Narcissus is a flower symbolizing beauty. Inside its pale white buds is a small red-orange crown. The plant has a delicate exquisite stem and exudes a tart "oriental" flavor. The flower is propagated by bulbs. Therefore, proper care for daffodils after flowering will preserve and increase the population of this plant. Today, these flowers are grown not only to decorate flower beds and landscapes, but also as a pot plant at home.
Flowers daffodils. Care
Since this plant is unpretentious, absolutely any garden soil can be used for its cultivation. The flower feels great both in the sun and in the shade. It can grow well even on heavy ground fertilized with humus. The only thing that should be avoided when planting a plant is wet soils, where water stagnates for a long time in the offseason. It is very important to prepare the land in advance. Approximately a month before planting flowers should be dug up. And, of course, do not forget to apply fertilizer.
To plant a plant is best in early fall or late summer. Approximately 12-15 cm in depth should be placed onions, from which later appear daffodils. Landing need to be watered properly. Care for daffodils after flowering involves digging them out of the ground. Therefore, depending on when you plan to remove the bulbs, you should observe a certain distance when planting.
If after a year or two, the seeds are recommended to be placed at a distance of 10 cm from each other. If you want to get a fairly large number of "kids", plant flowers in such a way that the intervals between them are at least 20 cm.
Caring for daffodils after flowering, as well as during their active growth, involves the mandatory feeding of plants. Fertilizers are recommended to be applied during the formation of buds. Ammonium nitrate is best suited for these purposes. You can also use nitrophosphorus and nitrogen-potassium fertilizers. It should be borne in mind that flowers do not tolerate high acidity.
Daffodil after blooming
After the buds begin to fade, they must be carefully cut off, not allowing the seeds to start to tangle.
When the leaves turn yellow, you can dig out the bulbs. To protect them from diseases, it is recommended to process them with fungicides before storage. Then the bulbs should be dried and placed in a cool dry place.
Home Daffodil. Care
When planting in a pot, the bulb should be placed so that its 1/3 part is on the surface. After that, the plant must be watered. Then the pot with the bulb must be placed in a dark place, the temperature of which does not exceed +5 degrees. As soon as the daffodil sprouts, it can be transferred to a regular room. With regular watering, the flower will soon show its first buds. Next year in the autumn dug bulbs can be planted in open ground. For growing in a pot, they are usually no longer used.
When Daffodils Fade
What do with daffodils after they bloomed?
There are quite a few types of daffodils that can differ from each other in height, foliage, colors of flowers. The same applies to the timing of flowering: there are early varieties, there are more recent. And, despite the fact that the daffodil is primarily a spring flower, its flowering is directly influenced by the climate of the area in which it grows and the weather conditions in a particular season.
So, in central Russia, where these flowers along with tulips are the first to delight in their flowering after a long and cold winter, daffodils can bloom in late April or early May. For the southern regions of the country, the budding period is postponed to an earlier date. For example, at the beginning of April, the gardens of the southerners were decorated with blooming flowers of narcissus. And, on the contrary, in the northern areas the plant blooms in early summer, when the air and the earth are warm enough (in early or mid-June).
Daffodils in the open field
But delight the eyes of daffodils just a little longer. The average flowering period is about 2 weeks. Of course, a lot depends on the variety. For example, the daffodil Martha Washington blooms on the strength of 8-9 days, and the Agafon variety flaunts lemon-yellow flowers for 3 weeks. However, this is a fairly short period. This lack of daffodils is compensated by the fact that they bloom very early, almost immediately after the snow melted, and besides, taking care of them is not burdensome at all.
After the daffodils have faded, only the foliage remains, which fades with the arrival of autumn, when the vegetation period of these plants comes to an end.
Thus, daffodils bloom in late spring or early summer, depending on the variety and area of growth.
Daffodils bloomed: what to do next in the open field
How to care for daffodils after flowering? So that they grow well, and their growth was accompanied by a lush and abundant flowering, they need a kind of care. Special skills are not required, as the events are simple and not burdensome for the florist.
Note! The growing season ends in August - September, so it is during this period that you need to carefully trim the foliage that is dry by that time, leaving the main bush intact.
So, daffodils bloomed, what's next with them? During the flowering period, plants need only be watered occasionally, if there is such a need. After the daffodils bloom, for about 2 months it is not recommended to treat their foliage in any way. The fact is that, despite the absence of flowers, the growing season continues. The plant receives nutrients from the soil and develops further. It is through the foliage that daffodils get sunlight. If you remove it too soon, it can damage the plant. However, if the daffodils grow in a flower bed, then it must be periodically cut to avoid excessive growth.
Fertilizers are also applied in the fall. As a feed you can use:
Important! Do not make fresh manure. It can contain pest larvae, which in the spring will start to eat the young growth and can even damage the bulbs.
If daffodils grow on the plot, leaving after flowering in open ground also involves working with onions. If the gardener chooses not to dig them up, but leave it to spend the winter in the soil, then you need to cover the place of growth with mulch. As it is well suited:
This is especially important for young plants whose bulbs can be damaged by cold. However, in areas with a warm climate, mulching is not necessary.
Many gardeners think: whether to dig up the bulbs of daffodils in the fall? It should be noted that this should not be done often. So, young bulbs should not be dug out, they are quite capable of overwintering in the soil, it is enough to cover with a layer of mulch. However, adult specimens still need to dig. This is due, primarily, to the fact that they grow quite quickly, forming many children. Digging the plant is recommended for 3 years after planting. The best period for this is August or September, that is, when the daffodils end the growing season.
Separately, it should be said about plant transplantation. Do not do this every year, as this procedure, which is carried out too often, can lead to the fact that daffodils simply stop blooming in a new place. If not necessary, then transplant them and do not need. However, signs that the plant can no longer grow in the old place can be:
- small inflorescences,
- no flowering more than 2 seasons in a row,
- severe damage by pests and diseases.
Important! In general, the daffodil can grow in one place within 5-6 years.
When digging and storing the bulbs, you should follow certain rules and technology so that they do not accidentally damage them.
So, the bulbs should be taken out of the ground, using a well-ground spade. Dig deep to avoid damaging the bulbs. Also, immediately after they are removed to the surface, they should be carried to a dark room. Stay bulbs in the open sunlight can damage them. In order to avoid their damage, children should not be separated immediately after digging, it is better to do this when they dry out a little.
Note! After all the bulbs have been dug out, they must be placed in wooden boxes and stored in a warm, dry place. Well suited for this cellar or basement.
Repotting daffodils is best done in the autumn period for 2-3 weeks before frost. Specific dates depend on weather conditions in a particular region. Do not transplant daffodils in a place near the old. For planting bulbs worth digging in the ground small holes 5-6 cm deep. The distance between them should not be less than 8 cm. Then the bottom of the wells must be watered. Each recess is laid on a single bulb, which is covered with earth. After a bed it is necessary to mulch.
Tips and tricks from experienced florists and gardeners
Daffodils are so popular among Russian gardeners that experienced gardeners have a whole arsenal of tricks and useful tips for caring for these plants. Daffodils after flowering, what do experienced gardeners do with them?
Many growers advise not to dig even young bulbs unnecessarily, but to mulch. In addition to the above mentioned means used as mulch, many of them use fallen leaves for this. They perfectly keep warm, not allowing bulbs to freeze through even in the most frosty winters.
- After pruning the foliage should not throw it away, it is better to leave next to the place of growth. This will help you quickly find the location of the bulbs if you need to transplant.
- When digging daffodils should not throw the wounded (damaged) kids. They can be poured with wood ash and left to be stored in a dry, warm and separate place. Most of them can be quite viable.
- Narcissus bulbs are poisonous to humans, so experienced gardeners must take precautions when working with them. The use of rubber gloves and washing hands with laundry soap at the end of the appropriate manipulations.
Despite the ease of care for daffodils after flowering, it is a very important part of their cultivation and breeding. With proper care for the plants and compliance with the relevant rules of agricultural technology, from year to year they will delight the gardener's eyes with delicate and fragile spring flowers.
What you need to pay attention to growing daffodils?
In general, care for these plants is minimal and most of the procedures are performed in the spring, when they emerge from the ground and bloom. At the end of flowering, the bushes retire and do not need to be cared for, so there is no need to disturb them.
So, planting daffodils in a flower bed, you should pay attention to these points:
- watering frequency,
- weed removal
- preparation for the rest period.
Requirements for watering daffodils
In most cases, daffodils have enough moisture, which is available in the soil in the spring after the snow has melted. Like all bulbous, they negatively relate to its excess and begin to rot. However, if there was little snow, and spring does not indulge in precipitation, it would not hurt to water the bushes once a week. It is especially important to do this when the daffodils tie and dispense buds. You will still need to saturate the bulbous moisture for a month after the end of flowering, when they are preparing for rest.
Maintain cleanliness on the daffodil beds
Like all flowers, daffodils love open space, so the area where they grow should be regularly cleaned of weeds. It is better to do this manually so that the bulbs do not touch the chopper. But you can loosen the aisles and this garden tools, only very carefully and not deeply.
To prevent the growth of weeds and free themselves from frequent weeding, mulch beds will help. In addition, the mulch will not allow moisture to evaporate quickly and reduce the frequency of watering.
Do daffodils need feedings and how often?
Daffodils will produce offspring, bloom and without fertilizer, but only the first few years. In the future, every year the buds will be less and less, and the flowers - all the smaller. To prevent this, in the second year after planting, they must be fed with a mineral complex. Just one application in early spring is enough.
But if especially valuable large-flowered varieties are grown in the garden, for example, for cutting, they are fertilized in 4 stages and a little differently:
- When out of the ground shoots appear, make a mineral complex.
- At the initial phase of the formation of peduncles - nitrogen-potassium fertilizer.
- Before flowering - again complex fertilizer.
- With blooming buds - phosphate-potash fertilizer.
Manure for fertilizer daffodils do not apply.
How to care for daffodils after flowering?
Care for faded daffodils as such is not. All work consists in timely pruning of peduncles so that they do not begin to form fruits and pull the juices from the bulbs.
And one more nuance - it is impossible to cut the foliage until it completely dries out, because with this we deprive the bulbs of nutrients. So that it does not interfere, and the bed looked neat, you can braid the leaves in pigtails or tie into tails.
Every 4 years it is recommended to replant the bushes with their parallel division. For a couple of years, the bulb grows over a lot of children, and the bush becomes thick, which affects the quality of flowering. Dug daffodils in early summer, dried onions and stored until early autumn. Then they are planted in a new place. Narcissuses hibernate well, they do not need to be covered - unless they are planted or transplanted in the current season.
Growing and caring for daffodils
Daffodil care is easy. Buy bulbs of daffodils can be in flower shops. When buying, you should select the largest copies. If they are small, they will have to grow, which can postpone flowering for a whole year.
Daffodils - plants quite unpretentious and do not require particularly complex care. They grow well in the lit area, and in the shade.
- Plant bulbs need in August or September. Before planting the material in the ground, it is necessary to prepare the site.
- A month before planting, they dig up soil and apply peat or compost fertilizers. If the ground is too heavy, you can add sand.
- The depth of the hole is calculated by multiplying the diameter of the bulb by 3.
- After planting the bulb in the ground, it is lightly sprinkled and compacted. You can slightly mulch the hole with a peat mixture.
- Replant daffodils should be every 5-6 years. This is due to the fact that over time, the bulbs begin to shrink significantly. Because of this, the flowers themselves are gradually becoming smaller.
Plants need careful watering, especially in dry weather. In order for the bulbs to accumulate enough nutrients, they will always need to provide a moist soil. Throughout the flowering period Daffodils need to be fed with special mineral additives for flowering ornamental plants.
Storage of bulbs in winter
To keep the daffodil bulbs viable and to get healthy plants with beautiful flowers in your garden next season, you can use the cellar or the fridge.
After the planting material has been dug out and pretreated, it is placed in containers filled with a light, free-flowing soil mixture. You can use the mixture from sawdust and peat. In such a soil rooting process will take place much faster. At the same time, a rather low temperature will not allow daffodils to go up early.
It is not recommended to store the bulbs in home refrigerators. At this temperature, they can begin to germinate. Planting material can be placed in the refrigerator only if no more than 2 months is left before disembarking. In the spring it can be placed in the vegetable department of the refrigerator.. In such conditions, the bulbs will not have time to growHowever, good hardening will take place before landing.
Terms and ways of planting daffodils
If your daffodils grow in one place for 5-6 years, they need to be transplanted to another site. To transplant these flowers every year does not make sense. Simultaneously with transplantation, dug onions can be separated and transplanted. At this time, a large maternal bulb forms around many children.
A distinctive feature of the narcissus is that it can be seated even in spring during the period of active flowering. However, it is not necessary to carry out this procedure. unnecessarily necessary. Still, it is better to wait for the flower to bloom.
If you have a need to dig up one particular plant in the garden or plant it, you need to carefully dig it up and transplant it to a new place along with an earthy ball. Если растение необходимо кому-то подарить или перевезти, корни вместе с комом земли заворачивают во влажную ткань. В любом случае цветок необходимо посадить в грунт как можно быстрее.
Прежде чем пересаживать этот цветок, новый участок в саду следует тщательно перекопать, подкормить перегноем и тщательно удалить все камешки и части сорных растений.
Immediately before planting the bulbs of the narcissus in the ground, it is necessary to immerse the fungicide in the solution and let it stand for 2-3 hours. This will help avoid the development of fungal diseases.
It consists of the following steps:
- You can not cut the foliage after flowering for 2 months. Sunlight comes through the leaves to the bulbs.
- After 2-3 months, when the foliage finally dries, carefully cut and remove it from the main bush.
- With the onset of autumn, it is necessary to feed fertilizers, which dissolve in water.
- Young plants on top are covered with a layer of humus or leafy sod, for the time of winter.
Young bulbs of flowers after the growing season should not be dug. It is better to make a digging every 3 years so that the young bush gives the mother bush. Adult bulbs of 3 years of age dig up after the growing season in late July, early August.
After the foliage has dried, the bulbs do not have a dormant period, they continue to breathe, grow and receive the necessary nutrients. The dug-out planting material of daffodils also breathes, so with a transplant you shouldn’t pull for more than 2 months.
Important! Do not remove yellowed and wilted foliage to make it easier to find a place for planting bulbs during transplantation.
The need for the procedure every year
It is not recommended to plant flowers annually. Transplantation should be made not earlier than in 3-5 years, when the bulbs will be crowded. Babies can be formed from the maternal bulb, depending on the variety and growing conditions, from 2 to 5 pieces in one growing season.
For additional planting material is allowed to dig out the bulbs after 3 years. With an annual transplant, they may weaken, stop blooming for 2 years. In order to achieve strong and abundant flowering plants, it is necessary to replant no earlier than after 6 years. The main signs for transplantation will be small inflorescences, a slowdown in growth and the appearance of disease and pests on flowers.
An annual transplant is allowed if the bulbs are sick. After digging them up, it is necessary to inspect them carefully, remove sick children and treat them with a special solution.
- It is better to dig out the bulbs with a sharp spatula or garden fork, deepening them into the ground, so as not to damage them, along with an earthy clod.
- After digging the foliage cut with a sharp knife, and the roots should not be cut until they finally dry out.
- Shake material off the ground without separating from each other and store.
- Do not leave them in the open sunny place, so they are not burned by the sun.
- After they have dried out a little, separate each other’s hands and remove excess earth residues.
- Separate bulbs from maternal after they dry. In order not to spoil them.
If, by separating the affiliated children from the parent material, it is damaged, it is possible to powder the place of scrapping with wood ash. To avoid rot or deterioration during storage. It is better to keep the injured children treated with ashes separately from the whole heads.
Important! If the flowers grew for 6-7 years in one place, without transplanting, so as not to cut the bulbs, it is better to use a large shovel. Landings can grow and occupy a large area.
Bulb Storage Rules
The bulbs, after being removed from the soil, are left for 5-10 minutes in the open air to dry. It is better to choose a slightly shaded place, in order to avoid sunburn. If the weather is rainy, they are transferred to a closed room, with good ventilation of air for ventilation.
After which they must be placed underground or in a cellar with an optimum temperature of 15-18 degrees, and a humidity of 60 percent. Before lowering the bulbs to the cellar, sorted by type and placed in wooden boxes or special pallets, layers can be shifted with paper. Do not store in closed packages, otherwise they will rot.
Underground must be vented so that fresh air flows freely into it. If it is damp, you can put a fan for air circulation. Every day to inspect the material for rot or defeat diseases. Immediately remove the rotten heads, so that the infection does not go to healthy onions. It is not allowed to store them for a long time, the storage period should be about a month.
Do I need treatment?
Strong and healthy bulbs of daffodils do not require additional processing. To be sure and avoid rot, planting material can be soaked for 10 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Peeled heads of daffodils, before storage, can be poisoned from worms and other pests with a solution of the drug Malathion. To do this, prepare a solution of 2 liters of pure water, add 2 ml. drug. Place the material in the ready solution and soak for half an hour. After thoroughly dry them and send for storage in the room before planting.
Terms of planting into the ground
The most optimal time for planting daffodils in the ground is autumn, the end of August, the beginning of September. During this period, the bulbs will have time to take root, and not to start growing. In each region it is necessary to observe the time when frost comes. It is possible to calculate on your own, 3 weeks before the first frost is the most favorable time.
If the planting took place at the end of September and the beginning of October, it is possible to cover the seedlings from above for the winter with a layer of dry foliage, tops of no more than 15 cm. To be sure of the safety of the crops.
A place is better to pick up a new one, where rested land is. It is better not to plant the former place where the daffodils grew. Over 3 years, the soil is depleted, it may contain harmful microorganisms, the flowers do not grow well.
A hole is dug in accordance with the size of the bulb, about 20 cm. If rapid flowering is required, it is sufficient to deepen by 5-10 cm. A layer of sand, humus soil and 1 tablespoon of mineral fertilizer are laid at the bottom. Having formed a drainage layer, the onion is placed in a hole and sprinkled with a layer of soil on top, slightly thickening it. When planting, it is important to adhere to the distance between the material not less than 10-15 cm. If different varieties of flowers are seated, it is possible to deepen pegs with inscriptions of the name of the variety near the heads.
Important! The bulb of narcissus is poisonous, all work and contact with them should be made with rubber gloves.
Now there is a huge selection of varietal daffodils that will delight their host with colorful paints during flowering in early spring. Giving them proper care and observing all the rules of planting, the plant will be strong and healthy, will not be subjected to diseases and pests.
Method 1 Caring for an open daffodil after flowering
- It is very important not to cut the leaves of the narcissus after flowering.
- This is because the plant uses the leaves to convert the energy of the sunlight it needs to survive the winter and bloom again in the spring.
- Leaves can not be cut for at least two or three months after flowering.
Remove all faded, brown foliage. Instead of cutting the leaves immediately after flowering, wait until they die off by themselves, naturally. Once the foliage has browned and dried, you can cut or tear it.
In the fall, feed the bulbs well with water-soluble fertilizer. At this time of year, the roots grow most actively, so it is especially important to feed the bulbs right now.
Cover the area where the bulbs of the narcissus are planted, with a layer of organic mulch.
This will also be a good annual fertilizer for the bulbs.
- Do this before the earth cools down, preferably in summer or autumn.
- It is good to use as a mulch rotten manure or leaf humus, a layer of 3-4 inches.
Method 2 Caring for container-growing daffodils after flowering
- Fertilize the narcissus growing in the container with bone meal.
Daffodils planted in containers require a bit more attention than open-field daffodils. After flowering, feed the daffodils in a container with fertilizer, such as bone meal.
- Bonemeal can smell quite unpleasant, so it will be better to keep the container outside for a day or two after feeding.
If you are going to keep the bulbs in the same container until next year, give the flowers time to completely wither. It usually takes about two months. At this time, the death of the leaves begins.
- As soon as the flowers disappear, put the container on its side for about 3 months and do not water it.
In the autumn, put the container in the correct position and water well. This watering is necessary for flowering bulbs next spring.
- Daffodils prefer acidic soil, therefore, to counter the effects of alkaline tap water, you can add a little complex microfertilizer to it. Or use rainwater.
- If you live in an area with harsh winters, move containers to the room for the winter, because the bulbs of narcissus will not survive in pots in frost.
Daffodils can live in a container for a maximum of 3 years, but in the second year the flowering will not be as full as in the first year.
- For best results, transplant the bulbs from the container into the open ground after the foliage has died, and plant fresh bulbs into the container with fresh potted soil for flowering next season.
- The next section outlines the method of transplanting daffodil bulbs from a container into an open ground.
Method 3 Transplanting Narcissus from a Container to an Open Ground
Transplant daffodils in the open ground in the summer. After blooming, room or daffodils growing in a container can be transplanted into open ground. The best time for this is after flowering, when the foliage has already died. This usually happens in summer.
Choose a sunny plot with good drainage in the garden. For the growth of daffodils need the sun. Well-drained soil is also necessary, as the bulbs of daffodil easily rot in the wet ground. Do not forget to also clear the landing site from weeds.
Add organic matter to the soil. Before planting, enter a sufficient amount of compost or organic matter (such as well-rotten horse manure) into the soil. If you do not know how much you need, cover the area with a layer of organic matter 2–4 inches thick, then dig the ground to the depth of the spade bayonet.
For planting each bulb dig a hole, the depth of which is three times the diameter of the bulb. For a 2-inch bulb, the depth of the fossa will be about 6 inches. It would be better to add a full scoop of compost to the bottom of the pit and place the bulb on it with the bottom up. The sharp end of the bulb should face up.
Cover the hole with water and water well. You can feed the bulbs by adding a layer of fertilizer or mulch on top. Planted bulbs should bloom next spring.
Method 4 Dividing and transplanting daffodils after flowering
- Divide and repot the daffodil bulbs every 7 to 10 years.
After several years, daffodil bulbs can grow into large nests, where it becomes too crowded. This happens when the mother bulb multiplies, forming clusters of several interconnected bulbs, called babies.
- This can lead to a decrease in the number and size of flowers, so it will be useful to divide the bulbs and plant them.
- Dividing the bulbs will also give you the opportunity to plant daffodils in a larger area. This should be done every 7-10 years in order to select the best specimens from the daffodil bed.
The best time to transplant daffodils is the beginning of summer, when the growing season of daffodils ends, the leaves wither, turn yellow or brown.
- If you want to do this much later, you may not find daffodils, as the plant will leave for a period of rest, and no visible traces will remain on the soil surface.
- Therefore, it is important to act while the aboveground part of the plant is still visible.
Dig very carefully to avoid damaging the bulbs. Start digging away from the plant so you do not accidentally cut the bulb.
- The bulbs are usually planted rather deeply, and over a long period they have drawn deeper into the ground, so tune in to dig fairly deeply, perhaps on a spade bayonet.
Once you have located the bulb, carefully separate it from the ground, taking care not to damage the roots. Carefully separate the bulbs from each other by rotating.
- Select as many divided bulbous babies as you want to transplant. Consider that the smallest kids will bloom only in a year.
- Destroy damaged, soft or rotten bulbs.
If this is not possible, then know that the bulbs can remain viable for several weeks before planting.
- Those bulbs that you do not plant immediately, store in a cool, dry place. The ideal storage method is in a paper bag in a dark corner of a garden shed.
- If daffodils grow on your lawn, do not mow this plot until the aboveground part of the daffodils has completely died out.
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Daffodils do not accidentally deserve the title of unpretentious bulbous. They are one of the easiest to grow spring flowering plants for which it is easy to find the right conditions and it’s just as easy to provide minimal care. Daffodils do not require tireless care and constant attention, delighting with bright heads of flowers and beautiful leaves from year to year. Even inexperienced gardeners can grow them.
Growing and caring for daffodils. © John Stoa
Daffodils - plants are grateful and unpretentious. The main care for them comes in the spring and comes down to top dressing and watering as needed. A transplant is considered to be the most laborious in caring for these onion bulbs: although daffodils can not be compared with tulips and co, requiring annual digging (with rare exceptions), they still require not such rare division and transplantation to maintain decorativeness. In favorable years, when the weather spoils, the plants almost do not need care and attention. Daffodils are cultures that fit well into the concept of a “lazy” garden, allowing you to significantly simplify the load associated with garden troubles, but at the same time, even with minimal attention, please you with a lush spring parade of fragrant flowers.
Daffodils requirements for moisture and watering
Daffodils are one of those plants that can be content with little care. In normal weather they will not need regular watering even during flowering. Moreover, overmoistening the soil for daffodils is very dangerous. But if the weather does not indulge or there is a very long drought, then for the daffodils support irrigation is introduced during the periods of budding and flowering, as well as a month after them. One deep permeating soil is enough for watering a week (and at less hot temperatures - and more rare).
Watering for daffodils is carried out carefully, avoiding wetting of flowers and buds. Using sprinkler is undesirable.
Weed control and soil loosening
Despite the fact that daffodils form dense groups and are constantly growing, these plants suffer from neglect of plantings. It is better to fight weeds constantly, not giving them any chance to prevent favorite spring stars. For these bulbous preferred manual rather than mechanical weeding.
Weeding daffodils combined with a careful loosening of the soil, which is carried out shallowly, avoiding the risk of injury to the bulbs and roots.
The only way to get rid of a canal of daffodils and regular loosening is soil mulching.
Pruning buds and binding the leaves of daffodils. © Julie Hunt
Pruning the flowers and leaves of daffodils
In daffodils, it is desirable to remove the withered flowers immediately, without delay, together with the peduncle. The formation of seeds in this bulbous can not be allowed (unless you leave a few plants for the purpose of collecting seeds).
The leaves of daffodils are not removed as long as they do not just turn yellow, but not completely dry. In this plant, the leaves should die off on their own and naturally, in spite of the significant damage to the decorativeness of the flower beds, it is impossible to “help” the daffodils. The process of drying leaves lasts almost one and a half months, and during this period it is better not to touch the plants.
At the slightest signs of plant damage by diseases or pests, it is better to remove and destroy them immediately, even if daffodils are blooming at this time.
Rejuvenation and transplant of daffodils
Daffodils for the most part belong to the onion, not requiring annual digging. At one place, they can safely remain up to a dozen years, but in order to maintain a high decorative effect and varietal characteristics, it is better to schedule mandatory separation and transplantation with a frequency of 1 every 4-5 years. It is always necessary to focus on reducing the number of flowers, qualitative deterioration of flowering, and not on any other signs. И если нарциссы цветут скудно по сравнению с предыдущим годом, то медлить с пересадкой не стоит. Есть и исключения из правил: новые сорта часто рекомендуют выкапывать ежегодно (ориентироваться лучше всегда на индивидуальные требования и уточнять информацию об этом следует при покупке).
Нарциссы выкапывают после того, как и у них полностью пожелтеет и поникнет листва. At the same time, later digging is much more dangerous a little earlier, since the onset of the re-rooting of the bulbs significantly affects the quality of the planting material. Daffodils bloom early, but not so quickly leave the garden scene, and usually digging is carried out only in late June-July.
The process of digging daffodils itself is quite simple:
- The bulbs are dug with a large supply of soil, as carefully as possible, manually freeing them from the substrate.
- All bulbs inspect, immediately selecting and destroying copies with the slightest signs of damage.
- The bulbs are cleaned and sorted by size and grade.
- Disinfection is carried out in a solution of fungicide or potassium permanganate.
- Outdoors, in ventilated shallow containers and in the shade, dry the bulbs for 2 to 3 days.
- Clean the bulbs in a ventilated dry room for summer storage (at the same time restrained temperatures of about 18 degrees are desirable).
The planting of daffodils is carried out in August or early September on previously prepared areas, according to the general rules of planting daffodils (in groups, to a depth of 10 to 20 cm, depending on the size of the bulbs). After planting, daffodils need watering in drought, mulching and shelter for the winter with dry leaves (shelter is removed as soon as possible after the snow melts).
Healthy bulbs of daffodils with a well-developed root system. © Lucinda
Top dressing for daffodils
To make daffodils enjoy abundant flowering from year to year, it is enough not to forget about a single top dressing in early spring. As soon as it snows for the plant, it is better to add a full portion of the complex mineral fertilizers (50-60 g per bucket of water). With normal soil improvement and fertilizer application, before planting (spring), they start feeding only from the second, and on very fertile soils - from the third year after planting (except for daffodils that require digging, or especially valuable varieties). For more abundant flowering, you can divide the top dressing into a nitrogen one in early spring and potash phosphate at the budding stage, or you can carry out two identical top dressings twice reduced in concentration of full mineral fertilizers.
If daffodils are grown for cutting or want to achieve more spectacular flowering, you can use another strategy - potash-nitrogen nutrition. With this strategy, not one but four supplements are made:
- At emergence of shoots - full mineral fertilizer.
- With the growth of peduncles - nitrogen and potash fertilizers.
- During the budding period - full mineral fertilizer.
- During flowering - phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.
In all four feedings, 20-30 g of fertilizers are used per bucket of water and per square meter of planting.
With organic fertilizers for this bulb need to be very careful. Daffodils can not stand manure and it should not be used in any preplant improvement of the soil, or in the further care.
Daffodils are considered winter-hardy plants and usually do not need protection. Only when transplanting and planting in a new place the plants need to be further protected with a mulch layer for the first winter (the standard option is mulch up to 5 cm high and dry leaves with the same layer, but only dry leaves can be dispensed with). When growing daffodils, they are recommended to be covered with mulching annually. The same approach should be applied to varietal, terry, imported daffodils. Mulching avoids the risk of losing daffodils even in snow-free winters, so it (mulching) is increasingly being included in the list of mandatory procedures for preparing the best new varieties of daffodils for winter, even under conditions of initially high winter hardiness.
Preparation and processing of daffodil bulbs. © LianeM
Pest and disease control
Despite its culture status, which grows almost without interference, narcissuses are often affected by pests and diseases. Root mites, nematodes, and onion hoverflies often appear on them; at the first signs of a lesion, insecticides should be used and in the future every preventive treatment should be done every spring until buds appear.
From diseases, daffodils suffer from various types of rot, mosaic, fusarium and sclerotinia. They fight with these diseases with copper-containing fungicides (for example, copper sulphate, diluted with water at a concentration of 100 g per 1 bucket).
It is believed that daffodils - flowers elegant and unpretentious, adorn only the garden plots. But it is not so! Daffodils may well fit home conditions. You only need to know which plant varieties should be preferred, how to select the bulbs correctly and plant the flowers in the pots, how to care for them. So, what do you need to learn about daffodils growing at home?
- What daffodils should be grown at home?
- Selection of bulbs for growing
- Tara for landing
- Soil selection
- Planting a flower in indoor conditions
- Plant Care
- Daffodil after blooming
- What is sick room bedroom daffodils?
What daffodils should be grown at home?
Daffodils can easily adapt to home conditions of existence, be in pots and delight the inhabitants of the house with wonderful flowers for a long period from winter to spring. But for this you need to know what varieties of daffodils can grow at home. More often than other varieties for room conditions, choose the following varieties:
- Little pearl
- February gold
Also, daffodils are grown at home: "Erlichir", "Verger" or "Geranium".
The most undemanding conditions of detention are "Avalansh", "Paper-like", "Ziva". They are characterized by the longest flowering. The flowers of plants can be colored in different tones: yellow, white, cream, beige. The Avalans variety, for example, is characterized by the presence of white petals and a yellow core. "Erlichir" stands out a kind of velvety color structure. Daffodils of different varieties may vary in size.
Selection of bulbs for growing
In order for the plant to adapt quickly and easily to room conditions, it is necessary to select large, solid onions for planting. They must not have defects: dark spots, scratches, holes, rot. Purchased flower bulbs for indoor cultivation is better to plant in pots immediately. If before planting, the bulbs need to be stored somewhere, then for this purpose choose a ventilated room, where it is dry and warm, because in a damp and cool place the bulbs are able to take root ahead of time or be affected by fungus.
Tara for landing
The capacity for the plant should have a diameter of 15-20 cm and a height of 30 cm with holes for drainage and the supplied tray. The depth of the tank will provide the root system with full growth. If you intend to grow low daffodils (no more than 15 cm), then you can take a smaller pot, but deep enough for growing roots.
Useful soil for plants can always be bought in specialized outlets. However, the garden land with a soft and crumbly structure is perfect for a flower. To improve flowering, additional components in the form of sawdust, clay and river sand are added to the soil. In the ground before planting, you can also make components of wood ash or mineral fertilizers.
Planting a flower in indoor conditions
A drainage is placed in the lower part of the pot, which may consist of small stones (pebbles), sprinkled 2-3 cm in height. Drainage is needed to maximize the movement of oxygen and remove excess moisture after watering the plant. Drainage poured the earth to the top of the pot. The bulbs are planted by slightly pressing into the ground, while the upper part of the bulb should rise above the ground.
In one pot it is quite possible to plant more than one onion. This is determined by the size of the pot. So with a container with a diameter of 9 cm, 3 bulbs of 1 cm in size will fit there. The bulbs should not stick together. Having finished landing, they carry out moderate watering of the earth, avoiding overflow and rotting.
For the best rooting of the sprouting of the plant, the container with the planted flower is put for 3 months in a room with conditions of darkness and coolness. There, the temperature is maintained within the range of 3-8 ° C. After that, the planted plant should be placed in the light. Since the “Paper-like” narcissus and the variety “Ziva” do not require exposure to the cold, they are put directly on the windowsill right after planting.
The planting of the bulbs is carried out in accordance with the expected flowering period. In order to ensure the plant to bloom before the winter period, try to plant it in early autumn. For spring flowering, planting is done by the end of autumn - the beginning of winter. In order to more accurately determine the time of planting, you should get acquainted with the recommendations for this variety.
Caring for daffodils growing at home as pot plants does not require much effort. One has only to take into account some of the recommendations, and beautiful daffodils will delight the household and all guests, for example, for the Women's Holiday on March 8. First of all, do not place the container with the plant on the windowsill close with other colors. The fact is that daffodils contain substances with toxic properties that can adversely affect the fragile roots of capricious in the care of plants.
Water the daffodils needed immediately after planting. During rooting the plants moderate watering is carried out 1 time for 2 weeks. When the container with the daffodil will be in the room on the windowsill, more frequent watering is possible depending on the drying of the soil. When watering is better not to use cold water and pour it into the pan. During the flowering period, the plant is watered more often, at the end of the period - less often. Water the daffodil stopped when the leaves turn yellow.
For a better adaptation to the domestic conditions, consisting in the rooting and flowering of the plant, daffodils require feeding with the use of nitrogen-potassium fertilizers. Initially, fertilizing is done when the sprouts are formed, then - when the buds appear 1 time in 2 weeks. Fertilizer plants do not need to be applied during flowering. It is important to remember that when the flowers appear, the narcissus needs cooler temperature conditions (10-12 ° C) to increase the flowering time, which will last up to 3 weeks.
Daffodil after blooming
Plants require some care at the end of flowering time. Dried flowers are cut off. Other parts of daffodils are allowed to dry completely. Within 10 days, the plant is watered in a moderate mode and make feeding. When the leaves of the narcissus are completely withered, they are carefully removed with a knife (scissors). The container with the plant bulbs in it is taken out to a room with a cooler climate.
The bulbs can also be put in a small fabric bag or paper packaging, freeing them from the ground, placed where it is cool and dark, for example, in a refrigerator. Daffodil bulbs affected by rot or other disease are discarded. At home, flowers from the same bulb are grown no more than 3 times. It should be borne in mind that every year with such a distillation, the flowering will not be as abundant every year, and the size of the flowers will decrease. Usually these bulbs with the beginning of the summer period are transferred to the garden plots.
What is sick room bedroom daffodils?
Most often, homemade daffodils occur fungal infection. This happens if you overly water the plant or store planting bulbs in a very warm place in the room. To prevent such a disease, they are treated with fungicides before planting. Also pests of normal development of narcissus can become ticks, bulbous types of flies, scanty worms - nematodes.
In order to avoid the action of pests, the earth in a container with a plant is loosened, dry and sluggish leaves are removed, treated with insecticides. In addition to these measures to prevent diseases of the narcissus, you need to follow the basic rules of plant care:
- watering should not be very big
- planting materials (bulbs) should not be stored at temperatures exceeding 10 ° C.
So, growing daffodil at home is quite possible. Distillation plants do not need special care, time and money spending. You only need to follow some rules when planting and care, and beautiful daffodils will decorate the apartment and will be a great gift, grown with their own hands.
Bulbous and tuberiform
Daffodils are a genus of monocotyledonous perennials from the Amaryllis family. Flowers bloom among the first with the onset of spring. In the environment grow in the south of Europe, in Asia and the Mediterranean. Of the 60 species cultivated about 25, including hybrid forms. Belonging to the onion plants confuses the rules of care. Inexperienced growers adhere to standard agrotechnical measures, focusing on tulips. This is an erroneous position. Only competent care throughout the growing season and after flowering will ensure healthy growth for the next year.
1 Care after flowering
The flowering of daffodils is observed in May and June. They reach maximum development in the third year of life. In the shade primroses will not bloom so colorfully, but longer. It should be noted that it is unacceptable to touch the leaves until the plant has completely faded and they do not wither by themselves. For another 1.5–2 months after flowering, nutrients accumulated from the sun enter the rhizome. Therefore, other bulbs are planted nearby. So that drooping flowers do not spoil the overall picture in the garden, they plant daffodils in compositions with late-flowering cultures.
Daffodils are quite unpretentious in the care, but belong to the category of plants with a short growing season. Beautifully bloom in early spring, and in the middle of summer begin to turn yellow. In most cases, these are winter-hardy flowers that can be left in the ground during cold weather. Need to care for the following algorithm:
The bulb at this stage is fed up with everything necessary for the full development for the next season. Mineral-complex fertilizers are introduced containing nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. If the foliage is not completely dead, you should not touch the next 2-3 months after flowering. The first 10-12 days the bushes are watered, then completely stopped. Immediately after the withering away of the buds, fertilizing is made from potassium phosphate fertilizers.
All the beneficial substances from the leaves go down into the bulbs. As soon as they wither naturally, they are cut and burned.
Bottom perimeter is loosened and mulched with an organic layer: peat, fallen leaves or sawdust. The procedure is carried out until the soil cools down, and the shelter is removed in the spring, when the threat of a cold snap is over.
Hyacinth care after flowering: transplanting, watering, storing bulbs
2 Container cultures
Such specimens are more demanding to care than plants in open ground. After the flowering period is over, the soil is fed with bone meal. Wait 1-2 months until the plant is completely wither, stop watering. Then the bulbs will safely winter in a pot without digging. After the flowers die, the container is laid on its side.
In the autumn, it returns to its original position and is abundantly moisturized. This is a necessary measure for flowering in spring. The bulbs are able to live in this mode for up to 3 years without transplanting into open ground. In the second year of growth, the flowers become smaller. It is advisable to replant in the summer when the foliage has completely died.
Home care for hippeastrum after flowering
3 When are the daffodils transplanted?
For successful rooting of the bulbs before frost, they are transplanted in September-October. The soil is pre-fed and dug, prepare the wells with a drainage layer. The depth of planting depends on the size of the head, usually 25–30 cm. In loose soil, it is 4–5 cm deeper, and in clayey — closer to the surface. Planting is placed at a distance of 15-20 cm. After well moistened and covered with mulch.
Flowers quietly grow in one place, without needing a transplant, up to 5-6 years. They dig out when many bulbs form in one nest. By a similar measure, when there is a deterioration in flowering. A suitable period is when the foliage completely fades. Do not hesitate with this, so as not to spoil the planting material. Annually transplanted terry and tubular varieties of daffodils and growing on peatlands. Then more likely to keep the original maternal qualities.
It is permissible to remove the heads for transplanting if the leaves are not completely wilted. It happens in the middle of summer. Take extreme care not to damage the bulbs.
Then they are cleaned and dried. Sorted by quality: no chips and rot, lesions. Bad burn immediately. The selected material is washed, disinfected with manganese solution, dried. Store until autumn in a cool and ventilated room, at a temperature of + 17 ° C. Planted in August-September, asymmetrically. So before the frost landing will have time to settle down in a new place.
Caring for lilies after flowering - is it possible to cut off the shoots?
4 Color division
Dividing and planting daffodils can be the third year after planting in the fall. Then, next year, a new flowering plant will turn out from the daughter formations. After yellowing of the leaves and their complete drying, the bulbs are dug out and divided. Больные и поврежденные отбраковывают. Всю надземную часть удаляют. Головки просушивают и хранят до высадки в прохладе, не ниже 20°C.
Перед посадкой грунт перекапывают на большую глубину и убирают все каменистые включения, мусор. При необходимости вносят перегной. Предварительно луковки замачивают в растворе фунгицида на 2–3 часа.
A layer of fine sand is poured into the bottom of the pit and expanded clay drainage is laid. This will protect the roots from putrefactive processes. Transplanted immediately after digging, as fresh air harms the roots. Place landings watered and covered with mulch cover.
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5 Shelter for the winter
Daffodils are frost-resistant crops, but this does not exclude freezing of the roots in harsh and snowless winters. No less disastrous they are affected by early thaws and short-term decreases in temperature. In early spring, flowers begin to come alive with nature, but a sharp temperature jump can instantly destroy them. Large-flowered varieties of narcissus and planted in late autumn are particularly sensitive to cold. They simply do not have time to adapt to the new environment.
To avoid this, the basal circle is covered with a layer of mulch not less than 20-25 cm thick. From above, the bushes are covered with a special covering material, but a little later. Waiting for a stable low temperature and easy freezing of the ground. In the spring, all protective devices are removed.
6 Bulb storage
If you wish to move the daffodils for the winter in the room dig up the bulbs in July, when the bush loses its decorative effect and breaks down. A similar period begins immediately after flowering and lasts 2–3 months. Depends on climatic conditions. Delay with digging is not worth it, as there is a danger of defeat by a narcissus fly. This pest loves to eat onions.
Children gently separated, so as not to injure regrown roots. Soft and deformed specimens are removed. Good washed under running water, treated with potassium permanganate and dried. For the winter season, the bulbs of daffodils are placed in a wooden ventilated box in thin rows and placed in a cool room. Can not be packed in polyethylene. The carbon dioxide that is emitted, which will not erode, will not let the narcissists breathe freely and they will die. The optimal microclimate mode during storage: until the end of August, the temperature is + 20 ° С, then - no less than + 10 ° С before planting. Humidity is about 65–70%.
You can not place the next bulbs of tulips and hyacinths. They are also perennials, but with different requirements for storage.
Inspect the bulbs regularly to remove rotting specimens in time. The source of putrefactive processes is different. If brown spots are observed, it is a fungus. When there is an unpleasant smell - bacterial reproduction. If you dig up the onions in the heat, there is a great risk of fusarium developing during storage. Rot begins in the bottom and gradually rises. At first, this is imperceptible, but in a short time the head softens. If it is planted in the ground, the plant will not fully develop, the leaves will quickly turn yellow and fall off. Control measures include careful rejection of seed, removal of old scales and overfilling with chalk.
Timely watering, removal of dead buds, weeding and feeding are mandatory measures for the care of daffodils after flowering. The leaves are cut completely, leaving a stump of 1.5–2 cm. Further waiting for natural wilting. In the first year of life, you can not replant the plant, if the soil is well fed. But in the winter flowers should be covered.
Care for outdoor flowers
After the plants bloom, they continue to grow in the garden, stocking up with nutrients. The foliage should independently begin to dry out; it is not necessary to cut it off yet. To the question whether it is necessary to dig up daffodils for the winter, we will answer: they can spend the winter in the open field. But you need to understand that although this plant is winter-hardy, especially frosty winter can harm bulbs. In particular, it is noticeable in early spring - the first heat awakens the plant, it begins to sprout, and then inevitably the frosts that come can be destroyed only by plants that have broken through the soil.
In this regard, you need to take care to cover, to insulate the site.
What to do with foliage
The leaves immediately after flowering can not be cut. Foliage is used by daffodils to transform sunlight into the energy they so need during the wintering season. Leaves are cut no earlier than 2-3 months after flowering has ended. By this moment they should wither, get a brown color.
In the autumn it is very important to apply fertilizer, because it is at this time of the year that the root system is actively developing and the bulb needs nutrients. The best option would be to make a purchase of liquid mineral fertilizer for indoor plants.
Rules care in a pot
Daffodils that grow not in the open field, but in a container, also need to be prepared for the winter season.
Potted daffodils usually require more care than those growing on the street. To fertilize them is best bone meal. It is worth paying attention to the fact that such flour has an unpleasant smell, in connection with which the containers with the plant after feeding can be brought out for 1-2 days outside.
Daffodils after flowering, what to do with watering? Moistening the soil should be temporarily stopped. Flowers should wither, especially if you plan to grow them in the same container. It usually takes about two months. Foliage will gradually die off. Some gardeners immediately after the flowers disappear, put the pot on its side and do not water the plant at all.
When the plant is completely wither, the container should be put in the correct position and the plant should be plentifully watered. It is necessary for the bulb to be saturated with moisture and the daffodils can bloom in the spring.
This flower loves acidic soil, so if watering is carried out with ordinary tap water, it is worth adding a small amount of complex micronutrient fertilizer, which neutralizes the alkalinity of water. But it is better, if possible, to use rainwater. Pots with flowers in the winter should be in a warm room.
Transplanting daffodils in the open ground (from the container)
In the container this plant can grow no more than three years. If we talk about flowering, then it will not be full in the second year. Therefore, the flower must be transplanted into open soil. It is better to do this during the period when the leaves die off. As for containers, new, fresh bulbs can be planted in them, but the potted earth must be renewed and fertilized.
Terms and place of landing
In the open ground narcissus transplanted in the summer. The site should be well lit. Due to the fact that the bulbs of plants can easily be rotted in over-wetted soil, one should not forget about the quality drainage.
It is also equally important to rid the area of weeds. It is desirable to fertilize the soil well with organic matter, for example, use a lot of compost or rotted horse manure. After fertilization, dig the area, observing the depth of the shovel bayonet.
To plant the bulbs of daffodils, you need to dig holes, the depth of each of them must be three times the diameter of the bulb itself. Compost is poured at the bottom of the hole, after which an onion is placed. The sharp tip of the bulb should always be directed upwards. After that the hole is covered with earth and watered abundantly.
In the case when the daffodils are planted in order to get a lot of children, it is recommended to land in an ordinary way, keeping the distance between the holes at 15-20 cm. If the distance is less (10-12 cm), fewer children will form, larger ones.
This option is suitable for elite varieties of daffodils that change every year. Also a good option for group planting plants is a "tight circle". So you can create a composition that looks like a beautiful blooming bouquet.
Since taking care of daffodils, especially at first, it is very important to keep some important points in mind. The soil should be regularly moistened and loosened. Mulching (peat or humus) or a layer of organic fertilizer can be used as top dressing. You can also cover the area with a layer of dry foliage, it works especially well in snowless winters. Spring foliage from the site is removed.
Bulb separation after flowering
In a few years, the bulbs grow and become crowded. The maternal bulb multiplies, creating around itself a cluster of small onion, which is called the children. In this regard, the number and size of flowers can be reduced, because the nutrients go into the bulbs, so separation and transplanting are so important.
Digging and dividing the bulbs of daffodils need not every year, but as needed. On average, between two and four new bulbs are produced during the year. The separation is usually carried out once every four to six years. If planting material is urgently needed, then it is permissible to dig onions in three years, but it is undesirable.
How to Dig Up Bulbs
To dig out the bulbs from the soil you will need a spade. Digging should be done very carefully so as not to hurt the bulbs and do not damage them. Therefore, it is recommended to start digging the ground a little at a distance from the plant itself. You should pay attention to the fact that the bulbs in the process of growth are drawn into the ground, so that you can find them in a deeper place than where they were planted.
Narcissus bulbs gently remove from the soil, hands separated from each other by rotational movements. Damaged, rotten and soft bulbs destroy. Good planting material is selected for further landing. It is better to plant the bulbs immediately after they have been divided. Keep planting material for more than two or three weeks is not recommended. Keep in a cool dry place. Best in a dark corner, wrapped in paper or in a paper bag.
Care for daffodils after flowering is simple, but takes time. If it is correct to take care of the plants, in the spring they will delight the grower with a beautiful and delicate flowering.