Tulips are bright representatives of early spring flowers. They effectively look at group planting in flowerbeds and garden beds. Flower bulbs are allowed to plant both in autumn and spring. But not many people know that autumn planting is more preferable for plants. Having understood the timing and technology of planting tulips, the very next spring flowers will delight you with beautiful and vivid colors.
Why do I need to plant tulips in the fall
Autumn is a great time to plant tulips.
Tulips, in order for them to sprout quickly in spring and grow, require a period of cooling. In autumn, when nature prepares for a period of rest, the planted tulips become more active. Growth processes begin in them, roots are formed, which store food for the development of the upper part of flowers in the coming spring.
When to plant tulips in the fall, the timing
Even experienced gardeners from time to time make mistakes with determining the period for planting tulips. Having planted the bulbs later, the tulips do not have time to take root before the first frost and in the spring their development and flowering is strongly delayed.
Tulips should be planted on time and in each region it has its own.
In the middle lane
In the climatic conditions of Central Russia, tulip planting takes place from the last decade of September to mid-October.
When choosing a day, you need to focus on the air temperature at night, when the air temperature drops to 3 degrees Celsius and will stay on these indicators for 3 days.
In the Urals, in Siberia
The planting of tulips in the Urals is divided into their own areas.
- In the Middle Urals, planting tulips continues from the end of August to the end of the second decade of September.
- In the Southern Urals, landing continues from the beginning of September to the beginning of the second decade of October.
- In the Northern Urals, landing ends in mid-September.
In Siberia, the first frosts can come quite early. To the bulbs are not frozen, it is better to plant them in the late days of August. If the weather permits, these dates can be shifted to mid-September.
How to plant tulips
Before planting tulips are selected healthy, the largest bulbs. Small, damaged and diseased are not used for planting.
Before planting tulips in the ground, the bulbs are placed in the refrigerator overnight. In the morning, they are treated with a 0.2% solution of karbofos, and then they are placed in a pink solution of potassium permanganate or any antifungal agent for half an hour, for example, Agat, Maxim, Albit, Oksih, Skor or Khom.
Choosing a place
For planting tulips choose a well-lit, sheltered from the wind, level, slightly elevated or under a slight bias place. The site should not be shaded by buildings, a fence, trees. Shade negatively affects the quality of flowering tulips.
The main requirement for landing is good drainage. With the close passage of groundwater roots begin to rot, which leads to deterioration of the bulbs and the death of flowers. Groundwater should be at a level of 1.5-2 meters from the ground. With a high level of groundwater (sandy sand - up to 100 centimeters, clay soil - up to 40 centimeters), a drainage system should be constructed.
The land should be fertile, loose and slightly acidic. It should pass well both air and moisture. The plot is cleared from weeds.
The structure of heavy clay soil during digging is improved by the introduction of river sand and peat (5 kg per square meter). Crumb (bucket per square meter) is applied to the sandy area.
In dry weather, 2 days before planting the bulbs, the soil is shed with water and leveled with a rake. In loose and moist soil the roots will grow easier.
Immediately before planting, the flowerbed is spilled with a warm solution of potassium permanganate or a fungicide to destroy harmful microorganisms in the soil.
Planting tulip bulbs
Tulips are planted in the holes or in rows. The bulbs are placed bottoms down. You can not press them when landing! The depth of the holes should be 3 times the height of the bulbs.
Planting depth for extra-class bulbs is 15-18 centimeters. Tulips 2 and 3 bulbs are planted to a depth of 10-12 centimeters, children - 6-8 centimeters. On light soil, the bulbs are planted deeper, and on heavy soil, on the contrary, more finely.
The distance between the tulips should be 6-10 centimeters (depending on the size of the bulbs). Rows should be equal to 25 centimeters.
Larger bulbs are placed in the center of the flower beds, and smaller ones on the sides, then higher plants will not close the light low and the flowers will bloom evenly.
When planting bulbs of different varieties take into account the timing of flowering groups, it simplifies further care.
The bulbs are powdered with wood ash and dusted with sand on all sides. After that, folded onions are covered with loose earth.
To get the effect of carpet, bulbs are planted in a checkerboard pattern. About 100 tulips go to a square meter of flowerbed.
Planting flowers made carefully so as not to damage the roots of plants. After planting the bulbs, the beds are leveled so that they do not accumulate water. If necessary, a drainage system is formed around the flower bed to drain water.
After planting tulips, no need to water the bulbs. If there was no rain for 10 days, the flower bed is moistened from a watering can.
When watering plants, you can feed them a little ammonium nitrate (15 grams per square meter of flower beds).
In warm weather, planted tulips do not need to be covered with mulch, since the excess heat will provoke the premature growth of the bulbs and the sprouts will die when frozen.
Preparing for the winter
Preparing tulips for winter is to protect from the cold and rodents.
Before the onset of stable cold, tulips are covered with a 5 cm layer of straw, peat, pine needles, spruce branches or dry leaves of trees. These measures protect against freezing of flowers and increase the number of buds in the next season.
Fallen snow is a natural defense against cold. With a small thickness of the snow cover, the bulbs are protected from the effects of negative temperatures. Snow cover also prevents cracking of the soil, which can harm the roots of tulips. The speed of thawing of the earth with the arrival of spring in the presence of snow on the flower bed is accelerating. Snow, moreover, when thawing, saturates the plants with moisture.
With the onset of spring, the shelter is removed from the plants, which allows the plants to grow and develop faster.
Useful tips for florists
The annual transplant of bulbs from an old flower bed makes it possible to form flower beds of the desired shape and density. If the bulbs do not dig out from year to year, they eventually become shallow and may even disappear.
- Varietal tulips, annual extracted from the ground for further planting in the fall. Unpretentious and simple varieties are dug out 1 time in 2-3 years.
- Tulips do not return to their previous growth place after 4 years, otherwise they will start to hurt.
- The soil temperature at planting, at a depth of 15 centimeters should be kept at 7-10 degrees Celsius.
- Tulips can be planted even at the end of November - December, in the presence of snow. The flower bed is covered with snow, dry leaves, and spruce leaves to prevent bulbs from freezing.
- Tulips better planted on varieties. This allows you to simplify the care of them in the spring.
- The bulbs must be planted at least 2 weeks before the onset of frost, otherwise they will not have time to take root.
- Tulips with large non-standard flowers are quite whimsical in care. They need a sufficient number of micro-and macro. Top dressing of such plants is made more often than standard varieties.
- When a dense carpet planting plants also need a lot of nutrients. During the growing season, plants need to conduct 3-4 dressings.
- Manure for feeding is not used, as it leads to rotting of the bulbs.
Fertilizers containing chlorine are not used.
Proper planting of tulips in the fall: video
Planting tulips in the fall in open ground is a matter of responsibility. It is on compliance with all the rules of planting, care and preparation for winter quality and the number of buds that appeared in the spring. Incorrectly chosen time and violation of the rules of planting bulbs often leads to undesirable consequences, including the lack of germination in the spring.
To understand when to plant tulips in the fall, you need to know about the features of the growth of flowers in nature. The homeland of tulips is Central Asia. There flowers give copious color in spring, then there is an underground existence in a dry and hot summer, in the fall the flower accumulates moisture, forming the substances necessary for development in winter.
Knowledge of the features will make it clear that in the fall planting tulip bulbs is most justified. However, if you do not have time to plant a tulip at a favorable time, make it in the spring, it is also a good time to plant.
Features of planting in the fall
Planting in the fall will provide active flowering at the beginning of the next growing season, but the timing should be chosen so that plants had time to strengthen the roots and survive the winter in open ground.
The basic principles of how to plant tulips:
- The right time is chosen in accordance with the climatic features of the area, for example, in central Russia this is the last September decade, in the south - the beginning of October.
- The main criterion for determining the timing is a stable cooling of the soil to 8-10 ° C.
- When planting temperatures below 7 ° C in the soil, the bulbs will not grow a sufficient number of roots, but if the soil is warmer than 10 ° C, the plant will grow in the fall, and they will die with the first frost.
- For the formation of the root mass within two weeks, the tulip must grow under favorable external conditions, therefore, the soil in the flower bed must be loosened and rid of weeds. In dry weather, moderate watering should be ensured (at least once or twice a week).
- In exceptional cases, planting can be carried out at the end of the growing season at a steady sub-zero temperature, if the bed is then carefully covered with coniferous branches or fallen leaves, and on top heap up a thick snow cover.
Spring planting rules
Do not worry when you did not have time to plant flowers in the fall or decided to plant other varieties, but not already acquired. After all You can plant tulips in the spring. Just bloom plants a little later than expected earlier.
- Before planting, make sure that the soil at a depth of 10 cm is sufficiently heated, that is, its temperature is greater than 9 ° C.
- Note that the rooting of the bulbs lasts about two weeks, after that green shoots should appear, and after another 14 days - flowers.
- Depending on when it is necessary to receive flowers, and taking into account the above terms, any time of planting up to the end of June is chosen.
- It is impossible to plant tulips later on July 1, since the bulbs may not have time to mature and prepare for the next growing season.
- The choice of planting dates also depends on the variety: the early species should be planted early, and later species can sometimes be planted after the first of July.
- It is better to plant in the ground for early admiration of flowers in April, but if the land and air are not sufficiently heated in the region at this time, you first need to plant flowers in a container and keep it indoors until warm enough weather occurs.
- To speed up flowering during the preparation of the bulbs before planting, they are kept for 24 hours in the refrigerator (but not in the freezer). Then a couple of hours in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Landing in the ground
It is recommended to acquire planting material in the second half of the summer, immediately after the digging of the bulbs, in order to trace the storage and not to overdry them.
Before disembarking, only perfectly healthy, intact, strongest and largest bulbs are selected.
The planting material must be antifungal treatment with soaking in preparations of special preparations or potassium permanganate about two hours, when time does not allow you to do this, you can simply shed holes.
- A place for flower beds should be well protected from the cold spring winds and be sufficiently lit.
- The soil should be loose, enriched with micronutrients, the bed for this must be thoroughly dug and pre-made humus, compost and phosphate fertilizers, as well as wood ash.
- Superphosphate is better to make next to the roots of the future plants. The effective dose of wood ash is 1 cup / 1 m².
- Fresh manure cannot serve as fertilizer, as it causes rotting and the appearance of the fungus.
- If the soil of the flower bed is too dense, it is recommended to apply river sand for loosening.
Prepare wells with a distance of approximately 15 cm between them, and the grooves - with a distance of not less than 35 cm and a depth of three times the size of the bulb.
If the level of groundwater is overestimated in the area for the flower bed, drainage, for example, sand or gravel, is placed at the bottom of the holes or furrows to prevent the bulbs from rotting.
Sort the large bulbs for planting in the center of the flower beds, so that they do not obscure the seedlings smaller, plant separately from the plants that are planned for flowering. For more convenient care during the growing season, each variety is planted separately.
Planting material is placed in the prepared furrows no more than 10 cm. For each row, try to pick up the bulbs that fit each other in size.
Before planting, pour carefully the grooves or holes, if desired, this is done afterwards. The surface of the flower bed is pre-leveled to prevent water from accumulating in the recesses.
For safe wintering of bulbs and warnings of their freezing in the snowless winter precautions are taken - the flowerbed is covered with peat, lapnik, humus or fallen leaves.
Protect planting material from rodents for the winter, for example, treat Vishnevsky ointment or kerosene with ointment before planting, surround with bulbous plantings that contain toxic substances (hazel grouses, daffodils). Use a special poison in briquettes or granules.
Tulip - the plant is not capricious, does not require special care or skills gardener. But novice gardeners can make mistakes:
- If the bulbs are planted too late in the fall, the plant will not regain its strength for a safe wintering, and in the spring, rather, it will come up later and will not bloom in a favorable time, while the air temperature is no more than 25 ° C.
- It is important to correctly determine the required depth of disembarkation, since its insufficiency will provoke freezing in winter, too much depth will delay the beginning of the growing season.
- Planting a patient and damaged material is unacceptable, since even if only one poor-quality bulb is capable of infecting others and destroying all plantings.
Departure after landing
In the autumn. It is not necessary to take care of the bulbs in the current year, perhaps only in the case of an abnormally dry autumn it is necessary to water the flowers, and when establishing a minus temperature and freezing the soil to a depth of 4–5 cm, planting should be mulched - sawdust, peat, crushed bark, straw thickness 3-5 cm. In central Russia this is done in November, but frost may come to Siberia at the end of September.
In winter. In a little snowy winter, make a small snowdrift over the flowers - under the snow the flowers will be perfectly preserved, and in spring they will give friendly shoots.
Storage until planting in the fall
Dug out bulbs need to keep clean, not smeared with earth, freed from excess leaves and roots. Put out the dug bulbs in a single layer in a box or box and keep them in the shade in the fresh air until they dry out - the ground, leaves and scales are easier to peel off the dry ones.
Before storing the onion etched in pink solution of potassium permanganate to obtain the necessary future colors of manganese, protection from pests and diseases. The bulbs are stored in a wooden box with sawdust that absorbs excess moisture. It is recommended to wrap each bulb in a piece of newspaper. The box is placed in a cool dry ventilated room and a temperature not exceeding 25ºC. Closer to autumn, the temperature should be lowered to 20ºC, and then to 15ºC.
Terms of planting tulips.
To root the bulbs in the ground, you need at least four weeks, and if the tulips are planted late, the bulbs may not have time to grow roots before the frost, and in the spring your tulips will be late with flowering or will not bloom at all. In any case, late plants planted in the ground will be weaker and more susceptible to disease. What month to plant tulips? The optimal time for planting tulips is the time period from the end of September to the end of October. However, both climatic and weather conditions in September can vary greatly in different regions, therefore, it is better to determine the time of planting tulips not according to the calendar, but according to the state of the soil and the weather. It is possible to plant tulip bulbs into the garden when the soil temperature at a depth of 10 cm is not higher and not lower than 7-8 ºC - at lower or higher temperatures it may be difficult to root the bulbs.
When to plant tulips in the fall in the suburbs.
Встречать зиму в грунте луковицы тюльпанов должны с хорошо развитой корневой системой, но при этом нельзя допустить, чтобы, образовав ее, луковицы продолжили вегетацию и стали наращивать листья. Поэтому ответ на вопрос «когда сажать тюльпаны в Подмосковье?» important for all gardeners in central Russia. Rooting of bulbs occurs at a temperature of 7-10 ºC, provided that at night it will be no colder than 3 ºC. Typically, this temperature in the Moscow region is kept from the third decade of September to mid-October, so tulips are planted in the fall in the Moscow region approximately at these times, unless, of course, the weather suddenly interferes with your plans.
When to plant tulips in the fall in Siberia.
In Siberia, the conditions for growing flowers are much more severe than even in the Urals, but, nevertheless, tulips are growing in this region with frosty winters. In which month is tulips planted in the fall in Siberia? Frosts in these places come early, therefore tulip planting in August - in its last decade - is considered to be quite reasonable. And if autumn does not collapse from the first days of September, then it is possible to plant the bulbs until the middle of the first autumn month.
Soil for tulips.
Before planting tulips, prepare for them a sunny, windproof area with a low groundwater level and loose neutral or slightly alkaline soil, preferably sandy. Heavy clay soils diluted with sand.
Sour soil before planting the bulbs need to lime - make 200-500 g of chalk or hydrated lime per m² area, depending on the level of soil acidity. It is advisable to dig a lot of land on the plot, adding 100-150 g of wood ash, 2 buckets of peat (humus of two or three years aging or compost), 50 g of superphosphate, 30 g of potassium sulfate and 25 g of ammonium nitrate to each m². But do not use fresh manure as a fertilizer or for the subsequent mulching of the site, as this can lead to burning of the roots and fungal diseases. Do not also apply mineral fertilizers containing chlorine to the tulip area.
At what depth to plant tulips.
To properly place the tulip bulbs in the ground, you need to follow this rule: the depth of planting is equal to three bulb diameters. That is, small bulbs are immersed to a depth of 7-8 cm, and large ones - by 12-15 cm. But when planting, the composition of the soil should be taken into account: on light soils, the bulbs are planted 2-3 cm deeper than normal, and on heavy soils - by 2- 3 cm smaller. If they are too deep, the onions almost do not form babies, and if they are too shallow, they can suffer from frost.
Tulip bulbs should be carefully examined, discarded damaged and diseased and selected dense onion-free bulbs for planting. For the purpose of prophylaxis, just before planting in the ground, hold the bulbs for half an hour in a pink solution of potassium permanganate. If autumn is dry, spill holes or furrow before planting water.
We are often asked how beautiful it is to plant tulips on the site. Everyone has their own idea of beauty, so you can decide whether to plant tulips along garden paths, islets on the lawn or in a mixed flowerbed next to other spring flowers - muscari, spring trees, hyacinths, crocuses and irises. Arrange the bulbs in a row at a distance of 8-10 cm from each other with between rows of at least 20-25 cm wide - on average, up to 50 large bulbs can be planted on one m². When planting, powder the bulb with wood ash, place it in the hole or furrow and make sure that there is no air pocket under the bulb tip - lightly press the bulb into the soil, then sprinkle sand from all sides and then a mixture of peat and humus. After landing, tamp the surface and pour it.
If you group tulips by grade, you will make it easier for you to take care of them. Small onions planted closer to the south, so that the flowers grown from large bulbs do not block them from the sun.
Care for tulips in the fall.
You don’t have to take care of the bulbs this year, unless in the case of an abnormally dry autumn you have to water the tulips, and when the temperature is below-zero and the soil freezes to a depth of 4-5 cm, you will need to cover the tulips with a mulch material - a layer of sawdust, peat, crushed bark or straw 3-5 cm thick. In the middle zone this occurs in November, and in Siberia frosty days can be expected at the end of September.
How to store tulips before planting in the fall
Keep dug bulbs need to be clean, freed from the soil, excess roots and leaves. Put the dug onions in one layer in a box or box and keep them in the open air in the shade until they dry out - it is easier to clean off the ground, leaves and dead scales from dry bulbs. Before putting it in storage, pickle the bulbs in a pink solution of potassium permanganate - this is how the plants will get the manganese necessary for future flowers, and at the same time protection from diseases and pests. The bulbs are stored in a wooden box with sawdust, absorbing excess moisture, and each bulb is preferably wrapped in a piece of paper. The box is placed in a dry, cool room with good ventilation and air temperature no higher than 25 ºC. Closer to autumn, the temperature is lowered to 20 ºC, and then to 15 ºC.
What are tulips
There are many varieties of tulips. Breeding goes forward by leaps and bounds, and it’s simply impossible to list what tulips are.
The very first flowers, which were taken for breeding directly from the growing areas, did not have a varied color - they were red, bright pink and yellow. But now every year hybrids of various colors are displayed.
The simplest division of tulips is according to the time of their flowering. On this basis, all tulips can be divided into:
The optimal time for planting tulips
The most suitable period for planting bulbs in open ground is autumn. It is best to grow and bloom tulips, bulbs are planted from mid-September to late October. Depending on the region landing timeand different.
If you live in the northern part of Russia, then tulips should be planted no later than September 15, if in warmer regions, the planting can be postponed to a later time. The most important is not the temperature of the air, but the temperature of the soil where the bulbs are planted.
Tulip bulbs need to be planted in open ground in the fall after the soil temperature drops to plus ten degrees. If the temperature is higher, the tulips will simply germinate before the onset of cold weather, and then you will not wait for them to bloom in spring. If you plant an onion in the fall later, in colder soil, it will not have time to take root and prepare for winter.
Tulips planting rules
In order for your bulbs to emerge and bloom in spring, you should follow some difficult rules:
- choose the right place for landing. Tulips love sunny, well-lit places. At such sites, tulips will bloom even if the ground is not very good. But in the penumbra, where sunlight is not enough, the bulbs planted there will bloom only if the soil is loose and nutritious. It is also very desirable that the area with tulips is not blown by the wind. Also, they do not like bulbs of excessive moisture, because of this they can rot,
- high quality prepare the ground. Tulips prefer sandy, light, dry soils. If you plan to plant tulips in the fall, then the site for this need to prepare at the end of summer. It is necessary to dig up the earth, remove all the roots and stones, if any, and also add compost and humus to the soil. Fresh manure is not necessary to put in any case, tulips can not tolerate it. In addition, wood ash can be added to the soil for tulips. If the ground is too dense or clay, you can add some sand to the soil,
- carefully select planting material. Of course, it is best to have your own bulbs, the quality of which you are sure of, and also which were properly stored before planting. However, if there is no planting material, it is preferable to purchase the bulbs around July, after they have been dug recently. Then you, at least, will know for sure that your bulbs were stored exactly as needed before planting, and not dried somewhere on a shelf in a store or in a warehouse with flowers. Store the bulbs in a cool dry place,
- check the bulbs. They should be dense, even, golden in color, without rot and spots, without damage. Large bulbs and kids need to be seated in different holes. Babies spring will not bloom, this is normal. They still need to form, grow and accumulate nutrients,
- observe the depth of landing. The bulbs need to be planted in the soil by about 10 - 12 cm, children, of course, do not need to be so deeply buried. The depth of planting the bulb should be about three times its size. The correct depth is mandatory, otherwise the tulips may simply not climb.
When You will prepare the soil, before planting the tulips it is necessary to thoroughly moisten it, the tulip wells must be poured with water. You should also water the bulbs after planting. However, overflow should be avoided, as the bulbs in the soil can rot.
Despite the fact that tulips are perennial plants, and they tolerate cold and frost well enough, you still need to cover them for the winter. To do this, you can use fallen leaves, humus, peat or sawdust. The microclimate that is formed under the shelter will have a beneficial effect on tulip bulbs, and the shelter itself will help to avoid freezing. The main thing is to take it off in time so that the bulbs do not break in the warm earth in spring. It is necessary to remove the shelter gradually, remembering the possibility of spring frosts.
Features care for tulips planted in the spring
As already mentioned, these tulips will bloom later. However, the bloom will still be, albeit not very abundant.
The bulb, planted in the spring, will take root in about two weeks, and after another two weeks you can expect the appearance of sprouts. Sprouts should be often enough, but not very abundantly watered with warm water. It is advisable to prevent water from falling on the leaves, it will be to the detriment of the plant. In addition, it is necessary to weed the young tulips and very carefully loosen the soil around them.
Tulips need fertilizing, which must be applied to the soil at the root. Or it may be a solution consisting of potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus in appropriate proportions, or a dry fertilizer that is first spread on the soil surface and then watered with warm water so that it penetrates to the roots of flowers through the soil - remember that tulips love loose sandy soil.
Thus, tulip bulbs can be planted in the spring, with proper care, they will take root and will bloom even in the first year. However, if you have the opportunity to choose, you should still prefer the autumn planting of the bulbs, since it is this time of year that is optimal for planting tulips.
When to plant tulips: fall or spring
The bulbous cultures planted in springtime do not have much difference in avoiding tulips from autumn planting.
The choice of season depends on the climatic conditions, among other things, the autumn and spring disembarkation have their advantages and disadvantages, which must be taken into account
General terms of landing: table
The range of bulbous plants is rich, for each species there are optimal planting dates, which vary depending on the season and cultivation region.
Rooting tulip bulbs takes about one and a half months, so it is very important to strictly observe the time of autumn planting. Ornamental culture before the onset of frost should build a good root lobe that nourishes the plant throughout the winter period. When too early planting, the growth processes of the flower are activated, and delayed planting does not allow the roots to fully develop. In case of violation of the recommended planting dates there is a late flowering, winter freezing or death of the plant.
On the rules of the autumn planting of other bulbous flowers, you can learn more from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/posadka-lukovichnyx-cvetov-osenyu.html
How and where to store the bulbs before the autumn planting
In the process of storing tulip bulbs before the autumn planting, certain requirements should be observed:
- at the initial stage of storage, the temperature regime should be approximately 23–25 ° C,
- by August, the temperature in the storage should be lowered to 20 o C,
- about a week before planting on the flower beds of the open ground, the temperature drops to 15 o C,
- excessive moisture in the storage should be prevented, since otherwise the risk of developing bacterial and fungal diseases increases,
- it is important to monitor the humidity of the air in the storage, otherwise drying up or death of the bulbs is possible,
- good ventilation should be provided in the room.
If necessary, the lower shelf of a conventional refrigerator can be used for storage.
Experienced flower growers are advised to wrap flower bulbs with newsprint, which will prevent the development of diseases, rotting or excessive drying.
How to process the bulbs before planting
Pre-treatment is a very important step, which improves survival rate and is the prevention of diseases and pests of ornamental culture. For this purpose, industrial preparations or time-tested folk remedies can be used.
The main methods of preparation:
- Peeling bulbs.
- Visual analysis of planting material for damage and lesions of pathogenic microflora.
- Sort bulbs according to size.
- Disinfection procedure.
Hard cover scales are removed from the planting material, under which hidden foci of infection are most often located.
Peeled bulbs better absorbed food from the soil
After cleaning and thorough inspection, the bulbs are sorted by diameter.
Traditionally, a weak pink solution of potassium permanganate or a modern antifungal drug "Fundazol" is used for the treatment of planting material, 15 g of which dissolves in 5 liters of water
There is a wide assortment of the latest treatment products available, which protect the bulbs and stimulate their growth processes.
Is it worth it to fertilize the land
Under the cultivation of tulips emit flower beds with light, sandy, and humus-rich soils. Sandy and heavy soil for such a flower culture is unsuitable. Coarse sand is necessarily brought into the clay soil, and it is possible to improve too light sandy soil with the help of humus, peat, or sod soil.
Best of all, an ornamental plant feels well-lit, without stagnation of water and flower beds well protected from gusts of cold wind, but late-flowering varieties can be placed in partial shade. Too much shading causes chopping of the bulbs.
To combat the high ground water level, drainage grooves at half a meter depth are being equipped
Excessive amounts of organic matter can adversely affect the flowering process. In this case, the flowers have an irregular shape, and all forming peduncles differ in curvature. When fresh manure is introduced in any quantity, rotting of the roots of a plant is often noted, therefore such daughter bulbs are unsuitable for reproduction.
A good impact on the growth and development of tulips is distinguished by green manure plants that are plowed into the soil, as well as previously decontaminated compost. It is very important that the soil of the flower bed has a neutral or alkaline reaction; for this purpose, soil liming activities are carried out. However, in a number of countries, fertilization when growing tulips is considered extremely harmful. In addition to organic matter, fertilizer mineral type, which has a positive effect on the flowering time and bulb sizes, is of no small importance.
How to liming the soil in the garden, you can learn from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/izvestkovanie-pochvy.html
How to plant tulips in open ground
Immediately after the dressing procedure, planting material is planted on pre-prepared flower beds. Missed planting time threatens to bulge the bulbs and reduce germination. Under the landing, it is necessary to make special grooves, the depth of which is about 10-15 cm.
The standard planting interval between onions is approximately 9–10 cm, but on heavy soils the planting is carried out to an insignificant depth
On light ground, the bulbs are planted deeper. Among other things, the varietal characteristics affect the depth of planting:
- onion varieties of extraclass are deepened by 15–18 cm,
- planting material II-III parsing land at a depth of 10–12 cm,
- babies are planted with a slight deepening.
On dry ground, furrows must be plentifully shed with settled warm water. Fertilizer is applied to the bottom if such an event was not conducted during the digging process. It is lightly sprinkled with sand, after which the bulbs are planted Donets down. To minimize the risk of debris from the roots, planting material should not be strongly pressed into the ground, and the bulbs should be slightly powdered with ordinary wood ash before filling. Tulips are planted in the former flower garden in about 3-4 years.
How to plant in boxes and containers
Выращивание тюльпанов в ящиках и контейнерах очень популярно во многих странах, включая Россию.
Ёмкость должна быть вместительной, что позволит высаживать большое количество луковиц
Для заполнения контейнера или ящика предпочтение следует отдавать готовым почвенным смесям, гарантированно обеззараженным и не содержащим растительных паразитов. If necessary, the nutrient substrate is prepared independently by mixing garden soil, vermiculite, high-quality humus, clean sand of middle fraction and perlite with the addition of coconut fiber. The structure of the finished mixture should be fairly loose.
The marking of the site for the placement of containers is made in the autumn period, approximately in September. Containers or boxes are placed in excavated landing pits, the bottom of which is covered with sand, after which tulip bulbs are planted. The layout of their placement varies between 4–15 cm and is directly dependent on the size of the planting material and the variety of decorative culture. All onions are sprinkled with a nutrient soil substrate, after which the planting is mulched with a two-centimeter layer of humus or peat.
What care need tulips after planting
With strict observance of all the rules of planting in about 4 weeks, the bulbs acclimatize and form a powerful, healthy and strong root system.
Ornamental bulbous cultures are not too whimsical in care, but they need sufficient care and attention from the moment of formation of the first leaves to the preparation for winter
Plant care after planting involves:
- irrigation measures, which should be particularly abundant at the stage of budding and in the period of mass flowering,
- the mode of abundant watering must be maintained for two weeks after flowering,
- regular removal of all weed vegetation on flower beds, as well as shallow soil loosening around ornamental crops,
- triple fertilization.
For dressing tulips, special liquid preparations or preparations in granular form are used, which should be applied three times during the growing season:
- during the formation of the first shoots, top dressing is carried out with a mixture based on a pair of parts of nitrogen, the same amount of phosphorus salts, as well as parts of potash compounds,
- at the stage of green bud formation, the ornamental culture is fed with nitrogen and phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, which are introduced in a 1: 2: 2 ratio,
- phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are applied directly after flowering without addition of nitrogen components.
An important procedure included in the standard care for tulips is pruning of faded flowers and peduncles. Such an event contributes to the good maturation of the bulbs, which subsequently become very high-quality and productive planting material.
Growing tulips in the open field is a fascinating and very easy task. However, it is the observance of all the rules of autumn planting and competent approach to the care of ornamental culture becomes a guarantee for obtaining a beautiful flower garden and healthy bulbs suitable for plant reproduction.