Weeping willow is a large tree that can often be found near rivers and reservoirs in a temperate climate. Judging by the fact that the plant feels great in the wild and suffers heat and frost, it will not be difficult to care for it at home. Willow looks great in parks, recreation areas or even in the yard.
The tree can grow up to 25 meters and live for 100 years.
What are the varieties of willow?
Weeping willow in landscape design is an unusual decision. Among the varieties of willow can be found as full-fledged trees with a powerful trunk, and ornamental shrubs. Varieties are different, because they are adapted to live in different climatic conditions:
- White willow is a tree whose height can reach 25 m. The life of the variety is about 100 years. White willow is called because on the lower side of its leaves are painted in a light color. The plant feels good on the banks of rivers and reservoirs, it can also be planted near an artificial pond.
- Weeping white willow also has an unusual color, but differs in the shape of the crown. Its branches are long, flexible, lowered to the ground. The bark of the tree has a rich yellow tint.
- Babylonian willow also has a weeping crown. It can reach a height of 15 m or more; its lifespan is about 100 years. The leaves are bright, but without a silvery shade. The tree grows quickly and reaches its peak. The most comfortable conditions for his life are well-lit shores of reservoirs.
- Shaggy dwarf willow is a shrub that does not grow above 2 meters. Her leaves are different from those that grow on the usual weeping willow - rounded and covered with light down. This plant can form a crown of unusual shape, because the shoots are strong and grow upwards. Shrub easily tolerates winter frosts, prefers to grow in moist soil.
- Goat willow - a kind of tree, which is often planted in parks and recreation areas. The shoots are directed downwards, and small round leaves grow on them. Flowering occurs in spring, during this period the tree spreads a sweet honey aroma.
There are other varieties of such a tree as a weeping willow. They may be completely different in appearance, but all belong to the willow family. These are not only large trees with branches falling to the ground, but also small bushes with an unusual shape of leaves. With proper care and watering, willow grows quickly, and by pruning you can form a crown of the desired shape on it.
Planting and Care Rules
Caring for a decorative weeping willow is easy. The only thing you should pay attention to is the composition of the soil and its humidity. Under natural conditions, the tree grows on sandy or loamy soils and constantly receives the necessary amount of water from the reservoir. If you plant willow away from natural sources of moisture (pond or river), it will have to be constantly watered. In dry hot summer days it will be useful to spray the leaves.
The plant does not need additional feeding. It perfectly adapts to temperature fluctuations and carries both heat and frost. However, you can periodically fertilize the soil with organic fertilizer - humus or compost.
The most comfortable weeping willow grow on constantly wet ground. It will grow faster if the groundwater level on the site is high.
Under natural conditions, the tree propagates by seed, at home using cuttings or seedlings. Cuttings are harvested in spring or autumn, the middle sections of young branches, which are not more than 2 years old, are suitable for them. Then they need to prepare for planting:
- the optimal length of the cutting is from 20 to 30 cm,
- planted in the ground in a greenhouse or any other warm room,
- until the seedlings are strong and are not ready for transplanting, they should be watered often, fertilized and loosened the ground around,
- young trees are not planted in the first year, they must spend the first winter warm.
Weeping willow is planted in open ground in spring, when the snow has completely melted. By this time, the root of the young tree should already be fully formed. You can also plant it in the fall, when the period of movement of the juice has already ended. In this case, the ground will need to cover the leaves or straw, and the tree itself - lapnikom.
In the ground it is necessary to dig a shallow hole (up to 60 cm in depth). During planting, the tree should be fertilized, so that it will stick faster. The lower third of the pit is filled with a mixture of soil, peat and humus, and the remaining volume is filled with earth. The soil is scooped up to the seedling in such a way that it forms a mound, around which there will be a depression for watering. After planting, pour 2 buckets of water under the plant. Dwarf weeping willow is not less resistant to weather conditions than a full-fledged tree.
If the seedling is tall and unstable, it will need additional support. A peg is placed next to it, and the young tree is loosely fixed with a rope.
Growing on a trunk
Weeping willow on a shtambe will decorate any garden. Shtambovannye are called trees in which a decorative crown, own or grafted, leaves a straight trunk without branches (the trunk itself). For these purposes, suitable such species as goat willow. It can be grafted onto a stem, but there is another way to grow it original:
- after planting, they choose a strong and powerful shoot and tightly fix it to the support,
- as the trunk grows tied up higher so that it grows straight and does not branch,
- side shoots in the summer need to be shortened by a third, so that nutrients flow into the main stem, and it grows stronger,
- in autumn, the remaining parts of the shoots are removed completely, leaving 0.5 cm long hemp.
When the stem reaches the desired height, the support is removed. The next step is to form a uniform dense crown, which will fall down. To do this, it is enough to cut it in such a way that all branches grow downwards. Pinch off their ends, and shoots begin to give new branches.
In the photo, a weeping willow grown on a shtambe looks original. Other trees of upright varieties can be used as headquarters, and goat willows can be planted as a decorative crown. First you need to land the shtamb, so that by the time of vaccination, he managed to get stronger and take root. The procedure is best carried out in late spring or early summer. When it is ready for grafting, a splinter is made on its top, into which a willow stem is planted. They usually survive well when inoculated in the spring. As a result, the tree grows flat and high below, and on its top is a weeping crown.
Before you plant a new tree in your garden, you should read the description of the weeping willow and make sure that the climatic conditions are suitable for it. It is not necessary to plant it in areas where the level of groundwater is low, because you have to produce daily watering. If possible, choose places near natural or artificial reservoirs. Planting young trees is not difficult even for a novice gardener, but the preparation of the cutting can be lengthy. The best solution would be to buy a young sapling ready for planting at the age of 1 or 2 years, which already has a developed root system. With proper care and suitable conditions, the tree will live for at least 100 years.
Varieties common in Russia
When they talk about willow, they often add the adjective “weeping”, and many people think that this is a separate plant variety. In fact, this is a general characteristic of several varieties with a characteristic drop-down crown. Many species of weeping willow are found in Russia.
Classic weeping variety, and its elongated leaves of silver color in combination with long flexible branches create a spectacular lush crown, falling tent. The diameter of the crown can reach 20 meters in an adult plant. The undoubted advantages of this class include unpretentiousness to soil and climate. Despite the fact that white willow can grow even in the soil with excessive humidity, severe winters with sharp temperature drops will not destroy it.
However, in the warm season, the tree requires a lot of light and heat - then the growth of the tree will be uniform, about 3 meters in five years. The maximum height of a willow tree of this variety is about 25 meters, and the trunk width is appropriate.
Flowering begins in the middle or end of spring, the flowers have a yellow-green color, going to tassels up to five centimeters. Common popular name for willow flowers - seals, for fluffy and tenderness of inflorescences.
Another recognizable and popular weeping willow variety. From previous different more elegant look. The adult tree reaches a height of about 12 meters, the crown is scattered in the same diameter, and looks very gentle and graceful due to the thin flexible shoots streaming down. The color of the leaves themselves may be green with a golden hue or reddish. Such a tree can often be found in urban parks, near water.
The Babylonian willow has several other subspecies that are quite different from each other in appearance, but they all require a lot of sunlight and abundant watering.
About this variety, you can safely say that it belongs to the decorative - because it adds less to the height of the tree than in the girth of the lush foliage. The leaves come in various shapes, their color ranges from rich green to grayish.
The main care for this variety is timely and proper watering. In wildlife, goat willow is found on forest edges, near roads and in ravines, that is, it does not need excess watering and moisture, but definitely loves water.
In order for the tree to delight with its beauty, fertilizer will also be useful. Comprehensive option is suitable for feeding in the spring and autumn - twice a season will be enough.
So that the tree does not lose its aesthetic appeal, certainly need to pruning.
An adult tree is pruned after the flowering period is over. Active growth will ensure that all shoots are cut by a third or two thirds of their length.
Another variety, much loved by landscape designers. The plant can hardly be called dwarf, but its maximum growth is 150-180 cm. A characteristic feature of alpine willow is its early bloom - Flowers appear earlier than the leaves, and have a very interesting color. Depending on the subspecies of the shrub, earrings on male trees can be orange, black, silver, and even red.
Like all willow trees, the grade loves moisture and plentiful wateringas well as a lot of sunshine. Decorative appearance requires mandatory pruning immediately after it has finished flowering, and this happens in April.
Besides the fact that the alpine variety is used in landscape design (including in alpine hills), it also grows well in containers, decorating the terraces and home “winter” gardens.
One of the most beautiful varieties of ornamental willow - valued for its motley foliage and crown, which is formed very quickly. Demand and among gardeners, and among landscape designers.
The young shoots have a pale green tint, and mature leaves have an original color interspersed with white and pink. Under the scorching rays of the sun, motley leaves can lose their brightness.
With proper and timely pruning, the crown will be formed at a slight distance from the ground, and the height will be about one and a half meters. Crohn plants, usually with a diameter of about a meter, but rarely exceeds the value of one and a half meters.
Like all her fellows, whole-leaf willowvetet, but only three years after thorough rooting. This low-growing species prefers open sunny places, but grows quite well in the penumbra, where the sun's rays are scattered and warm the plant during part of the daylight hours.
Official name Easter willow, the thin twigs of which are littered with touching fluffy clumps, sounds exactly like that. At least three more names will be added, but even without them, willow is recognizable and loved by many since childhood, precisely because of this association with the bright feast of the Resurrection of Christ.
Geographically, this plant is ubiquitous, as it is perhaps the most unpretentious willow species in all. Sometimes a willow is planted along the river banks. Thus, the shore is strengthened, and the silting of the river completely goes to zero. Separately, it is worth noting that the plant is a wonderful honey plant, and since it blooms as one of the first honey plants, it serves as a good food base for bees. And this is actively used by the flight attendants.
Shaggy or woolly
This shrub species differs from its counterparts in the first place frost resistance. Woolly willow grows successfully in the northern regions of Russia, Siberia, as well as in Scotland and Scandinavia.
Tundra and forest-tundra as a habitat make plants creeping, short, and willow is no exception. The name, which speaks for itself, she received thanks to shaggy, even a little felt, branches. At the same time the leaves have a variety of dull, inexpressive color.
The branches, in addition to their "increased shaggy", are also characterized by nodularity and thickness.
This unpretentious, but in its own spectacular variety used to form a hedge, or rather, its lower part, because shaggy willow rarely exceeds 1 meter in height and, unlike other types of willow, does not tolerate an excess of moisture in the soil and a penetrating cold wind.
In folk medicine there are proven time and humankind means, the benefits of which are undoubted and which are used even in traditional medicine. These include willow. Its various parts, sometimes in combination with other plants, use:
- with bleeding gynecological origin
- as antipyretic
- in violation of the sweat glands
- for skin diseases such as erysipelas, fungus, etc.
For medicinal purposes, the bark of the tree is used. Willow branches are highly valued for their flexibility among the masters of weaving from a rod.
Unpretentious willow is known to all - in almost any soil, this plant can take root. However, willow will feel much better in light loamy soils than in sandstone, and will delight you with its rapid growth.
An important point in choosing a place to plant willow is the balance of light and shade.. In full shade, the willow does not take root, but the penumbra and sunny open spaces will appeal to her. If on the site where the plant will land, there is no open reservoir, near which it will be best for him, the terrain with groundwater will suit. Otherwise, the lack of natural water sources will have to be compensated by regular watering.
Planting willow is best in early spring, before its first buds bloom. Another planting option is autumn, but after the natural movement of the juices in the plant is stopped. It is imperative to bear in mind that willow varieties that do not tolerate cold are recommended to be transplanted in the spring, otherwise the plant will not take root until frost and will die. This can be prevented by mulching and covering the seedling.
- Landing pit. The depth of the pit should be at least half a meter, and the width depends on the variety of willow. For a shrub enough of a similar size, and for tree species need at least 70 cm.
- Drainage. It is especially required if landing is made in clay rocks. The thickness of the drainage layer should be about 30 cm, crushed stone or sand will be suitable as a drainage.
- Mix peat, compost and soil in equal proportions, add 200 grams. Azofoski, mix thoroughly.
- With a prepared nutrient mixture fill a hole in a third, approve a seedling in it. Cover the rest of the soil, tamp and form a recess around the trunk.
- Pour two buckets of water under the seedling. If the plant is high, sustainability can be given a support stick.
- Sapling needs to be watered once a week.It takes from two to five buckets of water per plant, while the water must be poured not only on the ground, but also on the crown. Watering is necessary in the early morning or after sunset. Young plants grow quite quickly, some varieties can add up to three meters per year, but the average growth rate is about half a meter-meter.
- Two or three times a year you need feedThe latter should be carried out no later than July. In the fall, it is imperative to remove fallen leaves from willow trees, since they contain tannins, and they can have a negative impact on the further growth of willows.
- In the first three years to cut the plant is not necessary, the crown is formed. Its subsequent formation is carried out by pruning, in the spring period after the plant fades. Ornamental varieties are cut to 20 cm, it will allow to form a lush beautiful crown.
Соблюдайте правила посадки и ухода, и здоровое красивое дерево украсит собой ваш садовый или дачный участок, а также двор и парк.
Выбор саженцев для посадки
В естественных условиях ива может размножаться seeds а в культуре ивы плакучие размножают grafting or получением саженца.
Первым делом саженцы выбирают зимние стеблевые, с хорошей зрелой древесиной. It is desirable that the age of young animals was one to two years and they were harvested either in early spring or late autumn.
Before budding seedlings are placed in wet sand or in a container of water.
Place to plant willow
Weeping willow should be planted in light, sandy, medium loamy soils. The plot should be open, well lit, sunny, possible with light penumbra.
In addition, on the site where it is planned to grow willow, groundwater should be located close to the surface. If you have a place on the site that is constantly buried as a result of snow melting, then it is precisely this that is comfortable for willow.
The optimal time for planting willow
Wanting to plant a tree on your plot, it is important to determine with the right time when it is better to plant a weeping willow in a permanent place. The best option - in the spring, when the snow melted. Moreover, the root system of the seedling must be fully formed. You can plant willow in the fall, after the end of sap flow, only on those areas where there is a lot of snow.
Rules for planting willow seedlings
In the ground seedlings are placed at such a depth that several buds remain on the surface. Before planting a weeping willow, they dig a hole 60 cm in diameter for tree species and 50 cm for bushes. The depth of the fossa should be 40 cm. If the seedling has a closed root system, the fossa should correspond to the diameter of the earth clod. In the case when the willow is planned to be planted in the form of a hedge, then dig a trench 40 cm deep and 40-50 cm wide.
In order for a willow weeping better to settle down, you need to prepare a nutrient mixture of land, peat and compost, taken in equal proportions. You can add 200 g of azofosca to this mixture. This composition fill the planting hole 1/3 and place the seedling.
Then the ground around the seedling is tamped in such a way that a watering pit is formed around it. At the end of planting, 2 buckets of water are poured under each seedling.
If the dates of cutting willow fell in the autumn period, the soil should be covered with straw or dry leaves, and the seedlings themselves should be covered with spruce leaves.
If the cutting is high, for the first time, a support peg is set to fix the vertical position next to it.
How to care for a weeping willow
To willow quickly grew and looked graceful, you need to know the subtleties of growing and caring for these plants. More attention should be paid to the care of a weeping willow for the first time after planting.
Since the willow is a moisture-loving plant, it needs frequent watering and regular spraying.
In the early years, young trees grow quickly, giving a gain of up to 3 meters per year. Therefore, during this period they need to be watered at 2-5 buckets per unit (the tree will absorb as much as it needs). Willow is watered either early in the morning or in the evening after sunset.
Water must be poured not only at the root, but also on the crown.
When you plant a tree in your plot, think about how to feed, since growing a lush and healthy willow willow will hardly work without them. Feeding must be carried out in spring or autumn, while digging the trunk circle.
Any fertilizers (mineral and organic) are suitable for weeping willows. Their introduction throughout the season serves as a guarantee of plant health and elegant look. In the spring and summer make complex feeding, and in August - superphosphate and potassium sulfate. The amount of fertilizer depends on the age of the plant.
In spring, it is advisable to loosen the soil near the tree and add mineral dressings. In autumn, fallen leaves and wild shoots are removed from the site and in October-November they cover varieties resistant to frost.
Haircut and crown formation
If weeping the willow tree in time is not cut, then the natural formation of the crown will occur - the branches will randomly grow, and the tree will lose its decorative effect. therefore haircut - a mandatory procedure. After pruning, you can get willows of unusual shape and beauty.
In the first years of life (up to 5 years), the plant does not need a haircut. Willow is gaining strength, gaining strength, growing and developing. When the branches grow to a meter, it is worth starting the first pruning.
Basically, the willow is clipped in spring, but you can perform this procedure in the summer. The tips of the branches are shortened by 30-35 cm. The cut is performed directly above the upward bud.
Dangerous diseases and common pests of willow trees
Particular attention when growing weeping willow should be paid to pests and diseases that can affect this beauty. So, most often willows can be threatened:
- leaf beetles,
- spider mite,
- mouse-like rodents.
Of the most common diseases of willow is necessary to highlight
- powdery mildew
Besides, bark and branches should be regularly inspected for necrotic signs, in time to take measures to prevent the development of the disease. The affected branches are cut to a healthy area, and cut points are processed.
If grayish specks appear on the leaves of willow, the plant must be treated with copper preparations.
Willow tree: species, description, where it grows. Weeping willow :
Willow is considered one of the oldest trees on the planet. Siberia and Central Asia are considered to be the homeland of willow, but it also grows in the USA. This beautiful tree is distributed in northern and temperate latitudes, although it sometimes grows in subtropical regions.
The tree has many varieties. Below are the most common and common willow species:
Now about each tree in order.
This type of willow is considered one of the most common. It is a shrub with many branches, reaching up about 5 meters. The bark has a purple color with a bluish bloom. Buds brown. Earrings open almost on a par with the leaves. It grows in the middle lane of the country.
For planting, it is better to choose frost-resistant plants so that they do not freeze in winter. Therefore, before laying a fence, you should first mark the territory. You need to dig a hole with a diameter of 50 centimeters and the same depth. If the soil is rough, it is worth adding sand to it. Plant should be at intervals of 20 centimeters. After planting, the plant must be watered frequently.
In purple willow leaves are divided into alternate and opposite length, up to 12 cm. They grow up and sharpened.
More often this kind of trees can be found in the southern and middle belt of the country, and in the highlands of the Urals and Crimea. It can also be found in America, Asia and Africa.
Light-loving tree, but unfavorably transfers groundwater and flooded areas. From bark cleaned perfectly. Prized by the fact that it has little branching.
Determining the place for planting purple willow is not difficult: you need to choose a place with constant access of light. This tree loves moisture, so you have to get automatic watering of grass. This willow differs from others in that it is not whimsical to the soil. Plant in early spring.
Goat willow is a universal species for landscaping. It grows up to 10 meters high. It has a smooth green-gray bark. The branches of the plant are dense and sprawling. The leaves have an oval shape with notches with a green surface on top and light gray fluffy on the bottom. Such a tree grows in the European part of the country and Asia Minor. Habitat is non-mating soil or forest edges.
In the steppe zone, it can be found near the forest valleys.
It is better to plant goat willow in early spring, when it will have optimal conditions to get used to the place and gain root mass. Initially, the tree will often have to be watered. In drought it is better to do this more often. In the second year of growth, it can be watered once a week.
Weeping willow grows to large sizes. Her bark has a yellowish color. Leaves green shade. The branches are down. The habitats of this tree are ponds in central Russia.
Plant this plant should be in sandy soil and compost fertilized. From cuttings the tree grows faster. Planting a weeping willow is best in late autumn. Shoots need to choose those who are at least two years.
The cuttings must first grow in a home greenhouse, and when spring comes, they need to be transplanted to an area where holes of certain size are dug out, about 50 centimeters. The soil should be plowed and fertilized.
Do not forget to often water the plant and care for it.
Planting weeping willow
Weeping willow is not a separate type of plant, but trees with a special crown. Their branches cascade almost to the ground. Such a tree is good in itself, and, especially - growing on the shore of the reservoir. Also, this view is perfectly combined with thuja or juniper. Many decorative forms of a weeping willow are small in size, you can create very miniature compositions from them by placing them on a bed of flowers.
Planting spherical willow and care for it
The rounded shape of the crown can be in different types of trees. Most often, when it comes to globular willows, I mean the kind of "breaking Bullata". The shoots with leaves, concentrated in the upper layer of the crown, give the tree a very attractive look. The plant is unpretentious, resistant to frost and tolerates a haircut.
Place for planting willow (spherical and weeping) should be open on all sides. It can grow on almost any kind of soil, except dry sand. But, of course, the presence of fertile land and plenty of moisture is preferable.
Most of the species of this culture is easily propagated by cutting. To this end, in the spring, before the leaves bloom, they choose one-year (i.e. last year growth) shoots. They are easily identified by the presence of kidneys. The shoots are cut into cuttings 15 cm long or a little more. In the upper part should be a few kidneys. For planting willow select the thickest cuttings and transferred to the ground almost the entire length. The longer the underground part, the better. The soil should be wet and well fit to the cuttings, so the plant after planting abundantly watered. For about a couple of weeks a powerful root system has been formed, all this time the plant needs plenty of watering.
But some species, such as goat willow, do not propagate by cuttings. In this case, it is better to purchase seedlings in the nursery. By the way, this way of planting willows will allow you to grow a healthier and more resilient tree. Transplantation to a permanent place is made in the early spring or in the autumn after a leaf fall.
Willow care and pruning
For good growth, trees require care, watering and nutrition. The soil around young plants must be loosened and mulched with a layer of peat every spring. Moisture-loving varieties, such as fragile, ashy or eared, need additional spraying of the crown during the heat.
After planting the tree for several years should grow freely, and only in the case when they reach a height of about a meter, you need to start this kind of care, like pruning trees. After flowering, young shoots are shortened by 15-20 cm. At the ends, be sure to leave the buds looking up and to the side. Some gardeners fear pruning trees for fear of harming them. But without shaping a decorative variety will not have a dense and truly beautiful crown.
Willow is a fairly unpretentious plant, and for an experienced gardener, planting and caring for them does not present much difficulty. If you are not such, but you want to have healthy and beautiful trees on your plot or in the garden, seek the help of professionals. The company "Sovereign" provides services for planting weeping and spherical willows and caring for them in Moscow and the Moscow region. We will help grow your dream garden.
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The family of willow has about 300 species. These are mainly various shrubs. Most of the species are grown for specific purposes.
A distinctive feature of willow is its transparent crown, whose branches are very thin and gently fall down. During flowering, small inflorescences form on the branches. Many species of willow representatives can reach a height of up to 15 meters. But there are such shrubs that rise up to 40 meters. Not a few species and dwarf plants.
Willow looks great alone, but in the "team" she is also good. In landscape design, for the formation of rock gardens, mainly dwarf varieties are used. It is not uncommon to contemplate willow as a hedge. Virtually all types of willow tolerate pruning.
Willow can decorate many reservoirs, given the fact that such an atmosphere is perfect for her. Green leaves with a delicate silvery shade perfectly harmonize with water.
Willow has a massive root system. This allows using a shrub to strengthen the slope or prevent soil erosion.
Caring for willow is absolutely not difficult.
How much benefit in willow
Willow is not only an excellent ornamental tree, but also a wonderful tool, often used in medicine. I mainly use bark, which helps with such diseases:
- Low blood pressure.
- Neuropathic disorder.
Preparations on willow bark are capable of lowering the temperature, relieving painful sensations in case of rheumatism, and relieve intestinal upset.
Willow bark makes excellent preparations for rinsing the mouth during the inflammatory process.
Tinctures of the bark help with excessive sweating. The decoction is recommended as a bath for the treatment of eczema. To the result was more effective, they also add a decoction of birch buds.
Traditional medicine uses willow bark in such situations:
- Intestinal upset
- Gastric colic, intestinal problems.
- Diseases of the spleen.
The tool has a diuretic effect, and is a styptic.
Broths help to deal with such problems:
- Inflammatory process in the oral cavity.
- Varicose veins
- Muscle fatigue.
How to make a decoction, how many ingredients to put, and how to use it, can tell a specialist in this field.
The main types of willow, their description
It is quite difficult to list a huge number of willow species, so the focus is on the main varieties:
- White willow. Up the tree can reach about 25 meters. On the massive trunk, only the side branches are down. Leaves of gray tint appear simultaneously with earrings. The flowers of the tree are very small, have a yellow color. Blooming begins in the middle of spring. The tree feels great on the shore of a reservoir in a sun-filled area. White willow will delight with its beauty for a long period, about 100 years.
Rules for planting and caring for weeping willow
The first thing you should pay attention to when planting willow is on the ground. The plant loves sandy soil, or loamy. Willow is unpretentious, but you can still be pampered with the introduction of humus or compost into the soil.
If it is possible to plant willow in a moist soil, then this should be done. Some gardeners claim that planting willow in a fairly heavy soil, for example, near the house, will bring positive results. In such conditions, it will also grow well.
For planting willow least suitable dry and sandy soil.
Caring for planted shrubs is not laborious, you just need to follow simple rules for watering, feeding and pruning.
Optimal conditions for the habitat of willow are the shores of water bodies, so at home the plant will need abundant watering.
If there is a place on your summer cottage that is constantly buried in the period of snow melting, then in this place willow will be very comfortable.
The amount of water during irrigation increases during a period of drought or hot and hot summer. Young seedlings are recommended not only to water, but also to regularly spray them with a crown. One adult willow should have several buckets of water, no less. The tree will “drink” as much as it needs.
Top dressing of the tree is an integral part of care. Their introduction guarantees a gorgeous appearance of your plant. In the spring, the soil around the tree should be well plowed and mineral fertilizers should be added.
Also, mineral fertilizers, along with organic fertilizers should be applied throughout the season. The dosage and frequency will depend on the variety of willow and its age.
We form a crown
If you do not cut the willow, its branches will grow randomly, it will lose its decorative appearance, the branches will be rare. Therefore, haircut is mandatory. Amateur gardeners after pruning turn out lovely trees or shrubs, while professionals have extraordinary beauty plants.
The first 4 years after planting the sapling, haircut is not required. The tree grows, gains strength, grows stronger and develops. When the branches grow about a meter, you can make the first pruning.
В основном обрезку проводят по весне, но можно сделать это и летом, Главное, не трогать дерево в период цветения. Кончики ветвей срезают примерно на 30-35 сантиметров. Срез рекомендуется делать над почкой, направленной вверх.
Regular pruning of branches will allow for several years to form a gorgeous tree with a thick crown.
We multiply the weeping willow
The most optimal way of breeding weeping willow is grafting. From the cutting tree grows quickly enough.
Cuttings can be harvested in the late fall or early spring, so to speak in the off-season. Shoots should be chosen young, which no more than 2 years. In this case, the chances that the twig will take much more.
The stalk is cut from the middle of the sprig. The length of each should be about 20-30 centimeters.
Prepared cuttings can be planted both in the tank and in the greenhouse. If they land in a tank, you should observe a distance between them of about 20-30 centimeters. Planting in the greenhouse involves the preparation of a small trench, the distance between the seedlings is also 20-30 centimeters.
Care for planted cuttings provide a constant and as required. Carefully monitor the level of humidity in the room (greenhouse). It is necessary to constantly loosen the soil, remove the shoots of neighboring plants, if any, otherwise it will simply clog the young.
Planted cuttings rather quickly take root and begin to grow actively. But to transplant them into the open ground in a hurry is not worth it. The young stock should stay in the greenhouse during the winter period. Only a year later, the seedlings can be transplanted. Grown trees by grafting quickly take root in a new place, and are actively growing.
It is recommended to plant seedlings in the spring, as soon as the snow has thawed. Prepare the hole. If the tree is short, such volumes are enough - 50 * 50 * 50 centimeters. For tall varieties need more. The soil should be well plowed, in the hole add fertilizer or humus. Only after that the cutting with a good root system is buried. The first time after transplantation, willow needs frequent and abundant watering.
In nature, willow breeds seed method. Seeds can maintain their germination for only a few days.
Ripe seeds are carried by the wind, or they are spread by birds. Seed material can get into the water, where it retains its germination more than one year. If the young sprout still managed to germinate, it will grow quickly, but other plants and active growth can prevent it. Sometimes, the seed carries over long distances. Many people noticed that around the reservoirs, on a large plot, many willows grow, and at different distances. This is all due to the wind and the birds.
Varietal willows are very problematic to grow with the help of seeds, in this case only cuttings are suitable. There are varieties that can be diluted only by vaccination. But it is more practical to purchase such a sapling in a specialty store.
Is willow sick
In most cases, the weeping is not subject to disease. But the plant can affect rot, which occurs in the rainy period or when excessive watering. With the advent of warm and sunny days, the fungus can disappear on its own.
Of common fungal diseases - scab, a problem arises as a result of the appearance of a fungus. Especially scab weeping willows. The disease is simply determined, spots appear on the leaflets and shoots. It can be seen as soon as the tree wakes up after winter. Carried not to take action, the foliage will quickly turn black and will die off. Scab best develops in a humid environment.
Another disease that plagious willows are most susceptible to is diplodinous necrosis of the trunk and branches. The problem can be identified by the spring. Most often, young shoots and twigs suffer, their bark darkens considerably, and then completely dies, acquiring a grayish tint.
If you see that on your willow leaves get gray spots, the tree must be treated with a means containing copper.
When a tree is attacked by pests, it is also displayed on the foliage. In this case, insecticides can not do.
Pests affecting willow
Pests are not often attacked by a weeping willow, but their appearance is not excluded. How many pests exist, it makes no sense to list, we will only discuss the frequently encountered ones:
- Willow silkworm-moths Caterpillars wrap leaves, creating a cocoon in them. They feed on young shoots.
- Willow Aphid It multiplies quickly enough, affecting not only the populated tree, but also nearby plants. It feeds on the juice of young leaves and shoots.
- Tick spider web. Like many pests feed on the juice of young foliage. Lives on the inside of the leaf. Over time, the leaves turn brown and fall off. If not to take measures, the mite is able to spend the winter in the bark of the tree, or fallen leaves, and in the spring to begin active sabotage.
- Willow Wolfy. White-winged butterfly, which in the caterpillar stage feeds on the sap of the tree.
- Various rodents. Able to nibble the rhizome. They are especially terrible for planted cuttings.
That the tree grows strong and healthy, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures in a timely manner, and to ensure proper care.
Spherical willow grows to 20 meters and has many massive branches. In winter, the foliage of this plant changes its green color to olive. The plant is tied to moisture, so it is found near the coast and dams. Resistant to cold.
The leaves are elongated and slightly rough. To willow remained spherical, it should be often cut. Globular willow grows in almost all parts of the country, but it is observed even in Australia, Africa and America.
This tree lives up to 80 years.
Plant it in April. Seedlings are usually bought in the nursery. When planting a willow tree, they dig a hole 30 cm deep and lower seedlings there with the soil fed in the form of peat and fertilizer. This will allow the plant to grow strong and healthy. The main thing is not to forget to regularly water the seedlings.
Dwarf willow has many varieties throughout the world. It grows both in Europe and in America. It is found in mountainous areas. The tree is resistant to cold, but does not tolerate heat.
Therefore, a comfortable weather for the living conditions of a dwarf willow will be a temperature of 25 degrees Celsius. The foliage of this plant is small and does not cause any problems when cleaning.
The main advantage of this mini-species is that this tree reaches a height of from one to two meters.
When planting willow shoots are planted in the soil fertilized with mineral fertilizers. In drought it is necessary to water the plant more often. It is not particularly whimsical to cooling and can grow even in alkaline soils.
Now breeders are effectively engaged in the cultivation of new dwarf willow varieties, and believe that they have a future.
The five-pitched willow, the description of which will be presented below, performs well in weaving. It grows in meadows and peat bogs in Siberia, as well as in European corners of the country, particularly in lowlands. It can also be found in the Far East and in the Ural Mountains.
The tree reaches a height of more than 10 meters. The bark of the plant is brown in color, and the shoots, the leaves seem to shine in the sun. The willow leaves themselves resemble a laurel leaf, having an oval shape with teeth on the edges. At the top of the sheet is a greenish tint, and below - a pale matte.
Basically, such a tree is used for weaving furniture.
When planting in spring, it is necessary to moisten the ground with peat and compost and plant the cuttings in the hole. Usually planted to a depth of forty centimeters between rows fifty centimeters wide.
For this, the core is pierced into the ground, and in the place where the willow will grow, they lower the plant. Then compact the soil. The cuttings are planted vertically and from south to north.
This method is practiced by many gardeners.
American willow is considered the most cultivated in the wooded areas of Russia. It is a hybrid of purple and five-host willow.
After the end of the growing season, the downward sloping end of the branch is not straightened. Leaves narrow and elongated to 15 centimeters. In the autumn period, the bark has a purple hue with varying degrees of saturation. At the bottom of the vine greenish color. The advantage of this plant is that it preserves universal qualities for handicrafts made of willow. Widely distributed in European regions of Russia.
A plant like the American willow should be planted in May. Cuttings are lowered into the pits a depth of 30 centimeters vertically and from south to north and compact the ground. Here, as in the case of a five-willow willow, a metal rod is dipped into the soil. This method is practiced by many gardeners.
The wavy willow is a cross between a rod-shaped and five-well wedge. It grows like a bush with a height of almost 5 meters. The shoots of this plant are thin and flexible brown. The leaves are lanceolate, and along the edges have notches. The leaf plate has a wavy shape.
Young leaves are omitted completely, and adults - bare and slightly tilted down. It almost always gives an annual bar a little more than 2 meters in length, obscures the soil, and thus contributes to the fight against overgrowth.
The elasticity of the twig is the same as that of the five-willow. Remarkably cleaned of bark.
The habitat of such a tree as a corrugated willow is located near the coastal zone in the middle zone of the country, as well as in Europe.
For planting a willow tree will need soil where there is loam. The place should be chosen such where the sunlight will constantly arrive. In the shade this tree will not grow. You can also use the place where the groundwater.
To properly plant this plant, you need to follow the following rules:
- dig a hole with a diameter of 50 centimeters and a depth of 30-40 centimeters,
- put sand or crushed stone in the bottom of the pit,
- sprinkle fertilizer from peat and soil,
- bury the pit for a third of the earth and place the seedling there,
- tamp the soil in the form of a pit to facilitate watering.
Russian willow is considered less suitable for weaving. This tree reaches a maximum height of 10 meters, and the shrub grows to 6 meters in height. The branches are elongated, color gray-green.
Leaves are narrow, lanceolate in shape. The plant thrives most in Eastern Siberia and the Far East. It can be found along the rivers and lakes, as well as near the coast.
The rod is of low quality and brittle, mainly used in the bare form without bark.
This plant should be planted in May. Cuttings are lowered into the pits with a depth of 30 centimeters and compact the ground. Like the five-willow and American willows, a metal rod is lowered into the soil. The cuttings are planted vertically and from the south-east to north-west. This method is practiced by many gardeners.
Pest control of willow trees
A willow tree has many parasites that are ready to destroy the plant. One of the main pests are:
- Alder weevil. Such a small insect makes moves in the bark of the tree, after which the willow leaves dry and the wood of the twig deteriorates. The larva of such a parasite settles in branches and stumps, and quite often happens in cracks of tree bark. The only way to deal with it is to cut down and burn the affected stalks.
- Yellow leaf beetle. This is a bug that feeds on foliage of trees. With a lot of larvae of this insect, the tree may die. They hibernate in fallen leaves and under the bark. Therefore, one of the effective methods of dealing with them will be the destruction of the larvae of these beetles in the winter. After spring roasting of plants fungal diseases are reduced.
- Aphids and spider moths are collected in colonies on annual shoots and leaves, after which the plant turns yellow and becomes ill.
In addition to the parasites listed above, the willow tree has many different pests. The main thing is not to forget to take care of trees in time and to carry out preventive measures during the fight against insects. Observe the light and water mode. With proper care and treatment from pests, the tree will delight its owners for many years.
Willow - raindrops among the clear sky
Since ancient timesWillow (Willow) was a sign of the arrival of spring. The ancient Slavs considered it sacred and symbolized the constancy of life cycles.
Different peoples willow was a symbol of purity and immortality, beauty and sophistication, and at the same time associated with sadness. In the myths of ancient Greece, Willow has always been associated with the world of the dead.
Among the Indians of South America, Willow personified friendship and hospitality. With the appearance of guests, the bark of this glorious tree was added to the peace pipe.
The Latin name of the Willow is Salix. From the Latin words sal - water, lix - close.
In Russia, Yves are known by the names of Willow, Vine, Vetla.
The roots of Willow are found in many languages. The word is quite ancient, so there are several theories about its origin.
One of the versions of the origin is that the word comes from the verb vit. After all, in the old daysfrom Willow peasants vili huge amount of valuable things. And in our time, Willow is an excellent raw material for wicker furniture.
According to another version, the word originated from ancient languages and meant “reddish wood”.
Where does Willow grow
There are about 550 species of willow, and they are concentrated mainly in the northern hemisphere. Siberia, North China, the north of Europe, the north of America are the places where you can meet this tree.
Willow widespread in the middle part of Russia.
The height of the tree is up to 15 meters, but there are species more than 35 meters with a girth of more than half a meter.
Willow loves moisturetherefore, often this large spreading tree or its smaller species can be found along the banks of rivers and lakes.
As if garlands hang from the banks of the green branches and gently touch the surface of the water.
What does willow look like
In Russia, there are a huge number of species of Willow, however, the most famous -weeping. She often became the hero of many fairy tales, poems and stories in Russian folklore.
The height of this tree is up to 25 meters. The bark is silver gray. The crown is spreading, slightly transparent and transmits light well. The branches are thin and graceful, like the bends of the trunk.
Healing properties of Willow
Broth bark of Willow relieves rheumatic pains, and is also used in the treatment of colds and a decrease in temperature.
Bark of willow rich in tannins, therefore, is used in the manufacture of medicines with disinfectant and antipyretic properties. In addition, the bark has a diuretic and diaphoretic action.
Salicin (translated from the Latin "willow") is also obtained from the bark of this tree. Salicin is the basis of aspirin.
Preparations from the bark of Willow also have hemostatic properties. For inflammation of the skin and boils use ointment from crushed bark and fatty basis.
When thrombophlebitis take foot baths from Willow's broth.
Dandruff, itchy hair loss - troubles that decoction of burdock and Willow bark can handle.
However, do not abuse the broth of Willow due to the large amount of tannins in its bark.
Willow is of great importance for agriculture and plays a big role in replenishing natural resources.
Willow it is used as a barrier planting, creating for planting its own microclimate and a protective area from the winds.
In depleted and depleted soil zones, willow often becomes a “pioneer” and improves soil conditions for other plants. Fallenwillow foliage improves the composition of substances. It is for these reasons that the cultivation of willow is one of the techniques for the improvement of forestry.
Being a fast-growing tree, Willow is an excellent source of material. Some species are able to produce an annual harvest.
Willow Bars used in the manufacture of wicker furniture, baskets and other household items. The simplicity of replenishing these resources saves the forces of nature and makes it possible to save valuable forest plantations.
Joiners use willow bark when staking wood to imitate more expensive and valuable wood.
In folk medicine, willow has been and remains a natural remedy for malaria, as it is a valuable source of quinine.
Willow is a very tenacious plant and grows even in the most impoverished and scorched territories.
Willow is a very ancient plant. This is evidenced by the deposition of the Cretaceous formation.
Weeping willow got its name from the fact that it can literally cry. Being near water bodies, Willow roots are often submerged in water. Excess fluid from the leaves and bark of willow removes through the leaves.
The article uses illustrations from the authors:Woodmen19, apply3, baralgin68, kirill.batalow, mikhailprau (Yandex.Fotki)
Today, many know what a willow looks like. A photo of a tree is easy to find. And these plants appeared many years ago. Archaeologists have discovered prints of willow leaves in sediments that belong to the Cretaceous period.
Some members of the family are found even in the Arctic Circle. Dimensions range from trees with a trunk of fifteen meters to small shrubs. In nature, a huge number of willows, some are more common, others are not so well known.
Sheluga, rakita, willow, willow, vine, tal - all these are trees and shrubs that belong to the same family - Willow.
Detailed study of willow
People study nature all the time. Natural knowledge helps to survive. Collecting plants for food, it should be understood that there is a danger, and where useful elements are hidden.
The first descriptions of willow are found in the first century. Pliny the Elder described in his books more than five species. С развитием науки люди все больше узнают о живой природе и пытаются все классифицировать. Интерес у ученых всегда вызывала и ива. Дерево, виды которого много лет назад не были так многочисленны (более двух десятков), создало ряд споров между Линнеем и Скополи.
Изучение семейства проводилось и в России. It was the Soviet scientist Skvortsov who collected and arranged all the available data about trees, conducted a typification and picked up the appropriate names, identified subspecies.
However, their enormous diversity until today causes controversy and different opinions in scientific circles. Some countries even have their own schools for studying these trees.
The willow represents a huge variety of shapes and colors. The photo of a tree is most often weeping types located on the banks of rivers or lakes.
Probably because these plants look especially bright and inspired.
In the botanical gardens of England and Paris, representatives of these plants can be observed.
Three trees: poplar, willow and chozenia. What unites them? All of them belong to the Willow family and together comprise more than four hundred species. The main part grows in regions with a temperate climate, but there are plants that have reached the tropics, which indicates a variety of possible cultivation options. There are trees from the family growing in Africa.
These trees love light and moisture, but to varying degrees. Many are able to endure life in conditions with a lack of water. If we talk about poplars, they are represented only by trees. Tall and strong trunks with lush crowns.
Still, is a willow a tree or a shrub? It can be a tree with a huge tall trunk or lush shrub, a small spreading plant. But the smallest species (from the Arctic and the Alps) still did not become herbs.
Willows can be found on the banks of the river. This is one of the best places for a tree - a lot of moisture and sun. At the same time, individual specimens may fall on the slopes, sands, marshes and in the forest (as a mix with other trees).
Three willow species
Poplars can be considered the most primitive representative of the family. Although in some areas they are found at almost every step. Are of great importance to humans. Because of their natural growth rate and unpretentious nature, they become an excellent source of wood.
The notation is represented by only one species. The tree is very fond of sunlight and grows on the ground, which consists of a mixture of gravel and sand. Chosenia groves do not grow. As they grow older, they dry out and fall apart, or else other species supplant them. Difficult enough to multiply, so do not have much distribution.
Willow - a tree that is the most diverse genus of the family. You can meet him in any geographic location. It is divided into three subgenera: Salix, Vetrix and Chamaetia. Each of them has its own characteristics and quite a few representatives. You can meet such trees in many places of our planet. Huge, strong and small decorative.
Most of the representatives are trees. The list includes about thirty species. Such a willow is a tree whose leaves are always sharp, flat. Veins are not dented, and the edges are not twisted.
White willow has medium or large size. Leaves - whitish with a silvery shade. Most often grows in river valleys. They are often bred, especially in rural areas.
In addition, there are decorative representatives. Weeping willow is a tree that can be found in Asia Minor. It is from there that a representative comes from, which bears the name fragile. A torn branch of such a tree takes root well. Due to this, the species has spread far beyond the borders of its homeland - this tree can be found in many parts of Europe.
The willow five-tongue is interesting for its external characteristics. It has beautiful foliage, as if glossy. The most recent of all the representatives of its kind blooms, and only by the end of the warm pore its seeds ripen. Throughout the autumn and winter, hanging dry earrings adorn the tree.
Vetriks and Hamitei
Together, these two subspecies have more than three hundred representatives. The willow tree, described below, is found in forest areas with moderate climatic conditions and belongs to the wind species (goat or bredin willow). It has large spreading branches and a smooth trunk.
Perfectly tolerates transplanting in various conditions, so it is quite popular with gardeners. The subspecies sailfish is a willow, tree or shrub of a rather large growth.
In addition, representatives differ in the structure of the buds, early flowering and shoots with missing or underdeveloped foliage.
The group Hameteya includes mostly low-growing shrubs, some of which are creeping. Earrings are located at the very end of a leafy shoot. Seeds ripen quite late. In the forest tundra most often you can see a gray-blue willow. Interestingly grow polar and grass. Their trunk is deeply immersed in soil or moss, and only thin twigs with foliage come out.
In Europe, Russia, Central Asia on the slopes, edges and in the forests you can meet a goat willow.
This plant with a height of ten meters has a rounded and dense crown. Sometimes it can be a shrub.
Another tree of the goat willow is the Mas willow, characterized by sprawling foliage, greenish bark and dark red shoots. The plant is unpretentious to the soil, grows quickly enough, and the average life expectancy is thirty years.
A tree well known in our area is willow. Description of the appearance of the weeping beauty has a fabulous and romantic story - about a girl who lost her lover and turned into an elegant tree. Standing on the shore, she still sheds tears, recalling the loss.
Use in traditional medicine
It is difficult to find a tree similar to willow, which would have such an extensive distribution and diverse use.
Trees of all kinds have beneficial substances in their composition. Goats, brittle willows and some other representatives are especially rich in them.
Bark-based drugs help with inflammation, alleviate pain, increase blood clotting ability, reduce urine production.
After conducting clinical trials, the effectiveness of willow was established during the treatment of hypertension.
People suffering from tachycardia and neurosis can take a decoction or tinctures based on inflorescences.
Since ancient times, it was believed that the willow has magical properties. What tree is used in Christian rites? Willow, belonging to the family of willow. Previously, she was attributed the strongest healing properties. It was believed that by swallowing a kidney, you can get rid of fever and other diseases.
Broths are used externally or drink - depending on the problem. For example, they rinse their mouths with inflammations and make baths with strong perspiration.
People engaged in weaving from the vine, have some difficulties when searching for materials. Therefore, many people think about breeding their own small plantation.
For good growth should choose a lighted and quite wet place. Best of all, the chemical composition of the soil was acidic.
You can grow a new tree using seeds or cuttings. In order for them to take root and give good shoots, you should carefully consider the choice of the part for germination. It is best to use the stalk, which is located at the very bottom of the trunk. This part is called the butt.
Willow - a tree that is planted in the spring or autumn. Thickness and height depend on the frequency of location. The closer the trees are, the thinner the trunk will be.
Weeping willow ornamental, bonsai, description, planting and care, video
Weeping willow is a large tree that can often be found near rivers and reservoirs in a temperate climate. Judging by the fact that the plant feels great in the wild and suffers heat and frost, it will not be difficult to care for it at home. Willow looks great in parks, recreation areas or even in the yard.
The tree can grow up to 25 meters and live for 100 years.
Willow weeping in landscape design - video
- Total information
- Variety of species
Willow is a deciduous tree of the Willow family. There are more than 550 species on the planet, mostly they grow in areas with a temperate and cool climate of the Northern Hemisphere. Some species are found beyond the Arctic Circle and in the tropics. Scientists note that willows are old-timers on the planet, their leaves are imprinted in the Cretaceous sediments, which are tens of millions of years old.
In Russia, the plant has several names - rakita, willow, willow, willow, tal, vine, lozina, sheluga.
Most often, willow is a tree about 15 meters high, or a low shrub. But some species of willow are represented by specimens with a height of more than 30 meters with a trunk diameter of 50 cm. In the North, a willow is no longer a tree, but a short, creeping shrub that does not grow higher than 20-30 cm. 2-3 centimeters.
Willow grows well along the banks of rivers and lakes, but there are species that grow on the slopes of mountains and in semi-deserts.
The willows of various species are very well developed roots, so they are planted to strengthen the loose sandy soil.
Yves are bred and to consolidate the shores of natural and artificial reservoirs - dams, canals, rivers, lakes, ponds.
Weeping willow is a good decoration of a park or a backyard plot, especially if there is an artificial reservoir nearby - a pond or a swimming pool, therefore landscape designers willingly work with it.
Variety of species
In this article we will talk about decorative varieties that are used in landscape design.
White willow is a rather large tree with effectively hanging down thin branches, with long silver leaves. White willow grows rapidly, is not demanding on the soil, can grow on waterlogged soil. This tree loves light and heat, and at the same time tolerates the harsh Russian winters. Magnificent krone easily gives in to a hairstyle. The tree can be used for a single landing in the park.
The willow has a crown-shaped crown, dark green, with a silvery shade of leaves that turn yellow-green in autumn. It blooms in April-May with fluffy yellow-green flowers - cats. In five years it grows up to 3 meters, it reaches its maximum after 15-20 years, and it is 25 meters. at the same time the diameter of the crown it increases to 20 meters.
Goat willow Kilmarnock - a low ornamental tree with hanging branches, the height depends on the place of vaccination. Goat willow is unpretentious to growing conditions, loves light, but can grow in shady places, suitable for planting near a reservoir.
It develops well in wet soil, hardy.
The shape of the crown of the willow of this variety is weeping, the leaves are dull green with a silvery shade, in the autumn turn yellow. It blooms in April-May with fluffy golden flowers.
Willow kilmarnok does not grow above one and a half meters, and its crown diameter rarely exceeds 1.5 meters.
Pendula Goat Willow is a low ornamental tree that will be seen in group plantings on the waterfront. Its height also depends on the height of the grafting. It is a photophilous and frost-resistant plant that develops well on any type of soil with different humidity.
The crown of the willow of this variety is weeping, the leaves are dull-green, silvery, turning yellow in autumn. It blooms in spring golden cats. Pendula willow is never higher than 170 cm, and its crown diameter does not exceed 1.5 meters.
Willow fragile - a small tree or shrub. It grows quickly in wet soil and flooded areas. Photophilous, but can grow in partial shade.
The shape of the crown at the willow of this variety is soft, round, in appearance resembles clouds. Green leaves in autumn are bright yellow. It blooms in April-May oblong green-yellow flowers. Fragile willow grows up to 15 meters in height, with the crown diameter it reaches 12 meters.
Purple willow - shrub with thin, reddish-brown branches that have a bluish bloom. Grows rapidly on any type of soil, even on sand. Differs in frost resistance and unpretentiousness to illumination. Krona is easy to shape haircut. Purple willow can be used in hedges or in a single planting.
The shape of the crown is spherical, the leaves are silvery-green, in autumn they acquire a yellow-green color. It blooms in April-May oblong purple flowers. Purple willow grows up to 5 meters in height, and the diameter of the crown - rarely exceeds 5 meters.
Purple Willow Lighthouse - winter-hardy, ornamental, openwork shrub with thin red-pink branches. Loves bright, sunny places and moderately moist soil.
Can be planted in a hedge, and in compositions with other shrubs and trees.
The shape of the crown is spherical, the leaves are silvery-green in summer and yellow-green in autumn. Yellow-pink flowers are formed in spring. The dimensions of the willow beacon are 3 meters in height, with a crown diameter of 3 meters.
Purple willow nana - shrub with red-brown branches. It is undemanding to soils and light, frost-resistant, but in winter it needs protection from the wind. Krona is easy to shape haircut. The shrub can be planted in groups or alone, in hedges and for planting near water bodies.
The shape of the crown is fluffy, semicircular. The leaves are oblong, narrow, silver-green in summer and yellow-green in autumn. It blooms in spring with light green flowers. The height of the bush and the diameter of the crown does not exceed one and a half meters.
Pendula willow is a frost-resistant, lush shrub with thin branches of the purple color scheme. Loves wet soil and light, can grow in flooded areas, but at the same time tolerates drought well.
Can be used for single landings at reservoirs.
The shape of the crown is open, weeping, the leaves are green with a bluish tinge, turn yellow in autumn. Flowers purple color scheme. The height depends on the height of the grafting site, but rarely exceeds 3 meters, and the crown diameter is 1.6 meters.
Sverdlovsk winding willow is a frost-resistant, ornamental tree with spiral-shaped, hanging branches. The soil is undemanding, but grows slowly, well formed by a haircut. Willow of this variety can be used for planting in a hedge or in a single planting.
The shape of the crown is weeping, the leaves are green in the summer and yellow in the fall, do not bloom. The maximum height of the winding willow does not exceed 3 meters, and the diameter of the crown - 2 meters.
Willow Sverdlovsk winding.
Hakuro-nishiki willow is a spreading shrub or small tree with an unusual coloring and hanging shoots. The variety is not frost resistant, poorly suited for cultivation in the Russian climate. It grows well in moist soil, in a well-lit place.
Can be used for single planting, or in combination with plants that have a dark green color. Lush bush is easy to shape haircut.
The shape of the crown is round, the leaves are white-pink-green in spring and summer, turning pink in autumn. It blooms in April and May with yellow-green flowers. The height and diameter of the crown in this class are within 2 meters.
Swiss willow is a sprawling, dwarf variety. Slow-growing, light-loving shrub. Feels good on fertile, loose, moist soil.
The color goes well with coniferous trees.
The shape of the crown is rounded, the leaves are silver in spring and summer, turning yellow in autumn. The flowers are spring, golden. The height of the bush is 1 meter, with a crown diameter of 1.5 meters.
Willow Babylon - sprawling tree with thin and long branches hanging down to the ground. Branches of red, yellow or green shades. This variety is frost resistant and unpretentious to growing conditions. Suitable for a single landing on the shore of the reservoir.
The shape of the crown is round, the leaves are long, dark green at the top, and gray-green at the bottom. In the autumn turn yellow. Blossoms white and yellow flowers - earrings. The tree grows to 10-12 meters, the crown can exceed these values.
A willow or holly willow is a shrub or tree with thin, flexible branches of red color, which is why the people are called a red-tailed tree or a red tail. There is wax on the branches, which is easily washable. It is frost-resistant, unpretentious, can grow near a reservoir on sandy soil.
The shape of the crown is oval, the leaves are long, shiny, green with a bluish tinge, they turn yellow in autumn. Blossoms in April, earrings with yellow pollen.
Willow grows up to 8-10 meters in height, spreading crown - up to 3-4 meters in shrubs and up to 5-6 meters in trees.
Willow or Norway willow.
Shaggy willow - an ornamental shrub or a small tree with lush branches.
Frost-resistant variety, grows well in moist fertile soil. Great for planting in the garden near small artificial ponds.
The shape of the crown is rounded, formed by a haircut. Leaves of the original form - elliptical, silvery-green, yellowing in autumn. Leaves and branches covered with silky hairs. The flowers are yellow, spring, similar to a vertically set candles. Plant height 1.5-3 meters, crown diameter - 3-4 meters.
Armando creeping willow is a small shrub with bare flexible branches. This variety of willow is grown in the form of a trout. It can be planted not only in the garden, but also indoors or on a balcony in a tub or container. Frost-resistant, loves wet soil and a lot of light. The tree can be used to design stone gardens, planted in small artificial ponds.
The crown is spreading, leaves are dull-green above and gray-green below, with shiny fibers. Flowering occurs in the spring, inflorescences fluffy, silver and pinkish color scheme.
The bush does not exceed 1 meter in height, the diameter of the crown is 2-3 meters. Иногда садоводы придают кусту штамбовую форму.
Ива розмаринолистная в России известна как нетала, ницелоз или ива сибирская.
Это невысокий, раскидистый кустарник с гибкими побегами красного или фиолетового цвета. Растет медленно, на любой почве, хорошо переносит сильные морозы и ветра. Подходит для посадки среди каменистых горок.
The form of the crown is sprawling, the leaves are straight with a silky down. The color of the leaves is dark green on top and bluish from the inside. It flowers in May with numerous fragrant earrings of yellow or purple color. The height of the bush is 1 meter, the diameter of the crown is 3-4 meters.