Garden flowers, plants and shrubs

Thuja western Columna (Thuja occidentalis Columna)


Evergreen, For hedgerows,

This is a fast-growing variety of western thuja with a narrow columnar crown and dark green needles. For 10 years, such a thuja grows to 3 meters in height. It is like creating hedges.

The diameter of the crown of an adult plant (m): 1.5

Height of an adult plant (m): 5

The perfect tree for your garden is the Columna western thuja. Height is 5-8 m, diameter of crown is up to 1.5 m. Annual gain in height is 15 cm, width is 5 cm. The crown is conic, thick. The needles scaly dark green brilliant, keeps coloring in the winter. Cones are rare oblong-ovate, about 1 cm long brown. Used in single landings, in groups, hedges, alleys. It is undemanding to soils, but prefers fertile loams, it can tolerate dryness of the soil and excessive moisture. Hardy.

Needles / Foliage

Can grow in the sun and in partial shade. In sunny places it sometimes suffers from temperature fluctuations or dries from frost. It is better to plant in sheltered places. Root neck at ground level. If the groundwater is close, drainage is needed, consisting of crushed stone with a layer of 10-20 cm. Soil mixture: Turf ground, peat, sand - 2: 1: 1. Optimum acidity - pH 4.5 - 6 Top dressing: Nitroammofosku (500 g) are applied during planting

Watering: During the first month after planting, it is recommended to water once a week for 1 bucket per plant. During the dry season, watering 1.5-2 buckets per plant 2 times a week and sprinkling. Thuys love wet soils, thin on dry and shady crown. Young plants in the dry period require more frequent and abundant watering. Loosening: Shallow, 8-10 cm. After watering and weeding under young plantings. Mulching: It is desirable to mulch with peat or chips 7 cm. Pruning: Removal of dry shoots every spring. Haircut in a hedge is moderate, not more than 1/3 of the length of the shoot. Crown molding as required.

Thuja is western. Popular forms.

Thuja western (lat. Thuja occidentalis) is very widespread in ornamental gardening on all continents. In Russia, it grows everywhere from the White to the Black Seas. Of all the types of tui this is the most
winter hardy, unpretentious and has many decorative forms.

Popular forms.

In the culture allocated more than 120 garden forms of western thuja, the following forms are most popular:

Tall - Brabant, Columna, Smaragd (with green needles), Europe Gold, Yellow Ribbon (golden).

Dwarfs - Danica, Teddy, Hosery, Woodwardii, Little Champion, Mikky, Filiformis (green). Golden Globe,
Mr.Bowlig Ball, Reingold, Mirjam (golden) and many others. There are plenty to choose from.

The following wonderful forms of thuja grow in our garden.

Thuja western "Brabant" ("Brabant").

Tuya Brabant

Remarkable tree up to 20 m high. The krone conic (pyramidal) quite wide, below diameter reaches 4 meters. The bark is reddish or grayish-brown, exfoliated. The needles are scaly, green,
keeps coloring in the winter. It blooms in April - May; Cones are brown, oblong-ovate, up to 1.2 cm in length.

Height at different ages, height of an adult plant

The adult plant of a thuja Columna reaches in height 8-9, less often 10 meters. It can truly be called a long-liver, because the duration of its life is about 200 years. In the year of thuja grows by 15-30 cm and in ten years reaches about 3 meters. The diameter of an adult plant is about 1.5 meters, adding 5-7 cm per year.

Differences from other varieties

There are various varieties of western Tui, among which you can choose suitable plants in height, diameter and color. Each of them is attractive and unique for specific purposes. But not everyone is able to create a high hedge in a short period of time.

Tuyu western Columna (Thujaoccidentalis ‘Columna) can rightly be attributed to cypress with the highest growth rate among all types and varieties of tui. This makes it possible to call Columna the most valuable variety of thuja for creating hedges without a haircut. Its correct form, the crown does not absolutely need the latter, while no less attractively cropped relatives look like it.

Which is better, Columna or Smaragd?

Both varieties of western thuja are medium-sized plants in their class. It is difficult to say what kind of thuja, Columna or Smaragd is better, it all depends on how high the fence you want to grow. To understand the differences, and to understand what sort of Tui to choose for the acquisition and disembarkation at the site, carefully consider the comparison table.

Cultivation and care

There are two ways to grow Tui:

Growing thuja from seeds - quite troublesome and lengthy occupation. On average, such a passion results in a laborious process. for a period of 2-5 years. Seeds are harvested from collected cones, which are placed in a warm room before disclosure. After which they are soaked in water and then lowered into the ground, covered with pine sawdust. This method in the future gives a hardy plant, but with some loss of decorative properties.

Much more carefree, but of course more expensive, will cost purchase and planting of already grown seedlings. During the acquisition of the latter, pay attention to the presence of a root earthen coma, which will contribute to a quicker thuja. Dig a hole will have 2-3 times more earthen coma, where the free space should be filled with black soil with peat or other fertile soil. Then tamp the soil and pour abundantly. From above, it is better to mulch with peat, humus foliage or other material on a layer of at least 5-7 cm, which will create conditions for preserving moisture, preventing the growth of weeds and protecting against overheating or overcooling. The proximity of groundwater should be avoided.

When planting plants in spring or in the first half of summer, the substrate should be fertilized with complex fertilizers. If planting is carried out in the second half of summer or in early autumn, then superphosphate should be added (250 g). Young thuya, planted in the heat should be protected from direct sunlight, leading to a burn. For this, during the day the plant is covered with sacking, and moistened in the evening.

The first month after planting the plant requires special care and watering. It is recommended to carry it out. Once a week, one bucket for each seedling in the eveningmya In case of persistent drought - 1.5-2 buckets 2 times a week.

As the main care, it is recommended to make a shallow loosening, which is carried out the next day after watering. Also, the plant requires the removal of dry shoots in early spring. and pseudo shield.

How much are saplings

The cost of seedlings varies with the age of the plant. Also on the price affects the number of purchased plants. If you want to buy thuy Columna height from 1.6 to 1.8 m and in diameter up to 45 cm, then for such a sapling you will have to pay around 3,500 rubles. The price will decrease with every tenth plant.

Similarly, the cost of a thuja that has reached a height varies. 1.8-2 m, starting at 4200 rubles apiece. Accordingly, for a plant height under 2.5 meters will have to pay from 6000 rubles.

Young saplings, which have reached a height of 30 cm, will cost a little less, but they are more prone to sunburn and disease.

In landscape design

On the plot with the help of the thuja, you can create a variety of landscape compositions. Including:

  • plant single plants,
  • as an alley
  • hedgehog.

Planting single plants has found wide application in landscapes of summer and garden plots. Columna looks great next to other types of conifers, standing out against their background of harmony and color.

Garden alleys deserved no less attention and appeal. Thuja seedlings create a cozy and graceful garden. It's great to sit in the shade of a tui or stroll through the avenues of them on hot days.

But more often this variety of thuja is acquired to create a hedge, which is increasingly replacing different types of fences.

Hedge of Tui Columna

Every person wants to feel calm and peaceful. Especially when it comes to the plot around the house or in the garden. Comfort, as well as the state of security and privacy, will easily provide a hedge from Tui Kolumna. At the stage of developing a landscape design of a plot or garden, plan the purchase and planting of slender rows of thuja and this unpretentious plant will bring pleasure and create protection.

The photo shows how stylish and noble the rows of Tui Kolumna look like as a hedge. This majestic plant will delight your eyes and hide your personal from outsiders.

Communicating in the gardening forums, newcomers and professionals share their impressions of planting and caring for the Tummy Column.

Their analysis boils down to the fact that this variety of western thuja grows well in cold climatic conditions, tolerates heat well, grows quickly and creates an evergreen hedge from slender and dense plants. They recommended acquire a plant that has reached half a meter height and higherthat gives the best results when transplanting. The plant should be cut only when it is necessary to stop its growth and improve its density. Otherwise, everything is simple, affordable, easy and beautiful.

Tuya Kolumna: description

This plant is characterized by a narrow, fairly dense cone-like crown. An adult tree can reach a height of up to 10 meters, but in most cases, growth stops at 8 meters. The needles have characteristic shine, differs in density and bright green color.

Thuja western Columna - long-lived among the trees. This factor is strongly reflected in its growth rate. In just 12 months, a young plant can reach up to 15 cm in height. Her crown is distributed in diameter up to 5 cm annually. In winter, the needles slightly change their usual appearance, acquiring a slightly brown shade, which becomes less noticeable already in spring. In cold regions of growth, this process is even more intense. The bark of the tree becomes red-brown.

The fruits of Tui Columna are small buds that turn brown in color towards autumn. Dipteral tree seeds. They have a flat shape and appear in the first year of the plant. The root system is characterized by thin and dense processes of mycorrhizal species (similar to the fungal mycelium).

Experts recommend planting conifers to a certain depth - preferably not more than 80 cm. A place for this is better to choose protected from strong wind. The distance between the landings should be at least one and a half meters. If you are going to plant young saplings in several rows, the distance can be reduced.

Features of growing

In order for a tree to grow quickly and stay healthy, you need to be attentive to the planting process. If you do not follow the rules of care, the state of the Tui Colum will deteriorate very quickly and the plant will simply stop growing. Tree propagation requires seeds. The plant is most often used in landscape design to create hedges, so planting should be carried out in groups. If the project for the design of the garden area allows, you can apply a single landing.

This type of thuja is quite resistant to low temperatures, so do not worry about wintering plants when it is cold. However, in order to save young saplings in the first two or three years after planting, it is worth covering them. In the spring, it will be difficult for them to transfer the intense ultraviolet, so at this time they should also be shaded. It is necessary to ensure that the saplings do not have a lack of moisture, because in this case they will start to lose their succulence and dry quickly. As a top dressing (during the process of planting) it is recommended to use nitroammofosku.

Thuja Columna, whose photos are presented in a large variety, is an evergreen slender plant. This tree has a high aesthetic value, therefore it can transform any garden plot.

An important quality of the western Colum thuja is the ability to easily transfer the effects of harmful emissions in the atmosphere. This allows you to plant Thuja occidentalis ‘Columna in parks or even on highways.

Thuja Columna: landing and care

There are two ways to grow this plant:

The second option is quite troublesome and difficult. On average, the process of growing thuja from seeds takes at least 2 years, in most cases it takes up to 5 years. For the collection of seeds are used fruits of the tree, presented in the form of cones. They should be placed in a warm place until they unfold. Then they are soaked in ordinary water and only then dipped into the ground. It is advisable to cover the ground with sawdust from coniferous wood. This method of cultivation allows you to get quite hardy seedlings, but they will not differ aesthetically attractive appearance.

It is much easier and faster to grow this plant, if you buy ready-made seedlings. It is very important to acquire only those specimens that are offered with a root earthy clod. Its presence will become a kind of guarantee that young trees will take root much easier. For their landing, dig a hole, the size of which should be at least 2 times larger than the earth com. It is recommended to fill the soil with black soil with peat, and then carefully tamp. If such garden land is not available, then it can be replaced with another fertile soil. The final touch when planting - abundant watering.

Features of watering and planting

The plant is not capricious to the soil and can live in any areas, the main requirement - wind protection.

An adult tree is watered moderately, but young seedlings require special watering, especially during the transplant period, the best method is sprinkling. Calculation for weekly watering is taken from the size of the plant - 1 liter of water per 20 cm of thuya growth. In the summer dry period, it is necessary to monitor the level of moisture and prevent the land from drying out, otherwise the needles will wither, lose their luster and turn yellow, and young trees will stop growing. In the summer, the adult plant is watered twice a week with a two-bucket volume of water.

After watering it is desirable to loosen the soil for oxygen supply to the roots of the evergreen beauty. Also do not forget about the timely cultivation and weeding.

Planting a western tree can be done hedge of a group of trees or as a single copy in open solar and semi-shaded areas.

The depth of the pit for planting the seedling should not exceed 80 cm, and the optimal distance between them is 1 - 1.5 meters. If you want to create a maze of several plants or plant them in rows, keep the distance between seedlings and rows of 50 - 70 cm. When planting, use Nitromaffoscu.

If the soil is close to groundwater, then it is better to use drainage from gravel or rubble 10 to 20 cm thick.

Western thuja not capricious to the choice of soil, but the best combination for proper plant growth can be a two-part composition. sod landone part peat and one part sand. The optimum acidity of the soil is pH 4.5 - 6.

There is no specific and complex care, the main thing is timely watering and protection from the wind, but there are some nuances that every gardener should know.

With the arrival of spring young seedlings open from insulation, and adults cut from dried branches and give a decorative form. Roots fertilize compost organic fertilizer or special formulations. Fertilizing seedlings start from the second year of life.

Thuja Columna often becomes a victim of aphids, therefore it is used to control pests and karbofoswhich is applied to the trunk and crown of the plant. Of the diseases - it is a thinning crown, most often it comes from lack of sunlight, and wilting of leaves - from drought and untimely watering.

Mulching is carried out peat or wood chips a layer of 5 - 7 cm.

Loosening the soil after 2 - 3 irrigations, but not deeper than 10 cm, otherwise there is a risk of damage to the roots.

In winter, young trees are insulated with sacking, protecting them from severe frosts and breaking branches during icing and snowfall.

Description pluses thuy Columna

  • Among all its relatives, the western one grows the fastest - up to 15 cm per year.
  • The best and most valuable variety of cypress when creating a hedge.
  • Does not require a haircut.
  • Not capricious to the soil.
  • Unpretentious to the conditions, but requires frequent watering.
  • Cold resistant.
  • The life span is 200 years.
  • Easy to trim and molded.

There are many varieties of thuja, they all have differences and in some ways it is better or worse. The choice of the green beauty is influenced by several factors, namely, the growth of the proposed hedge, climate, area of ​​the site and others. Each gardener chooses a variety according to his requirements and tastes. In any case, the decorative look is saved both in a single, and in a group format.

Basic description

Thuja Column Western is one of the representatives of evergreen conifers. The Latin name is Thuja occidentalis ‘Columna. Scientists-biologists refer it to the cypress family, the genus of gymnosperms. It is a representative of the western Tui species.

Растение обладает привлекательной колоновидной кроной. Листва складывает узкую и плотную форму. Хвоя дерева густая и блестящая. Она имеет чешуевидную текстуру и насыщенный зелёный оттенок. В зимний период листва изменяет цвет на коричневый, который к весне возвращается к привычному зелёному. In areas characterized by low temperatures, the brown color is more pronounced.

The needles are sitting on short, cylinder-shaped branches that extend from the trunk of a tree parallel to the ground and tight to the wood. The bark has a rough texture and a red-brown tint.

The fruit of the plant is represented by small cones, which at the beginning of autumn become brown in color. Thuya roots are thin and strongly branched. They are tightly intertwined with the mycelium of fungi and form mycorrhiza.

Demanding Thuja western Columna for planting and care. Non-compliance with the rules greatly affects the health of the plant and the intensity of its growth. Neglecting the recommendations on the maintenance of the tree, you can slow down or completely stop its growth. Thuja western Columna propagates by seeds.

Most often the tree is planted in groups, as it is used in the landscape to create a hedge. Single plantings are possible. The way the bush will be planted depends on the project created by the designer.

The tree is frost resistant and almost does not respond to severe frosts. But experienced growers are advised to harbor thuja until the age of two. In the spring, it should be shaded, since, despite the low activity of the sun, the earth is still frozen and the water the plant needs for cooling and evaporation is in a frozen state. For this reason, thuja can get severe burns.

In the dry season it is necessary to provide the tree with intensive watering. If the water is not enough, the plant will lose its gorgeous look, the needles will begin to dry out and lose juiciness. This is especially true of young plants up to 2 years. A good fertilizer for thuja is nitroammophos.

This is a tall conifer up to 10 meters. Thuja western belongs to long-livers: 200 years for it is not the limit. The average increase for the year is 15-30 cm. This means that in 10 years Columna can calmly grow over 3 m in height. The cut of the trunk of an adult tree is approximately 1.5 m, and the increment is 7 cm per year.

This decorative tree fits perfectly into the design projects of all possible sites. Valued in the conifer and the fact that it has good resistance to toxic emissions. Tuyu can be safely planted in parks and near the loaded highways.

Currently, there are a huge number of varieties of Tui. They differ in parameters such as stem diameter, plant height, color and growth rate. Each tree is unique.

Thuja Columna is a plant with the highest growth rate, which makes it truly valuable for creating garden designs. With its help, unique hedges are created that do not require a haircut. Uncut shear is not inferior to her shorn counterparts. She is still attractive.

The choice often arises between the Columnaya thuja and Smaragd thuja. Both trees belong to the western representatives and are of medium size. The differences are only in the maximum height and growth for the year. Smaragd reaches a height of not more than 6 meters and has a maximum crown diameter of about 1.8 m. In Tumi Kolumna, these parameters are 10 and 1.5 m, respectively. Caring for trees is the same: both are unpretentious, prefer feeding and lack of drought.

Pros Columna

Columna is undoubtedly popular. Its characteristics attract many gardeners. Among the obvious advantages are:

  1. Very high growth rate: up to 30 cm per year.
  2. Keeps decorative qualities even in the absence of a hairstyle.
  3. Despite the need for abundant watering, it is undemanding to care.
  4. Long-liver. Can easily grow up to 200 years.
  5. Valuable variety that is perfect for creating magnificent hedges.
  6. Feels good on a variety of soils.
  7. Cold resistant.
  8. Easy to mold.

Growing methods

Seed grafting and planting are most often used for propagation of the western thuja. The second method will require more efforts and skills from the gardener.

In order to propagate the ephedra seed, it is necessary to reach the ripe cone. It is placed in a warm place where, under the influence of temperature, the scales of the cone are opened without assistance. After that, the cone is placed in water and soaked for a while. Next, put in the ground.

The seed planting method is time consuming and takes 2 to 5 years. Nevertheless, such a plant will be more enduring. The disadvantages include the fact that the future tree can lose its decorative properties.

Thuja seedlings can be purchased in specialized stores. Before buying, you should carefully inspect the tree for the absence of creases and other damage. The root system of the young conifer must be strong, healthy, without rot. It is even better if the tree has an earthen room, with it it will better take root in a new place and will resist diseases.

The pit for planting should be at least 2 times the soil coma. At the bottom of the hole put drainage. The plant is planted. A prerequisite in the first 4 weeks after the landing of Columna is intensive watering, which is produced at least 1-2 times a week.

Site Selection and Landing

When choosing a site you need to pay attention to the light. Thuja prefers well-lit or semi-dark places. If the climate is dry and the landing site is selected with a small amount of sunlight, then after a while the needles will begin to turn yellow, and the plant itself will wither.

Excessive shading can be obtained if you plant Columna at a distance of less than 3 meters from each other, as the Tuis are rather high and have large volumes of needles. In the soils of the ephedra unpretentious. He feels great on both alkaline and sour. Soil fertility and permeability are important: they must be high.

If the soil on which the tree will grow in the future, is loamy and the groundwater lies nearby, then it is necessary to lay a drainage of 20 cm. It is better to choose a place protected from the wind.

When planting, the distance between seedlings should be at least 3 meters, it is better if it is 5 m. The size of the hole will be affected by the size of the plant itself and the size of the earth coma. It is necessary to prepare a mixture, which will include: turf ground, peat and sand. The ratio of 2: 1: 1. A pound of mineral fertilizer is introduced into each landing pit. When thuja is instilled, the root neck is placed at ground level.

To create in the landscape hedge from thuja use a special scheme. The distance between the trees will directly depend on the desired number of rows. If it is assumed to be 1 row, the distance is equal to 70 cm, if it is 2 rows, then it is 40-50 cm. When landing the alley, the distance between western Colums is approximately 4 m.

Watering and mulching

Sufficient soil moisture is essential for Columna's well-being. The same goes for mulching during watering. Key recommendations:

  • A tree that only survived a transplant must be watered at least once a week. One individual consumes more than 10 liters of water. If the weather is dry and there is a strong solar activity, the volume of liquid increases by 2 times.
  • Sprinkling is one of the best methods of watering thuja. Columna evaporates a large amount of water through the foliage, so this method well fills the deficit of liquid. Sprinkling improves gas exchange between the plant and the environment. This happens because water washes away the dust that once settled from the needles of a plant.
  • Experienced gardeners recommend weeding after watering. This is done in pristvolnom circle. It is necessary to loosen the soil by about 8 cm. In order for the moisture to be consumed more slowly, the Columna is mulched using chips, the thickness of which is about 6 cm.

Top dressing, trimming, wintering

Only honyniki that were planted in fertile soil and fertilized during transplantation do not need additional feeding. These plants do not need additional fertilizer during the year.

In order for the thuja to feel good and quickly grow greens, the tree should be fertilized once a year. A good time is early spring. Use complex fertilizers with a volume of 0.1 kg per square meter.

The thuja western Columna does not demand a hairstyle, but regular formation of a crown can ennoble its appearance. A good time for processing is spring. Sanitary pruning includes pruning dry and damaged branches.

At the age of more than 3 years, the ephedra does not need special protection against frost. Shelter material require only young seedlings. This is especially true for individuals younger than 1 year.

Diseases and pests

Any plant disease or parasite can cause great harm. Thuja is no exception. For the variety Kolumna characteristic:

  • Tuevaya aphid. It is a small insect that has an unremarkable gray-brown color of the body. In most cases, aphids damage only the lower parts of the shoots. A sign of the appearance of the parasite is yellowing and shedding pine needles. Karbofosom - a good tool for removing insects.
  • Thuye pseudo shield. It is very dangerous for insect insects. It can destroy a tree in a short time. The parasite can be prevented by spring processing by Aktellik.
  • Fungus. The yellowing of the scales, which soon turn black and die, indicates the appearance of the fungus in the thuja. For the treatment use of Fundazol. They are sprayed with a tree once every 2 weeks.

Variety description

The description of the western Columna thuja differs from that of other members of this family.

This species grows straight, has a narrow crown, the shape of which is kolonovidnaya. Tree branches are short. From the trunk of the thuja, they depart tightly and horizontally.

Thuja Columna grows slowly. For the whole year only 15 cm is added to its height. At the same time, the final height of the tree is decent - the limit is characterized by 10 meters.

The diameter of the crown of the Tummy Columna reaches 1.5 meters. The bark of this type of thuja is red-brown. If you touch it, you can feel the roughness.

The needles of the tree is thick, has a dark green color. In winter, the color of the crown does not change. The thin root system of the thuja Columna (Columna) is densely intertwined with mycorrhiza (a root similar to the mycelium of the fungus). Perhaps for this reason this tree is not demanding on the composition of the soil.

Tui can be found on alkaline wet soils, and on acidic substrates, and on fertile soil. Columna is very sensitive to seals appearing on the surface of the soil.

The best landing place for a thuja of this variety is partial shade or a sunny place, and spring is the best time for transplanting a thuja.

Planting of thuja and care are the most important components for high-quality tree growth.

If these processes are not taken into account, spending little time on them, the tree will be deprived, unable to grow properly.

Thuja columna western varieties used mainly for the improvement of the hedge. Therefore, they plant this tree in groups. You can use a single landing.

If a tree is supposed to be planted as a hedge, then a distance of 0.5-3 meters is made between saplings or mature trees. When two-row planting the distance between the trees should be 0.5-0.7 meters. Between the rows there should be a free space equal to half a meter.

Plant Columna planted to a depth not exceeding 80 cm. The depth of planting depends on the coma on the roots of the earth, the diameter of the crown and the height of the seedling.

The main care is frequent watering of trees.

In the first month after planting, all seedlings are subjected to sprinkling. If there is an opportunity, then this process should take place every day.

Every week trees are watered at the rate of 1 liter of water per 20 cm trunk length.

In the hot season, when there are no rains, more careful attention should be paid to watering. At such times, the crown of a tree loses a lot of moisture and needs to be compensated for.

In the dry season, under each plant you need to pour about two buckets of water. The frequency of watering - twice a week.

In the spring, the Columna thuja is fed up and pruned on it the branches dried over the winter. For dressing use only special for this purpose means.

It must be remembered that feeding plants should be started when the seedlings will be two years old. Care for thuja in the spring and autumn comes down to the fact that organic fertilizers and compost are brought under the trees.

Columna thuja attracts aphids, which spoils the appearance of the tree. To combat it, use karbofos, which process the trunk and crown. The same preparation will help to fight against the false shield.

See the following video review by Tui Colum: