Decorative room pepper - unpretentious plant that pleases the eye with bright fruits of various colors.
Hot pepper grows well and bears fruit in the apartment, on the windowsill. To obtain beautiful fruits for decorative pepper requires proper care and cultivation.
Consider the secrets of growing decorative indoor pepper, proper care, feeding, watering, transplanting, reproduction, application.
Home Pepper Care
Pepper prefers bright ambient light, but from direct sunlight should be pritenyat from spring to autumn, otherwise the risk of sunburn.
In the summer, take pots of indoor pepper to the open air, in partial shade. Since autumn and winter, the pepper needs additional lighting, with a lack of light, it is drawn out and less fruitful, loses its decorative appearance.
Optimal air temperature when growing decorative peppers 20-25 degrees. The rooms in which plants grow must be aired, the pepper does not tolerate the stuffiness of the premises.
If in winter you do not have the opportunity to arrange additional lighting, move the plant to a cool place with a moderate temperature in 15 degrees.
Room pepper loves moisturetherefore, from spring to autumn it is necessary to water abundantly, as the topsoil dries. In the autumn, watering is produced moderately, reducing the frequency. Watering plants is better than soft settled warm water (room temperature).
In the summer spend daily spraying plants warm water, pepper loves high humidity.
For abundant fruiting, pepper must be on time pinch. Usually this is done when the first ovaries appear, pinching the tips of the branches.
With many years of cultivation of ornamental peppers, it is necessary to form a bush to enhance growth processes. Plant shoots are cut to half length or more.
Some varieties of abundantly fruiting peppers need props to avoid breaking the branches.
From spring to late autumn, indoor pepper is fed complex fertilizers 1 time in 2 weeks.
Pepper responds well to fertilizing wood ash. In the autumn-winter period, fertilizing is reduced to 1 time in 3 weeks, subject to temperature conditions and additional lighting. Otherwise, do not feed.
Every spring, hot pepper need to cross with a partial replacement of the old substrate with a new one. For the preparation of the substrate with your own hands, you will need to mix sheet, turf soil, peat and sand in such proportions 1: 1: 1: 1/4.
Provide good drainage at the bottom of the pot.
Complete plant transplant also possible, but with such an operation there is a risk of severe damage to the root system. After such an event, plants need strict proper care.
Breed pepper with the help of ripening seeds in the fruit. Sow the seeds in the prepared soil to a depth of 1 cm, sprinkled with earth. Usually after 7-15 days the first shoots appear.
Indoor pepper blooms with white flowers, giving it a decorative appearance.
The use of the fruits of indoor pepper
Decorative peppers are widely used. in cookingfor cooking various dishes. Excellent sharp peppercorns are suitable for canning and cooking various sauces. Hot pepper increases the appetite, is very tasty for hot first courses fresh from the bush.
Indoor pepper also belongs to medicinal plants. Prepare healing tinctures used against digestive disorders, neuralgia, radiculitis. It is proven that hot pepper lowers blood pressure.
Dried fruits grinding in a meat grinder without seeds, you get a natural spicy seasoning.
Varieties and types of pepper
Many varieties and hybrids grown in indoor conditions have been developed. Many varieties of pepper change fruit color from green, purple and yellow to red. Red fruit is a sign of full ripening pepper.
Fruits also differ in shape - there are round, elongated, in the form of a pumpkin and others.
Popular varieties of indoor pepper: Queen of Spades, Medusa Gorgona, Pupsik, Bell, Salute, Spark, Constellation, Bride, Superchili F1.
Ornamental (capsicum) pepper or Kapsikum was introduced to Europe from South America. Today, many cultivated varieties have been developed that differ in fruit color, leaf structure, ripening speed and yield. It is an annual or perennial shrub with a height of 15 to 120 cm. The appearance of different varieties is very different, but pepper is valued, first of all, for the quality and taste of the fruit.
Small peppers formed on the bush can be hot, bitter or sour-sweet. With proper cultivation during the fruiting period, the bush is covered with a large number of fruits (see photo), which are used as a spice.
Varieties of varieties
For growing at home, it is desirable to choose only small-leaved varieties with a weak root system and unpretentious hybrid varieties. Often on sale are perennials ornamental species with a spicy taste of the fruit. They have the best varietal characteristics and fruit well in a limited space. The height of the bush for home cultivation should not exceed 40-50 cm. The most popular varieties:
- The light. Medium early room pepper. Fruiting occurs in 115-120 days. Bush srednerosly and branchy. Large pods can weigh up to 45 g, have a rich red color and a sharp taste.
- Aladdin. Presented srednerosly shrub, which at home reaches 50 cm. This is an ultra-early variety, fruiting abundant and long-lasting. The pods are small, conical in shape, fragrant and spicy. The color of the fruit changes as it ripens, ripe pepper has a red skin,
- Poinsettia. One of the most decorative varieties. The bush reaches a length of up to 35 cm, on which numerous oblong leaves are formed. The pods grow to 7.5 in length, have a sharp taste. As they ripen, the fruits acquire red flowers and are arranged at the ends of the shoots in the form of a bouquet,
- Explosive ember. Pepper is represented by a compact bush, which is convenient for growing on a windowsill. Plant height does not exceed 30 cm. Fruits have an early term of ripening and are up to 2.5 cm long. The pods are very sharp, the color of the skin depends on the ripening. Ripe peppers should have a bright scarlet color.
When buying seeds of decorative pepper, you should carefully read the description on the package, and also try to buy seed only in specialized stores. Sometimes under the guise of indoor plants sell the seeds of the usual bitter pepper, which are not suitable for home cultivation.
Cultivation and care
When growing chilli peppers, it is necessary to remember that this is a heat-loving plant, demanding on the quality of the soil, lighting and watering. Especially bad bush tolerates drought and short daylight hours, so you need to install additional sources of lighting. With proper care, perennial varieties of homemade pepper can live up to 10 years with regular and abundant fruiting.
The choice of time for planting directly depends on the vegetation period of the plant. Sowing in boxes for seedlings or to a permanent place is permissible throughout the year, if the indoor temperature is within 20-25 o C. It is recommended to observe the desired planting dates for each class in such a way that the ripening period falls on the longest day of light.
Early and super early varieties can be planted from early April to mid-May; medium and late varieties should be planted from late February to early March. When using a special lamp for lighting and heating, it is possible to plant peppers at any time.
How to choose a place
Decorative pepper loves warm and well lit places. It is advisable to place a pot with a plant in the south or east window in order to increase the length of daylight. The leaves are sensitive to direct sunlight, so on summer days the bush should be pritenyat. In addition, in the summer it is desirable to artificially create temperature drops to enhance the immune system and accelerate the growth of the plant - for this, a pot of pepper can be put up for the night on the balcony.
It is believed that every 2-3 years the container with the plant must be moved to a new place or transplanted, which stimulates its growth and development. Fruiting pepper in one place after 5 years may completely stop.
To ensure a long life the plant needs to competently approach the choice of soil. It is recommended to use the purchased substrate for decorative flowers only for seedlings, it is better to prepare the soil for a permanent pot yourself. Peppers prefer slightly acidic soil and fertile soil. The approximate composition of the soil for this culture:
- 4 pieces of neutralized peat,
- 4 parts of organic matter (leaf humus or compost),
- 2 pieces of vermiculite or perlite to retain moisture.
The use of perlite is important when growing peppers in regions with a cold climate, since the preparation improves the soil's permeability to sunlight and effectively retains moisture.
For seedlings, you can use plastic or wooden containers with a volume of up to 200 ml, at the bottom of which it is desirable to put pebbles, expanded clay or small stones as a drainage system. Adult plants need a spacious pot of at least 3 liters. The choice of capacity depends on the size of the bush. For large plants it is required to get a pot from 5 to 7 liters. Be sure to have holes for draining excess water and a tray to collect it. The material is suitable dense plastic, wood or ceramics.
Before planting, the seed must be carefully inspected and all hollow and damaged seeds should be collected. Then they should be soaked in water at room temperature for 2-3 hours. After swelling, the fluid needs to be changed and a small amount of growth stimulant added (Zircon or Appin). Do not plant wet seeds, so after the procedure they must be thoroughly dried.
There are two main methods of reproduction of decorative pepper - planting seeds and grafting. The seed method is used most often because the planting technology is simple and even for beginners. Step-by-step instruction:
- Pre-treated seeds need to be embedded in pots for seedlings in individual wells to a depth of 1 cm, pour abundantly and close with film or glass.
- Seedlings need to be removed in a warm and well-ventilated place, regularly open the film to the ground breathing. The first shoots appear on day 7-12, after which covering material can be removed.
- The first feeding should be carried out when the seedlings will form up to 3 healthy leaves. To do this, use a solution of calcium nitrate at the rate of 1 tbsp. spoon for 10 liters of water. After that, the soil should be poured abundantly. At this stage, it is possible to thin out planting, leaving the most healthy plants.
- Pick up to a permanent place is carried out when the seedlings fully mature and form up to 6-10 sheets. After transplanting, you need to pour plenty of water at room temperature.
In the first month it is not recommended to disturb young plants, as well as to use various growth stimulants. In addition, hypothermia and drafts should be avoided.
It is desirable to conduct cuttings in late spring or early summer. Young and strong shoots of an adult plant are used as cuttings, making a nip on one bud. After cutting, the cutting should be germinated in sawdust or water for 7-10 days, changing the liquid at least 3 times a day. Transplantation to a permanent place is desirable to carry out when a few strong roots are formed at the shoot.
Temperature and lighting
For full growth and development of the plant requires good illumination, as well as at least 4 hours a day of active sunlight. It is advisable to use a special lamp for additional lighting and heating the plant in a pot.
During the vegetative period, the temperature in the room should not fall below 21 ° C. In winter, a cooler content with a temperature of up to 15 ° C is recommended. Pepper responds well to temperature fluctuations, therefore in the summer it is recommended to put it on the balcony.
Watering and spraying
Room pepper needs constant moderate watering. The procedure is carried out as the top layer of the earth dries out, in the summer the number of waterings should be increased. Watering is made only by settled water at room temperature. It is not recommended to excessively moisten the soil, which adversely affects the condition of the plant.
Capsicum responds well to spraying, which is desirable to be carried out once every two weeks in the summer and once a month in the winter. The procedure is carried out with slightly warm water, using a spray gun for this purpose.
To achieve rapid growth and abundant fruiting, you should follow simple rules for caring for the plant:
- Top dressing. It is advisable to use complex fertilizers for ornamental plants. The plant should be fed only in summer, the procedure is not recommended in winter. Do not abuse feedings, if you plan to use the crop in food,
- Pollination. Decorative pepper does not need cross-pollination, therefore, it is enough just to shake the plant regularly during the growing season. Artificial pollination will increase the number of ovaries. For this purpose, you can transfer pollen from one plant to another using a cotton swab or a soft brush,
- Pruning. If you grow peppers as a perennial, pruning should be done after the end of fruiting or in early spring. To do this, use a sharp tool to cut off the old shoots, about half their height,
- Transfer. After 3-4 years of life, it is recommended to replant the plant in order to renew the land and, if necessary, enlarge the pot. Annual varieties do not need transplantation.
Growing peppers at home is effectively compact in size, up to 50 cm high. There are varieties of indoor plants, they are also called Kapsikum, whose height does not exceed 20 cm - these are dwarf varieties with numerous bright fruits and a fairly long undulating ripening. Peppers growing on small green bushes are not only a spectacular decoration of any windowsill, but also an excellent spicy seasoning. There are many types of decorative peppers, differing in the shape of the fruit, size, leaf mass, duration of the fruiting period, color from green to purple.
In most cases, the plants dry out after harvest, which explains their name. But there are exceptions - these are individual varieties that at home are able to bear fruit for several years in a row. Yearlings differ in short stature, compactness, their height is 30-55 cm. Depending on the varietal characteristics, fruits may have different shapes and colors.
Most often, the California miracle, Atlas, Orange miracle, Kakadu, Habanero, Bogatyr, Anastasia are grown on the windowsills. Positive reviews have Phoenix, Redskin, Cherry Bomb, Tepin, Siberian Prince.
This type of perennial plant is grown on window sills, balconies, loggias. Shrub pepper is a good solution in the choice of room culture, it is distinguished by qualitative and quantitative fruiting (5-6 years), its height is within 15-45 cm.
The crown of the plant is quite thick, the fruits are small in size, their number reaches up to 50 pieces. Among the famous small-fruited varieties mark the Queen of Spades, Carmen, Spark, Bride, Salute. Shrub pepper is also known as cayenne.
This variety of homemade pepper fully justifies its name, its fruits are distinguished by a flat shape, and not the usual cone-shaped, with something similar to the squash. An unusual form attracts pepper varieties Corona Bishop, but his productivity indicators are average, up to 20 fruits from one bush.
Often in room conditions there is Lemon Lollipop, White Crystal, which have proven themselves only on the positive side. They have high yields. They taste sweet, not sharp. Tall plants grow up to 80 cm, they are best placed on the floor.
This is a less common type of indoor pepper, its height does not exceed 50 cm. The compact bush is distinguished by an egg-shaped foliage, their color is light green, the surface is slightly wrinkled. Flowers attract attention with their white color, there is a greenish tint.
Peppers may vary in shape, there are instances in the form of a flashlight. Chinese pepper is valued for its sharpness and hotness. Its only drawback is relatively slow growth. Popular are Santa Lucia, Devil Yellow, Devil's Tongue.
This variety is also called fluffy pepper, because of its height (3-4 m) it is most often planted in open territory. At home, some of his species will fit, in particular, Rocoto. В высоту он вырастает всего до 1 м. Растение покрыто густым опушением (побеги, цветы, листья).
Цветки могут быть одиночными или парными, отличаются необычным фиолетовым окрасом. Короткие перчики вырастают с темно-красным, оранжевым, коричневым либо черным окрасом. Fruits are quite sharp in taste.
Can I have a decorative pepper
Indoor decorative pepper not only decorates the room, it also benefits. This spicy vegetable with regular use is capable of:
- improve the condition of the central nervous system,
- normalize the hematopoietic function of the body,
- improve cardiovascular function,
- enhance brain activity
- reduce the likelihood of atherosclerosis, asthma, renal failure,
- provoke the release of the hormones of happiness,
- effectively fight against pathogenic microorganisms on both internal and external tissues of the body.
But in order not to cause undesirable manifestations for the body, it should be consumed in moderate doses, otherwise you can cause a burn to the mucous membrane of the digestive system, increase the load on the heart, increase blood pressure.
The best varieties for indoor growing
Due to the high taste characteristics and yield indicators, the following varieties are especially popular:
- The light. This indoor plant belongs to medium-early crops, harvesting occurs at 115-120 days after planting. The bush is distinguished by an average power of growth, branching. The size of the pods is quite large, their weight reaches 45 g. They grow saturated red color and have a burning taste.
- Aladdin. Decorative culture is characterized as sredneroslya, its height is not more than 50 cm. The variety is in demand because of its ultra-ripeness, fruits abundantly and for a long time. Small peppers are distinguished by a cone-shaped shape, pronounced aroma and sharpness. As they mature, their color changes, and when it reaches its technical ripeness, the skin becomes red.
- Black Pearl. The compact plant in height reaches only 31 cm. Flowers of a violet color, self-pollinated. Black fruits at a technical ripeness become red color. For black pepper pearls do not require large capacity, enough flower pots with a volume of 1.5-3 liters.
- Small miracle. This Dutch hot pepper has won the recognition of consumers abundant fruiting. Productivity is high, even despite the low growth of the bush, height is 20-30 cm.
- Dragon. This indoor pepper is famous for its productivity and undemanding to the conditions of growth. Early ripening culture pleases with its hanging red fruits, their length is up to 5 cm. The height of the bush does not exceed 45 cm, there are not so many leaves. Fruits sharp on taste, it is actively applied to preparation of allsorts, marinades, as spice.
Choosing a place in the apartment
The best option for placing an ornamental plant will be a fairly sunny location. To increase the length of daylight, it is recommended to grow bitter pepper on the window sill of a southern or eastern window. The leaves of the plant are distinguished by their acute sensitivity to direct sunlight, so that they need to be trimmed in summer.
In order to develop immunity for the night, a pot of bitter pepper is brought to the balcony in order to artificially cause contrasting temperatures. It is good for a plant to change its place every 2-3 years or transplant it to stimulate growth and development. In case of non-observance of this condition in 5 years the ability of fruiting will cease.
A prerequisite for obtaining a rich harvest is a sufficient amount of sunlight. To fully satisfy the need for indoor bitter pepper, you need to place the pot on the windowsill of a southern, western or southwestern orientation. Given the light-loving culture in spring and autumn, it should receive up to 3-4 hours of sunlight. Exceeding these time limits is not worth it, otherwise, instead of benefit, you can cause burns on the sheet plates.
With a shortage of sunlight, hot peppers provide an additional source of illumination in the form of fluorescent lamps.
Temperature and humidity
Heat-loving indoor pepper effectively grows and develops when the air temperature in the room is up to 25 degrees - in spring and summer. As for winter, the temperature indicator should be within 10-12 degrees. Of particular importance for decorative spicy culture is humidity. In case of increased dryness, the plant will shed its leaves, and its fruits will have a wrinkled surface. In the winter, regular spraying on the leaf will be helpful for hot peppers on the windowsill.
How to get planting material
For breeding hot pepper, it is better to choose seeds taken from dried fruit. Alternatively, they can be purchased at specialized retail outlets or online stores, in the assortment of which the planting material of ornamental and exotic crops is presented. If you sow it in February-March, then you can count on a harvest in September-October. For successful cultivation on the windowsill, it is necessary to choose the seed correctly and make its pre-sowing preparation.
The selection of seeds should be focused on self-pollinating varieties; if other varieties are used, then pollination will have to be done manually, which is not always convenient and effective. To speed up the germination process, purchased or collected seeds should be kept in a container with water for several days. But they are pre-treated with 1% potassium permanganate solution, keeping for 30 minutes. As a natural growth promoter, wood ash is used, it is added to water to soak the seeds.
Soil and capacity for landing
The pots are filled either with ready-made seedling substrate, which is sold in specialized outlets, or with nutrient soil prepared independently from leafy ground (2 parts), peat (1 part), river sand (1 part), coconut fiber (1 part) and perlite ( 1 part). In order to avoid negative consequences for planting in the form of the development of various kinds of diseases, the soil mixture is disinfected with Previcur-type fungicidal preparations. For these purposes, suitable 1% solution of potassium permanganate.
Separate 200 ml containers will be required to lay the seeds in the ground. For transplanting an adult bush, it is better to take pots with a volume of more than 3 liters.
When to sow
When cultivating at home, it is very important to adhere to the timing of planting seed. Sow spicy culture in containers, other containers are allowed throughout the year, the main thing is that the room temperature is maintained in the range of 20-25 degrees. Varieties with early or super early maturation are sown from April to mid-May, and plants with medium or late maturity - from the last February numbers to the first days of May.
Depth and seed embedment pattern
The prepared seed is planted either in a common container (2-3 cm between seedlings) with further picking, or separately using peat cups. When growing indoor pepper, you need to know that it doesn’t tolerate a roll over to a deeper capacity, its growth processes can slow down significantly. It is more efficient to immediately sow in 3 l pots. The seeding depth should not exceed 1.5-2 cm. Sprouted specimens should be used very carefully, the spine should be directed down.
For the seeds to germinate faster, they need to create greenhouse conditions. For this, containers are covered with plastic wrap and placed in a warm and bright place. The recommended temperature in the room should be at least 24 degrees. When shoots appear, covering material is removed. You can expect sprouts from fresh seeds for 10-14 days. If old copies are used, then this process is delayed for 2-3 weeks. Growing shoots will be comfortable temperature in the range of 18-20 degrees.
Pick on a permanent place
It is allowed to transplant sprouts at the stage when they have two pairs of true leaves. From small pots with a volume of 200-300 ml, ornamental plants are transferred to large containers filled with fertile soil. It is important that after the manipulations the pepper was at the same level as it had grown before.
If it is deeply buried in the ground, then due to the lack of ability to form additional roots, the savory plant will die.
Irrigation and dressing mode
In spring and summer, the soil is moistened as it dries. Water should be at room temperature and separated (1 day). Under drought conditions, the plant discards leaves and flowers, so watering is done regularly, but in moderate doses. In hot weather, leaf sprays are effective, 2-3 times a day.
Determine the lack of nutrients in the soil can be on the external state. If not enough phosphorus, the lower leaves become purple color. Nitrogen deficiency is detected by the light colored leaf mass. Feed the bitter pepper 1 time in 2 weeks. Nitrogen compounds are used for treatments on the sheet, and phosphorus-potassium - under the bush. Care at home should be of high quality, otherwise the fruits will be small and not sharp.
Diseases and pests of indoor species
Spicy perennial often suffers from the attack of a spider mite. This harmful insect appears on plants in conditions of high humidity in the air. The mealy worm attacks the bushes if there is no disinfectant treatment of the soil before planting the plant. If you overdo it with watering, then the likelihood of the development of dangerous diseases on plantings is great - phytophtoras, root rot. When detected on the leaf plates of different color foci should be treated with copper-containing drugs. A clear manifestation of root rot is wilting bush. To save him, the soil is replaced with a new one.
Forming a bush
When cultivating peppers at home on the windowsill, pruning should be carried out periodically, thanks to this procedure, the productivity of the ornamental crop significantly increases, a beautiful crown is formed and growth processes are enhanced. At the first fruiting, pinching of each lateral shoot is carried out. Since the bitter pepper suffers shortening rather painlessly, from time to time it will be useful to trim half the length of each sprig.
Hot room pepper: only beauty, or use too
Burning fruits of such a pepper can be added to marinades, seals, soups, meat dishes. Do not have time to use the entire crop at a time? Peppers can be dried with petals or whole, and then grind into a powder.
My husband likes mead and pepper (per liter of vodka - 3 tablespoons of honey with a hill + several large pods of pepper, to insist in the dark for more than a month, the longer, the better).
A stronger alcoholic pepper tincture (with more pepper) can be used as a rubbing for rheumatism or a cold. Moreover, if the family has a viral or catarrhal disease, such a pepper must be kept on the window sill of the patient's room - doctors assure that it clears the air of dangerous bacteria.
But! Not only the fruits of this plant have a pungent taste - even the leaves and stems of pepper are caustic and poisonous. So if your cat nibbles at the pot, it’s better not to grow chili, but rather decorative grass: there will be a delicacy for your beloved animal, and you will have a quiet heart.
The best types and varieties for the window sill
Different peppers differ in the different color and shape of the fruit, as well as the time of their appearance. It is best to buy varieties, the height of which is no more than 45 cm ... Or seeds, on a bag which is signed "Balcony" or "For growing in an apartment."
Perennial, which will thankfully bear fruit on your balcony or windowsill up to six years.
This is a compact plant: in the height of a similar pepper grows up to 15-45 cm. On each bush up to 50 pepper spice.
The most interesting varieties:
How to grow this fiery miracle
If you sow pepper in late February - in early March, the crop you wait from June to August (and even to December, it all depends on the variety). The ripening period of each plant is written on a bag of seeds.
- Soak the seeds in water.
- Plant them in a nutritious, loose soil. A good option: sand + humus + sheet soil.
- Deepen the seeds by 0.5 cm. Between the seeds, leave 5 cm of free space on each side - this space is needed for future roots.
- Sprout them under the greenhouse (clear glass film). Do not forget to air this greenhouse every day, opening it for 10 minutes. At the same time, spray the soil.
- Make sure there is more light near the pot. In winter, next to the pot, it is better to place an ultraviolet lamp — you do not need to replace it with an ordinary incandescent lamp; it will dry out the soil and burn the leaves of the seedlings.
- Also seeds and sprouts need warmth. A conventional battery can handle this. But remember: warming tender shoots, it regularly steals moisture from the soil, evaporating it. So water or spray the soil more often. It should always be slightly wet.
- Grown sprouts should dive into separate pots. Are you worried, will it work out? For the first time, you can germinate seeds in peat tablets. They can then be planted with a sprout in a pot - peat decomposes, turning into a light and nourishing soil.
- When picking, you can pinch off a third of the spine. After this, you need to grow the sprouts under the greenhouses (put a transparent bag on each pot).
- Pot for plants should be spacious.
Remember: having bought different varieties of capsicum, you can grow them both in individual containers and in a common box. But in the latter case, you risk - the peppers will generously share each other pollen.
So not only that the shape and shade of the fruit can surprise you greatly, it will also be impossible to collect seeds for reproduction (they will not carry all the varietal characteristics of their mother plant).
But if the variety is really interesting and rare, it can be propagated by cutting. He rooted in the water for a month.
Bonches: Pepper Bonsai
In the photo - the Bolivian Rainbow variety. Although bonsai can be grown from any other varieties of pepper.
You can start working both with seeds (they need to be germinated), and with an adult plant (it is cut as much as possible and planted in a shallow bowl). To make the trunk thick, the plant should be grown in a large pot, and then cut it (not only the twigs, but also the roots) and plant it in the pot.
You can see the work with peppers dug out in the garden and transplanted into a bonsai pot here:
Care for adult decorative peppers
- The lighting should still be on top. If the flowers bloom on the pepper, and then begin to crumble, this is a sign - the bush should be transferred to a more lighted room.
- The plant needs regular watering. Take warm water.
- In summer, the plant is well at 25 degrees and above (so feel free to put it on the open balcony, even under the direct sun - just not under the noon, it is still too much). In winter, the room should not be colder than 16 degrees.
- During the period of active growing season (until the ovary appears on the bush), apply fertilizer. A good solution is mineral fertilizers (in the period of green mass growth - with nitrogen, and later - with potassium and phosphorus). Do not trust the mixture purchased? Dissolve the ash (1 tablespoon to 1.5 liters of water), but do not forget to insist this solution a couple of days, and then strain.
- At the end of January, think again about nutrition, and maybe you can “persuade” the pepper to blossom again. But do not forget that he should receive enough light!
- After harvesting, crop off, removing a third of all the twigs.
- Spider mites can attack decorative peppers. You can get rid of them using traditional methods: spray a bush with soap and water. You can make the medicine more vigorous by adding the ground powder of the fruits of this plant itself. Pepper does not harm its native fruits, and insects will be scared away forever.
- Aphids - another enemy. Escape from her with the same soapy water. Of course, in the flower shop they can offer to buy an insecticide ... But you should not spray a plant, the fruits of which will be eaten, and especially for treatment, with poison.
To prevent pests from sticking to the peppers, do not keep the bush in dry air. In winter, when the apartment dries up the radiator, spray it (but try not to fall on the flowers - rarely does a flower like these procedures).
And when the pepper gives the crop, part of it can be put on the preparation of medicines or hot spices, and some can be dried to collect seeds. An experienced room gardener will tell you how to do this:
What is a decorative pepper and is it possible to eat it?
Pepper decorative room has a botanical name - capsicum. This shrub of the genus Solanacea is from the subtropics of Central America. Grow peppers such as ornamental or vegetable crops. Do not confuse Kapsikum with black pepper, as the latter belongs to the pepper family. Varieties of indoor pepper are divided into bitter and sweet.
Indoor culture - a compact, branched plant in height from twenty to forty centimeters, with an abundance of dense foliage and fruits. Grow such a pepper at home in pots. In the summer, it is recommended to take out the plant on the balcony, if it is possible to plant it in open ground. Before lowering the temperature перец следует пересадить заново в горшок.
Можно ли есть такой перец? Плоды капсикума — это лжеплоды, пустые семенные коробочки, которые можно использовать в пищу как пряность. Так как коробка на латынь переводится как «capsa» отсюда и произошло название — Capsicum. Depending on the cultivar, the shape of the fruit, color and size may vary. However, in some ornamental varieties, the fruit may be unsuitable for human consumption. The roots of plants, greens and tops are poisonous.
Popular decorative varieties
- Tabasco - classic pepper, which is the main component of the famous sauce. It has fruits measuring about five centimeters, the color is orange-red.
- Tepin is a wild variety, fruits are round, red, small in size, very hot in taste. In another way they call Cowboy berry.
- The troll is a sprawling bush, it reaches a height of thirty to forty centimeters, the leaves are variegated in color. There are usually a lot of fruits on a plant; in the process of ripening, they change their color from green to red.
- Black pearl - the variety is quite unusual, as growing, the pepper changes its color from green to black. The fruits of the plant are also black in color, small in the form of balls, as they mature, they begin to turn red.
- Medusa is a beautiful variety that is covered with bright oblong-shaped fruits that resemble the jellyfish tentacles. The fruits have a very sharp taste.
- Salute is the smallest shrub pepper variety. As well as possible is suitable for cultivation in room conditions. The bush reaches a height of about fifteen to twenty centimeters, the fruits have an orange color.
- Goldfinder is an inedible variety of pepper, grown in indoor conditions for interior decoration, fruits of a beautiful bright yellow color.
- Room paprika is a variety of an annual plant, the fruits are sweet. The difference between pepper and other varieties is that the bush can dry out after harvesting. The bush reaches a height of thirty-five - fifty centimeters. Fruits are red.
Selection of planting material
In order to grow a beautiful and healthy indoor pepper in the pot, you need to choose the planting material. The best breeding method is seed. But in order to grow a bush from seed, you should follow some rules:
- To collect seeds for planting should be from dried fruit.
- Seeds are collected from the bush you like, and the shape of the fruit should be taken into account.
- Seeds from hot peppers can be stored for four or five years, but the best germination will be in seeds that are harvested one year before planting, which will ensure a good harvest.
- Seeds should not be infected with diseases, and they should not be mechanical damage.
- Quality planting material must have a yellow color.
Varieties divided by maturity of fruits:
- early ripeness - fruits ripen seventy to ninety five days after planting in a pot,
- medium ripeness - ripening occurs in a hundred and ten days,
- late ripeness - after one hundred and thirty days the fruits finally ripen.
For planting will be enough one pot. Landing includes several stages:
- the drainage layer should be poured on the bottom of the pot.
- fill the soil with a neutral level of acidity. A special store substrate is ideal for this, as the manually collected soil can be infected with various microbes and contain larvae of pests that adversely affect the shoot and seed growth.
- Before planting, soak the seeds in water for two hours. During this time, the seeds swell, then you can add biostimulants that stimulate seed germination.
- spread the seeds over the surface of the soil, while respecting the necessary distance between them. Seeds should be planted in a moist but not wet soil.
- cover seeds with half a centimeter of earth.
- moisten the primer with a spray bottle.
- cover the seeds with a film to create a greenhouse effect.
After the seeds sprout, they should be regularly inspected and moisturized as they dry out, but not allowed to overwet, as this can lead to rotting and death of the sprouts. Every day, it is necessary to lift the film and air the germinated seeds, every day the ventilation time should be increased, and after the appearance of strong sprouts the film is completely removed and give the plants the opportunity to adapt to the usual growing conditions.
As soon as two leaves appear on the sprout, the pepper is planted in a permanent place. For one pepper, you must use one pot. For decorative pepper Do not use massive planting.
Stimulation of flowering and fruiting
In order to stimulate the pepper bush to the appearance of inflorescences and fruits, the following conditions should be observed:
- capacity with the plant must be periodically shaken to increase further the number of ovaries,
- provide the plant with access to sunlight
- systematically water the plants.
Should know that the first blossoms on peppers are showeredthen new ones grow, which further bear fruit.
Peppers are often grown from seed, but reproduction is also possible by cutting.
In order to grow room pepper from seeds, it is necessary to purchase planting material, prepare the pot and the soil, sow the seeds, wait for germination and provide the sprouts with the necessary care. To plant a plant at a permanent place is necessary at the end of winter.
Peppers should be propagated in spring and summer. To do this, cut the side processes and place them in a container with a mixture of earth and sand. Regularly water the soil as it dries. There should be a good drainage layer in the tank so that the moisture does not linger for a long time. Replant the stalkwhich is ingrained should not be. To the process of rooting cutting passed as soon as possible, it should be pinched.
Maintenance conditions and care for indoor pepper
Providing the right conditions for keeping a plant will not be difficult.
Humidity and temperature
Kapsikum belong to the thermophilic plants. It grows well and develops in the spring and summer at an air temperature of about twenty-five degrees. In winter, the temperature should be reduced to fifteen to eighteen degrees. Also, the plant tolerates day and night temperature drops, so in the summer it is better to take it out to the balcony or to the garden.
Humidity should be moderate.
When looking after indoor pepper, you need to monitor the lighting. To ensure good growth, development and harvest, the bush should be placed on the south, west or south-west window. Pepper loves light very much, in the autumn-spring period it needs from three to four hours of direct sunlight. But no more than four hours, otherwise burns on the leaves and fruits may occur. In summer, the plant is best shaded, since during this period the sun is particularly active.
If the light in the room is low, it is necessary to provide artificial lighting. Because with a lack of light the bush thins, the leaves on it become small, the harvest will be small.
For cultivation, you should use a light neutral soil. The substrate can be purchased in specialized stores or cook yourself. To do this, you must mix the turf ground, deciduous humus and sand.
In spring and summer, the plant needs abundant watering as the earthen coma dries. In this case, pepper must be regularly bathed by spraying it once or twice a week, and on particularly hot days - every other day. Water the bushes should be at room temperature.
Pepper, which grows on the window sill near the battery, needs more frequent watering. In the autumn period, watering should be reduced, and in winter it should be reduced to a minimum. Pepper does not tolerate drying of the soil, because of this, its leaves become sluggish, the fruits fall off and the plant can die.
Ornamental pepper, like other plants, needs regular fertilizer. If the lower part of the foliage has become purple - it means that the plant needs phosphate fertilizers. If the leaves are brightened - should be fertilized with nitrogen. Root fertilizers are applied with irrigation every two weeks.
Pepper bushes need pruning, it will ensure a good harvest, a beautiful crown and enhance its growth. After the first harvest should pinch the tops of all branches of the plant. As soon as the lateral processes are formed, which are knocked out, they must be cut off.
Sometimes it is necessary to cut each branch in half.
Transplanting peppers is difficult, but it should be done every year. Therefore, this process should be treated with caution, passing the plant into the pot and adding new soil.
The main purpose of transplanting is new soil. If it is possible to partially replace the soil without transplanting, then it should be done in such a way as not to injure the plant once again.
Diseases and pests
The most popular pests and diseases of pepper are:
- spider mite
- downy mildew
- root rot
- dropping leaves
- shallow leaf cover
What is useful decorative pepper
Beautiful and useful fruits of the plant can be used for the preparation of hot spices, various sauces, homemade pickles and marinades. This option is quite economical from the financial side, since one peppercorn is enough for one dish.
Ornamental pepper is often used as a spice, especially in Georgian dishes.
Eating every day one pod of pepper, you can increase your appetite, provide the body with a tonic effect. Excellent for hypertensive patients, as it leads to normal blood pressure. Those who want to lose weight will also benefit from this type of pepper, as it speeds up the metabolic processes and burns extra pounds.
Using pepper tinctures can cure radiculitis, neuralgia, disorders of the digestive system and many other diseases. Use tincture for grinding should be careful not to cause burns to the skin.
But in no case can one abuse pepper. It can not be used by those who have problems with the liver, pancreas and gall bladder.
Growing peppers in room conditions is an easy, interesting and fascinating process, since it does not require special tools and conditions. Paying attention and attention to a bright bush, in the future you can get a beautiful plant with a tasty and healthy harvest. When creating a comfortable environment, the plant will bear fruit for five years.
Period of flowering and subtlety of pollination
It is more convenient to grow in room conditions self-pollinated varieties. If there is a desire to increase the amount of the harvest, then you should shake the plant slightly at the flowering stage or walk with a soft brush in all the flowers. To stimulate the emergence of new ovaries spend abundant watering.
It happens that the bitter pepper buds fall off. The reason for dropping flowers can be non-compliance with the rules of agricultural technology. It is necessary to organize irrigation correctly, feed the plant and control the air temperature in the room.
The fruits of indoor hot peppers are harvested as they mature, here you need to focus on the varietal characteristics of each particular type. There are varieties (Jalapeno) that, when they reach their technical maturity, lose their sharpness. Therefore, they are disrupted earlier, still immature. If you plan to collect seed, the peppers must be fully matured, red, orange or yellow color. After removal from the bush, these specimens should dry up for 2-3 days.
Bitter pepper, as a perennial plant, has its own characteristics. In order to achieve high-quality harvest, you must comply with the correct agricultural practices.
The most popular species with photos
Different types of decorative pepper differ in the shape of leaves, fruiting time, color and shape of fruits:
- Annual. Varieties of this species have a pronounced vegetable, sweetish taste, so it is called room paprika. Some varieties of this species can dry out after harvesting. Bushes of annual pepper are compact in shape, 35-55 centimeters high. Popular varieties:
- Red skin
- Siberian prince.
- Shrub (Cayenne). Perennial view, most suitable for growing on a window sill, balcony, loggia. Fruits up to 6 years. The height of the bush from 15 to 45 centimeters. Each bush gives 45-50 fruits. Varieties of this species:
Decorative shrub pepper
- Berry. Got the name of the form on the flat shape of the fruit. The original fruits of this type resemble the scallops. The taste of fruits is sweetish, with a small amount of spice. View tall, up to 80 centimeters. Varieties of berry pepper:
- Lemon Candy
- White crystal.
- Crown Bishop.
- Chinese. Less common in home growing species. Bush height up to 50 centimeters. The fruits are varied in shape. The most original - in the form of a flashlight. Lack of the form - slow growth. Popular varieties:
- Santa Lucia.
- The language of the Devil.
- Devilish yellow.
- Pubescent. Mainly grown in open ground, due to tall. Only individual varieties are suitable for growing under room conditions. For example, Roar, up to 1 meter. The name of this species was due to the pubescence of leaves, stems and flowers.
Accommodation in the apartment and the selection of soil
The room for the decorative pepper should be as light and ventilated as possible, but without drafts. Western or eastern windows are ideal for plants, as peppers are picky about lighting. If the windows of the room face south, it is not recommended to keep the pepper on the windowsill: delicate leaves at noon will suffer from sunburn.
If the pepper is on the south window, it needs shading.
But without sunlight, pepper cannot grow. 3-4 hours a day open sunlight is very important to him. If the sun is not enough, it is necessary to provide it with artificial lighting. The lack of light is immediately reflected in the state of the decorative pepper. It weakly branches, blooms poorly, and practically does not form fruits.
A particularly difficult period for perennial peppers is November-January. At this time, the light day is very short. And the plant is under stress. The state of the pepper is restored by luminescence by luminescent or phytolamps. The light day of the southern plant should be at least 12 hours.
Ground for pepper should be as loose and breathable. Dense soil this culture can not tolerate. The ideal substrate is obtained by mixing sheet turf, peat and sand in equal quantities. You can add a small amount of sawdust. To increase nutritional value, add a small amount of humus.
Council So that the composition of the soil was ideal for growing peppers, experienced growers are advised to add agroperlite or vermiculite to the substrate. These ingredients prevent soil compaction and help retain moisture.
With a short light bottom, pepper needs additional lighting.
The time of sowing pepper when growing it from seeds is the beginning of February. The first stage - the cultivation of seedlings. Seeds are treated with a disinfectant solution (potassium permanganate or Fitosporin-M), then soaked for 12 hours in a small amount of water for 12 hours. If the seeds are old, they can be pre-treated with Epin growth stimulator. This technique does not affect the development of the plant in the future, but the germination energy is doubled. Freshly harvested seeds do not need stimulation.
When the seeds are swollen, they are placed in seedlings. For 5-6 seeds, a pot or a tray of 300-400 ml is quite suitable. Capacity filled with soil. At the stage of growing seedlings is quite suitable ready-mix for seedlings from the store.
Decorative pepper is grown strictly through seedlings
Seeds are placed at a distance of 2-3 cm from each other, so that the sprouts after germination do not interfere with each other. On top of the crops sprinkle with soil in a layer of 0.5 centimeters. All seeds must be completely covered with soil. Then the surface is moistened with an atomizer. The soil should be slightly damp, but not wet, because in the overmoistened soil the seeds will begin to mold and rot.
For seeds create greenhouse conditions. From above the container is covered with a film and put in a bright, warm place. For germination seeds need a temperature not lower than 24 degrees.
Important. Do not put the container on the window in direct sunlight. In such conditions, a greenhouse effect will be created under the film, and the seeds will simply “cook”.
At emergence of shoots the film is immediately removed from the landing capacity. Fresh seeds sprout in 10-14 days. The process of germination of old seeds can be delayed for several weeks. After the emergence of shoots the air temperature is not for a long time reduced to 18-20 degrees.
Planting seedlings in a permanent place
Seedlings are ready for transplanting to a permanent growing site in the phase of two pairs of true leaves. Each sprout of decorative pepper is grown in a separate pot. When planted together in one capacity of several plants, the weaker ones will stop growth, but they will not bear fruit.
Only one plant can be grown in a pot.
For a start, small pots with a size of 200-300 milliliters will do. It is not recommended to plant immediately in a large pot, as the soil untapped by roots will be acidified during watering. When transplanting the plant is placed on the same level at which it grew earlier. Заглублять растение не рекомендуется, так как на стебле перца не образуются дополнительные корешки, как это происходит, к примеру, у томатов.
На дно горшка обязательно укладывают слой дренажа. To prevent the drainage mixture from blocking the hole in the bottom, a fragment of a ceramic pot is pushed upward with it. The pot is filled with pre-prepared soil mixture and a sprout is planted in it. The soil around the plant is lightly rammed and richly moisturized. In the process of rooting, about 7-10 days, the pepper is not watered. While the roots are not taken root, excess moisture is not absorbed by the plant, and the root can rot.
Council When a sprout is transplanted, they pinch the main root a little. This technique contributes to the formation of a large number of lateral roots and the formation of a powerful root system.
How to grow a decorative pepper from the stalk
In spring and summer, decorative peppers can be propagated by cutting. For rooting, lateral shoot is cut. The cut is processed by a root formation stimulator and placed in a mixture of sand and soil (1: 1). The cutting is plentifully watered and covered with a glass or plastic cap. Put the pot in a bright, warm place.
For reproduction of decorative pepper, you can use the cutting method
In the process of rooting, the cap is lifted daily for ventilation. To root rooted faster, it is recommended to pinch the top of his head. The cutting can be immediately planted in a pot in which it will grow in the future. In this case, the pot is filled with the substrate recommended for growing decorative pepper. If the stalk rooted in the sand and soil mixture, after 20-30 days it is rolled over into a more spacious pot along with the earthy clod in which it had previously grown.
Home Pepper Care
When grown in a pot, decorative pepper care includes the following activities:
- Watering. In spring and summer, pepper should be watered as the soil dries. For irrigation using warm, separated by at least a day water. Drying earthy coma can not be allowed. If the plant has withered, it can shed leaves and flowers, and there will be no fruit on it.
- Spraying On particularly hot days, pepper must be sprayed every 2-3 days.
- Top dressing. Ornamental pepper is a demanding culture. About the lack of any substance the plant will tell their appearance. The purple hue of the lower leaflets indicates a lack of phosphorus. Lightening leaves says a lack of nitrogen. Top dressing with mineral mixes to pepper is necessary time 2 weeks. Phosphorus-potassium mixtures are applied under the root, nitrogen fertilizers - on the foliage.
- Formation of the crown. Pruning of ornamental peppers is an obligatory procedure that contributes to increasing the number of fruits and forming a beautiful crown. In the formation of the first fruit held pinching each shoot. The crown of the main stem is pinned immediately after the formation of the first florets on it. This technique contributes to the growth of new lateral shoots, and the pepper bush becomes fluffy and rounded. It is also recommended to cut off all escapes from the common crown.
Transplantation of decorative indoor pepper
Replant decorative pepper with partial replacement of the soil is necessary every year. The main goal of this procedure is to increase the nutritional value of the soil. In order not to injure a plant that reacts to transplant is extremely painful, some gardeners use partial replacement of the soil in the pot without removing the plant from it.
Possible diseases and pests
Most often decorative pepper attack mealybugs and spider mites. Mealy worm infects the roots of a plant. To prevent its occurrence, it is necessary to disinfect the soil before planting.
Plants are often affected by mealybugs.
Spider mite appears on pepper in violation of recommendations for moisture content in the air. The plant must be bathed regularly, and the air humidified. In winter, when the humidity level in the apartment drops sharply from heating, it is recommended to put an open container with water next to a pot of pepper.
When overwetting the soil, pepper can become ill with root rot or phytophthora. If there are any spots on the leaves, the plant should be treated with copper-containing drug. The appearance of root rot witnesses withering leaves of pepper. In this case, the plant is removed from the soil and completely replace it.
Difficulties and secrets of growing indoor pepper
The main problem of growing ornamental peppers at home is the lack of sunlight. Pepper is a child of the sun, and without it will not feel comfortable. In order to compensate for this deficiency, in the summer you can put pots of pepper on the street or on the balcony.
In the summer, pots of peppers can be brought out.
Multicolored miniature fruits, which are formed after flowering, give a special decorative effect to indoor pepper. To increase the number of ovaries, experienced flower growers are advised to periodically shake the pot in the pepper during the flowering period or to draw flowers alternately with a soft brush.
With the features of growing decorative pepper, you can get acquainted with the proposed video material. Enjoy watching!
How to choose seeds for planting at home
Perfectly fit seeds taken from the dried fruit. Planting material can be purchased in stores for gardeners - or in online stores offering seeds of exotic and ornamental plants. If you start planting in February-March, you can easily get the fruit in September-October of the same year.
First you need to decide on what kind of pepper you want to get in the end - high or low, spicy or not, with berries, berries or a classic "pepper" form. As a rule, this information is on the bag. However, when purchasing it is necessary to pay attention to how long the seeds were collected?
Seeds of hot pepper with proper storage can remain viable for up to 5 years, but every year the percentage of germinates falls. It is better to grow room pepper from seeds collected last season if you plan to harvest this year.
The most important thing! Selected seeds should not have flaws - dark specks, strong twisting, damage, traces of rot. Quality seeds have a pale yellow, almost white color.
How to choose the best grade
Distinguish between early, mid, late. You can enjoy the fruits of early ripe varieties within 65-100 days from the moment of emergence. Fruits from mid-ripening plants can be obtained in 100-120 days. But late-ripening varieties will be able to please you with a harvest only in 120-150 days.
Bush height. As a rule, lovers of indoor hot pepper prefer abundantly fruiting shrubs up to 30 cm in height - this is the optimum height of the bush for domestic pepper production. There are also very miniature bushes 15 cm, and real giants up to a meter tall.
Fruit Form. Most lovers prefer classic conical or elongated peppers. Fruits of a round shape, berries, are often mistaken for a close and poisonous relative - nightshade, and they are considered inedible. It is not so - such a pepper can also be eaten, but if you are not sure that it is not nightshade, it is better not to risk it. There are fruits and exotic forms, for example, Aji orchid.
Color of fruits and leaves. This is especially important if you plan to grow a plant as an ornamental. There are very decorative varieties of indoor pepper, for example, Bolivian rainbow, Fishwhich, as they mature, change their color several times, and in the final stage of maturation they may be yellow, orange or red.
The foliage of some varieties can also have blotches of different colors - white spots and dashes, lilac stripes, which become brighter, the more sunny the location of the plant.
Keenness - if you plan to use the crop of burning indoor pepper for food, it is important to make sure that you can do this - there are absolutely no sharp species, and there are so bitter that it is not safe for their unprepared person. Especially appreciated among gourmets Habanero - Fruits, depending on the variety, are sharp, but they have an incomparable citrus-floral aroma and flavor!
If you want to make a hot pepper at home just for the sake of beauty, then sharpness is not important, but you should pay particular attention to decorative properties (bush height, shape and color, characteristics of ripening).
Seed germination technology
For planting five seeds of hot indoor pepper, a plastic or ceramic flower pot of 300 ml is quite suitable. If you plan to plant in separate containers, you can choose smaller pots or use yogurt cups.
Step-by-step instructions for growing peppers from seeds at home:
- Pour drainage to the bottom of the tank - the best is expanded clay.
- Put the ground on top. Usually choose ph-neutral soil for house plants or a mixture for peppers and tomatoes. Garden soil is not suitable, as it may contain insect larvae, spores of fungi that adversely affect seed germination.
- Seeds are recommended to pre-soak in warm water for several hours for swelling and faster germination. Sometimes a stimulant is added to the soaking water, in particular - Epin, to increase germination. The use of a stimulant will not affect the plant in the future, but if the seeds are harvested 2-3 years ago, the probability of successful germination will be higher. Can be planted without soaking.
- Planting material is evenly distributed over the soil surface at some distance from each other. This is necessary so that as the young plants grow, they do not interfere with each other.
- Sprinkle the seeds on top with soil - about 0.5 mm so that they are completely covered. If the surface of the soil is dry - wet it with water, it is better to use a sprinkler for flowers. It is important that the surface of the soil be slightly wet, but not wet - otherwise the seeds may rot.
- As the top layer of soil dries, it should be wetted regularly.
- It is advisable to put a plastic cup on top of the pot, thereby erecting a greenhouse. This is especially true if the landing takes place in February-March, and the air temperature in the room can be below 25 degrees.
At a temperature of 22-25 degrees shoots appear through 10-14 daysIf seeds are harvested 2-3 years ago, the germination process may take another 1-2 weeks.
Seedlings need to be periodically ventilated - briefly raise the greenhouse so that young plants get used to the environment. Gradually, “no greenhouse” periods should be extended, and eventually completely removed.
Transplanting young plants to a permanent place
When the seedlings appear on two pairs of true leaves, you need to plant them, if the seeds were planted in one container. If the seedlings were planted in individual pots, it is possible to transplant the plants in pots of a larger volume, when roots will appear at the bottom of the water holes.
Leaving all the plants in the same pot is not worth it. Decorative bitter indoor pepper is grown according to the principle one pot - one plant. The fact is that, being planted together, the weaker instances are “muffled” by the stronger ones. The weak will lag far behind in growth and development, flowering will be late and scarce, and fruiting may not occur at all.
When seating is better to use small deep pots of 100 ml. A transplant of a young specimen into a very large pot at once is not useful - the “extra” ground will begin to sour from watering. It is better, as the plant grows, to gradually roll over it in a tank, a little more than the previous one. The main sign that it is time to replant the plant is the roots looking out from the bottom of the pot. During the season, as a rule, the bush is transshipped 2-3 times.
What conditions are needed pepper?
Sunny location. It is advisable to keep the pot on the windowsill indoors. On very sunny balconies, the “lights” suffer greatly from the rays, the leaves can be damaged, the flowers fall off, and the fruits deform strongly and have no seeds.
In the shade, seedlings bloom reluctantly, tied little fruit, may suffer from the Gulf. It is extremely uncomfortable bushes burning room decorative pepper feel on the shelves, the refrigerator and the closet - away from the sun and fresh air.
Regular watering and spraying - The main components in the care of pepper at home. "Spark" loves water. In the summer on sunny days, the plant must be watered every day. Spray with water at room temperature, preferably twice a day.
Fertilizer. From March to September (and for late ripening to October), it is advisable to feed the room pepper with specialized fertilizer for fruit plants. There is also a special fertilizer for peppers and tomatoes, it is found in stores for gardeners and flower growers.
Formation. In addition to the sun, water, and a sufficiently large pot, indoor pepper can grow as branches grow — this is true in late summer and autumn for plants of the first year of life and in the early spring, when it leaves the state of rest.
They form, that is, cut too long branches - this gives a neater appearance, allows the plant to save power. But the main trunk should not be shortened - from this bush can die.
Harvesting and Seeding Rules
As the fruits ripen, it is possible and necessary to harvest. There are varieties of indoor peppers, the sharpness of which decreases in full maturity. Therefore, these fruits are harvested in the stage of technical ripeness. Such unripe peppers are often much tastier than ripe ones.
For example, the fruits of the decorative bitter indoor pepper varieties Jalapeno (Jalapeno) are most often harvested when they are still green, but they have already appeared on the characteristic "scars", but becoming red this look already loses its taste value.
If you are interested in seeds for planting in the future, then you need to wait until the fruits are fully ripe, that is, they get the final color (yellow, orange or red). Fruits must be removed from the bush and allowed to dry for several days.
If the pepper is thin-walled, then it dries quickly enough, if it is thick-walled, then when the fruit shrivels, it should be carefully cut and let it dry again for several days.
Then the seeds are carefully removed and laid out on a napkin to dry. Well dried seeds can be put in a bag and stored in a dry dark place, can be stored in the refrigerator. The main thing is to avoid moisture, in which case they can rot.
Home care for peppers in a pot in winter
Contrary to popular belief, hot indoor peppers are perennial plants. On average, 5 years a bush can actively bear fruit. The main thing is to reload the plant as it grows and renew the soil every spring. However, not all flower growers are ready to provide a homely handsome man with comfortable conditions for wintering. Therefore, there are three options.
The first. If you do not want to keep this copy, at the end of the season after the end of the fruiting, the bush can be thrown away, and in February-March a new plant can be grown from the obtained seeds.
Second. If you are ready to save the plant - then at the end of the season you need to collect ripe fruit, reduce watering, avoiding prolonged drying of the soil. Every two to three days to spray the bush with water at room temperature.
Gradually, the leaves will partially fall off. Sometimes peppers shed their leaves completely. Too long branches can be shortened slightly. In winter, new leaves and even flowers may appear on the branches, especially if the thaw lasts for a long time and the heating works intensively.
In February-March, the indoor pepper will start growing again, at this moment it is necessary to transplant it into the pot a little more than the previous one, to replace the main part of the soil. Gradually increase watering.
Third. If you not only want to preserve the plant, but also to receive the harvest in winter, you need more light. In this case, install a special lamp, watering is not reduced, continue to make feeding.
As you can see, the cultivation of decorative pepper at home does not require special knowledge and skills. “Spark” in a pot is perfect for those who do not like to wait too long when the planted plant finally blooms - only 3-4 months pass from seed to beautiful and fragrant fruits.
If you like houseplants, learn how to grow avocados from a stone, plumeria and adenium from seeds, violet from a leaf. Watching how a miracle is born is much more interesting than buying a ready-made flower in a store.
Hot pepper is added to confectionery, chocolate, coffee, tea - a very unusual and effective tool in the fight against colds and flu!