A few years I plant in the garden dolichos (lobia) - a climbing plant with lilac-purple flowers. And only recently I learned about another name - hyacinth beans. I suggest that you also get acquainted with an amazingly beautiful plant - I will tell you about the secrets of caring for it.
My liana is so comfortable in the sunny place allocated to it that it grows without problems. And these are not empty words, hyacinth beans will require a little attention, and in return they will be pleased with a lush flowering look.
Hyacinth (Egyptian) beans - a perennial vine of tropical and subtropical regions of the globe. In conditions of central Russia, the loach grows in vegetation during one season.
It belongs to the family of legumes and is a fodder, cereal crop. It is used for its intended purpose in the countries of Asia and South America, and from there, too, the tradition has been to place lobia near the walls of buildings, to entrust arches and various supports to them.
The height of the dolichos bush reaches 3 meters (in natural conditions up to 10 meters), therefore it needs a garter. The leaves are large, in the form of hearts, trifoliate. They are green, have red streaks. Long inflorescences are formed from the leaf axils; they consist of many fragrant fancy flowers.
Their color is pink or lilac, purple or mixed.
Interesting! Inflorescences are not drooping, they look out fervently from the lush foliage.
Several dozen flowers on one flower stalk, depending on the variety, they have different colors. My variety (the name is unknown to me) is bloomed with pink-lilac baskets, its stems are purple, and the leaves are reddish veins.
The fruit of the plant is a pod with beans, it matures in place of the flower. Glossy purple-purple pods blend harmoniously with foliage and flowers. This spectacle is great: the riot of colors of all parts of the plant. Flowering begins in July and ends with the first frost.
Beans of different colors (brown, black, brownish surface) with a white scar have an oval flat shape and a length of 6 to 10 mm.
Useful! Hyacinth beans can fertilize the land. Cut off the faded ground part of dolichos in the fall (can be crushed) and bury it in the ground to a depth of 15-20 centimeters. Grass and flowers have the greatest value before flowering and after it, but it’s a pity to bury such beauty in the ground!
At the roots of the plant there are nodules of nitrogen-fixing bacteria; they convert nitrogen from the air into another form necessary for the plants to assimilate. Hyacinth beans is a sidereal culture.
Where and how to plant
Dolikhos - lover of sunny areas, scattered shadows. Heated place with loose fertile soil fits him very well. In our climatic conditions, this plant is grown only from seeds.
Since we have a short summer, we sow hyacinth beans for seedlings in March or April. I plant in April (the Urals), the remaining time until the summer is enough for the seedlings to form and grow strong.
The day before sowing, beans are soaked in a small amount of ordinary water. Some people advise to subject the beans to scarification (damage to the outer shell), but I have never done this, I always have fresh seeds and they sprout perfectly.
- I take a container with drainage holes (you can use peat pots or tablets),
- I fill it with garden soil mixed with sand and humus (of course, the purchased substrate will also work)
- We put one bean into tablets and cups, and put them in containers at a distance of 6-10 centimeters,
- I dive to a depth of 1-1.5 centimeters, I pour it down and water it,
- You can use a cover film.
- Sprouts germinate a week or a little longer
- If the weather is still cool, the seedlings have already grown up, but landing in the ground is not yet foreseen, pinching the top,
- Planting in open ground produce, when it is warm outside, the threat of frost has passed.
Tip! Plant dolichos in the evening or on an overcast day, it is easier to take root.
It happens that the plants are planted in the ground, and the air temperature is greatly reduced. For example, now the beginning of June, hyacinth beans have already been planted (and 2-3 degrees on the street), they are standing - they won't budge, only the leaves are lifted upwards. In a particularly cold evening I cover the landing with non-woven garden material.
As mentioned above - we choose a permanent place for seedlings in the sun. We supply the earth with organic matter in advance (I have humus), dig and level.
Dolichos needs support without fail, so in my garden he grows near the wall of the bath. In round beds I plant plants at a distance of 15-20 centimeters (you can withstand more). I immediately prepare the supports - I have these stakes 30 cm long, and a twine (or other synthetic rope) is attached to them.
When the liana starts growing (it does not give antennae), she will find support herself, only at the very beginning I help her to “climb”.
In open ground, hyacinth beans can be sown in the middle lane, but the summer period has become so unpredictable, cold, that I don’t risk it. So little time will be left to admire the flowering.
But in the southern and south-western regions, the plant is sown immediately in the ground outside. The principle is the same: we choose a place and prepare the soil, we make supports.
How to care
This vine likes watering, especially before flowering and during it. I water under a root. Along with irrigation, you can feed dolichos mineral solutions containing phosphorus and potassium. All manipulations are made without touching the leaves. You can use granular fertilizers, they gradually dissolve, feeding the bush.
I mulch the soil under a bush, sprinkle with ashes. If you do not need seeds, cut off the dried pods and discard them.
They can be collected, dried and used for planting. Removed in time, dry fruit, contribute to the ovary of new flower stalks.
To eat beans, they need to be planted in a large volume, and this is unusual for us. Although in cooking hyacinth beans are used and are included in the national cuisine of many Asian and South American peoples.
From overmoistening, drought or thickening of plantings, as well as from neighboring plants, dolichos is affected by powdery mildew and spotting.
You can resist it if you noticed a disease at the very beginning. Spray the plant with a soap mixture with blue vitriol. We also use Bordeaux mixture.
Hyacinth beans sometimes are attacked by aphids or nematodes. From their invasion will help the chemical method - insecticidal drugs. For prevention, traditional methods are good: dusting or spraying with wood ash or tobacco.
On a note! I advise you not to be afraid of growing hyacinth beans, they rarely suffer from diseases. Verified by experience!
Use in landscape garden
Climbing plant is suitable for creating beautiful compositions in any part of the garden. The spectacular look of dolichos attracts rave looks. Plant it well near arbors, verandas and arches, vertical trellis and walls. Everywhere he will find support and he will be formed.
A specially arranged frame in the center of the lawn or free space will allow the hyacinth bean bush to become a reference point. Contrasting colors can be planted around the property or a lawn can be cut out.
Hyacinth Beans: General Information
Hyacinth beans, or as they are called dolichos, are not only easy to grow and give an excellent tasty harvest, but also bring a lot of aesthetic pleasure to their luxurious flowering look.
Dolichos ordinary - tall (up to 4 m) climbing plant of the same age, its appearance resembles beans. In our latitudes, hyacinth beans are grown not only to produce tasty fruits, but also as a decorative element in landscape design. The plant grows with beautiful flowers of various colors: purple, white, pink, etc., with a subtle delicate aroma and unusual beans of purple or red.
An unusual feature of this climbing plant is that its vine grows not in a clockwise direction, but vice versa. In addition, he has cross-pollination, which is also quite unusual for a legume plant. Beans grow short, wide pods containing small seeds.
The most important thing in dolichos cultivation is the right choice of soil: the beans are very fond of neutral (in no case choose an acidic soil, otherwise the hyacinth beans will slow down their growth and the plant may not even bloom) a very fertile soil. It will be great if the soil is slightly loose. The place should be chosen warm, without access to the cold wind and always with access to a large amount of heat and sunlight.
To grow dolichos liana is quite possible, having carried out reproduction from seeds, the main thing is to follow all the rules. First, dolichos seeds, like any other beans, have a rather dense shell, so before planting you should soak them in warm water for several hours to soften it a little. Before sowing the seeds in the ground, it is better to sprout seedlings at home. It is better to start growing seedlings in early spring, approximately in March.
Council To speed up the process of germinating seeds, you can pierce the seeds of beans before dipping into water - this will give them the opportunity to quickly feed on water.
Sprouted seeds are immediately planted in small pots or any other container. Since hyacinth beans are very sensitive to the lack of moisture, when growing seedlings it is necessary to water young sprouts.
Before planting seedlings in open ground, it is advisable to “accustom” young seedlings to fresh air. To this end, seedlings that have reached 15 cm in height are periodically put out for a couple of hours with a gradual extension of their stay there. The place should be chosen only sunny, warm, windless.
When the air warms up sufficiently and the weather is stable and stable (end of May - beginning of June), you can begin planting in open ground, keeping sufficient distance between seedlings - about 30-40 cm, the distance between rows should be at least 0.7 m.
Caring for hyacinth beans is very simple, just enough to carry out regular timely watering and help the plant to reach up with the help of special supports. In the initial phase, when the plant is still young and is just beginning its active growth, be sure to generously saturate the soil with a sufficient amount of warm (necessarily settled) water regularly. If excessively hot and dry weather sets in during the summer, watering should be daily.
Be sure to install props next to each plant to help the beans grow and set the correct growth direction. As for dressings, dolichos does not need a large amount of fertilizer, it is enough to periodically apply nitrogen fertilizers to the soil, alternating them with potash fertilizers.
Dolikhos is highly resistant to almost all diseases and pests. Only occasionally small yellowish specks can be seen on a flowering liana - most often this indicates a lack of potassium, which can be easily corrected by immediate application of appropriate fertilizers.
Bloom dolichos begins in mid-summer and until the onset of deep autumn. The flowers are collected in inflorescences in the leaf sinuses. In one inflorescence can be up to 50 flowers. It is worth noting that the flowers live no more than 3 days, and the entire inflorescence begins to fall off after three weeks after flowering.
Hyacinth Bean Applications
Hyacinth beans are used in cooking: they are prepared as a side dish, used as an additive to soups, salads, stews, and even as a separate dish. Dolikhos goes well with mutton dishes and seafood.
Council If you are a lover of legumes, then try to prepare not only the fruits, but also the pods themselves: in the summer, you can pick them directly from the garden and eat fresh or add to salads, and freeze in winter in order to enjoy the wonderful taste of boiled beans in cold snowy evenings.
In addition, dolichos is used as a decorative element to decorate suburban areas: it is grown on the balcony, veranda, etc. Hyacinth beans look great in combination with other bright colors. Moreover, to create the desired effect, it is desirable to use bush-like and tall flowers as “neighbors”.
That came to an end our material. You have met with an unusual, beautiful and tasty plant called hyacinth beans. As you could see, growing it is quite simple, the main thing is to follow the tips provided in the article. Good luck!
Description of dolichos
A photo of a plant will help few people recognize it. After all, as a rule, only experienced gardeners know about him and his merits.
Experts this plant is known by many other names. Therefore, hearing "Dolichos", "Turkish beans", know that this is a winding lilac. The man met her for a long time, because many centuries ago she began to be actively grown by him as a leguminous crop.
Today dolichos is cultivated in many places. This flower can be found in almost all major regions of the African and Asian continents. Due to the mild climate, it is grown in these places as a perennial plant. In Russia, which is notable for its harsh conditions, the curly lilac has become widespread as an annual.
This is a tall enough plant that reaches a height of 2-3 meters. The uniqueness of hyacinth bean gives the fact that in the process of development its stem twists counterclockwise.
The original form have large leaves that grow heart-shaped, trifoliate. Because of their design, they are very similar to the leaves of beans or beans. Foliage has a rich color palette, which can include various shades, ranging from rich reddish-purple to dark green.
During the growing season, small flowers appear in dolichos, presented in the form of long inflorescences that grow in the leaf axils. The original and pleasant appearance of inflorescences provides a lot of flowers, the number of which in one brush can be up to 40 pieces. Flowers attract not only pleasant aroma. In addition, they are distinguished by a variety of colors - pink, white, blue, violet, crimson. Flowers of curly lilac, having a two-tone color, look especially impressive.
The first flowers of climbing lilac bloom in July and retain decorative properties until the first frost.
However, the beauty of dolichos is provided along with the leaves and flowers and its fruits. The original appearance provides a burgundy or purple hue, glossy shine and a curved shape. The beans themselves contain light seeds that look like peas, decorated with white scallops.
One of the features of dolichos is that in the fall at the top of the vine green foliage growsAt the same time, the old leaves turn yellow in the lower part of the stem. Therefore, at such moments, the plant looks particularly attractive, because it is decorated with both colored beans and buds.
In order to wind the lilac every season pleased with abundant and lush flowering, it is recommended to plant it on a plot well lit by the sun. Under shading, it will grow much slower, so it will be able to bloom much later than normal. And sometimes in adverse years, and you can not wait for the flowers.
Attempts to grow dolichos in acidic soils do not end in success. Best to grow it on loose fertile soilshaving a neutral acidity reaction. However, in the absence of other options, you can grow climbing lilacs on ordinary garden soil, but in this case you will have to feed regularly.
When growing dolichos, special attention should be paid to irrigation, which should be regular and abundant. Especially the demand for water lianas increases in hot and arid ones - during these periods the plants are watered every day.
Every two weeks, fertilizing with complex mineral fertilizers is carried out. Begin to make them already from the moment of active growth and during the entire flowering period.
That the plants and after many weeks retain an attractive appearance, they need reliable support. At that moment, when the stems become tall enough, they must be tied to it and positioned in the desired direction.
How to sow dolichos seeds correctly?
A rare gardener will refuse the opportunity to admire the lush lush blossoms until the first frost. Therefore, in order to achieve this goal, many practice sowing seeds in March. However, even if this moment was missed, this is not a serious reason to postpone the crop next year. Sowing can be carried out in April and early May, the main thing is to wait until the last night frosts are past, after which you can sow dolichos.
Growing from seed
Крепкая и здоровая рассада является ключом к получению красивых и пышных растений. Поэтому очень важно ускорить процесс проращивания семян.
- если исходить из опыта садоводов, то перед посевом семена необходимо подвергнуть специальной обработке. You must take a nail file or fine sandpaper and gently polish the surface of the seed. In the absence of the above devices, you can simply pierce the needle,
- then the seeds treated in the same way must be kept for 24 hours in water at room temperature. Moreover, it is desirable that during the day it was constantly fresh,
- sowing dolichos seeds is recommended in small boxes or pots. A nutrient mixture containing a small amount of wood ash is used as planting soil.
- during sowing, seeds must be buried by 3 cm. After this, the containers are transferred to a warm room, where it is necessary to maintain the temperature not lower than 20 degrees Celsius. At this stage of growing seedlings, the field must be quite rare - it is enough to spray them once a week.
Around May, the seedlings of the hyacinth beans become strong enough to begin to harden. For this it is necessary take out to the veranda or balcony and leave for a while. Such procedures will benefit young plants, as they will begin to accustom themselves to natural habitat conditions. Quite often, at this stage of growing plants require small supports.
How to land in the ground?
Getting a strong and healthy seedlings does not guarantee that they will produce high-quality thick curly lilacs. Must also be correct pick up a time for transplant in open ground.
- The best time for this is when the earth warms well. The best survival rate of seedlings can be ensured if it is transplanted to a site dominated by nutrient soil, provided with adequate lighting,
- Before transplanting, it is necessary to prepare small depressions, placing them no closer than 20 cm apart,
- during transplantation of dolichos seedlings it is necessary to be very careful, because of the fragility of the root system can be easily injured.
Dolichos: diseases and pests
Many gardeners who have been growing lilacs for more than one year say that this plant is very resistant to many diseases and parasites. However, despite this, you still need to constantly monitor her.
- sometimes the leaves may be covered with small yellow specks. From this we can conclude that the plant does not receive enough potassium. Therefore, it is possible to eliminate this external defect by applying fertilizers rich in the specified element,
- In certain periods of development, dolichos can be seriously damaged by caterpillars and aphids. However, modern drugs can quickly get rid of these parasites.
In general, curly lilac shows an attractive appearance throughout the entire growing season and does not require special care.
Curly lilac can compete with many exotic plants. To attract the attention of the gardener, it can not only its pronounced decorative properties, but also unpretentiousness in the care and cultivation. Although at first you have to tinker with seedlings, however, subject to the rules, this event will not cause much trouble for the florist. Caring for dolichos includes all the main activities that are carried out in relation to most other ornamental plants grown in the garden.
Dolichos, growing from seed
Growing curling lilacs from seed available to any newbie. For the flowers to bloom, you need to know when to plant the seeds. It is best to plant the seeds in March. However, if the moment is missed due to frost, the sowing of seeds can be postponed to April or early May.
To speed up the cultivation of seeds of hyacinth beans, they are subjected to processing. When this process is completed, begin sowing:
- Before planting, seeds are processed in a special way. A nail file or an emery paper is taken and the surface of the seed is ground. Due to the lack of such tools, you can simply pierce the seed with a needle. This is necessary to break the waterproof shell.
- When the seeds are processed this way, they need to be kept for a day in fresh water at room temperature.
- Seeds are sown in pots or boxes, with a nutrient mixture, which includes ash.
- Sowing seeds are buried 3 cm into the soil. The boxes are brought in a room with a temperature of 20 degrees. Watering the seeds should be planted once a week.
Beginning in May, containers with cultivated seedlings can be taken out to the open air for hardening. This will benefit the plants. They will start to get used to the natural conditions. of existence. Some bushes reach such a size by this time that they need supports.
Planting seedlings in the ground
The timing of planting dolichos seedlings is an important point, because tall youngsters still do not guarantee obtaining quality bushes of climbing lilacs.
Planting seedlings should be as follows:
- When the first 3 leaves of the plant appear, the top should be pinched to increase branching.
- With the planting of young seedlings in open ground, you need to be careful and wait for the onset of warm weather, because of the risk of spring frosts.
- The landing site of dolichos should be chosen well lit with no drafts due to which the young can die.
- If the plot is chosen incorrectly, then it will grow, the hyacinth beans will be bad and may, in general, not bloom.
- Planting is carried out in black soil after a good warm. The land should be provided with nutrients and the area should be well lit.
- Seedlings are removed from the pot with a clod of earth so that it will settle down better when planted.
- Planting seedlings is carried out in prefabricated pits, located at a distance of 20 cm from each other.
- Planting seedlings carried out carefully, because it is easy to damage the root system.
- If necessary, you should put support for the branches of lilac.
- After a while, the plant will get stronger, the branches will stretch out, and hyacinth beans can be spud, and the overgrown shoots can be tied to supports or twisted around the branches.
2 weeks after planting seedlings dolichos, fruits begin to appear on the plant. If the climbing lilac is planned to grow further, then the fruit should be collected to leave on the seeds. They are burgundy pods that contain 5-6 cream-colored beans. Harvesting them begins after the stem has dried.
The pods are dried for 3 weeks, then the beans are removed and put in glass containers. The best pods with beans are those that are located at the ends of the branches. These are the firstborn and such beans are left for seed.. It is advisable to procure them yourself, because the store can buy low-quality material. The storage time of beans - 5 years.
Curly lilac is a very thermophilic plant, so the site should be protected from winds through and well lit by the sun. In addition to the temperature of 20-30 degrees, the humidity should be 70%. Otherwise, wait for feedback from hyacinth beans is not worth it. The plant will develop sluggishly, and flowering, in general, will not occur. With cold summer and too high humidity, there will be difficulties with pollination of inflorescences. Cultivation of varieties does not depend on the duration of daylight hours.
The soil should be loose, neutral. If the soil is alkaline or acidic, then this plant is not suitable. Dolikhos can be successfully grown in the summer cottage or garden plot. The main thing is that the soil has good drainage, is saturated with organic fertilizers and has a low nitrogen content.
In the early days, curly lilacs require increased watering. However, excessive soil moisture should not be. Over time, resistance to dryness increases.. At this time, watering takes place 2 times a week and every day, in case of hot weather. If possible, the soil is mulched, and weeds are weeded regularly. If there is a need, then the planted area is covered with a film with constant airing to prevent excess moisture.
In the period of the beginning of flowering, the plant is actively fed, which is needed weekly. It is required that the flowers bloom most magnificently. In the future feeding are made more moderate. The emphasis is on superphosphate.
In order to stimulate tillering, the branches are constantly pinned. Next to the bushes are installed two-meter supports, to which the branches are being tied up.
Fruit picking, held after 2 months. At this time, the beans are still young and not suitable for seedlings. They are used for food, because the growth reaches its maximum size. For seeds, beans are harvested after 15 weeks. Later is not recommended, because they form a fibrous structure. After harvesting, all powerful branches are shortened by half, for enhanced stimulation of growth.
Dolikhos is highly resistant to diseases and pests. Although it can attack aphid or whitefly. Occasionally the leaves are covered with powdery mildew spots..
Curly lilac often used in landscape design. Its ability to curl in the form of vines, reaching 4 meters in height, is used for gardening arbors and various buildings. The original combination of colors in the form of greenery in the upper part and yellowed foliage at the bottom looks very impressive. In parallel, new flowers with bright colors are constantly appearing on the growing bush. Grow Hyacinth Beans possible in the apartment - in the loggias or on the balcony.
Beans are widely used in cooking. Given the simplicity in the care of such a plant, it can be an ornament as a garden plot, as well as home environment.
This flower belongs to the legume family. Grown on the plot, it can become a worthy decoration of a flower bed, and its fruits are suitable for human consumption. They are rich in trace elements, while the starch and protein content in them is even greater than in beans.
Dolichos grows in height of 1.5-3 meters, has a developed root system, stalks are woven along a support and twist it counterclockwise, have a red-brown color. Along the entire length of the vine grows a large foliage of a heart-shaped, dark green, purple or red-violet color, with a rough surface.
Hyacinth beans begin to bloom in mid-July, and the flowering period lasts until frost. The brushes are long, with a large number of large flowers, having a characteristic shape for all legumes. They appear at the ends of the shoots and in the axils of the apical leaves, exuding a pleasant and delicate aroma. Their life cycle is only 4 days. Each inflorescence blooms up to 20 days, has up to 40 buds, replacing each other during flowering. Petals of flowers are painted in white-yellow or pink-purple hues. The fruits are broad burgundy pods. Their length is 5-6 cm, inside 2-4 oval bean with a black surface and a white spot along the spine.
Gallery: dolichos (25 photos)
In natural places of growth, dolichos has a fairly impressive number of varieties, and within our climatic zone, the choice of varieties is much narrower, but still it is. Let us dwell on the most common of them:
- Dolikhos Rubi Mun - Liana with a height of about three meters, resistant to heat. Lush long inflorescences with beautiful purple flowers suitable for cutting, very long stored in water. The plant is decorative and after flowering: maroon flat pods will decorate it until late autumn.
- Lilac cascade - great for growing in flowerpots and on the balcony, fairly resistant to cold snaps and short frosts, prone to the formation of a large number of side shoots. More suitable as an element of decor than for harvesting.
- Purple garlands - tall variety, the length of its stems can reach 6 meters. This species has a huge foliage and long bright purple buds growing in the form of a garland. For this similarity liana and received such a name. Cut flowers can stand in water for up to several weeks.
Growing a flower
Hyacinth beans - an unpretentious plant that does not require constant attention, but to get a truly decent specimen, some care will still be needed.
A dolichos flower is grown in a seedling way, as it is thermophilic and does not tolerate cold weather, the optimum temperature for normal plant development is 20-30 ° C. The additional roots of hyacinth beans form extremely weakly, therefore their reproduction by cutting is a very troublesome and ungrateful work.
For planting a flower in the open ground it is necessary to prepare seedlings.
The optimal time for planting seeds is February or March, it can be done in cups or in specially prepared boxes. Before planting, the beans must be soaked in warm water for a day. In order to speed up the germination process, the seeds are scarified. This can be done in several ways: cut with a nail file or a knife, make a needle puncture, scratch the surface of the beans with sandpaper. With this procedure, the waterproofness of the casing is impaired and moisture gets to the embryo faster. So that the beans are not soured, they can be temporarily placed in the refrigerator.
For normal flower growth, a neutral or slightly alkaline primer is needed. It is desirable to add a little wood ash or chalk to the soil. Planted seeds to a depth of 3 cm at a distance of 4-5 cm from each other. Watering is carried out as needed, usually to maintain the desired state of the soil enough to moisten it once a week.
Store the seedlings in a well-lit place at temperatures above +20 degrees, for example, on the balcony or on the windowsill. Already when growing seedlings young plants need to install small supports. The planting of climbing lilacs can be done in a seedless way, in this case the beans are planted on the prepared site in May, when the soil warms up sufficiently, but then the seedlings germinate for a long time and develop the first time slowly.
In this case, flowering begins later, around the end of August, and the beans do not fully ripen, which is a threat to the collection of quality seeds for use next year.
The optimal time for planting seedlings in open ground - the end of May - the beginning of June, choose a sunny, open place for this. If there is not enough light, the growth of the flower will slow down greatly and flowering may not occur at all. Dolikhos is very thermophilic, cold drafts and gusty wind are also unacceptable for him.
Hyacinthic beans do not tolerate strongly acidic or alkaline soil, the optimum PH for them is neutral. It will not be out of place to loosen it and introduce humus before landing it on the ground. Watering is often done: 2-3 times a week with a small amount of water, with a strong drought, even more often, while it is impossible to prevent excessive moisture - it complicates the access of oxygen to the roots.
Soil should dry out only on the surface, and to improve aeration, weeding should be carried out regularly and weeds should be removed.
Seedlings are planted gently at a distance of 30-40 cm, in order to preserve the roots, it is better to do this together with a lump of earth. Dolichos loves feeding with a high phosphorus content, for this purpose they prepare a liquid substrate and bring it into the soil about 1-2 times a month. Then the flower responds more vigorous flowering and abundant growth. Hyacinthic beans are a climbing plant, and for its proper development a support is used, the height of which should be 2 m. To pinch the lateral shoots, it is necessary to periodically nip.
Ripening and fruit picking
For eating beans become suitable in 1.5-2 months after transplanting, but for harvesting the seeds they ripen only 10-15 weeks, as evidenced by the drying of the lashes. The pods are collected and dried, after which the seedlings are removed and poured into banks, where they are stored until the next season. After harvesting the beans are suitable for growing five years. To obtain a high-quality seed, it is better to take the seeds from the first pods - the plant gives them more beneficial trace elements. A flower grown from these seeds will be stronger and more beautiful.
If the plans include a permanent breeding of this crop, then it is better to harvest beans for sowing at home than to buy in a store, since in the second case there is no guarantee that ripe seedlings are collected in the package. As a result, dolichos though will grow quite high, but its bloom will not be abundant.
After harvesting the first harvest, it is desirable to shorten the main stems by half, this stimulates flower growth and will provide an opportunity to harvest the fruit several times.
Diseases and pests
Curly lilac is unpretentious in care, but, despite its rather high resistance to diseases and insect pests, it can occasionally be exposed to them. Powdery mildew manifests itself in the form of white spots on the leaves, which can be eliminated in several ways:
- using systemic fungicides,
- apply natural remedies such as decoction of horsetail or garlic.
To prevent the appearance of this fungus, simple care is necessary:
- removal of fallen leaves,
- полив производить непосредственно под корень растения.
Появлением жёлтых пятен цветок реагирует на недостаток калия, тогда производят соответствующие подкормки калийсодержащими удобрениями. From insects that cause damage to the plant - aphid, caterpillars, nodular root nematodes, red spider mites and whiteflies can appear in the shade. You can destroy them by treating the plant with insecticides.
Dolikhos in landscape design
Flower dolichos is very easy to care for, which, along with the exotic appearance makes it a very attractive plant for use in landscape design.
Curly lilac blooms in a few weeks after landing in open ground and pleases its owner with delicate flowers of extraordinary beauty until the frost.
A long creeper with a large number of flowering shoots can become a beautiful climbing fence, a small arch or close its original foliage walls of buildings on the plot. Hyacinth beans grown around it will create a cozy blossoming arbor. The lilac pods (dolichos) are colored purple and, in combination with the buds that are just blossoming, create a spectacular look, especially against the background of yellowing autumn foliage.
The garden is not the only place where you can grow a pick-up; it will create a special unusual atmosphere and will also decorate the terrace or balcony. Quite well the plant feels in the pot.
In European cuisine, lobium is used quite rarely, but in its historic homeland, dolichos is grown not only for human consumption as a valuable nutritious product, but also for medical purposes: to normalize the gastrointestinal tract, to treat diseases of the stomach and liver.
In its structure, beans contain protein, similar to animals, have a soft and delicate taste. Both very ripe and young fruits, as well as immature pods, are suitable for eating.
In cooking, they can be both a main course and a side dish for other foods; they are a good addition as a seasoning for meat, fish and seafood, giving them a special taste and aroma.
It is important to note that ripe beans before cooking require soaking with repeated changes of water, after which they need to be cooked for about one and a half hours. These precautions are caused by the fact that the fruits of lobia contain hydrocyanic acid.
Thus, dolichos will not only add original paints in flower beds and garden plots, but will also be an excellent addition to the dinner table, help to satisfy hunger, recuperate and improve immunity.
Dolichos is a multi-year climbing vine, belongs to the legume family. Under natural conditions, it grows in the subtropics and humid tropics of East Africa. In those regions where severe frosts are rare, hyacinth beans grow and develop for several years in a row. In the conditions of central Russia they are grown as an annual. A powerful vine has a fairly thick undergrowth, this beauty is able to close all the unsightly areas in the garden. Gentle lilac flowers and brilliant pods of purple tones will serve as an excellent decor of the site. Beautiful dolichos also found its use in cooking, from the nourishing black beans cooked wonderful healthy dishes.
Dolikhos is a climbing perennial with a strong ramified rhizome. Its long shoots can grow up to 4 m in height. Some of them reach 10 m. The leaves have a heart-shaped form with a rough leathery plate. Painted in an intense green color, sometimes there are purple streaks.
The peak of the decorativeness of the unique dolichos falls on the middle of July. At the ends of strong shoots or in the axils of the leaves appear beautiful soft-purple flowers. Like all legumes, dolichos during flowering emit a pleasant aroma for 20 days. In one such beautiful brush collected up to 40 buds. Will delight with its abundant blooms until the very first frost.
After pollination, fruits begin to set - bright pods with 3 useful beans. Have coloring of black color with a small white spot. Beans are oval-shaped, readily used in food.
Types of Hyacinth Bean
The plant is common in India, East Africa, there are up to 70 species of this perennial. The most popular varieties suitable for the conditions of Russia are dolichos, winding lilacs. The perennial has received the second name thanks to gentle-lilac divorces on flowers, foliage and strong stalks. Based on this type, varieties for landscape design are derived:
- Pink moon, whose shoots are very similar to the branches of lilac. The variety has large heart-shaped leaves of dark green color. Dark purple beans persist until the first winter frosts.
- Great view - purple festoon. Its curly shoots develop up to 6 m in length, it has large foliage and bright inflorescences hanging down like a garland. Flowers have a bright purple color. During flowering suitable for cutting.
- Lilac cascade. The variety is distinguished by short branched vines. It will fit for the design of verandas and balconies. Flowering and fruiting is not as abundant as in other varieties, but the variety is not afraid of cold weather, withstands small frosts.
- Dolichos Lobia. Shoots are up to 5 m in length, give a lot of lateral processes. After successful pollination, flattened beans begin to form, in which there are seeds of oblong shape.
Available breeding methods
Cultivated exclusively ripe seeds. Cutting and rooting of strong stems by layering becomes possible only with many years of cultivation and requires some effort. Selected seeds are immediately sown in open ground. Sowing is performed in May, because perennial has a slow growth and development at an early stage. As a result, flowering can begin in August, and will end very quickly. The late-flowering beans ripen very weakly, so there is very little chance of getting good material for planting next year.
There is a way out of this situation - pre-plant strong seedlings. Then such seedlings will have a normal flowering period, which will allow the beans to develop and mature to the desired state. Before planting the beans for seedlings at home, they are scarified, that is, damage to the shell of the beans. How to plant mature seeds in seedlings? For this, drawers or special peat pots are suitable, while adding some charcoal or chalk to the soil mixture. The pot is stored in a warm place, monitor soil moisture.
In late May or early June, grown sprouts are planted in open ground. Choose a landing site with such an account, so that there is a support for the climbing vine. Transplantation perform carefully, planted in the soil with an earthy clod, while maintaining the integrity of the root system. The distance between seedlings is 40 cm. The plot should be well lit and open. Before disembarking, they carefully dig up the earth, bring in a portion of sheet humus, mullein. Excess nitrogen in the soil for them is undesirable.
Growing Hyacinth Beans
Curly lilac grown from seed. For the first bushes they are purchased in the store. Hyacinth beans of various varieties are sold in bags of 3-5 seeds. Further planting is made from own beans. That the liana pleased with magnificent color and foliage, the correct leaving and a choice of soil is necessary. The best option - loose soil with neutral acidity.
Hyacinth Bean Seeds
Preparing for landing
You can plant seeds immediately in the ground or pre-grow seedlings. In the first case, the seeds are soaked for a day in cool water. They are planted in the ground in mid-late May, when the soil is well warmed. Shoots appear after 2 weeks. Seedlings can accelerate the growing season of the plant. Creepers grow faster and bloom if seeds germinate in early spring and land in the ground with a cutting with leaves.
Information. The seeds of dolichos are placed in the soil after the night frosts recede, the planting time varies in different regions.
Whatever method is chosen, it is necessary to carry out preplant preparation of seeds. Hyacinth beans have a dense shell that complicates the swelling and germination of seeds. Before planting, it is recommended to scarify or damage the shell. The procedure is performed mechanically - pierce the cover with a needle or an awl, rub with sandpaper, nail file, coarse sand. Then the beans for a day immersed in water at room temperature. Through the cracks that appear on the shell, moisture gets inside, giving rise to the development of a germ.
The optimal time for landing is mid-March. As soil suitable universal soil mixture, sold in stores. Grow up seedlings in containers, boxes or cups. A good option peat pots, they do not need to remove the seedlings before planting in open ground. Seeds are placed in a moist soil for 2-3 cm. The container is left in a warm place, where the temperature is 20-25 ° C.
After 5-7 days sprouts appear on the surface. With further cultivation from dolichos seeds, it is important not to allow the soil to dry out, to water the seedlings in a timely manner. Sprouts must receive a sufficient amount of sunlight, otherwise they will become frail. When there are 4-5 leaves, seedlings need to pinch. After 1 month, the hyacinth beans will gain enough strength to develop in the open field. It is necessary to pre-select and prepare a place for them.
Hyacinth Bean Sprout
Choosing a landing site
Curly lilac - light-loving plant, it develops best in well-lit areas. But the place in the penumbra is also suitable. With a lack of lighting, the flowering periods will move, the brushes will be small and pale. It is recommended to add ash and chalk to the soil. Liana does not tolerate acidic and alkaline soil. Choosing a place for dolichos, build support for the stems. He can climb light trellis or wire. If an ornamental plant is planted near the house, it is better to do it from the east side.
Curly lilac loves good lighting
Council When planting hyacinth beans, avoid windy places and drafts, because it is a gentle heat-loving plant.
Landing in the ground
In early May, the weather is warm enough, so the seedlings endure for hardening and getting used to the environment. By the middle of the month you can begin to transplant seedlings to a prepared place. Under the bushes digging holes at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other. Hyacinth beans grown from seeds are carefully separated, taking care not to damage the root system. After dropping, the stems are tied to supports, setting the direction of growth. To retain moisture and protect the roots from erosion, the plants are mulched with sawdust.
Seedlings in peat pots
Top dressing, watering and care
Curly lilac loves wet soil. While the plant takes root, it is plentifully watered every day. On hot days, they do it twice - in the morning and in the evening. Adults liana enough to moisten 2-3 times a week. Representatives of the legume family like an abundance of air in the soil. It is necessary for bacteria living on the roots. To ensure their needs allows the loosening of the earth and hilling after watering. Fertilization will help improve the growth and development of the plant. Top dressing is carried out several times:
- A month before planting seeds or seedlings, complex mineral fertilizers are added to the soil, providing nutrients for the initial growing season.
- After planting, phosphate fertilizers (superphosphates) are used.
- At the stage of intensive growth of leaves and stem, fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers is used, and during flowering - with potash fertilizers. Top dressing is made in liquid form.
Shrubs need periodic thinning. This procedure improves air circulation and contributes to the formation of a decorative form of liana. It should regularly weed the plot, getting rid of weeds.
Flowers and fruits
Dolychos creepers bloom in July. Beautiful brushes with moth delicate flowers appear on the plant until mid-autumn. Inflorescences open upwards, when the lower flowers are fragrant, the upper ones are hidden in the buds. Pods appear in the place of fallen flowers. For further cultivation, the first ripe beans are harvested. Seeds can be stored for up to 5 years without losing germination.
Information. Young beans are eaten. Before cooking, they are soaked in cold water. Fruits dolichos boil for an hour. The composition of the beans include proteins, fats, vitamins and trace elements. Dishes from them are useful in diabetes, liver disease.
Ruby Moon or Ruby Moon
Curly annual with purple-pink inflorescences. The leaves are green with purple petioles. Liana is resistant to heat, grows up to 4 m. Flowers exude a delicate smell. Large inflorescences suitable for cutting. During the season there are many shoots that serve as an excellent vertical gardening gazebos or fences.
Dolichos Lab Lab or Lobia
The stem of lobia reaches a height of 3-4 m and gives up to 20 side shoots. This variety is thermophilic, but resistant to lack of moisture. Fruit ripening is uneven, flowering continues until late autumn. Homeland vines - Kilimanjaro foothills. Because of the massive stalks, the plants need a strong support. Young beans are eaten.
Curly lilac in vertical gardening
Climbing vines, blooming all summer, a great option for vertical gardening. They are able to create an interesting composition on the site in a short time. Dolikhos will hide the defects of the walls, decorate the arch, gazebo or fences. A cozy shady corner will appear in the garden, pleasing the eye before the first frosts. The photo shows how favorably looking curly lilac on the columns of the house.
Dolichos in the decoration of the columns
Annual liana can be planted next to perennial. As long as the plants reach the required height, it will delight with its flowering and decorative beans. A bright accent of landscape design will be a decorative wall of dark green leaves with a purple shimmer of leaves and brushes with purple flowers.
Dolikhos uses to decorate not only the garden, but also the balcony. Curly lilac grown in a container with loose nutrient soil. She will need support to grow. Vertical gardening is the best option for limited space. By mid-summer, a green curtain with beautiful exotic flowers will appear on the balcony.