plant breeding into the widespread practice of amateur gardening. The association uses the most advanced technology, created a unique laboratory of microclonal propagation of plants.
The main task of the NGO “Gardens of Russia” is to provide gardeners with quality planting material of popular varieties of various garden plants and new products of world selection. Delivery of planting material (seeds, bulbs, seedlings) is carried out by Russian Post.
We are waiting for you for shopping in the “Gardens of Russia”.
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The beginning of the cultivation of clematis in Western Europe dates back to the 16th century, and in Japan the culture of clematis has an even longer history. In Russia, clematis appeared at the beginning of the 19th century as greenhouse plants. Active work on the cultivation and introduction of clematis in our country began to develop only in the middle of the XX century. As a result of the selection work, wonderful varieties and forms were created, in which the unique charm of these magnificent plants is further emphasized.
Clematis. © Ben O’Bryan
Clematis, or clematis, or vine (Clematis)
Buttercup family. Of the nearly 300 species in the genus Clematis, 108 are native to China. The name of this plant comes from the Greek word “clematis”, which means “branch or sprout of grapes”. In Russian, Clematis is called clematis. Clematis are creepers, bushes or herbaceous perennials with woody flexible stems that can die off for the winter or spend the winter under cover. Depending on the size of the flower, there are small-flowered (up to 5 cm in diameter) and large-flowered (more than 5 cm in diameter) clematis. Species plants are propagated by seeds, and varietal - by dividing the bush or cuttings.
Adult clematis care begins in April.
- April. From the middle of the month, winter shelters should be very gradually removed. Do not rush. If you remove the entire cover, clematis sprouts appear above the ground, and a likely frost will destroy the root neck, the most vulnerable part of the plant. Cleavage of the root collar from spring frosts is the most common cause of death of clematis.
- May. Spring revision of plants. You can transplant young seedlings to a permanent place and divide old bushes. Loosening, weeding. You need to install new supports for clematis or check the reliability of old ones. As the shoots grow back, they are attached to supports.
If the shoots of some plants do not appear, then talk about death is still premature. Carefully dig up and see the condition of the kidneys and root system. Sometimes it is useful to dig up a plant, wash it in water, divide it into the number of living buds, and plant it in a new place. And sometimes - just wait for the start of growth.
- June. - active growth of clematis. Weeding, loosening, garter lashes to supports. It is useful to shed clematis with lime milk and feed with slurry.
- July. Full bloom of all clematis in your garden. In dry weather, watering is necessary. It is necessary to water rarely, but it is plentiful enough. Once every 2 weeks you can feed with slurry and mineral fertilizers.
- August. It is advisable to add ash to the dressing. This contributes to the better maturation of the lashes and improves the winter resistance of plants. Top-dressing with organic fertilizers and nitrogen is gradually stopped. In August, it is important to monitor the health of the bushes. A disease such as clematis wilting is most often manifested in August.
- September. Loosening the soil, weeding. Feeding stop. You can transplant plants to more successful places.
- October. In the middle of the month, begin clematis autumn pruning. It is important to make sure that the root neck is covered with earth. If it is on the surface, then it must be sprinkled with humus or compost. When the air temperature decreases, plants gradually begin to cover.
- November. When offensive frost occurs, in dry weather, the clematis shelter is completed for the winter. One of the serious dangers - the onset of frost before snow falls. With constant snow cover, clematis do not need shelter at all, but the frosts after the thaw can damage the plant.
Covering clematis for the winter, you can safely part until spring with your favorites.
Clematis Jakmana (Clematis jackmanii). © anne arnould
Since clematis can grow in one place for more than 20 years, they prepare the earth very deeply in advance. Usually, pits of not less than 60x60x60 cm are dug, and for group plantings the plot is prepared over the entire area. 2-3 buckets of humus or compost, 1 bucket of peat and sand, 100-150 g of superphosphate, 200 g of total mineral fertilizer, preferably 100 g of bone meal, 150 are mixed with the top layer of the earth taken out of the hole and cleared of the roots of perennial weeds. -200 g of lime or chalk, 200 g of ash. On light soils add more peat, leaf humus and clay. If the soil at the site is wet, dense or clay, then 10-1 5 cm layer of crushed stone, broken brick or coarse sand is poured at the bottom of the pit. Carefully mixed earthen mixture poured into the pit and compacted. In the southern regions, it is preferable to do this in the fall (from late September to early November, in the middle lane the best time is September (in warm weather and later), further north the clematis is planted in spring (late April - May) or early autumn. Plants in containers you can plant whenever you want (except for winter, of course).
In the center of the pit establish a solid rigid support. Stretched rope is not suitable here, it will not protect young fragile whips from wind gusts. Filling the pit with soil about halfway, they make a mound on which the clematis roots are straightened to the sides and down. While holding the plant by hand, pour the mixture to the roots, making sure that clematis is planted with the deepening. Only then will the tillering center develop on it, on which new buds are laid later, shoots and roots are formed. Such bushes better tolerate harsh winters, less suffer from the heat. Clematis planted flush with the surface are short-lived: they do not bush, grow 1-2 stems, their root system suffers from soaking. The larger the seedling, the deeper the planting should be. Young one-two-year-old plants are buried by 8-12 cm and the lower pair of buds, more mature and divided bushes - by 12-18 cm. If clematis is planted in spring, then the landing pit is filled with earth not to the brim, and 5-8 cm are left uncovered, so that the “newcomer” does not “suffocate”. As the shoots become lignified, this space is gradually filled with soil. After planting, clematis is plentifully watered, littered from the sun, and the ground around the plant is mulched with peat. When planting in the fall, the ground is filled to the brim, the entire above-ground part is cut to the level of the soil or slightly higher.
Clematis - light-loving plants. If the light is not enough, not only you will not achieve good flowering, you can not wait for it at all. Therefore, in the middle lane, it is best to plant them in sunny or slightly shaded areas in the midday hours. Only in the southern regions, where clematis often suffer from overheating of the soil, they are planted in partial shade. With group plantings, each plant should receive enough light, and the distance between the bushes should be at least 1 meter.
The wind is a terrible enemy of clematis, not only in summer, but also in winter: it breaks and confuses shoots, damages flowers. Where snow is blown off in winter, planting clematis is not the best idea. And in the lowlands, where cold air accumulates, clematis feel uncomfortable. Clematis is very demanding of moisture: during growth they need abundant watering. At the same time, wet, swampy areas with high groundwater levels (less than 1.2 m are not suitable for them, even if the water stagnates only for a short time. Over-wetting of the soil is dangerous not only in summer, but in early spring during and after snow melt Planning the landing of clematis, you need to think about the natural outflow of water from the bush: pour the ground, plant the bushes on the ridge or dig a groove with a slope.
Clematis. © Colin
In the spring, clematis shed lime milk (200 g of lime per 10 liters of water per square meter). In dry weather, clematis do not water frequently, but plentifully, making sure that the water jet does not fall into the center of the bush. Clematis are fed at least four times per season after watering with full mineral fertilizer with trace elements at the rate of 20-40 g per 10 l of water or diluted with fermented mullein (1:10). Mineral and organic supplements alternate. In the summer, once a month, plants are watered with a weak solution of boric acid (1-2 g) and potassium permanganate (2-3 g per 10 l of water), and they also spray the bushes with urea (0.5 tablespoons per 10 l of water). Since clematis can suffer from overheating and dry soil, in the spring after the first watering and loosening the planting should be mulched with peat or humus (in the northern regions) or sawdust (in the southern). To protect the soil from overheating and close the lower part of the shoots, clematis “lash” with the helpers. In the spring only at first the vines are guided along a support in the right direction and tied up. Otherwise, the growing shoots will intertwine so much that it will not be possible to unravel them by any means. Only in the varieties of the Integrifolia group, shoots and leaves lack the ability to twist the supports, therefore they are tied up as they grow all summer. In the autumn, before the shelter for the winter, clematis bushes are pruned and thoroughly cleaned of old leaves. The first two or three years, young specimens require particularly careful care: in the fall or early spring, well-rotted manure mixed with any potash and phosphorus fertilizer, as well as wood ash (handful each for a humus bucket) is poured into the bushes every 10- 15 days in small doses.
Clematis pruning as an agrotechnical measure is important.
Throughout the season, sanitary pruning is performed, dried and broken shoots are regularly removed. Pruning can regulate the growth and flowering of clematis. But the main thing that excites flower lovers is the autumn pruning. It depends on the type and variety of clematis.
There are 3 ways to trim for the winter differing in varieties of clematis.
- All varieties of the groups Jacquman and Vititsella. These clematis bloom on the shoots of the current year. Therefore, when autumn pruning you need to cut off the entire plant, leaving 2-3 nodes above the ground. For this operation, it is convenient to use a long sharp knife. Clematis blossoming on the shoots of the current year is easier than others to cover for the winter, because there is no need to save shoots until spring. Therefore, they are widely spread in our gardens.
- Varieties of the group Lanuginose, or Clematis woolly, some varieties of the groups Patents and Florida. The varieties of this group in spring bloom on overwintered shoots, and towards the end of summer - on the shoots of the current year. The bush is cut to a height of 50-100 cm from the ground, the lower healthy and mature shoots are laid on the ground and covered. If the plant needs rejuvenation, then it can be cut below, before the first true leaf.
- Clematis groups Patents (sprawling) and Florida (flowery). These varieties bloom only on wintered shoots. For the winter, cut weak and non-lignified shoots. The rest is shortened, leaving two-thirds of the height, but not more than 1-1.5 m. The scourge is folded and laid on the ground under a careful shelter.
Varieties Patents and Florida are the most difficult in the winter, if the shoots do not survive or the flower buds freeze, then there will be no abundant flowering this year.
But it is the varieties of these groups that give the largest, most beautiful, often double flowers, worthy of decorating gardens of experienced flower growers. For beginners, we recommend purchasing varieties of the Zhakman, Vititsell groups and some varieties of the Lanuginose group.
Clematis. © skepticalview
The method of obtaining a large number of seedlings in an industrial environment is also used by amateurs.
The cuttings in terms of time is divided into winter, spring and summer.
Planting material - cuttings, used green or lignified. To improve the result, growth stimulants are used: heteroauxin, beta-indolylbutyric acid, anaphthylacetic acid, ready-made drugs such as epin, root, etc. It is very important to maintain the temperature, 18-20 degrees, constant humidity. It is best rooted cuttings when using a fogging installation. Plants should be protected from direct sunlight, from overheating, from drying out and from high humidity.
The main advantage of the method is to obtain healthy, without hereditary diseases of seedlings, developing on their own roots.
Types and varieties
Clematis of the Jacquman group - their ancestor is the large-flowered Clematis Jakmana (Clematis jackmanii). Large shrub vine with shoots 3-4 m long and well-developed root system. The flowers are large (12-16 cm in diameter), blue-violet-purple tones, odorless.
They are distinguished by abundant and long flowering on the shoots of the current year from June to frost. In winter, shoots are pruned to the level of the soil or leave the bases of shoots with 2-3 pairs of buds.
- Varieties: Gypsy Queen, Nikolai Rubtsov, Madame Vilar, Hegley Hybrid, Comtes de Boucho, Georg Ots, Luther Burbank, Negro.
Clematis Jakmana (Clematis jackmanii). © anne arnould
Group of varieties Clematis Violet, or Clematis vineyard (Clematis viticella) (Vititsella) - lianas up to 3 m in height with flowers of 8-12 cm in the prevailing pink-red-puruperny tone. Bloom from June to frost on the shoots of the current year.
- Grades: Ville de Lyon, Ernest Markham, Tuchka, Lilac Star, Nikita Pink, Niobe.
Clematis purple, or Clematis grape (Clematis viticella). © Allan Harris
Group of varieties clematis sprawling (Clematis patens) (Patents) - curly, up to 4 m high. Flowers up to 15 cm in diameter, often terry with a predominance of white and pale blue tones. Flowering from July to September on the shoots of last year. Heat-loving and suffer from frost.
Clematis group of Florida - vines up to 4 m. Occurred when crossing clematis flowery (Clematis florida) with species and varieties of other groups. Flowers of various colors, usually terry, with a diameter of 8-12 cm. Flowering in June-July on overwintered shoots.
- Grades: Daniel Derond, Mrs Cholmondeli.
Group of varieties clematis whole leaf (Clematis integrifolia) (Integrifolia) - vigorous, climbing semi-shrubs or climbing non-clinging lianas with a height of 1–2.5 m. The flowers are bell-shaped, drooping, 5–12 cm in diameter, of different colors, formed on the shoots of the current year. Bloom from June to September.
- Varieties: Gray bird, Blue rain.
Clematis is sprawling, variety ‘Josephine Evijohill’ (Clematis patens). © Vivian-E Clematis is flowery, Siebold variety is ‘Sieboldii’ (Clematis florida). © H. ZellClematis all-leaf (Clematis integrifolia). © gardenkeeper C
Group of varieties clematis woolly (Clematis lanuginosa) (Lanuginosa) - creepers up to 3 m high with flowers of white or blue tones (a bright strip often passes in the center) up to 15 cm in size. Flowering begins in June and repeated in August-September on shoots of the last year.
- Grades: Ballerina, Serenade, Virginia, Blue Gem, Ramon, Dr. Ruppel, Blue Light, Multi Blue, Jacques Manialba, Olympics-80.
Group of varieties clematis mountain (Clematis montana) (Montana) - they are characterized by abundant flowering in May on the shoots of last year. Crop partial early spring.
Group of varieties texas clematis (Clematis texensis) (Texensis) is the result of crossing Clematis Texas with different species, varieties and forms of other groups.
Group of varieties clematis borschikolistnogo (Clematis heracleifolia) (Heracleifolia) - vigorous climbing shrubs, abundantly blooming on the shoots of the current year from July to October. Pruning early spring.
Group of varieties clematis isfagan (Clematis ispahanica) (Isfaganika) - there is only one species in the group, resulting from a mutation of the original species. Blooms profusely on the shoots of the current year in July-September. Pruning in early spring.
Clematis woolly, ‘Multi Blue’ (Clematis lanuginosa) variety. © jacki-deeKlematis mountain (Clematis montana). © ekenitr Clematis Texan, variety Princess Diana ’(Clematis texensis). © jardiplante
In regions where in winter severe frosts and short summers, i.e. в северо-западных районах европейской части России, Сибири и на Дальнем востоке лучше сажать клематисы из групп Жакмана, Интегрифолия и Витицелла, а именно ранние и среднеранние сорта: Виль де Лион, Джипси Куин, Виктория, Лютер Бербанк, Серебряный Ручеек, Хегли Хайбрид, Мадам барон Вилар, Синее Пламя, Александрит, Золотой Юбилей, Аленушка, Салют Победы, Анастасия Анисимова, Руж Кардинал, Сизая Птица, Тучка, Анре Леруа, Сиреневая Звезда, Ниобе.But some varieties of the Zhakman group prefer more southern places - Elegy, Mountaineer, Biryuzinka, Openwork.
Clematis groups Lanuginosa, Patents, Florida (the first bloom they occur on the shoots of last year) are less winter-hardy and require the shelter of vines even in the middle lane. But some varieties (Nelly Moser, Stone Flower, Ramona, Lazurstern, the Flower Ball, Hope, Mrs. Hope, Mrs Cholmondeli) grow and bloom in the northern regions.
Clematis with double flowers bloom profusely in the southern regions: Daniel Deronda, Jeanne d'Arc, Lord Neville. In the middle lane, in these varieties, only the first flowers on the overwintered last year's shoots will have terry.
On the sunny balconies grow undersized varieties of clematis - Jeanne d'Arc, Hegli Hybrid, Comtes de Boucho, Madame Edouard Andre, Ruytel, Cardinal Rouge.
Most small-growing species with flowers up to 4–5 cm in diameter are considered small-flowered clematis. Species clematis are less common, although they are unpretentious, grow rapidly, and are resistant to drought and fungal diseases. They bloom from 2 weeks to 4 months and is no less spectacular than the large-flowered counterparts.
Clematis borschevikolistny (Clematis heracleifolia). © T. MA
In our country, clematis is wildly growing; it is leafy-leaved, Gournana, forest (in the south it can be affected by powdery mildew), paniculate, pilate-leaf, straight and its forms, gray, tangut, purple and its forms, whole-leaved, six-headed. For areas with a dry and hot climate, clematis vine-growing, virginian, oriental, leaf-leaved, etc. are most suitable.
In the north-west, Siberia and the Far East clematis Alpine, brown, pungent (especially for more southern regions), Chinese, bell-flowered, short-tailed, large-hoped, Okhotsk and others will grow well, and for southeastern regions Dzhungar and Isfagan. In places with a mild, cool and humid climate, Clematis Manchurian, Raeder, Fargeza should be tested.SharePinTweetSendSendSend