I grow Asian lilies in the garden. First of all, they are valued for their decorative qualities. Asiatic lilies are unpretentious in care, but need your attention! I advise you to place them on a spacious bed away from the trees. I will tell you how to plant lily bulbs, also consider the nuances of caring for flowers.
Description of the plant, planting features
Lilia is propagated by bulbs, their size depends on the type and variety. In some lilies, tiny bulbs, not exceeding 1.5 cm, in others - large, 25 cm in size. Planting material also differs in shape: it is ovoid, spherical.
The stem of the lily is straight, the size of which is from 17 cm to 2.4 m, the flowers are cylindrical, gathered into elongated inflorescences. Lilies are common:
The fruit is presented in the form of a box with flat seeds. The flower does not tolerate picks, but the procedure is carried out if necessary.
It is necessary to approach the choice of a site most responsibly. Lily prefers a spacious sun bed. Choose one that is protected from wind.
The plant makes high demands on the composition of the soil. It should be:
Before planting the bulb, you need to lay drainage on the bottom of the hole. Different lilies have different requirements for soil pH. American hybrid varieties prefer sour soil, tubular lilies - alkaline.
Other species love neutral soil. 20 days before planting the bulbs, dig the soil and add ashes. Oriental hybrids plant in sour soil. For soil deoxidation apply humus. After digging the bed, tamp it down, add water.
Before planting lilies, study their features. Follow the rules of farming! Get healthy planting material, it should be juicy, fleshy. Over-dried onions are not suitable for planting.
Before buying, pay attention to the roots, their length should be at least 6 cm. If you buy bulbs in the fall, keep them in the sand or sawdust. Keep planting material in a well-ventilated area.
Proper preparation of the bulbs
Before planting, it is necessary to clean them from scales of a dirty shade, cut off the rotted parts, adjust the roots to 6 cm. Place the bulbs in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, soak for half an hour. Lilies can be planted:
If you land in March, the bulbs will not freeze. Most gardeners plant flowers in spring, in this case, the bulbs better take root. If you choose a late flowering variety, such as a hybrid, plant it in March, and it will bloom in September.
Terry species recommend planting in the spring, when the air warms up to + 11 degrees. Other varieties should be planted in the twenties of April, protected with a layer of mulch (straw should be used as such).
Drainage should be laid at the bottom of the hole (I used coarse sand). Carefully flatten the roots, put a layer of fertile soil on the drain, plant a bulb, then add water. If you plant a lily correctly, it will quickly take root.
I advise you to flower the flower with a 5 cm peat layer:
- If you chose short-growing lilies, put the bulbs in 10 cm.
- Plant medium bulbs to a depth of 17 cm.
- Large - to a depth of 20 cm.
If you plant a lily too deep, it may not bloom. Densely planted flowers need to dive. Can share planting material. After the lily has faded, its bulbs will become weakened.
If the plant bloomed in early June, transplant at the end of summer. Carefully dig up the tuber, peel it from the beetle and rinse it with water. For digging bulbs it is best to use forks.
After washing the planting material, separate the daughter bulbs and place in a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate. You will need to dry the bulbs and adjust the roots. The size of one spine should not exceed 9 cm. After planting, grieve the area with peat.
How to care for a flower
In order for the flower to grow well in the garden, it is necessary to water and feed it. Lily needs moisture, especially during the growing season. Do not add too much water, as the roots of the plant may start to rot.
Water the lily in the morning in dry weather, put water under the root and gently loosen the soil. Mulch longer retains moisture at the roots (I advise you to use sawdust or peat). Perform the first feeding in early March, before the lily forms shoots.
I recommend to apply a complex tool for flowering plants. I contributed 30 grams per 1 square. After the lily ottsvetet, feed it with potash-phosphorus agent. It helps to restore the plant. Connect 25 g of potassium sulfate and 8 g of superphosphate, add this amount per 1 sq. Km. m
If the lily grows in the garden all year, remove the buds: next year it will bloom more abundantly. If it rains constantly in autumn, cover the plant with polyethylene. Air the lily when the weather is warm.
If it blooms well, but quickly fades, then moisture stagnates at the roots. To avoid such a problem, it is necessary to plant the bulb to the optimum depth. If the lily quickly fades, the soil may not be warmed up. Zamulchuyte plant dry sawdust, instead you can use the grass.
Flower does not tolerate organic. Do not use manure or compost for mulching! Lily is exposed to the lily beetle.
The pest lays larvae on the surface of leaf plates, and also eats buds. It is better to collect the lilac beetle with your hands, but if it attacks in large numbers, you should apply Actellic.
However, it must be remembered: if you use an insecticide several times, the lily will lose its decorative effect, its buds will be covered with spots.
The plant infects a lily fly and aphid. In the fight against these pests need to use insecticides. The most popular is the drug "Thunder." To prevent the lily from attacking the mouse, plant it near the daffodils. Do not add too much water!
If the plant becomes infected with wet rot, it becomes covered with yellow spots. For treatment use antifungal agents, the most popular - Bordeaux liquid. In order to ensure the prevention of diseases, it is necessary to remove weeds and faded parts of plants. Do not thicken the landing!
After the plant ottsvetet, you will need to remove the boxes, in which there are seeds. In mid-September, adjust the peduncle to 15 cm. Continue to make water. Cold-resistant flowers for the winter cover with peat, others - spruce leaves and polyethylene.
- Asiatic lilies. They are small, valued for beauty and unpretentiousness to the conditions of detention. The flowers of these species are white, pink, red. The Asiatic lily is propagated by dividing the tuber, daughter bulb is used. The plant is resistant to cold, but is sensitive to temperature changes. Asiatic lily begins to bloom very early: in early July. Plant height depends on the variety, the maximum is 90 cm. This species also includes terry garden forms.
- Martagon hybrids. Pastel flowers come from curly lilies. Martagon hybrids amaze with a variety of varieties! Flowers are unpretentious to the conditions of detention, tolerate frost normally, but it is better to cover them with mulch. The advantage of martagon hybrids is that they are resistant to diseases, including gray rot.
- Candid hybrids. This species has very attractive tubular flowers, they are white or yellowish in color. Candidums are often exposed to fungal diseases, therefore they are unclaimed.
- American hybrid lilies. Flowers of this species take root in neutral or not too sour soil. They differ in size and shade. In order for the American hybrid to grow well in the garden, it is often necessary to water it, and when planting on the bottom of the hole, lay high-quality drainage.
- Long-flowered hybrids. They are usually white or creamy, prefer the soil, which has a neutral reaction. This type of thermophilic, prone to disease, including viral. Long-flowered hybrid is better to grow at home.
We learned the secrets of growing lilies and became acquainted with popular species. In order for flowers to grow well in open ground, you need to take care of them regularly!
When to plant lilies
Each gardener has his own opinion about the timing of planting lilies in open ground. But if you look at this in detail, you can see that plant bulbs right in spring and autumn. Every season has a positive moment. If you plant the bulbs in the spring - the flower will bloom at the same time of the year, delighting you with magnificent buds.
But if you want the plants to be strong and healthy, while the bulbs are well rooted, you need to plant lilies in the fall. It is during this period that she will receive perfect root growth. It is a well-known fact that flowers with underground shoots (bulbs), are well strengthened at a positively low temperature. A high temperature well affects the development of the aerial parts. A good time for fall planting is the second half of August and the end of September.
If last summer was cold, experts advise to refrain from planting lilies in the spring, as they can only bloom next year. The most favorable time for planting is the end of April.
Advantages and disadvantages of spring planting
There are such cases that flower growers choose early spring for planting. The reason may be the lack of extra time or, most importantly, the uniqueness of a certain variety. There may be various reasons that influenced your decision to plant lilies at this particular time of year. What are the advantages and disadvantages of spring for planting lilies?
Advantages of landing in the spring:
- Dug bulbs in the fall to save in a cold place until spring planting. Bulbs stored at home better preserved and Do not freeze or decompose as in the ground in winter.
- Lilies planted in spring thanks to the favorable environment are well rooted in the new place.
Disadvantages of planting lilies in the spring:
- It so happens that during the whole spring the root could not harden, because of this the flower lives thanks to the bulb, which means that its condition is very bad.
- Bulbs planted in the spring, don't give babiesThis fact is useful to those flower growers lovers who breed lilies with the help of children.
In general, there are also disadvantages in the spring planting of lilies, but they are quite insignificant. You should always take into account the variety of lilies, then you can know exactly what time of the year is favorable for your flower. We can give an example: if you take a North American lily for planting, you definitely need to plant it in the fall, and the oriental hybrids will benefit from spring seating.
Spring planting lily
Planting lilies in the spring provides complete protection of the bulbs against de-scaling and freezing. Roots are formed intensively in the spring period of late-flowering varieties. Therefore, most often purchased healthy and large onions with sprouted shoots are planted into the ground.
The purchase must be done very carefully, it is necessary to check how healthy the bulb is. At the same time pay attention to the covering scales, it must be clean, without wet dark spots, and the roots are not dried alive. Choosing a lily in the fall, you will have no problems with it, because you can plant it right away. Buying a plant in the spring, you can face some difficulty. The onion will need to be saved, applying all the power. For this case, you should make small holes in polyethylene, put sawdust or peat in it, put onions and save them in the refrigerator before planting.
Spring planting of lilies in open ground is done when snow melts from the place where you plan to plant flowers. This should be especially taken into account when planting oriental and tubular hybrids. From March 21, you can plant Tibetan, tiger and other varieties that begin to bloom in the fall. And in April it is best to plant terry lilies, while it is necessary to cover with mulch (weed, foliage, old sawdust, shavings, peel, peat compost and other materials, waste, and also processed products) planting areas.
How to plant lilies in the spring in the ground?
Every amateur florist should be able to properly plant lilies in the ground. Perform planting as follows:
- Do not forget to plant the soil before planting.
- Onion planted in depthwhich is equal to its two diameters, and, departing from it 20 cm, we plant the next one.
- In the wells lay out a small layer of gravel for drainage.
- The bulb is covered with earth and compacted only very little.
- From above form deepening for top dressing.
How to plant lilies with sprouts?
- Large onions are planted at a depth of 20 cm from its top, if there is a sprout.
- If the size is average then it is planted 10-15 cm from the top.
- When sprouts are quite long (15-20 cm) - two varieties of Asian hybrids and hybrids must be planted. in horizontal wells, their depth should be 10 cm. This is necessary in order for the sprouts to slowly take up a standing position in 2-3 weeks. During this time, the May cold is over, and everyone knows that they are very dangerous for the tender shoots of lilies.
Lilies after planting can not be transplanted for at least 4 years, because this process can lead to a halt in their growth. After planting it is necessary to feed the plants with mineral and organic fertilizers.
Soil preparation and treatment
The soil for fruitful growing lilies must be loose, healthy, acid-basenourished. The most common type of soil: coniferous litter, the composition of sod land (land mixes), peat (fuel mineral), gray coarse-grained river sand. You can also mix soil for flowers.
We prepare the soil for spring planting after the earth has thawed and becomes relatively soft:
- We dig up the earth on 35-40 cm.
- We make a drain for draining excess water.
- If varieties of other flowers grew in this place, need to add fresh soil or substrate (turf mixtures composed of different natural ingredients and their substitutes).
- We saturate the soil with mineral fertilizers or humus.
- Reduce acidity to the required level using chalk 500 g, or wood ash 200 g per 1 m3 of soil.
- The soil should be watered.
Apply gravel or river pebbles to drainage. In the soil they add needles mixed with sand in order for the bulbs to become stronger and large and healthy. Most importantly, you need to remember that it is impossible to add biological fertilizers, and especially manure. Top layer lay out peat, rotted sawdust or compost (organic fertilizer, resulting from the decay of various organic compounds under the influence of microorganisms).
When planting lilies choose a sunny place, but do not forget that you just need to know the variety of your flower. Be sure to follow the depth of the holes, the distance between them, the formation of plants depends on it. Flowers should not grow in crampedness, it simply does not benefit them, and even so, the flower garden has a bad appearance. Take care that areas where lilies are planted are not flooded with spring waters.
No matter what time of year you choose to plant flowers, be it spring or autumn, it is imperative that you saturate the soil with mineral fertilizers (inorganic compounds containing nutrients necessary for plants). Just do not fertilize with fresh cow dung. He is destructive affect the root, suspends growth. Considering the type of soil, in spring the soil is fed with such bioadditives:
- Ammonium nitrate (nitrogen fertilizer) 1 tablespoon per 1 m3 of soil.
- Nitroammofosku (complex nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium fertilizer) 50 grams per full bucket of water.
- Wood ash. It is the most fruitful fertilizer in the composition, which includes potassium, calcium, phosphorus.
Saturating the soil with minerals, you need to adhere to the dosage, a large number of additives does not allow sprouts to develop. For plants, the most useful substance is wood ash. She can feed the entire season up to 5-6 times. Wood ash produces an alkaline environment very useful for plants, and also does not allow the appearance of pests and mold.
Planted in the spring, the flowers, except primary feeding, fertilize at least 2 more times. The soil is impregnated with a solution of nitrophoska before maturation of the buds, and after they will bloom, superphosphate solution. The last fertilizer is necessary for feeding the onion, preparing it for winter. Together with mineral supplements spend preventing diseases. In May, when the sprout hardens, the soil is impregnated with 1% Bordeaux liquid. This procedure should be repeated 2 more times in the summer only by spraying the entire flower completely. If the plant showed the slightest signs of the disease, for example, rot, extend the dressing, the bulb needs additional food.
Mistakes when growing lilies
Mistakes made when planting lilies in the spring, can lead to the death of plants. The most popular mistakes and how to avoid them:
- Planting bulbs in the lowlands. Из-за опасного участка, где луковица находится постоянно в воде, лилия просто погибает.
- Несоблюдение порядка полива. Засуха, как и перенасыщение водой, опасно для растений.
- Навоз как подкормка. Threatens flowers diseases. Must be used instead of manure humus or compost.
- Overheating of the earth. Strong heat harms the plants. So, you need to plant the plants in the penumbra and apply mulching.
The rules of planting lilies are quite unassuming. Fans of gardeners should not hope that in the same year from the spring plantings will be a rich flowering, but next year the flower bed will conquer you with the beauty and pomp of beautiful lilies.
The holiday season begins long before the landings. The first stage of preparation for it is a trip to the garden center for the purchase of planting material. In late February, from the abundance of beautiful pictures on the shelves of the store dazzled. Even a novice summer resident will not pass by. And an amateur or collector of lilies will definitely acquire new varieties or flowers of already known varieties of unusual colors. That is why the spring is best to replenish the collection.
Planting material, harvested from the fall alone, is perfectly preserved if it is placed in a plastic bag and pots with peat. The bottom shelf of the refrigerator is quite suitable for wintering. Lilies, purchased in the spring in the garden center, it is convenient to store at home in a cool place at a temperature of + 2-4 ° C. At any time, you can check the quality of tubers, make preventive measures against diseases.
Beauties with an exquisite aroma - oriental hybrids are very gentle and will not stand spring frosty nights without snow, therefore spring planting is salvation for them.
Planting lilies in the spring has its advantages:
- A wide range of varieties,
- Convenient cold storage,
- Frost guarantee
- Complete preservation of tubers,
- For gentle, but very beautiful varieties, this is the only correct option.
We buy correctly
The abundance of varieties of lilies on the shelves of garden centers makes the gardener to approach this issue deliberately.
There are several options for buying bulbs for planting lilies in the spring:
- make a list of varieties, guided by the literature or the expanses of the world wide web, and in March go with him to the store,
- just go to the garden center with the first supply of lilies and buy the varieties you like, which will be stored until planting in the refrigerator,
- buy bulbs in April and immediately, bypassing the refrigerator, land in the ground.
Each of the above methods has advantages and disadvantages.
Option number 1: the garden center may not be varieties that are in the list, and, confused, the buyer will leave with nothing. The advantage is a huge choice.
Option number 2: variety, like lack, can confuse an inexperienced gardener. In the garden may not be a suitable place for the proper planting of unknown varieties. With long storage from the end of February to the end of April, the lilies begin to germinate and during transplantation it is possible to damage fragile roots and sprouts. The advantage is complete freedom for creativity and a lot of pleasant minutes when buying.
Option number 3: At first glance, this option seems to be optimal, but in April there is practically no choice on the shelves. The buyer has to be content with the remnants.
There is another option:
- When you visit the garden center when you first receive the bulbs, rewrite or photograph all the varieties you like,
- Examine slowly all the information about them,
- Come and buy the right bulbs.
When buying, you need to check the status of the bulbs. A healthy bulb must have:
- scales are all the same color, without spots,
- live elastic roots 4-5 cm long,
With early purchase it is better not to take lilies with sprouts. And if it comes to planting, then opposite the sprouts will be the key to future flowers.
Lilies, planted in the spring, need time for rooting and growth. In order for a full-grown flower to grow from a bulb, it is necessary to plan a spring planting in the soil in advance.
In different regions, the climate sometimes differs significantly, therefore, when the spring planting of lilies is better guided, the soil condition is better. The earth should thaw out and warm up. When planting, the ground should be moderately wet and loose.
It is important not to miss the moment when the soil begins to lose moisture accumulated during the autumn and winter.
According to the latest frosts, you can decide the answer to the question - when to plant lilies in open ground. When the weather is favorable, sprouts of planted bulbs appear in a week or two. At the time of their release from the soil the probability of frost should be zero.
Willingness number 1
Lily bulbs stored in the refrigerator must be checked several times before planting. If they began to germinate, it is best to plant them in a pot with a peat mixture and put them in a bright place with a temperature of 5-10 ° C. Healthy bulbs do not need to be processed, but if you notice rotten areas, you should carefully cut them with a sharp knife or separate the spoiled flakes and the bulb after this soak in the preparation "Maxim".
Site selection and soil preparation
Delightful lilies will decorate the site, if you choose the place for their planting correctly. Growing lilies in the open field - the task is not very difficult. It is enough to know that this flower does not like dense shadow and stagnation of water. By planting it in a sunny place and shading the roots with other flowers or mulch, you can admire beautiful, bright and fragrant flowers.
The soil for lilies is better suited not heavy, moderately loose. If the flowerbed with small lilies, you can prepare for it a soil mixture of turf land, river sand and peat in equal proportions. To prepare the seat, the top layer of soil is completely removed at the site defined for planting, and is replaced with the finished mixture with the addition of long-acting mineral fertilizers like “AVA”.
For larger areas, this method will be very expensive, so for each bulb you will need to prepare a hole with a depth of 10 to 40 centimeters, depending on the size of the bulb, and fill it with drainage first in the form of sand or fine claydite, and then prepared mixture.
Bells, Sedums, cornflowers, tender Veronica, various varieties of daylilies, gypsophila or beautiful low-growing dahlias will look good in the neighborhood with lilies.
The most important step in growing a beautiful flower is planting. Even if all the preliminary preparations had been made correctly, mistakes during landing would nullify the gardener's best efforts.
In order for flowers to grow comfortably and to please the eye, it is necessary to take into account the height of the variety, since tall plants should be tied to a peg right after planting. Now garden centers offer numerous options for garter plants:
- plastic pegs for garters of different colors,
- wire for green garter.
All these accessories do not spoil the look of the flower garden at all, but play a very important role in supporting the plants.
When planting lilies, like all bulbous, there is a main principle: the depth of planting is equal to the three diameters of the bulb. Planting lilies in the spring reduces this value, as in this case does not need protection from frost. During the season, the soil in the area of planting lilies will settle, and the bulb will be at the required depth for wintering.
The distance between the bulbs in the flower garden depends on their height. Between low-growing varieties will be enough 15-20 cm. Tall individuals need a distance of 30 cm between plants for proper development. Flowers growing in cramped do not reveal their full beauty. So that the lily flowerbed does not seem empty, you can sow annual flowers at the feet of lilies. This will protect the roots of the plants from overheating in the sun.
Landing occurs in several stages:
- A hole is dug for the onion, sand or fine gravel is poured to the bottom, and a soil mixture is poured on top of 10 cm thick,
- Approximately 1 liter of water is poured in with potassium humate dissolved in it,
- Before planting the lily bulb is desirable to roll in the wood ash,
- After the water is fully absorbed, a sand cushion is poured into the hole under the bottom, an onion is placed on it, the roots are spread,
- The bulb is filled with the mixture and watered again.
After planting, one of the important rules is correct feeding. Lilies do not like humus, unlike roses. Primary feeding is done during planting. Further feeding should be done according to the following scheme:
- before the formation of buds, the earth around the plants is watered abundantly with a solution of nitrophoska
- after flowering, to prepare for the rest period, lilies are watered with a solution of superphosphate prepared from 40 grams of this powder diluted in a bucket of water.
When conducting dressings, it is important to remember that an excess of minerals can burn the plant. The only element that can be used safely is wood ash. The application of foliar dressings for lilies is very effective, for example, with the drug Plantafol.
It will be useful to read:
The first watering of spring lilies is made at planting.
Lilies do not like drying and waterlogging of the soil, so the question of watering should be approached very carefully. It is better to water rarely, but plentifully. Surface watering will not provide moisture to the roots, which sometimes penetrate to a depth of 1.5 meters.
The drip irrigation system is best to deal with this issue. With such an assistant, the gardener gets free time to take care of the lilies, loosening and mulching the soil around the flower.
Protection against diseases and pests
Lilies need to be protected from diseases and pests that can spoil the appearance of the flower. A neglected disease can lead to the death of a plant.
Preventive treatment is much better than treatment. Comprehensive protection against many diseases will provide treatment during the growing season Bordeaux liquid or phytosporin.
The root rot of lilies is expressed in the yellowing of the tops of the sprouts. For the prevention of this disease, it is necessary to maintain the top layer of soil in a loose state and to prevent the stagnation of water at the roots.
From the invasion of insects will help such means as "Thunderstorm", "Aktara", "Medvetoks".
Mice can bring great damage to lily bulbs. To protect the bulbs from the attack of these rodents will help the grid in which to place the bulb before planting.
The beetle beetle or orange lily beetle is removed from the flower by hand.
It will be useful to read:
Planting lilies in the spring has its own nuances. It should be noted that the large-flowered varieties in the year of planting will not be able to show themselves in all their glory. But next year fragrant huge butterflies will float above the garden.
With a short summer, it is better to refrain from spring planting lilies. It is more reasonable to wait until autumn, having prepared a place for landing over the summer.
Spring lilies in the first year usually do not give offspring.
What determines the choice of landing time?
There are several opinions about the timing of planting lilies in open ground. The traditional landing time is autumn, or rather, the first half of it. This is due to the natural development cycle of the plant: after flowering, there is a period of rest (only a few weeks), after which the growth of the bulb is activated, the roots peck. As a result, at the very beginning of spring, a flowering bud appears along with the first rays of the spring sun.
However, sometimes, for various reasons, gardeners choose early spring for planting. The reasons can be any - from a simple lack of time to taking into account the characteristics of a particular variety. Suppose, the oriental hybrids develop beautifully, and the North American varieties simply do not withstand more severe conditions.
Consider the advantages of the April landing in open ground:
- the bulbs do not need to be buried in the soil and specially insulated; a refrigerator is suitable for storage,
- home “wintering” excludes freezing and damage, guarantees complete safety,
- with good preparation of the soil and bulbs, the plant has time to develop and bloom in time.
There are drawbacks that are worth mentioning. For example, some varieties do not have time to fully develop the root system, and plants exist only due to the power of the bulb. It is clear that neither the desired growth nor beautiful inflorescences should not be expected. Another unpleasant nuance is the lack of babies in the "spring" lilies, which are often used for reproduction. By the way, the cultures planted in autumn give about 10 healthy children.
Tubular varieties are not susceptible to disease and resistant to frost, so they are recommended to grow even in the northern regions
If summer is short and cold, experts recommend refraining from spring planting - the lilies are likely to bloom only next year. In this case, plant them rationally in October: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/posadka-lukovichnyx-cvetov- osenyu.html.
For a more convenient care for the flower garden, spring and autumn plantings should be better placed in different places, as the soil preparation, irrigation regime, and top dressing will be radically different.
In late spring, at the end of May, as well as at the beginning of summer, it is not worth planting lilies - plants grow weak and unprepared, more prone to disease. The most suitable period for planting in the middle lane is the end of April.
Spring planting lily
If you missed the fall season or just decided to conduct an experiment, remember that spring planting work has some differences. Both the soil under the lilies and the plants themselves require additional processing.
Keep in mind: before planting lilies, you need to decide on their place in the garden, take into account the nuances of the site design. How to do it right: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/lilii-v-landshaftnom-dizajne.html
Selection and storage of planting material
Beautiful, tall lilies can be grown only from bulbs that do not have signs of disease - rot, mildew, spots, scales, differing in color or texture. The roots should be “alive”, not dried, about 5 cm long. If the purchase occurs in the spring, then it is better to buy onions, which have already given small sprouts.
Healthy bulbs can be easily identified by their appearance: flakes of a uniform white or yellow color have no foreign inclusions, and the roots are strong and elastic, without spots
Suppose you have prepared your own planting material since the fall and want to keep its best qualities until spring. Place the bulbs on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator and check their condition regularly. Perhaps some will go to growth and "shoot" ahead of time. Sprouts must be preserved, and the bulbs can be planted in special containers or ordinary flower pots. As soon as the frosts are over, “sleep” and sprouted specimens are taken out in open ground.
There are several effective preventive measures to protect planting material from fungus and pathogenic bacteria. Disinfection of the bulbs produced by well-known solutions, for example:
- washed in pure water, and then placed for 25-30 minutes in a weak solution of manganese - 5-10 g of the substance per bucket of water,
- maintained in a solution of the fungicide "Fundazol" (according to the instructions),
- remove damaged flakes, rinse thoroughly in 2-3 waters, put karbofos solution (1 tablespoon of substance is enough for a bucket of water) - if on the bulbs traces of infections are noticed.
The effect of protection will increase if we insulate the nests after landing. The easiest way is to use plastic cans or bottles with the upper half cut off. Inverted containers play the role of mini-greenhouses for shoots.
The hue of the buds of some varieties directly depends on the degree of illumination, and in the penumbra the color becomes more saturated, bright, deep
If you need to transport the bulbs or keep them for several days "in overexposure", put them in any convenient containers, covered with moist moss, loose soil, sand or sawdust.
A little advice for fans of Asian hybrids, breeding stem bulbous (formed at the time of maturation in the leaf axils). For storage in the winter, they are placed in hermetically sealed plastic bags and put pots with peat, which are installed indoors or in a refrigerator with a temperature of 1-3ºС.
In the process of purchasing, do not forget to specify the type of lilies - the place, time and conditions of planting, as well as the methods of cultivation depend on it.
Primary and subsequent feeding
Regardless of the time of planting flowers, the soil must be fed with mineral fertilizers. Refuse from cow dung, especially fresh. It negatively affects the growth of the bulbs and the development of plants during flowering.
Depending on the type of soil, the following additives are added to the soil in the spring:
- ammonium nitrate (1 tbsp per 1 m³ of soil),
- nitroammofosku (up to 50 g per bucket of water),
- wood ash.
When feeding the soil, it is necessary to observe strict dosing, since an overabundance of minerals also adversely affects the development of sprouts. The only substance that lilies truly love is woody ash. It can be added during the season up to 5-6 times. Ash not only forms an alkaline environment that is beneficial for flowers, but also protects against certain types of pests and mold.
Sometimes, especially in the northern areas, before planting in open ground lilies are planted in containers or flower pots - until the soil is completely thawed
Plants planted in spring, in addition to the initial feeding, must be fertilized at least 2 more times. Перед формированием бутонов следует пропитать землю раствором нитрофоски, а после периода цветения – раствором суперфосфата (40-50 г на ведро воды). Последняя подкормка питает луковицы, готовит их к зимнему периоду.
Одновременно с минеральными удобрениями производят профилактику заболеваний. В мае, когда ростки немного окрепнут, пропитайте почву 1%-ой бордоской жидкостью. Повторите процедуру еще пару раз в июле, но уже путем опрыскивания всего растения. If you notice signs of disease on the plant, for example, gray rot, continue feeding - the bulbs need additional nutrition.
Features of the mode of watering
Prepared and fertilized soil is useless unless proper watering is observed from the moment the bulbs are planted. On the first day, the soil should be carefully watered, and then watered regularly, observing two important conditions:
- prevent stagnant water
- Do not overdry soil.
Any violation entails a suspension of development, as a result of which the budding and the entire flowering process will not take place fully. Proper watering provides the most important thing for flowering crops - lush, healthy, beautiful inflorescences.
It is for a longer preservation of moisture in the soil that the needles or rotted sawdust are mixed in - they are soaked with water and do not allow the ground to dry out. It is not necessary to plant lilies too thick, so that the moisture is distributed evenly and in sufficient quantities.
The choice of site for planting depends largely on the capabilities of the dacha, but try to keep the plants in a bright, well-lit area or in light penumbra
Morning and afternoon hours are suitable for watering. Water gently, try to spray water around the root. Splashes on the leaves may cause the development of the disease (eg botrytis) or burns. Water droplets are peculiar lenses concentrating sunlight. In this sense, consider such a method of irrigation as drip irrigation - water with a certain frequency comes directly to the roots of plants, providing them with a strictly metered amount of moisture.
What is scary overwetting? In cloudy, cool weather, dampness favors the development of brown spot, and in hot weather, wet rot and fusarium.
Pest and disease protection
Consider the dangers that await plants planted in April and May.
In the early spring period, you can face such a nuisance as bacterial (wet) rot. It manifests itself in the form of a yellowish stains, appearing first on the leaves, then moving to stalks. Over time, the entire plant becomes infected, and the affected areas simply die off. To protect yourself from this misfortune, you should reduce watering and eliminate nitrogenous fertilizers.
Small, but brighter, red spots on the leaves signal another disease - rust. It is transported by bulbs, so you should carefully select the planting material. Infected leaves gradually dry out, so they are immediately removed. Bordeaux liquid, some fungicides are suitable for treatment.
Phytosporin is an excellent tool for the prevention and treatment of fungi and bacterial diseases - scab, blackleg, root and gray rot, blight, rust
The real scourge for lilies is botrytis (gray mold). The infected plant is covered with rapidly spreading brown spots. The causes of the appearance may be different, but the most frequent are waterlogging and sudden changes in temperature. To avoid mold, it is often necessary to loosen the soil and treat the plants with substances containing copper.
If the tops of the sprouts begin to turn yellow - root rot has appeared. She lives only on the roots of the bulbs. We'll have to pull out the plant, remove diseased parts and disinfect.
Not only diseases can harm lilies, but also harmful representatives of the fauna: thrips, aphids, beetle beetles, grubs and snails, spider mites. A number of chemicals have been created to destroy them, for example, Inta-Vir. Insecticides can not cope with the beetle Piskun, so remove it should be only manually. In a similar way, they usually destroy the bright orange lily beetle.
Lily flies, thrips, aphids, larvae of beetles are hatching with the chemical preparations “Thunder”, “Povotoks”, “Mukhoed”, “Pochin”, “Medvetoks”, “Grizzly”.
Bulbous sometimes exposed to invasions of mice. In addition to conventional mesh fences to protect against rodents use planting of snowdrop, daffodils or autumn crocus.
Lily: Species Species
Lily is one of the interesting representatives of the family of the Lille family, which is grown as a perennial plant. In the process of growth he has straight high stem is formeddecorated with small glossy leaves. A large variety of forms differ lily inflorescences, which can be cupped, funnel-shaped, star-shaped or bell-shaped. A characteristic feature of the plant is the presence of 6 elongated petals and the same number of stamens.
If you refer to the name of the plant, it can be translated as "completely white." However, experienced gardeners know that lily today can have a wide variety of shades: yellow, orange, red, lilac, purple, pink. Special gardeners show interest in mixed color varieties. In such plants, a single-tier root system and an onion are formed under the ground. Moreover, the latter provides the plant with essential nutrients and at the same time plays the role of the reproductive organ.
Choosing a place for planting spring lilies in the ground
Before embarking on planting lilies in a permanent place, you should decide on the site where you will grow it. These flowers feel best in well-lit areas, protected from the wind.
After you solve this problem, they begin to prepare the ground: for this, the plot needs to be dug up and removed the remnants of the roots of other plants. As one of the options, planting lilies can be carried out on a flower bed, where there are already other flowering plants. No way will not affect the growth and flowering lilies. But here, too, it is necessary to pay attention to the “neighbors”, among whom the lily will grow. They should not be too high, otherwise the lily will receive a shadow from them. Keeping this in mind, it is not recommended to choose for planting this crop and places under trees and shrubs.
Preparation of soil for lilies
Planting and caring in the open field for flowers should be carried out in accordance with the rules, but in many respects the end result depends on where it was decided to plant lily bulbs.
It is not recommended to plant lilies in dry areas. For this reason, it is necessary to choose a place where there is a soil that passes moisture well. Among the varieties of lilies there are many such that Feel comfortable on fertile soils, characterized by high moisture permeability. However, in recent years, breeders have been able to get new varieties that can grow well in dry and swampy areas. But still it is not recommended to try to grow these flowers on heavy loamy soils and salt marshes.
Regardless of the type of soil that you have chosen for planting lily bulbs, keep in mind that it will be necessary to feed in any case.
- For these purposes, you can use peat fertilizers, humus or rotted compost at the rate of one bucket per 1 square. m
- If you chose a site where sandy impurities predominate, then to increase soil fertility, you can apply phosphorus-potassium fertilizers at the rate of 100 grams per 1 square meter. m
When planting, it is necessary to pay attention to the level of soil acidity: it is optimal if it has an alkaline or weakly acid reaction. These flowers will feel bad in too acidic environments. To eliminate this drawback, it is necessary to add wood ash, limestone or chalk to the soil at the rate of 200-300 grams per 1 square meter. m
Preparing for landing
Preparation of lily bulbs requires the following operations:
- First of all, it is necessary to sort the bulbs, rejecting planting material with signs of damage,
- after you have viable specimens left, you need to remove flower scales from them,
- Next, the bulbs need to be washed in a solution of potassium permanganate or foundationol.
It is also equally important to correctly determine the depth of the onion. To do this, you need to focus on the type of soil in which you will plant it:
- when planting in heavy soil, small onions are buried by 5-6 cm, and large - 13-16 cm,
- if planting is carried out in loose soil, the depth of the bulbs in the ground should be 2-4 cm more than in the previous case.
At the end of all operations on planting lilies spend feeding, using organic and mineral fertilizers. During the autumn planting bulbs you necessarily have to provide protective shelter for flower beds from dry leaves, and pour a layer of soil on top. So you will help the flowers better to endure the winter without damage.
Principles of care
The determining factor, which determines the development of lilies in open ground, is to maintain the soil in a wet state. Therefore, during care, when determining the time for watering, it is necessary to focus on the condition of the soil. During a drought, watering should be carried out more often, and during precipitation they can be completely eliminated. Most effectively water the plants "under the root". But the method of surface irrigation is not recommended to use, because this may affect your flowers. Many gardeners often combine watering with fertilizing.
In the first year of life after planting, the shoots of lilies require special attention, since they remain weak. To create favorable conditions for development it is necessary to cut off all the buds. As a rule, flowering requires a lot of strength from the plant, and if young shoots lose all their nutrient reserves during the summer season, there is a high risk that they will not survive the winter. But, if the winter cold does not harm the sproutsthen for the second and subsequent years you will surely await the abundant flowering of lilies.
In the fourth year, flowering often becomes less saturated. This can be explained as a signal that the culture lacks nutrients. Plants that grow on the site for five years, you can begin to multiply and transplant to a new place.
Among domestic gardeners it is hardly possible to find such who would not hear about lilies. These amazingly delicate flowers attract many gardeners with their appearance, so there is nothing strange in the fact that these plants can often be found on the plots. Lilies are grown, including due to the simplicity of these flowers. And for this even no special skills requiredto get a colorful flowerbed of these plants.
All that is required of the gardener is to become familiar with the agrotechnics of growing these ornamental plants and follow all the rules exactly. For any gardener it is important to knowwhen to plant these flowers in the ground, because it depends on how quickly they can settle down and start blooming.
Soil and fertilizer
Oriental lilies do not like heavy, dense clay soils; calcareous soils do not suit them either. If it’s such a land plot, it’s better to plant the bulbs in a container or completely replace the soil at the planting site with a specially prepared mixture (recommended composition: sand, turfy ground, peat and coniferous litter in equal shares, you can also use ready-made soil for flowers). Having decided to replace the soil, we dig a hole for planting about 30 cm deep, pour sand into the bottom (it will play the role of drainage) and add soil mixture.
It is better to grow, lilies bloom longer and longer to bloom on fertile soil. If necessary, before planting, humus or compost (at the rate of 1 bucket per 1 sq. M of landing area), wood ash (200 g per 1 sq. M), potash fertilizers (20-30 g), superphosphate (30-40 g) are applied. . I am not a fan of mineral fertilizers, and I do not fertilize land for planting lilies, but I try to plant them on well-cultivated areas with nutrient soil.
Lily bulbs love to feast on rodents. I have already told once how these voracious animals left me without planting material. If you have mice in the garden - frequent guests, you should not expect that they have enough food in the summer. In the spring, as in the fall, planting lilies, it is desirable to use bulbs for bulbs or metal mesh.
Lily bulbs need protection
To protect the bulbs from disease, it is advised to powder the soil at the site of planting with foundationol. I usually use wood ash as a prophylactic.
Most lilies have strong stems that do not require supports. But some tall varieties at the time of abundant flowering garter does not hurt, especially during periods of heavy rain and wind. But by setting a peg next to an adult plant, we risk hitting and damaging the bulb. If you think that lilies may need support, install it when planting.
Regarding depth of landing You can meet a variety of recommendations - from 5-7 to 15-20 cm. For myself, the traditional method of trial and error led the following rules:
- the larger the bulb and the higher the plant, the deeper it needs to be planted; in tall lilies, if the plant is shallow, the stem during flowering may break off at the base,
- in the spring, the bulbs can be planted not as deep as in the fall (especially those varieties that are supposed to be dug for the winter),
- The optimum planting depth is 2-3 onions.
In spring you can plant not only oriental lilies - bulbs of various varieties are on sale at this time. However, the quality of planting material sometimes saddens: in the warmth, with a lack of light, the sprouts are quickly drawn out, and the bulbs dry up, the scales lose their elasticity, they can be affected by rot. If you keep from buying until the fall of strength was not enough, we try to at least choose the strongest and healthiest bulbs with short shoots. And we understand that they will delight in bloom later than those planted in the fall. How to take care of plants during the season, the article tells in detail Lily - the virgin queen of the garden.