Cucumber is one of the most popular crops cultivated by individual gardeners and agricultural enterprises. This plant ripens early and gives good yields. The chemical composition of the fruit 95-97% consist of water, and the rest are carotenes, vitamins and a number of micro-and macronutrients.
Cucumber belongs to the pumpkin family, and has been known in our country since the 16th century. His homeland is presumably located in tropical and subtropical regions of China and India. At the foot of the Himalayas you can find wild cucumber species with small bitter and inedible fruits. Started cultivating about 5-6 thousand years ago. Now the cucumber is distributed everywhere. Bred several varieties and hybrids of the plant. One of the most popular varieties in Russia was the competitor cucumber (photo).
Cucumber The competitor (the description of the variety is given below) was bred in 1980 at the experimental breeding station VIR in Crimea. The competitor is intended for cultivation in a certain area - the southern regions of Russia. But it is widely cultivated in the non-black earth zone of agriculture.
Breeders brought the "competitor" (cucumber) as precocious. Fruits weighing more than 100 grams with good taste ripen on the plant. From planting in the ground to the first harvest takes about one and a half months, while the variety is resistant to diseases.
Cucumber Competitor: description of landing in the ground
Depending on the climatic zone, seeds can be planted in closed and open ground. But in order to accelerate the growth and ripening of fruits in the middle lane, it is recommended to use a temporary film cover. At a temperature of 20 to 25 degrees and sufficient moisture first shoots appear 3-5 days after sowing. Overheating of seedlings is not recommended. Temperatures above 35 degrees are detrimental to young shoots, they inhibit plant growth.
According to the observation of gardeners fruits better when landing on a trellis than on a normal garden bed. The “competitor” cucumber takes root well on fertile, friable soils with a high content of humus. The plant is demanding on soil moisture and temperature. The landing scheme is recommended for use within 40x40 centimeters.
Growth rate and structural features
The “competitor” (cucumber) is classified as an early ripening variety. Seeds are sown for seedlings in early May, landing in the ground falls at the end of May or beginning of June. The root system during the growing season develops much stronger than the ground part. On the 10th day, the proportions of the height of the sprout to the depth of the root are 1: 3; at the age of 20 days, this ratio looks like 1: 2. Only after 50 days the ground part of the cucumber will be equal to the underground part, and then it will begin to exceed it. Rough and creeping stem quickly pulled out in length. It ends with a mustache, which the plant can cling to the support. Heart-shaped leaves with five lobes are formed on the stem.
Cucumber Competitor: variety description
Flowering occurs soon after the start of seed germination. Breeding organs are dioecious: male (barren flowers) and female (with ovary). The variety is attributed to monoecious, that is, on the same plant are placed flowers of male and female types. Corolla color is bright yellow. Flowers open around 6 am in the northern latitudes, and in the south at 4-5 am. Pollen is viable in the first hours after the opening of the corolla. Pollination is carried out by bees.
About 12 days later, all the inflorescences fall off and the greens form from the formed ovaries. Under favorable conditions, the plant begins to bear fruit on the 45th day after the emergence of shoots.
Competitor - cucumber unpretentious and resistant to disease. The plant is not susceptible to powdery mildew or bacteriosis (bacterial blotch). Due to this, maximum harvest volumes are guaranteed.
The plant is strongly branched - the main branch can reach two meters in height. Therefore, it is necessary to install special poles in the ground or equip suspended structures to ensure uniform growth. The young stem is sometimes tied to a vertical support.
The basic rules for the care of cucumber varieties "competitor":
- timely watering,
- regular weeding,
- dressing with special additives,
- loosening the soil.
Cucumbers poorly extract water from the soil and do not economize enough. With a lack of moisture, plants can seriously lag behind in development - the ovaries fall off, small fruits form. Therefore, it is important to provide enough liquid for proper growth.
The resulting soil crust must be destroyed by loosening. This procedure ensures that the roots of the plant receive enough oxygen, which is very low in the soil.
Besides oxygen, cucumber also needs carbon dioxide. The plant converts it through photosynthesis into organic matter. Some experts recommend using fertilizer for this, in particular, ordinary manure is well suited.
At the time of harvesting with a square meter of planting with proper care, you can get from 3.3 to 3.8 kilograms of cucumbers. Yields are influenced by the duration of fruiting - it can reach 90 days. A sharp decrease in temperature shortens the period of fruit formation and the yield of the variety.
Characteristics of the fetus
Cucumber Competitor fruit description have the following. This is a false berry (or pumpkin). The interior consists of several chambers filled with seeds. Fruits are oval-cylindrical, dark green in color, large in size, the surface is dotted with large tubercles and contains soft black spikes. Ripe cucumber can reach 14 centimeters. In this case, the mass of each reaches 130 grams. Convenient to collect, as Zelentsov has a long fruit stem from 5 to 7 centimeters.
Gardeners appreciate the high taste of the cucumber fruits of the “competitor” variety, both fresh and canned. There is no bitterness, the pulp is sweetish and juicy. Basically, the "competitor" variety of cucumbers collected the most positive reviews.
Disadvantages cucumber varieties "competitor"
Despite the fact that the cucumber competitor reviews (photo attached) collected good, the variety has drawbacks. The fruits turn yellow quickly when they are left on the garden for a long time after ripening. At the same time the skin is covered with cracks, the specific cucumber smell disappears due to the beginning of the process of seed formation. If the amount of water for irrigating the plant is not used during the care, bitterness in the pulp is possible. The specific unpleasant taste is felt in the region of the stem and is associated with the accumulation of cucurbititacin glucoside in the skin. High air temperatures and bright sunlight illuminate this flaw.
However, following the rules of plant care, you can achieve high yields of plants. And the fruits grown in the garden are ideal for salting and preservation.
The origin and characteristics of the variety
Variety The competitor was bred in 1980 by the Crimean breeders. The early ripe grade pollinated by beescharacterized by high yield. It grows in warm regions. The ripening period of fruits on average up to 50 days from the time of planting seeds.
The root system develops approximately 40-45 days, then development stops. The stalk begins to grow rapidly and releases a mustache, which it clings to the support. The leaves are heart-shaped. Fruits are dark green, knobby and covered with small spikes, cylindrical in shape. Fruit weight 90-125 gr. Length up to 12 cm.
Variety Competitor - the advantages of cucumbers
Cucumber Competitor has the following advantages:
- refers to dietary, low-calorie foods (96-98% moisture),
- due to its salt content it slows down aging,
- prevents the formation of kidney stones
- high iodine content improves the functioning of the thyroid gland, heart muscle and blood vessels,
- fiber content improves intestinal function and cleansing cholesterol,
- potassium relieves puffiness, lowers blood pressure,
- activates the brain, prevents the development of sclerosis,
- strengthens the gums, teeth,
- high yield,
- good pollinability
- 98% seed germination and high endurance seedlings
- disease resistance (powdery mildew, bacteriosis),
- prolonged fruiting,
- grows equally well in greenhouses and open soil,
- fruit size from 10 to 12 cm, which is convenient for canning.
Seeds should be soaked for 15 minutes in saline:
Unsuitable, empty seeds that have risen to the surface, collect and discard. The rest is well washed with running water and disinfected, soaked for 24 hours in a weak solution of manganese.
Before planting seeds in the soil is recommended to germinate. To do this, lay out the seeds in a container and cover with a damp cloth. The fabric is constantly moistened so as not to dry out. When the seeds give a sprout, not more than ½ the size of seeds, they must be planted in the ground. Long-term germination is not allowed, as there will be difficulties with engraftment. Germination is carried out after May 20. Seeds germinate 7-10 days.
Seedlings are planted in the prepared soil in early June. It is recommended to initially plant it under the film. The most optimal temperature is + 20-25 degrees. Soil temperature is not lower than 15 degrees. The soil should be wet, but not wet. High temperature, more than 35 degrees reduces the growth of seedlings. In this case, you need to do the shading.
Planted seedlings should be in rows with a distance of 40-45 cm from each other and at least 40 cm should be between the rows.
Soil preparation for cucumber
The soil for cucumbers should be prepared in autumn. Cucumbers will grow well in the garden, where tomatoes, onions or potatoes were previously grown. Organic fertilizers are applied to the soil - cow dung or chicken manure from the calculation: 13-15 kg of manure per 1 sq. M. meter. In the spring they dig up the bed and loosen it, after which they make mineral fertilizers - phosphorus, potassium, and nitrogen. Fertilizers should be applied three weeks before transplanting.
To plant seedlings in open ground should be in 21-30 days after planting. Two days before planting it in open ground, the seedlings must be fed. To do this, prepare a solution in the following ratio:
- water - 10 liters,
- urea - 15 grams,
- superphosphate - 40 grams,
- potassium - 10 grams.
Solution consumption - 10 liters per 2 sq. M. meter
Growing seedlings, planting in open ground
It protects against powdery mildew damage, from pests, simplifies maintenance, increases productivity, and prolongs fruiting periods. Harvest easier and more convenient.
- Dig a trellis bollards. The distance between the rows is 70 cm.
- Stretch the cucumber net or wire in 3-5 rows to a height of 1.5-1.8 meters.
- Plant the seedlings in the prepared soil, on which there will be 4 leaves each. Planted on 1 square. meter no more than 15 pcs.
- As the stem grows, it is necessary to tie it up to the trellis.
When landing there is a vertical support.
Care and watering
Variety The competitor likes abundant moisture, so it needs regular watering.. The main thing is not to overdo it. Excessive watering can be the result of infection with a fungus. Watering cucumbers should be from a watering can, or using a drip irrigation system, moistening the soil around. Prevent soil leaching from stalks to prevent root rot from forming. Water should be warm.
Watering is better in the evening, as moisture is retained in the soil. When watering in the morning there is a large evaporation, and moisture will not be enough. Watering should be done every other day. A low amount of moisture slows growth, as the cucumber root system does not produce moisture on its own. During the flowering period, it is necessary to feed the fermented solution of cow dung or chicken manure.
Bordeaux mixture and copper oxychloride
To increase the ability to pollinate, spray cucumbers with a solution:
- Water - 1 liter,
- Sugar - 100 grams,
- Boric acid - 2 grams.
During the fruiting period, the frequency of watering should be increased. An insufficient amount of moisture during this period will result in the bitterness of the fruit.
Types of diseases and prevention
Among the most common diseases of cucumbers:
- Powdery mildew,
- Angular spotting (bacteriosis),
For the prevention of these diseases, seedlings should be treated with Bordeaux mixture. The treatment should be carried out if there are 2-4 sheets in the seedlings in the morning or in the evening to prevent leaf burns.
Variety The competitor has become very popular among gardeners due to its unpretentiousness, ease of cultivation and care, disease resistance. Observing the simple rules of care, you get a rich harvest.
Variety Description Competitor
This variety has more than 30 years of cultivation. Cucumbers deduced in the Crimea were first intended exclusively for the southern regions, but then breeders expanded their geography. The demand for a competitor is due to its advantages:
- early ripening (1.5 - 2 months),
- stable good yield (on average - 3-5 kg / sq. m),
- compact size for preservation (9-12 cm),
- sweet taste good
- high rates of pollination,
- good seed germination,
- resistance to some diseases (powdery mildew, peronosporosis, and also bacteriosis, cladosporia),
- long period of fruiting.
Other characteristics of fruits and bushes:
- weight - about 100 g,
- color - dark green,
- the skin is thick,
- the surface is strongly bumpy, with soft black spikes,
- the pulp is fragrant, rather dense, juicy and crunchy,
- plant - up to 2 m in length, powerful,
- stem - 5-7 cm
Among the minuses of the variety are the problems that can arise if you over-harvest the crop: the peel becomes even thicker and becomes cracked. Overripe cucumbers turn yellow and lose their flavor. In addition, like many other varieties, the Competitor will taste bitter if he felt a lack of moisture during the growth process.
Cucumber Growing Tips Competitor
The grade differs in unpretentiousness. It can successfully grow and bear fruit both in the open field and in the greenhouse. To do this, it is very important to carry out a landing in the soil. Sowing seeds for seedlings are usually carried out in the first days of May, and at the end of the month or beginning of June, the shoots are transplanted into the ground. The classic bed plan for this variety is 40x40 cm.
Attention! The more southerly your region, the earlier the time of planting / planting.
Also, cucumbers can be planted with seeds:
- The material is pre-prepared: sort, disinfect, wash.
- Sowing make tape or ordinary way.
- Maintain the temperature of the air at the first stage of growth - it is about + 22-23 ° C. The soil should be well moistened and heated not less than + 15 ° C. In this case, you can expect shoots in 3-5 days.
- The beds are covered to create a favorable environment for the seeds.
The soil in which the cucumbers will grow must meet the following criteria:
- good friability and breathability,
- sufficient saturation with organic and mineral substances,
- lack of weeds,
- fertilization at the stage of flowering and budding,
- normal moisture, best of all - watering with drip irrigation.
Feedback and recommendations of summer residents
People who have experience in growing the Competitor variety advise growing cucumbers on a trellis. Another recommendation is to remove the ovaries and stepchildren during the formation of the first 3-4 leaf sinuses of the main whip. So you give the root the necessary reserve for intensive development and, as a result, increase the harvest. Then you can act as follows:
- at 5-6 knots, leave only a couple of the ovaries and remove all stepchildren,
- pinch the ovaries and lateral processes after the first leaf on node 6–7,
- at the top level, pinch the side stems after 2-3 leaves (according to the situation, focusing primarily on the degree of thickening).
Tip When the whip reaches the horizontal grid, wind around it the main stem in 2-3 turns. After that, lower down by half a meter and pinch again.
The experience of gardeners shows that on standard beds the yield of cucumbers Competitor is significantly lower. A key focus during growing is timely and sufficient watering. And, of course, a thermophilic vegetable is very capricious in relation to changes in soil temperature. For the care and attention the competitor will reward the owner with tasty fruits of an attractive presentation.
Cucumber "Competitor": description of the variety
This culture refers to early ripening, high-yielding and bee-pollinated varieties of cucumbers. If the seeds are planted at the end of spring, the emergence of the first shoots from the moment of transplanting can be expected in fifty days. Therefore, the first harvest can already be collected in the middle of summer.
The first flowering of the culture occurs almost immediately after the seeds begin to germinate. It is noteworthy that the "Competitor" variety has dioecious reproductive organs: female - with an ovary, and male - hollow flowers. Поэтому данная культура является однородной – на одном плоде находится сразу же женские и мужские цветки, отличающиеся насыщенной жёлтой окраской.
Период раскрывания цветков приходится на шесть часов утра, which is typical only for the northern regions of Russia, and about four to five in the morning - for southern latitudes. It should be noted that the pollen of flowers is viable only in the first hours after the opening of the flowers, and the pollination process is performed by bees.
After pollination, after twelve days, the inflorescences begin to fall off, and small Zelentsi start to form from the ovaries formed in this place. If you follow the simple rules of growing "The Competitor", then after about forty-five days, the culture will start to bear fruit after the first shoots.
The fruits have a cylindrical shape. with a barely noticeable pointed end. On the surface of the cucumber there are large tubercles, and from the top of the fruit there are noticeable bright stripes, the total length of which is about one third of the length of the fruit.
This is a universal variety of cucumber, which is intended not only for fresh use, but also for seaming and pickling.
The main characteristics of the cucumber "Competitor"distinguishing it from other varieties of cucumbers are as follows:
- The plant belongs to the family of pumpkin, it is one-year,
- differs in the early period of ripening, which is from one and a half to two months maximum, depending on the region of cultivation,
- "Competitor" - is vigorous and low-branchy plant,
- the pollination process takes place through bees,
- has a stable abundant yield, which is an average of about four kilos per square meter,
- fruits have a small shape, which is perfect for canning - an average of about eleven centimeters,
- there is a large percentage of seed germination,
- the variety has high rates of pollination,
- the average weight of one fruit is from 70 to 100 grams,
- very juicy variety, has a pleasant sweetish taste, does not taste bitter,
- the fruits have a dark green, pronounced color,
- grown in open ground or in greenhouses,
- has a single ovary type,
- fruits have a strongly bumpy surface,
- This variety is resistant to most common diseases.
- plant length can reach two meters, the stem system is powerful,
- the size of the stem varies from five to seven centimeters,
- leaflets visually resemble the shape of a heart,
- the long stem grows fast and releases a mustache,
- Fresh cucumbers are very well stored, if you keep them in a dry and cool place,
- due to the presence of a long stalk, the fruit is very quickly and well-collected.
This variety of cucumbers has excellent taste and has a high yield.
Main advantages and disadvantages of the variety
This variety can really easily compete with other varieties of cucumber crops, because has a number of undeniable merits.
- "Competitor" has a long period of fruiting,
- high degree of pollination,
- seedlings easily take root in the open field and greenhouses,
- has a rich taste
- there is no bitterness inherent in many varieties of fresh cucumbers,
- crop yield
- this variety is resistant to pests and diseases
- It does not require special care,
- has an early gestation period
- small size, which is very convenient for canning and salting,
- has a quality appearance
- has a pleasant cucumber flavor
- incorporates many useful microelements and substances,
- Great for universal use in cooking.
As for the shortcomings, this variety practically does not exist, except for:
- at untimely harvest, the fruits start to turn yellow quickly,
- the overgrown fruit has a coarse skin, then it cracks,
- with a great lack of moisture it can taste bitter
- over-ripe cucumbers lose their characteristic aroma,
- variety depends heavily on pollinating bees.
Otherwise, this variety is in no way inferior to the more popular cucumber hybrids, and therefore is popular among gardeners and is considered quite competitive.
Cultivation tips and crop care tips
In order to grow quality cucumbers, some simple rules should be followed regarding cultivation and care..
- Best for planting seedlings use seeds of at least three years of exposure. It should be remembered that the more they are sustained, the more female inflorescences will appear.
- Seedlings should be prepared at the beginning of May, and the seedlings are transplanted into the ground at the end of the same month or at the very beginning of June.
- It is preferable to plant seedlings in fertile land. Sandy loam, rich in minerals and humus, is excellent for this purpose.
- It is best to prepare the soil in the fall. And the cucumbers will be best to grow in the place where previously grew potatoes, tomatoes or onions.
- Sowing seedlings should be in a heated (about 15 degrees) and well-moistened soil, previously loosened. The main thing is that weeds do not grow near the planting of seedlings.
- It should be remembered that the soil with high acidity for the variety "Competitor" is not suitable. If there is no other possibility, it is necessary to lime the soil. The optimum level of acidity is up to 7 Ph.
- Cucumbers love light and do not tolerate strong winds. Therefore, when planting in open ground, you should make high beds.
- Before planting seedlings, in pre-prepared beds, it is necessary to introduce organic fertilizers, for example, biohumus or manure. Phosphate and potassium fertilizers should also be added there.
- It is not recommended to plant this variety near the tomatoes, because cucumbers need a lot of moisture, and tomatoes, on the contrary - more dryness.
- The optimum air temperature in the first phase of growth should be about 22 degrees.
- To create seedlings favorable conditions after planting in open soil, they should be covered with a film to create a greenhouse effect.
- This variety is very fond of moisture, however, this case should not be overdone, as frequent watering can lead to the formation of fungus. Watering should be carefully, trying to get right under the roots, and not on the leaves. For these purposes, you must use a watering can, and you need to water it in such a way that the earth around the planting site is moistened. Water must be warm. This should be done every other day in the evening. If the plant is not enough moisture, it will grow badly.
- During the flowering of cucumbers should be fertilized with manure or chicken droppings.
- To increase the level of pollination, you can use self-prepared solutions: one hundred grams of sugar, one liter of water and two grams of boric acid.
- In order for cucumbers to grow well, it is necessary to carry out systematic weeding and loosening the soil. If the soil will form a crust, it will prevent the penetration of oxygen into the soil. To convert carbon dioxide into oxygen, you need to systematically feed the plant with organic fertilizers.
- Once the bushes are formed and the stepchildren and ovaries begin to appear, they should be removed down to the third level. Thanks to this event, a strong root system will form in cucumbers and the volume of green mass will quickly pick up.
- When you make dressings you need to take into account that with an excessive volume of phosphorus and potassium with an insufficient level of nitrogen, the plant will not grow well. Therefore, phosphorus should be added sparingly, especially at the time of flowering and fruit formation.
- On one stalk should not be more than fifteen cucumbers. All excess in excess of this norm should be removed, which will help the fruit to ripen faster and better.
- As the stems of cucumbers grow, they must be tied to special trellis - this will help protect the plant from many diseases and parasites. After five leaves are formed on the bush, it is necessary to pinch it.
Taking into account the rules of cultivation and care of the variety "Competitor", it will turn out to grow a high-quality and bountiful harvest.
Disease and pest prevention measures
Like any variety, cucumber "Competitor" needs to conduct certain preventive measuresnecessary to protect the plant from all kinds of parasites and diseases.
In order to prevent damage to the plant, it is necessary to spray the products that contain copper. The best option would be to use Bordeaux liquid or copper oxychloride. It is possible to relieve cucumbers from infestation by aphids or mites by spraying with a ten percent composition of karbofos.
Processing plants should be carried out only in the morning or eveningBecause otherwise, severe leaf burns can occur when the sun comes out.
Like any other variety, the “Competitor” cucumber needs, first of all, to extend shelf life. the right harvest. Since the stem of the variety is rather long, it is very easy to pick cucumbers - for this it is best to use scissors. It is necessary to cut in such a way that a small part of the appendix remains on the cucumber. It is necessary to gather ripe cucumbers either early in the morning or in the evening when the sun is down.
To increase the shelf life of ripe fruit, cucumbers are required before they are placed in a refrigerator. hold a bit outdoors, most importantly, that they were in the shade. After that, the harvest can be safely cleaned in a dry cool place.
Considering the advantages of the variety "Competitor", first of all it should be highlighted:
What aspects you need to pay attention to when growing this variety will be considered further.
The “Competitor” variety of cucumbers, like all the original varieties of the pumpkin family, belongs to the bee-pollinated, that is, the development of the ovaries and the filling of the fruits of it occur as a result of pollination by insects.
If you want to grow bee-pollinated cucumbers in a greenhouse, then you need to provide access for insects (plant plants right at the door, air constantly) or carry out pollination independently by artificial means transferring pollen from male flowers (barren flowers) to female flowers (with ovaries). This process is too laborious, so most gardeners prefer to cultivate in a protected ground parthenocarpic hybrids, in which the ovaries develop without fertilization, and plant peeled cucumbers in open beds.
Such indicators as ripening terms, the duration of fruiting, the commodity yield of cucumbers in open ground can vary significantly depending on the soil and climatic conditions and weather factors. In the "Competitor" variety, the period before the beginning of fructification is on average 45-50 days, but with later summer plantings it is reduced to 30-35 days, therefore it belongs to the early or middle-early varieties.
The “Competitor” variety cucumber plants are indeterminate (unlimited in height), the length of the central stem can be over 2 m. The branching is moderate, powerful whips, the type of flowering is mixed with a high level of pollination and a tendency to tuft-laying ovaries. A distinctive feature is called the long (5-7 cm) stalk of the greengrass, which facilitate harvesting. Shrubs are recommended to form, removing stepchildren and excess ovaries, especially in the lower part of the stem (up to 4 leaves), to give the opportunity to strengthen and grow the root system.
Zelentsy are short, proportional (9-12 cm in length, 3-4 cm in diameter), weighing an average of 80-110 g, have an oval-cylindrical shape and dark green color with blurred light stripes of medium length. The peel is rather dense, covered with large tubercles and frequent black pubescence (black-tinged, spiny). The flesh is elastic, without voids, fragrant, with a distinct crunch. Tastes are excellent for tasting assessments, so greens are considered versatile in use. They are used for food fresh in summer salads and for all types of preservation - pickling and pickling. It should be noted that when there is a lack of moisture in the soil (insufficient watering) bitterness may occur in greenhouses.
Commodity yields of the “Competitor” variety cucumbers are quite high - up to 3-5 kg / m 2, but in time the green leaves are not taken off, which tend to overgrow and yellow. At the same time, their skin becomes more coarse and cracks, the seed membranes acquire rigidity, the flesh loses its juiciness and flavor. In order to get a stable and long-lasting crop of green leaves of beautiful appearance and excellent quality, it is important to remove them regularly, at least every other day. Collected cucumbers of the "Competitor" variety have good transportability and can be stored for a long time in a cool place.
The release of the seed material of cucumbers "Competitor" are engaged in many manufacturers. With affordable prices, the quality of purchased seeds is generally high, but many gardeners prefer to pick seeds from mature cucumbers on their own. When preparing your own seed it is important to consider a few points:
- Seeds provide the best germination and growth rates for the 2-3rd year if the proper storage conditions are kept in a dry cool place.
- Before sowing on seedlings or in open ground, they must be prepared by conducting a set of measures: sorting, disinfecting, warming or hardening, soaking for germination.
- With the long-term cultivation of the same cucumbers, resistant genetic traits become “blurred” over time as a result of cross-pollination with other varieties and hybrids growing in the neighborhood.
We invite you to see how the seeds are checked for quality in the following video:
The “Competitor” variety of cucumbers is valued for its resistance to bacteriosis, brown and olive (cladosporia) spotting, and true and false (peronospora) powdery mildew. Many vegetable growers note unpretentiousness in care, the ability of plants to regenerate quickly and restore fruiting after weather stresses and past diseases.
Pavel, 53, Ipatovo (Stavropol Territory)
The competitor is an excellent, reliable, proven variety of cucumbers, which provides us with a stable and high yield from year to year. Seeds we collect and prepare ourselves. First, I soak them in a hot, weak solution of potassium permanganate for 1-2 minutes, and then put them on a damp napkin and cover. I start preparing seedlings from April and plant them in warm ridges after the May holidays. At first, close the film. The seedling survival rate is very good, the main thing is to carry it into the ground along with an earthy clod, so as not to damage the roots. Since the bushes are powerful, I try not to thicken the landing, sticking to the 40x60 scheme. For easy access, I stretch the rope lanes and let cucumbers go up along them. Central stem up to 4-5 leaves blinded, then pinch shoots after 1-4 leaves. Cucumbers love heat and humidity, respond well to regular feeding. Zelentsy collect every day throughout the summer. Eat them fresh, roll in pickled jars. In the winter we salted in a big keg.
Elina, 49 years old, pos. Chkalovsky (Republic of Kalmykia)
Despite the huge number of new varieties and hybrids of cucumbers, we trust our proven ones - Phoenix, Rodniche, and the Competitor. Real, tasty, pickling, pollinated by working bees. If we compare, then by yield they may not be such champions, but they taste the best. The main thing is that cucumbers are sweet and juicy, versatile - even in a salad crumble, even in a marinade with spices canned. Good in any form!
Albina, 60 years old, pos. Veselinovo (Mykolaiv region, Ukraine)
For me, cucumbers in the first place have their taste and aroma. I tried to plant the praised parthenkarpiki, but the bee-pollinated people still like it more. I have been growing this variety for many years, because it is unpretentious, hardy and resistant to diseases. I buy seeds from different manufacturers (Vassma, Seeds of Ukraine, Malachite), they germinate well, cucumbers grow powerful and healthy. If you do not pinch, then grow into the real jungle. I definitely feed them with organic matter - manure and urea, otherwise ugly hooks and light bulbs appear on the bushes. Sometimes bitterness appears in them, but when salted and pickled, it leaves.
Darina, 34 years old, farm Haverdovsky (Republic of Adygea)
Traditional cucumber varieties bear fruit in the open field: Competitor, Nezhinsky, Dean. We grow mainly for sale, but we also enjoy eating and preserving these cucumbers ourselves. The main thing is to shoot them in time so that they do not outgrow or turn yellow. The competitor is one of the most reliable varieties, tolerates weather changes, and even after powdery mildew, was able to recover and recover. The harvest is stable and high. Cucumbers almost all have an attractive presentation. Their taste and crunch are excellent. It is true that you have to collect with gloves, they are very prickly. But salted and marinated perfectly.
Love, 52 years old, der. Monogarovo (Moscow region)
I want to share my impressions of cucumbers of this variety. Although they are not the most suitable for our climate near Moscow, we have been planting them for many years, because they behave very well when canning in cans - they do not explode or soften, and also crunch wonderfully when salted. Last year, they bought cheap seeds from the firm Aelita. Внешне все семечки были полные и целые, а всхожесть разочаровала – оказалась где-то на уровне 30%. Хорошо, что рассаду готовили дома и в парник ближе к концу мая высаживали уже крепкие сильные растения. Приживаемость у них высокая, быстро начали набирать рост и зацвели. Огурчики вязались дружно, первый урожай сняли через полтора месяца, а потом собирали их постоянно с июля и до середины сентября.There were no particular problems with them, they watered and fed them, the ground beneath them was mulched with straw, and over the season they were sprayed several times from pests and diseases with soapy water and infusion of horse sorrel. So, the variety itself is excellent both in terms of yield and taste.
You can get acquainted with the experience of growing cucumbers on an outdoor trellis by watching the following video:
For several years she worked as a television program editor with leading producers of ornamental plants in Ukraine. At the dacha, of all types of agrarian works, prefers harvesting, but for the sake of this, she is ready to regularly weed, pick, pinch, water, tie up, thin out, etc. I am convinced that the most delicious vegetables and fruits are home grown!
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It is believed that some vegetables and fruits (cucumbers, celery, all types of cabbage, peppers, apples) have a "negative caloric content", that is, more calories are consumed during digestion than they are contained. In fact, the digestive process consumes only 10-20% of the calories obtained with food.
“Frost-resistant” varieties of garden strawberries (more often simply “strawberries”) also need shelter, as well as ordinary varieties (especially in those regions where there are snowless winters or frosts alternating with thaws). All strawberries have superficial roots. This means that without cover they freeze out. The sellers' beliefs that strawberries are “frost-resistant”, “winter-hardy”, “endures frosts up to −35”, etc. - are deceit. Gardeners should keep in mind that no one has yet been able to change the root system of strawberries.
It is necessary to collect medicinal flowers and inflorescences at the very beginning of the flowering period, when the content of nutrients in them is as high as possible. The flowers are supposed to be torn by hands, tearing off the rough stalks. Dried collected flowers and herbs, scattering in a thin layer, in a cool room at natural temperature without access to direct sunlight.
There is no natural protection for tomatoes from late blight. If the phytophtora attacks, any tomatoes (and potatoes too) perish, no matter what is said in the description of the varieties (“varieties resistant to late blight” are just a marketing ploy).
In small Denmark, any piece of land is very expensive. Therefore, local gardeners have adapted to grow fresh vegetables in buckets, large packages, foam boxes filled with a special earth mixture. Such agrotechnical methods allow you to get a crop, even at home.
New American developers - robot Tertill, performing weeding in the garden. The device is invented under the direction of John Downes (the creator of the robot vacuum cleaner) and works autonomously under any weather conditions, moving on uneven surfaces on wheels. At the same time, he cuts off all plants below 3 cm with the built-in trimmer.
From varietal tomatoes, you can get "your" seeds for sowing the next year (if you really liked the variety). And with hybrid it is useless to do it: the seeds will be obtained, but they will carry the hereditary material of the wrong plant from which it was taken, but of its many “ancestors”.
One of the most convenient methods for harvesting a grown crop of vegetables, fruits and berries is freezing. Some believe that freezing leads to the loss of the nutritional and beneficial properties of herbal products. As a result of the research, scientists found that the reduction in nutritional value during freezing is practically absent.
Compost - rotted organic residues of the most diverse origin. How to do? In a heap, pit, or large box, they put everything in a row: kitchen remains, tops of garden crops, weeds cut before flowering, thin twigs. All this is mated with phosphate flour, sometimes straw, ground or peat. (Some summer residents add special accelerators of composting.) Cover with foil. In the process of overheating, the heap is periodically agitated or pierced for fresh air. Usually compost “ripens” for 2 years, but with modern additives it can be ready even in one summer season.
The History of the Cucumber Competitor
The variety is listed in the State Register of Breeding Achievements in 1980. The applicant is the Crimean experimental breeding station. Despite the name, the institution is not on the Crimean peninsula, but in the Kuban, in the Krasnodar Territory, the city of Krymsk, named after the Crimean Infantry Regiment (1858).
Today, the Crimean OSS is positioning itself as the leading company in the Russian Federation in the field of vegetable and fruit crop breeding, as well as the production of seeds and planting material. Cucumber The competitor was created in a humid temperate continental climate with an average July temperature of +30 ° C. Accordingly, the variety received an admission to cultivation in the North Caucasus region, which includes all the southern territories of the Russian Federation: Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories, Dagestan, North Ossetia, etc.
In fact, this cucumber is grown in all regions of our country in open ground and greenhouses. Due to his precocity, he manages to give the harvest even in a short summer. There are several other advantages that allow the variety to justify the name for almost 40 years and remain a worthy competitor to all domestic and foreign hybrids that exist today.
This bee-pollinated cucumber with a maturity of 45-50 days. For the formation of ovaries, he needs insect pollinators, which means that the preferred place of cultivation is open ground or a bed under arcs and covering material that is harvested for a day. The bush grows with one long whip, forms stepsons.
The weight of greengrass is up to 100 g, length 9–12 cm. Their shape is cylindrical, ribbed, there are white stripes on the nose. The entire surface is covered with large tubercles, they are rarely located, crowned with black spikes. The flesh is crispy, aromatic. Cucumber Competitor suitable for salads, and for pickling. In brines and marinades, the skin does not spread, no voids form inside. The yield per square meter of the bed is 3-5 kg.
Competitor fruit is cylindrical, rare tubercles, black spikes
A significant advantage is the resistance to true and downy mildew, olive blotch and bacteriosis. There are downsides. With insufficient and irregular watering bitterness appears in the fruit. Growing over, the cucumbers are covered with a thick crust, and hard seeds are found inside. But at the same time it is a plus. The competitor is not a hybrid, the seeds ripen beautifully in the fruit, which can be collected and sown in subsequent years, without spending on the purchased ones. Judging by the reviews of gardeners, the competitor's own seeds sprout better, and the cucumbers that emerged from them are distinguished by an even greater resistance to diseases.
Growing Cucumber Competitor
Seeds can be sown:
- in June immediately to the ground
- in the second decade of May - under temporary film cover,
- in early May - for seedlings.
Growing a competitor cucumber through seedlings, you will accelerate fruiting by 2 weeks. To achieve this goal, sow the seeds immediately in separate cups, because cucumbers do not like transplants. Depth of seeding is 1.5 cm. Any quality soil from a store with markings: “universal”, “for vegetables”, “for seedlings” is suitable for sowing. At a temperature of + 25 ... +28 ° C, seedlings will appear in 3-4 days.
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During cultivation on the windowsill, it is important to create fluctuations in day and night temperatures. During the day should be + 20 ... +22 ° C, at night 2 degrees lower. If the seedlings are drawn out, then the night temperature should be lowered to + 16 ... +17 ° C. This mode stimulates the development of the root system and the establishment of female flower buds.
The optimal age of seedlings for disembarkation is 20–30 days. Care during this period consists only in regular watering. A week before planting, you can feed complex fertilizer for seedlings.
By the time of planting, cucumber seedlings should already have 2-3 real leaflets.
The bed for cucumbers is recommended to cook in the fall. Place it from north to south, then the plants throughout the day will be evenly illuminated and heated by the sun. Dig the earth, bringing into it manure 2 buckets / m², and if the soil is acidic, then add lime - 2 tbsp. l./m². In the spring, break the top 10–15 cm, while adding peat, hay dust, old sawdust, and compost to give the soil breathability and lightness.
The landing pattern for the Competitor is 50x40 cm. Protect cucumbers in a row from returning frosts, water daily, keep the soil loose and clean from weeds. Form this variety in one stem. Remove the shoots and ovaries in the axils of the first 4–5 leaves. As a result, the young plant will direct all the juice to the development of the roots and the growth of the main whip. Steppe, appearing higher along the stalk, pinch over 2-3 leaves.
Competitor grow vertically in a single stalk with short stepsons
Cucumbers, growing one lash, it is convenient to grow on the trellis. And although this variety grows in the open field for him, too, you can build supports from the columns and the grid between them or poles with a crossbar and ropes. When the stem reaches the top point, flip it over the crossbar and allow it to hang down like a vine.
The pallet for cucumbers can be constructed and in an open ground
In the care of any cucumbers there is one important agricultural practice that should not be neglected - top dressing. This crop very quickly increases the yield. So, the Competitor's fruits must be collected every 2 days. The root system is superficial, the root layer is quickly depleted. For these reasons, top dressing for cucumbers is necessary to make the rarest - once a week. Particularly caring gardeners watering the bed with fertilizer after each harvest. But at the same time using natural mixtures, for example, liquid concentrate based on humus - BioMaster.
Video: natural and mineral supplements for cucumbers
Top dressing for fruit-bearing cucumbers should contain nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and trace elements. You can alternate nitrogen-rich extracts of mullein, bird droppings, nettle, yeast with the introduction of wood ash or phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. But it is better to use special mixtures for cucumbers (Agricola, Fertik), in which all components are in the right proportion. In the period of mass flowering for better binding of fruits, spray the leaves with a solution of the drug Bud or Ovary. In difficult periods for cucumbers (transplantation, defeat by disease or pests, cooling, heat, etc.), treat with a growth stimulator: Epin, Energen, Novosil.
To prevent rot and other diseases, remove the lower ones, touching the ground and yellowing leaves. Regularly pick off not only grown-up and high-quality fruits, but also overgrown, clumsy, rotten.
Here looking for what cucumbers are needed. We usually grow salad varieties. They are large and oblong in shape. Our favorite for the whole family sort of "Competitor" - early, gives a lot of fruit, it can be on the marinade.
https: //selkhozportal.rf/forum/viewtopic.php? f = 4 & t = 1888
Yes, I also love "Competitor". But we use it not only for salads, but also for salting on a rather large scale.
https: //xn--80ajgpcpbhkds4a4g.xn--p1ai/forum/viewtopic.php? f = 4 & t = 1888
Cucumber Competitor year after year soot with their seeds. Shoots are excellent and sprouts much earlier than purchased ones.
A competitor is not a commercial variety, but its yield is quite enough to provide the family with fresh salads and preservation. The bush grows in one stem, so it is advisable to start up on a vertical support. In the care should focus on regular dressings.