Decorative cereals are an excellent solution for decorating a summer cottage, a park or a recreation area. They can be low or reach large sizes, forming brushes of different shapes and colors. These plants are unpretentious to the conditions of detention, therefore, are actively used to create landscape compositions of varying complexity.
Cereal plants differ from each other, but they can be easily combined. The main condition for the choice of neighbors - they should feel good on the same type of soil with identical humidity. An overview of the most popular decorative cereals with names and photos will help determine the specific type of plant.
Bluegrass Fescue is a perennial grass plant that can reach one and a half meters in height. Its peculiarity lies in an unusual silver color that will harmonize well with the sand base, pebbles or large cobblestones in the garden.
Fescue is considered a heat-loving plant, therefore, it is planted in the ground in June when the soil warms up completely. There are a few more rules to observe in order for the bushes to grow bright and neat:
- the soil should be well drained, moisture stagnation is not allowed (a soil with a high sand content is best),
- every 4 years the bushes must be divided,
- every 2 years the plant is recommended to replant, otherwise the leaves may become pale.
Fescue is one of the lawn plants. It is grown to decorate flower beds, paths, gazebos. It is especially useful in areas with insufficiently fertile soil, which is not suitable for other plant varieties.
Among all the ornamental grasses and grasses in landscape design, the pursuit of prosimus is the most unusual. Its second name is indoor bamboo, as these two plants are related. The stems of an adult plant resemble the real thickets of bamboo in miniature. The leaves are bright, may have different shades of green.
Pogonaterum is a perennial cereal plant, but it is recommended to grow it at home in a warm place. The air temperature for this variety of cereal should not fall below 18 degrees. Frosts will lead to his death, but in the summer the plant pot can be taken out onto the street.
Indoor bamboo is not a very easy-to-care plant, the owner will have to fulfill several basic requirements:
- the site should be well lit, the epicenter is not afraid of even direct sunlight,
- watering is done regularly even in winter, the upper part of the soil should not dry out,
- Green mass is also recommended to spray from the spray.
Unlike many other ornamental herbs and cereals for the garden, indoor bamboo requires constant feeding. This may be the usual mineral fertilizer for indoor plants, which is added twice a month to the water for irrigation. Soil for the cultivation of pursuit will also be different. Since the plant does not tolerate drying, the soil must contain a large percentage of clay. It is recommended to add peat, humus or other mineral fertilizers to the seedling mixture.
Long-fronted barley is another herb that is often used in landscape design. Outwardly, it resembles common barley and retains all the positive characteristics of this variety. The plant tolerates frost well, so it can be safely planted in flowerbeds, where heat-loving varieties have not taken root.
Barley is one of those varieties that grow rapidly and seize new areas. Periodically, the bushes must be thinned out so that the flowerbed looks neat. In temperate climates, the plant can remain outside for the winter, but if frost occurs, it is better to dig it up and move it to a house or greenhouse.
The usual thinning of the bushes or limiting the space for growth is not enough. Barley is well propagated by seeds, so they must be cut to their full maturity.
Cortaderia is a perennial cereal plant that can reach up to 3 m in height. It should not be combined with other, less tall, varieties, because it forms a strong root system and use all the nutrients from the soil. In addition, it is worthwhile to think in advance how much the cortaderia will fit into the overall composition - if you plant it once, it will not be easy to get rid of it.
The leaves of this plant are strong and flexible. At the end of summer and early autumn, panicles up to 50 cm long form on them. Individual inflorescences have smooth long hairs, painted in cream, white or beige colors. Panicles are above human growth and resemble clouds.
Cortaderia is a cereal plant that does not dictate any conditions for care. It grows well in abandoned areas, each year capturing new territories. It is also protected from pests, direct sunlight, drought and the bay. At home, it can be watered every 2 weeks, and adult plants need this procedure even less often.
How to choose and care for cereals?
To decorative cereals looked neat and well-groomed, there are several rules for their planting. The peculiarity of these plants is that they grow rapidly and can hinder the development of neighbors. If you do not restrain their growth, a neat flowerbed will look as if it had not been treated for a long time by weeds.
When planting decorative cereals, you can use one of the tips:
- use poor soil with a high content of sand (plants will develop in these conditions),
- to limit the growth of bushes with decorative stones, pebbles or mounds of sand,
- It is recommended to place the most aggressive varieties in separate pots, and then lower them into the ground.
Unlike many other plants, cereals do not need top dressing. On the contrary, fertilizers can provoke too intensive growth, because of what bushes can lose shape.
Decorative cereals are propagated by seedlings or seeds, it depends on the particular variety. Cereal seeds will germinate at a comfortable temperature, but in some varieties it is better to germinate separately. If you immediately put them on the main place, growth may be oppressed by larger flowers or bushes. Seedlings do not necessarily grow at home in pots - you can simply create a separate garden bed for them, and transplant as soon as a small bush is formed.
Cereals in landscape design is a fashion trend that is increasingly used not only to decorate flowerbeds and fences, but also to create a special atmosphere in parks or recreation areas. Depending on the type of plant, it will either complement the composition of other bushes and flowers, or act as the main decoration. They look great without the addition of other varieties in the composition of hedges and around artificial ponds.
The advantages of grass grasses in landscape design
Cereal plants, as a decorative lookwere introduced in 1930 by the breeder Carl Foster. His ideas immediately found approval and further development, however, the most popular cereals gained in the 1970s. It was then that this type of grass began to be used for landscaping cities and in the design of gardens and parks.
Nowadays, cereals are often found in modern balls, mixborders and other corners of any garden. They are valued for a number of advantages:
- variety of colors and shapes
- unpretentious care,
- excellent compatibility with other species.
Grasses are attractive at any time of the year. In the spring - it is fresh greens, which is covered with a lawn. In the summer - fluffy and intricate inflorescences. In the fall, some cereals change their color, which gives a peculiar charm to the garden. Even in winter, cereals will not leave you indifferent: when the grass is covered with frost, it is impossible to take your eyes off it.
A variety of colors and forms of cereals amazes. Among the plants there are both grass 2 centimeters long and half meter giants. The color palette ranges from bluish-green to red. As for the forms, here you will find both panicles, spikelets, brushes, and down.
Cereals adorn not only flower beds, flower beds and mixborders. Closer to autumn, when it is time to cut flowers into bouquets, you can use cereals for their design. And needlewomen can find use for cereals in various floristic panels and other compositions.
Low-growing crops for the garden
Low-growing cereal grasses (height up to 50 centimeters) are mostly perennial, but among them are annuals. Such plants are used to design lawns and low flower beds.
Horsetailtail. Zaytsekhvosta inflorescences really resemble hare tails. They are small, fluffy and round. The plant tolerates fine penumbra, grows up to a maximum of 50 centimeters.
Barley barley - unpretentious groundcover perennial. However, it is often grown as an annual as it can freeze during the cold season. The plant is a short stalk (20−50 centimeters), on top of which is located inflorescence-spikelet. Inflorescence changes its color depending on the season. Barley barley can multiply by self-sowing. It harmoniously looks in carpet flower beds or in the design of tracks, borders, slides.
Blue fescue - a small bush of bright blue color, looking rather exotic. It looks good as an independent plant, and in flowerbeds. Often blue fescue framed garden paths or planted near the reservoir. It tolerates winter well and grows quickly. 2 years after planting, the bushes will have to be divided.
For medium-sized cereals include plants with a height of 50 to 100 centimeters. These are mostly dangles that look like waving waves when the wind blows. Used for multi-tiered mixborders and stand-alone lawns. Unusual and elegant cobwebs look with wildflowers: daisies, cornflowers, poppies.
Feather grass - A plant that has quite a few varieties. But always his plumage looks very gentle. In height reaches 80 centimeters. This plant lives in the same place for up to 10 years and does not tolerate transplantation.
Shaggy bristles. The golden spikelets of the plinth are surrounded by bristles, so the inflorescences look fluffy. The height of this grass is from 30 to 60 centimeters. For bushes it is necessary to create barriers, as they quickly grow.
Setaria Italian - medium-sized grass, forming panicles of yellow and green colors, hanging down. The plant is drought-resistant, but with abundant watering blooms more magnificently. Italian setaria for a long time does not lose its shape after cutting, so florists often use it to decorate bouquets.
Tall species of cereal attract attention in the multi-tiered mixborders, become screens or dividers of the territory, look great along the banks of reservoirs. They can create a colorful background, because the panicles and inflorescences come in various colors and shades.
Falyaris quite often used in landscape design. It attracts attention because of the narrow leaves of green, white or cream color. It tolerates both sun and heat, and shade. The plant is drought-resistant and winter-hardy. If desired, falyaris can be trimmed, giving the desired shape.
Moliniya blue - a cereal plant, the tassels of which in summer are colored lilac, and with the onset of autumn they become yellow-orange. The flower beds, flower beds, and reservoirs decorate the front of the village. The plant is absolutely not whimsical to care, grows well in all conditions. In dry form, it is used for bouquets and flower arrangements.
Hasmantium broadleaf not as bright as other representatives of tall cereals, however, its presence in the flower garden gives the garden a special flavor. Inflorescences on the stems resemble plate-earrings. The plant requires sun and high humidity. In growth reaches 1.5 meters.
The rules of planting decorative cereals
In order to facilitate further care for cereals, it is necessary to accurately calculate everything before planting. First, you need to make sure the poverty of the soil: the cereals love the poor land of substances. Fertilizers can only hurt, because it contributes to the growth of clumps, and the grasses (especially high ones) stop keeping their shape.
Secondly, the landing area must have good drainage. Most cereals prefer dry soil. If moisture stagnates, then You will fit the following types of landings:
Fescue, veynikov, kosnyak poorly tolerate increased soil moisture when choosing plants does not need to be guided only by appearance. Take into account the effect of the soil, tolerance of bad weather conditions, unpretentiousness in the care.
Board. If you have never engaged in cereal plants before, get 2-3 three short-growing unpretentious annuals. So you will understand whether you really were waiting for this result or something better to change.
Before planting, prepare a place: clean the soil from weeds and debris, dig the ground. We remind you that you do not need to make fertilizer. Then, make a markup. The marking is done using sand, it is necessary for delineating the contours of the future bush. Apply the markup taking into account the growth of the shrub. After applying the markup, you can plant seedlings or seeds.
In order to keep the bush from growing too wide, you need to come up with measures to restrain its growth. For these purposes, most often used plastic sheets dug into the soil or slate. The second way is to plant a bush in a large plastic container, then dig a plant into the ground right with the pot.
Some of the cereals at the initial stage of their growth may feel bad next to other adult plants. In this case, do this: plant young cereals separately from the flower beds, and when the bushes grow, transplant into a common flower garden.
Cereal plants are among the most unpretentious in the care. It is well known that the main trend of modern landscape design is easy care. If you chose cereals for your garden, you have not lost. Such plants for the most part are perennial. Once they disembark once, they will soon begin to grow independently. They do not need to be transplanted from year to year. Such herbs are distinguished by a high growth rate, adapted to any weather and natural conditions. Diseases rarely affect them, and pests bypass them.
However, it is worth remembering that if you do not artificially limit the growth of cereal, then soon they can overwhelm quite large areas.
Combination with other types of plants
Ability to adapt to any conditionsAllows mixed cereal with many types of flowers and ornamental plants. For example, cereals look great in the background of a mixborder, and long spikelets are perfectly combined with narrow-leafed plants.
Remarkably in the middle of a cereal bed irises, Crocosmia, daylilies. Agapanthus and Kermek are combined with ryegrass onions.
Recommendations on the composition
When composing a composition that includes cereals, follow some simple rules. The basic rule is: All plants used in the composition should have the same requirements for growing conditions. Here are some more tips for decorating your garden.
- If the flowerbed is completely made up of cereals, the decorative elements should not be used. It is better to sprinkle a bed of small gravel or decorate it with several boulders.
- Grasses are great for coniferous plantings, rose bushes, they look harmonious with daylilies.
- If you plant crops near a gazebo, a wall or a high fence, climbing plants on their surface will be an excellent background. It can be wild grapes, ivy or hops. The main thing that the plant was low-key.
- If the garden is small, the abundance of tall plants will make the site even smaller. And on the contrary, if your site differs in open spaces, feel free to use high cereals in the garden for decoration.
Variety of cereal plants
All decorative cereals and herbs in landscape design are divided into annuals and perennials.
If the first type of plants in a year will have to be replaced, the perennial grass for the garden will retain its attractive appearance even after the end of the cold season and the next year will look as impressive as before.
Cereals may differ not only in the length of growth, but also in height, resistance to temperature extremes, light-loving and other characteristics. Please note that most of them do not differ in rich colors and attract attention due to the shape of the leaves.
Чтобы сформировать изысканный сад или растительный уголок на дачном участке, вы можете изучить фото и названия злаков в саду, но будет лучше, если вы сразу определитесь, как сочетать растения разной высоты на одной территории, чтобы создать гармоничную композицию.
Все декоративные злаковые для сада делятся на три вида в зависимости от своих параметров:
- low-growing cereals can grow up to 15-40 centimeters. Often they are used for curb decoration, as well as to create the outer borders of paths and roads in the garden. But you can use small-sized cereals and for individual flower gardens, as well as rock gardens, rockeries and other decorative zones, where a combination of different plant varieties is allowed,
- cereal medium heights can reach sizes from 40 to 90 centimeters. They draw attention to the plant and flower zones, which are formed from several tiers. Also, this group can be used to create separate “islands” of cereals in the garden plot or be planted in mixborders so that the ears and panicles give the effect of continuous flowering in these zones,
- tall varieties exceed 90 centimeters in height. They are used to create background compositions in flower beds, consisting of several levels of plants. Also with the help of high cereals, you can create a kind of living screens to protect the flower beds from outsiders.
Despite the different appearance, grass plants of any group can be useful in the design of gardens in country houses, so we will tell you about each category and offer several varieties that can be used to transform landscape design.
Low-growing cereals for the garden plot
If you need ground cover and low crops to decorate the garden area, choose low-growing grass plants for the garden. For example, it will suit you fescue - gray or bluewhich will form small lush hummocks with narrow foliage. This variety must be grown in a well-lit area with fertile soil with high-quality drainage.
With excessive humidity of the climate such grains may die. Every two to three years, the fescue should be divided.
You might as well barley maned. It tolerates cold and feels favorably in the sun, but we recommend watering the plant in a timely manner, because if it is excessively dry, barley may lose its attractiveness.
An excellent solution would be the cultivation of this variety next to perennial plants that fade in spring and form voids. Barley maned camouflage these shortcomings due to fluffy maned inflorescences.
For decorating the plot with low cereal varieties, you can choose blue sedleria, gray keleria, hare tail, lamarkia golden or graceful tonkog. These plants, in combination with others, will create a delicate and peaceful atmosphere, therefore they are suitable for arranging plant corners in outdoor recreation areas.
Medium Grain Plants
Feather grass belongs to perennial plants and responds favorably to drought conditions, but it is better to protect it from moisture accumulations, so choose places away from groundwater or ensure good drainage for wet areas.
The next suitable grade is heliktotrikhon, or allweed evergreen. These plants must be grown in the sun, choosing a dry place without sources of moisture. Moreover, during transplantation the plant may die, so it is extremely important to immediately take a responsible approach to the question of choosing the location of such a green corner.
Ovsets can be combined with conifers, barberries of different colors or with small-bulb plants that start blooming early. If you provide the necessary conditions for the growth of the helictotrichon, the plot will transform and color you into a delicate silver-blue color.
Will be suitable for decorative registration of a garden and sandy husky. It is characterized by the presence of sharp narrow foliage of a bluish-greenish hue with a waxy coating. The plant withstands cold and unpretentious in the care, can grow well in both wet and slightly dry environments.
You can also plant a grate in partial shade, but in areas where the shadow is constantly maintained, it can fade.
Other suitable ornamental garden cereals reaching medium height: peristoshtetinnik, meadow (see photo), high ryegrass or French, oats. These plants can be combined with poppies, cornflowers, daisies or other bright flowers of the field type.
The most attractive in the landscape design of cereal plants of great height. They will play the role of an expressive accent - both when growing a flower garden in the background and when planting in the center of the composition.
One example of a tall-type cereal plant that can be used to create accents in a garden - pennisetum. For example, you can choose for the garden pennisetum gray - an annual plant that has ears of maroon and bronze-red foliage.
Another suitable option - pennisetum shaggy with purples of purple color. To ensure such plants a good growth, choose places with direct lighting and subacid drainage soil without excessive moisture.
Highlight the beauty of the garden with the help of high, hilly mounds, if you stop at miscanthus succulent. This plant has an attractive flowering at the end of the summer season and early autumn. Plant miscanthus in the sun with soil that has good moisture.
Can be planted in a tall garden filariswhich is a lush reed bush. This plant is unpretentious to care, but has an aggressive effect on neighboring varieties. It is better to grow filaris in moist soil, but also in arid and barren environment, it will grow without problems.
We recommend to combine this variety with hosts, peonies or Siberian irises.
Decorate your plot and sharp-flowered veinik. This fast-growing plant can be planted even in a dry environment, and, regardless of whether it is provided enough sunlight. One of the distinguishing features of this variety is the possibility of growth on clayey heavy soils.
Perennial, perfectly complementary flower garden or evergreen plot - brown millet. The inflorescences of this variety with the onset of autumn are painted in bright pinkish shades, complementing the natural colors of the garden area. It is advisable to grow wicker millet in a warm and well-lit place.
Next door you can plant spring bulbous varieties, as well as asters, catnip or lilies.
What other plants will suit you? Among the high cereal varieties used to decorate the garden and any other corner in the country, common varieties perlovnik, dvukhistchnik, blue molinii. If you choose the right variety for the transformation of the garden landscape, you can saturate it with colorful natural shades and make it even more expressive on the general background.
Recommendations for the exquisite combination of plants
- low blue-eyed with an attractive purple bloom,
- swamp - low-growing herbaceous variety with lush filiform stems and small nubs,
On dry soils, you can plant bulbous ryegrasshaving a small height and the appearance of a lush green-bluish bush, haretail or lagurus with soft elongated flowers (shown in the photo), as well as halyardis, barred barley or feather grass.
If you look at the photos of cereals in landscape design, then you will see that such plants look most impressive when they are close to grassy varieties. You can arrange such a site with the help of lawn grass, unpretentious care and perfectly complements any natural composition.
Among the many options of lawn grass we recommend to pay attention to Blue Sesleria. This resistant to low temperatures grade will survive the winter and even in the cold season will emphasize the beauty of the site, as it will retain its bright greens and fresh look. Moreover, you can plant this grass in the sun and in shaded areas.
Also, you can use artificial grass that mimics the lawn, but which is even more unpretentious to care, because you do not have to water, cut or fertilize it. For ten to fifteen years, you can safely forget about the need for landscaping the selected area. This herb is popular in flower beds and flower gardens, in stone gardens and rock gardens, and also goes well with the examples of cereals.
We showed you the names and photos of the grass plants for the garden, and also told how the grasses, along with grassy varieties, can transform the landscape design. It remains only to decide on the most attractive vegetation options, plan how to combine with each other cereals of different sizes - and you can safely put your ideas to life, so as to enjoy the attractive view of the dacha plot as soon as possible.
The use of cereals in landscape design
Decorative cereals are divided into perennial and annual. Perennials do not look so impressive even next season after disembarkation, and one-year-olds cannot survive the winter, which means that next year they will have to be sown again.
Before choosing a grade, consider the following features:
- frost resistance
- resistance to drought
- need for the sun.
Important! The main characteristics of the color of cereal is not ranked. All of them have not too bright shades.
In landscape design, cereals are valued primarily for the original shape of the leaves. Many of them bloom, but this is not their main decorative purpose. It is worth considering that such plants are quite tenacious. Do not need nutritious soil. If the soil on the site is infertile, cereals will be an excellent solution for its decoration.
We will also have to take measures so that cereals do not grow. If you do not control these processes, they will capture most of the backyard territory and begin to oppress other plants.
Low-growing decorative cereals in landscape design
Such plants can be classified according to their height. This indicator can be in the range of 15-50 cm. Act as decorative elements of the curb, garden paths, paths. They are considered one of the frequent elements of rock gardens and flower beds.
- Blue fescue. Often found decorative culture. It grows up to 40 cm in length. The plant belongs to perennials. It is a bump-hemisphere of blue or gray color. Fits perfectly into the composition of stone, advantageously complements artificial reservoirs. Planted also separately. Differs active growth and rapid growth. Planted in autumn or spring. Twice in a season, the beam is divided in order to multiply the plant and rejuvenate it.
- Grivaed barley. Low cereal culture. It grows to a height of up to half a meter. It produces gorgeous inflorescences of pink-purple or pearl-green hue. It harmonizes with any flowers, but it is best to combine them with those whose flowering is short. Culture is not characterized by resistance to freezing temperatures. Does not dry under the influence of the sun's rays, tolerates rain. Does not tolerate heat and drought.
- Butelua (buffalo or grazing grass). May be an alternative to the lawn. Perennial is not capricious. It does not need systematic watering, it withstands periods of drought, does not need fertilization. The plant does not have to mow, because its height is a maximum of 20 cm. It produces small one-sided inflorescences. During the summer, their color changes. At first, their color is bright red, but it soon becomes brown, and later on pale yellow.
Srednerosly cereals in landscape design
Reach a height of about 50-90 cm. Suitable for the addition of multi-tiered compositions. They can also be landed on separate islands.
Medium-sized plants include:
- Ovsets viviparous It has many similarities with fescue, but its grass blades reach a height of about half a meter. Bundles look gorgeous on a modest flower bed. Ideal for compositions that use bark, stones, wood chips.
- Feather beautiful. It is planted with flower pillows on the lawn or in mixborders. For perennial drought resistance. Does not tolerate excess moisture, therefore, requires drainage. Gray thin strings look elegant and tender. The length of the feather grass is about 80 cm. It acts as a decorative element of flower beds and stony compositions.
- Lagurus ovoid or tailtail. Originally and beautifully fit into the landscape design. On the tips of the stems, there is a fluffy ear of white color. The plant differs from other cereals in its ability to grow in shaded areas. Height - about half a meter.