In a room where there are containers with seedlings, the temperature should be kept at least + 20 ... 22 ° C. After the shoots appear, the temperature should be slightly lowered, and then raised again to the original limit. This is necessary so that the seedlings do not stretch out.
The best option - the preparation of beds for zucchini since autumn. To do this, the site should be dug, enriching the soil with manure or compost, as well as superphosphate and potash fertilizers. In spring, the beds need to be re-dug, sprinkled with hot water and warm the soil under plastic wrap. If in the fall fertilizers were not applied, in the spring the soil should certainly be fertilized: for every square meter there is some wood ash, 50 g of superphosphate, 15 kg of compost.Belogor F1 is an early ripe hybrid variety. The plants are predominantly single-stem, with a short shoot. Fruits are cylindrical, greenish-white, medium-sized, weighing up to 1 kg. The flesh is white, dense enough.Zucchini draft in open ground
To combat pests and diseases, squash is sprinkled with wood ash and treated with non-toxic preparations (Narcissus, Zircon, Charm, and others). And to attract pollinators during the flowering period, every morning plants are sprayed with a weak solution of honey.
After another 10 days, a second fertilizing is carried out with a solution of mullein with the addition of 20 g of superphosphate, 10 g of ammonium nitrate and 15 g of potassium sulfate per bucket of solution. Or in 1 l of water part 1 h. nitrofoski. Spend 1 cup of solution on 1 plant.
In order to use fresh vegetables straight from the garden from mid-summer to late autumn, breeders brought out new high-yielding varieties of zucchini and hybrids of different ripening times. These varieties are perfect for use in central Russia and Siberia: zucchini can be grown both in the Moscow region and in the Urals - the climate is great for this.
- Pollinating zucchini:
- We put in each well 1 tablespoon of organic fertilizer "Effecton"
- Seed preparation for sowing:
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- One or two seeds are planted in each plastic cup, then the cups are transferred to a room with the desired temperature. As the soil dries, the seedlings need to be watered with warm water at the rate of 1 l per 10 cups.
- Squashes can be planted in two ways: seeds or seedlings. Which way to choose? It depends on the climate and how quickly a crop is required after planting. Planting seeds directly into the soil is suitable in cases where the crop can not rush, or no desire to mess with seedlings.Appolon F1 - a guarantee of a good harvest in any weather. Unanimously bears fruit, even when planted in dense shade. Fruits are white-greenish, large, weighing up to 3 kg.Seeds, it is performed in the same time frame. As for the holes, they are done in the same way. Seeds are planted to a depth of 2-3 cm in the amount of 3 pcs. After the first 2-3 true leaves appear, the strongest sprout should be left in the well, removing the rest. Go
In order to harvest a good harvest, it is also important to break off large leaves in time and remove ripe fruit. If this is not done, the formation of new ovaries slows down.
Plants are transplanted into the ground if they have 2-3 leaves and at the age of 25-30 days.
White Swan, Golda F1, Tsukesha, Anchor, Odessa 52, Sote 38, Anna, Aeronaut, White bush, Waterfall, Gribovskie 37, Zebra, Zolotinka,
When the zucchini blooms, their pollination can be done manually: you need to pick a male flower, tear off its petals and apply pollen on the pistil (in the center) of a female flower, but you can use bees for pollination if they are in your area. Attracting insects is easy. You need to dissolve 1 teaspoon of honey in 1 glass of water and sprinkle blooming zucchini in the morning with honey solution.
Mix the fertilizer with the ground and pour a well with a warm solution of the fertilizer "Agricola-5" (10 tablespoons of water per 10 liters of water), at the rate of 1 liter of solution per well.
Seeds for sowing zucchini are prepared as well as for growing pumpkins. You can read about this technology in the article "Growing pumpkins in the open field."
Squashes are representatives of the pumpkin family. In terms of cooking - it is a universal product. Which can be fried, stewed, stuffed, cook from them tasty caviar. Zucchini is a dietary product that is perfectly absorbed by our body. They are recommended to be included in the diet for diseases of the kidneys, liver, heart, stomach. Squashes in large quantities contain vitamins C, PP and other substances necessary and useful for the body.
When the time of planting seedlings on the garden is suitable, this is done with cups. The soil around the plantings should be properly compressed and covered with a film for the period of plant survival (or use plastic bottles for this purpose).
If unprepared seeds are planted in the soil, they will germinate very slowly. There are several ways to speed up this process:
Kweta - medium early variety, ripening in 5-7 weeks. Fruits with a ribbed surface, cylindrical, weighing up to 1.8 kg.
Until the appearance of the zucchini flowers, the soil around them should be watered well, and water should not be allowed to get on the leaves. If of course talking about a dry pore, it does not hurt to spray the leaves. If we talk about long-climbing varieties, then they should pinch the tops of seedlings that have reached 0.5-0.8 m. Around the bushes you need
Ripe Zucchini Ready for Harvest
Plot for growing zucchini choose sunny, protected from the wind. The best predecessors for the zucchini are green and leguminous crops, potatoes, early cabbage and cauliflower, onions, and garlic. You can not plant zucchini in the area where previously grew cucumbers, squash, pumpkin. The zucchini is returned to its original place in 3-4 years.
- Root top dressing:
- We plant seedlings in the wells on a cloudy warm day or in the morning.
- Sowing seeds and transplanting:
- Today we talk about
- Squashes do not require much attention. Let us dwell on what further care for this vegetable crop.
Soak the seeds for 24 hours in a growth stimulant solution,White - a variety with medium-sized, very tasty fruits, weighing up to 1.0 kg. Vegetable growers note its increased resistance to gray rot, powdery mildew, and other diseases of zucchini.Mulch the soil
Abachki used to prepare side dishes, vegetable stews, salads, various preparations for the winter from zucchini
Plot for growing zucchini choose solar, protected from the wind
, Kaserta, Roller, Skvorushka, Helena and others.
If you do not set a goal to get an early harvest,
Squashes can be sown in several places of the plot, which are located on a warm, sunny place. It is usually convenient to use small areas for growing one or two plants. If properly cared for, then these plants grow well and form a lot of female fruits.
Cultivation of zucchini in the open ground
The soil in which the zucchini grows should be loose, warm, well permeable to water. On loams, the loosening procedure should be carried out more often than on sandy soils, since This type of soil is prone to hard crust formation. Loosening is usually combined with weeding.
Sprout in the heat before naklevyvaniya
Gribovsky-37 is a high-yielding variety with white smooth “bellied” fruits ripening 40 days after sowing. The milky-white flesh of the fruits has a delicate taste, and they themselves tolerate transportation and long-term storage. The only caveat - for their cultivation requires more space than for other varieties, because the bushes Gribovsky-37 is quite large.
. This moment is very important in the period of loading and ripening. If there is no mulch, then after each rain or watering the land must be gnawed. Next you need to say about the female and male flower. If the weather does not allow them to be pollinated by insects when the zucchini starts flowering, because there are simply few of them, then the gardener must pollinate the flowers himself. The process is the following: a male flower is cut and its petals are bent to the bottom. Next, the anthers of the flower to touch the stigma of the female flower. Of course, if there are a lot of bees and other insects over the flowers of zucchini, then you should not worry about pollination. Go
The first harvest of juicy fruits can be taken as early as 35-45 days after planting young plants in the ground. Squashes are used to prepare side dishes, vegetable stews, salads, various preparations for the winter from zucchini. For storage, the fruits are removed from the bush along with the stalk, wrapped in a plastic bag, small holes are made in it and stored on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator or basement.
A big plus of the zucchini is the long shelf life of the fruit, during which it fully retains all its beneficial properties.
Pasta, Jade, Black handsome.Cultivation of zucchini in the open groundCultivation of zucchini in the open ground
To get the earliest harvest of zucchini, it is best to use the seedling method. You can grow seedlings both on the windowsill in the apartment and in the greenhouse. It is necessary to sow seeds for seedlings on April 15 - 25 or May 1 - 10. Seedlings aged 25-30 days can be planted in open ground. The bed after disembarking needs to be covered with foil until the time when the weather is warm.
On the plot.
Read more Redis: outdoor cultivation
Soak in warm water for 5 hours (t = 50 ° C).
Hybrid Nemchinovsky - early variety of high yield. Light green fruits reach a weight of 0.6-0.7 kg.
In conclusion, it would be worthwhile to say a few words about the diseases of zucchini. For prophylactic purposes, as well as for the control of pests and diseases, similar preparations can be used, which are used in
Have a good harvest and an abundance of fresh vitamins on the table!In the autumn after harvesting the predecessor, the soil is harrowed with a rake, and after two weeks they dig it. Under digging bring rotten manure or compost - a bucket per 1 sq.m., 30-35 g of superphosphate and 15-20 g of potash fertilizer per 1 sq.m.Nut, Long-fruited
Growing zucchini seedlings at home is not difficult. It will be enough to grow only 3 - 5 plants. To grow seedlings, you need to take cups of 10 x 10 centimeters, fill them with a nutrient mixture of humus and peat, or with ready-made nutrient primer EXO, pour over lukewarm water and sow the prepared seeds to a depth of 2 - 3 centimeters. The temperature for growing zucchini seedlings is 18 - 22 degrees.First of all, you need to pick varieties. You can read about the best varieties of zucchini HERE.Squashes need regular, but not too frequent watering. Once every 10 days is enough, but it should be abundant watering, about 10 liters of water per square meter. The water temperature also matters. If it is too cold, the ovary may rot. Shortly before harvesting zucchini should stop their watering, so that the fruits are not spoiled. When growing zucchini under the film, it should be remembered that this vegetable crop does not tolerate high humidity, i.e. the greenhouse needs airing.
Spaghetti - the variety got its name due to the fact that the zucchini pulp after heat treatment breaks up into fibers resembling pasta. Fruit weight reaches 2.5 kg. Squash varieties of Spaghetti can easily “seize” the entire vegetable garden if they are not sent in the right direction in a timely manner.
Zucchini Zucchini Varieties
Zucchini is probably the most popular representative of the pumpkin. There are many varieties of zucchini, but they can be divided into the following: bush and braided. By the bush are zucchini, squash and zucchini. These crops are grown in open ground. As for climbing grades, they are all known as “pumpkin”, “tavern”. In the event that you have a small plot of land, then the best varieties will be bush varieties. Young fruits differ tender flesh and thin skin. Many may wonder -
Self-pollinated varieties of zucchini
In early spring, the soil is loosened with a rake, and before planting, the seedlings are dug up and 15-20g of ammonium nitrate are introduced per 1 sq. M. In addition, on sandy soils (per 1 sq.m.), 1-2 buckets of crushed dry clay and 3 kg of sawdust must be added. If the soil is heavy, clay, then 1 sq.m. add a bucket of river sand and 2-3 kg of peat, sawdust, humus. To peat soils per 1 sq. M. add a bucket of sod land and 2 kg of compost or manure.
The first feeding must be done before flowering. In 10 liters of water you need to dilute 1 half-liter jug of mullein and also 1 tablespoon of nitrophoska. Or in 10 liters of water to part 2 tablespoons. Ross fertilizers. One liter of solution is watered on one plant.
In each hole you need to put 2 seeds at a distance of 5 centimeters from each other, to a depth of 2 - 3 centimeters. If both seeds germinate, then one plant must be removed and transplanted to another bed.
Water the seedlings need warm water (22 degrees) about 1 time per week.
Preparation of beds: A mullein infusion works well as a top dressing. They need to fertilize the soil at least twice in the period of flowering and fruiting. This contributes to higher yields.
Features of the cultivation of zucchini (video)
Holes are dug out on the site (about three pieces per square meter), taking into account that the plants are placed according to the 50 x 70 cm scheme,
Anchor is a productive variety, abundantly fruiting with small (15-18 cm) yellow fruits weighing 0.4-0.5 kg.
Preparation of beds
As well as tomatoes. As for the harvest, the bush varieties are eaten with tender young fruits. To determine that the fruit has ripened enough to press a finger near the stem, and if a dent remains, then the squash is considered not overripe. As can be seen from all of the above in the question -
How to grow zucchini
Fry zucchini solely under the root, with warm water at the rate of 5 liters of water per plant before flowering and 10 l each - during the fruiting period The main varieties of this type of zucchini are Aeronaut varieties. Tsukesh, Zebra. These varieties can be attributed to the early ripening varieties. As early as 47 days after the emergence of seedlings of the Aeronaut variety, it is possible to harvest. Zucchini fruits have an elongated cylindrical shape, the surface is dark green, smooth. The average weight of zucchini zucchini is 1.1-1.4 kilograms.
Preparing land for landing
The second dressing zucchini need to hold during their flowering. The best composition for the second feeding is a solution of 2 tablespoons of wood ash and 2 tablespoons of fertilizer "Effekton" in 10 liters of water. The solution consumption is the same - 1 liter per 1 plant.
In the case of the expected cooling, measures should be taken to warm the bed with covering material or film.
Top dressing for seedlings of zucchini:
Features landing zucchini
Squashes are very demanding on soil fertility. Depending on your soil composition, you need to make organic and mineral fertilizers.
Growing zucchini in the open field requires special attention to pollinating female flowers of plants. To do this (in order to attract bees and bumblebees), flowers should be sprayed in the morning with a solution of honey at the rate of 1 teaspoon per glass of water. You can also prepare another solution: infuse male flowers for 24 hours in sugar syrup and spray female flowers.
Handfuls of ash and humus are preliminarily placed in each well,
Aeronaut is an early ripe variety with good keeping figures. Fruits are green with yellow pulp, weighing up to 1.5 kg.
How to grow zucchini
? In fact, zucchini in growing is an uncomplicated plant. With proper soil preparation and regular watering, good yields can be obtained throughout the summer season. Zucchini must be grown in sunny areas that are protected from the wind, because it is a heat-loving culture. Since the zucchini is a rather large plant, the distance between the rows should be at least 1-1.5 m, and between the holes - at least 1 m. In each well before planting, you must add 1 tbsp. organic fertilizer, such as "Effecton" and mix well with the ground. Then each well is watered with a solution of the fertilizer "Agricola-5" (1 tbsp per bucket of water) - 1 l each.
Belogor, Aeronaut, Astoria, Apollo, Zucchini Belooplodny, White Swan, White, Black Zucchini and others.
The third feeding zucchini should be done during fruit ripening. To do this, in 10 liters of water it is necessary to dissolve 2 tablespoons of wood ash or 2 - 3 tablespoons of org. Fertilizer "Effekton-O". In this case, the flow rate of the solution should be increased to 2 liters per 1 zucchini plant.
За весь период выращивания рассады нужно провести 2 подкормки. Если почвы торфяные, то на 1 квадратный метр необходимо внести 2 килограмма компоста или перегноя, 1 ведро суглинистой или глинистой почвы, рассыпать по 1 чайной ложечке суперфосфата, сульфата калия и 2 столовых ложки золы. After all these components have been made, a bed 65–70 centimeters wide should be dug to a depth of 20–25 centimeters, a surface raked and watered with a warm (40 degrees) solution of liquid fertilizer “Agricola-5” or “Ross” (1 table spoon on a bucket of water). Water is poured over 3 liters per 1 square meter. Then you need to cover the bed with a film so that the moisture does not evaporate and is kept warm.
If, due to weather conditions, insects are in no hurry to pollinate blooming zucchini, you can do it yourself. To do this, cut off the petals of male flowers and pollinate them with pollen female flowers. The potential of one male flower is enough to pollinate three female.
The number of seeds planted in the hole should be 3-4 pieces (of which only one, the most developed sprout will be left later),
How to grow zucchini. Planting zucchini seeds. | My Compound| My Compound
The roller is an early ripe variety with a large number of ovaries. Fruits of salad color, with gentle taste and long period of storage.There is nothing difficult, and every gardener can easily grow this culture on his own plot.First of all, you need to say about the soil. It should be well fertilized, good drainage should be provided, and the soil should also contain humus in sufficient quantity. If you plant zucchini for one family, the plot does not necessarily allocate large sizes. It will be enough to plant 10 bushes. In this case, you must comply
Planting zucchini seeds
Seedlings are planted early in the morning or in cloudy, warm weather along with a lump of earth from a pot. Buried up to cotyledon leaves. If there is a threat of frost, then metal arches are set above the garden bed with zucchini and covered with film. Or you can cover each plant with a plastic bottle. The next day after planting, it is necessary to loosen the soil around the seedlings.Seeds can be planted from mid-March to mid-May. Planting of seedlings in open ground is carried out 25-30 days after planting the seeds, which is on average the end of May - the beginning of June. But it all depends on the specific region of residence, it is impossible to give universal exact dates of disembarkation here.Foliar nutrition:
Planting zucchini seedlings
It is desirable to remove the film from the garden only after June 12 - 15.1 feeding - is carried out in 8 - 10 days after the emergence of shoots. This top dressing is prepared as follows: in 1 liter of water you need to dilute 2 grams of the drug "Bud." Water the solution with seedlings at the rate of 1 cup for 1 - 2 zucchini plants.If you have clay at the site, then you need to add 2 - 3 kilograms of peat, sawdust and humus to 1 square meter of bed. From mineral fertilizers, you need to add 1 tablespoon of superphosphate and a couple of tablespoons of wood ash.Early, middle and late ripening varieties of zucchini ripen at different times. The first fruits can be removed already on the 20th day after the beginning of flowering. Of course, they will be small, but in a number of areas it is these zucchini (up to 10 cm in length, up to 7 cm in diameter) that are used for food and canned. From larger fruits cook caviar.On light soils, seeds are buried by 6-7 cm, on heavy ones - by 4-5 cm.Diamant - mid-season variety with fruits weighing up to 2 kg.
Popular varieties of zucchini
- for bush 0.5 m, for weaving about 1.5 m. Now with regard to seeds. Seed germination persists for 6 years. If the seeds are very old, then it is better not to experiment. Moreover, the seeds are not so expensive and rare and everyone can afford to buy good seeds. If you are aiming to get early harvests of the crop under consideration, then the seeds of the zucchini should be sown in late April in peat pots or cups. Tanks must be filled with primer. Seeds are sown on 2-3 pieces to a depth of about 1.5 cm, and not in the center, but to the edges of the cup. Placement of the pots should be performed in a bright place where the temperature will be at least + 20-22 ° C. Approximately in a week shoots should appear. At this planting seeds zucchini can be considered complete.
- If this is not possible, then make the first dressing before flowering. In 10 liters of water dilute 40-50 g of superphosphate, 20-30 g of potash nitrate and 25 g of ammonium sulphate. Under each plant contribute 1 liter of solution.
- Before sowing, zucchini seeds are prepared in the same way as when growing other vegetable crops and sown in April - early May. Soil mixture for seedlings prepared from peat, humus, sod land and sawdust in the ratio of 6: 2: 2: 1. For enrichment with microelements, 0.5 cups of ash, 5-6 g of ammonium nitrate or 7-8 g of urea, 10 g of potassium sulfate, 15-20 g of superphosphate can be added to a bucket of the mixture. Or you can use the finished soil mixture, such as "Exo", from a specialized store.
- The interval between the two foliar dressing - 10 - 12 days.
- Water zucchini should be regularly under the root, so that water does not fall on the leaves. Before the flowering period, squash needs to be watered once a week at the rate of 4-5 liters per 1 square meter.
- Planting seedlings in a permanent place:
- If your soil is sandy, then 1 bucket of sod (clay or loamy) soil, peat and 3 to 4 kilograms of sawdust and humus should be added to 1 square meter. Fertilizers need to be made the same as for clay soil.
- It is necessary to select seeds from the best fruits, paying attention to the following points:
- The best place to plant this vegetable crop is the southern and south-western slopes, protected from cold air currents. The degree of light exposure is essential: the more sun, the more intense the fruiting and richer harvest.
- Tsukesha - a variety of zucchini with long, thin-skinned fruits, on the surface of which there is a pattern in the form of bright dots. Fruit weight reaches 0.7 kg.
- Vegetable growers willingly grow this crop, because it allows to get a rich harvest in the open ground even in years when cucumbers do not ripen due to adverse weather conditions.
- The seedlings are planted in the open ground at the end of May, as well as at the beginning of June, so that the seedlings are not damaged by frosts. At the same time, it is better to temper the seedlings before planting. To do this, you need to take it out in the daytime, and bring it back into the room at night. For planting seedlings dug holes 25-30 cm deep, the width of the shovel will be enough. In the ground from the well is to add rotted manure either
- The second dressing is carried out before the start of fruiting. In 10 liters of water diluted in 40-50 g of superphosphate and potassium nitrate. Consumption rate on one plant - 1,5 l. For feeding, you can also use a solution of mullein (1:10) or bird droppings (1:20) at the rate of 2 liters per plant in the first dressing and 4 liters in the second.
- The filled pots are spilled with hot water or a 0.5% solution of potassium permanganate and sown zucchini seeds to a depth of 2-3 cm, flat, so that the sprouting root “looks” down. Before the appearance of the first shoots, the ambient temperature is maintained at between 18-25 ° C, and then reduced to 15-20 ° C. Remember that seedlings need a lot of light, otherwise the plants will be weak and will begin to stretch.
- Observing this technique
The bed for planting seedlings need to make a width of 60 - 70 centimeters.
If you have fertile black soil at the site, then it is advisable to add 2 kilograms of sawdust, 2 tablespoons of ash and 1 tablespoon of superphosphate to 1 square meter.
Varietal planting should be isolated from each other, because they easily pereopolyatsya among themselves, and in such conditions it is impossible to maintain the purity of the variety,
It is highly undesirable that the predecessors of zucchini on the site were cucumbers, squash, watermelons, melons and zucchini themselves. After them, this culture can be planted only three years later, in order to eliminate the accumulation of pests in the soil.
Seed preparation and planting
Read moreGrowing pepper in open ground
- Grow zucchini can be in greenhouses and in open ground. This vegetable tolerates cold quite well (except for frosts), but at the same time it shows serious requirements to the quality and fertility of the soil. Therefore, the preparation of beds for planting squash certainly includes the introduction of organic and mineral fertilizers into the soil.
- To attract pollinators during the flowering period, every morning plants are sprayed with a weak solution of honey.
Before sowing, squash seeds are prepared in the same way as when growing other vegetable crops and sown in April - early May
- Cultivation of squash in open ground
- If you water the zucchini with cold water, you will certainly come across a massive decay of young ovaries.
- Do not grow zucchini in the place where pumpkin cultures were previously grown. Go
- If you develop a new plot of land for
Where better to plant squash?
It should be borne in mind that seed germination begins at a temperature of + 12 ... 15`C, and shoots die from frost. Therefore, the timing of planting squash choose depending on the long-term weather forecast. They should be planted in open ground no earlier than the third decade of May. You can sow them 2-3 times with an interval of several days, to extend the fruiting period.
Experienced vegetable growers and gardeners claim that squash by and large do not need special beds, because Feel great in between the rows of potatoes, cabbage or along the fence. This culture is very fond of black soil and loamy soil rich in humus, so grow well on compost heaps. If only the landing site was not too wet, i.e. Areas with high groundwater are not suitable for this vegetable crop.
One of the key points in the cultivation of zucchini is the choice of varieties that are suitable for certain climatic conditions and soil.
Growing and planting seedlings
And fall asleep back. Now, in the center of the hole make a groove for a pot of seedlings. If we consider
Since the zucchini is a rather large plant, the distance between the rows should be at least 1-1.5 m, and between the holes - at least 1 m.
Today, you rarely find a summer cottage, on which the zucchini would not be grown
You will get an excellent harvest of zucchini 50 - 60 days after the first shoots! See you soon!
We dig up our bed on the spade bayonet.
Cultivation of zucchini in the open ground
The removed fruits are left to ripen for 2-3 weeks in a dry, warm room, after which the seeds are removed from them, dried and sent to storage.
In contrast to planting seeds, the cultivation of seedlings allows you to approximate the timing of the appearance of the first fruits and increase yields. The seedlings of zucchini root pretty hard (this feature is typical for all pumpkin), so it is usually grown in plastic cups, which have pre-cut the bottom. Another option is planting seeds in peat pots about a month before the intended planting.
Squashes refuse to grow in moist clay and peat soils, and react to sandy conditions quite well, only they need to be specially prepared using magnesium fertilizers. Acidic soils need fertilizer with ashes or dolomite flour.
Masha F1 is a variety resistant to pests, diseases and climate unpredictability. It matures well even in dry and rainy years. On low bushes elongated glossy fruits of light green color are formed, their weight reaches 3.5 kg.
Getting seeds for planting
Watering is carried out as necessary to prevent drying of the upper layer of soil, water at room temperature. The first feeding of plants is carried out 7-10 days after the appearance of the sprouts. To do this, use: solution of mullein (1:10), 50 mg per plant, solution of urea (0.5 hl. Per 1 liter of water), 0.5 cups per pot, solution of the preparation “Bud” (2g per 1 liter of water ) 1 cup for 1-2 pots or a solution of any specialized growth stimulant.
- Squashes are grown both through seedlings, and by sowing seeds of squash in open ground. Today, you rarely find a summer cottage on which the squashes are not grown. After all, it is such a tasty and healthy vegetable! In addition to the vitamins contained in it (A, C, B) and trace elements (iron, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, calcium), it perfectly cleanses and strengthens the body, is used in children, medical and dietary nutrition, and even in cosmetology. Another big plus of the zucchini is the long shelf life of the fruit, during which it fully retains all its beneficial properties.
- Loosening and hilling cannot be done to avoid damage to the high root system.
- Level and make holes in one row at a distance of 90 - 100 centimeters from one another.
The timing of planting zucchini in open ground seeds
In order for the sown squash to ascend, the soil during planting must be sufficiently heated. Earth warms from May 20 to June 5. If the seeds are thrown into the ground that is cold for them, they will start to hurt, some will die, and others will rise longer than when they hit the warm ground.
Not all gardeners need squash to appear on the table too early. Some specially planted them later, so that they are stored for a long time in the bins and vegetables can be canned.
From April 20 or May 1, you need to take a cotton cloth or from another natural fabric a cloth, wet it and spread the seeds on it for germination. From May 20, when the earth warms up from +12 ° C to +15 ° C., You can plant seeds on the plot. The main thing is that at night there will be no frosts.
If the owners love zucchini in different dishes, then they can leave a lot of beds under them and sow germinated seeds on them 5 or 6 days after planting the previous batch.
Seed preparation before planting
The main methods of planting zucchini 2:
A gardener chooses the way that he thinks is more reliable or does as he was taught, used to. First, the seeds need to check which ones are empty and select suitable ones for cultivation? To do this, make a weak (pink) solution of potassium permanganate - 1% or take and dilute in water a means of stimulating the growth of seeds.
In the composition for 20 minutes. soaked the seeds. Those that surfaced are empty and discarded. The rest should be rinsed under a stream of warm water and spread on a moist gauze cloth heated over steam.
Seeds will slip and they should be immediately placed in the vegetable section of the refrigerator. There should be no more than 0 ° C. Keep the seed in the refrigerator for no more than 2 days.
Now you need to moisten, for example, a cotton rag with water, put it on an iron or plastic, another pallet, place the seeds on top and transfer them to a window or to another place that is perfectly illuminated. Let them stay there for 7 days. The owner must ensure that the fabric is moistened.
The seeds will sprout and that's when they reach about 1/3 of its length in each seed, they can be planted directly into the ground. Those gardeners who prefer to grow seedlings, plant seeds in pots with a mixture of soils. Of course, it is easier to simply throw the seeds in the fall fertilized land. The main thing is that the soil warms up to at least +12 ° C.
Choosing a landing site
Best of all, zucchini will grow on a sunny bed, where there is no wind, there are no drafts. For them, you can choose a place near the hedge of bushes, near the fence, at home, at the barn, etc.
It’s great if such crops grew on that garden last year:
- peas or beans,
- cauliflower or white cabbage (early) cabbage.
Few nutrients remain in the soil after growing on the beds:
In these beds zucchini can be grown only after 3 or 4 g. Good for those owners who have a large vegetable garden. With proper planning of landings, it will be possible to sow squash annually in different areas. It is necessary to fertilize the earth in autumn with humus, add mineral dressings.
Before planting the site must be prepared:
• in the open, which is well lit, you need to organize the beds of 4 m in length and 70 cm in width,
• the fertilizers required are mentioned above,
• The owner must treat the soil with a special tool and kill the wireworm larvae, with the Maybugs. If this is not done, they will attract moles, and they will damage the roots of zucchini.
Seeds or seedlings are planted at a distance of 50 to 60 cm from each other. Bushes will develop well. If the soil is light, then the seeds deepen into it by 5 and up to 7 cm, and when heavy by 3 or 4 cm. Here is another popular planting pattern.
The first feeding of plants
In order for zucchini to grow strong, healthy and large, the ground must be well pre-fertilized, but additional feeding is required. Для кабачков их делают 4 раза за период роста растения.
Если огородник на грядку высаживал рассаду, то удобрения вносят под корень и обрызгивают листья не ранее, чем через 14 дней после высаживания рассады. Нужно так рассчитать, чтобы это было до цветения.
Для приготовления раствора берут ведро или на большое количество саженцев бочку. Воду нужно отфильтровать. It takes 7 liters and they take nitrophoska - 1 tbsp. l + mullein (0.5 l). Everything is well stirred and the gardener first waters the seedlings, and then pours 1 liter of the mixture at the root of each bush.
If the owner does not have Nitrofoski, and in the presence of means "Ross", then you can take it and 1 tbsp. l Before the fertilizer begins, the owner will calculate how many bushes he has, and therefore the required number of liters of the mixture is required and will adjust the amount of water and chemical, organic fertilizers.
Terms of planting zucchini seeds in open ground
To plant seeds in the ground start when the soil warms up to +12 degrees, not earlier than mid-May. In the cold earth, the seeds will not germinate, rot and die. Therefore, landing is left to warmer weather. With late night frosts, tender sprouts freeze. Planting of zucchini seeds for seedlings is carried out at will, since the fruits have time to ripen and are planted immediately with seeds at the depth of the soil.
You can do this in early May (for the middle band), pre-spilling the hole with warm water. The sowing site is covered with a plastic 5-liter transparent canister with a cut neck. It turns out a mini greenhouse for each plant. Do not forget that planting vegetables in the soil and in the greenhouse or greenhouse is significantly different.
After the onset of sustained heat and the absence of night frost, the canister is removed and you can grow seeds further
Proper preparation of beds and planting seed at home
Best cooking ridges in the fall. When digging bring rotten manure or compost, the full range of fertilizers - superphosphate, potassium salt, ammonium nitrate. Ate needed pre lime.
Where and which side to plant the seeds? Squashes can be sown on compost heaps. A loose, humus-rich land is a good place for this culture.
It is enough to loosen the bed prepared in autumn with spring and make holes in it. The bush at the zucchini is volumetric; it is planted at a distance of 0.5-0.8 meters. Seeds are treated with a 1% solution of potassium permanganate, ash or nitroammofoski, having sustained for 20 minutes. Then washed with water. This will protect the seeds from diseases and ensure a friendly germination.
2-3 seeds are placed in the hole, in case one does not rise. At emergence of shoots, leave one sapling, the others pinch off.
Planting zucchini seeds in open ground in the soil with ash
Care during the growing season
Zucchini loves heat and moisture. In dry weather, water is watered once a week, not colder than 22 degrees. With a massive growth of fruits - every three days. Under each plant poured up to two liters of water. Before cleaning, do not water, so as not to suffer taste.
A large bush and large fruits require a lot of nutrition. Fertilizers begin to make after the appearance of these leaves and continue the entire period of fruiting. Fertilizers are well applied in liquid form. Most of all he loves organic. Foliar dressing has a positive effect on vegetable development. Spraying a bush every 10 days with a solution of fertilizer, you can significantly increase the yield.
Weeds are dangerous only until it grows, in the future, they simply will not be able to develop under a spreading crown.
Watering the newly risen zucchini
For the development of this culture uses a full complex fertilizer in the following composition: 1 tbsp. spoon of potassium sulfate, double superphosphate, urea is dissolved in 10 liters of water. After complete dissolution, water under the root system of 1.5 liters per plant.
Nitrogen cause the growth of green mass of the plant. Apply in the spring and summer. Closer to autumn, their use is undesirable. These are urea, ammonium, calcium and sodium nitrate, ammonium sulfate.
Phosphoric help fruits ripen faster, reduce the growing season. These are superphosphate, double superphosphate, phosphoric flour.
Potash increase plant resistance to lack of moisture and heat. Increase resistance to diseases and pests. There are potassium sulfate, potassium chloride, potassium salts.
Magnesium and iron containing include magnesium oxide, boron, iron. Increase the yield of fruits and their quality. Magnesium helps deoxidize the soil. It is better to fertilize in the fall according to a certain scheme, indicated in the instructions.
Microadditives are very important for plant development: boric, molybdenum, manganese, copper. They require a small amount, add to the complex.
Organics - an important component in the nutrition of zucchini. They consist of the main elements - nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, trace elements, vitamins. All this is easily digested. So feed zucchini can at any time.
Manure. Organics of animal origin. Not very nutritious feeding. Improves soil structure. The simultaneous application of mineral fertilizers and manure improves the absorption of mineral.
Humus. Dead manure Improves the condition and composition of the soil. Digest after making a bush in a short time.
Compost. It turns out after decomposition of vegetable and kitchen waste. Its maturation lasts at least three years. Used for feeding, mulching.
Bird droppings. It contains all the necessary ingredients, the most valuable manure fertilizer. It takes time to be prepared to make a culture. Fresh, corrosive, can burn roots and leaves.
Peat. Makes soil easier, nourishes. Not every peat is useful. Sour peat is used in composts.
Bird droppings for soil fertilization
Other organic fertilizers and top dressing
For food use grass and leaves, yeast, ash, food waste.
Green grass, especially good nettle, soaked in a barrel of water, incubated for 10-15 days, and get a herbal infusion. Strain it and get a fertilizer that is easily digested in a quick time.
Green grass supplementation is obtained by digging and embedding in the ground, grown in the garden sideratov.
People infusion of wood ash contains many trace elements, reduces the acidity of the soil. Does not contain nitrogen, it should be added.
Pests and control of them
Squashes are subject to such diseases:
- White rot
- Gray rot.
- Mealy dew.
- Fusarium wilt.
White and gray rot covers leaves, stalks and ovaries with bloom, they soften and dry out. This is a fungus. Appears in cold wet weather in dense plantings. Disputes persist in the ground. To destroy the disease spray copper sulphate, sulfuric zinc, urea solution. Do not thicken the landing, watered with warm water.
Mealy dew. The leaves are first affected, then the disease damages the whole plant. Absorbs plant nutrition, reduces yield. Distributed with fluctuations in temperature, excess nitrogen. It is treated by spraying with colloidal sulfur, manure infusion, solution of potassium permanganate.
Fusarium wilt affects the roots. With further development goes to the stem, and it dies. You can destroy only completely replacing the soil.
All these diseases are stored on plant residues and in the soil. They can be prevented by careful preparation of the ridges, burning plant residues, post-harvest processing, and crop rotation.
Insect pests for zucchini:
- Gourd aphid.
- Spider mite
Larvae melon aphid hibernate on the remains of plants, multiply rapidly in the spring. Damage the stems and leaves, after which they dry out. Autumn cleaning of ridges, burning of vegetable garbage will help prevent insect invasion. In the summer, the plants are sprayed with an infusion of hot pepper, onion, and potato tops, and powdered with tobacco dust.
Spider mite small invisible pest. Populates the bottom of the sheet. Causes leaf spot and their drying out. Control measures such as with aphids.
White fly forms a sticky sugar coating on the back of the leaves. This is the environment for the formation of various fungi and plant diseases. The pest can be washed off with water, not allowing them to remain on the ground afterwards. When a large number of insects, the soil after harvest, treat the insecticide "Commander".
Harvesting and storage
Green fruits with a length of up to 25 cm are considered to be the most tasty and useful. They have thin skin and small immature seeds. Taking off the squash in time, we help the formation and growth of new ovaries. In this case, all summer we will have fresh Zelentsy. From the end of August, we begin to make storage for the winter. We collect fruits with hard skin and a long stalk for better storage. Harvest to frost.
Squashes ripening crop, the first harvest we get in 20 days after flowering. Early harvest, allows you to get fresh vitamins in early summer. The wide possibilities of their use makes zucchini a popular crop among gardeners.
When to plant zucchini seeds for seedlings?
On this issue you will not find accurate information. You can plant zucchini even in January, but the fact is that after 25-30 days they need to be planted in open ground. Therefore, calculate the time based on when the land thaws and warms up in your area. Basically, seedlings are planted in the garden at the end of May, therefore, seed sowing should be carried out in the second half of April.
Sowing seeds for seedlings
- Under the zucchini requires separate pots. These can be milk, yoghurt, plastic cups or peat bags, but it is still desirable that their size be 10 by 10 cm.
- Seeds before planting must be wrapped in a damp cloth and allowed to slip. You can use a weak solution of "Ideal" for soaking. Knowing how and when to plant squash seeds, you get strong seedlings, and this is half the success.
- Fill the pots with nutritious soil consisting of a mixture of humus, sod land and peat, you can add a little wood ash (0.5 cups per bucket), urea or ammonium nitrate, 7-8 g each.
- Land in pots as it should be shed with hot water or a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
- Seeds are buried at a depth of 2-3 cm. The temperature for the emergence of shoots should be maintained at 18-25 ° C.
Squashes will begin to sprout in about 7-10 days. If the seed does not fly off the sprout, then spray it a little with water from above, but do not try to tear it off with your hands. Caring for seedlings is its regular watering and fertilizing fertilizer. As a rule, use drugs such as "Bud" or "Agricola." Feeding is done twice: as soon as shoots appear and again after ten days. Watering is done as the substrate dries.
When to plant zucchini seeds in open ground?
In that case, if getting an early harvest is not the main goal, or you want to get zucchini later and save them for the winter, the option of planting seeds right into the ground will suit you. The dates vary: the beginning of May is the first decade of June. The main factor is the warm ground, planting seeds in cold soil is not recommended, as it is ineffective and there is a risk that the plants will be sick for a long time. In this case it is better not to hurry.
How to grow zucchini from seed
If you grow seedlings and plant them, then mature fruits can be obtained faster than when planting seeds in open ground, but there is one major drawback: vegetables grown with seedlings cannot be left for long-term storage - the entire crop will have to be processed in a short time .
If you wish to preserve the fruits for the winter, planting squash seeds in the ground should occur in early May-June, when the earth has warmed to 12 degrees at a depth of 10 centimeters.
Before planting into the ground seeds should be prepared: soak in a liter of warm water by adding a tablespoon of ash (solutions with microelements, Zircon, Epin, potassium humate will also do) or warm it up for seven days in the sun, you can soak for a day in warm water, wrap in a damp piece of cloth and hold it for a few days at temperature up to 25 degrees. But the most reliable way is to harden the planting materials: alternately transfer them to the refrigerator (for 14–16 hours), and then hold them for 8–10 hours at room temperature. Repeat the procedure several times.
The soil must also be pre-prepared: in the fall, it is imperative to dig up the soil, adding compost, superphosphate and wood ash. In the spring, the soil is leveled, wells are made, the depth of which should not exceed 10 centimeters, put ash and humus in each tablespoon, knead, pour water, put 2–3 seeds and fill it with soil. If all crops have sprouted, leave only one plant per well.
How to grow seedlings
If you want to get a quick harvest, it will not do without seedling propagation method. Pre-sowing treatment is carried out the same as when planting in open ground, the main thing - the swelling of the seed and the appearance of tiny shoots. The soil in which you are going to plant seedlings should not be too sour. To reduce the acidity, ash or chalk is added. The stores can offer ready-mix "Exo" - it is great for seedlings.
The mixture is laid out in separate small pots, doused with hot water for disinfection, then put the seeds, sprinkle them with the substrate. Capacities cover, using a film or glass. Planting on seedlings is carried out no later than a month before transplanting into the ground.
Until the seeds have germinated, the temperature in the room should be maintained at 22 degrees. With the appearance of the first shoots, the protective coating is removed and access to bright diffused light in a cooler room (glazed balconies, loggias) is given, during the day the temperature should be between 16-18 degrees and lowered by 3-5 degrees at night. A week later, take the seedlings back to a warm room. This helps to prevent the emergence of shoots, for this purpose it is also important provide sufficient light access. Water as necessary with cold filtered water, make sure that the top layer is constantly slightly wet.
When caring for seedlings, you need to feed it with mineral fertilizers. To do this, take a teaspoon of nitrophoska, dissolved in a liter of water (one cup per plant). An important point: carefully choose fertilizers, they should not contain chlorine!
Planting squash in open ground
When to plant squash in the ground? Planting plants in the ground carried out about a month after the first shoots. As a rule, this is the end of May or the beginning of June, when the threat of frost disappears. The place must be chosen to the maximum sunny (south, south-west side), protected from the winds. Should not plant squash in the area, where did any pumpkin grow, at least three years, otherwise there is a high probability of infection of diseases typical for this family. The best predecessors: potatoes, onions, lettuce, tomatoes, garlic, cabbage, radishes, carrots, parsley.
The process of planting will be approximately as follows:
- The holes for planting seedlings are made at such a distance that there are three plants on each square meter of the allotted area, the distance between the rows is at least one meter.
- Before planting in each of the holes should be put a little ash and humus, mix them with the soil.
- Then seedlings are planted together with a lump of earth, deepened into the ground to the cotyledon leaves, add a sufficient amount of soil, tamp and pour.
- The weather should be warm and cloudy.
- If you are afraid of the return of cold weather, cover each of the seedlings with a cut-off plastic bottle or install several metal arcs around the perimeter of the plot and make a polyethylene cover.
- One day after landing soil is being loosened.
Planting seedlings in film greenhouses produce two weeks earlier than in open ground, respectively, the seeds are also sown earlier. Fertilizers are added to the wells, sprinkled with water, seedlings are planted, covered with earth and watered again. In the light period of the day, the temperature inside the greenhouse should be at a level of 22−24 degrees, in the dark time - not to fall below 15 degrees.
Caring for seedlings in the greenhouse after planting zucchini includes regular airing, moderate regular watering, timely loosening of the soil, weeding and feeding. If the plants start to grow leaves too intensively, the humidity of the air can rise strongly and squash will shed the ovary. To prevent this, tear 2-3 leaves at the bottom or in the middle of the stems, as well as constantly airing the greenhouse.
How to care for courgettes in the open ground
Care for courgettes in the open field includes:
- regular watering
- timely loosening and weeding,
- plant nutrition,
- fight against diseases and pests if necessary
- in some cases, help plants to pollinate (if the plants begin to bloom, and there are no bees nearby).
Water in the eveningswell warmed up under the day sun. In the heat, before the leaves come together, watering the beds is necessary every day. When the leaves start to cover the soil, water less often, once every 5 days, if it is cool, and every 2–3 days, if it is hot. Water should pour under the roots. If the leaves from the heat wither, you need to water in the evenings, using a nozzle with very small holes.
Zucchini are very fond of organic fertilizers. Planting and care in the open field for them require several fertilizing. Humus and wood ash - the best solution for feeding, it should be carried out 2-3 times per season. Pre beds are watered.
Чтобы избежать неприятных сюрпризов в виде болезней и вредителей, огородники делают профилактические обработки растений, используя препараты, помогающие предотвратить их появление. Так, уход против грибков означает, что через семь дней после посадки растения можно обработать раствором (1%) Bordeaux mixture or copper oxychloride. Karbofos - a means of protecting against pests, also applies.
How to harvest and save the crop
Root crops are harvested as they mature. The first zucchini, suitable for use, will ripen within a half to two months after planting. They are harvested not fully ripe, while the seeds inside are still small and tender. The collection of unripe fruits will stimulate the growth of new zucchini. But if you want to store crops in the winter, you will have to wait until full ripening, until a firm and thick crust forms.
Fruits are carefully cut down on the stalks. Young zucchini, which will go on preservation or will be immediately used, cut off at the grounds. They can be stored no longer than two weeks. After this time, they begin to lose taste, wither, coarsen and rot. Fully ripe vegetables can be stored for five months. in dry, cool and ventilated rooms. The cellar is not the best place to store, as high humidity provokes putrefactive processes. Keep the fruits in a box, but so that they are at minimum in contact with each other. Line the bottom with sawdust or straw. The fruit stalks of each zucchini can be soaked in molten paraffin - this method helps to preserve them for a longer period of time.
When there is no separate storage room, you can leave them in the apartment, but in a dry and dark place, for example, under a bed or near a balcony door.
If you know how to plant zucchini correctly, what care they need, you can get a great harvest and enjoy tasty fruits even in winter.