Garden flowers, plants and shrubs

Perennial delphinium: planting, care and cultivation in open ground photo


Since ancient times, in ancient Greece, a talented sculptor made an excellent statue of stone from stone deceased lover and inspired in her life. But the gods got angry at him and made him a dolphin. The girl he created strongly wept for him on the coast and somehow a beautiful dolphin swam up to her and laid a delightful little flower to her legs, later called the delphinium.

This plant belongs to the ranunculus family. There are approximately 400 of all kinds. It can be both an annual and a perennial flower. The colors of flowers can be varied, including white, blue or purple, and so on. The inflorescences are collected on a large flower stalk and always delight with their beauty. Sometimes inside the flowers you can find small petals, which differ in coloring with the sepal. They look like open "eyes", looking in surprise at the world around them. They are called staminodes and are used to entice insects that pollinate it. This property is observed only in the most simple varieties.

Flower delphinium love ultraviolet rays, while it must be protected from the influence of wind. In very hot days, it can burn hot days, so it is advisable to plant it in places where there is a shadow for at least two or three hours during the day. Basically, all species of delphinium have a branched root structure, which is easy to arrange in a horizontal position. Each year, the roots let young pagony, from which grow new plants.

In the south of Russia, it blooms somewhere in May or in June, then it can bloom again in the fall. Slightly north color is possible from June 15 to July 31, and also in the fall, with the re-flowering only when you cut off all flower stalks after its initial flowering. Delphinium is quite winter-hardy and hardy plant, as it can withstand temperatures up to minus 40 ° C. For him unsafe thaw, because the rhizomes are close to the crust and can crawl out. Therefore, it is recommended not to plant the flower in those places where in the spring snow will melt first.

Delphinium perennial, description and characteristics of the best varieties

There are different types of delphinium. At first, a perennial delphinium was bred of only two types - the large-flowered and high delphinium. But then hybrids appeared, and now there are plenty of them and each of them belongs to one of five categories:

  1. Beladonna is a representative of the "drooping inflorescence (panicle).
  2. Elatum stands out with an excellent variety of different shades.
  3. Pacific hybrids - plants of high growth up to 2 m, having dense semi-double blossoms.
  4. Marphin hybrids reach up to 2 m in height, very strong and have delicate semi-double flowers.

The most striking of all the varieties of delphinium are:

  1. Princess Caroline is the most attractive delphinium. Grows up to 2 m in height, and flowers up to 10 cm in diameter. It has a beautiful pink color.
  2. Snow lace is an excellent delphinium. It grows up to 1.5 m. It has an unusual white color and has a luxurious look.
  3. The pink butterfly is a low bush up to 1 m. It has bright flowers resembling a butterfly. Excellently popular with landscape design.

Breeding delphinium

Delphinium can be propagated by cutting, separation of the bush or planting seeds.

Cutting the bush on the root system You can engage in the spring and take for this you need plants. who have completed at least three years. To do this, dig bushes that do not exceed 15 cm and carefully divided into several parts, so that each of them had 1-2 buds. Cut the places best to sprinkle with activated charcoal. The roots are cleaned from the ground, cut off the damaged and washed in water.

Then already separated small bushes are planted in soil with a nutrient mixturewhich includes sand, humus, peat, etc. They are then placed in a warm place, and after a couple of weeks they are planted in open ground. It is very quickly accepted to such an extent that the newly planted bush can already bloom, but for further full growth it is better to cut the inflorescences.

Cuttings are also planted in spring. For planting cut off the shoots from 10 to 14 cm in such a way as to capture a little root about two or three centimeters in size. Cut cuttings are planted in the ground in a shaded place and in a couple of weeks they are transplanted to a permanent one. They can be rooted in the house, placing them in boxes or pots. They need to be sprayed for at least three days and watered regularly.

Seed planting delphinium is also carried out in the spring. In advance, they are processed and kept in the cold, so to speak, undergo stratification. It is necessary to collect the seeds in the fall and put them in the refrigerator, and then sow in March. For planting the soil is prepared, falling asleep in her nutrient mixture of humus, sand and black soil. Then make small depressions (0.3-0.5 cm) between which a distance of 6-7 cm should be kept and seeds are sown in them. then they are filled with soil and moistened with a sprayer. A month later, the seedlings are thinned out, so that between the sprouts was 6-7 cm. In May, the young are planted in open ground.

Delphinium perennial: planting and care

Delphinium needs weakly acidic or neutral soil, and most importantly, it feels good in broken soil, which is fertilized with peat, humus (compost), providing maximum care for him. If your land has low acidity, then you can make it up to 0.15 kg of extinguished lime per square meter.

In the fall, the soil is fertilized and the land is dug along with fertilizers (for example, there is 7 kg of the feed mixture per 1 square meter). It is again necessary to dig up and re-add fertilizers, such as potassium salt in the amount of 60g, ammonium sulphate up to 40g and superphosphate 70g per square meter. Due to the fact that the soil is fertilized, these plants will be well accepted and developed, and in the future they do not need strong care.

They are planted in the wells, the depth of which is about 40-50 cm, and the distance between them depends on the size of the plant itself. When planting, fertilizers are also applied in equal parts with the ground. First, the hole is filled in half, and after 2-3 days, when the ground is fed, young plants will be planted.

Two years after planting, thanks to quality care, the delphinium exhibits the highest qualities, namely, it grows strongly and blooms magnificently. It is necessary to thin it to ensure good and full growth, removing growing in the middle of the shoots. When the delphinium reaches a height of 50-70 cm, it must be tied up so that its fragile stems do not break during strong wind weather.

In general, the flower delphinium loves moisture, but you should not overdo it either. In the autumn, when it blooms, it is necessary to cut it, leaving shoots of 20 or 25 centimeters, which will protect the rhizomes from decay in the spring during a thaw and ensure normal care of it.

Delphinium (Bristle): Main Features and Popular Types

Gardeners living in different climatic zones can successfully use the magnificent delphinium to decorate their plots. There are many varieties of this flower, but all of them are united by the main qualities for which we love delphinium: rich color, powerful inflorescences, high stem (up to 2 meters in height).

The flowers are always large, clear-cut, bright purple, lilac or ultramarine color. Can be terry or have a more strict form.

In the southern regions of the plant blooms twice - begins to bloom in June, the second flowering - from mid-August (with proper care and cultivation). It can be used as a cut-off culture: the delphinium goes well with many other colors and can stand in a vase for a long time.

Planting and departure are not particularly complex. At the same time, you need to know some secrets that will allow you not to lose the plant in the middle of summer.

The photo shows a perennial delphinium - a tall, handsome, real “star” of flower beds. Annual plants are not distinguished by such a tall stem, but, as a rule, they are less picky and not so susceptible to diseases.

How to grow perennial delphinium: planting and care

This flower does not like extremes well: it loves the sun, but still the areas where the midday sun shines too brightly will not work for it. The best option is a light shadow. It should also be borne in mind that the plant may break due to strong gusts of wind (it has a high and fragile stem). Therefore, it is most reasonable to land a delphinium next to the walls.

At cultivation of a delphinium it is necessary to observe precautionary measures: this beautiful plant is poisonous. Therefore, in order to avoid troubles, work with him in rubber gloves.

The flower requires high-quality soil - with enough fertilizer, not dry, but not too wet. If you have a wet area, then you need to arrange a drain for moisture outflow (or dig a groove), otherwise the delphinium will not grow.

Ideally, the soil should be fertilized three times per season - with mineral fertilizers (phosphorus-potassium), as well as organic fertilizers. Do not forget to periodically loosen the earth, the plant loves when caring for it, and it becomes more and more bright, high, juicy.

In the autumn the plant must be cut, but here it is important to cover the hollow stem from moisture. You can simply sprinkle with earth or cover it with clay, this will help you save the flower until the next season.

Usually, reproduction occurs by dividing the finished bush. This is done quite simply by cutting the root with a spade. After that, you leave one part of the root in the ground, and you move the second to the place you need.

Do not forget to immediately feed the plants with a nourishing soil and water them. It is better that the distance between the plants is not less than 40 cm, since the bushes grow volumetric.

Remember: the flower is afraid of powdery mildew, prone to rot. It is better not to wait for the disease, but rather treat the delphinium with special solutions.

If you notice that the leaves began to curl and darken, then, unfortunately, there is almost no chance of saving the flower.

The best ways to protect:

  • Soil treatment with a solution of potassium permanganate,
  • Processing plants fungicides,
  • Using liquid ammonia solution (2 tablespoons per 10 liters of water),
  • Use of tar water (1 tablespoon of birch tar per 5 liters of water).

Delphinium grandiflora

It is one of the popular varieties of perennial delphinium - this is a large-flowered delphinium. Initially, this plant came to us from Transbaikalia and China, so it is also often called Chinese.

Its main difference is the absence of a high main stem, the plant is a small fluffy bushes with large flowers (usually blue, although at present breeders have brought large-flowered delphinium of other shades).

Annual delphinium: a beauty that does not require much effort from you

The one-year delphinium differs in almost all the virtues of a perennial flower, but its height is not so significant. It reaches 60-70 cm in height. But the color and shape of the flowers are the same spectacular! At the same time the plant is more unpretentious, with it there are no problems associated with pests.

They are sown in November in the southern regions and in the spring in the more northern ones. Usually seed germination leaves much to be desired, so immediately pay attention to the timing of production of seeds, they should be as fresh as possible.

It is best to stimulate the seeds with hydrogen peroxide: treat the seeds with a weak solution for half an hour (1 tsp per 100 ml of water).

Plant description

Delphinium is an annual or perennial plant of the buttercup family, numbering about 400 herbaceous rhizomatous plants. Its colors are striking variety, includes combinations of white, pink, blue, ultramarine and purple. Stems reach a height of up to two meters, inside the hollow, branched (see photo). The leaves are dissected, rounded, arranged in a regular manner.

Simple flowers consist of five sepals, collected on a large flower stalk. Such inflorescences with persistent aroma are called staminodes, they are necessary for attracting insect pollinators. In different species on one inflorescence ranges from 5-15 to 50-60 colors, forming a pyramidal brush (see photo).

It is important to know. Small seeds in a multi-leaf fruitweighing about 1 gstored up to 3-4 years. In each "box" there are up to 600-700 pieces.

Homeland plants - Asia and Africa, where it grows in the wild on the banks of rivers, in the fields. The undiscovered bud of the delphinium has a resemblance to the head or body of the dolphin, hence its name. In Russia, the flower is also known as the “wag”, in Germany and England it is called “knight spurs”, and in France - the “larks of the feet”.

Beautiful and high perennial is used to decorate parks, gardens, landscaping of house territories. Particularly popular lately in gardeners are dwarf varieties and delphiniums with yellow, red flowers. Sometimes perennials are cut as an annual crop. Below are photos of flowers in the flowerbed in single plantings and in combination with annuals, perennials.

Species, varieties

As a result of cultivation and crossing of the delphinium, several plant species were bred by breeders:

  • tall,
  • large-flowered
  • hybrid,
  • terry Scottish,
  • mafinsky
  • New Zealand terry.

Varieties of hybrid (or cultural) large-flowered delphinium with panicles in the form of panicles are divided into two groups:

  1. "Belladonna". This includes such hybrids as Merrheim, Piccolo, Arnold Becklin, Lamartin.
  2. "Elatium". The group includes such hybrids as Perlmutrbaum, Lady Belinda, Bornimer Hybriden, Nakhtvahe.

Of the New Zealand species up to 2 m in height with large double or semi-double flowers, the most famous varieties are Sunny Skies, Blue Lays, Green Twist. Scottish perennials up to 50-80 cm in height have thick terry inflorescences and various shades. The most famous varieties are Crystal Delight, Blueberry Moon Moon Light. Large-flowered species grow to 1.5 m, differ in round dissected leaves in the shape of a heart and mainly in blue colors. In the Mauphin species, decorative semi-double inflorescences with bright eyes in the center.

Here is a brief description of the most popular varieties.

  • Bruno. Heat-loving perennial up to 40 cm, purple-blue inflorescences are collected in small panicles.
  • Tall. Tall mattress with blue or purple flowers, growing up to 1.5 m.
  • Obstetrician. A plant with tuberous roots about 1 m high, with covered flowers, decorated with a yellow peephole.
  • Blue. Low-growing plant up to 40 cm in height with semicircular separate leaves, large flowers, up to 4 cm in diameter.
  • Piccolo. Flower up to 1 m in length with massive inflorescences bluish-purple hue. Blooms twice in summer, in June and October.

Site selection and conditions of detention

Barn grass is a rather whimsical garden flower, the success of its cultivation directly depends on the choice of a growing place, properly selected soil and weather conditions.

  • The choice of location and lighting. Perennial delphinium prefers to grow in open areas in light penumbra, since bright color causes burnout of petals. The best option - planting in the center of the flower bed or location near the wall of the house, the fence, where there is protection from the scorching rays of the sun. The place should not be blown by the wind - strong gusts can easily break the hollow stalks at the very base. Therefore, it is recommended to plant bushes next to shrubs, trees, hedges.
  • Temperature. The optimum temperature regime for growing a flower is not lower than 11 degrees and not higher than 25. It is best if the daytime temperature does not rise above the mark of 16-18 degrees. Thermophilic seedlings in the spring when planted in open ground are pre-hardened for several days, carrying out into the open air. In winter, with proper preparation for wintering, the rhizome is able to withstand temperatures down to minus 40 degrees.
  • Air humidity. During the spring or summer droughts, the spore needs watering, but it does not like stagnant water. It can not be transfused. Water should be poured at the root, as when it hits the leaves, moisture causes burns. Spraying in the heat is also prohibited. Should protect the plant from strong drafts and gusts of wind.
  • Requirements for the soil. Land for planting should be fertilized, fertile, moisture-permeable and loose. On wet areas, the arrangement of drainage from expanded clay or excavation of ditches for the outflow of excess water is required. The plant prefers to grow on loamy soils with a neutral reaction. In the sandy loom will not be so abundant. Acidic and heavy clay soils are not suitable for cultivation. In one place you should not keep a bush longer than 3-5 years.

The process of planting in open ground

Planting and caring for a perennial delphinium requires careful preparation and regularity from a gardener. However, difficulties are easy to overcome if you follow the instructions when landing in open ground. Planting can be made not only by rhizomes, but also by seeds, seedlings. Each method has its own characteristics.

Посадка семенами предполагает соблюдение следующих правил.

  1. В конце марта нужно подготовить почву, смешав речной песок с дерном и торфом. Then fertilizer should be applied to the site, mixed with wood ash, then - dig it to a depth of 25-30 cm.
  2. Now you need to outline the grooves, carefully shed them.
  3. Seeds need to be planted rarely, stamping fingers into the ground.
  4. The bed is recommended to cover non-woven material or greenhouse film, periodically watered.
  5. When the first sprouts of delphinium appear (after about a month), you need to remove the shelter, to gnaw the soil and weed.

It is important to know. Care of shoots should be carried out throughout the summer, preventing the soil from drying out. It will be possible to transplant bushes to a permanent place only the next year.

The process of planting seedlings method involves the following steps.

  1. At the end of March - beginning of April, soil is prepared, transplanting tanks, acquire seed material or use seeds collected independently. The soil mixture is purchased in the store or mixed at home, taking in equal shares peat, sand, humus and foliar turf.
  2. To improve germination, seeds are treated with hydrogen peroxide, dissolving a teaspoon in 100 ml of water.
  3. The earth is laid out in boxes, containers or disposable plastic cups.
  4. Close up the seeds to a depth of 0.5-1 cm, maintaining a distance of 2-3 cm when sown in a box.
  5. Moisturize the soil from a spray bottle, cover with a film, and air daily.
  6. At emergence of shoots the film is removed, and after the formation of 2-3 leaves, the seedlings are diving.
  7. A couple of weeks before planting in the ground shoots hardened.
  8. Planted seedlings in the prepared soil at a distance of 40 cm between the bushes. The root collar is not buried deeper than the soil level.

The most reliable way of planting a delphinium - rhizome. It can be purchased at the store or get the division of the mother bush into parts. Dig pits measuring 40 by 50 cm, at the bottom of each poured on a half-bucket of compost, a glass of ash and a spoon of mineral fertilizer, mixed with a shovel.

Place the rhizomes in the wells, sprinkled with earth, rammed. The soil is mulched with peat, watered. For better rooting, seedlings are covered with cut five-liter plastic bottles for several days.

If desired, cuttings rooted in water or sand can be planted with a length of at least 10 cm. In this case, several actions are performed.

  1. Cut the cuttings, slices treated with a root stimulator.
  2. Place the cuttings in a jar of water or stick in the wet sand.
  3. Capacity covered with foil or placed in a bag, waiting for the formation of roots.
  4. At the end of the summer, the saplings are planted in a permanent place, covered with peat, moss until spring.

Rules of care and cultivation in the garden

Many years of delphinium require regular maintenance, including watering, feeding, loosening and transplanting. Also, the plant requires pruning and installation support. All these procedures should be carried out in time to prevent the death of the flower.

  • Watering. Water the plant regularly, making sure that the soil under the seedlings and bushes do not dry out. In hot weather, 1-2 times a week, 2 buckets of water are poured under each formed bush. More frequent watering is required when forming arrows and flowering. Do not allow water to enter the green parts of the plant - leaves, stems, stagnant moisture at the roots.
  • Top dressing. During the season, flowers are fed twice: in early spring and before flowering. In April, a mixture of 2 tablespoons of urea, 2 tablespoons of potassium sulfate and 1 tablespoon of superphosphate is applied per square meter of soil. In the summer they feed with a mixture of potash and phosphate fertilizers. Since August, fertilization is stopped. During budding the leaves are sprayed with a solution of boric acid.
  • Mulching and loosening. They try to loosen the soil after each watering, preventing damage close to the surface of the root system. The flower loves good air circulation at the roots. Mulch bushes with peat, humus, dry grass, preventing the drying of the earth.
  • Trimming and garter. The first pruning of the shoots is carried out when they grow to 20 cm. They break out weak and thin, leaving 5-6 pieces. The garter is produced when the shoots grow to 0.5 m. Reiki or pegs are stuck around the delphinium, they are tied to the plant with string, strips of cloth. The second time pruned stems after flowering, as lost decorative view of the bush. Before wintering, the stems no longer break off, otherwise water will enter the hollow tubes, causing rotting, death of the rhizome.
  • Transfer. Replacing the flower is recommended every 3-4 years or when it grows heavily in the garden. The best time for this is in the spring from April to May and in the fall, from late August to mid-September. Also, the necessity of transplantation is indicated by the grinding of inflorescences. They dig up the bush, thin the stems or divide the root into parts, plant it in a new place in the prepared holes.

Wintering perennial

After flowering and drying the leaves, the long stems of the plant are cut, leaving cuttings about 30 cm long. To prevent water from entering the cavities, the holes are covered with clay and garden pitch. Frost-resistant delphiniums do not harbor for the winter, only young bushes protect with mulch. When waiting for severe cold, the bases of thermophilic varieties are protected with straw and spruce branches.

It is important to know. For removal of excess water in the fall and early spring, grooves are dug around each plant. This is necessary to prevent rotting of roots during heavy rains and melting snow.

Features of growing

All ground parts of the delphinium are poisonous, contain an alkaloid widely used in medicine. If ingested, the juice can trigger an upset gastrointestinal tract. Unprotected contact with the leaves and stem often causes allergic dermatitis. When working with a plant, be sure to wear gloves and thick clothes with long sleeves.

  • Disease. Among the diseases for the plant are dangerous rot, powdery mildew. For the prevention of diseases resorted to disinfect the soil with a solution of potassium permanganate. They fight bacterial diseases, fusarium, treating the affected parts with special fungicides.
  • Pests. Perennial delphinium is prone to attack by leaf-eating insects: aphids, thrips, coleoptera. They are fought with insecticides. Folk remedies are also used for processing: a solution of ammonia (2 spoons per 10 liters of water), tar water (1 spoon of birch tar is dissolved in 5 liters of water).

All varieties of delphinium are suitable for cutting. The plant with bright flowers is used when planting in groups in ridges, flower beds, mixborders, in single plantings near fences, houses. In the south of Russia, the hub blooms May-June, then again - in the fall. In the northern regions, flowering begins approximately from June 15 and lasts until the end of July.

Delphinium perennial: cultivation

There are several ways to land a delphinium:

  • seeds
  • rhizomes,
  • cuttings.

Consider each method in more detail.

Seed planting - the process is quite difficult, you should use only fresh seed, lingering seeds give less germination. That is why the purchase of seeds in the store often leads to disappointment - instead of lush flowers, just a couple of plants come up, and sometimes they don’t even grow. In addition, plants grown from seeds often lose the signs of the maternal individual, so the flowers may turn out to be completely unpredictable and not terry.

The time of planting seeds in open ground falls on May, can also be planted under the film in September. Planting a delphinium in the fall has proven itself well - under the influence of cold, the seeds sprout better.

The step-by-step process of planting delphinium seeds in open ground looks like this:

  • They dig up the beds, loosen the ground, carefully remove all weeds and their roots.
  • On the ground make narrow grooves.
  • They sow seeds in them.
  • Top seeds sprinkled with a thin layer of sand, half a centimeter is enough.

Shoots should be expected in a month, sometimes - a little earlier.

How to plant seeds for seedlings? Seeding begins in March, for future seedlings should prepare a loose, light and nutritious soil. The seedlings are distributed over the container, then sprinkled with a layer of earth (thickness of 3 mm is optimal), slightly compacted. This will help to avoid the floating of seeds at the first watering.

After planting, the container is covered with a thick film, preferably dark, since the seed material rises better in the dark. The most suitable temperature for germination is + 10-15 ° C.

Secret! To accelerate the emergence of seedlings, you can use the effect of cold - stratification. To do this, the container with the seeds is transferred to the balcony or placed in the refrigerator for seven days, then they are put into heat.

Waiting for the emergence of shoots, do not forget to periodically remove the film and air the plants.

The first shoots will appear in 7-14 days, after that the film is removed. After the formation of the first true sheet, a picking is performed. It remains only to water the seedlings and expect to transplant into open ground, which is held in the last days of May or the first week of June.

At observance of terms the plant will please with magnificent flowering by August.

Reproduction rhizome

3-5 summer bushes should be used for this method. The best time to divide is early spring, until the plant has begun active growth, or late autumn, after flowering is complete.

Important! In order to properly divide the rhizome, it is necessary to make sure that at least one growth bud remains on each piece.

After dividing, the cuts should be processed with charcoal powder. Next you should start landing. Holes are being dug out, and some mineral fertilizers and wood ash should be added to each of them. Next, the plant is placed, it is important to ensure that the root collar remains at ground level. Then watering is done.

How to calculate the distance between the holes? It directly depends on the delphinium variety:

  • If the height of the bush is more than 1.5 m, it is better to maintain a distance of at least 50 cm.
  • If the height of 1.2-1.5 m - 40 cm will be enough.
  • You can leave a short growing distance of about 30 cm.

Reproduction by cuttings

Young shoots with a length of 10-15 cm are suitable for grafting. They break out in spring, are placed in warm conditions (+ 25 ° C) to form roots, transplanting into open ground is possible in 20-24 days. This is the easiest and most accessible way for newbies to breed delphinium. Planting and care in the open field, as we see, is not a very difficult process.

Perennial is among the drought-resistant, it will not have an excess of moisture to taste. Irrigation rules for growing are as follows:

  • Water rarely, but carefully.
  • During the period when the inflorescences appear, the plant should be watered more so that moisture penetrates into the deep layers of the soil.

Trimming and Garter

In the second year, the plant has a large number of shoots that must be removed in order for the plant to bloom magnificently with large flowers. Spring time for pruningwhen the stems grow to 20-30 cm. It is necessary to leave from 5 to 10 strongest shoots in the bush.

Instead of pruning, you can remove excess sprout buds in the fall. If you cut off the shoot with a piece of rhizome, then it can be safely used for propagation by cutting.

To prevent the plant from breaking in a gust of windshould tie up the bush. This is done in two places:

  • At a height of ½ meter.
  • At the height of the meter.

Important! If the bush has heavy inflorescences, tie it in three places.

As a support, you can use the rings on the rack.

How the delphinium winters

Among the advantages of the plant should be attributed to frost resistance, this plant will easily survive the cold to -40 ° C. However, if there is no snow in the winter, then frost can ruin the roots, therefore the plant should be covered with spruce branches.

Delphiniums: care and cultivation, the secrets of feeding

For the best growth and lush amicable flowering, the plant should be fed three times per season:

  • Early spring dressing is done with a shoot length of about 20 cm. The following fertilizer is used: a mixture of ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate and potassium chloride. The mixture is poured around the bushes. The second variant of spring fertilizer is a mullein infusion; one bucket of water diluted with fertilizer is required for five bushes.
  • The second feed should include potassium and superphosphate. Produced during the formation of buds. During this period, nitrogen-containing mixtures and mullein can not be used.
  • The last dressing for the season is carried out after the flowering is completed, phosphorus-potash mixtures without nitrogen are added under the bushes.

Delphinium diseases and pests

Most diseases affect plants in rainy or dry weather; if summer is successful, then larkspur most likely will not create problems. It is very important to detect the symptoms of the disease in time and start eliminating it, otherwise the infected plant will have to be dug out and burned.

Let us consider the most typical diseases for the perennial delphinium:

  • Mealy dew. It develops with high humidity and cold. It is possible to recognize the disease by the appearance of white bloom, similar to flour, on the leaves, with the time the patina becomes brown. You can get rid of the disease by spraying the leaves with copper sulphate, colloidal sulfur or herbal remedies such as Fitosporin-M or Topaz.
  • Ramulariosis This is a fungal infection, manifested in the appearance of brown spots on the leaves. With the progression of the disease, the spots become gray, grow and coalesce, the leaves die off. Infected plants and their remnants are burned, the only way to destroy the spores of the fungus that can survive even in the dead of winter.
  • Black spot. This is a bacterial origin of the disease, consisting in the appearance of black spots on the leaves of plants. Gradually, the disease switches to leaves that turn brown and dry out. To save the plant should use drugs based on copper: Fundazol, Previkur, Topaz. Processing is done three times.
  • Ring spots - the formation of yellowish spots on the leaves, shaped like a ring. To cure the plant will not work, so the plant is dug and burned.

The main pests of the delphinium include:

  • Aphid. That it is the distributor of ring spot, so you should get rid of the small unpleasant insect as soon as possible. Modern insecticides like Inta-vir and Fitoverm will do.
  • Delphinium fly. It lays in egg buds, which is why the larvae devour the pistils and stamen, and the flowers begin to crumble and do not bear fruit.
  • Schopper mite. This is a very harmful insect, leading to leaf deformation and cessation of plant growth.
  • Slugs They feed on succulent shoots, adversely affecting the decorative properties of the plant. They are collected manually or set traps.

Delphinium - decoration of any garden due to its beautiful bright colors and variety of options. And ease of care makes this plant a favorite of many gardeners, both professionals and beginners.

Delphinium - flower description

Delftinium or as it is also called - the waggard belongs to the family of buttercups and to the genus of herbaceous plants. In nature, it grows in the mountains of tropical Africa, in the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere and throughout Southeast Asia. There are more than four hundred species of this spectacular plant, which can be both annuals and perennials.

The height of the flower stem can be from ten centimeters to three meters. Its pinion-shaped rhombic or cuneiform leaves are pubescent and have serrate or jagged edges. There is a lot of adventitious roots of racemes, which penetrate deep into the soil with a lack of moisture. AT arid Delphiniums grow in regions with a tuberous rhizome, the size of which can be from 0.5 to 4 cm. These species of plants bloom in spring and autumn, and during the dry season flowers have a dormant period.

The simple flowers of the bolster have five sepals and a spur with small petals and two nectaries. Flowers are collected in high inflorescences and may have varied coloring. But most often there are varieties with purple or blue petals.

Types and varieties

All delphiniums are divided into annual and perennial species. In turn, perennials are divided into African, American, Eurasian and hybrid varieties. Annuals have about forty species, of which the Ajax variety and the field wiper are most often used in gardening.

Most are popular hybrid varieties, among which are:

  1. Delphinium Berghimml - A shrub with a height of more than one hundred and eighty centimeters in the middle of summer and the beginning of autumn blooms with simple bright blue flowers with a white eye. On inflorescences-panicles up to twenty buds with a diameter of five centimeters are collected.
  2. Picorno spore - medium blooming variety. On a bush with a height of up to one meter numerous inflorescences bloom, which gives the plant lightness during flowering. Cup-shaped flowers are located on thin and very long pedicels. They have a sky-blue color of petals and a small white eye. Piccolo blooms in June, and re-bloom may be late autumn - in October. The grade is undemanding in leaving and is capable to decorate every year landscaping a garden.
  3. Delphinium Atlantis - A hybrid variety with a dense and stable shrub about one meter high, on which ultramarine-blue buds bloom. The plant is distinguished by dark lush greenery and openwork-transparent long elongated buds. Цветение сорта приходится на июнь и июль, а в сентябре после обрезки отцветших свечей, он может выпустить свои цветоносы повторно.
  4. Шпорник Боллклейд - srednerosly variety with pale blue flowers up to one hundred and twenty centimeters different slim, strong and powerful shoots, beautiful foliage and loose, slightly elongated tassels. Graceful flowers with a diameter of up to two centimeters bloom on rather narrow inflorescences. They are composed of their soft blue petals and small bright eyes. Abundant flowering varieties accounted for the beginning and middle of summer. If after this trim its inflorescences, but in the fall new candles will grow and bloom. This variety is considered the most enduring, unpretentious in growing and resistant to various diseases.

Planting seeds

Seeds are used only fresh. In extreme cases, they can be stored before sowing in the refrigerator. The seed stored in a dry place loses its germination.

Before planting, seeds are necessary process:

  • soak for twenty minutes in a solution of the fungicide or a weak solution of potassium permanganate,
  • rinse and soak for a day in a solution of epin, which is diluted according to the instructions.

Dried seed is sown in advance prepared priming:

  • compost or humus - 1 part,
  • garden land - part 1,
  • peat - 1 part,
  • washed sand - 0.5 parts.

It is recommended to add half a cup of perlite to five liters of soil, which will increase the looseness and moisture capacity of the substrate. To destroy the spores of fungi and weed seeds, the soil should be heated for an hour in a water bath before use.

Seeds at planting are distributed by surface soil, which is sprinkled on top with a layer of about half a centimeter. The soil is moistened from a spray with water at room temperature and covered with a dark film, as the curtain seeds germinate well in the dark.

Seed tanks are placed on the sun-sill. After three or four days, the boxes with the seeds planted must be placed in a cool place. This may be a glazed loggia or refrigerator. Nothing bad will happen if the air temperature on the balcony drops to -5 degrees. So the seeds will pass. stratification and will ascend together. Keep the cold boxes in cool conditions for two weeks, after which they should be put on the windowsill again. Care of crops consists in airing and spraying the soil, which should not dry out.

In about seven to ten days, seedlings will appear. It is necessary to immediately remove the film and make sure that direct sunlight does not fall on the seedlings.

Seedling care

When the seedlings have two true leaves, they will need to pick out in separate containers with a volume of two hundred grams. The substrate for this is breathable and loose.

When growing seedlings need to monitor the soil moisture, which should not dry out. However, constantly too wet soil can lead to the defeat of plants "black leg". This is a disease that is capable to ruin seedlings.

To seedlings grow strong and healthy, before planting in open ground, it should be fed twice with Mortar or Agricola. In early May, young plants need to begin to accustom to the fresh air and the sun. To do this, pots with plants for a short time can be put on the windowsill, where there is a lot of sun and open the window for ventilation. Healthy young bushes should be strong and dark green.

How to plant delphinium in open ground?

When past the last frost and the roots of the plant will entwine the entire soil in the pot, the seedlings can be planted in open ground. For the cultivation of perennial delphinium, a well-lit area is selected where no water stagnates in the ground. The holes are dug sixty to seventy centimeters apart. In the pits the size of 40x50 cm poured fertilizers:

  • ash - 1 cup,
  • complex fertilizer - 2 tablespoons,
  • compost or humus - ½ buckets.

In order not to burn the roots of the plant, fertilizer shuffled with a primer.

In the resulting nutrient mixture is deepened into which the curtain seedling is placed. Its roots are filled with soil and watered. Until the bushes take root, it is recommended to cover them from above with a transparent cap. When they begin to appear new leaves, the cap must be removed.

Peculiarities of care for perennial delphinium

Get a beautiful plant that will bloom for a long time and effectively only with proper cultivation and good care. So that the tall stems of the plant do not break from the wind, even during planting, supports are installed near them. To do this, you can use high slats and tie stalks to them with a rope or a piece of cloth.

The curtain is moisture-loving culture, so watering should be timely. If the summer was dry, the plants are watered every week. For each adult bush will need two or three buckets of water. Especially it is necessary to monitor the soil moisture during budding. When inflorescences are formed, the plant needs not only abundant watering, but also fertilizers, which include phosphorus and potassium.

Curtain for the season feeds up three times:

  1. Young grown up to about fifteen centimeters seedlings watered with a solution of water and cow manure (10: 1).
  2. During the formation of the inflorescence, every square meter of soil around the bushes is fed with potassium (40 grams) and superphosphate (50 grams). Dry fertilizers are applied to the soil to a depth of about five centimeters.
  3. At the end of summer, faded plants are fed with a mixture of ammonium sulfate, potassium chloride, ammonium nitrate and superphosphate.

After the bushes grow to twenty to thirty centimeters, they must be thinned out. Removed weak shoots that are located inside the bush. There should be no more than three to five strong stems. To protect the root neck from rotting, withered delphiniums in autumn cut off to a height of twenty centimeters.

In open ground curtains grow well and bloom beautifully for ten years. After that, they need to be transplanted to a new place.

Reproduction by cuttings

In the spring at the curtain can cut the tops of young shoots and use them for reproduction. Each stalk should be about ten centimeters in length. On the cuttings should be a little root tissue, so they are cut at the root of the neck. Root cut parts should be in a mixture of peat and sand, which are filled with pots or boxes. The cuttings are placed in the prepared moist soil so that the heel is immersed in the ground by two centimeters. From above, the segments are covered with a transparent cap and placed in a warm shaded place.

Plant care is to moisten the soil. In about a month and a half, the cuttings will take root and a cap can be removed from them. At a permanent place in the open ground young delphiniums land only next year.

Delphinium in landscape design

High and bright curtain to decorate the garden can be used in both single and group plantings. It will look spectacular and beautiful in the following compositions:

  1. Against the background of green conifers.
  2. As a living wall, if you plant the plants along the tracks.
  3. Against the background of the delphinium, the warriors, hosts, cuffs, geyher will look good.
  4. With curtains look clematis, roses, lilies and many ornamental shrubs.
  5. With the help of landings from the delphinium you can cover up unsightly buildings or sections of the garden.

Delphinium can be used as the main plant in any flowerbed. Its beautiful, long-lasting and bright bloom goes well with almost any color. You only need to properly put a curtain and observe all the rules for caring for him.

What climate is suitable for this plant?

Perennial delphinium has a good winter hardiness, it is able to withstand temperatures down to -40 ° C. Recommended for cultivation in the southern and northern regions. For all varieties may re-bloom. To do this, cut the flower stalks after the completion of the first. In central Russia, the first flowering period runs from mid-June to early August, and the second is possible in the fall.

When grown in regions with a harsh climate, the most important thing to fear is not frost and soil freezing, but thawing. The fact is that the root system of this plant is located close to the surface of the earth. In the period of occurrence of puddles and thaw openings can melt For this reason, in the Far Eastern and northern regions, the delphinium is better planted on higher ground.

Delphiniums feel well in different regions of the country

Despite the fact that the Ural region is considered a zone of risky farming, delphiniums grow beautifully here and bloom twice a year. But best of all they feel in the south. In these conditions, it is most important to choose a place for planting. From the scorching rays of the sun, it can wither away, so you need a site that is in the shade during the hottest part of the day.

Popular varieties with photos

In Russia, hybrids based on Delphinium elatum and Delphinium grandiflorum are predominantly grown. All of them are distinguished by unpretentiousness and well propagated by seeds. The trading network contains numerous varieties of delphiniums of different colors. The most beautiful plants with large double flowers.

Varieties are distributed according to the height of peduncles, their color, shape and size of flowers. In this regard, there are:

  • high hybrids - 170–250 cm (more than 200 varieties),
  • average - 130–170 cm,
  • dwarf - up to 130 cm

The most beautiful Pacific hybrids, including several dozen varieties. These plants are distinguished by high (from 180 cm) height, gorgeous pyramidal inflorescences, large flowers. In this group of plants there are several, named after the knights of Camelot.

Another large group is the Mafia hybrids. They were bred by a breeder who lives in the Mafino village near Moscow. Popular varieties of delphinium with photos during the flowering period:

  • Black Knight (Black Knight). A plant with large double and semi-double flowers of rich violet color. It blooms long and abundantly, prefers well-lit places and fertile soil.

Long and abundantly blooming grade Black Knight

  • Double Innocence (New Zealand Delphinium). Spectacular, beautiful flower with erect stem, reaching a height of 130 cm. During the flowering period it is densely covered with white terry flowers with a diameter of 4 cm. Winter-hardy enough: it can tolerate frosts to -35 ° C.

The flower of the New Zealand delphinium has 21 petals

  • Atlantis (Atlantis). One of the most reliable and unpretentious varieties. Impresses with its large bright blue flowers. Srednerosly, up to 1 m high, inflorescences are long, pyramidal. The leaves are bright juicy green.

Unpretentious delphinium Atlantis with a blue inflorescence - one of the reliable varieties

  • King Arthur Medium-sized plant, reaching a height of 150 cm. The flowers are blue with a white middle. Winter-hardy, unpretentious, prefers well-drained, loose soil.

King Delphinium King Arthur is unpretentious and easily tolerates cold

  • Belladonna (Delphinium belladonna). The only variety whose flowers hang from the peduncle. As unpretentious and spectacular as all other species of this plant.

Belladonna variety stands out among the rest hanging flowers

Growing perennial delphinium from seeds

The most troublesome of the three methods of reproduction - seeds. In order to get the seedlings of delphinium to the beginning of the warm season, growing from seeds is carried out from the end of February to the beginning of March. The method is good because it can be used to grow any variety of delphinium, the seeds of which are commercially available or from breeders.

Planting of seeds for delphinium seedlings takes place in late February - early March.

There are two ways of landing:

  • for seedlings at home,
  • in open ground.

The soil should be light, slightly acid, loose. It must be decontaminated. This can be done in two ways:

  1. Calcify for a few minutes the microwave at maximum power,
  2. Pour over the solution of fungicide or potassium permanganate.
  3. Before planting, seeds are stored in a cool place. In the ground is placed using a wet toothpick, at a distance of 15-20 mm from each other.
  4. Lightly sprinkled with soil and sprayed with water from a garden sprayer. Shoots appear 10–12 days after planting.
  5. When the shoots reach a height of 3-4 cm, perform a dive. Similarly, do if planted seeds in open ground.

Attention! In reproduction by seeds there is a feature: if they are sown in the open ground before winter, hybrids can not repeat the signs of the mother plants. This is due to the fact that the alternation of freeze-thaw periods provokes changes in the cells of an artificially bred plant.

Dividing bush

The simplest and most effective way of breeding a long-term delphinium is dividing a bush. The process consists of several stages:

  1. dig a plant
  2. gently clean the roots from the ground,
  3. cut with a sharp knife into pieces, each of which must contain an escape or bud,
  4. planted in the ground.

Garden care

Caring for a long-term delphinium is simple and consists of performing several actions.

  • The soil at the roots periodically loosened.
  • In the autumn, after the flowering and drying of the leaves, the stem is cut with a sheath so that a stump of 20–30 cm in height remains above the ground surface. After that, it is sprinkled with earth and spud from all sides.

If there is a lot of snow in the region, the cavity of the stem is covered with clay. This prevents the penetration of moisture to the root and its further decay.

Tall varieties need a garter. Paper tapes are used for this purpose, as the fishing line or twine can cut into the thin stems of the plant and injure them. To make it more stable, two garters are made: the first one at a height of 40–50 cm, and the second at a height of 100–120 cm.

In the spring perform thinning appeared shoots. Thus, the plant provides room for growth. If the variety is large-flowered, at least three shoots are left; for small-flowered ones, 7-10 should be left.

Delphiniums respond well to dressing. It is carried out 3 times per season:

  1. in the middle of spring they bring organic
  2. in 30–40 days - mineral fertilizers (“Kemira Universal”),
  3. during the formation of buds sprayed with a solution of superphosphate at the rate of 50 g per 1 liter.

Tip! In order to stimulate more lush flowering, water the plants with a solution of boric acid several times.

For the prevention of diseases in the period of budding spend spraying any available fungicide.

Possible growing problems

Perennial delphinium does not require much attention. When following the above care rules, the plant develops well and blooms.

Growing a delphinium is not a burden.

But one problem in growing this plant is still there. It is not enough good germination of seeds, which complain most gardeners. In addition, conflicting information is often given in the instructions of the seed manufacturers.

If there is no skill in growing delphinium, you can focus on the advice of experienced gardeners.

  1. Land for germinating seeds take a lean, ordinary garden. Mix it in equal parts with clean sand. It is important that there is no peat in the soil that will cause the development of mold.
  2. After the seeds are laid out on the ground, sprinkle them with a thin layer of sand. Do not dig into the soil.
  3. Prepare snow in the fridge and sprinkle them with a container with seeds. When thawing, the moisture will carry the seeds to the desired depth. Cover the container with a polyethylene film and incubate in such conditions for 2–3 days.
  4. Before the emergence of shoots put the container on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator. With the advent of sprouts transferred to a warm, well-lit place.

Delphinium can be grown up without any troubles in any climatic zone of Russia. If you follow the rules for the care of these plants, they will delight with its flowering twice a year.

Landing time

You can plant / transplant plants in spring (April-May) or in autumn (from late August to mid-September). Growing delphinium seedlings is the most optimal method suitable for any region. Sowing of seeds produced two months before the intended movement of young plants in the flower beds.

So, for the middle zone, the best term is mid-March, in the southern territories - the second half of February, Siberia and the Urals - the beginning of April. Gardeners of the south do not bother to germinate seedlings by direct sowing seeds in open ground. The suitable time for sowing is considered the first half of April or from the second half of September to mid-October.

Choosing a place on the site

If you choose the right place where it is better to plant a delphinium, the beautiful openwork will show itself in all its glory:

  1. Good lighting. It is better to plant where the sun is shining in the morning and in the late afternoon, and there is a shadow at midday hours. Delphinium perfectly transfers heat, but flowers of brightly painted varieties fade under the sun, lose their attractiveness and decorative effect.
  2. Wind protection Most varieties - tall, hollow stems of these plants are easily broken by gusts of wind. However, almost all garden flowers do not like blown through places.
  3. No stagnant moisture. For a long time, rainwater or melt water that is not absorbed into the soil contributes to root rotting.
  4. Soil preparation
  5. Ideal soil for larkspur - moderately wet loam or sandstone, rich in organic matter, neutral or slightly acidic.

Soil preparation

Clay areas are adjusted: sand takes 1-2 buckets / sq.m, mineral complexes - 50-80 g / sq.m, compost or humus - 20-25 kg / sq.m. Обеднённые почвы облагораживают из расчета на квадрат: минералы — 40-50 г, органика — 10-15 кг. Кислую почву известкуют, в щелочную добавляют гранулированную серу (30-50 г/кв.м).

Experienced gardeners recommend preparing the soil for planting a delphinium according to the following procedure:

  • dig the ground on the spade bayonet,
  • lay out a 20-centimeter layer of drainage,
  • mix the excavated earth with rotten compost (1 bucket), ashes (2 cups), bone meal (1 cup) and superphosphate (2 tbsp) per 1 sq.m.

Flowerbed turns sublime, which delphiniums like.

Selection and preparation of planting material

Planting the spurger with seeds or vegetatively, that is, cuttings or “delenki” rhizomes. Vegetative method unambiguously produces pure-breed offspring. It is better to buy seeds for sowing from well-known manufacturers: agrofirms Aelita, Gavrish, SeDek, Poisk, etc. The cuttings and delenki are taken from 2-3-year-old queen cells.

Seed preparation algorithm:

  1. Disinfection in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate, preparations "Maxim" or "Fitosporin" within 20 minutes.
  2. The treated seeds are washed with running water.
  3. Then soaking with water for a day with the addition of a few drops of "Zircon" or "Epin." Drugs can be replaced by folk remedies - aloe, honey.
  4. Soaked seeds, wrapped in a damp cloth, are placed in a container and removed for stratification (i.e., in a refrigerator). The napkin in which the seeds are wrapped must remain wet, but not “float” in the water, otherwise the seeds will suffocate and die.
  5. Stratification continues until the seed is spitting. Then the rolls are moved to a well-lit window sill and kept under a fitolamp for several days.
  6. Then the material is sown in seedlings tanks or in open ground.

Another method of seed preparation: after disinfection, they are wrapped in a wet cloth, packed in a plastic bag and dropped in at the site for a couple of weeks. The method is applicable at low (around 0 ° C) temperatures.

Sowing on seedlings

In order to please the vigorous “flower garden king” from the first year with its rapid flowering, follow the instructions below successively:

  1. Determine the time of sowing. Sowing begin in February, if there is equipment for additional lighting of seedlings, otherwise waiting for an increase in the length of daylight.
  2. Carry out pre-sowing seed treatment.
  3. Select the capacity for planting. Quick-decomposing individual pots where one seed is sown are not the best option. The seedling root system does not immediately master the ground, which can lead to souring. It is optimal to sow shallow depth containers with drainage holes.
  4. On a note! A good option is disposable food packaging. If it has already been used, it must be disinfected.
  5. Prepare the substrate. Suitable primer: universal for seedlings or for succulents. Independently mix peat, garden or garden soil, humus or compost, sand (2: 4: 2: 1). The mixture is sieved, add perlite (1 cup / 10 l of soil mixture).
  6. They disinfect the soil by heating in the oven for an hour. Purchase soil shed solution "Fitosporina" or "Fitolavin."
  7. The prepared substrate is filled with containers, lightly ramming it.
  8. Seeds laid out on the surface without deepening, not pressing.
  9. Powder with a thin layer of soil mixture or vermiculite.
  10. Cover or tighten food wrap.
  11. Capacity with crops is placed in a dark cool place.
Sprout shoots appear by the middle of the 2nd week. Gardeners are advised to check crops daily from 6–7 days in order to immediately transfer seedlings to a warmer place. The film or cover can be removed.

Grow the seedlings under the following conditions:

  • wet soil
  • daylight duration 12-14 hours
  • temperature condition 18-20 ° C.

Seedlings dive at the stage of two true leaves. Place the sprouts in separate small cups. Substrate take as for germination, adding to it the full mineral complex of 2 tablespoons / 10 l of substrate.

After picking, the temperature and light conditions do not change. The first watering of seedlings is carried out in a week, if in the process of transplanting the soil was abundantly wetted. Before planting on the flower bed, the seedlings are fed with complex mineral fertilizers (“Agricola”, “Fertika Plus”, etc.) every two weeks.

Attention! Top dressing root, at hit of solution on leaflets, it needs to be washed off at once with water.

Sowing in the ground

Direct seeding of the bass seeds is carried out from the second half of April. To do this, prepare a special school-school:

  • dig up the soil to a depth of about 30 cm
  • make complex fertilizers,
  • make shallow, about one and a half centimeters grooves,
  • abundantly spill water
  • in the grooves laid out the seeds,
  • powdered with a dry substrate.

To make the seeds soar faster and friendlier, crops are covered with agrofibre or a film of black (dark) color. Crops periodically moisten, preventing the drying of the soil. Shelter removed after emergence - 3-4 weeks. The first season, the seedlings are watered moderately, fed twice a month, loosening the soil and remove the weeds. In winter, the garden bed is covered with spruce leaves so that the young plants do not freeze. In the spring of the second year, the young shoots of the bolster are transplanted to a prepared permanent place.

Open field dolphin care

Activities related to the care of the plant, the complexity does not differ, the main rule - regularity.

During the growing season, one plant needs 65 liters of water. With a small amount of precipitation in the summer, 2-3 buckets of water are poured into each bush every week. More frequent, but less abundant watering is required at the stage of formation of inflorescences. With a lack of moisture, part of the buds do not develop properly, empty spaces appear in the inflorescence.

Note! Watering the delphinium strictly under the root, surface irrigation does not benefit the plant. It is undesirable to hit water on the green parts of the plant - the stems, leaves.

In late autumn, if there is little rainfall, it is plentifully watered, so that the preparation for winter passes without complications. After each watering, when the soil dries out, carry out loosening.

The first time pruning is done when the stems grow to 30 cm. Thistle is thinned according to the following scheme: 2 stalks are left for the plants that bloom for the first time, 4-5 for adults. Solitaire plants remove side shoots. At the delphiniums growing in the mixed landings they are left. Bleached shoots are removed so that the plant does not spend power on the formation and ripening of seeds. By winter, the last peduncles are cut at a height of 30 cm.

During the season, make additional feeding twice:

  • the beginning of spring - urea (2 tablespoons), potassium sulfate (2 tablespoons) and superphosphate (1 tablespoons) per square,
  • before flowering 1 tbsp. l potash and phosphate fertilizers per square meter m,

From August, fertilizing is stopped in order not to stimulate the growth and continuation of flowering, but to allow the plant to plant flower buds of the next season. So that the root system, located close to the surface of the earth, does not get burns from fertilizers, it is recommended to dig out special grooves, where and pour the nutrient solution. During budding leaves, the bolster is sprayed with a solution of boric acid (50 g / l).

Preparing for the winter

Upon completion of flowering and drying leaves cut the stems at a level of 30-35 cm above ground level. The internal cavities of the shoots are covered with garden pitch or clay so that moisture does not get into them, does not penetrate to the roots, and does not provoke rotting. Frost-resistant delphiniums do not need shelter for the winter; only young plants are sheltered. If weather forecasters promise frosts and little snow for the winter, it is advisable to cover the base of the delphinium bushes with spruce branches or straw. Experienced flower growers also dig up grooves around each plant for the removal of rainwater in the fall and thawed snow in the spring.

Note! “When the stems grow to 60 cm tall, the plant needs to be tied up.

To this end, three pegs are driven into the ground around it and with the help of a wide braid or ribbon they fix flower stalks. ”

Popular types of delphinium

More than 400 species of one- and perennial delphiniums are known. They differ in height, color and structure of the flower, the flowering period. In domestic gardeners love several types.

Delphinium Hybrid (Delphiniumhybrids)

The group of tall delphiniums - from 1 to 2 m and above. Rhizome short, stem hollow, upright. Flowers of irregular shape - simple, semi-double and terry - form a form of inflorescence. Flowers are painted in different tones of blue, blue, lilac, violet, pink and white. Flowering in July, in the southern regions again - in September. Preference is given to the varieties “blue lace”, “daughter of winter”, “king of arthur”, “pushkin”, “pink sunset”, “lilac spiral”.

On a note! Very effective variety "black knight" with large double flowers of dense ink color.

Delphinium Belladonna (DelphiniumBelladonna)

Graceful plants with loose buds-panicles. Flowering begins in June, the second wave falls on the middle-end of August. The flowers are simple and semi-double, color from white to deep blue with all shades. They are considered ideal for beginners, as caring for this group of varieties is easier. Bright representatives of "Berghimmel", "Casablanca", "Lamartine", "Piccolo".

Field delphinium

Annual plant up to one and a half meters. The flowers are simple, double and semi-double, in pink, blue, lilac and white shades. It blooms from June to September. Distribution received varieties: FrostedSky, QisRose, QisDarkBlue.

Delphinium High (DelphiniumElatum)

Tall (up to 180 cm) line of varieties with dense pyramidal inflorescences, the length of which reaches 40 cm. The flowers are often semi-double, large - about 8 cm. Flowering occurs in the second half of June - early June. Re-blooms towards the end of summer. The best varieties: "Agenweid", "Finstearon", Sungleam. On a note! In addition to the above, Pacific and New Zealand hybrids are also popular, they are distinguished by a variety of colors and tallness, and domestic breeding hybrids are marfin ones.