The Irish national symbol, the flower of St. Patrick - the most revered saint of the country, is characterized by high decorative qualities and is quite popular in indoor growing.
Kislitsa (oxys in Latin) is called for the sour taste of leaves, in Europe it is called clover of happiness, in Russia - hare cabbage.
A specific feature of oxalis is its ability to slowly fold leaves and close flowers with the arrival of the night, when the weather is cloudy or when touched. In Europe, oxalis room is popular as a gift for the Christmas tree: it is believed that a flower with purple, green or maroon leaves will surely bring good luck and well-being if it settles in the house a day before the New Year.
Popular indoor views
Having many species, in the cultivation of the room, the blueberry is represented by the two most popular ones: triangular and four-leaf.
The triangular (otherwise called violet) oxygen, the origin of which is Brazil, is a tuberous plant with tripartite purple leaves located on long petioles. It is for the leaves that are externally associated with quivering butterfly wings, the oxalis violet flower is also called “Madame Butterfly”. The flowers of the room pet are small, lilac, light pink or white. Propagated in a rhizomatous way.
Four-leafed oxygen (Depp), called by the English "lucky clover" or "iron cross", is characterized by four-long obverse heart leaves of light green color with a brown-red middle.
The flowers are crimson-red, with a yellow base, are collected in inflorescences. Blooming, starting in August, four leaf leaves pleases quite a long period, until October.
Oxalis in all variety
In conditions of open ground, you can grow a flower Oxalis Bouvey, characterized by dark pink flowers, placed on thin long peduncles, and leathery leaves of green color. Flowering occurs in May.
The triple leaflets of the Acidus ordinary - a perennial rhizomatous plant about 10 cm high, very similar to clover. The flowers are white, arranged singly. Creeping shoots, in the process of growth actively fill the free space, so the plant is widely used as a groundcover.
Iron-ferric acid is a winter-hardy culture that forms low bushes, which are about 15 cm in diameter. Flowering occurs in the middle of summer (June-July). The flowers are silvery, fairly large, with streaks of pink. Gray-green leaves consist of multiple oval-shaped lobes.
Very beautiful in the cultural cultivation of oxalis multi-colored with its white flowers, decorated with a red border around the edge.
Shaggy acid is a stemless flower about 30 cm tall that forms tubers. The leaves consist of 5-9 leaflets, from the bottom of which red spots are clearly visible. Purple-red flowers for several pieces are collected in umbrella-shaped inflorescences. Abundant flowering occurs in August-October.
Poor blue acid stands out by attractive dark pink flowers in the middle with yellow flowers against the background of other oxalis species. The plant is shallow, with trifoliate, located on thin leaf petioles. The flower is optimal for cultivation in the open field, prefers sunny areas.
Red sulpha is a perennial culture, up to 40 cm tall, with trifoliate leaves, shaggy closer to the base, and attractive red flowers.
Volcanic acid - a short (no more than 15 cm in height) plant with small yellow flowers. Grows well, occupying free territories. Forming a continuous grassy carpet, it is ideal for alpine hills and flower beds. Can be grown in indoor floriculture and open field.
Weeds are considered a weedy plant due to active uncontrolled growth. It is characterized by small yellow flowers and cherry-brown leaves.
From the available types of oxalis, giant-sized acid stands out with impressive dimensions. The culture, capable of reaching a height of 2 meters, has straight shoots, drooping branches, three-lobed leaves and attractive yellow flowers.
Nine-leaved oxygen is a low plant forming solid silver-green carpets decorated with white and pink flowers. The flowering period is May-June.
Orthis Oxygens is a low, grassy flower with pubescent stems and apical, trifoliate, brownish-red leaves, characterized by an obverse heart. Yellow flowers are small, up to 1.5 cm in diameter, collected in inflorescences. Yellow. Such an acid is common in indoor growing.
Oxalis: home care
In home cultivation, oxalis is absolutely unprincipled and limited to the measures necessary for normal growth: irrigation, fertilizing, spraying, comfortable temperature, the optimal indicator of which in summer is 20-25 ºC. In winter, the plant comes to a resting time (1-1.5 months), at which cool conditions are recommended, not higher than 12-18 ºC. At this time, oxalis (the photo shows the beauty of this plant) stops growing, can lose leaves, thus prompting the onset of a rest period.
Lighting should be intensely diffused, without allowing direct sunlight to cause burns. Tolerantly oxalis at home growing refers to the penumbra, but with a long stay in it may lose the decorative leaves.
Watering and feeding activities
High-quality care for oxalis involves carrying out timely fertilizing with complex mineral fertilizers. Make them required every 2-3 weeks, during active growth and flowering, and the concentration of the composition should be 2 times less than indicated on the package.
The plant needs abundant regular watering in the summer (without stagnant water) and its reduction with the onset of cold weather. As soon as new shoots begin to appear, the flower should be transplanted into a new substrate, returned to its usual growth place, resume feeding and watering.
Transplantation of young flowers is made every year into a mixture consisting of leaf and sod land, sand and humus in the same proportions. In order to avoid stagnation of moisture, the bottom of the pot must be covered with a drainage layer of expanded clay. Adult plants such a procedure should be carried out once every 2-3 years.
Diseases and pests
Oxygen - a plant that is fairly resistant to disease. In case of improper care, it can be damaged by spider red mites, shield, aphids. To combat them should be through the use of insecticidal drugs. Against the spider mite, “Actellic” is effective, aphids can be overcome with the help of a soap solution (1 cup of water - 1 tsp. Of liquid soap), the shield is removed mechanically (manual harvesting), after which the plant is to be sprayed with “Aktar”. After a week, it is desirable to repeat the treatment. It is necessary to protect the soil in which the plant is located from the ingress of drugs.
When over-diligently watering, Kislitz may be infected with fusarium or gray rot. In this case, the drug "Fundazol" is effective.
Oxalis: breeding at home
Oxalis is a flower culture that can be propagated in several ways. With seeds ripening in a plant shell that explodes easily when touched, oxygen grows in natural conditions, and for indoor growing this method is unpopular because of its duration. In early spring, plant seeds should be scattered over the surface of the soil consisting of 4 parts of leaf humus and peat and one part of sand. Seed material does not close up. The planting container should be covered with glass in order to provide one hundred percent moisture required for germination. The lighting should be diffused, the temperature should be 16-18 ° C, the soil should be constantly wet. For irrigation it is recommended to use a spray. An important factor in the success of the event is the daily airing of crops. Germination of seedlings will occur during the month.
The easiest method of reproduction: to separate the nodule or daughter oxalis bulbs in the process of spring transplantation. Disembarking should be carried out on several pieces in one tank, which is then determined in a shaded cool place. The soil should be moistened occasionally. As soon as the first shoots appear, it is recommended to rearrange the pot with the future plant closer to the light. After a month and a half this place will be a beautiful, luxuriously blooming bush.
Also, the flower Oxalis can be propagated by nodules. To do this, waiting for the first new sheet to appear after a period of rest, the tuber should be removed from the soil, cleaned and rinsed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Then cut into pieces, process cuts crushed charcoal. Planting oxalis, or rather, the resulting delenok, is made in separate containers, which should be determined in a place with ambient lighting. Twice a month, from the second week of planting, the future plant should be fed, soil moisture should be made after the surface of the soil dries.
Medicinal properties of oxalis
Oxalis (see photo below) is a medicinal plant whose properties have been evaluated by traditional medicine for a long time.
The ground part of the bush was treated with scurvy, treated wounds and ulcers, used as an antidote for poisoning with mercury and arsenic. The high content of vitamin C in acidic helps to eliminate colds and strengthen immunity.
Purple violet (Latin Oxalis triangularis), or, as it is called in Russia, the “butterfly flower” is a perennial flowering plant of the Sourwood family, originally from South Africa, Mexico and South America.
Oxygen cleans the air of harmful substances, promotes healing and health promotion. It is advisable to put it in a room with those who wish to recover quickly and always remain in good shape. Being in the bedroom or on the desktop, the plant helps the owner to find his place in life.
Oxygen is not poisonous, all its parts can be eaten and used in traditional medicine.
There are about 800 plant species. For growing at home, the most popular oxalis is purple and regisilla.
On the garden plot most often grown iron leaf, depp, Ordinary and nine leaf.
The plant reaches a height of 25-30 cm, has long thin petioles. An unusual trifoliate shape of the leaves gives originality to the sour face: each leaf is divided into 3 parts of a triangular shape.
It blooms throughout the summer. The plant produces an arrow, on the top of which there is an umbrella-shaped inflorescence with small flowers of pink, yellow or white shade, well combined with bright leaves. At the same time 3-4 buds bloom, in the place where new flowers bloom after withering.
Omens and superstitions
Oxygen charges the household with positive energy, vigor and vitality, gives self-confidence, increases endurance and endurance, strengthens the protective functions of the body.
This plant is an excellent talisman for a child's room, it promotes the discovery of abilities in children, protects from enemies.
It is believed that the family, which this flower is presented for the New Year, will be accompanied by good luck and happiness.
The plant helps to solve personal problems, find a soul mate. Oxygen - a symbol of family happiness, unity and parental love. Where it grows, peace and prosperity reigns.
For the growth and development of acidic need constant and warm air temperature. In spring and summer, it should be + 20-25 ° C, and in the cold season, when the plant needs rest, the temperature can be lowered to + 10-15 ° C. At lower temperatures, the flower will not be able to grow and develop normally, will cease to bloom.
Lighting and comfortable place
Oxygen loves light, but is afraid of direct sunlight that burns its leaves. Therefore, the lighting should be bright, but diffused.
The most comfortable place for the plant is the western or eastern part of the apartment.
REFERENCE! The rays of the sun in the morning and in the winter are not aggressive, and the flower can be placed on the windowsill.
After a period of rest, it is necessary to remove all dried leaves and flower stalks. To stimulate more lush growth and flowering, you need to shorten bare shoots by a few centimeters.
Care in the dormant period
In winter, the plant rests and restores strength. It is necessary to move the flower to a dark and cool room, but make sure that the temperature does not fall below +10 ° C.
Watering sour need as little as possible, only when the topsoil dries. Spray the leaves during the rest period can not be.
In the spring, when the plant has new shoots, the flowerpot with a flower should be moved to a warmer and lighter place.
What pot is needed for a plant?
The capacity most suitable for growing kislitsy is a shallow, but wide ceramic pot. This material is eco-friendly and well passes moisture and air. If it is not possible to use ceramics, plastic vases will do. In this case, you must often loosen the ground under the flower, as the plastic does not allow air to pass through.
Each new container during transplantation should be 3-4 cm larger than before.
At the bottom of the pot must be drainage holes. As a drainage, you can use broken red brick, ceramic shards, perlite, vermiculite or expanded clay.
You can buy oxalis in a flower shop or order it online. It costs from 50 to 500 rubles.
What is needed primer?
Violet acid grows well in universal soil for indoor plants, which can be purchased at any flower shop. The soil should be nutritious and light, having a neutral (pH 6.0-7.0) or weak (pH 5.0-6.0) acidity, for example, “our dacha,“ flower paradise ”or others.
You can prepare the soil mixture yourself, for this you need to mix in equal proportions:
In order to disinfect the groundwater mixture, it is necessary to calcine or freeze it. You can get rid of pests by spilling the soil with a solution of potassium permanganate or by adding charcoal to it.
A young plant needs to be transplanted annually, and when it reaches 4 years old - once every 2-3 years, otherwise the flower will lose its decorative effect. The best time for this is early spring.
Causes of acid transplants:
- the plant has grown a lot
- more than a week has passed since the purchase of a flower
- the flower fell ill.
Transplantation should be carried out carefully, avoiding damage to the roots - further adaptation and rooting of the plant depend on the degree of caution in extracting the flower.
- prepare the ground and the new pot,
- pour a drainage layer 2 cm thick into the tank and cover the soil,
- water the plant abundantly, then remove it from the old pot,
- put sour in a new pot,
- fill voids with residues of soil mixture, maintaining the same level of soil,
- pour acidic and put it in a dimly lit place.
No need to remove the entire substrate from the root system - this will slow down the process of adaptation.
With proper transplantation and providing the necessary plant conditions, the flower fully takes root within 2-3 weeks.
Growing in the garden
Kislitsa feels good in the garden - in the spring-summer period, you can place there flowerpots with a plant to decorate the landscape.
In spring, the flower can be planted immediately in open ground - after 1-1.5 months, the plant will take root and bloom. The main thing - to choose a place where direct sunlight will not fall on the water. However, in the fall, the flower will have to be dug up - it will not tolerate frost even when harboring.
Description of oxalis
Oxygen is a shrub or herb. Among the huge variety of oxalis species, there are annual or perennial representatives. Most often, you can find herbaceous species, they are grown as ampelous or ground cover decorative and deciduous specimens. In most species, the leaves are three-four-lobed, less common with five to six and nine lobes, on long petioles, have a peculiar sour taste. The underground part of oxalis, depending on the species, is rhizome, tuber or bulb. Modest but very attractive flowers have a white, yellow, pink, purple color and are collected in umbellate inflorescence. Many greenhouses fold the leaves at night, in bright sunshine or before the rain.
Since ancient times, certain types of oxalis were eaten. The Indians specially engaged in the cultivation of Kislits and ate boiled tubers containing a large amount of starch.
As an indoor culture, oxalis appeared in the 17th century and won the hearts of gardeners in many countries with its amazing appearance and unpretentiousness. In everyday life for oxalis grown in room culture use the name "Flower butterfly".
Useful properties Kislitsy
In folk medicine, often use parts Кислицы рожковой, или кислицы рогатой (Oxalis corniculata) — цветки, цветоносы, листья. Растение содержит органические кислоты (щавелевую, яблочную, лимонную). Заготавливают сырье весной или в начале лета (май – июнь) и сушат при температуре 40-50°С.
The plant improves metabolism, enhances appetite, has antihelminthic, hemostatic, wound healing, urinary and choleretic action. Oxalis is a good antiseptic. In addition, oxygen removes heartburn, vomiting, normalizes the acidity of gastric juice, lowers blood pressure. Infusions, decoctions and tincture are used in diseases of the liver, kidneys, gall bladder, gastritis, diathesis, cardiovascular diseases, bleeding, stomatitis, putrefactive processes in the oral cavity (for rinsing). Juice kislitsy treat scabies.
Self-treatment is strictly prohibited!
Oxalic acid or horned oxis (Oxalis corniculata). © Stefan Laarmann
Some types of oxalis
Common oxygen (Oxalis acetosella) - rhizomatous plant, 8-10 cm tall. Leaves on a long petiole resemble clover leaves, tend to fold at night, in overcast weather and in bright sun. The flowers are white, solitary, on long peduncles. It blooms in May and June.
Succulent oxygen (Oxalis succulenta) different from other types of chetyrehislozhnymi bronze-green leaves and pink flowers. Plant 30-35 cm tall, blooms until late autumn. This acid plant is also cultivated in the rooms as an ampelous plant.
In the modern nomenclature refers to the Kislice megaloris (Oxalis megalorrhiza)
Four-leaf oxygen (Oxalis tetraphylla) - a popular garden plant and house plant. In gardening, known as Kislitz Depp (Oxalis deppei).
Care for decorative sour dough at home
Location: Kislitsu located in a room with a bright but diffused light. The plant tolerates penumbra perfectly, but a long stay in a thick shade leads to a loss of decorative leaves. Direct sunlight can cause burns.
Temperature: Kislitza - quite unpretentious plant to the conditions of cultivation. It is not necessary to create a special microclimate for it, it grows well at room temperature. In the summer, acidic can be taken out to fresh air, protecting it from drafts. In winter, make sure that the temperature does not fall below +16 .. +18 ° C. Species in which the aerial part dies off for the winter period, contain at +12 .. + 14 ° C.
Watering: in the summer, the killer needs plenty of watering, but care must be taken to ensure that the moisture does not stand in the pot. The plant is very sensitive to an excess of moisture, it is better not to add water to the pot, than to pour. In the autumn, watering is gradually reduced; in winter, they are limited to maintaining the soil in a slightly damp state.
Oxalis megaloris (Oxalis megalorrhiza), formerly Oxy succulent (Oxalis succulenta). © Manuel M. Ramos Iron Oxide (Oxalis Adenophylla). © Orkel2012 Oxalis triangular (Oxalis triangularis). © Maja Dumat
Oxygen is well propagated by nodules formed around the taproot of old plants. The nodules are planted in pots of 5-10 pieces, covering them from above with 1 cm of earth. Planting produced at different times, depending on the desired timing of flowering. From the day of planting to full development, depending on the season, 30-40 days pass. The same principle of reproduction and onions.
Some types of oxalis, for example Kislitsa ortgisa (Oxalis ortgiesii), can be propagated by leaves, which, cut with a small handle, rooted in water or in wet sand. With the advent of roots, cuttings can be planted in several pieces in one pot.
Orthis Oxygen (Oxalis ortgiesii). © Leo breman
If you want to propagate oxalis with seeds, then pay attention to the fact that they are very small and are sown on the ground surface when they are planted without falling asleep. Watering with a jet is not permissible, the soil should be moistened with a spray.
Room oxygen. Factors of development and care for tiller at home at home
The vegetative or reproductive organs of some plants cause, when looking at them, very vivid associations, which later form the basis of the unofficial, that is, popular names of the representatives of the flora. Such is the culture, called acidic. Otherwise, it is called “butterfly”, because its leaves really look like the ephemeral wings of this elegant insect - even spontaneously fold with the onset of twilight and in cloudy weather. Talk about how to grow acidic at home and provide it with the right care.
Photo: room rosin
The heroine of this article belongs to the botanical family of plants Sour, the genus Kislitz or, in Latin, Oxalis. The name of such a culture was not accidental: its foliage really has a sour taste. The distribution area of Kyslitsy is quite wide. It includes the territories of the South American and African continents, as well as European countries. It is noteworthy that in Ireland this plant is especially honored. Oxygen is a national symbol of the specified state. He is also called the plant of St. Patrick. Other names oxalis: "clover of happiness", "hare cabbage".
Oxygen can be an annual or perennial herb. Some species belong to bulbous, and some - to the tuberous flora. The botanical features of exot are as follows:
- trifoliate (rarely - palchatoloslozhennye) leaves on petioles,
- burgundy, purple, purple or green vegetative organs,
- small nondescript flowers of yellow, snow-white, lilac or pink color,
- coated seeds.
The genus Oxalis unites over 700 species. But at home, mostly two of them are cultivated from the bottom — this is triple acid and four-leaf acid.
Triangle acid. Synonym: Kislitse violet. People call it “Madame Butterfly” for the leaves, very similar to the tender butterfly wings.
Oxygen - "the wings of an angel"!
The vegetative organs of the plant are three-lobed, long-petaled, spotty, dark purple in color. Flowers are light, small size, decorative values are not. This type of grin is cultivated, usually at home.
Four-leaf oxygen. Synonym: Deppe Acid. It is characterized by the presence of leaves consisting of four lobes, which, in fact, follows from the name of the culture. The color of the vegetative organs is light green, in the center it is brown with a reddish tinge. Flowers K. Depp crimson, quite beautiful. They are formed in inflorescences. Four-leaf oxygen is intended for cultivation in the open field and in the room.
Photo: room rosin
Factors of development Kislitsy at home
- Shine. Oxygen makes high demands on the quality of lighting. In the summer, the culture should be located exclusively on shaded windows, thus ensuring that it has exposure to diffused sunlight or partial shade. Otherwise, do not avoid the occurrence of burns on the delicate leaves of oxalis, or even the death of exotic. To keep the flower fit window with a western or eastern orientation. From the end of autumn to the beginning of the spring period, it is allowed to place the plant under the direct rays of the day star.
- Heat. Our heroine is not too comfortable in the room with the prevailing heat there. On summer days, the best for her is + 18 + 20ºС, not more. Although some types of oxalis normally tolerate heat. In autumn and winter, the thermometer near the exotic should not fall below the mark of + 7ºС. If you do not comply with this flowering condition, you will not wait.
- Air humidity. If the plant is provided with an optimal thermal regime, then it will not be afraid of a lack of moisture in the surrounding atmosphere. If it is impossible to implement this principle in a hot summer, you should put a sour face in a pan with wet pebbles.
- Soil and pot. The substrate for the cultivation of acid must have a slightly acidic reaction medium. For this purpose, the soil mixture consists of the following components: 2 hours of garden soil, 2 hours of humus, 1 part of top peat and the same amount of perlite. At the bottom of the tank, a good drainage layer is required. Oxalis tank should be selected with a wide bottom.
Care for tartweed at home
Kislitsu extremely important to regularly water. Soil moistening should be abundant. This is with regard to the spring and summer seasons. In the autumn, in most species of oxalis, a period of rest begins, continuing until the end of winter. Throughout its length, the plant is watered occasionally.
Top dressing must also be regular. Fertilizer is recommended to be applied to the soil under the flower from mid-spring until the end of summer. Use for dressing oxalis as mineral concentrates, and organic. Special fertilizers are also suitable. It is important to observe the frequency of the procedure: twice a month.
Transplantation is required in oxalis every year if the plant is young, and once every several years if it is an adult. As a substrate, you can take the soil for Saintpaulia or universal soil. Both that, and another get in shop. At the bottom of the pot need drainage to prevent stagnant moisture. The pot takes a little more and wider than before. If there is no urgent need to change the soil, make transshipment.
The reproduction of plants carried out seed and vegetative way. Within the framework of the first, the seeds are scattered with the onset of spring on the surface of the substrate; they are not embedded. Top cover crops with glass, provide them with the influence of scattered light, thermal mode + 16 + 18 º C, spraying and ventilation. After 7-30 days, depending on the type, your work will be rewarded by the emergence of shoots.
However, seeds sour seeds rarely. A more common way to get offspring from oxalis is vegetative. It is appropriate during the spring transplant. Onion or tubercle kids are separated from the mother plant and planted in a pot of 3-4 things. The container with the future offspring of oxalis is kept in a cool room in partial shade, watering the soil from time to time. When seedlings appear, the plant is placed on a window covered with diffused light.
In addition, some growers propagate the "butterfly" by grafting. True, this is possible only in relation to some species. Shoots are planted for rooting in the wet sand.
Photo: room rosin
Difficulties growing cultivar
Oxygen is highly vulnerable to insect pests. It is damaged by a spider mite, whitefly, mealybug, scalefish and aphid. Excessive soil moisture under the flower provokes the emergence of oxalis diseases: fusarium and gray rot. Immeasurable watering to everything else often causes rotting of the roots.
Under the influence of direct rays of bright sun leaves Kislitsy simply dry out. The same thing happens in conditions of deficiency of moisture in the soil under the flower.
Oxygen - a healing plant. From time immemorial its foliage has been used in the treatment of intoxication of the body and scurvy. On the basis of foliage culture prepared drugs, accelerating the healing of wounds. Thus, acquiring oxalis, you take care of your health!
Author: Ponomarenko Nadezhda
Article protected by copyright and related rights. When using and reprinting the material, an active link to the women's site www.inmoment.ru is obligatory!
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Oxygen - home care
Oxygen, or oxalis, is a perennial plant that can be grown in garden or indoor conditions. The kislis family includes more than 800 species, native to South and Central America, Central Africa and even Central Europe. The name of the plant comes from the fact that the taste of the leaves of Kislitsy is really sour, reminiscent of something sorrel. It is for this acidity that oxalis is called “hare cabbage”.
Ordinary (Forest) Oxygen: recommendations for care, photo
On long thin cuttings, leaves are arranged in a threefold form of various colors: brown, dark or light green. Particularly interesting is the reaction of the leaves of the plant to the sunlight: with the arrival of the morning, in bright light, they open, and with the onset of the evening, they turn off. Kislitsy flowers small size purple, pink or white flowers. At home, they usually contain triangular tart with dark purple leaves that grow from separate cuttings directly from the ground. It is found and Orissa acid with brown-red stems and leaves with variegated grooves. Many also grow Depp tart with light green leaves with a brown spot in the middle.
Perhaps, and you have this elegant plant-flower kislitse. How to care for him, how to plant - this will help our article.
Room oxygen: care
The first thing the plant should choose the right location. Oxygen loves the sun, but strong light will be disastrous for its tender leaves. Therefore, when growing oxalis in a southern or western window, the lighting should be scattered with gauze or transparent paper. The window sill, located on the north side, is also not suitable. The lack of lighting will lead to the fact that the cuttings of acidic will begin to stretch, and the leaves - to shrink.
When growing plants such as chilli, care at home must necessarily include abundant watering and spraying, especially during the period of intensive growth - from spring to autumn. It is recommended to water the soil, without waiting for the complete drying of the soil. However, make sure that there is no stagnation of water: it is harmful to the flower. With the arrival of winter watering can be made moderate.
In how to care for tartweed, it is important to make feeding. It is carried out in the period of active growing season - from April to August. Use complex mineral fertilizers with the calculation of reducing their concentration by half, so as not to damage the fragile root system of the flower.
For a young plant, an annual transplant is required, for adult fruit - every two to three years. The soils are light and friable, so you can buy ready-made substrate for ornamental deciduous plants. At the bottom of the pot should pour a drainage layer - expanded clay or gravel. Before planting an acid, it is recommended to prune old tubers and roots, which will contribute to a better growth of the flower.
In Kislitsy reproduction occurs by seed, daughter tubers and cuttings with a leaflet. In the first case, the seeds need to be sown in the spring without powdering the ground and often watered. In the beginning of spring, the child's tubers of the plant are planted in a separate pot, 1-2 cm of soil are filled up and put in a cool place after watering. Stalk with a leaflet put in a container of water, and rooted after the appearance of the roots.
Room oxygen: diseases
Some flower problems are most often associated with improper care. So, for example, the leaves dry when they are exposed to direct sunlight. With excessive watering, the roots of the plant rot, gray mold or fusarium develops.
Whitefly, aphid, spider mite, and mealybug are the main pests of acidic. In this case, treatment with insecticides is necessary.
If the acid fades, and then drops the leaves, the plant begins a resting phase. It is recommended to shortly shave cuttings (1.5-2 cm) and put the pot in a dark place (for example, the basement).
Amazing butterfly flower: growing and care
All of us in childhood tasted hare cabbage. This is an amazing plant that has a sour taste. But not many people know that hare cabbage has a few more items. Firstly, “triangle acid”, which corresponds to the scientific nomenclature. But the beauty is popularly called the butterfly flower.
Growing this creation is possible in the garden and at home.
In theory, caring for him is very simple. Well, the appearance of all and so familiar.
The genus Kislitza includes many species, whose home can be completely different areas of the planet, ranging from temperate latitudes and ending in tropical areas. So growing a butterfly flower will be a hobby for you and help you relax.
Thanks to the photo you can learn how to grow, care and when to plant this sample of wildlife. I will also tell you how to plant a butterfly flower and when to replant it. And the most detailed instructions and description of the cultivation process can be found on the World Wide Web. Take care of your pet, because what could be better than the photo, reflecting the beauty of the flower, and the one that we grow from a young age. I think caring for a sour face will appeal to amateur gardeners of all ages.
As a rule, fertilizers are not needed for growth. But, in principle, dressing with liquid fertilizers does not hurt. Just do not feed every week, enough for one or two times a month, this is advice. The most optimal time for fertilizing is from May to August, at this very time flying flowers begin to pamper us with flowering.
But reproduction does not require special knowledge. Actually, reproduction and seeds are two pair of boots. But individuals that are transplanted by tubers or bulbs are best tolerated. In addition, our pet does not know about such things as diseases and pests. Occasionally, the plant is affected by red mites and shield. Also, with poor care, aphids, worms, whitefly can appear, but there are varieties and species that are resistant to pests.
Planting clover on the plot
Для обустройства территории вокруг дома часто используют классический зеленый газон. Но есть замечательная альтернатива — посадка клевера на участке. Растение быстро укореняется и ползучие ростки идеально заполняют весь газон. Лужайка, сотканная из тысяч изумрудных листочков и очаровательных шаровидных цветков, выглядит очень естественно.
Сорта и виды клевера
About 70 varieties of clover (trefoil) with pink, white, yellow and red flowers grow on the territory of the CIS countries, but there are at least 300 species in total.
The shamrock is usually planted on lawns, it is decorated with alpine hills and create scenic rockeries. Many decorative varieties appeared thanks to the clover. For registration of lawns used mainly perennial with white flowers, often called creeping. It is short, undemanding in care and quite lush, after mowing the view of the lawn will not be spoiled by bare stems.
Landscape designers liked white clover varieties. For example, Atropurpurea with elegant leaves of purple hue. This variety is planted better in the sun - in the shade the foliage loses its color. Purpurascens quickly fills the free space in the flower beds and flower beds. The Good Luck variety is different from the other shamrocks - the leaves of its representatives are four, so you can make a wish.
No less beautiful is the pink (hybrid or Swedish) type of perennial. This plant with pinkish ovoid leaves is found in the Caucasus and the territory of the Crimean peninsula. It is undemanding to soil acidity, blooms from June to September.
Reddish clover is an amazing plant that does not even look like a shamrock and is listed in the Red Book. This is a perennial lush bush, reaches a height of 60 centimeters. His inflorescences are large, crimson-red and elongated like candles.
The flowering periods of different types and varieties of clover are different, but in most cases the trefoil will please with fluffy balls of inflorescences twice during the season.
Oxalis flower, home care, photo
But for a green carpet to turn out even and beautiful, it is important to choose a place in the sun or in partial shade, as well as to prepare the soil. It is very good if before that, cereals grew on the site.
Clover is propagated by seeds taken in the second year of life, but it is better to use those bought in the store. Sometimes shrubs of tall varieties are divided, but, unfortunately, they have a weak survival rate.
1. Before planting, they dig up the earth, remove weeds, level it slightly.
2. Approximately 320 seeds will be needed per square meter of lawn, sometimes gardeners pre-soak them for an hour. Seeds can be mixed with soil in a separate container, for example, a garden wheelbarrow. Then the mixture is evenly distributed throughout the area.
3. Seeds cover, sprinkled them with a thin layer of earth, enough thickness of 1 centimeter.
4. Watering the area with a hose with a strong pressure is not worth it, it is better to use a nozzle for light rain. During the week from the time of sowing the soil should remain wet, you can not walk on the lawn. Approximately in 14 days the first clover sprouts will seem.
If you scatter the seeds manually, the lawn will turn out uneven. Clover perennial, but short. After about 3 years, the procedure will need to be repeated in order to sow the lawn again. With planting, it is not necessary to delay, if the seeds germinate only in August, they will not have time to take root before the onset of cold weather.
Trefoil blooms usually only next year. But immediately after the emergence of shoots it is important for them to provide proper care, at a young age the clover is most vulnerable.
The most important condition for the development of the trefoil, regardless of the type, will be watering. Prolonged drought will certainly affect the decorative lawns. Waterlogging for meadow clover can also be detrimental, white is more stable in this regard, and pink grows even in areas where groundwater is close enough. In any case, watering should be regular, about once a week, but moderate. Clover itself releases nitrogen, so fertilizer is not necessary to get involved.
Seeds collected from large brown heads. They are dried for about a week, but not under direct sunlight, and then stored before planting in a box.
A lawn covered with emerald perennials will be a wonderful backdrop for brighter shrubs and trees. The plant withstands trampling without problems, do not worry about this and limit the kids - let them run. The shamrock will remain as beautiful even under the conditions of temperature difference.
Clover will have to be cut as it grows so that the plot looks well-groomed and neat. A trimmer will come in handy, after such treatment the plant will quickly recover and even bloom more abundantly. In addition, it is desirable to ensure that the lawn does not grow too much. If the trefoil "settles" on the nearby beds and neighboring flower beds, it will be difficult to withdraw it.
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