It is the easiest to identify light-loving cultures (of which the overwhelming number) on their land acres. The problem arises with shady areas where far from all fruit trees and shrubs are capable of growing for the garden. Besides the shadow of the shadow of discord! The shadow of the trees is different from the shadow of the north side of the house. As you understand, in the second case it is more dense. The shadow of a single tree is not like the deaf shadow created by a group of plantations. It can be temporary and light (and it is normally perceived by many plantings), and it can be permanent and dense, creating a huge problem in the selection for a low-lit area of a suitable tree or shrub.
You can try to plant light-loving fruit bushes for the garden in a shaded place, but the return from them compared to the expected one will be completely opposite, because the crops will only have to adapt to unfavorable conditions and try to simply survive in them, not to mention their high yield.
Shrubs in the shade as decorative elements of the garden
In the shade it is recommended to plant shade-loving fruit trees and shrubs for the garden. By the way, some of them, surprisingly, absolutely can not stand the sun and can get burns from its rays.
Shade-loving fruit trees and shrubs for the garden will enliven the shaded places with their foliage, and often it is not the flowers that attract the attention, but the leaves: original, diverse, giving a decorative appearance to the general appearance. Factors such as the diverse shape of the leaves (reniform, lobed, heart-shaped, lanceolate), their unusual texture (color shades, embossed veins, pubescence) and even the location on the stem (alternate, not covering and not shading each other) are capable of in a little sun corner of the garden to create an attractive composition, from which, moreover, later you will be able to get a great, high-quality harvest.
The list of recommended for planting in the shade of crops
For planting in the shade are suitable shade-tolerant fruit trees and shrubs for the garden, such as:
- currant red, pink, white, black, alpine,
- elder black,
- Honeysuckle edible
- deren male,
- Apple tree.
Currants grow in the sun and help out in the shade
Naturally, shade-loving fruit shrubs planted in sunny places for the garden will produce much better fruit, but in the absence of an alternative, these are optimal crops that can grow qualitatively in the shade.
Currant - one of the most suitable for growth in the shade of shrubs. Unpretentious in the care, it in all its varieties easily and quickly reproduces. Large berries will be pleased with compact bushes of such high-yielding varieties as Pygmy, Mermaid, Vigorous.
Alpine currant is a beautiful tall (about 2 meters) shrub, characterized by yellow flowers and graceful leaves. Flowering occurs in May, and in July, the culture is already able to please appetizing-looking red berries, in fact, completely tasteless. Currant is a winter-hardy plant that can be attributed to the advantage of such a culture.
Shadow Protector: Elderberry Black
Elderberry black, like other shade-tolerant fruit bushes for the garden, is a wonderful decoration of any site and, moreover, is able to effectively protect it from pests. In a strong shade it will grow very difficult, the plant will transfer the partial shade calmly. Black shiny fruits are preserved on the bushes even after the leaves fall. Berries, flowers, leaves and bark of a plant possess the curative properties caused by a unique chemical composition.
Shrub of Life - Honeysuckle
The very interpretation of the name of the culture (“life” and “youth”) indicates the enormous benefit of such a plant. The shrub, whose height can reach 2.5 meters, has yellowish-brown bark and pale green oblong leaves. Not all fruit shrubs for the garden are characterized by such vitality, the age of honeysuckle in natural conditions can pass for a hundred years. Such a plant is simply recommended for cultivation in the dacha area due to its powerful anti-inflammatory characteristics, choleretic and diuretic effects, as well as the performance of protective functions, especially in cases of intoxication of the body. Interestingly, the first pruning of a plant is carried out 5-7 years after planting due to its too slow growth. With such a shrub the plot in the shade can turn into a real berry conveyor, the main thing is to have time to harvest a bountiful harvest!
Shadow plants for health
Kalina is a beautiful shrub, which is pleasant to admire at any time of the year. In summer, the plant pleases the eye with attractive spherical or umbellate buds that have pale pink or snow-white flowers. In autumn, the carved foliage, playing with different shades of berries hanging from the branches, from adolescent orange to rich purplish-red, causes admiration. The fruits of viburnum can hang up to the time of snowfall, taking advantage of the birds in this period. Useful properties of this culture have been successfully used in traditional medicine. Fruit shrubs for the garden, in particular, viburnum, only decorate the dacha, giving it a touch of aristocratic nobility and ornamental beauty.
Rosehip (most varieties) is also a shade-loving plant. In the summer, it will delight you with fragrant bright flowers and a swarm of bumblebees useful for the garden. In the fall, the plant will produce a wonderful harvest of useful berries, which, when dried, will become the healing basis for many medicinal formulations.
Raspberries - tasty and fragrant, a favorite berry of adults and children, the benefits of which are known to everyone. Being a shade-tolerant plant, it is very demanding on the soil in which it grows. The site allotted for its landing should be moderately wet and closed from piercing winds. The most adapted for growth in the shade varieties - Turner, Marlboro, Crimzon Mammut. Compatibility of fruit trees and shrubs in the garden should be considered when planting a number of raspberries and apples. This neighborhood is unprofitable to both. The fast-growing raspberry root system, located close to the surface, takes all the nutrients out of the soil, thereby condemning the fruitful neighbor to a hungry existence. The apple tree, in turn, during the period of active development, which coincides with the flowering and fruiting of raspberries, is generously divided with the last pests on it, the destruction of which by spraying will cause the ingress of poisons on ripe raspberries.
Cornel and filbert: useful and beautiful
Cornel is an uncommon culture, but this does not detract from its medicinal and technical properties. Representing a bush or a tree, whose height is about 2.5 meters, it has a well-leafy, compact crown, giving the area in which it grows, neat and well-groomed appearance. The taste of juicy, fragrant fruits is sweet, with a certain degree of pleasant sourness. By soils, the plant is imprudent, but optimally bears fruit on well-fertilized light soils. Productivity increases incrementally: at the age of 5-10 years, the plant is able to produce up to 25 kg of fruits, in 15-20 years - from 40 to 60 kg, in 25-40 years - up to 100 kg of beautiful high-quality berries.
Common hazel, which is becoming increasingly popular among gardeners because of tasty fruits, tolerates shade and grows to a height of 5 meters. Blooming early, before the foliage blooms, it forms graceful earrings at the ends of the shoots, when looking at them, the mood rises in anticipation of the onset of long-awaited warm days.
Barberry for decoration
Barberry, a branching thorny shrub, is characterized by tallness, but its dwarf varieties, which are convenient for harvesting and are effectively used as a decorative hedge, are most in demand among gardeners. Culture has a high winter hardiness. Sour berries are most often used in industry. Barberry prefers neutral soils, is characterized by easy survival and rapid growth. Needs periodic pruning. If we take into account the compatibility of fruit trees and shrubs in the garden, then the barberry is optimally combined with raspberries and can easily grow with it in the neighborhood.
Berry Bushes for Shadows
Gooseberry, moderately demanding of the soil, grows well in the shade, characterized by winter hardiness, high yields. Berries are rich in many useful substances.
Blackberry, as well as the red dog rose, until a certain time was considered an exclusively light-loving plant. This statement was refuted by practical consideration: such cultures bear fruit in semi-dark places, delighting the consumer with their tasty and healthy fruits.Fruit trees and shrubs in the garden (you can see photos of them in this article), choosing not only focusing on their agrotechnical characteristics, but also using your own imagination, aimed at creating a beautiful autumn composition that will play a variety of colors: green, orange, yellow, purple. The bright area will please with its contrast, giving the gardener a great mood and inspiration to create future masterpieces.
How to choose shade-tolerant shrubs for the garden
Shade-tolerant perennial shrubs are conventionally divided into 3 different groups, namely: berry, flowering, and decorative leafy. Each of these plants has both certain advantages and disadvantages. And there are also such types of shrubs, which not only look very impressive, but also give useful, fragrant and incredibly tasty fruits. Experienced gardeners and gardeners categorically do not recommend buying planting material in natural markets, as there is a high probability that it will be of very low quality. It is best to buy seedlings in special stores that have a good reputation. Among the various types of shrubs can be identified the most popular and common.
This shrub has a very spectacular appearance, especially during the flowering period, when it is almost completely covered with inflorescences consisting of flowers of saturated color. His leafy plates are fleshy. Rhododendron feels great shading created by tall trees and shrubs, in which many other plants can simply die.
This shrub is very popular with gardeners and gardeners. This very beautiful plant will be an excellent decoration of almost any site. Jasmine looks particularly impressive during flowering. At this time, its branches covered with snow-white lush inflorescences, from which emanates a very pleasant and quite strong smell. An important advantage of this shrub is its undemanding to the place of growth, as well as the quality of the soil. Garden jasmine can adapt to absolutely any growing conditions. So, it perfectly withstands dry periods, and also it is not afraid of quite frosty winters. However, in order to decorate your site compact and tidy bush, it will need to be systematically and often cut.
Shade-tolerant berry bushes
Such perennial plants are suitable for those gardeners and summer residents who wish that the plants grown by him were not only very beautiful, but also bring certain benefits.
This shrub is quite popular in eastern countries. It is fast growing and frost resistant. It is enough just to take care of him, and he also tolerates a dry period perfectly. Such a shrub has small, very beautiful leafy plates, which in the autumn change their green color to saturated burgundy. At the barberry grow berries with high taste. They are used in cooking for cooking a variety of dishes.
It can grow in a sunny or shaded place. And still such a shrub needs to be watered quite rarely and moderately, while it can withstand a dry period. The plant grows very tasty berries, which are often used for making jam.
This plant prefers to grow only on non-acidic soil. If the soil is sour, then it is recommended to add sand. On hazel grow quite tasty nuts.
Shade-tolerant decorative leafy plants
This group includes many plants. Here are some of them.
This plant has spectacular leaves saturated lemon color. It can be planted together with other shrubs, and singly. It is frost-resistant and drought-resistant, and also unpretentious in care.
This shrub grows very quickly and does not need special care. In winter, it also looks quite impressive. Leaves of saturated color will certainly bring a zest and a peculiar charm to your garden.
Such an evergreen shrub loves moisture. In the presence of systematic watering, it will become very lush and even be able to bloom.
Such shade-tolerant shrubs will be a wonderful decoration of any site.
Differences between shrubs and trees
Shrubs used in landscape designe, constantly enjoy deserved attention. Therefore, in numerous nurseries there is always a wide selection of these popular plants.
There are intermediate forms of plants between shrubs and trees. The main difference is the presence of the main, main trunk, in different directions from which grow multiple branches. For example, the following plants can grow in the form of a tree or a bush:
- Some species of elm and willow.
It depends on the method of pruning and the conditions in which they grow.
For example, a dark crimson beech forest, with regular pruning and adjustment of growth, can be turned into a shrub and used for arranging a picturesque hedge. This hedge will not lose its brown foliage in the winter. But if you allow it to grow freely without pruning, such a beech will soon become a tree.
To get the expected result, you must responsibly approach selection of the right shrubs. For certain types of plants need a special soil composition.
Due to the fact that many shade-loving species are adapted to the conditions of the forest, their planting should pay attention to the preparation of the soil. The soil must be nutritious and have a neutral acidity. If these conditions are met, the plants will easily tolerate the transplant and eventually grow into beautiful, lush bushes.
It is necessary to plan a site for planting in advance so that they do not constrain each other during the growth process. It should pick up shrubs, taking into account the height of adult plants. So, low-growing shade-loving ornamental shrubs are better suited for decorating and strengthening the slopes and embankments. The shape of the bushes, their size, as well as the flowering time of many plants can be controlled by regular pruning of the branches.
Free spaceremaining between shrubs can be filled with ground cover plants or shade-loving flowers. This will not only look beautiful, but also prevent the soil from drying out quickly. For these purposes, very well suited ordinary lilies of the valley. In early spring, they will delight the eye with delicate beautiful flowers, and the rest of the time - beautiful leaves of juicy green color. Lilies tend to actively grow, which eliminates the need for additional annual planting of new plants.
Selection of shade plants
In order not to spend too much care on the future in the future, you should choose shrubs for the garden, adapted to natural conditions your region. Trying to grow unsuitable shrubs can be successful, but will bring more trouble than joy.
An additional decorative element of shrubs will be juicy, bright fruits, which, however, are often inedible.
Types of honeysuckle
Shade-loving shrubs are most types of honeysuckle.
- It is worth paying attention to the Tatar honeysuckle, it is unpretentious and very beautiful during the flowering period, represented by a variety of garden forms, which differ in shades of flowers from white to bright red.
- A rather rare alpine honeysuckle with bright red fruits and a very dense dense crown will be a good choice.
- Maaca honeysuckle, or as it is also called, Amur honeysuckle, can be grown in a tree form.
- The most popular is edible honeysuckle. This plant is a bush up to a meter tall. Berries ripen by mid-summer. They have a juicy red-purple flesh and a sweet and sour taste.
Hazel and Euonymus
Well adapted to the conditions of low light far родственница берёзы — лещина обыкновенная, также известная как лесной орех. Для ландшафтного дизайна лучше подходят искусственно выведенные садовые формы, имеющие листву различных окрасок.
Бересклеты бывают листопадными и вечнозелёными. Этот род объединяет в себе как кустарники, так и небольшие деревья.
They draw particular attention to themselves in the fall with bright fruits and interesting foliage coloring. The warty euonymus has fruits and leaves of pink shades, while the winged euonymus is dominated by crimson-red shades.
Kalina and Elderberry
Various types of viburnum are also characterized by increased shade tolerance. They will decorate the garden all year round. Kalina ordinary will be a good choice for decorating the garden. And its fruits are used as a cure for many diseases.
Kalina is a evergreen shrub and blooms in winter. It is attractive due to its colors of white and pink shades. Good fit novice gardeners, as unpretentious care.
Many species of shrubs of the elderberry genus have long been used and as ornamental plants, and as fruit because of their nutritional and healing properties. Red or cyanic elderberry is characterized by extreme simplicity, and can also help bring out mice. Black elderberry berries are suitable for human consumption. This type of elderberry is best planted in windless areas.
What you should know before planting shade-tolerant shrubs
In nature, there are many shade plants. They prefer to grow without direct sunlight. Shade-tolerant - a wider group. It also includes cultures that, if necessary, adapt to the shade of large trees or buildings. However, they still need about 5-6 hours of light.
Places around future shrubs can take ground cover and flowering plants. Among them are also many of those who love the shadow. For example, lily of the valley. It is beautiful, undemanding to care and grows quickly.
In the absence of the sun, shade-tolerant shrubs require the correct composition of the soil. As a rule, the homeland of these crops is forest, therefore the land they need is appropriate: with a neutral pH and good fertility. Each type has its own nuances. Indicator that you have chosen the right soil, will be lush growth and full bloom.
Tip It is best to grow those shrubs that are specific to your region. They are adapted to the climate and other natural features.
Other aspects of growing shade-tolerant shrubs:
- They do not like crowded. Observe the recommended distance for each type.
- Use stunted species when strengthening and decorating embankments.
- The shape, height, profusion of flowering of many shrubs is controlled by ordinary pruning.
Fruit shrubs for the shadow corners of the site
There is a small group of fruit and berry bushes that are able to produce crops without intensive lighting. With a lack of light, most raspberry and blackberry varieties develop quite normally. This is due to the origin of the cultures. In the wild, shrubs grow in deaf thickets and damp ravines. Blackberries and raspberries adapt in deep partial shade, when the rays fall on the branches only a few hours a day.
Modern selection has brought separate shade-tolerant species among other fruit shrubs and trees. To choose from them is not difficult. Check with local nurseries and garden stores for details of which varieties are prepared for planting in your area, which can grow in the shade, how tasty and productive they are. Beware of fakes. Work only with trusted vendors, experts and manufacturers.
Types of shade-tolerant shrubs for decorating the site: names
The plants most adapted to a shadow differ in interesting external data:
- Lilac. The culture that is familiar to the urban landscape has long been adapted to the high content of harmful gases in the air, frost and drought. She is quite able to move and landing in the shade, except that the abundance of flowering diminishes somewhat. The description of lilac is widely known. In height can reach 5 m.
- Elder. The decorative varieties of this culture include black, red, and Canadian. The bush is beautiful when it blooms and when it bears fruit (pictured). Elderberry, like lilac, is highly resistant to negative environmental factors, including a lack of light.
- Privet. Its dense branches are used as material for live fencing. Gardeners use a similar landing in shaded places. To such conditions privet is ready. The bush has a beautiful foliage. That's just the cold tolerates not well.
- Cornel ordinary. For many years, landscape designers successfully used to create hedges and in group green compositions. Blooming dogwood in the spring, yellow buds. During this period, the shrub is especially fragrant. In autumn, bright fruits form on the site of flowers. Yes, and in winter, dogwood or woodwood looks quite attractive.
- Junipers. Very beautiful representatives of conifers. Fits well with most landscape solutions on the site. Bushes elegantly look like a single planting, surrounded by flowers. Juniper does not matter at what amount of sun to grow.
- Jasmine garden, or Chubushnik. Known by the people lover of the shadow. Carries winters, not capricious at the time of care - shade-tolerant, unpretentious, winter-hardy. In summer it is richly covered with flowers with thick, strong aroma.
Other shade-tolerant shrubs
Listed species range of plants suitable for planting in the shade is not limited. Among other cultures:
Weigela is another bright representative of shrubs that prefer shadow. It blooms beautifully, beginning in late spring. Weigel planting is practiced to decorate the space around fences or as part of a hedge. She can also grow under a big tree.
Wisteria is very beautiful during its lush flowering. This culture is decorated with garden pergolas, arches, gazebos, planted along walls or fences. The forsythia during the flowering period is covered with bright yellow inflorescences. It visually “warms” the dusky place in the garden.
Attention! This shrub sheds foliage before winter.
The snowberry is especially valuable during fruiting. Fruits grow on it for a long time, until the first frost. The berries are white, with a slight green or pink tint and blush. Rhododendron is another popular shrub in the climate of the Russian Federation. It grows, even if it is shaded, in ascetic conditions. Differs very beautiful flowering.
Shade-tolerant plants will help decorate the most unsightly places on the plot. Gardener has 3 options for arranging such a corner: fruit, flowering or decorative leafy shrubs. All of them have an attractive appearance.
Shade-tolerant and shade-loving - what are their differences
It will be about fruit trees and shrubs that grow well and bear fruit in the shade. Theoretically, any plant can be placed in the shade - it can survive. But not everyone will be able to get a good and bountiful harvest. After all, plants, like people, are different: someone can sunbathe in the sun, and someone over the edge suffices tanning in the shade of the trees.
Fruit trees and shrubs in the shade
Before choosing which fruit trees and shrubs can be planted in the shade, it is recommended to find out which ones are shade-loving and which are shade-tolerant.
- Shade-loving - these are plants that do not need rays of bright light, on the contrary, they need poorly lit places.
- Shade-tolerant ones can grow well where the sun is, but they can also bear shade. At the same time, if shade-tolerant fruit trees are planted in a very dark place, then they will not give fruit, although, perhaps, they will bloom.
Shadow-tolerant cultures are commonly called sciogeliophytes, and shade-loving cultures are called sciophytes. The latter in nature are much smaller than those who love the sun or are considered shade-tolerant.
Many gardeners mistakenly believe that their site is unsuitable for the cultivation of a good garden, because it contains a lot of "dead" in terms of lighting places. In fact, the true and deep shadows are usually not so much. In the worst case, there is a section where a ray of light does not fall at all. Such, for example, may be a path, bounded on one side by a fence, and on the other - by a wall of a summer house. This is really the most unfortunate place to plant, but if there is no other, then it can be used properly, by planting there, say, tall cherry or cherry plum. In the end, they will grow up and begin to reach the sun.
Special literature defines penumbra as the presence of rays of the direct sun for three hours in the morning and evening, when in the middle of the day the site is without direct sunlight. Or when the site is lit well all day, but the direct sun does not fall on it.
On a note. Shadow is when only the area of three days is lit, and the rest of the time the illumination is very limited.
There is also the concept of a shadow thinned - the sun gradually penetrates here gradually, but only through the leaves of trees. All this can be classified as shaded places. In principle, plants can grow everywhere, it is important to choose where and which one. Without taking into account the characteristics of a particular plant (its shade tolerance), without creating conditions for its development, it is possible to get such sad results:
- the fruit will be tasteless or not tied at all,
- fruits will ripen with an offset to the edges of the crown,
- fruit branches die off,
- the leaves brighten, the wood does not mature well and does not undergo quenching.
As a result, a young tree is damaged in the cold and suffers. And a fruit seedling that fell into a strong shadow in the first years of life will completely wither.
To avoid all this, you should carefully examine which plants can and should not be planted in places that are not too bright.
What fruit trees love the shadow
Most fruit trees are light-requiring. However, there are those who feel quite well in the shade.
Let's call them:
- cherry - it can be planted in the most secluded places of the garden, because it perfectly tolerates shadow and even thickening,
- cherry plum - although it is considered a southern tree, it is rather tolerant of the lack of direct light, unpretentious and fruitful,
- plum - blue varieties of plums suitable for cultivation in partial shade, but the yellow varieties suffer from a lack of sun and therefore do not give a good harvest,
- Apple tree - except for the lowlands, it carries any landing sites, including shady ones.
What shrubs can be planted in the shade in the garden
The choice of shade-tolerant shrubs is more diverse than that of fruit trees. However, absolutely no lighting can leave them. So, with excessive shading, a culture such as raspberries weakens. As for the currant, which is traditionally planted in the most inconvenient places, the red tolerates shading worse than the black currant. At the same time, planting a red variety of currants should be taken into account - a good overhead light is necessary, but with the absence of side light, it can cope better.
The following perennial bushes can be planted in shaded places in the country:
- currants of different varieties - red, black, white,
- black elderberry,
- common hazel,
- dogwood and deren male,
Important! Not all of them equally take root in serious shade. Most allow shading, but do not tolerate a deep lack of sun.
Therefore, it is not necessary to specifically shade them. These fruits and berries do not just adore the shadow, but are willing to endure it. And berry bushes with sweet fruits in any case, well ripen only with sufficient lighting.
You can focus on how closely the selected shrub resembles its wild, forest comrades. It is the characteristic for forest communities that garden plants grow easier than others and fruit well in conditions of shade. An example would be blackberry, alpine currant, barberry varieties, viburnum. Irga, blue honeysuckle — all those plants that in nature are accustomed to living and developing in the lowest tier of the forest, show themselves well. And the best representative in terms of endurance is the black chokeberry, it is aronia, and filbert.
How to grow trees and shrubs in the shade
Plants that can survive and bear fruit in the shade are wrestlers themselves. They are ready to withstand stress and not the most convenient growing conditions. But if a raspberry, planted along the northern side of the house, is able to bestow large and juicy berries, then you cannot say the same about some others.
For example, white and red currants, in principle, more sunny berry than blackberries with raspberries, but because it develops well in the sun and can wither without serious support in the shade. Therefore, if necessary, it can be planted on shaded areas, it will cope. However, currants, like a number of other shade-tolerant plants, will have to help.
On a note. That life in the shadows is a constant struggle for light, warmth, for existence. And in this fight the plant may even die.
What influences the survival of plants in the shade?
- First of all, they should not suffer from a lack of moisture. Like other plants, shade-loving require the required amount of water, it is impossible to allow the soil to dry out, which may well occur in the heat even from the northern shady side of the house. Moisture is especially needed in late spring, with the onset of hot weather.
- All plants for the shade must be fed. They are very dependent on dressings. Many seek to feed the planting with nitrogen fertilizers. This is where moderation and accuracy are needed: when there is a shortage of sunlight, nitrogen must be given carefully, without an overabundance. Otherwise, there is a danger that the plant will stretch or be thickened.
Many novice gardeners are interested in what should the soil be before planting a shade plant? Naturally, in this case, the plants are demanding on the composition of the soil even more than in normal conditions. Therefore, planting even such a completely unpretentious shrub, like a common garden viburnum, you need to see what kind of soil best suits it. In this case, Kalina needs a weakly acidic medium or neutral soil. At the same time, on poor, barren soil or on peat soil, it will grow poorly and will not bloom.
Important! Before planting any plant or tree in the shade, it is necessary to check the compatibility with the soil. In shade conditions, the wrong choice can be a burdening factor, leading to the death of the plant.
When planting need to prepare the soil in advance. A feature of most plants that can grow in the shade is the abundance of surface roots. This means that the soil should not be heavy. On the contrary, the looser, the lighter, the airier the upper layer of the earth, the easier it will be for the plant to take root, the easier it will be for it to live in such difficult conditions. Loose soil will provide the surface roots of plants with better moisture absorption.
Note! However, it is completely unacceptable that the shady soil was constantly over-wetted. Excessive moisture, and, moreover, combined with plant thickening or overly compacted planting, can lead to diseases. Thus, both of these factors - the abundance of water and the thickening of the landings - very often provoke the occurrence of garden diseases and pest infestation.
As it is possible to draw a conclusion from this article, one should not worry and be upset, considering that there are few open sunny places in the summer cottage. Even shady and poorly lit places can be used wisely, with a creative approach and benefit. Moreover, there is a sufficient number of various plants that are suitable for growing in partial shade and shade.
These plants, of course, will not be surprised by yield, but they will give a certain amount of fruit. And still bring aesthetic pleasure gardener. Of course, with proper agrotechnology of cultivation of crops and proper distribution of them on the site and relative to each other.
Ideal soloists for shady places
Among the garden plants there are many crops that can come to terms with poor lighting. At the same time, rarefied or more intense shadow, dryness or, on the contrary, excessive humidity of the place affects the selection, but still allows you to find your ideal soloist or partner for almost any task.
At the same time shade does not mean that you will not be able to admire the spectacular beautiful flowering shrubs. Indeed, many of the most beloved and colorful stars belong to plants, which do not lose the ability to bloom profusely, even in shading.
All plants that can be attributed to shade-loving shrubs in nature are found in forest areas and are accustomed to be content with literally minimal lighting.
Let's get acquainted with the 8th major stars among fans of secluded places closer.
For a list of the best shade-tolerant shrubs, see the next page.
Hydrangeas, Magonia and Mexican Jasmine
Good for decorating not very shaded places on the site fit hydrangeas. They bloom in early summer and continue to bloom until early autumn. Their interesting, large inflorescences will look good in dry bouquets. Unpretentious and undemanding to care tree hydrangea. The best choice for growing in the middle lane, according to many gardeners, will be paniculized hydrangea.
Its form with large flowers, which bears the name Grandiflora, deserves close attention. Great looks and Bretenshneider hydrangea with large snow-white flowers, which then change color to purple.
Hollow leaf mahonia является вечнозелёным кустарником компактного размера, имеющий блестящие перистые листья. Ранней весной на ней распускаются яркие жёлтые соцветия, а в самом начале осени созревают тёмно-синие пригодные в пищу ягоды.
Shrubby is also Mexican jasmine with flowers that have a citrus scent. After spring flowering is complete, you can prune it.
Lavrovishnya, keriya and cotoneaster
Drug laurel cherry is also an evergreen shade-loving shrub with dense glossy foliage. In early summer, raceme-shaped inflorescences of fragrant white flowers bloom on it.
This is a fairly rare plant in the gardens of the middle lane, as it does not tolerate low temperatures. For a safe winter, it needs shelter.
Japanese keriya is characterized by a long spring-summer period of flowering, which, in some cases, can be repeated in the fall. It should be borne in mind that in well-lit areas Keria blooms more abundantly. But the lack of sunlight, it carries quite well. Flowers Keria large, yellow, combined into inflorescences.
The form of Japanese kerri Pleniflora, named after William Kerr, who bred this variety has yellow flowers with large double petals. Keria is a heat-loving plant and therefore needs shelter and protection from the wind in winter.
Cotoneaster belong to the family of Pink. These are deciduous or evergreen perennial shade-tolerant shrubs. These plants are extremely diverse shapes and sizes. They can grow as trees up to six meters, and undersized creeping bushes.
Dark green in the summer and glossy foliage reddening by autumn can remain in the winter or fall down. Despite such serious differences, all cotyles have similar traits for which they are loved by gardeners. For all plants belonging to this genus, the leaves get a very picturesque color by the autumn, and beautiful fruits ripen on the branches. The period of flowering in cotoneaster occurs in May and June. At this time, pink buds bloom with white flowers.
Also in your garden you can plant several types of low shade trees of conifers. Conifers are universal and will be a good addition for any type of garden. They can be used either alone or as part of various compositions.
Ephedra undemanding to the place of landing and do not need complex care. If you buy a frost-resistant tree, it will not require shelter for the winter. Only with the onset of spring is it worth a little to cover it from the direct sun, if it is planted not in the shady part of the garden. Conifers do not require frequent feeding.
Yew and Juniper
A coniferous plant such as a spiky yew is the most shade-tolerant of all. This type of yew got its name due to the pointed spines on the top of the crown. It is characterized by an extremely low growth rate, tolerates frost fairly well. Best suited for wintering small decorative formsbut they need protection from bright sunlight in the spring. In the middle lane is the only type of yew, suitable for cutting.
Juniper is a numerous genus of coniferous plants, including 75 species. To date, many undersized varieties of this shrub are bred. They actively grow and look very impressive in the garden. In the USA, creeping junipers are highly popular. And now they are gradually conquering the love of Russian gardeners.
There are junipers of medium size, and even tree-like junipers up to fifteen meters high. For all types of junipers characteristic qualities are:
- Undemanding care.
- Frost resistance.
- The ability to grow on any soil.
- Ability to tolerate a lack of moisture.
What plants grow in the shade?
To arrange a shaded area of the garden you need to know the plants that love the shade. Many gardeners are interested in whether there is a difference between shade-loving and shade-tolerant plants. There is no difference, we are talking about a group of plants that lack not direct sunlight, but scattered or reflected sunlight. Shade-tolerant plants for the garden are varied. It can be:
- climbing plants
- fruit plants,
Shade Tolerant Garden Flowers
Choosing shade-tolerant flowers for flower beds, you should look at the most resistant and beautiful options. In addition, it is important to know about the time of flowering in order to organize a flower garden, which will be decorated with flowers from early spring to late autumn.
- The crested crest is hollow. It blooms in early spring, has interesting flowers, very unusual shape.
- Anemone oakwood. It blooms from late April and the whole of May.
- Digitalis. Flowering time - from June to the end of summer.
- Hosta Hardy survivor blooming in August.
- Dicentra. The flowering period is May-June. Plant height about one meter.
- Astilba. All summer blooms pink, white and flesh color.
- Primrose. Depending on the variety, all summer bloom and very much like shade. They love these flowers for the variety of species and varieties and rich colors.
As you know, the lawn calls the area on which the grass grows, performing decorative and landscaping functions, less often - for growing grass as food. It looks very good bright green lawn in combination with other plants. It serves as a contrast base, but only not all lawn grasses are the same in light-requiring plants. Picking up plants that love the shade, you need to take care of the lawn, which does not need direct sunlight. There are many types of lawn, but we will focus on the two most popular.
- Parterny lawn. This view looks very impressive, but is expensive and requires careful and careful care.
- Moorish lawn.This view is much simpler and cheaper, but its appearance is much less spectacular.
Many people use shade-tolerant shrubs for the garden, which decorate the space, playing a decorative role, although they may be functional plants. Of the many types of shrubs that love the shadow, you can choose one that fits perfectly into the overall landscape and decorate it.
- Rhododendron. Shade tolerant heather plants for the garden during the flowering period will decorate any garden.
- Barberry. This shrub grows quickly, is not afraid of frost and bears fruit.
- Forsythia Unpretentious drought and frost-resistant plant of bright lemon color will decorate any garden. This plant is very bright and accent, so planted it with careful thought through the neighborhood.
- Jasmine. A beautiful and fragrant plant that many gardeners love for its unpretentiousness. In addition to decorating the site, jasmine can be used as a tasty and healthy tea supplement.
- Euonymus. Beautiful and bright shrub that looks spectacular, not only in summer but also in winter.
- HazelIt is not just beautiful, but also a useful plant. Of the characteristics of cultivation - intolerance to acidic soil, so if the soil in which the hazel is planted is still acidic, then it is necessary to mix in the sand.
- Gooseberry. This shrub equally well in the sun and in the shade. Abundant watering gooseberries is not required, so it is often planted in the suburban areas.
Shade-tolerant climbing plants
When deciding for yourself which shade-tolerant and climbing plants are suitable for a garden, you should take a closer look at the proposed options.
- Clematis.Beautiful curly shrub with purple flowers. He is afraid of frost, so for the winter it is better to warm it with the help of fallen leaves or peat.
- Wild grapes. The greenery of this plant will decorate any garden, and in the fall the leaves will sparkle with new colors, because at this time of year the leaves become reddish.
- Wisteria. This is a very beautiful shrub, but with a big minus - low frost resistance, therefore in areas with severe winters it is better to refuse planting wisteria.
- Ivy. This is an evergreen shrub that does not require special care, except for the formation of its shrub shape.
Shade-tolerant coniferous plants for the garden
Choosing coniferous shade-tolerant species of plants, you need to determine the height and characteristics of care. There are a few undersized coniferous representatives, to which particular attention should be paid, because these shade-tolerant plants for the garden from the coniferous detachment look very beautiful and unusual, especially if they pick up a decent company.
- Canadian hemlock. This plant does not tolerate heat, so the shadow for him - a prerequisite. It is also important to ensure good moisturizing.
- Pine Weymouth dwarf. This species is resistant to polluted air, so it is often planted in areas near roads with heavy traffic.
- Juniper horizontal. This is a very popular plant due to its unpretentious and interesting appearance.
Separately, you should consider shade-tolerant trees for the garden, which can serve as a beautiful design of the site, hedges or bring additional benefits in the form of fruits. There are many options and much in the final selection depends entirely on personal preferences and climatic features, which are not always favorable for the trees you like.
Shade-tolerant deciduous trees
Deciduous trees, well tolerated shade, very much, but they are not always appropriate on the site. It is important before choosing to determine the functions that the planted trees should perform, their size and peculiarities in care. Many representatives of deciduous trees belong to shade-tolerant trees, but we have selected the most unpretentious ones.
- Davidia Used for single landing. This tree looks beautiful thanks to cream-colored bracts.
- Birch tree. The unpretentious tree which is not demanding a lot of the sun and moisture.
- Willow. This species has many varieties, among which you can always choose something suitable for your garden.
- Beech. Perfectly tolerates crown formation and unpretentious. Can be planted alone or in groups.
Shade-tolerant fruit trees
If fruit plants are shade-tolerant and do not require special care, then they can be planted at the dacha, in the shaded part of it and not to worry. Such plants are loved not only for their visual appeal, but also for fruit bearing. Combining the beauty and usefulness of such trees can kill two birds with one stone, for which they are loved by owners of private land. Among the fruit trees that have won the greatest popularity, you can choose something suitable for yourself.
- Cherry. This tree grows in shaded areas and dense thickets, does not require special care and tolerate frost well.
- Cherry plum This is a small tree with good fruiting and unpretentious to the place of growth.
- Plum. There is an opinion that the plum does not produce a crop in the shade, but here it is, rather, a yellow variety.
- Apple tree. This tree feels great everywhere, with the exception of lowlands, when severe frosts can destroy the plant.
Conifer Shade Tree
Knowing which shade-tolerant trees are best suited for a garden, you can create a real piece of Paradise. Among coniferous options, you can pick up very interesting ornamental trees that will make the site unique and unusual.
- Blue spruce. This species of spruce loves both shade and partial shade. The soil is needed dry, which makes this tree as unpretentious as possible.
- Juniper (tall species). It grows well in shady places and does not require abundant soil moisture.
- Thuja This tree is unpretentious neither to sunlight nor to moisture.
- Hemlock (tall species). Very fond of shade and moist soil, but not swampy.