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Lyubka bifolia (Platanthera bifolia L

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Lyubka two-leaved is a type of herbaceous perennial tuberous plants belonging to the genus Lyubka of the Orchid family. The height of such plants can be from 20 to 60 cm, and in structure they resemble the orchid. Love has only two roots, which are basal and have an oval-elongated shape. The flowers of the plant are white, less often - with a greenish tinge, they have a intoxicating and strong smell. By the way, the peculiarity of love is that it smells only at night.

The name of the genus is associated with the oldest traditions that this plant has incredible magical properties, as it is a strong love potion and love potion.

This northern orchid has a lot of interpretations of the names, including “night violet”, “wild balsam”, “field jasmine”, “night beauty”, “night perfume”. In England, this little flower is called a butterfly orchid.

Lyubka bifolia is found in glades, forest edges, wet meadows, in light forests, among bushes.

Medicinal raw materials in this plant are tubers.

Application

Given the ornamental and medicinal properties of the plant, the prospects for introducing it into culture are being studied.

Lyubka bifolia has a wide use in folk medicine. True, Lyubka is on the list of plants in need of protection, and therefore the collection and preparation of medicinal raw materials are prohibited in nature. That is why often in places of growth such grass is collected only for bouquets.

Tuberous tuberous roots and lyubki (also called cones, salep or sour root) for cooking broth should be immersed in boiling water for a few minutes, and then dried. Such decoctions are good for poisoning, they also give the patient an additional strength. By the way, it was these tubers in the old days that were considered to be a love potion. True, because of the rare spread of grass, the collection of sour roots is strictly prohibited.

Lyubka two-leaved has horn-like and very hard tubers, in the dried state they can be stored in paper bags in a cool and dry place. These tubers are used as a powder for the manufacture of mucous decoctions, used as an excellent emollient, anti-inflammatory and enveloping agent. Grind the plant can be in a coffee grinder.

Mucous decoctions and mucus from the tuber powder Lubki bifaceae are used for fever, toothache, a large number of female diseases, bladder inflammation, poisoning of various kinds of poisons, nervous exhaustion, convulsions, ulcers, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, sexual impotence, paralysis, wounds , ulcers, inflammatory foci and diarrhea. Also drugs lubki can be a good contraceptive. For toothache, fresh tubers are applied directly to the affected area.

In the tubers of Lyubka double-leaved, many nutrients have been accumulated, about which people have been known since ancient times, therefore the salep tubers have always been highly valued. Studies have shown that only 40 g of tuber powder Lyubki on milk or water can maintain human strength at the proper level for a whole day. That is why the salep became the main element of food stocks in long hikes. Plant treatment is especially recommended in pediatric medicine.

To prepare the infusion of lyubki, you need to pour a glass of boiled water with a teaspoon of finely chopped tubers, then leave this mixture for 16 minutes in a warm place to make it real. Drink this infusion is recommended hot. But with childhood diarrhea, the infusion is best taken chilled.

To prepare the medicinal mucus of Lyubka bifolia, you will need 200 ml of water and 5 g of mucus. Initially, you need to pour the powder with a small amount of water (cold boiled water), and then shake, add hot water and shake again. It is necessary to shake until a gelatinous homogeneous mass is obtained.

To prepare the broth you need to take the powder (3-10 g) and shake it in 10 parts of boiled cold water. After that, add 90 parts of boiling water and shake again until a uniform, thick and clear mucus is formed. Take the broth advised three times a day for a tablespoon.

Healers recommend the use of drugs lubki dvuselstnoy in old age to maintain strength, as well as after prolonged bleeding and serious diseases.

Lyubki tubers are effective for dystrophy, since they are a means that restores the damaged health.

In medicine

Two-leaved Lyubka is not included in the State Pharmacopoeia of the Russian Federation and is not used in official medicine. In alternative medicine, it is used as an enveloping agent for various gastrointestinal diseases (enterocolitis, colitis, gastritis, gastric ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer), as well as poisoning with cauterizing and irritant poisons as an enveloping agent and slowing their absorption through the intestines. Tubers of Lyubka two-leaved are recommended for impotence, weakening of the function of the sex glands, diseases of the bladder, catarrh of large intestines, bleeding and tuberculosis.

From dried lyubki tubers, two-leaved, you can get salep, which is very nutritious and high-calorie, therefore, in medical dietology it is recommended to restore the body after serious diseases. To increase the nutritional value of the salep cooked in milk or broth.

Lubka two-leaved tubers are also used in veterinary practice for gastrointestinal diseases as an enveloping agent.

Contraindications and side effects

It is not recommended to use the tubers of Lyubki two-leaved for therapeutic purposes in case of hypertension, insomnia (chronic), as well as people with a predisposition to allergic diseases and individual intolerance.

In cooking

The value of Lyubka two-leaved is that the tubers accumulate a lot of useful, very nutrients, which people have long known about. Salep, derived from a tuber, has been valued highly enough at all times. For example, a total of 40 g of tuber powder in milk or water can maintain a person’s strength at a fairly high level for a whole day. In the East, in particular in Iran, from the dried double tuber tuber pounded into flour and boiled with honey, they prepare a valuable “kokuya” drink. Salep with grape wine or broth is used as a nutritious product. In addition, the tubers of Lyubka two-leaved in the Caucasus are put in soups, make them jelly, flour and other food.

Lyubka two-leaved - highly decorative plant, has great prospects in modern landscape design and floriculture, it can also be grown in greenhouses and as a garden plant. Despite the conservation status of the plant, fragrant flowers are often collected in bouquets, and designers include them in floral arrangements for interior decoration.

Classification

Lyubka two-leaved (lat. Platanthera bifolia) is a precinct species of the genus Lyubka (lat. Platanthera) of the Orchid family (lat. Orchidaceae). The genus includes according to various data from 50 to 200 perennial herbaceous plants growing mainly in the Northern Hemisphere. Of these, 13 species are found in the former USSR, including Lyubka double.

Botanical description

Perennial grass, 25-50 (60) cm tall with a pear-shaped tuber. Bottom leaf 2. Leaf blades are broad, oblong-ovate, with a blunt tip. The stem is erect, leafless, ending in a loose racemose inflorescence. Flowers zygomorphic, yellowish-white. Perianth simple, corolla, of 6 leaves, in two circles (3 in each circle), the rear leaflet of the inner circle is converted into the lip. Two lateral leaves are non-equilateral, the third - with a hollow outgrowth - spur. Stamen 1, anthers are close together and are located parallel to each other. Pollen grains are gathered into lumps - polines. Ginetsa parakarpny of three carpels. The ovary is lower, single-celled, with numerous anatropic ovules with 1 integument. The formula of a flower of Lyubka is a double-leaved - ↑ О3 + 2 + 1Т1П (3). The fruit is a box. Seeds are numerous, very small, without endosperm with an undifferentiated embryo. Propagated by seeds that are spread by the wind. Seeds germinate only in the presence of fungal mycelium. It blooms for 6-7 years of life, usually at the beginning of summer (June - July). It is pollinated by moths (hawk moths) flying on a strong smell, which flowers emit in the evening. The fruits ripen in July - August.

Spread

Lyubka two-leaved is a common plant for the middle zone of the European part of Russia (especially the forest and forest-steppe zone) and Siberia (especially the south-western part). It grows in forests, thickets, glades and forest edges.

Although the plant is fairly widespread, it grows almost everywhere, nevertheless, it is classified as protected, since it is massively collected in bouquets, which leads to the destruction of its populations, especially near human settlements. In addition, on the habitats great damage to the plant cause land reclamation and plantation. Therefore, in many areas listed in the lists of protected plants. There are attempts to breed in culture.

Preparation of raw materials

Medicinal raw materials are mainly tubers of wild plants. Tubers are dug up at the end of flowering or after flowering, young, fleshy and juicy are selected, then cleaned, washed in running water. Tubers are immersed for 2-3 minutes in boiling water and dried in the shade or in a dryer at a temperature of 50 ° C. Dry tubers are very hard, hornlike. Store raw materials in paper bags in a dry place.

Chemical composition

The chemical composition of Lubka two-leaved has not been studied enough. Lubka double-leaved tubers contain a large amount of mucus - up to 50% (which contains manan), starch (about 27%), sugar, protein and bitter substances, mineral salts, essential oil, a small amount of calcium oxalate and other useful substances.

Pharmacological properties

Lyubka two-leaved has enveloping, tonic, anti-toxic, tonic, anti-inflammatory, softening healing properties. Also marked antiseptic, antihypertensive and diuretic properties that contribute to lowering pressure. The therapeutic effect of the plant is primarily due to the content of a large amount of mucus in the tubers, which protects the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract from irritation and prevents the absorption of toxins. Tubers (salep) of the double-leaved can increase sexual activity, which is very effective for getting rid of impotence.

History reference

The healing properties of Lyuba two-leaved as a valuable medicinal plant have been known since ancient times. Avicenna also wrote about the salep: "cleans ulcers, prevents the spread of herpes, heals the malignant corroded wounds ... ...". But the main thing that attracted the attention of ancient healers is the salep, its ability to initiate sexual activity. Ancient healers have developed thousands of recipes for getting rid of impotence. It was also known that a powerful concentrate of nutrients accumulates in the tubers of Lyubka bifolia. Tibetan doctors used the plant as a means of "increasing the strength of the body and the seed." In the East, Lyubka tubers were highly valued, they were called “salep tubers” (from the Arabic salab). Salep was the main component of food stocks in long hikes, it was also taken to distant caravan crossings. A small amount of sales in the form of a talker on water or milk was enough to maintain strength during the day.

In the Russian medical book "Cool Helicopter" it is written:

“The root of the herb is boiled in wine, and that pitot, bedding moves, some of the herb velmie uses those which hold the essence of the hernia, if they drink it, eat this herb of grass, one spool, and one podleshnikov hoofing one and a half of the spool, and pepper a long third the spool, all pounded, and that drink was accepted to go to bed, and from that the sperm will be born, and the bedding moves the thoughts. ”

The scientific name of the genus "Platanthera" comes from the Greek words "platis" - wide and "antera" - pollen bag, which is associated with the features of the anther shape. A specific epithet "bifolia" - from the Latin. “Bi” - two (x), “ifolius” - leaf, which is explained by two large basal leaves characteristic for the plant.

Incredibly fragrant flowers, giving their wonderful aroma only at night, allowed to call the plant "night violet."

In addition, the Russian name of the genus "Lyubka" is associated with ancient legends that the tubers, namely Lyubka two-leaved, have magical properties, being a love potion, a love potion, etc.

The Russian names of Lyubka are two-leaved: night violet, love root, wild balsam, night perfume, cuckoo tears, field jasmine, night beauty, etc. In England, a small flower of a plant is called a butterfly orchid.

Literature

1. Atlas of medicinal plants of the USSR / Ch. ed. Acad. N.V. Tsitsin. M .: Medgiz, 1962. S. 14-16. 702 s.

2. Biological encyclopedic dictionary / Ch. ed. M. S. Gilyarov) 2nd ed., Amended. M .: Owls. Encyclopedia. 1989.

3. Vakhrameeva MG, etc. Orchids of our country. M .: Nauka, 1991. 224 p.

4. Gubanov, IA and others. Wild-growing useful plants of the USSR / Ed. ed. T. A. Rabotnov. M .: Thought, 1976. P. 75. (Reference guides, geographer and traveler).

5. Gubanov, I.A., and others. 410. Platanthera bifolia (L.) Rich. - Lyubka two-leaved, or Night violet // Illustrated determinant of plants in Central Russia. In 3 t. M .: T-in scientific. ed. KMK, In-t technologist. survey., 2002. T. 1. Ferns, horsetails, moss, gymnosperms, angiosperms (monocots). P. 520.

6. Plant Life, Ed. A.L. Tahtajan. M .: Enlightenment. 1982. Vol. 6. 539 p.

7. Efimov P. G. Rod Platanthera Rich. (Orchidaceae Juss.) And close genera in the flora of Russia // Abstract of Diss. for the competition learned. step. Cand. biol. sciences. SPb., 2007. pp. 1-22.

8. Shantser I.A. plants of the middle zone of European Russia (Field Atlas). M. Publishing House KMK. 2007. 470 p.

Appearance

Night Violet is a plant up to 60 cm long with an oblong tuber at the base. Stems, in fact, are absent, and their role is performed by the flower arrow. Inflorescence of koloskovy type up to 20 cm in size has a cylindrical shape and a variety of flowers - from 10 to 30. The colors are white and white-green. The leaves of the plant are large: up to 6 cm in width, and up to 22 cm in length. The plant has two main leaves of a large size and many small sheets on a pedicle. Very rarely, but still one or three main leaves per plant are found in nature. The main leaves have the shape of an ellipse with smooth edges and a sharp end, the color is dark green.

Propagated mainly by seed method. Up to 10 fruits can be obtained from one generative shoot, each of which contains up to 20 thousand seeds. The process of seed germination is very long - only in 3-5 years the first green leaf appears above the ground, before this the plant will develop only underground. Interestingly, the seeds can germinate only in the vicinity of the mushrooms, as in the seeds themselves there are not enough nutrients.

Begins to bloom for 11 years of lifeunder favorable conditions, flowering is possible for 6 year. Flowering lasts continuously for 5–6 years, after which the plant rests for 1–2 years. Lyubka, like other members of the Orchid family, blooms for a long time. This process begins in May and lasts about two months. If in the process of flowering, Lyubka emits fragrance only at night, then by the end of flowering, in order to attract pollinating insects, Lyubka begins to spread the fragrance during the day.

Collecting plants

It is necessary to collect any double leaf from the end of May to the beginning of July.. Tubers are dug, cleaned and washed well, then immersed in hot water for 1 minute. Ready tubers are strung on a string and hung to dry in a well-ventilated area.

It is worth noting that collection and harvesting of Lyuba two-leaf is currently prohibited, and the plant is included in the list in need of protection in the territory of the Russian Federation. In Ukraine, Lubka dvolista is listed in the Red Book. In addition, Lubka is included in Appendix II of the Convention on the international trade in endangered species of wild flora and fauna.

Harvesting and storage

For medicinal purposes, only the roots of the plant are suitable, the product name “selepa tubers”, and only young and juicy (of the current year) are harvested. The tubers are harvested at the end of flowering or immediately after flowering, while the live floral arrow is still preserved, otherwise it will be very difficult to find a plant in thick grass later. Tubers of plants are cleaned from the presence of earth on them, washed with cold water. Then strung on a thick thread and immersed in boiling water for 1-2 minutes. This prevents the germination of roots during drying and accelerates it. Dried roots in the air in the shade, in a dark and well-ventilated room or in a dryer at a temperature of 50 ° C.

Dried roots after such treatment completely lose their unpleasant odor and bitterness. They become heavy and dense, horny consistency, slightly translucent in the sun. They have a slightly wrinkled surface, light yellow color and slimy taste. Хранить высушенные корневища можно в бумажном пакетике в сухом, темном месте. Используют в виде порошка, для приготовления слизистых отваров, которые применяются как хорошее смягчающее, обволакивающее и сильное противовоспалительное средство.

Состав и лечебные свойства любки

  1. Tubers for 50% consist of medical mucus, which includes mannana, 27% starch, 5% valuable protein compounds, various natural sugars, calcium oxalate, mineral salts and other beneficial substances.
  2. In modern medicine, only young tubers of the plant are used for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, acute and chronic diseases of the human respiratory tract, chronic bronchitis, gastroenteritis, diarrhea, dysentery, bladder inflammation and poisoning with some poisons.

Broths from the roots of Lyubka in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

  • As an enema - a decoction is prepared in the ratio of 1 g of powder and 20 g of water.
  • For oral administration, mucus is prepared - 1 part of powder and 10 parts of cold water, then you need to add another 90 parts of boiling water and make it loose until a homogeneous slurry is obtained. To increase the caloric and nutritional content of the finished mucus, it can be prepared on the basis of milk or broth.
  • For an adult, it will be enough to prepare a decoction of 40 pounded tubers.

Drink from Lubka as a general tonic

It is necessary to take: 50 g of root powder, 50 g of starch, 200 g of sugar, 1.5 l of milk, 50 ml of water, cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum) to taste. In an aluminum bowl mix sugar, starch, powder from the root of Lyubka. With constant stirring, pour in milk. Boil on a small light for 5 minutes until thick.

Medicinal properties of the night violet

Lubka two-leaved when describing the therapeutic properties is valued for the salep, which when in contact with water turns into a slimy kisely-like mass. It has antiseptic, enveloping properties that enhance the effect of traditional treatment. diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: enterocolitis, colitis, gastritis, duodenal ulcers and stomach.

It is often used for poisoning, as the salep film prevents toxic substances from being absorbed by the walls of the gastrointestinal tract.

The mucous mass of Lyubka has a high energy value. To provide a person with energy for a day, 40 g of dissolved salep is sufficient. It is also used to maintain the body in the postoperative period, during protracted and debilitating diseases.

Collection and storage of therapeutic raw materials

It doesn’t matter where a double leaf grows, collect it in places of natural growth prohibited. Therefore, for industrial production it is grown in special nurseries, which are organized on the bases of reserves.

But if you want, you can grow it yourself on your site. Seeds of plants are sold in the same nurseries or specialty stores.

They are chosen from the ground, washed in running water, cleaned, and then immersed in boiling water for a couple of minutes.

After this, the blanks are subject to drying: in special cabinets or in dark ventilated places. If a drying chamber is used, its temperature must be set to 50-60 ° C.

After drying, the tubers become corneous and very hard. They should be folded in paper bags, folded in a storage container and tightly closed. Tara put in a dry place. If moisture penetrates the tubers, they can become moldy.

With a breakdown and nervous overstrain

Salep from Lyubka is used for nervous overstrain, loss of strength, protracted illnesses. To do this, in the evening they take two teaspoons of powder from the root of the plant, send them to a thermos flask, into which half a liter of freshly boiled milk is poured. In the morning, the resulting infusion is filtered and taken after eating 10 ml three times a day for two weeks.

In case of poisoning

In case of any type of poisoning, the following remedy is prepared. Dried roots are ground to a powder.

Then a gram of powder is poured into a bottle or jar, poured 100 g boiling water, close the lid and shake for 10 minutes. The tool is taken every 4 hours to 20 ml. They drink constantly until all traces of poisoning are gone.

For toothache

In this case, apply fresh root Lyubka. It is cut into plates, then one of them is taken, excised so that it starts to give juice, and applied to the aching tooth, and held until the pain is completely gone.

With flu and cold

With flu, acute viral diseases that are accompanied by high fever, use powder lyubki.

To do this, 10 g of the product is poured with a glass of hot milk, thoroughly shaken until the mixture becomes homogeneous, and then drink in small sips in two doses during the day.

With a cold cold cook tea powder: throw half a teaspoon of powder on a glass of boiling water, and when it is just infused and cool, add a teaspoon of honey. It is necessary to drink tea while it is warm.

With boils and tearing wounds

For the healing of tearing wounds in a water bath, boil 20 g of dried or fresh root in a glass of water.

If the root is fresh, it should soften, after which it should be crushed and applied to the sore spot for two hours, covering with a soft cloth. The procedure is carried out once a day.

For furunculosis, a portion of the powder is mixed with five portions of pork fat. The mixture is kept in the fridge for 24 hours, then the problem areas are lubricated three times a day with it.

With cystitis

For the treatment of cystitis an infusion is prepared according to this recipe:

  • take 2 ml of alcohol, pour 2 g of powder into it and mix thoroughly,
  • then add 20 ml of boiling water and mix well again,
  • Now you need to add another 20 ml of boiling water.

The resulting mixture should be drunk during the day in four doses. Cook and drink this infusion should be within 10 days.

Contraindications and harm

The plant is surprising because with its high efficacy in treatment it has practically no contraindications. It is suitable for people of different ages and health. When using it no side effects noticed. The only thing that should be used carefully is people who are prone to allergies, hypertension and chronic insomnia.

Lyubka double - a small plant with powerful potential. Pleasing with its small white flowers and amazing aroma, it is able to fight with complex diseases and support the human body in case of serious ailments.

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