Lilies are loved by gardeners and gardeners almost as much as the “queen of flowers” - a rose. As far as lilies are so popular, breeders from different countries of the world are trying to bring out new varieties of these perennials, distinguished by the color and shape of the buds, higher resistance to frost and to various diseases.
Currently, more than 100 new varieties and hybrids of lilies have been bred, each new has its own positive qualities. This article will tell about the most original and beautiful of them - Lily Marlene, on each of the peduncles of which more than 90 buds are simultaneously blooming.
Description of Asiatic Multifloral Lily Marlene
The main difference of this hybrid is the ability for fasciation, laid at the gene level, as a result, a huge number of flowers appear on one peduncle.
Note! Sometimes plants of this variety are mistakenly called "Madeleine Lily", "Lily Merlin". These are incorrect name choices.
Fasciation is an ugly change to the stems of plants, and as a result, during the period when growth points are laid, they merge. The result of such a merger is two (or more) stems can grow together with the main shoot or peduncle. Therefore, much more buds are formed on the peduncle than usual.
A similar phenomenon in lilies can occur for the following reasons:
- the plant was infected with a viral infection
- flower suffered from excessive use of pesticides or growth promoters,
- bulbs of lilies had a mechanical injury of the bulbs when they were dug out or during storage,
- Modes of soil or air humidity, light or temperature were violated.
In the next season, with the proper cultivation of such varieties of lilies, fascia may no longer appear.
And the lily Marlene produces at least 80-90 buds from year to year, its flowering is a truly enchanting spectacle, and the number of buds that open can vary, the maximum number can exceed 100 pieces.
Flowering is a magical sight
The varieties of the Asian group of lilies and representatives of longiflorums were used in the cultivation of the multicolored lily Marlene. From the plants of the Asian group, this hybrid received a “inheritance” of high resistance to frost, the early appearance of buds on peduncles, the active growth of new shoots during the season, and the rapid rooting after planting.
Interesting! The lilies of the Asian group are often used by breeders from around the world, as these flowers are strong, with strong immunity, unpretentious to care, and most importantly, all these qualities are transferred to new varieties.
Due to its excessively abundant flowering, the lily of many-flowered Marlene is one of the main decorations of any flowerbed - whether it is located on a garden plot, in a park or a public garden.
This variety is grown not only to decorate garden or park areas, but also for cutting, because the peduncle with many flowers is also effective in bouquets. In addition, these lilies can stand in the water for a long time - up to 12-14 days.
The disadvantage of the Asiatic Lily Marlene can be attributed to the fact that multicolored flowers do not always appear in the first or second season after planting. But in the third year, flower stalks will be able to produce several dozen buds simultaneously.
Useful! Often beginning flower growers, seeing an attractive package with lily bulbs, rush to buy it. Do not hurry! Indeed, in this case it is impossible to discern the integrity of the bulbs. And any mechanical damage to them can adversely affect the growth and flowering of these perennials.
Characteristics and description of the plant
The shoots of Marlen lilies in height can grow up to 1 m (and above), their color is usually pale emerald. The foliage is located on the stems alternately, its shape is elongated, the tips are pointed, it usually reaches 12-13 cm in length and about 1.5 cm in width.
The blooming flowers are large, they can be 16-21 cm in diameter. The petals are very beautiful - they are almost white in the center, with a slightly pinkish tinge, and at the ends are a delicate pink tone. The inner petals are covered with small dark red spots. The emerging flowers are almost odorless, which is rather a plus of the variety, as many growers note the stifling aroma of many varieties of lilies.
A large number of buds formed on a strong peduncle, forming a pyramidal inflorescence.
In conditions of central Russia and other regions with a similar climate, the first blooming flowers on the lilies of this variety appear 2.5–3 months after the first shoots appear.
Characteristics of species and varieties
There are several varieties of lilies, which can bloom a large number of buds. These include Madeleine varieties, some Asian lilies. The main qualities of such flowers are compacted stem, sturdy peduncle, the appearance of a large number of flowers in 2-3 seasons after planting.
Sealed Lily Stem
Another good hybrid belonging to the eastern group is Lily Marlon, a relatively new variety with large flowers. The color of the petals is bright pink with a white edging on the edge. In height, shoots grow up to 1.1 m. But no more than 3-4 flowers are usually formed on one flower stalk.
Features of planting and caring for lily
Lily Marlene is one of the most unpretentious varieties, some experts argue that it is enough to shove this Asian into open ground, and she will immediately grow. This, of course, is a joke, but in fact this flower quickly germinates after planting, it grows actively and quickly begins to bloom with minimal care.
A novice grower can plant and grow this lily, it is enough to follow the basic rules of planting:
- To plant onions of this flower should be in the spring, after the snow melted, and the earth warmed to 14-15 ° C. Usually, depending on the region and climatic conditions, landing is done in the last decade of April - mid-May,
- in winter, the planting material of the Marlene Lily is kept in the basement or subfield, where it is dry and cool, so that the bulbs do not have sprouts before the deadline. Some flower growers plant these flowers in the fall, but with such planting there is a high risk of freezing or damage to the onions,
- the larger the size of the planting material, the greater the depth of its embedment. Experts recommend digging a hole for planting a depth of 3 sizes of onions. Therefore, large bulbs are buried by 25-26 cm, and small ones - by 10-11 cm,
- the soil in the area where this flower will grow should be well-fertilized, loose, and not only air, but also moisture. High-moor peat, river sand, and crumbly humus in proportions 1: 1: 1 are added to clay and loamy soil before planting. Categorically it is impossible to bring a fresh mullein into the soil before planting, as organic matter in large quantities will cause the death of the bulbs,
- The selected area for lilies should be sunny, protected from gusts of strong cold wind and drafts. Regular draft and even small penumbra are the main enemies of this flowering perennial; in such conditions, buds may develop badly on the shoots, the stems become bent, and the perennial itself becomes depleted and weakens,
- pre-seed treatment should also be carried out by placing onions in a karbofos solution, this drug destroys pathogens and protects the flower from pests in the future,
- Onions are placed in prepared pits, covered with soil and lightly tamped, then watered, and a layer of mulch is laid out on top.
Further care of a flowering plant is to conduct the following agrotechnical measures:
- regular watering
- loosening the soil in pristvolnyh circles
- weed removal
- making feedings.
If too much buds are formed on the peduncle, it should be tied to a support in order to avoid breaking during strong gusts of wind.
Water this flower should be as the top layer of soil dries, avoiding stagnant moisture in the soil - this can lead to rotting of the roots and the death of the plant.
After irrigation, it is necessary to loosen the soil in order to improve the penetration of air to the roots, as well as remove the crust that appears after adding moisture. In order to evaporate water more slowly, it is necessary to mulch regularly the trunk circle, as mulch is usually used for needles, sawdust, peat or humus.
Lilies are fed at least three times per season:
- after the emergence of shoots make feeding, containing a large amount of nitrogen,
- during the beginning of flowering, mineral complex fertilizers and organics are introduced,
- at the end of the flowering period, this bulbous plant should be fed with fertilizer containing phosphorus and potassium.
Major diseases and pests control methods
The main diseases that can be exposed to flowers of this variety are:
- gray rot, the first sign is the appearance of brown spots on the bottom of the stems, which further extend to the foliage and buds. To get rid of rot, plants are sprayed with solutions containing copper, as well as special preparations (Chom, Oxy),
Follow the rules for storing planting material.
- fungal rot that affects onions can cause the development of fusarium. It is necessary to follow the rules of storage of planting material, it is necessary to carry out the procedure of decontamination of bulbs before disembarking to a permanent place,
- Rust often develops on the vegetative mass of the flower, which leads to drying of the aerial part. All infected parts are immediately removed and burned, and the plant itself is treated with fungicidal agents.
Major pests. which can damage the plant is:
- spiderweb and onion mites,
- lily beetle.
The best drugs to combat these insects are insecticides (Fufanon, Actellic, etc.).
In general, Marlena Lily is a wonderful flowering plant that during the flowering period will not leave anyone indifferent to its beauty. Unpretentious care, fast rooting, active growth of the vegetative mass and active flowering - these are the main reasons for the popularity of this variety.
If you want to get plenty of flowering and healthy plants, pay attention to the quality of planting material. The variety of lilies Marlene has strong, without any signs of damage by parasites, bulbs. It is better if they are quite large in size - in this case, you are guaranteed to get flowering in the first year.
Before planting in the ground, the bulbs must be treated with a solution based on "Karbofos." Before planting, they are stored in a cool and dark place. Ideal for this wet moss or sawdust.
Planting or replanting Marlene Lily is possible both in spring and in autumn. For central Russia, the optimum time for planting this variety is August-September. In the southern regions it is better to do this in October. Although these unpretentious plants do not really need a winter shelter, when planting lilies in the fall, it is better to shelter - this will speed up their survival rate and insure your planting material from freezing.
Planting is made according to the traditional technology for growing lilies: a layer of sand is poured into the planting hole, and the bulb is placed on it, and the hole is poured with soil mixture. At the end, the plant is abundantly watered and mulched.
Marilyn hybrid lily can be grown in one place for up to four years. Then the height of the peduncle decreases markedly, the number of buds decreases. This indicates depletion and weakening of the bulb. In this case, the necessary transplant plants. A landing place should be chosen well lit, but not under the scorching sun, well protected from drafts.
What should be the soil?
Lilia Marlene does not tolerate lime in the soil at all, therefore, when preparing the soil on the site, peat should be added. It is best to use pine needles for mulching - it will not only preserve the looseness of the soil, but also help maintain the weakly acidic soil reaction, which is so necessary for the development and growth of this decorative crop.
After flowering, the lily needs to be prepared for a rest period, watering is reduced, and top dressing is completely canceled. Leaves and stems are removed only after they are completely dry, when they cease to transfer useful substances to the bulbs. Fifteen days after the stems and leaves die off, the onions are dug out, washed well, the children are separated — young onions, soaked in light pink manganese solution for thirty minutes, dried, placed in sawdust, moss or sand and stored for storage in a cool place.
The plant is propagated by daughter bulbs, which should be separated when transplanting lilies. They are carefully separated from the parent bulb and planted in spring on ridges in shallow holes for rearing. Before planting, they are stored in the same way as adult bulbs.
Growing Marlena Lilies at Home
This variety of lilies grows well both in open ground and in indoor conditions, in a pot. Beautiful flowers can be grown at any time you need, for example, to any important date. To do this, you only need to correctly calculate the time of planting bulbs. But you need to know that at home there is no fasciation.
For planting lilies Marlene you need a pot at least thirty centimeters deep and thirty five centimeters in diameter. You can plant several bulbs in it at once, which undergo compulsory stratification before planting. It is necessary for the awakening of the plant. To do this, the bulbs should be placed in a refrigerator (+ 5 ° C) for two weeks. Then they are removed and soaked in a weak solution of manganese for one and a half hours.
After that, the bulbs are immersed in a solution of growth stimulant and fertilizer for 12 hours. At the bottom of the pot is laid drainage layer of pebbles, pieces of foam, expanded clay. Then - a layer of fertile soil (at least 10 cm). The bulbs are placed on it with sprouts up and sprinkled with another layer of soil of the same thickness. After planting, the ground is watered with warm clean water and placed in the fridge for a month. During this period, the flower will take root. At this time, he needs only soil moisture.
When sprouts appear, the pot is brought to a bright place. For plants older than one month care means hardening. The pot must be taken out on the street (or on the balcony). In the first two days, this procedure lasts 30 minutes. Gradually, it increases to 10 hours. At night, the pot can be left outside only after the air temperature has not dropped below +10 ° C.
Flowers in the room lily Marlene appear three months after the appearance of the first shoots. During the flowering period, the plant needs good watering, additional lighting and heat.
Marlene, which is also known as Marlene, or Marleta, is a hybrid of lilies obtained by crossing long-flowered and Asian lilies. From the first parent, Marlene inherited resistance to rapid temperature changes and early flowering. The Asiatic lily has transferred the genes responsible for the size and elegance of flowers to the hybrid.
Bulb lilies Marlene grows over several years. The flower will not bloom until its bulb reaches a certain size. Only after that the first peduncle appears. Then the lily bushes will delight you with lush buds annually.
Marlet has upright light green stems, the length of which can reach 90-110 cm. They are densely covered with sessile leaves of elongated shape with a sharp tip. On the shoot, they are placed alternately. Several shoots can splice and form one very thick stem. It can withstand heavy loads, and at least hundreds of flower buds form on it.
Flowering begins 10 weeks after the appearance of the first shoots (at the beginning or in the middle of June). But the massive color begins closer to July. Moreover, young plants (under the age of 3 years) do not splice the stems, so they do not have spherical inflorescences. When the bulb becomes quite large, the fasciation of the shoots will begin.
Marlene lily flowers are very large. In diameter, they can reach 20 cm. Each has six pink petals, forming a regular bell, bending along the edges. In the center of the flower coloring is paler (see photo). After flowering, the fruits are formed - large boxes, in which there are a lot of flat seeds.
It is interesting!The name of the variety was in honor of the German song "Lily Marlene", associated with the image of a young beauty. The prototypes of this image were the real heroines of Lily and Marlene. But their names were combined. The result is a multi-flowered lily Marlene.
Lily Marlene is suitable for creating flower beds and decorating an infield. It is also suitable for forming bouquets. The flowers which are not allocated with special aroma, after cutting keep freshness for a long time.
Lily feels well both at low (about 7-8 o C) and at high (about 30 o C) temperatures. Причем она легко переносит ночной холод и дневной зной. Но если растение молодое, оно может чахнуть при температуре ниже 10 о С.
Луковицы Марлен не могут зимовать в условиях российского климата. Поэтому их нужно ближе к зиме выкапывать.
Воздух и влажность
Открытые пространства для Марлен – не лучшие друзья. The flower is afraid of drafts. It is necessary to blow them with a cold wind, and the buds begin to wither and fall off, without opening.
Lilies love moderate humidity. Too dry air tends to wilt leaves and flowers, and too wet provokes the development of fungal diseases.
Lilies prefer to grow on loose and fertile soils with good drainage and a neutral or slightly acid reaction. In heavy soil you need to make high peat, humus or compost. But do not use fresh manure and other materials that contain too much nitrogen to lighten the soil. They are detrimental to bulbous plants.
Planting bulbous plants is not difficult. You just need to know a few nuances associated with the characteristics of the variety Marlene and the age of the bulbs.
Bulb storage rules and their preparation for planting
Dug out after the last leaf wilted Marlen bulbs stored in a dark and cool place. For example, in the cellar. It is undesirable to use a refrigerator for these purposes, since it has an increased air humidity, which can provoke rotting of the planting material. Before storing, the onions are treated with a dark solution of potassium permanganate, dried and placed in a container with dry sawdust or sphagnum.
Preparation for disembarkation is the stratification of planting material. This procedure hardens it and makes the flowers wake up. To wake up the bulbs, place them in a room with a temperature of up to 5 o C for 2-3 weeks. Then soak them in a light pink solution of potassium permanganate for 3 hours and dip them in a growth stimulant solution (Kornevin, Kornerost, Epin) all night.
Tip!To prepare a solution for 5 liters of water, take 10-15 drops of the selected agent.
The time of planting the bulbs in the open ground depends not only on the climate, but also on when you want to enjoy the lush inflorescences. Lilies will bloom in the summer if planted in April. And if you plant them in early summer, the flowers will appear closer to the fall. Plant Marlene in the winter greenhouse or home pot in early autumn, and she will bloom right on New Year's Eve.
- Dig the soil and add peat to it if it is too heavy.
- Make holes for the bulbs. They are planted in rows, between which leave 20-30 cm. The distance between the bulbs in a row depends on the age of the plant. Young flowers need 10-15 cm, and adults need to sit at a distance of 20 cm from each other.
- Stick the prepared bulbs in the ground. If they are small, bury them by 10 cm, if medium ones - by 15 cm, and if large ones - by 20 cm.
After disembarking, pour abundantly the soil and sand it onto the surface.
Rules of care and cultivation in the garden
Caring for Marlene is easy. It consists in regular watering, loosening of the soil and top dressing of plants. Find out what the lily needs during the growing season.
Watering lilies as needed, preventing the soil from drying out. In the heat I do it every day, and on cloudy days - 1-2 times a week. But overmoistening is also undesirable. For irrigation, use defused tap water or well water in such quantity that moisture penetrates to a depth of 20 cm.
During the summer Marleta lily is fed three times:
- The first time fed lilies, when the first shoots appear. At this time, need nitrogen fertilizers (humus, mullein or chicken manure). It is possible to fill the wells with dross, and the mullein is prepared from manure, which is diluted in 10 parts of water. Chicken droppings are diluted in 20 parts of water.
- The second dressing is produced during budding. For this purpose, complex fertilizers designed specifically for lilies or for flowering plants (Formulex, Zdraven, Kemira) are suitable. Instead of mineral fertilizers, you can use wood ash (200-300 g per m 2), humus (a bucket per m 2), or a solution of cow manure (1 to 10).
- The second dressing is produced when flowering ends. At this time, lilies need a lot of phosphorus and potassium. These elements are many in the ashes, which bulb flowers so much love.
Attention!If the shoots develop too violently, and there are few buds, exclude nitrogen fertilizers. Better nitrogen will be a little missed than it will be contained in the soil in excess.
Lilies are responsive to loosening the soil. This procedure contributes to the saturation of soil with oxygen, the death of pests and the preservation of moisture. Instead of regularly loosening, you can do one mulch. Straw, peat, large river sand or rotted sawdust are suitable for this. Under the layer of mulch, the soil is always loose.
Gathering, trimming, trimming
Marlen doesn't need pruning during the growing season. It is only necessary to remove the aboveground part of the plant after its natural wilting in the fall.
Usually lilies can grow for a long time at the same place, but in the case of Marlen, a transplant is needed every year. And you can plant on the same place every spring, provided that the soil is neutralized, and pests of lily and bulbous plants do not live in it.
Marlet dies in the winter in the Russian climate, if left in the ground. Lily will not survive, even if you make her a shelter. Therefore, after the leaves and stems wither in autumn, the bulbs are dug out and stored until the next spring.
Diseases and pests
Lily Marlene is resistant to diseases, but she still starts to get sick from waterlogging. And sometimes it is attacked by pests. Briefly describe the methods of treatment of diseases of lilies and ways to combat their pests:
- Gray rot. The appearance of gray spots on the plant, covered with greenish bloom, provokes an excess of moisture in the soil and cold weather. Thank you flowers will help fungicides such as Hom, Fundazole or Oxy. Some gardeners recommend treating foliage with Bordeaux liquid. But its effectiveness is lower.
- Fusarium. Lily bulbs begin to rot in this disease. To avoid this, control the frequency of watering and the amount of water poured under the bush. Do not water the lilies if the ground is still dry. Save the dead bulbs can not, therefore they are burned. And the neighboring plants need to be treated to prevent the transfer of infection on them.
- Rust. First, on the leaves appear multi-colored oval spots. Subsequently, they acquire a rusty color. The affected parts of the plant must be destroyed by burning, and healthy flowers must be treated with Bordeaux mixture or a solution of any fungicide.
- Above ground pests. The lily can be attacked by an onion and lily fly, the beetle beetle and the beetle beetle, spider mite and aphid. To destroy them you need to use drugs called insecticides. These include Aktar, Inta-vir, Fufanon and others.
- Underground pests. Medvedki, larvae of May beetles and wireworms (larvae of a click beetle) like to eat with bulbs. To destroy them, the soil is treated with Medvetox.
Tip!It is better not to fight the diseases of lilies, but to prevent their occurrence. To do this, do not forget to disinfect the bulbs after digging and before planting. And during the growing season, process the flowers with fungicides or Fitosporin every 7-14 days.
Variety of lilies Marlene loved by many gardeners. However, it gives a lot of trouble to the newcomers due to the need to dig out the bulbs every year. But it is not so difficult. In addition, works will be rewarded with large spherical inflorescences, including several dozen flowers of pale pink color with red specks.
Origin of species
Lilia Marlene (Marlene) combines the qualities of representatives of the Asian group and lily-longiflorum. From the first, she inherited cold resistance and early flowering, as well as a rich education of young shoots and ease of rooting. Unpretentious care and strong flowers of the Asian group are often used as a basis for new varieties.
Marlene Grade Description
The stems of the Marlene lily are pale green in color, usually reaching 90–100 cm in height. The leaves grow alternately, have an elongated and pointed shape, the average size is 13x1.5 cm.
The flowers are large, 15-20 cm in diameter. The petals are pale-pink at the tips, they change their color to the center of the flower to an almost white color. On the inner petals visible small dark red specks.
In the temperate zone, the lily blooms 75-80 days after the first shoots appear above the ground.
Features Lily Marlene
Its unusual appearance, this variety is obliged to fasciation (mutation), due to which it becomes possible to combine several stems into one. The process of fasciation takes place even at the stage of nucleation of growth points, so that a thick, massive stem is already fused above the ground, on which buds are formed for many buds.
Another feature of Marilyn lily is that it does not smell at all, which is a plus for those who consider the smell of lilies too thick and suffocating.
This lily, a variety of Marlene, is perfect for creating bouquets: a delicate flower can stay fresh in water for an unexpectedly long time.
Changeable nature of a hybrid
Multicolor Marlene may appear for the first time for 2-3 years after the separation of the bud from the parent plant. In some cases, fasciation does not occur at all or is mild, and there is no expected bouquet on one stem. You should not immediately blame the unscrupulous seller: it is possible that the situation is in the conditions of lily growth in this particular situation. A sign of the variety will be a couple of dozen buds on one stem.
Under normal conditions, fasciation can be caused by atypical weather events, mechanical damage to the bulbs and sprouts during planting, the use of bioregulators and flowering stimulants. But it is deliberately almost impossible to cause a mutation, although there is an opinion among amateurs that an excess of fertilizers can affect the number of flowers. To this end, the plant is fed with a frequency of once a week, but the connection of such care with fasciation of Marlene variety lilies has not been proven. So far, experts agree that the unusual properties of Marlene are due to the heightened tendency of the species to grow together with flowering stems.
How to care for Marlena Lily?
From the varieties of the Asian group Lily Marlene, planting and caring for which are not difficult at all, inherited resistance to adverse conditions. These extraordinary colors require no more painstaking care than their most common counterparts. Lilies will be grateful for timely loosening of the soil around the stem, regular watering and fertilizing with complex fertilizers.
In season, Lily Marlene requires three supplements:
- at the time of active growth, the plant requires nitrogen-containing compounds,
- during the formation and growth of buds, it is desirable to introduce complex fertilizer into the soil,
- to strengthen the bulbs after completion of flowering plants need phosphorus and potassium.
Around the beginning of October you should stop watering the plant, cut off the dry stem and cover the aerial part of the lily with a film, leaving a hole for ventilation. In this form, Lily Marlene can remain until the first frost. The film is necessary to ensure that the earth around the bulb remains dry at the time of the onset of cold weather. Humidity combined with frost will be detrimental to lilies.
For winter, the film must be removed, and the plants covered with peat and fallen leaves. A layer of 10 cm can reliably protect lilies from low temperatures.
Asian Marlena Lily: reproduction and transplantation
Once every 3-4 years Marlyn lily bulbs need a transplant. Usually they are dug out in the fall, after the plant "falls asleep". At the same time you can separate the young bulbs, which bud off from the mother. In the spring they are planted in shallow holes. In the first year, most likely, the lilies will not bloom, but the bulb will gain strength and get stronger. This is a very important time, young plants require particularly careful care. The same applies to the germination of Marlene lilies from scales.
These are the basic recommendations for the care of the extraordinary Marlene Lilies, they for the most part follow the general rules for all lily.
Due to the mutation with which it is possible to combine several stalks into one, this kind of flower can have such an unusual appearance. Even during the birth of a flower, a mutation occurs and, therefore, an already fused, massive, thick stem appears on the surface of the earth, on which later buds form for a large number of flowers.
One of the remarkable features of Marlene, which those who don’t like the thick scent of lily, will like it very much her lack of any smell.
Lilia Marlene is perfect for making bouquets. In addition, it is able to keep a fresh look in water for a very long time.
Multicolor plants, unfortunately, can occur only at 2 or 3 years after the bulb is separated from the parent flower. Sometimes a mutation may not occur at all or will be mild. And, of course, a large bouquet on one stem will not work. Such a situation may arise due to unfavorable soil for a plant or conditions that are not suitable for it. If at least a few dozen buds appear on the lilies, this will already speak of the Marlene variety.
The most suitable period for planting a flower in open ground is mid spring or early may. Bulbs for planting can be purchased in the fall, but then, in order to avoid awakening and the formation of young shoots, it is better to place the bulbs in a cool place. You can even leave them in the fridge.
The depth at which it should be planted depends on the size of the bulb itself. Large planted a maximum of 20 cm in depth, but the young can be immersed in the ground to a depth of 10 cm.
If the soil is clay, then it will need to add:
But such a concentrated fertilizer, like fresh manure, can completely destroy the bulbs.
The place where Marilya Lily will grow should be well lit by the sun and protected from drafts and wind. Sharp wind and shade can contribute to the fall of the buds and completely weaken the flower.
This variety of lilies, like the Asian varieties, is very resistant to adverse conditions. In caring for themselves, Marlene does not require more special care than all other varieties. The soil in which the flower grows, it is necessary to periodically loosen and regularly carry out watering, as well as fertilizing with complex fertilizers.
There are several types of feeding for the type of Marlene. It is necessary to fill the soil with nitrogen-containing fertilizers during the period of active growth of the plant. Complex fertilizers will be needed when the buds begin to form and grow. Phosphorus and potassium are needed to strengthen the bulb after the plant has finished blooming.
In early October, it will be fashionable to stop watering the flower and remove dry stem. The remaining part of the lily above the ground cover with a film in which to leave a small hole for ventilation. So it can stay until the first frost. The film will help the earth to remain dry until the first cold weather occurs, because wet soil can freeze the plant when it is cold. Peat and sluggish leaves can cover the flower in order to overwinter. Such a layer of 10 cm will help to reliably protect the lily.
A new sort of lily was given the name of the song "Lily Marlene", popular with German soldiers during World War II.
The author of the song, Hans Layp, composed the poem and called it the names of two real girls - Lily and Marlene. Later, the music for the poem was written by composer Norbert Schulze.
As a result, two names joined in one image of the girl, just as two flowers - the Asiatic lily and longflorum joined in the flower of a new variety.
No one can remain indifferent to the lilies of Marlene.
Description of a grade: height of stalks is 90-100 cm, leaves narrow, pointed, 13 cm long, are located on a stalk alternately. The flowers are pale pink, rather large - with a diameter of about 15 cm, the root is an onion of scales.
The peculiarity of the Marlena lily variety is that it can simultaneously bloom about 100 flowers on one of its stems. This possibility in lily occurs due to mutation, or fasciation, inherent in some plants: at an early stage of development, several stems grow together into a single stalk, on which a great many flower buds form.
Fasciating, most often, is observed in adult plants of the Lily Marlene variety, at the age of 2-3 years, in young plants it is rare.
The cause of the mutation is not completely clear, perhaps it is due to the use of chemicals to stimulate growth and flowering, and maybe because of mechanical damage to the sprouts. Mutation is not varietal, fixed property, buying bulbs of Marlene lilies, you can grow the most ordinary lily with pink flowers.
Growing at home
Variety lily Marlene grows well in the garden and in the indoor environment, this is an unpretentious plant, caring for it is not too complicated. Having correctly calculated the time of planting and flowering, beautiful flowers can be grown at any time of the year and for any important date - for an anniversary or a holiday. However, it should be remembered that fasciation at home does not occur.
So, in order to get flowers for the new year, the bulbs of Marlene lilies need to be planted in the fall, for summer flowering they are planted in the spring, and for spring - in the fall and winter.
In the open ground, Marlene Lily can be propagated by bulbs, bulbs, growing in the leaf axils or bulbs. Для выращивания комнатного цветка лучше купить полноценные, здоровые луковицы весом до 40 грамм.
Для посадки цветка понадобится горшок глубиной в 30 см и диаметров в 35 см. В один горшок можно посадить несколько луковиц на расстоянии в 4-7 см от краев горшка, расстояние между луковицами должно составлять 3-4 см.
But before planting the bulbs undergo stratification, which is necessary in order to awaken the plant. For this, the bulbs are placed in a refrigerator with a temperature of +5 degrees for 15-20 days.
Then removed from the refrigerator and soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 1.5-2 hours. After that, the bulbs are placed in a solution of fertilizer and growth stimulator for 10-12 hours.
After the preparatory procedures are planting bulbs in pots.
At the bottom of the pot it is necessary to make a drainage layer of pieces of foam, pebbles, broken brick or expanded clay. Then there should be a layer of fertile land of not less than 10 cm, the bulbs are placed on this layer with sprouts up and sprinkle another layer of soil 10 cm thick.
After planting, land in a pot should be watered with warm clean water and refrigerated, or any other cool room for a month. During this time, the flower should take root, care for him during this period consists of soil moisture. Cover the film or glass pot is not necessary. After the sprouts appear, the pot is placed on a bright place in a room with a temperature of 14-16 degrees.
Caring for young plants over the age of 1 month implies hardening - for this, the pot must be taken out on the street or on the balcony. The duration of the procedure starts from 30 minutes in the first 2 days and increases to 10 hours a day. At night, the pot can be left in the fresh air only after the night temperature is above 10 degrees.
Lily Marlene, as well as lilies of other varieties, is a photophilous plant. In winter, the flower must provide additional lighting with a fluorescent lamp or phytolamps. Especially need additional lighting in the event that you decide to grow flowers by a certain date.
At the same time, Lily Marlene does not like to be in direct sunlight for a long time, so it is better to place the pot on the windows from the east or west side.
Good care for the flower is impossible without watering, watering the plant every three days, from over-wetting the soil and excess moisture of the bulbs can die. In hot weather, lily air is moistened with a spray bottle.
And one more prerequisite for the care of Marlene Lily is fertilizing. After the emergence of shoots, the plant is fed with nitrogen fertilizers, and during the formation of buds - phosphorus-potassium. The number of buds will increase if 2 times a week a flower is treated with growth stimulants.
Lily Marlen flowers appear in 2.5-3.5 months after germination. During flowering lily Marlene needs warmth, additional lighting and good watering. In the absence of one of these conditions, flowering will slow. These are the levers with which you can change the duration of flowering lilies.
Lily is named after the famous German actress Marlene Dietrich.
The most beautiful flowers in the variety Lily Marlen are formed three years after planting, renewing the plant every 5-6 years. Fading flowers are immediately removed so as not to deplete the bulb.
After flowering, the lily is prepared for a period of rest, watering at this time is reduced to 1 time per week, feeding is canceled. Stems and leaves are removed only after they are completely dry and cease to transfer useful substances to the bulbs.
The bulbs are removed from the ground 2 weeks after the death of the aboveground part of the plant. They are washed, the newly formed onion - children are separated, soaked for 30 minutes in a pink solution of potassium permanganate, dried, placed in sand, sawdust or moss and stored in a cool place for storage. Departure for a variety of lily Marlene this is completed until next year.
Description and features
Lilia Marlene belongs to a large family of lilies, whose representatives are perennials with large flowers of bell-shaped species. As noted above, the hybrid was obtained by breeding Asian lilies and longiflorums. The variety got its name due to the German song “Lily Marlene”, in which the image of a tender and beautiful girl was glorified.
Lily Marlene is characterized by a simple pale green stem that is densely covered with alternate leaves. Sessile leaf plates have an elongated and pointed shape; they can be as long as 15 cm. Root bulbs of a plant grow several years, so their size increases rather slowly. During this time, the hybrid does not bloom. When the bulbs reach a certain size, then each of them forms the first peduncle. After its appearance, the lily begins to bloom annually.
Marlene has a large perianth, which reaches 18–20 cm in diameter. Six petals are slightly bent at the edges, forming the shape of a bell. On long thin threads of a light pink shade dark red anthers are located. Rose petals have a rich color to the end and light to the center of the flower, which turns into a white tone. In the middle of the bell on the delicate plates there is a small burgundy mottling. The fruits are represented by boxes, which contain many seeds of a flat shape.
Under favorable conditions, Marlena Lily grows up to 1 meter in height. Like all varieties of Asiatic lilies, this hybrid is odorless, but it can be a plus for those gardeners who do not like the thick smell of the representatives of the Lily.
Marlen received the following benefits from Asian species:
- Early flowering time
- Large size of flowers
- Formation of a large number of stems
- The appearance on one stalk to 100 flowers,
- High cold resistance
- Resistance to temperature changes
- High pollination rate.
Unfortunately, not everyone succeeds in achieving a unique bush splendor, but several dozens of flowers on one stem can already please any lily grower who has never grown a multicolored variety before.
The main feature of the hybrid is fasciation, or mutations, due to which several stems have the ability to connect into one. The beginning of this process occurs at the origin of the point of growth. Already at the soil surface there is a noticeable accretion of a massive stem, on which a large number of buds are formed.
Since fasciation is not a fixed symptom of the variety, but is only a predisposition, the Marlene lily does not always produce abundant blooms. Due to unfavorable external conditions and the absence of fasciation, the buds will not be tied with a thick bush. As a result, a small number of flowers will be formed that will not give a high decorativeness to a flower. But this does not mean that the next year the lily will not give a lush flowering: a mutation may occur, and then many large bells will appear on one matted stem.
Planting and care
Growing Marlene Lily in the open field is quite simple. But you should know some of the features of planting and caring for it, if you want to see in a few years, a chic multi-flowered bush.
There is an opportunity to plant a lily in the fall. The suitable month is September. Since the beginning of autumn, the bulb goes into a dormant period, so it will perfectly transfer the transplant to the open ground. During the autumn season, the material manages to take root and prepare for hibernation. With the onset of spring, the bulb wakes up and begins to grow. A large bulb can produce a floral arrow, which will lead to subsequent flowering.
If there is any doubt that the lily will not be able to transfer the harsh climate of a cold region, then after the purchase of planting material in the fall it should be placed in a fridge or low temperature room, which does not lead to the awakening and premature germination of the bulbs.
Planting in open ground
The bulbs of the plant are usually planted in the spring when the soil has time to warm up with the spring sun. Landing make in April or May. The site for the lily is picked up well lit and without drafts: due to strong gusts of wind, it is possible that the buds fall off, the stem deforms and the plant's immunity decreases. Soil for Marlene should be fertile, loose and drained. When clay or loamy substrate, the addition of granular humus, peat or river sand is mandatory. It is forbidden to add organic matter to the soil, as it is dangerous for lily and may lead to its death.
If planting occurs in the spring, then the bulbs should be pre-prepared.
- Planting material process in solution of karbofos. This insecticide disinfects the bulbs and increases their resistance to various diseases and insect parasites.
- If necessary, humus, peat and sand are added to the soil.
- Planting holes are dug in accordance with the size of the bulbs: for large specimens, pits are made 15-20 cm deep, for small ones - 8-10 cm.
- A thin layer of sand is added to the recesses.
- The bulbs are planted in the excavated pits so that the roots are on the bottom. The material is covered with earth and neatly tamped.
- The soil is watered and mulched.
Some flower growers, based on their experience, advise digging holes for Marlene bulbs 3 times more than the material itself. With proper care and the absence of negative factors, the plant blooms in the second or third year.
Planting in a pot
Lily Marlene can be grown not only in the garden, but also at home. The only nuance in this case is plant lack of fasciation. Room hybrid will give beautiful, large, but few flowers. Planting room lilies can be in any season. With autumn planting, you can expect flowering by the New Year.
The pot for planting material is selected with a depth of at least 30 cm. The diameter of the container depends on the number of planted bulbs. If the plant will be grown as a perennial, then you should choose large ripe bulbs for planting.
- Planting material is stratified before planting, so that he hardened and awakened. The bulbs are stored in a refrigerator at a temperature of + 4-6 degrees for two to three weeks.
- After stratification, the bulbs are placed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for several hours, and overnight in a growth stimulator.
- The bottom of the pot is covered with a drainage layer of expanded clay or pebbles.
- On top of the drainage pour out some fertile and loose substrate.
- The bulbs are planted in a pot at a distance of 5-6 cm from each other, covered with the remaining soil and watered.
To ensure good air circulation of the soil, its it is necessary to loosen from time to time. After the germination of the material for lilies, it is necessary to provide the necessary level of illumination and set the temperature within + 14-16 degrees. A month later, the pot with the plant quenched, placing it on the balcony or in the garden. The residence time of the flower on the street gradually increases from half an hour to 12 hours.
Marlene is an unpretentious variety that does not require complex care. The hybrid is well resisted by negative external conditions. For him carry out the usual agrotechnical techniques:
- Soil mulching
- Tying to the support (if grown in open ground)
- Organization of winter dormancy.
After planting in the ground for him to carry out regular and moderate watering. In hot and dry periods, the degree of watering increases. On ordinary days it is necessary make sure that no moisture stagnates in the groundwhich leads to rotting of the bulbs.
To improve substrate aeration, loosening is performed, which is carried out after the moisturizing procedure. Better breathability is obtained by mulching the soil, which prevents the roots from overheating and drying. Mulch the soil with needles, peat, humus or other material. It is also necessary to promptly remove weeds that appear next to the lily.
Lily responds well to fertilizing. An accidental excess of fertilizers can have a positive effect on the process of fasciation. For plants make feeding in the following way:
- In the spring, when lily growth is observed, nitrogen-containing feedings are applied to the soil.
- During budding complex fertilizers should be added. Top dressing from organics perfectly stimulates the growth and development of the plant, as well as the intensity of the color of the petals. But an excess of organic matter can lead to lily fungal diseases. The flower can be fed with humus, wood ash, or mullein solution.
- In the flowering period also add complex feeding.
- When the plant blooms, fertilizers containing potassium and phosphorus are applied to the soil. These components help to strengthen and restore the flower. Last feeding is desirable to add until August.
Experienced lily growers recommend using granular fertilizers, which have a prolonged effect on the onion types of crops.
For a flower grown under outdoor conditions, supports should be made, to which it will be easy to tie a lily stem. High stems with many buds, tied to a robust frame, will not be torn down by gusts of wind.
When the lily blossoms, all wilted flowers and ovaries should be removed from it so that the next seed pods do not form. In September, the foliage of the plant begins to turn yellow, which indicates the need to create rest for the flower. Watering is reduced, and the dry stem is cut at a height of 5-7 cm. Before the onset of cold weather, the plant is covered with a film with holes in it for air circulation. This material will help the soil to remain dry until the first frost occurs. Then this shelter is removed, the soil is mulched with peat, sawdust or fallen leaves.
Diseases and pests
Marlene lily care also consists in regular inspection of the plant for the presence of diseases or pests. Among the known diseases of the hybrid are:
- Gray rot. The disease manifests itself in the form of brown spots, which first cover the lower part of the stem and leaves, and then go on the whole flower to the buds. Usually gray rot occurs due to wet cool weather. For the treatment of plants using Bordeaux liquid.
- Rust. Fungal disease causes the lily stem and leaves to dry out.
- Fusarium. Because of the decay of the onion, the bulb darkens and rots.
In the presence of the last two diseases, the affected parts of the plant are removed, and the remainder is treated with a fungicide. To prevent fungal diseases, hybrid bulbs should be processed in Fundazol solution before planting. During the growing season, lily can be protected by Fitosporin.
Sometimes spider mites, aphids or lily beetles appear on the plant. These insects feed on flower sap. It is possible to get rid of them with the help of insecticides.
An amazing multicolored variety is available in the collection of each lilywater. Even ordinary growers can not resist buying a beautiful hybrid, which, with proper care and positive conditions, can amaze with the pomp and elegance of numerous flowers.
Detailed description of lily marlene
A fabulous lily with lots of flowers exists and is called Marlene. Having bought a seemingly ordinary lily bulb, you can get a many-flowered miracle in the second or third year after landing. Let's take a closer look at the gorgeous plant - Lily Marlene, which is described below.
Description of Lily Marlene
Marlene belongs to the Asian group of lilies, obtained as a result of the intersection of the Asian and LA hybrids.
The main characteristics of the variety:
- height - 0.8-1.0 m,
- flowers have diameter up to 20 cm
- pink flowers, moreover, the color of the flower is uneven: the center of the neck is almost white, gradually turning pink and turning to the edge of the petal in hot pink,
- timing of flowering - June-July, from the moment of emergence from the soil of shoots and before flowering 75-80 days pass.
At all stages of the growing season of a flower culture, plants need sufficient, but not excessive, soil moistening.
The main feature of Marlene is her tendency to fascia: accretion of several stalks of plants into one more at the exit from the bulb, as a result of which one thick stalk with a large number of flowers in a huge inflorescence is formed.
Multicolour is not manifested every year and not in all bulbs; in order to manifest the effect of fasciation, it is necessary to create certain favorable growing conditions.
Obtained as a result of crossing two groups, it absorbed all the best from its "parents":
- earlier flowering
- large flowers
- tendency to form a large number of stems,
- winter hardiness
- rapid reproduction.
The main advantage is multicolor (the ability to form a large number of flowers on one stem), which usually manifests itself 2-3 years after planting. If the flower grows on poor soil and in bad conditions, the mutation may not occur or show little. But even under normal conditions on the plant can form several dozen flowers.
Lily Marlene in the stage of complete fasciation. Marlene with mild fasciation. Ordinary lily Marlene.
The disadvantages of Marlene can be attributed perhaps the lack of flavorthat is common to all Asiatic lilies.
Protection against diseases and pests
Like any plant lily susceptible to diseases and pests.
Possible diseases of the Marlena hybrid:
- Botrytis (mold or gray mold). Проявлением болезни является появление коричневых пятен вначале на нижней части стебля и листьях с дальнейшим распространением по всему стеблю вплоть до бутонов. Способствует развитию болезни влажная прохладная погода.At the first signs of the disease it is necessary to spray the lilies with the drugs: Oxy, Hom or Bordeaux. In order to prevent the onset of rainy cool weather planting lilies covered with a film that protects plants from excess moisture.
- Fusarium - the defeat of the rot of the ends of the bulb, as a result of which it darkens and decomposes.
- Rust - the fungus affects the leaves and stems of the plant, which eventually dry out.
Lily Marlene struck by gray rot. Lily bulb Marlene struck by Fusarium Lily struck by rust
Diseased leaves and stems are removed and burned, and lilies are treated with a solution of 1% Bordeaux liquid or appropriate fungicides.
In order to prevent fungal diseases, it is necessary to pickle the lily bulbs before planting. in a solution of drugs Fundazol or Maxim.
During the growing season to protect plants from fungal and bacterial diseases useful to water the soil under the lilies biofungicide Fitosporinand also to do periodic spraying.
- Aphid and spider mite - suck the juice from the plants, the leaves curl and dry.
- Lily beetle - eats leaves of lilies and can completely embrace the whole plant.
Onion mite - the pest is populated in the bottom of the bulb and sucks the juice out of it, the plant dies.
Spider mite Onion root mite Of the pests of lilies the most dangerous red lily beetle
For pest control, Actellic, Fufanon, Fitoverm insecticide treatments are performed on leaves. during the growing season and for the prevention of pickling bulbs before planting.
Having seen Marlene's lily once, even in the picture, you will certainly want to plant such beauty with hundred flowers in inflorescence on your plot. It can even grow at a novice gardenerAfter all, the main thing is to feed it a lot and to feed it, not long to wait for a lush bloom.