Larch is a unique coniferous tree, which drops pine needles in the autumn, and in spring it acquires it.
In addition, the plant is considered a real giant, grows very quickly, many species reach a height of 35-40 m. It is also referred to as long-livers, the age of a tree can reach 600 years.
At a young age has a conical shape, later - prostrate. In spring, it stands out in a bright green color, and by the fall it becomes yellow.
The needles are soft, long from 2 to 5 mm, the cones are not large, ovate, bright green. Larch grows almost throughout the territory of Russia, especially in Siberia and the Far East, can also be found in cold and temperate zones of Europe, North America, the Carpathians.
It has valuable wood, it is widely used in construction and finishing works. And also different healing properties that are contained in the bark, pine needles and sap of a tree.
In addition to everything, it fits perfectly into landscape design and allows you to create interesting compositions and ideas.
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Use in landscape design
Coniferous plants occupy a special niche in landscape design.
Larch is assigned a considerable role, since the tree looks very attractive, especially with regard to the unique ability to change color, as well as simplicity and rapid growth.
In garden compositions, the plant looks very good in combination with thuja and juniper.
To ensure that the composition does not lose its attractiveness after planting larch, the tree is regularly pruned, holding back growth.
Low-growing species are used to decorate stone gardens, green roofs, various clubs, mini-rock gardens. There are in parks, squares, large and small areas.
This tree is well littered in both single and group plantings, well stands out against the background of dark coniferous varieties.
Larch on a shtambe
The larch on a shtambe differs in amazing beauty, where weeping forms are most popular.
It is an excellent and original decor in landscape design. Began to be used not so long ago and is considered not too common.
It is a beautiful cascade of hanging branches, on a perfectly flat trunk. The shape of the plant is attached by clipping and special pruning. A similar effect is created by the proper formation and special vaccinations.
Larch on a shtambe is ideal for decorating alpine hills, front gardens, flower beds, and openwork hedges. Harmoniously fits into the decoration of recreation areas, registration of the entrance to buildings, etc.
The undoubted advantage of larch - is a rapid growth, unpretentious care and durability.
Due to this, in a short time you can get a beautiful tree that will grow for several centuries. In addition, the excellent appearance makes it an indispensable material for landscaping and decorating parks and gardens.
Color contrast, the shape of the crown give the tree a luxurious look.
The plant is unpretentious, able to tolerate severe frosts, undemanding to the soil, can be grown in almost all regions.
It is a valuable material in the construction, manufacture of furniture, and also has many medicinal properties, a positive effect on the general condition of the person.
Varieties of wood and their features
In nature, there are about 25 varieties of larch, the most popular are:
- European. Beautiful coniferous tree, reaches the size in adulthood from 30 to 50 m, a distinctive feature - thin, hanging branches. It has brown bark, light green needles, 3-5 cm long, which eventually becomes dark, the bumps are small, oblong. Often found in the Alps and the Carpathians. The plant is resistant to frost, feels good in urban environments, but it is demanding to the soil and does not tolerate strong moisture. This variety is characterized by a large variety of forms, therefore it is highly decorative. Blend well in single and mixed planting, perfectly combined with darker needles of other varieties, as well as with lindens and oaks.
- Siberian. It is mainly distributed on the territory of Siberia, is a powerful tree with a pyramidal crown, in old age it becomes oval. The needles are gently green, in autumn - yellow, the bark is dark. This is a rather unpretentious view, it grows very quickly, acts as a decor of parks and gardens. Looks great in combination with birch, rowan, spruce and fir.
- Japanese. Her homeland is considered to be the mountain slopes of the island of Honshu. Distinguished by special beauty and attractiveness. It is characterized by a rounded shape of needles, bluish shade, bark reddish cones spherical. Loves sunlight, grows well in almost all soils. It is successfully used in urban gardening, it is perfectly combined with many shrubs and trees that have red foliage by autumn, as well as juniper, spruce trees, pine, etc.
European larch on the photo
Photos - a selection of varieties of larch, which are used in landscape design.
When and where should the tree be planted?
The ideal time for planting larch is autumn or early spring. In the fall, this is done after a period of leaf fall, and in the spring before bud break. It is best to plant a plant at the age of 1 - 2 years.
To plant larch choose a sunny open area. Among the soils, they prefer not heavy and not very marshy soils.
If the soil is heavy, then the plant necessarily requires drainage, acidic - quenched with slaked lime. Saplings are planted apart at a distance of 2-3 m, well deepening the root system by 70- 80 cm, and then mulching with sawdust or peat.
Care and cultivation
Larch, like many other plants after planting, needs some care:
- First of all it wateringwhich is especially needed by young trees. During the period of drought, they must be watered, but adult trees can easily tolerate drought.
- For rapid growth exercise fertilizing with phosphate and potash fertilizers.
- Young plants need loosening the soil and removing weeds.
- In winter, almost all species do not require shelter, exceptions are stacked larch, in the early years, she is covered for the winter with several layers of burlap.
What do you need for complete "happiness" of a tree?
Larch prefers open, lighted places and is considered one of the most light-loving conifers.
Does not like swampy soils, stagnant moisture and severe drought, prefers moderate moisture and drained soils.
It grows heavily in the sand. In addition, it does not tolerate the transplant, so it is better not to disturb her again. Resistant to severe frosts, diseases and pests, it grows well in the city. At a young age tolerates pruning and easily lends itself to crown formation.
Larch in the nursery
How to propagate the tree?
Reproduction of larch is possible by cuttings and seeds:
- For seed multiplication, take ripe seeds of cones, soak for 10 -12 days in clear water, and then sow in wet sand with sawdust. After the emergence of seedlings, during the whole time, they are watered and monitored for temperature. The following year, larch saplings can be planted in open ground.
- Cuttings - A very complex method, which is not always possible to achieve the desired result. Most often it is used in special nurseries and garden centers. In such conditions, the roots are developing well and in the second year you can plant a young tree.
After reviewing the growing conditions and caring for larch, you can get, which will please not only you, but also many generations. And I want to hope that they will appreciate its beauty and benefit.
European larch grows throughout the continent. This species prefers rocky soil because it does not tolerate swampy soils. Therefore, the key habitat of the European larch is mountain landscapes.
A noble, straight-stemmed tree with beautiful, slightly sagging branches, long soft needles of a lush green color. The oval shape of the crown, the bark of mature trees is brown, and young trees are gray.
European larch is the progenitor of most ornamental varieties and species. Several dozen of its varieties used in the design of landscape design.
Pendula in garden design
In 1836, scientists discovered European pendula larch. From this point on, gardeners of Europe began to actively use it in their works due to the decorative appearance. She is good both in group and single plantings. Graft trees are not high. Their growth usually does not exceed the height of the trunk and is approximately one and a half meters. The width of the tree reaches one meter. The crown has excellent curling branches, with minor side branches. The color of the needles is green with a bluish tinge. In autumn, the needles fall off. Cones are colorful, male golden color, female - red.
Pendula extraordinarily beautiful, has a delightful pine aroma, soft and delicate needles. Looks great even in the absence of needles in the winter. Since the shape of the branches, studded with short shoots and tubercles, with small variegated buds creates an original “lace”, in its own way decorating the snow-covered garden.
Pendula light-requiring and withstand the cold winter well. Prefers alkaline wet and fertile sites. When planting should carefully close the landing hole. Hot summer requires generous watering.
Each spring in the first four years after planting a tree into the ground, one-year-old growths should be pruned to increase the fluffy crown. For a multi-tiered tree, fresh shoots should be tied up to a vertical support for three years.
Larch standard pendula is versatile in design, because the color of its smooth bluish-green needles can be the backdrop to create catchy compositions. The tree is excellently combined with groups of trees of other species, including deciduous, shrubs and other ornamental garden plants. It looks great on lawns and in the neighborhood with bright flower beds.
Pendula is resistant to air polluted by industrial emissions and motor vehicles, so it can be used as a plant that protects the ecological well-being of the urban environment.
Under natural conditions, larch settles on sandy and loamy lands. The plant is usually located on the slopes in the river valleys, where there are well-drained and moist lands.
Larch roots go deep into the groundthey are not afraid of temperature drops. The following conditions are necessary for planting a weeping larch:
- Requires open space, well lit by sunlight.
- The soil should be light, fertile.
- If the ground is heavy, then you need to make a good drainage.
- For weeping larch, it is important that the groundwater is not too close to the surface.
- Swampy soils are not suitable, as this will lead to the decay of the entire root system.
- When sour primer, it is alkalized slaked lime.
- It is time to plant - in early spring or autumn, until the buds open or the leaves fly.
- It is necessary to choose a landing site extremely carefully, because when transplanting, a tree may die.
- Age of seedling for planting should not exceed two years.
Should take into account the natural features of a particular species of tree. When in natural conditions it grows in the mountains, it is important for it to use an alkaline substrate for planting. That mind that grows near marshy soils, suitable soil high acidity.
Planted seedlings at a distance of up to three meters from each other. Deepen the root system should be eighty centimeters. Mandatory after planting wood mulching with peat or sawdust.
To form a landscape composition, it is necessary to select those plants that will be well combined with larch. These are spreading ferns, high stonecrop. Azaleas and rhododendrons will look great in flower beds next to a weeping tree. Red broom foliage looks gorgeous against the bluish needles of a weeping pendula. In the foreground of the composition you can plant astilba.
Particularly gazebos decorated with trees with a hanging crown look particularly attractive. You can use not only other plants, but also stones for design styling.
Therefore, the choice of a site for planting weeping larch should provide all the details of the future landscape composition, because it is necessary to more accurately calculate the location of the tree, its future height and the shape of the crown.
Rules that should be followed when caring for larch:
- Soil loosening is carried out in the first two years after planting only to a depth of no more than twenty centimeters. At the same time, standard varieties, including pendula, perfectly tolerate this procedure.
- In no case should not allow the emergence of sod at the trunk of a tree. It is imperative to pluck the weeds.
- Fertilizers are recommended to be applied in the first three years of tree growth in early spring. Apply the best drug Kemira.
- Watering in the summer must be necessary twice a week to twenty liters of water under each tree, because the pendula is extremely sensitive to drought.
- In winter, the young tree should be wrapped, despite the fact that the larches tolerate cold quite well. Ornamental, especially dwarf varieties, stem, need mulching. Recently planted trees should be especially protected from the cold, covered with material that does not allow air to pass through.
- Pruning weeping larch is needed every year. Its crown is growing and growing; it is necessary to give shape to the branches of the tree, to give them a growth line so that the branches can hang beautifully. If buds are suddenly activated on the tree, they are not difficult to remove.
Larch grows extremely quickly. Five years later, you can get a marvelous tree one meter high, with elegant soft and silky needles, which will decorate the garden and become its attraction.
Weeping Pendula Larch: Planting, Care, Hanging Crown Formation
Unpretentiousness, rapid growth, durability - the indisputable advantages of weeping larch. The plant is able to withstand the cold, not picky to the soil, it can be grown in almost all climatic zones.
These trees live for six hundred years and stretched to forty meters in height. Larch has the ability to absorb harmful gases and helps purify the atmosphere, enriches it with useful phytoncides.
This tree has healing properties, it has a positive effect on human health.
Larch always looks luxurious, which makes wood an indispensable material for decorating gardens and parks. In landscape design, it has a number of advantages.
Through the needles are well sun rays. Therefore, the tree does not create shade for other garden plants. Larch with a weeping crown are perfect for small garden plots.
Since these plants reach only eight meters in height.
In late autumn, these trees shed their needles, like deciduous trees - this is another of its advantages in landscape design.
Since it is much easier to care for this tree than for other conifers.
Because in the autumn, you can prune shoots and give a beautiful shape to the crown of larch and adjust the size. In Japan, larch is most often used to create bonsai.
Young, delicate light green and blue needles are born on the branches in spring. The color of the needles depends on the type of wood. Soft needles grow beautiful beams. The tree has peculiar cones, which give the branches a special attraction. For planting decorative larches do not require a large plot.
Larch: planting, cultivation, reproduction - Site about plants
How to grow larch - the rules of planting, care, breeding
CULTIVATION OF LARCH - ADVANTAGES OF CULTURE
Larch (Larix) is a genus of coniferous trees, a characteristic feature of which is the needles that fall in the winter. Larch wood has long been used for construction work, and the bark is used to obtain dyes and tanning. Currently, larches are often grown as an element of landscape design in parks, gardens, gardens or in containers.
Growing larch as an ornamental plant in Europe and North America began relatively recently - from the second half to the end of the XIX century. And in Japan and China, they have been grown in this way for more than a thousand years.
Like many centuries ago, in these Asian countries they mostly use dwarf and drooping forms of larches, planting them in miniature gardens or near temples.
Larches are also popular for growing in the technique of bonsai - a miniature tree.
Although larch is a tree with falling needles, it has many other advantages compared to evergreen coniferous ornamental plants - pines, spruces, firs, junipers, thujas:
• Rapid growth - in favorable conditions for the year can give a gain of up to 100 cm or rainwater, where the vast majority of conifers and deciduous plants rotting roots, • Not sensitive to drafts: can grow even with strong winds, • Abundant varieties, hybrids and variations, of various sizes, shapes and shades allow t pick larch for any kind of landscape design, ranging from a park or an arboretum, to a container or a miniature garden, • Significantly less affected by infectious diseases than other conifers,
• Saplings and germinated seeds are more rarely affected by rodents than other coniferous and deciduous trees and shrubs.
► SPECIES AND VARIETIES OF THE LARCH
Larch trees do not like transplants, especially if the horse system is exposed at the same time. Therefore, seedlings that are more than two years old are transplanted along with an earthy clod.
If, before planting larch, it grew in a container in a permanent place, the tree is carefully removed, or the container is cut (if possible).
Such a transplant is the most benign and almost painless for the plant.
The optimum period for planting is autumn or early spring. In this case, the smallest number of pathogens in the soil, which will exclude infection of the root system. If you do not damage the earthen room, then the planting of larch is possible even in adulthood - this is how large-sized coniferous trees are currently planted. →
The peculiarity of the larch root system - mycorrhiza - is a symbiosis of roots and microscopic fungi that help the tree absorb minerals from the substrate. Therefore, when planting young saplings or when transplanting larch to a new place, it is desirable to add soil to the soil from under adult larches or other coniferous plants (pine, spruce, fir).
The range of the genus Larix stretches for thousands of kilometers from north to south: from Taimyr to Korea. Therefore, speaking of frost resistance larch, you need to specify what kind or sort of question. For example, Japanese larch and varieties created on its basis have a weak winter hardiness (5-6 zones).
When growing this larch in the central part of Eastern Europe, the tree should be sheltered for the winter, just like the Griffith larch. Planting European, American, Siberian or Gmelin larch is preferable in these regions.
They have high frost resistance, easily tolerate frosts exceeding the mark of - 30 degrees, without the need for shelter.
Most species of larches are light-loving plants that require large amounts of sunlight. When growing in partial shade or shade, the young tree lags far behind in growth or stops growing at all. In case of insufficient lighting in larch, the number of shoots will decrease, the tree does not form a pyramidal crown, it looks bare even in summer.
But several species of larches can not only withstand penumbra, but will feel good and successfully grow without direct sunlight. These are larches, growing in natural conditions with similar lighting.
These are mainly mountainous species, for example, western larch. Please note that the penumbra is a little darkened places, which are illuminated by the morning or evening sun for 2-3 hours a day.
Landing in the deep shadow for larch is contraindicated, none of its species will grow there.
Larch trees are not demanding on the composition and structure of the soil. They can grow on soils with increased acidity - as in the natural conditions on the marshes and sphagnum bogs (pH 3.5-5.5), they will feel great on soils with neutral acidity (pH 7.0), and the species whose natural range is located in mountainous areas are suitable substrates (pH above 7.0).
In nature, these trees can grow on substrates with poor aeration and drainage, water stagnation in the soil. But selected varieties are more delicate and may suffer. To avoid this, when planting larch at the bottom of the pit lay drainage (pebbles, broken bricks, expanded clay).
Some sources indicate that larch trees absolutely do not tolerate stagnant water in the soil. This fact concerns only a few species whose habitats are exclusively mountains (Japanese, American, Griffith larch). Most of the cultivated species of larch trees in natural conditions grow in swampy areas or in places with high soil moisture.
Optimal for larch trees are loamy substrates and sandy loams (loose rocks of mountain slopes) with medium or weak acidity and good aeration, moist or moderately moist. When grown on such soils, larch gives the greatest growth and develops well.
When choosing a larch for planting, remember, the farther it is from the natural maternal form, the more tender, whimsical and demanding it is.
CONDITIONS FOR CREATING A LARCH
Young shoots and larch sprouts should grow in a wet substrate. If natural precipitation is not enough, the plants need additional watering.
Adult larches cost precipitation, well enduring dry periods. Ideally, the substrate on which the larch grows should always be slightly damp, but not wet.
To prevent the loss of moisture, the soil should be mulled with sawdust, pine bark, pine needles or peat.
Dwarf, cushion and creeping varieties and varieties of larch trees are equated to young plants with appropriate irrigation.
Standard forms of larch are capricious and more whimsical than all other forms. They do not like waterlogging and drying of the substrate and suffer from excess water in the soil.
► FIR: LANDING, CARE, REPLENISHMENT
Larch trees that grow in containers need special care: the earth must not dry out - this leads to the death of the plant. Even in the period of rest - late autumn and winter, you need to make sure that the substrate is wet.
Avoid abundant watering and be sure to drain water from the pan. In the case of larches growing in tanks, the water remaining in the pan can be detrimental to the plant.
If larch growing in a pot, it remains to winter on the street under the snow, then you do not need to water it.
If larch is grown using bonsai technique, then the tree needs special care: regular frequent watering with a small amount of water, loosening the substrate, cutting the shoots.
When larch is planted in open ground, fertilizing is carried out in the spring at the beginning of the growing season. To do this, you can use liquid, dissolved in water, mineral fertilizers or granular fertilizers of prolonged action, designed specifically for coniferous trees. In this case, in no case can not exceed the concentration.
With an excess of nitrogen, larch will actively go into vertical growth, and the number of branches of the second and third order will not increase: the tree will look bare and will lose the beauty of the crown.
The distance between the branches of the second order will have nothing to fill, because, unlike deciduous plants, additional buds are not formed on the trunks of coniferous trees.
Larch trees grown in containers are also fertilized in spring and / or early summer.
Vegetative reproduction of larch is less popular than seed, because its shoots do not take root so quickly, and cuttings may not even develop roots.
It is easiest to get larch saplings by rooting branches touching the earth. Even under natural conditions, shoots lying in a wet lichen or covered with a substrate take root.
This method multiplies, mainly low, dwarf and creeping varieties. Escape partially sprinkled with a wet substrate and wait 3-4 months before the roots appear.
Such a seedling should not be immediately cut from the mother plant, it is desirable to give it another season for the development of a normal root system.
Reproduction of larch cuttings is an inexpedient method, because even when using a tenant, cuttings rarely form roots.
Seeds of larches are formed in cones, which ripen and open in autumn or spring. Then you can collect and sow the seeds. Cones in some species of larch fully open, in them the seeds lie right on the scales.
In other species, to extract hay from a cone, you will have to open it yourself. In this case, you can damage the seed, so it should be done carefully.
Collected seeds before planting, it is desirable to hold some time (3-4 hours) in cold water, it will increase the germination rate.
By their nature, larch seeds germinate very badly, so do not be afraid if they rise only 10%. Fresh seeds collected in autumn will give a greater percentage of germination than harvested in spring. At the same time, they do not need to be soaked in water or kept cold (when autumn seeds are planted directly in open ground).
► HOW TO GROW A LEAF TREE
When planting in closed ground, the seed container initially needs to be kept at low temperature (0 + 5) for 2-3 months - method stratification. Capacity can be refrigerated or left on the balcony, if the temperature does not fall below - 5-6 degrees. The substrate in the container should always be slightly wet, but not wet.
As a substrate for breeding, you can use a mixture of peat or forest land with sand in the ratio of 1: 1. You can use pure sand, if the seedlings will grow in the container for only one season, otherwise they will be deprived of nutrients.
In early spring, the container is placed in a warm, but not hot place and covered with a film, in which holes for aeration are necessarily made. Watering increase.
After the appearance of seedlings, it is desirable to keep them on the street until late autumn. In the autumn you need to cover the container or bring it to the premises.
Seedlings of two-year planted in a permanent place in the spring.
In winter, at home, larch saplings often suffer from heat and dry air. It is advisable to find them a cool place, and the substrate to mulch to avoid drying out.
► DISEASES AND PEST OF LARCH
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Larch - planting and care
Let's get acquainted with the perennial coniferous tree - larch. Its height sometimes reaches 45 meters. Needles on larch green, but different shades. Long since there were several main species of larch: Siberian, American, Japanese, European. Today, breeders bred improved varieties. The larch European is considered the fastest growing.
This beautiful durable and winter-hardy tree, unlike the rest of conifers, sheds all its needles for the winter, and in the spring they grow back. Many people do not like this property of larch: I want to admire an evergreen tree. But it is precisely larch that blends well with other trees in the garden: oaks, maples, lindens, and looks great against the background of fir and spruce in dark green.
How to plant larch?
For planting larch need to choose an open, well-lit area. The soil for it consists of leaf soil, sand and peat.
If the soil on the site is heavy clay or too marshy, drainage is necessary for planting larch saplings, for which it is better to use broken brick (about 20 cm layer). Acidic soils must first be lime with quicklime or dolomite flour.
Seedlings should be planted at a distance of 2-3 meters from each other. The root system is deep-seated, which provides the tree with excellent wind resistance.
Like other conifers, larch needs a constant connection with mushrooms. When planting larch seedlings, it must be remembered that mycorrhiza of fungi has settled on its roots.
Try not to damage it by planting a tree. Very useful for young larches watering the water remaining after washing the mushrooms.
Or you can bury several wormy mushrooms with ripe spores near the trunk of the larch.
Before planting larch need to dig a hole, two or three times to fill with water and allow it to soak into the ground. Now you can put a sapling of larch in the hole and sprinkle the trunk with earth. The pristvolny circle of the soil should be mulled with sawdust or peat (5 cm layer).
Larch should be planted at a permanent place of growth at the age of 1, and preferably 2 years. However, for the purposes of landscaping the site, this age is too small. Therefore, adult six-year-old larches are planted in soft containers, and older ones even with frozen earthen clod. European larch, with appropriate care for it, easily tolerates planting at 20 years of age.
It is best to plant larch in the autumn, after the leaf fall. You can replant them in the spring, before blooming buds on the tree.
A young tree may suffer from a strong summer drought. During such periods, larch should be watered a couple of times a week, pouring up to 20 liters of water under each tree. For adult larches watering is optional. It is imperative to loosen the soil around young saplings, as well as remove weeds.
In order for the rooted larch to grow faster and gain wood pulp, it is necessary to feed the tree with phosphate and potash fertilizers. For 1 m2 of soil it is necessary to make 50-100 grams of top dressing. To protect against pests, larch sapling should be treated with special chemicals.
It should be remembered that the larch apical shoot during its intensive growth is an extremely sensitive part of the tree. Therefore, it should be protected from the blows of the branches of neighboring trees or rough hand touches, as this can lead to a curvature of the tree branch.
Adult larches do not need shelter for the winter. The trunks of standard larches in the first years after landing for the winter are wrapped with two layers of sacking. With the growth of frost resistance of such larches gradually increases.
As you can see, planting and caring for larch is not so complicated, but if everything is done correctly, you will grow a beautiful green beauty on the site.
Characteristics of larch
Larch is the only coniferous tree in our area that throws off needles for the winter period.
Color needles mostly green. During the season the larch changes color three times. In the spring light green needles wake up, which in the summer acquire a dark noble shade. And in the fall, the larch is pleasing to the eye with a bright yellow outfit with a rich golden sheen. There are, of course, atypical species, such as blue larches. The needles of the tree to the touch is soft, fluffy, with an average length of up to 3 cm.
In itself, the tree is quite strong, stable, not capricious. Loves well sanctified places and fertile soil.
Types of larch
Larch trees come in various heights and crown shapes.
The main types of larches:
Larch can reach 50 meters in height. Despite the state of mind and the power of such a tree, it is usually impossible to see it in garden areas due to its large dimensions. There are also dwarf varieties of larch. The most rational option is considered varietal species of larch.
Standard views are not so great. The length of the tree depends on the height of the grafting. The crown of larch on the trunk may be different. It all depends on the desire and imagination. The most common forms are spherical, columnar and, of course, weeping. The latter is increasingly gaining popularity.
Species of larch on the stamp a huge amount. Quarterly common varieties are Pendula larch, and among Japanese larch, Diana takes precedence.
There are other popular varieties:
- Western larch.
You can choose the desired variety that meets all the necessary criteria and tastes.
Description of common varieties
European larch on the shtambe is widespread. And quite often it is used in the decoration of sites.
The European species of larch has several varieties: Repens, Kornik and many others.
Pendula Larch is a thin weathered crown. It is characterized by slow growth, which allows for a long time to maintain a decorative decent look. The height of the tree generally reaches up to 10 m no more.
Larch weeping on a shtambe looks just great. The krone is rich and fluffy. Pendula's branches hang down to the ground and spread with a rich green carpet.
The needles of this variety are tender, soft. Color is green with a blue tint.
The tree is unpretentious. In landscape design looks beautiful and harmonious.
Larch Diana on a trunk draws attention to itself with its unusual twigs. Побеги имеют спиральную форму. Курчавые веточки изящно струятся к земле. Впечатляющим украшением лиственницы на штамбе являются шишечки ярко-розового цвета.
Высота деревца варьируется от 8 до 10 см.
Кора лиственницы тоже выделяется, имея красно-коричневый окрас.
Such a plant is certainly worthy of admiring glances. Larch weeping on a shtambe will be pleasing to the eye and amaze with its unusualness.
Conditions for planting larch
Having acquired such a wonderful ornamental plant, it is worth considering the time and rules of planting. Otherwise, instead of joy, you can get poorly growing or dead larch.
Place to choose deliberately. Transplanting such a tree is very difficult, and there is a high probability of plant death.
Planting larch on the trunk requires attention and preparation. First you need to decide on the landing time. The best period is considered to be early spring or the first part of autumn.
It is better to choose a sunny place for landing. But the penumbra is also quite suitable.
Larch soil respects light, well-drained. Sand is not suitable for growing decorative wood. But the larches, in principle, are quite unpretentious trees.
It is worth considering that the swampy place will be disastrous for decorative larch. It is advisable to consider when planting the remoteness of groundwater.
Reproduction of decorative larches is a rather difficult process. And not everyone can be successful from the first time.
It is easier, of course, to get saplings in the nursery. But many people like to experiment.
Larch can be propagated mainly in two ways:
To use the first method you need to collect ripe cones. Remove seeds and soak them in water for up to 2 weeks. After the seeds are placed in a container with wet sand to a depth of 5 mm. And leave them alone until next year. The only thing you need to make sure that the sand all the time remained wet.
Planted seedlings in open ground in spring, after a significant warming. But it is better to keep them in a greenhouse for another year, planting seedlings in spacious containers.
Cutting is a more complicated method than the previous one. This method is used mainly in nurseries.
Decorative advantages of weeping larch
When growing on its plot of larch on the shtamba does not require much effort. But what a beautiful view you can create in your surroundings.
You can create a wide variety of compositions. Decorative larch will look gracefully singly on the lawn. Among flower beds, larch on a trunk will look like the base of a vegetable decor. Larch is decorative and fits perfectly with the design of the alpine slide.
Looks great compositions from different varieties of European and Japanese larch.
Culture in landscape design
Conifers own a special place in landscape design. Weeping larch will decorate any area, regardless of its size, shape, purpose, style of decoration of the main residential buildings. The main feature of the plant - it can change color, throws off needles for the winter.
In the care of larch unpretentious, in growth goes immediately. It looks very interesting in garden compositions with other conifers, for example, juniper, thuja.
To larch strongly did not grow and looked neat, need regular pruning. They contribute to crown formation and inhibit over-growth. Larch keeps its shape well and protects the area, suitable for creating a hedge.
Low-growing types of plants can be used to design green roofs, rock gardens, flower beds. Larch is equally attractive in solitary form, composed of garden groups. Weeping species have the form of a cascade of branches falling down, while the trunk is perfectly smooth. The shape of the plant is given by trimming, cutting.
Consider the advantages of a weeping coniferous culture:
- Rapid growth - a couple of years after disembarking a young seedling you will get a luxurious adult tree.
- Durability - grows with proper care larch long.
- Unpretentiousness - even a novice will cope with the task of growing a culture.
- Attractive appearance - larch always looks luxurious, is an excellent decoration of the garden, the local area.
And the tree absorbs harmful substances, normally withstands frosts, grows on any soil and in all Russian regions. Its wood is used in the manufacture of furniture in the performance of construction work.
In nature, there are about 25 varieties. The most popular is the European - weeping form up to 50 m in height with very thin branches, brown bark. The Siberian variety is found mainly in Siberia, has a powerful crown, first pyramidal and then oval.
In warm regions of Russia, Japanese larch is often native to the island of Honshu - it is very beautiful, with bluish needles, but requires a lot of sun for normal growth.
Landing: timing and location
It is best to plant larch in early spring or in autumn - in spring, before buds bloom, in autumn before the beginning of leaf fall. Well acclimatized one-and two-year seedlings. Plot choose open and sunny, the soil is desirable to be nutritious, but light is not too wet, marshy.
If the ground is heavy, drainage is done, and with increased acidity indicators, lime slaking will help. The distance between the seedlings should be 2-3 m, deepen the roots by 80 cm, then do the mulching with peat or sawdust.
Despite unpretentiousness in cultivation, a certain care for weeping varieties of larch is needed. He assumes:
- Watering - immediately after planting and during the period of active growth. If mature drought trees are tolerated normally, then the young need a lot of moisture. The amount of water per irrigation depends on the amount of natural precipitation, air temperature.
- Feed - if you make potassium and phosphorus, you can increase the growth rate of plants. Young crops also require the removal of weeds, loosening the soil.
- Shelter is not necessary to do, but experienced gardeners still recommend warming shtambovanny larch in the first years of planting burlap in several layers.
Places to grow grow sunny and open - on them the culture grows best. Waterlogging, stagnation of moisture, drought - not the best conditions for maintaining a good kind of culture. Soils should be drained, and moisture should be moderate.
In the sand, weeping larch grows very poorly and does not always catch on when transplanting - if possible, do not do it at all. Resistance to pests, diseases, frost is good, the culture grows well in country and urban environments. Pruning tolerates persistently young culture, the adult tree needs to be formed carefully.
Larch sticks are propagated by seeds or cuttings. To obtain seeds, use ripe buds, soak the material in clean water for one and a half weeks and sift into a moist mixture of sawdust and sand. When shoots appear, water the plantings and adjust the temperature, then you can transfer the seedlings to open ground.
Cutting is a good way, but difficult. It is usually used in large garden centers, organized nurseries. After grafting, the plant develops quickly.
Now you know what a larch is, and you can grow it in your plot.
European larch is a coniferous species, but, unlike most of its other evergreen counterparts, this species drops conifer needles every year before the onset of winter, which quickly grows with the onset of the first spring warm days.
Botanists today known dozens of varieties of larch, many of which are domesticated and successfully used in landscape design.
Brief description of all common varieties:
- European larch is found everywhere in central Russia, it can be up to 25 meters high, it has slightly hanging branches, richly dotted with soft needles. In domesticated varieties, the height of the trunk usually does not exceed 3-4 meters, and regular trimming can achieve the necessary decorativeness of the tree, which will have a spectacular drop-down crown.
- Larch creeping repens. Easy to care dwarf variety, whose height does not exceed 150 centimeters. This decorative variety has beautiful creeping shoots.
- Larch Red. This decorative hybrid variety has a dwarf size and has unusual red cones and bright green needles.
- Japanese, also known as Kempfer larch Diana. This variety has a wide pyramidal crown, which is painted green in summer and has a light blue tint. With the onset of autumn, the needles darken and fall just before the onset of cold weather. Such a variety looks the most impressive in group plantings, allowing you to decorate home territory in an original way.
- Western. Unlike other varieties of larch, western prefers to grow in the bright sun, where its needles are decorative and have a lush green larch. The only thing that larch does not tolerate is western, so this is a deficit in soil moisture. When choosing this variety, it should be remembered that even in the conditions of the garden the height of the trees can reach 15-20 meters.
- Siberian. This species is found in Siberia, Altai, Mongolia and China. Decorative varieties based on Siberian larch differ enviable frost resistance, which simplifies the preparation of trees for the cold season.
- The larch Kornik on the shtambe will have dwarf sizes and the original spherical shape of the crown.
- Weeping Pendula Larch. In natural conditions, the tree reaches 30 meters in height, has a large trunk and effectively flexible branches of larch hanging down to the ground. Due to its decorative effect, pendula larch is used for landscaping, decorating plots and public areas. This species is frost resistant and loves bright sunlight.
Under natural conditions, the height of larch can overtake 50 meters, and the diameter of the trunk - 100-150 centimeters. In landscaped designs use domesticated varieties., which have compact dimensions, soft green needles, are distinguished by unpretentiousness and fast growth rates.
Today there are numerous varieties of larch, which are distinguished by their height and appearance. You can easily pick as dwarf varieties, whose height will be no more than one and a half meters, and the real trees are giants in height of 25−30 meters. With the same success, such trees are good in single and group plantings. You can combine different varieties that differ in their growth, thereby creating an original composition.
Under the sprawling crown of large-sized larch species, you can break a flower garden, arrange an outdoor gazebo, set up a table and a lounger for outdoor recreation or a sandbox where the child can play in the shade of the foliage. It is only necessary to remember that the larch roots are located on the surface, respectively, to place any structures with a full-fledged foundation in the immediate vicinity of the tree is not recommended.
Larch can be propagated by grafts, cuttings and seeds. For ornamental species, vaccinations are used to ensure the purity of the variety of trees grown. The vaccination is performed according to the standard scheme, when a small incision is made in the seedling trunk, into which a varietal cutting is inserted. After four to five weeks, the cutting will take root in a new place, and after 5–6 months, the seedling obtained by grafting can be transplanted to a permanent place of residence in the garden.
Larch cuttings are rarely propagated by cuttings, since the cut-off shoots practically do not give roots, so in this case it will be impossible to obtain any sort of planting material. The only exceptions are the creeping Ukrainian varieties of larch, which can be successfully propagated by layering.
In the wild, larch propagates by seed, but it is extremely difficult to grow seedlings from seed in a nursery. Predicting the preservation of varietal characteristics in trees obtained by this method will be problematic.
When buying seedlings in a nursery, you should pay attention to the quality of planting material, which should not be affected by pests and have no signs of disease.
Tree planting and soil composition
On the plot, you need to choose the right place for planting seedlings. Some species of larch prefer open spaces, while others feel better in penumbra. This tree loves water, but the high level of groundwater and the marshy soil leads to the decay of the root system. If groundwater is located close to the surface, then it is necessary to perform drainage, which will allow growing healthy and decorative larch on the site.
The best time for planting seedlings is half the fall and early spring. It is best to use biennial seedlings with the root system in the cassette. But to choose one-year grafted trees, in which the roots are bare, should not be, because such seedlings hardly take root in a new place, get sick for a long time and then slowly grow.
Larch should be planted in well-drained light fertile soil. For the preparation of soil mixture, you can use the following:
- Garden land - two parts.
- Humus is one part.
- Sand is one part.
When planting should pay attention to the location of the root collar, which should be located on the surface of the earth.
After planting seedlings should be watered abundantly.if such work was carried out in the autumn, then the tree trunk is mulched, and later, before the onset of cold weather, young plants are covered with fir branches.
Proper care of plantings
Caring for larch is not difficult, so even the owners of private houses, who have never engaged in gardening, can easily plant such trees in the garden, providing them with the simplest care. This tree will need the following:
- Timely watering.
- Top dressing by mineral complexes.
- Weeding circle
- Insulation for the winter.
- Pruning and crown formation.
Most varieties of larch are undemanding ornamental trees that can grow even without any care from the homeowner. But the maximum decoration can be achieved by providing the simplest planting regular care.
Larch can easily tolerate a brief drought, however, young trees, especially after planting, need abundant and periodic watering. Do not allow the soil to dry out. With a lack of moisture foliage becomes dulland the tree itself looks wilted. To retain moisture in the wheel circle, the soil can be mulched, for which peat, sawdust, humus and other organic matter are used.
Watering of young trees is carried out at least once a week, and no less than 10 liters of water should be taken for each seedling.
Adult larches are watered once or twice a month, with 20 liters of water for each tree. It is necessary to carry out irrigation of landings depending on their condition. If the needles begin to turn yellow, and the pattern of larch becomes blurred, then this indicates a lack of moisture and it is necessary to increase the number of waterings.
After planting the seedlings should be fed complex fertilizer Kemira wagon. The consumption rate is 20 grams of agrochemicals per square meter of soil. At the beginning of summer, carbamide solution is applied under the trees, for which 10 grams of dry fertilizer is diluted in 10 liters of water. This dressing improves the appearance of larch, providing a rich color needles. Also in agricultural stores you can find specialized fertilizers intended for coniferous trees. It is recommended to use such fertilizers two or three times a year, which ensures the rapid growth of trees and their excellent decorative effect.
Regular pruning of the larch crown will help maintain the decorativeness of the trees, help form the crown and prevent excessive thickening of the plantings, which can lead to various infectious and fungal diseases.
It is customary to distinguish between three types of larch pruning:
- Sanitary is necessary in cases where the tree was affected by diseases and various pests. All damaged and shrunk shoots are pruned, branches afflicted with mold and moss are removed. With this pruning, the cap is removed, which is a neoplasm on the cortex that appears with improper care of plantings.
- Anti-aging pruning is carried out in early autumn or spring. Trees are removed from the weakened branches, pruned old shoots by one third, which stimulates the emergence of new growth points. Thanks to such a rejuvenating pruning, it is possible to return the lost decorative effect even to old trees.
- Formative pruning will be necessary for young trees, which will give the plantings the appearance of a properly formed crown. The optimal time for forming trimming - early spring before the start of sap flow. Необходимо удалить все лишние неправильно растущие побеги, которые выбиваются из желаемого силуэта дерева. Подрезание точек роста позволит сделать корону пышнее и кустистее.
It is necessary to perform pruning with a sharp garden shears, which are thoroughly disinfected before each use. To prune trees should be after larch throw off the needles. The only exception is sanitary pruning, when in summer you can remove damaged and dried branches.
Preparing for the winter
In the spring, it is necessary to perform sanitary pruning, removing shoots that have dried over the summer. Under young trees, the ground is slightly loosened, abundant watering is done and mulch is placed on top. Seedlings younger than 2-3 years are covered with spruce leaves or any nonwoven fabric. But mature trees will not require any additional warming, which greatly simplifies the care of plantings.
European larch and its varieties is an easy-to-care decorative tree that is distinguished by its frost resistance and original appearance. You can easily choose both large varieties of larch and dwarf varieties whose height does not exceed two meters. Due to the simplicity of care, every summer resident and the owner of a private house will cope with growing this decorative tree.