Begonia is a common indoor flower, which is grown both in small apartments and in huge greenhouses, where the plant reaches a two-meter height. There are about 1600 species in the world, and today we will talk about one of them. You will learn what coral begonia is, how it differs from other species, how to plant it correctly and how to get a beautiful flowering plant.
Coral begonia - This is a separate type of ornamental plants, which belongs to the genus Begonia. Her coral variation came to us from the tropical forests of Brazil, where the flower grows up to 1.5 m in height. At home, shrub has a height of 0.6-1 m.
The flower has an erect stem, leafy plates can be painted in various shades of green, have an alternate arrangement, the length is up to 20 cm, and the width is up to 7 cm. The leaves are covered with silvery and milky inclusions. The shape of the leaf plates can be oval, rugged, or elongated.
Most often, the bloom falls in the springtime, however, subject to temperature conditions, begonia can bloom at any time of the year. The buds are formed from intergrown petals, which are painted in various shades of red (very rarely white). Inflorescences resemble berry clusters.
This type of begonia is valued precisely because of the pleasant-smelling flowers that have not too sharp aroma. It is interesting that the flower stalks have not only a pleasant smell, but also a good taste, which gives sourness.
Substrate and fertilizer
The easiest way is to buy ready-made soil for violets at a flower shop, since finding components for optimal soil in urban environments is extremely problematic. If you want to make a substrate yourself, you will need 1 part of peat, 1 part of compost, 1 part of river sand (coarse) and 2 parts of garden soil (upper layer). Be sure to form at the bottom of the pot drainage layer of gravel or small pebbles. Its thickness should be at least 1.5 cm.
As for fertilizers, there is no need for them if you change the substrate annually. Optionally, you can feed the plant with potassium humanity, which provides the appropriate mineral to the plant.
For the flower is important the absence of direct sunlight, which cause burns on the leaves. Place the pot should be so that they fell only scattered sunlight. Partial but not strong shading is acceptable.
Immediately it should be said that begonia does not tolerate drafts, because of which it begins to ache and wipe. For this reason, it should be placed in a place where the air flow is minimal.
As for the temperature, it should be in the range of 17-25 ° C. If in winter the temperature drops below 13 ° C, the flower may die.
Care: moisture and watering
We turn to the care of the flower, and start with moisture and watering.
In order not to make a mistake that will lead to the death of the plant, you should always remember the following: it is better not to water the flower once more than to fill it completely.
The fact is that begonia has fleshy leaves through which it gets rid of excess moisture. However, with a regular surplus very quickly, the root system decays, which causes the flower to dry. Of course, it is impossible for a plant to live without water, however, it will be easier to “reanimate” begonia, which for a long time did without water, than a plant with rotten roots.
In the summer you should regularly water the plant. If the top 2 cm of the substrate is dry - it is worth moistening the soil. If they are wet - it means that it is worth to wait a little with irrigation. In winter, the amount of water introduced is limited, especially if the room temperature drops to the minimum described above. In this case, an excess of moisture, even insignificant, will cause overcooling of the roots, resulting in the appearance of various diseases.
Pruning is carried out both to rejuvenate the plant, and to ensure that the aboveground part is properly formed.
Shoots and stem can be arranged in the form of a ball, a pyramid or a bush. You should start pruning only when the stem reaches 10 cm in length. Shorten to the length you need, then wait until the side shoots grow so that you can finish the formation of the aerial part.
If you do not want to engage in the formation of the bush, then it is enough once a year to carry out anti-aging pruning. After the end of winter, all the stems should be shortened so that their length does not exceed 7 cm. This is done in order to start the process of active growth of new shoots.
- Trimming is carried out exclusively with a sharp knife. It is best to use a construction knife, as it is similar in sharpness to a razor blade.
- Thick-barrel variations are best not cut at the root, but only to engage in shortening strongly overgrown shoots.
- After pruning, you can not change the temperature, otherwise the plant will start to hurt.
Consider the easiest way to breed coral begonia, which will allow you to get good quality planting material.
First we need to take a healthy leaf stalk (leaf and leg, on which it rests) from the central part of the stem. Lower leaves are best not to use.
Next, put the cutting in clean water at room temperature without any additives. From time to time we check the presence of small roots. Once the roots reach a length of 1 cm, it is possible to plant in the substrate. As the substrate is used the same composition as for planting an adult plant.
After planting, cover the pot with a glass jar or cut bottle. So you will get a stronger plant, because you will create greenhouse conditions for it.
Diseases and pests
Let's start with the diseases of the plant, and then talk about pests.
Gray rot. This disease is caused by a fungus that attacks begonia if it develops at high temperatures and high humidity. The disease is characterized by the fact that on the leaves appear white spots of irregular shape, which soon turn into plaque covering all the leaf plates. After a while, the leaves begin to rot, and the leafy legs break off. In the absence of treatment, the begonia very quickly loses its green mass and dies.
Initial treatment is carried out using Bordeaux liquid, which is not dangerous to humans when used indoors. Make a 1% solution, and then treat the aerial part. It is important that after processing the microclimate disappears, which caused the appearance of fungus (it is necessary to reduce the humidity). If Bordeaux liquid does not help, the plant is treated with a fungicide ("Fundazol").
Bacterial spotting. According to the name, the disease is caused by bacteria. The disease manifests itself in the form of small watery spots that cover leafy plates. Unfortunately, this disease is not treated, so the plant is disposed of along with the ground, and the pot is treated or boiled several times.
As a preventive measure, a 5% suspension of copper oxychloride is used, with which other plants in the house are processed. The treatment is carried out twice with a break of 15 days.
Go to the pests.
Shchitovki. Insect pest that affects many indoor plants. It is a small oval insect, which is located on the leaves of the plant and is easily removed by hand without damaging the leaves. The presence of scythes can be identified by a sticky coating on the leaves and stems. This is the waste of insects, which provoke the appearance of soot fungus.
For the destruction of the pest is used insecticide directed action ("Aktellik", "Aktara").
Spider mite These tiny pests are located on the inside of the sheet, so they can not be detected immediately. After the appearance of mites, a barely visible web appears on the leaves of the plant, on which eggs and larvae can be located.
The spider mite is a sucking pest (it feeds on the sap of the plant), - accordingly, in the presence of a large colony, the begonia begins to rapidly lose moisture and nutrients, as a result of which it dies.
You can destroy the pest by the same means as the shield. You can also use a soap solution that helps with a weak infection.
Leaves fall: what to do if leaves foliage
If the plant drops foliage - it means that something is missing. Mass falling of leaves in winter time means that the room is too cold and the begonia will freeze. To stop the flower from losing leaves, it is enough to raise the temperature.
It may be that begonia leaves drooped, as if you had not watered it for a long time. This problem occurs when the flower is located in the kitchen. Products of gas burning harm it, so it is “treated” by only transferring begonias to another room.
If the leaves fade before falling off, it means that the nematode has settled on the begonias. It is useless to fight it, so dispose of the plant and the soil as soon as possible.
So, now you know how to plant and grow coral begonia correctly, what problems can arise and how to solve them. Remember that most difficulties arise from improper care. Only some diseases can spread from other plants. For this reason, you must comply with the conditions of detention, so as not to spend money on means to combat diseases and pests.
Decorative leafy and blooming
The popularity of this type of home greens due to its attractiveness for a long time. Its large elongated leaves with characteristic spot and soft dull shine hang down like wings, which is why the second name of the flower, Angel Wings, appeared. Depending on the type of plant, there are dwarf-sized plants with a height of up to 30 cm and it is convenient to place them on supports, hanging flower pots, as well as on interior items: on tables, shelves, cabinets or bedside tables. The stems of another species grow to 1 m, respectively, the plant is larger, larger and is located singly in the floor pot or become the center of the flower arrangement. Perhaps it is the ability to use plants in the depths of the premises become the main advantage of begonias, which feel better under diffused light than under direct sunlight.
Coral begonia blooms closer to the beginning of spring. Huge inflorescences hang in luxurious clusters of pale pink, mother-of-pearl-purple, light coral, red or purple hues.
Coral begonia blooms closer to the beginning of spring
Most decorative and deciduous begonias are very grateful plants and it is enough to create the necessary conditions for them - and further care will be the most minimal.
For planting fit a mixture of ordinary garden soil, compost, dry peat and coarse sand (2: 1: 1: 1) or sheet soil, humus and coarse sand (2: 2: 1), or you can buy ready-made soil mixture for violets. At the bottom of the tank for planting there must be holes for the outflow of excess water and a drainage layer of 1.5-2 cm. To do this, usually use gravel, pieces of broken brick or foam, and even pieces of padding polyester.
Placing vases with begonia on window sills, loggias and in the open air is not recommended under direct rays of the sun. In such conditions, the plants often get burns on the leaves, which negatively affects their appearance and development. Coral begonia prefers diffused light and can safely tolerate even shading.
Coral begonia prefers diffused light and can safely tolerate even shading
Water only waiting for the drying of the upper 2-cm layer of soil. It is noticed that the plant will transfer more easily if you forget to water it, than stagnant water at the roots.
The optimum would be about 17-25 ⁰C, as in normal home conditions. Cool below 13 ° C is dangerous. Drafts have a particularly negative effect on the development of begonias, when flowerpots with plants stand near the door or near the opening vent.
If in a flowerpot the soil is updated annually and the begonias receive the necessary care, they can have enough nutrition. But when watering, it is possible to add a solution of fertilizers containing potassium, for example, potassium humate, 2-3 times a month.
Young plants are trying to replant annually, in spring or early summer. At the same time, a new capacity is chosen with a diameter of 1.5-2 cm more than the previous one, so that a large amount of unused land does not remain, since it is often in it that putrefactive processes occur. Adult begonias need to be transplanted less often, and it is recommended to carry out it gently: by transferring or simply replacing the top layer of the earth.
In addition, the care of begonias suggests the artificial formation of a bush, and if this is not done, then a pair of sprouting stems will look unattractive. Pruning of shoots is carried out after the 3rd or 4th internode, which stimulates the development of lateral branches. Also, after each flowering is also required pruning drying brush, otherwise the plants lose their strength and nutrients.Coral begonia video
Those who want to get this ornamental plant will not need large financial expenditures, because begonia reproduces very easily at home. It is enough just to break off a leaf stalk about 8-10 cm long and put it in water or wet sand for rooting. After some time, the roots appear, and when they reach 1-1.5 cm in length - the stalk is ready for planting in the ground.
Some secrets of landing:
- Trimming the third part of the sheet helps reduce the evaporation of moisture.
- After planting, the site of contact between the stalk and the soil should be powdered with wood ash to avoid the development of the fungal disease of the Black Leg, which is destructive for many young plants.
- To facilitate further care and accelerate the development of the plant "greenhouse" conditions - just cover the container with a glass jar, pressing it into the soil.
Similarly, the breeding of begonias with leaves takes place; the first stage differs only slightly: on the back of the leaflet, in places of branching of large veins, cuts are made, the prepared leaves are laid on a wet substrate and the dish is covered with a transparent film. From time to time they check the “hotbed” and carefully trim the part of the leaf on which the roots have formed, and leave the rest for further rooting. This method is good because it allows you to get a lot of planting material.
Another method of breeding begonias - division of rhizome, which is usually carried out during transplantation and helps rejuvenate an adult plant.
Begonia is grown all over the world. She finds shelter not only in small apartments, but also in large-scale greenhouses, where the flower reaches a height of over 200 cm.
The plant is unpretentious in the care, but susceptible to temperature fluctuations, drafts and scorching sunlight. Begonia does not need special care, the main thing is to ensure acceptable living conditions and periodically fertilize.
Homeland coral begonias - Brazil. In total in the world there are 160 species of this plant species, each of which has its own distinctive features.
Coral is classified as upright. It has a large oval-shaped foliage (up to 25 cm in diameter), with jagged edges and fine silver-white ripples.
Under natural conditions, the plant reaches a height of 250 cm, in an enclosed space - up to 95 cm. When placed on a window sill, it should be borne in mind that the plant will need at least 50 cm in width, due to its wide and abundant foliage. Lots of coral flowers hang in luxurious clusters down.
Brazilian flower feels quite comfortable in a confined space. However, for the harmonious growth and development of coral begonia requires fertile soil with drainage, regular watering, the optimum temperature.
Tropical plants are very susceptible to temperature fluctuations and absolutely can not stand drafts. Because of the recent begonia, it hurts for a long time. The optimum temperature is 17-25 degrees Celsius. A flower will die if the thermometer in the room drops below +12.
Begonia loves moisture, but water droplets on its foliage will cause unpresentable stains. It is better to spray not the plant itself, but the air near it.
In spring and summer begonia plentifully wateredWithout waiting for the topsoil to dry. However, the stagnation of water is also useless - water from the pallet is immediately removed in order to prevent rotting of the rhizomes.
In the winter period, in the absence of a rest period (ensuring a lower temperature than usual), the plant is watered according to the usual schedule. The proximity of the heating devices sometimes leads to more rapid drying of the soil in the pot.
It is produced mainly not for the purpose of rejuvenation, but to form the correct form of the plant. Bush can even resemble the shape of a ball or a pyramid.
Начинают обрезку в основном после достижения растением длины 12 см. Побеги укорачивают на нужное расстояние и дожидаются отрастания боковой листвы. Последнюю тоже затем выравнивают.This is the formation of the required form.
With the arrival of spring, all the stems are shortened to a distance of 7 cm in order to provoke a process of intensive growth of new shoots.
Trimming will go well, if you do not neglect some tricks:
- Use only a well-sharpened knife.
- Thick shoots are not cut under the base, but only slightly shortened.
- After the procedure, avoid temperature fluctuations in order to protect the plant from additional stresses and give the opportunity to quickly recover.
There are more than a thousand species of begonias, but there is still no generally accepted classification of the plant. In one of the options, you can select the following conditional directions:
- Deciduous begoniasthat do not have a common stalk above ground. Leaves grow from a branched root.
- Tuberous begonias, different tuber-like rhizome, fleshy tall stems and simple flowers.
- Flowering Begonias - plants with beautiful simple and double flowers of various colors.
- Bush begoniasrepresenting the bushes with numerous side shoots. Coral begonia belongs to this species.
Here you will see a photo of this beautiful coral begonia plant:
Where and how to plant it?
When planting coral begonia, be sure to choose a pot with holes at the bottomso that excess water can flow away unhindered. It is desirable that the width of the top exceeds the width of the bottom. A suitable pot is clay: it does not contain chemical impurities and slowly heats up. Drainage should be laid 2 cm thick at the bottom of the pot. For this you can use broken bricks, pebbles, expanded clay, gravel, foam.
The soil for coral begonia should easily pass through both air and water. You can use a mixture of the following compounds:
- Two parts of ordinary land, part of compost, part of dry peat, part of coarse sand.
- Two parts of sheet soil, two parts of humus, part of coarse sand.
You can purchase a specially prepared mixture for coral begonia. Suitable and mixture intended for violets.
How to care for this indoor plant?
Coral begonia is easier to tolerate the lack of water than its surplus, so you need to water the plant, making sure that the topsoil is completely dry. In summer, water should be more abundant. The fleshy begonia leaves at high temperatures quickly lose moisture, and this can lead to the death of the beauty.
The temperature regime for begonias is optimal in the range of 17 to 25 degrees.. It is advisable not to place the plant near the vents or in places of through ventilation, because This may adversely affect the development of begonias.
When watering 2 times a month, it is advisable to add potassium fertilizer solution to the water. To obtain the necessary care, the soil in the pot must be updated annually. In the spring, you can feed the begonia with phosphate fertilizers, but not more than twice a month.
If the plant is young, then at the beginning of summer it is desirable to transplant it into a large container. It is better to transplant the next day after watering. However, when choosing a pot, consider the following: a large amount of unused land leads to putrefactive processes. Adult begonias do not need frequent transplantation; you can replace this process by replacing topsoil.
She also needs pruning. If the care of the plant does not form a shrub, then extended stems will negatively affect the appearance of the begonia. Therefore, it is necessary to prune the shoots after the third internode to stimulate the growth of side branches. Cut cuttings can be used for breeding begonias.
After flowering, dry twigs and brushes must be cut, otherwise begonia will begin to lose nutrients.
Common diseases and pests
Like all begonias, coral beauty can be affected by diseases or pests.
- Increased humidity or insufficient air circulation can lead to ugly brown, or even black spots on the leaves of the plant. In this case, it is necessary to normalize the air-temperature regime and use fungicidal agents, after removing all the affected areas.
- Darkening drying sheets, covered with white flour patina - signs of powdery mildew. Begonia can be cured using any fungicidal solution, or by preparing a mixture of two grams of copper sulphate and twenty grams of tar soap per liter of water.
- If the undersides of the leaflets are covered with water-like spots on glass, gradually darkening to brown color, this indicates the presence of bacterial blotch. Unfortunately, this disease is not cured, and the plant will have to be destroyed.
- Bad blooming begonia with deformed sheets, affected by a sugary bloom with a fungus - evidence of the defeat of the false shield. This is a small transparent insect that feeds on plant sap. To get rid of the pest will help any pesticide intended for indoor plants.
- If small oval-shaped insects are noticeable on the underside of a yellowed leaf, then aphon, a carrier of viral diseases, struck begonia. It will help the solution of conventional laundry soap (20 grams per liter of water) or purchased insecticide.
- One of the most common pests is the spider mite. Almost imperceptible due to its microscopic size, this pest is capable of inflicting critical damage on begonias. During feeding, he pierces the sheets, which leads to a deterioration of photosynthesis and disruption of the normal development of the plant. If time does not cure begonia, then it will die. Acaricides and insecticaroacaricides should be used to get rid of the parasite.
Coral begonia breeds easily at home. Several breeding options are possible.:
- A leaf stalk about ten centimeters long should be placed in water (or wet sand). When the emerged roots reach one and a half centimeters in length, the cutting must be transplanted into the ground. Growth can be accelerated by covering the container with the handle with a glass jar (this is how greenhouse conditions are simulated).
To avoid the development of a fungal disease in a young plant, it is necessary to powder the place of contact of the cutting with the soil wood ashes.
Why does not bloom?
In some cases, coral begonia does not bloom. It is necessary to know the possible reasons to prevent or correct such a situation in time. Here are the common reasons why a plant produces foliage, but does not bloom.
- The young age of begonias. Too young a plant may simply not develop until the time of natural flowering.
- Lack of lighting. Begonia will not bloom with a lack of light. To remedy the situation, it is enough to move the pot to a more lighted room.
- Dry air If the begonia ceased to bloom, and the leaves dry at the edges, the reason is too dry for the plant air. It is necessary to increase the humidity in the room. The outlet can be placed next to the begonia tank with water.
- Cold air. Too cold air leads begonia to a stressful state in which it will be impossible to wait for it to bloom. It is necessary to adjust the air-thermal regime for building a comfortable environment for the plant.
- Lack of rest periods. After each flowering begonias take time to rest. Sometimes this schedule gets off and the plant doesn’t have enough vital forces to re-bloom. Correction of rest periods in this case is necessary.
To do this, in the summer, a pot of begonias is placed in a cool dark place, reduce watering and artificially reduce daylight hours, covering the begonia after seven bright hours. After a couple of months of rest, the begonia can be gradually brought out of this state, increasing the length of daylight hours, watering and air temperature.
Where and how to plant?
For planting coral begonia need a pot in which at the bottom there are holes. Then the excess water will not accumulate, and therefore will not lead to rotting.
At the bottom it is necessary to organize a 2-centimeter drainage layer of any material.:
The width of its top must be greater than the width of the bottom. It is best to take the clay, which heats up slowly and does not contain harmful impurities. It is impossible to put coral begonia plants under direct sunlight on loggias, open air and window-sills, otherwise there will be burns on the leaves.
Lighting and location
Coral begonia requires diffused light, it also feels good in shading. In winter, the flower can not be removed from the window, if it is not blowing. The optimal place is considered to be the windowsills of the eastern, western and northern sides. It is impossible to put a flower near heating devices and open window leaves. He likes warm air without wind.
Problems in growing begonias:
- When growing this flower, you can see that it sheds foliage. If in the winter their mass fall is marked, then it means that the room is very cold and the plant freezes. It will help increase the temperature.
- If before the leaves fall, they become colorless, it means that the coral begonia is affected by the nematode. The treatment is useless, the plant and contaminated soil must be disposed of.
- When the flower is standing in the kitchen, leaf withering can often be observed. The cause of this problem is the harmful products of gas combustion, so it must be moved to another room.
We offer to watch a video about possible problems when growing coral begonia:
Coral Begonia Description
The homeland of the above plant is Brazilbut you can also meet him in Central and South America. In natural conditions, it is a shrub whose height can reach two and a half meters. In indoor conditions, this perennial plant usually reaches ninety centimeters in height and forty to fifty centimeters in width. For this representative of the flora is characterized by the presence of a dense crown with a variety of form-shaped inflorescences. It has a bare, straight stalk, resembling a bamboo stalk. Leaves Coral begonias green with whitish or silver interspersed and fleshy. In the summer, their underside becomes reddish. Leaves are characterized by a jagged edge. Their value can reach twenty centimeters. The leaves of the Brazilian guest are oblong-egg-shaped. Coral begonia blooms in pink flowers.
Planting (what time of year and how best to plant)
Planting this representative flora is best done in spring or summer. For this you need a wide, medium-sized pot. Put it on the bottom large drainagewhich needs to be filled with in advance prepared soil. The soil should consist of equal parts of leafy soil, sand and sod land. In the center of the pot make a groove and place a cutting with roots in it, positioning it directly or at a slight inclination. Pour stalk with soil, slightly tamping it with your fingers. After planting, the flower should be poured abundantly, which will help you to check the functioning of the drainage.
If you want your begonia to feel good, it should grow in loose nutrient soil that is well breathable. Special soil mix for this type of plants you can buy in any flower shop or make yourself. To make the soil looser, you can add vermiculite, perlite, or regular granular foam. As the drainage should be used expanded clay or pebbles.
Pot selection (material, diameter, etc.)
The main requirements for the pot, which will grow a Brazilian princess, are the ability water flow, poor heat conductivity, strength and stability. Best of all, it will feel in pottery, the width of the top of which exceeds the width of the bottom. Initially, begonia can be planted in a pot whose diameter is three to four centimeters larger than the size of its root system, and with each transplant, choose a larger pot.
In the summer coral begonia needs sufficiently abundant and regular watering, which will help prevent the earthen coma from drying out.
In winter, the frequency of watering your pet depends on how close it is to the central heating battery. For irrigation, it is desirable to use separated and slightly heated water.
Coral begonia loves sunshine, but exposure to the direct rays of the summer sun can lead to plant burns. In winter time In the mornings and evenings, begonia is recommended to be exposed in direct sunlight, since their lack can be fraught with leaf fading. You can place a pot with a tropical beauty in every corner of your apartment, but you should not put it on the windowsill on the south side.
Pests and diseases, control methods and treatment
Excessive moistening of the soil of this plant species and finding it in rooms with low air temperature can cause the plant to suffer from gray rot or powdery mildew. This is evidenced by the appearance of brown or gray spots on the leaves. If such signs are detected, immediately remove all affected pests from the plant and spray it with fungicide preparations. For this purpose, you can use the "Topaz" or "Vektru." After treatment, do not forget to ensure that begonias have the right watering and temperature conditions.
If the flower is located in a room with dry air, it can hit spider mite. To get rid of it, you must dilute one vial of "Karate" in two liters of water and spray the leaves with this solution.
If an aphid infects a flower, it is necessary to spray it with tobacco infusion per twenty grams per liter of water.
Coral begonia can not be called fastidious, so it has gained wide popularity among fans of indoor floriculture. If you are not too lazy to carefully study the basic rules of care for the Brazilian beauty, this plant will thank you for the appearance of beautiful pink flowers.
Remember that coral begonia's main enemies are excessive watering, dry air and low temperatures.
How to care for coral begonia at home?
The pot should have openings to eliminate excess moisture. A layer of drainage (broken brick, gravel, foam) 2 cm high is poured into the tank, then the pot is filled with soil compost. The flower is illuminated by diffused sunlight.
It is necessary to water a plant after 2 cm of a soil substrate dries out.
Coral begonia is sensitive to drafts, so it is better to place it where there is no air flow, and the temperature corresponds to 17-24 ° C.
For planting, plants acquire a clay pot, at the bottom of which a drainage layer of pebbles or expanded clay is placed. Then they fill it with soil substrate, make a shallow hole and place a seedling in it. The soil is abundantly watered.
Young plants need to be replanted annually (in spring or early summer). A new pot should be 2 cm longer than the previous one. Older bushes should be replanted less often (use the method of transshipment or replacement of the upper layer of the substrate).
For trimming plants use a sharp knife. This procedure is carried out when the stem grows to 10 cm. To stimulate the formation of lateral shoots, it is recommended to cut the stems after 3-4 internodes. The brushes that have dried up after flowering are cut off so that the coral begonia does not lose nutrients and strength. Plants can optionally be shaped into a pyramid or ball.
If you do not engage in the formation of the bush, then annually it is necessary to carry out anti-aging pruning. In early spring, all the stems are pruned to 7 cm in height. After this procedure starts the process of active formation of new shoots.
The temperature regime after pruning cannot be changed, because coral begonia can be attacked by pathogenic microorganisms.
In winter, the amount of watering is reduced, and the temperature is lowered to 15-16 ° C. Periodically (in the morning or in the evening) the pot with the plant should be placed under the sun's rays to prevent leaf fading.
This fungus infects a flower that grows in conditions of heat and high humidity. The first sign of infection is the appearance of white spots on the foliage.which soon turn into a raid. The latter gradually covers all the foliage, because of which the plant rapidly withers and fades.
Первая помощь при серой гнили – обработка однопроцентным раствором бордоской жидкости. Параллельно необходимо снизить влажность в помещении. Если эффекта не последовало, подключают более сильный препарат – «Фундазол». The latter is not recommended to be used indoors, but because in the summer they are processed outside, in the winter - on the balcony.
Pathogenic microbes in this disease provoke the appearance of small spots on the leaf plates. The plant is disposed of with the ground, because the disease is not treatable. The pot is then repeatedly treated with strong disinfectants or boiled.
Preventive treatments of begonia with copper oxychloride (5%) will help prevent the disease. They are carried out twice with an interval of 2 weeks.
These are small oval bugs, often affecting indoor plants. They are easy to detect and remove without damaging the flower. The appearance of this pest is detected by the presence of a specific sticky coating on the shoots and leaves.
Insecticides are used to fight with the insets.For example, Actellic.
Small harmful insects usually hide on the inside of the leaves, because they are sometimes difficult to detect. Tick weaves a web - the main identification mark for florists. In the last he lays eggs.
Tick sucks the juice from the plant, and therefore the appearance of large colonies of pests lead to dehydration of the plant and its subsequent death. To combat ticks using the same drugs as in the shield.
Why does the foliage fall?
If the plant drops foliage, there can be several reasons: lack of nutrients, lowering the temperature in the room, drying of the soil in the absence of regular watering.
In addition, coral begonia does not make gas combustion products. An unfavorable atmosphere can provoke illness and leaf fall.
The discoloration of the leaves with their subsequent extinction is a sign of nematode damage. There is an urgent need to take measures to dispose of the soil and the plant. Cure this disease is impossible.
With the necessary knowledge of planting, growing coral begonias, pest control, it is easy to grow a healthy plant. And then it will certainly please the eye with its lush and long flowering.
Below you will see interesting details on how to take care of this indoor flower:
How to multiply coral begonia?
The plant can be propagated by such methods:
- cuttings. Break off a healthy stalk up to 10 cm long, put into water or wet sand (in this case cover with a glass jar). After some time, roots appear, the seedling can be transplanted into the soil substrate,
- leaves. A large sheet of plate is cut off, cut into pieces at the branching points of large veins, placed in a moistened primer and covered with plastic wrap,
- division of rhizomes. The procedure is carried out during transplantation. This method contributes to the rejuvenation of the plant.
Use in landscape design
Coral begonia, pelargonium and balsam complement each other in the interior of the room. Of these, an interesting composition is easily made, in which each flower looks very impressive. You can place the pots horizontally in a common stand or an elongated box, as well as vertically on the shelves-dividers, high supports, equipped with rings or shelves at various levels. In the room the plant can be put in a free corner to soften the vertical.
If you follow the simple rules of care for this Brazilian beauty, then she will give you beautiful flowers, create a festive atmosphere and favorable microclimate in your apartment.