Dracaena is an ornamental shrub that looks like a palm tree. At home, it is often grown due to low maintenance and excellent aesthetic qualities. It is also a very popular plant in office space. In order for it to grow and develop well, you need to follow a number of rules: to ensure a suitable microclimate, do not forget to feed and transplant the dragon tree in time when it grows.
Description and features of the plant
In natural conditions, the dracaena is a long-lived tree up to 23 meters high and with a trunk diameter of 15 meters. You can meet her in the African tropics and the Canary Islands.
Translated from the Greek name of the plant "dracaena" sounds like "female dragon". This genus belongs to the family of Asparagus. The leaves can be of different shades of green or with stripes of a light shade along the entire length of the leaf, having different widths.
For offices often use tall varieties. For the home are more suitable for stunted species, most often there can be found fragrant dracaena. Its stem is rather tall, bare, prone to stiffening over time.
The leaves are collected in a bunch at the top of the trunk, for which the flower and received the name of the false palm. In fact, it has nothing to do with representatives of this species.
Causes of transplantation
From late February to early March, the plant has a period of active growth. From this you need to proceed when choosing the time when you need to replant the dracaena. The need for this action comes for a number of reasons:
- Root system proliferation. Sometimes the roots come to the surface of the soil, the capacity becomes very cramped, and the flower suffers from a lack of nutrients.
- Purchase an adult flower. Often, specialty stores use containers for temporary maintenance of plants, which should be changed with constant plant growth. The earth is also unsuitable for the growth and development of a flower.
- Excessive watering. If the root system has received an excess of moisture, it is better to transfer the flower to a new pot with clean soil.
- The depletion of the earth over time.
- Discrepancy between the size of the plant and the pot for its content.
- When infected with pests or diseases.
Without the need to replant the plant is not recommended. It should examine in advance the needs of the flower, to know at what point he will need a transplant. If the conditions of maintenance are inconsistent with a normal flower, the flower itself will tell the owner with its appearance about the need for transplantation.
Necessary tools and containers
Experienced growers recommend that you follow simple rules and recommendations when planting. The flower is very hardy and withstands all manipulations with ease. To properly transplant dracaena at home, you need to prepare:
- Spray bottle.
- Pot size required.
- Suitable soil.
- Capacity with water.
After preliminary preparation and obtaining the necessary knowledge, you can proceed directly to the transplant process. To transplant dracaena in another pot:
- It is necessary to prepare the pot, having previously disinfected it with a solution of potassium permanganate or having washed it with a solution from laundry soap. The pot is wiped with a clean cloth and ventilated.
- Cancel watering three days before the planned transplant. By the time of transplanting, the ground will dry out and become more friable. After that, you can easily remove the plant from the old pot with an earthy ball.
- Carefully remove the flower. To do this, tilt or turn the pot and gently knock on the walls.
- Inspect the root system. Before being placed in a new container, it is necessary to remove all diseased and damaged roots, and treat the cut sites with charcoal. This is necessary to protect the roots from rotting. The root system is irrigated from a spray bottle of boiled, cooled water.
- Fill the pot with soil. The bottom of the tank is lined with drainage and covered with primer. An earthen clod of a flower is placed on the ground and the voids are filled along the edges of the root. Top ground up with earth and well crushed for plant resistance. Abundantly watered transplanted bush.
It is necessary to fill the ground two centimeters below the edge of the pot. So it will be more convenient to water the bush.
Quality requirements for soil and pot
The further successful development of the plant depends on the choice of the right soil and pot. It must meet not only aesthetic qualities, but also be comfortable for the flower.
Capacity for planting dracaena should be chosen to 5 centimeters more in diameter from the previous one. The main parameter for this is the increase in the root system by two centimeters per year. The pot must have drainage holes so that water does not stagnate at the roots.
It is not necessary to buy too big a pot for this plant, otherwise it will not be able to absorb all the moisture, this will subsequently lead to acidification of the soil and rotting of the root system. As a result, the plant dies.
The success of dragon transplants also depends on the choice of soil. Land for transplantation should include a portion of peat with an acidity level between 6 and 6.5 pH.
Taking the soil from the dacha is not recommended due to the high content of fertilizers and mineral salts in it. It is much easier to purchase nutritional soil mix in a special store for planting dracaena. The soil for transplantation should consist of the following components:
- Leafy ground - 2 parts.
- Sod - 1 part.
- Compost - 1 part.
- Peat - 0.5 parts.
For the device drainage apply crushed brick, river sand, expanded clay. Self-prepared soil mixture should be shed with potassium permanganate solution.
Care after changing the pot
After transferring the plant to a new tank, he needs special care. It is not recommended to place a flower on sunny places, dracaena does not tolerate the scorching sun. It is necessary to prevent drafts. The temperature in the room should be kept within 25 degrees.
Water the transplanted shrub should be three times a week with a spraying of foliage. The plant adapts to a new place for about two weeks. About two times a month, you can water the flower with the addition of Zircon to the water. Fertilizer is recommended from March to October in a period of intensive growth.
Fertilizers are applied every ten days, alternating mineral and organic additives. It would be useful to tell novice flower growers that adult plants often lose their lower leaves. This process is natural and should not be worried.
Reproduction by cuttings
The dragon plant can easily be grown from cuttings. As a cutting, you can use pieces of the stem or tip. In this way, you can rejuvenate an adult bush and grow a new plant. Take the cuttings and plant them in a new place should be subject to simple rules. At such a moment, it is necessary not only to root a new sapling, but also not to destroy an adult bush. Cutting and planting is carried out in this way:
- Sterile knife cut the stalk of an adult flower at 3−5 centimeters. It should be the top of the stem with leaves.
- A small container is pre-filled with sand or vermiculite and the cutting is slightly buried in it.
- After landing, cover the stem with a transparent bag.
- Keep the seedling should be in a warm and shady place.
- Watering seedlings should be carried out through the pan. From above you can only spray and periodically air it.
When you need a flower transplant
Any plant, even with the most accurate change of lump of earth near the roots, is injured. Food occurs through small shoots from the visible root, they are gentle and damaged from moving around the soil. Therefore, transplanting dracaena traumatic, is done only when necessary. However, overgrown roots, depleted soil, changes in its composition lead to inadequate plant nutrition:
- Dracaena transplant is required if the plant purchased at the store is in the transport ground. Usually such flowers are delivered from Holland. If the container is spacious enough and the flower is grown in local farms, you can not hurry with a transfer.
- The plant has grown, and the roots do not fit in the pot, go to the drainage holes.
- Dracaena stopped growing, yellow leaves appeared, is in one pot more than the recommended period.
- There are signs of overflow, rotting of the roots or deterioration of the quality of the substrate.
- In the soil appeared the larvae of flies, pests.
If the plant is in a satisfactory condition, the transplant is carried out in the spring, when tissue regeneration is best. In critical cases, transplantation is carried out at any time of the year.
How to transplant dracaena at home
In order to properly perform a container change, it is necessary to fulfill a number of conditions. So, the size of the pot should match the growth dratsy. If the stem has grown to 40 cm, the pots with a diameter of 15-20 cm in the shape of a glass will be just right. Each next transplant requires a capacity of 6 cm more so that there are 3 cm left from the wall to the clod with roots. When the plant becomes so large that changing the tub becomes a problem, it is necessary to remove the upper layer of the earth as far as possible.
Plant survival rate and its further development depends on:
- the correct composition of the soil mix,
- meet hygienic requirements during transplantation,
- Providing conditions for the restoration of roots after transplantation.
The composition of the substrate can be made independently or buy ready-made mixture for palm trees. It is believed that the purchased land contains all the necessary additives in the form of trace elements. Any mixture before laying in the tank must be sterilized. The composition of the substrate prepared at home:
- sod land -2 parts,
- peat - 1 part,
- leaf ground - 2 parts,
- compost - 1 part.
Additive in the substrate of vermiculite and birch ground coal is welcome. You can add a little ceramic chips - crushed red brick. For the drainage layer is used expanded clay, pebbles, broken glass. Recycled clay can not be used again; it absorbs harmful salts.
Tap water is treated with chemicals. For irrigation of indoor plants, you can use defended softened water with the addition of activated carbon. It is better not to use rain or snow water in urban pollution.
The transplant container can be made of any material. A prerequisite is the presence of drainage holes and its stability, that is, the small taper of the glass. The container should be washed with hot water and soap.
Tools used in transplanting - pruner, scissors must be clean. Water used for irrigation is soft, defended.
How to transplant dracaena at home video:
As can be seen from the video tutorial, the work must be carried out carefully, preserving the root system as much as possible. This is especially important when the plant is already arranged in a container and it is necessary to carefully compact the soil around it. The lesson shows in detail how to transplant dracenum after purchase. Just carefully, straightening the roots, planted cuttings and the top of the dragon, if a young plant is propagated at home.
More often have to transplant an adult plant. If a healthy dracaena that needs additional volume is transplanted, transshipment is done. In order to remove the lump from the container without breaking it is necessary to dry the soil for 2 days. Then anyone worth a little podkovyrnut and the plant when tilted easily out, keeping the shape.
In the already prepared vessel with a drainage layer and sprinkled with earth, the flower is placed in the center and sprinkled with compaction on all sides. In the end, the plant should be poured abundantly, because before the transplant it was a little dried. After this, create sparing conditions for restoring the root system. Two weeks a plant contains at moderate lighting and temperature of 20-22 degrees.
How to transplant dracaena in another pot with a revision of the root system?
If a clod of earth is deeply entwined, it will be necessary to remove some of them during transplantation. Root grows quickly and will restore performance in a few days. Therefore, the roots straighten and lower part of them removed with scissors or shears.
In the new container, it is important that the root neck of the adult plant remains at the same level. Therefore, the ground under the roots is adjusted, the roots spread on the surface and gently pour the substrate, slightly compacting so as not to tear the roots. When the pot is full, watering is done. Above, to avoid evaporation, you can lay a layer of expanded clay. But check the dryness of the soil only under it, so as not to overflow.
If the plant has been transfused and root rotting is possible, dragon seed transplantation at home is carried out with cutting the diseased parts. Sections need to be powdered with crushed coal. For the diseased plant to create the best conditions for survival. But you need to know that the main cause of poor survival is overflow. A weak root system at the time of transplantation easily rots.
Errors florist when transplanting dracaena
Usually, the transplant procedure is painless, and the plant feels good. On the forums, complaints about dying after transplanting plants are found. It is necessary to follow all recommendations for the preparation of the soil. You can not take a pot "for growth". The land in which the roots do not work, sours and poisons the plant. In addition, moisture accumulates in the stagnant zone, and putrefactive processes are provoked. The plant is ill from overflowing, and the hostess waters it again, trying to revive.
The first two weeks after transplanting dracaena should be treated like a baby. No need to bother her, create good conditions, eliminate drafts, and everything will work out for you.
When can I repot?
After dracaena is at home, it is necessary keep warm for 4-5 dayshowever, water and expose to direct sunlight while it should not be. During this time, the dracaena will be able to adapt to new conditions and get stronger.
You can start transplanting dracaena for 6-7 days. Then dracaena will be able to settle down faster and will not get sick.
In young plants, the root system never stops growing. Therefore, each year they need to be transplanted into a pot of 5-7 cm of larger diameter than the old one. It is necessary to plan a transplant in the spring - in March-April favorable conditions are created for carrying out this procedure. With the onset of spring, the dracaena awakens after a winter sleep, at the same time it begins to more active sap flow. Dracaena transplant during this period ensures the best survival rate of dracaena, and also allows you to count on the rapid growth of the plant.
Transplantation of old flowers, which have been growing for 3-4 years, is much less frequent. The need for this, as a rule, arise when the root system does not have enough space in the pot and it begins to crawl out from under the layer of soil.
With the arrival of autumn, the dracaena grows less actively and gradually prepares for wintering. At this time, it is undesirable to touch it, otherwise it will lead to yellowing of the crown, as well as falling leaves. Replanting at this time of year can only sprouts purchased in a flower shop. For their maintenance, specialists use a special soil containing many mineral additives and growth stimulants. But keeping the flower in it for too long is not recommended, otherwise in two weeks the sprout will fall ill and die.
In order for the plant to get acclimatized more quickly and start growing, in order to transplant dracaenas at home, containers should be taken in the form of plastic cups. They must be oblong in shape and have a wide top and a narrowing bottom. It is important that the dracaena flower container is made of breathable material. It may be:
You also need to pay attention to the fact that there are drainage holes in the pot and a tall drain pan into which you can pour water. In winter, it is necessary to control the level of moisture in the soil. If the water in the pot stagnates, it will lead to the appearance of fungus. To avoid this, water the dracaena to the bottom.
Also for growing dracaena in room conditions, you can use special pots, which already have pallets securely attached to the base. Such containers are more convenient to use, however, if desired, you can also purchase classic items with removable stands.
How to cook the right soil?
Although in appearance dracaena resembles a palm tree, but still it differs from this tropical plant in the first place in that it prefers a slightly acidic or neutral soil. For growing a flower at home, it is recommended to choose a light soil, which allows air to pass through it and does not trap moisture. If you are planning to buy soil mixture for drafting in the store, then try to find a universal land for indoor plants.
If you own a summer cottage, you can prepare a perfect soil mixture for dracaena on your own.
Composition of land for transplanting
The soil for transplanting a plant should contain the following Components:
- sod land
- крупнозернистый речной песок,
После того как вы подготовите сыпучие компоненты, их нужно перемешать между собой в равных пропорциях. To increase the looseness of the composition, you can add peat, leaf earth or dolomite flour to the ground. To ensure that the dracaena does not lack nutrients during growth, you can add the following to your soil mixture. fertilizers:
- double superphosphate
Note that the soil containing clay is not suitable for dracaena. This component will retain water and may eventually cause fungus. To a heavy and dense basis it is necessary to add small pebbles or coconut fiber, which will help loosen the soil and regulate the level of moisture.
If you plan to use the garden or garden land, then it must be sanitized. This can be done in two ways: cold and hot. In the first case, you will need to put a container with earth for one to two weeks in the freezer. In the second, the earth is subjected to an oven roasting procedure. As a result of exposure to high and very low temperatures, weed spores contained in the soil, insect eggs and fungus can be destroyed. The main purpose for disinfecting the soil is to protect the plant from diseases and insects that can cause significant damage to the flower until it is destroyed.
Sand also needs preplant preparation. To do this, it is calcined or poured steep solution of potassium permanganate. Pebbles before use should be thoroughly washed, and then shed with boiling water and dried. After the soil has been processed, peat and other components are added to it. After thoroughly mixing the mixture is allowed to stand for 5-7 days. This pause is necessary for the beneficial bacteria necessary for the growth of dragons to appear in the ground.
The potholes prepared for transplanting the pot are filled with crushed clay shards, fine expanded clay or grated foam. The resulting drainage will not allow the formation of excess liquid in the pot and will absorb all the moisture from the pan.
Drainage must be laid out in a small layer - it should take no more than one tenth of the pot.
Directly on the clay or pebbles poured nutritional basis. Additionally, you can add a layer of coconut fiber to improve the air permeability of the soil. A dracaena pot should be filled with no more than a quarter of the earth. After that, you need to tamp it a little.
5-7 days before transplanting you should stop watering the flower. This pause is necessary for the earth to dry. Then it will be easier for you to pull the plant out of the pot. The plant must be moved to a special place, well protected from direct sunlight. Here the flower should rest a little and get stronger. It is not necessary to carry out dressing at this time. This is done immediately after transplantation. Thanks to this procedure, the plant will take root faster in a new place, and its root system will begin to grow.
Extraction and inspection
Dracaena is a rather fragile plant. If you are careless, you can easily damage it. Therefore, you must not hurry when you start to remove the flower from the pot.
To make a transplant at home without complications, you need to turn the pot over and knock on the bottom with your fingers or a wooden stick.
Then you need to clasp the stem at the base and try to crank the container around the axis. If you succeed in this, the pot should be removed, and the plants with an earthy clod themselves should be put on paper or a piece of cloth.
Before transplanting the dracaena in a new pot, carefully examine the root system. Remove the ground from the roots is not necessary. You need to carefully examine the samples that look out of the ground. If they have no damage and signs of illness, then the plant can be transferred to a prepared container.
The need for thorough inspection plants arise if:
- small passages or insects were found in the ground,
- the leaves of the flower turned yellow or curled,
- there are dried or blackened specimens,
- roots weak and weak.
After extracting the plant, it should be moved together with an earthy clod in warm water or a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Now you need to wait until it softens, and then the roots gently cleaned with hands from the remnants of the earth, so as not to damage the shoots. After this operation, the plant is transferred to a tissue napkin and wait for it to dry. While the plant is waiting for the next stage of transplantation, it is necessary to prepare inventory:
- crushed activated carbon
- a sharp knife or scalpel,
- rubber gloves.
Note that pruning of sick and weak roots must be done with a sharp tool. If you have blunt scissors in your hands, you can injure the flower. After the operation, ragged and uneven edges will appear, which will drag on for a rather long time.
Before pruning the roots, the scalpel must be disinfected. This should be done after each remote root, so as not to cause the spread of infection and bacteria. This work must be done with rubber gloves. This will prevent microbes that live on the skin and under the nails from entering the sections. After completion of the operation, the wounds should be powdered with crushed coal, which will speed up healing and prevent rotting.
After trimming the roots and processing them with dry powder, the plant should be transferred to a plastic tray and left there for a day for warmth. This is necessary so that the slices can dry out. Immediate transplantation into the ground is contraindicated, otherwise it may cause rapid rotting of the injured roots.
How to transplant dracaena in another pot?
When the flower is cleared from the ground and processed, it is transferred to the pot. In it you need to straighten the roots of dracaena throughout the space of the pot. The foundation must be covered with earth, but not completely, so that the sides of 1.5-2 cm high remain. The lower and middle layers of the earth must be compacted with a spatula or manually.
Then the flower needs to be watered, wait until the ground settles, and then add a small amount of earth. It is very important that after transplantation the top layer of soil remains loose.
During the transplant, you can put a small piece of charcoal next to its roots. It absorbs all excess moisture, protects the plant from silting and appearances mold.
Sometimes at one point there are signs of a plant attack. pests or fungus. In this case, it is necessary not only to destroy the insects, but also to replace the soil. If you have to replant the plant in winter or autumn, then you do not need to clean the roots from the ground. Be sure to treat the land with a means of pests, after which you can repot the plant in a pot. Next, fill the flower with a new earth, and then apply fertilizer so that the flower can quickly take root in the new place.
For many, dracaena seems to be an exotic plant, although in reality it is not more difficult to care for it at home than any other indoor plant. Experienced gardeners know that in addition to watering and dressing dracaena needs a transplant.
This process is also simple, but it has certain nuances that you need to be aware of. Before moving a flower to a new pot, first of all you need to put a drainage layer in it, otherwise moisture will accumulate in the ground, which can cause serious diseases and lead to the death of the flower.
Replacing the pot may need a flower in several cases:
- him closely
- the plant is sick,
- pests appeared in the soil
- a recently purchased copy is in the wrong ground.
Dracene transplant is needed on average every three years. The procedure is carried out when roots appear in the drain hole. If they go outside, then the root system has completely occupied the space of the pot. In this situation, the roots do not have enough space for growth, and the flower itself does not receive a sufficient amount of useful elements.
It happens that the roots do not go into the pan, but at the same time the dracaena grows poorly, loses a lot of leaves, and new ones do not appear. Such signs may also indicate a lack of space for plant development.
In winter, all the life processes of the dracaena slow down, and in the spring growth accelerates, it vigorously increases the roots and new leaves. That is why the best time for scheduled pot replacement is the end of March or April.
Sometimes they make an extraordinary transplant. It sometimes needs to be done if the flower leaves wither, there is rot at the base of the stem, or when the ground acquires a specific musty smell. Such signs can speak of root rot, poor substrate quality, dracaena overflow. Then the flower is taken out of the pot and carefully inspect the roots and ground, if necessary, transplanted. In the presence of pests, transplantation is carried out several days after treatment with suitable insecticides.
Do I need to replant the plant after purchase
It is not necessary to change the pot of drazenas immediately after purchase. If the flower feels good, and the soil in the pot does not cause complaints, it is better to give the plant the opportunity to adapt to the new conditions of life.
A transplant is better for the next spring after purchase. This should be done even if the size of the pot is optimal and there is enough space for growth and development. In flower shops sell plants brought from Holland. For them, transport soil is used as a substrate: a light peat mixture with a small amount of useful substances. It is undesirable to grow dracaena in such soil for long.
When dracaena requires a transplant
The root system dracaena has its own characteristics. It grows quickly, completely filling the pot. In crowded dracaena develops poorly, growth stops. To create favorable conditions for life, it is necessary to replant the flower regularly.
Do not rush into moving to a beautiful spacious pot of a plant just brought from the store. If you do not want to harm, then transplanting draceni after the purchase should take place in the spring months: March and April will be the ideal time. During this period, the flower begins an active phase of growth: it releases fresh foliage, increasing growth by a few centimeters.
There are cases when a dracaena plant requires an emergency transplant:
- The condition of the soil in which it was located in the flower shop is of unsatisfactory quality or the pot is hopelessly small. Wait 2-3 weeks for the indoor flower to adapt to the conditions of your home. Then move it to good soil.
- Disease and death threat. In this case, it is also not worth waiting for spring. Get transplant immediately. Use special soil and fertilizer to surely save the flower.
Transplantation of plants up to 5 years old is carried out annually. Transplanting large dracaena - 1 time in 3 years.
How to prepare the soil and pot
Do not be lazy to transplant dracaena, the resettlement process is simple and does not require much time. As a result, you get a healthy, fresh plant that will delight you with new green leaves.
To successfully complete the process, adhere to the following rules for preparing the soil and pot:
In the flower and hardware stores there is a large assortment of soil for different types of plants. The best option would be to purchase land suitable for dracaena for transplantation.
If the earth is picked up incorrectly, at best the growth and development of the indoor flower will slow down, at worst - the dracaena will perish due to the lack of nutrients.
The pot for dratses of young age, not more than 40 cm in height, should be 20 cm in diameter. Increase the size of the pots by 3-5 cm annually. From the walls to the root system 2 fingers should be placed.
Buy containers from natural materials: clay and ceramics. Plastic pots do not miss the air, which leads to stagnant fluids and rotting of the root system.
To remove excess moisture, be sure to place claydite, broken brick, crushed stone, gravel or shards from a ceramic pot on the bottom of a pot. In the absence of drainage in the cavity of the pot, liquid accumulates, the root system molds and rots, the plant dies.
Prepare everything necessary for transplanting in advance, so the process will be faster and deliver less hassle.
Use clean tools and soft room temperature water in the process. Wash the pots thoroughly with soap and boiling water over the walls. This will help get rid of harmful microorganisms and reduce the likelihood of illness after transplantation.
A few days before the relocation, stop watering, so the plant will be easier to get out of the pot. Carefully remove the flower, holding it by the trunk. Carefully inspect the root system. If you find rotten or dried roots, cut them with scissors or shears. Palma dracaena quickly increases the root system, do not be afraid to remove too much, cut off everything that causes you to doubt.
At the bottom of the tank, place the material selected for drainage. Fill a third of the pot with soil and seal it by hand, forming a small tubercle. A mound inside the pot will not allow water to accumulate in the central part of the trunk, which will prevent rotting.
Place dracaena on top, gently straighten the roots and cover with soil mixture. It is not necessary to tamp the top layer of soil in order not to impede the access of oxygen to the roots.
Ready dredge: pros and cons
The easiest way is to buy ready-made substrate in the store, it will not be difficult to find the soil for dracaena. The problem is that peat is a part of most of these soils. It absorbs water quickly, but almost does not give it away, so the soil dries out quickly, and the plant does not receive enough moisture.
REFERENCE: As a compromise option, you can choose a universal soil for indoor plants. For the cultivation of dracaena it is suitable, but still will not be optimal.
At home, young dracaena transplantation is required every year, a little grown up - once every 2-3 years as the root system grows. There is nothing difficult in it. Before transplanting you need to prepare everything you need:
- another pot,
- scissors or pruner.
ATTENTION! Approximately 3 days before transplanting, watering should be stopped. This will make it easier to remove the flower from the old pot.
How to pick a pot?
For dracaena with a height of 40–50 cm, you will need a pot with a diameter of about 20 cm, for each subsequent transplant, you need to choose a capacity 2–3 cm wider than the previous one. The material and the shape of the pot do not play a big role, but the most comfortable are clay or ceramic containers, whose height slightly exceeds the diameter.
You should not choose a pot that is much larger than the previous one. The root system of the plant will not be able to immediately master too much volume, and this will lead to stagnant moisture and acidification of the soil.
When do I need a transplant?
To determine when the dracaena needs to be transplanted into a new pot is quite simple. This must be done if:
- it's time for a scheduled transplant,
- the plant has outgrown the former pot and on its surface, and roots are visible in the drainage holes,
- the soil is wrong and does not fit
- there is a suspicion that the soil is infected with pests, fungus or mold,
- there was a waterlogging of the earth and rotting of the roots,
- excessive fertilization has led to plant disease.
ATTENTION! Transplant dragon flower is better in early spring. This period is most favorable, as the plant enters the stage of active growth and is the easiest to adapt to change.
Step by step instructions for transplanting
The sequence of actions is quite simple, if you follow it, there should be no problems.
- Prepare everything you need. Wash the pot and tools with soap and scald with boiling water.
- Carefully remove the dracaena from the old pot and carefully examine the roots. All damaged areas of the roots must be trimmed with a secateur, and cut sections should be treated with crushed activated carbon or iodine.
- At the bottom of the pot put 2-3 cm of drainage, and then pour a small layer of earth.
- Place the plant in the center and gently sprinkle with earth so that it fills all voids between the roots.
- Carefully water.
To help the dragon tree restore damaged roots, you can use one of the means that stimulate the growth of plants, such as "Kornevin" or "Zircon".
Do I need to replace immediately after purchase?
A flower bought in a shop always needs a transplant, but you should not rush into it. If the plant feels good, does not turn yellow and does not show signs of illness, it is better to wait for spring.
In any case, it is necessary to give dracaena at least 2-3 weeks to adapt to new conditions, and only then proceed to transplant, otherwise the plant, weakened by the move, may not suffer additional stress.
Care after transplant
The rules remain the same, but for a weakened plant it is especially important to maintain the temperature and humidity, as well as the observance of the irrigation regime. It is important to avoid direct sunlight, drafts, as well as an excess of moisture or drying out of the soil.
When is a transplant exactly needed?
It is best to replant the plant at the end of winter or at the beginning of spring. Именно в этот период драцена легче всего перенесёт пересадку в «новый дом», ведь теперь начинается время её активного роста и выхода из зимнего состояния покоя.
So, пересадка необходима в следующих случаях:
- The flower rhizome needs more space to provide the whole plant with the necessary nutrition. In this case, the roots fill the entire pot and can even be seen on the surface.
- A flower has just appeared in the house. Typically, flora shops put up for sale plants in fragile plastic pots that are not suitable for permanent residence. In addition, when buying, no one is immune from poor quality soil with a minimum amount of nutrients.
- Dracaena was flooded with plenty of liquid. This condition will certainly cause rot and death of the flower.
- Degradation of substrate quality over time.
- Planned transplant.
- Plant damage by pests.
To work on transplant dracaena will definitely need:
- the right pot
- water sprayer
- bowl of water
- pruner or garden shears.
Choosing the right pot
For further favorable growth dracaena, the capacity into which it is transplanted is particularly important. So, a new pot should not only be beautiful and fit the interior of the room in which the plant lives. When choosing it should Remember a few basic rules:
- The other pot should be about 2–3 cm larger than the previous one in order for it to contain the expanded root system of the plant. And it increases by an average of 1-2 cm per year.
- The bottom must be selected with several holes to adjust the excess moisture.
- The pot can not be selected with a margin in size. In this case, there is a high probability of water retention and death of the flower.
- For an adult plant, a model made in the form of a glass is considered an ideal option. The material of which the pot is made does not have a significant effect on the growth of the dragon, so it can be anything.
How to transplant dragon fruit without hurting her? First required prepare a new pot - it must be washed with warm soapy water and clean water. Before transplanting, it is considered acceptable not to water the dracaena for 1–3 days. It is necessary to dry the soil - it will be easier to remove the flower from the old pot without damaging the rhizome. To release the plant you need to tilt it upside down and gently pat the pot. The flower is taken out together with the earthy ball.
Now you need to inspect the rhizomes for damage. If there are any, they should be cut with a pruner, and then treated with cuts of ground charcoal to prevent the spread of infection and decay. After processing, the rhizome needs to be sprayed with water from the sprayer.
At the bottom of the tank for transplanting must be put first drainage layer. He must be pretty fat. Then the drainage is filled up with a small amount of substrate. Now you can safely put the dracaena in the pot and fill the rhizome with the remaining soil, carefully filling the voids between the roots. Next, you need to tamp the soil around the stem, water the plant - the transplant is over.
Here are some tips for transplanting:
- Flower growers usually do not recommend deeply plunging the “false palm”, otherwise the watering process will not be very convenient. It is better to leave bumpers.
- The soil should be compacted. To do this, you just need to gently knock the pot on the tabletop.
- Some species of dragon plant are planted together in one pot, for example, “Bamboo of happiness”. It should only take into account the size of the plants and the pot, any features in the technology of transplantation does not exist.
Care for dragon season after transplant
Flower care after transplantation should be at the same level as before it. The only difference is fertilizer addition.
The plant, as before, cannot be exposed to the sun - there is a risk for the leaves to get burned. In addition, there should be no drafts. The air temperature in the room with dracaena is needed not lower than 25 degrees Celsius. It is necessary to water a flower at least 3-5 times a week, rather plentifully. In addition to watering, requires intensive spraying of leaves from a spray bottle - dracaena comes from a hot and humid country.
After the transplant dracaena will be adapted for about two weeks - this is the time it takes the plant to form the root system. To smooth the stress state of the flower, you can use a special root growth stimulator "Zircon", but no more than twice a month.
Feeding dracaeni usually carried out during the period of active growth, ie, from March to November. In winter, once a month, half the dose of fertilizer.
How to transplant dracaena at home and a detailed description of the transplant algorithm in the video below.
As a rule, dracaena care and transplant do not cause difficulties and pass without complications, but there are exceptions. The main errors are:
- The pot is not in size. Too small pots will not give the opportunity to grow and develop, too much will provoke souring of the soil, as a result, the flower will begin to poison itself.
- Abundant watering. Excessive soil moistening leads to mold growth, root decay and plant death.
- Washing the roots under running water. When transplanting, do not wash the roots under the tap, do not try to remove old soil stuck inside. Such a procedure will severely damage the plant and most likely lead to its death. Carefully shake off what falls off easily and boldly plant a flower in a new land.
The first weeks after transplantation carefully and carefully treat the flower. Do not rush to water it when you wither or have any doubts about his health, first try to determine the cause of the disease.
Before transplanting, prepare everything you need, think about what you will do and how. In this case, the process will be quick and easy, and as a result you will get a green, healthy plant.