Fruit trees

Description of apple trees with red leaves, the use of decorative varieties in landscape design

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


Ornamental fruit trees are becoming more common in Russia. Beautiful flowering plants adorn the dacha and household plots, give originality to front gardens and facades of houses.

A special place in the design of parks, alleys, gardens, administrative territories occupy decorative apple trees. The simplicity of care, the luxury of flowering, the picturesque look of the fruit and the gentle fragrance explain the growing popularity of these trees in landscape design.

Description of red apple

Apple is a popular garden tree that is grown not only for healthy and tasty fruits. As a result of the breeding work, decorative species were bred that magnificently decorated gardens and garden plots. Especially chic are the varieties of ornamental red apple trees, which bring animation to the landscape of parks and gardens.

An apple tree with red leaves will look spectacular on a bright green lawn or against a wall. And also will harmoniously fit into the composition with other ornamental plants of the garden, both trees and shrubs.

The fruits of the decorative apple are suitable for the creation of bouquets, flower, vegetable compositions. Food quality of fruits is low, so decorative apples did not find wide application in cooking. Although they can be used to decorate dishes and cooking confitures, jams, compotes.

Use in landscape design

Using red apple leaves in garden design, it is easy to create a corner or a whole garden in the Japanese style. The lush, soft-pink flowering of red-leaved apple trees in the spring is not inferior in grace to the flowering of the famous sakura. Japanese azaleas, rhododendrons, decorative bamboo species will complement the composition.

The combination of red-leafed apple and beech trees will help to decorate the landscape in European style, planting lilies, geraniums and ground-covering roses at the foot of the trees will complete the composition.

Special refinement Tulips planted between grassy perennials and blooming simultaneously with an apple tree will add to the landscape.

Ornamental apple trees not only decorate the landscape, but are effective pollinators. If fruit apples grow next to ornamental ones, then the yield of fruit trees will be high as a result of good pollination.

Red-leaved varieties are mainly hybrids bred on the basis of the Nedzwecki apple tree.

Apple Nedzwiecki

Apple Nedzwiecki - decorative apple tree with red leaves. In the wild, the original species is endangered, is found on the territory of Central Asia. Description of the variety:

  • The height of the tree is 2−6 meters.
  • A distinctive feature is the presence of red pigment (anthocyanin) in all plant cells: seeds, foliage, flowers, pulp and skin of fruits, bark and even wood, which also has a reddish tint.
  • The trunks of young trees and branches of adult plants have a dark purple color.
  • The leaves are oval with a length of 8 cm and a width of 4 cm. Young foliage has a pubescence that captures and petioles. Subsequently, the edge is stored only on the petioles. The color of the leaves is deep green with a red tinge, sometimes dark purple with a purple tint. Leaf stalks are crimson.
  • The crown is spherical.
  • Large flowers have a diameter of up to 5 cm grow on white stalks. Dark purple buds bloom, forming flowers with bright pink, crimson-purple petals.
  • Flowering period - 2 weeks in the second half of May. The trees begin to bloom at 5 years of age.
  • Fruits - heavenly apples, there may be small and large weighing up to 200 grams, the shape of the spherical tapering slightly to the top. The peel of the dark purple-red apple is covered with a wax coating. The flesh of the fruit is sweet, pink with a purple tinge, very dense.

Tree soil-freebut growth on nutrient-rich soil will be more successful. Groundwater located close to the surface shortens the life of the plant. Method of reproduction - vaccination. In the nursery transplanted in the third year after vaccination. It grows well in the south and south-west of Russia.

In central Russia for the Nedzvetskogo variety it is cold. But based on it, hybrids were bred that perfectly tolerate the frosts of the temperate climate zone and retain the decorative advantages of the original plant.

Red Apple Leaf Varieties

Popular varieties of red apple trees:

Variety "Royalties". Decorative Apple "Royal" even among the red-leaved varieties stands out for the originality of the foliage. The leafy plates of the tree are shiny and so saturated dark red in color that they seem almost purple. Flowering lush and abundant, begins in May and captures the first week of June. The flowers have pink-red petals that thickly cover the crown.

"Royalties" reaches a height of 4−5 meters, has a short trunk with a crown with a diameter of about 4 meters. The tree will have the characteristic color of the leaves of the variety only if it grows in a sunny area with a small amount of shade. The soil should be fertile and moderately wet, although the plant can easily tolerate a prolonged drought. Pruning is recommended to maintain the shape of the crown. The tree grows slowly, bears small red apples, is frost resistant.

The "weak points" of the variety include susceptibility to infection by diseases and pests: scab, powdery mildew and late blight.

The plant withstands industrial air pollution, which is why they are often used for planting urban areas, parks, squares, and courtyards. The tree looks great both alone and in group with other ornamental plants.

Variety "Ola". Large flowers with a diameter of 4 cm have pink or pink-red petals. Flowering lush occurs in May. The height of the tree reaches 4−5 meters, the crown is round. Spring leaves have a light red color; in the summer season, the foliage acquires a light shine and green color. In winter and autumn, the decorativeness of the plant is maintained thanks to the many red fruits that remain on the branches of the tree.

Ornamental apple varieties “Ola” grow well on medium-sized soils, which is explained by undemanding of soil composition. The tree quietly tolerates the pollution of the urban atmosphere and is less susceptible to scab infection, so the variety is readily grown in parks of big cities. Composing the landscape composition, the red-leaved apple “Ola” designers usually place in the center of the plant ensemble.

Variety "Royal Beauty". The tree with a height of 3-4 meters has high decorative qualities:

  • delicate beauty burgundy with carmine tint colors,
  • weeping crown,
  • young purple-red leaves, then acquiring a dark green color,
  • many heavenly apples, which in the autumn unite the crown of the tree as dark red beads.

The Red Beauty apple-tree “Royal Beauty” is a low weeping apple tree, therefore it is suitable for small cozy gardens. The variety has an advantage over other weeping trees because of its frost resistance.

The landing site is recommended to choose on a sunny area with sandy soil, saturated with minerals. During the flowering period, the apple tree does not tolerate a lack of moisture, for the rest of the growing season the tree is not sensitive to the degree of soil moisture.

Exceptional decorative qualities and small size allow you to plant a tree separately from other plants of the garden. The apple tree itself is beautiful even outside the compositions. However, the floral ensemble of apple trees with other dwarf trees and shrubs will be no less effective.

Rudolph variety. Bred by Canada breeders. Young plants have a crown in the shape of a pyramid, with age the crown of the trees becomes sprawling. The height of the apple tree is about 6 meters. The leaves are spring brown with a red tint, then acquire a brown-green color. The buds are red, blooming flowers have rose-red petals.

Abundant fructification, ornamental apples ripen red-orange. The tree loves sunny places, fertile and drained soil. The Rudolf variety enriches the landscape design of parks, gardens and garden plots.

Variety "Makovetsky". The height of the tree is about 5 meters. Semicircular, dense crown almost spherical shape. Red leaves, pink lush flowers with a diameter of up to 5 cm. The tree has a high frost resistance.

Red apple trees in landscape design is a great opportunity to enrich the palette of gardens and parks. Rich flowering, frost resistance, bright foliage color explain the continued popularity of trees among gardeners.

Overview of varieties with a brief description

The red apple is a type of ornamental fruit tree. For green compositions, this plant can be planted as one tree, or several plants together. Most of the varieties are used only for decorating the site due to the fact that the fruits are small in size and have unusual taste characteristics. Small apples become a treat in the winter for wild birds. As a result of the long and hard work of professional breeders, new varieties of apple trees have appeared, the fragrant fruits of which have juicy flesh and are used not only for fresh consumption, but also for winter harvesting.

Small fruits contain a large amount of vitamins and nutrients necessary for the growth and development of the body. After conducting laboratory studies, it was proved that the content of vitamins in small apples is higher than in large ones.

Useful material:

  • pectin,
  • cellulose,
  • antioxidants
  • vitamins and trace elements (zinc, copper, iron, iodine, nickel),
  • polyphenol.

Medicinal properties of apples:

  • cleansing the digestive system
  • removal of slag,
  • strengthening the vascular system
  • slowing the aging of the body
  • preventing the development of tumors and cancer,
  • treatment of dysentery and colitis,
  • saturation of the body with vitamins and microelements,
  • normalization of blood pressure and stabilization of the body's water balance.

In the modern agricultural market one can see more than 200 varieties of this plant. All varieties differ from each other in the following parameters:

  • crown shape and size
  • color range of leaves
  • size, shape and color of apples,
  • flowering period and color of inflorescences.

Plants of this type are universal pollinators, which will have a beneficial effect on the amount of crop on neighboring trees.

The most popular and popular varieties of ornamental apple:

Advantages:

  • resistance to the adverse effects of low temperatures,
  • undemanding to soil type and watering,
  • high aesthetic performance
  • minimal care
  • preservation of decorative properties in adverse conditions of polluted cities.

"Nedzvetskogo"

The Nedzvetsky apple tree was named after a Russian breeder who in the XIX century paid attention to this tree. The shape of the tree has rounded features, and the size is in the range from 2.5 to 5 meters. Young shoots grow in different directions and independently give the apple a ball shape. The color of the branches is purple, and the bark is red. The color of the leaves in spring is dark red, in summer it is purple. On long stalks grow large flowers of crimson hue. Flowering occurs in mid-May, and in mid-August, the harvest period begins.

Stable yields are given by mature trees over 10 years old. Fruit color ranges from purple to red. The flesh is pink and tasty. Harvest can be used in the preparation of home cooking dishes.

Advantages:

  • resistance to low temperatures and drought,
  • resistance to the most common types of diseases
  • unpretentiousness.

This variety was taken as the basis for breeding hybrids such as "Nikolina", "Lemoine", "Ellie".

For the implementation of design projects can be pruned crown in any direction. After competent removal of young branches and shoots, you can give the plant even the most unusual shape and unique appearance.

Apple tree varieties "Helena" - a low and compact fruit tree, whose height does not exceed 3.5-4 meters. The size of burgundy leaves up to 10 cm. In late April, the flowering period begins. The flowers are large in size and purple. The fruits are very small, but tasty and fragrant, which are often used for food.

This variety can be found in regions with cold climates. Advantages:

  • unpretentiousness
  • resistance to low temperatures and drought.

The tree of the Profüyun variety is a tall and powerful red-leaved plant whose height can reach 6 meters and a crown diameter of more than 4.5 meters. The main feature of this species is the change in color of the leaf cover throughout the year from red to brown. The color scheme of flowers, too, will surprise the owners of the infield. During the period of flowering on the tree you can see pink, red and purple inflorescences with a rich and pleasant smell. Very small fruits with a diameter of not more than 15 mm can be seen on the tree even at the end of winter.

The plant is planted in well-lit places. This variety is universal for urban gardens and parks. Fertile and moist soil is necessary for the growth and development of the tree.

This variety grows well and develops in different climatic conditions, so it is widely used not only in private household plots, but also to decorate urban alleys and parks. The Rudolf variety apple has a rounded crown. The standard tree height is from 5 to 6 meters. The color of flowers is pink, and the fruit - yellow. Ripe fruit is used for making jam and compote. Young plants should be planted in sunny areas with nutritious and fertile soil.

Advantages:

  • unpretentiousness
  • resistance to adverse environmental effects,
  • low soil requirements,
  • quick set of green mass.

To obtain a beautiful tree, it is necessary every year after winter to carry out sanitary and formative pruning of the crown. If you do not remove the branches and young shoots, the plant takes the form of a shrub that has several trunks. The arrangement of the branches is vertical, with lowered tips. The decorative properties of the variety are maintained throughout the year.

It is not recommended to plant young shoots in the shade of large trees and tall houses due to reduced decorative qualities and the lack of abundant flowering of the tree.

Decorative variety "Robin" is a Baltic hybrid of two types of apple trees - "Siberian berry" and "Nedzvetskogo". Apple trees of this grade belong to autumn types of fruit trees. The plant was obtained by natural pollination. The height of the tree reaches a height of more than 6 meters and has a crown in the form of a ball. The name of the variety comes from raspberry-colored, juicy and fragrant apples. The leaves are purple in spring and summer, and green in autumn. Variety "Robin" refers to high-yielding species with medium fruits with raspberry flavor.

Apples have a universal purpose and are widely used for the preparation of winter canned food. You can enjoy fragrant fruits not only in the fall, but throughout the entire winter season.

Abundant harvest can be obtained already in the fourth year of growing the plant in any climatic conditions.

The maximum height of an apple-tree of a grade of "Ola" no more than 5 meters. The period of abundant flowering begins in May. The diameter of ripe apples is not more than 30 mm. Ripe fruits are used not only for home-made products, but also for feeding wild animals and birds, as the berries hang on a tree until late winter.

For planting it is necessary to choose a partially shaded place with a light and nutritious soil. In sunny areas, the apple tree must be additionally watered during the hot period. Timely pruning, proper care and treatment of diseases and pests will improve the quality and quantity of the crop.

The main advantage of the Ola apple trees is the preservation of decorative properties in the polluted atmosphere of big cities and near the motorways. Flowering trees designers planted in city parks, alleys and roadsides. The tree most planted looks best, planted in the center of a green composition.

Royal Beauty

The variety "Royal Beauty" is a hybrid of fast-growing red-leaved apple trees. This variety is an analogue of Japanese Sakura and is used to decorate green recreation areas in the Japanese style. The tree is very compact and miniature, whose height is up to 3 meters, and the diameter of the crown is not more than 2 meters and resembles the appearance of an open umbrella. The flowering period lasts no more than 14 days and comes in early May. In late April, red buds appear on the tree, from which crimson flowers bloom. The appearance of the plant resembles a weeping willow, the branches of which descend. This feature makes the variety of popular and popular in projects of landscape designers. Advantages:

  • low price,
  • umbrella shape
  • self-pollination
  • change of color range of leaf cover throughout the year,
  • resistance to frost and sudden changes in temperature
  • the shape of the crown without regular pruning resembles a ball or an oval.

Fruits of an ornamental plant are forbidden to be eaten. Apples have a bitter and unpleasant taste.

В основе сорта «Роял бьюти» лежат свойства и характеристики яблони «Недзвецкого». Later, this species of apple trees began to be used by breeders for breeding new hybrids with improved properties and characteristics.

The unique properties of this type allow you to land in regions with adverse climates and low temperatures.

Agricultural Engineering Tips

Despite the unpretentiousness of ornamental apple trees, home gardeners need to create the most comfortable conditions for the growth and fruiting of plants. If you choose a shaded place with marshy and barren soil, the flowering period and the saturation of the color palette will be significantly reduced.

Planting material must be purchased and planted in early spring or early autumn. Late planting will not allow the tree to take root and hibernate without damage.

A new plant can be grown from seeds, reproduction by cuttings is possible.

For planting seeds, it is necessary to prepare in advance a planting container with fertile and nutritious soil in which planting material should be placed at the beginning of winter. When creating favorable conditions in 30-40 days you can see the first shoots. After the weather becomes comfortable and favorable for the growth of plants, you can begin to transplant seedlings into open ground.

Young cuttings are rarely planted due to their poor survival rate. To obtain a new and healthy plant, it is necessary to use special preparations and stimulants for the formation of immunity and the root system.

  • The distance between the apple trees should not be less than 5 meters.
  • Young saplings require additional watering and mineral and organic fertilizers.
  • The main condition for the growth and development of strong and healthy trees is the timely removal of weeds and fallen leaves.
  • Additional watering is required only by young plants, mature trees have enough natural moisture.
  • In order to remove dry, damaged and diseased branches, it is necessary to carry out preventive pruning of the crown. Formative pruning is carried out only at will and necessity.
  • Before harvesting, be sure to ensure that the fruits on the planted tree are edible and will not harm health. Ripe apples are harvested in late autumn.

Ornamental apple varieties have a high resistance to various types of diseases, but in the event of the first signs of any infection, you should immediately remove the damaged branches and also treat the tree with special chemicals.

In specialized stores you can see a large number of medical compositions, and experienced consultants will help you make the right choice and purchase the right drug.

Application in landscape design

Fruit trees on the plot always become a source of tasty and healthy fruits and adorn the entire garden, especially in the spring season. Decorative apple trees with red leaves not only decorate the garden during the flowering period, but also become the highlight of the backyard throughout the year. Bright colors of leafy and fragrant flowers emphasize the individuality of the site and the aesthetic taste of the owners of the house.

In the period of abundant flowering, trees turn into multi-colored clouds, on which even leaves are not visible, so designers advise to plant them near evergreen conifers. In the middle of summer, the blooming ball will change its color to red, purple or violet and stay until late winter. No less aesthetic pleasure awaits in the winter, when, against the background of white snow, you can see small apples of rich and vivid colors. Tasty and fragrant fruits will become a favorite treat for birds and animals, and observing them will delight not only adults, but also children.

Among the modern design projects you can find a large number of works made in the Japanese style. This direction is popular and in demand, but the climate of Japan has its own characteristics, which have a positive effect on the growth and development of sakura. Sakura - a symbol of Japan, which carries the style and beauty of the country. Harsh climatic conditions of the country do not allow designers to use this plant. The unpretentious decorative apple trees of such varieties as “Everest”, “Golden Hornet”, and “Purple” have become a unique analogue to the Japanese tree. Flowering apple trees completely replaced sakura and saved the owners from the painstaking care of a capricious imported plant.

Professional gardeners advise plant red apple tree next to cherry, apricot and plum, then the garden will turn into a fragrant white sea of ​​aesthetic pleasure and beauty.

The unusual colors of the trees make it possible to make beautiful compositions in every corner of the garden, and planting an apple tree near the front door or the main entrance will give the building's facade chic and beauty.

To give unusual forms experienced gardeners recommend the use of formative pruning. This sort of apple tree easily tolerates the removal of branches and shoots and holds its shape for a long time. It should be noted that the shape of the crown in decorative apple trees has a initially unusual shape, so you can not resort to a special adjustment.

The most successful is the placement of trees on high ground and near reservoirs. Recreation area near the river with blooming apple trees will become a favorite place for all family members.

Against the backdrop of unique apple trees, shrubs, all kinds of flowers and a well-kept lawn look good. Plants with different flowering periods will create a feeling of ever-flowering composition.

Strawberries and strawberries planted under the tree will not only beautify the space, but also provide an opportunity to collect a tasty harvest in the shade of a colorful apple tree.

The composition of the hedge of decorative apple, quince, blackberry and grapes not only decorate the area near the fence, but also protects the area from dust and drafts.

Ornamental apple trees are a unique kind of flowering fruit plants, allowing to decorate the garden and give it individuality and originality. Before buying a young plant, you should carefully study its properties and characteristics, as well as see how the tree will look like in a few years.

Compatibility with other plants

The glades with a decorative apple tree planted in a small group look beautiful. Free space is filled with strawberries, raspberries or other berry bushes. Also, iris, peony, fragrant tobacco and daisies are used as background plants. A mixborder of decorative varieties of apple, strawberry, yaskolka and zhivuchki is planted along the paths. Low-growing plants adorn a group planting in the first level.

As a hedge, garden plantations are used along with Japanese quince, blackberries, hops, and girlish grapes. In the Japanese garden, the combination of ornamental apple, lemongrass, dwarf, henomelis and other plants has become classic. It can be supplemented with several varieties of spirea, weigela, or Japanese kerri.

The original combination of a fancy crown and interesting color of leaves combines a decorative apple tree, catalpes with yellow and red pods, a fieldfare, barberry and lilac. By planting a composition for growth, duration of flowering and shade of inflorescences, you can create a flower bed that will change and refresh the landscape over several seasons.

In the company of fruit bushes (raspberry, currant, shadberry), the decorative apple tree looks wonderful. This group of plants is suitable for low hedges or borders. Beautiful flowering followed by the appearance of fruit makes any garden rich and symbolic.

Decorative apple tree with red leaves

Hybrid variety resistant to adverse environmental conditions. The height of the bush can be 3-4 meters, the width of the crown varies from 2 to 3 meters. During the growing season, leaves decorate the garden with their purple tinge; closer to the formation of fruits, they change their color to green.

The distinctive cherata is slow growth. The culture is unpretentious, frost-resistant, adult plant reaches 5 meters in height and 3 meters in diameter of the crown. Waiting for the unusual purple leaves of an adult garden stands up to 9 years.

Dissolving buds have a rich crimson hue and flavor similar to the berry. Low bush - 3-3.5 meters, sprawling spherical crown.

The difference of this variety is edible fruits, from which you can make compote and jam. The tree is wild growing, tolerates even the harsh climatic conditions. Adult plant reaches 11 meters. The appearance is classic - white flowers framed with green leaves.

A popular plant to create a hedge. It has a small stature, dense crown, grows rapidly and perfectly amenable to modeling.

Reproduction, planting and care

When planting, the pit should be larger than the root system; the roots are carefully straightened and covered with a loose, fertile mixture. The active growth of the root system is the key to good growth and development of the tree itself. After planting, provide abundant watering and mulching. Sawdust, compost, peat can be used. This will help the moisture to evaporate less, stop the appearance of weeds and affect the better survival of the seedling. Under no circumstances should the root neck be buried.

Caring for an ornamental apple tree is not much different from the usual content. Decorative variety is less whimsical, with improper planting or minor errors, this does not affect the state of the tree itself. Still, gardeners recommend adhering to certain rules. An important role is played by the right place for landing. It is better to plant ornamental varieties of apple in places where there is enough light and there is no stagnation of moisture in the soil. The root system should be provided with good drainage, constantly moist roots can rot. Seedlings with an open root system need enough moisture, overdrying will destroy them.

Red leafy apple tree: description of varieties, their place in the landscape design of the garden

Ornamental fruit trees are becoming more common in Russia. Beautiful flowering plants adorn the dacha and household plots, give originality to front gardens and facades of houses.

A special place in the design of parks, alleys, gardens, administrative territories occupy decorative apple trees. The simplicity of care, the luxury of flowering, the picturesque look of the fruit and the gentle fragrance explain the growing popularity of these trees in landscape design.

Apple is a popular garden tree that is grown not only for healthy and tasty fruits. As a result of the breeding work, decorative species were bred that magnificently decorated gardens and garden plots. Especially chic are the varieties of ornamental red apple trees, which bring animation to the landscape of parks and gardens.

An apple tree with red leaves will look spectacular on a bright green lawn or against a wall. And also will harmoniously fit into the composition with other ornamental plants of the garden, both trees and shrubs.

The fruits of the decorative apple are suitable for the creation of bouquets, flower, vegetable compositions. Food quality of fruits is low, so decorative apples did not find wide application in cooking. Although they can be used to decorate dishes and cooking confitures, jams, compotes.

Landscape Ornament Or Red Apple

It is believed that the fruits of ornamental apple trees are inedible. But it is not so. Many varieties produce fruits that are suitable for consumption. Of course, the small size makes it inconvenient to use them fresh, but compotes and jams are excellent. It should be noted that the apples of the decorative apple can be dangerous to health: for example, the fruits of the Royalties can be seriously poisoned.

Below are the popular varieties that are cultivated in our country.

Red apple

Large tree, medium tall, up to 4 m tall and several meters in diameter, with a powerful rounded crown. The foliage is colored bright red from the beginning of the growing season, but with the appearance of the fruit, the color changes to a deep emerald green. In some species, the leaves do not change color. Inflorescences are bright white, and maroon fruits.

This hybrid form is resistant to unfavorable growing conditions, fungal infections, particularly scab, as well as other fruit diseases. It feels great in the conditions of the middle lane and in the Urals. Popular varieties of red apple trees are Chinese and Weeping Apple.

Apple tree paradise krasnolistnaya

It has several varieties - Chinese, Ranetka and Raika. It is China that is widespread in our country, which not only brings edible fruits and is a full-fledged fruit tree, but also has a number of other advantages. Although the variety is wild and non-resistant, it grows well in the northern regions. An apple tree grows in the form of a tree, sometimes quite high (up to 10 m). The fruits of this variety are quite tiny. But the Belleflee-Kitayka hybrid can bear fruits weighing up to 60 g.

Apple weeping red leaf

It is also quite tall for representatives of ornamental trees with an oval or conical spreading crown. The leaves change color several times from red to green and vice versa. The inflorescences are large, crimson in color, with a strong pleasant smell. If the time is hot and without precipitation blooms only a few days. Fruits are small, dark red, oblong shape. The variety is winter hardy, it is recommended to be planted in loose moist soils. Needs additional feeding and formative pruning.

Royal beauty

Low tree with a wide rounded crown and thin drooping branches. In spring, the leaves are saturated with purple and become completely green by autumn. Blooms profusely, inflorescences are dark pink. The apples are rich red. It is recommended to plant in fertile soils in well-lit areas. Needs regular pruning and mineral fertilizers. Winter hardy variety.

The process of planting red ornamental apple trees is no different from planting ordinary fruit trees. The best time to disembark is early spring or early autumn. Seedlings are seated at a distance of about 5 m from each other in deep (about 1 m) and wide holes. Drainage and nutrient soil (a mixture of earth, humus, wood ash, nitroammofoski and superphosphate) should be put at the bottom of the pit.

Then the soil is abundantly moistened, lowered tree. The roots must be straightened without damaging them, then covered with soil, slightly tamping. A young tree is tied to a support and watered. Please note that after the landing, the root neck should be at least 10 cm above the ground. After the moisture is absorbed, the tree trunks are mulched with peat.

Red apples do not need as thorough care as their fruit sisters. Many of them have wild genes. But there are the necessary procedures, without which one cannot do: watering, fertilizer, weeding. Regularly need to loosen pristvolny circles and trim the crown. Cutting will not only give the desired shape, but also prevent the thickening of the crown, will provide access of light and air to all branches.

Most often branches are not pruned, but cut, in particular, weeping apple trees. The tree trunks need to weed and make sure that the soil does not dry out. Ornamental apple trees do not like swampy soils, however, young seedlings need abundant moisture. Adults are watered only in case of drought.

Feed trees once a year with complex fertilizers, but you can mulch the soil more organic.

Diseases and pests

Almost all varieties of decorative red apple trees have cold resistance and are resistant to diseases. Pests are not terrible to plants, they attack trees very rarely and do not cause serious harm. Fungal infections also pose no threat to them, they are not even afraid of scab. But a bacterial burn can seriously harm, an apple tree can be completely affected. At the first sign, the affected parts are removed and burned. If a significant part of the tree is affected, it is completely removed. To protect the apple tree from the appearance of a burn is possible only by using a disinfected instrument and choosing healthy planting material.

Decorative red apple leaves will decorate your garden as well as sakura, while still enjoying the fruits.

Red-apple tree: description and features of the care of the variety

The ornamental apple tree is often a wild, ubiquitous variant of its cultural relative, and some representatives have been created by breeders by hybridizing different varieties. All of them prefer light drained, breathable fertile soil, open sunny place, long distances between trees. But only the first few years after planting require special attention, almost all ornamental apple trees easily adapt to conditions, grow quickly, decorating the garden even in shady places.

Of course, they are planted first of all for the sake of amazing ornamentation, but they, nevertheless, are fruit trees, which means they must bring a harvest. The apples of many kinds are edible, they are not consumed fresh, but they make fragrant preserves from them, make compotes and wines. Очень осторожными нужно быть с яблоней Royalty, она редкий представитель яблонь с несъедобными плодами, попробовав их, можно получить серьезное отравление. А вот всем известные Райские яблочки, Китайка, плоды других видов используют для приготовления десертов.

Внешний вид

Одни яблони растут в форме дерева, другие, если их не формировать специально, вырастают большим раскидистым кустом. The red weeping apple tree can grow up to 12 meters in favorable conditions, under the weight of foliage, and then of flowers and fruits, its thin flexible branches meekly descend, forming a kind of arbor.

Decorative Red-apple tree forms a bush up to 3 meters wide, up to 3 meters high, which amazes with the brightness of colors. Its leaves have a bright red color from the very beginning of their appearance, then a rich snow-white color appears on the plant, and as the burgundy apples mature, the foliage gradually becomes emerald. Some varieties remain bright red from spring to autumn, highlighting their unusual coloring during the blooming of snow-white petals.

Royal Beauty apple-tree grows up to 3 meters high, its gentle drooping branches form a wide crown of two-meter radius. The leaves in spring surprise with their bright purple, and then during the summer thin green veins appear on them, and gradually, by autumn, they fill the whole leaf with greens. Emerald greens can not draw attention to themselves when all other plants turn red and yellow.

When determining the place for planting, you need to leave a distance for other trees of about 5–6 meters.

Planting of seedlings takes place in early spring or autumn approximately in the middle of September.

The pit should be dug large - up to 1 meter deep and 90 cm wide. At the bottom they arrange a drainage layer of small stones and sand, then lay the soil mixed with several buckets of humus, wood ash, nitroammophos and superphosphate.

A bucket of water is poured into the pit, then the sapling is lowered, the roots are straightened, they are poured with soil, carefully tamping. The tree is tied to a peg and watered abundantly in several stages. At the end of planting and watering, the root collar should rise 10 cm above the ground level. The pristvolny circle is mulched with needles or sawdust when the water is completely absorbed.

It is necessary to care for decorative apple trees less than fruit, but they will also have to be watered, fed, weeded. It will be necessary to loosen the trunk circle, trim the crown to give it the desired shape. The whole year you need to maintain cleanliness, not only in the circle around the crown, around the entire perimeter of the crown, once a year to make mineral complex fertilizers, the rest of the time to mulch the area with humus, compost, sawdust.

Watering is very important for young trees, the land around their roots should not dry out, for adults the apple trees are not so critical, you can water only in the case of a prolonged drought. Decorative species do not form skeletal trees, but pruning is needed to clean the crown and maintain its shape.

Video "Overview of varieties of ornamental apple trees"

From this video you will learn about the variety of varieties of ornamental apple trees and hear tips on caring for them.

Trees with red leaves in landscape design.

More and more ornamental trees and shrubs have purple and red leaves. They are usually the brightest in spring, summer and autumn darken and become less bright. In some of them, for example, in peaches and some apple trees turn red immediately after blooming, and then turn green completely. Such shrubs and crowns should be trimmed, because their young shoots look the same as old flowers against the background of old ones.

Since red pigments increase resistance to the scorching sun and prevent the attack of herbivorous insects, it is not surprising that the number of purple and red trees and shrubs used in landscape design is growing rapidly.

Many of them also have other attractive features: interesting leaf shape, weeping or spherical crown. Bubbyplodnik, Japanese spirea, elderberry, barberry, cherry and apple, besides, bloom beautifully and bear fruit.

The gardens in the first place should choose those varieties that grow slowly. Small plants, such as the Japanese dwarf spirea and the tuberga barberry “Bagatelle”, are often present in gardens instead of moderately tall perennials. They grow best in full sun - so you can use them as a protective umbrella for more sensitive plant species. In the shade, they do not grow very well, because they feel a lack of light.

In landscape design it is better to use a red leaf in moderation. The most effective compositions are plants with red leaves in a duet with green-purple or multi-colored trees, including golden or light green variations.

The use of ornamental apple trees

Such an apple tree looks better separately against a bright green lawn or wall, but can grow in a group with other trees and ornamental shrubs. Ideal for planting in parks and as an element of urban green areas. Its fruits can be a good winter feed for birds. For people, they are usually inedible, because their taste is not very impressive, but can be used in cooking (in confitures and jams, compotes) or for confectionery purposes. Due to their decorative qualities, they are also suitable for creating decorative compositions in bouquets.

Since flowering cherries and apples are a symbol of Japan, we can easily create an oriental-style flower garden with bright gravel, small Japanese azaleas and ornamental herbs (for example, the low Kuril bamboo "Shibataea kumasaca"). You can add to the composition of rhododendrons.

If we want to organize a European composition, you can plant such an apple tree in the company of a beech tree, and plant lilies, geraniums or ground-cover roses at the foot. Between perennials you can plant tulips that bloom at the same time as an apple tree.

Apple varieties "Royalties"

“Malus Royalty” is an ornamental apple variety with red leaves. In terms of color, of course, it stands out among other varieties, as it has dark red, almost purple, slightly shiny leaves. The plant has reddish-pink flowers that abundantly cover the branches during flowering. During this period (in May) the plant looks just gorgeous.

An ornamental apple tree with red leaves of "royalty" grows to a height of 4-5 meters, the diameter of the crown can reach up to 4 meters, usually has a short trunk. In order for a tree to have bright red leaves, it must be located in an open, sunny place, or only slightly in the shade. It is better to grow it on fertile soil, rather wet, however, the variety also tolerates long periods of drought. Does not require regular pruning, you can only remove the dry and lower branches to achieve a higher trunk, as well as apply pruning to correct the shape.

Due to its high resistance to air pollution, the variety is used in green areas in urban environments. It can very often be found in all types of squares, in parks and squares, between houses. In the garden it can take a worthy place both individually and in combination with other plant species, which will allow a better appreciation of its qualities during flowering. The tree can also grow in a group with other varieties of ornamental apple trees.

This is a tree with slow growth. The fruits, the so-called paradise apples are small, red.

Frost-resistant variety, but sensitive to scab, which can affect it. Feel better on fertile, sandy, wet soils with a pH of 5-6.5. However, it tolerates various soil conditions quite well.

Diseases and pests: the most common diseases are scab, powdery mildew and late blight.

This is a beautiful variety of apple trees, characterized by abundant spring flowering (in May). The flowers are pink or pink-red, large - up to 4 cm in diameter. The tree also looks decorative in autumn and winter, has many red fruits that are stored on the tree throughout the winter. It grows to a height of 4-5 meters, develops a free, round crown. The leaves of this tree are green, slightly shiny, and the young leaves have a light reddish color.

The variety is not demanding of soil conditions, however, it is better suited for him average soil fertility. It is important to maintain constant moderate humidity. Ola is resistant to scab, so its charm will not be disturbed during the growing season. Often found in cities and valued for resistance to air pollution, as well as a beautiful spring flowering. The gardens can be part of the compositions along with other flowering plants, while usually placed in the center of the arrangement.

Variety "Makovetsky"

This is a small decorative tree that grows up to 5 meters in height, with a rounded crown, almost spherical, very thick. Red leaves, reddish in summer. It has pink-red flowers, large, up to 5 cm in diameter. It is a frost-resistant tree.

Rudolph variety

This is a shrub or small tree with a pyramidal crown at the initial stage, and then with a sprawling crown. Grows up to 6 m tall and 4 m wide. Leaves are seasonal, red-brown first, later brown-green. The flowers in the bud are red, the flowers that open are pink-red, blooms and bears abundant fruit. Fruits are oblong, have orange-red color. It grows best on fertile, well-drained soils in an open, sunny place. Brings a spectacular variety to home gardens, parks. Breed in Canada.

Royal Beauty

Variety «Royal Beauty» - very decorative. The tree reaches a height of 3-4 m. In addition to the beautiful flowers and the heavenly apples, the plant has a weeping crown and variegated leaves. This small tree is actually very picturesque and attractive.

This interesting variety has a lot of advantages: from beautiful carmine-burgundy flowers that appear in early May to purple-red young leaves on long hanging branches. From time to time leaves get dark green color.

In autumn, the Royal Beauty apple tree is covered with many small shiny red fruits. Then the plant looks as if everything was decorated with decorative beads. These fruits remain on the branches until winter, and at this time most of them are eaten by birds.

The variety is suitable for small gardens, as it has a weeping crown. It is planted on the stock at the right height, so we have guarantees that the tree will not reach a height of more than 2 meters (usually trees are planted at a height of 1-1.3 m). Then the tree grows wide and reaches a diameter of 4 m.

Apple “Royal Beauty” has an advantage over weeping decorative cherries and other similar plants, as it has a higher resistance to frost.

The plant loves its sunny position on the site, sandy soil rich in nutrients. During flowering there should be no drought, however, during the remaining growing season the plant tolerates water scarcity.

Due to its small size and decoration, it is possible to plant this tree separately in a sunny place. And you can create a composition with his participation, for this you need to choose in the company some species of dwarf trees, shrubs and other perennial plants.

Agrotechnical requirements and growing features

Most varieties of ornamental apple trees are not difficult to grow. Although sunny positions are absolutely essential for lush crown and normal growth and fruiting, in relation to soil conditions, the tree is relatively unpretentious. However, it grows better in fertile, moderately moist soil, with humus, with a slightly acidic pH. Does not like alkaline soils, waterlogged and heavy, so you should avoid planting it in such places. The tree is quite resistant to low temperatures. It also tolerates short-term drought and air pollution in urban environments, and is therefore ideal for planting in parks and gardens throughout the city. Due to the moderate growth force and compact crown, it does not require intensive pruning, it can be limited only to sanitary pruning of damaged and diseased shoots.

Decorative apple trees in landscape design

Decorative Apple conquer the hearts of lovers of beautiful plants with their indescribable luxurious flowering, when the trees are densely covered with white, pink or burgundy flowers and buds with a pleasant fragrant aroma. Breeders constantly bring out their new varieties, characterized by a variety of colors of flowers, leaves, fruits, crown shape and the beginning of flowering. Varieties with double flowers, the beauty of which blooms simply fascinates, are derived.

Great popularity in landscape design has gained apple tree of Nedzwiecki, characterized by sufficient frost resistance, unpretentiousness, resistance to diseases and pests. She is considered one of the best ornamental crops and is widely used both in a single planting against the background of a green lawn, and for creating original colorful compositions. It is also suitable for growing hedges. The tree reaches a height of 6-8m. His young shoots are dark purple. The leaves have the same shade during the blooming period. Then the upper surface of the leaf becomes dark green, and its lower side and petiole remain colored purple. A fully formed crown has a very decorative appearance. The tree blooms with pink or purple flowers. Buds and flowers, revealed in varying degrees, create a kind of color gamut. The tree is decorative also during the ripening of fruits, when small red-purple apples covered with a light wax coating hang on the branches. They ripen in the fall and stay on the tree for a long time.

Apple tree purple

No less popular and more stunted (height 4-5m) purple apple tree, many varieties of which has a purple tint of leaves. In some varieties, the leaves remain the same color throughout the growing season, in others the leaf color gradually changes, acquiring different shades of green.

Everyone knows Chinese apple treeforming a tree up to 10m. During flowering, it is completely covered with large white and pink flowers with a pleasant aroma. In autumn, small yellow fruits with a red blush adorn the branches. When crossing it with cultivated varieties, many currently popular fruit varieties, including small-fruited, were bred. For example, Chinese early golden gives not only very early yellow fruits, but also has an interesting weeping spreading crown. Trees are winter-hardy, and fruiting begins for 2-3 years after planting.

Has long been planted apple forestblooming with white or pink flowers. She gives greenish-yellow with a pink blush fruit. They taste sour but quite edible. Its tall trees (up to 10–15 m in height) are suitable for creating hedges, as well as they are planted along the alleys and as detached trees in free space. Many of its decorative forms are suitable for small-sized plots: weeping, terry, golden, red-fruited, paradise.

Suitable for landscape decoration and Siberian apple berryrepresenting a tree up to 10m in height. Blossoms in white. Forms small red-yellow fruits, hanging like cherries. The leaves by the autumn become yellow and gradually fall off, and the apples are kept on the tree during the winter, giving it an unusual appearance, and also serve as additional food for birds. It is frost-resistant and undemanding, it withstands haircuts well. Landscape designers often use many of its decorative hybrid forms: yellow-tanned, elegant, pink terry.

Siberian apple berry

Currently a very wide range of ornamental apple trees. All of them are much more frost-resistant than fruit trees, and also unpretentious in cultivation. Well tolerated pruning and shaping.

They are placed on a sunny open area with fertile, moderately moist soil. Trees do not grow well in dry or, on the contrary, too wet soil.

Apple tree in landscape design

They are planted both singly and in groups in combination with other ornamental cultures. Decorative apple trees in landscape design, especially with purple flowers, go well with magnolias, golden thujas, blue spruces, weeping willow, spirea, etc.

Decorative apple trees in landscape design

Trees with edible fruits delight not only beauty, but also yield. After all, everyone knows that there are significantly more vitamins, organic acids and other biologically active compounds in wild apples than in the fruits of cultivated varieties.

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send