Wild species of geraniums can be seen in almost all regions with a temperate, subtropical and even tropical climate. In the culture of perennial garden geranium was introduced by the ancient Greeks and for the similarity of fruit with long bird's beaks was called geranion, that is, a crane.
Geraniums in the garden: guests from the wild
It is believed that the name stuck to the plants with delicate foliage and delicate flowers in the first century of the new era thanks to Dioscorides. Then, perennial street geranium from the Middle Ages, which found application in the household and medical business, was popular in Europe. And in Russia, it appeared in the front gardens in the 18th century. The distribution and diversity of species led to the fact that the name Geraniaceae received a whole family, which included about 400 species of geraniums and more than 200 species of South African pelargoniums.
In the wild, geraniums prefer to settle in the meadows, under the shadow of coniferous and deciduous forests, in the mountains and along rivers. Cultural varieties of perennial geraniums:
- preserved the unpretentiousness of natural plants, their adaptability to harsh winters, dry summers,
- they have become more decorative and bright, some of them bloom twice a season, they are distinguished by variegated foliage and especially large flowers.
In addition to simple flowers inherent to the overwhelming majority of geraniums, garden, perennial varieties and hybrids can please a grower with double flowering, as well as shades that cannot be found in a meadow or forest glade overgrown with geraniums.
Geranium in the garden varies in size and shape of the bush, color range, color and type of foliage. Most plants have flat or bowl-shaped corolla consisting of five petals with pronounced veins. The leaves of the geranium are no less beautiful than its flowers. Depending on the species, they can be even green or variegated, rounded or fancifully dissected.
Reproduction of perennial street geraniums
When creating a comfortable environment for growth, the ripe fruit of the plant spontaneously opens up and the seeds fly away far away around the neighborhood. And in the spring shoots are found far from the main planting of geraniums.
On the one hand, self-seeding allows you to update and unobtrusively change the look of the garden. On the other hand, with regular planting, the geraniums themselves sprouting in the garden are not the most pleasant surprise. In order to avoid self seeding, it is better to remove immature fruits.
If the florist is going to use his own seeds for sowing, he will have to solve a difficult task. Drying ripe fruits instantly open, and immature seeds may not give the desired seedlings. Therefore, in advance, the tops of the peduncles with the fruits are hidden in small canvas bags and tied underneath so that the seeds remain inside.
Due to the troublesome process and unguaranteed seedling, the seeds for breeding perennial garden geraniums are used infrequently. It is much more efficient and easier to get a new plant by dividing an adult bush.
Storage and care of geraniums before planting in the country in the spring
If the geranium already existing in the garden or on the street is seated, it is possible to divide the bush and plant it in early autumn. When the rhizome with bud buds has to be bought and there is no opportunity to plant geranium into the ground before the onset of cold weather, it is important to keep the rhizome dense and viable.
It is important to remember that peripheral roots are well developed in perennial street geraniums. For planting material, this part of the root system should be preserved before planting, and later provide the plant with nutrition and moisture.
To do this, rhizome peresypayut peat and placed in a container or a perforated bag. In this form, the future garden geranium should be at 1–4 ° C until it is planted. Peat substrate should be slightly moistened, making sure that the roots are not dry or rot. The container is chosen in such a way that the roots are completely covered with soil and not intertwined.
If the plant, even in conditions of a basement or a refrigerator, begins to grow, it should be transferred to a bright, cool room. Here, perennial garden geraniums are waiting for planting in deep containers and with light nutritious soil and usual care, providing for the moistening of the substrate.
The easiest and most reliable option for planting and caring for perennial garden geraniums is to purchase planting material with a closed root system. Such seedlings easily take root and can be transferred to the ground in almost any warm season.
When can you plant geraniums on the street? Plants do not suffer much from freezing, and most species quickly start growing in a new place. Therefore, when soil is heated to 15–18 ° C, the rhizomes can be transplanted into open ground. Depending on the region and weather conditions, most often this time comes in the first half of May. With the threat of night frosts, non-rooted geraniums in the garden should be covered with non-woven material.
Planting geraniums in the garden and care for the culture
Flower gardeners existing today with decorative varieties of garden geraniums are obliged to interest in this plant by breeders from Holland and Great Britain. Despite the fact that these cultivated species have become brighter, their blooming is more abundant and longer, the geraniums in the garden require the selection of conditions close to those in which their wild ancestors grew.
When geraniums are planted in the open ground in spring, the site for planting is chosen depending on the variety and type:
- Meadow, Himalayan or magnificent geranium on the street will actively grow and bloom, if the plants are in the sun, and they are provided with abundant watering.
- In the dry corners of the garden, where there is a lot of sun, large-flowered and red-brown variety is indispensable.
- On the alpine hill looks good Georgian geraniums.
- If on the summer cottage there is a wet corner in the shade of the trees, the marsh geranium will grow here.
- Balkan geranium during planting and care in the country landing easily tolerates drought and shading.
All geraniums have branched, long roots that are extremely difficult to tolerate transplant. To reduce the stress of this procedure and simplify the subsequent care, a rather deep planting hole is made for planting geraniums in the garden. Its depth should be several centimeters more than the length of the roots spread on the nutrient soil at the bottom of the pit. After a neat backfill, the landing area is watered, and the top is mulched.
Since the majority of species in a couple of years grows considerably, there must be at least 20–30 cm between individual geraniums in the garden.
Due to the density of the crown and the secreted essential oils, gees reluctantly settle weeds, and not all insect pests can harm the ornamental culture.
And yet, even such an unpretentious plant capable of standing up for itself needs support. Caring for geraniums in the garden after planting consists of:
- in regular watering to meet the needs of a particular plant species,
- in dressings, the first of which with the help of infusion compost and peat is carried out immediately after transplantation,
- in the autumn pruning of faded foliage and summer removal of faded inflorescences.
Spring for geraniums should begin with fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizer. It will push the plant to the formation of lush foliage, and a month later a complex means is added to the plants, which includes nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and trace elements. Species that are accustomed to living in the mountains or drylands need less fertilizer than lowland species.
Perennial garden geranium is an unusual, undemanding and very attractive green decoration of any site. The plant is universal and can be successfully used in single and group plantings, without needing special care.
The name of the plant received in the I century AD. e., its beneficial properties were highly appreciated by many healers, and it became popular in Europe. In Russia, it began to grow in the 18th century. More than 400 species of Pelargonium and 200 species of its South African families have now been bred.
On the street wild geranium can be found on the meadows, on the banks of rivers and lakes, in coniferous and deciduous forests. Its cultivated varieties demonstrate unpretentiousness to severe weather conditions, they bloom twice per season, can tolerate harsh winters and dry summer days.
Now, along with simple varieties there are hybrids with double flowers, their colors are very diverse, some colors in the wild can not even be found. And the leaves are both monophonic and combined.
The new varieties displayed by the breeders differ among themselves in a diverse range of colors, not only flowers, but also leaves, which can be cut or rounded.
When can the geranium be taken out on the street in the spring, a balcony?
Most varieties of this flower tolerate frost well, and actively begin their growth in a new place. Proceeding from this, it can be planted in the ground, as soon as the threat of night frosts passes.
In each region, this time comes in different ways, but usually the landing of geraniums can be carried out already in the first decade of May. It is at this time that the rhizomes of a plant can warm up to the desired temperature of 15-18 degrees.
The timing of planting a flower will also affect the choice of planting material.
Humidity and temperature
Humidity has no particular effect on the condition of the plant, but it’s not worthwhile to spray or water it purposefully, as then under the rays of the sun they will begin to turn yellow. Geranium tolerates moderate temperatures, in the summertime - 20 degrees, and in the winter - no more than 15, reducing the temperature to 10 degrees flower transfers with difficulty.
What should be the soil?
The main thing is that it should be sour or neutral, while you should choose or mix it yourself, so that it is loose and light, it should contain a large amount of peat and sand. Before planting the plants, the ground must be fertilized, they do it in the fall. First, the selected area is dug up and slightly loosened, and then they make humus and fertilizer. Before planting, the soil must be moistened.
Preparation of seedlings (or seeds)
Some gardeners germinate seedlings from seeds, others buy ready-made pelargonium roots. But whatever the planting material, he should be hardened before planting. It consists in the gradual adaptation of the plant to the air. Planted in cups or other containers of seedlings need to make out on the street and leave for a certain time, which should be increased every day.
If the air temperature at night will not fall below zero, then you can leave the flowers on the street. Such hardening will help the plants to better adapt to the new conditions of open ground and subsequently provide the pelargonium bush with abundant blooms all summer.
In addition to planting a plant from a pot, there are also other ways of its reproduction:
- Seeds. A plant grown from them will be two years old and will bloom only in the second year. Saplings grown from seeds are very whimsical, they can react strongly to abundant watering or heat.
- Delenkov. Previously grown bush geraniums in a pot is divided into several parts, which are planted in the open ground and begin to form new bushes almost immediately. At the same time, their flowering begins as early as 2-3 weeks.
- Cuttings. For viable planting material, you can use adult flowering bushes. They are cut off the upper part, the length of which should not exceed 15 cm, it is desirable that they have two leaves on each. After the roots appear on the cuttings, they can be planted; closer to autumn, the first flowers may appear on them.
Previously cut cuttings and planted in cups, which were hardened, carried out on the street and left to disembark.
Then the landing process is as follows:
- Digging the hole.
- Planting a bush and falling asleep its ground.
- Small watering and tamping the ground around the seedling.
- Pinching of the apical bud, to subsequently form a thick bush.
When the seedling is rooting, its lower leaves must be torn off, otherwise they will still turn yellow. To get a rolling bush, you need to pinch each 10 apical leaf, and do the same with the side shoots.
Departure after landing
All work on planting and transplanting pelargonium best done in the spring. It does not require special care, but to get a beautiful bush will have some rules:
- Watering the plant regularly and abundantly, but not pouring it over and not letting the water fall on the leaves, it is best to start a watering can at the root, but not bring it to a stagnant liquid.
- Feed in time, the first can be carried out immediately after transplanting or planting plants. Peat or compost is used as a fertilizer.
- In the summer, dried inflorescences should be promptly removed in order to prolong flowering and to achieve ornamental shrub.
- In the fall, it is necessary to cut all the dried leaves and branches in order to give life to new shoots next year.
- In the spring, be sure to feed the plant with nitrogen fertilizer, it will act as a powerful stimulant for the development of dense and saturated foliage on the bush. A month after this feeding make the second, the choice of which must take into account that its composition should contain potassium, fluorine, nitrogen and trace elements.
- Fertilizer is applied for different species of their own, so for mountain plants, additional feedings should be less than for those that were bred for planting on the plain.
- When preparing before wintering, the plant is pruned and mulched.
- If it was decided to plant a garden geranium in a room pot, it is necessary to make a drainage layer for it.
Pelargonium perennial - undemanding plant that can beautify any flower bed. It does not need special care and perfectly complements other ornamental flowers in a group planting. When creating suitable conditions for it, the plant blooms the whole season, but if this does not happen, then you need to introduce a top dressing in time or transplant it in spring to another place.
Features of planting
There is an opinion that geranium is only a room flower and is not quite suitable for planting in open ground. In fact, this is not at all the case - due to its excellent decorative properties and unpretentiousness regarding climatic conditions, It is great for landscape design.
Geranium bushes are often used to transition between shrubs more contrasting and in color.
Thus, geranium as it covers the ground. It perfectly protects the soil from weeds and drying.
Also, plant contributes to water and air erosion in the soil and perfectly promotes reclamation.
Planted geraniums should only be after the cold. It is best to do this when the ground is fully heated, that is, somewhere in the middle of May. Also, it will not be superfluous to wait for the first warm spring rain to soak the soil - such conditions are optimal for flower adaptation.
If during the above period it is already hot, then landing is better to carry out in the morning or in the evening.
Preparation of flower, soil and conditions
Most often, planting geraniums in open ground occurs by cutting the adult bush. Before planting, seedlings should be properly prepared - the cutting should be held in a stimulating solution and treated with activated carbon. In this case, the plant can be transferred to the soil in 2-3 weeks.
If geranium transplantation is planned with a well-established root system, then transplanting can be carried out immediately after treatment with the solution.
As for the ground, light, airy soil is suitable for landing. You will also need to carry out the preparatory work, namely:
- If possible, during the autumn digging you need to fertilize the earth with minerals.
- Immediately before planting, the soil must be “acidified”. For this, oxalic acid, citric acid or ferrous sulfate is suitable.
Also note the following:
- The soil must be drained.
- A special layer of peat, sand and nutritious garden soil must be prepared in the planting pit. Such mixtures, by the way, can be purchased in special stores.
- The depth of the pit should be such that the root system is placed freely, without constraint.
How to plant a pot on the street?
It is possible to plant a plant only when all the preparatory work has been completely completed. If you plan to plant an adult plant, then before planting the root must be treated with a stimulant. Buy these drugs need in specialized stores, use strictly according to the instructions.
The process of preparation and disembarkation can be represented as follows:
- plow the ground thoroughly, digging it about 35 centimeters deep,
- on the excavated surface you need to scatter the layer of compost in 5-10 cm and mix it with the top layer of soil,
- dig a hole of sufficient depth (about 25 cm),
- на дно ямы укладываете слой толщиной 1-2сантиметра из песка, торфа и питательного грунта или из уже готовой смеси,
- аккуратно из емкости вытаскиваете растение и переносите в ямку. Следите за тем, чтобы не повредилась корневая система,
- аккуратно присыпаете землей и слегка втаптываете,
- поливаете водой, но не слишком обильно.
Если предполагается высадка целого ряда цветков, то нужно соблюдать оптимальное между ними расстояние. For cuttings - 15-20 centimeters, for adult bushes - 60cm.
Watch a video about planting geraniums in open ground:
What to do after?
The first two weeks after planting, you need to ensure that the sun does not fall on the plant, in other words, you need to provide shade to the bush. Also You should pay attention to the following recommendations for the care of the plant after planting:
- the soil around the plant must be cleared of weeds,
- Do not abundantly water and overheat the soil. The optimum soil temperature for geraniums is 15-20 degrees Celsius,
- need to use insecticides to protect against parasites,
- Do not spray the leaves
- need every 1-2 weeks to carry out fertilizing with mineral fertilizers,
- if the soil is dry, it is impossible to feed with a liquid substance - this will cause a burn of the root system,
- before the first frost you need to cut the length of the shoots to 5 centimeters.
For fertilizer, you can use the following substances:
On these photos you can see how geranium grows in open ground:
If after planting the plant began to fade or strange spots appeared on the leaves, then it is likely that the flower struck the disease. In this case, the plant must be treated with insecticides.
In general, if in a step-by-step and correctly carry out all the recommendations regarding the preparation, planting and subsequent care of the flower, then no problems arise.
Due to the fact that in the first two weeks geranium is especially vulnerable to parasites, rapid temperature changes and the state of the soil, you need to carefully care for it. This will help strengthen the plant and grow healthy.
Planting room pelargonium
Geranium - unpretentious plant. Its cultivation does not require special care at home. For planting pick up the container with several drainage holes at the bottom. The roots of the plant are sensitive to moisture and from constant contact with water can rot, so you can not do without good drainage. Get a pot about 25 cm deep. That's enough for growth and flowering.
- Planting should be done in a clean container. Be sure to wash the pot and rinse with a weak solution of manganese. He will destroy the bacteria and larvae of the pests.
- It is better to use the soil purchased and try to choose a soil that passes water well and dries quickly. It will save from rotting roots. Ideal for growing at home universal earth mixture.
To make the landing successful, put a small layer of expanded clay in the pot. Put some sand on top and fill most of the container with earth. Make it a little indentation. If you want to plant a geranium with a spike, put a cutting with a root in it and cover it with soil. Water well with settled water and put the flowerpot on the windowsill.
How to plant a geranium in open ground
Types of garden pelargoniums look great on a garden bed in front of the house and continuously bloom until the onset of cold weather. These are perennial flowers, but if they do not provide the right care, they die in the winter.
Pelargonium needs to be planted in the spring, when the last frosts are over.
- First of all, carefully loosen the ground, digging it with a shovel to a depth of 35 cm.
- Then scatter 5-10 cm of compost over the surface of the bed and mix it with the top layer of soil. This will enrich the soil with nutrients necessary for the growth of geraniums.
- Dig pits 25 cm deep. Small species should be planted at a distance of 15-20 cm, large - 60 cm.
- Carefully remove the rooted bone from the pot and place it in the hole. Sprinkle with earth and cover well with water.
To plant a geranium, pick a place in the sun in the garden. The flower loves light and warmth.
Garden and indoor species of pelargonium need proper lighting. Cultivation with a lack of light leads to the fact that the plant loses its splendor, begins to reach up and withers. In the spring pots of flowers can be taken out on the balcony, where geranium will grow quickly. Sometimes a red tint appears on the leaves from bright light. This is not a sign of illness and is considered completely normal.
Do not spray the geranium leaves with water. Care includes moderate watering. It is produced systematically, preventing the soil from drying out. At the same time, care must be taken that the soil is not too wet and there is no moisture stagnation.
In winter, watering at home is required to reduce. Plants accumulate water well, so water them 2-3 times a month, but not less. Overdried soil leads to the fact that the leaves on pelargonium turn yellow and fall off.
In order for the plant to have a beautiful crown, trim the branches that stretch in height. From them will begin to grow new shoots.
In addition to comfortable living conditions, the cultivation of pelargonium requires regular feeding. In spring and summer, garden and indoor geranium need to be fertilized 1 time in 2 weeks. In winter, the number of dressings should be reduced. It is enough to feed the plant once in January, using half the usual dose.
It is best to use purchased mineral fertilizers at home. To bloom was abundant, geraniums are needed:
These elements are in the Dutch fertilizer "Crystal". It is great for basal processing of pelargoniums. Dissolve 2 tbsp. l top dressing in 10 l of water and water a plant according to the instruction. Such care is necessary geraniums after the winter holidays to accelerate growth.
Do not forget that the plant can not be fed liquid fertilizer when the earth is dry. This care can cause root burn. First, pour pelargonium with a small amount of water, and after an hour, apply top dressing.
Well increases the growth and flowering of iodine water. Put a couple of drops of iodine in the liquid and pour the flowers in the pots. The main thing is not to make the solution too concentrated so as not to burn the root system. At home, geraniums are often fed by stirring 100 ml of milk in a liter of pure water.
How to care in the fall and winter
All kinds of geraniums love the cool, sunny autumn weather. Then they rest from violent flowering and gain new strength. At this time, the care of pelargonium is pruning, feeding, the formation of the crown. If the pots of flowers are in the open air, bring them into the house when the temperature drops to 12 degrees Celsius.
- Garden geranium before the first frost should be cut to a length of 5 cm.
- Dig from the ground, cut the roots by a third.
- Prepare a wide pan, fill it with soil mixed with a small amount of compost, and plant the plants.
- Water and put on the windowsill.
In the spring, you can prune the cuttings of young shoots and start breeding geraniums. Or plant overwintered plants again in the ground.
Secrets of growing Pelargonium cuttings
For the cultivation of a new geranium bush flower growers use different methods. The easiest way to do this is by cuttings. For reproduction to be successful, you need to prepare.
- Get plastic cups, make small holes on their bottom and put drainage inside.
- Prepare the soil for planting. To do this, add a third of the sand to the universal soil and mix.
- After pouring a weak solution of manganese. If not, moisten the ground with boiling water. Such disinfection will destroy harmful microorganisms that can damage the process.
- When the ground has cooled, pour it into the cups and start planting.
Propagation by cuttings carried out in early March. Choose strong shoots and cut stems 3-5 cm long from their tops. They must have 3 green leaves. Slice sprinkled with coal dust. The shoot is gently inserted into a glass with the ground, tamped and watered with a small amount of water. If the flower shoots arrows, cut them off, otherwise they will interfere with good rooting.
Place the cups with the cuttings in a wide pan and place them in the shade. It is desirable that the temperature in the room does not exceed 15 degrees. Provide watering by pouring a small amount of water into the pan. Do this when the ground in the cups begins to dry out.
If you notice that the leaves have turned yellow, reproduction does not proceed very well. Cover the processes with a half-liter jar for a couple of days. Greenhouse furnishings will help to take root.
In 2-3 weeks new leaflets will appear on the cuttings. Now you need to wait until the roots are strengthened. It usually takes about a month. Then geranium can be planted in the garden. Potted plants should preferably be left in a temporary container until the first flower buds appear on them, and then transplanted into permanent pots.
Some gardeners root pelargonium cuttings in the water. Not all of this breeding is successful, because the stalk of a flower often begins to rot from contact with moisture. To try this method, cut off the runaway and put it in a jar with a little water. Wait for the roots to grow and plant the stalk in the ground.
Seed propagation is a long process. If you want to grow pelargonium using this method at home, carefully select the seeds. From their quality depends on the germination and health of the flower. Purchase material for planting only in specialized stores or from trusted suppliers.
- Prepare a wide container with small holes at the bottom, fill it with fertile, disinfected moist soil.
- Sow the seeds from above and lightly press them into the ground. Cover the container with plastic wrap and place in a warm shady place.
- Watch the crops carefully, and when the first shoots hatch, remove the film. With the advent of leaves, geranium can be transplanted into a pot.
Seed propagation is a time consuming task. The difficulty is that crops do not always germinate, so it is easier to buy a ready-made plant or root Pelargonium with cuttings.
When the flower becomes crowded in a pot, it must be transplanted. You can also divide the bush into several parts and plant in separate pots. The day before the transplant, fill the water with geranium. Then carefully remove the plant, divide it, taking care not to damage the roots, and transplant it into a new nutrient soil. Such reproduction is considered the fastest.
Disease Control Methods
The main culprit for geranium diseases is improper care. To make it healthy, regularly loosen the soil, do not over-moisten the soil, remove dry leaves.
Sometimes pelargonium affects gray rot. The fungus covers the plant with dark spots, and it begins to quickly disappear.
To combat the disease at home do the following:
- remove infected shoots and geranium leaves,
- moderate watering is done before lunch,
- clean the soil from weeds,
- process the flower according to the instructions fungicides.
In summer geranium can attack whitefly. It is easy to get rid of it with Iskra, Actellic or Komandor. Separate them according to the instructions and process the plant.
Pelargonium cultivation is a fascinating activity that does not require effort and is expensive. Provide her with a good fertilizer, competent watering, and she will permanently decorate your home.
Geranium blooming looks spectacular. Therefore, gardeners often use the plant in landscape design. He is happy to be planted near the alpine hills and around large tall bushes.
Planted pelargonium in the garden should be after the cold weather. The optimal date of its landing in the ground is the period of the final warming up of the soil under the spring rays of the sun. Recommended to plant geraniums in the second half of May. You should wait for the period of the first warm rains, which will sufficiently moisten the earth and prepare it to adapt the flower.
Geranium is resistant to the environment, but for the planting of its seedlings should ensure the most benign conditions. In temperate latitudes, in May, the scorching sun can be observed, which is why it is recommended to plant a flower in open ground in the morning or evening hours.
With the onset of the cold period, the plant should be transplanted into a pot and kept indoors. The overgrown pelargonium is not dug out of the soil, but is carefully mulched before winter. In the spring, it is necessary to replace the top layer of soil with fertile soil. In such conditions, the plant can live up to 3 years.
Main varieties for planting in the garden
Before cultivating pelargonium in the open field, it is necessary to select a suitable variety suitable for wintering, characterized by resistance to aggressive environmental effects. For breeding in the garden most often use the following types of geraniums:
Ash pelargonium came in the middle lane of the Pyrenean mountains. It is distinguished by unpretentiousness, which allows it to grow successfully in temperate latitudes. An adult plant has the appearance of a low shrub with gray-green leaves, white light pink inflorescences in the form of bowls, towering on a thin stalk. This grade is most often used for registration of borders.
Himalayan geranium has a greater range of applications and can be used both to create carpet compositions and to decorate terraces. For successful cultivation of this variety should choose shaded areas of the garden. In summer, the bush is a strong stem, covered with 7-lobed leaves and terry inflorescences of purple or pink-purple color.
Meadow Pelargonium has an extensive geography of distribution, covering the territory from Northern Europe to China. Growing, it takes on the appearance of a tall bush with a rough, sturdy stem covered with toothed leaves. The inflorescences of this variety rise above the green crown and are saucer of blue or purple color. For the cultivation of this variety is required to choose a plot with abundant sunlight and more than for other varieties, irrigation.
In conditions of high humidity, Clark's geranium grows well. Formation of a bush with thin stems and 7-lobed rough leaves is characteristic of this species. Its inflorescences are in the shape of a bowl and are divided into 5 petals of white, pale pink or light purple color.
For spotted geranium is characterized by the formation of a lush bush up to 45 cm with a lot of thin stems and toothed leaves of dark green color. His inflorescences have the form of flat bowls, towering above the crown, white and pink hues. For the cultivation of this culture is ideal dried soil, abundantly flooded with sunlight.
Ways to grow a flower
Garden pelargonium is grown from seed or by grafting. 1 method differs in labor intensity and low probability of formation of a strong plant. Most often, seedlings obtained from seeds can be observed 2 weeks after they are introduced into the open ground. The duration of the appearance of leaves and blooming of flower buds depends on the plant variety. Some species require special attention and compliance with certain rules of cultivation: temperature, watering, etc.
Pelargonium breeding by grafting is more popular. This method consists of cutting off the upper processes of an adult healthy shrub, which is placed in water for several weeks to form roots. To speed up this process, you should dip the stem in a stimulating solution, and then treat it with crushed coal. In the first case, the cuttings are applied to the soil after 2-3 weeks, in the second - immediately after treatment with a special agent.
For the landing of pelargonium suitable light, airy soil. Before making planting material should acidify the soil with a solution of citric, oxalic acid or ferrous sulfate. Having decided to plant this plant in the future season, it is necessary to add mineral fertilizers to the soil during the autumn digging of the plot. For its cultivation, it is necessary to prepare a drained soil. In the planting pit should be prepared layer of sand, peat and nutritious garden soil.
It is important to carefully consider the issue of choosing a place for planting this culture. For most varieties, accommodation on areas that are abundantly covered by the sun is not recommended. Despite the endurance of pelargonium, for adaptation and further harmonious development should be planted in places with variable lighting. For its growth, the optimum temperature is about + 15 ° C, and therefore it is necessary to provide it with a shadow for the first few weeks after planting in open ground.
After preparing the cuttings, it is recommended to transplant them into cups to form the root system. After 3-4 weeks, it is necessary to transplant the plants in open ground. Depending on the time of the procedure, it is necessary to pour abundantly (in the morning) or irrigate (in the evening) a plot with pelargonium. This measure is necessary to prevent rotting of the roots. Over the next 2-3 weeks, you need to leave the landing site, after which the soil under the plant is periodically loosened (fluffed) and watered in standard mode.
To adapt the geranium in the garden, it is necessary to provide it with a sufficient landing pit. In the case of transplanting a bush from a pot, it is necessary to prepare a cavity with a depth in which its root is placed at the same level as in the pots. It is important that its dimensions allow you to accurately place the bulk root system.
Compliance with the rules of keeping plants in open ground allows you to observe its flowering as early as 1 season after planting. Гарантией адаптации цветка и его гармоничного развития является соблюдение 3 основных правил: увлажнение, правильная подкормка и подготовка к зимовке. Для роста культуры следует избегать пересыхания и чрезмерного полива почвы. Достаточно проводить эту процедуру не чаще 1 раза в неделю в утренние часы капельным методом. С целью предотвращения пересыхания земли ее необходимо мульчировать.Pelargonium petals should not be sprayed to prevent it from fading.
To preserve the attractive appearance of the planted plant, it should be pruned next season, in early spring. As the bush grows, it is recommended to renew the topsoil under it at least once a year. For abundant flowering need to feed the flower with mineral and organic additives. In 1 period after its disembarkation and active growth, potash and phosphorus mixtures are used. For the formation of a strong trunk and branching structure, it is necessary to fertilize the earth with nitrogen.
To maintain plant health, it is necessary to comply with 3 requirements: moderate watering, temperatures not higher than + 25 ° C and variable lighting. Violation of the rules of geraniums can cause pests - aphids and whitefly. To combat them, it is necessary to wash the leaves with a mild soap solution, then spray the crown with Akarin, Fitoverm, Spark or tobacco infusion.
The appearance of gray spots on the leaves and stalks of the geranium indicates its infection with the fungus Botrytis. In a state of neglect, it leads to the gradual eating and destruction of the bush. For the prevention and treatment of the disease, we should regularly reorganize the soil from weeds, water the plant only in the morning, promptly remove the affected particles, and treat the surface of the flower with fungicides.
Observation on the leaves of chlorosis, to which bubbles are added at the base of the bush, which over time take on the appearance of brown plugs, yellowing of the crown indicates the defeat of the flower by swelling. This disturbance causes low temperatures and abundant watering. It is necessary to remove the affected areas as quickly as possible, until the disease has spread to the entire hive. For the prevention of the disease, it is necessary to plant pelargonium in a sufficiently heated and well-drained soil, water it only as needed. It should not be planted next to moisture-loving crops, for which frequent irrigation is shown.
Garden geranium is a popular way of arranging space. It is an unpretentious and bright decoration of the site, effectively looking in single compositions and harmoniously combined with other cultures. In addition to the decorative effect, it has a protective effect on the soil, preventing its destruction.
Pelargonium landing time
Geranium planting should be carried out only after the cold has finally receded. The best option would be to transplant the plant to the open ground in the last days of spring, when the frost has definitely not come back. But it is equally important that the rainy season has already begun, in order to optimally moisten the soil and prepare it for cultivation.
Geranium is considered an unpretentious plant, however, it should be carefully prepared for transplantation so that stress is minimal. A bright and burning sun is not the best option for replanting geraniums. Therefore, it is recommended to perform all the work in the morning or evening, when the sun's rays become softer.
But with the onset of the first cold weather, experts recommend transplanting a flower in a pot and placing it in a room. If pelargonium has grown strongly, then it is not recommended to replant it. It is enough to properly mulch the soil and close the plant itself. In this form, it can grow in one place for up to three years.
The most suitable varieties for planting in the garden
Before planting pelargonium in open ground, you should deal with which varieties can be planted and which ones should not. After all, the plant must be resistant to temperature extremes and aggressive environmental effects. Therefore, for breeding in the garden are most commonly used such varieties of geraniums as:
Ash pelargonium was imported from the Iberian Peninsula. It is distinguished by unpretentiousness and perfectly adapts to the conditions of northern and middle latitudes. Adult flower has low green with dark green leaves that have a grayish tint. The inflorescences in the form of bowls have a pink-white color. This flower is most often used for decoration borders.
Himalayan geranium has a fairly wide scope. Its equally successful can be used for carpet garden decoration and for decorating arbors. In order for the plant to feel great and delight you with flowers, you need to choose shaded parts of the garden. In summer, the geranium bush of this species resembles a bright and surprisingly beautiful carpet, consisting of terry inflorescences of bright crimson or lilac color.
Meadow geranium can be found almost anywhere in the world. It has a wide distribution from Europe to China. As it grows, it turns into a tall, durable plant on a thick stalk in fleshy leaves. The inflorescences of the plant rise above the green and represent the big blue saucers. In order for the geranium of this species to grow successfully, you need to plant it in an open area with a lot of light and more watering than for other varieties.
If your site has high humidity, then you should plant a variety of Clark geraniums. For this variety of pelargonium is characterized by the formation of a bush in thin stems and large leaves. Its inflorescences are composed of petals of pale blue or purple.
Spotted geranium is characterized by large bushes up to 45 cm in height, which grow wide carpet. Him flowers represent bowls of white or blue, towering over the lush green leaves. For the successful cultivation of this type of geraniums perfectly fit areas with lots of light.
Geranium Breeding Methods
Garden pelargonium is usually grown by seed or by grafting. The first method is more time consuming and thus getting a strong and healthy plant is rather difficult. But after laying seeds in the ground The first sprouts can be found in two weeks. Further growth and the appearance of leaves and flowers will depend entirely on what kind of flower. Some species require special soil and certain growing conditions.
Plant reproduction by grafting is more popular. To do this, cut the upper processes and put in the water before rooting. To speed up this process it is recommended dip cutting into stimulating solution and grind with charcoal. If the cutting has not been pretreated, it should be transplanted into the soil no earlier than two weeks later. And when processing a special compound, you can plant the cutting directly into the ground.
Pelargonium requires light and airy soil. But before planting, the soil should be slightly acidified with citric acid solution. The soil must be prepared in advance. For this, it should be in the fall dig through and make mineral fertilizers. Drainage should be laid in the landing pit, a layer of sand should be poured onto it, and only after this can the plant roots be laid and covered with soil.
For planting culture should be extremely careful when choosing a place. Landing in open sunny areas is not recommended. This is because most varieties do not tolerate sunlight and the leaves burn easily. The ideal temperature for the growth of geraniums - 15 degrees. Therefore, it should be in the early stages to provide shade to young shrubs.
Cuttings are recommended to be planted previously in prepared plastic cups. After the root system is formed, the plant can be planted in open ground. Depending on landing time the plant will need to be either watered abundantly or slightly watered. This is done in order to prevent rotting of the root system. After that, for two or three weeks the plant should be left alone, and then it is necessary to loosen and push the soil once a week so that the plant has enough air.
For quick adaptation of the plant on the street, it is necessary to provide for it a quality pit for planting. If the geranium is transplanted from a pot, then it is necessary to prepare such a hole so that the soil covers the roots and trunk exactly to the same place as in the pots. But its width is of great importance. After all, the roots should be located in it so that they are not crowded.
Aftercare for Geraniums
If you follow all the rules of plant care, then its flowering can be observed in the first year. after transplanting. The guarantee that the flower adapts quickly and will develop harmoniously is the observance of three main rules:
In order for the plant to bloom and make you happy with abundant vegetation, you should not forget to water it in time and not pour it. It is enough to carry out the irrigation procedure only once a day in order to soil moisture was sufficient. In order for the earth not to dry, it must be mulched properly. Pelargonium leaves should not be watered or sprayed. Otherwise, they will begin to rot and fade.
In order for the plant to maintain an attractive appearance in the next season after planting, it should be pruned. As the bush grows, the ground beneath it should be periodically updated. For, to make the bush grow and bloomed abundantly, mineral and organic fertilizers should be regularly applied to the soil. In the first year after planting, phosphorus and potash fertilizers should be actively used.
In order to form a strong and fleshy stem in a flower, nitrogen fertilizers should be applied more frequently to the soil.
To maintain the health of the plant, you should take proper care of it and follow simple rules:
- moderate watering
- air temperature not higher than 25 degrees
- variable lighting.
If the rules of care are violated, then the plant can develop numerous pests. Most often, geranium affects aphid and whitefly. You can get rid of them with the help of a soap solution and the use of special pest control products - Fitoverm, Spark.
If gray spots appear on the leaves and trunk of the geranium, this indicates the infection of the geranium with fungi. You need to start fighting with it as soon as possible, otherwise the plant dies completely, the fungus eats it. In order to prevent and treat diseases, it is necessary to regularly reorganize the soil and timely remove weeds. It is recommended to water the geranium only in the morning and once a week. And the affected leaves and branches should be removed on time.
When chlorosis appears on the leaves, which is accompanied by vesicular eruptions on the leaves, this indicates a disease of the geranium edema. All affected leaves and shoots must be removed immediately. If a not to do it in timethen the disease will spill over to the whole plant and it will die. In order for the plant not to get sick, it should be planted in a well-heated and drained soil. Water the plant should be only as needed. That is why planting geranium next to moisture-loving plants is not worth it.
Garden geranium is very loved by landscape designers for unpretentious care and external beauty, as well as for it goes well with any plants. And her bright flowers allow you to create truly incredible paintings in the garden.
Room geranium: description, features of cultivation and care at home
The origin of geranium is associated with South Africa. In total, there are about 400 species of perennial and annual plants of the geranium family in botany. Its representatives first appeared in Europe at the beginning of the 16th century. This bright plant is a relative of pelargonium. Room geranium colors depend on the selected variety. In this review, we will look at how to properly care for this beautiful flower.
Features of growing
This process should be given special attention. Room geranium is a beautiful and quite unpretentious plant. It is able to decorate any home greenhouse. It is enough to provide the flower with the necessary conditions, and it will delight you with a lush carpet of bright colors. After planting geranium does not require special care. The plant is not afraid of drought and shade.
Geranium flower propagates self-seeding fast enough. Beauty is distinguished not only the buds of the plant, but the leaves themselves. Gardeners especially love to use this flower in flowerbeds. Geranium will look great on an alpine hill.
This plant belongs to the ground cover. Despite the fact that the name of the flower is consonant with room pelargonium, green cultures belong to different types. Garden geranium provides a huge selection of colors. The bright little buds of this plant will be a great accent in your garden. If you decide to plant several types of this species, it is better to choose different angles on the site. If you plant flowers together, they may look too colorful and bright.
The combination of garden geraniums with plants with large leaves will look especially elegant. The flower does not require special care. You just need to choose the right location. Water at the site should not stagnate. At first, it is recommended to regularly water the seeds. Be sure to carry out the procedure mulching.
Room beauty at home. Choosing a pot
So what is worth paying attention to? Conventionally, geranium is considered a room flower. In the cold season, she will feel great at home in a pot. The choice of capacity for cultivation will depend on the root system. You should not choose a pot, based on the principle of "the more, the better." When used too spacious, problems may arise related to the control of flower growth and the formation of height. If you choose a suitable container for geranium, it will delight you with beautiful bright colors of various shades. In too small a pot only the bush will develop. Flowering is likely to fade into the background. For young plants, it is worthwhile to consider changing pots as they grow. If you only have a large pot, you can solve the problem by planting 2-3 geranium cuttings at once.
As for the material, it is best to give preference to the models of baked clay. You can also plant a geranium in a plastic pot, but in this case, be prepared for the fact that the earth will dry much more slowly. In addition, in such containers the roots are more susceptible to rotting. Clay pots prevent excessive air flow, which has a positive effect on the plant.
Choosing the soil for planting
How to choose the soil for room geranium? The flower will grow better in loose and light earth. It can be bought in a specialty store, but experienced gardeners recommend preparing the soil on their own.
For this purpose you will need:
- 1 part of turf land,
- 1 portion of fibrous-peat substrate,
- 1 part fresh humus,
- 1 portion of medium-grained sand.
At the bottom of the tank for growing pre-stack drainage. For this purpose suitable claydite and broken brick. Plant roots require good aeration.
Plant food at home
Geranium room refers to the heat-loving perennial crops. She will transfer the winter in a city apartment. In order to keep the flower in excellent condition as long as possible, it must be regularly watered and fed. Geranium best perceives mineral fertilizers. Organic supplements, on the contrary, are recommended to be excluded. They can not be used for fertilizing the flower at home.
As a rule, fertilizers for room geraniums include:
Each of the above components should be attributed to mineral fertilizers. You can use universal mixes.
What you need to know about it? How to plant a flower geranium? For this purpose it is necessary to take a tall escape older than one year. With the help of a sharp razor, the stem should be cut 3 cm below the internode. Next, you need to make a wedge-shaped notch in the stem. Inoculated graft is inserted into it. It is important to look that cuts are not dried. The variety that you plant is better to choose compact and medium growth, but this is not at all necessary. You can even instill the top of the stock.
The grafted stem is temporarily placed in a polyethylene bag so that the sheet does not hesitate. For ventilation in the corners of the package, you can make small holes. In a week, it will become clear whether the vaccination was successful or not. After 8-10 days you can remove the package. You can untie the tape when it takes 2-4 weeks. Fully stem grows no earlier than 15 days. At home, in the absence of additional coverage, the best time for vaccination will be the end of February or the beginning of March.
The geranium flower is very afraid of hard water. The result of this watering will be immediately noticeable. White spots are formed on the ground, caused by the presence of harmful impurities in the water. It is best to use rain or melt water at room temperature for irrigation. Such liquid will be softer than the simple one from the tap.
Room geranium leaves do not require frequent spraying. Otherwise, they may dry out and darken. The flower perfectly absorbs and accumulates water, so it is resistant to drought. It can be attributed to plants that do not require abundant watering. In the pot to ensure drainage it is necessary to make a hole. Это сбережет корни от загнивания. Из-за излишка воды герань может заболеть и пропасть. Цветы и листья при этом могут начать опадать и менять свой цвет. Чтобы простимулировать биологические процессы в растении, используйте живую воду (под напором). Эффект вы заметите уже спустя несколько недель.
Обрезка домашней красавицы
Герань комнатная представляет собой один из самых распространенных видов цветов. This culture is often found on the windowsills of private houses and city apartments.
The plant is particularly popular among the elderly. However, in many cases, a geranium bush standing alone on a window sill is a rather dull sight. This is usually a long trunk curve with a small bundle of leaves at the top. Maybe it is for this reason that the geranium flower is gradually giving up its position of a popular houseplant.
That the bush looked good and was green and lush, it needs to be properly formed. But sometimes even experienced florists this procedure is puzzling. When is room geranium pruned? How to do it right? Let's try to figure it out.
The main pruning should be done after flowering in the fall. Crown formation depends on the plant variety. If the geranium flower is small, it is best not to prune. You can leave the plant until spring. Also for the winter you should not cut variegated varieties. They do not tolerate a haircut.
Cutting geraniums will require sharp tools such as pruners or scissors. Before performing the operation of the blade, it is imperative to pour boiling water over it in order to prevent infection of the plant by infection.
How to replant geranium?
On this occasion, it is better to consult with experienced growers. Many are interested in how room geranium grows. Flower care must necessarily include a transplant procedure. The plant will be much easier to transfer stress in early spring. In this case, the flower will perceive the transplant as a natural process. This will stimulate the plant to intensive flowering and green mass growth. The end of February, March and the beginning of April are best for transplants. The plant after the implementation of this procedure will delight you with lush flowers until winter. If you missed the transfer date, it is better to transfer it to the fall. But there are times when you can't do without it.
Urgent transplantation is performed only in the following cases:
Reproduction by cuttings
This method is considered more simple and effective. It is best to carry out this procedure in the fall. At other times of the year, reproduction by cuttings may end in failure. The shoot is cut and dried a little. The future plant must be placed in the soil. Occasionally it should be watered, but not sprayed. The method is good because the plant obtained in this way is very resistant to various diseases. You can also try breeding cuttings in water. Simply put the plant in a jar of water, and after a week it will take root.
Diseases and pests
So what are they? The following room geranium diseases are the most common:
In this review, we looked at what room geranium is, how to properly care for it. This plant is quite unpretentious, so that even an aspiring grower will be able to cope with its cultivation. Simply follow the above recommendations, and then there will be no problems.
How is geranium grown in open field?
Outdoor geranium is a popular ground cover crop. It is not capricious and does not require special care. Its feature is the development of the root system not in depth, but in width. Due to this, its bushes cover the surface with a dense bright carpet.
Their landing, in addition to the decorative effect, has a protective effect. These bushes completely cover the ground, preventing it from drying out and being affected by weeds. Pelargonium contributes to the protection of the soil from water and air erosion and is a natural remedy for its remediation.
And a little about the secrets.
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When can you plant geraniums in the open ground?
Geranium or pelargonium decorates the windows of apartments and houses, but today it is no less often used in flower beds and rabatka for decorating the garden. Varieties of plants grown indoors are also well suited for open ground. Bright flower balls and decorative foliage look great in various garden compositions on flower beds. Timely planting geraniums in the open ground will allow you to get beautiful flower beds.
Usually, Clarke's pelargonium and ordinary room geranium grow on the windows. These varieties look great and grow well in pots and flower beds. For planting in the soil using such varieties of pelargonium, as the Himalayan, Lugovaya, Spotted.
They are specifically designed for growing in beds and do not require transplanting in pots for the winter. They are well planted for the first time in the spring, in the timeline described below, and later in the summer. At the same time, shoots obtained in fresh air are used, or rooted bushes are divided into delenki. During this period, the rhizome very well crumbles into several parts.
A summer transplant is better in the second half of the season after it rains. Newly planted plants require abundant watering and good shading in the first 2-3 weeks.
In garden varieties of pelargonium flowers can be almost the entire range of colors, can be collected in a spherical inflorescence or placed one by one (then the flower is larger). The leaves are light green with a white or ashy border and a characteristic lemon-mint smell.
Pelargonium is a royal indoor plant, and in the old days there was no window that would not be decorated with bright spherical flowers. Today, geranium on the windows is much less common, but now it is often seen in flowerbeds, in decorative pots on balconies and in the garden, in front gardens. The plant possesses good soil-covering qualities, is a natural recultivator (allows to be restored to the soil). In addition to decorative ornaments, its landing also has a wellness character for the soil.
The question of when it is possible to plant geraniums in the ground is very important, because the plant is thermophilic, it does not tolerate cold.
Geranium should be planted only after the soil has warmed up well, and the threat of lowering the temperature below zero no longer bothers.
Usually in central Russia this is the second half of May. However, geraniums are planted in different ways: with bushes (more precisely, as part of a bush), with seeds and layers. This means that the timing of the landing of different planting material will be different.
You can plant a bush from a pot in a flower bed right away, but there are a number of other ways of planting this plant. The overgrown bushes not only beautifully decorate the flowerbed, they will significantly increase the area of the plant, which will make the flower garden even more attractive. Geranium is a houseplant, but it is well adapted to life and can multiply in several ways:
The most well-known method of propagation of plants (seeds) will require additional actions to get beautiful bushes.
For planting seeds directly into the groundt the end of May is coming. Sow the seeds immediately after the rain in a well-warmed soil.
Shoots will appear friendly, but will be very weak. They will need to be broken, so that the distance between the stalks is no more than 5 cm. In the future, the plants need to be seated a distance of 30–40 cm or once again pierced. Such bushes will be strengthened, will grow in one place up to 5 years. In the first year they do not bloom.
The weak side of this method is the poor strengthening of plants, by the autumn it will be possible to get flimsy bushes, which makes them more susceptible to freezing.
Planting seeds in pots suggests earlier dates - this is the middle of April. First, planting material is planted in one container, and after emergence of shoots (at 14–18 day) they are transplanted into separate cups with light soil. Planting in open soil (outside) is carried out after a bush with a strong root system has been formed in the cups, but not earlier than mid-May. Planting takes place at a distance of 30–40 cm. The shrubs will grow and cover the soil with a solid carpet, but flowering occurs only next year.
Potted varieties can be propagated by cuttings. This method allows you to get quite quickly planting material. But here the deadlines for landing on the street will also differ from the average.
- 1. If you plant the cuttings directly into the soil, then you need to cut them from the bushes at the end of May, dip them into the growth stimulation solution and apply ash or crushed charcoal on the wet stem, and then plant. Around the cutting must pitch for watering.
- 2. For planting after germination use another method: cuttings cut after May 10 and put in the water for two weeks. And then planted on the street.
When planting cuttings, flowering bushes begin in 1-1.5 months. By the autumn the bush takes root well and tolerates the winter frost well under shelter.
The easiest way to plant geraniums, sharing bushes. This landing is carried out in the middle - the end of May. It is desirable after the warm rains. If it is still cold during this period, it is better to wait and plant the bushes a little later - in early June. The bush takes root very quickly, and thanks to the fact that it is already formed, it thrives well and blooms quickly.
Before planting, pre-watered pelargonium in a pot. Then the bush is carefully removed from the pot and shaken off the ground. The root system is divided into several cases, each containing a stem and leaves. Bushes are planted in the ground, in advance prepared wide fossa, on the designated places and well watered. In sunny places, plants at first prune.
This method allows you to get beautiful flower beds in the year of planting. Plants bloom profusely in 2-3 weeks after planting.
Geranium is very beautifully stained on balconies, in large pots in the garden, gardeners often use decorative pots with pelargonium for a variety of design decisions. Often planted several bushes with different colors.
Important! Watering these vases will be needed more often, because the pots have little soil and they warm up from all sides.
Geranium, like other indoor plants, does not like sunny places, it grows well in places with variable lighting and is therefore great for decorating a garden. After planting all the bushes and cuttings need artificial shading (this has already been mentioned), and later - in regular watering, which is carried out in the morning. Such a scheme will not rot to the roots.
Pelargonium soil is required light, you can add sand and fertilizer to the pits, but the bushes should be planted to the same depth as in the pot. After planting, the ground around the bush must be mulched. On the day of planting, the contents of the fossa can be acidified with the usual weak solution of citric acid (1 tsp. / 3 l of water).
The dimensions of the planting fossa should be somewhat larger than the size of the pot in which the plant was located. This will not damage the root system during planting.
When planting seedlings, acclimatized cuttings from cups, it is necessary a week before planting on the street, the plants should be hardened. To do this, every day take out the plants on the street and put them in the landing site or in conditions close to those in the garden. Pots and cups can be left overnight, on the street, if the air temperature around zero is not supposed on that day.
So plants become tempered, and after transplanting they adapt to new conditions more quickly. This will allow to obtain abundant bloom throughout the summer.
Split bushes very well in the summer. This also applies to those varieties that grow only in the open field and those that fall are transplanted into pots.
In the summer period, the root system is more loose, and this allows you to get delenki from bushes faster, with less loss of planting material.
It is possible to replant bushes from pots from a room to the street almost at any time from late May to early August.
A summer transplant of those plants that will not be dug out will be carried out, first until mid-August. In the future, the transplanted plants are watered abundantly and do not forget to prune well with cut branches with foliage from the sun.
It is inappropriate to transplant pelargonium at a later date, the plant will not have time to take root well in the early cold weather and will die in the winter. A prerequisite for the summer transplant will be the lack of flowers on the bushes. In the summer, flowering plants do not transplant, you need to wait until all the flowers have blossomed, and only then begin transplanting.
Pelargonium planted by this method is more viable: the bushes give lush foliage, abundant flowering, flowers are bright and lush.
Caring for geraniums will require special irrigation conditions; unlike other plants, it likes watering in the morning. This allows the plant to get the right amount of moisture and prevents rotting of the roots.
Watering should be plentiful, but without affecting the foliage. If the leaves are watered, they will wilt, and then the planted plants will die.
Indoor geranium tolerates wintering in the open field. To do this, cut the leaves, cover the root and base of the mulch. In the spring, after the disappearance of the threat of spring cold, the mulch is removed, and the plant produces new shoots. However, you need to be careful, not all room varieties can be left for the winter in the ground.
If the geranium needs to be put on the window-sill again, it should be dug out before the onset of zero temperature outside. Do not forget to put a drain on the bottom of the pot.
When choosing a pot, take one so that the wide root of the plant can be easily placed without breaking off the roots. And when entering the room, first leave for a week on the veranda or the glassed-in balcony; the plants will get used to the heat.
Then you can safely make the room - the plants in the pots are well adapted and bloom again.
When and how to transplant geraniums? Causes of transplantation, instructions
Even if you do not have much experience in the cultivation of indoor plants, with the care of geranium you can handle, because it is an unpretentious and not capricious flower.
He feels great for several years in the same container. However, there are conditions under which the transplant of this plant is necessary. Denote these conditions, as well as answer the question of how to properly transplant a flower.
Когда можно пересаживать комнатную герань? Причины пересадки:
In the spring (May) many flower growers planted geraniums on the street. It has a beneficial effect on the plant. When transplanting it into the ground, it is also possible to divide the rhizome for reproduction.
Normally all plants transplanted in the spring. But there is no strictly defined season for transplanting geraniums. This procedure can be postponed at any time of the year. In winter, however, it takes root longer than in other seasons: all processes in the plant go slower. In summer, it blooms almost all the time, which is not a favorable condition for transplantation (too much energy is spent on flower formation). Consequently, the most suitable months are February, March, and April.
If there are no reasons for transplanting, it is not necessary to change the capacity for the plant.
How to properly transplant geranium in another pot at home? Stages of transplant and care:
- We prepare everything that is required for transplanting a flower: a container, a ground, a watering can. If the pot was previously used to grow another flower, it must be treated with a bleach solution (pour and leave for a while, then rinse thoroughly).
- We make a drainage at the bottom of the tank: brick chips, foam particles, etc.
- Carefully remove the plant from the old container along with a clod of earth. To avoid this, there is a need to water the geranium in advance. After soaking up the water, the geranium is turned over. With one hand we hold the pot, with the other we pull out an earthen ball from it. If you still can not pull out the plant, you can tap the pot with your palm or a knife to separate the earthen clod from the container walls.
- After extracting the geranium, inspect the roots for rotting and disease. All that aroused suspicion, cut off with scissors, trying not to cause damage to the roots.
- Pelargonium is dipped into a new container, and in the empty spaces between the plant and the walls of the new pot we place the soil, which is slightly watered in advance.
- The earth surrounding the roots is compacted so that there are no voids.
- Geranium water and put in a dark place for 7 days. After a week we move the pot to the place determined for the geranium. It should be well lit.
- The first feeding is recommended to do only two months after transplantation.
The flower is grown in pots and in boxes. For transfer boxes, the optimal distance is considered 20 cm between bushes.
The size of the pot depends on how much the plant root system has grown. If the pot is “big” to the root system, the growth of the geranium will be difficult to control.
In small containers, it gives more flowers, bright and beautiful, and in large flowers it blooms poorly. For one bush, it is usually sufficient pot diameter up to 15 centimeters. In height, the tank should be from 10 to 15 cm.
When transplanting geraniums, keep in mind that this flower don't need a big pot. Being in a large container, geranium gives many shoots with leaves, but without flowers.
You can plant the plant in the garden land or in the earth mixture for growing geraniums (sold in the store). Drainage is important.
How does the plant return to the house?
How and when to transfer a geranium from the street into a pot? The summer is over, September has come, it's time to put the geranium in the room from the garden. For this Abundantly watering the plant with water, moistening the root system. When the water is absorbed, we dig a flower together with an earthy clod.
Removing excess earth from a coma, transplant the plant into a prepared pot (drainage should be made at the bottom of it). We deepen the upper roots, fill the empty places with earth. We water.
To geranium was easier to recover after transplantation, and its stems are not exposed, it is necessary to make a gentle pruning. The main thing is not to overdo it: autumn is not the best time for a strong pruning of pelargonium, because it will winter. Leaving 20 centimeters of the shoot, we cut off the remaining part 5 millimeters from the knot.
Is it possible to replant blooming geranium?
Geranium tolerates transplanting, but still plant stress. And during flowering, it spends a lot of effort to form and nourish the flowers.
Transplantation of a flowering bush is not recommended, because there is a risk to destroy the plant. Nevertheless, even under the condition of flowering, geranium after transplantation in most cases takes root.
Young geraniums are usually transplanted in the spring, 2 years after landing. To do this, choose a small capacity (large contributes to the appearance of an abundance of leaves, but not flowers). Replacing geraniums in other seasons is possible, if there are reasons for this.
Pelargonium in the open ground planted not only possible, but necessary, as claimed by experienced growers. The plant in the open field for the season will get stronger and then in the cold will delight you with its beauty.
Any varieties of pelargonium are planted when warm weather is established, without the risk of frost.
Can. I can’t say exactly about the variety. Mom planted everything that was in the house in the spring to the street, when it was already quite warm, somewhere in May. They bloomed and delighted us almost the whole summer. And in the autumn she broke off cuttings from bushes in order to plant them in pots.
Pelargoniums feel fine in the summer in the street in the ground, bloom profusely, but you can not plant them in the ground and just plant the pots with flowers on the street.
All varieties of pelargonium suitable for cultivation in the open field. Most often, for these purposes, use zonal, ileus, royal pelargoniums. In zonal pelargonium, when grown in a sunny place, the leaves have a pronounced dark stripe along the edge of the leaf blade.
But even so, most pelargoniums prefer light penumbra, because the leaves burn in the sun and their growth slows down. There is a huge number of varieties, new ones constantly appear, therefore there is always plenty to choose from. Pelargonium is better planted in late May or early June (when the threat of frost is over). Although pelargoniums tolerate a decrease in temperature, but if it is very cold, they stop growing. It is necessary to accustom plants to the sun gradually.