Today, gardeners are gaining popularity such culture as willow Hakuro Nishiki (Salix Integra Hakuro Nishiki). This tree is able to report the approach of warm weather in spring. In landscape design, it is used quite often, because this shrub is unpretentious and has a pleasant appearance.
Japanese willow is characterized by rapid development of the crown and bright leaves. Its shoots have a purple or green color, while they are very flexible.
Dissolving in early spring, the leaves are painted in an attractive light green color, and a little later pinkish spots are formed on the upper part of the shoots. In summer, the leaves turn pale due to hot weather. Shrub during flowering exudes a very pleasant aroma. This culture grows to 3 meters, although in the middle band of the Russian Federation of such dimensions it reaches quite rarely.
In order for the shrub to be healthy, attractive and large, it is necessary to care for it, following some rules. This refers to the landing area, the choice of lighting and ground.
The landing zone must be protected from wind and drafts. Whole leaf willow Hakuro Nishiki feels great in partial shade or in places where a lot of sunlight falls. With a lack of lighting, the color of the plant becomes faded.
Care and planting willow Hakuro Nishiki requires the use of abundantly wetted and loose soil. Therefore, in their natural environment, trees often grow near water bodies. If you plant a shrub in heavy ground, its growth will be very slow, as it will not get enough nutrients.
Its subsequent growth and visual appeal depend on the correctness of planting a tree. So, you need to follow a number of rules and take into account the timing.
The optimal time for planting the whole-willow willow of Hakuro Nishiki is April or May. During this period, the culture will be able to perfectly adapt to new conditions, which will favorably affect its development. Experienced gardeners recommend to adhere to the following rules:
- Plant roots before planting should be kept in water for 3-6 hours.
- For better rooting of the cutting, it should be watered abundantly within a month after disembarkation. You can additionally mulch the soil near the plant stump. This will allow the shrub to get enough moisture.
- Between seedlings should be left about 2 meters distance, given their width and subsequent development.
- Unfortunately, this variety of willow is not very good resistance to low temperatures, so it is better to give preference to high-quality seedlings. Before wintering shrubs need to cover.
First of all, you need to dig a fairly large hole in the soil with dimensions of 70x70 cm. There you need to place a small amount of organic matter (humus and compost). In the pit also need to lay out the drainage using gravel or sand. The thickness of the drainage layer should not be less than 22 cm. Then, leaf soil, sand, peat and soddy soil are poured onto the bottom. After that, the seedling is lowered into the recess and powdered with a peat mass, leaf ground and a mixture of sand and sod. At the end, you need to tamp the landing site with your feet or with some large and hard object, for example, with a bucket or a watering can.
This variegated willow is required to a particular relationship. So, the gardener must know about the features of its irrigation, fertilizer and pruning.
Willow loves moisturetherefore, watering should be regular. This should be given special attention during the dry season, because the lack of moisture immediately reflects on the appearance of the shrub: its foliage becomes faded and begins to actively fall off. Even a short drought can significantly worsen the condition of the tree.
This variety perfectly perceives even barren soil., but the most beautiful shrubs grow only in those situations where they receive a lot of nutrients. For fertilizer, you can use complex organic and mineral supplements. They need to be made in the pristvolnuyu zone. It is best to refer to this procedure when digging the plot. To feed 40 g of mineral-containing mixtures you need to take 9 liters of organic dressing.
Such manipulations should be carried out every spring and autumn. Growers also often use fertilizers in granules to feed Hakuro Nishiki. In the summer season it is possible to fertilize leaves of a bush with fertilizers. For this purpose it is better to use a special “adhesive” device.
This species of willow should be periodically pruned. This is necessary to give the crown an attractive form of culture. This should be done at the beginning of spring. Do not be afraid to cut too large parts, it does not harm the culture.
The Japanese willow is considered to be winter-hardy, but with too much frost and an abundance of snow, it can freeze. Standard grades suffer the most from freezing. Therefore, in winter, it is desirable to wrap a tree and wrap it with agrofibre.
There are two main ways:
- Cuttings. This method is the easiest and most affordable. First you need to prepare the willow cuttings. To this end, in the middle of spring, woody shoots are cut. Their cut is slightly dried, and the cuttings are planted in the ground. Rooting and their development will occur quickly.
- Grafting on another variety of willow. The most commonly used goat. Willow Hakuro nishiki on a shtambe form into 1 trunk.
How to choose a plant
Choosing willow saplings for planting, you need to pay attention to the following points:
- Buying a plant should be in a specialized nursery or in a well-known store.
- To buy a seedling should be directly in the region of its further planting.
- Before buying from the seller, you should ask how the seedling was grown in a greenhouse or on the street.
- If you buy a seedling without a pot, then on its rhizome there should be a large moist lump of earth.
- Asking information from the seller, you should find out the provision of seedlings in a pot with long-acting fertilizers. If yes, then the plant over the next year does not need additional feeding.
First of all, you must correctly determine the place. It should have good lighting, openness, have a high level of humidity. This variety should not be planted in a draft. Ideally planted willow close to water bodies, in lowlands, in wetlands. Light penumbra is also permissible.
The soil for planting can be any. When clay, heavy soil, sand with peat is added to the soil.
The landing technique includes the following main points:
- The best period for planting seedlings - from April to May. Before planting, the roots are soaked in water for 3 to 6 hours.
- The pit for planting should be large, about 60 to 60 cm. A layer of organic fertilizers fall asleep at the bottom of the pit: humus or compost. A layer of sand or crushed stone drainage is also required. Its thickness should be from 20 to 30 cm. After this, the sapling is exposed and covered with a layer of sod. Place around the plants trampling.
- In the first month after planting, the plant needs regular and abundant watering with water.
- Between shrubs should be a distance of 1.5 - 2 meters.
- For central Russia, it’s better not seedlings, but seedlings.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Shrubs have a rounded shape. An adult plant can reach 2-3 meters in height and the same in diameter. For comparison, the weeping willow grows up to 25 m. The branches are vertical, but as the willow grows, they disintegrate in the form of a fan or a fountain, forming a ball.
The bark of the whole-leaf willow of Hakuro Nishiki is colored gray-green, and over time it turns gray. Shoots are brown, with a red tint. The leaves are oblong, painted in pale pink color. Over time, they acquire a light green tint, fall yellow and fall in the fall.
Preparation of seedlings and planting them in open ground
Willow is from Japan, but it is perfectly adapted to the temperate climate with temperature differences in winter and summer. Like other species of willow, this variety prefers moist soil. The optimum place for planting seedlings is the shores of natural or artificial reservoirs. Otherwise, you must constantly monitor the level of soil moisture and prevent the bushes from drying out.
Reproduction of willow Hakuro Nishiki occurs in two ways:
- cuttings - they are harvested in early spring, after which they can immediately be planted in open ground,
- grafting on other trees - the main technology of creating willow Hakuro Nishiki on a trunk.
The main way of willow breeding at home is cutting. The cuttings are segments of branches that are taken from adult bushes in early spring. The most important thing is to have time to get them before the beginning of the growing season, so as not to harm the parent plant. The cuttings do not need preliminary preparation: it is enough to slightly dry the cut point and lower it into the soil. During the warm period, the sapling will take root and begin to grow. The bushes begin to bloom around the third year of life.
Some experts maintain cuttings in hot water for several hours - so they grow faster, and in the first year they can add up to 90 cm.
Planting a whole-leaf willow of Hakuro Nishiki and caring for her is possible at home. Another way to get unusual trees is stamping. A stem is a tree with a strong, even trunk, on top of which a Japanese willow is grafted. Most often for these purposes is used goat willow, which has a tree-like straight trunk.
Planting Japanese willow Hakuro Nishiki and care for her does not take much time. It grows well without additional fertilizers and daily watering, if you choose the right place for planting bushes. There are some rules by which willow grows tall and healthy:
- the plant tolerates moisture stagnation better than the soil dries out, therefore it should be watered constantly,
- for planting it is better to choose a place with a high level of groundwater,
- for fertilizing, you can use organic fertilizers - compost or humus,
- For the prevention of fungal diseases, leaves are sprayed with fungicidal agents:
- it is better to take saplings from the bushes in the region in which they are planned to be planted - as they adapt more quickly to climatic conditions.
The willow variety Hakuro Nishiki, like other members of the willow family, prefer well-lit areas. It can also grow in partially darkened places, if bright sunlight shines on them during the day. In the dark, it grows slowly, and its leaves seem weak. To the type of soil willow unpretentious. However, if you plant it on clay soil, you should add sand or peat to it for better moisture conductivity.
Japanese willow is resistant to temperature changes and calmly tolerates winter frosts. If the frost is strong, some shoots may freeze slightly, but this does not harm the whole bush. Such branches just need to be cut during the first spring cut.
Only standard trees are sensitive to frosts, namely the place of inoculation of Hakuro Nishiki to another variety. This site for the winter is wrapped with special materials - agrofibre or lutarsil.
Since this willow variety is a bush with long, even branches, their growth can be adjusted. With a competent and timely pruning plant looks thick and lush. This process also has its own characteristics:
- the first formative pruning is carried out in the spring, before the beginning of the growing season,
- do not be afraid to cut off the excess shoots - the bush quickly recovers form due to the growth of new ones,
- in the first year, no more than 4-6 buds are left, each year adding 1 kidney to this length,
- at the end of autumn, they carry out the last haircut, for which dry or diseased branches are cut.
As a result, competent work with the shape of the crown willow becomes like a ball. If it grows on a trunk, the tree resembles a huge dandelion. On the stem of the stem tree is also necessary to cut off the extra shoots.
Japanese willow in landscape design
Photo willow Hakuro Nishiki in landscape design - this is a neat low plants with a rounded crown. These bushes are bred specifically for decorative purposes, planted in the courtyard of the house, as well as in parks and recreation areas. They can be planted both independently and in combination with other plants. In great demand are standard Japanese willows.
There are several options for decorative use of Hakuro Nishiki:
- several bushes planted in a row form an unusual hedge,
- single bushes or standard trees are better planted against the background of green mass, so they will stand out favorably,
- willow looks good and grows quickly around small artificial ponds,
- it is often planted together with another member of the willow family, willow Matsudana.
Since this plant is immediately striking because of its unusual shade, it will look harmonious in any garden. In addition, even in winter, it will be different red shoots. The main rule is to choose well-refreshed areas as a landing site. Next to tall trees with a wide crown, Japanese willow will not grow healthy, as they will block it from the sun's rays.
In the photo, the willow of Hakuro Nishiki looks like a spherical bush of different shades of pink, green and gray colors. The main purpose of her breeding is landscape design, decoration of gardens, parks and recreation areas. She is quite unpretentious - despite the fact that her homeland is Japan, she is adapted to live in a temperate climate and tolerates frost well. Especially quickly it will increase in growth if the soil under it is constantly wet. Even an aspiring gardener will cope with growing this variety of willow - it is very easy to care for her and form a crown.
Location and lighting
Place for landing on a mandatory basis should be isolated from various drafts. The willow "Hakuro Nishiki" grows remarkably on well-lit areas or in partial shade. If the plant receives less light, its beautiful coloring will become faded and inconspicuous.
Planting seedlings "Hakuro Nishiki"
It is important to plant a shrub correctly, because its further growth and beauty depend on it. So, you need to know at what time it is better to plant a bush and what planting rules exist.
The best months for planting willow "Hakuro Nishiki" - this is april or may. It is during these spring months that the shrub grows best in the soil, which has a positive effect on its further development.
- Professionals advise to plant roots in water before planting. On average, this stage should take from three to six hours.
- To make the seedling take root better, it should be watered with plenty of water during the first 30 days after planting. It is also useful to mulch pristvolny circle - this ensures the maintenance of the required level of moisture near the bush.
- Choosing the interval between plants, it is worth considering their subsequent growth in width. So, you need to leave about two meters between each bush.
- Resistance to cold in willow is at an average level, therefore, shtambovy saplings are recommended to prefer varietal saplings. Shelter for the winter is also a mandatory event.
First you need to prepare a large pit for planting (dimensions 70 × 70 cm). It should be put a little organic fertilizer, such as compost and humus. When planting shrubs should be done in the landing hole reliable drainage using sand or gravel. The thickness should be about 25 cm, and peat, sand, sheet earth should be poured into the pit and the mass should be mixed with the turf soil. Next, you should put a seedling in a hole and fill it with a mass of peat, sod land, sand or leaf soil. The landing site must be tamped down with feet or any hard object.
How to care for a grade
Willow "Hakuro Nishiki" needs not only proper planting, but also proper care. So, you should learn more about watering, feeding and pruning shrubs.
Willow - quite moisture-loving plant, which means that it requires quite frequent watering. Particular attention should be paid to watering in a drought, because the lack of moisture immediately appears on the shrub: the leaves fade and begin to fall from the willow. The overall decorativeness of the shrub is reduced even with a short-term drought.
This variety grows remarkably well on poor and infertile soils, however, the true beauty of the shrub is manifested if the willow grows in high-quality soil. Complex mineral and organic fertilizers are used for fertilizing, which are applied to the area of the trunk circle. This should be done simultaneously with digging the area. For one top dressing you should take about 9 liters of organic matter per 40 g of mineral fertilizers.
Such activities should be carried out once in the fall and once in the spring. Gardeners also speak well of granular fertilizers for willow "Hakuro Nishiki." In the summer, it is useful to feed the leaf mass of the shrub. В таком случае вносить удобрение нужно при помощи специального «прилипателя», для того чтобы все полезные вещества остались на листьях.
Ива «Хакуро Нишики» нуждается также и в своевременной обрезке. Данный этап помогает правильному формированию кроны растения. Pruning is recommended in early spring, before the juices begin their active movement. Do not be afraid to cut the willow too much, because it will only benefit it.
This shrub with incredible speed restores its new shoots, and the crown in the form of a ball, after the shoots grow, resembles large dandelions. In the first year should be cut no more than five buds. This is necessary so that the shape of the ball is closed. Subsequently, it is necessary to maintain a spherical shape, cutting with each year by 1-2 buds more. In summer, it is also necessary to trim the willow "Hakuro Nishiki" on the trunk for decorative purposes in order to maintain the desired shape. In autumn or spring, another pruning should be carried out in order to remove dry and damaged shoots.
The tree is quite winter-hardy, but if the winter is cold and snowless, there is a risk of freezing. Standard willow forms are more susceptible to freezing during the cold period. For the winter, be sure to tie up and wrap agrofiber a tree grafting site.
In order not to freeze the shrub, in winter it is necessary to completely cover it with non-woven materials (polyethylene will not work).
How to breed willow
Reproduction of willow "Hakuro Nishiki" is possible in two ways: grafting or by grafting on the shtambe. The first option is the easiest method of breeding shrubs. If you decide to propagate by grafting, then it should be done on the goat willow shtamb. The finished plant must be formed into one trunk and cut off the branches of the crown, achieving the desired shape.
The willow variety Hakuro Nishiki (pictured) is remarkable for its variegated foliage and the ability to quickly form a spherical crown. The shoots are purple or olive in color, very flexible. The young leaves, when blooming in spring, are painted in a gently green color; subsequently, the tip of the shoots acquires strokes and spots of a beautiful bright pinkish-white shade, due to which the variety is often used in decorative floriculture.
In hot weather, brightly colored leaves turn a little pale. Old leaves, as a rule, monophonic or with small rare strokes of a contrasting shade. Earrings lays only by the third year on last year's shoots. Flowering shrubs have a pleasant aroma. Under favorable wintering conditions, a willow of this variety can reach 3 m in height and 3 m in diameter. In the middle lane, these parameters are two times less.
Planting in open ground
Like all other varieties of willow, the shrubs of the variety Hakuro Nishiki are quite moisture-loving, they grow best in sunny open areas or in small penumbra, where at least part of the day is the sun. In the shade the shrub will not please you with a bright pink top, the leaves will be pale and monotonous, and the shoots will be too long.
Usually landing is carried out in the spring in April or May. The landing pit should not be small (medium size 60 x 60), it is prepared in advance, organic materials must be laid (humus or compost), drainage of sand or gravel is made of a layer of 20-30 cm. Too heavy clay soil is diluted with peat or sand. When planting should take into account the future size of willow, remember, it can grow up to 3 m in diameter. When group planting distance between the bushes do not less than 1-2 m. For the next 3 weeks, the seedling should be watered very abundantly. To protect it from drying, the tree circle is useful to dry it with dry grass.
Attention! When buying a willow sapling Hakuro Nishiki from the seller, be sure to specify the conditions under which it was grown and whether it was hardened. Buy seedlings with a large lump of land, and only those that have already grown in the open field of your climatic zone.
Care and proper wintering
Willow varieties Hakuro Nishiki undemanding to care. To preserve the decorative look you will need:
- additional regular watering in the dry season. With a lack of moisture, the leaves curl and fall off, the brightly colored top grows dull, as a result, the shrub loses its decorative effect,
- correct pruning. In late autumn or winter, remove all diseased, broken or unwanted shoots. Early spring will be useful formative haircut, which stimulates the active growth of new shoots.
- sufficient feeding. Top dressing of a bush is carried out in the spring, in the summer and in the beginning of autumn. Good results are provided by long-acting granular fertilizer for garden shrubs. In the summer, to maintain the decorative appearance, extra foliar feeding of the leaf mass will be required.
Adult bush forms of the willow of Hakuro Nishiki are rather resistant to differences of winter temperatures. But sometimes in frosty, snowless winters, shoots freeze slightly, but without harm to the plant itself. All dead branches in the spring cut. The site of grafting on a stem tree is considered to be the most vulnerable to freezing. It is recommended to carefully protect it from frost by wrapping it with agrofiber or lutrasil for the winter.
It is possible to propagate the Hakuro Nishiki variety in the spring by grafting or grafting unruly willow onto the shtamb.
To obtain the bush form using a simpler method - grafting. Cuttings are harvested in early spring before blooming of young leaves, dried section and planted immediately in the ground or put in boiled water. Rooting cuttings pretty quickly. Sapling blooms for 3-4 years after rooting.
Pests and diseases
Grade Hakuro Nishiki resistant to many known diseases and pests of willows. For the prevention of fungal infections, it is recommended that the crown of a bush be twice treated in the spring with any systemic fungicide. For young specimens, gruel larvae are the most terrible, which can nibble 20-30 cm of the root system of a plant per day. Therefore, in the middle of April, for prophylactic purposes, treat willow saplings with any preparation containing imidacloprid. It is recommended to repeat the treatment after 40-50 days.
Application in landscape design
Spreading willow bushes or small standard trees of the Khakuro Nishiki variety look especially beautiful in single plantings surrounded by emerald lawn. Often used for landscaping coastal zones of artificially created reservoirs, city parks and squares. In group plantings perfectly shade plants with dark green foliage. If you regularly remove all the thick shoots, making room for the active growth of young branches, then the stem tree will look like a large dandelion.
Iva Hakuro Nishiki: photo
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I purchased shrub XH 2 bush one week after transplanting the lower leaves turned yellow and began to fly around in both bushes :( Can you please tell me the reason? (I water well)
I can not answer the question of Anastasia. But I can support the alarm, based on my experience. I received the stem last spring and, as many people write about plants, I danced all last summer (not bad for willows). And I can’t say that this is an “unpretentious” shrub. Willow was naughty all summer, demonstrating her sophisticated Japanese character (she’s still a guest for our climate): she turned yellow and dropped leaves, and young twigs faded, bringing me to hysterics. Planted in sandy soil, covered with astilbami. The sun comes in the morning and 14.00. By the fall of the tree came in average condition. She wrapped an inoculum into a nonwoven, tied the twigs into a "whisk". In the spring I cut cuttings, I thought that I would not survive this winter. Cuttings joyfully began to grow in water and in the ground. BUT. When it came time to plant in the garden, it turned out that only 2 out of 10 roots were found. It is now the middle of July. Young bushes are turning pink next to roses with a gain of about 1 cm., That is, a total height of about 11 cm. The soil is quite fertile. The sun is from one o'clock to sunset. Moisture is enough this year)))). Fertilizers and everything else, like roses. Here you can say that it is unpretentious shrub?
General characteristics of the variety
It is worth noting that the Salix Integra Hakuro Nishiki willow was bred in Japan, but successfully acclimatized in central Russia. This plant is considered the smallest among the representatives of its family. This variety differs from others not only in the shape of the crown, but also in the unusual color of foliage and the possibility of flowering. Kidneys usually crimson or yellow-green color. They are highly plastic. As a rule, young leaves of a willow of this grade usually have a gentle-lime color. At first they are solid, but later on they show characteristic strips and small circles of creamy-raspberry color. As the temperature rises in the summer, the color of the leaves may become paler. By autumn, they again acquire a rich green color without pronounced strokes.
Usually, only after 2 years of growth in one place the tree begins to lay earrings. The branches of a young plant are very long and can reach upwards. Old willows of this variety differ in curving branches, so that they acquire a spherical shape, even if the bush is not trimmed properly. Under favorable conditions, a willow of this variety can reach about 3 m in height, but in most cases the tree does not exceed 1.5 m. In diameter it reaches approximately the same size. Because of the structure of the crown, this plant usually resembles a bush. The standard version is usually a tree. It resembles a rounded ball crown, located on a rather thin trunk.
Hakuro Nishiki willow
Planting willow Hakuro Nishiki in open ground
This plant is moisture-loving, but at the same time it grows better in open areas flooded with sunlight. In shaded places it is not recommended to plant this willow, as it will lead to the fact that the leaves do not get a delicate pink shade. They will remain pale and monotonous throughout the year. In addition, it can cause willow shoots. Proper planting and care of the plant allows you to ensure that it will look as impressive as possible all spring and summer season. There is a mass of subtleties in this matter. Hakuro Nishiki willow is best planted in April or early May, that is, before the formation of buds. In order for the tree to stick well, you must fulfill the following conditions:
- the pit should be small in size about 60x60 cm
- the bottom must be filled with compost or humus,
- make drainage from pebbles or sand.
If there is heavy clay soil at the site, it is advisable to replace it with sand and peat. Given the ability to grow this plant in width and height, the distance between the bushes should be at least 1-2 m. After planting, be sure to water the plant for at least 3 weeks. This will prevent it from drying out. Best of all, the area around the trunk should immediately be dried with dry grass. This will avoid too rapid loss of moisture.
Care for willow Hakuro Nishiki
This ornamental plant is extremely unpretentious. If the conditions for it are initially optimal, in the future additional care may not be required at all. However, if the willow of Hakuro Nishiki was planted as an essential element of landscape design, some efforts to maintain its beauty will still have to be made.
In the dry season requires additional good watering.
In the dry period, this plant requires additional good watering. When the soil is insufficiently moistened, the leaves may begin to curl, and the tip quickly grows dull, due to which the shrub loses its decorative appearance. The most important moment is the correct pruning of willow. The procedure should be carried out in late autumn or winter. At this time, it is necessary to remove all unnecessary and broken shoots. Earlier in the spring, the final formative haircut is carried out, which can stimulate the active growth of new shoots.
Willows Hakuro Nishiki extremely difficult to tolerate the lack of the required amount of nutrients. To avoid the destruction of the shrub, it is necessary to feed at least 3 times a year. Usually it is recommended to apply mineral fertilizers in the summer, spring and early autumn. The best effect is given by nutritious top dressings in the form of granules which differ in long action. It is necessary to purchase fertilizers specifically designed for garden shrubs. Also in the summer to maintain a beautiful ornamental plant species is recommended to conduct foliar feeding of leaf mass.
It is necessary to take into account that usually adult willow bushes of this variety are distinguished by rather high frost resistance. In very cold winters, some shoots may die. They must be removed in the spring. Vaccination sites are considered the most vulnerable. It is desirable to wrap young trees for the winter period with agrofibre to avoid their damage.
Hakuro Nishiki whole-willow on a trunk
In spring, Hakuro Nishiki willow can be propagated by grafting or grafting on ungraded willow. It is much easier to get a bush form. Usually in early spring during pruning a large number of cuttings are harvested, which, before the appearance of buds, are dried at the point of cutting, and then immediately planted into the ground. They take root very quickly, which facilitates their cultivation. The young willows obtained in this way are blooming for 2-3 years.
This plant is characterized by increased resistance to many diseases and pests. However, as part of the prevention of fungal infection of the leaves, it is necessary to process the crown with fungicidal agents in the spring of 2 times. For young willows of this variety, the larvae of the beetles are especially dangerous. In order to prevent damage to the roots, before planting the seedling it should be treated with a preparation containing imidacloprid. After about 40-50 days, the procedure should be repeated.
Pest and disease protection
Of course, the bush is not afraid of many illnesses, however it is necessary to carry out some preventive measures. So, in order to avoid the development of various fungal diseases, the plant should be treated twice with any systemic fungicide (Switch, Ridomil Gold, Skor, Kvadris, and others). This should be done around the month of March.
The most common pest are the grubs of the May beetle, which harm the roots of the plant. Only one larva can destroy about 30 cm of roots in one day. Young seedlings are more likely to be attacked by unwanted guests. For prophylaxis, it is necessary to treat the crown, the roots and the trunk with such preparations as “Antichrush” and “Prestige” (Bayer).
Willow "Hakuro Nishiki" - a wonderful ornamental plant, which is unpretentious in the care. It is only necessary to pay special attention to watering, and willow will delight you for many years with its incredible beauty.
Site preparation and soil
Japanese willow loves sunshine. In the open, the bush will attract the eyes of others throughout the summer. Penumbra is allowed, but not more than half of the daylight hours. Lack of sun leads to loss of motley foliage. In addition, it will acquire the usual green color, it will still be faded. The branches will stretch upward and accordingly there will be difficulties with the formation of the crown.
A big plus is the presence of a natural or artificial reservoir on the site. The plant loves wet soil, planting on the shoreline is the best option.
If willow does not fit the soil, it may prematurely lose foliage. Therefore, it is necessary to plant in slightly acidic non-heavy, fertile soil.
Since willow has a superficial root system, it is possible to use clayey soil with the addition of peat, coarse-grained river sand and forest humus. The sandy soil is diluted with turf ground, dolomite flour is introduced into the acidic soil to a depth of 20 cm, and is filled with water from above. Excess lime culture can not tolerate, so do not use it at all or moderately.
How and when to plant
Terms of planting seedlings depend on the growing season buds. It is better to do this before they appear - in April or May. It is advisable to dig a hole on the eve so that the earth settles. It should be wider than the volume of the roots and deep enough to lay a drainage of sand, gravel or crushed stone at the bottom, not less than 20 cm high.
If several plants are planted at once, then the distance between the seedlings is not less than the crown volume of the adult bush.
To stimulate growth before planting the roots, it is desirable to soak in the water with the addition of honey or mullein. Soaking procedure is required for seedlings that were purchased with an open root system.
No need to deepen the seedling, the radical neck should be 2–5 cm above the ground.
After planting, the soil is compacted, abundantly watered, mulched. Mulch can be any means at hand (peat, sawdust, gravel). If there is a willow on a trunk, it is helpful to make a near-stem hole to retain moisture.
Hakuro Nishiki whole-tree willow: care
To grow a full-fledged ornamental shrub or tree on a trunk, you need to make some effort. This is especially true of the first year after planting, when rooting takes place, adapting to a new environment.
Drying of the soil under the crop is unacceptable, this will lead to clotting of leaves, fading color. Особенно внимательно нужно отнестись к увлажнению в течение месяца после высадки и летом при высоких температурах. Первые годы, когда культура активно растёт, поливают дважды за неделю по два ведра тёплой отстоянной воды.In addition to watering, it is recommended to spray the crown with airborne droplets in the morning or evening to prevent sunburn.
It is very important to prevent excessive moisture, so as not to create conditions for fungal diseases.
Fertilizer and dressing
Organic and mineral supplements will help emphasize the unique properties of the plant. Fertilizers are applied depending on the type of soil before planting when digging. In the sandy soil add humus, clay is diluted with peat. On 1 square. m of sod-podzolic soil requires 80–90 g of complex mineral fertilizers and 5 kg of compost.
Organics are applied not more often than 1 time in 3 years, mineral fertilizers every spring and autumn.
Nitrogen promotes plant growth. In spring, before bud swelling, shoots can be stimulated by spraying with a solution of urea.
In the fall using fertilizers with phosphorus and potassium. They contribute to the formation of kidneys next year. Convenient to use forms of fertilizer in the form of granules and powder. The first have a prolonged effect, the second can be scattered around the volume of the circle of the trunk and pour.
How to cut willow
In early spring, before the beginning of the growing season they form a compact crown. The shoots are pruned, leaving at least 4 buds, while the latter must grow on the upper side of the branch. Haircut stimulates the rapid growth of new shoots, and subsequently beautiful, unusual color foliage.
To maintain the shape of the ball with further pruning, new shoots are left longer than last year by 1 or 2 buds, depending on the size of the desired crown. Removed stem shoots.
In the summer, a haircut is done twice - in June and August. Last fall with sanitary and preventive purposes.
Nuances of transplant
Replant the plant can be quickly and painlessly. In order for the willow to quickly take root in the new place and not die, the following rules must be observed:
- pre-thin the crown,
- transplant in the cool morning or evening hours in spring or autumn,
- dig in to get a radical coma,
- during planting, prevent compression or curvature of the roots,
- create a favorable water regime
- to multivate the near-wellbore.
Gardeners transplant willow from spring to autumn, but still the best time is April, when the buds on the plant have not yet appeared.
Ditching willow should be careful not to damage the roots. If it was not possible to dig up the culture together with the earthy clod, then each root should be straightened and evenly distributed in the soil. The best plant age for transplanting is 3-4 years.
Preparing for the winter
In the autumn, after the willow leaves off foliage, sanitary pruning is done, diseased or damaged shoots are removed, and the earth is dug up.
The shrub willow species is more resistant to frost than the standard one. The scion junction with the stock and the crown itself suffer from cold weather. To prevent frosting, the culture is insulated with a covering material such as lutrasil, spunbond, agrofibre. Sacking is also suitable for these purposes.
How to get rid of pests and diseases
Yves Hakuro Nishiki - no exception to the rule. As well as other garden bushes, it hurts and is exposed to the invasion of harmful insects. It is easier to prevent than to cure, therefore, first of all, preventive measures are applied, expressed in the following measures:
- compliance with agricultural technology,
- sanitary pruning,
- garden cleaning in the fall,
- whitewash booster,
- weeding and loosening of the soil near the stem.
Stagnant water in the root system, overcrowding of plants, and excess nitrogen fertilizers lead to the growth of harmful fungi and the reproduction of insect larvae.
Prevention will help to avoid the disease:
- necrosis of the cortex
- powdery mildew,
- willow scab.
Willow, affected by necrosis, with a probability of 90 percent will die. The remaining diseases are fungal. To prevent and treat every spring and autumn, the plant is treated with fungicides.
Insects that harm Japanese willow include:
- birch fly,
- willow leaf beetle,
- spider mite
Insect control involves treating the plant with natural or chemical insecticides, a soap-kerosene solution. Dusting crowns with pepper, mustard, crushed tobacco leaves will help.
Use in landscape design
Willows are used to decorate the garden, not only in private farms, but also for decorating a forest park area, squares. A culture planted on the shore of a reservoir not only harmoniously fits into the environment, but also protects the shore from erosion.
Group planting is used as the original hedge. Single specimens look good in every corner of the garden, park. Willows are planted near the places of rest of the townspeople. The plant contrasts with other cultures in color, and the possibility of crown formation is used to give the landscape area original forms. Willow Hakuro Nishiki stands out bright colors of the branches, even in winter.