Before planting dahlias in open ground, it is necessary to carry out a number of preliminary activities. Planting dahlias is necessary only with the onset of stable heat, and unprepared plants can bloom late. Tuberous dahlias are popular perennials, and the question of how to plant them properly is of concern to many.
Spring works consist of certain stages. Bought or own
planting planting material is checked for budding, then root division is performed. Then sit down in the substrate for growing. The process of planting in the garden, too, produced by certain rules.
We get dahlias from storage
Some gardeners want to make their lives easier in the spring and don’t touch dahlias right up to the landing. Unprepared plants bloom late in the day - closer to fall. For some varieties, and even with the difficult maturation of the root system, this option is poorly suited.
Tubers of dahlias, stored in a subfield or basement (as they chrysanthemums winter in many in our country), are taken out in the last decade of March or early April (in the Central Belt and areas similar in climate). Purchased seedlings of flowers up to this time remain in the cellar, the refrigerator - at low positive temperatures, without excessive dampness. As a rule, by the beginning of April, even in the cellar, dahlias are already waking up and small sprouts are visible near the stem. If pale shoots stretch out early, then they break out - after which new buds will wake up.
Rejection of dahlia tubers
From the roots remove all the rot, small dry pieces, as well as tubers, hanging on the damaged connecting roots. Sores can be cauterized with pharmaceutical green.
The most important place for a dahlia is the root neck. It is in the area of the border of the stem and root
wake up and grow shoots. If there is no root neck or it is rotten - it is hopeless
dead nature creation. From nodules shoots do not grow.
Thickened tubers are also important - as a stock of valuable substances. If all the tubers are rotten or hang on broken roots, then they will no longer work. But with a strong root neck and a lively thickening below, the sapling is able to survive - if only one bud of the flowers is awake.
Awakening the kidneys on the roots
A strongly dried, wrinkled planting material is lost, but not always. It makes sense to try to reanimate it: hold in a solution of a reliable stimulator (Epin Extra, Zircon, HB-101), then sprinkle with a moistened substrate (coconut fiber, peat, moss, vermiculite, scalded sawdust, sometimes with the addition of sand) and keep it warm ( from +20 degrees and above). Similarly, do if not yet awakened buds on apparently healthy roots. As a rule, they hatch during a couple of spring weeks.
If the roots of dahlias were laid perfectly matured, were treated with paraffin, retained turgor, then to awaken the buds it is enough to stand in a warm room for some time without any powder, occasionally sprinkling slightly with water.
Division of roots
Huge "plumes" with a lot of awakened kidneys should not be planted in its original form. The optimal number of shoots on one plant is one or two, then they will be powerful. Armed with a sharp knife, the large roots of flowers are cut so that each part of the root collar falls on at least one kidney (two or three are allowed). Wounds are powdered with powdered charcoal.
Otherwise, come with fashionable short-growing dahlias, in particular, with the modern series
Gallery They are divided only for the purpose of reproduction.
Seedlings, moved to the spring garden or to country beds with already grown shoots, used to form buds and delight in flowering longer. Therefore, in April (or at the end of March), dahlia roots lay on growing. Each plant is placed in a separate container. If you use a large common box, then divide the partitions. The roots are sprinkled with a moist loose substrate (as for waking up the kidneys) not higher than the level of the root collar. Keep in a bright place, adhering to a temperature not lower than + 20 degrees.
If three stalks are “fired” from one point, then the central stalk (as a rule, it is shorter than the others) must be broken out - it is not needed. When the remaining shoots (or a single shoot) grow four pairs of leaves, pinch the tops for better branching. With
need breeding young shoots of dahlias are separated for grafting.
For low-growing varieties growing in pots, there are their own, special technology. But now we are talking about the traditional, unpaved placement of dahlias in the dacha. These flowers should not be planted in damp, swampy, too acidic areas. They definitely need a space that is well lit by the sun. Even better if this place is protected from cold winds. The distance between low-growing varieties is a quarter of a meter, the middle ones are half a meter, and high ones are up to a meter.
Planting pits (in the form of a conditional cube thirty centimeters in size) for tubers of flowers are filled with dolomite flour (if the soil is acidic) and wood ash - by a handful, with mature humus - a pair of good handfuls, complex mineral fertilizer (such as Fertik, 50 grams) and a little superphosphate (tablespoon). In the loam it would be nice to add a little sand. All this is well mixed.
Dahlias are planted in such a way as to deepen the root neck of five centimeters, to hide the first interstitial stem. Then we water the ground (it is useful to add Kornevin or Gumi to the water), after a while we mulch. The best temporary shelter from the cold and the scorching sun - covering material. It is better to throw him on some kind of support, so that there is a good air gap.
Dahlia (Dahlia) - is a perennial plant. In height, the flowers can reach 2-2.5 meters. They have hollow stalks and simple simple leaves. The inflorescences resemble baskets, the diameter of which can be from 3 to 30 cm. In the center of the inflorescence there are tubular petals, which are surrounded by reed petals of various colors. The root system of the plant is very powerful and consists of tuber-like, fleshy, thickened roots.
Every year, in autumn, the aboveground part of the plant dies. Only powerful roots remain that accumulate nutrients for the growth of new buds.
In our conditions, the Dahlia tubers cannot be left to winter. They freeze and die. Therefore, in the fall they should be dug out and stored until the new season.
The buds, from which new stems and leaves appear, are located on the root neck of the plant. Therefore, it is necessary to preserve not only the root crops, but also part of the stem above them.
Breeders bred a large number of varieties of dahlias. To date, there are about 15,000 varieties. Flowers have all sorts of shapes and colors: from white to black.
The main types of dahlias:
- non-curved (simple). Differ in simple inflorescences, which consist of tubular petals in the center, and one row of reed petals along the edges. In height reach 50-100 cm. The diameter of the inflorescence is 15 cm. Simple dahlias are grown from seeds, as an annual plant,
- collars. This type of dahlia has two rows of reed petals. Moreover, the inner row of petals is smaller in size than the extreme size, and is colored in a different color. In height, these dahlias reach 2 meters,
- anemic. This type of dahlia consists of several rows of reed petals, which gradually become tubular,
- peony. This species, in its colors, very much resembles a peony. Inflorescences consist of a large number of oval petals, which are arranged in several rows in a spiral. In the center of the petals twist and smoothly close the tubular petals. Flowers of peony dahlia can be small (about 7 cm) and can reach 35 cm in diameter,
- spherical. These dahlias have lush, round flowers. Long reed petals twist at the ends and form a spherical inflorescence. In diameter can reach from 8 to 20 cm,
- pompons. This type of dahlia in the form of flowers is the same as spherical dahlias. But the size of their inflorescences is smaller (up to 7 cm in diameter).
- needle (cactus). The inflorescences of this species have thin petals that twist into tubules and resemble cones. Needle (cactus) dahlia subspecies are semi-needle (semi-acactus) and chrysanthemum-like. Depending on the species, the length of the petals differs,
- nymphs. This type of dahlia has flat inflorescences. In the middle, the flower is fluffy due to the tubular petals, and along the edges there are flat, wide reed petals in several rows.
Due to the diversity of dahlia varieties, they very beautifully arrange the flowerbeds on the site, form borders, and also use them as separate pot plants.
When growing Dahlia, many flower growers are stopped by the fact that the tubers of this flower cannot winter in the ground, and certain conditions must be observed in order to preserve them in the winter period. In this case, you can use seeds for planting dahlias. These will be annual plants. Mostly seeds propagated non-double (simple) or collar dahlias.
Planting seeds can be carried out in the spring directly into the ground. But then the beautiful flowering Dahlia will delight you only by the end of summer. In order for it to bloom from early summer, it is necessary to grow flowers through seedlings.
For seedlings, seeds are sown in April. Seeds are placed in a prepared container with sand and covered with a sand layer on top. Well moistened, the container is covered with a film or a transparent lid and placed in a warm place with a temperature of 25-27 degrees. After the third leaf appears on the seedlings, the seedlings swoop into separate cups, where it grows before disembarking on the prepared site.
The best result in breeding Dahlia can be achieved by using tubers for planting. They can be purchased on the market from florists or in special flower shops, and you can use old ones that have grown.
If you purchase new tubers, you do not need to do this in the fall or winter. It is better to purchase tubers in late spring, when they will already need to be planted in the ground. Healthy tubers should be strong and fleshy, preferably with small sprouts.
If you are going to use old tubers for planting next year, then first of all, they need to be properly maintained. To do this, gently dig up the plant, separate the tubers from the above-ground part of the plant and pour them with sand and ash. The place where the tubers of this flower will be stored should be warm and without drafts. Periodically it is necessary to inspect and moisturize the tubers.
Where to plant
“The best place for dahlias in the country will be the south side of the house (and you will need to plant them there closer to the wall), as well as around groups of taller plants, also on the most illuminated side”
Flowers of this type love:
Dahlias love bright, well-lit areas
For them, lowlands and winds blown by seven winds will not do. In the first they will die from excessive moisture and accumulation of cold air, and in the second - they can not survive because of the drafts. However, this does not mean that the plant should be hidden in a greenhouse or planted in the thickets of bushes and trees. It needs a regular inflow of fresh air. Based on this, the best place for dahlias in the country will be the south side of the house (and plant them there will need to be closer to the wall), as well as near groups of more tall plants, also from the most illuminated side.
Dahlias preferably planted on the south side of the cottage
A few words about the ground
For planting dahlias, soil is prepared in advance. Flowers are demanding on soil composition. The land in the area designated for dahlias should be permeable, have a lax structure and fertility. It should not stagnate water. If such a risk exists, it is better to prevent it by organizing high-quality drainage. Stagnant water will provoke the defeat of tubers and roots with rot, and this is fraught with the fact that you will lose not only a beautiful flower bed this season, but also planting material for next year.
Soil for dahlias should be loose
Soil acidity should be slightly positive or neutral. Too sour soil is lime, that is, they bring slaked lime into it. Too alkaline soil acidified with peat. If for dahlias the soil at the dacha is too heavy due to an excess of clay inclusions in it, then its air permeability is increased by adding the mixture:
Leaf humus will increase the permeability of the soil
For soils with low water permeability, the following additives are provided:
1. Coarse-grained river sand.
3. Small slag screenings of coal.
Structural improvements of the soil and increase its fertile indicators are achieved by introducing organic fertilizers.
Dahlias need regular feeding
It will be necessary to ensure that the ground waters do not come too close to the surface at the planting site. The minimum depth should be 70 cm.
The formation of tubers in flowers requires a large amount of nutrients and sufficient moisture. This indicates that the soil in the dahlia planting area at the dacha at the end of the season will simply be depleted, and next year the flowers will not grow here. For flower beds have to look for a new place.
Tip It is clear that at the dacha there is not so much free land to leave it “rest” for a whole year, and you can safely plant any plants there, except asters. These flowers are too close in quality to dahlias and are prone to the same type of disease. Such an alternation will lead to accumulation of pathogens of the flower infection in the ground and the plants will simply be reborn or even die.
If you decided not to risk it and wake up the dahlia tubers in advance from hibernation, you need to know how to do it correctly. Before you put material into the ground, you have to prepare for this action.
The process is as follows. Somewhere a month before the planned planting, the root can be removed from the storage and intently inspected for damage and rot. The detected damaged areas are removed, and, moreover, they do this radically, to a clean and perfectly healthy tissue. Sections are disinfected, covered with charcoal. If there is no ash on hand, you can immerse the tubers in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 15–20 minutes or process the foundation. Now the dahlias are ready for germination, but not at the cottage, but at home.
Classification and popular varieties
Modern Dahlia - These are hybrids that combine under the name Dahlia Cultorum (Dahlia cultorum). The plant has numerous hollow stems, erect, branched, lignified at the base, 30-190 cm tall. The leaves are simple, green or reddish-brown. Inflorescence baskets with a diameter of 3-30 cm.
They bloom within 1-3 months, so they distinguish between early varieties (early May), medium varieties (from second half of July), late ones (from early August).
More than 15 thousand varieties are known, which are classified according to the shape of inflorescences.
In this regard, the following garden groups are distinguished:
- Non-shag, or Minion (varieties Sneezy, Yellow Hammer, Murilio),
- Anemone (Commet, Servina),
- Collar (Alsterguss, Claire de Lune),
- Peony (Scarlet Beauty, Little Dream, Twiling Time),
- Decorative (Contraste, Kelvin Floodlight, Procyon),
- Spherical (Eveline, Cherida),
- Pompon (New Baby, Buntling, Noreen),
- Cactus (Irish Visit, Doris Day, Walhalla),
- Chrysanthemum, or Semi-Acacia (Apache, Ambition, Top Choice),
- Miniature (Bambino, Little John, Red Riding Hood),
Seed propagation is used for breeding stunted dahlias with non-double and collar flowers, which are used as pilots. Seeds are sown in March for seedlings, planted outside in early June. Usually it is a mixture of inflorescence coloring ("Funny guys"). They do not give tubers.
The remaining dahlias are propagated by dividing the nest of root crops, green cuttings, rarely by grafting.
The division is carried out before planting in open ground in early May or earlier.if you plan to grow them in pots for earlier flowering. Before dividing, the temperature is increased to 15 ° C, the root crops are cut along the stem with a sharp knife into 2-4 pieces, the cuts are covered with charcoal and sulfur (1: 1). As a result, the delenka should consist of 1-2 tubers, 1-2 buds and parts of a perennial stem.
The cutting is carried out in closed ground from the end of February to the middle of April.. Korneklubni is disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate, placed in boxes and covered with light nutrient soil, watered, kept warm (20-25˚ C). As a result, the buds germinate, the temperature is reduced (15 ° C).
The sprout shoots are used on cuttings. Their length is about 10 cm, they contain 2-3 internodes, the apical bud, the lower section is carried out under the leaf, and preferably with a piece of root-neck tissue.
Rooted cuttings in a mixture of peat and sand (2: 1) at room temperature for 2-2.5 weeks. Then they are transplanted into pots, grown and planted in the street in early June, along with seedlings.
Growing dahlias from cuttings contributes to their better growth and abundant flowering.
How and when to plant dahlias?
Для посадки выбирают солнечные, защищенные от сильных ветров участки. Песчаные и тяжелые почвы не пригодны, они должны быть плодородными, слабокислыми или нейтральными.
Участок желательно подготовить осенью, перекопать его, внести перегной или компост (на 1 кв. m 15-20 kg), 20-30 g of superphosphate, on acidic soils - 200-300 dead. 2-3 weeks before planting dahlias, 20-30 g of potash fertilizers are applied in the spring.
How to plant dahlias? Depending on the height of the variety, the distance between the plants is 25-80 cm. For each plant, a hole is made, and for tall ones, a peg is driven in immediately. Korneklubni sprinkled with 3-5 cm of soil, seedlings and cuttings deepen to the first pair of leaves.
Caring for plants. How to save dahlias?
The plant requires a high content of fertilizers, so we spend two feeding:
- in the phase of budding - complex fertilizer in the ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium 2: 1: 1,
- at the beginning of flowering - phosphate-potassium fertilizer (1: 1).
In all varieties, it is necessary to carry out the formation, which provides abundant flowering. If they planted a rootclub, then 2 strong shoots are left on the plant during regrowth. The rest break out at the base. At dahlias from cuttings 1 stalk is left.
Pashing is performed, i.e. remove side shoots up to the 4th pair of leaves from below. Low-growing varieties do not stepchildren. In the second half of the summer, it is desirable to remove the leaves in the lower part of the plant, to spud the stem to a height of 10-15 cm.
Korneklubni annually dig in late September - early October after the first autumn frosts. In this case, the stems are cut, the remaining parts of the plant are dried for 10-12 days at room temperature. The storage of dahlia tubers in winter is carried out at 3-7 ° C and humidity of 60-75%.
The use of dahlias depends on their height.. Low-growing - in borders, rabatkah, arrays. Tall - in groups, tapeworms, ordinary plantings. Also planted next to annual and perennial asters, zinnias, lion's throat.
When used as a cut, inflorescences with long and strong peduncles are cut off at their full blooming.
How to plant dahlias
How to plant dahlias
Two to three weeks before planting dahlias in open ground, the rhizomes of plants are removed from the places where they were stored, and prepared for planting. Shriveled areas and places with rot carefully removed and sprinkled with septic tanks. In order for the root buds to wake up and grow, the tubers are specially germinated in the light at a temperature of 18 to 20 degrees Celsius, placed in boxes with soil and powdered with any hygroscopic material (peat or moss).
Street flowers are planted in advance prepared pits with a depth of 5-8 cm. For the garter of the bushes should be immediately installed in the center of the recess of the pegs to avoid possible damage to the flower in the future. The landing interval is about one meter. Planting dahlias cuttings produce two in one hole, the leaves should be tied up immediately. After compacting the soil with your hands, the landing site must be watered.
Optimum landing time
Plant dahlias correctly
It is necessary to know how to plant dahlias, and when this should be done taking into account local climatic features. For the center of Russia, the recommended time for planting dahlias on the street is after cessation of frost. This is the end of May - the beginning of June for planting tubers and the first days of June - for more capricious plants grown from seeds or cuttings.
- for planting tubers - from May 25 to June 10,
- for cuttings - after June 5-10.
Dropping dahlias early (but only after May 10) can achieve their earlier flowering. Keep in mind that from frosts such flowers must be securely covered either with cardboard boxes or layers of covering material: jars or buckets should not be used for this.
Where to begin
There are several ways to plant dahlias. They propagate by seed, but the best result can be achieved if tubers are used for planting. You can buy them on the market from gardeners or use the old ones that you have left from a flowering plant.
Here are some simple ways:
- Digging up the tubers in the fall. If you already have these flowers, and you want them
continued to delight and the next year, you need to properly dig up the tubers. The fact is that they do not tolerate frost and frost, so with the onset of the first cold weather you need to dig them out, pack them and leave until spring in a warm place. Gently dig the plant about 9 centimeters apart, then lift it and gently shake the ground. It is not necessary to shake off the whole earth, as it is a protector against cold and damage. Separate the tubers from the plant and put in storage, pre-sprinkled them with sand and ash. The place where they will wait for spring should be warm and without drafts. They need to be inspected periodically so that there is no rot that needs to be removed, otherwise the entire root will perish. In addition, they need to be moistened from time to time so that they do not shrink. And when the first rays of the warm sun appear in the spring, the plant will begin its new life,
- Buy seeds in a bag. You can buy flower seeds in autumn. Unlike the first, they do not require special storage conditions, but it will be much more difficult to grow a beautiful flower from seed than from a tuber. Usually in February, seeds become available for sale and they are used for planting not in open ground, but for planting in a greenhouse. Seeds begin to plant in the spring, somewhere in late April and in May, when the weather sets and becomes warm. At this time, healthy sprouts and planted in open ground. Many gardeners choose seed for planting, which does not require special storage conditions and, creating a nourishing soil, grow large and large flowers by early autumn,
- Buying tubers in the store or from individuals. Tubers are bought in the fall, after they went
first cold. They are stored in the same way as if you yourself dug up, but the result depends on what condition they were at the time of purchase. Alas, it often happens that some unscrupulous sellers sell them damaged, sick or unsuitable for cultivation. Therefore, before you buy them, carefully inspect the purchase. If there is damage, rot or scurf, then they should not be taken. Only healthy tubers will give you large and beautiful flowers, so you can buy them in the fall in order to grow a beautiful plant. Many owners sell them together with a flower, so that you yourself can see what result you will have in the end.
Let's take a closer look at how to plant tubers and dahlia seeds. These are unpretentious plants, but cold is destructive for them. Often in the spring there is an unstable climate. Cold and heat replace each other, so when the time comes to plant perennial dahlias in open ground depends on the weather.
It should be warm in summer and sunny (usually it is the middle - the end of May). The first thunderstorm and the rains that may begin at this time will already be warmer than in early spring, and you should not be afraid that the tubers are rotting or deteriorating from excess moisture and cold. Therefore, the tubers and seeds begin to grow first in the greenhouse, and only at the end of May there comes a time when it is time to plant dahlias in open ground.
Some experts allow them to plant in April. It depends on the type of plant. Early varieties are planted sometimes in late April, and later in May - early June.
But in any case they plant dahlias in the spring.
Before planting the tubers in a greenhouse or in a special box for seedlings, you need to carefully inspect them, smear the damaged places with greenery and stand for half an hour in water with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Then, you need to properly prepare the soil for planting. Mix in equal parts peat, sand and earth, then put everything in the box for seedlings so that the peat is slightly above the mixture of earth and sand. After that, install the lighting and spread the tubers or seeds to a shallow depth.
What is the optimal depth to plant dahlia seeds?
For seeds, grooves digging depths of 15-20 cm, which are abundantly moistened with water. For tubers
pits dug 30 cm deep, the same in width and length. At their bottom put manure or compost, mineral fertilizers, which are mixed with the ground.
Then, a tuber is placed and buried so that its neck is 2-3 cm below the soil level. A peg (preferably 2-3) 30 cm high is digged near the pit. This is done to support the stem of tall flowers. Within a week, the first cuttings will appear, and they will grow very quickly.
You can cut them, dip them in water and process them with the Korneisch plant mixture, then plant them in the ground. They take root very well and can even give the first flowers. Nothing wrong with that.
But in May you can plant dahlias in the ground. To do this, you need to process the landing site with humus with sand, then cut a large container with seedlings into two parts and plant dahlias in the ground. An important role here is played by time and weather conditions, so before you plant them, you need to wait for the weather, when there will definitely not be a return frost characteristic of April, and in central Russia and for the beginning of May.
If warm and dry weather lasts 3 days, then you can sit. The soil is already warm enough for this. But if the frosts still came, then you need to use a special tool to strengthen them "Lutrasil". Even if the frost and spoil the plant, the roots will survive and give new shoots. But if the cold was strong, nothing will help.
Can I plant dahlias in June?
Yes, in the first half of June, in the second half of the month - if it is not dry (the weather can be seen in the long-term forecast). Under opposite conditions, the plant may not settle down, or even die.
Planting is also important for this plant. Like sunflowers, they turn their heads towards the sunny side, and the northern cold winds are very harmful for them.
Therefore, dahlias should be planted in such a way as to protect them from the north wind with objects, a gazebo or even their own house.
But experts do not advise growing even perennial dahlias in one place. So you have to come up with several options for landing sites. After digging up the flowers, the earth should be treated with Lutein. And the next time to plant a plant already in another place, when the time of landing comes.
Dahlia is not afraid of the neighborhood with other plants, so it can be planted next to roses, lilies and clematis.
Many gardeners are interested in the question of when and how to properly feed dahlias. The first
fertilizer can be applied even when the plants are planted in a box, properly fertilizing the soil with vitamins and all the necessary substances. They will provide plant growth and strengthen the root system.
But the following fertilizer can be applied when the first formed buds have already appeared. It is made from nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, mixed in equal proportions. But in small quantities and strictly according to the instructions!
The last time you can fertilize a plant, as soon as the flowers began to open, a mixture of phosphorus and potassium. Then the dahlias will produce healthy and viable seeds.
These are the secrets of growing dahlia will help you create a beautiful and delicate plant - your floral masterpiece!
After all, different varieties will create in your garden a charming carpet of delicate and beautiful autumn flowers, resembling a beautiful picture!
Begin to prepare the tubers, which remained after the winter, for planting should be in April.
First of all, the tubers are cleaned from dried roots and treated with greens for damage. Then they are planted in containers with prepared nutrient soil, peat or sawdust and left for two weeks. Tubers should remain 2-3 cm above the ground.
After buds appear on the tubers, produce their division. It is necessary to divide so that on each separated tuber there is a kidney with a root neck. Delenki for some time left in the ground, periodically watering them, and then planted in open ground.
Site selection and soil preparation
Place for planting is better to choose in advance and prepare in the autumn.
Dahlias prefer a well-lit area, without drafts with well-drained soil, so that the roots of the plant do not rot. Planting Dahlia in the same place is not recommended. And also it is not advisable to plant these flowers where asters had previously grown. Next to other plants dahlias feel great, so they can be planted next to lilies and roses.
Land for planting dahlia should be nutritious and neutral acidity. If the soil has high acidity, then slaked lime should be added to it. If, on the contrary, slightly acidic, then peat is added to the soil.
For the nutritional value of the soil, in the fall, compost and humus are introduced into the selected area and then dug over. In the spring, before planting, it is necessary to scatter mature non-sheet compost and ash over the surface of the plot, and distribute it evenly with a rake.
How to plant dahlias?
- The holes must be such that the roots are completely placed in them and there is still room for fertilizer. It is approximately 30 cm in length and the same in depth.
- A small amount of humus is poured at the bottom of the wells and sprinkled with earth to avoid burns of tubers.
- Then the tuber is placed in the hole and buried so that the shoot will remain a few centimeters above the ground.
- For tall Dahlia, it is necessary to install a support right after planting, as later the root system can be damaged.
- After that, the seedling must be watered and mulched. For this, the soil around the sprout is covered with a layer of sawdust or small woody bark mixed with peat or humus.
Caring for Dahlias
Dahlias are quite unpretentious in growing. For abundant flowering, you must choose the right place for planting, follow the rules for watering and feed in time. And also care includes weeding and stading.
Watering this plant should be abundant, but with a frequency of 1-2 times a week, depending on the weather. To preserve moisture, you can spud or mulch dahlias. Before watering the ground or a layer of mulch from the stems need to otgresti, and after watering re-spud the flower. Mulching helps not only to retain moisture, but also to get rid of weeds and pests such as slugs.
In addition to regular watering, Dahlia need feeding. Top dressing is carried out at least 3-4 times per season, using both mineral and organic fertilizers. The plant responds very well to fertilizing slurry. And during the flowering period it is necessary to use phosphate and potash fertilizers.
Dahlias with large buds need pruning or pasynkovanii. This is done to obtain larger and lush colors. To do this, at each shoot choose the 2-3 strongest buds, and the rest are removed. And also need to remove the lower shoots, which take away the strength of the main shoots. Bloomed inflorescences consume nutrients that are needed for the formation of new buds. Therefore, as soon as the flower begins to wither, it should also be cut off immediately.
Caring for dahlias is also in the timely maintenance of the plant, so that large flowers could not break the stem. You can begin to tie dahlias when the stem height reaches 50 cm.
Thus, the observance of all these secrets of growing Dahlia will allow you to grow this beautiful, bright, ornamental plant on your plot.