Those who love spicy dishes, be sure to put on their windowsill Pepper Spark. This popular houseplant, among other things, is also very beautiful. Growing it is not difficult at all. In order for the pepper to develop well and actively bear fruit, it should be watered and fertilized just in time.
There are several varieties of indoor pepper Spark. If desired, you can plant as a small plant (20-30 cm), and higher (up to 50 cm). The undersized compact homemade pepper Spark is particularly popular with fans of indoor plants.
The decorative value of this plant is represented by both dark green sharp small leaves and bright fruits. The shape and color of the latter can be very different. Varieties with round, plum-like, cone-shaped fruits are grown on window sills. Both yellow and red or purple peppercorns look very nice. As it ripens, the fruits of this plant change color. Therefore, the bush can simultaneously grow fruits of different shades. It looks very impressive. Taste pepper can also be different. There are varieties of both very stinging fruits, and not too sharp.
The light is pepper, the flowers of which do not differ in special beauty. Most often they are white or purple in color, small in size and look a little rough. Their value lies only in the fact that subsequently they grow bright fruits with seeds suitable for self-planting. At the same time on the plant can ripen up to 50 peppercorns. At the same time the bush still does not cease to bloom. So the crops from it can be removed almost all year round.
Propagate indoor pepper Twinkle mostly just seeds. This is the easiest way to get a strong, showy, productive plant in a fairly short time. Earlier in the specialized literature, there were tips to plant home-made pepper seeds at the same time as ordinary garden seedlings, that is, in late February - early March. Recently, however, on the forums of relevant subjects from experienced lovers of indoor plants, you can often hear a recommendation to perform this procedure a little earlier. The fact is that if you land the Spark in November, by the summer much larger and brighter fruits will grow on it.
Pepper Spark Care: Which Land to Use
The advice to be found in the literature to plant this pepper in a special purchased soil is also rejected by many experienced flower growers today. Fans of this beautiful and also useful plant have noticed that it feels best of all, being planted in ordinary garden soil. The only thing is that it is advisable to pre-slightly fertilize such land with rotted manure. This dressing should be steamed. Otherwise, the pepper can become infected with a black leg. When overheating in manure, all pathogenic bacteria die (due to exposure to high temperatures). However, during storage, microorganisms can settle in the organic substrate again.
How to plant
Spark - pepper, the seeds of which can be purchased at a specialty store or taken from a friend of an amateur grower. The pot for this plant is usually taken small. Flower pot of 1 l for the first time will be quite enough. In the future, pepper, most likely, will have to be transplanted two or three times. This houseplant can bear fruit for 5 years. However, it is usually grown no more than two or three. Then the pepper is changed to a new one. The fact is that by this time it loses some of its decorative properties and begins to produce much smaller yields.
At the bottom of the pot to avoid rotting of the roots, you need to put a drainage of pebbles and broken shards. Further in the capacity the prepared soil mixed with manure is poured and slightly moistened. In one pot is usually planted on 3 seeds (to a depth of no more than 1 cm). Subsequently, in the tank you can leave the strongest pepper. After planting, the soil in the pot should be watered gently with not too much water.
Transfer Pepper Spark into a large pot make immediately, as will be 60-65 days after planting. Drainage should be placed in the tank. Soil is better to use the same composition that was in a small pot. A clod of earth in an old container should first be separated from the walls with a knife. The day before the transshipment, the plant must be watered abundantly. Then this procedure will be much easier. Then the pepper is carefully removed and transferred to a new pot. In the latter, you should first drain and 3-5 cm of garden soil. After the pepper is installed in the pot, free space between the clod with the roots and the walls of the new container should be filled with soil.
Where to put the pot
Immediately after planting, the seed container must be covered with a film and put in a warm place. When the loops appear, the pot is transferred to the window sill. After the plants have 2-3 true leaves, the extra seedlings are removed.
Fire - light-loving pepper. Even very strong sunlight, he is not afraid. Therefore, it is best to install a pot with this burning bright plant on the south window. In winter, peppers should, if possible, be illuminated with a fluorescent lamp.
The heating battery in the cold season must be covered with a blanket or a piece of some thick fabric. Overheating pepper Spark on the windowsill, as well as in any other place, does not like. The optimum temperature for it in winter is 19-22 ° C.
How to water
In the summer, moisten the soil under the pepper. Spark should be quite often. Watering is done after the soil in the pot dries by 1 cm. Of course, it is not necessary to arrange a “bog” in the tank. Otherwise, the pepper may rot roots. In winter, watering is reduced. Once a week during this period will be quite enough.
Of course, if the light is on the south window, watering should be done carefully, trying not to fall on the leaves. Otherwise, burns will appear on them. For irrigation, use only separated water at room temperature. Bleaching pepper, like most other indoor plants, can be very harmful.
How to fertilize
The light is pepper, which can be fed both with manure and complex universal means of purchase. In the latter case, you can use, for example, nitrophoska (1 boxes per 10 liters).
A very good solution would also be foliar fertilizing pepper wood ash (2 tablespoons. Insist in 3 liters of water). Spray the plant should be abundant. Carry out this procedure only in the morning or in the evening so as not to burn the leaves.
For the first time, pepper is fertilized before it is actively growing. Do not need feeding too often. In winter, it will be enough to fertilize the plant once - in January. In the summer, fertilizing is done more often - about twice a month.
Diseases and pests
That is how the pepper is grown Spark on the windowsill. Caring for him is relatively uncomplicated. Moreover, the disease does not infect him often. If the air in the room is too warm and dry, plants can be attacked by aphid. It is necessary to fight it with the help of insecticides. This may be, for example, "Fitoverm" or "Agromertin." You can use these tools no later than two weeks before harvest.
What can be used for
Most often, the fruits of pepper Spark are used to add a spicy taste to various kinds of pickles. On a three-liter jar of tomatoes or cucumbers usually put 2-3 pods. You can also use the fruit as a medicine by adding them to vodka.
Pepper Spark contains a huge amount of vitamins. In addition, they can give a unique taste and aroma to almost any dish. Many housewives use the fruits of this plant for zazharki borscht, add them to the stew, salted with their use of bacon, etc.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Flare many are still called chili peppers. It is most common in Eastern European countries. This perennial plant belongs to the genus "capsicum" - a mixture of Chilean and cayenne peppers. Due to its high performance, it is positioned as a natural antiseptic and serves as an excellent flavor enhancer.
This sort of pepper was introduced to Europe by a navigator of Spanish origin, Christopher Columbus. To date, Pepper Spark in residential buildings are grown on window sills and used for cooking.
Pepper of this variety has the following characteristics:
- Its height is about 40 centimeters.
- The number of ovaries can be up to 50 pieces.
- For 12 months from the bush, which is located on the windowsill, you can collect about 100 Perchin.
- The length of the fetus ranges from 2.5 to 5 centimeters.
- At the base of the figure ranges from 0.8 to 1.2 centimeters.
- Fruit weight is approximately equal to 20 - 50 grams.
- The fruits change their color as they mature. Initially, they are green, after a little yellow, and the ripe fruit is bright red.
- The form of red pepper can be with a pointed tip, oblong pyramid, oval and round.
This variety belongs to the medium early. Approximately 120 days pass from shoot to technical ripeness. Growing peppers A spark on the windowsill is not the only way, it can grow and develop well in greenhouses and in open ground.
Pepper seeds Spark
Pepper grown on the windowsill begins to produce the first fruits at the end of the summer or early fall. Ripened fruit stands rich red color. From such fruits it is necessary to extract the seeds. Material for planting is recommended to decompose and dry a little. So you can save the seeds before the arrival of spring, when they need to be planted.
In order to remove the planting material, it is recommended to pick off the fruits only after they have fully matured. Seeds can be added to the preservation and a variety of dishes, as they also have a piquancy and sharpness.
How to pepper Spark to plant at home
The most effective and the best way to grow peppers is to plant them and grow them on a windowsill. Capacity for planting are boxes for seedlings. It is not recommended to do deep holes when planting seeds. It will be enough to deepen them by only 1 centimeter. After the seeds are planted, they must be moistened with a spray bottle.
The temperature in the room where this crop is grown should be in the range of 22 to 24 degrees. When the first shoots (about 2 weeks), the temperature in the room is reduced to 20 degrees. When there are two leaves on a young sapling, it should be transplanted into a separate pot.
Pepper must be replanted once within two years. It is desirable to do this in the spring. Pepper is best transplanted into a pot with a large diameter.
And still the Sparrow Pepper can be grown from lignified shoots. To do this, they must be cut from the bush and put in a container with water. There should be an escape until the roots appear on it. When the roots are developed well, they are planted in prepared pots.
How to plant and care for the plant
In order for peppers to please their masters for a long time, it is necessary to observe several simple rules and recommendations:
- Location selection. In order to grow a culture on the windowsill, you should choose a cool and well-lit place. The optimum will be the capacity of a ceramic pot with a volume of 3 to 5 liters. There should be a hole at the bottom. It is necessary in order that excess water left.
- The soil. Favorable soil for planting peppers on the windowsill is garden soil, humus and sand. They are taken in the following proportions 1: 1: 2. Drainage system should be given special attention. For this, crushed stone, broken brick and expanded clay are best suited. In the pot the ground needs to be changed every year. This will help protect your culture from diseases and pests.
- Lighting. If the amount of light on the window sill is not enough, the pepper leaves will turn yellow, the plant will wilt, and the flowers will fall. For a short light day, blue-violet lamps are used as an additional light device.
- The light is pretty hardy, but if not keep temperature and in the room where it is grown, there will be more than 20 degrees, the culture will cease its normal development. Falling or yellowing of the ovaries and leaves may occur. In such a situation, it is better to rearrange the pot with the culture in the south-eastern or south-western part of the apartment.
- In hot, dry weather, culture should be given special attention. She needs spray regularly. It should be done only in the evening. Do not be very zealous, otherwise there may be a disease of the root system due to an overabundance of moisture.
- When you plant the plant, do not forget it. feed with organic fertilizers. During the vegetation period, it is best to apply phosphorus-potassium compounds. Feed the plant should be every two weeks.
In order for the plant to grow healthy, it is necessary not only to follow the rules suggested above, but also to properly care for it during the period of growth and development of hot pepper.
Pests and diseases
In order to protect hot peppers from various diseases, and in particular, from root decay, it is necessary to constantly monitor the level of soil moisture. If they began to dry and wither the leaves, this indicates that the moisture in the soil is lacking.
Extremely susceptible hot pepper. Light to nitrogen deficiency.. This problem manifests itself in the absence of long-awaited flowering.
Spider mite and aphids for hot peppers represent the greatest danger. In order to overcome them you need to use insecticides. As soon as the first signs of lesion began to appear on the leaves, they should be treated with appropriate chemical preparations, which are prepared in accordance with the proposed instruction.
A peculiar indicator of the health of a shrub that grows in a room is its leaves.. It is recommended to periodically inspect them and take action at the first sign.
After all, if you are more likely to help the culture, it will recover faster and will please you with an excellent harvest.
Transplantation and reproduction of hot pepper Ogonek
A very important point in the cultivation of hot pepper is its transplant, as well as reproduction. Basically, the plant is transplanted once every two years. In this case, the capacity is each time taken a new and necessarily larger. When transplanting using the soil system, which is prepared from humus, sod land, peat, and river sand.
Hot peppers The fire can multiply in three ways:
Before seeds are planted in the ground, it is necessary to check their germination. For this they need to be placed in water. If a seed has surfaced, then it can be thrown out, since it will not grow. To germinate the remaining seeds, they are soaked for a day. Seeds are sown on nutrient-specific soil. Sowing can be done randomly or to a depth of 6 millimeters. After that, the top seeds sprinkled with a thin soil layer. The soil in which the seeds are located is sprayed and covered with a film on top. Seeding is done in February.
If you did everything right, then already in 14 days you will see the first shoots. The first feeding should be done in 10 days with mullein or chicken droppings. When young leaves are formed in these plants, you need to dive. At the same time, hot pepper should be watered regularly.
Propagation by seedlings involves placing seeds in a damp cloth. They should be at room temperature.
Planted them in peat pots when the first shoots seem. Before planting sprouted seeds need a day before it is good to water the soil. After the landing, the container is covered with glass and placed in a warm place. When there will be 4 leaflets for seedlings, they should be transplanted into a larger pot. A drainage system is formed at the bottom of the tank. Put the pot on the lit place. Watering is done with water at room temperature through a pan. In the summer they fertilize in 2 weeks.
Cuttings - vegetative way to preserve varietal signs. In order to get the cutting, you need to cut the branch from the masterbatch and place it in a light and loose soil. Water and cover it with a package.
Description and characteristics of pepper light
Pepper of Light is a perennial plant, which appeared due to the interbreeding of Chilean and Cayenne varieties. He is from Mexico, and his taste became known to Europeans thanks to Columbus.
To grow a plant on your windowsill is not at all difficult. Under favorable conditions, pepper can live about 6 years.
Pepper throws out its flowering in spring, and at the end of summer it has fruits. However, one can often observe how it blossoms and bears fruit at the same time.
Flowers pepper Spark
The fruits on it are perfectly formed and without cross-pollination, but if you take a soft brush and carry pollen, the crop will be much richer.
При правильном уходе можно добиться превосходного урожая, даже до 100 штук. А плодоносит растение круглый год.
Достоинства и недостатки сорта
Перец огонёк имеет массу достоинств:
- it can be grown both in the garden and at home on the windowsill,
- depending on the sort he different in shape and color,
- not only pleases the eye, but also gives great taste to your dishes,
- due to the content of a complex of vitamins, health benefits,
- if in the winter he is provided with artificial lighting, then he will bear fruit year-round.
The disadvantages of the variety include the fact that the light:
- does not tolerate direct sunlight, but the place of its dwelling must be at the same time light,
- does not love heat, cold and wind,
- when grown in a greenhouse, it is also necessary to regulate heat and light.
Planting seeds at home
The most suitable soil for the plant will be that which consists of the following components:
These substances are taken in equal amounts and added to them. a quarter of the sand.
So, with the soil decided, now you need to choose the right seeds. To do this, we collect in the water tank and soak the seeds in it for a day. Those that emerge, throw away, and use the rest for landing.
It is necessary to plant seeds in early spring. Sow them into a moist soil to a depth of no more than 1 cm. At the same time, the room must be maintained at a temperature of about 24 degrees Celsius. After 10 days, the pepper should germinate.
Pepper seeds Spark
Emerging seedlings put in a bright place with a temperature of about 20 degrees. When the plant throws out the first leaves, it is transplanted, and after 60 days the light is either planted in a separate pot, or on a bed.
Growing conditions on the windowsill
If you stick to the recommendations, then with growing you have no problems.
Be sure to follow the rules of watering. There is no need to allow the soil to dry out. The fire is watered regularly, but weakly copiously, since an excess of moisture can lead to rotting of the roots.
As for fertilizers, they need to be made at the time of transplantation. It must be organic matter. And during the growing season, phosphorus-potassium supplements are applied every 2 weeks.
The first harvest after sowing seeds can already be harvested in 2-3 months.
The first harvest can be collected in 2-3 months
Transplantation and reproduction
If the light grows on the window sill, then it should definitely Replace every 2 or 3 years in a bigger pot. In this case, be sure to pay attention to the development of its root system.
As for breeding, the light is best grown from seed. How to do it is already mentioned above. However, good results can be achieved with the help of grafting. In order for the stem to blossom it will take only one and a half month, and when it is propagated by seeds, such results will not be achieved.
To propagate by grafting, the following very simple steps are necessary:
- cut a twig and stick it in the soil
- water the plant and cover with foil.
After 7 days rooting will come.
Pepper light has a number of unique features and a beneficial effect on the human body:
- is he contains vitaminsthat improve the functioning of the brain, nervous and circulatory system.
- Interferes with the development of cancer cells.
- It should be eaten by people with diabetes and high cholesterol. This pepper is able to lower them.
- It is part of the useful medical tinctures.
At the initial stage, it is necessary to grow seedlings for which low capacities are selected. You can use peat tablets. When the plants grow, they are first transplanted into disposable cups or small pots, and after some time in permanent pots.
The volume of the pot should be 2-3 cm larger than the volume of the root system of the peppers. For compact plants too large pots are not suitable.
We choose the soil
For the cultivation of peppers Spark or any other variety in the store choose the soil that is suitable for vegetable crops. Independently, the soil can be prepared from sand and peat (1: 2). Instead of sand, you can use fine vermiculite or perlite.
Before using the soil is recommended to sanitize in the oven or shed with a solution of potassium permanganate. Disinfection is the prevention of fungal diseases. You can also use a suitable fungicide.
Step by Step Seeding Instructions
Planting material can be sown dry or pre-germinate.
- Seed tanks are filled with a wet substrate, in which grooves are made about one centimeter deep.
- Seeds are distributed in grooves with a distance of 1 cm and sprinkled with soil.
- Crops are sprayed with warm water from a spray bottle.
- The containers are covered on top with foil and placed in a warm place with a temperature of +23 to +26 degrees.
Before the emergence of shoots every day the shelter is removed to ventilate the soil, remove condensate and check the soil moisture. If the ground surface is dry, it is moistened with warm water using a spray bottle.
Care for hot pepper seedlings
As soon as the seedlings appear, the seedlings are rearranged to a well-lit window sill. The air temperature should not be so high. Shoots of peppers are grown at a temperature in the range of +20 .. + 22 degrees.
In winter, fluorescent or phytolamps are installed above the seedlings. Incandescent bulbs are not suitable because they dry the air.
If batteries work, the air around the plants should be sprayed, and batteries are recommended to be covered with wet rags. Can be placed around the container with water.
Plants with two to three true leaves are transplanted into separate small pots or disposable cups up to ten centimeters in height with a diameter of not more than five centimeters. Be sure to fill the bottom of the pots.
Each sprout with the help of a fork or a special shovel is dug together with a lump of earth and placed in containers already filled with earth. Landings necessarily watered. The first two - three days they need to hold in partial shade.
As soon as the bushes grow, they are transplanted into pots, 2-3 cm more than the previous one.
For adult peppers, pots with a diameter of 20–30 cm are chosen, and they stand from 10 to 15 cm. But before transplanting plants into such pots, you may need several intermediate transplants, during which each time you choose a new container only 2-3 cm more old.
Pepper Spark: general description, features of the variety
Variety pepper Spark is very popular in the post-Soviet space. It has been widely used in cooking: it is used to prepare both the first and second courses, as well as in the preservation, which gives an unusual, rather savory taste.
So, this pepper variety is represented by a small ornamental shrub: the plant rarely reaches 0.5 m in height. Nevertheless, on one bush it can grow up to 40-50 bright pepper-like fires. Pepper fruits differ in tiny sizes: in length they reach only 2-2.5 cm. The maximum weight of one fruit is 50 g. Very immature peppercorns have a light green color, are in a state of technical maturity yellow, and finally a fully ripe fruit is bright red.
Flowering plants living in the home (on the windowsill), begins with the end of spring, and, by the way, coincides with the onset of fruiting, which lasts until the end of summer. So, from one bush you can collect up to 100 hot peppercorns per season.
Pepper Spark is considered a perennial plant and, subject to the agrotechnics of its cultivation, it will be sure to please with spicy spicy fruits for several years (usually 5-6).
Subtleties of care
After transplanting the plant into the main tank, the active and regular care phase begins, which will allow for the fastest possible growth of a strong and healthy plant. In general, the process of caring for a young (and not only) plant consists in the following steps:
- Careful and regular watering, the frequency and abundance of which fluctuate depending on the period of the year. So, in the first month of life, young seedlings need plenty of water (the soil in the pots should always be wet). But in any case, do not overdo it: if there is too much water, the likelihood of such a disease as a black leg will sharply increase. With the onset of cold weather (by the end of autumn), the plant will no longer need a lot of moisture, irrigation can be reduced as much as possible.
- Garter is something that the Pepper Spark absolutely does not need because of its compactness. And the total mass of fruits ripening on one bush is so small that it practically does not affect the development of the plant.
- Take care of the comfortable temperature conditions for pepper: the air temperature in the room should not fall below 20 degrees. With the onset of the first cool days, the plant must be removed away from the open windows, because the light does not like drafts.
Tip In addition to the large amount of heat to the pepper Spark, it is necessary to ensure a constant access of the sun's rays. And the light should come in a uniform amount to all sides of the bush. To do this, at least once a day, rotate the pot of pepper 180 degrees.
- Once every 2 years it is imperative to transplant the plant to a large container with a fresh soil substrate.
- With the onset of spring and until the end of summer, add mineral complex fertilizers to the soil (with a frequency of 1 every 2 weeks).
If too many ovaries fall, this indicates a lack of pollination of the plant. In order to avoid this problem, during the flowering period, slightly shake the shrub (it is enough to slightly shake the pot from side to side).
This concludes consideration of the characteristics of growing pepper Spark on the window sill. Follow all the tips above and you will be able to grow a superb crop. Good luck!