Plants, united by the genus Kalanchoe, are found in nature in the majority in the Southern Hemisphere. Kalanchoe Kalandiva, representing the miniature, magnificently blossoming Kalanchoe Blossfeld subspecies, is no exception.
Like other varieties, Kalanchoe Kalandiva is grown as a room culture and is deservedly considered an unpretentious plant, the care of which is possible even for a beginner florist.
Description of the features of Kalanchoe Kalandiva
Kalanchoe Kalandiva has fleshy erect shoots to which oval or ovoid leaves are attached to the short petioles. Since Kalanchoe belongs to succulents, the leaves are rather fleshy, and their richly green surface is glossy.
The shop small bushes of this type are sold under the name Kalanchoe Kalandiva mini, surprising with large leaves and lush buds.
Indeed, the striking difference from the seemingly similar species is that the flowering of Kalanchoe Kalandiva lasts about six months, and the double flowers of diameters up to a centimeter collected in racemes can be white, yellow, orange, pink and deep red. Gathering a mix of Kalanchoe Kalandiva on various colors on the window sill, you can during the winter and spring, the period when light and colors are most needed, admire bright inflorescences, and then the plant needs a short rest period for growth and new forces.
With proper care, Kalanchoe at home gathers buds in January, and the last flowers wilt only by the beginning of summer.
In addition, the plant grows quickly, unpretentiously and easily reproduces in several simple ways. How to care for Kalanchoe Kalandiva to indoor flower pleased lush flowering? What conditions for this culture need to create for a long life and health of the plant at home?
Maintenance conditions and care for Kalanchoe at home
Like almost all succulents, the Kalanchoe Kalandiva does not give the owners serious trouble, with the exception of some of the features of care, on which the entry of the plant into the flowering time depends. And here the lighting organization plays the biggest role for the flower culture.
In nature, Kalanchoe grows in open areas, where there is no shortage of light, but direct rays cannot harm the shoots, foliage and flowers.
Therefore, for a pot with a plant, it is optimal to choose a place on a windowsill facing east or west. If this is not possible, on the north windows you will have to provide Kalanchoe with good illumination, and on the south windows - to shade the bushes. Flowering Kalanchoe Kalandiva falls on the darkest period of the year. A plant, unlike many crops, does not require a daylight duration of more than 9 hours, but illumination in cloudy weather is simply necessary. Moreover, both the lack of light and its excess can lead to the plant “refusal” from budding.
Due to such a small mistake, many amateurs have the impression that this is practically a “one-off” flower, and it will not be possible to achieve its re-flowering by taking care of Kalanchoe at home.
In fact, it is only necessary to establish the proper lighting mode, ensure the bush watering, suitable temperature and dressing, as Kalanchoe will surely please with lush terry bunches on the tops of the shoots. Special temperature regime Kalanchoe Kalandiva not required. In summer, the flower feels great indoors, on the terrace or veranda, where the air is heated to 18 to 28 ° C. Such unpretentiousness allows to make pots with Kalanchoe into the garden and even organize seasonal gardening with them.
How to care for Kalanchoe, so that the plant is pleased with flowers? In autumn, when the plants are to plant flower buds, the temperature for Kalanchoe is lowered to 14–16 ° C. At this time, it is important to reduce the intensity of irrigation, as roots sensitive to excess moisture can rot at low temperatures:
During the heating period, the plant can not additionally spray, but to arrange a small shower for the foliage is necessary. This will have a beneficial effect on metabolic processes, chlorophyll synthesis and the growth of Kalanchoe.
For a fast-growing and compact Kalanchoe Kalandyva, the serious pruning of over-extending shoots is extremely important.
This measure will not only return the appearance of the bush, but also awaken new growth points, stimulates the appearance of a larger number of inflorescences.
Sometimes the lack of flowers causes excessive care for kalanchoe at home, namely, over-feeding the plant with nitrogen, causing active growth of greenery. When selecting a mixture of fertilizers for this crop, it is better to be guided by the presence of phosphorus and potassium in the mixture. These elements are essential kalanchoe for long mass flowering. As a finished product you can pay attention to fertilizers for succulents and flower indoor plants.
Transplantation of plants is carried out as needed, when the root system of Kalanchoe wraps the whole earthen room and requires expansion of the “living space”.
During flowering, the roots practically do not grow, and any manipulation of the bush can lead to the loss of flowers and buds. Therefore, replanting Kalanchoe Kalandiva mini or other species is better during the rest period, not more often than in 2–4 years. There are no special requirements for the soil for Kalanchoe. The main quality of soil is friability and considerable lightness. You can take it as a ready mix for succulents or flowering plants by adding a quarter of the volume of washed sand to the last soil.
Propagation of Kalanchoe Kalandiva is most easily obtained by cuttings of an adult bush:
- Parts of the plant are so simply rooted that for this you can use not only the nutrient substrate, wet sand, but even plain water.
- After a week, the roots are formed, sufficient to transplant the cutting to a permanent place. At the same time, aerial roots on the shoot take on the role of ordinary ones.
- By flowering with proper care at home, Kalanchoe will be ready in about six months.
If you have patience, you can get young plants from individual leaves of Kalanchoe. To do this, a sheet torn off with a petiole is slightly hardened and rolled in half to a suitable primer. After some time, tiny sockets will appear on the grooves along the edge of the sheet, which, as the roots grow and appear, can be separated and planted for growing.
From small seeds, sometimes ripening at home, you can also grow new bushes, but they may not meet the expectations of the grower, because the hybrid Kalanchoe Kalandiwa mix, sold in stores, in this case does not retain the parental features.
Characteristic and description
Kalandiva - very tenacious and undemanding plant, like other species.
If there are favorable conditions, it can last for six months.
Another feature - blooms in winter, often opening up to the New Year's Eve.
how succulent has thick rounded stems, densely covered with fleshy leaves. The shoots are numerous, branch well and produce aerial roots.
Leafy plates are painted in a deep dark green color, their surface is leathery and glossy. Form - rounded or ovoid, the edges are cut into small frequent teeth.
Terry inflorescencesThey are located on a short peduncle, fold into lush umbrellas.
The color is quite diverse, includes pink, orange, purple, red, yellow and beige shades.
Mix — descendant of Kalandives miniits hybrid. Main difference from parent - flowering can continuewithout interrupting whole year. Features in the care there.
If you want to achieve long flowering - place an African guest on the south window.
Kalandiva loves light very much, not afraid of the direct rays of the sun.
Being on the east and west side of the house does not form inflorescences.
In addition, the shoots will begin to stretch and thin, the leaves will be located far from each other, greatly exposing the stem. Kalandyva completely lose its attractive appearance.
Constant ground moisture will trigger fungal diseases.causing rotting of the roots and stem. Drought hurts a plant much less, so don’t flood it.
Quite enough moisten the soil every 6-8 days, even in summer. In any case, you need to wait for the soil to dry from above.
Immediately after watering, water that has leaked into the pan needs to be poured. Experienced growers recommend even wiping dry and the bottom of the pot and pan.
For watering use only softened water. with a minimal amount of lime.
To do this, tap water must be defended or boiled, or apply thawed and rain. Otherwise, a raid forms on the surface of the earth, which will prevent the passage of air to the roots.
If in winter to keep in a cool room, watering is reduced, increasing the interval between procedures for 5-7 days.
Do not worry - it does not hurt him. But the excess moisture will almost certainly cause rotting of the roots and the base of the stems.
Do not spray it or put next to a container with water. It is quite enough to wipe leaves from dust occasionally or to arrange a cool shower for the same purpose.
Dust clogs the stomata through which the plant collects moisture and interferes with its normal development.
The most necessary fertilizers, especially during flowering, are potassium and phosphorus. They should be made regularly - individually or in combination.
The interval between standard dressings is from 10 to 15 days.
But top dressing organic matter is recommended to limit or not use at all, as it contains a lot of nitrogen.
This substance causes fattening of the flower, it begins to intensively grow green leaves and shoots, and forgets about blooming.
At best, you can get a few stunted inflorescences, which will soon fall off.
Perfect mixture of peat, sand, humus, garden soil and perlite. You can also buy ready-made soil - universal or special for succulents and cacti.
Kalandiva begins to bloom during the period of short daylight - in winter.
With the right content, it can last 6-7 months.
Then the plant should rest about a month in a dark room.
Kalandyva can be removed under the table or in the closet and left alone, occasionally watering so that it does not dry out.
This procedure is very important for Kalandives!
In addition, the operation provides lush bloom in the future, because the inflorescences are formed only on young apical stems. Pruning is carried out immediately after flowering, using a well-sharpened tool.
Shoots can be cut off almost entirely, then the new ones will form a cute little bush.
Immediately after purchase, it must be transplanted into the real soil - in the store the plants are kept in temporary soil that does not have nutritional properties.
If a Kalanchoe blooms - it is recommended to wait for the completion of the process.
After being removed from the pot, the root system is rinsed under running water in order to completely wash off the remains of the store substrate.
Subsequent transplants are not necessarily carried out every year, as it does not grow large.
It is enough to transplant the plant in 2-3 years, completely replacing the soil with a new one.
Since the mix view is hybrid kalandivythen the care at home is no different.
Reproduction in general does not cause any difficulties and worries, since Kalandiva breeds very willingly. The most dubious and time-consuming method - seed, but they practically do not use.
After all, Kalandiva is a hybrid plant and does not transmit varietal quality when propagated by seeds.
Much more often use stem cuttingsremaining after trimming the plant. Often they already have roots, so do not require rooting.
Cuttings simply placed in loose peat substrate, sand, vermiculite and humus and watered as usual. Root-free cuttings are covered with half a plastic bottle to create a greenhouse effect for quick rooting.
The greenhouse is removed when the active growth of the seedling begins, indicating the success of the procedure. The grown up sapling is moved to full-fledged soil.
Breeding leaves takes more long period, and is no more different from grafting.
It can be used for the treatment of rhinitis and skin diseases.
Bactericidal ability Fresh juice helps to get rid of fungi, many bacteria and viruses.
This property is used in the treatment of ulcers, corns and weeping ulcers. Ointments from juice and fatty bases are used for burns, wounds, frostbite.
Kalandiva exposed to their attacks no less than other succulents.
All affected parts must be cut to healthy cells.
Sections are treated with crushed wood or activated carbon, fungicides are used - Fundazol, Acrobat MC, Profit Gold, Ordan, Scor, Previkur.
Harmful insects almost never attack, preferring more “tasty” plants.
Kalandiva - beautiful Kalanchoe varietysuitable for any interior.
It can be grown even for beginner flower growers and very busy people who forget to water their plants on time.
Description of the types of kalandiv
Kalanchoe Kalandiva is a bush 30 cm tall with fleshy stems and dense leaves. The leaves of the plant, depending on the variety, are smooth or velvety. Small terry flowers are connected in fluffy inflorescences. Different kalandiv among themselves basically the color of the petals. The Kalanchoe mix is particularly popular, as it is a hybrid with inflorescences of different colors. The plant has some medicinal properties, but it is grown mainly as a decorative flower. To add a homely greenhouse of paints, get several Kalanchoe with flowers of different colors.
Vigorously flowering variety of mini
Proper care of a mini calender ensures luxurious blooms. The first flowers appear a few months after planting and hold about 4 weeks. Then the flowers dry out and fall off, and new buds develop in their place. Full flowering cycle Lasts 6 months. Dense stems hold fleshy leaves. The flowers are collected in umbrellas, the petals can be yellow, pink, purple, red, white, orange.
Multicolored hybrid mix
Kalandyva mix - a hybrid variety that is derived from a mini kalandiv. Mix blooms almost the entire year - 8 months, excluding the time of vegetative rest. A miniature plant pleases the owner with colorful blooms. Inflorescences are red, yellow, lilac and white. Kalanchoe leaves are smooth, dark green, oval-shaped with wavy edges. Sometimes flower shop owners call chandy mix Several Mini plants, planted in one pot.
Features flower care
Care for Kalanchoe kalandiv at home is not particularly difficult. The main thing in plant care is to organize the right lighting. Mostly it depends on the light regime whether the Kalanchoe will bloom. The room where it is planned to place the flower should not be dark, but at the same time the plant should not be placed under direct sunlight. It should be noted that in case of cloudy weather, the kalandiv needs additional, artificially created lighting.
Adaptation after purchase
After purchasing the plant must pass the adaptation period. It is recommended to keep the flower in isolation from 5 to 7 days. If the plant is infected with pests or diseases, then a few days is enough to show the first symptoms of damage. Particular attention should be paid to the state of the leaves. Yellowness, brown spots, wilting, twisting, thinning of the leaf plate are signs of bacterial and viral infections, as well as symptoms of parasites. With the successful passage of adaptation, the flower is transplanted into a pot with soil, providing comfort to the plant. You should take care of the Kalanchoe kalandiv mini at home just as you would for a Kalandiwa mix..
Soil composition and watering
The main requirement for soil is neutral acidity and high breathability. There are three options for soil mixture for Kalanchoe:
- Nutrient mixture: sand, peat, turf ground, leaf ground, humus in equal parts.
- Garden land with sand in a ratio of 3: 1.
- Humus with sand in a ratio of 3: 1.
- Ready soil mix for succulents.
Drainage is required for plant growth and development. Drainage is provided by a layer of expanded clay, coarse sand or shards.
For irrigation can not use hard water, so the liquid is passed through the filter. Then the water is drawn for 2 days and the plant is watered as the topsoil dries. Kalanchoe belongs to succulents, so it is easier to tolerate a lack of moisture than its excess. Excess moisture is dangerous for the calender, so it is recommended to wipe the tray after each watering During the period of vegetative rest watering is limited to 1 time per week. The rest period lasts from September to January.
Transplanting a new pot
Каландива не нуждается в частых пересадках. Пересадка требуется лишь после покупки. В дальнейшем процедуру проводят по мере необходимости, когда цветок вырастает, и растение не может полноценно развиваться в тесном горшке. To transplant should be prepared as follows:
- Pick up a new pot. The size of the tank for planting should be 1.5−2 cm more than the previous one.
- The pot must be treated with boiling water, then with a strong solution of potassium permanganate.
- Filling the pot start with laying drainage. Optimal drainage layer should be of capacity.
- Add superphosphate to the soil for Kalanchoe: 15 g per 1 kg of the mixture.
- Pour the prepared soil into the pot and form a tubercle on top. The tubercle is needed to accommodate the root of the plant.
Transplantation begins with the fact that the plant is moistened and carefully released from the old pot, trying to keep the roots intact. For safe extraction of the flower, the pot is turned over and gently tightened the container from the earthen coma and the roots. Then they beat down the old earth with a stick, carefully inspect the root system, to prevent rotting or infection. The affected roots are pruned.
The calandiva is placed in a pot and the soil mix is poured so that the root neck is at the level of the top layer of the soil. Between the soil level and the edge of the pot should remain from 1 to 3 cm. The transplanted flower should be watered, slightly thicken the soil, fill the ground if necessary. Seal hold peg, not your fingers.
Pruning and feeding plants
Pruning kalandiv required to give the bush a beautiful shape. Young plants are cut or pinch on each branch with 2 leaves on top. The pruning procedure is performed during the whole growing season until the bush takes the required shape. During flowering, Kalanchoe is not pruned. Faded peduncles pruned at the very stem.
Cutting is recommended to use sharp-edged tools, such as a knife or stationery blade. Pre-instruments should be sanitized. Do not break off the stems and leaves. During one procedure, only ¼ of the green can be cut. Pruning is necessary not only to maintain the ornamental plant, but also to stimulate the growth of shoots and the development of flower buds.
Kalanchoe needs systematic feeding at least 2 times a month. Top dressing plays an important role during the setting of the buds and during the flowering of the plant. The best result is the use of potassium phosphate fertilizers for succulents. Mineral substances are dissolved in water for irrigation. Nitrogen-containing fertilizers are not suitable kalandiv, as they contribute to the rapid growth of stems and leaves. The growth of greenery reduces the duration and pomp of flowering.
Factors affecting flowering
Sometimes an unpretentious plant Kalanchoe Kalandiva, care for which is easy to organize, refuses to bloom. The reasons for the lack of flowering lie in violation of the simple rules of care:
- The lack of light leads to the fact that the stems are too much pulled up and the plant does not form inflorescences.
- Excessive light also causes poor flowering. It is recommended to keep the flowerpot with a plant in a bright place for 12 hours.
- The lack of mineral components in the soil. Kalanchoe is transplanted on a mandatory basis after purchase, as store soil is usually depleted.
- Excessive hydration contributes to the rotting of the roots. Root rot not only prevents flowering, but also leads to the death of the plant.
Tips on what to do to avoid problems with the formation of peduncles in Kalanchoe Kalandiva, how to care for the plant to enjoy flowering during the winter months:
- It is necessary to arrange a 12-hour daylight for a flower. The lighting should be quite bright, because without light the plant will not bloom.
- In the autumn, it is recommended to pinch the plant several times so that instead of the upper leaves flower stalks develop.
- Systematically fertilize the soil.
Plant propagation methods
Kalanchoe propagates by leaf and stem cuttings, seeds and children. In June, the cuttings are planted in pre-moistened sand and covered with a glass. Plant survival rate is very high, even fading and old leaves are capable of forming roots. Kids are planted in soil mixtures.
Seed propagation takes place from January to March. You do not need to sprinkle the seeds with earth, just enough to pinch them. Then the crops are covered with glass and shaded, for example, with a sheet of paper. The soil for seeds should be light, loose. The optimum temperature for crops is +18 degrees Celsius. It is important to organize the ventilation. To do this, clean the glass for 5 or 10 minutes, 2 times a day.
Watered crops with soft water, its temperature should be the same as the air temperature in the room. The frequency of watering depends on how quickly the topsoil dries. The top layer of soil should always remain wet. A month later, the seeds germinate and cover them for 3 days with plastic wrap. When the first leaves of the plant dive into pots with a diameter of 7 to 10 cm.
Possible diseases and pests
Mistakes in the care of succulent create the conditions for the development of diseases and the appearance of parasites. It is important to adjust the watering of the plant. Excess moisture at low temperatures, especially in winter, combined with poor lighting leads to the fact that the plant is drawn out. Leaves fade, badly develop, shrink. The stem is rotting. To prevent the death of the flower, watering is stopped for several days, put the pot in a well-lit place.
The lack of moisture in the hot summer months provokes the appearance of dry brown spots on the leaf plates and the stem. Then the leaves wither and fall. In the summer, the plant must be watered focusing on the soil moisture.
Viral and bacterial infections manifest as weeping brown spots. It is recommended to remove the affected leaves and shoots, then treat the plants with special therapeutic solutions. Do not spray drugs, only gently watered.
Pests rarely infect kalandiv. Most often there is a plant louse, which lives on the underside of the leaves and sucks the sap from the plant, causing the leaf plates to dry and fold. Derive the parasite is very difficult. Succulent patients must be isolated from healthy plants and treated with special solutions against aphids, which are sold in flower shops.
Kalanchoe kalandiva - unpretentious flower in the care, which brings more joy than worries. High adaptability to environmental conditions, abundant flowering, a variety of colors made succulent a favorite of gardeners.
Types of Kalanchoe
We suggest you to get acquainted only with some species. So, your attention is offered The most common types of Kalanchoe:
- Krasulla is pinnate,
If you are an inexperienced florist, then these names are just a set of words for you. But since you are reading this article, it means that you want to know more about Kalanchoe. We will be happy to assist you. Below you will learn a lot of useful information about the beautiful Kalanchoe Kalandiva, see the photo and learn about proper care for her at home.
Kalanchoe Blossfeld variety Kalandiva, the full name of this flower. Is different lush and long flowering. In nature, it does not germinate, he likes only indoor conditions and human care. This is a very unpretentious plant. Appearance - compact bush with thick stalks and fleshy leaves. They are painted in dark green. They can be both velvety and smooth.
The height of the bush does not exceed thirty centimeters. The advantage is abundant and long flowering. Small flowers collected in inflorescences. The color of which is varied. There are all shades of pink red, salmon and yellow. But Kalanchoe Kalandiva mix looks especially elegant. Kalandiva mix is a mixture of colors with different colors. The flowering period lasts about six months. Starting in January and ending in July. When flowering ends, the dormant phase begins.
This plant is ideal for growing at home. Virtually no hassle. The only important condition for complete care is observance of the light mode during budding Kalandiva does not like dark places and direct sunlight. From the last on the sheets may even appear burns. It can easily carry dry air, so the spraying process is optional for it. Acceptable temperature is from 10 to 30 degrees Celsius.
But there is something that this plant is very afraid of. These are cold drafts. They can cause gray mold on the leaves. Undesirable for Kalanchoe Kalandiva is a combination of high temperature and high humidity. Such a dysfunctional duet is a straight road to defeat by powdery mildew. So, the ideal care is timely infrequent watering and fertilizing. Suitable for irrigation filtered or separated water. After watering, it is recommended to wipe the bottom and bottom of the pot. Since Kalanchoe Kalandiva is easier to tolerate a lack of moisture than its excess.
Fertilize need to fall and summer. It was during this period that flower buds were laid. Fertilizers need to be diluted in water for irrigation. Strictly observing the recommended dose. Feed no more than 1-2 times a month.
From the moment when the plant begins to bloom special care is not required. Many experienced growers are advised to get rid of wilted flowers. This simple procedure, in their opinion, can prolong the flowering period. Also, if you spray Calandyva, it must be done so that water drops do not fall on the flowers. It can hurt them. To grow Kalanchoe Kalandiva in room conditions should be in small flower pots. Frequent transplants are not required. Replant can be after purchase and in case of infection with pests.
What is the secret of such a rapid popularity in the market of flower growers? Kalanchoe is absolutely picky, resistant to different temperature and watering, and also blooms for a long time - about six months. In addition to its healing properties, the plant also has a decorative function.
This flower came to us from hot Africa and belongs to the plant family Tolstiankov. This name was due to the fleshy structure of the leaf and stem. A lot of moisture is absorbed in the sheets, which is used evenly by the plant with infrequent watering.
Kalanchoe kalandiv - the most common type of ornamental plants of this species, which can reach a height of 40 cm.
The leaves in length are approximately stretched up to 5 cm, and in width - up to 3 cm. The shape of the leaf is oval or round, with pronounced teeth on the perimeter. The color is mostly dark green.
Flowers are gathered on the peduncle together and are located at the top of Kalanchoe. Buds do not fall, keep a straight shape and are distinguished by light terry. In diameter, one flower reaches up to 1 cm. The colors of the buds are the most varied - from white and yellow to pink and purple.
The varieties of decorative Kalanchoe include:
- Kalanchoe Kalandiva mix - a small bush-like plant with different colors of flowers,
- Kalanchoe calandyva mini - rounded, thickened stems, prone to branching.
As mentioned earlier, Kalanchoe is an absolutely harmless plant, over which you do not need to "shake" and blow away dust particles. But, as with every decorative flower, there are a number of features to look after it:
- Kalandiva loves bright light and you can safely put it on the sunny side. If the plant is standing on the shady side or in the back of the room, it will also grow and develop, but because of the lack of light, the leaves may turn yellow and the stem lengthens in search of light. Such plants may not bloom anymore. To avoid this, it is recommended to use the backlight.
- You should not put kalandivu on sunny balconies, where the sun is very bright and stuffy. As a result, the plant can get burned. To determine whether the flower is hot or not, the presence of burns will help - red spots on the leaves.
- Suitable temperature for growing from +22 to + 28 ° C.
- Room humidity is acceptable for a flower. It also tolerates dry air. It is not necessary to carry out additional moistening with an atomizer; it is enough to wipe the leaves once a week or every two weeks with a damp cloth, freeing them from dust.
- Watering is carried out by the upper path (watering with distilled water at room temperature from above into the pot). Do not over-moisturize the plant, it does not like excessive moisture (possibly rotting roots). We monitor the condition of the land in the tank and water as needed. In summer, the frequency can reach 4-5 times a month, depending on the location of the pot, dry air, etc. In winter, it is recommended to water about three times a month.
- Water from the pallet must be drained, since an excess of moisture, especially when the plant is at rest, can lead to lengthening and weakening of the stem. Such a stalk will not only be ugly, but prone to disease and lack of flowering.
- Feed Kalanchoe can with the help of phosphorus-potassium drugs, which are purchased in specialized stores. Fertilize no more than twice a month, especially during the flowering period. You can also use fertilizers for succulents, which are characterized by fleshy leaves. All these nutrients are added to the soil only if the land of the plant is not saturated with useful trace elements. Otherwise, dressing is optional.
- The plant itself will tell you what it needs. Small and pale leaves - a lack of nitrogen. It blooms for a short time and releases color late - phosphorus deficiency. Curved leaves or the presence of brown spots - lack of potassium.
- When purchasing a flower in a store, it is recommended to transplant it in a new tank with a new soil in a week or two. Further transplantation is performed as needed, for example, as the Kalanchoe grows. Suitable soil is the usual substrate with the addition of sand. It is also useful to include some peat in the ground.
Secrets of flowering
Kalanchoe calandyva is called the flower of a short day. This name was derived from his love for bright light. Therefore, flowering occurs on the basis of proper lighting.
With optimal lighting, the plant can bloom up to six months, starting in the middle or end of winter. Buds are formed in the inflorescences, and one such inflorescence lives for about a month, and after the flowers die, it is replaced by new buds.
Fading away, the calandiva falls into a state of calm for about six months. At this time, the plant is fertilized and watered less than usual.
It is not necessary to be a professional gardener to ensure the flowering of this type of plant. In order for the flower to come to life and bloom, it is necessary to create a short light day for 9 hours within 20 days. Every day after 9 hours, the Kalanchoe is covered with a dark cloth or, best of all, with a dark container that does not transmit light.
After 20 days of such procedures, the plant is returned to its usual conditions. Peduncles, as a rule, appear 10-11 weeks after the procedure.
This method is suitable for those who have not flowered Kalanchoe for a long time. If the plant has only recently faded, then it will not work to force it to plant flower stalks back in this way. The kalandives simply do not have enough strength. During the rest period, the plant is strengthened in development, therefore it is so important to give the plant rest.
Kalanchoe Kalandiva (also known as Kalanchoe Kalandiva mini) is one of the Kalanchoe Blossfeld species bred by breeding. The hybrid differs from "parent" in compactness and plentiful flowering. Bush height of 25-30 cm is literally covered with bright terry buds.
Kalanchoe Kalandiva - a popular houseplant
The plant belongs to succulents (able to accumulate water and nutrients in fleshy stems and leaves). Multiple shoots erect, bare. The leaf plates are dark green, fleshy, glossy, ovoid. The average length is 4–6 cm, located opposite, the edges are slightly serrated.
Kalanchoe kalandiv leaves are dense and fleshy - in them the plant keeps a supply of moisture and nutrients
Inflorescences in the form of flap. The flowers are small (1-1.5 cm in diameter), double, with petals of bright shades. Feature of the form - long flowering (up to 8 months).
During the flowering period, Kalanchoe Kalandiva resembles a bright ball, so thick are terry flowers
Home grown species
Most often in the sale of Kalanchoe kalandiv found with the addition in the name "mini" or "mix." The first means the compactness of the plant (bush height not more than 15 cm). The second is not a variety or a separate species, it is a mixture of 3-5 plants with petals of different shades. The most common are white and pink, but scarlet, yellow, peach and purple look even more spectacular.
Kalanchoe kalandiv is an amazing variety of bright colors, the most difficult thing is to make a choice
Planting and transplant procedure
Transplantation Kalanchoe Kalandiva (young plants up to 3 years) is carried out annually, in early spring. Adults need only one procedure every 3-4 years. During flowering and "rest" he is not disturbed.
For each subsequent transplant, you need to take a pot 1–2 cm wider than the previous one. The optimal size for an adult plant is a container with a diameter of 12 to 18 cm.
Вполне подойдёт продающийся в магазинах субстрат для кактусов и суккулентов. Но опытные цветоводы предпочитают готовить почву самостоятельно. Особых требований к ней каланхоэ каландива не предъявляет. Важна только нейтральная кислотность и хорошая аэрация.
- универсальный грунт и крупный речной песок (4:1),
- leaf humus, sand, peat, turf and leaf earth (equally).
At the bottom of the pot a drainage layer is required at least 1-2 cm thick.
For kalanchoe calandivus, the purchased substrate is perfect for cacti and succulents.
Step-by-step transplanting instructions
- Liberally pour Kalanchoe, wait 10–15 minutes and remove the plant from the pot with a clod of earth on its roots.
- Place it in a new pot on the drainage, sprinkled with fresh soil (layer 3-5 cm thick). Add land around the edges, slightly compacting it.
- Moderately water the plant and clean in partial shade for 3-4 days. Then return to its original place, take care, as usual.
- Topsoil can be mulched with pebbles or small chips. This will retain moisture and also protects the ground from mold.
After buying a Kalanchoe kalandiv, an immediate transplant is needed, unless the plant blooms. Universal shop soil is not very suitable for succulents. Remove the flower from the pot and wash the roots to completely get rid of the "wrong" soil. And only then place it in a new substrate.
Kalanchoe kalandiv transplanted by transshipment, without destroying the earth com
Important nuances of plant care
How to care for Kalanchoe kalandiv? Unpretentiousness does not mean that you can completely forget about the flower. This can not stand even the most undemanding plants. Most unintended mistakes of the grower Kalanchoe Kalandiva can survive. The exception is frequent and / or too abundant watering, provoking the development of rot. It is this aspect that should be given special attention when caring for Kalanchoe kalandiv.
Kalanchoe is watered with separated water at room temperature about once a week. If the street is very hot - every 3-4 days. The next watering is needed when the topsoil dries to a depth of 2 cm.
Over-wetting of the soil can lead to rapid decay. In fact, this is the only way to surely ruin a plant.
In winter, watering is reduced to once every 12–15 days. Pay attention to the condition of the leaves. If they are sluggish to the touch, lose their tone, are covered with wrinkles, the plant should be watered immediately.
Kalanchoe kalandiva during the active growing season is watered once a week
For feeding Kalanchoe you need to use ready-made fertilizer for cacti and succulents. Natural organic is not suitable categorically. Nitrogen, which is contained in it, will induce the plant to intensively increase its green mass, but not to bloom (there is no longer enough power for this).
Fertilizer is prepared according to the instructions. The solution is watered the soil 1-2 times per month during the period of active vegetation. During the "rest" feeding is not needed.
Fertilizer for cacti and succulents is suitable for feeding Kalanchoe Kalandyva
Flowering time: how to make the plant bloom?
With proper care, Kalanchoe Kalandiva pleases the owners with lush flowering that lasts from the end of winter at least until July. Sometimes it stretches until autumn.
To do this, it is necessary to provide a Kalanchoe kalandiv rest period with a low temperature, moderate watering and lighting. It is in such conditions that the plant lays color buds. In November, the bush is pinched, after which the buds should appear. If you didn’t wait for flowering in winter, you need to repeat the procedure in March.
Flowering kalanchoe kalandiv lasts more than six months
Some gardeners consider Kalanchoe kalandiv a “disposable” plant that can only be thrown away after flowering. Indeed, it gradually dries out. However, in this case, stalks should be rooted (tops of the shoots), from which new plants will be obtained. With proper care, they bloom next winter.
When flowering ends, at Kalanchoe kalandiva begins a period of rest. It lasts about 1.5–2 months. At this time, it is necessary to limit watering and ensure a low temperature (14–16 ° C) by placing the pot in partial shade. You can, for example, remove it under the table or on a shelf in the back of the room.
At the end of the dormant period, the plant is returned to its usual place, renewing feeding and increasing watering.
Kalanchoe kalandiva grows very quickly and is capable of forming a bush with a height of 30 cm in diameter over a year. Therefore, the plant needs pruning. Young specimens should be pinched (remove 1–2 upper leaves from each branch) as soon as they grow. As needed during the period of active vegetation, the tops of some shoots are cut again until a bush of the desired shape is formed.
Pinching the tops of the Kalanchoe kalandiv will allow you to form a lush bush
During flowering, the bushes do not touch, and after it ends, all flower stalks are cut at the very base. This will lead to the growth of new shoots.
For cutting Kalanchoe, you need to use sharp disinfected tools - a knife or a stationery blade. Break off the leaves and stems can not. Also, do not get involved - at one time you can remove a maximum of a quarter of the volume of green mass.
Pruning Kalanchoe kalandiv stimulates the emergence of new shoots with flower buds
You can form a Kalanchoe on a shtambe (one trunk). Then it will resemble a miniature tree. To do this, choose the strongest stem, remove all lateral shoots extending from it, without touching the apical. When the stem reaches the height necessary for the owner’s idea, it is necessary to pinch the top and allow the lateral shoots to develop. The lower 5–15 cm remain bare, all shoots are cut off.
What problems may face florist?
On errors in the care of Kalanchoe kalandiva, like any other plant, reacts negatively. The external decorative effect suffers first. More clearly that something does not suit him, indicates the absence of flowering. In addition to the florist, the plant can harm the fungi, bacteria and insects.
The yellowness of leaves Kalanchoe Kalandiva means lack of light or moisture
Description of Kalanchoe Kalandiva
Kalandiva does not grow in the wild. This plant is bred under artificial conditions. It is a compact bush with neat smooth (or velvety) leaves, rarely growing above 30 cm.
The flowers are varied - pink, red, white. Small, they are collected in lush and bright inflorescences. Flowering - abundant and long - up to six months. Flowering begins in January and lasts until summer.
Kalanchoe kalandiv bred as a highly decorative plant and is not used for medicinal purposes. Although it has mild healing effects.
Most popular, especially in the Netherlands and Denmark, is the Kalanchoe Kalandiva mix variety - a mixture of plants with flowers of different colors. This composition looks very impressive.
How to care for Kalanchoe kalandiv at home?
Kalanchoe Kalandiva extremely unpretentious flower. Even in the flowering period, which lasts a long time, does not require special care. The only thing that can be recommended is to periodically clean the plant from faded flower stalks.
The most comfortable temperature for calandives is from +15 to +30 degrees Celsius. Perfectly transfers fresh air in a warm season. It is therefore recommended, if possible, to place a flower on the balcony, veranda or in the garden in summer. Lowering the temperature to +10 ° C is best avoided, because This variety Kalanchoe is sensitive to cold.
Water the calandiva moderately, as the earthen coma in the pot dries. It is advisable to use soft water (rainwater, standing plumbing). It must be remembered that, like all succulents, kalandiva easily tolerates a lack of moisture, but its excess may be detrimental to the plant.
Therefore, the flower is watered only when the earth dries in a pot: when the top layer of the earth dries out - in the summer and when 2/3 of the earth coma dries - in the winter.
Kalandyva needs to be fed during the budding period. As a rule, it is late summer - the beginning of autumn. As a top-dressing use ready-made fertilizers intended for succulents. It is advisable not to use fertilizers with a high nitrogen content, since this can cause root rot.
Kalanchoe kalandiva does not require frequent transplantation. This is due to the small size of both the bush and the root system. Therefore, a transplant may be needed only after purchase. Or as a cure for a plant disease.
Pruning kalandiv carried out mainly for decorative purposes, to give the bush a neat, compact form. Practiced and pruning "under the root" in order to rejuvenate the flower and its preparation for the next flowering.
Diseases and pests: methods of treatment
Kalandiva is resistant to pests and is affected by them very rarely. If an infection occurs, then most often it happens:
Aphid most often gets on Kalanchoe from other plants (including recently purchased infected specimens). It feeds on Kalanchoe juice and clogs the pores of the plant with waste products. To combat aphids, special insecticides are needed, by which the soil in the pot and the aerial part of the plant is treated.
Shchitovka also feeds on plant juices. It is rather difficult to remove it with chemicals, because the wax shell protects it from preparations. Therefore, getting rid of shchitoviki should begin with the mechanical removal of parasites with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol. And only after that the plant is sprayed with insecticide. Land in a pot is recommended to be replaced with fresh.
The cause of the appearance gray mold (mold) leaves may have cold drafts, too wet plant habitats (excessive spraying, watering) in combination with stagnant air. Leaves and stems are covered with moist spots and dark bloom. The treatment is carried out with the help of fungicides that are sprayed with both the flower itself and the ground in a pot.
No less disastrous for kalandivy and high temperature, combined with high humidity. This may cause powdery mildew. In this case, the flower must be treated with special anti-fungus agents.
In the fight against gray mold and powdery mildew, along with the treatment of the plant by special means, it is necessary to reconsider the conditions of the maintenance of the flower in order to avoid recurrence of diseases.
How to propagate Kalanchoe kalandiv?
Kalandiva propagated by cuttings, rooting as cut shoots and leaflets.
The handle is placed in a moist environment: wet sand or water. Because Kalanchoe Kalandiva - quite a miniature plant, and the cuttings, as a rule, are small. Small cuttings are more suitable wet sand, in which they take root better than in water. It is recommended to cover the cutting placed in a nutrient medium with a glass jar and periodically spray it.
After the Kalanchoe is well established, you should pinch the top. This is necessary for better branching of the future bush.
Reproduction leaves similar. The cut sheet is immersed in wet sand and covered with glass on top. After the appearance of the first roots, the glass is removed. Before planting a leaf in the sand, you can stand it for 24 hours in the shade.
Favorable for rooting temperature is +16 - +20 ° С. The best period for plant reproduction is from mid-spring to mid-summer.
Observing the simple rules of care for the Kalanchoe kalandiv, you will receive an amazing miniature bouquet in a pot. A gorgeous palette of kalandiva flowers - from all shades of red to yellow - will lift your spirits and decorate your windowsill.